- Ensemble forecasting of species distributions
Miguel B Araujo
Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, C Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006, Madrid, Spain
Trends Ecol Evol 22:42-7. 2007
- Maximum likelihood inference of geographic range evolution by dispersal, local extinction, and cladogenesis
Richard H Ree
Department of Botany, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois 60605, USA
Syst Biol 57:4-14. 2008
..The DEC model is thus an incremental advance that highlights considerable potential in the nascent field of model-based historical biogeographic inference...
- Surfing during population expansions promotes genetic revolutions and structuration
Computational and Molecular Population Genetics Lab, Institute of Zoology, University of Berne, Baltzerstrasse 6, Berne, Switzerland
Trends Ecol Evol 23:347-51. 2008
..They also suggest that a single range expansion can create very complex patterns at neutral loci, mimicking adaptive processes and resembling postglacial segregation of clades from distinct refuge areas...
- Distinctive Paleo-Indian migration routes from Beringia marked by two rare mtDNA haplogroups
Ugo A Perego
Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Curr Biol 19:1-8. 2009
..In this study, we have instead identified and analyzed mtDNAs belonging to two rare Native American haplogroups named D4h3 and X2a...
- The survey of H5N1 flu virus in wild birds in 14 Provinces of China from 2004 to 2007
State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
PLoS ONE 4:e6926. 2009
..The highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza emerged in the year 1996 in Asia, and has spread to Europe and Africa recently. At present, effective monitoring and data analysis of H5N1 are not sufficient in Chinese mainland...
- Human gut microbiome viewed across age and geography
Center for Genome Sciences and Systems Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
Nature 486:222-7. 2012
..Our findings underscore the need to consider the microbiome when evaluating human development, nutritional needs, physiological variations and the impact of westernization...
- A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems
Integrative Biology, Patterson Laboratories 141, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
Nature 421:37-42. 2003
..This suite of analyses generates 'very high confidence' (as laid down by the IPCC) that climate change is already affecting living systems...
- Global trends in emerging infectious diseases
Kate E Jones
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regents Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
Nature 451:990-3. 2008
..We conclude that global resources to counter disease emergence are poorly allocated, with the majority of the scientific and surveillance effort focused on countries from where the next important EID is least likely to originate...
- Bayesian phylogeography finds its roots
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000520. 2009
..From these analyses, we conclude that our phylogeographic framework will make an important asset in molecular epidemiology that can be easily generalized to infer biogeogeography from genetic data for many organisms...
- Extinction risk from climate change
Chris D Thomas
Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Nature 427:145-8. 2004
..These estimates show the importance of rapid implementation of technologies to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and strategies for carbon sequestration...
- Cryptic species as a window on diversity and conservation
Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543, Republic of Singapore
Trends Ecol Evol 22:148-55. 2007
..The discovery of cryptic species is likely to be non-random with regard to taxon and biome and, hence, could have profound implications for evolutionary theory, biogeography and conservation planning...
- Sequence-based species delimitation for the DNA taxonomy of undescribed insects
Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, United Kingdom
Syst Biol 55:595-609. 2006
- Genes mirror geography within Europe
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Interdepartmental Program in Bioinformatics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
Nature 456:98-101. 2008
..In addition, the results are relevant to the prospects of genetic ancestry testing; an individual's DNA can be used to infer their geographic origin with surprising accuracy-often to within a few hundred kilometres...
- Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: quantitative approaches to niche evolution
Dan L Warren
Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
Evolution 62:2868-83. 2008
..We suggest various randomization tests that may prove useful in other areas of ecology and evolutionary biology...
- The incomplete natural history of mitochondria
J William O Ballard
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Mol Ecol 13:729-44. 2004
..Here we limelight mitochondrial ecology, sexually antagonistic selection, life-history evolution including ageing and disease, and the evolution of mitochondrial inheritance...
- The genetic structure and history of Africans and African Americans
Sarah A Tishkoff
Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Science 324:1035-44. 2009
..This study helps tease apart the complex evolutionary history of Africans and African Americans, aiding both anthropological and genetic epidemiologic studies...
- Isolation by distance, web service
Jeffrey L Jensen
High Tech High, 2861 Womble Road, San Diego, CA 92106 6025, USA
BMC Genet 6:13. 2005
..However, few software programs exist for estimating the degree of isolation by distance among populations, and they tend not to be user-friendly...
- Microsatellite markers reveal a spectrum of population structures in the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum
T J Anderson
Wellcome Trust Centre for the Epidemiology of Infectious Disease, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, England
Mol Biol Evol 17:1467-82. 2000
..These data reveal a range of population structures within a single pathogen species and suggest intimate links between patterns of epidemiology and genetic structure in this organism...
- Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas
Heike K Lotze
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
Science 312:1806-9. 2006
..Our results provide detailed historical baselines and quantitative targets for ecosystem-based management and marine conservation...
- Genetic consequences of climatic oscillations in the Quaternary
G M Hewitt
School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:183-95; discussion 195. 2004
..The associated population dynamics varied with life history and geography, and the present genetic constitution of the populations and species carry attenuated signals of these past ..
- Genome-wide detection and characterization of positive selection in human populations
Pardis C Sabeti
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
Nature 449:913-8. 2007
- Genome-wide patterns of population structure and admixture in West Africans and African Americans
Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:786-91. 2010
- Comparative phylogeography and postglacial colonization routes in Europe
Laboratoire de Biologie des populations d Altitude, CNRS UMR 5553, Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France
Mol Ecol 7:453-64. 1998
..As a consequence, molecular genetics so far appears to be of limited use in dating Quaternary events...
- Microbial biogeography: putting microorganisms on the map
Jennifer B Hughes Martiny
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 80 Waterman Street, Box G W, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
Nat Rev Microbiol 4:102-12. 2006
..However, recent studies also dispute the idea that 'everything is everywhere'. We also consider how the processes that generate and maintain biogeographic patterns in macroorganisms could operate in the microbial world...
- Global biodiversity conservation priorities
T M Brooks
Conservation International, 1919 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Science 313:58-61. 2006
..We hope this synthesis improves understanding of these prioritization approaches and that it results in more efficient allocation of geographically flexible conservation funding...
- Support from the relationship of genetic and geographic distance in human populations for a serial founder effect originating in Africa
Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:15942-7. 2005
..Given this serial-founder scenario, the relationship between genetic and geographic distance allows us to derive bounds for the effects of drift and natural selection on human genetic variation...
- Founding events in species invasions: genetic variation, adaptive evolution, and the role of multiple introductions
K M Dlugosch
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
Mol Ecol 17:431-49. 2008
..We conclude that management limiting gene flow among introduced populations may reduce adaptive potential but is unlikely to prevent expansion or the evolution of novel invasive behaviour...
- An African origin for the intimate association between humans and Helicobacter pylori
Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institut für Infektionsbiologie, D 10117 Berlin, Germany
Nature 445:915-8. 2007
..pylori before their migrations from Africa and demonstrate that H. pylori has remained intimately associated with their human host populations ever since...
- Glacial refugia: hotspots but not melting pots of genetic diversity
Remy J Petit
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR Biodiversité, Génes et Ecosystémes, F 33612 Cestas, France
Science 300:1563-5. 2003
..However, the genetically most diverse populations were not located in the south but at intermediate latitudes, a likely consequence of the admixture of divergent lineages colonizing the continent from separate refugia...
- The geography of recent genetic ancestry across Europe
Department of Evolution and Ecology and Center for Population Biology, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America
PLoS Biol 11:e1001555. 2013
..genomic segments, and used the lengths of these to infer the distribution of shared ancestors across time and geography. We find that a pair of modern Europeans living in neighboring populations share around 2-12 genetic common ..
- Spatial, temporal, and species variation in prevalence of influenza A viruses in wild migratory birds
Vincent J Munster
Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
PLoS Pathog 3:e61. 2007
..These data are useful for designing new surveillance programs and are particularly relevant due to increased interest in avian influenza in wild birds...
- A significant upward shift in plant species optimum elevation during the 20th century
AgroParisTech, UMR 1092, Laboratoire d Etude des Ressources Forêt Bois LERFoB, 14 rue Girardet, F 54000 Nancy, France
Science 320:1768-71. 2008
..Our study shows that climate change affects the spatial core of the distributional range of plant species, in addition to their distributional margins, as previously reported...
- Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and biodiversity
Paleoecology and Landscape Ecology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics IBED, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, Netherlands
Science 330:927-31. 2010
..We show that Andean uplift was crucial for the evolution of Amazonian landscapes and ecosystems, and that current biodiversity patterns are rooted deep in the pre-Quaternary...
- A space-time permutation scan statistic for disease outbreak detection
Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS Med 2:e59. 2005
- Variation partitioning of species data matrices: estimation and comparison of fractions
Pedro R Peres-Neto
Department des Sciences Biologiques, Universite de Montreal, C P 6128, Succursale Centreville, Montrial, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
Ecology 87:2614-25. 2006
..The test is shown to have correct Type I. error rates and good power for both redundancy analysis and canonical correspondence analysis...
- Genetic structure of human populations
Noah A Rosenberg
Molecular and Computational Biology, 1042 West 36th Place DRB 289, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
Science 298:2381-5. 2002
..General agreement of genetic and predefined populations suggests that self-reported ancestry can facilitate assessments of epidemiological risks but does not obviate the need to use genetic information in genetic association studies...
- Phylogeography takes a relaxed random walk in continuous space and time
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
Mol Biol Evol 27:1877-85. 2010
- Global dispersal of free-living microbial eukaryote species
Bland J Finlay
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Windermere, Ferry House, Ambleside, Cumbria LA22 0LP, UK
Science 296:1061-3. 2002
- Effectiveness of the global protected area network in representing species diversity
Ana S L Rodrigues
Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Nature 428:640-3. 2004
..We show that the global network is far from complete, and demonstrate the inadequacy of uniform--that is, 'one size fits all'--conservation targets...
- Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities
Ransom A Myers
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
Nature 423:280-3. 2003
..Our analysis suggests that management based on recent data alone may be misleading, and provides minimum estimates for unexploited communities, which could serve as the 'missing baseline' needed for future restoration efforts...
- Pillars of Hercules: is the Atlantic-Mediterranean transition a phylogeographical break?
Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica Patologia Comparata e Igiene Veterinaria, Agripolis, Universita di Padova, Viale dell Universita, 16, I 35020 Legnaro PD, Italy
Mol Ecol 16:4426-44. 2007
..It would argue that organismal determinism may play a far less significant role than marine biogeographers have generally believed...
- Living at the edge: biogeographic patterns of habitat segregation conform to speciation by niche expansion in Anopheles gambiae
Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, UR016, and Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé IRSS, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
BMC Ecol 9:16. 2009
..To elucidate the role that ecology and geography play in speciation, we carried out a countrywide analysis of An...
- Stability predicts genetic diversity in the Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot
Ana Carolina Carnaval
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3160, USA
Science 323:785-9. 2009
..This sets new priorities for conservation in Brazil and establishes a validated approach to biodiversity prediction in other understudied, species-rich regions...
- Worldwide phylogeography of wild boar reveals multiple centers of pig domestication
Henry Wellcome Ancient Biomolecules Centre, University of Oxford, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road OX1 3PS, UK
Science 307:1618-21. 2005
..In contrast, new genetic data reveal multiple centers of domestication across Eurasia and that European, rather than Near Eastern, wild boar are the principal source of modern European domestic pigs...
- Geographic patterns of (genetic, morphologic, linguistic) variation: how barriers can be detected by using Monmonier's algorithm
Départment Hommes, Natures, sociétés, Human Population Genetics Group, CNRS UMR 5145, Musée de l Homme, 17 Place du Trocadero, Paris, France
Hum Biol 76:173-90. 2004
..This improved Monmonier's method is highly reliable and can be applied to nongenetic data whenever sampling locations and a distance matrix between corresponding data are available...
- Comparative phylogeography of unglaciated eastern North America
Douglas E Soltis
Department of Botany, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Mol Ecol 15:4261-93. 2006
..Our modelling analyses indicate no clear spatial patterning and support the hypothesis that phylogeographical structure in diverse temperate taxa is complex and was not shaped by just a few barriers...
- Genetic variation increases during biological invasion by a Cuban lizard
Jason J Kolbe
Department of Biology, Campus Box 1137, Washington University, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130 4899, USA
Nature 431:177-81. 2004
..If these costs are to be mitigated, a greater understanding of the causes, progression and consequences of biological invasions is needed...
- Cesium-137 deposition and contamination of Japanese soils due to the Fukushima nuclear accident
Teppei J Yasunari
Universities Space Research Association, Goddard Earth Sciences Technology and Research, Columbia, MD 21044, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19530-4. 2011
..7 and 1.3 PBq, [corrected] respectively.We hope our (137)Cs deposition maps will help to coordinate decontamination efforts and plan regulatory measures in Japan...
- Genetic variation and population structure in native Americans
The Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
PLoS Genet 3:e185. 2007
..These findings offer new insights into the process of population dispersal and differentiation during the peopling of the Americas...
- Genetic diversity and connectivity of deep-sea hydrothermal vent metapopulations
Robert C Vrijenhoek
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA 95039, USA
Mol Ecol 19:4391-411. 2010
..Understanding the diversity and connectivity of vent metapopulations provides essential information for designing deep-sea preserves in regions that are under consideration for submarine mining of precious metals...
- Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line Islands
Stuart A Sandin
Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008
..Thus, protection from overfishing and pollution appears to increase the resilience of reef ecosystems to the effects of global warming...
- Perspective: gene divergence, population divergence, and the variance in coalescence time in phylogeographic studies
S V Edwards
Department of Zoology and Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
Evolution 54:1839-54. 2000
..Our analyses corroborate recent suggestions that increasing the number of loci is critical to decreasing the uncertainty in estimates of population divergence time...
- The reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study: objectives and design
Virginia J Howard
Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
Neuroepidemiology 25:135-43. 2005
..Participants are followed via telephone at 6-month intervals for identification of stroke events. The novel aspects of the REGARDS study allow for the creation of a national cohort to address geographic and ethnic differences in stroke...
- Genetic variation across species' geographical ranges: the central-marginal hypothesis and beyond
C G Eckert
Department of Biology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
Mol Ecol 17:1170-88. 2008
- Global warming, elevational range shifts, and lowland biotic attrition in the wet tropics
Robert K Colwell
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
Science 322:258-61. 2008
- Do island populations have less genetic variation than mainland populations?
Key Centre for Biodiversity and Bioresources, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Heredity (Edinb) 78:311-27. 1997
..Genetic factors cannot be discounted as a cause of higher extinction rates of island than mainland populations...
- A likelihood framework for inferring the evolution of geographic range on phylogenetic trees
Richard H Ree
Department of Botany, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois 60605, USA
Evolution 59:2299-311. 2005
- Travelling waves in the occurrence of dengue haemorrhagic fever in Thailand
Derek A T Cummings
Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
Nature 427:344-7. 2004
..This finding provides an important starting point for detecting and characterizing the key processes that contribute to the spatial-temporal dynamics of DHF in Thailand...
- Ecological effects of climate fluctuations
Nils Chr Stenseth
Department of Biology, Division of Zoology, University of Oslo, Post Office Box 1050 Blindern, N 0316 Oslo, Norway
Science 297:1292-6. 2002
..We review how two of the best-known climate phenomena-the North Atlantic Oscillation and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation-affect ecological patterns and processes in both marine and terrestrial systems...
- Attributing physical and biological impacts to anthropogenic climate change
NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia Center for Climate Systems Research, 2800 Broadway, New York, New York 10025, USA
Nature 453:353-7. 2008
- Connectivity of marine populations: open or closed?
R K Cowen
Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149, USA
Science 287:857-9. 2000
..The alternative process of larval retention near local populations is shown to exist and may be of great importance in the maintenance of marine population structure and management of coastal marine resources...
- Rates of viral evolution are linked to host geography in bat rabies
Daniel G Streicker
Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
PLoS Pathog 8:e1002720. 2012
..The association between geography and viral evolution could not be explained by host metabolism, phylogeny or variable selection pressures, and ..
- World citation and collaboration networks: uncovering the role of geography in science
Raj Kumar Pan
Department of Biomedical Engineering and Computational Science, Aalto University School of Science, PO BOX 12200, FI 00076, Finland
Sci Rep 2:902. 2012
..This has enabled scientists for closer collaboration and internationalization. Nevertheless, geography remains an important factor affecting the dynamics of science...
- Geographic barriers isolate endemic populations of hyperthermophilic archaea
Rachel J Whitaker
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, 111 Koshland Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Science 301:976-8. 2003
..The identification of a biogeographic pattern in the archaeon Sulfolobus challenges the current model of microbial biodiversity in which unrestricted dispersal constrains the development of global species richness...
- Evolution and biogeography of deep-sea vent and seep invertebrates
C L Van Dover
Biology Department, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187, USA
Science 295:1253-7. 2002
..The recent evolution of many vent and seep invertebrate species (<100 million years ago) suggests that Cenozoic tectonic history and oceanic circulation patterns have been important in defining contemporary biogeographic patterns...
- Coral reef fish larvae settle close to home
Geoffrey P Jones
Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, School of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
Curr Biol 15:1314-8. 2005
..The degree of local retention indicates that marine reserves can provide recruitment benefits not only beyond but also within their boundaries...
- Multi-source analysis reveals latitudinal and altitudinal shifts in range of Ixodes ricinus at its northern distribution limit
Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway
Parasit Vectors 4:84. 2011
..The objectives of this study were to describe the distribution of I. ricinus in Norway and to evaluate if any range shifts have occurred relative to historical descriptions...
- Erosion of lizard diversity by climate change and altered thermal niches
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
Science 328:894-9. 2010
- Global hotspots of species richness are not congruent with endemism or threat
C David L Orme
Division of Biology and
Nature 436:1016-9. 2005
..Consequently, the different types of hotspots also vary greatly in their utility as conservation tools...
- Phylogeography of three closely related African bovids (tribe Alcelaphini)
Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Mol Biol Evol 16:1724-39. 1999
..The southern refugium furthermore seems to have been the only place where the wildebeest has survived...
- Global phylogeny of Mycobacterium tuberculosis based on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis: insights into tuberculosis evolution, phylogenetic accuracy of other DNA fingerprinting systems, and recommendations for a minimal standard SNP set
Division of Infectious Disease, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 185 South Orange Ave, MSB A920C, Newark, NJ 07103
J Bacteriol 188:759-72. 2006
- Investigating neighborhood and area effects on health
A V Diez Roux
Division of General Medicine, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, NewYork City, USA
Am J Public Health 91:1783-9. 2001
- Assessment of individual radionuclide distributions from the Fukushima nuclear accident covering central-east Japan
Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Group, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Ten nodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8577, Japan
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:19526-9. 2011
- A predominantly neolithic origin for European paternal lineages
Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
PLoS Biol 8:e1000285. 2010
- Evolution and the latitudinal diversity gradient: speciation, extinction and biogeography
Gary G Mittelbach
W K Kellogg Biological Station and Department of Zoology, Michigan State University, Hickory Corners, MI 49060, USA
Ecol Lett 10:315-31. 2007
..Distinguishing the roles of history, speciation and extinction in the origin of the latitudinal gradient represents a major challenge to future research...
- Phylogeography's past, present, and future: 10 years after Avise, 2000
M J Hickerson
Biology Department, Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing, NY 11367, USA
Mol Phylogenet Evol 54:291-301. 2010
..This ambitious synthesis will allow us to determine the causal links between geography, climate change, ecological interactions and the evolution and composition of taxa across whole communities and ..
- The role of geography in human adaptation
Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
PLoS Genet 5:e1000500. 2009
..These patterns suggest that selection is often weak enough that neutral processes -- especially population history, migration, and drift -- exert powerful influences over the fate and geographic distribution of selected alleles...
- Malaria paediatric hospitalization between 1999 and 2008 across Kenya
Emelda A Okiro
Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P O Box 43640, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
BMC Med 7:75. 2009
..Here we present a nationwide assessment of changes over 10 years in paediatric malaria hospitalization across Kenya...
- The origin and phylogeography of dog rabies virus
Institut Pasteur, UPRE Lyssavirus Dynamics and Host Adaptation, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Rabies, Institut Pasteur, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France
J Gen Virol 89:2673-81. 2008
..Overall, our study reveals that the stochastic processes of genetic drift and population subdivision are the most important factors shaping the global phylogeography of canid RABV...
- Phylogeographic history of the land snail Candidula unifasciata (Helicellinae, Stylommatophora): fragmentation, corridor migration, and secondary contact
Abteilung Okologie und Evolution, Zoologisches Institut der J W Goethe Universitat, Frankfurt Main, Germany
Evolution 56:1776-88. 2002
..unifasciata differs from general biogeographic patterns of postglacial colonization previously identified for other taxa, and it might represent a common model for species with restricted dispersal...
- The association between extreme precipitation and waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States, 1948-1994
F C Curriero
Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Am J Public Health 91:1194-9. 2001
..CONCLUSIONS: The statistically significant association found between rainfall and disease in the United States is important for water managers, public health officials, and risk assessors of future climate change...
- Local replenishment of coral reef fish populations in a marine reserve
Glenn R Almany
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
Science 316:742-4. 2007
..If natal homing of larvae is a common life-history strategy, the appropriate spatial scales for the management and conservation of coral reefs are likely to be much smaller than previously assumed...
- The spread of tomato yellow leaf curl virus from the Middle East to the world
Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa
PLoS Pathog 6:e1001164. 2010
..We instead identify the Mediterranean basin as the main launch-pad of global TYLCV movements...
- Global metabolic impacts of recent climate warming
Michael E Dillon
Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071, USA
Nature 467:704-6. 2010
..Because of temperature's nonlinear effects on metabolism, tropical organisms, which constitute much of Earth's biodiversity, should be profoundly affected by recent and projected climate warming...
- Locating pleistocene refugia: comparing phylogeographic and ecological niche model predictions
Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America
PLoS ONE 2:e563. 2007
..Our results confirm that ENM scenario exploration can provide a useful complement to molecular studies, offering a less subjective, spatially explicit hypothesis of past geographic patterns of distribution...
- On the generality of the latitudinal diversity gradient
Department of Limnology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, University of Uppsala, Norr Malma 4200, S 76173 Norrtalje, Sweden
Am Nat 163:192-211. 2004
..This analysis is the first to describe these general and significant patterns, which have important consequences for models aiming to explain the latitudinal gradient...
- Phylogeny and diversification of the largest avian radiation
F Keith Barker
Bell Museum of Natural History, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, 55108, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:11040-5. 2004
..The revised history implied by these data will require reassessment of comparative analyses of passerine diversification and adaptation...
- The risks of malaria infection in Kenya in 2009
Abdisalan M Noor
Centre for Geographic Medicine, KEMRI University of Oxford, Kenyatta National Hospital Grounds, Nairobi, Kenya
BMC Infect Dis 9:180. 2009
..Here we present a new map of malaria risk for Kenya in 2009...
- The scale of population structure in Arabidopsis thaliana
Molecular and Computational Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
PLoS Genet 6:e1000843. 2010
..Any model based on discrete clusters of interchangeable individuals will be an uneasy fit to organisms like A. thaliana which exhibit continuous isolation by distance on many scales...
- Updating phylogeny of mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup m in India: dispersal of modern human in South Asian corridor
Anthropological Survey of India, Southern Regional Centre, Bogadi, Mysore, India
PLoS ONE 4:e7447. 2009
..Northeast Indian mtDNA pool harbors region specific lineages, other Indian lineages and East Asian lineages. We also suggest the establishment of an East Asian gene in North East India through admixture rather than replacement...
- Genetics in geographically structured populations: defining, estimating and interpreting F(ST)
Kent E Holsinger
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, U 3043, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 3043, USA
Nat Rev Genet 10:639-50. 2009
..This Review clarifies how F(ST) is defined, how it should be estimated, how it is related to similar statistics and how estimates of F(ST) should be interpreted...
- Global phylogeography of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and implications for tuberculosis product development
Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA, USA
Lancet Infect Dis 7:328-37. 2007
..We propose a strain selection framework, based on robust phylogenetic markers, which will allow for systematic and comprehensive evaluation of new tools for tuberculosis control...
- Sympatric speciation in Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fish
Lehrstuhl fur Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Universitatsstrasse 10, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
Nature 439:719-23. 2006
..citrinellus) within less than approximately 10,000 yr; third, that the two species in Lake Apoyo are reproductively isolated; and fourth, that the two species are eco-morphologically distinct...
- Variable host-pathogen compatibility in Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA 98103, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:2869-73. 2006
..These observations suggest that mycobacterial lineages are adapted to particular human populations. If confirmed, our findings have important implications for tuberculosis control and vaccine development...
- Mechanisms of long-distance seed dispersal
The Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Alexander Silberman Institute for Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmond J Safra Campus at Givat Ram, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Trends Ecol Evol 23:638-47. 2008
..To advance our understanding of LDD, we advocate a vector-based research approach that identifies the significant LDD vectors and quantifies how environmental conditions modify their actions...
- The global emergence/resurgence of arboviral diseases as public health problems
Duane J Gubler
Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Fort Collins, CO 80522, USA
Arch Med Res 33:330-42. 2002
- The geography of Fast Food outlets: a review
Lorna K Fraser
School of Geography, University of Leeds, UK
Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:2290-308. 2010
..Thirty three studies were found that had assessed the geography of these outlets...
- Review on global co-transmission of human Plasmodium species and Wuchereria bancrofti by Anopheles mosquitoes
Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, Laboratoire d Immuno Physiopathologie Virale et Moléculaire, Faculte de Pharmacie, Universite Montpellier 1, Bat D, 15 Ave Charles Flahault, Montpellier 34093, France
Infect Genet Evol 10:159-77. 2010
..bancrofti and Plasmodium spp. parasites. The relevant issues of combined malaria and Bancroftian filariasis control strategies are reviewed and discussed...
- Neutral macroecology
Redpath Museum, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2K6
Science 293:2413-8. 2001
..More fundamentally, neutral community models provide a general theory for biodiversity and conservation biology capable of predicting the fundamental processes and patterns of community ecology...
- Integrating phylogenetics and environmental niche models to explore speciation mechanisms in dendrobatid frogs
Catherine H Graham
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Evolution 58:1781-93. 2004
..Further, the method outlined in this paper will be increasingly useful as knowledge of distribution and phylogeny of tropical species increases...
- Ecology matters: Atlantic-Mediterranean disjunction in the sand-dune shrub Armeria pungens (Plumbaginaceae)
Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, CSIC, Plaza de Murillo 2, 28014 Madrid, Spain
Mol Ecol 16:2155-71. 2007
..Such a combined phylogeographical-GIS modelling approach proves to be enlightening in reconstructing the evolutionary history of plant species...