medical topography

Summary

Summary: The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Often associated with Hippocrates, the process became a significant part of public health investigation and epidemiological methodology, particularly between the 17th and 19th centuries. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks. (Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)

Top Publications

  1. pmc Spatial heterogeneity of parasite co-infection: Determinants and geostatistical prediction at regional scales
    Simon Brooker
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Int J Parasitol 39:591-7. 2009
  2. ncbi Epidemiology and geography of Schistosoma mansoni in Uganda: implications for planning control
    Narcis B Kabatereine
    Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 9:372-80. 2004
  3. ncbi Match rate and positional accuracy of two geocoding methods for epidemiologic research
    F Benjamin Zhan
    Department of Geography, Texas Center for Geographic Information Science, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 16:842-9. 2006
  4. pmc An online operational rainfall-monitoring resource for epidemic malaria early warning systems in Africa
    Emily Grover-Kopec
    International Research Institute for Climate Prediction IRI, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, Monell, Lamont Campus, 61 Route 9W, Palisades, New York 10964 8000, USA
    Malar J 4:6. 2005
  5. ncbi Clusters of census tracts with high proportions of men with distant-stage prostate cancer incidence in New Jersey, 1995 to 1999
    Toshi Abe
    New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Cancer Epidemiology Services, Trenton 08625 0369, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:S60-6. 2006
  6. ncbi The ecology of malaria--as seen from Earth-observation satellites
    M C Thomson
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 90:243-64. 1996
  7. pmc Geographical epidemiology, spatial analysis and geographical information systems: a multidisciplinary glossary
    Mohsen Rezaeian
    Biostatistics Group, Division of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:98-102. 2007
  8. ncbi Sizing up human health through remote sensing: uses and misuses
    V Herbreteau
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Research Unit 034, RCEVD CVD, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand
    Parassitologia 47:63-79. 2005
  9. pmc Population genetics of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, the agent of sleeping sickness in Western Africa
    Mathurin Koffi
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Unité Mixte de Recherche IRD CIRAD 177, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier, Cedex 5, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:209-14. 2009
  10. pmc Bayesian spatial analysis and disease mapping: tools to enhance planning and implementation of a schistosomiasis control programme in Tanzania
    Archie C A Clements
    Schistosomiasis Control Initiative, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 11:490-503. 2006

Detail Information

Publications164 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Spatial heterogeneity of parasite co-infection: Determinants and geostatistical prediction at regional scales
    Simon Brooker
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Int J Parasitol 39:591-7. 2009
    ....
  2. ncbi Epidemiology and geography of Schistosoma mansoni in Uganda: implications for planning control
    Narcis B Kabatereine
    Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 9:372-80. 2004
    ..The results are discussed in reference to the ecology of infection and provide an epidemiological framework for the design and implementation of control efforts underway in Uganda...
  3. ncbi Match rate and positional accuracy of two geocoding methods for epidemiologic research
    F Benjamin Zhan
    Department of Geography, Texas Center for Geographic Information Science, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 16:842-9. 2006
    ..This study compares the match rate and positional accuracy of two geocoding methods: the popular geocoding tool in ArcGIS 9.1 and the Centrus GeoCoder for ArcGIS...
  4. pmc An online operational rainfall-monitoring resource for epidemic malaria early warning systems in Africa
    Emily Grover-Kopec
    International Research Institute for Climate Prediction IRI, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, Monell, Lamont Campus, 61 Route 9W, Palisades, New York 10964 8000, USA
    Malar J 4:6. 2005
    ..These resources are available at no cost to the user and are updated on a routine basis...
  5. ncbi Clusters of census tracts with high proportions of men with distant-stage prostate cancer incidence in New Jersey, 1995 to 1999
    Toshi Abe
    New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Cancer Epidemiology Services, Trenton 08625 0369, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:S60-6. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize clusters of census tracts in New Jersey with significantly high proportions of men diagnosed with distant-stage prostate cancer...
  6. ncbi The ecology of malaria--as seen from Earth-observation satellites
    M C Thomson
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 90:243-64. 1996
    ....
  7. pmc Geographical epidemiology, spatial analysis and geographical information systems: a multidisciplinary glossary
    Mohsen Rezaeian
    Biostatistics Group, Division of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:98-102. 2007
    ..We also discuss the rationale for geographical epidemiology and specific techniques such as disease clustering, disease mapping, ecological analyses, geographical information systems and global positioning systems...
  8. ncbi Sizing up human health through remote sensing: uses and misuses
    V Herbreteau
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Research Unit 034, RCEVD CVD, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand
    Parassitologia 47:63-79. 2005
    ..A discussion covering the potential of RS for human health is developed here to assist health scientists deal with spatial and temporal dynamics of health, by finding the most relevant data and analysis procedures...
  9. pmc Population genetics of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, the agent of sleeping sickness in Western Africa
    Mathurin Koffi
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Unité Mixte de Recherche IRD CIRAD 177, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier, Cedex 5, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:209-14. 2009
    ..b. gambiense group 1 is most likely a strictly clonally reproducing organism...
  10. pmc Bayesian spatial analysis and disease mapping: tools to enhance planning and implementation of a schistosomiasis control programme in Tanzania
    Archie C A Clements
    Schistosomiasis Control Initiative, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 11:490-503. 2006
    ..To predict the spatial distributions of Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni infections to assist planning the implementation of mass distribution of praziquantel as part of an on-going national control programme in Tanzania...
  11. ncbi Effect of topography on the risk of malaria infection in the Usambara Mountains, Tanzania
    M J Balls
    School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 98:400-8. 2004
    ..This novel approach illustrates how topography could help identify local areas prone to epidemics in the African highlands...
  12. pmc Topography and malaria transmission heterogeneity in western Kenya highlands: prospects for focal vector control
    Andrew K Githeko
    Climate and Human Health Research Unit, Centre for Vector Biology and Control Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
    Malar J 5:107. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the effects of topography on malaria spatial vector distribution and parasite prevalence...
  13. ncbi Mapping malaria transmission in West and Central Africa
    Armin Gemperli
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 11:1032-46. 2006
    ..The consequent uncertainties indicate zones where further survey data are needed most urgently. Malaria risk maps based on compilations of heterogeneous survey data are highly sensitive to the analytical methodology...
  14. pmc On the use of ZIP codes and ZIP code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) for the spatial analysis of epidemiological data
    Tony H Grubesic
    Department of Geography, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 7100, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 5:58. 2006
    ..Problems associated with these units for detecting spatial patterns of disease are explored...
  15. ncbi Hierarchical modeling and other spatial analyses in prostate cancer incidence data
    Frances J Mather
    Department of Biostatistics, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:S88-100. 2006
    ..The purpose of this article is to describe a general methodological approach that potentially might be a starting point for many cancer registry spatial analyses at the county level...
  16. pmc Modelling malaria risk in East Africa at high-spatial resolution
    J A Omumbo
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 10:557-66. 2005
    ..In Sub-Saharan Africa empirically derived maps using standardized criteria are few and this paper considers the development of a model of malaria risk for East Africa...
  17. ncbi Detection of spatial clusters: application to cancer survival as a continuous outcome
    Lan Huang
    Statistical Research and Application Branch, Division of Cancer Control and Population Science, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
    Epidemiology 18:73-87. 2007
    ..This article illustrates a new way to understand survival patterns that may point to health disparities in terms of diagnosis and treatment patterns...
  18. ncbi Spatial analysis of prostate cancer incidence and race in Virginia, 1990-1999
    M Norman Oliver
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:S67-76. 2006
    ..Racial disparities exist in prostate cancer incidence. An important contributor to these disparities may be socioeconomic status...
  19. pmc Clinical algorithm for malaria during low and high transmission seasons
    L Muhe
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, PO Box 1768, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Arch Dis Child 81:216-20. 1999
    ..To assess the proportion of children with febrile disease who suffer from malaria and to identify clinical signs and symptoms that predict malaria during low and high transmission seasons...
  20. pmc Response to malaria epidemics in Africa
    Tarekegn A Abeku
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:681-6. 2007
    ..Vector control measures are useful if abnormal transmission is highly likely and if they can be selectively implemented at the early stages of an outbreak...
  21. pmc Quantifying geocode location error using GIS methods
    Matthew J Strickland
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Environ Health 6:10. 2007
    ..Geographic information system (GIS) methods were used to quantify uncertainty in the two sets of geocodes using orthoimagery and tax parcel datasets...
  22. pmc The topography of poverty in the United States: a spatial analysis using county-level data from the Community Health Status Indicators project
    James B Holt
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop K 67, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 4:A111. 2007
    ..The spatial analytic techniques are broadly applicable to socioeconomic and health-related data and can provide important information about the spatial structure of datasets, which is important for choosing appropriate analysis methods...
  23. ncbi Malaria in the highlands of Madagascar after five years of indoor house spraying of DDT
    R Jambou
    Pasteur Institute of Madagascar, Madagascar
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 95:14-8. 2001
    ..Our study suggests that this strategy should be reinforced by the spraying of DDT in the marginal zones in order to consolidate the results obtained at higher altitudes...
  24. pmc The geographical distribution of Kaposi's sarcoma and of lymphomas in Africa before the AIDS epidemic
    P Cook Mozaffari
    CRC Cancer Epidemiology Research Group, Department of Public Health, Radcliffe Infirmary, University of Oxford, UK
    Br J Cancer 78:1521-8. 1998
    ....
  25. ncbi Recent changes in the spatial pattern of prostate cancer in the U.S
    Peter A Rogerson
    Department of Geography, National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York 14261, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:S50-9. 2006
    ..This article describes spatial-temporal changes in U.S. prostate cancer mortality from 1968 to 1998...
  26. ncbi [Landscape ecology of hantavirosis in Rio Grande do Sul state]
    Waldir E Henkes
    Pós Graduação do Curso de Geografia da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS
    Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 37:505-7. 2004
    ..This was achieved through geocoding the occurrence of cases and overlaying onto vegetation and relief maps. The majority of cases occurred during Spring, in highland areas dominated by secondary vegetation and agricultural activity...
  27. ncbi [Medical effects of geomagnetic storms]
    T K Breus
    Klin Med (Mosk) 83:4-12. 2005
  28. ncbi Ikonos-derived malaria transmission risk in northwestern Thailand
    Ratana Sithiprasasna
    Department of Entomology, US Army Medical Component, Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 36:14-22. 2005
    ..5 km. The An. minimus larval habitat deserves more detailed investigation. Further studies on human behavior contrary to that required for adequate malaria control among these three villages are also recommended...
  29. ncbi Geographic targeting of risk zones for childhood stunting and related health outcomes in Burkina Faso
    Florence M Margai
    Department of Geography, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY, USA
    World Health Popul 9:64-82. 2007
    ....
  30. ncbi Prevalence of calcidiol deficiency in CKD: a cross-sectional study across latitudes in the United States
    Robert E LaClair
    Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 45:1026-33. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi Disease mapping and risk assessment in veterinary parasitology: some case studies
    G Cringoli
    Dipartimento di Patologia e Sanita Animale, Settore di Parassitologia Veterinaria e Malattie Parassitarie, Universitd degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, CREMOPAR Regione Campania, Napoli, Italy
    Parassitologia 47:9-25. 2005
    ....
  32. pmc Place matters: multilevel investigation of HIV distribution in Tanzania
    Wezi M Msisha
    Europe and Central Asia Human Development Sector, The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA
    AIDS 22:741-8. 2008
    ..To examine the extent to which the regional and neighborhood distribution of HIV in Tanzania is caused by the differential distribution of individual correlates and risk factors...
  33. ncbi [Advances in the study of remote sensing for monitoring and predicting the epidemiologic factors of schistosomiasis]
    Zhen Liu
    Institute of Nature Resources Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 25:719-22. 2004
  34. ncbi Indoor radon concentration forecasting in South Tyrol
    L Verdi
    APPA Bolzano Environmental Protection Agency of South Tyrol, Via Amba Alagi 5, I 39100 Bolzano, Italy
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 111:435-8. 2004
    ..The results confirm the complexity of the phenomenon...
  35. ncbi A European satellite-derived UV climatology available for impact studies
    J Verdebout
    European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, via E Fermi 1, 21020 Ispra VA, Italy
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 111:407-11. 2004
    ..It also shows a large year-to-year variability in monthly doses of upto +/-50% in spring and +/-30% in summer...
  36. ncbi Radon concentration in waters of geothermal Euganean basin--Veneto, Italy
    A Bertolo
    ARPAV Departimento di Padova via Ospedale, 22 35121 Padova, Italy
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 111:355-8. 2004
    ....
  37. ncbi Spatial and temporal modelling for parasite transmission studies and risk assessment
    F M Danson
    Centre for Environmental Systems Research, School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, Manchester M5 4WT, UK
    Parasite 15:463-8. 2008
    ..Future research directions and priorities for landscape epidemiology are considered...
  38. ncbi [Spacial modeling of cutaneous leishmaniasis risk zones]
    Cristina Aparicio
    Instituto de Biociencias, Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 38:511-6. 2004
    ..To spatially delimit cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) human contact risk zones (CoRZ) using remote sensing and geoprocessing techniques...
  39. ncbi [Geographical Information Systems and remote sensing technologies in parasitological epidemiology]
    L Rinaldi
    Dipartimento di Patologia e Sanita Animale, Settore di Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, CREMOPAR Regione Campania
    Parassitologia 46:71-4. 2004
    ....
  40. pmc Geographic correlation between deprivation and risk of meningococcal disease: an ecological study
    Christopher J Williams
    East and North Hertfordshire Health Protection Unit, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL8 6JL, United Kingdom
    BMC Public Health 4:30. 2004
    ..This study investigated the relationships between the incidence and age distribution of meningococcal disease, and socioeconomic environment...
  41. ncbi Application of Geographical Information Systems and Remote Sensing technologies for assessing and monitoring malaria risk
    P Ceccato
    International Research Institute for Climate Prediction, The Earth Institute, Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964 8000, USA
    Parassitologia 47:81-96. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi A study of the environmental determinants of malaria and schistosomiasis in the Philippines using Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems
    L R Leonardo
    College of Public Health, University of the Philippines Manila, Ermita, Manila, Philippines
    Parassitologia 47:105-14. 2005
    ....
  43. ncbi [Geostatistical analysis of leprosy cases in the State of São Paulo, 1991-2002]
    Paula A Opromolla
    Coordenadoria de Controle de Doenças, Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de São Paulo, Avenida Dr Arnaldo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 40:907-13. 2006
    ..To analyze the spatial pattern of leprosy case occurrences in order to identify areas with a probability of disease transmission risks...
  44. pmc Large-scale malaria survey in Cambodia: novel insights on species distribution and risk factors
    Sandra Incardona
    Laboratory of Molecular Epidemiology, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Malar J 6:37. 2007
    ..A global estimate of the current malaria situation and associated risk factors is, therefore, still lacking...
  45. ncbi Advancing insights into methods for studying environment-health relationships: a multidisciplinary approach to understanding Legionnaires' disease
    Christine E Dunn
    Department of Geography, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
    Health Place 13:677-90. 2007
    ..We advocate further multidisciplinary research to advance methodological developments for understanding spatial environment-health relationships...
  46. ncbi Perspectives on applied spatial analysis to animal health: a case of rodents in Thailand
    Vincent Herbreteau
    Center for Vectors and Vector Borne Diseases, Faculty of Sciences, Mahidol University, Thanon Rama VI, Phyathai, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1081:17-29. 2006
    ..The biotopes of Bandicota indica and Bandicota savilei are delimited, providing a major source of knowledge for rodent and human health analyses...
  47. ncbi GIS applications for mapping and spatial modeling of urban-use water quality: a case study in District of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil
    Peter Zeilhofer
    Departamento de Geografia, Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Av F Correa da Costa s n, Cuiaba, MT 78060 9000, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 23:875-84. 2007
    ..GIS methods were successfully applied to create spatial datasets for logistic regression model building and to construct risk maps using regression coefficients...
  48. pmc Participatory mapping of target areas to enable operational larval source management to suppress malaria vector mosquitoes in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Stefan Dongus
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Int J Health Geogr 6:37. 2007
    ..Rigorous but affordable and scaleable methods for mapping and managing mosquito habitats are required to enable effective larval control in urban Africa...
  49. ncbi [Use of remote sensing to study the influence of environmental changes on malaria distribution in the Brazilian Amazon]
    Cíntia Honório Vasconcelos
    Divisão de Processamento de Imagens, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 22:517-26. 2006
    ..Malaria cases were related to the form of land occupation, especially in more densely populated areas...
  50. ncbi Socio-demographic and geographic indicators and distribution of tuberculosis in Hong Kong: a spatial analysis
    M Chan-Yeung
    Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR China
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:1320-6. 2005
    ..To determine the socio-demographic and geographic indicators responsible for the distribution and transmission of tuberculosis (TB) in Hong Kong using geographical information system (GIS) technology...
  51. ncbi Using geographic information systems in injury research
    Linda S Edelman
    University of Utah, College of Nursing and Department of Surgery, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA
    J Nurs Scholarsh 39:306-11. 2007
    ..To provide an overview of geographic information systems (GIS) and to discuss current and future applications in injury and trauma research...
  52. ncbi Spatial variation of malaria incidence in young children from a geographically homogeneous area with high endemicity
    Benno Kreuels
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany
    J Infect Dis 197:85-93. 2008
    ..Detailed knowledge of spatial variation of malaria epidemiology and associated risk factors is important for planning and evaluating malaria-control measures...
  53. pmc Estimating the accuracy of geographical imputation
    Kevin A Henry
    New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Cancer Epidemiology Services, New Jersey State Cancer Registry, Trenton, New Jersey, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 7:3. 2008
    ..To date no systematic evaluation of geographical imputation methods ("geo-imputation") has been completed. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of census tract assignment using geo-imputation...
  54. ncbi [Pheno-climatic profiles of vegetation based on multitemporal analysis of satellite data]
    R Taddei
    Centro di Competenza INNOVA e Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale dell Università di Napoli Federico II
    Parassitologia 46:63-6. 2004
    ..The purpose of carrying out pheno-climatic maps can be accomplished using 6 Landsat-TM images well-distributed during a year, every two months, even if the images have been taken during different years...
  55. ncbi Climatic, high tide and vector variables and the transmission of Ross River virus
    S Tong
    School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia
    Intern Med J 35:677-80. 2005
    ..The results of the present study might facilitate the development of early warning systems for reducing the incidence of this wide-spread disease in Australia and other Pacific island nations...
  56. pmc The accuracy of human population maps for public health application
    S I Hay
    TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 10:1073-86. 2005
    ..These exercises should be aware of the accuracy of the demographic information used...
  57. ncbi Geographical patterns of onchocerciasis in southern Venezuela: relationships between environment and infection prevalence
    C Botto
    Instituto de Medicina Tropical Universidad Central de Venezuela Ciudad Universitaria, Caracas, Venezuela
    Parassitologia 47:145-50. 2005
    ..In this sense, landscape analysis aided by GIS, may prove to be a useful tool for better identification of the spatial distribution of onchocerciasis risk in the Orinoco basin...
  58. ncbi Modeling the distribution of Schistosoma mansoni and host snails in Uganda using satellite sensor data and Geographical Information Systems
    A Stensgaard
    Mandahl Bart Research Centre for Biodiversity and Health in Developing Countries, DBL Institute for Health Research and Development, Charlottenlund, Denmark
    Parassitologia 47:115-25. 2005
    ..mansoni-"B. Pfeifferi"/B. sudanica system in inland Uganda. Further validation studies are needed to test the value of the model in other countries in East Africa...
  59. ncbi [Estimate of HIV prevalence in pregnant women by means of spatial analysis in Southern Brazil]
    Christovam Barcellos
    Departamento de Informações Em Saúde, Centro de Informação Científica e Tecnológica, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Avenida Brasil 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 40:928-30. 2006
    ..This finding confirms the intensification of AIDS epidemic among poor urban populations, and indicates areas where basic care and educational strategies should be reinforced...
  60. ncbi GIS based malaria information management system for urban malaria scheme in India
    Aruna Srivastava
    Malaria Research Centre, 20 Madhuban, Delhi 110 092, India
    Comput Methods Programs Biomed 71:63-75. 2003
    ....
  61. pmc Exploratory spatial data analysis for the identification of risk factors to birth defects
    Jilei Wu
    Institute of Geographical Sciences and Nature Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, P R China
    BMC Public Health 4:23. 2004
    ..This study selected an area with the highest ratio of neural-tube birth defect (NTBD) occurrences worldwide to identify the scale of environmental risk factors for birth defects using exploratory spatial data analysis methods...
  62. ncbi Towards a risk map of malaria for Sri Lanka: the importance of house location relative to vector breeding sites
    Wim van der Hoek
    International Water Management Institute IWMI, PO Box 2075, Colombo, Sri Lanka
    Int J Epidemiol 32:280-5. 2003
    ..Such risk maps could be important tools for planning efficient malaria control measures...
  63. ncbi The impact of latitude on the prevalence of seasonal depression
    Anthony J Levitt
    Department of Psychiatry, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Fellowship Program, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario
    Can J Psychiatry 47:361-7. 2002
    ..This study sought to determine whether the prevalence of the seasonal subtype of major depression (SAD) in the community varied as a function of latitude...
  64. ncbi Effects of climate, latitude, and season on the incidence of Bell's palsy in the US Armed Forces, October 1997 to September 1999
    Karen E Campbell
    Army Medical Surveillance Activity, Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance Directorate, US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Washington, DC 20307 5001, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 156:32-9. 2002
    ..The results are consistent with hypotheses regarding viral etiologies (e.g., reactivation of herpes simplex) of Bell's palsy...
  65. ncbi Temperature-suitability maps for schistosomiasis in South Africa
    I Moodley
    Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council, P O Box 70380, Overport, Durban 4067, South Africa
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 97:617-27. 2003
    ....
  66. ncbi Schizophrenia and season of birth: relationship to geomagnetic storms
    Ronald W Kay
    Ross University School of Medicine, Portsmouth Campus, Roseau, Dominica
    Schizophr Res 66:7-20. 2004
    ..It is suggested that these findings are all consistent with the hypothesis and that geomagnetic disturbance or factors associated with this disturbance should be further investigated in birth seasonality studies...
  67. ncbi [Which tasks for countryside physicians in 19th century France? To heal, to educate, to civilise the people. A country physician's report from the French Department of the Haut-Rhin in 1849]
    Anne Marcovich
    Gesnerus 60:170-87. 2003
    ..Though very simple in shape and content, this medical topography provides information which is rare in regard to its precision, its quality and its extent...
  68. ncbi Radon mapping in south Tyrol: comparison between two different procedures
    L Verdi
    APPA Bolzano, Via Amba Alagi 5, I 39100 Bolzano, Italy
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 111:439-43. 2004
    ....
  69. ncbi Cartographic mapping of health data
    G Greiner
    Institute of Medical Informatics and Biometrics, University of Rostock, Rembrandtstr 16 17, 18055 Rostock, Germany
    Stud Health Technol Inform 77:156-9. 2000
    ..Cartographic visualization allows a quick and intuitive recognition of the situation in a geographical region...
  70. pmc Disparities in obesity rates: analysis by ZIP code area
    Adam Drewnowski
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:2458-63. 2007
    ..Geocoding of health data provides new insights into the nature of social determinants of health. Disparities in obesity rates by ZIP code area were greater than disparities associated with individual income or race/ethnicity...
  71. ncbi Patterns of suicide mortality in Russia
    William Alex Pridemore
    Department of Sociology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 33:132-50. 2003
    ....
  72. pmc The geographic distribution of melanoma incidence in Massachusetts, adjusted for covariates
    Laurie M DeChello
    Department of Community Medicine and Health Care, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 263 Farmington Ave, Farmington, CT 06030 6325, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 5:31. 2006
    ..Cases were aggregated to census tracts and analyzed for deviations from random occurrence with respect to both spatial location and time...
  73. ncbi Using epidemiological survey data to infer geographic distributions of leishmaniasis vector species
    A Townsend Peterson
    Natural History Museum, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA
    Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 37:10-4. 2004
    ..The technique, when tested based on independent occurrence data, yielded highly significant predictions of species' distributions; minimum sample sizes for effective predictions were around 40 municipalities...
  74. ncbi Spatial analysis of disease--applications
    B Sue Bell
    Cancer Treat Res 113:151-82. 2002
    ..This chapter provided examples using four available methods. The methods were spatial filtering, identifying clusters using the spatial scan statistic, hierarchical modeling, and conditional autoregression modeling...
  75. pmc Genome-scale multilocus microsatellite typing of Trypanosoma cruzi discrete typing unit I reveals phylogeographic structure and specific genotypes linked to human infection
    Martin S Llewellyn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    PLoS Pathog 5:e1000410. 2009
    ..The epidemiological significance of these findings is discussed...
  76. ncbi Spatial analysis of disease
    Linda Williams Pickle
    Cancer Treat Res 113:113-50. 2002
    ..In the next chapter, the principles described here will be illustrated...
  77. ncbi Distribution and frequency of beta-thalassemia mutations in northwestern and central Greece
    I Georgiou
    Genetics Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
    Eur J Haematol 70:75-8. 2003
    ..The aim of the present study was to identify the distribution of the most common beta-thalassemia mutations in the population of northwestern and central Greece...
  78. ncbi UV, latitude, and spatial trends in prostate cancer mortality: all sunlight is not the same (United States)
    Gary G Schwartz
    Department of Cancer Biology, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:1091-101. 2006
    ..Furthermore, because vitamin D synthesis does not occur during winter months at latitudes higher than 40 degrees N, we examined this relationship above and below 40 degrees N latitude...
  79. ncbi Analysis of bulimic symptomatology across age and geographic locations
    Marisol Perez
    Texas A and M University, Department of Psychology, 230 Psychology Building, College Station, TX 77845 4235, USA
    Eat Behav 8:136-42. 2007
    ..These findings also provide further evidence on the influence of environment on bulimic symptoms among a sample of women...
  80. ncbi Suicide and latitude in Argentina: Durkheim upside-down
    Alicia E B Lawrynowicz
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1022. 2005
  81. ncbi [Triatominae biogeography and the European cherry trees]
    José da Rocha Carvalheiro
    Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 40:1001-3. 2006
  82. ncbi Geographic patterns: how to identify them and why
    G Barbujani
    Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Ferrara, Italy
    Hum Biol 72:133-53. 2000
    ..Because extensive variation among loci is the rule rather than the exception, an important practical tip is to be skeptical of inferences based on single-locus diversity...
  83. ncbi Geographic distribution of CDA-II: did a founder effect operate in Southern Italy?
    A Iolascon
    Dipartimento di Biomedicina dell Eta Evolutiva, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Italy
    Haematologica 85:470-4. 2000
    ..Its exact prevalence is unknown. Based on a recently established International Registry of CDA-II (64 unrelated kindreds), a high frequency of CDA II families living in South Italy became evident...
  84. pmc Magpies as hosts for West Nile virus, southern France
    Elsa Jourdain
    Centre de Recherche de la Tour du Valat, Arles, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:158-60. 2008
    ..Results suggest that this peridomestic species may be a suitable sentinel species and a relevant target for additional investigations on WNV ecology in Europe...
  85. ncbi Disease ecology and a reformist alternative: the case of infant mortality
    W M Gesler
    Department of Geography, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599 3220, USA
    Soc Sci Med 44:657-71. 1997
    ..The paper concludes with a discussion of the respective roles of disease ecology and a reformist approach in models of infant mortality and a summary of the main differences between the two perspectives...
  86. ncbi [The development of rabies in Switzerland--landscape determines the spread of a wildlife epidemic]
    U Muller
    Schweizerische Tollwutzentrale, Institut für Veterinar Virologie, Universitat Bern
    Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 142:431-8. 2000
    ..We describe the entire development of the epidemic within the period of 30 years from the first infection up to the last registered case and the final vaccination campaign...
  87. pmc Assessment of exposure to mercury from industrial emissions: comparing "distance as a proxy" and dispersion modelling approaches
    Susan Hodgson
    Small Area Health Statistics Unit SAHSU, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Occup Environ Med 64:380-8. 2007
    ..Ongoing epidemiological investigations into the effect of ambient mercury exposure on dose and renal effect required a more refined assessment of exposure...
  88. ncbi Observing the spread of common illnesses through a community: using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for surveillance
    Michael A Horst
    Lancaster General Research Institute, Lancaster, PA, USA
    J Am Board Fam Med 23:32-41. 2010
    ..There has been limited study of the application of syndromic surveillance techniques to communities for tracking common illnesses to improve health system resource allocation and inform communities...
  89. ncbi [Suicide date and rates in a comparison of Germany, Bavaria and Upper Frankonia]
    Christian Mauerer
    Bezirkskrankenhaus Bayreuth, Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Nordring 2, 95445 Bayreuth
    Psychiatr Prax 30:S176-8. 2003
    ..The authors give an actual survey about suicides and suicide rates in Germany, Bavaria and Upper Frankonia. Their special interest are significant trends in the last years. These trends will be shown and shortly described...
  90. ncbi Modeling the biocoenose of parasitic diseases using remote sensing and geographic information systems
    J B Malone
    Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
    Parassitologia 46:59-61. 2004
    ....
  91. ncbi Towards empirical description of malaria seasonality in southern Africa: the example of Zimbabwe
    M L H Mabaso
    Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
    Trop Med Int Health 10:909-18. 2005
    ..There is a need for seasonality models that predict quantitative variation in transmission between months...
  92. ncbi Where is the meningitis belt? Defining an area at risk of epidemic meningitis in Africa
    Anna M Molesworth
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:242-9. 2002
    ....
  93. ncbi The Finno-Ugrian suicide hypothesis: variation in European suicide rates by latitude and longitude
    Martin Voracek
    Department of Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, University of Vienna Medical School, Austria
    Percept Mot Skills 97:401-6. 2003
    ..Thus, population differences in genetic risk factors may account for the spatial pattern in European suicide rates...
  94. pmc Spatially targeting Culex quinquefasciatus aquatic habitats on modified land cover for implementing an Integrated Vector Management (IVM) program in three villages within the Mwea Rice Scheme, Kenya
    Benjamin G Jacob
    Illinois Natural History Survey, Center for Ecological Entomology, 607 East Peabody Dr, Champaign IL 61820, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 5:18. 2006
    ..quinquefasciatus aquatic habitats were overlaid onto the LULC maps generated in ArcInfo 9.1. Grid cells were stratified by levels of irrigation (well-irrigated and poorly-irrigated) and varied according to size of the paddy...
  95. ncbi Climate-based health monitoring systems for eco-climatic conditions associated with infectious diseases
    E Pinzon
    Science Systems and Applications, Inc SSAI, USA
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 98:239-43. 2005
    ..This article provides a condensed, and selective look at classical material and recent research about remote sensing and GIS (geographic information system) applications in public health...
  96. ncbi Unstable, low-level transmission of malaria on the Colombian Pacific Coast
    J M Gonzalez
    Instituto de Inmunologia, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 91:349-58. 1997
    ..A better understanding of the dynamics of the different elements influencing malaria in areas of low, unstable transmission, such as the one described here, is essential for the design of new malaria-control strategies...
  97. ncbi Temporal and spatial pattern of infant mortality in Germany after unification
    E Nolte
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
    Soz Praventivmed 46:303-10. 2001
    ..There is, however, still a substantial regional variation in infant mortality that is largely determined by postneonatal mortality...
  98. ncbi Testing the Finno-Ugrian suicide hypothesis: replication and refinement with regional suicide data from eastern Europe
    Martin Voracek
    Department of Basic Psychological Research, School of Psychology, University of Vienna, Liebiggasse 5, Rm 03 42, A 1010 Vienna, Austria
    Percept Mot Skills 104:985-94. 2007
    ..5%, respectively). These results are consistent with the Finno-Ugrian Suicide Hypothesis. Study limitations and directions for further research are discussed...
  99. ncbi High incidence and increasing prevalence of MS in Enna (Sicily), southern Italy
    L M Grimaldi
    Department of Neuroscience, Azienda Unita Sanitaria Locale 2, Caltanissetta, Italy
    Neurology 57:1891-3. 2001
    ..2 per 100,000 population. The incidence of definite MS for the period 1986 to 1995 was 5.7 per 100,000 per year. The innermost part of Sicily shows an elevated prevalence of MS, second only to Sardinia in the Mediterranean area...
  100. ncbi [Development of anatomy in the edo period: on the publication of the zoshi]
    Seong Su Kim
    Institute of Humanities, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
    Uisahak 21:101-40. 2012
    ..However, as sciences of the west were gradually imparted to East Asia, medical topography was changing little by little as well. It was Japan that actively accommodated Western medicine...
  101. ncbi Prostate cancer incidence and mortality trends among elderly and adult Europeans
    M Vercelli
    Dipartimento di Oncologia, Biologia e Genetica, Universita di Genova, Sezione Registro Tumori, Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Genova, Largo Rosanna Benzi, Genoa, Italy
    Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 35:133-44. 2000
    ....

Research Grants28

  1. Gis, multilevel modeling and breast cancer screening
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Few studies focusing on breast cancer screening have taken this approach, which we, and others feel is warranted. ..
  2. Feasibility and Effects of Preventive Home Visits
    Malcolm Cutchin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The intervention could be made widely available, and it could prevent greater costs associated with acute and long-term care of the rapidly growing older adult population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Integrity of the Pulmonary Blood-Gas Barrier
    John West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, at the more basic level, this research is devoted to a fundamental biological dilemma of the lung, namely how the blood-gas barrier combines extreme thinness with immense strength. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. GIS and Breast Cancer Screening in Saint Louis
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Anti-larval measures for malaria control in The Gambia
    Steven Lindsay; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results from this study will make a major contribution to quantifying the importance of the use of Bs and Bti in the fight against malaria. ..
  6. Geostatistical software for the space-time analysis of health disparities
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Improving Syndromic Surveillance by Data Integration
    Alexander Ozonoff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Light Treatment for Sleep/Wake Disturbances AD
    Jerome Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Outcome will be documented by objective circadian activity rhythm parameters and standard sleep/wake measures both assessed by actigraphy. ..
  9. Geostatistical software for the analysis of individual-level epidemiologic data
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. SaTScan: Spatial Scan Statistic Surveillance Software
    Martin Kulldorff; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In this project, we propose to further develop and maintain the SaTScan software to fulfill many of these needs. ..
  11. Participatory natural resource management to mitigate health inequities in Africa
    Christine Dunn; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Farmer-pastoralist conflicts are common all across tropical Africa so the results of this project will be useful to many other African countries and communities faced with similar challenges. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. Radiation Therapy in Older Breast Cancer Patients
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results will identify reasons for rural-urban differences in XRT use and may guide development of interventions that address modifiable factors associated with underutilization of XRT among rural women. ..
  13. Geostatistical software for the boundary analysis of cancer maps
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Racial Disparities in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    GEOFFREY NGUYEN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. TREATMENTS FOR INSOMNIA
    Jerome Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This five-year application will ultimately include 90 treatment subjects aged >60 years (three groups of 30 each). ..
  16. An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Multilevel Model of Breast Cancer Follow-up Care
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Spatial epidemiology of diabetes in the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study
    ANGELA LIESE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This effort may provide novel leads for subsequent etiologic studies of pediatric diabetes and will assist health care planners in identifying geographic areas in particular need of health services resources. ..
  19. PREDICTORS OF RELAPSE TO SMOKING IN LUNG CANCER
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Diabetes and Cardiovascular Risks in Primary Care
    Michael Parchman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  21. Geography of Amputations Among African Americans
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Geostatistical software for health and exposure analysis
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. TELEPHONE CARE MANAGEMENT TO PREVENT FURTHER INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE
    Jack Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Participants will also answer questions regarding intervention safety and utilization of community resources. The study team will carefully monitor treatment fidelity through audio recordings of TCM and UC+ sessions. ..
  24. Simulation Algorithms for Spatial Pattern Recognition
    Pierre Goovaerts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The neutral models and methods in this proposal make possible, for the first time ever, evaluation of the sensitivity of the results of cluster or boundary analyses to specification of the null hypothesis. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Data Evaluation for Early Disease Outbreak Detection
    Kenneth Kleinman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Tests for Spatial Randomness in Cancer Maps
    Martin Kulldorff; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..