- The genetics of Caenorhabditis elegans
Genetics 77:71-94. 1974
..Mutations in 77 of these alter the movement of the animal. Estimates of the induced mutation frequency of both the visible mutants and X chromosome lethals suggests that, just as in Drosophila, the genetic units in C. elegans are large...
- Evolution of pathogenicity and sexual reproduction in eight Candida genomes
UCD School of Biomolecular and Biomedical Science, Conway Institute, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
Nature 459:657-62. 2009
..Analysis of the CUG leucine-to-serine genetic-code change reveals that 99% of ancestral CUG codons were erased and new ones arose elsewhere. Lastly, we revise the Candida albicans gene catalogue, identifying many new genes...
- Understanding the odd science of aging
Thomas B L Kirkwood
Henry Wellcome Laboratory for Biogerontology Research, Institute for Ageing and Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE4 6BE, United Kingdom
Cell 120:437-47. 2005
..factors such as hazard rates and food availability influence the trade-offs between investing in growth, reproduction, and somatic survival, explaining why species evolved different life spans and why aging rate can sometimes be ..
- Evolution of genes and genomes on the Drosophila phylogeny
Andrew G Clark
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
Nature 450:203-18. 2007
..These may prove to underlie differences in the ecology and behaviour of these diverse species...
- The rapid evolution of reproductive proteins
Willie J Swanson
Department of Biology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA
Nat Rev Genet 3:137-44. 2002
Many genes that mediate sexual reproduction, such as those involved in gamete recognition, diverge rapidly, often as a result of adaptive evolution...
- Plant speciation
Loren H Rieseberg
Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
Science 317:910-4. 2007
..differentiation, local dispersal, high fecundity, perennial life history, and self-fertilization or asexual reproduction. Finally, species richness in plants is correlated with many biological and geohistorical factors, most of ..
- Kisspeptin signaling in the brain
Amy E Oakley
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Washington, Box 356460, 1705 NE Pacific Street, Health Sciences Building Room BB604, Seattle, Washington 98195 6460, USA
Endocr Rev 30:713-43. 2009
..product of the Kiss1 gene) and its receptor (GPR54 or Kiss1r) have emerged as key players in the regulation of reproduction. Mutations in humans or genetically targeted deletions in mice of either Kiss1 or Kiss1r cause profound ..
- In vitro molecular mechanisms of bisphenol A action
Yelena B Wetherill
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Reprod Toxicol 24:178-98. 2007
- Oxidative stress as a mediator of life history trade-offs: mechanisms, measurements and interpretation
Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Graham Kerr Building, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G128QQ, UK
Ecol Lett 12:75-92. 2009
..We indicate throughout potentially fruitful areas for further research...
- Role of brain insulin receptor in control of body weight and reproduction
J C Bruning
Klinik II und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin and Center of Molecular Medicine ZMMK der Universität zu Köln, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, 50931 Cologne, Germany
Science 289:2122-5. 2000
..Thus, IR signaling in the CNS plays an important role in regulation of energy disposal, fuel metabolism, and reproduction.
- MHC studies in nonmodel vertebrates: what have we learned about natural selection in 15 years?
Department de Biologie, Universite Laval, Ste Foy, Quebec, Canada
J Evol Biol 16:363-77. 2003
..We conclude this review by proposing several directions where future research is needed...
- Running with the Red Queen: host-parasite coevolution selects for biparental sex
Levi T Morran
Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
Science 333:216-8. 2011
..Thus, consistent with the Red Queen hypothesis, coevolving pathogens can select for biparental sex...
- Neurokinin B and dynorphin A in kisspeptin neurons of the arcuate nucleus participate in generation of periodic oscillation of neural activity driving pulsatile gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion in the goat
Laboratory of Neurobiology, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
J Neurosci 30:3124-32. 2010
..hormone (GnRH) neurons in the basal forebrain are the final common pathway through which the brain regulates reproduction. GnRH secretion occurs in a pulsatile manner, and indirect evidence suggests the kisspeptin neurons in the ..
- Why do females mate multiply? A review of the genetic benefits
M D Jennions
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Republic of Panama
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 75:21-64. 2000
..Second, the role of multiple mating in promoting assortative fertilization and increasing reproductive isolation between populations may help us to understand sympatric speciation...
- Genome-wide association analysis of thirty one production, health, reproduction and body conformation traits in contemporary U.S. Holstein cows
John B Cole
Animal Improvement Programs Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Beltsville, Maryland, USA
BMC Genomics 12:408. 2011
..Here, we report results of a genome-wide analysis of predicted transmitting ability (PTA) of 31 production, health, reproduction and body conformation traits in contemporary Holstein cows.
- High-throughput sequencing to reveal genes involved in reproduction and development in Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae)
State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, and Institute of Urban and Horticultural Pests, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, People s Republic of China
PLoS ONE 7:e36463. 2012
..To facilitate molecular research into reproduction and development mechanisms, and finally effective control on these pests, an extensive transcriptome for the ..
- Genome-wide association studies of female reproduction in tropically adapted beef cattle
R J Hawken
Cooperative Research Centre for Beef Genetic Technologies, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, Australia
J Anim Sci 90:1398-410. 2012
The genetics of reproduction is poorly understood because the heritabilities of traits currently recorded are low...
- Climate change and population declines in a long-distance migratory bird
Netherlands Institute of Ecology NIOO KNAW, PO Box 40, 6666ZG Heteren, The Netherlands
Nature 441:81-3. 2006
..Mistiming as a result of climate change is probably a widespread phenomenon, and here we provide evidence that it can lead to population declines...
- The effects of oxidative stress on female reproduction: a review
Center for Reproductive Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA
Reprod Biol Endocrinol 10:49. 2012
- Evolution in the fast lane: rapidly evolving sex-related genes in Drosophila
Department of Biology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
Genetics 177:1321-35. 2007
..portion of the annotated genes in Drosophila melanogaster show sex-biased expression, indicating that sex and reproduction-related genes (SRR genes) represent an appreciable component of the genome...
- Meeting report: atmospheric pollution and human reproduction
Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology, Neuherberg, Germany
Environ Health Perspect 116:791-8. 2008
..There is a growing body of epidemiologic literature reporting associations between atmospheric pollutants and reproductive outcomes, particularly birth weight and gestational duration...
- Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalities
Theoretical Biology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN Haren, The Netherlands
Nature 447:581-4. 2007
..Our argument is based on the insight that the trade-off between current and future reproduction often results in polymorphic populations in which some individuals put more emphasis on future fitness returns ..
- Intralocus sexual conflict
Evolution and Ecology Research Centre and School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Trends Ecol Evol 24:280-8. 2009
..Whereas recent thinking has focussed on the role of intralocus sexual conflict as a brake on sexual coevolution, we urge a broader appraisal that also takes account of its potential to drive adaptive evolution and speciation...
- Genetic effects of captive breeding cause a rapid, cumulative fitness decline in the wild
Department of Zoology, 3029 Cordley Hall, Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
Science 318:100-3. 2007
..These results suggest that even a few generations of domestication may have negative effects on natural reproduction in the wild and that the repeated use of captive-reared parents to supplement wild populations should be ..
- Discovery of a sexual cycle in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus
Céline M O'Gorman
UCD School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
Nature 457:471-4. 2009
..The ability of A. fumigatus to engage in sexual reproduction is highly significant in understanding the biology and evolution of the species...
- Evidence for ecological speciation and its alternative
Biodiversity Research Centre and Zoology Department, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
Science 323:737-41. 2009
..However, we still have not identified all aspects of selection, and identifying the underlying genes for reproductive isolation remains challenging...
- Rethinking the evolutionary theory of aging: transfers, not births, shape senescence in social species
Ronald D Lee
Department of Demography, University of California, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720 2120, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:9637-42. 2003
..However, successful reproduction often involves intergenerational transfers as well as fertility...
- TAC3 and TACR3 mutations in familial hypogonadotropic hypogonadism reveal a key role for Neurokinin B in the central control of reproduction
A Kemal Topaloglu
Cukurova University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Balcali, Adana 01330, Turkey
Nat Genet 41:354-8. 2009
..These findings implicate Neurokinin B as a critical central regulator of human gonadal function and suggest new approaches to the pharmacological control of human reproduction and sex hormone-related diseases.
- Effect of insecticide resistance on development, longevity and reproduction of field or laboratory selected Aedes aegypti populations
Ademir Jesus Martins
Laboratório de Fisiologia e Controle de Artrópodes Vetores, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
PLoS ONE 7:e31889. 2012
- Variable NK cell receptors and their MHC class I ligands in immunity, reproduction and human evolution
Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Nat Rev Immunol 13:133-44. 2013
Natural killer (NK) cells have roles in immunity and reproduction that are controlled by variable receptors that recognize MHC class I molecules...
- Acetylesterase-mediated deacetylation of pectin impairs cell elongation, pollen germination, and plant reproduction
Jin Ying Gou
Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, USA
Plant Cell 24:50-65. 2012
- Evolution of fungal sexual reproduction
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
Mycologia 105:1-27. 2013
..advances in our understanding of the genetic, molecular and genomic basis of sex determination and sexual reproduction in the fungal kingdom as a window on the evolution of sex in eukaryotes more generally...
- High local genetic diversity and low outcrossing rate in Caenorhabditis elegans natural populations
Institut Jacques Monod, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universities Paris 6 and 7, Paris, France
Curr Biol 15:1176-84. 2005
..In particular, its unusual mode of reproduction with self-fertile hermaphrodites and facultative males raises the question of its frequency of outcrossing in ..
- Genes and speciation
Chung I Wu
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Nat Rev Genet 5:114-22. 2004
- The CAP superfamily: cysteine-rich secretory proteins, antigen 5, and pathogenesis-related 1 proteins--roles in reproduction, cancer, and immune defense
Gerard M Gibbs
Monash Institute of Medical Research, Monash University, 27 31 Wright Street, Clayton 3168, Australia
Endocr Rev 29:865-97. 2008
- Cost of mating in Drosophila melanogaster females is mediated by male accessory gland products
ICAPB, University of Edinburgh, UK
Nature 373:241-4. 1995
..The cost of mating to females may therefore represent a side-effect of evolutionary conflict between males...
- Kisspeptins and reproduction: physiological roles and regulatory mechanisms
Department of Cell Biology, Physiology and Immunology, University of Cordoba, Spain
Physiol Rev 92:1235-316. 2012
..neuronal networks have evolved to mediate the diverse internal and external environmental inputs that regulate reproduction in vertebrates...
- Rapid evolution of reproductive barriers driven by sexual conflict
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37996 1610, USA
Nature 403:886-9. 2000
..evolutionary novelty that appears to be acting on fertilization systems seems paradoxical because successful reproduction requires the close matching of female and male traits...
- Identification of ligands for DAF-12 that govern dauer formation and reproduction in C. elegans
Daniel L Motola
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
Cell 124:1209-23. 2006
..define the first steroid hormones in nematodes as ligands for an invertebrate orphan nuclear receptor and demonstrate that steroidal regulation of reproduction, from biology to molecular mechanism, is conserved from worms to humans.
- Homothallic and heterothallic mating in the opportunistic pathogen Candida albicans
Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
Nature 460:890-3. 2009
..Furthermore, Bar1 protease has an unexpected but pivotal role in determining whether sexual reproduction can potentially be homothallic or is exclusively heterothallic...
- A rapidly evolving homeobox at the site of a hybrid sterility gene
C T Ting
Department of Ecology and Evolution, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Science 282:1501-4. 1998
..Such rapid sequence divergence is driven by positive selection and may contribute to reproductive isolation...
- Transmission of Hypervirulence traits via sexual reproduction within and between lineages of the human fungal pathogen cryptococcus gattii
Institute of Microbiology and Infection and School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom The National Institute of Health Research Surgical Reconstruction and Microbiology Research Centre, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
PLoS Genet 9:e1003771. 2013
..gattii lineages VGII and VGIII, potentially creating novel hypervirulent genotypes, and that current models of uniparental mitochondrial inheritance in the Cryptococcus genus may not be universal. ..
- Disruption of zebrafish (Danio rerio) reproduction upon chronic exposure to TiO₂ nanoparticles
Center for Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology, The Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
Chemosphere 83:461-7. 2011
..1 mg L(-1) nTiO(2), can significantly impair zebrafish reproduction. For instance, there was a 29...
- TGF-β and insulin signaling regulate reproductive aging via oocyte and germline quality maintenance
Lewis Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics and Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Cell 143:299-312. 2010
Reproductive cessation is perhaps the earliest aging phenotype that humans experience. Similarly, reproduction of Caenorhabditis elegans ceases in mid-adulthood...
- STAT3 signalling is required for leptin regulation of energy balance but not reproduction
Sarah H Bates
Research Division, Joslin Diabetes Center, Harvard Medical School, 1 Joslin Place, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Nature 421:856-9. 2003
..LRb-STAT3 signalling thus mediates the effects of leptin on melanocortin production and body energy homeostasis, whereas distinct LRb signals regulate NPY and the control of fertility, growth and glucose homeostasis...
- White-opaque switching in Candida albicans is controlled by mating-type locus homeodomain proteins and allows efficient mating
Mathew G Miller
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
Cell 110:293-302. 2002
..As white cells are generally more robust in a mammalian host than are opaque cells, this strategy allows the organism to survive the rigors of life within a mammalian host, yet generate mating-competent cells...
- Severe intergenerational reproductive conflict and the evolution of menopause
Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Ecol Lett 15:1283-90. 2012
..it remains an evolutionary puzzle: studies have largely failed to account for diminishing selection on reproduction beyond 50 years...
- Selection on heritable phenotypic plasticity in a wild bird population
Daniel H Nussey
Netherlands Institute of Ecology NIOO KNAW, Post Office Box 40, 6666 ZG Heteren, Netherlands
Science 310:304-6. 2005
..from a Dutch population of great tits (Parus major) for variation in individual plasticity in the timing of reproduction, and we show that this variation is heritable...
- Interference of endocrine disrupting chemicals with aromatase CYP19 expression or activity, and consequences for reproduction of teleost fish
Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Ueberlandstrasse 133, Postfach 611, CH 8600 Dubendorf, Switzerland
Gen Comp Endocrinol 155:31-62. 2008
..A decrease in reproduction success is one of the most well-documented signs of endocrine disruption in fish...
- Genetic circuits that govern bisexual and unisexual reproduction in Cryptococcus neoformans
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
PLoS Genet 9:e1003688. 2013
..Sexual reproduction involves cells of either opposite (bisexual) or one (unisexual) mating type...
- Oxidative stress-related PMK-1 P38 MAPK activation as a mechanism for toxicity of silver nanoparticles to reproduction in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans
School of Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Energy and Environment Systems Engineering, University of Seoul, Seoul, Korea
Environ Toxicol Chem 31:585-92. 2012
..was investigated in the nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans, focusing on the involvement of oxidative stress in reproduction toxicity...
- Estimating genetic parameters in natural populations using the "animal model"
Loeske E B Kruuk
Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, Scotland, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:873-90. 2004
- Estimating genetic benefits of polyandry from experimental studies: a meta-analysis
Rachel A Slatyer
Evolution, Ecology and Genetics, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 87:1-33. 2012
- The influence of social hierarchy on primate health
Robert M Sapolsky
Departments of Biological Sciences, Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, MC 5020, Stanford, CA 94305 5020, USA
Science 308:648-52. 2005
..Finally, I consider how these findings apply to the human realm of health, disease, and socioeconomic status...
- Discovery of a phenotypic switch regulating sexual mating in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Candida tropicalis
Allison M Porman
Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:21158-63. 2011
Sexual reproduction can promote genetic diversity in eukaryotes, and yet many pathogenic fungi have been labeled as obligate asexual species...
- MHC-dependent survival in a wild population: evidence for hidden genetic benefits gained through extra-pair fertilizations
Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
Mol Ecol 19:3444-55. 2010
..However, such genetic benefits might be hidden and not necessarily apparent in the widely used fitness comparison of extra- and within-pair offspring...
- p53 regulates maternal reproduction through LIF
Cancer Institute of New Jersey, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903, USA
Nature 450:721-4. 2007
..However, little is known about its normal physiological function. Here we show that p53 is important in reproduction, in a gender-specific manner...
- Neuroendocrinology of reproduction in teleost fish
Center of Marine Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA
Gen Comp Endocrinol 165:438-55. 2010
This review aims at synthesizing the most relevant information regarding the neuroendocrine circuits controlling reproduction, mainly gonadotropin release, in teleost fish...
- Cysteine-rich peptides (CRPs) mediate diverse aspects of cell-cell communication in plant reproduction and development
School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne Campus, Wellesbourne, UK
J Exp Bot 62:1677-86. 2011
Cell-cell communication in plants is essential for the correct co-ordination of reproduction, growth, and development...
- A mutant Drosophila insulin receptor homolog that extends life-span and impairs neuroendocrine function
Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
Science 292:107-10. 2001
- Predators and the breeding bird: behavioral and reproductive flexibility under the risk of predation
Steven L Lima
Department of Biology, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana 47809, USA
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 84:485-513. 2009
..The topics highlighted herein are all in need more empirical attention, and more experimental field work whenever feasible...
- Hypothalamic thyroid hormone catabolism acts as a gatekeeper for the seasonal control of body weight and reproduction
Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Buckburn, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, United Kingdom
Endocrinology 148:3608-17. 2007
..Collectively, these data point to a pivotal role for hypothalamic DIO3 and T(3) catabolism in seasonal cycles of body weight and reproduction in mammals.
- Experimental evidence for density-dependent reproduction in a cooperatively breeding passerine
Evolutionary Ecology Group, School of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 Australia
Ecology 90:729-41. 2009
..However, we detected neither density-dependent reproduction nor survival on the basis of natural density variation during this stable period...
- The evolutionary enigma of sex
Sarah P Otto
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Am Nat 174:S1-S14. 2009
Sexual reproduction entails a number of costs, and yet the majority of eukaryotes engage in sex, at least occasionally. In this article, I review early models to explain the evolution of sex and why they failed to do so...
- Genetic diversity in honey bee colonies enhances productivity and fitness
Heather R Mattila
Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Science 317:362-4. 2007
..e., drone production and winter survival) of genetically diverse colonies. These results further our understanding of the origins of polyandry in honey bees and its benefits for colony performance...
- The cost of reproduction: the devil in the details
Lawrence G Harshman
School of Biological Sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 22:80-6. 2007
The cost of reproduction is of fundamental importance in life-history evolution. However, our understanding of its mechanistic basis has been limited by a lack of detailed functional information at all biological levels...
- A hormonal signaling pathway influencing C. elegans metabolism, reproductive development, and life span
Max Planck Institut fur Molekulare Genetik, Ihnestr 73, D 14195 Berlin, Germany
Dev Cell 1:841-51. 2001
..Sensory neurons, hypodermis, and somatic gonadal cells expressing daf-9 identify potential endocrine tissues. Evidently, lipophilic hormones influence nematode metabolism, diapause, and life span...
- A review of Red Queen models for the persistence of obligate sexual reproduction
Curtis M Lively
Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
J Hered 101:S13-20. 2010
I present a historical review of coevolutionary models for the evolutionary persistence of sexual reproduction. The focus is on the fate of obligately sexual populations facing competition with one or more obligately asexual clones...
- Genome sequence of an Australian kangaroo, Macropus eugenii, provides insight into the evolution of mammalian reproduction and development
Marilyn B Renfree
The Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Kangaroo Genomics, Australia
Genome Biol 12:R81. 2011
..Like other marsupials, it gives birth to highly altricial young, and has a small number of very large chromosomes, making it a valuable model for genomics, reproduction and development.
- Sexually antagonistic genetic variation for fitness in red deer
Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
Nature 447:1107-10. 2007
- Using a meiosis detection toolkit to investigate ancient asexual "scandals" and the evolution of sex
Andrew M Schurko
Department of Biology and Roy J Carver Center for Comparative Genomics, University of Iowa, IA 52242, USA
Bioessays 30:579-89. 2008
Sexual reproduction is the dominant reproductive mode in eukaryotes but, in many taxa, it has never been observed. Molecular methods that detect evidence of sex are largely based on the genetic consequences of sexual reproduction...
- Mechanistic plasticity of sexual reproduction and meiosis in the Candida pathogenic species complex
Jennifer L Reedy
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Curr Biol 19:891-9. 2009
- Renewable and nonrenewable resources: amino acid turnover and allocation to reproduction in Lepidoptera
Diane M O'Brien
Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, 371 Serra Mall, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5020, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:4413-8. 2002
The allocation of nutritional resources to reproduction in animals is a complex process of great evolutionary significance...
- Genetic compatibility, mate choice and patterns of parentage: invited review
Ecology and Evolution Group, School of Biology, University of Leeds, UK
Mol Ecol 9:1013-27. 2000
..This may reflect limitations in the potential for the evolution of mate choice for genetic compatibility within populations, although the most promising sources of such incompatibilities have received relatively little research...
- Stress and fish reproduction: the roles of allostasis and hormesis
Carl B Schreck
Oregon Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, U S Geological Survey, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
Gen Comp Endocrinol 165:549-56. 2010
This paper is a review of the effects of stress on reproduction in fishes. I hope to further the development of the concepts of allostasis and hormesis as relevant to understanding reproduction in general and in fish in particular...
- Reproduction-longevity trade-off in Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae)
Malaria Research and Training Center, University of Mali, Bamako, Mali
J Med Entomol 47:769-77. 2010
Reduced survival and future reproduction due to of current reproduction is a trade-off known as the cost of reproduction...
- Plant reproductive susceptibility to habitat fragmentation: review and synthesis through a meta-analysis
Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba CONICET, CC 495, 5000 Cordoba, Argentina
Ecol Lett 9:968-80. 2006
..Animal-mediated pollination is a key process for the sexual reproduction of most extant flowering plants, and the one most consistently studied in the context of habitat fragmentation...
- Genetic adaptation to captivity can occur in a single generation
Mark R Christie
Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 2914, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:238-42. 2012
..05 returning offspring in the wild. These results demonstrate that a single generation in captivity can result in a substantial response to selection on traits that are beneficial in captivity but severely maladaptive in the wild...
- Effects of synthetic gestagens on fish reproduction
Bayer Schering Pharma AG, Berlin, Germany
Environ Toxicol Chem 28:2663-70. 2009
Although it is well known that estrogenic steroidal hormones are able to affect the sexual development and reproduction of fish at low concentrations, no data on environmental effects of the class of progestogenic hormones are available ..
- Adjustment to climate change is constrained by arrival date in a long-distance migrant bird
Zoological Laboratory, Groningen University, PO Box 14, 9750 AA Haren, The Netherlands
Nature 411:296-8. 2001
..the past 20 years, and many organisms have responded to this increase by advancing the date of their growth and reproduction. Here we show that adaptation to climate change in a long-distance migrant is constrained by the timing of its ..
- Evaluating the life-history trade-off between dispersal capability and reproduction in wing dimorphic insects: a meta-analysis
Patrick A Guerra
Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 86:813-35. 2011
A life-history trade-off exists between flight capability and reproduction in many wing dimorphic insects: a long-winged morph is flight-capable at the expense of reproduction, while a short-winged morph cannot fly, is less mobile, but ..
- The Mediator complex in plants: structure, phylogeny, and expression profiling of representative genes in a dicot (Arabidopsis) and a monocot (rice) during reproduction and abiotic stress
Interdisciplinary Centre for Plant Genomics and Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi 110021, India
Plant Physiol 157:1609-27. 2011
..Expression profiling of rice (Oryza sativa) and Arabidopsis Med genes reveals that Meds not only act as a basal regulator of gene expression but may also have specific roles in plant development and under abiotic stress conditions...
- Host-plant adaptation drives the parallel evolution of reproductive isolation
Department of Biosciences, Behavioural Ecology Research Group, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby BC, Canada, V5A 1S6
Nature 417:440-3. 2002
..Our findings represent a clear demonstration that host-plant adaptation can play a crucial and repeatable role in the early stages of speciation...
- Age, sex, density, winter weather, and population crashes in Soay sheep
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
Science 292:1528-31. 2001
..In addition, the strength of density-dependent processes is a function of the distribution of weather events. Incorporating demographic heterogeneities into population models can influence dynamics and their response to climate change...
- Longevity and lifetime reproductive success of barn swallow offspring are predicted by their hatching date and phenotypic quality
Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Milano, Via Celoria 26, I 20133 Milano, Italy
J Anim Ecol 81:1004-12. 2012
..In addition, it provides the first evidence from any bird population in the wild that immune response when nestlings predicts individuals' longevity after sexual maturation...
- Effects of prenatal exposure to surface-coated nanosized titanium dioxide (UV-Titan). A study in mice
Karin S Hougaard
National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
Part Fibre Toxicol 7:16. 2010
..Consequently, also toxicological properties may change compared to the parent compound. We examined developmental and neurobehavioral effects following maternal exposure to a nanoparticulate UV-filter (UV-titan L181)...
- Folate and human reproduction
Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 83:993-1016. 2006
..This review focuses on the relation between various outcomes of human reproduction (ie, pregnancy, lactation, and male reproduction) and folate nutrition and metabolism, homocysteine metabolism, ..
- The Trichoplax genome and the nature of placozoans
Center for Integrative Genomics and Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Nature 454:955-60. 2008
- Social bonds of female baboons enhance infant survival
Joan B Silk
Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles UCLA, CA 90095, USA
Science 302:1231-4. 2003
..Our results are consistent with the evidence that social support has beneficial effects on human health and well-being across the life span. For humans and other primates, sociality has adaptive value...
- Male accessory gland secretions: modulators of female reproductive physiology and behavior
Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E2, Canada
Annu Rev Entomol 48:163-84. 2003
..In a few species the secretions include noxious chemicals. These are sequestered by developing eggs that are thereby protected from predators and pathogens when laid...
- Kisspeptins: bridging energy homeostasis and reproduction
Juan M Castellano
Department of Cell Biology, Physiology and Immunology, University of Cordoba, Spain
Brain Res 1364:129-38. 2010
..The mechanisms for such a close connection between energy balance and reproduction have been the subject of considerable attention; however, our understanding of the neurobiological basis for ..
- Sex determination in Chlamydomonas
Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, United States
Semin Cell Dev Biol 18:350-61. 2007
..Reviewed is our current understanding of gametic differentiation and fertilization, initiation of zygote development, and the uniparental inheritance of organelle genomes...
- Sexual reproduction in Aspergillus flavus
Bruce W Horn
National Peanut Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Dawson, Georgia 39842, USA
Mycologia 101:423-9. 2009
..Sexual reproduction occurred between sexually compatible strains belonging to different vegetative compatibility groups...
- Assessing the cost of mounting an immune response
Laboratoire de Parasitologie Evolutive, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 7103, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris Cedex 05, France
Am Nat 161:367-79. 2003
..reduction depended on brood size, suggesting that the strength of the trade-off between immune activation and reproduction was affected by the workload required to feed the brood...
- Energy balance and reproduction
Jill E Schneider
Department of Biological Sciences, Lehigh University, 111 Research Drive, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA
Physiol Behav 81:289-317. 2004
The physiological mechanisms that control energy balance are reciprocally linked to those that control reproduction, and together, these mechanisms optimize reproductive success under fluctuating metabolic conditions...
- Reproductive isolation and phylogenetic divergence in Neurospora: comparing methods of species recognition in a model eukaryote
Jeremy R Dettman
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 3102, USA
Evolution 57:2721-41. 2003
..We also observed sympatry-associated sexual dysfunction in interspecific crosses, which was consistent with the existence of reinforcement mechanisms...
- Melanin-concentrating hormone directly inhibits GnRH neurons and blocks kisspeptin activation, linking energy balance to reproduction
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine and the Ribicoff Research Facilities, Connecticut Mental Health Center, New Haven, CT 06508, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:17217-22. 2009
A link between energy balance and reproduction is critical for the survival of all species...
- Organization and evolutionary trajectory of the mating type (MAT) locus in dermatophyte and dimorphic fungal pathogens
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
Eukaryot Cell 9:46-58. 2010
Sexual reproduction in fungi is governed by a specialized genomic region, the mating type (MAT) locus, whose gene identity, organization, and complexity are diverse...
- The p53 family: guardians of maternal reproduction
Arnold J Levine
Institute for Advanced Studies, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 12:259-65. 2011
..It is now emerging that these proteins also regulate maternal reproduction. Whereas p63 is important for maturation of the egg, p73 ensures normal mitosis in the developing blastocyst...
- Direct ligand-receptor complex interaction controls Brassica self-incompatibility
Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5 Takayama, Ikoma 630-0101, Japan
Nature 413:534-8. 2001
- Trans-acting small RNA determines dominance relationships in Brassica self-incompatibility
Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5 Takayama, Ikoma 630 0192, Japan
Nature 466:983-6. 2010
..Our finding may provide new insights into the widespread monoallelic gene expression systems...