volatilization

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Defensive function of herbivore-induced plant volatile emissions in nature
    A Kessler
    Department of Molecular Ecology, Max-Planck-Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena 07745, Germany
    Science 291:2141-4. 2001
  2. pmc Formulation and acoustic studies of a new phase-shift agent for diagnostic and therapeutic ultrasound
    Paul S Sheeran
    Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina and North Carolina State University, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Langmuir 27:10412-20. 2011
  3. pmc Biochemistry of plant volatiles
    Natalia Dudareva
    Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Plant Physiol 135:1893-902. 2004
  4. pmc Differential timing of spider mite-induced direct and indirect defenses in tomato plants
    Merijn R Kant
    Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Department of Plant Physiology, University of Amsterdam, 1098 SM Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Plant Physiol 135:483-95. 2004
  5. pmc Terpenoid metabolism in wild-type and transgenic Arabidopsis plants
    Asaph Aharoni
    Plant Research International, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Plant Cell 15:2866-84. 2003
  6. ncbi Chemical complexity of volatiles from plants induced by multiple attack
    Marcel Dicke
    Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Nat Chem Biol 5:317-24. 2009
  7. ncbi Qualitative and quantitative variation among volatile profiles induced by Tetranychus urticae feeding on plants from various families
    Cindy E M van den Boom
    Phytochemical Section, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Wageningen University, Dreijenplein 8, 6703 HB Wageningen, The Netherlands
    J Chem Ecol 30:69-89. 2004
  8. ncbi Semiochemicals used in host location by the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei
    Esayas Mendesil
    Department of Biological Chemistry, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
    J Chem Ecol 35:944-50. 2009
  9. pmc Biotransformation and volatilization of arsenic by three photosynthetic cyanobacteria
    Xi Xiang Yin
    Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
    Plant Physiol 156:1631-8. 2011
  10. ncbi Long-distance signalling in plant defence
    Martin Heil
    Dpto de Ingeniería Genética, CINVESTAV Irapuato, Km 9 6 Libramiento Norte, CP 36821, Irapuato, Guanajuato, Mexico
    Trends Plant Sci 13:264-72. 2008

Detail Information

Publications327 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Defensive function of herbivore-induced plant volatile emissions in nature
    A Kessler
    Department of Molecular Ecology, Max-Planck-Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena 07745, Germany
    Science 291:2141-4. 2001
    ..As a consequence, a plant could reduce the number of herbivores by more than 90% by releasing volatiles. These results confirm that indirect defenses can operate in nature...
  2. pmc Formulation and acoustic studies of a new phase-shift agent for diagnostic and therapeutic ultrasound
    Paul S Sheeran
    Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina and North Carolina State University, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Langmuir 27:10412-20. 2011
    ..This methodology offers a new means of developing extravascular contrast agents for diagnostic and therapeutic applications...
  3. pmc Biochemistry of plant volatiles
    Natalia Dudareva
    Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Plant Physiol 135:1893-902. 2004
  4. pmc Differential timing of spider mite-induced direct and indirect defenses in tomato plants
    Merijn R Kant
    Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Department of Plant Physiology, University of Amsterdam, 1098 SM Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Plant Physiol 135:483-95. 2004
    ..Our results indicate that tomato activates its indirect defenses (volatile production) to complement the direct defense response against spider mites...
  5. pmc Terpenoid metabolism in wild-type and transgenic Arabidopsis plants
    Asaph Aharoni
    Plant Research International, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Plant Cell 15:2866-84. 2003
    ..This study further demonstrates the value of Arabidopsis for studies of the biosynthesis and ecological role of terpenoids and provides new insights into their metabolism in wild-type and transgenic plants...
  6. ncbi Chemical complexity of volatiles from plants induced by multiple attack
    Marcel Dicke
    Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Nat Chem Biol 5:317-24. 2009
    ....
  7. ncbi Qualitative and quantitative variation among volatile profiles induced by Tetranychus urticae feeding on plants from various families
    Cindy E M van den Boom
    Phytochemical Section, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Wageningen University, Dreijenplein 8, 6703 HB Wageningen, The Netherlands
    J Chem Ecol 30:69-89. 2004
    ..When plant species of the Fabaceae were compared to plant species of the Solanaceae, qualitative differences in spider mite-induced volatile blends seemed to be more prominent in the Fabaceae than in the Solanaceae...
  8. ncbi Semiochemicals used in host location by the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei
    Esayas Mendesil
    Department of Biological Chemistry, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
    J Chem Ecol 35:944-50. 2009
    ..Attraction to the synthetic blend was comparable to that for the natural sample. The significance of the study is discussed in terms of semiochemical based pest management methods of the coffee berry borer...
  9. pmc Biotransformation and volatilization of arsenic by three photosynthetic cyanobacteria
    Xi Xiang Yin
    Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
    Plant Physiol 156:1631-8. 2011
    ..PCC7120) were purified and were shown to methylate arsenite in vitro with trimethylarsine as the end product. Given that ArsM homologs are widespread in cyanobacteria, we propose that they play an important role in As biogeochemistry...
  10. ncbi Long-distance signalling in plant defence
    Martin Heil
    Dpto de Ingeniería Genética, CINVESTAV Irapuato, Km 9 6 Libramiento Norte, CP 36821, Irapuato, Guanajuato, Mexico
    Trends Plant Sci 13:264-72. 2008
    ..We compare the advantages and constraints of vascular and airborne signals for the plant, and discuss how they can act in synergy to achieve optimised resistance in distal plant parts...
  11. ncbi Priming of indirect defences
    Martin Heil
    Ecol Lett 9:813-7. 2006
    ..Plants can use chemical signals in their environment to assess the risk of herbivory and make use of this information to adjust their own defensive strategy accordingly...
  12. pmc Combination of real-value smell and metaphor expression aids yeast detection
    Kouki Fujioka
    International Clinical Research Centre, Research Institute, International Medical Centre of Japan, Tokyo, Japan
    PLoS ONE 4:e7939. 2009
    ..However, unlike information from gas chromatography, it is difficult to compare odour information collected by these devices because they are made for smelling specific smells and their data are relative intensities...
  13. ncbi Priming of plant defense responses in nature by airborne signaling between Artemisia tridentata and Nicotiana attenuata
    Andre Kessler
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, 445 Corson Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Oecologia 148:280-92. 2006
    ..Although we describe priming as a potential mechanism for signaling between plants in nature, we critically discuss the ecological relevance of the particular interaction...
  14. ncbi Angiosperm bark volatiles disrupt response of Douglas-fir beetle, Dendroctonus pseudotsugae, to attractant-baited traps
    D P Huber
    Centre for Environmental Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, V5A 1S6
    J Chem Ecol 27:217-33. 2001
    ..Nonhost angiosperm bark volatiles may have practical utility on their own or in combination with the antiaggregation pheromone 3-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-one (MCH) to protect single trees, logs, or stands from attack by the DFB...
  15. ncbi Recruitment of entomopathogenic nematodes by insect-damaged maize roots
    Sergio Rasmann
    University of Neuchatel, Institute of Zoology, Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Entomology, CP 2, CH 2007 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Nature 434:732-7. 2005
    ..Development of new varieties that release the attractant in adequate amounts should help enhance the efficacy of nematodes as biological control agents against root pests like D. v. virgifera...
  16. ncbi Characterization of a BAHD acyltransferase responsible for producing the green leaf volatile (Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetate in Arabidopsis thaliana
    John C D'Auria
    Department of Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Hans Knoll Strasse 8, D 07745 Jena, Germany
    Plant J 49:194-207. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi Why plant volatile analysis needs bioinformatics--detecting signal from noise in increasingly complex profiles
    N M van Dam
    Netherlands Institute of Ecology NIOO KNAW, Multitrophic Interactions Department, P O Box 40, 6666 ZG Heteren, The Netherlands
    Plant Biol (Stuttg) 10:29-37. 2008
    ..Successful implementation of bioinformatics in VOC research also includes the development of MVA that integrate time-resolved chemical and behavioural analyses, as well as databases that link plant VOCs to their effects on insects...
  18. pmc Multiple biochemical and morphological factors underlie the production of methylketones in tomato trichomes
    Imri Ben-Israel
    Robert H Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
    Plant Physiol 151:1952-64. 2009
    ..Furthermore, heterologous expression of MKS2 in Escherichia coli resulted in the production of methylketones in this host...
  19. pmc Predatory mite attraction to herbivore-induced plant odors is not a consequence of attraction to individual herbivore-induced plant volatiles
    Michiel van Wijk
    Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, 1090 GB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Chem Ecol 34:791-803. 2008
    ..We suggest that predatory mites instead learn to respond to prey-associated mixtures of volatiles and, thus, to odor blends as a whole...
  20. ncbi Priming by airborne signals boosts direct and indirect resistance in maize
    Jurriaan Ton
    Laboratory of Evolutionary Entomology, Institute of Zoology, University of Neuchatel, Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Plant J 49:16-26. 2007
    ..This study shows that VOC-induced priming targets a specific subset of JA-inducible genes, and links these responses at the molecular level to enhanced levels of direct and indirect resistance against insect attack...
  21. ncbi A study of the volatile organic compounds exhaled by lung cancer cells in vitro for breath diagnosis
    Xing Chen
    Biosensor National Special Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of National Education Ministry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou PR China
    Cancer 110:835-44. 2007
    ....
  22. ncbi Natural odor ligands for olfactory receptor neurons of the female mosquito Aedes aegypti: use of gas chromatography-linked single sensillum recordings
    Majid Ghaninia
    SLU, Department of Plant Protection Biology, 230 53 Alnarp, Sweden
    J Exp Biol 211:3020-7. 2008
    ..Electrophysiologically active volatiles from human skin included heptanal, octanal, nonanal and decanal...
  23. ncbi Practical approaches to plant volatile analysis
    Dorothea Tholl
    Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic and State University, Fralin Biotech Center, West Campus Drive, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
    Plant J 45:540-60. 2006
    ..These include headspace analyses of plant VOCs emitted by the whole organism, organs or enzymes as well as advanced on-line analysis methods for simultaneous measurements of VOC emissions with other physiological parameters...
  24. ncbi (Z)-3-Hexenol induces defense genes and downstream metabolites in maize
    Mohamed A Farag
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 1061, USA
    Planta 220:900-9. 2005
    ..These data indicate that (Z)-3-hexenol can serve as a signaling molecule that triggers defense responses in maize and can rapidly be turned over in planta...
  25. pmc Effects of feeding Spodoptera littoralis on lima bean leaves. II. Continuous mechanical wounding resembling insect feeding is sufficient to elicit herbivory-related volatile emission
    Axel Mithofer
    Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, D 07745 Jena, Germany
    Plant Physiol 137:1160-8. 2005
    ....
  26. ncbi The sesquiterpene hydrocarbons of maize (Zea mays) form five groups with distinct developmental and organ-specific distributions
    Tobias G Köllner
    Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Beutenberg Campus, Hans Knoll Strasse 8, D 07745 Jena, Germany
    Phytochemistry 65:1895-902. 2004
    ....
  27. ncbi Caterpillar-induced nocturnal plant volatiles repel conspecific females
    C M De Moraes
    USDA-ARS, CMAVE, PO Box 14565, Gainesville, Florida 32604, USA
    Nature 410:577-80. 2001
    ....
  28. ncbi Antennal electrophysiological responses of three parasitic wasps to caterpillar-induced volatiles from maize (Zea mays mays), cotton (Gossypium herbaceum), and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata)
    Sandrine Gouinguené
    BCH Division, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, UK
    J Chem Ecol 31:1023-38. 2005
    ..These results indicate that wasps are able to detect many odorant compounds released by the plants. It remains to be determined how this information is processed and leads to the specific behavior of the parasitoids...
  29. ncbi C6-Green leaf volatiles trigger local and systemic VOC emissions in tomato
    Mohamed A Farag
    Texas Tech University, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Lubbock, Texas 79409, USA
    Phytochemistry 61:545-54. 2002
    ..Comparative measurements were made between aldehyde doses applied to the plant and levels naturally released from leaves with insect damage...
  30. ncbi Determination of volatile organic compounds in exhaled breath of patients with lung cancer using solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography mass spectrometry
    Magdalena Ligor
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Clin Chem Lab Med 47:550-60. 2009
    ..This might lead to a future diagnostic test for lung cancer...
  31. ncbi Functional characterization of CmCCD1, a carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase from melon
    Mwafaq Ibdah
    Institute of Plant Sciences, Newe Ya ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P O Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
    Phytochemistry 67:1579-89. 2006
    ..Thus, the accumulation of beta-ionone in melon fruit is probably limited by the availability of carotenoid substrate...
  32. pmc Acoustic droplet vaporization for enhancement of thermal ablation by high intensity focused ultrasound
    Man Zhang
    Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, 48109, USA
    Acad Radiol 18:1123-32. 2011
    ..The investigators hypothesized that microbubbles generated by ADV could enhance high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) thermal ablation by controlling and increasing local energy absorption...
  33. ncbi Plant-plant signaling: ethylene synergizes volatile emission in Zea mays induced by exposure to (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol
    Joachim Ruther
    Freie Universitat Berlin, Institute of Biology, Haderslebener Str 9, 12163, Berlin, Germany
    J Chem Ecol 31:2217-22. 2005
    ..We suggest that ethylene plays a synergistic role in plant-plant signaling mediated by green leaf volatiles...
  34. ncbi Response of the aphid parasitoid Aphidius funebris to volatiles from undamaged and aphid-infested Centaurea nigra
    Martín Pareja
    Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Division, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts, AL5 2JQ, UK
    J Chem Ecol 33:695-710. 2007
    ..A. funebris appears to be using a combination of chemical cues to locate host-infested plants...
  35. ncbi Investigation of vaporized submicron perfluorocarbon droplets as an ultrasound contrast agent
    Nikita Reznik
    Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Ultrasound Med Biol 37:1271-9. 2011
    ..These results suggest that submicron perfluorocarbon droplets, activated in situ, may be a candidate for an extravascular ultrasound contrast agent...
  36. ncbi Plasma vaporisation of the prostate: initial clinical results
    Oliver Reich
    Department of Urology, University Hospital Munich Grosshadern, Ludwig Maximilians University, D 81377 Munich, Germany
    Eur Urol 57:693-7. 2010
    ..Laser vaporisation of the prostate has had a considerable impact in recent years. In an attempt to achieve tissue vaporisation with bipolar high-frequency generators, plasma vaporisation was recently introduced...
  37. pmc TURis plasma vaporization in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer--the first Romanian experience with a new technique
    B Geavlete
    St John Clinical Emergency Hospital, Department of Urology, Bucharest, Romania
    J Med Life 3:100-5. 2010
    ..The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a newly introduced endoscopic technique, the bipolar transurethral resection in saline-plasma vaporization of bladder tumors (TURis-PVBT)...
  38. ncbi Volatile communication in plant-aphid interactions
    Martin De Vos
    Keygene N V, P O Box 216, 6700 AE Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 13:366-71. 2010
    ..Although the ecology of these interactions is well-studied, further research is needed to identify the molecular basis of aphid-induced and virus-induced changes in plant volatile release...
  39. pmc Cellular and subcellular localization of S-adenosyl-L-methionine:benzoic acid carboxyl methyltransferase, the enzyme responsible for biosynthesis of the volatile ester methylbenzoate in snapdragon flowers
    N Kolosova
    Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
    Plant Physiol 126:956-64. 2001
    ..The concentration of scent production on flower surfaces that face the pollinators during landing may increase pollination efficiency and also help to minimize the biosynthetic cost of advertising for pollinators...
  40. ncbi TURIS plasma vaporization--initial Romanian experience with a new technology
    B Geavlete
    Sf Ioan Clinical Emergency Hospital, Department of Urology, 13 Vitan Barzesti Street, District 4, Code 042122, Bucharest, Romania
    J Med Life 2:325-32. 2009
    ..IPSS, QoL, Qmax and RV measurements showed significant improvements at the 1 month follow-up...
  41. ncbi Chemical identity of a rotting animal-like odor emitted from the inflorescence of the titan arum (Amorphophallus titanum)
    Mika Shirasu
    Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 74:2550-4. 2010
    ..The main odorant causing the smell during the flower-opening phase was identified as dimethyl trisulfide, a compound with a sulfury odor that has been found to be emitted from some vegetables, microorganisms, and cancerous wounds...
  42. ncbi Enhanced alcohol self-administration after intermittent versus continuous alcohol vapor exposure
    Laura E O'Dell
    Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 28:1676-82. 2004
    ..Ethanol self-administering rats exhibit enhanced responding during withdrawal from continuous exposure to ethanol vapor. This study compared self-administration of ethanol during withdrawal from continuous versus intermittent ethanol vapor...
  43. ncbi Within-plant signalling via volatiles overcomes vascular constraints on systemic signalling and primes responses against herbivores
    Christopher J Frost
    Center for Chemical Ecology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:490-8. 2007
    ....
  44. ncbi Physiological and physicochemical controls on foliar volatile organic compound emissions
    Ulo Niinemets
    Department of Plant Physiology, University of Tartu, Estonia
    Trends Plant Sci 9:180-6. 2004
    ..Because natural conditions always fluctuate, both physiological and physicochemical controls exert a major influence over plant volatile emissions...
  45. ncbi Attraction of a leaf beetle (Oreina cacaliae) to damaged host plants
    N M Kalberer
    Institute de Zoologie, , , Switzerland
    J Chem Ecol 27:647-61. 2001
    ..In the field, the long lasting attraction of flowering P. paradoxus early in the season may facilitate mating in O. cacaliae after a successful overwintering...
  46. ncbi Herbivore-induced volatiles in the perennial shrub, Vaccinium corymbosum, and their role in inter-branch signaling
    Cesar R Rodriguez-Saona
    Department of Entomology, PE Marucci Blueberry and Cranberry Center, Rutgers University, Chatsworth, NJ 08019, USA
    J Chem Ecol 35:163-75. 2009
    ..Blueberry plants appear to rely on HIPVs as external signals for inter-branch communication...
  47. ncbi Chemical analysis of volatiles emitted by Pinus svlvestris after induction by insect oviposition
    Roland Mumm
    Institute of Biology, Freie Universitat Berlin, Haderslebener Str 9, 12163 Berlin, Germany
    J Chem Ecol 29:1235-52. 2003
    ..The release of terpenoids by pine after wounding, egg deposition, and JA treatment is discussed with special respect to (E)-beta-farnesene...
  48. ncbi The role of methyl salicylate in prey searching behavior of the predatory mite phytoseiulus persimilis
    Jetske G de Boer
    Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, PO Box 8031, NL 6700 EH Wageningen, The Netherlands
    J Chem Ecol 30:255-71. 2004
    ..This study is a new step toward unraveling the role of herbivore-induced plant volatiles in the foraging behavior of predatory arthropods...
  49. ncbi The influence of intact-plant and excised-leaf bioassay designs on volicitin- and jasmonic acid-induced sesquiterpene volatile release in Zea mays
    E A Schmelz
    Center of Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
    Planta 214:171-9. 2001
    ..The large quantitative differences between intact plants and detached leaves suggest that the results of assays using excised tissues should be cautiously interpreted when considering intact-plant models...
  50. pmc A novel approach for nontargeted data analysis for metabolomics. Large-scale profiling of tomato fruit volatiles
    Yury Tikunov
    Centre for BioSystems Genomics, 6700 AB Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Plant Physiol 139:1125-37. 2005
    ..The approach chosen will further enhance the comprehensiveness of GC-MS-based metabolomics approaches and will therefore prove a useful addition to nontargeted functional genomics research...
  51. ncbi Below-ground plant parts emit herbivore-induced volatiles: olfactory responses of a predatory mite to tulip bulbs infested by rust mites
    N S Aratchige
    Section Population Biology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan, SM Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Exp Appl Acarol 33:21-30. 2004
    ..cucumeris. Since bulbs are belowground plant structures, the olfactometer results demonstrate the potential for odour-mediated interactions in the soil. However, their importance in the actual soil medium remains to be demonstrated...
  52. pmc Reduction of benzenoid synthesis in petunia flowers reveals multiple pathways to benzoic acid and enhancement in auxin transport
    Irina Orlova
    Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA
    Plant Cell 18:3458-75. 2006
    ..This suggests that BPBT is involved in metabolic processes in vegetative tissues as well...
  53. pmc Induction of volatile terpene biosynthesis and diurnal emission by methyl jasmonate in foliage of Norway spruce
    Diane M Martin
    Biotechnology Laboratory, University of British Columbia, 6174 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z3
    Plant Physiol 132:1586-99. 2003
    ..Based on precedents in other species, the induced emission of terpenes from Norway spruce foliage may have ecological and physiological significance...
  54. ncbi The efficiency and stability of bubble formation by acoustic vaporization of submicron perfluorocarbon droplets
    Nikita Reznik
    Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Ultrasonics 53:1368-76. 2013
    ....
  55. ncbi Wound-induced green leaf volatiles cause the release of acetylated derivatives and a terpenoid in maize
    Zeng Guang Yan
    State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, 25 Beisihuanxi Road, Haidian, Beijing 100080, China
    Phytochemistry 67:34-42. 2006
    ....
  56. ncbi Dispensing synthetic green leaf volatiles in maize fields increases the release of sesquiterpenes by the plants, but has little effect on the attraction of pest and beneficial insects
    Georg von Mérey
    Laboratory of Fundamental and Applied Research in Chemical Ecology FARCE, Institute of Biology, University of Neuchatel, Emile Argand 11, C P 158, 2009 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Phytochemistry 72:1838-47. 2011
    ..The results are discussed in the context of strategies to improve biological control by enhancing plant-mediated attraction of natural enemies...
  57. ncbi Stir bar sorptive extraction: a new quantitative and comprehensive sampling technique for determination of chemical signal profiles from biological media
    Helena A Soini
    Department of Chemistry, Institute for Pheromone Research Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    J Chem Ecol 31:377-92. 2005
    ..Its analytical merits are compared with those of the previously established purge-and-trap (dynamic headspace) technique...
  58. ncbi The role of gas in ultrasonically driven vapor bubble growth
    Oleksandr Shpak
    Physics of Fluids Group, Mira Institute of Biomedical Technology and Technical Medicine, University of Twente, PO Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
    Phys Med Biol 58:2523-35. 2013
    ..We compare the numerical results with the experimental data and find good agreement. We underline the fundamental role of gas diffusion in order to prevent total recondensation of the bubble at collapse...
  59. pmc In vivo microscopy of targeted vessel occlusion employing acoustic droplet vaporization
    Stanley Samuel
    Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Microcirculation 19:501-9. 2012
    ..We wanted to provide the first optical documentation of ADV, lodged bubbles, or vessel occlusion in vivo...
  60. ncbi Identification of human-derived volatile chemicals that interfere with attraction of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes
    James G Logan
    Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, UK
    J Chem Ecol 34:308-22. 2008
    ..Thus, unattractiveness of individuals may result from a repellent, or attractant "masking," mechanism...
  61. ncbi The scent of bacteria: headspace analysis for the discovery of natural products
    Christian A Citron
    Institute of Organic Chemistry, Technical University of Braunschweig, Hagenring 30, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
    J Nat Prod 75:1765-76. 2012
    ..Furthermore, several streptomycetes emitted compounds that were previously recognized as insect pheromones, thus questioning if bacterial symbionts are involved in insect communication...
  62. ncbi Efficiency of urease and nitrification inhibitors in reducing ammonia volatilization from diverse nitrogen fertilizers applied to different soil types and wheat straw mulching
    Sara San Francisco
    CIPAV TAI Roullier Group, Polígono Arazuri Orkoien, 31160 Orkoien, Spain
    J Sci Food Agric 91:1569-75. 2011
    ..characteristics on the efficiency of a urease inhibitor (N-(n-butyl)thiophosphoric triamide, NBPT) and a nitrification inhibitor (diciandiamide, DCD) in decreasing ammonia volatilization from urea and ammonium nitrate (AN), respectively.
  63. ncbi Ultrasound-mediated cavitation thresholds of liquid perfluorocarbon droplets in vitro
    Tonia Giesecke
    Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ultrasound Med Biol 29:1359-65. 2003
    ..The results indicate that the physical properties of these droplets are such that they may be useful for localized US therapies...
  64. pmc Towards aberration correction of transcranial ultrasound using acoustic droplet vaporization
    Kevin J Haworth
    Department of Radiology and the Applied Physics Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Ultrasound Med Biol 34:435-45. 2008
    ..9 +/- 0.3 in an introduced focusing factor. This is a small fraction of the gain anticipated from complete transmit-receive of a fully-populated two-dimensional array with sub-wavelength elements. (E-mail: khaworth@umich.edu)...
  65. pmc The limitations on organic detection in Mars-like soils by thermal volatilization-gas chromatography-MS and their implications for the Viking results
    Rafael Navarro-González
    Laboratorio de Quimica de Plasmas y Estudios Planetarios, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, P O Box 70 543, 04510 Mexico D F, Mexico
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:16089-94. 2006
    The failure of Viking Lander thermal volatilization (TV) (without or with thermal degradation)-gas chromatography (GC)-MS experiments to detect organics suggests chemical rather than biological interpretations for the reactivity of the ..
  66. pmc Effects of feeding Spodoptera littoralis on lima bean leaves: IV. Diurnal and nocturnal damage differentially initiate plant volatile emission
    Gen Ichiro Arimura
    Department of Bioorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany
    Plant Physiol 146:965-73. 2008
    ..In summary, damage-dependent JA levels directly control the expression level of PlOS, regardless of light or dark conditions, and photosynthesis is the major source for the early precursors of the 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-P pathway...
  67. ncbi Volatilization of ammonia from manure as affected by manure additives, temperature and mixing
    B Van der Stelt
    Department of Soil Quality, Wageningen University, P O Box 8005, 6700 EC Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Bioresour Technol 98:3449-55. 2007
    Ammonia (NH(3)) volatilization decreases the N-nutrient value of livestock manure slurries and can lead to soil acidification and eutrophication problems...
  68. ncbi Ammonia volatilization from a paddy field following applications of urea: rice plants are both an absorber and an emitter for atmospheric ammonia
    Kentaro Hayashi
    Carbon and Nutrients Cycles Division, National Institute for Agro Environmental Sciences, 3 1 3, Kan nondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8604, Japan
    Sci Total Environ 390:485-94. 2008
    Ammonia (NH(3)) volatilization from a paddy field following applications of urea was measured. Two lysimeters of Gray Lowland soil with a pH (H(2)O) of 5.7 were used for the experiment...
  69. ncbi Intracellular acoustic droplet vaporization in a single peritoneal macrophage for drug delivery applications
    Shih Tsung Kang
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, 101, Section 2, Kuang Fu Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30013
    Langmuir 27:13183-8. 2011
    ..Macrophages can be potential carriers transporting PFP droplets to avascular and hypoxic regions in tumors for ultrasound-controlled drug release and ADV-based tumor therapies...
  70. ncbi Soil moisture and metolachlor volatilization observations over three years
    Timothy J Gish
    USDA ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, Beltsville, MD, USA
    J Environ Qual 38:1785-95. 2009
    ..soil water content on metolachlor (2-chloro-N-(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)-N-(2-methoxy-1-methylethyl) acetamide) volatilization from a field with different surface soil water regimes created by subsurface water flow paths...
  71. ncbi Optical studies of vaporization and stability of fluorescently labelled perfluorocarbon droplets
    Nikita Reznik
    Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Phys Med Biol 57:7205-17. 2012
    ..These results provide direct evidence of droplet encapsulation post-vaporization, and suggest that the behaviour of the vaporized droplets is strongly dependent on the choice of the stabilizing material for the emulsion...
  72. ncbi Volatile secretions and epicuticular hydrocarbons of the beetle Ulomoides dermestoides
    M Luciana Villaverde
    Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de La Plata CCT La Plata CONICET UNLP, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
    Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 154:381-6. 2009
    ..n-pentacosane (C(25:0)) and 9,11-pentacosadiene (9,11-C(25:2)) were the most abundant components, representing more than 40% of the cuticular hydrocarbons...
  73. ncbi Gaseous mercury emissions from unsterilized and sterilized soils: the effect of temperature and UV radiation
    Hyun Deok Choi
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Clarkson University, 8 Clarkson Avenue, Potsdam, NY 13699 5710, USA
    Environ Pollut 157:1673-8. 2009
    ..Overall these results indicate that for these soils biotic processes have a relatively constant and smaller influence on the Hg emission from the soil than the more variable abiotic processes...
  74. ncbi Phase-change contrast agents for imaging and therapy
    Paul S Sheeran
    Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 27599, USA
    Curr Pharm Des 18:2152-65. 2012
    ..Factors that influence the design of PCCAs are discussed, as well as the need for future studies to characterize potential bioeffects for administration in humans and optimization of ultrasound parameters...
  75. ncbi Changes in physicochemical characteristics and volatile constituents of yellow- and white-fleshed nectarines during maturation and artificial ripening
    Christophe Aubert
    Centre Technique Interprofessionnel des Fruits et Légumes, route de Mollégès, 13210 Saint Rémy de Provence, France
    J Agric Food Chem 51:3083-91. 2003
    ..However, in the latter the levels of SS and the SS/TA ratio were very close to those observed in the initial unripe samples and significantly lower than those observed in tree-ripe nectarines...
  76. pmc Arsenic biotransformation and volatilization in transgenic rice
    Xiang yan Meng
    Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    New Phytol 191:49-56. 2011
    ..The present study demonstrates that expression of an arsM gene in rice induces arsenic methylation and volatilization, theoretically providing a potential stratagem for phytoremediation.
  77. pmc Biosynthesis of plant volatiles: nature's diversity and ingenuity
    Eran Pichersky
    Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, 830 North University Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Science 311:808-11. 2006
    ..Convergent evolution is often responsible for the ability of distally related species to synthesize the same volatile...
  78. ncbi [Mitigation effect of several controlled-release N fertilizers on ammonia volatilization and related affecting factors]
    Kejun Sun
    College of Resources and Environment, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China
    Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 15:2347-50. 2004
    ..The results showed that under the application rate of 450 mg x kg(-1), total ammonia volatilization from three controlled-release fertilizers decreased by 49.7%, 28.0% and 71...
  79. ncbi Effect of needle damage on the release rate of Masson pine (Pinus massoniana) volatiles
    Jian Wei Su
    State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, People s Republic of China
    J Plant Res 122:193-200. 2009
    ....
  80. ncbi Effect of ethanol, temperature, and gas flow rate on volatile release from aqueous solutions under dynamic headspace dilution conditions
    Maroussa Tsachaki
    Samworth Flavor Laboratory, Division of Food Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, United Kingdom
    J Agric Food Chem 56:5308-15. 2008
    ....
  81. ncbi Suitability of Tedlar gas sampling bags for siloxane quantification in landfill gas
    M Ajhar
    Aachener Verfahrenstechnik, Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Turmstr 46, 52064 Aachen, Germany
    Talanta 82:92-8. 2010
    ..The method is therefore well applicable to biogas, greatly facilitating sampling in comparison with other common techniques involving siloxane enrichment using sorption media...
  82. ncbi Analytical studies on illicit heroin. V. Efficacy of volatilization during heroin smoking
    H Huizer
    Forensic Science Laboratory, Ministry of Justice, Rijswijk, The Netherlands
    Pharm Weekbl Sci 9:203-11. 1987
    ..The efficiency of the volatilization of heroin using this procedure was studied under laboratory conditions using thin layer chromatography, gas ..
  83. ncbi Ammonia volatilization from surface-applied poultry litter under conservation tillage management practices
    R R Sharpe
    Southern Piedmont Conservation Research Unit, USDA ARS, 1420 Experiment Station Road, Watkinsville, GA 30677, USA
    J Environ Qual 33:1183-8. 2004
    ..application of poultry litter can provide essential plant nutrients for crop production, but ammonia (NH(3)) volatilization from the litter can be detrimental to the environment...
  84. ncbi Selenium volatilization in vegetated agricultural drainage sediment from the San Luis Drain, Central California
    G S Banuelos
    USDA ARS, Water Management Research Laboratory, Parlier, CA 93648, USA
    Chemosphere 60:1203-13. 2005
    ..Highest concentrations of Se, S, and Cl were observed in wild-type Brassica. Biogenic volatilization of Se by plants and soil microbes was greater in summer...
  85. ncbi Vaporization of prostates of > or =80 mL using a potassium-titanyl-phosphate laser: midterm-results and comparison with prostates of <80 mL
    Jesco Pfitzenmaier
    Department of Urology, Medical Center, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    BJU Int 102:322-7. 2008
    ..To compare the safety and outcome of potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) Greenlight (Laserscope, AMS, Minnetonka, MN, USA) vaporization for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in prostates of > or =80 vs <80 mL...
  86. ncbi Effect of UV radiation and temperature on mineralization and volatilization of coumaphos in water
    Tanu Jindal
    Department of Zoology, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
    J Environ Sci Health B 42:367-72. 2007
    ..22 degrees C, 37 degrees C and 53 degrees C in closed systems to study the effect of temperature. Volatilization, mineralization and degradation of coumaphos increased with an increase in temperature and exposure to solar ..
  87. ncbi Induction of volatile emissions in maize by different larval instars of Spodoptera littoralis
    Sandrine Gouinguené
    University of Neuchatel, Institute of Zoology, Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Entomology, C P 2, CH 2007 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    J Chem Ecol 29:145-62. 2003
    ..littoralis provide parasitoids with poor information on the larval developmental stage. We discuss the results in the context of variability and lack of specificity in odorous plant signals...
  88. pmc Disulfooxy fatty acids from the American bird grasshopper Schistocerca americana, elicitors of plant volatiles
    Hans T Alborn
    Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture, 1600 1700 Southwest 23rd Drive, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:12976-81. 2007
    ..This adds a category of insect herbivore-produced elicitors of plant responses, providing further evidence of the ability of plants to detect and respond to a broad range of insect herbivore-produced compounds...
  89. ncbi Volatile composition of coffee berries at different stages of ripeness and their possible attraction to the coffee berry borer Hypothenemus hampei (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
    Américo Ortiz
    Centro Nacional de Investigaciones de Café Cenicafé, Chinchina, Caldas, Colombia
    J Agric Food Chem 52:5914-8. 2004
    ..The presence of ethanol and other alcohols in the volatile composition might explain the effectiveness of using traps with mixed alcohols for detection and capture of coffee berry borers...
  90. ncbi On the acoustic vaporization of micrometer-sized droplets
    Oliver D Kripfgans
    Applied Physics Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 1120, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 116:272-81. 2004
    ..Smaller droplets required more acoustic intensity for vaporization than larger droplets, which is consistent with other experiments on emulsions...
  91. ncbi Volatile emissions triggered by multiple herbivore damage: beet armyworm and whitefly feeding on cotton plants
    Cesar Rodriguez-Saona
    USDA ARS, Western Cotton Research Laboratory, Phoenix, Arizona 85040, USA
    J Chem Ecol 29:2539-50. 2003
    ..Possible mechanisms by which the presence of whiteflies may attenuate volatile emissions from caterpillar-damaged cotton plants are discussed...
  92. ncbi Simultaneous feeding by aboveground and belowground herbivores attenuates plant-mediated attraction of their respective natural enemies
    Sergio Rasmann
    Evolutionary Entomology, Institute of Zoology, University of Neuchatel, Rue Emile Argand 11, CP 158, CH 2009 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Ecol Lett 10:926-36. 2007
    ..This first study to measure effects of belowground herbivory on aboveground tritrophic signalling and vice-versa reemphasizes the important role of plants in bridging interactions between spatially distinct components of the ecosystem...
  93. ncbi Emission of di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate from PVC flooring into air and uptake in dust: emission and sorption experiments in FLEC and CLIMPAQ
    Per Axel Clausen
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark
    Environ Sci Technol 38:2531-7. 2004
    ..About one-half of the emitted DEHP was deposited on the internal surfaces of both the FLEC and the CLIMPAQ...
  94. ncbi Volatile signaling in plant-plant interactions: "talking trees" in the genomics era
    Ian T Baldwin
    Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Hans Knoll Strasse 8, Jena 07745, Germany
    Science 311:812-5. 2006
    ..Such plants, together with advances in VOC analytical instrumentation, will allow researchers to determine whether fluency enhances the fitness of plants in natural communities...
  95. ncbi In situ modification of herbivore-induced plant odors: a novel approach to study the attractiveness of volatile organic compounds to parasitic wasps
    Marco D'Alessandro
    Laboratory of Evolutionary Entomology, Institute of Zoology, University of Neuchatel, Case Postale 2, CH 2007 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Chem Senses 30:739-53. 2005
    ..Advantages and disadvantages compared to other approaches are discussed...
  96. ncbi An electronic nose in the discrimination of patients with asthma and controls
    Silvano Dragonieri
    Department of Pulmonology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 120:856-62. 2007
    ..Exhaled breath contains thousands of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that could serve as biomarkers of lung disease. Electronic noses can distinguish VOC mixtures by pattern recognition...
  97. ncbi Encoding social signals in the mouse main olfactory bulb
    Da Yu Lin
    HHMI and Department of Neurobiology, Box 3209, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Nature 434:470-7. 2005
    ..We conclude that mitral cells represent natural odorant stimuli by acting as selective feature detectors, and that their activation is largely independent of the presence of other components in the olfactory stimulus...
  98. ncbi Behavioral and neurophysiological responses of an insect to changing ratios of constituents in host plant-derived volatile mixtures
    A J Najar-Rodriguez
    ETH Zurich, Institute of Plant, Animal and Agroecosystem Sciences Applied Entomology, Schmelzbergstrasse 9 LFO, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Exp Biol 213:3388-97. 2010
    ..Thus, final processing of this information probably takes place in higher-order brain centers...
  99. ncbi Direct defense or ecological costs: responses of herbivorous beetles to volatiles released by wild Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus)
    Martin Heil
    Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Dept of Bioorganic Chemistry, Beurenberg Campus, Hans Knöll Str 8, D 07745 Jena, Germany
    J Chem Ecol 30:1289-95. 2004
    ..Whether or not HIPV released by induced plants attracted herbivorous Curculionidae, thus incurring ecological costs, varied among plants. Such differences could be related to various HIPV blends released by individual plants...
  100. ncbi The role of fresh versus old leaf damage in the attraction of parasitic wasps to herbivore-induced maize volatiles
    Maria Elena Hoballah
    Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Altenbergrain 21, 3013, Bern, Switzerland
    J Chem Ecol 31:2003-18. 2005
    ..The results demonstrate the complexity of the use of plant volatiles by parasitoids and show that different parasitoid species have evolved different strategies to exploit these signals...
  101. ncbi Investigation of bound aroma constituents of yellow-fleshed nectarines (Prunus persica L. Cv. Springbright). changes in bound aroma profile during maturation
    Christophe Aubert
    Centre Technique Interprofessionnel des Fruits et Légumes, route de Mollégès, 13210 Saint Rémy de Provence, France
    J Agric Food Chem 51:6280-6. 2003
    ..delta-Decalactone was the only lactone found in the enzymatic hydrolysate of yellow-fleshed nectarine, but its level was much lower than that of its free form...

Research Grants57

  1. ULTRAMICROANALYSIS OF PROSTAGLANDINS & RELATED COMPOUNDS
    ORVILLE PRIVETT; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..b>Volatilization is effected by evaporation if the compounds are volatile or by converting them to hydrocarbons by reductive ..
  2. Molecular Boundaries For Trigeminal Chemosensory Impact
    J Cometto Muniz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. CHEMICAL SENSORY IRRITATION: CONTRAST WITH OLFACTION
    J Enrique Cometto Muniz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The outcome will allow us to make inferences about the relative breadth of chemical tuning in human olfaction and chemesthesis. ..
  4. Wearable Organic Electric Film RFID Sensors for Monitoring of Airborne Toxicants
    Radislav A Potyrailo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This new sensing approach will provide a wearable, cost-effective, selective sensor for de- tection of toxic volatile species. ..
  5. Diesel Exhaust Particle Modulation of Inflammation
    Jeanclare Seagrave; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  6. Isocyanate Antigens and T-cells that Cause Asthma
    ADAM WISNEWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Together the results should provide significant insights into the pathogenesis of diisocyanate asthma. ..
  7. New Serodiagnostics for Isocyanate Exposure, A Major Cause of Occupational Asthma
    ADAM WISNEWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Human Lung gamma/delta T cells, Antigens and Functions
    ADAM WISNEWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of these experiments should provide important insights into the role of airway mucosal gamma/delta T cells in maintaining human pulmonary immune homeostasis. ..
  9. Nasal dosimetry of diacetyl and butyric acid vapors
    John Morris; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  10. Lead Exposure, HPA Axis Dysfunction, and Blood Pressure: Hypertension Risk
    Nancy Fiedler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Solvent Exposure: Functional Imaging and Behavior
    Nancy Fiedler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. CLINICAL AND FUNDAMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY
    Andrew Saxon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. VOLATILE MARKERS OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN THE BREATH
    Michael Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Also, it could potentially reduce the mortality and morbidity caused by pulmonary TB. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. RISK FACTORS FOR ALCOHOLISM IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The identification of such variables may potentially be useful in the development of specific prevention and treatment programs for this population as well as other Native American tribes. ..
  15. High-Speed Optical Imaging for Medical Diagnosis and Therapy
    OLIVER KRIPFGANS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This camera is able to record images of these examinations and help us to better understand how to improve diagnosis and treatment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Sonothrombolysis of Vascular Clots with Targeted Bubbles
    Evan Unger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Furthermore, ultrasound mediated therapies will provide affordable treatments that can be used in small hospitals and emergency rooms where expensive treatment is prohibitive. ..
  17. THE BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF PHENCYCLIDINE
    Robert L Balster; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The presence of PCP-like side effects and abuse liability will seriously limit the therapeutic usefulness of glutamate antagonists, so knowing how to predict them from animal studies is essential. ..
  18. Linking Breast Cancer Advocacy and Environmental Justice
    Julia Brody; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  19. Effects of Personal Exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds on Liver Function
    Tiejian Wu; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If the effect of background exposure on liver function is identified, then regulation can be used to reduce the exposures implicated. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Development and validation of a woodsmoke biomarker in urine
    Christopher Simpson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. ADOLESCENT MARIJUANA USE IN NATIVE AMERICANS
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Neurobehavioral Consequences of Adolescent Alcohol
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..AIM 3: To investigate the neurochemical substrates underlying the lasting neurobehavioral consequences of adolescent ethanol exposure, with a focus on NMDA systems ..
  23. The 17th Annual Conference of the International Society of Exposure of Analysis
    Clifford Weisel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The primary outcome of the meeting will be the advancement of knowledge of human exposure science. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Effects of Ethanol Exposure on Mesolimbic Dopamine
    EVGENY BUDYGIN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In any case, the results of this study will provide valuable information on the modulation of dopaminergic neurotransmission by chronic ethanol. ..
  25. Biological Monitoring of Woodsmoke exposure
    Christopher Simpson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This proposed study addresses NORA research priorities related to asthma and COPD, exposure assessment methods and control technology/personal protective equipment. ..
  26. MEIBOMIAN KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS
    James McCulley; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Methods include non-destructive HPLC as well as GC-MS to analyze patient meibum, and standard lipid mixtures based on the composition of patient meibum for physical measurements. ..
  27. A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF LEAD EXPOSURE AND DENTAL CARIES
    Gene Watson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Conference-International Society of Exposure Analysis
    John Kissel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Ethanol Discrimination in Transgenic Mice
    KEITH SHELTON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..background to the ethanol's discriminative ctimnlnc effects. ..
  30. GEOGRAPHIC MODELING OF TRAFFIC AND ASTHMA RATES
    MARY GORDIAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Using this approach will increase the power of the study to examine the relationship between proximity to traffic and the incidence of asthma in young children. ..
  31. CASA PIA STUDY OF DENTAL AMALGAMS IN CHILDREN
    Timothy Derouen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. Placed Beacons for Time Reversal Aberration Correction
    OLIVER KRIPFGANS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The pressure threshold for the onset of lesions will be determined after aberration correction. Upon positive outcome of the in vivo section we will design a clinical study for in human application of this methodology. ..
  33. IDENTIFICATION OF RECEPTOR SPECIFIC OPIOID LIGANDS
    Richard Houghten; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  34. PHEROMONES--IDENTIFICATION/BIOCHEMICAL STUDIES
    Milos Novotny; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Understanding the aspects of chemical communication in the species could also be important in a population control of wild rodents. ..
  35. In Vivo Screening of Mixture-Based Combinatorial Libraries
    Richard Houghten; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If successful, the direct in vivo testing of mixture-based combinatorial libraries will advance not only pain modulation, but biomedical research and the drug discovery process in general. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Impact of Environmental Pollutants on Breast Cancer and*
    Julia Brody; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Risk Factors for Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS)
    Julia Brody; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study builds on the Cape Cod Breast Cancer and Environment Study of invasive breast cancer and additional grants that currently support the proposed study of DCIS. ..
  38. Evaluation of urinary 1-nitropyrene metabolities as a biomarker for exposure to d
    Christopher Simpson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. The Contact Lens and Dry Eye Study
    Jason Nichols; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-term objective of this research is to contribute to a better understanding of the etiology and risk factors for contact lens-related dry eye so that progress can be made toward its prevention. ..
  40. VOLATILE MARKERS OF ORAL MALODOR IN THE BREATH
    Michael Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  41. XENOBIOTICS AND ALLERGIC INFLAMMATION
    Andrew Saxon; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The projects are supported by a DEP collection and fractionation core, a mouse core, and a administrative, patient and sample coordination core. ..
  42. Alcoholism risk and protective factors in Trinidad
    Cindy Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Study findings can be compared to similar studies being conducted in the US. We believe these studies will allow for the identification of risk and protective factors for alcoholism in these islands. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. Treatment and Gene/Protein Analysis of Ethanol Relapse
    Howard Becker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  44. Allergy Therapy with Chimeric Human Ig Proteins
    Andrew Saxon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Further, understanding of the mechanisms underlying the control of activating receptors by inhibitory receptors will have broad reaching implications for the manipulation the immune response. ..
  45. Medicinal Inorganic Chemistry ACS Symposium F-2003
    Jonathan Sessler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It is thus expected that the present MIC-ACS symposium will afford a unique opportunity to develop further growth in a field of study that is rich in opportunity and central to the NIH mission. ..
  46. Temporal Integration in Nasal Lateralization
    Paul Wise; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. TANDEM TIME-OF-FLIGHT FOR PROTEOMICS ANALYSIS
    Robert Cotter; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This technology is expected to bring high performance and tandem capabilities to a simple, compact instrument that can be utilized in proteomics research. ..
  48. Purchase of a Linear Ion Trap/Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometer
    Robert Cotter; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The instrument will be housed in and managed by the Middle Atlantic Mass Spectrometry Laboratory and operated by four individuals representing the Major Users and collaborators. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. ANESTHETIC RENAL METABOLISM--MECHANISMS AND CONSEQUENCES
    Evan Kharasch; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..More broadly, resulting biochemical and clinical insights will be applicable to the numerous other nephrotoxic haloalkenes that are ubiquitous environmental contaminants. ..
  50. BEHAVIORAL PHARMACOLOGY OF ABUSED SOLVENTS
    Robert Balster; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Information on the behavioral effects and abuse liability of solvents may allow manufacturers to reformulate products to reduce their abuse. ..
  51. SPECTROSCOPIC AND RELATED STUDIES ON LENS MEMBRANE LIPID
    Douglas Borchman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..An understanding of these alterations will facilitate the development of therapies to prevent or perhaps even reverse these changes. ..
  52. Novel noninvasive assessment of cytochrome P450 activity
    Evan Kharasch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This approach may identify inter-individual variability in drug disposition and response;permit more individualized dosing, and reduces the cost of drug interaction studies. ..