mathematics

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement
    Justin Halberda
    Johns Hopkins University, Ames Hall, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Nature 455:665-8. 2008
  2. ncbi Is 2+2=4? Meta-analyses of brain areas needed for numbers and calculations
    Marie Arsalidou
    Diagnostic Imaging and Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Neuroimage 54:2382-93. 2011
  3. ncbi Developmental trajectory of number acuity reveals a severe impairment in developmental dyscalculia
    Manuela Piazza
    INSERM CEA Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Cognition 116:33-41. 2010
  4. ncbi Core systems of number
    Lisa Feigenson
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 3400 North Charles Street, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:307-14. 2004
  5. pmc Preschoolers' precision of the approximate number system predicts later school mathematics performance
    Michele M M Mazzocco
    Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e23749. 2011
  6. ncbi Exact and approximate arithmetic in an Amazonian indigene group
    Pierre Pica
    Unité Mixte de Recherche 7023 Formal Structures of Language, CNRS and Paris VIII University, Paris, France
    Science 306:499-503. 2004
  7. ncbi Basic numerical skills in children with mathematics learning disabilities: a comparison of symbolic vs non-symbolic number magnitude processing
    Laurence Rousselle
    Unité Cognition et Développement CODE, Catholic University of Louvain, 10 Place C Mercier, 1348 Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    Cognition 102:361-95. 2007
  8. ncbi Interactions between number and space in parietal cortex
    Edward M Hubbard
    INSERM Unit 562 Cognitive Neuroimaging, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, 4 Place du General Leclerc, F94101 Orsay, France
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:435-48. 2005
  9. ncbi Sources of mathematical thinking: behavioral and brain-imaging evidence
    S Dehaene
    Unité INSERM 334, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Science 284:970-4. 1999
  10. ncbi Non-verbal number acuity correlates with symbolic mathematics achievement: but only in children
    Matthew Inglis
    Loughborough University, Leicestershire, England
    Psychon Bull Rev 18:1222-9. 2011

Detail Information

Publications367 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement
    Justin Halberda
    Johns Hopkins University, Ames Hall, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Nature 455:665-8. 2008
    Human mathematical competence emerges from two representational systems. Competence in some domains of mathematics, such as calculus, relies on symbolic representations that are unique to humans who have undergone explicit teaching...
  2. ncbi Is 2+2=4? Meta-analyses of brain areas needed for numbers and calculations
    Marie Arsalidou
    Diagnostic Imaging and Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Neuroimage 54:2382-93. 2011
    Most of us use numbers daily for counting, estimating quantities or formal mathematics, yet despite their importance our understanding of the brain correlates of these processes is still evolving...
  3. ncbi Developmental trajectory of number acuity reveals a severe impairment in developmental dyscalculia
    Manuela Piazza
    INSERM CEA Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Cognition 116:33-41. 2010
    ..These results establish for the first time a clear association between dyscalculia and impaired "number sense", and they may open up new horizons for the early diagnosis and rehabilitation of mathematical learning deficits...
  4. ncbi Core systems of number
    Lisa Feigenson
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, 3400 North Charles Street, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:307-14. 2004
    ..These systems account for our basic numerical intuitions, and serve as the foundation for the more sophisticated numerical concepts that are uniquely human...
  5. pmc Preschoolers' precision of the approximate number system predicts later school mathematics performance
    Michele M M Mazzocco
    Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e23749. 2011
    ..These individual differences have been linked to formal mathematics outcomes, based on concurrent, retrospective, or short-term longitudinal correlations observed during the ..
  6. ncbi Exact and approximate arithmetic in an Amazonian indigene group
    Pierre Pica
    Unité Mixte de Recherche 7023 Formal Structures of Language, CNRS and Paris VIII University, Paris, France
    Science 306:499-503. 2004
    ..However, they fail in exact arithmetic with numbers larger than 4 or 5. Our results imply a distinction between a nonverbal system of number approximation and a language-based counting system for exact number and arithmetic...
  7. ncbi Basic numerical skills in children with mathematics learning disabilities: a comparison of symbolic vs non-symbolic number magnitude processing
    Laurence Rousselle
    Unité Cognition et Développement CODE, Catholic University of Louvain, 10 Place C Mercier, 1348 Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    Cognition 102:361-95. 2007
    Forty-five children with mathematics learning disabilities, with and without comorbid reading disabilities, were compared to 45 normally achieving peers in tasks assessing basic numerical skills...
  8. ncbi Interactions between number and space in parietal cortex
    Edward M Hubbard
    INSERM Unit 562 Cognitive Neuroimaging, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, 4 Place du General Leclerc, F94101 Orsay, France
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:435-48. 2005
    ....
  9. ncbi Sources of mathematical thinking: behavioral and brain-imaging evidence
    S Dehaene
    Unité INSERM 334, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Science 284:970-4. 1999
    ..Mathematical intuition may emerge from the interplay of these brain systems...
  10. ncbi Non-verbal number acuity correlates with symbolic mathematics achievement: but only in children
    Matthew Inglis
    Loughborough University, Leicestershire, England
    Psychon Bull Rev 18:1222-9. 2011
    The process by which adults develop competence in symbolic mathematics tasks is poorly understood...
  11. ncbi When brightness counts: the neuronal correlate of numerical-luminance interference
    Roi Cohen Kadosh
    Department of Psychology and Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
    Cereb Cortex 18:337-43. 2008
    ..The current results support the idea that the parietal lobe might be equipped with neuronal substrates for magnitude processing even for nonspatial dimensions...
  12. ncbi Mapping numerical magnitudes onto symbols: the numerical distance effect and individual differences in children's mathematics achievement
    Ian D Holloway
    Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:17-29. 2009
    ..To address these questions, we collected mathematics achievement measures from 6- to 8-year-olds as well as reaction times from a numerical comparison task...
  13. ncbi Recruitment of an area involved in eye movements during mental arithmetic
    Andre Knops
    INSERM, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, F 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
    Science 324:1583-5. 2009
    Throughout the history of mathematics, concepts of number and space have been tightly intertwined. We tested the hypothesis that cortical circuits for spatial attention contribute to mental arithmetic in humans...
  14. ncbi Large number discrimination in 6-month-old infants
    F Xu
    125 NI, Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02155, USA
    Cognition 74:B1-B11. 2000
    ..16 but not 8 vs. 12). The capacities to represent approximate numerosity found in adult animals and humans evidently develop in human infants prior to language and symbolic counting...
  15. ncbi Cross-national patterns of gender differences in mathematics: a meta-analysis
    Nicole M Else-Quest
    Villanova University, Department of Psychology, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
    Psychol Bull 136:103-27. 2010
    A gender gap in mathematics achievement persists in some nations but not in others...
  16. ncbi Contribution of hand motor circuits to counting
    Michael Andres
    Universite Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:563-76. 2007
    ..This finding suggests that hand motor circuits are involved whenever items have to be put in correspondence with the elements of any ordered series...
  17. ncbi Developmental dyscalculia and basic numerical capacities: a study of 8-9-year-old students
    Karin Landerl
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Cognition 93:99-125. 2004
    ..We conclude that dyscalculia is the result of specific disabilities in basic numerical processing, rather than the consequence of deficits in other cognitive abilities...
  18. pmc Mathematics of quantitative kinetic PCR and the application of standard curves
    R G Rutledge
    Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Laurentian Forestry Centre, 1055 du P E P S, PO Box 3800, Sainte Foy, Quebec G1V 4C7, Canada
    Nucleic Acids Res 31:e93. 2003
    ..In this study, the mathematics of quantitative PCR are examined in detail, from which several fundamental aspects of the threshold method and ..
  19. pmc Non-symbolic arithmetic abilities and mathematics achievement in the first year of formal schooling
    Camilla K Gilmore
    Learning Sciences Research Institute, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Cognition 115:394-406. 2010
    ..Do children harness these abilities when they begin to learn school mathematics? In two experiments in different schools, kindergarten children from diverse backgrounds were tested on their ..
  20. ncbi Defective number module or impaired access? Numerical magnitude processing in first graders with mathematical difficulties
    Bert De Smedt
    Centre for Parenting, Child Welfare and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 108:278-92. 2011
    ..magnitude processing in first graders with severe and mild forms of mathematical difficulties, children with mathematics learning disabilities (MLD) and children with low achievement (LA) in mathematics, respectively...
  21. ncbi Brain damage: neglect disrupts the mental number line
    Marco Zorzi
    Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, Universita di Padova, Via Venezia 8, 35131 Padova, Italy
    Nature 417:138-9. 2002
    ..This new form of representational neglect constitutes strong evidence that the mental number line is more than simply a metaphor, and that its spatial nature renders it functionally isomorphic to physical lines...
  22. ncbi Developmental change in the acuity of the "Number Sense": The Approximate Number System in 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-year-olds and adults
    Justin Halberda
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Dev Psychol 44:1457-65. 2008
    ..We show that the resolution of this system continues to increase throughout childhood, with adultlike levels of acuity attained surprisingly late in development...
  23. pmc Cognitive predictors of achievement growth in mathematics: a 5-year longitudinal study
    David C Geary
    University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 2500, USA
    Dev Psychol 47:1539-52. 2011
    The study's goal was to identify the beginning of 1st grade quantitative competencies that predict mathematics achievement start point and growth through 5th grade...
  24. ncbi The predictive value of numerical magnitude comparison for individual differences in mathematics achievement
    Bert De Smedt
    Center for Parenting, Child Welfare, and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:469-79. 2009
    Although it has been proposed that the ability to compare numerical magnitudes is related to mathematics achievement, it is not clear whether this ability predicts individual differences in later mathematics achievement...
  25. ncbi Preschool executive functioning abilities predict early mathematics achievement
    Caron A C Clark
    Canterbury Child Development Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NewZealand
    Dev Psychol 46:1176-91. 2010
    ..between children's developing executive function abilities at age 4 and children's subsequent achievement in mathematics at age 6, 1 year after school entry...
  26. ncbi Exact and approximate judgements of visual and auditory numerosity: an fMRI study
    Manuela Piazza
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK
    Brain Res 1106:177-88. 2006
    ..Counting activates additional left prefrontal, parietal, and bilateral premotor areas, again independently from stimulus modality. These results dissociate two neuronal systems that underlie different numerosity judgements...
  27. ncbi Reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the SNARC effect
    Samuel Shaki
    Ariel University Center of Samaria, Ariel, Israel
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:328-31. 2009
    ..These results suggest that reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the spatial representation of numbers...
  28. ncbi The brain locus of interaction between number and size: a combined functional magnetic resonance imaging and event-related potential study
    Roi Cohen Kadosh
    Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:957-70. 2007
    ..We concluded that the processing of magnitude can be subserved by shared or distinct neural substrates, depending on task requirements...
  29. ncbi Foundational numerical capacities and the origins of dyscalculia
    Brian Butterworth
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:534-41. 2010
    ..Nevertheless, critical tests should involve both longitudinal studies and intervention, and these have yet to be carried out...
  30. ncbi To retrieve or to calculate? Left angular gyrus mediates the retrieval of arithmetic facts during problem solving
    Roland H Grabner
    Institute for Behavioral Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Universitaetsstrasse 6, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuropsychologia 47:604-8. 2009
    ..These data directly link the left angular gyrus with arithmetic fact retrieval and show that strategy self-reports can be used to predict differential patterns of brain activation...
  31. ncbi Calibrating the mental number line
    Veronique Izard
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cognition 106:1221-47. 2008
    ..Based on these empirical results, we develop a model of the mapping between the numerical symbols and the representations of numerosity on the number line...
  32. ncbi Reading aloud and arithmetic calculation improve frontal function of people with dementia
    Ryuta Kawashima
    NICHe, Tohoku University, Aramaki Aza Aoba, Aobaku Sendai 980 8579, Japan
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:380-4. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of reading aloud and arithmetic calculation, by elderly people who were clinically diagnosed with dementia Alzheimer type, on their brain functions and activities of daily living...
  33. ncbi Does subitizing reflect numerical estimation?
    Susannah K Revkin
    INSERM, U562, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif Yvette, France
    Psychol Sci 19:607-14. 2008
    ....
  34. ncbi School readiness and later achievement
    Greg J Duncan
    School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:1428-46. 2007
    ..Patterns of association were similar for boys and girls and for children from high and low socioeconomic backgrounds...
  35. ncbi The development of numerical estimation: evidence for multiple representations of numerical quantity
    Robert S Siegler
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:237-43. 2003
    ....
  36. ncbi The mental representation of numerical fractions: real or integer?
    Mario Bonato
    Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, University of Padova, Italy
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 33:1410-9. 2007
    ..e., integers) rather than real numbers and that the well-known difficulties of children in mastering fractions are circumvented by skilled adults through a flexible use of strategies based on the integer components...
  37. ncbi Origins of number sense. Large-number discrimination in human infants
    Jennifer S Lipton
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:396-401. 2003
    ....
  38. ncbi Dyslexia and dyscalculia: two learning disorders with different cognitive profiles
    Karin Landerl
    Department of Psychology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:309-24. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that dyslexia and dyscalculia have separable cognitive profiles, namely a phonological deficit in the case of dyslexia and a deficient number module in the case of dyscalculia...
  39. ncbi Exploring the impact of phonological awareness, visual-spatial working memory, and preschool quantity-number competencies on mathematics achievement in elementary school: findings from a 3-year longitudinal study
    Kristin Krajewski
    German Institute of International Educational Research, Frankfurt, Germany
    J Exp Child Psychol 103:516-31. 2009
    ..e., when number words were isolated from quantities [QNC Level I]), explaining the moderate relationship between early literacy development and the development of mathematical competencies...
  40. pmc Impact of high mathematics education on the number sense
    Julie Castronovo
    Department of Psychology, University of Hull, Hull, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e33832. 2012
    ..the ability to map accurately between symbolic and non-symbolic quantities was significantly better the higher mathematics achievement...
  41. ncbi ANS acuity and mathematics ability in preschoolers from low-income homes: contributions of inhibitory control
    Mary Wagner Fuhs
    Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, USA
    Dev Sci 16:136-48. 2013
    ..that there is an association between the acuity of young children's approximate number system (ANS) and their mathematics ability before exposure to instruction in formal schooling...
  42. ncbi Cerebral pathways for calculation: double dissociation between rote verbal and quantitative knowledge of arithmetic
    S Dehaene
    INSERM, CNRS, Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique, Paris, France
    Cortex 33:219-50. 1997
    ..We suggest that a left subcortical network contributes to the storage and retrieval of rote verbal arithmetic facts, while a bilateral inferior parietal network is dedicated to the mental manipulation of numerical quantities...
  43. ncbi Approximate number sense, symbolic number processing, or number-space mappings: what underlies mathematics achievement?
    Delphine Sasanguie
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, KU Leuven, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium Subfaculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven Kulak, B 8500 Kortrijk, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 114:418-31. 2013
    ..address the additional question of whether the predictive association between the basic numerical abilities and mathematics achievement is dependent on which math test is used...
  44. ncbi Sex differences in intrinsic aptitude for mathematics and science?: a critical review
    Elizabeth S Spelke
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 1130 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Am Psychol 60:950-8. 2005
    ..cognitive sex differences account for the differential representation of men and women in high-level careers in mathematics and science: (a) males are more focused on objects from the beginning of life and therefore are predisposed to ..
  45. ncbi Arithmetic and the brain
    Stanislas Dehaene
    Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale unit 562 Cognitive neuroimaging, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, Commissariat à L Energie Atomique DRM DSV, 4 Place du General Leclerc, 91401 Orsay Cedex, France
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:218-24. 2004
    ..Finally, pathologies of this system, leading to acalculia in adults or to developmental dyscalculia in children, are beginning to be understood, thus paving the way for brain-oriented intervention studies...
  46. ncbi Spatial attention and the mental number line: evidence for characteristic biases and compression
    Matthew R Longo
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Neuropsychologia 45:1400-7. 2007
    ....
  47. ncbi Beyond the mental number line: A neural network model of number-space interactions
    Qi Chen
    Ghent University, Belgium
    Cogn Psychol 60:218-40. 2010
    ..These results suggest that number-space interactions are emergent properties resulting from the interaction between different brain areas...
  48. ncbi Neuroanatomical substrates of arabic number processing, numerical comparison, and simple addition: a PET study
    M Pesenti
    Universite Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
    J Cogn Neurosci 12:461-79. 2000
    ..Implications for current anatomo-functional models of numerical cognition are drawn...
  49. ncbi Internet cognitive testing of large samples needed in genetic research
    Claire M A Haworth
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:554-63. 2007
    ..We developed Internet versions of reading, language, mathematics and general cognitive ability tests and investigated their reliability and validity for 10- and 12-year-old ..
  50. ncbi Executive functioning as a predictor of children's mathematics ability: inhibition, switching, and working memory
    R Bull
    Department of Psychology, University ofAberdeen, Scotland
    Dev Neuropsychol 19:273-93. 2001
    ..Furthermore, regression analyses revealed that each executive function measure predicted unique variance in mathematics ability...
  51. ncbi Representation of number in animals and humans: a neural model
    Tom Verguts
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Cogn Neurosci 16:1493-504. 2004
    ..This finding presents a concrete proposal on the linkage between higher order numerical cognition and more primitive numerical abilities and generates specific predictions on the neural substrate of number processing...
  52. pmc Beyond the number domain
    Jessica F Cantlon
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:83-91. 2009
    ....
  53. ncbi Spatial representation of pitch height: the SMARC effect
    Elena Rusconi
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, 17 Queen Square, WC1N 3AR, London, UK
    Cognition 99:113-29. 2006
    ..Both the basic elements of mathematical cognition (i.e. numbers) and the basic elements of musical cognition (i.e. pitches), appear to be mapped onto a mental spatial representation in a way that affects motor performance...
  54. ncbi The development of ordinal numerical knowledge in infancy
    Elizabeth M Brannon
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Box 90999, Durham, NC 27708 0999, USA
    Cognition 83:223-40. 2002
    ..These data raise many questions about how infants represent number and what happens between 9 and 11 months to support ordinal numerical judgments...
  55. ncbi Cognitive mechanisms underlying achievement deficits in children with mathematical learning disability
    David C Geary
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia 65211 2500, USA
    Child Dev 78:1343-59. 2007
    Using strict and lenient mathematics achievement cutoff scores to define a learning disability, respective groups of children who are math disabled (MLD, n=15) and low achieving (LA, n=44) were identified...
  56. ncbi Functional and structural alterations of the intraparietal sulcus in a developmental dyscalculia of genetic origin
    Nicolas Molko
    INSERM U 562, Cognitive Neuroimaging, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, IFR 49 Orsay, France
    Neuron 40:847-58. 2003
    ..Thus, a genetic form of developmental dyscalculia can be related to both functional and structural anomalies of the right intraparietal sulcus, suggesting a crucial role of this region in the development of arithmetic abilities...
  57. pmc Short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschoolers: longitudinal predictors of mathematical achievement at age 7 years
    Rebecca Bull
    School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Dev Neuropsychol 33:205-28. 2008
    ..Children were tested in preschool (M age = 4 years, 6 months) on a battery of cognitive measures, and mathematics and reading outcomes (from standardized, norm-referenced school-based assessments) were taken on entry to ..
  58. ncbi Relating effortful control, executive function, and false belief understanding to emerging math and literacy ability in kindergarten
    Clancy Blair
    Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802 6504, USA
    Child Dev 78:647-63. 2007
    ..Findings suggest that curricula designed to improve self-regulation skills as well as enhance early academic abilities may be most effective in helping children succeed in school...
  59. ncbi Representation of the numerosities 1-9 by rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)
    E M Brannon
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 26:31-49. 2000
    ..S. Moyer & T. K. Landaeur, 1967). Collectively these studies show that monkeys represent the numerosities 1-9 on at least an ordinal scale...
  60. ncbi Representational change and children's numerical estimation
    John E Opfer
    The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
    Cogn Psychol 55:169-95. 2007
    ..The findings indicated that cognitive change can occur at the level of an entire representation, rather than always involving a sequence of local repairs...
  61. ncbi Effects of development and enculturation on number representation in the brain
    Daniel Ansari
    Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology and Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of Western Ontario, Ontario N6G 2K3, Canada
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:278-91. 2008
    ..This Review provides an evaluation of this contention and proposes hypotheses to guide investigations into the neural mechanisms that constrain the acquisition of cultural representations of numerical magnitude...
  62. ncbi The relationship between the shape of the mental number line and familiarity with numbers in 5- to 9-year old children: evidence for a segmented linear model
    Mirjam Ebersbach
    University of Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Child Psychol 99:1-17. 2008
    ..Findings are discussed in terms of the accumulator model, assuming a linear mental representation with scalar variability...
  63. ncbi The relationships among working memory, math anxiety, and performance
    M H Ashcraft
    Department of Psychology, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio 44115, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:224-37. 2001
    ....
  64. ncbi Quantity discrimination in female mosquitofish
    Christian Agrillo
    Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Via Venezia 8, 35131, Padova, Italy
    Anim Cogn 10:63-70. 2007
    ....
  65. ncbi Numerical cognition without words: evidence from Amazonia
    Peter Gordon
    Department of Biobehavioral Sciences, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Science 306:496-9. 2004
    ..Performance with quantities greater than three was remarkably poor, but showed a constant coefficient of variation, which is suggestive of an analog estimation process...
  66. ncbi Core information processing deficits in developmental dyscalculia and low numeracy
    Teresa Iuculano
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK
    Dev Sci 11:669-80. 2008
    ..Low numeracy was related not to a poor grasp of exact numerosities, but to a poor understanding of symbolic numerals...
  67. ncbi Number sense in human infants
    Fei Xu
    Northeastern University, Boston, USA
    Dev Sci 8:88-101. 2005
    ..In contrast, infants may fail to represent small numerosities in visual-spatial arrays with continuous quantity controls, consistent with the thesis that separate systems serve to represent large versus small numerosities...
  68. ncbi Are subitizing and counting implemented as separate or functionally overlapping processes?
    Manuela Piazza
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, London, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 15:435-46. 2002
    ..Results speak against the idea of the two processes being implemented in separable neural systems...
  69. pmc Number processing pathways in human parietal cortex
    Seppe Santens
    Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, Ghent, Belgium
    Cereb Cortex 20:77-88. 2010
    ..The preferred pathway for processing nonsymbolic quantities included the number-sensitive area in superior parietal cortex, whereas the pathway for processing symbolic quantities did not...
  70. ncbi Different components of working memory have different relationships with different mathematical skills
    Fiona R Simmons
    School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 3AF, UK
    J Exp Child Psychol 111:139-55. 2012
    ..06). The results are consistent with the VSSP having a role in the development of number writing and magnitude judgments but a lesser role in early arithmetic...
  71. pmc Gender, culture, and sex-typed cognitive abilities
    David Reilly
    School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Southport, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e39904. 2012
    ..Furthermore, when gender gaps in reading, mathematics and science literacy are reported they are often attributed to innate, biological differences rather than ..
  72. ncbi A generalized fraction: an entity smaller than one on the mental number line
    Arava Y Kallai
    Learning Research and Development Center, Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 35:1845-64. 2009
    ....
  73. ncbi Men and things, women and people: a meta-analysis of sex differences in interests
    Rong Su
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Psychol Bull 135:859-84. 2009
    ..Prediger's (1982) Things-People and Data-Ideas dimensions, and the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) interest areas. Technical manuals for 47 interest inventories were used, yielding 503,188 respondents...
  74. ncbi An integrated theory of whole number and fractions development
    Robert S Siegler
    Carnegie Mellon University, 331 Baker Hall, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Cogn Psychol 62:273-96. 2011
    ..of fraction magnitude representations is closely related to both fractions arithmetic proficiency and overall mathematics achievement test scores, that fraction magnitude representations account for substantial variance in ..
  75. ncbi Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade students
    Darla M Castelli
    Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
    J Sport Exerc Psychol 29:239-52. 2007
    ..Associations were demonstrated in total academic achievement, mathematics achievement, and reading achievement, thus suggesting that aspects of physical fitness may be globally related ..
  76. ncbi Numerical magnitude representations influence arithmetic learning
    Julie L Booth
    Human Computer Interaction Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Child Dev 79:1016-31. 2008
    ..Thus, representations of numerical magnitude are both correlationally and causally related to arithmetic learning...
  77. ncbi Spontaneous focusing on numerosity as a domain-specific predictor of arithmetical skills
    Minna M Hannula
    Department of Education, University of Turku, FIN 20014 Turku, Finland
    J Exp Child Psychol 107:394-406. 2010
    ..In addition, the relationship between SFON and number sequence skills in kindergarten is not explained by children's individual differences in their focusing on a non-numerical aspect that is, spatial locations...
  78. pmc Do different types of school mathematics development depend on different constellations of numerical versus general cognitive abilities?
    Lynn S Fuchs
    Department of Special Education, Peabody College, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Dev Psychol 46:1731-46. 2010
    ..between basic numerical cognition and domain-general abilities (such as working memory) in explaining school mathematics learning. First graders (N = 280; mean age = 5...
  79. ncbi Digits affect actions: the SNARC effect and response selection
    Marwan Daar
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Cortex 44:400-5. 2008
    ..Thus, the SNARC effect not only affects how fast responses can be initiated but also affects what responses will be selected...
  80. pmc Number-space mapping in human infants
    Maria Dolores de Hevia
    Laboratory for Developmental Studies, William James Hall, 11th Floor, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:653-60. 2010
    ..A central foundation of mathematics, science, and technology therefore emerges prior to experience with language, symbol systems, or measurement ..
  81. pmc The role of visual information in numerosity estimation
    Titia Gebuis
    Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 7:e37426. 2012
    ..Instead, we propose that humans estimate numerosity by weighing the different visual cues present in the stimuli...
  82. ncbi A magnitude code common to numerosities and number symbols in human intraparietal cortex
    Manuela Piazza
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale INSERM, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, F 91401 Orsay, France
    Neuron 53:293-305. 2007
    ..They support the idea that symbols acquire meaning by linking neural populations coding symbol shapes to those holding nonsymbolic representations of quantities...
  83. pmc The contributions of numerosity and domain-general abilities to school readiness
    Lynn S Fuchs
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Child Dev 81:1520-33. 2010
    ..Results suggest that development of NC and WP depends on different constellations of numerical versus more general cognitive abilities...
  84. ncbi Association between basic numerical abilities and mathematics achievement
    Delphine Sasanguie
    Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Br J Dev Psychol 30:344-57. 2012
    ..these different measures of number representation are related to performance on a curriculum-based standardized mathematics achievement test in kindergarteners, first, second, and sixth graders...
  85. ncbi Individual differences in children's mathematical competence are related to the intentional but not automatic processing of Arabic numerals
    Stephanie Bugden
    Numerical Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, The University of Western Ontario, Canada
    Cognition 118:32-44. 2011
    ....
  86. ncbi Do fish count? Spontaneous discrimination of quantity in female mosquitofish
    Christian Agrillo
    Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Via Venezia 8, 35131, Padua, Italy
    Anim Cogn 11:495-503. 2008
    ....
  87. pmc rTMS over the intraparietal sulcus disrupts numerosity processing
    Marinella Cappelletti
    Center for Non Invasive Brain Stimulation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Exp Brain Res 179:631-42. 2007
    ....
  88. ncbi Neural correlates of arithmetic and language comprehension: a common substrate?
    Juliana V Baldo
    VA Northern California Health Care System, Martinez, CA 94553, USA
    Neuropsychologia 45:229-35. 2007
    ..These findings are discussed in light of previous work on the neural basis of arithmetic ability and its relationship to language...
  89. ncbi Salamanders ( Plethodon cinereus) go for more: rudiments of number in an amphibian
    Claudia Uller
    Institute of Cognitive Science, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA 70504 3772, USA
    Anim Cogn 6:105-12. 2003
    ..The findings indicate that salamanders "go for more," just like human babies and monkeys. This rudimentary capacity is a type of numerical discrimination that is spontaneously present in this amphibian...
  90. pmc Adolescents' functional numeracy is predicted by their school entry number system knowledge
    David C Geary
    Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e54651. 2013
    ....
  91. doi Diversity. Culture, gender, and math
    Luigi Guiso
    European University Institute, Villa San Paolo, Via della Piazzuola 43, 50133 Florence, Italy
    Science 320:1164-5. 2008
  92. pmc Numerical bias in bounded and unbounded number line tasks
    Dale J Cohen
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 601 South College Road, Wilmington, NC 28403 5612, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 18:331-8. 2011
    ....
  93. ncbi Counting on neurons: the neurobiology of numerical competence
    Andreas Nieder
    Primate NeuroCognition Laboratory, Department of Cognitive Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Hoppe Seyler Strasse 3, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Nat Rev Neurosci 6:177-90. 2005
    ..Neural representations of numerical information can engage extensive cerebral networks, but the posterior parietal cortex and the prefrontal cortex are the key structures in primates...
  94. ncbi Costs and benefits of representational change: effects of context on age and sex differences in symbolic magnitude estimation
    Clarissa A Thompson
    Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43206, USA
    J Exp Child Psychol 101:20-51. 2008
    ..Finally, both before and after training that eliminated age differences in estimation accuracy, complementary sex differences were observed across the two estimation contexts...
  95. ncbi A supramodal number representation in human intraparietal cortex
    Evelyn Eger
    Cognitive Neurology Unit, Department of Neurology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt a M, Germany
    Neuron 37:719-25. 2003
    ..This stimulus-driven number-specific intraparietal response supports the idea of a supramodal number representation that is automatically accessed by presentation of numbers and may code magnitude information...
  96. pmc A genome-wide association study identifies multiple loci associated with mathematics ability and disability
    S J Docherty
    Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
    Genes Brain Behav 9:234-47. 2010
    ....
  97. ncbi The development of ordinal numerical competence in young children
    E M Brannon
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0999, USA
    Cogn Psychol 43:53-81. 2001
    ..Number may become a salient dimension as children begin to learn to count. An analog magnitude representation of number may underlie success on the ordinal task...
  98. ncbi Infants' discrimination of number vs. continuous extent
    Lisa Feigenson
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Cogn Psychol 44:33-66. 2002
    ....
  99. ncbi Moving along the number line: operational momentum in nonsymbolic arithmetic
    Koleen McCrink
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Percept Psychophys 69:1324-33. 2007
    ..The results show that approximate arithmetic operates according to precise quantitative rules, perhaps analogous to those characterizing movement on an internal continuum...
  100. ncbi Linking visual attention and number processing in the brain: the role of the temporo-parietal junction in small and large symbolic and nonsymbolic number comparison
    Daniel Ansari
    Dartmouth College, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 19:1845-53. 2007
    ....
  101. ncbi Grey parrot numerical competence: a review
    Irene M Pepperberg
    Department of Psychology, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02454, USA
    Anim Cogn 9:377-91. 2006
    ..His success shows that he understands number symbols as abstract representations of real-world collections, and that his sense of number compares favorably to that of chimpanzees and young human children...

Research Grants70

  1. Workshop on Methods for Macromolecular Modeling
    Tamar Schlick; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..University of Leicester on August 18-21, 2004 and is co-sponsored by SIAM (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics), as part of SIAM's new Activity Group in the Life Sciences...
  2. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    ERICH JARVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Repairing the pathway in vocal learners, when damaged, would have profound impact for correcting neurological disorders of speech. ..
  3. Manganese Enhanced Multi-MRI for Murine HIV-1 Associated Neurocognitive Disorders
    Yutong Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Liu PhD, is a junior faculty member in the Radiology Department with a strong background in engineering and mathematics, MRI theory, and medical image processing...
  4. Computational and Cell Culture Models for Mucus Clearance
    Richard Superfine; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By combining a team of researchers from Applied Mathematics, Physics, Biochemistry and Biophysics, and the UNC Cystic Fibrosis Center, the goal of this project is to ..
  5. Genetic Control of Heart Function in a Hibernating Mammal
    Matthew T Andrews; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Institute in the Twin Cities, the School of Medicine, Department of Biology and the Department of Mathematics &Statistics in Duluth, and an industrial partner, Tethys Bioscience...
  6. Placental shape features, gestational timing and maternal and infant health
    Carolyn M Salafia; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Analytics, LLC, proposes to optimize models of whole placental shape based on well-established methodologies in mathematics (Fourier analysis) and physics (statistical thermodynamics) that are based on data derived from digital images ..
  7. GE Healthcare Discovery MR750 3T MRI System
    FRANK KOROSEC; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and students from the departments of Medical Physics, Radiology, Biomedical Engineering, Physics, Engineering, Mathematics, Computer Science, and others...
  8. Linking Limnology to Cyanotoxins in Drinking Water Using Buoy Sensors and Auto-Sa
    Todd R Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..leverages the support of other ongoing projects including the NSF Undergraduate Research in Biology and Mathematics (UBM) program at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (UWM), and resources, facilities, and services provided ..
  9. Biomechanics of Blood Stream Infections
    John G Younger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The work is very multidisciplinary and draws on expertise in microrheology, applied mathematics, and established animal models of bacteremia...
  10. Bias in Retransplantation Survival Models: Selection Criteria and Hepatitis C
    Scott W Biggins; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..structural models (MSM) to enhance the survival benefit from scarce donor organs;and (3) implement applied mathematics and medical ethics in organ allocation policymaking. To achieve these goals, Dr...
  11. Advances in Optics for Biotechnology, Medicine and Surgery
    James W Tunnell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This work encompasses a wide range of disciplines including engineering, physics, and mathematics and computing, and requires broad skills sets that combine these technical areas with a deep understanding of ..
  12. INNOVATIONS IN SHOCK WAVE LITHOTRIPSY TECHNOLOGY
    Pei Zhong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..assembled a multidisciplinary research team with diverse expertise in engineering, materials science, applied mathematics, and urologic surgery...
  13. Advancing Diagnosis and Functional Localization in Focal Epilepsy with Oxygen-Enh
    GIRIDHAR PADMANABHAN KALAMANGALAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..stage academic faculty in adult epileptology, with strong clinical training and a PhD doctorate in applied mathematics from Oxford University where I was a Rhodes Scholar...
  14. Reducing Health Disparities through Transformation of the Learning Environment
    P Preston Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..history of African Americans in the sciences and in the health professions to include engineering, chemistry, mathematics, medicine, dentistry, nursing, and public health...
  15. Integrated Desktop Software for Management of Hepatitic C Data
    Johanna C Craig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..include our alignment, phylogenetics and mutation analysis tools that are specifically tailored to the mathematics of the HCV replication rate and its error-prone polymerase...
  16. Improving Fine Motor Skill Development to Promote Mathematical Ability
    DAVID W GRISSMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): This application addresses Broad Challenge Area (12) Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education and specific challenge area 12-OD-101, Efficacy of educational approaches toward promoting STEM ..
  17. Optimizing localized therapy for primary liver cancer: a clinical trial and model
    REBECCA ANNE MIKSAD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with mentors, the candidate will pursue additional advanced training through advanced clinical trial, mathematics, statistics and modeling coursework...
  18. 4D Robust Optimization in Intensity-Modulated Proton Therapy
    Wei Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..National Laboratory as a postdoctoral researcher, has extensive prior experience in computational physics, mathematics and algorithms, and software development, especially code development in massive parallel high-performance ..
  19. Dissecting expression divergence in developmental networks across Drosophilids
    ZEBA BATOOL WUNDERLICH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..members, postdoctoral fellows, students and other researchers with a variety of backgrounds from biology to mathematics to physics...
  20. P30 - Center Core Grant for Vision Research
    Linda M Zangwill; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..leverage the unique engineering and computational expertise of UCSD's Center for Computational Sciences, Mathematics, and Engineering[unreadable]CSME training initiative...
  21. Diagnostic Cancer Imaging using NIR Fluorescent Agents and FDPM
    Eva Sevick Muraca; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Under past support, we have demonstrated the physics,mathematics, and instrumentation for near-infrared fluorescence enhanced (tomographic) optical imaging through centimeters of tissue-mimicking ..
  22. CRCNS Detailed multi-neuron coding of decisions in parietal cortex
    JONATHAN WILLIAM PILLOW; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, they will conduct outreach at local middle and high schools in order to spark enthusiasm for mathematics and computer science, disciplines which are fundamental to the exciting challenge of discovering how the brain ..
  23. Multiscale Model of Neural Control of Breathing
    Ilya A Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Rogers, Drexel University;Jeffrey C. Smith, NINDS, NIH, intramural), mathematics, system analysis and bioengineering (Alona Ben-Tal, Massey University, NZ), and computational neuroscience and ..
  24. Feed Safety and BSE/Ruminant Feed Ban Support Project (U18)
    CLAUDIA G COLES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..modules that meet public instruction Essential Academic Learning Requirements in the areas of science and mathematics. One WSDA staff has a BS in Agriculture with an Agriscience and Education option...
  25. Media Literacy to Prevent Adolescent Smoking Initiation
    Brian A Primack; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Candidate. A graduate of Yale University (BA magna cum laude in English and Mathematics, 1991), Harvard University (EdM in Human Development and Psychology, 1993) and Emory University (MD summa cum laude, 1999), the candidate completed ..
  26. Genetic Analysis of Drosophila Functional Aging
    Rolf Bodmer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The PI of Core A will consult with a statistician from the nearby Department of Mathematics at the University of California at San Diego to provide statistical services...
  27. Statistical Genomics and Systems Biology Workshop
    JEANETTE CHRISTINE PAPP; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and translational sciences, bioinformatics, statistics, computational biology, computer science, applied mathematics, physics, and social science...
  28. Minority Initiative for Students and Teachers (MIST)-Ph*
    Mark S Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a demonstrated need) in grades 8-12 that strengthens: Domain-specific knowledge in health science, research and mathematics;domain-independent competencies necessary for academic and workplace success;and skills in higher order ..
  29. Single-Sex High Schools and STEM Careers: Males, Females and Low-SES Students
    Hyunjoon Park; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..studying in all-girls high schools should increase 1) the performance of high school girls on standardized mathematics and science tests;2) the probability that high school girls expect that they will have STEM majors when they ..
  30. Does Enhanced School-Readiness Affect Adult Health of African Americans?
    Frances A Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..during the preschool years, and those in t he ABC study earned higher scores on academic measures (reading and mathematics)...
  31. Empowering Personalized Medicine: Integrating Imaging, Genetics, and Biomarkers
    Paul M Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By bringing together experts in neuroimaging, genetics, and mathematics, we plan to create an advanced, portable framework to combine diverse biomedical data from 3D neuroimaging (MRI,..
  32. Diffuse Optics for Acute Stroke Management
    Arjun G Yodh; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..physiology and human stroke with biophysical scientists &engineers with expertise in optics, electronics, mathematics and computation...
  33. CSHL Watson School of Biological Sciences
    Alexander Gann; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..field of Quantitative Biology to train scientists who are not just experts in biology, but are literate i mathematics, physics, chemistry and computation...
  34. Epidemiology and modeling of the population dynamics of influenza and antimicrobi
    Edward Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Having a PhD in mathematics, Ed has been involved in designing new methodological approaches for analyzing data on infectious disease ..
  35. CRCNS: Multiple roles of inhibition in the olfactory system
    MAKSIM V BAZHENOV; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..UCR PI is involved in a new initiative of designing "Institute for the Application of Mathematics" at UCR that will provide cross-disciplinary training in mathematics and neuroscience...
  36. TRAINING IN MOLECULAR PHYSICS OF BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS
    Michelle D Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Trainees undertake interdisciplinary studies with advanced courses in mathematics, quantum mechanics, statistical thermodynamics, biochemistry, molecular and cell biology, computation and ..
  37. RESEARCH TRAINING IN BIOMEDICAL PHYSICS
    Michael F McNitt-Gray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..proposal is to continue the development of research scientists that are well versed in physics, biology, mathematics, chemistry, engineering and computer science, who also understand the application of these disciplines to the ..
  38. New Tools for Understanding the Composition and Dynamics of Microbial Communities
    Robin Knight; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This project unites disciplines ranging from ecology to evolutionary biology to applied mathematics, to develop new methods for understanding which body habitats are more or less similar in terms of their ..
  39. Neuroscience Advanced Predoctoral Institutional Training Grant
    Jerome N Sanes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and translational neuroscience that reside at the interface of disciplines including engineering, applied mathematics and neuroscience...
  40. Advancement of Women in STEMM: A Multi-level Research and Action Project
    Molly L Carnes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..ranks, leaving unrealized the full potential of their vital contributions to science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medicine (STEMM)...
  41. Integrated software application for management of Hepatitis C Virus data
    Johanna C Craig; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..include our alignment, phylogenetics and mutation analysis tools that are specifically tailored to the mathematics of the HCV replication rate and its error-prone polymerase...
  42. In Vivo Evaluation of Presbyopia
    Kathryn Richdale; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..program is proposed, consisting of formal coursework and training in biomedical engineering, radiology, mathematics and computer-based image processing...
  43. Modeling Microtubule Dynamics in Mitosis
    David J Odde; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project will facilitate the development of a group of engineers who are interested in applying mathematics and physics to address fundamental cell biology questions in close collaboration with cell biologists...
  44. Enhancing in vivo EPR imaging using spin probes with short relaxation times
    MARK TSEYTLIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PI will take courses in biology, chemistry, and fundamentals of medicine to complement his strong background in mathematics and physics and bring him to a level where he can design and interpret tumor physiology imaging experiments, ..
  45. Robust Localized Measures for Brain Networks
    Eric J Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research will apply old and new ideas from network theory, combining techniques from applied mathematics, computer science and physics to analyze large Brain Networks in order to understand and diagnose conditions ..
  46. Cardiovascular Bioengineering Training Program
    Sanjeev G Shroff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are drawn mainly from engineering schools, although they may also come from biology, physics, chemistry, and mathematics. Program coursework (12 didactic courses and several workshops) is designed to provide both breadth and depth ..
  47. TRAINING IN METHODS OF COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE
    William S Reznikoff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of established disciplines that impact on neuroscience, including biology, cognitive science, computer science, mathematics, physics and engineering...
  48. Integrating Environmental Health-Based Biotechnology into STEM Teaching for High
    Mary O Dereski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    This application addresses broad Challenge Area (12): Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education (STEM), 12-ES-102: Professional development in issues in Environmental Health...
  49. MENTORS Project: Models of Educational Networking To Optimize Rural Science
    ROBIN S FUCHS YOUNG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): This application addresses broad Challenge Area (12) Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education, and specific Challenge Topic 12-CA-104: Developing the Workforce in Emerging Technologies ..
  50. Structural and Computational Biophysics Training Program
    Leslie B Poole; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have developed a pipeline in which Masters'degree students in Physics, Mathematics and Computer Science can obtain a certificate in Structural and Computational Biophysics that provides a ..
  51. Promoting genetic literacy in students and teachers: The effectiveness of non-cla
    LETA MEOLE TRIBBLE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): This application addresses broad Challenge Area (12): Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education (STEM) and specific Challenge Topic, 12-OD-104: Innovative approaches to STEM education...
  52. CRCNS: Coding for optimal performances in natural environments
    Terry T Takahashi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The inclusion of the Department of Mathematics at Seattle University, ranked among the top ten universities in the West for undergraduate programs, and the ..
  53. NEW OBSERVATIONAL DATA ANALYSIS METHODS FOR COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH
    William D Shannon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..software package combining methods from observational data analysis, operations research, statistics, and mathematics that have not been applied in combination previously in CER and health services research...
  54. Integrating and Evaluating the Modeling Applied to Problem Solving Pedagogy
    David E Pritchard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): This application addresses broad Challenge Area (12) Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education (STEM) and specific Challenge Topic 12-OD-104: Innovative Approaches to STEM Education...
  55. Mobile Health for Implementation of Home-based TB Contact Investigation in Uganda
    JOHN LUCIAN DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..expertise in innovative, multi-disciplinary methods from clinical research, behavioral science, and applied mathematics with their extensive experience in core content areas, including TB diagnosis and contact investigation;mHealth;..
  56. Exploiting the Power of GIS to Enhance Spatial Thinking in STEM Areas
    AMY LOBBEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..mGIS) interface to enhance spatial thinking, analysis, and learning in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines by students who are blind or low vision...
  57. Geometry of gene cophylogenies as relates to genome evolution and speciation
    Ruriko Yoshida; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..will learn how to gather sequence data, design and use bioinformatic tools, and analyze biological data with mathematics and statistics to infer gene and species relationships...
  58. Social Capital and Children's Development: An Experimental Study
    ADAM GAMORAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..academic competence as rated by teachers;and (c) grade retention, attendance rates, and third-grade reading and mathematics scores from school records...
  59. Prediction of molecular regulatory networks in dental and craniofacial disease
    Caleb D Bastian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..D. in Applied and Computational Mathematics (PACM) at Princeton University, with the long-term goal of pursuing an academic career as an independently-..
  60. Cellular and Molecular Physiology of Organ Function
    EMILE BOULPAEP; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..from the pool of students with a bachelor's or master's degree in science and a firm background in mathematics (and/or physics or chemistry) and biology. 35 investigators from 12 departments constitute the training faculty...
  61. Shape Up Preschoolers Geometric Sense Predicts Future Mathematics Achievement
    Roberta Michnick Golinkoff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by the fact that both the Head Start Preschool Outcomes Framework and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Curriculum Focal Points for Prekindergarten identify specific competencies needed for success in mathematics: "..
  62. Opportunities in Hydrocephalus: Pathways to Better Outcomes
    Samuel R Browd; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..disorders, neural tube defects, bioengineering, infectious disease, diagnostic imaging, and applied mathematics. These experts, all of which are currently involved in hydrocephalus research, as well as others whose studies ..
  63. Automated Integration of Biomedical Knowledge
    Gil Alterovitz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..bioinformatics, cancer research, and clinical pharmacogenomics, to develop a principled method, grounded on the mathematics of information theory, to automatically combine and integrate biomedical ontologies and implement it as part of ..
  64. Improving Outcomes in Hydrocephalus: Bridging the Gap between Basic Science and C
    James McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..disorders, neural tube defects, bioengineering, infectious disease, diagnostic imaging, and applied mathematics. These experts, many of which are currently involved in hydrocephalus research, as well as others whose studies ..
  65. Designing Life: Stories from the Bioethical Frontier
    LAURIE DONNELLY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): This application addresses broad Challenge Area (12) Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education (STEM) and specific Challenge Topic, 12-OD-103: Informal Science Education...
  66. Enhancing Faculty Recruitment in Nanoscale Sciences for Biomedical Research
    Yogesh K Vohra; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and have their tenure-track academic appointments in departments within the UAB School of Natural Sciences &Mathematics. The new faculty hires will utilize the core facilities supported by CNMB in the School of Natural Sciences &..
  67. Improving Problem-Solving Performance of Students with Mathematics Difficulties
    ASHA KIRON JITENDRA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Improving Problem-Solving Performance of Students with Mathematics Difficulties Project Summary/Abstract This application addresses Broad Challenge Area (12): Science, Technology, Engineering, and ..
  68. Conforming Positive Action Lessons to States' Academic Standards
    Carol Allred; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..today are under pressure to teach the specific academic standards-science, language arts, social studies, mathematics-that are part of their core curriculum...
  69. DNA Markers for Fast Plants to Teach Scientific Thinking
    DOUGLAS L contact WENDELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Challenge Area 12: Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education (STEM). Specific Challenge Topic 12-OD-104, innovative approaches to STEM education...
  70. Systems Biology of Sporulation in Bacillus Subtilis
    Jun Liu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    This proposal aims to bring the methods of mathematics and statistics to bear on understanding developmental gene control in the experimental system of sporulation in the bacterium Bacillus subtilis...