nutritive value

Summary

Summary: An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Nutritive value of meals, dietary habits and nutritive status in Croatian university students according to gender
    Irena Colic Baric
    Laboratory for Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 54:473-84. 2003
  2. pmc Schools and obesity prevention: creating school environments and policies to promote healthy eating and physical activity
    Mary Story
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, 1300 S 2nd Street, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Milbank Q 87:71-100. 2009
  3. ncbi What's on the menu? A review of the energy and nutritional content of US chain restaurant menus
    Helen W Wu
    RAND Corporation, 1776 Main St, PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
    Public Health Nutr 16:87-96. 2013
  4. ncbi Assessing 'fun foods': nutritional content and analysis of supermarket foods targeted at children
    C Elliott
    School of Journalism and Communication, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Obes Rev 9:368-77. 2008
  5. ncbi The food and beverage vending environment in health care facilities participating in the healthy eating, active communities program
    Sally Lawrence
    Samuels and Associates, Oakland, California, USA
    Pediatrics 123:S287-92. 2009
  6. ncbi Nutrient profiles discriminate between foods according to their contribution to nutritionally adequate diets: a validation study using linear programming and the SAIN,LIM system
    Nicole Darmon
    INRA, UMR1260, Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, Marseille, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1227-36. 2009
  7. ncbi Gluten-free diet survey: are Americans with coeliac disease consuming recommended amounts of fibre, iron, calcium and grain foods?
    T Thompson
    J Hum Nutr Diet 18:163-9. 2005
  8. ncbi Local cultural animal food contributes high levels of nutrients for Arctic Canadian Indigenous adults and children
    Harriet V Kuhnlein
    Centre for Indigenous Peoples Nutrition and Environment CINE, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue H9X3V9, Canada
    J Nutr 137:1110-4. 2007
  9. ncbi Development of a data-based short food frequency questionnaire for assessing nutrient intake by middle-aged Japanese
    Shinkan Tokudome
    Department of Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya 467 8601 Japan
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 5:40-3. 2004
  10. ncbi Association between school food environment and practices and body mass index of US public school children
    Mary Kay Fox
    Mathematica Policy Research, Inc, PO Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543 2393, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:S108-17. 2009

Research Grants

  1. Immature intestinal NF-kB regulation, probiotics, and necrotizing enterocolitis
    Erika C Claud; Fiscal Year: 2013
  2. Remediation Process for Aflatoxin Contaminated Foods
    ADRIAN DENVIR; Fiscal Year: 2002
  3. Expansion of imaging, phenotyping, and procedural laboratories for the Comparativ
    Barry Robert; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. A.S.P.E.N. Research Workshop on Functional Foods
    Craig McClain; Fiscal Year: 2002
  5. NUTRITIVE VALUE OF PROTEINS
    DAVID HEGSTED; Fiscal Year: 1980
  6. An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2006
  7. Team COOL Pilot Study
    Martha Kubik; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. Modifying the home T.V. watching environment
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
  9. Habituation to food in children
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. Food reinforcement-genotype interactions and eating
    Leonard H Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications330 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Nutritive value of meals, dietary habits and nutritive status in Croatian university students according to gender
    Irena Colic Baric
    Laboratory for Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 54:473-84. 2003
    ..One hundred and twenty daily menus were chosen by random sampling, and the nutritive value was calculated using food composition tables...
  2. pmc Schools and obesity prevention: creating school environments and policies to promote healthy eating and physical activity
    Mary Story
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, 1300 S 2nd Street, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Milbank Q 87:71-100. 2009
    ..S. history. Schools offer many opportunities to develop strategies to prevent obesity by creating environments in which children eat healthfully and engage regularly in physical activity...
  3. ncbi What's on the menu? A review of the energy and nutritional content of US chain restaurant menus
    Helen W Wu
    RAND Corporation, 1776 Main St, PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
    Public Health Nutr 16:87-96. 2013
    ....
  4. ncbi Assessing 'fun foods': nutritional content and analysis of supermarket foods targeted at children
    C Elliott
    School of Journalism and Communication, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Obes Rev 9:368-77. 2008
    ..Policy considerations need to be made in light of the fact that 'fun food' is a unique category that poses special challenges; as such, recommendations regarding food labelling and packaging are presented...
  5. ncbi The food and beverage vending environment in health care facilities participating in the healthy eating, active communities program
    Sally Lawrence
    Samuels and Associates, Oakland, California, USA
    Pediatrics 123:S287-92. 2009
    ..Little has been done to ensure that the foods sold within health care facilities promote healthy lifestyles. Policies to improve school nutrition environments can serve as models for health care organizations...
  6. ncbi Nutrient profiles discriminate between foods according to their contribution to nutritionally adequate diets: a validation study using linear programming and the SAIN,LIM system
    Nicole Darmon
    INRA, UMR1260, Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, Marseille, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1227-36. 2009
    ..The nutrient profile concept implies that it is possible to discriminate between foods according to their contribution to a healthy diet on the basis of their nutrient contents only...
  7. ncbi Gluten-free diet survey: are Americans with coeliac disease consuming recommended amounts of fibre, iron, calcium and grain foods?
    T Thompson
    J Hum Nutr Diet 18:163-9. 2005
    ..This survey was conducted to assess nutrient intakes and food consumption patterns of adults with coeliac disease who adhere to a strict gluten-free diet...
  8. ncbi Local cultural animal food contributes high levels of nutrients for Arctic Canadian Indigenous adults and children
    Harriet V Kuhnlein
    Centre for Indigenous Peoples Nutrition and Environment CINE, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue H9X3V9, Canada
    J Nutr 137:1110-4. 2007
    ..Because market foods are the major source of energy in the Arctic, traditional animal-source foods are extremely important to ensure high dietary quality of both adults and children...
  9. ncbi Development of a data-based short food frequency questionnaire for assessing nutrient intake by middle-aged Japanese
    Shinkan Tokudome
    Department of Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya 467 8601 Japan
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 5:40-3. 2004
    ..Development of a data-based short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for evaluating intake of nutrients by middle-aged Japanese...
  10. ncbi Association between school food environment and practices and body mass index of US public school children
    Mary Kay Fox
    Mathematica Policy Research, Inc, PO Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543 2393, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:S108-17. 2009
    ..With the ongoing interest in implementing school policies to address the problem of childhood obesity, there is a need for information about the relationships between school food environments and practices and children's weight status...
  11. pmc Attacking the obesity epidemic: the potential health benefits of providing nutrition information in restaurants
    Scot Burton
    Department of Marketing and Logistics, Sam M Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1669-75. 2006
    ..Based on these results, we then conducted an experiment to address how the provision of nutrition information on menus influences purchase intentions and reported preferences...
  12. pmc The cost of US foods as related to their nutritive value
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3410, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:1181-8. 2010
    Comparisons of the cost of different foods relative to their energy and nutritive value were conducted in the 1800s by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).
  13. ncbi Nutritive value and chemical composition of pseudocereals as gluten-free ingredients
    L Alvarez-Jubete
    Ashtown Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin, Ireland
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 60:240-57. 2009
    ..These results suggest that the pseudocereals amaranth, quinoa and buckwheat can represent a healthy alternative to frequently used ingredients in gluten-free products...
  14. ncbi The nutritive value of grasspea (Lathyrus sativus) and allied species, their toxicity to animals and the role of malnutrition in neurolathyrism
    Dirk Enneking
    Department of Education and Children s Services, Kangaroo Inn Area School, South Australia, Australia
    Food Chem Toxicol 49:694-709. 2011
    ..Interruptions to these processes and excessive concurrent demands for reduced sulfur amino acids are likely to be conducive to the onset of neurotoxicity...
  15. ncbi Children's meals in restaurants: families need more help to make healthy choices
    Margo G Wootan
    Center for Science in the Public Interest, 1220 L Street NW, Washington, DC 20005, USA
    Child Obes 8:31-3. 2012
    ..This article outlines a number of ways to help families make the healthy choice the easy and the default choice for children when eating out...
  16. ncbi Red palm oil: nutritional, physiological and therapeutic roles in improving human wellbeing and quality of life
    O O Oguntibeju
    Oxidative Stress Research Centre, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Wellness Sciences, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Bellville, South Africa
    Br J Biomed Sci 66:216-22. 2009
    ..This review provides a comprehensive overview of the nutritional, physiological and biochemical roles of red palm oil in improving wellbeing and quality of life...
  17. ncbi Improving the nutritive value of Olive Cake by solid state cultivation of the medicinal mushroom Fomes fomentarius
    Mohamed Neifar
    Universite Tunis El Manar, Faculte des Sciences de Tunis, Laboratoire Microorganismes et Biomolécules Actives, 2092 Tunis, Tunisia
    Chemosphere 91:110-4. 2013
    ..The present findings revealed F. fomentarius to be an efficient organism for lignocellulolytic enzymes production and simultaneous enhancement in crude protein and in vitro digestibility of OC...
  18. ncbi National fortification of staple foods can make a significant contribution to micronutrient intake of South African adults
    Nelia P Steyn
    Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle, Medical Research Council, P Bag 19070, Tygerberg 7505, Cape Town, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 11:307-13. 2008
    ..Mandatory fortification of maize meal and wheat flour were introduced in 2003 to combat some of the deficiencies found in children. To date however, there has not been a national survey on dietary intake in adults...
  19. ncbi Impact of front-of-pack 'traffic-light' nutrition labelling on consumer food purchases in the UK
    Gary Sacks
    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Health Promot Int 24:344-52. 2009
    ..Further research on the influence of nutrition signposting will be needed before this labelling format can be considered a promising public health intervention...
  20. ncbi Estimated macronutrient and fatty acid intakes from an East African Paleolithic diet
    Remko S Kuipers
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen UMCG, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Br J Nutr 104:1666-87. 2010
    ..Data on Paleolithic diets and lifestyle, rather than the investigation of single nutrients, might be useful for the rational design of clinical trials...
  21. pmc Development of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire for use in United Arab Emirates and Kuwait based on local foods
    Mahshid Dehghan
    Hamilton General Hospital, Population Health Research Institute, 237 Barton, Street East, Hamilton, ON L8L 2X2, Canada
    Nutr J 4:18. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study is to describe the development of a culture specific FFQ for Arab populations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Kuwait...
  22. ncbi PASSCLAIM: consensus on criteria
    Peter J Aggett
    Lancashire School of Health and Postgraduate Medicine, University of Central Lancashire Preston, PR1 2HE Lancashire, UK
    Eur J Nutr 44:i5-30. 2005
  23. ncbi Nutrient quality of fast food kids meals
    Sharon I O'Donnell
    USDA ARS Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1388-95. 2008
    ..Exposure of children to kids meals at fast food restaurants is high; however, the nutrient quality of such meals has not been systematically assessed...
  24. ncbi Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) improved growth and nutritional quality of greenhouse-grown lettuce
    Marouane Baslam
    Departamento Biología Vegetal, Sección Biología Vegetal Unidad Asociada al CSIC, EEAD, Zaragoza e ICVV, Logroño, Facultades de Ciencias y Farmacia, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
    J Agric Food Chem 59:5504-15. 2011
    ..g., Ca and Mn). However, Cu, Fe, anthocyanins, carotenoids, and, to a lesser extent, phenolics appeared in higher concentrations (on a wet basis) in mycorrhizal than in nonmycorrhizal plants...
  25. ncbi Alpha- and beta-carotene from a commercial puree are more bioavailable to humans than from boiled-mashed carrots, as determined using an extrinsic stable isotope reference method
    Alison J Edwards
    Division of Nutritional Sciences and Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Nutr 132:159-67. 2002
    ..Processing can therefore significantly improve bioavailability of carrot carotenes, and in some cases influence the carotene value more than the intrinsic vitamin A value...
  26. ncbi School food environments and policies in US public schools
    Daniel M Finkelstein
    Mathematica Policy Research, Inc, 955 Massachusetts Ave, Suite 801, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Pediatrics 122:e251-9. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe school food environments and policies in US public schools and how they vary according to school characteristics...
  27. ncbi School food environments and practices affect dietary behaviors of US public school children
    Ronette R Briefel
    Mathematica Policy Research, Inc, PO Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543 2393, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:S91-107. 2009
    ..Changes to school food environments and practices that lead to improved dietary behavior are a powerful strategy to reverse the childhood obesity epidemic...
  28. ncbi A nutrient density standard for vegetables and fruits: nutrients per calorie and nutrients per unit cost
    Nicole Darmon
    Institut Scientifique et Technique de la Nutrition et de l Alimentation, Paris, France
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:1881-7. 2005
    ..This study developed a scoring system to estimate the nutritional adequacy of vegetables and fruits, on a per weight, per calorie, and per unit cost basis...
  29. ncbi Gamma-tocopherol--an underestimated vitamin?
    Karl Heinz Wagner
    Institute of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Ann Nutr Metab 48:169-88. 2004
    ....
  30. ncbi Tree nuts and peanuts as components of a healthy diet
    Janet C King
    Children s Hospital, Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA 94690, USA
    J Nutr 138:1736S-1740S. 2008
    ..Yet, nuts are rarely consumed as meat substitutes. Because approximately 60% of the nuts consumed in the U.S. are eaten as snacks, emphasizing their use as a healthy snack may be more effective than inclusion within a food group...
  31. ncbi Validating a nutrient profile model
    Carukshi Arambepola
    British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Public Health Nutr 11:371-8. 2008
    ..The model ranks foods according to their healthiness and categorises foods into 'healthier' and 'less healthy' foods...
  32. ncbi Wild and commercial mushrooms as source of nutrients and nutraceuticals
    Lillian Barros
    CIMO Escola Superior Agraria, Instituto Politecnico de Braganca, Campus de Santa Apolonia, Apartado 1172, 5301 855 Braganca, Portugal
    Food Chem Toxicol 46:2742-7. 2008
    ..There were no differences between the antimicrobial properties of wild and commercial species. The ongoing research will lead to a new generation of foods, and will certainly promote their nutritional and medicinal use...
  33. ncbi Dietary intakes at child-care centers in central Texas fail to meet Food Guide Pyramid recommendations
    Alison Padget
    Nutritional Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:790-3. 2005
    ..Intakes at home did not compensate for lack of grain and vegetable consumption during child care...
  34. ncbi Chemical composition and nutritional quality of sea cucumbers
    Jing Wen
    Key Laboratory of Marine Bio resources Sustainable Utilization, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China
    J Sci Food Agric 90:2469-74. 2010
    ....
  35. ncbi Development and validation of the nutrient-rich foods index: a tool to measure nutritional quality of foods
    Victor L Fulgoni
    Nutrition Impact, LLC, Battle Creek, MI 49014, USA
    J Nutr 139:1549-54. 2009
    ..The NRF9.3 index, based on 9 nutrients to encourage and 3 LIM per RACC and per 100 kcal, explained the highest percentage of variation from HEI and could be readily expected to rank foods based on nutrient density...
  36. ncbi Socio-economic and gender differences in nutritional content of foods advertised in popular UK weekly magazines
    Jean Adams
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Eur J Public Health 19:144-9. 2009
    ..We describe the type and nutritional content of foods advertised in popular UK weekly magazines and explore variations in these according to the socio-economic and gender profile of readers...
  37. ncbi Do television food advertisements portray advertised foods in a 'healthy' food context?
    Jean Adams
    Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
    Br J Nutr 105:810-5. 2011
    ..It is not yet clear what effect this may have on consumers' perceptions and behaviour, and whether or not this practice should be encouraged or discouraged from a public health perspective...
  38. pmc Genetic diversity, inter-gene pool introgression and nutritional quality of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) from Central Africa
    Matthew W Blair
    Bean Project, International Center for Tropical Agriculture Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, Cali, Colombia
    Theor Appl Genet 121:237-48. 2010
    ..In conclusion, this study has shown that Central African varieties of common bean are a source of wide genetic diversity with variable nutritional quality that can be used in crop improvement programs for the region...
  39. ncbi Basic composition and amino acid contents of mushrooms cultivated in Finland
    Pirjo Mattila
    MTT Agrifood Research Finland, FIN 31600 Jokioinen, Finland
    J Agric Food Chem 50:6419-22. 2002
    ..The mean nitrogen-to-protein conversion factor analyzed in the present study was 4.7 +/- 0.21. When using this factor, a very good estimation of protein contents could be obtained for the main species of mushrooms cultivated in Finland...
  40. ncbi Growing hardier crops for better health: Salinity tolerance and the nutritional value of broccoli
    Carmen López-Berenguer
    Food Science and Technology Department and Plant Nutrition Department, CEBAS CSIC, Espinardo, Murcia, Spain
    J Agric Food Chem 57:572-78. 2009
    ..Overall, the nutritional quality of the edible florets of broccoli was improved under moderate saline stress...
  41. ncbi Validation of a method using queenless Bombus terrestris micro-colonies for testing the nutritive value of commercial pollen mixes by comparison with queenright colonies
    Jean Noël Tasei
    Laboratoire de Zoologie, INRA Route de Saintes, 86600 Lusignan, France
    J Econ Entomol 101:1737-42. 2008
    The nutritive value of pollen blends purchased by bumble bee producers from beekeepers is a key factor of successful mass rearing. We have already devised a method for quality ranking of pollen diets...
  42. ncbi Updated US Department of Agriculture Food Patterns meet goals of the 2010 dietary guidelines
    Patricia Britten
    USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, 3101 Park Center Dr, Room 1034, Alexandria, VA 22302, USA
    J Acad Nutr Diet 112:1648-55. 2012
    ..The Food Patterns provide a useful template for educating consumers about healthful food choices while highlighting a large gap between choices many Americans make and healthy eating patterns...
  43. ncbi Fish products available in Polish market--assessment of the nutritive value and human exposure to dioxins and other contaminants
    Zygmunt Usydus
    Sea Fisheries Institute in Gdynia, Department of Food and Environment Chemistry, 1 Kollataja Str, Gdynia PL 81 332, Poland
    Chemosphere 74:1420-8. 2009
    ..However, many authors point at contaminants (methylmercury, PCDD/Fs) occurring in fish and fish products as on potential health problem, and emphasize that the amount of that hazardous substances should be limited in human diet...
  44. ncbi Changes in USDA food composition data for 43 garden crops, 1950 to 1999
    Donald R Davis
    Bio Communications Research Institute, Wichita, Kansas, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 23:669-82. 2004
    ..To evaluate possible changes in USDA nutrient content data for 43 garden crops between 1950 and 1999 and consider their potential causes...
  45. ncbi The Nutrient Rich Foods Index helps to identify healthy, affordable foods
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 3410, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1095S-1101S. 2010
    ..When used in conjunction with a food prices database, it can help identify foods that are both nutritious and affordable...
  46. ncbi Availability of nutrition information from chain restaurants in the United States
    Margo G Wootan
    Center for Science in the Public Interest, Washington, DC, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:266-8. 2006
    ..Thus, this study examined the availability of nutrition information from the largest chain restaurants in the United States...
  47. ncbi Food microstructure affects the bioavailability of several nutrients
    J Parada
    Dept of Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering, Pontificia Univ Católica de Chile, P O Box 306, Santiago, Chile
    J Food Sci 72:R21-32. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi Chemical composition and starch digestibility of different gluten-free breads
    María Estela Matos Segura
    Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology, CSIC, Paterna, Valencia, Spain
    Plant Foods Hum Nutr 66:224-30. 2011
    ..6 to 92.5 g/100 g. Overall, gluten-free breads showed great variation in the nutrient composition, being starchy based foods low in proteins and high in fat content, with high glycaemic index...
  49. pmc Elevating optimal human nutrition to a central goal of plant breeding and production of plant-based foods
    David C Sands
    Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology Department, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA
    Plant Sci 177:377-89. 2009
    ..Here we discuss the need and means for agriculture, food processing, food transport, sociology, nutrition and medicine to be integrated into new approaches to food production with optimal human nutrition as a principle goal...
  50. ncbi Nutritional value of cannibalism and the role of starvation and nutrient imbalance for cannibalistic tendencies in a generalist predator
    David Mayntz
    University of Oxford, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    J Anim Ecol 75:288-97. 2006
    ..This prediction was confirmed only with respect to hunger. Nutrient-imbalanced spiders had reduced cannibalistic consumption, perhaps due to lowered predatory aggressiveness as a result of bad condition...
  51. ncbi The potential for the improvement of the nutritive value of soya-bean meal by different proteases in broiler chicks and broiler cockerels
    S Ghazi
    Department of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Br Poult Sci 43:70-7. 2002
    1. The potential for improving the nutritive value of commercial solvent-extracted, heat-treated soya-bean meal (SBM) by protease treatment was measured using growing broiler chicks and tube-fed broiler cockerels. 2...
  52. ncbi Improving the nutritive value of tubers: elevation of cysteine and glutathione contents in the potato cultivar White Lady by marker-free transformation
    Ibolya Stiller
    Agricultural Biotechnology Center, H 2101 Gödöllõ, Hungary
    J Biotechnol 128:335-43. 2007
    The amino acids that limit the nutritive value of potato are the sulfur containing amino acids methionine and cysteine. Manipulation of the targeted amino acid biosynthesis is a way to circumvent this problem...
  53. ncbi Nutrition facts and functional potential of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa willd.), an ancient Andean grain: a review
    Antonio Vega-Gálvez
    Department of Food Engineering, Universidad de La Serena, La Serena, Chile
    J Sci Food Agric 90:2541-7. 2010
    ..500 m of altitude, to sea level, in Chile. Its grains have higher nutritive value than traditional cereals and it is a promising worldwide cultivar for human consumption and nutrition...
  54. pmc Children's eating behavior: the importance of nutrition standards for foods in schools
    Katherine B Bevans
    The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Sch Health 81:424-9. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study is to evaluate the contributions of food offerings and participation in school lunch programs on children's overall (both in- and out-of-school) eating behavior...
  55. ncbi Consumption of 'extra' foods by Australian adults: types, quantities and contribution to energy and nutrient intakes
    A M Rangan
    New South Wales Centre for Public Health Nutrition, Department of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences, University of Sydney, Level 2, Medical Foundation Building K25, Camperdown, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:865-71. 2009
    ..To identify the types and quantities of 'extra' foods, or energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods, consumed by Australian adults, and assess their contribution to total energy and nutrient intakes...
  56. ncbi Nutrient profiling can help identify foods of good nutritional quality for their price: a validation study with linear programming
    Matthieu Maillot
    INRA, UMR1260 Nutriments Lipidiques et Prevention des Maladies Metaboliques, Marseille, F 13385 France
    J Nutr 138:1107-13. 2008
    ..Linear programming is a useful tool for testing nutrient profiling systems and validating the concept of nutrient profiling...
  57. ncbi The thermostable β-1,3-1,4-glucanase from Clostridium thermocellum improves the nutritive value of highly viscous barley-based diets for broilers
    T Ribeiro
    CIISA Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria, Pólo Universitário do Alto da Ajuda, Avenida da Universidade Tecnica, 1300 477 Lisboa, Portugal
    Br Poult Sci 53:224-34. 2012
    1. Microbial β-1,3-1,4-glucanases improve the nutritive value of barley-based diets for poultry by effectively decreasing the degree of polymerisation of the anti-nutritive soluble β-glucans...
  58. ncbi Harmonization of nutrient intake values
    Janet C King
    Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S3-12. 2007
    ..Some examples include regulatory issues and trade, labeling, planning programs for alleviating public health nutrition problems, food fortification, and dietary guidance...
  59. ncbi Assessing diet quality in children and adolescents
    Theresa Nicklas
    Children s Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 104:1383-4. 2004
  60. ncbi Nutritional assessment of charitable meal programmes serving homeless people in Toronto
    Carmen Tse
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3E2
    Public Health Nutr 11:1296-305. 2008
    ....
  61. ncbi Improvement of the nutritive value of soybean meal by protease and alpha-galactosidase treatment in broiler cockerels and broiler chicks
    S Ghazi
    Department of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
    Br Poult Sci 44:410-8. 2003
    ..Further, these responses were obtained by simple addition of enzymes to diets and nutritive value of SBM was improved by both protease and alpha-galactosidase treatment.
  62. ncbi Nutrition environment measures survey-vending: development, dissemination, and reliability
    Carol Voss
    Iowa Department of Public Health, Des Moines, IA 50319, USA
    Health Promot Pract 13:425-30. 2012
    ....
  63. ncbi Nutritional attributes of agaricus Bisporus and Pleurotus sajor caju mushrooms
    Rajni Goyal
    Department of Food and Nutrition, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125004, India
    Nutr Health 18:179-84. 2006
    ..Both varieties contained low phytic acid and oxalate however, it was significantly higher in Pleurotus sajor caju mushroom. The in vitro protein digestibility of both was not differing significantly...
  64. ncbi Nutrient content of products served by leading Australian fast food chains
    Elizabeth Dunford
    The George Institute for International Health, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Appetite 55:484-9. 2010
    ..Even small improvements in composition could produce important health gains if implemented across all product categories by all companies in unison...
  65. ncbi Something fishy? News media presentation of complex health issues related to fish consumption guidelines
    Amelia Greiner
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 624 N Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:1786-94. 2010
    ..We present an analysis of the messages about fish in US news media over 15 years, identifying trends in coverage and highlighting implications of current messaging...
  66. ncbi Further developments in the prediction of metabolizable energy (ME) in pet food
    Ellen Kienzle
    Institute of Physiology, Biochemistry and Animal Nutrition, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Munich, Germany
    J Nutr 132:1796S-8S. 2002
  67. ncbi Study finds Chapel Hill, NC, soup kitchen serves nutritious meals
    Simone Eppich
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 104:1284-6. 2004
    ..The number of servings per meal was also substantially more than one third of the US Department of Agriculture Food Guide Pyramid recommendations, except for dairy at all meals, vegetables at breakfast, and fruit at dinner...
  68. ncbi Improving the nutritive value of rice seeds: elevation of cysteine and methionine contents in rice plants by ectopic expression of a bacterial serine acetyltransferase
    Huu Cuong Nguyen
    Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, D 14476 Potsdam Golm, Germany
    J Exp Bot 63:5991-6001. 2012
    ....
  69. ncbi Fast foods, energy density and obesity: a possible mechanistic link
    A M Prentice
    MRC International Nutrition Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Obes Rev 4:187-94. 2003
    ..Among regular consumers they are likely to result in the accidental consumption of excess energy and hence to promote weight gain and obesity...
  70. ncbi 'Economy' line foods from four supermarkets and brand name equivalents: a comparison of their nutrient contents and costs
    S Cooper
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Kings College London, London, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 16:339-47. 2003
    ..Achieving healthy eating targets for low income households can be difficult because of economic barriers. Several UK supermarkets have introduced 'value line' or 'economy line' foods to improve their attractiveness to low income consumers...
  71. ncbi Defining and labelling 'healthy' and 'unhealthy' food
    T Lobstein
    1International Association for the Study of Obesity, 231 North Gower Street, London NW1 2NR, UK
    Public Health Nutr 12:331-40. 2009
    ..To consider the use of systematic methods for categorising foods according to their nutritional quality ('nutrient profiling') as a strategy for promoting public health through better dietary choices...
  72. ncbi Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and its association with nutrient intakes and diet quality in German children and adolescents
    Lars Libuda
    Research Institute of Child Nutrition FKE, Dortmund, Germany
    Br J Nutr 101:1549-57. 2009
    ..This effect might be relevant especially in girls as the association with diet quality was larger and mean NQI levels were lower in comparison with boys...
  73. ncbi Motivational factors for consuming omega-3 PUFAs: an exploratory study with Danish consumers
    Rasa Krutulyte
    MAPP, Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus University, Haslegaardsvej 10, DK 8210 Aarhus V, Denmark
    Appetite 51:137-47. 2008
    ....
  74. ncbi Fries or a fruit bag? Investigating the nutritional composition of fast food children's meals
    Lyndal Wellard
    Cancer Council NSW, 153 Dowling St, Woolloomooloo, Sydney, NSW 2011, Australia
    Appetite 58:105-10. 2012
    ..Reformulation of children's meals to improve their nutritional composition and revision of the industry's nutrient criteria to align with children's dietary requirements are urgently needed...
  75. ncbi Chemical composition and nutritional value of the most widely appreciated cultivated mushrooms: an inter-species comparative study
    Filipa S Reis
    CIMO ESA, Instituto Politecnico de Braganca, Campus de Santa Apolonia, Apartado 1172, 5301 855 Braganca, Portugal
    Food Chem Toxicol 50:191-7. 2012
    ..Moreover it was reported that cultivated and the wild samples of the same species have different chemical composition, including sugars, fatty acids and tocopherols profiles...
  76. ncbi Effects of a propionic acid-based preservative on storage characteristics, nutritive value, and energy content for alfalfa hays packaged in large round bales
    W K Coblentz
    USDA ARS, US Dairy Forage Research Center, Marshfield, WI 54449, USA
    J Dairy Sci 95:340-52. 2012
    ..were used to evaluate the effects of a propionic acid-based preservative on the storage characteristics and nutritive value of hays stored as large round bales. A total of 87 large round bales (diameter = 1...
  77. ncbi Improving the nutritional value of Golden Rice through increased pro-vitamin A content
    Jacqueline A Paine
    Syngenta, Jealott s Hill International Research Centre, Bracknell, Berkshire RG42 6EY, UK
    Nat Biotechnol 23:482-7. 2005
    ..We observed an increase in total carotenoids of up to 23-fold (maximum 37 microg/g) compared to the original Golden Rice and a preferential accumulation of beta-carotene...
  78. ncbi Chemical composition of garden cress (Lepidium sativum) seeds and its fractions and use of bran as a functional ingredient
    Sumangala S Gokavi
    Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington VT 05405, USA
    Plant Foods Hum Nutr 59:105-11. 2004
    ..The product contained 12% protein, 4% fat and 74.3% DF and exhibited desirable functional properties such as dispersibility, gelling ability, stability, formed homogenous mild alkaline suspension and was comparable to proprietary DF...
  79. pmc The variability of reported salt levels in fast foods across six countries: opportunities for salt reduction
    Elizabeth Dunford
    The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia
    CMAJ 184:1023-8. 2012
    ..Our objective was to examine the reported salt levels for products offered by leading multinational fast food chains...
  80. ncbi Determining metabolizable energy content in commercial pet foods
    D P Laflamme
    Ralston Purina Company, St Louis, MO 63164, USA
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 85:222-30. 2001
    ..34 x g protein)]. With the exception of high-fibre weight-management diets, the simple equation [((GE x 1.209)-1.911) x 4.184] also reliably predicted ME in dry dog foods...
  81. ncbi Nutrition provided to Mexican-American preschool children on the Texas-Mexico border
    Nelda Mier
    Social and Behavioral Health, South Texas Center School of Rural Public Health, Health Science Center, Texas A and M University System, Temple, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:311-5. 2007
    ..001), and potassium (P<0.001). Nutrition interventions targeting low-income border Mexican-American families should emphasize the need and importance of providing children with diets that meet the Recommended Dietary Allowances...
  82. ncbi School competitive food policies: perceptions of Pennsylvania public high school foodservice directors and principals
    Elaine McDonnell
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:271-6. 2006
    ....
  83. ncbi Physico-chemical changes in cladodes (nopalitos) from cultivated and wild cacti (Opuntia spp.)
    M A Betancourt-Domínguez
    Departamento de Biotecnologia y Bioquimica, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Unidad Irapuato, Apartado Postal 629, Irapuato, Gto, 36500, Mexico
    Plant Foods Hum Nutr 61:115-9. 2006
    ..Most cladode samples appear to be a good source of beta-carotene and lutein. The presence of these compounds is important for human nutraceutical purposes...
  84. ncbi Physicochemical characterization of nopal pads (Opuntia ficus indica) and dry vacuum nopal powders as a function of the maturation
    M E Rodríguez-Garcia
    Centro de Física Aplicada y Tecnología Avanzada, Departamento de Nanotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Campus Juriquilla, AP 1 1010, CP 76000, Queretaro, Mexico
    Plant Foods Hum Nutr 62:107-12. 2007
    ..22 to 14.91%, while insoluble fibre increases from 29.87 to 41.65%. These results suggest that nopal could be an important source of minerals within the diets of people in Mexico and the rest of Latin America...
  85. ncbi Marketing of foods of minimal nutritional value to children in schools
    Alex Molnar
    College of Education, Division of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, Box 872411, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 2411, USA
    Prev Med 47:504-7. 2008
    ..This study provides the first nationally representative survey to measure the nature and extent of marketing activities in American public schools...
  86. ncbi Competitive foods available in Pennsylvania public high schools
    Claudia Probart
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:1243-9. 2005
    ..This study examined the types and extent of competitive foods available in public high schools in Pennsylvania...
  87. ncbi The effect of an inoculant and enzymes on fermentation and nutritive value of sorghum straw silages
    L Xing
    College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Hai Dian District, Beijing, PR China
    Bioresour Technol 100:488-91. 2009
    ..were to determine the effect of inoculant, enzymes and inoculant-enzymes mixture on fermentation quality, nutritive value, and microbial changes of sorghum straw silage...
  88. ncbi Food variety and dietary diversity scores in children: are they good indicators of dietary adequacy?
    N P Steyn
    Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit, Medical Research Council, PO Box 19070, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 9:644-50. 2006
    ..To assess whether a food variety score (FVS) and/or a dietary diversity score (DDS) are good indicators of nutrient adequacy of the diet of South African children...
  89. ncbi Nutritional quality of organic food: shades of grey or shades of green?
    Christine M Williams
    High Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition, School of Human Nutrition, School of Food Biosciences, University of Reading, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 61:19-24. 2002
    ..If consumer perceptions regarding potential health benefits of organic foods are to be supported, more research of better quality is needed than that which is currently available...
  90. ncbi Estimation of carotenoid accessibility from carrots determined by an in vitro digestion method
    E Hedrén
    Department of Food Science, Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:425-30. 2002
    ..To develop an in vitro digestion method to assess the impact of heat treatment, particle size and presence of oil on the accessibility (available for absorption) of alpha- and beta-carotene in carrots...
  91. ncbi Convenience foods in children's diet and association with dietary quality and body weight status
    U Alexy
    Research Institute of Child Nutrition Dortmund, Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms Universitat Bonn, Heinstueck 11, Dortmund, Germany
    Eur J Clin Nutr 65:160-6. 2011
    ..The present paper examines the association between CF consumption and dietary quality or body weight status in a sample of German children and adolescents...
  92. ncbi Biochemical and nutritional characterization of three prickly pear species with different ripening behavior
    Talía Hernández-Pérez
    Departamento de Biotecnologia y Bioquimica, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Unidad Irapuato, Km 9 6 Libramiento Norte, Carretera Irapuato León, CP, 36500, Mexico
    Plant Foods Hum Nutr 60:195-200. 2005
    ..This study provides basic information on prickly pear ripening, in order to understand this process for its control and for improving shelf life...
  93. ncbi Meals and snacks from the child's perspective: the contribution of qualitative methods to the development of dietary interventions
    Ida Husby
    Research Unit for Dietary Studies, Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Centre for Health and Society, Oster Sogade 18, DK 1357 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Public Health Nutr 12:739-47. 2009
    ..To explore the everyday consumption of meals and snacks from the child's perspective, among those with healthier v. less healthy dietary habits...
  94. ncbi Changing the energy density of the diet as a strategy for weight management
    Barbara J Rolls
    The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:S98-103. 2005
    ..Since using energy density to guide food choices leads to food patterns consistent with dietary guidelines, policy level initiatives should be devised to help ensure that low-energy-dense diets are affordable and accessible to all...
  95. ncbi Children's and parents' perceptions of the determinants of children's fruit and vegetable intake in a low-intake population
    Asa Gudrun Kristjansdottir
    Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali University Hospital and Faculty of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Public Health Nutr 12:1224-33. 2009
    ..A second objective was to examine the observed variance in fruit and vegetable intake among the children...
  96. ncbi The Smart Choices front-of-package nutrition labeling program: rationale and development of the nutrition criteria
    Joanne R Lupton
    ConAgra Foods Inc, Omaha, NE, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1078S-1089S. 2010
    ..The criteria are based on the 2005 Dietary Guidelines and other consensus science and are transparent and available on the SCP website. This article describes the nutrition criteria and rationales for their selection...
  97. ncbi [Nutritive value of Olsztyn University students diet]
    Krystyna A Skibniewska
    Uniwersytet Warmińsko Mazurski w Olsztynie, Katedra Towaroznawstwa i Badań Zywności
    Przegl Lek 64:15-8. 2007
    ..High selenium deficiency was stated. The model of nutrition after prolonged time can create a serious threat to health of the population under examination...
  98. ncbi Less-energy-dense diets of low-income women in California are associated with higher energy-adjusted diet costs
    Marilyn S Townsend
    Nutrition Department, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1220-6. 2009
    ..US-based studies are needed to estimate the relation, if any, between diet quality and estimated diet costs...
  99. ncbi The role of animal nutrition in improving the nutritive value of animal-derived foods in relation to chronic disease
    D I Givens
    Nutritional Sciences Research Unit, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 64:395-402. 2005
    ....
  100. ncbi The effects of television advertisements for junk food versus nutritious food on children's food attitudes and preferences
    Helen G Dixon
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 65:1311-23. 2007
    ..It is concluded that changing the food advertising environment on children's TV to one where nutritious foods are promoted and junk foods are relatively unrepresented would help to normalize and reinforce healthy eating...
  101. ncbi Second International Nuts and Health Symposium, 2007: introduction
    Janet C King
    Children s Hospital, Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    J Nutr 138:1734S-1735S. 2008

Research Grants70

  1. Immature intestinal NF-kB regulation, probiotics, and necrotizing enterocolitis
    Erika C Claud; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Probiotics are bacteria which have beneficial health effects beyond their inherent nutritive value. Recent clinical trials suggest that probiotics may confer some protection against NEC...
  2. Remediation Process for Aflatoxin Contaminated Foods
    ADRIAN DENVIR; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..using a cheap and environmentally benign solvent, which removes the toxin without producing or leaving toxic residues, retains nutritive value and does not alter significantly the technological properties of the nut.
  3. Expansion of imaging, phenotyping, and procedural laboratories for the Comparativ
    Barry Robert; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and energy balance and investigation into botanical compounds that provide health benefits beyond their nutritive value. Principle investigators apply modern molecular biological techniques including genomic, proteomic, and ..
  4. A.S.P.E.N. Research Workshop on Functional Foods
    Craig McClain; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..has a positive impact on an individual?s health, physical performance or state of mind, in addition to its nutritive value." This conference will review eight specific aspects of functional foods...
  5. NUTRITIVE VALUE OF PROTEINS
    DAVID HEGSTED; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ....
  6. An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Team COOL Pilot Study
    Martha Kubik; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Modifying the home T.V. watching environment
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Habituation to food in children
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These studies are designed to understand how individual differences in habituation may be an important factor that differentiates overweight and non-overweight youth. ..
  10. Food reinforcement-genotype interactions and eating
    Leonard H Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings are relevant to a greater understanding of behavioral and genetic factors related to obesity, as well as providing ideas that may be relevant for treatment interventions for those high in food reinforcement. ..
  11. EFFECTS OF CHANGING SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR IN OBESE CHILDREN
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Developing a better understanding of why obese youth increase physical activity or decrease energy intake when sedentary behaviors are reduced is important for the treatment of pediatric obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. A BEHAVIORAL ECONOMIC APPROACH TO CHILDHOOD OBESITY
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will yield important information on new ways to treat pediatric obesity, minimizing dietary restriction and maximizing children learning healthier eating habits. ..
  13. DIET GLYCEMIC LOAD & METABOLISM IN OBESE PREGNANT WOMEN
    Janet King; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition, new information on how the source of maternal carbohydrate intake affects carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in pregnancy will be generated. ..
  14. IRON SUPPLEMENTS AND ZINC IN PREGNANCY AND LACTATION
    Janet King; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Results from this comprehensive, longitudinal study will provide new data on the effects of iron supplementation on zinc utilization during pregnancy and lactation. ..
  15. Mammalian Lactoferrin Receptors: Structure and Function
    Bo Lonnerdal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, our understanding of the physiological significance of Lf and its receptor will be increased. ..
  16. Intergenerational Resemblances in Eating: the CSFII
    Sibylle Kranz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. FACTORS AFFECTING CALORIC REGULATION IN HUMAN FEEDING
    Barbara Rolls; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The experiments carefully vary fat content while keeping the energy content constant or vice versa, all while maintaining constant palatability. ..
  18. Retinol Equivalence of Plant Carotenoids in Children
    Guangwen Tang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will be of importance in planning vitamin A deficiency prevention strategies and also will provide useful information regarding the potential efficacy of a bioengineered crop to provide vitamin A nutrition. ..
  19. International Trace Elements Conference
    Janet King; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The purpose of this proposal is to seek funding for the travel of selected speakers, young investigator awards, and publication of the proceedings. ..
  20. HEDONICS AND DIETARY INTAKE OF FAT
    Richard Mattes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This will be explored through stable isotope tracer studies for Aim 3. The proposed work will hold important public health, clinical, commercial and basic biological implications. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. An Interdisciplinary Strategy for Obesity (RMI)
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will apply the knowledge gained from our interdisciplinary research to achieve our long-term goal of developing novel treatment and prevention interventions for obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Food Preferences of Ethnic Minority Preschoolers
    Theresa Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  23. Physical Environment Dynamics, Inequality and Obesity
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will also consider issues related to sample selectivity, within race heterogeneity and acculturation. ..
  24. Evaluating Errors in Reported Use of Dietary Supplements
    Suzanne Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Predictors of Children's Serving Sizes & Mealtime Intake
    Theresa Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Understanding what influences the portion sizes of energy dense foods and FV will provide insight on intervention strategies for decreasing excessive intake of energy dense foods and increasing FV intake early in childhood. ..
  26. BEYOND RACE--EXPLAINING INEQUALITY MANIFESTED AS OBESITY
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This work will provide important insights in the relative importance of genetic and environmental determinants of overweight and activity. ..
  27. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will be pooled by WHO to create a new growth reference, applicable to all infants and children internationally. ..
  28. Young Adult Environmental and Physical Activity Dynamics
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..No study heretofore has had large-scale groupings and in-depth environmental measures over time to examine these issues in a dynamic manner. ..
  29. The CIA (Children in Action) Program
    Theresa Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Preventing Childhood Obesity: Targeting the Diet of the Mother and Child Dyad
    Grace Falciglia; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Bone-Sparing by Ca Salts With & Without Extra Phosphorus
    Robert Heaney; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..1 Description, ..
  32. BONY EFFECTS OF TRANSIENT NONSKELETAL ILLNESS
    Robert Heaney; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  33. Economic Contextual Influences on Population Diet and Obesity
    Lisa Powell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Food Rheology and Feeding in Lean and Obese Humans
    Richard Mattes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Getting a Head Start on Healthier Eating Habits
    Theresa Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., role modeling, encouragement, repeated exposure) that would be used to reinforce the impact of the FJV commercials on children's FJV preferences and consumption in an ensuing R01 grant. ..
  36. CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, we will compare results across countries to determine whether there is a consistent pattern or structure of relationships across countries at different levels of development. ..
  37. Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment Dynamics
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A central issue is determining modifiable environment factors that may reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status. ..
  38. A Theater-Based Obesity Prevention Program for Children
    Dianne Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will provide insight into how to engage parents in school- based interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. Fetal Programming Fructose and Insulin Resistance
    SHAWN DONKIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. SOY PROTEIN +/- ISOFLAVONOIDS AND PLASMA LIPIDS
    Alice Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results of these studies, whether positive or negative, should contribute to the data base on which to formulate more specific public health recommendations with respect to decreasing risk of developing CHD. ..
  41. Dietary pattern indexes: relation with CVD risk factors
    ASHIMA KANT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will use dietary, anthropometric, biochemical, and health data from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994 (>15,000), to address these issues. ..
  42. Telehealth delivery of a weight loss program in diabetes
    Jennifer Lovejoy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..3) To perform a pilot study in patients with Type 2 diabetes to determine whether the Healthium interface improves weight loss and diabetes outcomes relative to standard clinic-based treatment. ..
  43. Paclitaxel pathway transcriptional activators
    Pierre Broun; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The main benefits of the activator genes will be increasing Taxol supply and reducing production costs. ..
  44. Iron transport and its regulation in C. elegans
    Marianne Wessling Resnick; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..elegans; 3) Use genetic selection to establish transport mutants useful for the elucidation of additional proteins involved in iron import and/or export and the factors that regulate these processes. ..
  45. LA Health:Primary and Secondary Obesity Prevention
    Donald Williamson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results of this investigation will significantly impact public health policy related to obesity prevention in rural communities, minority communities, and in children from families that are economically disadvantaged. ..
  46. Nutritional Regulation of Ribosomal Protein Expression
    Michael Kilberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed experiments test important hypotheses and will generate valuable new information regarding the mechanisms by which mammalian cells respond to changes in amino acid availability. ..
  47. NUTRITIONAL CONTROL OF ASPARAGINE SYNTHETASE
    Michael S Kilberg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. Away From Home and Out of School
    Deborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
  49. ALCOHOL APPETITE--A NUTRIENT CONDITIONING ANALYSIS
    Karen Ackroff; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..It will advance our basic knowledge of the psychobiology of alcohol appetite and may provide practical benefits for controlling alcohol consumption in humans. ..
  50. GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMES
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
  51. Increasing CRC Screening in Health Plan Members
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Relation of diet quality with mortality
    ASHIMA KANT; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Nutrition and Cancer: Statewide Preceptor Education
    JUDITH ASHLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. ETHANOL EFFECTS ON BONE FORMATION IN PREGNANCY
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The role of CYP2E1 and free radicals in the skeletal toxicity of ethanol during these periods will also be studied. ..
  55. DIETARY FAT, PLASMA LIPIDS AND OTHER CHD RISK FACTORS.
    Alice Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The investigators state that data derived from the proposed studies could contribute to the database on which to formulate more specific public health recommendations regarding the variables described. ..
  56. Phase III Colon Cancer Prevention Trial
    Frank Meyskens; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The overall goal of our work is to develop safe combinations of chemoprevention agents that can be used in the practice setting and complement current surveillance efforts. ..
  57. Developing Educational Approaches for Mexican-Americans
    Julio Licinio; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Their input will also be incorporated into the article that will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal. ..
  58. Fluorescence-based screen to probe hepcidin-ferroportin interactions
    Marianne Wessling Resnick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The project has broader applicability in the development of HTS to assay ligand-receptor interactions as well as representing a major advance towards the discovery of small molecule probes of iron transport. ..
  59. Jornaleros Unidos con el Pueblo (Day Laborers United)
    Rajiv Bhatia; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Outcome indictors will be formulated to reflect changes in hazardous work conditions and their social and structural context and changes in the collective capacity of the community. ..
  60. Behavioral factors and dietary change in WHTFSMP
    Alok Bhargava; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Overall, the results will facilitate the design of policies for improving health of especially minority women in the United States and will be useful for analyses of the Women's Health Initiative data. ..
  61. Effect of Selenoprotein SNPs on Prostate Cancer Risk
    Margaret Rayman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Reduction of cancer incidence in these sub-groups would reduce the incidence of prostate cancer in the population. ..
  62. DIET,APOPTOSIS AND COLON CARCINOGENESIS
    Joanne Lupton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..An understanding of how diet affects colon tumor incidence has important consequences for the design of clinical trials and for future dietary recommendations. ..
  63. Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry system
    Adrian Franke; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment:HOME
    Jayne Fulkerson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The intervention developed in this project and the preliminary trial results, including formative and process evaluation data, will be used to inform a future full- scale and fully-powered research study. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. Plant-Based Dietry Intervention in Type 2 Diabetes
    Neal Barnard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Glycosylated hemoglobin, insulin concentrations, 24-hour urinary albumin, body weight, blood pressure, serum lipids, and related cardiovascular risk factors will be measured at baseline, 22 weeks, and 74 weeks. ..
  66. RESPONSE TO DNA DAMAGE--COLON VS SMALL INTESTINE
    Joanne Lupton; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..DNA damage will be assessed by the FLARE assay and ROS production by oxidation of the vital dye 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein in cells incubated with and without electron transport inhibitors. ..
  67. Youth Exposure to Food and Beverage Placement in Movies
    Lisa Sutherland; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will provide pilot data to inform the development of an R01 to measure the relationship between youth exposure to food & beverage product placement in movies, diet quality and body mass index. ..
  68. Soda Out of Schools (SOS): Impact on Adolescent Obesity
    Patricia Crawford; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Effects of the intervention will be compared by gender, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity. Institutional barriers to intervention will be evaluated and guidelines for intervention replication will be developed. ..
  69. BIENESTAR: A SCHOOL BASED DIABETES PREVENTION PROGRAM
    ROBERTO TREVINO; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Biological outcomes will fasting capillary glucose levels. Ultimately, we would like to delay or prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes. ..
  70. Effects of Pregnancy on Adolescent Growth and Health
    Patricia Crawford; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings will be examined specifically in relation to gestational gain and provide a scientific basis for pregnancy weight gain recommendations for adolescents. ..