nutritional requirements

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Intensive care
    K G Kreymann
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
    Clin Nutr 25:210-23. 2006
  2. ncbi Projected prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes in Europe
    Blanca Román Viñas
    Community Nutrition Research Centre of the Nutrition Research Foundation, University of Barcelona Science Park, Barcelona, Spain
    Ann Nutr Metab 59:84-95. 2011
  3. ncbi International Zinc Nutrition Consultative Group (IZiNCG) technical document #1. Assessment of the risk of zinc deficiency in populations and options for its control
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 25:S99-203. 2004
  4. ncbi Multivitamin-multimineral supplements' effect on total nutrient intake
    Suzanne P Murphy
    Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:280S-284S. 2007
  5. ncbi Pregnancy and lactation: physiological adjustments, nutritional requirements and the role of dietary supplements
    Mary Frances Picciano
    Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Nutr 133:1997S-2002S. 2003
  6. ncbi Food variety and dietary diversity scores in children: are they good indicators of dietary adequacy?
    N P Steyn
    Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit, Medical Research Council, PO Box 19070, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 9:644-50. 2006
  7. pmc Dietary supplements contribute substantially to the total nutrient intake in pregnant Norwegian women
    Margaretha Haugen
    Department of Food Safety and Nutrition, Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Ann Nutr Metab 52:272-80. 2008
  8. ncbi Folate recommendations for pregnancy, lactation, and infancy
    Yvonne Lamers
    Food, Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Ann Nutr Metab 59:32-7. 2011
  9. ncbi Determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding practices in young children in Nepal: secondary data analysis of Demographic and Health Survey 2006
    Nira Joshi
    NewERA Development Research and Training for Change, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Matern Child Nutr 8:45-59. 2012
  10. pmc Do dietary supplements improve micronutrient sufficiency in children and adolescents?
    Regan L Bailey
    Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 7517, USA
    J Pediatr 161:837-42. 2012

Detail Information

Publications336 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Intensive care
    K G Kreymann
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany
    Clin Nutr 25:210-23. 2006
    ..There is no general indication for immune-modulating formulae in patients with severe illness or sepsis and an APACHE II Score >15. Glutamine should be supplemented in patients suffering from burns or trauma...
  2. ncbi Projected prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes in Europe
    Blanca Román Viñas
    Community Nutrition Research Centre of the Nutrition Research Foundation, University of Barcelona Science Park, Barcelona, Spain
    Ann Nutr Metab 59:84-95. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence of nutrient intake inadequacy in Europe, applying the Nordic Nutritional Recommendations in the context of the EURRECA Network of Excellence...
  3. ncbi International Zinc Nutrition Consultative Group (IZiNCG) technical document #1. Assessment of the risk of zinc deficiency in populations and options for its control
    Kenneth H Brown
    Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 25:S99-203. 2004
  4. ncbi Multivitamin-multimineral supplements' effect on total nutrient intake
    Suzanne P Murphy
    Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:280S-284S. 2007
    ..Multivitamin products could be better formulated to reduce the prevalence of inadequacy and also to reduce the risk of excessive intakes...
  5. ncbi Pregnancy and lactation: physiological adjustments, nutritional requirements and the role of dietary supplements
    Mary Frances Picciano
    Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Nutr 133:1997S-2002S. 2003
    ..Consideration of these factors in future studies of pregnancy and lactation are necessary to provide an understanding of the links among maternal diet; nutritional supplementation; and fetal, infant and maternal health...
  6. ncbi Food variety and dietary diversity scores in children: are they good indicators of dietary adequacy?
    N P Steyn
    Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle Unit, Medical Research Council, PO Box 19070, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 9:644-50. 2006
    ..To assess whether a food variety score (FVS) and/or a dietary diversity score (DDS) are good indicators of nutrient adequacy of the diet of South African children...
  7. pmc Dietary supplements contribute substantially to the total nutrient intake in pregnant Norwegian women
    Margaretha Haugen
    Department of Food Safety and Nutrition, Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Ann Nutr Metab 52:272-80. 2008
    ..Our objective was to study use and contribution of dietary supplement to nutrient intake among women participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)...
  8. ncbi Folate recommendations for pregnancy, lactation, and infancy
    Yvonne Lamers
    Food, Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Ann Nutr Metab 59:32-7. 2011
    ..While the folate level of human milk is simulated in infant formula, data are lacking on the bioavailability and effect of folic acid in infants and on whether a tolerable upper intake level should be defined...
  9. ncbi Determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding practices in young children in Nepal: secondary data analysis of Demographic and Health Survey 2006
    Nira Joshi
    NewERA Development Research and Training for Change, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Matern Child Nutr 8:45-59. 2012
    ..Planning and promotion activities to improve appropriate complementary feeding practices should focus on illiterate mothers, those living in poor households, and those not exposed to media...
  10. pmc Do dietary supplements improve micronutrient sufficiency in children and adolescents?
    Regan L Bailey
    Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 7517, USA
    J Pediatr 161:837-42. 2012
    ..To examine if children use supplements to fill gaps in nutritionally inadequate diets or whether supplements contribute to already adequate or excessive micronutrient intakes from foods...
  11. ncbi Nutrient intake values (NIVs): a recommended terminology and framework for the derivation of values
    Janet C King
    Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S16-26. 2007
    ..g., 2 standard deviations. Ideally, a second set of distributions of risk of excessive intakes is used as the basis for a UNL...
  12. ncbi Nutrient deficiencies in the premature infant
    Malika D Shah
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Northwestern University s Feinberg School of Medicine, 250 East Superior Street, Suite 05 2146, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Pediatr Clin North Am 56:1069-83. 2009
    ..This article reviews the normal accretion of nutrients in the fetus, discusses specific nutrient deficiencies that are exacerbated in the postnatal period, and identifies key areas for future research...
  13. ncbi Dietary indicators for assessing the adequacy of population zinc intakes
    Christine Hotz
    HarvestPlus, Washington, DC 20006 1002, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S430-53. 2007
    ..Conformity between these two indicators is less consistent for children, suggesting that further data and/or direct studies of zinc requirements among children are needed...
  14. ncbi Vitamin D3 distribution and status in the body
    Robert P Heaney
    Creighton University, 601 N 30 St, Suite 4841, Omaha, NE 68131, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 28:252-6. 2009
    ..To estimate the amount, type, and tissue distribution of vitamin D in the adult body under typical inputs...
  15. ncbi Older adults who use vitamin/mineral supplements differ from nonusers in nutrient intake adequacy and dietary attitudes
    Rhonda S Sebastian
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Food Surveys Research Group, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1322-32. 2007
    ..To measure nutrient intake adequacy of vitamin/mineral supplement users and nonusers aged 51 years and older, determine the efficacy of supplement practices in compensating for dietary deficits, and identify predictors of supplement use...
  16. ncbi Basal metabolic rate studies in humans: measurement and development of new equations
    C J K Henry
    School of Biological and Molecular Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, UK
    Public Health Nutr 8:1133-52. 2005
    ..The objective here is to review the historical development in the measurement and application of BMR and to critically review the Schofield et al. BMR database presenting a series of new equations to predict BMR...
  17. ncbi Indicators of zinc status at the population level: a review of the evidence
    Rosalind S Gibson
    Department of Hunan Nutrition, University of Otago, Union Street, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9015, New Zealand
    Br J Nutr 99:S14-23. 2008
    ..More research is needed to establish the validity, specificity, sensitivity, and feasibility of these new biomarkers, especially in community-settings...
  18. ncbi How common is vitamin B-12 deficiency?
    Lindsay H Allen
    US Department of Agriculture, ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:693S-6S. 2009
    ..However, intervention studies are still needed to assess efficacy and functional benefits of increasing intake of the amounts likely to be consumed in flour, including in elderly persons with varying degrees of gastric atrophy...
  19. ncbi Dietary reference intakes for DHA and EPA
    Penny M Kris-Etherton
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 319 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 81:99-104. 2009
    ..Because of the many health benefits of DHA and EPA, it is important and timely that the National Academies establish DRIs for the individual long-chain (20 carbons or greater) omega-3 fatty acids...
  20. pmc Randomized trial of initial trophic versus full-energy enteral nutrition in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory failure
    Todd W Rice
    Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Crit Care Med 39:967-74. 2011
    ..e., trophic) enteral nutrition would decrease episodes of gastrointestinal intolerance/complications and improve outcomes as compared to initial full-energy enteral nutrition in patients with acute respiratory failure...
  21. ncbi Consumption of salmon by Alaskan brown bears: a trade-off between nutritional requirements and the risk of infanticide?
    Merav Ben-David
    Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, P O Box 3166, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
    Oecologia 138:465-74. 2004
    ..of infanticide may alter foraging decisions made by females, which otherwise would have been based on nutritional requirements and forage quality and availability...
  22. ncbi The carnivore connection to nutrition in cats
    Debra L Zoran
    Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4474, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 221:1559-67. 2002
  23. ncbi Dietary adequacy of Inuit in the Canadian Arctic
    B N Hopping
    Nutrition Research Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Kannapolis, NC, USA
    J Hum Nutr Diet 23:27-34. 2010
    ..There is a lack of current data on nutrient intake and dietary adequacy in this population. The present study aimed to assess dietary intake and adequacy amongst Inuit adults in a community in Nunavut, Canada...
  24. ncbi Trends in energy and nutrient intake and risk of inadequate intakes in Catalonia, Spain (1992-2003)
    Lluis Serra-Majem
    Community Nutrition Research Centre, University of Barcelona Science Park, Baldiri Reixac 4, Torre D 4A1, 08028, Barcelona, Spain
    Public Health Nutr 10:1354-67. 2007
    ..To analyse trends in energy and nutrient intakes and nutritional adequacy from 1992 to 2003...
  25. pmc Choline: critical role during fetal development and dietary requirements in adults
    Steven H Zeisel
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health and School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Annu Rev Nutr 26:229-50. 2006
    ..Aside from gender differences, there is significant variation in the dietary requirement for choline that can be explained by very common genetic polymorphisms...
  26. ncbi Human requirement for N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
    A P Simopoulos
    The Center for Genetics Nutrition and Health, Washington, DC 20009, USA
    Poult Sci 79:961-70. 2000
    ..To obtain the recommended AI, it will be necessary to consider the issues involved in enriching the food supply with n-3 PUFA in terms of dosage, safety, and sources of n-3 fatty acids...
  27. ncbi Vitamin D requirements during lactation: high-dose maternal supplementation as therapy to prevent hypovitaminosis D for both the mother and the nursing infant
    Bruce W Hollis
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1752S-8S. 2004
    ..A maternal intake of 4000 IU/d could achieve substantial progress toward improving both maternal and neonatal nutritional vitamin D status...
  28. ncbi Meeting adequate intake for dietary calcium without dairy foods in adolescents aged 9 to 18 years (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2002)
    Xiang Gao
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:1759-65. 2006
    ..However, no studies have addressed whether dairy-free diets can provide adequate calcium while meeting other nutrient recommendations...
  29. ncbi Risk assessment for vitamin D
    John N Hathcock
    Council for Responsible Nutrition, Washington, DC 20036 5114, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:6-18. 2007
    ..Collectively, the absence of toxicity in trials conducted in healthy adults that used vitamin D dose > or = 250 microg/d (10,000 IU vitamin D3) supports the confident selection of this value as the UL...
  30. pmc Micronutrient bioavailability: Dietary Reference Intakes and a future perspective
    K Michael Hambidge
    Department of Pediatrics, Section of Nutrition, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1430S-1432S. 2010
    ..These factors, it is argued, are best considered separately from even a broad definition of bioavailability and have the potential to provide new insights into some micronutrient requirements...
  31. ncbi How is the adequacy of micronutrient intake assessed across Europe? A systematic literature review
    Garden Tabacchi
    Institute of Physiology and Human Nutrition, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
    Br J Nutr 101:S29-36. 2009
    ..The present review showed that different methods were applied across Europe to estimate the adequacy of micronutrient intake, which led to different prevalence estimates of micronutrient inadequacy...
  32. ncbi Determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding practices in young children in Sri Lanka: secondary data analysis of Demographic and Health Survey 2006-2007
    Upul Senarath
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
    Matern Child Nutr 8:60-77. 2012
    ..In conclusion, complementary feeding indicators were adequate except in the 6-11 months age group. Subgroups with inappropriate feeding practices should be the focus of IYCF promotion programs...
  33. ncbi Food and nutrient intakes of 9-month-old infants in Adelaide, Australia
    Jennifer A Conn
    Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia
    Public Health Nutr 12:2448-56. 2009
    ..To describe the food and nutrient intakes of 9-month-old infants...
  34. ncbi Dietary Reference Intakes: summary of applications in dietary assessment
    Suzanne P Murphy
    Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA
    Public Health Nutr 5:843-9. 2002
    ..To summarise the applications and appropriate use of Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) as guidance for nutrition and health research professionals in the dietary assessment of groups and individuals...
  35. ncbi Comparisons of complementary feeding indicators and associated factors in children aged 6-23 months across five South Asian countries
    Upul Senarath
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
    Matern Child Nutr 8:89-106. 2012
    ..More intensive interventions are necessary targeting the groups with sup-optimal practices, while programmes that cover entire populations are being continued...
  36. pmc Food group intake and micronutrient adequacy in adolescent girls
    Lynn L Moore
    Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 72 East Concord St, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Nutrients 4:1692-708. 2012
    ..Diet patterns that combined intakes across food groups led to greater improvements in overall nutritional adequacy...
  37. ncbi Nutritional modulation of insulin resistance in the true carnivorous cat: a review
    Adronie Verbrugghe
    Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 52:172-82. 2012
    Cats are strict carnivores that rely on nutrients in animal tissues to meet their specific and unique nutritional requirements. In their natural habitat, cats consume prey high in protein with moderate amounts of fat and minimal ..
  38. pmc Mapping low intake of micronutrients across Europe
    G B M Mensink
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute, General Pape Strasse 64, DE 12101 Berlin, Germany
    Br J Nutr 110:755-73. 2013
    ..In spite of the limitations of the data, the present study provides valuable new information about micronutrient intakes across Europe and the likelihood of inadequacy country by country...
  39. ncbi Dietary diversity within food groups: an indicator of specific nutrient adequacy in Tehranian women
    Parvin Mirmiran
    Endocrine Research Center, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran IR, Iran
    J Am Coll Nutr 25:354-61. 2006
    ..To determine the relationship between dietary diversity within food groups and dietary diversity score and the probability of nutrient adequacy in Tehranian women...
  40. ncbi Methods for using nutrient intake values (NIVs) to assess or plan nutrient intakes
    Suzanne P Murphy
    University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S51-60. 2007
    ....
  41. ncbi Determining life-stage groups and extrapolating nutrient intake values (NIVs)
    Stephanie A Atkinson
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, 3G57, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S61-76. 2007
    ....
  42. ncbi The shortest way to reach nutritional goals is to adopt Mediterranean food choices: evidence from computer-generated personalized diets
    Matthieu Maillot
    INRA, UMR 1260 Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, Marseille, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:1127-37. 2011
    ..They can also be deduced by translating a set of nutrient recommendations into food combinations. However, the latter may vary depending on the decisions made by different expert committees...
  43. ncbi Impaired zinc and copper status in children with burn injuries: need to reassess nutritional requirements
    V Saroja Voruganti
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA
    Burns 31:711-6. 2005
    ..We demonstrate that burn injury in children results in low plasma levels of Zn and Cu that are inadequately compensated during hospitalization...
  44. ncbi The role of eicosanoids in the brain
    Daniella Tassoni
    Deakin University, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:220-8. 2008
    ..In contrast, DHA-derived compounds can prevent neuroinflammation. Clearly, the eicosanoids are very important for the normal functioning of the brain, while the PUFA themselves are important in membrane structure and function...
  45. ncbi Choline, homocysteine, and pregnancy
    Steven H Zeisel
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:719-20. 2005
  46. ncbi Diet in a group of 18-month-old children in South West England, and comparison with the results of a national survey
    I Cowin
    Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 20:254-67. 2007
    ..To investigate the normal range of nutrient intakes and food consumption patterns in 18 month old children...
  47. ncbi One-third of pregnant and lactating women may not be meeting their folate requirements from diet alone based on mandated levels of folic acid fortification
    Kelly L Sherwood
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    J Nutr 136:2820-6. 2006
    ....
  48. ncbi Accurate determination of energy needs in hospitalized patients
    Joseph Boullata
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6096, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:393-401. 2007
    ....
  49. ncbi Food and nutrient intakes of a population sample of 3-year-old children in the south west of England in 1996
    Pauline Emmett
    Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, University of Bristol, UK
    Public Health Nutr 5:55-64. 2002
    ..To investigate food and nutrient intakes in 3-year-old children...
  50. ncbi Using Dietary Reference Intake-based methods to estimate the prevalence of inadequate nutrient intake among school-aged children
    Carol West Suitor
    Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, NJ, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:530-6. 2002
    ..To estimate the prevalence of inadequate usual intakes of nutrients by school-aged children...
  51. ncbi Cystic Fibrosis Foundation evidence-based guidelines for management of infants with cystic fibrosis
    Drucy Borowitz
    Women and Children s Hospital of Buffalo, State University of New York at Buffalo, NY, USA
    J Pediatr 155:S73-93. 2009
    ..These guidelines encompass monitoring and treatment recommendations for infants diagnosed with CF and are intended to help guide families, primary care providers, and specialty care centers in the care of infants with CF...
  52. ncbi The tight calorie control study (TICACOS): a prospective, randomized, controlled pilot study of nutritional support in critically ill patients
    Pierre Singer
    Department of General Intensive Care, Rabin Medical Center, Campus Beilinson, 49100, Petah Tikva, Israel
    Intensive Care Med 37:601-9. 2011
    ..To determine whether nutritional support guided by repeated measurements of resting energy requirements improves the outcome of critically ill patients...
  53. ncbi Influence of exercise on nutritional requirements
    D R Pendergast
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, 124 Sherman Hall, Center for Research and Education in Special Environments, University at Buffalo, 3435 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    Eur J Appl Physiol 111:379-90. 2011
    ..Insuring minimal levels of substrate will prevent exercise intolerance, while increasing some components may increase exercise tolerance...
  54. ncbi Omega 3 fatty acids and the brain: review of studies in depression
    Andrew J Sinclair
    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 16:391-7. 2007
    ..It is clear from the literature that DHA is involved in a variety of processes in neural cells and that its role is far more complex than simply influencing cell membrane properties...
  55. ncbi Genetic variants in the metabolism of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids: their role in the determination of nutritional requirements and chronic disease risk
    Artemis P Simopoulos
    The Center for Genetics, Nutrition and Health, 2001 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20009, USA
    Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 235:785-95. 2010
    ..controlled by genetic polymorphisms that should be taken into consideration in the determination of nutritional requirements. Therefore at the same dietary intake of linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), their ..
  56. ncbi Fat and energy needs of children in developing countries
    A M Prentice
    MRC International Nutrition Group, London, and MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:1253S-1265S. 2000
    ..The effects of such low fat intakes, particularly in terms of immune function, require investigation...
  57. ncbi The effect of folate fortification of cereal-grain products on blood folate status, dietary folate intake, and dietary folate sources among adult non-supplement users in the United States
    Marion Dietrich
    School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 24:266-74. 2005
    ..S. population following folic acid fortification of enriched cereal-grain products and to explore accompanying changes in food sources and dietary total folate intake...
  58. ncbi The North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey: vitamin intakes in 18-64-year-old adults
    M M O'Brien
    Department of Food Science, Food Technology and Nutrition, University College, Cork, Republic of Ireland
    Public Health Nutr 4:1069-79. 2001
    ..The adequacy of vitamin intakes in the population and the risk of occurrence of excessive vitamin intakes are also assessed...
  59. ncbi Zinc: the missing link in combating micronutrient malnutrition in developing countries
    Rosalind S Gibson
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Proc Nutr Soc 65:51-60. 2006
    ....
  60. ncbi Macronutrient analysis of a nationwide sample of donor breast milk
    Katherine Y Wojcik
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:137-40. 2009
    ..Fortification could make up for these shortcomings, perhaps making formulated banked donor milk a better choice for preterm infants than bovine-based formulas when mother's milk is unavailable...
  61. ncbi Dietary intakes at child-care centers in central Texas fail to meet Food Guide Pyramid recommendations
    Alison Padget
    Nutritional Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:790-3. 2005
    ..Intakes at home did not compensate for lack of grain and vegetable consumption during child care...
  62. ncbi Overestimation of infant and toddler energy intake by 24-h recall compared with weighed food records
    Jennifer O Fisher
    Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, USDA ARS Children s Nutrition Research Center, Houston, TX, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:407-15. 2008
    ..Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls have been used in large surveys of infant and toddler energy intake, but the accuracy of the method for young children is not well documented...
  63. ncbi US adolescents and MyPyramid: associations between fast-food consumption and lower likelihood of meeting recommendations
    Rhonda S Sebastian
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Food Surveys Research Group, BARC West, Beltsville, MD 20705 2350, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:226-35. 2009
    ..To determine whether fast-food consumption is associated with adolescents' food group intakes and likelihood of meeting recommendations outlined in the MyPyramid Food Guidance System...
  64. ncbi Inadequate nutrient intakes are common and are associated with low diet variety in rural, community-dwelling elderly
    T A Marshall
    Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 1010, USA
    J Nutr 131:2192-6. 2001
    ..Recommendations to increase diet variety and consume a nutrient supplement may be necessary for elderly people to achieve adequate nutrient intakes...
  65. ncbi Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study: do vitamin and mineral supplements contribute to nutrient adequacy or excess among US infants and toddlers?
    Ronette Briefel
    Mathematica Policy Research Inc, 600 Maryland Avenue SW, Suite 550, Washington, DC 20024, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:S52-65. 2006
    ..To report the prevalence of dietary supplement use in a random sample of US infants 4 to 24 months of age, and to compare demographic characteristics, usual nutrient intakes, and food patterns of supplement users and nonusers...
  66. ncbi Dietary fat intakes for pregnant and lactating women
    Berthold Koletzko
    Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, University of Munich, Germany
    Br J Nutr 98:873-7. 2007
    ....
  67. ncbi Vitamin D deficiency: a global perspective
    Ann Prentice
    The Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, United Kingdom and Medical Research Council Keneba, Keneba, The Gambia
    Nutr Rev 66:S153-64. 2008
    ..There is an urgent need for action to address the global burden of rickets and osteomalacia...
  68. ncbi Current micronutrient recommendations in Europe: towards understanding their differences and similarities
    Esmée L Doets
    Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University and Research Centre, P O Box 8129, 6700 EV, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Eur J Nutr 47:17-40. 2008
    ..Furthermore this paper aims to illustrate the diversity in European recommendations on vitamin A and vitamin D, and to explore differences and commonalities in approaches that could possibly explain variations observed...
  69. ncbi Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid requirements during pregnancy and lactation
    M Makrides
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Adelaide, Women s and Children s Hospital, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, SA 5006, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 71:307S-11S. 2000
    ..Careful attention should be paid to study design, measurement of appropriate health outcomes, and defining minimum and maximum plasma n-3 LCPUFA concentrations that are optimal for both mothers and infants...
  70. ncbi Docosahexaenoic acid: measurements in food and dietary exposure
    Jay Whelan
    Department of Nutrition, The University of Tennessee, 229 Jessie Harris Building, 1215 West Cumberland Avenue, Knoxville, TN 37996 1920, USA
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 81:133-6. 2009
    ..This value and those presented for women and men at various ages appear reasonable and should be used as the basis for establishing an Adequate Intake (AI) for DHA...
  71. ncbi Is there a dietary requirement for DHA in pregnancy?
    Maria Makrides
    Women s and Children s Health Research Institute, Level 7, Clarence Rieger Building, Women s and Children s Hospital, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, SA 5006, Australia
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 81:171-4. 2009
    ..On the other hand, large-scale trials assessing marine oil supplementation with large doses indicate that DHA supplementation in pregnancy is safe...
  72. ncbi Association of dietary supplement use with specific micronutrient intakes among middle-aged American men and women: the INTERMAP Study
    Sujata L Archer
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:1106-14. 2005
    ....
  73. ncbi Assessment of intake inadequacy and food sources of zinc of people in China
    Guansheng Ma
    National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    Public Health Nutr 10:848-54. 2007
    ..To assess the intake inadequacy and food sources of zinc of people in China...
  74. ncbi Hypocaloric enteral tube feeding in critically ill obese patients
    Roland N Dickerson
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Nutrition 18:241-6. 2002
    ..We respectively compared the nutritional and clinical efficacies of eucaloric and hypocaloric enteral feedings in 40 critically ill, obese patients admitted to the trauma or surgical intensive care unit...
  75. ncbi Nutritional quality of the diets of US public school children and the role of the school meal programs
    Melissa A Clark
    Mathematica Policy Research, Inc, PO Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:S44-56. 2009
    ..Because the school meal programs--the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program--are so widely available, they are in a unique position to influence the nutritional quality of children's diets...
  76. pmc Considerations regarding neuropsychiatric nutritional requirements for intakes of omega-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids
    Joseph R Hibbeln
    LMBB, National Institutes Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH, 5625 Fishers Lane, Rm 3N 07, MSC 9410, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 81:179-86. 2009
    ..Adverse neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric outcomes have been established as signs of nutrient deficiencies and may be applicable to insufficient dietary intakes of omega-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (n-3 HUFAs)...
  77. ncbi Enteral nutrient supply for preterm infants: commentary from the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Committee on Nutrition
    C Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 50:85-91. 2010
    ..These recommendations are based on a considered review of available scientific reports on the subject, and on expert consensus for which the available scientific data are considered inadequate...
  78. ncbi Harmonization of nutrient intake values
    Janet C King
    Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S3-12. 2007
    ..Some examples include regulatory issues and trade, labeling, planning programs for alleviating public health nutrition problems, food fortification, and dietary guidance...
  79. ncbi Nutritional requirements and feeding recommendations for small for gestational age infants
    David Tudehope
    Mater Medical Research Institute, South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    J Pediatr 162:S81-9. 2013
    ..from many organizations recommend mother's own milk for SGA infants because it meets most of their nutritional requirements and provides short- and long-term benefits...
  80. ncbi Folate and vitamin B12 in relation to lactation: a 9-month postpartum follow-up study
    C H Ramlau-Hansen
    Institute of Public Health, Department of Health Science, Aarhus University, Arhus, Denmark
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:120-8. 2006
    ..To investigate the relation between lactation and markers of folate and vitamin B12 (B12) deficiency in women with and without vitamin supplementation...
  81. ncbi Net protein oxidation is adapted to dietary protein intake in domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus)
    Kim Russell
    Waltham Centre for Pet Nutrition, Waltham on the Wolds, Melton Mowbray, Leics LE14 4RT, UK
    J Nutr 132:456-60. 2002
    ..1 (MP) and 0.9 (HP). This study demonstrated that cats adapt net protein oxidation at these levels of protein intake, and the reason for the high dietary protein requirement of this species is, therefore, unclear...
  82. ncbi EURRECA/WHO workshop report: 'Deriving Micronutrient Recommendations: Updating Best Practices'
    Pieter van't Veer
    Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Ann Nutr Metab 62:63-7. 2013
    ....
  83. ncbi The increasing cost of the basic foods required to promote health in Queensland
    Michelle S Harrison
    Health Promotion Unit, Population Health Branch, Queensland Health, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Med J Aust 186:9-14. 2007
    ..To assess changes in the cost and availability of a standard basket of healthy food items (the Healthy Food Access Basket [HFAB]) in Queensland over time...
  84. ncbi Whole-body protein turnover of a carnivore, Felis silvestris catus
    K Russell
    Waltham Centre for Pet Nutrition, Melton Mowbray LE14 4RT, UK
    Br J Nutr 89:29-37. 2003
    ..Further work is required to determine exactly why cats have such a high protein requirement...
  85. ncbi Effect of intradialytic parenteral nutrition in patients with malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome on body weight, inflammation, serum lipids and adipocytokines: results from a pilot study
    M Joannidis
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    Eur J Clin Nutr 62:789-95. 2008
    ..Evaluation of the influence of intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) in patients suffering from Malnutrition-Inflammation Complex Syndrome (MICS) on nutritional status, inflammation, adipocytokines and serum lipids...
  86. pmc Dietary intake of choline and plasma choline concentrations in pregnant women in Jamaica
    M Gossell-Williams
    Department of Basic Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Kingston 7, Jamaica, West Indies
    West Indian Med J 54:355-9. 2005
    ....
  87. ncbi Conditioned nutritional requirements: therapeutic relevance to heart failure
    Michael J Sole
    University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Herz 27:174-8. 2002
    ....
  88. ncbi Neonatal nutrition: a brief review
    David L Schutzman
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA
    World J Pediatr 4:248-53. 2008
    ..Possibly the most important factor in the premature's ability to survive in the NICU and thrive is the ability to replicate in utero growth through enteral and parenteral nutrition...
  89. ncbi Nutritional requirements and diet choices of the pygmy rabbit (Brachylagus idahoensis): a sagebrush specialist
    Lisa A Shipley
    Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 6410, USA
    J Chem Ecol 32:2455-74. 2006
    ..We investigated the nutritional requirements of pygmy rabbits and their ability and propensity to consume sagebrush alone and as part of a mixed diet...
  90. ncbi The role of vitamins and minerals in energy metabolism and well-being
    E Huskisson
    King Edward VII Hospital, London, UK
    J Int Med Res 35:277-89. 2007
    ..Micronutrient supplementation can alleviate deficiencies, but supplements must be taken for an adequate period of time...
  91. ncbi [Early nutrition, postnatal growth retardation and outcome of VLBW infants]
    C Pieltain
    Service universitaire de néonatologie, Universite de Liege, CHR de la Citadelle, bd du 12 e de ligne 1, Liege, Belgique
    Arch Pediatr 14:S11-5. 2007
    ..This paper will summarize the metabolic bases of this optimal nutrition for preterm infants...
  92. ncbi Prediction of resting metabolic rate in critically ill adult patients: results of a systematic review of the evidence
    David Frankenfield
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Milton S Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Dr, Hershey, PA 17033, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1552-61. 2007
    ..The strength of these conclusions is moderated because of limited and sometimes inconsistent data. More validation work is needed to confirm and increase the strength of these conclusions...
  93. pmc Nutritional aspects of women strength athletes
    J S Volek
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, 2095 Hillside Road, U 1110, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    Br J Sports Med 40:742-8. 2006
    ....
  94. ncbi Physiological requirements for zinc
    K Michael Hambidge
    Pediatric Nutrition, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, USA
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 81:72-8. 2011
    ..The lessons to be learned from this review are discussed together with suggestions for future action by IOM as well as a constructive role for IZiNCG...
  95. ncbi Dietary intervention strategies to enhance zinc nutrition: promotion and support of breastfeeding for infants and young children
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S144-71. 2009
    ..Public health programs to promote and support breastfeeding should be included among the strategies to ensure adequate zinc status of young children...
  96. pmc Is maternal diet supplementation beneficial? Optimal development of infant depends on mother's diet
    Steven H Zeisel
    Nutrition Research Institute, and the Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health and School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:685S-7S. 2009
    ..The infant is not protected from the inadequate diet of the mother...
  97. ncbi Folate intakes and awareness of folate to prevent neural tube defects: a survey of women living in Vancouver, Canada
    Melissa R French
    Osteoporosis Research Program, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:181-5. 2003
    ..To estimate folate intake and knowledge in women of childbearing age, in relation to risk of neural tube defects...
  98. pmc Predictors of measurement error in energy intake during pregnancy
    Eric Nowicki
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 27599 7435, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 173:560-8. 2011
    ..LER and HER are prevalent during pregnancy. Identifying their predictors may improve data collection and analytic methods for reducing systematic bias in the study of diet and reproductive outcomes...
  99. ncbi Summary of roundtable discussion on vitamin D research needs
    Patsy M Brannon
    Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:587S-592S. 2008
    ....
  100. ncbi Food allergies in children affect nutrient intake and growth
    Lynn Christie
    Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, University of Arkansas Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children s Hospital, Little Rock 72202, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:1648-51. 2002
    ..To identify if specific food allergies, elimination diets, or other variables associated with food allergies have an impact on the growth and nutrient intake of children with food allergies...
  101. ncbi Genome-health nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics: nutritional requirements or 'nutriomes' for chromosomal stability and telomere maintenance at the individual level
    Caroline Bull
    CSIRO Human Nutrition, PO Box 10041, Adelaide BC, South Australia 5000, Australia
    Proc Nutr Soc 67:146-56. 2008
    ..It is evident that developing effective strategies for defining nutrient doses and combinations or 'nutriomes' for genome-health maintenance at the individual level is essential for further progress in this research field...

Research Grants62

  1. 2009 Spirochetes, Biology of
    David A Haake; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Historically, spirochetes have been very difficult to study. These bacteria often have fastidious nutritional requirements, and many have yet to be successfully cultured in vitro...
  2. Protection against renal ischemic injury by short term dietary restriction
    James Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We expect to identify nutritional requirements and downstream effectors of this novel form of preconditioning against renal ischemia reperfusion injury ..
  3. Vitamin A Supplementation and Retinol Metabolism in the Neonatal Period
    A Catharine Ross; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The research will be significant for understanding neonatal retinol physiology;VA nutritional requirements;for translation to international and national public health policy decisions;and potentially for ..
  4. The protein nutrition of the symbiotic system between /Drosophila/and its gut mic
    ANGELA E SEARLE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Drosophila is particularly amenable to this study because it is highly homologous to humans in its nutritional requirements, but has the experimental advantage of possessing a simple gut microbiota that can be manipulated easily...
  5. GORDON CONFERENCE--BIOLOGY OF THE SPIROCHETES
    JANIS WEIS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Historically, spirochetes have been difficult to study. These bacteria often have fastidious nutritional requirements and some have yet to be successfully cultured in vitro...
  6. GORDON CONFERENCE: BIOLOGY OF THE SPIROCHETES
    JANIS WEIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Historically, spirochetes have been difficult to study. These bacteria often have fastidious nutritional requirements, and some have yet to be successfully cultured in vitro...
  7. TEST OF TAURINE AS AN ESSENTIAL NUTRIENT
    John Sturman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Give the similarity of macaque monkeys to human infants in their nutritional requirements, brain development and visual system structure and function, these studies provide the best available ..
  8. PHYSIOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS OF TREPONEMA PALLIDUM
    Steven Norris; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..medium components, dialysis of serum, and removal of tissue extract, it should be possible to define the nutritional requirements of T pallidum. In addition, the biosynthetic capacity of T...
  9. Short-Chain Fatty Acid Enhanced Intestinal Adaptation
    KELLY TAPPENDEN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These infants typically receive their nutritional requirements intravenously through a therapy known as total parenteral nutrition (TPN)...
  10. OXIDATIVE DAMAGE AND IRON REQUIREMENTS OF THE BLASTOCYST
    COLE MANES; Fiscal Year: 1991
    The long-term objective is to clarify the nutritional requirements of the blastocyst period in mammalian development, so that the successful maintenance of normal blastocysts may be accomplished in vitro...
  11. Characterization of intestinal regeneration in a model of intestinal atresia
    Peter F Nichol; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..where the intestine lacks sufficient length and surface area to absorb adequate calories in order to meet nutritional requirements. Currently, the therapeutic options for SGS/IF are limited and applicable to a subset of these patients...
  12. BODY COMPOSITION AND NUTRITION IN SPINAL CORD INJURY
    PAUL SCHLOERB; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Knowledge of body composition changes and nutritional requirements in spinal cord trauma with paraplegia or quadriplegia is limited...
  13. Targeted tumoricidal bacteria
    Ming Zhao; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This remarkable selectivity apparently reflects the imposed nutritional requirements that are apparently met only in the cancer cell milieu. S...
  14. LIPID AND CHOLESTEROL ESTERASE IN NEONATAL GUT INTEGRITY
    PHILIP HOWLES; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These studies are important in defining optimal nutritional requirements for growth and development of the neonatal intestine, especially in premature and low birth weight ..
  15. DIETARY PROTEIN INTAKE & HUMAN PROTEIN METABOLISM
    Vernon Young; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..be possible to improve upon diagnostic tools taken to assess protein and amino acid nutritional status, on the one hand, and the nutritional requirements, on the other, of the human subject under differing patho-physiological conditions.
  16. MACROPHAGE CHYLOMICRON/B48 RECEPTOR, BINDING MECHANISMS
    William Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..particles by cells responsible for tissue nutrition, immune function and hemopoiesis, cells with high nutritional requirements, and directs smaller apoB lipoproteins to the liver, as observed in vivo...
  17. Imageable tumor-targeting bacteria
    Ming Zhao; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This remarkable selectivity apparently reflects the imposed nutritional requirements that are apparently met only in the cancer cell milieu...
  18. YEAST AMINO ACID PERMEASES
    JANETTA GARRETT; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Tryptophan uptake is of particular interest because there are many unusual phenotypes associated with low tryptophan levels in yeast. There are also interesting parallels between yeast tryptophan uptake and auxin response in plants. ..
  19. Genome Mapping Resources for the Budgerigar
    Edward Smith; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..the biology of aging include wide availability as a pet, extensive knowledge about its physiology and nutritional requirements as well as short breeding cycles and potentially large family sizes...
  20. Analyzing respiration-dependent control of cell fate in S. cerevisiae
    Ashwini Jambhekar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..While the nutritional requirements for meiosis are likely specific to yeast, the respiration requirement could be conserved in higher ..
  21. CYSTEINE DIOXYGENASE TRANSGENIC MOUSE MODEL
    MARTHA STIPANUK; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..mouse model of low or absent CDO activity for study of the role of variations in CDO activity on nutritional requirements (especially for cysteine, taurine and sulfate) and in predisposition of individuals to certain ..
  22. ASSESSMENT OF SELENIUM STATUS IN MAN
    Morteza Janghorbani; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..of selenium and the measured balance of selenium over the range of selemium intakes relevant to both nutritional requirements and supplementation...
  23. ORGANOTYPIC SKIN CULTURES WITH IMPROVED BARRIERS
    Mitchell Klausner; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..These studies will lay the groundwork for Phase II research which will be an in-depth analysis of the nutritional requirements needed to generate skin in vitro with the barrier and function of native skin.
  24. NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR IMMUNITY IN THE AGED
    RICHARD WINCHURCH; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Thus, we will examine the effects of I1-1 and zinc on cyclic AMP-dependent events, on interleukin 6 synthesis and on the induction of metal metallothionein mRNA synthesis...
  25. NCMHD Center of Excellence in Nutritional Genomics
    Raymond Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..as a risk factor for disease and that dietary intervention based upon knowledge of nutritional status, nutritional requirements, and genotype - that is, intelligent nutrition - can remedy or ameliorate disease symptoms...
  26. GENETICS AND PHYSIOLOGY OF GONOCOCCAL IGA PROTEASES
    MARTHA MULKS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Linkage of iga genes to genes encoding nutritional requirements, outer membrane antigens, antibiotic resistance, and Dam methylation will be evaluated by ..
  27. NEW INSTRUMENT TO ASSESS ENERGY EXPENDITURE IN INFANTS
    Philip Dempster; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..resultant whole-body indirect calorimeter; including the study of energy balance, growth, and enhanced nutritional requirements under certain conditions, e.g., in burn patients...
  28. EFFECT OF OVER- & UNDERNUTRITION ON THYROID HORMONE
    ELLIOT DANFORTH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..research is designed to investigate nutritionally-induced alterations in hormones and their impact on the-nutritional requirements of humans...
  29. Evaluating Errors in Reported Use of Dietary Supplements
    Suzanne Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. PRIMATE SOCIOECOLOGY: A NUTRITIONAL APPROACH
    William Hamilton; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..nutritional stress based upon quantitative (caloric) or qualitative (vitamin and protein) dietary deficiencies? This question is being evaluated by measuring characteristics of diets and relating these data to nutritional requirements.
  31. Diethanolamine, brain development and adult memory
    Steven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CANCER
    Steven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We are requesting two postdoctoral and six predoctoral trainee positions each year for this purpose. ..
  33. Bone-Sparing by Ca Salts With & Without Extra Phosphorus
    Robert Heaney; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..1 Description, ..
  34. Evaluation of Vitamin D Requirements During Pregnancy
    Bruce Hollis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Establishing the Vitamin D Requirements During Lactation
    Bruce W Hollis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings of this study will generate important new information for health care professionals and policy makers with regard to vitamin D requirements and the potential benefit to both mother and infant. ..
  36. BONY EFFECTS OF TRANSIENT NONSKELETAL ILLNESS
    Robert Heaney; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  37. Encyclopedia of E. Coli Genes and Metabolism
    Peter Karp; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..SRI further proposes to develop new bioinformatics methods for comparative genomics, and for predicting nutritional requirements and essential genes of an organism form its metabolic network.
  38. DLPC Treatment of Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic Fibrosis
    Charles Lieber; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. MECHANISM AND ROLE OF MICROSOMAL ETHANOL OXIDATION
    Charles Lieber; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Such information is aimed at elucidating key aspects of alcohol mediated pathology in a way which may eventually affect alcohol related medical complications, their prevention and treatment. ..
  40. Arginine and Ovine Model for Fetal Growth Restriction
    Guoyao Wu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will ultimately promote favorable pregnancy outcomes while saving billions of healthcare dollars in the U.S. and worldwide. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will be pooled by WHO to create a new growth reference, applicable to all infants and children internationally. ..
  42. THE PHOTOBIOLOGY OF VITAMIN D
    Michael Holick; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results from this study should provide important new insights into the photoproduction of toxisterols and suprasterols in human skin and provide new information about their potential biologic functions in the skin. ..
  43. Synergistic Nutraceutical Effects of DLPC and SAMe
    Charles Lieber; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Antiviral/Antifibrotic Liver Therapy of Hepatitis C positive Alcohol Drinkers
    Charles Lieber; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Accordingly, support is requested for the completion of this novel approach for the treatment of HCV+ patients who become abstinent or who continue to consume alcohol moderately. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Liver Fibrosis, Inflammation & Oxidative Stress Markers
    Charles Lieber; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. ANTIVIRAL & ANTIFIBROTIC LIVER THERAPY OF HCV+ DRINKERS
    Charles Lieber; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Funds are requested for special laboratory tests, study nurses, travel to meetings, patient monitoring expenses and a core office. ..
  47. PTH (7-34) for Chemotherapy alopecia in Breast Cancer
    Michael Holick; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Homeostatic Regulation of Folate Metabolism
    Patrick J Stover; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..5. regulation of cSHMT by folate/choline preserves dTMP pools at the expense of AdoMet synthesis. The long-term goals of this project are: 1. to define homeostatic mechanisms used bv cells to regulate folate metabolism. ..
  49. Prevention of Vitamin D Deficiency in Breastfed Infants
    Ekhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study has considerable public health importance because of the importance of preventing vitamin D deficiency not only in its severe form, rickets, but also in its milder forms. ..
  50. Development of molecular biology-based assays for human selenium status
    ROGER SUNDE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. FASEB Summer Conference: Folate, B12 and 1C Metabolism
    PATRICK STOVER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Similarly, the poster sessions also highlight the activities and needs of the younger participants. ..
  52. Iron and the Breast-fed Infant
    Ekhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We expect to find that infants re-excrete iron into the feces when their iron stores are full, but retain most of the absorbed iron when iron stores are low. ..
  53. REGULATION OF FOLATE CATABOLISM
    PATRICK STOVER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2). to determine the risk that folate catabolism contributes to folate-associated pathologies. (3). to establish relationships between catecholamines and folate metabolism. ..
  54. REGULATION OF PLACENTAL METABOLISM BY GLUCOSE SUPPLY
    William Hay; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These are essential studies to conduct, as IUGR, primarily caused by placental insufficiency, is an important national and international health problem affecting the fetus, neonate, child, and adult. ..
  55. Fetal pancreatic development & insulin secretion
    William Hay; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  56. Folate-Genome Interactions in Colorectal Cancer
    PATRICK STOVER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The long-term goal of this project is: (1). to determine the mechanism whereby alterations in folate metabolism influence cancer risk. ..