surgery

Summary

Summary: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Visual-spatial ability and fMRI cortical activation in surgery residents
    Kyle R Wanzel
    Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Surg 193:507-10. 2007
  2. ncbi ACGME duty-hour restrictions decrease resident operative volume: a 5-year comparison at an ACGME-accredited university general surgery residency
    Amir Damadi
    Department of Surgery, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Lansing, Michigan 48912, USA
    J Surg Educ 64:256-9. 2007
  3. ncbi Propensity-score matching in the cardiovascular surgery literature from 2004 to 2006: a systematic review and suggestions for improvement
    Peter C Austin
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, the Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 134:1128-35. 2007
  4. ncbi Effect of a decision aid on knowledge and treatment decision making for breast cancer surgery: a randomized trial
    Timothy Whelan
    Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 292:435-41. 2004
  5. ncbi An Internet-based survey of factors influencing medical student selection of a general surgery career
    Amalia Cochran
    Salt Lake City Veterans Affairs Healthcare System and Department of Surgery, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA
    Am J Surg 189:742-6. 2005
  6. ncbi Surgeons' perceptions and injuries during and after urologic laparoscopic surgery
    Ofer N Gofrit
    Department of Surgery, Section of Urology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Urology 71:404-7. 2008
  7. ncbi Teleconferencing surgery enhances effective communication and enriches medical education
    Thomas P McIntyre
    Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 18:45-8. 2008
  8. ncbi Implicit motor learning in surgery: implications for multi-tasking
    R S W Masters
    Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Surgery 143:140-5. 2008
  9. ncbi Robotic surgery, telerobotic surgery, telepresence, and telementoring. Review of early clinical results
    G H Ballantyne
    Minimally Invasive and Telerobotic Surgery Institute, Hackensack University Medical Center, 20 Prospect Avenue, Hackensack, NJ, USA
    Surg Endosc 16:1389-402. 2002
  10. ncbi The impact of surgical technique on postoperative hypoparathyroidism in bilateral thyroid surgery: a multivariate analysis of 5846 consecutive patients
    Oliver Thomusch
    Department of General Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Hugstetter Strasse 55, D 79106 Freiburg, Germany
    Surgery 133:180-5. 2003

Detail Information

Publications245 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Visual-spatial ability and fMRI cortical activation in surgery residents
    Kyle R Wanzel
    Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Surg 193:507-10. 2007
    ..In the current study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to identify patterns of cortical activation associated with mental rotation ability in those same residents...
  2. ncbi ACGME duty-hour restrictions decrease resident operative volume: a 5-year comparison at an ACGME-accredited university general surgery residency
    Amir Damadi
    Department of Surgery, Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, Lansing, Michigan 48912, USA
    J Surg Educ 64:256-9. 2007
    ..the operative experience of chief residents at the Michigan State University Integrated Residency Program in General Surgery before and after duty-hour restrictions mandated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
  3. ncbi Propensity-score matching in the cardiovascular surgery literature from 2004 to 2006: a systematic review and suggestions for improvement
    Peter C Austin
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, the Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 134:1128-35. 2007
    I conducted a systematic review of the use of propensity score matching in the cardiovascular surgery literature. I examined the adequacy of reporting and whether appropriate statistical methods were used.
  4. ncbi Effect of a decision aid on knowledge and treatment decision making for breast cancer surgery: a randomized trial
    Timothy Whelan
    Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 292:435-41. 2004
    ..Consequently, the choice of treatment should be based on a patient's preferences...
  5. ncbi An Internet-based survey of factors influencing medical student selection of a general surgery career
    Amalia Cochran
    Salt Lake City Veterans Affairs Healthcare System and Department of Surgery, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA
    Am J Surg 189:742-6. 2005
    This study descriptively analyzes characteristics of general surgery residency and practice and their influence on student interest in surgical careers.
  6. ncbi Surgeons' perceptions and injuries during and after urologic laparoscopic surgery
    Ofer N Gofrit
    Department of Surgery, Section of Urology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Urology 71:404-7. 2008
    ..We undertook this study to assess the prevalence of surgeons' deleterious perceptions or injuries related to laparoscopic urologic surgery.
  7. ncbi Teleconferencing surgery enhances effective communication and enriches medical education
    Thomas P McIntyre
    Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 18:45-8. 2008
    ..Students enrolled in the third-year core clerkship in surgery participated in both TC and OR teaching sessions...
  8. ncbi Implicit motor learning in surgery: implications for multi-tasking
    R S W Masters
    Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Surgery 143:140-5. 2008
    ..Our intention was to elaborate current understanding of implicit and explicit processes that underpin observational learning in the surgical environment...
  9. ncbi Robotic surgery, telerobotic surgery, telepresence, and telementoring. Review of early clinical results
    G H Ballantyne
    Minimally Invasive and Telerobotic Surgery Institute, Hackensack University Medical Center, 20 Prospect Avenue, Hackensack, NJ, USA
    Surg Endosc 16:1389-402. 2002
    ..The inherent limitations of traditional laparoscopic surgery make it difficult to perform these operations...
  10. ncbi The impact of surgical technique on postoperative hypoparathyroidism in bilateral thyroid surgery: a multivariate analysis of 5846 consecutive patients
    Oliver Thomusch
    Department of General Surgery, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Hugstetter Strasse 55, D 79106 Freiburg, Germany
    Surgery 133:180-5. 2003
    Limited information exists about risk factors for postoperative hypoparathyroidism after bilateral thyroid surgery.
  11. ncbi Training for advanced laparoscopic surgery
    Carsten N Gutt
    Department of Surgery, Ruprecht Karls University, Heidelberg, Germany
    Eur J Surg 168:172-7. 2002
    To evaluate the efficiency of training for advanced minimally-invasive surgery in rats.
  12. ncbi ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Surgery including organ transplantation
    A Weimann
    Klinik f Allgemein und Visceralchirurgie, Klinikum St Georg, Leipzig, Germany
    Clin Nutr 25:224-44. 2006
    Enhanced recovery of patients after surgery ("ERAS") has become an important focus of perioperative management...
  13. ncbi The performance of master surgeons on the Advanced Dundee Endoscopic Psychomotor Tester: contrast validity study
    Nader K Francis
    Department of Surgery and Molecular Oncology, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 9SY, Scotland, UK
    Arch Surg 137:841-4. 2002
    ..The contrast validity of the Advanced Dundee Endoscopic Psychomotor Tester (ADEPT) was determined by comparing the performance of "master surgeons" with that of surgical trainees (also called junior surgeons) on the system...
  14. ncbi Skill retention following proficiency-based laparoscopic simulator training
    Dimitrios Stefanidis
    Tulane Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112 2699, USA
    Surgery 138:165-70. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess skill retention after completion of a validated laparoscopic skills curriculum...
  15. ncbi Influences on choice of surgery as a career: a study of consecutive cohorts in a medical school
    Dejano T Sobral
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Brasilia, Brazil
    Med Educ 40:522-9. 2006
    ..To examine the differential impact of person-based and programme-related features on graduates' dichotomous choice between surgical or non-surgical field specialties for first-year residency...
  16. ncbi Association of hospital and surgeon volume of total hip replacement with functional status and satisfaction three years following surgery
    Jeffrey N Katz
    Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 75 Francis Street, B 3, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 48:560-8. 2003
    To evaluate whether hospital volume and surgeon volume of total hip replacements (THRs) are associated with patient-reported functional status and satisfaction with surgery 3 years postoperatively.
  17. ncbi Learning curves and impact of previous operative experience on performance on a virtual reality simulator to test laparoscopic surgical skills
    Teodor P Grantcharov
    Department of Surgical Gastroenterology L, Aarhus University, Kommunehospitalet, Aarhus, Denmark
    Am J Surg 185:146-9. 2003
    ..The study was carried out to analyze the learning rate for laparoscopic skills on a virtual reality training system and to establish whether the simulator was able to differentiate between surgeons with different laparoscopic experience...
  18. ncbi Surgeon and hospital characteristics as predictors of major adverse outcomes following colon cancer surgery: understanding the volume-outcome relationship
    Kevin G Billingsley
    Department of Surgery, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    Arch Surg 142:23-31; discussion 32. 2007
    Although numerous studies have demonstrated an association between surgical volume and improved outcome in cancer surgery, the specific structures and mechanisms of care that are associated with volume and lead to improved outcomes ..
  19. ncbi Cumulative operative experience is decreasing during general surgery residency: a worrisome trend for surgical trainees?
    John C Kairys
    Department of Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 206:804-11; discussion 811-3. 2008
    ..Early studies evaluating the mean number of operations performed as surgeon reported no major change. The experiences of residents as first assistant and teaching assistant have not been closely examined...
  20. ncbi Effect of the 80-hour work week on resident operative experience in general surgery
    Arthur M Carlin
    Department of Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 West Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI 48202, United States
    Am J Surg 193:326-9; discussion 329-30. 2007
    ..The goal of this study was to determine the effect of the 80-hour work week on resident operative experience...
  21. ncbi Surgery in developing countries: essential training in residency
    Doruk Ozgediz
    Global Health Sciences, and Department of General Surgery, University of California San Francisco, 513 Parnassus, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Arch Surg 140:795-800. 2005
    ..A surgical elective in a developing country setting is an essential new component in academic residency training...
  22. pmc Virtual reality training improves operating room performance: results of a randomized, double-blinded study
    Neal E Seymour
    Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8062, USA
    Ann Surg 236:458-63; discussion 463-4. 2002
    ..To demonstrate that virtual reality (VR) training transfers technical skills to the operating room (OR) environment...
  23. ncbi Psychologic well-being of surgery residents after inception of the 80-hour workweek: a multi-institutional study
    S Mahmood Zaré
    Department of Surgery, Boston VA Health Care System, MA, USA
    Surgery 138:150-7. 2005
    ..Our published data from the preceding year indicated significant impairment in psychologic well-being among surgery residents...
  24. ncbi Feasibility, reliability and validity of an operative performance rating system for evaluating surgery residents
    Jennine L Larson
    Department of Surgery, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield 62794 9638, USA
    Surgery 138:640-7; discussion 647-9. 2005
    ..These evaluations lack objective assessment of operative skills. We describe an operative performance rating system (OPRS) designed to provide objective operative performance ratings using a sentinel procedure format...
  25. ncbi A new era of robotic surgery assisted by a computer-enhanced surgical system
    Makoto Hashizume
    Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
    Surgery 131:S330-3. 2002
    Computer-enhanced robotic surgery has now been introduced into general surgical practice...
  26. ncbi Institutional conditions and individual experiences in the career-entry period of Swiss medical residents--a qualitative study
    Barbara Buddeberg-Fischer
    Department of Psychosocial Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 136:26-32. 2006
    ....
  27. pmc Mentoring women in academic surgery: overcoming institutional barriers to success
    Eddie L Hoover
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:1542-5. 2006
    ..Therefore, institutions must continue to identify the barriers that deter women from entering surgery, to develop research tools to understand how to improve the process of developing leadership skills among women ..
  28. pmc Survey of the knowledge, attitude and practice of Nigerian surgery trainees to HIV-infected persons and AIDS patients
    Clement A Adebamowo
    Division of Oncology, Department of Surgery, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
    BMC Surg 2:7. 2002
    ..This study set out to determine the knowledge, attitude and risk perception of Nigerian surgery residents to HIV infection and AIDS.
  29. ncbi [Quality of surgical continuing education in Germany]
    J Ansorg
    Berufsverband der Deutschen Chirurgen, BDC Service, Berlin
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 130:508-13. 2005
    ..Aim of the study was to evaluate the surgical training in Germany from the viewpoint of the residents...
  30. ncbi Has implementation of the 80-hour work week made a career in surgery more appealing to medical students?
    Mark W Arnold
    Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health, 1654 Upham Dr, 308 Means Hall, Columbus, OH 43210 1250, USA
    Am J Surg 189:129-33. 2005
    ..This study was conducted to determine if a surgical career became more appealing to medical students with the resident work week limited to 80 hours...
  31. ncbi The learning curve in pancreatic surgery
    Jennifer F Tseng
    Department of Surgery and the UMass Memorial Cancer Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA
    Surgery 141:694-701. 2007
    Pancreatic surgery is technically complex. We hypothesized that a learning curve existed for pancreaticoduodenectomy even for surgeons who had completed their training.
  32. ncbi Current issues facing academic surgery departments: stakeholders' views
    Steven Michael Santilli
    Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota Medical School, Vascular Surgery Services, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Acad Med 83:66-73. 2008
    To determine the issues important to stakeholders in today's academic surgery departments, to query key stakeholders about possible solutions, and to investigate the correlation of organizational alignment among department stakeholders ..
  33. ncbi Towards a national clinical minimum data set for general surgery
    D R Prytherch
    Department of Information Systems and Computer Applications, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK
    Br J Surg 90:1300-5. 2003
    ....
  34. pmc The specialty of colon and rectal surgery: its impact on patient care and role in academic medicine
    Walter E Longo
    Department of Surgery, Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA
    Yale J Biol Med 76:63-77. 2003
    The specialty of colon and rectal surgery, a specialty of general surgery, has evolved from the field of proctology...
  35. ncbi Does a general surgery clerkship influence student perceptions of surgeons and surgical careers?
    Amalia Cochran
    Salt Lake City Veterans Affairs Healthcare System and Department of Surgery, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
    Surgery 134:153-7. 2003
    ..We evaluated the impact of a general surgery clerkship on medical student perceptions of surgeons and surgical careers and of the clerkship on student ..
  36. ncbi Attributes of trainers for postgraduate training in general surgery--a national consensus
    J S Ker
    Clinical Skills Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing, University of Dundee
    Surgeon 1:215-20. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to obtain consensus amongst consultant surgeons on the attributes of a good surgical trainer that can be used to inform continuing professional development programmes for trainers...
  37. pmc A survey of Canadian general surgery residents' interest in international surgery
    Anise Barton
    Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Can J Surg 51:125-9. 2008
    This survey of Canadian general surgery residents was designed to determine their interest level, past experiences and awareness of opportunities in the field of international surgery.
  38. ncbi VR robotic surgery: randomized blinded study of the dV-Trainer robotic simulator
    Thomas S Lendvay
    American Urological Association Office of Education, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Stud Health Technol Inform 132:242-4. 2008
    ..and validity of a da Vinci robotic virtual reality simulator platform tested during a pediatric robotic surgery post-graduate course during the annual American Urological Association meeting in June 2007...
  39. ncbi Effects of a twenty-four hour call period on resident performance during simulated endoscopic sinus surgery in an accreditation council for graduate medical education-compliant training program
    David M Jakubowicz
    Division of Otolaryngology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA
    Laryngoscope 115:143-6. 2005
    ..The study sought to determine whether an endoscopic sinus surgery simulator (ES3) measured performance changes before and after a 24-hour on-call period in residents following ..
  40. ncbi Do they understand? (part II): assent of children participating in clinical anesthesia and surgery research
    Alan R Tait
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health Systems, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
    Anesthesiology 98:609-14. 2003
    ..This study was designed to determine children's understanding of the elements of disclosure for studies in which they had assented to participate...
  41. ncbi Characterizing the general surgery workforce in rural America
    Matthew J Thompson
    Department of Family Medicine, Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, Idaho Rural Health Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 8280, USA
    Arch Surg 140:74-9. 2005
    ..General surgeons form a crucial component of the medical workforce in rural areas of the United States. Any decline in their numbers could have profound effects on access to adequate health care in such areas...
  42. ncbi Voluntary changes in surgery career paths: a survey of the program directors in surgery
    Jon B Morris
    Department of Surgery, Abington Memorial Hospital, 1200 Old York Road, Suite 604, Abington, PA 19001, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 196:611-6. 2003
    This article attempts to quantify the current scope of attrition, identify the reasons why categorical residents are leaving general surgery residency programs voluntarily, and correlate the program directors' and residents' perspectives.
  43. ncbi Enhancing the mission of academic surgery by promoting scientific writing skills
    Pamela A Derish
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0104, USA
    J Surg Res 140:177-83. 2007
    ..and trainees and to help them complete their manuscripts and grant proposals more quickly, the Department of Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) established a service dedicated to scientific writing and ..
  44. ncbi Factors influencing career choice among medical students interested in surgery
    Ali Azizzadeh
    Michael E DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Curr Surg 60:210-3. 2003
    The number of applicants to general surgery programs has recently declined. We set out to determine factors that influence career choice among medical students.
  45. ncbi Evidence-based surgery
    Jonathan L Meakins
    Nuffield Department of Surgery, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DU, England, UK
    Surg Clin North Am 86:1-16, vii. 2006
    ....
  46. ncbi The in-house education of clinical clerks in surgery and the role of housestaff
    Sam Minor
    Department of Surgery, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
    Am J Surg 184:471-5. 2002
    ..This study proposes a methodology by which a surgical clerkship curriculum can be evaluated...
  47. ncbi Impact of mandatory resident work hour limitations on medical students' interest in surgery
    George Miller
    Department of Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 199:615-9. 2004
    The number of US medical students applying for general surgery residency has been declining...
  48. pmc Action ethical dilemmas in surgery: an interview study of practicing surgeons
    Kirsti Torjuul
    Sør Trøndelag University College, Faculty of Nursing, Trondheim, Norway
    BMC Med Ethics 6:E7. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the kinds of ethical dilemmas surgeons face during practice...
  49. ncbi Competency-based student self-assessment on a surgery rotation
    D Scott Lind
    Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville 32610, USA
    J Surg Res 105:31-4. 2002
    ..Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of medical students to perform self-assessment during a third-year surgery clerkship.
  50. ncbi Wireless virtual instrument measurement of surgeons' physical and mental workloads for robotic versus manual minimally invasive surgery
    Warren D Smith
    Biomedical Engineering, California State University, Sacramento, 6000 J Street, Sacramento, CA 95819 6019, USA
    Stud Health Technol Inform 94:318-24. 2003
    The human-technology interface in traditional minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is difficult for the surgeon. Efforts to improve this interface include the use of robotic surgery systems...
  51. ncbi Critical analysis of clinical research reporting in pediatric surgery: justifying the need for a new standard
    Shawn J Rangel
    Department of Surgery Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Pediatr Surg 38:1739-43. 2003
    Clinical practice in surgery relies heavily on observational data in which accurate and nonbiased reporting is critical...
  52. ncbi The demand for surgery: an analysis of referrals from Australian general practitioners
    Russell L Gruen
    Flinders University NT Clinical School, Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 74:863-8. 2004
    ..We aimed to describe referrals from general practitioners (GPs) to surgeons in Australia using a classification of surgical disorders developed especially for primary care settings...
  53. ncbi Breast surgery as a specialized practice
    Terre D Quinn McGlothin
    Richardson Regional Hospital, Richardson, TX 75080, USA
    Am J Surg 190:264-8. 2005
    The interest in breast surgery as a specialized practice has expanded over the last decade as technology advances and medicine became more complex and specialized overall...
  54. ncbi Assessing the learning curve for the acquisition of laparoscopic skills on a virtual reality simulator
    V Sherman
    Department of Surgery, McGill University Health Centre, 1650 Cedar Avenue, L9 309 Montreal, Quebec H3G1A4, Canada
    Surg Endosc 19:678-82. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to develop summary metrics and assess the construct validity for a virtual reality laparoscopic simulator (LapSim) by comparing the learning curves of three groups with different levels of laparoscopic expertise...
  55. ncbi Training, practice, and referral patterns in hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery: survey of general surgeons
    Elijah Dixon
    Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Gastrointest Surg 9:109-14. 2005
    Subspecialization has changed the way that general surgery is practiced. Hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery (HPB) is maturing as a subspecialty...
  56. ncbi Improvement of foot pedals used during surgery based on new ergonomic guidelines
    M A van Veelen
    Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Landbergstraat 15, 2628 CE Delft, The Netherlands
    Surg Endosc 17:1086-91. 2003
    This study aims to create new ergonomic guidelines for the design of foot pedals used during surgery.
  57. ncbi William Stewart Halsted: his life and contributions to surgery
    Michael P Osborne
    Breast Service, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Lancet Oncol 8:256-65. 2007
    William Stewart Halsted was a pioneer of surgery in the USA and made many wide-ranging contributions, including the surgical treatment of breast cancer...
  58. ncbi Eye motion parameters correlate with level of experience in video-assisted surgery: objective testing of three tasks
    Ergun Kocak
    Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 15:575-80. 2005
    ..Our objective was to apply this new technology in the setting of video-assisted surgery to evaluate eye motion parameters among surgeons of varying experience.
  59. ncbi Placebo surgery research: a blinding imperative
    Paul S Heckerling
    Department of Medicine M C 718, University of Illinois, 840 South Wood Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 59:876-80. 2006
    In placebo surgery research, intervention group subjects receive a real surgical procedure, and control subjects receive a sham surgical procedure...
  60. ncbi A comprehensive simulation for wait time reduction and capacity planning applied in general surgery
    Peter T VanBerkel
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Dalhousie University, P O Box 1000, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3J 1W2, Canada
    Health Care Manag Sci 10:373-85. 2007
    ..paper describes the use of operational research techniques to analyze the wait list for the Division of General Surgery at the Capital District Health Authority in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada...
  61. ncbi Proving the effectiveness of virtual reality simulation for training in laparoscopic surgery
    Rajesh Aggarwal
    Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
    Ann Surg 246:771-9. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to compare learning curves for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) after training on a proficiency based virtual reality (VR) curriculum with that of a traditionally trained group...
  62. pmc A novel approach to high definition, high-contrast video capture in abdominal surgery
    Peter H Cosman
    South Western Sydney Professorial Upper Gastrointestinal Surgical Unit, University of Sydney, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Ann Surg 245:533-5. 2007
    ....
  63. ncbi Decreasing delays in urgent and expedited surgery in a university teaching hospital through audit and communication between peri-operative and surgical directorates
    J F Cosgrove
    Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Trust, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne NE7 7DN, UK
    Anaesthesia 63:599-603. 2008
    National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death guidelines for urgent surgery recommend a fully staffed emergency operating theatre and restriction of 'after-midnight' operating to immediate life-, limb- or organ-threatening ..
  64. ncbi Trauma and emergency surgery: an evolutionary direction for trauma surgeons
    Lynette A Scherer
    Department of Surgery, University of California, Davis Health Sysytem, Sacramento, 95817, USA
    J Trauma 56:7-12. 2004
    ..To enhance operative experience, our trauma surgeons began caring for all general surgery emergencies...
  65. ncbi Women in academic general surgery
    Anneke T Schroen
    Department of Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, PO Box 800709, Charlottesville, VA 22908 0709, USA
    Acad Med 79:310-8. 2004
    To portray the professional experiences of men and women in academic general surgery with specific attention to factors associated with differing academic productivity and with leaving academia.
  66. ncbi Virtual patients in undergraduate surgery education: a randomized controlled study
    Javad H Vash
    Academic Centre for Education, Culture and Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    ANZ J Surg 77:54-9. 2007
    This study aims to clarify the effects of implementing a series of virtual patients in undergraduate surgery education on various dimensions of skills as applied to clinical problems.
  67. ncbi Challenges in developing paediatric surgery in Sub-Saharan Africa
    S Mhando
    Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre KCMC, Moshi, Tanzania
    Pediatr Surg Int 22:425-7. 2006
    The aim of the present study is to report on the difficulties in developing paediatric surgery in a teaching hospital in Tanzania...
  68. ncbi Selection of individuals for training in surgery
    Simon Bann
    Department of Surgery, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, Fulham Rd, London SW6, UK
    Am J Surg 190:98-102. 2005
    ..This article considers psychometric assessment as a methodology of preselecting surgeons and considers objective assessment as a possibility during the foundational education period...
  69. ncbi Laparoscopic surgery: current status, issues and future developments
    A Cuschieri
    Scuola Superiore Sant Anna di Studi Universitari, Pisa, Italy
    Surgeon 3:125-30, 132-3, 135-8. 2005
    Laparoscopic surgery has come a long way since its introduction two decades ago...
  70. ncbi Documenting a learning curve and test-retest reliability of two tasks on a virtual reality training simulator in laparoscopic surgery
    Nancy J Hogle
    College of Physicians and Surgeons, Department of Surgery, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    J Surg Educ 64:424-30. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to document and show the learning curve and test-retest reliability of 2 tasks on a virtual reality-training simulator (LapSim; Surgical Science, Göteborg, Sweden) in laparoscopic surgery.
  71. ncbi Brief communication of the Residency Review Committee-Surgery (RRC-S) on residents' surgical volume in general surgery
    Kirby I Bland
    Am J Surg 190:345-50. 2005
    The Residency Review Committee-Surgery (RRC--S), 1 of 10 surgical specialties of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has monitored the surgical volume of all general surgical residents closely...
  72. ncbi Augmented reality in surgery
    Jeffrey H Shuhaiber
    Department of Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    Arch Surg 139:170-4. 2004
    To evaluate the history and current knowledge of computer-augmented reality in the field of surgery and its potential goals in education, surgeon training, and patient treatment.
  73. ncbi Status of trauma and acute care surgery in the United States
    Andrew B Peitzman
    Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh 15213, USA
    Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 14:1-4. 2008
    Acute Care Surgery (ACS) is an evolving specialty. The components, as defined by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma are trauma, surgical critical care and emergency surgery...
  74. ncbi Early perioperative outcomes and pancreaticoduodenectomy in a general surgery residency training program
    Craig P Fischer
    Department of Surgery, The Methodist Hospital, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Gastrointest Surg 10:478-82. 2006
    Current trends in national health care are triggering a reassessment of training in general surgery. Currently, 75% of general surgery residents seek postgraduate fellowship training, and significant debate has occurred regarding the ..
  75. ncbi Why do women consent to surgery, even when they do not want to? An interactionist and Bourdieusian analysis
    Mary Dixon-Woods
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, 22 28 Princess Road West, Leicester LE1 6TP, UK
    Soc Sci Med 62:2742-53. 2006
    ..Evidence is now beginning to emerge that people may consent to surgery even when reluctant to do so...
  76. ncbi Survey of resident training in robotic surgery
    Harry W Donias
    Department of Surgery, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA
    Am Surg 68:177-81. 2002
    Robotics has been recognized as a major driving force in the advancement of minimally invasive surgery. However, the extent to which General Surgery residents are being trained to use robotic technology has never been assessed...
  77. ncbi [Problem-based learning for surgery. Increased motivation with less teaching personnel?]
    C Langelotz
    Universitätsklinik für Allgemein, Visceral, Gefäss und Thoraxchirurgie, Universitäre Medizin Berlin Charité Campus Mitte, Berlin
    Chirurg 76:481-6. 2005
    ..The introduction of small learning groups requires considerable increases in staff. Problem-based learning could increase the motivation to acquire knowledge but without being as staff-intensive...
  78. pmc Virtual reality simulation for the operating room: proficiency-based training as a paradigm shift in surgical skills training
    Anthony G Gallagher
    Emory Endosurgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Ann Surg 241:364-72. 2005
    ..The learning and practice of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) makes unique demands on surgical training programs...
  79. pmc Proving the value of simulation in laparoscopic surgery
    Gerald M Fried
    Steinberg Bernstein Centre for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
    Ann Surg 240:518-25; discussion 525-8. 2004
    ..To assess the McGill Inanimate System for Training and Evaluation of Laparoscopic Skills (MISTELS) physical laparoscopic simulator for construct and predictive validity and for its educational utility...
  80. ncbi Laparoscopic skills training and assessment
    R Aggarwal
    Department of Surgical Oncology and Technology, Imperial College, London, UK
    Br J Surg 91:1549-58. 2004
    The introduction of laparoscopic techniques to general surgery was associated with many unnecessary complications, which led to the development of skills laboratories to train novice laparoscopic surgeons...
  81. ncbi Prevalence of lumbar total disc replacement candidates in a community-based spinal surgery practice
    Christian I Fras
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 21:126-9. 2008
    ..This study was a retrospective record review of consecutive lumbar surgical patients seen by one surgeon in a private, community setting over a 15-month period...
  82. ncbi Study habits of surgery residents and performance on American Board of Surgery In-Training examinations
    Anna M Derossis
    Department of Surgery, McGill University, 3755 Cote St Catherine Road, Pav A 510, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Surg 188:230-6. 2004
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the study habits (SHs) of surgery residents preparing for the annual American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE).
  83. ncbi Issues in the recruitment and success of women in academic surgery
    Seema S Sonnad
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Surgery 132:415-9. 2002
    We undertook a national survey of male and female academic surgeons to identify issues and perceptions surrounding the success of women in surgery.
  84. ncbi The future of academic surgery--a consensus conference held at the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 2 September 2005
    P A Brennan
    Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth PO6 3LY, United Kingdom
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 45:488-9. 2007
    ..All Specialist Advisory Committees and specialist associations were represented, except for orthopaedic surgery. The future of both academic surgery and training were discussed...
  85. ncbi Randomized clinical trial of virtual reality simulation for laparoscopic skills training
    T P Grantcharov
    Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Aarhus University, Kommunehospitalet, Aarhus, Denmark
    Br J Surg 91:146-50. 2004
    ..This study examined the impact of virtual reality (VR) surgical simulation on improvement of psychomotor skills relevant to the performance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
  86. ncbi Learning curve for cytoreductive surgery and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy for peritoneal surface malignancy--a journey to becoming a Nationally Funded Peritonectomy Center
    Tristan D Yan
    Nationally Funded Peritonectomy Center, Department of Surgery, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Ann Surg Oncol 14:2270-80. 2007
    Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (PIC) for peritoneal surface malignancy is associated with a morbidity rate of 30-50% and a mortality rate of 1-10%...
  87. ncbi Limits of evidence-based surgery
    Karem Slim
    Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Hotel Dieu, Boulevard Leon Malfreyt, 63058, Clermont Ferrand, France
    World J Surg 29:606-9. 2005
    ..Limits are related to the low quantity and quality of randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses in surgery, the difficulties when critically appraising the literature and applying the results of evidence to individual ..
  88. ncbi Canadian Pediatric Surgical Network: a population-based pediatric surgery network and database for analyzing surgical birth defects. The first 100 cases of gastroschisis
    Erik D Skarsgard
    Department of Surgery, British Columbia Children s Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Pediatr Surg 43:30-4; discussion 34. 2008
    ..The aim of this study is to create a national pediatric surgical network and database for gastroschisis (GS) that tracks cases from diagnosis to hospital discharge...
  89. ncbi Contributions of Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar) to the progress of surgery: a study and translations from his book Al-Taisir
    Rabie E Abdel-Halim
    Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, King Saud University, College of Medicine and King Khalid University Hospital, PO Box 2925, Riyadh 11461, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Saudi Med J 26:1333-9. 2005
    ..Abu-Marwan Abdel-Malik Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar, 1093-1162 AD) aimed at evaluating his contributions to the progress of surgery and providing English translations of relevant excerpts...
  90. ncbi Canadian surgeons and the introduction of blood transfusion in war surgery
    Peter H Pinkerton
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Transfus Med Rev 22:77-86. 2008
    ..Their efforts were reinforced by the arrival in 1917 of American surgeons bringing their experience with transfusion. By war's end, blood transfusion was generally accepted as the treatment of choice for severe blood loss...
  91. ncbi Could variations in technical skills acquisition in surgery be explained by differences in cortical plasticity?
    Daniel R Leff
    Royal Society Wolfson Medical Image Computing Laboratory, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
    Ann Surg 247:540-3. 2008
    SUMMARY/BACKGROUND: Variations in technical performance in surgery are known to exist but are poorly understood. Gaining an appreciation of these differences may have implications for technical skills training, assessment, and selection...
  92. ncbi Preclinical predictors of surgery NBME exam performance
    Rosemary A Kozar
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    J Surg Res 140:204-7. 2007
    The passing score for the National Board of Medical Examiner's Surgery Subject Examination (NBME-SS) was raised at an urban academic medical school, resulting in a doubling of the number of students failing their surgical clerkship...
  93. ncbi Agreement between surgeons and an independent panel with respect to surgical site fusion after single-level anterior cervical spine surgery: a prospective, multicenter study
    Richard L Skolasky
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:E503-6. 2006
    ..Prospective multicenter cohort study...
  94. ncbi Outpatient laparoscopic surgery: feasibility and consequences for education and health care costs
    J Skattum
    Gastrosurgical Department, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Surg Endosc 18:796-801. 2004
    The purpose of this paper is to describe the outcome of ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), antireflux surgery, adrenalectomy and splenectomy and possible implications for surgical education and health care costs.
  95. ncbi CUDA-based real time surgery simulation
    Youquan Liu
    Department of Mechanical Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
    Stud Health Technol Inform 132:260-2. 2008
    In this paper we present a general software platform that enables real time surgery simulation on the newly available compute unified device architecture (CUDA)from NVIDIA...
  96. ncbi What do surgery residents do on their call nights?
    John M Morton
    Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Am J Surg 188:225-9. 2004
    ..Surgical resident education is entering a critical era of achieving core competencies despite work hour restrictions. An assessment of on-call activity is needed to maximize educational merit...
  97. ncbi Robotic surgery and cancer: the present state, problems and future vision
    Makoto Hashizume
    Department of Disaster and Emergency Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
    Jpn J Clin Oncol 34:227-37. 2004
    In the 1990s, laparoscopic surgery entirely changed the traditional style of surgical operations. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has spread rapidly and is now established as the standard treatment...
  98. ncbi Is the reexcision rate higher if breast conservation surgery is performed by surgical trainees?
    Krishna Moorthy
    Breast Care Unit, Department of Surgery, Bedford Hospital, Bedford, MK42 9DJ, United Kingdom
    Am J Surg 188:45-8. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the reexcision and local recurrence rates between consultants (attending surgeons) and surgical trainees (residents) after breast conservation surgery.
  99. ncbi Decentralization of breast cancer surgery in the United States
    Joan M Neuner
    Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA
    Cancer 101:1323-9. 2004
    ..The authors sought to determine whether surgical volumes for breast cancer in the United States frequently reach this threshold...
  100. ncbi Predictors for medical students entering a general surgery residency: National survey results
    Clifford Y Ko
    David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Stanford University, Palo Alto, Calif, USA
    Surgery 136:567-72. 2004
    The number of general surgery (GS) residency applicants had been decreasing before 2003...
  101. ncbi Spatial ability, experience, and skill in laparoscopic surgery
    Madeleine M Keehner
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Ave, Room S 550, San Francisco, CA 94143 0475, USA
    Am J Surg 188:71-5. 2004
    ..In this study, we explored the role of spatial ability in laparoscopic surgical skills in two groups, one experienced and the other relatively inexperienced...

Research Grants61

  1. Gut Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury: Modulation by Nutrients
    Rosemary Kozar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..member at the University of Texas-Houston Medical School (UTHMS), where she is a member of the Department of Surgery. She first acquired basic research skills as a NRSA Fellow while obtaining her PhD at Baylor College of Medicine...
  2. INFORMED CONSENT FOR STUDIES INVOLVING SURGICAL PATIENTS
    ALAN TAIT; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of the anesthesiologist/surgeon-patient relationship which dictates that consent is often sought just before surgery, in a less than private setting, and at a time when the patient is most anxious...
  3. Videoscopic Drainage of Infected Pancreatic Collections
    Karen Horvath; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The long-term goal is to use data obtained from this study as the basis for a multicenter, Phase III, randomized study comparing the VARD to the current standard of care, open surgical necrosectomy. ..
  4. Patient-Centeredness in Care of Vulnerable Populations
    Mary Catherine Beach; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Fetal Wound Repair- Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms
    Thomas Krummel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We are uniquely qualified to complete this proposal due to our long history of fetal wound healing research and our successful use of the cellular and molecular techniques described herein. ..
  6. Mental Health and Labor Market Outcomes
    Roland Sturm; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  7. Surgical Care and Outcomes Assessment Program Comparative Effectiveness Research
    David R Flum; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..SCOAP CERTN's initial CER focus will be in vascular surgery and interventions, but the project will be a gateway for investigators from all clinical disciplines to evaluate ..
  8. Novel Signaling Targets in GI Neuroendocrine Tumors
    Herbert Chen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These tumors often cause debilitating symptoms due to excessive hormonal secretion. Besides surgery, there are limited curative and palliative treatments available to patients with GI NE tumors, emphasizing the ..
  9. Epidemiologic Parameters of Rare Cancer Risk Factors
    Colin Begg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..All of these aims are motivated by an international study of the genetic epidemiology of melanoma that is currently in progress. ..
  10. Prevention of Catheter-Associated Blood Stream Infections
    David Warren; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..I will build on the experience outlined in this proposal to establish myself an independent investigator in healthcare epidemiology, studying nosocomial infections and developing interventions to prevent them. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Pirfenidone in Children with PNs in NF1
    Roger Packer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Abstract Not Provided ..
  12. Oregon's Parity Law: Comprehensive Parity in Today's Healthcare Environment
    KENNETH MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our proposed research will provide insight about the tradeoffs between expanding coverage for mental health and substance abuse disorders and the total cost of care. ..
  13. Trauma Center Brief Alcohol Treatments and Cost Effectivenes
    Thomas J Esposito; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..New knowledge of the effectiveness, benefits and costs of these two Bl approaches would allow surgeons and trauma centers to make informed choices about alcohol interventions in trauma settings. ..
  14. PATIENT PREFERENCES FOR DISCLOSURE: A NATIONAL SURVEY
    Wendy Levinson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. NEW APPROACHES TO EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF ACROMEGALY
    Pamela Freda; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Through Dr. Kalmon Post, I have access to a large cohort of patients who have had pituitary surgery. I also have access to a large number of carefully stored tumor specimens with which I can learn the molecular ..
  16. Statistical Methods for Identifying Clonal Tumors
    Colin B Begg; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Cancers can be cured by surgery or they may spread subsequently to other parts of the body. This latter process is known as metastasis...
  17. DNA methylation patterns as biomarker for breast cancer
    Kristin Skinner; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These future studies will determine whether DNA methylation changes can be used a) to stratify women at risk for breast cancer and b) as a surrogate endpoint in chemoprevention trials. ..
  18. Assessing Treatment-Related Harms in Prostate Cancer
    H Welch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The entire process will be repeated on a cohort of men who receive a transurethral resection of the prostate. ..
  19. MUSCLE PROTEIN TURNOVER AND AMINO ACID UPTAKE IN SEPSIS
    Per Olof J Hasselgren; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Increased understanding of the mechanisms driving muscle wasting will help improve prevention and treatment of this debilitating condition. ..
  20. Transfer of the CD40 ligand gene to esophageal carcinoma
    Robert Korst; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..a placebo, in a randomized, blinded fashion) to resectable, stage I-III esophageal cancer 5 or 15 days prior to surgery. Patients in both parts will be evaluated with FDG-PET both before and after vector administration at defined ..
  21. Colorectal Cancer Screening - Primary Care Strategies
    David Weller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Regionalizing Cancer Surgery
    Vivian Ho; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..However, regionalization will reduce the number of hospitals performing surgery in each local market, leading to reduced hospital competition...
  23. Phase II Clinical Trial Utilizing Lithium for Patients with Neuroendocrine Tumors
    Herbert Chen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These tumors often cause debilitating symptoms due to excessive hormonal secretion. Besides surgery, there are limited curative and palliative treatments available to patients with metastatic NE tumors, ..
  24. Regulating Neuroendocrine Phenotype in Cancer
    Herbert Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Besides surgery, there are limited curative and palliative treatments available to patients with NE tumors, emphasizing the need ..
  25. Adoption of osteoporosis screening in older women
    Joan Neuner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Fetal Biology and Therapy Training Program
    Alan Flake; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Penn Graduate School and IHGT. This request is made for 2 Trainee slots in year 1, 3 Trainee slots in year 2, and 4 Trainee slots each year thereafter. ..
  27. Strategies for prenatal stem cell transplantation
    Alan W Flake; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The ultimate goal of these studies is to develop safe and effective strategies that can be translated to the in utero treatment of a broad range of human genetic hematologic disorders including Sickle Cell Disease and Thalassemia. ..
  28. C/EBP, atrogin-1, and muscle wasting
    Per Olof Hasselgren; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Vein wall remodeling after DVT is matrix metalloproteinase dependent
    Peter Henke; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This proposal will provide important mechanistic insight into the pathophysiology of post-phelbitic syndrome with real potential translation to decreasing the morbidity from this under-acknowledged disease. ..
  30. Function of the Urethra in Continent Women
    Kimberly Kenton; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Normative ranges will be calculated for EMG, current perception thresholds, and urethral pressures for Caucasian and African American women. These data can then be used by other centers as reference data. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Certificate of Need and Cardiac Outcomes
    Vivian Ho; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Certificate of Need (CON) regulations lead to improved outcomes for patients who receive coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)...
  32. RCT of Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy in OA
    Jeffrey Katz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is common, disabling and costly. Arthroscopic surgery is used frequently in patients with OA who have not responded to nonoperative therapies...
  33. A Method for Validating Gene - Disease Associations
    Colin Begg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Signaling Pathways in Medullary Thyroid Cancer
    Herbert Chen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Besides surgery, there are limited curative and palliative treatments available to patients with MTC, emphasizing the need for ..
  35. Minicomputer Upgrade for the Clinical Resarch Database
    Colin Begg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This proposal is a request for funds to upgrade the hardware platform once again to maintain the performance of the system in the face of these rapidly increasing demands. ..
  36. INFORMED DECISION MAKING IN OLDER PATIENTS AND SURGEONS
    Wendy Levinson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..patients is critical in helping patients make informed choices particularly about major interventions, like surgery. Communication to help patients make informed choices is not only imperative from an ethical and legal ..
  37. Planning Grant for SOD III Multicenter Trial
    Peter Cotton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This trial will answer several of the important questions raised by the expert panel at the NIH State of the Science of ERCP Conference, held in January. ..
  38. Bariatric Surgery Outcome/Cost in Medicare Beneficiaries
    David Flum; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..10% are under the age of 65, this younger, medically disabled group includes many patients who undergo bariatric surgery. The specific aims of this research are to: 1...
  39. C/EBP and IL-6 Production in Mucosa and Enterocytes
    Per Olof Hasselgren; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  40. MODULATING ENDOTHELIAL ADAPTATION TO FLOW
    GARY NACKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In vascular surgery, the need for improved small diameter vascular grafts has been recognized...
  41. Fetal Stromal Progenitor Cells
    Alan Flake; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. Thrombus resolution is CXC chemokine dependent
    Peter Henke; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. PRENATAL STRATEGIES FOR TREATMENT OF HEMOGLOBINOPATHIES
    Alan Flake; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. CHILDRENS NATIONAL MEDICAL CENTER
    Roger Packer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  45. NEW APPROACHES TO EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF ACROMEGALY
    Pamela Freda; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..My sponsor, Dr. Wardlaw, continues to be committed to providing me with the guidance I need to pursue my research plans and to facilitate my transition to independent investigator. ..
  46. OUTCOMES OF OLDER WOMEN WITH EARLY STAGE BREAST CANCER
    ANN NATTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    Breast cancer surgery in the U.S. exhibits little regionalization, with a large number of low volume providers. Several studies now show that higher surgeon volume of cases is associated with better 5-year survival...
  47. Oncology Clinical Trial Accrual Study
    ANNEKE SCHROEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  48. Academic Industry Relationships in Genetics
    Eric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
  49. Beta-Blockade Reduces Catabolism in Severely Injured Trauma Patients
    Jeffrey Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This information will provide a platform from which to launch both basic science and clinical research into the (-adrenergic system and its effects on inflammation, catabolism, and functional outcome [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Are Volume Standards Accurate Measures of Quality?
    Laurent Glance; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..quality report card, selective referral of patients to high-volume hospitals has been advocated for high-risk surgery on the grounds that procedure volume is a quality proxy...
  51. Elective Surgery as a Teachable Moment for Smoking Cessation
    David Warner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Events such as the diagnosis of smoking-related illnesses (e.g. cancer) and the scheduling of surgery spontaneously (i.e., in the absence of interventions) increase the rate of quitting...
  52. Quality of Follow-up Care for Breast Cancer Survivors
    ANN NATTINGER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g. age, gender, specialty) and of patient characteristics (e.g. race, socioeconomic status, initial therapy). The results will yield important public policy information regarding breast cancer surveillance care. ..
  53. SYSTEMATIC COMBINATION OF ANATOMY AND NOMENCLATURE
    Jonathan Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  54. Government Industry Relationships in Science
    Eric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Evaluating the Impact of Simulated Team Training on Patient Safety
    Daniel Scott; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] DESCRIPTION (not provided by the applicant): [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Enhancing Oversight of Human Subjects Research
    Thomas Russell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..4) Incorporate consideration of the requirements of the HIPAA patient privacy regulations into the design of current and future studies. ..
  57. Randomized trial of educational outcomes of Web Initiative in Surgical Education
    ADINA LUBA KALET; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  58. Data Sharing & Data Withholding Among Trainees in Scien*
    Eric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Hypotheses will be tested using univariate and multivariate statistical techniques. Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..
  59. Academic Industry Relationships Among IRB Members
    Eric Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results will be disseminated through publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at scientific meetings. ..