geography

Summary

Summary: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Ensemble forecasting of species distributions
    Miguel B Araujo
    Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, C Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006, Madrid, Spain
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:42-7. 2007
  2. ncbi Maximum likelihood inference of geographic range evolution by dispersal, local extinction, and cladogenesis
    Richard H Ree
    Department of Botany, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois 60605, USA
    Syst Biol 57:4-14. 2008
  3. ncbi Surfing during population expansions promotes genetic revolutions and structuration
    Laurent Excoffier
    Computational and Molecular Population Genetics Lab, Institute of Zoology, University of Berne, Baltzerstrasse 6, Berne, Switzerland
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:347-51. 2008
  4. ncbi Distinctive Paleo-Indian migration routes from Beringia marked by two rare mtDNA haplogroups
    Ugo A Perego
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
    Curr Biol 19:1-8. 2009
  5. pmc The survey of H5N1 flu virus in wild birds in 14 Provinces of China from 2004 to 2007
    Zheng Kou
    State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
    PLoS ONE 4:e6926. 2009
  6. pmc Human gut microbiome viewed across age and geography
    Tanya Yatsunenko
    Center for Genome Sciences and Systems Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Nature 486:222-7. 2012
  7. ncbi A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems
    Camille Parmesan
    Integrative Biology, Patterson Laboratories 141, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    Nature 421:37-42. 2003
  8. ncbi Global trends in emerging infectious diseases
    Kate E Jones
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Nature 451:990-3. 2008
  9. pmc Bayesian phylogeography finds its roots
    Philippe Lemey
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000520. 2009
  10. ncbi Extinction risk from climate change
    Chris D Thomas
    Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Nature 427:145-8. 2004

Detail Information

Publications327 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Ensemble forecasting of species distributions
    Miguel B Araujo
    Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, C Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006, Madrid, Spain
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:42-7. 2007
    ....
  2. ncbi Maximum likelihood inference of geographic range evolution by dispersal, local extinction, and cladogenesis
    Richard H Ree
    Department of Botany, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois 60605, USA
    Syst Biol 57:4-14. 2008
    ..The DEC model is thus an incremental advance that highlights considerable potential in the nascent field of model-based historical biogeographic inference...
  3. ncbi Surfing during population expansions promotes genetic revolutions and structuration
    Laurent Excoffier
    Computational and Molecular Population Genetics Lab, Institute of Zoology, University of Berne, Baltzerstrasse 6, Berne, Switzerland
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:347-51. 2008
    ..They also suggest that a single range expansion can create very complex patterns at neutral loci, mimicking adaptive processes and resembling postglacial segregation of clades from distinct refuge areas...
  4. ncbi Distinctive Paleo-Indian migration routes from Beringia marked by two rare mtDNA haplogroups
    Ugo A Perego
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
    Curr Biol 19:1-8. 2009
    ..In this study, we have instead identified and analyzed mtDNAs belonging to two rare Native American haplogroups named D4h3 and X2a...
  5. pmc The survey of H5N1 flu virus in wild birds in 14 Provinces of China from 2004 to 2007
    Zheng Kou
    State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
    PLoS ONE 4:e6926. 2009
    ..The highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza emerged in the year 1996 in Asia, and has spread to Europe and Africa recently. At present, effective monitoring and data analysis of H5N1 are not sufficient in Chinese mainland...
  6. pmc Human gut microbiome viewed across age and geography
    Tanya Yatsunenko
    Center for Genome Sciences and Systems Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Nature 486:222-7. 2012
    ..Our findings underscore the need to consider the microbiome when evaluating human development, nutritional needs, physiological variations and the impact of westernization...
  7. ncbi A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems
    Camille Parmesan
    Integrative Biology, Patterson Laboratories 141, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    Nature 421:37-42. 2003
    ..This suite of analyses generates 'very high confidence' (as laid down by the IPCC) that climate change is already affecting living systems...
  8. ncbi Global trends in emerging infectious diseases
    Kate E Jones
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Nature 451:990-3. 2008
    ..We conclude that global resources to counter disease emergence are poorly allocated, with the majority of the scientific and surveillance effort focused on countries from where the next important EID is least likely to originate...
  9. pmc Bayesian phylogeography finds its roots
    Philippe Lemey
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000520. 2009
    ..From these analyses, we conclude that our phylogeographic framework will make an important asset in molecular epidemiology that can be easily generalized to infer biogeogeography from genetic data for many organisms...
  10. ncbi Extinction risk from climate change
    Chris D Thomas
    Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Nature 427:145-8. 2004
    ..These estimates show the importance of rapid implementation of technologies to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and strategies for carbon sequestration...
  11. ncbi Cryptic species as a window on diversity and conservation
    David Bickford
    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543, Republic of Singapore
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:148-55. 2007
    ..The discovery of cryptic species is likely to be non-random with regard to taxon and biome and, hence, could have profound implications for evolutionary theory, biogeography and conservation planning...
  12. ncbi Sequence-based species delimitation for the DNA taxonomy of undescribed insects
    Joan Pons
    Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, United Kingdom
    Syst Biol 55:595-609. 2006
    ....
  13. pmc Genes mirror geography within Europe
    John Novembre
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Interdepartmental Program in Bioinformatics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Nature 456:98-101. 2008
    ..In addition, the results are relevant to the prospects of genetic ancestry testing; an individual's DNA can be used to infer their geographic origin with surprising accuracy-often to within a few hundred kilometres...
  14. ncbi Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: quantitative approaches to niche evolution
    Dan L Warren
    Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Evolution 62:2868-83. 2008
    ..We suggest various randomization tests that may prove useful in other areas of ecology and evolutionary biology...
  15. ncbi The incomplete natural history of mitochondria
    J William O Ballard
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
    Mol Ecol 13:729-44. 2004
    ..Here we limelight mitochondrial ecology, sexually antagonistic selection, life-history evolution including ageing and disease, and the evolution of mitochondrial inheritance...
  16. pmc The genetic structure and history of Africans and African Americans
    Sarah A Tishkoff
    Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Science 324:1035-44. 2009
    ..This study helps tease apart the complex evolutionary history of Africans and African Americans, aiding both anthropological and genetic epidemiologic studies...
  17. pmc Isolation by distance, web service
    Jeffrey L Jensen
    High Tech High, 2861 Womble Road, San Diego, CA 92106 6025, USA
    BMC Genet 6:13. 2005
    ..However, few software programs exist for estimating the degree of isolation by distance among populations, and they tend not to be user-friendly...
  18. ncbi Microsatellite markers reveal a spectrum of population structures in the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum
    T J Anderson
    Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, England
    Mol Biol Evol 17:1467-82. 2000
    ..These data reveal a range of population structures within a single pathogen species and suggest intimate links between patterns of epidemiology and genetic structure in this organism...
  19. ncbi Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas
    Heike K Lotze
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 312:1806-9. 2006
    ..Our results provide detailed historical baselines and quantitative targets for ecosystem-based management and marine conservation...
  20. pmc Genetic consequences of climatic oscillations in the Quaternary
    G M Hewitt
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:183-95; discussion 195. 2004
    ..The associated population dynamics varied with life history and geography, and the present genetic constitution of the populations and species carry attenuated signals of these past ..
  21. pmc Genome-wide detection and characterization of positive selection in human populations
    Pardis C Sabeti
    Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Nature 449:913-8. 2007
    ....
  22. pmc Genome-wide patterns of population structure and admixture in West Africans and African Americans
    Katarzyna Bryc
    Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:786-91. 2010
    ....
  23. ncbi Comparative phylogeography and postglacial colonization routes in Europe
    P Taberlet
    Laboratoire de Biologie des populations d Altitude, CNRS UMR 5553, Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France
    Mol Ecol 7:453-64. 1998
    ..As a consequence, molecular genetics so far appears to be of limited use in dating Quaternary events...
  24. ncbi Microbial biogeography: putting microorganisms on the map
    Jennifer B Hughes Martiny
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 80 Waterman Street, Box G W, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    Nat Rev Microbiol 4:102-12. 2006
    ..However, recent studies also dispute the idea that 'everything is everywhere'. We also consider how the processes that generate and maintain biogeographic patterns in macroorganisms could operate in the microbial world...
  25. ncbi Global biodiversity conservation priorities
    T M Brooks
    Conservation International, 1919 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Science 313:58-61. 2006
    ..We hope this synthesis improves understanding of these prioritization approaches and that it results in more efficient allocation of geographically flexible conservation funding...
  26. pmc Support from the relationship of genetic and geographic distance in human populations for a serial founder effect originating in Africa
    Sohini Ramachandran
    Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:15942-7. 2005
    ..Given this serial-founder scenario, the relationship between genetic and geographic distance allows us to derive bounds for the effects of drift and natural selection on human genetic variation...
  27. ncbi Founding events in species invasions: genetic variation, adaptive evolution, and the role of multiple introductions
    K M Dlugosch
    Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
    Mol Ecol 17:431-49. 2008
    ..We conclude that management limiting gene flow among introduced populations may reduce adaptive potential but is unlikely to prevent expansion or the evolution of novel invasive behaviour...
  28. pmc An African origin for the intimate association between humans and Helicobacter pylori
    Bodo Linz
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institut für Infektionsbiologie, D 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Nature 445:915-8. 2007
    ..pylori before their migrations from Africa and demonstrate that H. pylori has remained intimately associated with their human host populations ever since...
  29. ncbi Glacial refugia: hotspots but not melting pots of genetic diversity
    Remy J Petit
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR Biodiversité, Génes et Ecosystémes, F 33612 Cestas, France
    Science 300:1563-5. 2003
    ..However, the genetically most diverse populations were not located in the south but at intermediate latitudes, a likely consequence of the admixture of divergent lineages colonizing the continent from separate refugia...
  30. pmc The geography of recent genetic ancestry across Europe
    Peter Ralph
    Department of Evolution and Ecology and Center for Population Biology, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 11:e1001555. 2013
    ..genomic segments, and used the lengths of these to infer the distribution of shared ancestors across time and geography. We find that a pair of modern Europeans living in neighboring populations share around 2-12 genetic common ..
  31. pmc Spatial, temporal, and species variation in prevalence of influenza A viruses in wild migratory birds
    Vincent J Munster
    Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    PLoS Pathog 3:e61. 2007
    ..These data are useful for designing new surveillance programs and are particularly relevant due to increased interest in avian influenza in wild birds...
  32. ncbi A significant upward shift in plant species optimum elevation during the 20th century
    J Lenoir
    AgroParisTech, UMR 1092, Laboratoire d Etude des Ressources Forêt Bois LERFoB, 14 rue Girardet, F 54000 Nancy, France
    Science 320:1768-71. 2008
    ..Our study shows that climate change affects the spatial core of the distributional range of plant species, in addition to their distributional margins, as previously reported...
  33. ncbi Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and biodiversity
    C Hoorn
    Paleoecology and Landscape Ecology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics IBED, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Science 330:927-31. 2010
    ..We show that Andean uplift was crucial for the evolution of Amazonian landscapes and ecosystems, and that current biodiversity patterns are rooted deep in the pre-Quaternary...
  34. pmc A space-time permutation scan statistic for disease outbreak detection
    Martin Kulldorff
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 2:e59. 2005
    ....
  35. ncbi Variation partitioning of species data matrices: estimation and comparison of fractions
    Pedro R Peres-Neto
    Department des Sciences Biologiques, Universite de Montreal, C P 6128, Succursale Centreville, Montrial, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
    Ecology 87:2614-25. 2006
    ..The test is shown to have correct Type I. error rates and good power for both redundancy analysis and canonical correspondence analysis...
  36. ncbi Genetic structure of human populations
    Noah A Rosenberg
    Molecular and Computational Biology, 1042 West 36th Place DRB 289, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
    Science 298:2381-5. 2002
    ..General agreement of genetic and predefined populations suggests that self-reported ancestry can facilitate assessments of epidemiological risks but does not obviate the need to use genetic information in genetic association studies...
  37. pmc Phylogeography takes a relaxed random walk in continuous space and time
    Philippe Lemey
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Mol Biol Evol 27:1877-85. 2010
    ....
  38. ncbi Global dispersal of free-living microbial eukaryote species
    Bland J Finlay
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Windermere, Ferry House, Ambleside, Cumbria LA22 0LP, UK
    Science 296:1061-3. 2002
    ....
  39. ncbi Effectiveness of the global protected area network in representing species diversity
    Ana S L Rodrigues
    Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Nature 428:640-3. 2004
    ..We show that the global network is far from complete, and demonstrate the inadequacy of uniform--that is, 'one size fits all'--conservation targets...
  40. ncbi Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities
    Ransom A Myers
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
    Nature 423:280-3. 2003
    ..Our analysis suggests that management based on recent data alone may be misleading, and provides minimum estimates for unexploited communities, which could serve as the 'missing baseline' needed for future restoration efforts...
  41. ncbi Pillars of Hercules: is the Atlantic-Mediterranean transition a phylogeographical break?
    Tomaso Patarnello
    Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica Patologia Comparata e Igiene Veterinaria, Agripolis, Universita di Padova, Viale dell Universita, 16, I 35020 Legnaro PD, Italy
    Mol Ecol 16:4426-44. 2007
    ..It would argue that organismal determinism may play a far less significant role than marine biogeographers have generally believed...
  42. pmc Living at the edge: biogeographic patterns of habitat segregation conform to speciation by niche expansion in Anopheles gambiae
    Carlo Costantini
    Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, UR016, and Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé IRSS, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    BMC Ecol 9:16. 2009
    ..To elucidate the role that ecology and geography play in speciation, we carried out a countrywide analysis of An...
  43. ncbi Stability predicts genetic diversity in the Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot
    Ana Carolina Carnaval
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3160, USA
    Science 323:785-9. 2009
    ..This sets new priorities for conservation in Brazil and establishes a validated approach to biodiversity prediction in other understudied, species-rich regions...
  44. ncbi Worldwide phylogeography of wild boar reveals multiple centers of pig domestication
    Greger Larson
    Henry Wellcome Ancient Biomolecules Centre, University of Oxford, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 307:1618-21. 2005
    ..In contrast, new genetic data reveal multiple centers of domestication across Eurasia and that European, rather than Near Eastern, wild boar are the principal source of modern European domestic pigs...
  45. ncbi Geographic patterns of (genetic, morphologic, linguistic) variation: how barriers can be detected by using Monmonier's algorithm
    Franz Manni
    Départment Hommes, Natures, sociétés, Human Population Genetics Group, CNRS UMR 5145, Musée de l Homme, 17 Place du Trocadero, Paris, France
    Hum Biol 76:173-90. 2004
    ..This improved Monmonier's method is highly reliable and can be applied to nongenetic data whenever sampling locations and a distance matrix between corresponding data are available...
  46. ncbi Comparative phylogeography of unglaciated eastern North America
    Douglas E Soltis
    Department of Botany, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Mol Ecol 15:4261-93. 2006
    ..Our modelling analyses indicate no clear spatial patterning and support the hypothesis that phylogeographical structure in diverse temperate taxa is complex and was not shaped by just a few barriers...
  47. ncbi Genetic variation increases during biological invasion by a Cuban lizard
    Jason J Kolbe
    Department of Biology, Campus Box 1137, Washington University, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130 4899, USA
    Nature 431:177-81. 2004
    ..If these costs are to be mitigated, a greater understanding of the causes, progression and consequences of biological invasions is needed...
  48. pmc Cesium-137 deposition and contamination of Japanese soils due to the Fukushima nuclear accident
    Teppei J Yasunari
    Universities Space Research Association, Goddard Earth Sciences Technology and Research, Columbia, MD 21044, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19530-4. 2011
    ..7 and 1.3 PBq, [corrected] respectively.We hope our (137)Cs deposition maps will help to coordinate decontamination efforts and plan regulatory measures in Japan...
  49. pmc Genetic variation and population structure in native Americans
    Sijia Wang
    The Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Genet 3:e185. 2007
    ..These findings offer new insights into the process of population dispersal and differentiation during the peopling of the Americas...
  50. ncbi Genetic diversity and connectivity of deep-sea hydrothermal vent metapopulations
    Robert C Vrijenhoek
    Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA 95039, USA
    Mol Ecol 19:4391-411. 2010
    ..Understanding the diversity and connectivity of vent metapopulations provides essential information for designing deep-sea preserves in regions that are under consideration for submarine mining of precious metals...
  51. pmc Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line Islands
    Stuart A Sandin
    Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008
    ..Thus, protection from overfishing and pollution appears to increase the resilience of reef ecosystems to the effects of global warming...
  52. ncbi Perspective: gene divergence, population divergence, and the variance in coalescence time in phylogeographic studies
    S V Edwards
    Department of Zoology and Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
    Evolution 54:1839-54. 2000
    ..Our analyses corroborate recent suggestions that increasing the number of loci is critical to decreasing the uncertainty in estimates of population divergence time...
  53. ncbi The reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study: objectives and design
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 25:135-43. 2005
    ..Participants are followed via telephone at 6-month intervals for identification of stroke events. The novel aspects of the REGARDS study allow for the creation of a national cohort to address geographic and ethnic differences in stroke...
  54. ncbi Genetic variation across species' geographical ranges: the central-marginal hypothesis and beyond
    C G Eckert
    Department of Biology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
    Mol Ecol 17:1170-88. 2008
    ....
  55. ncbi Global warming, elevational range shifts, and lowland biotic attrition in the wet tropics
    Robert K Colwell
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Science 322:258-61. 2008
    ....
  56. ncbi Do island populations have less genetic variation than mainland populations?
    R Frankham
    Key Centre for Biodiversity and Bioresources, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Heredity (Edinb) 78:311-27. 1997
    ..Genetic factors cannot be discounted as a cause of higher extinction rates of island than mainland populations...
  57. ncbi A likelihood framework for inferring the evolution of geographic range on phylogenetic trees
    Richard H Ree
    Department of Botany, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois 60605, USA
    Evolution 59:2299-311. 2005
    ....
  58. ncbi Travelling waves in the occurrence of dengue haemorrhagic fever in Thailand
    Derek A T Cummings
    Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Nature 427:344-7. 2004
    ..This finding provides an important starting point for detecting and characterizing the key processes that contribute to the spatial-temporal dynamics of DHF in Thailand...
  59. ncbi Ecological effects of climate fluctuations
    Nils Chr Stenseth
    Department of Biology, Division of Zoology, University of Oslo, Post Office Box 1050 Blindern, N 0316 Oslo, Norway
    Science 297:1292-6. 2002
    ..We review how two of the best-known climate phenomena-the North Atlantic Oscillation and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation-affect ecological patterns and processes in both marine and terrestrial systems...
  60. ncbi Attributing physical and biological impacts to anthropogenic climate change
    Cynthia Rosenzweig
    NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia Center for Climate Systems Research, 2800 Broadway, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Nature 453:353-7. 2008
    ....
  61. ncbi Connectivity of marine populations: open or closed?
    R K Cowen
    Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149, USA
    Science 287:857-9. 2000
    ..The alternative process of larval retention near local populations is shown to exist and may be of great importance in the maintenance of marine population structure and management of coastal marine resources...
  62. pmc Rates of viral evolution are linked to host geography in bat rabies
    Daniel G Streicker
    Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Pathog 8:e1002720. 2012
    ..The association between geography and viral evolution could not be explained by host metabolism, phylogeny or variable selection pressures, and ..
  63. pmc World citation and collaboration networks: uncovering the role of geography in science
    Raj Kumar Pan
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science, Aalto University School of Science, PO BOX 12200, FI 00076, Finland
    Sci Rep 2:902. 2012
    ..This has enabled scientists for closer collaboration and internationalization. Nevertheless, geography remains an important factor affecting the dynamics of science...
  64. ncbi Geographic barriers isolate endemic populations of hyperthermophilic archaea
    Rachel J Whitaker
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, 111 Koshland Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 301:976-8. 2003
    ..The identification of a biogeographic pattern in the archaeon Sulfolobus challenges the current model of microbial biodiversity in which unrestricted dispersal constrains the development of global species richness...
  65. ncbi Evolution and biogeography of deep-sea vent and seep invertebrates
    C L Van Dover
    Biology Department, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187, USA
    Science 295:1253-7. 2002
    ..The recent evolution of many vent and seep invertebrate species (<100 million years ago) suggests that Cenozoic tectonic history and oceanic circulation patterns have been important in defining contemporary biogeographic patterns...
  66. ncbi Coral reef fish larvae settle close to home
    Geoffrey P Jones
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, School of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 15:1314-8. 2005
    ..The degree of local retention indicates that marine reserves can provide recruitment benefits not only beyond but also within their boundaries...
  67. pmc Multi-source analysis reveals latitudinal and altitudinal shifts in range of Ixodes ricinus at its northern distribution limit
    Solveig Jore
    Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway
    Parasit Vectors 4:84. 2011
    ..The objectives of this study were to describe the distribution of I. ricinus in Norway and to evaluate if any range shifts have occurred relative to historical descriptions...
  68. ncbi Erosion of lizard diversity by climate change and altered thermal niches
    Barry Sinervo
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Science 328:894-9. 2010
    ....
  69. ncbi Global hotspots of species richness are not congruent with endemism or threat
    C David L Orme
    Division of Biology and
    Nature 436:1016-9. 2005
    ..Consequently, the different types of hotspots also vary greatly in their utility as conservation tools...
  70. ncbi Phylogeography of three closely related African bovids (tribe Alcelaphini)
    P Arctander
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Mol Biol Evol 16:1724-39. 1999
    ..The southern refugium furthermore seems to have been the only place where the wildebeest has survived...
  71. pmc Global phylogeny of Mycobacterium tuberculosis based on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis: insights into tuberculosis evolution, phylogenetic accuracy of other DNA fingerprinting systems, and recommendations for a minimal standard SNP set
    Ingrid Filliol
    Division of Infectious Disease, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 185 South Orange Ave, MSB A920C, Newark, NJ 07103
    J Bacteriol 188:759-72. 2006
    ..tuberculosis...
  72. pmc Investigating neighborhood and area effects on health
    A V Diez Roux
    Division of General Medicine, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, NewYork City, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1783-9. 2001
    ..analyses...
  73. pmc Assessment of individual radionuclide distributions from the Fukushima nuclear accident covering central-east Japan
    Norikazu Kinoshita
    Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Group, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Ten nodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8577, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19526-9. 2011
    ....
  74. pmc A predominantly neolithic origin for European paternal lineages
    Patricia Balaresque
    Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 8:e1000285. 2010
    ....
  75. ncbi Evolution and the latitudinal diversity gradient: speciation, extinction and biogeography
    Gary G Mittelbach
    W K Kellogg Biological Station and Department of Zoology, Michigan State University, Hickory Corners, MI 49060, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:315-31. 2007
    ..Distinguishing the roles of history, speciation and extinction in the origin of the latitudinal gradient represents a major challenge to future research...
  76. ncbi Phylogeography's past, present, and future: 10 years after Avise, 2000
    M J Hickerson
    Biology Department, Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing, NY 11367, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 54:291-301. 2010
    ..This ambitious synthesis will allow us to determine the causal links between geography, climate change, ecological interactions and the evolution and composition of taxa across whole communities and ..
  77. pmc The role of geography in human adaptation
    Graham Coop
    Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000500. 2009
    ..These patterns suggest that selection is often weak enough that neutral processes -- especially population history, migration, and drift -- exert powerful influences over the fate and geographic distribution of selected alleles...
  78. pmc Malaria paediatric hospitalization between 1999 and 2008 across Kenya
    Emelda A Okiro
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P O Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Med 7:75. 2009
    ..Here we present a nationwide assessment of changes over 10 years in paediatric malaria hospitalization across Kenya...
  79. pmc The origin and phylogeography of dog rabies virus
    Herve Bourhy
    Institut Pasteur, UPRE Lyssavirus Dynamics and Host Adaptation, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Rabies, Institut Pasteur, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France
    J Gen Virol 89:2673-81. 2008
    ..Overall, our study reveals that the stochastic processes of genetic drift and population subdivision are the most important factors shaping the global phylogeography of canid RABV...
  80. ncbi Phylogeographic history of the land snail Candidula unifasciata (Helicellinae, Stylommatophora): fragmentation, corridor migration, and secondary contact
    Markus Pfenninger
    Abteilung Okologie und Evolution, Zoologisches Institut der J W Goethe Universitat, Frankfurt Main, Germany
    Evolution 56:1776-88. 2002
    ..unifasciata differs from general biogeographic patterns of postglacial colonization previously identified for other taxa, and it might represent a common model for species with restricted dispersal...
  81. pmc The association between extreme precipitation and waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States, 1948-1994
    F C Curriero
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1194-9. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: The statistically significant association found between rainfall and disease in the United States is important for water managers, public health officials, and risk assessors of future climate change...
  82. ncbi Local replenishment of coral reef fish populations in a marine reserve
    Glenn R Almany
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
    Science 316:742-4. 2007
    ..If natal homing of larvae is a common life-history strategy, the appropriate spatial scales for the management and conservation of coral reefs are likely to be much smaller than previously assumed...
  83. pmc The spread of tomato yellow leaf curl virus from the Middle East to the world
    Pierre Lefeuvre
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa
    PLoS Pathog 6:e1001164. 2010
    ..We instead identify the Mediterranean basin as the main launch-pad of global TYLCV movements...
  84. ncbi Global metabolic impacts of recent climate warming
    Michael E Dillon
    Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071, USA
    Nature 467:704-6. 2010
    ..Because of temperature's nonlinear effects on metabolism, tropical organisms, which constitute much of Earth's biodiversity, should be profoundly affected by recent and projected climate warming...
  85. pmc Locating pleistocene refugia: comparing phylogeographic and ecological niche model predictions
    Eric Waltari
    Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 2:e563. 2007
    ..Our results confirm that ENM scenario exploration can provide a useful complement to molecular studies, offering a less subjective, spatially explicit hypothesis of past geographic patterns of distribution...
  86. ncbi On the generality of the latitudinal diversity gradient
    Helmut Hillebrand
    Department of Limnology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, University of Uppsala, Norr Malma 4200, S 76173 Norrtalje, Sweden
    Am Nat 163:192-211. 2004
    ..This analysis is the first to describe these general and significant patterns, which have important consequences for models aiming to explain the latitudinal gradient...
  87. pmc Phylogeny and diversification of the largest avian radiation
    F Keith Barker
    Bell Museum of Natural History, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:11040-5. 2004
    ..The revised history implied by these data will require reassessment of comparative analyses of passerine diversification and adaptation...
  88. pmc The risks of malaria infection in Kenya in 2009
    Abdisalan M Noor
    Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Infect Dis 9:180. 2009
    ..Here we present a new map of malaria risk for Kenya in 2009...
  89. pmc The scale of population structure in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Alexander Platt
    Molecular and Computational Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    PLoS Genet 6:e1000843. 2010
    ..Any model based on discrete clusters of interchangeable individuals will be an uneasy fit to organisms like A. thaliana which exhibit continuous isolation by distance on many scales...
  90. pmc Updating phylogeny of mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup m in India: dispersal of modern human in South Asian corridor
    Adimoolam Chandrasekar
    Anthropological Survey of India, Southern Regional Centre, Bogadi, Mysore, India
    PLoS ONE 4:e7447. 2009
    ..Northeast Indian mtDNA pool harbors region specific lineages, other Indian lineages and East Asian lineages. We also suggest the establishment of an East Asian gene in North East India through admixture rather than replacement...
  91. ncbi Genetics in geographically structured populations: defining, estimating and interpreting F(ST)
    Kent E Holsinger
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, U 3043, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 3043, USA
    Nat Rev Genet 10:639-50. 2009
    ..This Review clarifies how F(ST) is defined, how it should be estimated, how it is related to similar statistics and how estimates of F(ST) should be interpreted...
  92. ncbi Global phylogeography of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and implications for tuberculosis product development
    Sebastien Gagneux
    Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:328-37. 2007
    ..We propose a strain selection framework, based on robust phylogenetic markers, which will allow for systematic and comprehensive evaluation of new tools for tuberculosis control...
  93. ncbi Sympatric speciation in Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fish
    Marta Barluenga
    Lehrstuhl fur Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Universitatsstrasse 10, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    Nature 439:719-23. 2006
    ..citrinellus) within less than approximately 10,000 yr; third, that the two species in Lake Apoyo are reproductively isolated; and fourth, that the two species are eco-morphologically distinct...
  94. pmc Variable host-pathogen compatibility in Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    Sebastien Gagneux
    Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA 98103, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:2869-73. 2006
    ..These observations suggest that mycobacterial lineages are adapted to particular human populations. If confirmed, our findings have important implications for tuberculosis control and vaccine development...
  95. ncbi Mechanisms of long-distance seed dispersal
    Ran Nathan
    The Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Alexander Silberman Institute for Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmond J Safra Campus at Givat Ram, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:638-47. 2008
    ..To advance our understanding of LDD, we advocate a vector-based research approach that identifies the significant LDD vectors and quantifies how environmental conditions modify their actions...
  96. ncbi The global emergence/resurgence of arboviral diseases as public health problems
    Duane J Gubler
    Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
    Arch Med Res 33:330-42. 2002
    ....
  97. pmc The geography of Fast Food outlets: a review
    Lorna K Fraser
    School of Geography, University of Leeds, UK
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:2290-308. 2010
    ..Thirty three studies were found that had assessed the geography of these outlets...
  98. ncbi Review on global co-transmission of human Plasmodium species and Wuchereria bancrofti by Anopheles mosquitoes
    S Manguin
    Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, Laboratoire d Immuno Physiopathologie Virale et Moléculaire, Faculte de Pharmacie, Universite Montpellier 1, Bat D, 15 Ave Charles Flahault, Montpellier 34093, France
    Infect Genet Evol 10:159-77. 2010
    ..bancrofti and Plasmodium spp. parasites. The relevant issues of combined malaria and Bancroftian filariasis control strategies are reviewed and discussed...
  99. ncbi Neutral macroecology
    G Bell
    Redpath Museum, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2K6
    Science 293:2413-8. 2001
    ..More fundamentally, neutral community models provide a general theory for biodiversity and conservation biology capable of predicting the fundamental processes and patterns of community ecology...
  100. ncbi Integrating phylogenetics and environmental niche models to explore speciation mechanisms in dendrobatid frogs
    Catherine H Graham
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Evolution 58:1781-93. 2004
    ..Further, the method outlined in this paper will be increasingly useful as knowledge of distribution and phylogeny of tropical species increases...
  101. ncbi Ecology matters: Atlantic-Mediterranean disjunction in the sand-dune shrub Armeria pungens (Plumbaginaceae)
    Rosalía Piñeiro
    Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, CSIC, Plaza de Murillo 2, 28014 Madrid, Spain
    Mol Ecol 16:2155-71. 2007
    ..Such a combined phylogeographical-GIS modelling approach proves to be enlightening in reconstructing the evolutionary history of plant species...

Research Grants80

  1. A+ Asthma Rural Partnership
    Arlene Butz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings of this study will be important to clinicians, researchers, and health policy makers. ..
  2. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2
    DENNIS PATTRATH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Mapping for Specialized Domains for FCeRI Signaling &Internalization
    Bridget S Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results of these analyses will contribute important new insight into the nature and assembly of membrane microdomains controlling immune cell signaling. ..
  5. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  6. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  7. National Network of Libraries of Medicine - Region 2
    JM J TOOEY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Emphasis should be on the [unreadable]underconnected,[unreadable] particularly in inner city and rural health organizations, to upgrade and maintain technology access. ..
  8. DNA methylation of extracellular superoxide dismutase in pulmonary hypertension
    EVA NOZIK GRAYCK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Genistein, microRNAs and kidney cancer
    Rajvir Dahiya; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Since the goal of this proposal is to investigate the dietary mediated inhibition of RCC through activation of tumor suppressor miRNAs, we believe that the work proposed is highly relevant to Veterans health and the VA mission. ..
  10. Regulation of Airway Mucin Gene Expression by Epigenetic Mechanism
    Reen Wu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  11. Expanding Vietnamese Community and Academic Infrastructure for Health Research
    Bang H Nguyen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  12. CPG METHYLATION AND MUTATION
    Gerd P Pfeifer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In parallel, we will study molecular pathways involving the Polycomb repression complex that might operate during tumor progression to promote hypermethylation of CpG islands in malignant tissue. ..
  13. Folate Status, Genomic Uracil, and the Balance of Base Excision Repair Activity
    Michael D Wyatt; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will investigate the links between BER and folic acid that define the seemingly contradictory pro- and anticancer effects of each. ..
  14. Chemoprevention of urinary bladder carcinogenesis by flavokawain A
    Xiaolin Zi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Together, these studies will provide a firm answer to the promise of flavokawin A as a chemoprventative and/or chemotherapeutic agent. ..
  15. OmpR and SsrB Regulation of Salmonella Virulence
    Linda J Kenney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. military bases, hospitals or nursing homes). The number of typhoid fever cases exceeds 33 million per year worldwide and remains a potential concern among previously vaccinated travelers and military personnel. ..
  16. Health Care Disparities in the Pacific Islands Pacific Regional Medical Conferenc
    SAIED SAFABAKHSH; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  17. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - CACHE COUNTY STUDY CENTER
    Edward Clark; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water. ..
  18. Epigenetic Alterations in IPF Fibroblastic Foci
    YAN SANDERS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..End of Abstract) ..
  19. Aberrant DNA Methylation of MicroRNA Genes in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)
    Jing Shen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PHS 398/2590 (Rev. 06/09) Page Continuation Format Page ..
  20. The role of NLRP7 and related genes in hydatidiform moles and reproductive failur
    Ignatia Van den Veyver; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This project has the potential to result in new understanding of genetic imprinting disorders and causes of obstetrics complications and pregnancy loss in general. ..
  21. TNF-alpha Signaling in Silica-Induced Lung Fibrosis
    Luis A Ortiz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..34 and 2.4 years for survival and graft rejection respectively). Consequently, these data indicate that silicosis still is a serious and frequently lethal lung disease for which no successful treatment is available. ..
  22. Cellular functions of the essential PcrA helicase in Staphylococcus aureus
    Saleem A Khan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..aureus. Since PcrA is a conserved protein, the knowledge gained from these studies could be used in the future for the development of drugs against S. aureus and other Gram-positive human pathogens. ..
  23. Breast Carcinoma in situ: Predicting Risk and Outcomes
    Amy Trentham-Dietz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The long-term goal of this project is to reduce the public health impact of BCIS by quantifying both contextual and personal risk factors for the development of BCIS and the recurrence of breast cancer after a BCIS diagnosis. ..
  24. A geostatistical framework for the multi-scale boundary analysis of space-time tr
    PIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will also facilitate the long-term quantification of the benefits of current strategies and policies for reducing the observed geographic and racial disparities in cancer stage at diagnosis and incidence of infant mortality ..
  25. Determining Molecular Mechanisms of Chikungunya Virulence and Attenuation
    KATHERINE D RYMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These determinants will provide targets for therapeutic intervention during acute infection, whether acquired from natural arthropod transmission or a biowarfare/bioterrorism attack. ..
  26. Novel Erythroid Cell Membrane Protein
    Emery H Bresnick; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  27. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Study researchers seek to enroll prospective mothers to start this large observational study. ..
  28. Food Environment, Diet Quality and Disparities in Obesity
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This interdisciplinary project on the built environment, behavior and health brings together experts from nutrition, geography, epidemiology, medicine, statistics and urban design.
  29. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY -CLINICAL BIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
    VELAZQUEZ FRANCISCO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Study researchers seek to enroll prospective mothers to start this large observational study. ..
  30. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Study researchers seek to enroll prospective mothers to start this large observational study. ..
  31. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Study researchers seek to enroll prospective mothers to start this large observational study. ..
  32. Academic-Community Partnerships to Brdge Across the U.S. Pacific Islands
    Alice Tse; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The project work will be accomplished through training programs &meetings to be conducted in the USAPI jurisdictions, and culminate in a CBPR grant proposal for the USAPI. ..
  33. CANCER AND CHANGING TRENDS IN US MORTALITY INEQUITIES: 1960-2004
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  34. Inducible Dysplastic Nephropathy in B2-Deficient Mice
    Samir S El-Dahr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose that replacement of the endogenous p53 gene with a non-phosphorytable version of p53 (p53S/A23) rescues HNF1[unreadable] expression and terminal differentiation in salt-stressed BdkrB2-/- embryos. ..
  35. Regulators of Cancer-Specific DNA Hypermethylation.
    Jean Pierre J Issa; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  36. Clinical Trial of Vitamin D3 to Reduce Cancer Risk in Postmenopausal Women
    Joan Lappe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Positive findings will provide support for health policy changes to promote optimal vitamin D levels in the population. ..
  37. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY COORDINATING CENTER
    Elaine D Eaker; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water...
  38. MECHANISMS OF FETAL MEMBRANE RUPTURE
    Jerome F Strauss; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Adult Tissue Morphogenesis: Functional Regulation of Intussusceptive Angiogenesis
    Steven Mentzer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal of this project is the functional regulation of adult intussusceptive angiogenesis;that is, the rapid expansion of microvascular networks for application in both regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. ..
  40. 6th Orthomyxovirus Research Conference
    STACEY L SCHULTZ-CHERRY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..by young scientists from around the world and this year we expect around 150 attendees from a similarly diverse geography to join us in Montreal to exchange ideas, initiate collaborations, and foster relationships with senior ..
  41. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    William Hogan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Study is the largest long-term study of children's health ever conducted in the United States. Specific Aims: ..
  42. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    Kristina Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The National Children's Study has initiated recruitment at 30 study locations around the United States. The Study is the largest long-term study of children's health ever conducted in the United States. ..
  43. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    Helen Koo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The National Children's Study has initiated recruitment at 30 study locations around the United States. The Study is the largest long-term study of children's health ever conducted in the United States. ..
  44. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Russell Walker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The National Children's Study has initiated recruitment at 30 study locations around the United States. The Study is the largest long-term study of children's health ever conducted in the United States. ..
  45. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    DANA DABALEA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The National Children's Study has initiated recruitment at 30 study locations around the United States. The Study is the largest long-term study of children's health ever conducted in the United States. ..
  46. SUPPORT OF THE NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY INFORMATION SYSTEM
    JAMES TER MAAT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The National Children's Study has initiated recruitment at 30 study locations around the United States. The Study is the largest long-term study of children's health ever conducted in the United States. ..
  47. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY
    Helen Koo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The National Children's Study has initiated recruitment at 30 study locations around the United States. The Study is the largest long-term study of children's health ever conducted in the United States. ..
  48. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY BIOMEDICAL (APPLIED/EXPLORATORY)
    Lee Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The National Children's Study has initiated recruitment at 30 study locations around the United States. The Study is the largest long-term study of children's health ever conducted in the United States. ..
  49. Transition State Analogues as Modulators of DNA Methylation
    Vern L Schramm; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The drugs are then tested to see if they prevent human cancers from growing in cultured human cells and in mice. If successful, these studies could lead to new orally available and non-toxic drugs to treat cancers in humans. ..
  50. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY BIOMEDICAL (APPLIED/EXPLORATORY)
    Lee Smith; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The National Children's Study has initiated recruitment at 30 study locations around the United States. The Study is the largest long-term study of children's health ever conducted in the United States. ..
  51. Cancer Care among Medicare HIV patients
    Sumedha Chhatre; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will explore if disparities (racial, gender, age and geography specific) exist in non-AIDS defining cancer incidence and prevalence, time to treatment of non-AIDS defining ..
  52. Cooperative Multicenter Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Networks
    John M Thorp; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This is particularly important in North Carolina as the state ranks in the bottom third of the nation with regard to perinatal/maternal health and infant mortality. ..
  53. Regulation of Genomic Instability in Early Breast Cancer
    Thea D Tlsty; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Immunotoxicity in Humans with Lifetime Exposure to Ocean Pullutants
    PHILIPPE ADAM GRANDJEAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results will provide new insight needed for the protection of oceans against pollutants and for prevention of adverse effects in seafood-consumers. ..
  55. Selenium, other risk factors and cognitive decline in rural elderly Chinese
    Sujuan Gao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  56. Evaluation of the Effects of Chikungunya N-linked Glycosylation on Pathogenesis
    CHARLES EDWIN MCGEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  57. GENESIS AND CONSEQUENCES OF ABERRANT DNA METHYLATION
    Paula M Vertino; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  58. Rapid Response Surveillance Study #09-5 - Constructing Geographic Areas in GIS fo
    Sally L Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..b>Geography has a long tradition of grouping areas together for the purposes of [unreadable]regionalization[unreadable] or ..
  59. Genetic contributors to diabetes and dyslipidemia in African Americans
    Michele M Sale; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose applying this proven strategy to identify new therapeutic targets and allow translation to novel diagnostic, prevention, and treatment strategies for type 2 diabetes. ..
  60. Pseudomonas aeruginosa genomic islands and virulence factors
    VANDERLENE LIU KUNG; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Identification of these factors will lay the foundation for the development of therapeutic interventions that block the action of these factors and thereby improve human health. ..
  61. E COLI PATHOGENICITY ISLANDS
    RODNEY WELCH; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Coli involved in serious human diseases. This information will be of use for the development of new chemotherapeutic and vaccine strategies. ..
  62. Critical Care Excellence in Sepsis and Trauma (CREST)
    DEE WALKER contact FORD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposal will provide specialist level care through telemedicine consults to rural emergency departments in the Low Country and Pee Dee regions of SC to improve outcomes for these patients. ..
  63. Spatial, Temporal, Social Disparities in Breast Cancer
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  64. QUALITY OF MORTALITY DATA FOR INJURY CONTROL PROGRAMS
    Steven MacDonald; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The study aims to provide injury prevention workers with a scientific basis for choosing data sources and interpreting published reports when planning and evaluating injury control programs for traumatic fatalities...
  65. I D AND EVALUATION OF NOISE IN VOC ED LABORATORIES
    Glen Miller; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Correlations will be calculated between the above factors and the strata of facility type...
  66. Mouse models for GABA epigenetic dysfunction
    Alessandro Guidotti; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  67. Geography, networks, and risk in disease transmission
    Richard Rothenberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  68. Afro-Caribbean Consortium on viral and environmental risk factors for cancer
    Camille Ragin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We have already had commitments from several investigators who are interested in participating in this Consortium. In total we estimate approximately 60-100 attendees. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  69. Three-dimensional visualization, interactive analysis and contextual mapping of s
    PIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..project is developing the first software to offer 3D visualization of health outcomes in a combined time and geography space, allowing the display of health data at multiple spatial and temporal scales within the same scene and ..
  70. NATURAL HISTORY AND TREATMENT OUTCOME IN BRAIN AVM
    JP MOHR; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results are improving the prediction for short- and long-term outcome for embolization and surgery. ..
  71. Health Effects of Lifetime Exposure to Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results may therefore provide new information that could very likely have an impact on the preventive efforts and standard-setting of the EPA and other regulatory agencies in the U.S and elsewhere. ..
  72. BRUCELLA VACCINE FOR BIOTERRORISM
    Gary Splitter; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..melitensis and GI mutants in macrophages. (b) We will identify differences in macrophage transcription following infection of mutant and virulent Brucella. ..
  73. DIET AND CANCER IN CHINA
    Colin Campbell; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Another 1800 comparable questionnaires and biological specimens will be similarly processed in Taiwan.)..
  74. Analysis of P. aeruginosa genome diversity and evolution
    Stephen Lory; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..