robotics

Summary

Summary: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Effects of robot-assisted therapy on upper limb recovery after stroke: a systematic review
    Gert Kwakkel
    Department Rehabilitation Medicine and Research Institute MOVE, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 22:111-21. 2008
  2. ncbi Robot-assisted therapy for long-term upper-limb impairment after stroke
    Albert C Lo
    Providence Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Brown University, Providence, RI 02909, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:1772-83. 2010
  3. ncbi Upper-limb robot-assisted therapy in rehabilitation of acute stroke patients: focused review and results of new randomized controlled trial
    Stefano Masiero
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
    J Rehabil Res Dev 48:355-66. 2011
  4. ncbi Assessing mechanisms of recovery during robot-aided neurorehabilitation of the upper limb
    R Colombo
    Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS, Service of Bioengineering Veruno NO, Italy
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 22:50-63. 2008
  5. ncbi Real-time control of a robot arm using simultaneously recorded neurons in the motor cortex
    J K Chapin
    Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, MCP Hahnemann School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19129, USA
    Nat Neurosci 2:664-70. 1999
  6. ncbi Honeybees as a model for the study of visually guided flight, navigation, and biologically inspired robotics
    Mandyam V Srinivasan
    Queensland Brain Institute and School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Queensland, and ARC Center of Excellence in Vision Science, St Lucia, Australia
    Physiol Rev 91:413-60. 2011
  7. ncbi An interference effect of observed biological movement on action
    J M Kilner
    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, 67 Boulevard Pinel, Bron 69675, France
    Curr Biol 13:522-5. 2003
  8. ncbi The central nervous system stabilizes unstable dynamics by learning optimal impedance
    E Burdet
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 119260, Singapore
    Nature 414:446-9. 2001
  9. ncbi Movement smoothness changes during stroke recovery
    Brandon Rohrer
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    J Neurosci 22:8297-304. 2002
  10. ncbi Combined transcranial direct current stimulation and robot-assisted arm training in subacute stroke patients: an exploratory, randomized multicenter trial
    Stefan Hesse
    Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, Charite University Medicine, Berlin, Germany
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 25:838-46. 2011

Detail Information

Publications418 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Effects of robot-assisted therapy on upper limb recovery after stroke: a systematic review
    Gert Kwakkel
    Department Rehabilitation Medicine and Research Institute MOVE, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 22:111-21. 2008
    ..The aim of the study was to present a systematic review of studies that investigate the effects of robot-assisted therapy on motor and functional recovery in patients with stroke...
  2. ncbi Robot-assisted therapy for long-term upper-limb impairment after stroke
    Albert C Lo
    Providence Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Brown University, Providence, RI 02909, USA
    N Engl J Med 362:1772-83. 2010
    ..Effective rehabilitative therapies are needed for patients with long-term deficits after stroke...
  3. ncbi Upper-limb robot-assisted therapy in rehabilitation of acute stroke patients: focused review and results of new randomized controlled trial
    Stefano Masiero
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
    J Rehabil Res Dev 48:355-66. 2011
    ..By analyzing these results and those of previous studies, we hypothesize a new robotic protocol for acute and subacute stroke patients based on both treatment modalities (in addition and in substitution)...
  4. ncbi Assessing mechanisms of recovery during robot-aided neurorehabilitation of the upper limb
    R Colombo
    Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS, Service of Bioengineering Veruno NO, Italy
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 22:50-63. 2008
    ..The present study aimed to qualify and quantify the different components of motor recovery in a group of stroke patients treated by robot-aided techniques. In addition, the learning model of each motor recovery component was analyzed...
  5. ncbi Real-time control of a robot arm using simultaneously recorded neurons in the motor cortex
    J K Chapin
    Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, MCP Hahnemann School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19129, USA
    Nat Neurosci 2:664-70. 1999
    ..With continued training in neurorobotic mode, the animals' lever movement diminished or stopped. These results suggest a possible means for movement restoration in paralysis patients...
  6. ncbi Honeybees as a model for the study of visually guided flight, navigation, and biologically inspired robotics
    Mandyam V Srinivasan
    Queensland Brain Institute and School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Queensland, and ARC Center of Excellence in Vision Science, St Lucia, Australia
    Physiol Rev 91:413-60. 2011
    ..Finally, we illustrate how some of the principles gleaned from these studies are now being used to design novel, biologically inspired algorithms for the guidance of unmanned aerial vehicles...
  7. ncbi An interference effect of observed biological movement on action
    J M Kilner
    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, 67 Boulevard Pinel, Bron 69675, France
    Curr Biol 13:522-5. 2003
    ..These results suggest that the simultaneous activation of the overlapping neural networks that process movement observation and execution infers a measurable cost to motor control...
  8. ncbi The central nervous system stabilizes unstable dynamics by learning optimal impedance
    E Burdet
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 119260, Singapore
    Nature 414:446-9. 2001
    ..Our results show that humans learn to stabilize unstable dynamics using the skillful and energy-efficient strategy of selective control of impedance geometry...
  9. ncbi Movement smoothness changes during stroke recovery
    Brandon Rohrer
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    J Neurosci 22:8297-304. 2002
    ..This pattern was reproduced in a computer simulation of recovery based on submovement blending, suggesting that progressive blending of submovements underlies stroke recovery...
  10. ncbi Combined transcranial direct current stimulation and robot-assisted arm training in subacute stroke patients: an exploratory, randomized multicenter trial
    Stefan Hesse
    Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, Charite University Medicine, Berlin, Germany
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 25:838-46. 2011
    ..Pilot studies suggest the potential for transcranial direct current stimulation and bilateral robotic training to enhance gains...
  11. pmc Review of control strategies for robotic movement training after neurologic injury
    Laura Marchal-Crespo
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 6:20. 2009
    ....
  12. ncbi Robotic hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery: a cohort study
    Oliver C Y Chan
    Department of Surgery, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, 3, Lok Man Road, Hong Kong SAR, China
    J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 18:471-80. 2011
    ..This article aims to evaluate the efficacy and outcomes of robotic HBP surgery in a single surgical center...
  13. ncbi Interactive robots in experimental biology
    Jens Krause
    Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Department of Biology and Ecology of Fishes, 12587 Berlin, Germany
    Trends Ecol Evol 26:369-75. 2011
    ....
  14. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of gravity-supported, computer-enhanced arm exercise for individuals with severe hemiparesis
    Sarah J Housman
    Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60660, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 23:505-14. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare semiautonomous training with T-WREX and conventional semiautonomous exercises that used a tabletop for gravity support...
  15. ncbi Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: evolution and recent advances
    Brian M Benway
    Division of Urologic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA
    Curr Opin Urol 20:119-24. 2010
    ..In the present article, we provide an overview of the evolution of robot-assisted renal surgery, and highlight the recent advances that have helped to bring RAPN to the fore...
  16. ncbi Persistence of motor adaptation during constrained, multi-joint, arm movements
    R A Scheidt
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60622, USA
    J Neurophysiol 84:853-62. 2000
    ....
  17. ncbi Assistive control system using continuous myoelectric signal in robot-aided arm training for patients after stroke
    Rong Song
    Department of Health Technology and Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 16:371-9. 2008
    ..The results showed that the twenty-session training program improved upper limb functions...
  18. ncbi Robot assisted gait training with active leg exoskeleton (ALEX)
    Sai K Banala
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 17:2-8. 2009
    ..Improvement is seen as an increase in the size of the patients' gait pattern, increased knee and ankle joint excursions and increase in their walking speeds on the treadmill...
  19. ncbi Efficient bipedal robots based on passive-dynamic walkers
    Steve Collins
    Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    Science 307:1082-5. 2005
    ..These robots use less control and less energy than other powered robots, yet walk more naturally, further suggesting the importance of passive-dynamics in human locomotion...
  20. ncbi Robotic-assisted rehabilitation of the upper limb after acute stroke
    Stefano Masiero
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Padova, School of Medicine, Padova, Italy
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 88:142-9. 2007
    ..To investigate whether early therapy with a novel robotic device can reduce motor impairment and enhance functional recovery of poststroke patients with hemiparetic and hemiplegic upper limb...
  21. ncbi Robot assisted partial nephrectomy versus laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for renal tumors: a multi-institutional analysis of perioperative outcomes
    Brian M Benway
    Division of Urologic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Urol 182:866-72. 2009
    ..We present the largest multi-institution comparison of the 2 approaches to date, describing outcomes from 3 experienced minimally invasive surgeons...
  22. ncbi Zebrafish response to robotic fish: preference experiments on isolated individuals and small shoals
    G Polverino
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA
    Bioinspir Biomim 7:036019. 2012
    ..question concerns the feasibility of modulating spontaneous behaviour of animal systems through bioinspired robotics. The following study explores the possibility of engineering a robotic fish capable of influencing the behaviour ..
  23. ncbi Robotics in neuro-rehabilitation
    Loris Pignolo
    RAN Research on Advanced, Neuro rehabilitation, S Anna Institute, Via Siris, IT 88900 Crotone, Italy
    J Rehabil Med 41:955-60. 2009
    The aims of this study were to review robot-assisted motor and functional rehabilitation of the upper limb in patients with stroke and to outline possible clinical applications of robotics in neuro-rehabilitation.
  24. ncbi Computerized arm training improves the motor control of the severely affected arm after stroke: a single-blinded randomized trial in two centers
    S Hesse
    Klinik Berlin, Neurological Rehabilitation, Charite, Berlin, Germany
    Stroke 36:1960-6. 2005
    ....
  25. ncbi Quantifying generalization from trial-by-trial behavior of adaptive systems that learn with basis functions: theory and experiments in human motor control
    Opher Donchin
    Laboratory for Computational Motor Control, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2195, USA
    J Neurosci 23:9032-45. 2003
    ....
  26. ncbi Robotic surgery for benign gynaecological disease
    Hongqian Liu
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2:CD008978. 2012
    ..However, the main disadvantages of the robotic surgical system should not be overlooked, including the high cost of disposable instruments and retraining for both surgeons and nurses...
  27. ncbi Robot-based hand motor therapy after stroke
    Craig D Takahashi
    Department of Neurology, University of California, Irvine Medical Center, 101 The City Drive South, Building 53 Room 203, Orange, CA 92868 4280, USA
    Brain 131:425-37. 2008
    ..A robot-based therapy showed improvements in hand motor function after chronic stroke. Reorganization of motor maps during the current therapy was task-specific, a finding useful when considering generalization of rehabilitation therapy...
  28. ncbi Robot-assisted rehabilitation of hand function
    Sivakumar Balasubramanian
    Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK
    Curr Opin Neurol 23:661-70. 2010
    ..However, recent years have seen a surge in devices dedicated to hand function. This review describes the state of the art and the promises of this novel therapeutic approach...
  29. ncbi Zebrafish responds differentially to a robotic fish of varying aspect ratio, tail beat frequency, noise, and color
    Nicole Abaid
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA
    Behav Brain Res 233:545-53. 2012
    ..On the other hand, we find that varying the aspect ratio and coloration of the robot strongly influences fish preference...
  30. ncbi Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: an international experience
    Brian M Benway
    Division of Urologic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Eur Urol 57:815-20. 2010
    ..Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) is emerging as a viable approach for nephron-sparing surgery (NSS), though many reports to date have been limited by evaluation of a relatively small number of patients...
  31. ncbi Robotic devices as therapeutic and diagnostic tools for stroke recovery
    Bruce T Volpe
    Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Burke Cornell Medical Research Institute, White Plains, New York 10605, USA
    Arch Neurol 66:1086-90. 2009
    ..Additionally, robotic devices can measure motor performance objectively and will contribute to a detailed phenotype of stroke recovery...
  32. ncbi Comparison of endoscopic and robotic thyroidectomy
    J Lee
    Department of Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
    Ann Surg Oncol 18:1439-46. 2011
    ..The present study compared conventional endoscopic and robotic thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer patients in terms of perioperative outcomes and learning curve. All operations were performed by the same surgeon...
  33. ncbi What's new in new technologies for upper extremity rehabilitation?
    Sylvain Brochard
    CHU Brest, Service de Medecine Physique et de Readaptation, Brest, France
    Curr Opin Neurol 23:683-7. 2010
    ..The review presents new trends and studies of effectiveness from recent literature regarding robots, virtual reality and telerehabilitation for neurorehabilitation of the upper limb...
  34. ncbi Is robotic surgery superior to endoscopic and open surgeries in thyroid cancer?
    Wan Wook Kim
    Department of Surgery, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
    World J Surg 35:779-84. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study was to determine whether robotic surgery is superior to endoscopic and open surgery through comparing technical aspects and surgical outcomes...
  35. ncbi Robotic single-port transumbilical surgery in humans: initial report
    Jihad H Kaouk
    Section of Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery, Glickman Urologic and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    BJU Int 103:366-9. 2009
    ..To describe our initial clinical experience of robotic single-port (RSP) surgery...
  36. ncbi Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer
    Young Min Park
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 19:361-8. 2009
    ..We utilized a robotic surgical system to evaluate the feasibility and oncologic safety of transoral partial pharyngectomy and laryngectomy...
  37. ncbi Robotic-assisted laparoscopic and radical retropubic prostatectomy generate similar positive margin rates in low and intermediate risk patients
    Timo A J Laurila
    Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53972, USA
    Urol Oncol 27:529-33. 2009
    ..To assess the efficacy of the operation, we compared apical and overall margin status for RALP with radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) in a group of contemporary patients...
  38. ncbi A comparison of total laparoscopic hysterectomy to robotically assisted hysterectomy: surgical outcomes in a community practice
    Thomas N Payne
    Ochsner Clinic Foundation, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70809, USA
    J Minim Invasive Gynecol 15:286-91. 2008
    To compare gynecologic practice and perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing total laparoscopic hysterectomy and robotic hysterectomy before and after implementation of a robotics program.
  39. ncbi Rat navigation guided by remote control
    Sanjiv K Talwar
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Centre, 450 Clarkson Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11203, USA
    Nature 417:37-8. 2002
    ..Free animals can be 'virtually' trained by microstimulating key areas of their brains...
  40. ncbi Treadmill training of paraplegic patients using a robotic orthosis
    G Colombo
    Paraplegic Center ParaCare, University Hospital Balgrist, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Rehabil Res Dev 37:693-700. 2000
    ..With the DGO the legs of patients with different degrees of paresis and spasticity could be trained for more than half an hour, and physiological gait patterns were obtained...
  41. ncbi Reference trajectory generation for rehabilitation robots: complementary limb motion estimation
    Heike Vallery
    Sensory Motor Systems Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 17:23-30. 2009
    ..This implies that subjects can walk more naturally with CLME, and they are assisted less by the robot when it is not needed. Future studies with patients are yet to show whether these properties of CLME transfer to the clinical domain...
  42. ncbi Visual feedback distortion in a robotic environment for hand rehabilitation
    Bambi Roberts Brewer
    Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, United States
    Brain Res Bull 75:804-13. 2008
    ..Visual feedback distortion may provide a way to help a patient move beyond his or her self-assessed "best" performance, improving the outcome of robotic rehabilitation...
  43. ncbi Retropubic, laparoscopic, and robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: a systematic review and cumulative analysis of comparative studies
    Vincenzo Ficarra
    Department of Oncological and Surgical Sciences, Urology Clinic, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
    Eur Urol 55:1037-63. 2009
    ....
  44. ncbi Motions or muscles? Some behavioral factors underlying robotic assistance of motor recovery
    Neville Hogan
    Newman Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 43:605-18. 2006
    b>Robotics and related technologies have begun to realize their promise to improve the delivery of rehabilitation therapy. However, the mechanism by which they enhance recovery remains unclear...
  45. pmc Technology-assisted training of arm-hand skills in stroke: concepts on reacquisition of motor control and therapist guidelines for rehabilitation technology design
    Annick A A Timmermans
    Faculty of Biomedical Technology, Technical University Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 6:1. 2009
    ..It is the purpose of this article to identify and review criteria that rehabilitation technology should meet in order to offer arm-hand training to stroke patients, based on recent principles of motor learning...
  46. ncbi Robotic radical hysterectomy: comparison with laparoscopy and laparotomy
    Javier F Magrina
    Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mayo Clinic Arizona, 5777 East Mayo Boulevard, Phoenix, Arizona 85054, USA
    Gynecol Oncol 109:86-91. 2008
    Comparison of perioperative results of patients undergoing radical hysterectomy by robotics, laparoscopy, and laparotomy.
  47. ncbi Minimally invasive and robotic surgery
    M J Mack
    Cardiopulmonary Science Research and Technology Institute, 7777 Forest Ln, Suite A323, Dallas, TX 75230, USA
    JAMA 285:568-72. 2001
    ..The use of computers and robotics promises to facilitate complex endoscopic procedures by virtue of voice control over the networked operating room,..
  48. ncbi Patient-cooperative strategies for robot-aided treadmill training: first experimental results
    Robert Riener
    Rehabilitation Engineering Group, Automatic Control Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 13:380-94. 2005
    ..The application of robotics and automation technology can serve to assist, enhance, evaluate, and document neurological and orthopedic ..
  49. ncbi Meta-analysis of observational studies on the safety and effectiveness of robotic gynaecological surgery
    M Reza
    Health Technology Assessment Unit, Laín Entralgo Agency, C Gran Vía 27, 7, Madrid 28013, Spain
    Br J Surg 97:1772-83. 2010
    ..This will enable the general surgical community to understand where robotic surgery stands in gynaecology...
  50. ncbi Multicenter randomized clinical trial evaluating the effectiveness of the Lokomat in subacute stroke
    Joseph Hidler
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Catholic University, Center for Applied Biomechanics and Rehabilitation Research, National Rehabilitation Hospital, Washington, DC 20010, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 23:5-13. 2009
    ..To compare the efficacy of robotic-assisted gait training with the Lokomat to conventional gait training in individuals with subacute stroke...
  51. ncbi Enhanced gait-related improvements after therapist- versus robotic-assisted locomotor training in subjects with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled study
    T George Hornby
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 W Taylor St, M C 898, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Stroke 39:1786-92. 2008
    ..Robotic devices that provide consistent symmetrical assistance have been developed to facilitate LT, although their effectiveness in improving locomotor ability has not been well established...
  52. ncbi Prospective, blinded, randomized crossover study of gait rehabilitation in stroke patients using the Lokomat gait orthosis
    Andreas Mayr
    Department of Neurology, Hospital Hochzirl, Zirl, Austria
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 21:307-14. 2007
    ..This prospective, blinded, randomized controlled study of gait retraining tested the feasibility and potential efficacy of using an electromechanical-driven gait orthosis (Lokomat) for treadmill training...
  53. pmc Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: a large single-institutional experience
    Benjamin J Scoll
    Department of Urologic Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111, USA
    Urology 75:1328-34. 2010
    ..The robotic surgical system may enable faster and greater technical proficiency, facilitating a minimally invasive approach to more difficult lesions while reducing ischemia time...
  54. ncbi Multi-institutional analysis of robotic partial nephrectomy for hilar versus nonhilar lesions in 446 consecutive cases
    Lori M Dulabon
    Division of Urologic Oncology, Department of Urology, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    Eur Urol 59:325-30. 2011
    ..Renal hilar tumors, due to their anatomic location, pose additional technical challenges to the operating surgeon...
  55. ncbi Design and evaluation of the LOPES exoskeleton robot for interactive gait rehabilitation
    Jan F Veneman
    Institute for Biomedical Technology BMTI, University of Twente, 7500 EA Enschede, The Netherlands
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 15:379-86. 2007
    ..The possibilities and limitations to using the device as gait measurement tool are also shown at the moment position measurements are not accurate enough for inverse-dynamical gait analysis...
  56. pmc Optimal control predicts human performance on objects with internal degrees of freedom
    Arne J Nagengast
    Department of Engineering, Computational and Biological Learning Lab, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000419. 2009
    ..The results suggest that our everyday interactions with objects can be understood by optimality principles and advocate the use of more realistic optimal control models for the study of human motor neuroscience...
  57. ncbi Effects of robot-assisted therapy on stroke rehabilitation in upper limbs: systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature
    Nahid Norouzi-Gheidari
    School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Rehabil Res Dev 49:479-96. 2012
    ....
  58. ncbi Transoral robotic surgery alone for oropharyngeal cancer: an analysis of local control
    Gregory S Weinstein
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 138:628-34. 2012
    ..To evaluate local control following transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with the da Vinci Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical Inc) as a single treatment modality for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)...
  59. ncbi Safety profile of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: a standardized report of complications in 3317 patients
    Piyush K Agarwal
    Vattikuti Urology Institute, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Eur Urol 59:684-98. 2011
    ..Previous studies attempting to assess complications after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) are limited by their small numbers, short follow-up, or lack of risk factor analysis...
  60. pmc Towards more effective robotic gait training for stroke rehabilitation: a review
    Andrew Pennycott
    Sensory Motor Systems Lab, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 9:65. 2012
    ..These potential benefits do not, however, seem to have been fully realised as of yet in clinical practice...
  61. ncbi Robotics and other devices in the treatment of patients recovering from stroke
    Bruce T Volpe
    Burke Medical Research Institute, 785 Mamaroneck Avenue, White Plains, NY 10605, USA
    Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 5:465-70. 2005
    ..These data from robotic trials continue to contribute to the emerging scientific basis of neuro-rehabilitation...
  62. ncbi Effects of anodal and cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation combined with robotic therapy on severely affected arms in chronic stroke patients
    Mitsuhiro Ochi
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Occuaptional and Environmnetal Health, Japan
    J Rehabil Med 45:137-40. 2013
    ....
  63. pmc Functional MRI using robotic MRI compatible devices for monitoring rehabilitation from chronic stroke in the molecular medicine era (Review)
    Loukas G Astrakas
    Department of Surgery, NMR Surgical Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital and Shriners Burn Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Int J Mol Med 29:963-73. 2012
    ....
  64. ncbi Encouraging behavioral diversity in evolutionary robotics: an empirical study
    J B Mouret
    ISIR, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, CNRS UMR 7222, Paris, F 75252, Paris Cedex 05, France
    Evol Comput 20:91-133. 2012
    Evolutionary robotics (ER) aims at automatically designing robots or controllers of robots without having to describe their inner workings...
  65. ncbi Potential for new technologies in clinical practice
    Jane H Burridge
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Curr Opin Neurol 23:671-7. 2010
    ..This review presents evidence of new technologies since 2008 and identifies barriers to translation of technologies into clinical practice...
  66. ncbi Face, content and construct validity of a novel robotic surgery simulator
    Andrew J Hung
    University of Southern California Institute of Urology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    J Urol 186:1019-24. 2011
    ..We evaluated the face, content and construct validity of the novel da Vinci® Skills Simulator™ using the da Vinci Si™ Surgeon Console as the surgeon interface...
  67. ncbi Robot-enhanced motor learning: accelerating internal model formation during locomotion by transient dynamic amplification
    Jeremy L Emken
    Biomedical Engineering Department, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 13:33-9. 2005
    ..These results support an approach to movement training devices that amplify rather than reduce movement errors, and provide a computational framework for both implementing the approach and understanding its limitations...
  68. pmc Decentralized sensor fusion for Ubiquitous Networking Robotics in Urban Areas
    Alberto Sanfeliu
    Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial, CSIC UPC, Barcelona, Spain
    Sensors (Basel) 10:2274-314. 2010
    ..for the environment and sensors that has been built for the European project URUS (Ubiquitous Networking Robotics in Urban Sites), a project whose objective is to develop an adaptable network robot architecture for cooperation ..
  69. ncbi Metabolic costs and muscle activity patterns during robotic- and therapist-assisted treadmill walking in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury
    Jeffrey F Israel
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Phys Ther 86:1466-78. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in metabolic costs and lower-limb muscle activity patterns during robotic- and therapist-assisted treadmill walking...
  70. pmc Ankle training with a robotic device improves hemiparetic gait after a stroke
    Larry W Forrester
    Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 100 Penn Street, Suite 115, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 25:369-77. 2011
    ..Task-oriented therapies such as treadmill exercise can improve gait velocity after stroke, but slow velocities and abnormal gait patterns often persist, suggesting a need for additional strategies to improve walking...
  71. ncbi Combined passive stretching and active movement rehabilitation of lower-limb impairments in children with cerebral palsy using a portable robot
    Yi Ning Wu
    Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 25:378-85. 2011
    ..Improving motor control is also a focus of physical therapy. However, convenient and effective ways to control passive stretching and motivate active movement training with quantitative outcomes are lacking...
  72. ncbi Effectiveness of automated locomotor training in patients with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury: a multicenter trial
    Markus Wirz
    Spinal Cord Injury Center, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:672-80. 2005
    ..To determine whether automated locomotor training with a driven-gait orthosis (DGO) can increase functional mobility in people with chronic, motor incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI)...
  73. ncbi Robotics and general surgery
    Brian P Jacob
    Department of Surgery, Weill Cornell College of Medicine 525 East 68th Street, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Surg Clin North Am 83:1405-19. 2003
    b>Robotics are now being used in all surgical fields, including general surgery...
  74. ncbi Conventional laparoscopic and robot-assisted spleen-preserving pancreatectomy: does da Vinci have clinical advantages?
    Chang Moo Kang
    Division of Biliopancreas, Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 250 Seongsanno, Seodaemun gu, Seoul, 120 752, Korea
    Surg Endosc 25:2004-9. 2011
    ..It requires extensive surgeon experience and learned techniques. A robot surgical system was recently introduced to overcome these limitations and it may potentially provide precise and safe laparoscopic surgery...
  75. ncbi Efficacy of the Da Vinci surgical system in abdominal surgery compared with that of laparoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Sergio Maeso
    Health Technology Assessment Unit, Agencia Laín Entralgo, Madrid, Spain
    Ann Surg 252:254-62. 2010
    ..The main aim of this review was to compare the safety and efficacy of the Da Vinci Surgical System (DVSS) and conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) in different types of abdominal intervention...
  76. ncbi Robotics and gynecologic oncology: review of the literature
    Jennifer E Cho
    St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, New York 10019, USA
    J Minim Invasive Gynecol 16:669-81. 2009
    The objectives of this article were to review the published scientific literature about robotics and its application to gynecologic oncology to date and to summarize findings of this advanced computerenhanced laparoscopic technique...
  77. ncbi Inter-hemispheric coupling changes associate with motor improvements after robotic stroke rehabilitation
    G Pellegrino
    Department of Neurology, Campus Bio Medico University, Rome, Italy
    Restor Neurol Neurosci 30:497-510. 2012
    ..This study aims to assess the brain plastic reorganizations and their association with clinical progresses induced by a robot-aided rehabilitation program in chronic stroke patients...
  78. ncbi Response to upper-limb robotics and functional neuromuscular stimulation following stroke
    Janis J Daly
    Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs VA Medical Center, Medical Research Service, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 42:723-36. 2005
    ..moderately to severely involved chronic stroke survivors (>12 mo) were randomized to one of two treatments: robotics and motor learning (ROB-ML) or functional neuromuscular stimulation and motor learning (FNS-ML)...
  79. ncbi Feasibility of rehabilitation training with a newly developed wearable robot for patients with limited mobility
    Shigeki Kubota
    Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 94:1080-7. 2013
    ..To investigate the feasibility of rehabilitation training with a new wearable robot...
  80. ncbi Effects of locomotion training with assistance of a robot-driven gait orthosis in hemiparetic patients after stroke: a randomized controlled pilot study
    Britta Husemann
    Neurology Hospital Bad Aibling Germany, Kolbermoorer Str 72 83043 Bad Aibling, Germany
    Stroke 38:349-54. 2007
    ..To facilitate treadmill training of paraparetic patients, a robot-driven gait orthosis (Lokomat) was developed. We investigated the effects of the Lokomat when used with hemiparetic patients...
  81. ncbi Robotic partial nephrectomy for renal tumors larger than 4 cm
    Manish N Patel
    Henry Ford Hospital, Vattikuti Urology Institute, Detroit, Michigan 48202 2689, USA
    Eur Urol 57:310-6. 2010
    ..Minimally invasive partial nephrectomy (PN) is most commonly performed for renal tumors < or =4 cm in size. Robotic PN (RPN) for tumors >4 cm has not been assessed...
  82. ncbi Robot-assisted modifications of gait in healthy individuals
    Seok Hun Kim
    School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
    Exp Brain Res 202:809-24. 2010
    ..The results emphasize the short-term plasticity of locomotor circuits and provide a possible basis for persons learning to achieve more functional gait patterns following a stroke or other neurological disorders...
  83. ncbi Cost-minimization analysis of robotic-assisted, laparoscopic, and abdominal sacrocolpopexy
    John P Judd
    Division of Urogynecology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Minim Invasive Gynecol 17:493-9. 2010
    ..To perform a cost-minimization analysis comparing robotic-assisted, laparoscopic, and abdominal sacrocolpopexy...
  84. ncbi Robot-assisted right lobe donor hepatectomy
    Pier Cristoforo Giulianotti
    Division of Minimally Invasive, General Surgery and Robotic Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Transpl Int 25:e5-9. 2012
    ..To our knowledge, this is the first case reported in the literature. The technical feasibility of this minimally invasive approach is demonstrated, exemplifying the novel exciting opportunities offered by robotic technology...
  85. pmc Patient-cooperative control increases active participation of individuals with SCI during robot-aided gait training
    Alexander Duschau-Wicke
    Sensory Motor Systems Lab, Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems, Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Neuroeng Rehabil 7:43. 2010
    ..In this study, we have investigated the immediate effects of patient-cooperative versus non-cooperative robot-aided gait training on individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI)...
  86. pmc Robotic liver resection as a bridge to liver transplantation
    Fabrizio Panaro
    Centre de Chirurgie Viscerale et de Transplantation, Hopital de Hautepierre, Hopitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
    JSLS 15:86-9. 2011
    ..Robotic surgery for hepatic resection has not yet been extensively reported. The aim of this article is to report the first known case of liver resection with the use of a robot in France...
  87. ncbi A prospective trial comparing consecutive series of open retropubic and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in a centre with a limited caseload
    Giovanni B Di Pierro
    Klinik für Urologie, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Lucerne, Switzerland
    Eur Urol 59:1-6. 2011
    ..However, although the results of large RALP series are available, oncologic and functional outcomes as well as complications from low-caseload centres are lacking...
  88. ncbi Excellence in robotic thyroid surgery: a comparative study of robot-assisted versus conventional endoscopic thyroidectomy in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma patients
    Sohee Lee
    Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
    Ann Surg 253:1060-6. 2011
    ..To confirm the merits of robotic thyroid surgery by comparing the surgical outcomes of robotic-assisted and conventional endoscopic thyroidectomy in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) patients...
  89. pmc The Multi-Chamber Electronic Nose--an improved olfaction sensor for mobile robotics
    Javier Gonzalez-Jimenez
    Department of System Engineering and Automation, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain
    Sensors (Basel) 11:6145-64. 2011
    ..The utility and performance of the MCE-nose in mobile robotic olfaction is shown through several experiments involving rapid sensing of gas concentration and mobile robot gas mapping...
  90. ncbi Robotic navigation in catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: midterm efficacy and predictors of postablation arrhythmia recurrences
    Peter Hlivák
    Department of Cardiology, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 22:534-40. 2011
    ..The goal of this study is to describe a single-center experience with the electromechanical robotic system (Sensei, Hansen Medical) in treatment of patients with paroxysmal AF...
  91. ncbi Online myoelectric control of a dexterous hand prosthesis by transradial amputees
    Christian Cipriani
    The BioRobotics Institute formerly ARTS and CRIM Labs, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna, 56025 Pontedera, Italy
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 19:260-70. 2011
    ..These results are encouraging for the development of noninvasive EMG interfaces for the control of dexterous prostheses...
  92. ncbi Robotic uterine artery preservation and nerve-sparing radical trachelectomy with bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy in early-stage cervical cancer
    Dae Gy Hong
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
    Int J Gynecol Cancer 21:391-6. 2011
    ..The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of robotic uterine artery preservation and nerve-sparing radical trachelectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy using the da Vinci surgical system...
  93. ncbi Tail-assisted pitch control in lizards, robots and dinosaurs
    Thomas Libby
    Center for Interdisciplinary Bio Inspiration in Education and Research, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 3140, USA
    Nature 481:181-4. 2012
    ..Leaping lizards show that inertial control of body attitude can advance our understanding of appendage evolution and provide biological inspiration for the next generation of manoeuvrable search-and-rescue robots...
  94. ncbi Assessment of upper-limb sensorimotor function of subacute stroke patients using visually guided reaching
    Angela M Coderre
    Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Neurorehabil Neural Repair 24:528-41. 2010
    ..Using robotic technology, we examined the ability of a visually guided reaching task to assess the sensorimotor function of patients with stroke...
  95. pmc Robotic surgery: a current perspective
    Anthony R Lanfranco
    Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, USA
    Ann Surg 239:14-21. 2004
    To review the history, development, and current applications of robotics in surgery.
  96. ncbi Remote magnetic navigation-assisted catheter ablation enhances catheter stability and ablation success with lower catheter temperatures
    Darryl R Davis
    Department of Cardiology, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 31:893-8. 2008
    ..Accordingly, we compared the characteristics of the successful ablation of atrioventricular reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) using RMN with a matched population ablated using a conventional (CON) manual approach...
  97. pmc Brain response to a humanoid robot in areas implicated in the perception of human emotional gestures
    Thierry Chaminade
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e11577. 2010
    ..We can read the emotions depicted in its gestures, yet might utilize different neural processes than those used for reading the emotions in human agents...
  98. ncbi Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for base of tongue neoplasms
    BERT W O'MALLEY
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Laryngoscope 116:1465-72. 2006
    ..To develop a minimally invasive surgical technique for the treatment of base of tongue neoplasms using the optical and technical advantages of robotic surgical instrumentation...
  99. ncbi Transoral robotic surgery for advanced oropharyngeal carcinoma
    Gregory S Weinstein
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 136:1079-85. 2010
    ..To determine the oncologic and functional outcomes in patients undergoing primary transoral robotic surgery followed by adjuvant therapy as indicated with a minimum of 18-month follow-up for advanced oropharyngeal carcinoma...
  100. pmc Emergence of functional hierarchy in a multiple timescale neural network model: a humanoid robot experiment
    Yuichi Yamashita
    Laboratory for Behavior and Dynamic Cognition, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Wako Shi, Saitama, Japan
    PLoS Comput Biol 4:e1000220. 2008
    ..Our results suggest that it is not only the spatial connections between neurons but also the timescales of neural activity that act as important mechanisms leading to functional hierarchy in neural systems...
  101. ncbi Transoral robotic surgery for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma: a prospective study of feasibility and functional outcomes
    Eric J Moore
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Laryngoscope 119:2156-64. 2009
    ..To investigate the feasibility of transoral robotic surgery as a method of surgical treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma...

Research Grants79

  1. Robot-Assisted MRI-Guided Prostate Biopsy
    Dan Stoianovici; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our Urology Robotics laboratory has developed a unique MRI stealth robot...
  2. Robotic Interventions to Enhance Locomotor Stability Following Spinal Cord Injury
    KEITH EDWARD GORDON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Zev Rymer, to provide training and guidance in four critical project areas;rehabilitation robotics, neurophysiology of movement following SCI, locomotor balance and clinical care of SCI. Dr...
  3. Non-linear Characterization of the Stretch Reflex Arc and its Neuromodulation
    AMAN BEHAL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of novel in-silico control systems (adaptive sensors, non-linear controllers, novel movement control in robotics, etc)...
  4. Cocktail Party Problem: Perspective on Neurobiology of Auditory Scene Analysis
    Mounya Elhilali; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in this field has tremendous implications and long- term benefits covering the medical, industrial, military and robotics domains;as well as improving communication aids (hearing aids, cochlear implants, speech-based human-computer ..
  5. Cell Analytics for Viability Experiments (CAVE (TM))
    Melanie M Tomczak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Also, conducting high throughput studies using fluorescent dyes is expensive and requires complex robotics to prepare specimens...
  6. Developing a brain-machine interface for an ankle robot
    Larry Forrester; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In the Baltimore VA's Maryland Exercise and Robotics Center of Excellence, we have developed an impedance controlled ankle robot (anklebot) to enhance paretic ankle ..
  7. Gestural Interfaces and Robotics for Rehabilitation
    CORINNA E LATHAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..content to target upper extremity movement therapy goals and evaluate the clinical efficacy of the CosmoBot Robotics System as a therapy intervention for children diagnosed with cerebral palsy, brain injury, and stroke...
  8. Orbitrap Elite Mass Spectrometer for Chromatin Biology and Epigenetics Research
    Benjamin A Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Program is the establishment of core research technologies which currently include Functional Genomics, Robotics and High-throughput qPCR, Chromatin and Nucleosomes, and Computational Epigenetics...
  9. Interdisciplinary Predoctoral Neuroscience Training Program
    Diane Lipscombe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..humans, and use an impressive array of modern neuroscience techniques, including functional MRI, applications of robotics and neuroprosthetics, optogenetics, advanced in vivo and in vitro electrophysiological recordings, mouse ..
  10. Robotic System with Multiplexed DOF Control for Minimally Invasive Interventions
    Peter Kazanzides; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..while also offering other design benefits and possible cost and size reductions for medical and non-medical robotics applications...
  11. A Novel Wireless Capsule Camera with High Resolution Optically Unwrapped 360-Degr
    Jason Geng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..inspection, turbine engine diagnosis, video surveillance, automotive safety devices, navigation, security, mobile robotics, video conferencing, and internet webcast. Xigen has an integrated product development and market entry strategy...
  12. Interactive MR Image Guided Intervention (iMR-IGI) for Breast Applications
    MICHAEL ROY ZINN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The total effort will involve the development of the MRI compatible biopsy mechanism, the precision robotics guidance system, and a Physician Workstation software interface that integrates imaging, robotics control and ..
  13. Comprehensive Molecular Diagnosis for Food and Waterborne Enteropathogens
    Eric R Houpt; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Extraction procedures will be designed for the real-world scenario, adapting them to high-throughput robotics and evaluating utility in the widely-used Cary-Blair media and PVA and formalin fixatives. Aim 4, Dr...
  14. Cortical Control of an Assistive Robotic Arm
    John P Donoghue; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The robots will be provided by the robotics group of the German Aerospace Agency DLR, who have developed and tested this robot...
  15. Orchestra: A high performance biomedical supercomputing collaborative
    Marcos Athanasoulis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..personalized medicine;the study of diseases like HIV/AIDS and cancers;the use of computers, computer imaging, and robotics in hospitals and at the patient's bedside;and understanding how cells communicate and how embryos develop...
  16. Surgical Laser device development for precise or bulk ablation of urologic tissue
    Jonathon D Wells; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..ablative capability will ultimately be applied to fields such as neurosurgery, orthopedics, surgical robotics, gastrological surgery, and otolaryngology to overcome existing limitations, pioneer new techniques, and ..
  17. Enhancement of the Integrated Aquatic Biomedical Models Facility Core
    Robert L Tanguay; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The Facility has recently received an NIH RC4 Director's grant to further develop new robotics and automation to enable zebrafish to become the first vertebrate model organism capable of high throughput and ..
  18. Neuroscience Advanced Predoctoral Institutional Training Grant
    Jerome N Sanes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These include non-invasive functional MRI, applications of robotics and neuroprosthetics, advanced electrophysiological recordings, mouse transgenics, behavioral studies, molecular ..
  19. Coding of Auditory Space in the Avian Brain
    JOSE L PENA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..linking biology and engineering, mathematical formulations of brain processes can advance technology related to robotics and neural prosthetics...
  20. FUNCTIONAL PROTEOMICS OF LEUKEMIC MARROW STROMAL CELLS
    Beerelli Seshi; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..R33 Phase: Add high-throughput robotics to the high-resolution 2-D PAGE proteomics established under R21 phase...
  21. Drugging the Undruggable: Targeting Transcription Factors with Small Cyclic Pept
    Joshua A Kritzer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This technique allows tens of millions of CPs to be screened in live cells in a single day without expensive robotics, and provides a rapid route for secondary testing and optimization of hits...
  22. Assessment of serum peptide profiling to detect cancer-specific patterns
    Paul Tempst; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our proposal includes the following initiatives: (1) establish a mirror site at NYU of primary platform A (robotics plus MALDI-TOF MS) in its entirety, followed by comparative performance and reproducibility assessment;(2) ..
  23. CRCNS: Collaborative Research: Model-Based Control of Spreading Depression
    Steven J Schiff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A model-based strategy similar to that used in autonomous robotics such as airframe autolanders is employed...
  24. Establishing Design Criteria and Large Animal Model for Evaluation of ACL Repair
    Jason T Shearn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..this: to measure in vivo knee motions for multiple ADLs in the normal and injured adult sheep knee and then use robotics to simulate these ADLs in the laboratory in order to determine the 3-D ACL force...
  25. Automated Medication Transfer Between a Pharmacy Dispensing System and a Mobile D
    Daniel A Theobald; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Vecna), a market leader in hospital automation, systems integration, and robotics, sees a tremendous opportunity to extend the benefits of automated pharmacy dispensing systems throughout the ..
  26. Screening Device for Differentiated Primary Cell Models of Airway Epithelia
    Robert G Lowery; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The plate includes specialized features for compatibility and ease-of-use with standard liquid handling robotics, and high resolution microscopy...
  27. WU-MDACC Inter-Institutional Molecular Imaging Center
    David Piwnica-Worms; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..imaging scientific resources: the molecular imaging reporter core, chemistry core and high throughput screening robotics core, founded on molecular imaging platforms for readout of a wide range of bio-assays, including siRNA library ..
  28. Engineering Career Development Center in Movement and Rehabilitation Sciences
    DAVID JAY REINKENSMEYER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..long and recognized history in the study of the neurobiology of movement behavior and dysfunction, rehabilitation robotics, sensory-motor neural machine interfaces, and musculoskeletal modeling and dysfunction...
  29. Prone Locomotion in Infants with or at Risk for Disabilities
    HLAPANG A KOLOBE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..provided by applicant): The purpose of the proposed exploratory study is to develop and test an integrated robotics and sensor technology system designed to influence movement learning in infants with cerebral palsy (CP)...
  30. ENGINEERING FOR NEUROLOGIC REHABILITATION
    William Zev Rymer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the auspices of the PIs'current R24 network and under analogous, NIDRR-sponsored research centers supporting robotics research for stroke and other neurological disorders. These core facilities include the following: 1...
  31. A Universal Micromanipulation Robot for Crystallography
    Robert Viola; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..motions required to retrieve a crystal from its incubation well exceed the capabilities of standard industrial robotics. The need to perform these manipulations on crystals submerged in mother liquors with a wide range of viscosities ..
  32. Computational design of protein-based modular small-molecule biosensors
    Tanja Kortemme; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..interface around the target-binding site to stabilize the motif residues in their binding conformation, using robotics-inspired approaches we recently developed...
  33. Training Programs in Systems and Behavioral Neuroscience
    Barry W Connors; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These include noninvasive functional MRI, robotics and neuroprosthetics, manipulations of neuronal genes, sophisticated recording and imaging methods, and ..
  34. Steering Flexible Needles in Soft Tissue
    ALLISON MARIKO OKAMURA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Building on emerging methods in robotics and highly encouraging results obtained under an R21 exploratory grant, we propose to design, prototype, and ..
  35. MULTI IMAGER COMPATIBLE ROBOT FOR PROSTATE ACCESS
    Dan Stoianovici; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This task also demands a quantum leap in the current technology of mechatronic devices and clearly leads medical robotics into the next millennium...
  36. Cerebellar function and rehabilitative strategies
    NASIR HUSAIN BHANPURI; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The investigator will receive training in neuroscience, neurology, mathematics, and robotics in order to conduct this work...
  37. Herpes B Virus: A National Resource Laboratory
    Julia K Hilliard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to perform virological and serological assays during B virus zoonotic outbreaks, 2) design and implement robotics systems to perform testing, 3) Identify recombinant B virus proteins that are immunoreactive with macaque and ..
  38. NRI: Small: Control of Powered Segmented Legs for Humanoid &Rehabilitation Robotic
    Hartmut Geyer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The prevailing control strategy in gait rehabilitation robotics is to enforce predefined motion patterns observed In human locomotion...
  39. Postdoctoral Research, Instruction, and Mentoring Experience (PRIME)
    Allyn C Howlett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..three year training, including tutoring, lecturing, laboratory design and development, guiding students through robotics simulations, leading case-based learning (PBL), and open-source digital teaching tools. 3...
  40. MULTI IMAGER COMPATIBLE ROBOT FOR PROSTATE ACCESS
    Dan Stoianovici; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This task also demands a quantum leap in the current technology of mechatronic devices and clearly leads medical robotics into the next millennium...
  41. CRCNS: Computational Models of Multisensory Processing
    M Alex Meredith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..will contribute to progress toward the ultimate challenge of building artificial systems that perform on par with humans and thus facilitate the development of effective artificial devices for applications in robotics and medicine.
  42. ROBOTICS FOR REHABILITATION THERAPY
    DAVID REINKENSMEYER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The third goal is to test the hypothesis that inclusion of more naturalistic movements and optimal assistance during robotic rehabilitation therapy improves motor outcomes following stroke. ..
  43. Non-Invasive Brain-Signal Training To Induce Motor Control Recovery after Stroke
    Janis J Daly; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..0 hr/day, brain signal training;1.5 hrs/day, FES-assisted and robotics-assisted movement (no brain signal training included);2...
  44. Enabling Nanoliter Membrane Protein Crystallization
    Rustem Ismagilov; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..They will also be compatible with automation and robotics. This technology will have a significant impact on the field of membrane protein crystallization, enabling both ..
  45. HP3JC Motoman Robotic Arm and CombiFlash Automated Chromatography Systems
    Marcie A Glicksman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..An upgraded automated and integrated robotics system will allow for the initial identification of compounds that can be further optimized to be a drug ..
  46. Automated Simultaneous Detection of Bioterrorism Agents
    David Ecker; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..at the CDC, the mass spectrometry detector must be developed on an inexpensive and small sample clean-up, and PCR robotics must be consolidated on a dedicated instrument...
  47. Biomedical Computation Graduate Training at Stanford
    Russ Altman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..1) structural and functional genomics, (2) biomechanical simulation, (3) computer assisted interventions and robotics, (4) image acquisition and processing, (5) computer-assisted instruction and networked education, and (6) ..
  48. Transcranial magnetic stimulus &virtual reality training in neurorehabilitation
    IAN A LAFOND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..aspects of the therapeutic interventions that utilize virtual reality (VR) technology interfaced with arm/hand robotics to provide repetitive and intensive sensorimotor training needed to promote neuroplasticity and functional motor ..
  49. Optimal extracortical electrode placement for brain-controlled neuroprostheses
    STEPHEN FOLDES; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Complex assistive devices, such as neuroprostheses or robotics, require users to generate many commands to control the multidimensional movement of these devices...
  50. Multigrasp Myoelectric Control of a Hand Prosthesis, and Assessment of Efficacy
    Michael Goldfarb; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Recent advances in robotics technology have enabled multigrasp hand prostheses which hold the promise of greatly enhancing functional ..
  51. Creation of a Marine Natural Products Library to Enhance Life Science Research
    Amy E Wright; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..With advances in robotics, High Throughput Screening (HTS) has become the primary approach used worldwide to discover new lead compounds ..
  52. NRI: Small: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Guided Co-Robotic Active Catheter System
    M Cenk Cavusoglu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..intellectual merit of the proposed research comes from the scientific contributions to the individual fields of robotics and medical imaging as well a novl and synergistic integration of the two technologies...
  53. Neural time-integration underlying higher cognitive function
    Alexander C Huk; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A thorough understanding of how the brain performs this "temporal integration" will benefit neurological treatments, as well as inform technical applications involved in the control and design of intelligent prosthetics and robotics.
  54. An integrated x-ray/optical tomography system for preclinical radiation research
    John W Wong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A multi-disciplinary team is formed with expertise in radiation sciences, robotics, optical imaging and manufacturing. Our major industrial partner is Gulmay Medical Ltd...
  55. NRI: Personal Pill Sized Soft Medical Robots for the Gastrointestinal Tract
    Metin Sitti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We hypothesize that combining soft robotics with magnetically actuated robotic capsule endoscopes would enable safe, minimally invasive, multi-functional, ..
  56. Development of a disposable shippable chip for high throughput ion channel screen
    JASON POULOS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and fabricate large array chips containing 48 membranes compatible with industry standard 96 well fluid handling robotics and pipetters...
  57. Molecular Basis for Localization and Activation of Focal Adhesion Kinase
    Stefan T Arold; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Available robotics systems will be used for crystallogenesis of the FERM:FAT complex...
  58. Modeling the Behavioral Dynamics of Social Action and Coordination
    Richard C Schmidt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..on the fields which study social coordination such as cognitive science, social and clinical psychology and robotics by providing researchers with empirical modeling strategies for better apprehending the self-organizing dynamics ..
  59. CT fluoroscopy guided robotically assisted lung biopsy
    Kevin Cleary; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..between the Imaging Science and Information Systems (ISIS) Center at Georgetown University and the Urology Robotics (URobotics) Laboratory at The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions to develop a robotic system for precision needle ..
  60. CT fluoroscopy guided robotically assisted lung biopsy
    Kevin Cleary; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..between the Imaging Science and Information Systems (ISIS) Center at Georgetown University and the Urology Robotics (URobotics) Laboratory at The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions to develop a robotic system for precision needle ..
  61. MIT Center for Environmental Health Sciences
    John M Essigmann; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..spectrometry, accelerator mass spectrometry, transcriptional profiling, Solexa sequencing, bioinformatics and robotics, transgenic and knock out animal production, pathology services, state-of-the-art microscopy and imaging, and ..
  62. High Throughput, Label-Fee Molecular Interaction Platform for Membrane Protein Ta
    SCOT RANDY WEINBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We intend to create novel surface chemistries, sample preparation protocols, system software, and robotics that will be combined with our proprietary molecular interaction detection technology known as Back-scattering ..
  63. Brain plasticity and rehabilitation after stroke
    Steven C Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Currently ongoing projects include the study of robotics to improve motor function after stroke, and the study of genetic variation influences on stroke outcomes...
  64. Technology to Identify and Assay Chemical Genomic Probes
    RONALD WAYNE DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Using our established bioinformatics and robotics infrastructure, we will design the next generation of assays to interrogate the genome's interaction with ..
  65. A compact dose delivery system for proton radiation therapy
    JOHN M CAMERON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..ProCure's focus for this project is to invent a new gantry concept using modern robotics and high temperature superconducting magnets that will greatly reduce the gantry size and mass, the power needed ..
  66. Scanning the Vaccinia Proteome for antiSmallpox Antigens
    David Roth; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..generating >20 micrograms of protein/50 microliter reaction volume, and the TAP system has been placed onto a robotics workstation enabling 384 different purified proteins to be produced and purified in 1 day...
  67. Models and Devices for Coordination Rehabilitation
    Allison Okamura; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..study in which cerebellar patients use these methods will provide design guidelines for future rehabilitation robotics development...
  68. INTEGRATED DNA SEQUENCING SYSTEM
    Stevan Jovanovich; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This module will use robotics to transfer samples from microtiter plates to sample loading ports on a microchip, dock the microchip with ..
  69. COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT: VIRGINIA MASON BAC LIBRARY RESO*
    Chris Amemiya; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Research Center (Seattle) and our new laboratory has been set up with the necessary infrastructure, space, and robotics instruments expressly for performing the type of work prescribed by the RFA...
  70. 454 Life Sciences Massively Parallel System for DNA Sequencing Technology
    Marcel Margulies; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..There is one sample preparation and one amplification process for a whole genome, done without need for robotics, cloning or colony picking, by one individual, in one laboratory...
  71. Mini Bone-Attached Robot for Joint Arthroplasty
    Branislav Jaramaz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    Medical robotics has the potential to revolutionize how surgical procedures on bony anatomy are performed. It can assist surgeons by preparing bones much more accurately than mechanical guides or freehand cutting...
  72. Micro-Robotics for Minimally-Invasive Neurosurgery
    JAMES GOLDIE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    b>Robotics has found a well accepted role in surgical procedures, particularly in laparoscopic procedures where arms can now be used with remote manipulation by a surgeon with direct visual feedback from the laparoscope to dissect, suture, ..
  73. Gestural Interfaces and Robotics for Rehabilitation
    Corinna Lathan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Research Phase I project examines the feasibility of using gestural interfaces technology and interactive robotics to facilitate motor development and functional mobility of children with cerebral palsy...
  74. Micro-Robotics for Minimally-Invasive Neurosurgery
    JAMES GOLDIE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Robotics has found a well accepted role in surgical procedures, particularly in laparoscopic procedures where arms can now be used with remote manipulation by a surgeon with direct visual feedback ..
  75. EFFECT OF ABNORMAL SYNERGIES ON ARM MOVEMENTS IN STROKE
    Julius Dewald; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Zev Rymer, a motor control neuroscientist, and Dr. Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi, who focuses on motor control and robotics. Research plan: The primary objective of the proposed project is to identify and quantify abnormal torque ..
  76. A screen for small molecule inhibitors of soluble Abeta oligomer assembly
    Harry LeVine; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The procedure will be implemented on a Tecan Genesis LiHa/TeMo robotics system at UK. Specific Aim 2...
  77. HIGH THROUGHPUT GENOME ANALYSIS SYSTEM
    William Marzluff; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..expands our current DNA Sequencing Facility by acquisition of a 96-well capillary sequencer plus associated robotics, allowing both high-throughput sequencing as well as genotyping using sequence length polymorphisms as markers...
  78. Robotic Stroke Rehabilitation Using Perceptual Feedback
    Yoky Matsuoka; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..According to recent studies in robotics, robot-assisted stroke rehabilitation enhances arm movement recovery...
  79. An Integrated Open-Access HT Preparative Chromatography System for Molecular Medi
    KARL SCHEIDT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Associated robotics provide for sample preparation/ reformatting, auto sampling, and fraction collection...