postpartum period

Summary

Summary: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Excess pregnancy weight gain and long-term obesity: one decade later
    Brenda L Rooney
    Gundersen Lutheran Medical Center, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 100:245-52. 2002
  2. pmc Alternatively activated macrophages and collagen remodeling characterize the postpartum involuting mammary gland across species
    Jenean O'Brien
    Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Mail Stop 8117, RC 1 S, 8401K, 12801 E 17 Avenue, UCD, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Am J Pathol 176:1241-55. 2010
  3. pmc Defining postpartum uterine disease and the mechanisms of infection and immunity in the female reproductive tract in cattle
    I Martin Sheldon
    Institute of Life Science, School of Medicine, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
    Biol Reprod 81:1025-32. 2009
  4. ncbi Evidence for a neuroendocrinological foundation of human affiliation: plasma oxytocin levels across pregnancy and the postpartum period predict mother-infant bonding
    Ruth Feldman
    Department of Psychology and the Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Psychol Sci 18:965-70. 2007
  5. ncbi Depression, perceived stress, and social support among first-time Chinese mothers and fathers in the postpartum period
    Ling Ling Gao
    School of Nursing, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, People s Republic of China
    Res Nurs Health 32:50-8. 2009
  6. pmc Active Mothers Postpartum: a randomized controlled weight-loss intervention trial
    Truls Østbye
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:173-80. 2009
  7. ncbi Long-term weight development in women: a 15-year follow-up of the effects of pregnancy
    Yvonne Linné
    Obesity Unit, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Obes Res 12:1166-78. 2004
  8. ncbi Maternal experience inhibits the production of immature neurons in the hippocampus during the postpartum period through elevations in adrenal steroids
    Benedetta Leuner
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Hippocampus 17:434-42. 2007
  9. pmc Negative energy balance and hepatic gene expression patterns in high-yielding dairy cows during the early postpartum period: a global approach
    S D McCarthy
    Teagasc, Animal and Bioscience Research Department, Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Mellows Campus, Athenry, County Galway, Ireland
    Physiol Genomics 42:188-99. 2010
  10. ncbi Clinical and parasitological characteristics of puerperal malaria
    Michael Ramharter
    Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambarene, Gabon, Germany
    J Infect Dis 191:1005-9. 2005

Detail Information

Publications398 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Excess pregnancy weight gain and long-term obesity: one decade later
    Brenda L Rooney
    Gundersen Lutheran Medical Center, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54601, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 100:245-52. 2002
    ..To estimate the impact of excess pregnancy weight gain and failure to lose weight by 6 months postpartum on excess weight 8-10 years later...
  2. pmc Alternatively activated macrophages and collagen remodeling characterize the postpartum involuting mammary gland across species
    Jenean O'Brien
    Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Mail Stop 8117, RC 1 S, 8401K, 12801 E 17 Avenue, UCD, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Am J Pathol 176:1241-55. 2010
    ..M2 macrophages, IL-4, IL-13, fibrillar collagen accumulation, and proteolysis of collagen are all components of tumor promotional microenvironments, and thus may mediate promotion of breast cancers arising in the postpartum setting...
  3. pmc Defining postpartum uterine disease and the mechanisms of infection and immunity in the female reproductive tract in cattle
    I Martin Sheldon
    Institute of Life Science, School of Medicine, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
    Biol Reprod 81:1025-32. 2009
    ..Advances in knowledge about infection and immunity in the female genital tract should be exploited to develop new therapeutics for uterine disease...
  4. ncbi Evidence for a neuroendocrinological foundation of human affiliation: plasma oxytocin levels across pregnancy and the postpartum period predict mother-infant bonding
    Ruth Feldman
    Department of Psychology and the Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Psychol Sci 18:965-70. 2007
    ..Oxytocin was stable across time, and oxytocin levels at early pregnancy and the postpartum period were related to a clearly defined set of maternal bonding behaviors, including gaze, vocalizations, positive ..
  5. ncbi Depression, perceived stress, and social support among first-time Chinese mothers and fathers in the postpartum period
    Ling Ling Gao
    School of Nursing, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, People s Republic of China
    Res Nurs Health 32:50-8. 2009
    We compared the prevalence of depression in the postpartum period and its relationship with perceived stress and social support in first-time mothers and fathers...
  6. pmc Active Mothers Postpartum: a randomized controlled weight-loss intervention trial
    Truls Østbye
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:173-80. 2009
    ..Pregnancy may contribute to overweight and obesity...
  7. ncbi Long-term weight development in women: a 15-year follow-up of the effects of pregnancy
    Yvonne Linné
    Obesity Unit, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Obes Res 12:1166-78. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate how well prepregnancy BMI, gestational weight gain, and postpartum weight retention predict retention of weight 15 years later among parous women...
  8. ncbi Maternal experience inhibits the production of immature neurons in the hippocampus during the postpartum period through elevations in adrenal steroids
    Benedetta Leuner
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA
    Hippocampus 17:434-42. 2007
    ..To determine whether the production of new hippocampal granule cells is altered during the postpartum period, we examined the number of proliferating cells and their progeny in the dentate gyrus of primiparous female ..
  9. pmc Negative energy balance and hepatic gene expression patterns in high-yielding dairy cows during the early postpartum period: a global approach
    S D McCarthy
    Teagasc, Animal and Bioscience Research Department, Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Mellows Campus, Athenry, County Galway, Ireland
    Physiol Genomics 42:188-99. 2010
    ..dairy cows the liver undergoes extensive physiological and biochemical changes during the early postpartum period in an effort to re-establish metabolic homeostasis and to counteract the adverse effects of negative energy ..
  10. ncbi Clinical and parasitological characteristics of puerperal malaria
    Michael Ramharter
    Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambarene, Gabon, Germany
    J Infect Dis 191:1005-9. 2005
    ..Recent findings indicate that this increased risk might persist beyond delivery, but the underlying mechanisms for this change in risk are poorly understood...
  11. ncbi Psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-short form
    Branca Heloisa Oliveira
    Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 33:307-14. 2005
    ..The aim of the study is to evaluate the measurement properties of the Brazilian version of the short form of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP14)...
  12. ncbi Quality of life in pregnancy and post-partum: a study in diabetic patients
    M G Dalfrà
    DPT Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche, Universita di Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, 35128, Padova, Italy
    Qual Life Res 21:291-8. 2012
    ..We evaluated quality of life in pregnant women with diabetes followed up at Italian diabetes clinics...
  13. ncbi The graded relationship between glucose tolerance status in pregnancy and postpartum levels of low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein B in young women: implications for future cardiovascular risk
    Ravi Retnakaran
    Leadership Sinai Centre for Diabetes, 60 Murray Street, Suite L5 039, Mailbox 21, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 3L9
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:4345-53. 2010
    ..Because lipid factors can contribute to cardiovascular risk, we sought to characterize the relationship between gestational glucose tolerance status and lipid profile in pregnancy and the postpartum...
  14. pmc Glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 and 67 expression in the lateral septum is up-regulated in association with the postpartum period in mice
    Changjiu Zhao
    Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1117 West Johnson Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Brain Res 1470:35-44. 2012
    The postpartum period in mammals undergoes a variety of physiological adaptations, including metabolic, behavioral and neuroendocrine alterations...
  15. ncbi Predictors of women's perceptions of the childbirth experience
    Janet Bryanton
    School of Nursing at the University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 37:24-34. 2008
    ..To determine the factors that predict women's perceptions of the childbirth experience and to examine whether these vary with the type of birth a woman experiences...
  16. ncbi Mothers' reports of postpartum pain associated with vaginal and cesarean deliveries: results of a national survey
    Eugene Declercq
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118 2526, USA
    Birth 35:16-24. 2008
    ..This study examines mothers' reports of their postpartum experiences with pain stratified by method of delivery...
  17. ncbi Gaps in diabetes screening during pregnancy and postpartum
    Amy J Blatt
    Quest Diagnostics, West Norriton, Pennsylvania, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 117:61-8. 2011
    ....
  18. pmc An exploratory study to evaluate the utility of an adapted Mother Generated Index (MGI) in assessment of postpartum quality of life in India
    Jitender Nagpal
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science and Research, B 16, Qutab Institutional Area, New Delhi 110 016, India
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 6:107. 2008
    ....
  19. ncbi Incidence and severity of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae, group A Streptococcus, and group B Streptococcus infections among pregnant and postpartum women
    Meredith Deutscher
    Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 53:114-23. 2011
    ..We used data from multistate surveillance for invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae, group A Streptococcus (GAS), and group B Streptococcus (GBS) infections to estimate disease incidence and severity in these populations...
  20. ncbi National status of testing for hypothyroidism during pregnancy and postpartum
    Amy J Blatt
    Quest Diagnostics, West Norriton, PA 19403, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97:777-84. 2012
    ..Hypothyroidism, overt or subclinical, is associated with adverse outcomes for pregnant women and their offspring. Knowledge of current national thyroid testing rates and positivity during pregnancy is limited...
  21. pmc Postpartum screening for diabetes among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus
    Alison Tovar
    John Hancock Research Center on Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Obesity Prevention, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, 150 Harrison Ave, Room 243, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 8:A124. 2011
    ....
  22. pmc Gene expression changes in the septum: possible implications for microRNAs in sculpting the maternal brain
    Changjiu Zhao
    Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e38602. 2012
    ..Together, this study provides new insights into genes (along with possible mechanisms for their regulation) that are involved in septum-mediated adaptations during the postpartum period.
  23. pmc Expression of genes associated with immunity in the endometrium of cattle with disparate postpartum uterine disease and fertility
    Shan Herath
    Institute of Life Science, School of Medicine, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK
    Reprod Biol Endocrinol 7:55. 2009
    ..The present study tested the hypothesis that postpartum cattle that develop persistent endometritis and infertility are unable to limit the inflammatory response to uterine bacterial infection...
  24. ncbi A physician reminder to improve postpartum diabetes screening in women with gestational diabetes mellitus
    Iliana C Lega
    Women s College Hospital, Women s College Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 95:352-7. 2012
    ..Guidelines recommend screening for diabetes postpartum, but screening rates are low. We evaluated the effect of a physician reminder on postpartum screening and in women with GDM...
  25. ncbi Increased mortality in women with breast cancer detected during pregnancy and different periods postpartum
    Anna L V Johansson
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 20:1865-72. 2011
    ..This study investigated the mortality in women with PABC in relation to when the tumor was detected (during pregnancy, different postpartum periods) and by time since diagnosis, compared with women with non-PABC...
  26. ncbi Laboratory reference intervals during pregnancy, delivery and the early postpartum period
    Anna Klajnbard
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Hellerup, Denmark
    Clin Chem Lab Med 48:237-48. 2010
    ..Reference values based on samples from non-pregnant women are not necessarily useful for clinical decisions during pregnancy. There is a need to establish reference values during pregnancy in order to recognize pathological conditions...
  27. ncbi Sleep duration and quality in healthy nulliparous and multiparous women across pregnancy and post-partum
    T Leigh Signal
    Sleep Wake Research Centre, Research School of Public Health, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 47:16-22. 2007
    ..Consequentially, there is still limited information on what constitutes normal sleep quality and quantity across pregnancy and early post-partum, for both nulliparous and multiparous women...
  28. ncbi Decreased brain tryptophan availability as a partial determinant of post-partum blues
    K M Baïlara
    Departement de psychiatrie adulte, CHS Charles Perrens, Bordeaux, France
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 31:407-13. 2006
    ..This study was designed to evaluate the possible role of the serotonin system during this period through assessment of brain tryptophan availability...
  29. ncbi Men's psychological transition to fatherhood: an analysis of the literature, 1989-2008
    Lucia Genesoni
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Birth 36:305-18. 2009
    ..The aim was to investigate men's psychological transition to fatherhood from pregnancy of the partner through the infant's first year of life...
  30. ncbi Incidence, severity, and determinants of perineal pain after vaginal delivery: a prospective cohort study
    Alison J Macarthur
    Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X5
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:1199-204. 2004
    ..Primary outcome was the incidence of perineal pain on day of interview; secondary outcomes were pain score measurements and interference with daily activities...
  31. ncbi Parity and sleep patterns during and after pregnancy
    K A Lee
    Department of Family Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, 94143 0606, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 95:14-8. 2000
    ..To describe changes in women's sleep patterns from prepregnancy to postpartum...
  32. pmc Uptake and outcomes of a prevention-of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program in Zomba district, Malawi
    Monique van Lettow
    Dignitas International, Zomba, Malawi
    BMC Public Health 11:426. 2011
    ..As PMTCT services have expanded in Malawi in recent years, we sought to determine uptake of services, HIV-relevant infant feeding practices and mother-child health outcomes...
  33. ncbi A call for intervention in pregnancy to prevent maternal and child obesity
    Christine M Olson
    Am J Prev Med 33:435-6. 2007
  34. ncbi Effect of regular exercise on prevention of excessive weight gain in pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial
    Lene A H Haakstad
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Department of Sports Medicine, Ulleval Stadion, Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 16:116-25. 2011
    ....
  35. ncbi Cellular mechanisms in regulating mammary cell turnover during lactation and dry period in dairy cows
    J V Nørgaard
    Department of Animal Health, Welfare and Nutrition, University of Aarhus, PO Box 50, DK 8830, Tjele, Denmark
    J Dairy Sci 91:2319-27. 2008
    ....
  36. pmc Plants used during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum healthcare in Lao PDR: a comparative study of the Brou, Saek and Kry ethnic groups
    Hugo de Boer
    Department of Systematic Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE 75236 Uppsala, Sweden
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 5:25. 2009
    In many Southeast Asian cultures the activities and diet during the postpartum period are culturally dictated and a period of confinement is observed...
  37. pmc Television, walking, and diet: associations with postpartum weight retention
    Emily Oken
    Obesity Prevention Program, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:305-11. 2007
    ..For many women, pregnancy begets long-term weight gain. Modifiable behaviors that contribute to postpartum weight retention have not been well studied...
  38. pmc Changes in the health status of women during and after pregnancy
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02120 1613, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:45-51. 2005
    ..To characterize the changes in health status experienced by a multi-ethnic cohort of women during and after pregnancy...
  39. ncbi Hepatitis C virus infection during pregnancy and the newborn period--are they opportunities for treatment?
    M Arshad
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Viral Hepat 18:229-36. 2011
    ....
  40. ncbi Evidence for a 'healthy pregnant woman effect' in Niakhar, Senegal?
    C Ronsmans
    Maternal and Child Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 30:467-73; discussion 474-5. 2001
    ....
  41. ncbi Use of Sheng-Hua-Tang and health-related quality of life in postpartum women: a population-based cohort study in Taiwan
    Pei Jen Chang
    Department of Nursing, National Taipei College of Nursing, Taiwan
    Int J Nurs Stud 47:13-9. 2010
    ....
  42. ncbi Chinese herbal medicine use in Taiwan during pregnancy and the postpartum period: a population-based cohort study
    Chao Hua Chuang
    Department of Nursing, Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan County, Taiwan
    Int J Nurs Stud 46:787-95. 2009
    ..Using Chinese herbal medicines during pregnancy and postpartum is common in the Chinese community...
  43. ncbi Highly active antiretroviral therapy started during pregnancy or postpartum suppresses HIV-1 RNA, but not DNA, in breast milk
    Roger L Shapiro
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, and Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Infect Dis 192:713-9. 2005
    ..The ability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) to reduce human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA and DNA in breast milk has not been described...
  44. pmc HIV-1 persists in breast milk cells despite antiretroviral treatment to prevent mother-to-child transmission
    Dara A Lehman
    Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
    AIDS 22:1475-85. 2008
    ..The effects of short-course antiretrovirals given to reduce mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) on temporal patterns of cell-associated HIV-1 RNA and DNA in breast milk are not well defined...
  45. ncbi Does excess pregnancy weight gain constitute a major risk for increasing long-term BMI?
    Amanda R Amorim
    Obesity Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, SE 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:1278-86. 2007
    ..The objective was to assess the relevance of the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine (IOM), regarding gestational weight gain (GWG) for long-term BMI development...
  46. pmc An abnormal screening glucose challenge test in pregnancy predicts postpartum metabolic dysfunction, even when the antepartum oral glucose tolerance test is normal
    Ravi Retnakaran
    Leadership Sinai Centre for Diabetes, Mount Sinai Hospital, Division of Endocrinology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 71:208-14. 2009
    ..Thus, we sought to characterize the obstetrical and postpartum metabolic significance of an abnormal GCT in women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) on antepartum OGTT...
  47. ncbi Mortality among HIV-positive postpartum women with high CD4 cell counts in Zimbabwe
    John W Hargrove
    DST NRF Centre of Excellence in Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis SACEMA, Stellenbosch, South Africa
    AIDS 24:F11-4. 2010
    ....
  48. pmc Nutrition and exercise prevent excess weight gain in overweight pregnant women
    Michelle F Mottola
    R Samuel McLaughlin Foundation Exercise and Pregnancy Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:265-72. 2010
    ..To determine the effect of a Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP) for overweight (OW) and obese (OB) pregnant women on pregnancy weight gain, birth weight, and maternal weight retention at 2 months postpartum...
  49. ncbi Longitudinal prospective study of headache during pregnancy and postpartum
    D A Marcus
    Departments of Anesthesiology and Neurology, University of Pittsburgh (Penn) School of Medicine, USA
    Headache 39:625-32. 1999
    ..In general, women reporting headache at the end of their first trimester continued to report headache throughout pregnancy and postpartum...
  50. ncbi Disease activity of rheumatoid arthritis during pregnancy: results from a nationwide prospective study
    Yaël A de Man
    Erasmus Medical Center, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Arthritis Rheum 59:1241-8. 2008
    ..Prospective data on disease activity during pregnancy are limited. Therefore, this study aimed to prospectively determine the disease activity during pregnancy in RA patients treated in an era of new treatment options...
  51. ncbi Weight-management interventions for pregnant or postpartum women
    Anne K Sebert Kuhlmann
    Axiom Resource Management, Falls Church, Virginia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:523-8. 2008
    ..A review of randomized controlled trials of weight-management interventions for pregnant or postpartum women was conducted to assess whether effective weight-management interventions exist for this population...
  52. ncbi The accuracy of self-reported healthcare resource utilization in health economic studies
    Stavros Petrou
    University of Oxford
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 18:705-10. 2002
    ..We sought to establish whether the accuracy of self-reported healthcare resource utilization is a function of the duration of the recall period and the saliency of the health service encounter...
  53. ncbi Postpartum physical activity and related psychosocial factors among women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus
    Ben J Smith
    School of Public Health, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Diabetes Care 28:2650-4. 2005
    ..In this study, we examined patterns of postpartum physical activity among women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and psychosocial factors related to this behavior that could be addressed in diabetes prevention interventions...
  54. ncbi The role of oxytocin in mother-infant relations: a systematic review of human studies
    Megan Galbally
    Mercy Hospital for Women, Melbourne, Australia
    Harv Rev Psychiatry 19:1-14. 2011
    ..Parallel investigations in humans are now under way. This article reviews the current research examining the role of oxytocin in mother-infant relations, attachment, and bonding in humans...
  55. ncbi Continuity and change in women's weight orientations and lifestyle practices through pregnancy and the postpartum period: the influence of life course trajectories and transitional events
    C M Devine
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:567-82. 2000
    ..Body weight, and the diet and physical activity strategies used to manage weight in pregnancy and the postpartum period, are a focus of much study because of an association between parity and body weight...
  56. ncbi Evaluation of postpartum carbohydrate intolerance and cardiovascular risk factors in women with gestational diabetes
    Baris Akinci
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
    Gynecol Endocrinol 27:361-7. 2011
    ..Antepartum prediction of high risk subjects for the subsequent development of postpartum carbohydrate intolerance and metabolic syndrome seems to be vital to prevent cardiovascular outcomes...
  57. ncbi Pregnancy-related weight gain--a link to obesity?
    Anna Maria Siega-Riz
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    Nutr Rev 62:S105-11. 2004
    ..Likewise, little is known concerning these same attitudes and behaviors during the postpartum period that may contribute to weight retention.
  58. pmc Depression in men in the postnatal period and later child psychopathology: a population cohort study
    Paul G Ramchandani
    Section of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:390-8. 2008
    ..The present study set out to assess the association between depression in men in the postnatal period and later psychiatric disorders in their children and to investigate predisposing factors for depression in men following childbirth...
  59. pmc Predictors of change in physical activity during and after pregnancy: Project Viva
    Mark A Pereira
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:312-9. 2007
    Few studies document longitudinal changes in physical activity from prepregnancy to the postpartum period.
  60. pmc Sleep patterns and fatigue in new mothers and fathers
    Caryl L Gay
    Department of Family Health Care Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Biol Res Nurs 5:311-8. 2004
    ..Both parents experienced more sleep disruption at night during the postpartum period as compared to the last month of pregnancy...
  61. pmc Postpartum mastitis and community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    Pavani Reddy
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:298-301. 2007
    ..Twenty (95%) isolates contained the Staphylococcus cassette chromosome mec type IV gene; this suggests that the increase is due to community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus...
  62. ncbi Does religiosity affect health risk behaviors in pregnant and postpartum women?
    Robin L Page
    University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78701 1499, USA
    Matern Child Health J 13:621-32. 2009
    ..We examined the association between religious involvement and health risk behaviors such as smoking, drinking, marijuana use, and having multiple sex partners among a multiethnic sample of pregnant and postpartum women...
  63. pmc Uterine diseases in cattle after parturition
    I Martin Sheldon
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, Royal College Street, London NW1 0TU, UK
    Vet J 176:115-21. 2008
    ..Bacteria modulate endometrial prostaglandin secretion, and perturb ovarian follicle growth and function. Understanding the molecular basis of uterine disease will lead to novel approaches to treating infertility...
  64. ncbi Multiple sclerosis: management issues during pregnancy
    Simone Ferrero
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ospedale San Martino, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 115:3-9. 2004
    ..The progressive nature of the disease may motivate affected women to start or complete their families as soon as possible...
  65. ncbi Human sexuality during pregnancy and the postpartum period
    H Brtnicka
    Institute of Sexology, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
    Bratisl Lek Listy 110:427-31. 2009
    ..48). Full Text (Free, PDF) www.bmj.sk...
  66. ncbi Maternal postpartum behavior and the emergence of infant-mother and infant-father synchrony in preterm and full-term infants: the role of neonatal vagal tone
    Ruth Feldman
    Department of Psychology and the Gonda Brain Sciences Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel, 52900
    Dev Psychobiol 49:290-302. 2007
    ....
  67. ncbi Immune reconstitution syndrome and exacerbation of infections after pregnancy
    Nina Singh
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Infectious Diseases Section, Pittsburgh, PA 15240, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:1192-9. 2007
    ..Rapid reversal of these changes and a rebound of inflammatory responses during the postpartum period can result in quiescent or latent infection manifesting as symptomatic disease...
  68. ncbi The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire: a validation
    I F Brockington
    The University of Birmingham, Bredenbury, UK
    Arch Womens Ment Health 9:233-42. 2006
    ..These new cut-off points would need validation in another sample...
  69. ncbi Macronutrient and energy contents of human milk fractions during the first six months of lactation
    Timo Saarela
    Department of Paediatrics, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 94:1176-81. 2005
    ..To study the macronutrient and energy contents of human milk fractions during the first 6 mo of lactation...
  70. ncbi Influence of childhood sexual abuse on pregnancy, delivery, and the early postpartum period in adult women
    Brigitte Leeners
    Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University Hospital Zurich, CH 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Psychosom Res 61:139-51. 2006
    ..The aim of our systematic review was to present the current knowledge on the influence of CSA on pregnancy, delivery, and early parenthood...
  71. ncbi After the afterbirth: a critical review of postpartum health relative to method of delivery
    Noelle Borders
    College of William and Mary, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 51:242-8. 2006
    ..the discussion about postpartum health antenatally and encourage women to enlist needed support early in the postpartum period. Flexibility in the schedule of postpartum care is essential...
  72. ncbi Intended postpartum contraceptive use among pregnant and puerperal women at a university teaching hospital
    Omololu Adegbola
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Lagos Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 280:987-92. 2009
    ..To assess the intention to use postpartum contraceptives and factors influencing use...
  73. pmc Occurrence and determinants of postpartum maternal morbidities and disabilities among women in Matlab, Bangladesh
    J Ferdous
    ICDDR, B, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    J Health Popul Nutr 30:143-58. 2012
    ..and complications during pregnancy and around the time of delivery but also extends to the standard postpartum period of 42 days with consequences of obstetric complications and poor management at delivery...
  74. ncbi Self-rated health--what does it capture at 1 year after childbirth? Investigation of a survey question employing thinkaloud interviews
    Erica Schytt
    Department of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Caring Sci 23:711-20. 2009
    ..This paper reports an investigation of how the survey question 'How would you summarize your state of health at present' is interpreted and what it captures when asked at 1 year after childbirth...
  75. doi Prevention of type 2 diabetes in women with previous gestational diabetes
    Robert E Ratner
    MedStar Research Institute, 6495 New Hampshire Ave, Hyattsville, MD 20783, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:S242-5. 2007
  76. ncbi First-onset psychosis occurring in the postpartum period: a prospective cohort study
    Veerle Bergink
    Department of Psychiatry, Erasmus MC, s Gravendijkwal 230, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychiatry 72:1531-7. 2011
    To prospectively characterize a cohort of patients for whom first lifetime episode of psychosis occurs in the postpartum period.
  77. ncbi Relationships between the first ovulation postpartum and polymorphism in genes relating to function of immunity, metabolism and reproduction in high-producing dairy cows
    Koumei Shirasuna
    Graduate School of Animal and Food Hygiene, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Japan
    J Reprod Dev 57:135-42. 2011
    ..Taken together, polymorphisms of TNFα gene could be strongly related to early first ovulation after parturition, thus being an effective tool of selection for improving reproductive performance in the high-producing dairy cow...
  78. pmc Innovative psycho-educational program to prevent common postpartum mental disorders in primiparous women: a before and after controlled study
    Jane R W Fisher
    Centre for Women s Health, Gender and Society, Melbourne School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    BMC Public Health 10:432. 2010
    ....
  79. pmc Dendritic growth in medial prefrontal cortex and cognitive flexibility are enhanced during the postpartum period
    Benedetta Leuner
    Princeton University, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience Institute, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA
    J Neurosci 30:13499-503. 2010
    The postpartum period is associated with numerous hormonal changes, some of which have been linked to detrimental effects on the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), a brain region involved in cognition...
  80. pmc Low adiponectin concentration during pregnancy predicts postpartum insulin resistance, beta cell dysfunction and fasting glycaemia
    R Retnakaran
    Leadership Sinai Centre for Diabetes, Mount Sinai Hospital, 60 Murray Street, Suite L5 039, Mailbox 21, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Diabetologia 53:268-76. 2010
    ..Thus, we sought to determine whether adiponectin, leptin and CRP levels during pregnancy relate to the postpartum metabolic defects linking GDM with type 2 diabetes...
  81. pmc Effect of physical activity intervention based on a pedometer on physical activity level and anthropometric measures after childbirth: a randomized controlled trial
    Masumeh S Maturi
    Midwifery School, Ahvaz Jondishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:103. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of physical activity intervention based on pedometer on physical activity level and anthropometric measures of women after childbirth...
  82. ncbi Incidence and characteristics of venous thromboembolic disease during pregnancy and the postnatal period: a contemporary series
    David J O'Connor
    Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10467, USA
    Ann Vasc Surg 25:9-14. 2011
    ..To evaluate the incidence and characteristics of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) associated with pregnancy in a contemporary patient series...
  83. ncbi Responses to laboratory psychosocial stress in postpartum women
    M Altemus
    Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College, Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Psychosom Med 63:814-21. 2001
    ..This study was designed to determine the effect of lactation on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, autonomic nervous system, and anxiety responses to psychological stress...
  84. ncbi Survival outcomes in pregnancy associated breast cancer: a retrospective case control study
    Sheikh Asim Ali
    Department of Medical Oncolgy, Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
    Breast J 18:139-44. 2012
    ..01) and recurrence (p = 0.02) compared with nonpregnant controls. Women with PABC had significantly shorter OS and DFS compared with nonpregnant age and stage-matched controls...
  85. ncbi Experiential and hormonal correlates of maternal behavior in teen and adult mothers
    Katherine M Krpan
    Department of Psychology, Erindale College, University of Toronto, N Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 1C6
    Horm Behav 47:112-22. 2005
    ..These results suggest that early life experiences are linked to mothering behavior and are consistent with the emerging human and animal literature on intergenerational effects of mothering style...
  86. pmc Influence of energy balance on the somatotrophic axis and matrix metalloproteinase expression in the endometrium of the postpartum dairy cow
    D Claire Wathes
    Reproduction Group, Department of Veterinary Basic Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, London, UK
    Reproduction 141:269-81. 2011
    ..These results suggest that cows in SNEB experience alterations to the IGF and insulin signalling pathways in the postpartum endometrium. This may affect the rate of tissue repair with a possible negative impact on subsequent fertility...
  87. ncbi The stance phase of walking during late pregnancy: temporospatial and ground reaction force variables
    Janelle K Lymbery
    Tanilba Bay, Australia
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 95:247-53. 2005
    ..The differences suggest that women may adapt their gait to maximize stability in the stance phase of walking and to control mediolateral motion...
  88. pmc Are unhygienic practices during the menstrual, partum and postpartum periods risk factors for secondary infertility?
    Tazeen Saeed Ali
    Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Nursing, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    J Health Popul Nutr 25:189-94. 2007
    ..5, 95% CI 1.3-4.7). Since these factors are preventable/modifiable to a great extent, public-health interventions are, thus, recommended to address these risk factors at various levels...
  89. ncbi Identifying predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy in the immediate postpartum period
    Cindy Lee E Dennis
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5T 1P8, Canada
    Res Nurs Health 29:256-68. 2006
    ..The BSES may be used to identify risk factors, enabling health professionals to improve quality of care for new breastfeeding mothers...
  90. pmc Increasing physical activity in postpartum multiethnic women in Hawaii: results from a pilot study
    Cheryl L Albright
    Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
    BMC Womens Health 9:4. 2009
    ..Half the participants were ethnic minorities, mean age was 33 +/- 3.8, infants' mean age was 6.9 +/- 2.4 months, 50% were primiparas, and mean body mass index was 23.6 +/- 4.2...
  91. ncbi Physical and emotional self-rated health among Swedish women and men during pregnancy and the first year of parenthood
    Erica Schytt
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Division of Reproductive and Perinatal Care, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden
    Sex Reprod Healthc 2:57-64. 2011
    ..We wanted to explore SRH over the time period of pregnancy and the first year of parenthood, dividing the measurement into physical and emotional SRH and also to include the fathers...
  92. pmc A cluster-randomized, placebo-controlled, maternal vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation trial in Bangladesh: design and methods
    Alain B Labrique
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Trials 12:102. 2011
    ....
  93. ncbi Postpartum anemia I: definition, prevalence, causes, and consequences
    Nils Milman
    Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Næstved Hospital, 4700 Næstved, Denmark
    Ann Hematol 90:1247-53. 2011
    ..Postpartum anemia is associated with an impaired quality of life, reduced cognitive abilities, emotional instability, and depression and constitutes a significant health problem in women of reproductive age...
  94. ncbi The effect of health visitors' postpartum home visit frequency on first-time mothers: cluster randomised trial
    Janice Christie
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen s University Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, Northern Ireland, BT9 7BL, United Kingdom
    Int J Nurs Stud 48:689-702. 2011
    ..Yet, little is known about the effects of universal services which provide care for all families including those at lowest risk (e.g., provision by health visitors-United Kingdom specialist community public health nurses)...
  95. ncbi Breastfeeding is not related to postpartum relapses in multiple sclerosis
    E Portaccio
    Department of Neurology, University of Florence, Viale Morgagni 85, 50134 Florence, Italy
    Neurology 77:145-50. 2011
    ..To assess the relationship between breastfeeding and risk of puerperal relapses in a large cohort of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS)...
  96. ncbi Intravenous corticosteroids in the postpartum period for reduction of acute exacerbations in multiple sclerosis
    J de Seze
    Department of Neurology, Hopital R Salengro, CHRU of Lille, Lille, France
    Mult Scler 10:596-7. 2004
    ..study, 20 patients were treated monthly with 1 g of intravenous corticosteroids during the six months of the postpartum period. In both groups the relapse rate increased during the first trimester postpartum but it was higher in the ..
  97. ncbi The plasticity of human maternal brain: longitudinal changes in brain anatomy during the early postpartum period
    Pilyoung Kim
    Department of Human Development, Cornell University
    Behav Neurosci 124:695-700. 2010
    Animal studies suggest that structural changes occur in the maternal brain during the early postpartum period in regions such as the hypothalamus, amygdala, parietal lobe, and prefrontal cortex and such changes are related to the ..
  98. pmc Extraordinary exposed in early motherhood - a qualitative study exploring experiences of mothers with type 1 diabetes
    Carina Sparud-Lundin
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg Box 457, SE 405 30, Goteborg, Sweden
    BMC Womens Health 11:10. 2011
    ..Few studies have investigated these aspects of healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore experiences after childbirth regarding breastfeeding, glycemic control, support and well-being in women with type 1 diabetes...
  99. pmc Pleiotropic effects of negative energy balance in the postpartum dairy cow on splenic gene expression: repercussions for innate and adaptive immunity
    D G Morris
    Teagasc, Mellows Campus, Athenry, County Galway, Ireland
    Physiol Genomics 39:28-37. 2009
    ..oligonucleotide array was used to determine global gene expression in the spleen of dairy cows in the early postpartum period. Spleen tissue was removed post mortem from five severe NEB (SNEB) and five medium NEB (MNEB) cows 15 days ..
  100. pmc Negative energy balance alters global gene expression and immune responses in the uterus of postpartum dairy cows
    D Claire Wathes
    Department of Veterinary Basic Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, London, United Kingdom
    Physiol Genomics 39:1-13. 2009
    ..SNEB may therefore prevent cows from mounting an effective immune response to the microbial challenge experienced after calving, prolonging the time required for uterine recovery and compromising subsequent fertility...
  101. ncbi Fecal and urinary incontinence in primiparous women
    Diane Borello-France
    Duquesne University, Department of Physical Therapy, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15282, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 108:863-72. 2006
    ..To prospectively investigate the relationship between anal sphincter tears and postpartum fecal and urinary incontinence...

Research Grants69

  1. Calcium for Prevention of Postpartum Depression
    Daniel Hatton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..supplemented group who experience a first episode of major depression since entry into the study in the postpartum period, either at 6 or 12 weeks, will be compared to the proportion in the placebo condition...
  2. Postpartum Depression: Role of Sleep &Genetic Risk in Postpartum Mood Disorders
    Katherine M Sharkey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Evidence that sleep disturbance during the postpartum period impacts maternal mental health also provides support for initiatives to improve maternity leave and return-..
  3. Translational Diebetes Prevention in GDM
    Assiamira Ferrara; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..So far, no lifestyle interventions have been translated for use in women with GDM during the early postpartum period. The screening for GDM practiced in the health system presents a highly efficient identification of a ..
  4. CAT B Existing Wyoming PRAMS
    Joseph Grandpre; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the identification of emerging maternal and infant health behaviors and experiences that occur during the postpartum period, data not captured by vital records...
  5. Persistent hepatitis C virus replication and T cell immunity in pregnancy
    Christopher M Walker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our central hypothesis is that cellular immunit to HCV is fully restored, at least transiently, in the postpartum period. Two Specific Aims are proposed...
  6. Development of a Yoga Intervention for Antenatal Depression
    Cynthia L Battle; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This has been further highlighted in NIH PA-06- 376 "Women's Mental Health in Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period," which emphasized that developing a wider range of innovative non-pharmacological interventions for ..
  7. Preventing Postpartum Smoking Relapse: A C-SHIP Based Text Messaging Intervention
    Suzanne M Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, up to 80% of these women relapse in the postpartum period, despite the health risks for themselves and their children...
  8. Reducing Obesity in Underserved Postpartum African American Women
    Caroline M Apovian; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The postpartum period may offer an optimal opportunity to reach overweight and obese African American women for behavioral ..
  9. Assessing the Influence of Oxytocin on Postpartum Depression Using Brain Imaging
    Julia R Heiman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding the basic functional neuroendocrinology of the postpartum period, including hormonally mediated patterns of neural activation in response to negatively arousing stimuli, is ..
  10. HPA Stress Reactivity &Genetic Influences in Postpartum Depression
    SAMANTHA ERIKA MELTZER-BRODY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..rate of approximately 10%, making it one of the most common complications of both the prenatal and postpartum period. The pathogenesis of PPD is likely a complicated interplay of alterations in HPA stress axis reactivity ..
  11. Impact of maternal HAART on HIV-infected breastfeeding infants: Malawi
    Susan H Eshleman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In many settings in Africa, women with unknown HIV status present late in pregnancy or in labor, and the postpartum period represents a major entry point for counseling, testing, and assessment for antiretroviral (ARV) treatment...
  12. Phone-Based Postpartum Continuing Care: Smoking Cessation Beginning in Pregnancy
    VICTORIA HOPE COLEMAN-COWGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..highlighting a need for effective postpartum continuing care that supports women through the challenging postpartum period when stress is high and motivation to stay quit may decline...
  13. Persistent hepatitis C virus replication and T cell immunity in pregnancy
    Christopher M Walker; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Aim 1 is to compare cellular immunity to HCV in women with and without a substantial drop in viremia in the postpartum period. Some women will be followed through two pregnancies so that virus replication and immunity can also be ..
  14. Prenatal Iron Supplements: Safety &Efficacy in Tanzania
    Wafaie W Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to receive 60 milligrams of ferrous sulphate or placebo daily, and will be followed up through the postpartum period. Women who are anemic (defined in Tanzania as Hb<8...
  15. Parsing the Heterogeneity of Neural Functioning in Postpartum Depression
    Eydie L Moses-Kolko; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the causes of mental disorders', and PA-07-081: 'Women's Mental Health in Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period', we aim to elucidate the putative link between neural activity to emotional stimuli, PPD, and ..
  16. Project REACH: Preventing Postpartum Depression in Adolescent Mothers
    Maureen G Phipps; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..addresses the research objective outlined in PA 09-174: Women's Mental Health in Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period targeting intervention research to develop systematic knowledge about "psychosocial depression treatments ..
  17. Lactation Effects on Postnatal Endothelial Function and Vascular Inflammation
    Karen M Grewen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The postpartum period, like the perimenopause, may therefore be a critical period of enhanced risk for inflammatory damage to ..
  18. HIV Testing and Educating Male Partners to Improve Maternal and Infant Outcomes
    Carey Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Involvement of men during the antenatal and postpartum period, including HIV testing of male partners, can have substantial benefits for both HIV-infected and uninfected ..
  19. Cocaine disruption of maternal motivation: preference for pups vs. cocaine
    MARIANA PEREIRA ARBOLEYA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Cocaine abuse in women during the postpartum period is associated with dysfunctional maternal care, which can have severe lifelong consequences for the child...
  20. Efficacy of an Exercise Intervention for the Prevention of PostPartum Depression
    Beth A Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): This application is in response to PA-06-377 "Women's Mental Health in Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period." Recent estimates indicate that approximately 10-15 percent of women giving birth experience depression ..
  21. Motherhood, Oxytocin and the Medial Prefrontal Cortex
    BENEDETTA J LEUNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    The postpartum period is accompanied by dramatic clianges in hormones, including increased glucocorticoid and decreased estrogen levels...
  22. Obstetric Pharmacology Research Units Network Center at UTMB-Galveston
    Gary D Hankins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..aureus, especially community-acquired MRSA, is increasingly a problem in pregnant women and in the postpartum period. The rate of MRSA infections in pregnant women, between 2000 and 2004, increased 10-fold...
  23. Dopamine/Adenpsine interaction in depression: Therapeutic role of A2A antagonism
    MARIANA PEREIRA ARBOLEYA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..shows that the clinical features of postpartum depression differ from depression that occurs outside the postpartum period, with the former being characterized primarily by cognitive and motivational disturbances, including ..
  24. Latent TB Detection and Implications in HIV-1 Infected Women and Their Children
    Grace C John Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, we propose to determine incidence of LTBI as detected by IGRAs in women and children during the postpartum period. The proposed study will efficiently obtain important data on TB pathogenesis and immunodiagnostic testing ..
  25. Impact of a Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management Intervention on Cortisol Regul
    Guido G Urizar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..heightening a woman's risk for developing stress-related health complications during pregnancy and the postpartum period is the stress hormone cortisol...
  26. Systems of Care for New Moms: Integrating Depression Treatment
    Luis H Zayas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Maternal depression in the postpartum period is a significant public health matter, particularly among poor urban minority women with limited access to mental health services. Through research we know how to treat depression...
  27. Perinatal Depression: Dyadic-IPT to Improve Health of Mother and Baby
    SHANNON NICOLE LENZE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Perinatal depression is a major public health problem, affecting 15 % of women during pregnancy through the postpartum period, with adverse consequences for the mother, the fetus, the infant, and the family...
  28. Noradrenergic regulation of maternal anxiety
    CARL DAVID SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The early postpartum period is an extremely demanding time for new mothers. Most women remain psychologically healthy but emotional disorders, such as high anxiety, are common...
  29. Perinatal Depression &Anxiety: Relationships with Late Pregnancy Thyroid Status
    CORT ANDREW PEDERSEN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..or postpartum thyroid measures are related to anxiety symptoms or disorders (which are also common in the postpartum period) and to test a theory about how lower late pregnancy thyroid hormone levels might contribute to postpartum ..
  30. Psychoneuroimmune Contributions to Postpartum Depression
    ELIZABETH JEANNE CORWIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The following application focuses on physiological changes occurring during the postpartum period that may influence a woman s recovery from childbirth and her descent into depression...
  31. Role of Lateral Septum in Emotional Reactivity During the Postpartum Period
    STEPHEN COULL GAMMIE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a nexus for understanding two important mental health issues: emotional changes that occur during the postpartum period and fierce reactive aggression...
  32. Reducing Cardiovascular Risk in Women with Hypertension or Diabetes in Pregnancy
    WENDY LYNET BENNETT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of CVD-preventive health behaviors, including medical follow-up and healthy lifestyle behaviors, in the postpartum period in women with recent GDM and HDP...
  33. Role of maternal diet and allelic imbalance in behavior.
    William Valdar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..deficiencies at critical time points during development, particularly while in utero and during the postpartum period, increases the risk of psychiatric disease in humans, and alters behavioral outcomes in animal models of ..
  34. Progesterone and Postpartum Relapse to Smoking
    Sharon S Allen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): The vast majority of women who quit smoking during pregnancy relapse during the postpartum period. Relapse prevention interventions are lacking...
  35. Web and Phone Intervention to Maintain Postpartum Tobacco Abstinence
    Michele D Levine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Thus, the postpartum period represents an important yet largely untapped opportunity to prevent the negative health consequences of ..
  36. Hormones and Cognition Over the Lifespan
    MIRIAM T WEBER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..if pregnancy is associated with measurable cognitive declines and if such declines ameliorate in the postpartum period, and 2) determine if the menopausal transition (MT) is associated with subjective and objective cognitive ..
  37. Maternal rat preferences for pups versus cocaine
    JOAN IRENE MORRELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..experiments focus on the neurobiological mediators of motivation to seek offspring versus cocaine during the postpartum period, a unique period in the life of the female, critical for the survival of her offspring...
  38. Resilient Profiles and Postpartum Depression in Low-Income Mexican American Women
    Jenna L Gress-Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..examine resilient processes, which may alleviate the duration or severity of depressive symptoms during the postpartum period. The proposed research will analyze profiles of resilience during the prenatal period...
  39. Cell proliferation and survival in the maternal dorsal raphe
    Mary A Holschbach; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The profound behavioral changes associated with pregnancy and the postpartum period include reduced anxiety and increased maternal caregiving...
  40. Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Early Life Risk Factors for Childhood Obesity
    Elsie M Taveras; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the study, as they have pioneered epidemiologic studies on the origins of obesity during pregnancy and the postpartum period, and have extensive experience in examining racial/ethnic disparities in health and health care...
  41. Development of a Home-Based Family Treatment for Postpartum Depression
    Cynthia L Battle; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As highlighted in NIMH PA-06-376 "Women's Mental Health in Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period," developing a wider range of treatment options for women with PPD is critically important given the serious ..
  42. LMWH for Post-partum Prophylaxis in Women at Risk of Venous Thrombosis
    Marc Rodger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Hence, the postpartum period is the period of greatest risk...
  43. Cocaine: Translational Effects on Infant Vocalizations and Maternal Response
    ELIZABETH THOMAS COX; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..groups exhibited delayed or lessened maternal behavior towards cocaine-exposed infants during the early postpartum period. Delayed maternal behavior was even more pronounced in cocaine-treated mothers...
  44. Effect of exercise and wellness interventions on preventing postpartum depression
    Beth A Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Our application is in response to PA-09-174 "Women's Mental Health in Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period." Approximately 10 to13 percent of women experience postpartum depression (Banti et al., 2011, Gaynes et al...
  45. Immune activation during pregnancy and contraception in HIV-infected Kenyan women
    ALISON CHRISTINA ROXBY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of these analyses can be used to create a clearer picture of immunologic function in pregnancy and the postpartum period among HIV-1-infected women in Africa, to clarify mechanisms by which pregnancy and hormonal contraception ..
  46. Comparative effectiveness of diabetes prevention strategies in women with GDM
    Assiamira Ferrara; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..So far, no lifestyle interventions have been translated for women with GDM in the postpartum period. Screening for GDM as currently practiced allows for efficient identification of a population at high risk ..
  47. Pregnancy Experience of Women with Physical Disabilities
    Lisa I Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., perceived attitudes of clinicians during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and immediate postpartum period), and environmental factors (e.g...
  48. Preparation and Patient Education to Reduce Postpartum Depressive Symptoms
    Elizabeth A Howell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Recent studies have begun to examine the contextual setting of the early postpartum period and identify potentially modifiable determinants of postpartum depressive symptoms...
  49. Assessment of Nicotine Metabolism Among Underserved Pregnant Women from NE SCRIPT
    Donna Parker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will also examine differences in the 3-HC:cotinine ratio between the prenatal and postpartum period. The proposed pilot study provides an exciting opportunity to examine this novel biological index of ..
  50. NONA Garment Project: Noninvasive Observation of Natal Activity
    AARON ROOD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..labor, and 2) to identify FECG characteristics that predict adverse events during labor and the immediate postpartum period. The Phase I program outcome will be the demonstration of the feasibility of the complete system - garment- ..
  51. Postpartum Depression: Omega-3 FA vs Placebo
    Marlene Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..and ethical issues, and 2) to gain expertise in the research on mood disorders during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Long term goals are: 1) to become an independent investigator of mood disorders during pregnancy and ..
  52. Intracellular disposition of AZT in lymphocytes: New tools for clinical pediatri
    LE VUONG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..oral dosing of genotoxic drugs such as nucleoside analogs, during pregnancy, labor and the immediate postpartum period, as well as investigating infant DNA incorporation of the active drug metabolites following in utero ..
  53. EFFECT OF LACTATION ON BONE
    MaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..goal of the research is to determine whether there is significant loss, or gain of bone mass over a 6-month postpartum period in breastfeeding vs. bottle-feeding women...
  54. Functional status and motor activity in PPD
    Barbara Posmontier; Fiscal Year: 2005
    The postpartum period is a crucial and demanding time period for new mothers to perform infant care, household, social, occupational, and community activities...
  55. Early Predictors of Postpartum Depression
    ILONA YIM; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..predictive of pre-term birth, and it has been suggested that changes in pCRH throughout pregnancy and the postpartum period may play a role as a predictor of postpartum depression, particularly around 25 weeks gestation...
  56. PREGNANCY & NEURAL & BEHAVIORAL PLASTICITY IN THE FEMALE
    CRAIG KINSLEY; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..to reproduction itself, particularly endocrine-neuron relations that may be unique to pregnancy and the postpartum period. What might such changes mean for the female's behavior subsequent to the reproductive events themselves? Do ..
  57. CALCIUM INTAKE, METABOLISM & GESTATIONAL BLOOD PRESSURE
    Cynthia Morris; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Nutrient intake, including dietary calcium, will be assessed during gestation weeks 24, 28, 32, 36, and the postpartum period using 3- day food records and 24-hour dietary recalls...
  58. SENSATION AND BEHAVIOR IN FETUS AND NEWBORN
    April Ronca; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..rate, metabolic activity, respiratory frequency, and ultrasonic vocalizations, will be measured during the postpartum period. Circulating catecholamines (norepinephrine, epinephrine and dopamine) will also be measured...
  59. PARENTAL BEHAVIOR IN MAMMALS--OPIOID REGULATION
    Robert Bridges; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..opioids in the establishment of "maternal memory" by blocking central opioid activity during the immediate postpartum period when this memory is established...
  60. "Post-partum steroid withdrawal-induced depression"
    REBECCA CRAFT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..rat which would ultimately provide information about what causes PPD (how brain function changes during the postpartum period), why some individuals are more susceptible than others to PPD, and what antidepressant treatments are ..
  61. Support for Low Income Breastfeeding: Cost and Outcomes
    Linda Pugh; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..counselors and nurses, affects the duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding practice after the immediate postpartum period. However, support for low-income women has been neglected and not made available because of generally ..
  62. RACE, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND PREGNANCY OUTCOMES
    Donna Strobino; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Study participants will be interviewed between 19 and 26 weeks gestation and in the immediate postpartum period about their physical activity, social supports and smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy...
  63. ACCELERATING PROGRESS OF SMOKING CESSATION IN PREGNANCY
    Laurie Ruggiero; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Therefore, pregnancy and the postpartum period is an important window of opportunity for interventions to motivate these women and accelerate their ..
  64. The association of obesity and postpartum depression
    DAPHNE LACOURSIERE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..this translational project in response to PA-03-135 (Women's Mental Health in Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period. Using a prospective design with an oversampling technique, we will: 1...
  65. Intervention for Poor Pregnant Women with Partner Abuse
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The mental health outcomes of PA, that is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, transform the postpartum period from an already challenging process into a potentially overwhelming one, which may threaten the well-being ..
  66. Maternal and Infant Effects of Treated and Untreated Depression During Pregnancy
    Tina Hartert; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..proposal is in response to an NIMH program announcement on women's mental health in pregnancy and the postpartum period and addresses several goals of the program by investigating the epidemiology, risk factors, and effects of ..
  67. Bupropion to Prevent Postpartum Smoking Relapse
    Madeline Dalton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the effectiveness of bupropion SR in preventing relapse during particularly vulnerable periods, such as the postpartum period. Our ultimate goal is to evaluate the effectiveness of bupropion SR in preventing relapse during the ..
  68. HORMONES AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN TEENAGE PREGNANCY
    Elizabeth Susman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..and relate these processes to the psychological functioning of the adolescent's mother in the early postpartum period, as well as to labor and delivery complications and health status of the infant...
  69. Relational Group Intervention for Postpartum Depression
    Roseanne Clark; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Major and minor depression in the postpartum period occurs in 10-15 percent of all new mothers, representing a significant public health problem...