Summary: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
Publications231 found, 100 shown here
- Teenagers at risk of unintended pregnancy: identification of practical risk markers for use in general practice from a retrospective analysis of case records in the United KingdomDick Churchill
Division of General Practice, University of Nottingham Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, United Kingdom
Int J Adolesc Med Health 14:153-60. 2002..The findings from this study may assist primary care professionals in focussing opportunistic sexual health interventions at some teenagers who are at higher risk of unintended pregnancy...
- Repeat use of contraceptive crisis services among adolescent womenJ Meyrick
Health Development Agency, London, UK
J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 27:33-6. 2001....
- Intimate partner violence and unwanted pregnancy, miscarriage, induced abortion, and stillbirth among a national sample of Bangladeshi womenJ G Silverman
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
BJOG 114:1246-52. 2007..and sexual victimisation from husbands among a national sample of Bangladeshi women, (2) associations of unwanted pregnancy and experiences of husband violence, and (3) associations of miscarriage, induced abortion, and fetal death/..
- Domestic violence, contraceptive use, and unwanted pregnancy in rural IndiaRob Stephenson
Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Stud Fam Plann 39:177-86. 2008This study examines the relationship between male-to-female physical domestic violence and unwanted pregnancy among women in three economically and culturally diverse areas of India...
- Unwanted pregnancy and associated factors among Nigerian womenGilda Sedgh
Guttmacher Institute, New York, NY, USA
Int Fam Plan Perspect 32:175-84. 2006Many Nigerian women experience unwanted pregnancies. To prevent associated health problems, it is important to understand the factors related to unwanted pregnancy in Nigeria.
- Perspectives of adolescent boys on the risks of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections: KenyaC Nzioka
Department of Sociology, University of Nairobi, PO Box 30197, Nairobi, Kenya
Reprod Health Matters 9:108-17. 2001..perspectives of adolescent boys aged 15-19 attending schools in rural, eastern Kenya on the dual risks of unwanted pregnancy, STDs and HIV, based on qualitative data from eight focus group discussions with 90 boys...
- Early initiation of sexual activity: a risk factor for sexually transmitted diseases, HIV infection, and unwanted pregnancy among university students in ChinaQiaoqin Ma
Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, PR China
BMC Public Health 9:111. 2009..To explore any association between the timing of the initiation of sexual activity and sexual behaviors and risks among university students in China...
- Spanish population at risk of unwanted pregnancy: results of a national surveyI Lete
The DAPHNE Team, Schering, Spain
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 8:75-9. 2003We performed a personal survey in 2218 Spanish women aged from 15 to 49 years to establish the contraceptive methods used by this population and to determine the number of Spanish women of childbearing age exposed to unwanted pregnancy.
- The closer you are, the better you understand: the reaction of Brazilian obstetrician-gynaecologists to unwanted pregnancyAnibal Faundes
Center for Maternal Child Research of Campinas, Cemicamp, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Reprod Health Matters 12:47-56. 2004..personal opinion with respect to abortion and their private decision when confronted personally with an unwanted pregnancy or with a request for abortion from a patient or relative...
- Unwanted pregnancy on self-medication with St John's wort despite hormonal contraceptionUte I Schwarz
Br J Clin Pharmacol 55:112-3. 2003
- Factors associated with contraceptive nonuse among US women ages 35-44 years at risk of unwanted pregnancyKristen Upson
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Contraception 81:427-34. 2010..Women ages 35 years and older have the greatest proportion of contraceptive nonuse and unintended pregnancies ending in abortion...
- Domestic violence as risk factor for unwanted pregnancy and induced abortion in Mulago Hospital, Kampala, UgandaDan K Kaye
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Makerere University Medical School, Kampala, Uganda
Trop Med Int Health 11:90-101. 2006..To compare pregnancy intention and domestic violence among women with induced and spontaneous abortion...
- Sexual stigma, sexual behaviors, and abstinence among Vietnamese adolescents: implications for risk and protective behaviors for HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and unwanted pregnancyLinda M Kaljee
Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland, MD, USA
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 18:48-59. 2007....
- Safe abortion for HIV-positive women with unwanted pregnancy: a reproductive rightMaria de Bruyn
Ipas, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Reprod Health Matters 11:152-61. 2003..The paper concludes that it is essential for women living with HIV/AIDS to be able to exercise their right to decide whether and when to have children...
- [Unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion: 2 health problems that persist in Latin America]Henry Espinoza
Rev Panam Salud Publica 11:148-9. 2002
- Gender and unwanted pregnancy: a community-based study in rural GhanaD Geelhoed
Holy Family Hospital, Berekum
J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 23:249-55. 2002..were used to interview men and women between 15 and 49 years of age (n = 2179) to measure the prevalence of unwanted pregnancy, how often it led to induced abortion and to establish the reasons why a pregnancy was considered unwanted...
- [Unwanted pregnancy: impact on health and society in Latin America and the Caribbean]Ana Langer
Population Council, Oficina Regional para América Latina y el Caribe, Escondida 110, Col Villa Coyoacan, Mexico, D F 04000, Mexico
Rev Panam Salud Publica 11:192-204. 2002..Unfortunately, when that is not the case, one result can be unwanted pregnancy. Unwanted pregnancies have consequences for women, their families, and their countries...
- Determinants of contraceptive method among young women at risk for unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infectionsTina Raine
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
Contraception 68:19-25. 2003..Women appear to act in a rational fashion within their own social context and may use no methods at all or use methods that are less effective for pregnancy prevention but offer more protection from sexually transmitted infections...
- Examining the geographical heterogeneity associated with risk of mistimed and unwanted pregnancy in GhanaFiifi Amoako Johnson
GeoData Institute, School of Geography, University of Southampton, UK
J Biosoc Sci 41:249-67. 2009..show that between the two surveys, there was no significant change in the levels of risk of mistimed and unwanted pregnancy. However, geographical heterogeneity in the risk of mistimed and unwanted pregnancy was observed, after ..
- Correlates of unplanned and unwanted pregnancy among African-American female teensRichard A Crosby
Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
Am J Prev Med 25:255-8. 2003Evidence suggests that unplanned/unwanted pregnancy may be an important antecedent of negative birth outcomes, such as low birth weight...
- Acceptability in France of induced abortion for adolescentsMaria Teresa Munoz Sastre
Am J Bioeth 7:26-32. 2007..This study investigated the factors affecting the acceptability in France of abortions...
- Adolescent sexual healthErica Monasterio
Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care 37:302-25. 2007
- Women's stories of abortion in southern Gabon, AfricaRosanna F Hess
Malone College, Ohio, USA
J Transcult Nurs 18:41-8. 2007..Abortion after-care of women with physical and spiritual needs is important. Future research is suggested on the use of misoprostol in Gabon to understand its affects on women's reproductive health...
- Reproductive health counseling at pregnancy testing: a pilot studyRichard Boise
Adolescent Medicine, The Permanente Medical Group, 3400 Delta Fair Boulevard, Antioch, CA, USA
Contraception 68:377-83. 2003..To pilot brief reproductive health counseling for women obtaining pregnancy testing in a managed-care setting who did not desire pregnancy...
- The comparison of reproductive health data in a rural district in Turkey (1981-2001)N T Aytekin
Uludag University Medical School, Department of Public Health, Bursa, Turkey
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 7:234-7. 2002..The main objective was to compare new reproductive and family planning data with data from the 1981 survey...
- 'Failed' contraception in a rural South African populationLouis Jacques van Bogaert
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Philadelphia Hospital MEDUNSA Satellite Campus, Dennilton, Mpumalanga
S Afr Med J 93:858-61. 2003..To investigate whether the free availability of contraception affects the need for termination of pregnancy (TOP)...
- Abortion among young women and subsequent life outcomesDavid M Fergusson
Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch, New Zealand
Perspect Sex Reprod Health 39:6-12. 2007..There is relatively little evidence as to whether abortion leads to improved life course outcomes for young women who choose this option...
- Contraceptive discontinuation and failure and subsequent abortion in Romania: 1994-99Andreea A Creanga
Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
Stud Fam Plann 38:23-34. 2007..These findings suggest that high rates of contraceptive discontinuation and failure contributed significantly to the widespread reliance on induced abortion among Romanian women during this period...
- [Which prevention methods do you recommend to her?]G Debus
Städtisches Klinikum München GmbH, Klinikum Neuperlach
MMW Fortschr Med 148:55-6. 2006
- The perimenopause: contraception adviceLara Williams
University of Chester
RCM Midwives 10:336-7. 2007
- The biopsychosocial aspects of unwanted teenage pregnancySuzanne J Hughes
Llandough Hospital, Cardiff
Nurs Times 99:32-4. 2003..By providing such adolescents with holistic care--by taking into account both biological and psychological aspects of health--nurses can help reduce an adolescent's anxiety and pain...
- [Unwanted adolescent pregnancy and post-partum utilization of contraceptive methods]Rosa María Núñez-Urquiza
Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Salud Publica Mex 45:S92-102. 2003..To describe the proportion of unwanted pregnancies among all pregnant adolescents, its association with sociodemographic characteristics, and the use of post-partum contraceptive methods...
- Hormonal emergency contraception: a clinical primerAngela Ziebarth
Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Wisconsin School of Medicine, Madsion, Wisconsin, USA
S D Med 60:99-101, 103-5. 2007..It includes a brief description of methods of use, mechanisms of action, and side effect profiles of the most commonly used methods of emergency contraception, levonorgestrel and the Yuzpe method...
- Knowledge and perception of emergency contraception among female Nigerian undergraduatesMichael E Aziken
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
Int Fam Plan Perspect 29:84-7. 2003..The potential of emergency contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancy in developed countries has been described, but in Nigeria, the awareness about the method is poor and no ..
- Accessibility of family planning services: impact of structural and organizational factorsLorraine V Klerman
Institute for Child, Youth and Family Policy, The Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, 02454 9110, USA
Matern Child Health J 11:19-26. 2007..This study sought to determine whether selected structural and organizational characteristics of publicly available family planning facilities are associated with greater availability...
- Correlates of unintended pregnancy in Beheira governorate, EgyptR M Youssef
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
East Mediterr Health J 8:521-36. 2002..Age, education and parity were predictors of unwanted pregnancy. Contraceptive use and maternal employment status predicted mistimed pregnancy...
- Concepts of the advantages and disadvantages of teenage childbearing among pregnant adolescents: a qualitative analysisCynthia Rosengard
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, Multiphasic Building 1, 593 Eddy St, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA
Pediatrics 118:503-10. 2006..We sought to enhance our understanding of pregnant adolescents' concepts of the advantages and disadvantages of teen pregnancy and childbearing...
- The remaining barriers to the use of emergency contraception: perception of pregnancy risk by women undergoing induced abortionsCaroline Moreau
National Institute of Health and Medical Research INSERM INED U569 IFR 69, 94276 Le Kremlin Bicetre, France
Contraception 71:202-7. 2005..As the perception of risk is commonly reevaluated by women over time, which probably affects EC use, it could be important to promote advance supply of EC so that women could use it immediately after a recognized unprotected intercourse...
- Community perceptions and experiences of domestic violence and induced abortion in Wakiso district, UgandaDan K Kaye
Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Qual Health Res 16:1120-8. 2006..whether and how gender roles influence reproductive decision-making behavior regarding contraception, unwanted pregnancy, and induced abortion...
- Emergency contraception: a primer for pediatric providersAlana L Clements
Yale University School of Nursing, Master s Program, Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Specialty, New Haven, CT, USA
Pediatr Nurs 32:147-53. 2006....
- Preventing and terminating unwanted pregnancies in TurkeyOya Kavlak
Gynecology and Obstetrics Nursing Department, University of Ege, School of Nursing, Izmir, Turkey
J Nurs Scholarsh 38:6-10. 2006To determine the methods used to prevent pregnancy by women seeking abortion of unwanted pregnancy, their knowledge and use of emergency contraception, and reasons for wanting the abortion.
- Abortion: the legal right has been won, but not the moral rightMette Løkeland
Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway
Reprod Health Matters 12:167-73. 2004..sorrow, shame and guilt because of their sexual conduct for many reasons, but especially if the result is an unwanted pregnancy. It is easier to protect the law when there is recognition of the moral right to choose abortion...
- [Educational intervention for preventing unwanted pregnancies and sexually-transmitted diseases among teenagers in the city of Toledo, Spain]Sonsoles Callejas Pérez
Centro de Salud Santa María de Benquerencia, Toledo
Rev Esp Salud Publica 79:581-9. 2005..No-one doubts the need of effectively providing teenagers with information about birth control and sexually-transmitted diseases. This study is aimed at evaluating the results of an educational intervention related to these matters...
- Induced abortion and concurrent adoption of contraception in the rural areas of India (an ICMR task force study)B S Dhillon
Division of Reproductive Health and Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India
Indian J Med Sci 58:478-84. 2004..Despite a liberal Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) act and awareness of family planning, maternal mortality attributable to induced abortion is high...
- Access to health care for induced abortions: analysis by means of a French national surveyCaroline Moreau
National Institute of Health and Medical Research INSERM INSERM INED U569 IFR 69, Hopital de Bicetre, Le Kremlin Bicetre, France
Eur J Public Health 14:369-74. 2004..This study describes conditions of access to health care for abortions based on women's reports, taking into account the woman's background and the influence of the first professional contacted...
- Confidential reproductive health services for minors: the potential impact of mandated parental involvement for contraceptionRachel K Jones
The Alan Guttmacher Institute, New York, NY, USA
Perspect Sex Reprod Health 36:182-91. 2004..Recent legislative efforts to implement mandated parental involvement for minor adolescents seeking family planning services threaten the rights of adolescents younger than 18 to access reproductive health care...
- Maternal and social factors associated with abortion in India: a population-based studySaseendran Pallikadavath
Centre for AIDS Research, University of Southampton, United Kingdom
Int Fam Plan Perspect 32:120-5. 2006..To assess this hypothesis, more information on the incidence of abortion, and on maternal and social correlates of the procedure, is needed...
- Failure of family-planning referral and high interest in advanced provision emergency contraception among women contacted for STD partner notificationMatthew R Golden
Division of Infectious Diseases and the Center for AIDS and STD, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Box 359777, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
Contraception 69:241-6. 2004..Few data are available on the risk of unintended pregnancy in women with STD or how contraceptive services can be integrated into STD control activities...
- Genitourinary medicine: an opportunity to reduce unwanted pregnancyM A Kingston
Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Nottingham City Hospital NHS Trust, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK
Int J STD AIDS 15:192-4. 2004..1% and 47.2% respectively, and emergency contraception 50.8% and 37.3%, respectively. If a contraceptive service was available within GUM 56.9% of respondents indicated they would use it...
- Reassessing the level of unintended pregnancy and its correlates in VietnamLinh Cu Le
Department of Demography, Hanoi School of Public Health, 138 Giang Vo Street, Hanoi, Vietnam
Stud Fam Plann 35:15-26. 2004....
- Estimates of pregnancies averted through California's family planning waiver program in 2002Diana Greene Foster
Bixby Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
Perspect Sex Reprod Health 38:126-31. 2006..Given subsequent increases in the numbers of clients served and contraceptive methods offered by the program, updated estimates of its impact on fertility are needed...
- Contraceptive use and risk of unintended pregnancy in CaliforniaDiana G Foster
Center for Reproductive Health Research and Policy, University of California, 2356 Sutter Street, Suite 200, UCSF Box 1744, San Francisco 94143 1744, USA
Contraception 70:31-9. 2004..Among women at risk for unintended pregnancy, we find disparities by race/ethnicity and education in use of contraceptive methods...
- Expanded state-funded family planning services: estimating pregnancies averted by the Family PACT Program in California, 1997-1998Diana Greene Foster
University of California, San Francisco, 2356 Sutter St, Suite 200, UCSF Box 1744, San Francisco, CA 94143 1744, USA
Am J Public Health 94:1341-6. 2004..We estimated the impact on fertility of providing 500 000 women with contraceptives...
- Reducing maternal mortality from unsafe abortion among adolescents in AfricaPeju Olukoya
Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health, Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization, Switzerland
Afr J Reprod Health 8:57-62. 2004..sexuality education and information as well as supportive services to allow adolescents to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Secondary prevention efforts include prompt diagnosis and treatment of complications by ensuring that ..
- Induced abortion in Nigeria: findings from focus group discussionBoniface A Oye-Adeniran
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
Afr J Reprod Health 9:133-41. 2005..This study was carried out to obtain information on societal attitude to the issues of family planning, unwanted pregnancy, abortion, adoption of children and laws relating to them...
- Induced abortion frequency in Ankara, Turkey, before and after the legal regulation of induced abortionIsil Maral
Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 12:279-88. 2007....
- Contraceptive failure--results from a study conducted among women with accepted and unaccepted pregnancies in DenmarkVibeke Rasch
Institute of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, University of Southern Denmark Odense University, Odense C, Denmark
Contraception 66:109-16. 2002..Regarding pregnancy acceptance, being 25-34 years of age was positively associated, whereas being single and a student was negatively associated with pregnancy acceptance...
- Family planning and unmet need among Iraqi KurdsS Y Agha
Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Dohuk, Dohuk, Iraq
East Mediterr Health J 13:1382-91. 2007..5% (most commonly among women of high socioeconomic status). A comprehensive and decentralized family planning programme needs to be implemented in the region...
- Monitoring contraceptive continuation: links to fertility outcomes and quality of careAnn K Blanc
Blancroft Research International, Columbia, MD 21044, USA
Stud Fam Plann 33:127-40. 2002..The results imply that as fertility declines, family planning programs would profit from a shift in emphasis from providing methods to new clients toward providing services to reduce discontinuation rates...
- [Ethics and efficacy in sexual health campaigns]José Jara Rascón
Unidad de Andrologia, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon
Cuad Bioet 19:81-93. 2008....
- [Contraception in teenagers. Medico legal implication]P Ciolli
Istituto di Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologica, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
Minerva Ginecol 54:189-92. 2002..proven to be extremely helpful for adolescents whose physical and psychic health could be undermined by an unwanted pregnancy, so that it is the physicians duty to protect it...
- Factors associated with unintended pregnancy in Yamagata, JapanAya Goto
Fukushima Medical University, School of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Hikarigaoka, Japan
Soc Sci Med 54:1065-79. 2002....
- [Contraception and voluntary termination of pregnancy: legislative measures derogatory to parental consent in France]C Rey
Departement de Pediatrie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bicetre, 78, rue du General Leclerc, 94275 Le Kremlin Bicetre, France
Arch Pediatr 9:88-90. 2002..Adolescents may also obtain emergency contraception without medical prescription. Parents' consent is no more necessary to authorize voluntary termination of pregnancy for an adolescent who wish to keep it secret...
- The relationship between attitudes toward pregnancy and contraception use among drug usersSara E Gutierres
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Arizona State University, West, PO Box 37100, Phoenix, AZ 85069 7100, USA
J Subst Abuse Treat 24:19-29. 2003..The observed attitudinal and behavioral differences between genders and ethnic groups are discussed in relation to design of treatment program components to increase contraceptive use and decrease unwanted pregnancies among drug users...
- [Sex counseling in the first-love ambulance. Hepatitis B vaccination before the fist time?]Birgit Delisle
MMW Fortschr Med 147:16. 2005
- "Having another child would be a life or death situation for her": understanding pregnancy termination among couples in rural BangladeshJessica D Gipson
Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room E4008, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Am J Public Health 98:1827-32. 2008..We conducted a mixed-method study in rural southwestern Bangladesh, a country in which an estimated 730,000 elective pregnancy terminations occur each year, to explore women's and couples' motivations to terminate pregnancies...
- Maternal mortality and unsafe abortionSusan R Fawcus
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 22:533-48. 2008..Developing appropriate services at the primary level of care with a functioning referral system and the inclusion of post abortion contraceptive care with counseling are essential facets of abortion care...
- [Effect of sociocultural factors on maternal and perinatal morbidity with or without mortality among adolescents seen in 3 states of the Mexican Republic]Julio César León Carmona
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Tlaxcala
Ginecol Obstet Mex 70:320-7. 2002..Desired pregnancy, appropriate reproductive information and ideal cumulated fertility are protection factors to maternal or perinatal morbidity and/or mortality...
- Sexual health policies in other industrialized countries: are there lessons for the United States?Ilsa L Lottes
Dept of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA
J Sex Res 39:79-83. 2002..This review indicates that the recommendations of health and social science experts in the U.S. are consistent with approaches in countries where programs have done a better job in meeting the sexual health needs of their populations...
- The process of preventing pregnancy: women's experiences and emergency contraception useAnne W Esacove
Department of Sociology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 1382, USA
Qual Health Res 12:1235-47. 2002....
- Contraceptive use among hairdressers in South-west NigeriaF O Omokhodion
Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
J Obstet Gynaecol 27:612-4. 2007..Contraceptive use among sexually active single hairdressers is lower than the national average. Workplace educational intervention is needed to prevent unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections among these young women...
- Knowledge and use of emergency contraception in a tertiary referral unit in a developing countryI Siebert
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tygerberg Hospital and University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 7:137-43. 2002..The promotion and availability of emergency contraception have the possibility of reducing the number of unwanted pregnancies, leading to fewer pregnancy terminations and possibly to reduced maternal morbidity and mortality...
- Preventing pregnancy and improving health care access among teenagers: an evaluation of the children's aid society-carrera programSusan Philliber
Philliber Research Associates, Accord, NY, USA
Perspect Sex Reprod Health 34:244-51. 2002..Despite the recent declines in rates of teenage pregnancy, relatively little is known about the few programs that have been successful in reducing adolescent pregnancy...
- Young women under 16 years with experience of sexual intercourse: who becomes pregnant?Katie Buston
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 61:221-5. 2007....
- Estimates of contraceptive failure from the 2002 National Survey of Family GrowthKathryn Kost
Guttmacher Institute, New York, NY 10038, USA
Contraception 77:10-21. 2008..We provide updated estimates of contraceptive failure for the most commonly used reversible methods in the United States, as well as an assessment of changes in failure rates from 1995 to 2002...
- The urban American Indian oversample in the 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health SurveyJ R Sugarman
Indian Health Service, Portland Area's Division of Research, Evaluation, and Epidemiology
Public Health Rep 109:243-50. 1994..In spite of some data limitations, the Urban Indian Over sample of the NMIHS provides important information about social and health risk factors among urban Al mothers...
- Women's satisfaction with birth control: a population survey of physical and psychological effects of oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices, condoms, natural family planning, and sterilization among 1466 womenB J Oddens
International Health Foundation, Geneva, Switzerland
Contraception 59:277-86. 1999..Almost one in three NFP users had experienced an unwanted pregnancy during use of this method, as compared with one in 20 OC and condom users...
- Considerations for the use of progestin-only contraceptivesSarah Freeman
Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing at Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
J Am Acad Nurse Pract 22:81-91. 2010..of these agents as first-line contraceptive options for women seeking health promotion by prevention of an unwanted pregnancy. The progestin-only pills (Micronor and Ovrette), depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) injections (Depo-..
- Bone mineral density in adolescent and young adult women on injectable or oral contraceptionBarbara A Cromer
Division of Adolescent Medicine, Metro Health Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44109 1998, USA
Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 15:353-7. 2003..This report critically reviews recent original research articles that pertain to bone mineral density in young adult women utilizing injectable depot medroxyprogesterone acetate or oral contraceptives...
- Young women requesting emergency contraception are, despite contraceptive counseling, a high risk group for new unintended pregnanciesG Falk
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Orebro Medical Centre Hospital, Orebro, Sweden
Contraception 64:23-7. 2001..in Sweden in 1994, emergency contraception has become a welcome addition to the campaign against unwanted pregnancy. In addition to an unplanned pregnancy, unprotected sexual intercourse may also involve the risk of ..
- How close are we in achieving safe, affordable and reversible male contraceptives?Daulat R P Tulsiani
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 2633, USA
Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 10:179-87. 2010..Finally, our intention is to discuss details of two safe, reversible and affordable male contraceptive approaches that are inching closure to being approved for use by the masses in India and China, the world's two most populous nations...
- Sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among secondary school students in Ilesha south west NigeriaE O Orji
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
J Obstet Gynaecol 25:269-72. 2005..unsafe sexual behaviour therefore put them at a great risk of acquiring STDs including HIV infection, and unwanted pregnancy. This study therefore recommends sex education/family life education for young people to encourage them to ..
- Prevalence of child marriage and its effect on fertility and fertility-control outcomes of young women in India: a cross-sectional, observational studyAnita Raj
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Lancet 373:1883-9. 2009..We assessed the prevalence of child marriage-ie, before 18 years of age-in young adult women in India, and the associations between child marriage and women's fertility and fertility-control outcomes...
- Sexual and bodily rights as human rights in the Middle East and North AfricaLiz Ercevik Amado
Women for Women s Human Rights New Ways, Istanbul, Turkey
Reprod Health Matters 12:125-8. 2004..Networking within the region and with counterparts in other regions in comparable situations and conditions was deemed essential...
- Rapid assessment of sexual behavior, drug use, human immunodeficiency virus, and sexually transmitted diseases in northern thai youth using audio-computer-assisted self-interviewing and noninvasive specimen collectionF van Griensven
HIV AIDS Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
Pediatrics 108:E13. 2001Drug use, unwanted pregnancy, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and sexually transmitted diseases are serious health problems among Thai youth...
- Barrier contraception among adolescents and young adults in a tertiary institution in Southwestern Nigeria: a cross-sectional descriptive studyAdenike I Olugbenga-Bello
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, PMB 4400, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
Int J Adolesc Med Health 22:321-9. 2010..The attitudes of these students toward barrier contraception and their practice were poor. The role of sex education at homes and religious gatherings cannot be over-emphasized...
- Ethics of justice and ethics of care. Values and attitudes among midwifery students on adolescent sexuality and abortion in Vietnam and their implications for midwifery education: a survey by questionnaire and interviewMarie Klingberg-Allvin
Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of International Health IHCAR, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Int J Nurs Stud 44:37-46. 2007..It is important to understand future midwives' perceptions and attitudes in order to improve their education and training programmes...
- Fertility preferences and the need for contraception among women living with HIV: the basis for a joint action agendaKiersten B Johnson
ICF Macro MEASURE DHS, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
AIDS 23:S7-S17. 2009HIV-positive women have particular needs for contraception to avoid unwanted pregnancy, to protect their own health and to eliminate the risk of transmitting HIV to an infant...
- [Emergency contraception in Latin America and the Caribbean]Antonieta Martin
Population Council, Fronteras de la Salud Reproductiva, Oficina Regional para América Latina y el Caribe, Panzacola 62 Escondida 110, Villa Coyoacán, 04000 México, D F, Mexico
Rev Panam Salud Publica 16:424-31. 2004..Details are given on the situation in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, and Peru...
- Drug interactions with St John's wort : mechanisms and clinical implicationsMarcus Mannel
Ad libitum Medical Services, Berlin, Germany
Drug Saf 27:773-97. 2004....
- Emergency contraceptive knowledge and practice among unmarried women in Enugu, southeast NigeriaS N Obi
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre Abakaliki, Nigeria
Niger J Clin Pract 11:296-9. 2008..With a high incidence of unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion especially among unmarried women in developing countries, there is need to promote emergency contraception (EC)...
- Pregnancy intentions, pregnancy attitudes, and the use of prenatal care in MissouriM R Sable
School of Social Work, University of Missouri Columbia 65211 4470, USA
Matern Child Health J 2:155-65. 1998..This study uses data from 2378 mothers of live-born infants from the NICHD/Missouri Maternal and Infant Health Survey to examine the relationship between pregnancy intention and adequacy of prenatal care...
- Perception of university students in Ghana about emergency contraceptionFrank Baiden
Navrongo Health Research Center, Navrongo, UER, Ghana
Contraception 66:23-6. 2002..The indications from this study are that the promotion of EC in Ghana is desired and must be encouraged. The fact that EC does not offer protection against sexually transmitted infections should always be emphasized...
- Providing family planning in Ethiopian voluntary HIV counseling and testing facilities: client, counselor and facility-level considerationsHeather Bradley
The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
AIDS 23:S105-14. 2009..We aimed to determine whether VCT counselors could feasibly offer family planning and whether clients would accept such services...
- Prevalence of anxiety, depression and associated factors among pregnant women of Hyderabad, PakistanRozina Karmaliani
Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
Int J Soc Psychiatry 55:414-24. 2009..There is a paucity of research on mood disorders, their predictors and sequelae among pregnant women in Pakistan...
- Pregnancy intention and pregnancy happiness: are they different?M R Sable
School of Social Work, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211 4470, USA
Matern Child Health J 4:191-6. 2000....
- Surfactants as microbicides and contraceptive agents: a systematic in vitro studyOtilia V Vieira
Centre for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
PLoS ONE 3:e2913. 2008..In the present study we report a systematic in vitro evaluation of the microbicidal, anti-viral and contraceptive potential of cationic, anionic, zwitterionic, and non-ionic surfactants...
- A strategic assessment of the reproductive health and responsible parenthood programme of Buenos Aires, ArgentinaMónica Petracci
CEDES Centro de Estudios de Estado y Sociedad, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Reprod Health Matters 13:60-71. 2005..Information and training for both health care providers and women's and human rights NGOs was carried out...
- Opportunities and challenges of sexual health services among young people: a study in NepalKrishna Regmi
School of Health and Social Care, University of the West of England Health and Social Care, Bristol, United Kingdom
J Sex Med 6:352-61. 2009..Appropriate understanding of safe sex, sexual practices, and related behaviors must recognize the importance of socioeconomic and cultural factors in prevention efforts related to HIV and other sexual transmitted infections (STIs)...
- Expanding access to emergency contraception: the case of Brazil and ColombiaAngela Heimburger
Integrated Programs Unit, International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region IPPF WHR, New York, NY, USA
Reprod Health Matters 11:150-60. 2003..In the Latin American and Caribbean region, it would serve the goals of reducing unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortion and related morbidity, and as a back-up to condom use and a bridge to longer-term ..
- Parental presence and adolescent reproductive health among the Nairobi urban poorPierre Ngom
African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya
J Adolesc Health 33:369-77. 2003..To investigate whether the presence of parents constitute a protective factor against adverse reproductive health outcomes for adolescents living in slums of Nairobi, Kenya...
- Intregration and Adaptation of HIV and Alcohol Risk Red*Linda Kaljee; Fiscal Year: 2006..The concomitant risks of exposure to HIV, unwanted pregnancy, and the multiple health problems associated with alcohol abuse suggests a real need to integrate efforts to ..
- Poverty Health and Adolescent Risk BehaviorPaul Gertler; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our research will be guided by the theoretical model of behavioral economics. ..
- Efficacy of Treatments for Sexually Abused Children: A Meta-AnalysisEmily Trask; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study addresses the tertiary level of prevention by investigating treatments aimed at reducing negative mental and behavioral health outcomes that occur following sexual abuse. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PS11-003 Minority AIDS Research InitiativeBRIDGETTE MERCEDEZ BRAWNER; Fiscal Year: 2013..Given that adolescent health is imperative to public health, the proposed research is timely, innovative and bears great significance. ..
- Central actions of estrogens: Effects of GnRH neuronsSuzanne M Moenter; Fiscal Year: 2013..with infertility conceive singe, as opposed to multiple, births, and for developing novel methods to prevent unwanted pregnancy in manners that are consistent with the acceptable social mores of most of the population, while minimizing ..
- Determinants of Use of Safer Conception Strategies Among HIV Clients in UgandaGLENN JOHN WAGNER; Fiscal Year: 2013..transmission risks, yet while there are considerable resources and support for patients to prevent unwanted pregnancy or once they become pregnant (e.g...
- "Physical and Chemical Cues that Guide Sperm Migration"Mingming Wu; Fiscal Year: 2013..Binding is reduced by capacitation, so we propose to test its effects on BSPs and on release of sperm from oviductal epithelium, as well as the role that the interactions of BSPs with ANXAs could play in guiding sperm to the egg. ..
- Experimental evidence and validation of measures on gender-based violenceTIA MARIA PALERMO; Fiscal Year: 2013..violence include increased exposure to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), gynecological fistula, unwanted pregnancy, psychological sequelae, chronic pain, physical disability, and depression and substance abuse...
- Molecular signaling in uterine receptivity to implantationSudhansu K Dey; Fiscal Year: 2013..b>Unwanted pregnancy loss is a major psychological, economical and clinical problem...
- Long Term Effects of Infant WantednessDavid M Bishai; Fiscal Year: 2012..This project will make significant gains in our ability to say whether investments in family planning are cost effective compared to other strategies for achieving Millennium Development Goals for maternal and child health. ..
- ASPECTS OF BLASTOCYST IMPLANTATIONSudhansu K Dey; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Unwanted pregnancy loss causes psychological and economical stress to families, and is a challenging clinical problem...
- Alcohol consumption before, during, and after unwanted pregnancySarah C M Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2013..Findings will contribute to our scientific understanding of how having a child from an unwanted pregnancy and pregnancy termination affects alcohol consumption...
- Academic-Community Partnership to Address Maternal and Child Health in AlleghenyJessica Griffin Burke; Fiscal Year: 2012..likely to begin their care late or describe their pregnancy as unwanted or unplanned;and a woman with an unwanted pregnancy is less likely to look after herself or attend regular prenatal appointments...
- Academic-Community Partnership to Address Maternal and Child Health in AlleghenyJessica Griffin Burke; Fiscal Year: 2013..likely to begin their care late or describe their pregnancy as unwanted or unplanned;and a woman with an unwanted pregnancy is less likely to look after herself or attend regular prenatal appointments...
- Effect of Continuous vs. Sequential Oral ContraceptionRICHARD LEGRO; Fiscal Year: 2004..In U.S. women this contributes to one of the highest unwanted pregnancy rates in the world...
- Racial/ethnic Differences in Daily Dynamics of PTSD, Sexual-Risk &Substance UseTami P Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2013..Reducing substance use and risky sexual behavior among IPV-exposed women will improve the health of countless women in our nation. ..
- LOCIS: Liquor Outlet Compliance Information ServiceJOSEPH KABEL; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- RISK-TAKING, AROUSAL, MARIJUANA AND SEXUAL DECISIONSRick Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2001..risk-taking behavior in the context of substance use and abuse and with it the risks of HIV, other STDs and unwanted pregnancy for adolescents and young adults...
- Femininity Ideology and Adolescent Girls' Risk BehaviorsEMILY IMPETT; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- EFFECTIVENESS OF AIR INFUSIBLE CONDOM TO INCREASE USES Weinstock; Fiscal Year: 2000..S. If only a small % of existing condom users were to use SUPERCONDOM(TM) more often and some non-condom users begin to use it, the commercial viability and contribution to the U.S. healthcare system would be immense. ..
- MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR TRANSPORT IN MUCUSW Saltzman; Fiscal Year: 2001..Finally, these polymeric systems will be used to test the efficacy of delivery for sustained protection against unwanted pregnancy (immunocontraception).
- Effectiveness Of Device To Simplify/Increase Condom Use.S Weinstock; Fiscal Year: 2002..Research results should allow for the commercialization of a cost effective and safe KwikezeTM with greater appeal to populations choosing to practice safe sex and/or birth control.) PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Not available ..
- Romantic Relationships Models and Adolescent HealthStephen Eyre; Fiscal Year: 2004..Findings of this research will have relevance to health promotion efforts related to reducing STD's and unwanted pregnancy.
- DEVICE TO FACILITATE/INCREASE CONDOM USE.S Weinstock; Fiscal Year: 1999..S. If only a small percentage of occasional condom users were to use Kwikeze TM more often and some non-condom users begin to use it, the contribution to the U.S. and World healthcare system would be immense. ..
- TRANSDERMAL LEVONORGESTREL FOR EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTIONLarry Nichols; Fiscal Year: 1999..This should open the door to other new products in such areas as hormone replacement therapy, contraception, prevention of osteoporosis, and treatment of endocrine disorders. ..
- HIGH SCHOOL HIV/STD RISK REDUCTION PROGRAMMark Schuster; Fiscal Year: 1993..Results should be useful to public health officials, health care providers, educators, and policymakers in developing effective interventions to prevent HIV, other STDs, and unwanted pregnancies among adolescents...
- Poverty and Adolescent Risk in MexicoPaul Gertler; Fiscal Year: 2004..Therefore, this proposal is related to the parent grant through a common survey and taking advantage of the PROGRESA intervention to study the impact of poverty alleviation on individual health and welfare. ..
- A Motivational Perspective on Alcohol Use and Sexual BehaviorMEGAN PATRICK; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., injury, alcohol poisoning) and sexual behavior (e.g., STDs, unwanted pregnancy) on college campuses. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]
- DEVELOPING A CASE MANAGEMENT CRISIS PREVENTION SOFTWARECHRISTINE WHITMORE; Fiscal Year: 1999....
- HIV RISK REDUCTION FOR WOMEN WITH SEVERE MENTAL ILLNESSPamela Collins; Fiscal Year: 2003..3) become knowledgeable in research design and complete pilot work for a randomized clinical trial testing the HIV preventative intervention developed by the applicant. ..
- ESTIMATING EFFICACY OF A MEDICAL INTERVENTIONJames Trussell; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- The Effects of Perceived Discrimination on Mental and Physical HealthBRENDA N MAJOR; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- MAMMALIAN SPERM SURFACE MANNOSIDASEDAULAT TULSIANI; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- RCT OF STEPPING STONES BEHAVIOURAL INTERVENTION FOR HIVRachel Jewkes; Fiscal Year: 2005..It will also seek to understand what are the barriers to behavior change and what strategies are used by which people to circumnavigate these. ..
- STRUCTURE/FUNCTION OF ZONA PELLUCIDA GLYCOPROTEINSDAULAT TULSIANI; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Increased Access to Emergency Contraceptive PillsElizabeth Raymond; Fiscal Year: 2004..These secondary analyses should help explain the primary biologic outcomes and should be useful in the development of counseling messages and service protocols in the future. ..
- Preventing Unintended Pregnancy: Male Self-efficacyCHRISTY SHERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- HIV/STD PREVENTION COST-EFFECTIVENESS: METHODS & APPLICSSteven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- A community-level RCT of expedited partner treatment for gonorrhea and chlamydiaMatthew R Golden; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Prophylactic Ibuprofen: Effect on IUD Continuation RatesDavid Hubacher; Fiscal Year: 2003..In the US, ibuprofen may help spur renewed interest in the most cost effective and efficacious reversible contraceptive method available. ..
- INCREASING DUAL PROTECTION IN LOW INCOME MINORITY WOMENTheresa Exner; Fiscal Year: 2003..Interview data also will be used to evaluate the determinants of DP and mediators of intervention efficacy; analyses will examine the role of confounding and mediating variables using generalized estimating equations. ..
- COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF HIV PRIMARY PREVENTIONSteven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2001..Upon completion of the analyses we will summarize and widely disseminate the results. ..
- School-Based Alcohol and HIV Prevention in South AfricaRick Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will also further investigate the relationships among social psychological mediating variables, individual difference variables, and alcohol and sexual risk-taking behaviors. ..
- Targeting Mass Media Campaigns for HIV, STD, and Pregnancy PreventionPhilip Palmgreen; Fiscal Year: 2008..The televised public service announcements will also be made available to other communities for airing there, with potentially significant public health outcomes. ..
- Female Condom Use in South African College StudentsJoanne Mantell; Fiscal Year: 2008..If successful, this brief intervention should be widely replicable in other similar settings. ..
- Simulation Tool for HIV/STD Cost-Effectiveness AnalysisSteven Pinkerton; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Partner Specific Factors in Adolescent BehaviorCynthia Rosengard; Fiscal Year: 2007..This program of research will be conducted with the guidance of a multidisciplinary and experienced team including adolescent health, medical, and behavioral health researchers. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Community Influences on Young People's HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & PracticesRobert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Oral contraceptives and cytochrome p450 inducersAnne Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Simplified Tai Chi for Reducing Fibromyalgia PainCHRISTY SHERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Identifying Services Changes to Improve Contraceptive U*Jennifer Frost; Fiscal Year: 2005..By identifying gaps in knowledge and effective intervention models, it will also stimulate new research and intervention development and evaluation. ..
- Dietary Factors in Relation to Prenatal and Postpartum DepressionANSHU MOHLLAJEE; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our study will shed further light in evaluating whether intake of omega-3 PUFA could be a cost-effective method of preventing prenatal and postpartum depression. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Measuring AA Involvement with the Health Belief ModelJeffrey Kingree; Fiscal Year: 2004..S. and Canada. The instrument will also potentially be used to guide clinicians and others in making referrals to AA or alternative sources of help. ..
- Combined Hormonal Contraceptive Use in High Risk WomenTina Raine Bennett; Fiscal Year: 2008..This type of information is necessary to translate the new developments in contraceptive technology into improvements in reproductive health. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Mechanisms for Relations of Domestic Violence to Poor Maternal and Infant HealthJay Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Structural Intervention to Enhance Female Condom UseTheresa Exner; Fiscal Year: 2008..If effective, the intervention program, integrated into an existing statewide public health infrastructure, could serve as a model for the promotion of the FC as well as for emerging prevention. ..
- HIV INTERVENTIONS FOR YOUNG, APPALACHIAN RISK TAKERSRick Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2003..The proposal involves a randomized design which includes individual, school, and community levels, to be assessed through hierarchical linear modeling, structural equation modeling, and repeated measures MANCOVA. ..
- Community factors shaping the sexual behavior of malesRobert Stephenson; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Providers' perceptions of the diaphragm in Southern Afr*Cynthia Harper; Fiscal Year: 2005..As the diaphragm effectiveness results become available, data from this proposed study will position us to design counseling interventions and to address provider education and training needs. ..
- Intergenerational Patterns of Relationship TurbulenceMINDY SCOTT; Fiscal Year: 2007..Understanding links between parents and children's relationship experiences may help prevent intergenerational cycles of family turbulence and thus improve child outcomes in future generations. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..