aerospace medicine

Summary

Summary: A specialty which is concerned with the health and medical problems of man in AVIATION (aviation medicine) and SPACE FLIGHT.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi HSI for dummies
    Chuck Surman
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:543. 2007
  2. ncbi [In-flight medical emergencies. American and European viewpoints on the duties of health care personnel]
    Bror Gårdelöf
    Anestesi och intensivvårdskliniken, Universitetssjukhuset, Linkoping
    Lakartidningen 99:3596-9. 2002
  3. ncbi Responding to medical events during commercial airline flights
    Mark A Gendreau
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Lahey Clinic, Burlington, MA 01805, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1067-73. 2002
  4. ncbi Summary of medical investigations in the U.S.S.R. manned space missions
    O G Gazenko
    Institute of Biomedical Problems, USSR Ministry of Health, Moscow
    Acta Astronaut 8:907-17. 1981
  5. ncbi Development and validation of the spaceflight cognitive assessment tool for windows (WinSCAT)
    Robert L Kane
    Neuropsychology, Baltimore VA Medical Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B183-91. 2005
  6. pmc Surgical and medical emergencies on board European aircraft: a retrospective study of 10189 cases
    Michael Sand
    Department of General and Visceral Surgery, Augusta Krankenanstalt, Academic Teaching Hospital of the Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Crit Care 13:R3. 2009
  7. ncbi Prevalence of cardiovascular abnormalities in pilots involved in fatal general aviation airplane accidents
    Narinder Taneja
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Aviation Human Factors Division, Savoy 61874, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 73:1025-30. 2002
  8. ncbi Pediatric emergencies on a US-based commercial airline
    Brian R Moore
    Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 21:725-9. 2005
  9. ncbi Relationship of age and simulated flight performance
    J A Yesavage
    Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 47:819-23. 1999
  10. ncbi Relationship of CogScreen-AE to flight simulator performance and pilot age
    J L Taylor
    Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304 1207, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 71:373-80. 2000

Research Grants

  1. Non-prescription Drug Training for Pilots
    ERIC R CRAINE; Fiscal Year: 2010
  2. NONINVASIVE MONITORING OF GASTRIC MOTOR FUNCTION
    Babajide Familoni; Fiscal Year: 1992
  3. Non-Invasive System for Identifying Neural Behavior
    Carlo De Luca; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. Engineered Proteins for Continuous Metabolic Monitoring
    Leah Tolosa; Fiscal Year: 2009
  5. EXPANSION OF MUTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH CENTER
    LOUIS SULLIVAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
  6. Predictors of Skin Cancer in Commercial Airline Pilots
    Joyce Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. Light Treatment for Sleep/Wake Disturbances AD
    Jerome Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 2008
  8. MRI and Decline of Aging Aviator Performance
    Joy Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2007
  9. TREATMENTS FOR INSOMNIA
    Jerome Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 2003
  10. HIGH ENERGY IONS AND GENOMIC INSTABILITY
    Eric Hall; Fiscal Year: 2001

Detail Information

Publications236 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi HSI for dummies
    Chuck Surman
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:543. 2007
  2. ncbi [In-flight medical emergencies. American and European viewpoints on the duties of health care personnel]
    Bror Gårdelöf
    Anestesi och intensivvårdskliniken, Universitetssjukhuset, Linkoping
    Lakartidningen 99:3596-9. 2002
    ..Medical professionals can and should assist the cabin crew in their care for ill passengers on board. We also have unique possibilities to inform our patients in advance, whenever flying means an increased health risk...
  3. ncbi Responding to medical events during commercial airline flights
    Mark A Gendreau
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Lahey Clinic, Burlington, MA 01805, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1067-73. 2002
  4. ncbi Summary of medical investigations in the U.S.S.R. manned space missions
    O G Gazenko
    Institute of Biomedical Problems, USSR Ministry of Health, Moscow
    Acta Astronaut 8:907-17. 1981
    ..Attention should be given to psychological, social-psychological and ethical problems that may also limit further increase in flight duration...
  5. ncbi Development and validation of the spaceflight cognitive assessment tool for windows (WinSCAT)
    Robert L Kane
    Neuropsychology, Baltimore VA Medical Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B183-91. 2005
    ..The rationale, background, and development of WinSCAT are described, research supporting its use is summarized, and recommendations are made for its continued development...
  6. pmc Surgical and medical emergencies on board European aircraft: a retrospective study of 10189 cases
    Michael Sand
    Department of General and Visceral Surgery, Augusta Krankenanstalt, Academic Teaching Hospital of the Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany
    Crit Care 13:R3. 2009
    ..In-flight medical and surgical emergencies (IMEs) onboard commercial aircrafts occur quite commonly. However, little epidemiological research exists concerning these incidents...
  7. ncbi Prevalence of cardiovascular abnormalities in pilots involved in fatal general aviation airplane accidents
    Narinder Taneja
    University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Aviation Human Factors Division, Savoy 61874, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 73:1025-30. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to analyze the cardiovascular abnormalities in pilots involved in fatal general aviation airplane accidents...
  8. ncbi Pediatric emergencies on a US-based commercial airline
    Brian R Moore
    Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 21:725-9. 2005
    ..The purpose of this investigation was to determine the incidence and character of pediatric emergencies on a US-based commercial airline and to evaluate current in-flight medical kits...
  9. ncbi Relationship of age and simulated flight performance
    J A Yesavage
    Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 47:819-23. 1999
    ..To determine the relationship between age and aviator performance on a flight simulator...
  10. ncbi Relationship of CogScreen-AE to flight simulator performance and pilot age
    J L Taylor
    Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304 1207, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 71:373-80. 2000
    ..We report on the relationship between CogScreen-Aeromedical Edition (AE) factor scores and flight simulator performance in aircraft pilots aged 50-69...
  11. ncbi Emergency medical kit for commercial airlines: an update
    Claude Thibeault
    Aerospace Medical Association, Air Transport Medicine Committee, 320 S Henry St, Alexandria, VA 22314, Alexandria, VA, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:1170-1. 2007
    ..Based on the above, the Committee proposes the following update to its 2002 recommendations...
  12. ncbi Psychosocial risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the lower-back among long-haul international female flight attendants
    Hyeonkyeong Lee
    Nursing Policy Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea
    J Adv Nurs 61:492-502. 2008
    ..This paper is a report of a study to examine the relationships between work-related psychosocial factors and lower-back work-related musculoskeletal disorders among long-haul international female flight attendants...
  13. ncbi Clinical aviation medicine: safe travel by air
    R Johnston
    Medical Division, Aeromedical Clinical Tutor/Head, Occupational Health, Civil Aviation Authority, West Sussex
    Clin Med 1:385-8. 2001
    ..This team approach is important and is of benefit to the patient; it may avoid disruption to the flight...
  14. ncbi The number of steps taken by flight attendants during international long-haul flights
    A Hagihara
    Kyushu University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Health Services Management and Policy, Fukuoka, Japan
    Aviat Space Environ Med 72:937-9. 2001
    ....
  15. pmc Emergencies in the air
    A Qureshi
    Selly Oak Hospital, Selly Oak, Birmingham B29 6JD, UK
    Emerg Med J 22:658-9. 2005
    ....
  16. ncbi Aircrew periodic medical examinations
    D C McLoughlin
    Royal Air Force Centre of Aviation Medicine, RAF Henlow, Bedfordshire, UK
    Occup Med (Lond) 53:11-4. 2003
    ..Aircrew are subject to periodic medical examinations (PMEs) throughout their careers. These aim to ensure flight safety...
  17. ncbi In-flight medical events and aircraft diversions: one airline's experience
    Eugene F Delaune
    Department of Emergency Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 74:62-8. 2003
    ..An aging population combined with the increasing mobility of people with acute and chronic illnesses could make an increase in the frequency of in-flight medical events aboard commercial aircraft likely...
  18. ncbi Pulse oximetry: basic principles and applications in aerospace medicine
    Jessica L Wagner
    Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, TMP3, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:973-8. 2007
    ..INTRODUCTION: Pulse oximeters are reliable, objective, and noninvasive monitors that have broad application in aerospace medicine. New technology enables pulse oximeters to perform well in adverse environments and measure additional ..
  19. ncbi Work-related musculoskeletal symptoms reported by female flight attendants on long-haul flights
    Hyeonkyeong Lee
    College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, 845 S Damen Ave, Chicago, IL 60527, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 77:1283-7. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and severity (frequency, duration, and intensity) of WMS experienced by female flight attendants working on long-haul international flights for one major airline...
  20. pmc Pilot age and expertise predict flight simulator performance: a 3-year longitudinal study
    Joy L Taylor
    Department of Veterans Affairs and Sierra Pacific MIRECC, Palo Alto, CA, USA
    Neurology 68:648-54. 2007
    ..We investigated the influence of age and aviation expertise (indexed by Federal Aviation Administration pilot ratings) on longitudinal flight simulator performance...
  21. pmc Flying the smoky skies: secondhand smoke exposure of flight attendants
    J Repace
    Repace Associates, Inc, 101 Felicia Lane, Bowie 20720, USA
    Tob Control 13:i8-19. 2004
    ..To assess the contribution of secondhand smoke (SHS) to aircraft cabin air pollution and flight attendants' SHS exposure relative to the general population...
  22. pmc Adverse effects of smoke exposure on the upper airway
    J M Samet
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Suite W6041, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Tob Control 13:i57-60. 2004
    ..This paper reviews secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and diseases and symptoms of the upper airway, including the sinuses. Risks to flight attendants, who were occupationally exposed until smoking was banned on all flights, are emphasised...
  23. ncbi Long-haul flights and deep vein thrombosis: a significant risk only when additional factors are also present
    Roopen Arya
    Department of Haematological Medicine, King s College Hospital, London, UK
    Br J Haematol 116:653-4. 2002
    ..3 (CI 0.6-2.8). Risk of DVT was only increased in long-haul travellers if one or more additional risk factors were present, with an odds ratio of 3.0 (CI 1.1-8.2). Such individuals may benefit from prophylactic measures to minimize risk...
  24. pmc Prevalence of respiratory symptoms among female flight attendants and teachers
    E A Whelan
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Industrywide Studies Branch, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA
    Occup Environ Med 60:929-34. 2003
    ..Potential health effects of the indoor environment in office buildings and aircraft have generated considerable concern in recent years...
  25. ncbi Contemporary conception of anti-G protection of cosmonauts in flights aboard "Soyuz" space vehicles
    A R Kotovskaya
    Russian Federation State Scientific Centre Institute for Biomedical Problems RAS, Moscow, Russia
    J Gravit Physiol 11:P237-8. 2004
    ....
  26. ncbi World-wide radiation dosage calculations for air crew members
    K O'BRIEN
    Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, USA
    Adv Space Res 31:835-40. 2003
    ..The program is now utilized by airline companies around the world and provides unification for subsequent world-wide studies on the effects of natural radiation on aircrew members...
  27. ncbi Optic neuropathy following an altitude exposure
    Allan Steigleman
    Navy Experimental Diving Unit, Panama City, FL 32407, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 74:985-9. 2003
    ....
  28. ncbi Psychological issues relevant to astronaut selection for long-duration space flight: a review of the literature
    Daniel L Collins
    USAF, Manpower Aid Personnel Division Brooks Air Force Base, Texas, 78235 5601, USA
    Hum Perf Extrem Environ 7:43-67. 2003
    ....
  29. ncbi "Higher, always higher": technology, the military and aviation medicine during the age of the two world wars
    Christian Kehrt
    Deutsches Museum, Forschungsinstitut für Technik und Wissenschaftsgeschichte Museumsinsel 1, 80538 Munich, Germany
    Endeavour 30:138-43. 2006
    ..This research led to the construction of artificial environments for pilots and ultimately gave rise to space medicine...
  30. ncbi Acute soft tissue neck injury from unexpected acceleration
    Nicholas D Green
    RAF Centre of Aviation Medicine, RAF Henlow, Bedfordshire, SG16 6DN, UK
    Aviat Space Environ Med 74:1085-90. 2003
    ..Injury below previously established 'tolerance' limits is possible, with some individuals being at risk from unexpected acceleration exposure above around +2 to ...
  31. ncbi Diagnostic categories among 232 military aircrew with musculoskeletal disabilities
    Narinder Taneja
    Department of Human Engineering and Human Factors, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Indian Air Force, Bangalore, India
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:581-5. 2005
    ..Analysis of the nature and cause of musculoskeletal disabilities can provide insight to assist in developing preventive and therapeutic intervention programs...
  32. ncbi Behavioral and health implications of civilian spaceflight
    Harvey A Wichman
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B164-71. 2005
    ..Finally, major passenger medical and behavioral issues of the first phase of orbital space tourism-long-term microgravity flight-are discussed...
  33. ncbi Galactic and solar radiation exposure to aircrew during a solar cycle
    B J Lewis
    Royal Military College of Canada, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Kingston, Ontario
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 102:207-27. 2002
    ..This model has been compared to results obtained during recent solar flare events...
  34. ncbi Measurement of the energy spectrum of cosmic-ray induced neutrons aboard an ER-2 high-altitude airplane
    P Goldhagen
    U S Department of Energy, Environmental Measurements Laboratory, New York, NY 10014 4811, USA
    Nucl Instrum Methods Phys Res A 476:42-51. 2002
    ..In all cases, ambient dose equivalent was greater than effective dose for cosmic-ray neutrons...
  35. ncbi Acute urinary retention among astronauts
    Philip C Stepaniak
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:A5-8. 2007
    ..The four major causes of AUR--obstructive, pharmacologic, psychogenic, and neurogenic-are discussed, with an emphasis on how these may have played a role in this case...
  36. ncbi Renal stone formation among astronauts
    Robert A Pietrzyk
    Wyle Laboratories, Houston, TX, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:A9-13. 2007
    ..Another potential serious health complication is the development of renal stones. The development of a renal stone may not only impact the health of the crewmember, but also the success of the mission...
  37. ncbi [Pathologic changes induced by sustained acceleration]
    Chang lu Zhan
    Institute of Aviation Medicine, Air Force, Beijing, China
    Space Med Med Eng (Beijing) 15:74-8. 2002
    ..Aviation medical workers should pay good attention to these changes and the use of high performance anti-G measures in order to ensure safety and performance of the pilots...
  38. ncbi [Estimated cosmic radiation doses for flight personnel]
    Ying jin Feng
    Space Med Med Eng (Beijing) 15:265-9. 2002
    ..193 mSv a-1 (0.887-4.419 mSv a-1). Conclusion. Annual individual doses of all monitored flight personnel are well below the limit 20 mSv a-1 recommended by International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP)...
  39. ncbi Blood glucose awareness training helps return insulin-treated aviators to the cockpit
    Alon Grossman
    Israel Air Force Aeromedical Center, Israel
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:586-8. 2005
    ..These cases attest to the importance of blood glucose awareness training in the return of diabetic patients to the cockpit...
  40. ncbi Testing method of plus and minus Gz tolerance at Czech Air Force pilots
    P Dosel
    Institute of Aviation Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic
    J Gravit Physiol 11:P239-40. 2004
    ..A system for the physiological signal acquisition in a cockpit of combat aircraft was developed for this purpose...
  41. ncbi Interventions to prevent bone loss in astronauts during space flight
    Jun Iwamoto
    Department of Sports Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Keio J Med 54:55-9. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi [Evaluation of +Gz tolerance following simulation of 8-hr flight]
    M N Khomenko
    Aviakosm Ekolog Med 39:31-6. 2005
    ..loads following 8-hr flight simulation with the use of the modern anti-g gear,..
  43. ncbi Modeling of dynamic cardiovascular responses during G-transition-induced orthostatic stress in pitch and roll rotations
    William W Melek
    Engineering Services Inc, 1 Bedford Road, Toronto, ON M5R 2J7, Canada
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 49:1481-90. 2002
    ..The new models are being currently utilized in the design of operational recommendations for more G-tolerant operational flight regimes (e.g., split-S tactical maneuver) than the ones currently in use for modern combat aircraft...
  44. ncbi This month in aerospace medicine history--July 2005
    Walter Dalitsch
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:700, 711. 2005
  45. ncbi Seat vibration in military propeller aircraft: characterization, exposure assessment, and mitigation
    Suzanne D Smith
    Air Force Research Laboratory, Human Effectiveness Directorate, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433 7947, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 77:32-40. 2006
    ..This paper characterizes and assesses the higher frequency vibration transmitted to the occupants onboard these aircraft...
  46. ncbi This month in aerospace medicine history--August 2005
    Walter Dalitsch
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:809, 818. 2005
  47. ncbi Equivalent dose measurements on board an Armenian Airline flight and Concorde (correction of Concord) (9-17 km)
    A B Akopova
    Yerevan Physics Institute, Yerevan, Armenia
    Radiat Meas 35:561-4. 2002
    ..The shape of the differential energy spectrum for fast neutrons is the same on all Armenian airlines flights, but significantly different at 17 km altitude, where the flux in the energy region above 3 MeV is increasing...
  48. ncbi Involuntary eye responses as measures of fatigue in US Army Apache aviators
    Patricia A LeDuc
    Aircrew Health and Performance Division, US Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Ft Rucker, AL 36362, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:C86-91. 2005
    ..The goals of this study were: 1) to quantify possible flight-induced fatigue in Apache aviators; and 2) to evaluate minimally intrusive neurophysiologic measures of fatigue for potential use in operational environments...
  49. ncbi Aircraft crew radiation workplaces: comparison of measured and calculated ambient dose equivalent rate data using the EURADOS in-flight radiation data base
    Peter Beck
    ARC Seibersdorf Research ARCS, Austria
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 118:182-9. 2006
    ..The paper discusses the estimation of annual doses for given flight hours and gives an outline of further research needed in the field of aircraft crew dosimetry, such as the influence of solar particle events...
  50. ncbi Decompression sickness latency as a function of altitude to 25,000 feet
    Terry L Haske
    Graduate Education Division, US Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks AFB, TX 78235 5104, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 73:1059-62. 2002
    ....
  51. ncbi Effects of three helmet-mounted display symbologies on unusual attitude recognition and recovery
    William R Ercoline
    Attitude Awareness Laboratory, AFRL HEP, Veridian Engineering, Brooks AFB, TX 78235 5104, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 73:1053-8. 2002
    ..A secondary concern is the possible effects of visual conflict between the apparent motion of traditional, nose-referenced flight symbology and the off-axis view of the outside world...
  52. ncbi Eye light flashes on the Mir space station
    S Avdeev
    Russian Space Corporation Energia Korolev, Korolev, Moscow, Russia
    Acta Astronaut 50:511-25. 2002
    ..As a function of LET, the LF probability increases above 10 keV/micrometer, reaching about 5% at around 50 keV/micrometer...
  53. ncbi Breast cancer and spaceflight: risk and management
    Yael R Barr
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, Division of Aerospace Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 0570, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:A26-37. 2007
    ..Employing such a strategy may provide a viable management approach in the case of a newly diagnosed breast mass inflight...
  54. ncbi Invulnerability, coping, salutogenesis, integration: four phases of space psychology
    Peter Suedfeld
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B61-6. 2005
    ....
  55. ncbi [Respiratory equipment and air travel: what problems, what solutions?]
    D Foret
    Fédération ANTADIR, Paris, France
    Rev Mal Respir 24:4S37-4S41. 2007
  56. ncbi G-induced visual and cognitive disturbances in a survey of 65 operational fighter pilots
    Caroline A Rickards
    Aerospace Physiology Laboratory, School of Medical Sciences, Science, Engineering and Technology Portfolio, RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:496-500. 2005
    ..Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) pilots currently fly the F/A-18 and Hawk 127, producing +Gz accelerations up to +7.5 Gz, which places these pilots at risk of both A-LOC and G-LOC...
  57. ncbi Medicine in long duration space exploration: the role of virtual reality and broad bandwidth telecommunications networks
    M D Ross
    The University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Telemedicine, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131-5042, USA
    Acta Astronaut 49:441-5. 2001
    ..These models are Virtual Collaborative Clinics that reach into remote sites using telecommunications and emerging stereo-imaging and sensor technologies...
  58. ncbi Human interactions in space: results from Shuttle/Mir
    N Kanas
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, and the VA Medical Center, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, California 94121, USA
    Acta Astronaut 49:243-60. 2001
    ..Crewmembers perceived their work environment differently from people on Earth, and they demonstrated equanimity in mood and group perceptions, both in space and on the ground. Grant numbers: NAS9-19411...
  59. ncbi On the radiosensitivity of man in space
    R D Esposito
    Department of Physics, University Federico II, Napoli, Italy
    Adv Space Res 27:345-54. 2001
    ..A dedicated computer code was written and applied to solar particle events and to the mission to Mars. The results suggest that altered myelopoiesis and lymphopoiesis in microgravity might increase human radiosensitivity in space...
  60. ncbi Psychological test profiles of USAF pilots before training vs. type aircraft flown
    James E Boyd
    USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks City Base, TX, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:463-8. 2005
    ..a bomber pilot (BP) or airlift/tanker pilot (AP)...
  61. ncbi Lessons learned from Mir--a payload perspective
    John J Uri
    ISS Payloads Office, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Acta Astronaut 56:877-82. 2005
    ..Among these are optimum crew training strategies, on-orbit crew operations, ground support, medical operations and crew psychological support, and safety certification processes...
  62. ncbi [Human-centered ergonomical study and applications in manned spacecraft project of China]
    Guo hua Jiang
    Institute of Space Medico Engineering, Beijing, China
    Space Med Med Eng (Beijing) 16:550-5. 2003
    ..Finally, some suggestions were proposed on space man-machine system development according to recent ergonomic trend in space ergonomics and the basis of experience of first manned spacecraft project...
  63. ncbi Neck strength and myoelectric fatigue in fighter and helicopter pilots with a history of neck pain
    Bjorn Ang
    Neurotec Department, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:375-80. 2005
    ..The aim of this single-blinded cross-sectional study was to evaluate neck neuromuscular function in fighter and helicopter pilots who suffered from frequent neck pain...
  64. ncbi G-induced loss of consciousness: case-control study of 78 G-Locs in the F-15, F-16, and A-10
    Nereyda L Sevilla
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:370-4. 2005
    ....
  65. ncbi Recent NASA research accomplishments aboard the ISS
    Neal R Pellis
    Office of Biological and Physical Research OBPR, International Space Station ISS, National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC, USA
    Acta Astronaut 55:589-98. 2004
    ....
  66. ncbi You're the flight surgeon: supplements
    David Heltzel
    Naval Health Clinic, NAS Patuxent River, MD, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:1080-81. 2007
    ..Surgery is the treatment of choice. Thyroglobulin can be a useful tumor marker for disease surveillance. Disease impact on safety of flight is the primary aeromedical concern...
  67. ncbi Short duration microgravity experiments in physical and life sciences during parabolic flights: the first 30 ESA campaigns
    Vladimir Pletser
    Microgravity Projects Division, Manned Spaceflight and Microgravity Directorate, European Space Research and Technology Centre ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands
    Acta Astronaut 55:829-54. 2004
    ....
  68. ncbi Acute hypoxia and related symptoms on mild exertion at simulated altitudes below 3048 m
    Adrian M Smith
    Armed Forces Aeromedical Centre BAE Systems, P O Box 98, Dhahran 31932, Saudi Arabia
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:979-84. 2007
    ..Helicopter aircrew have reported features of hypoxia below 3048 m (10,000 ft). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of physical activity below 3048 m on the development of hypoxia...
  69. ncbi Radiation dose estimation for epidemiologic studies of flight attendants
    Barbara Grajewski
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA
    Am J Ind Med 41:27-37. 2002
    ..NIOSH is conducting health studies of female flight attendants. Exposures of interest include cosmic radiation and circadian rhythm disruption, however, the data needed to estimate cumulative radiation dose are not found in work histories...
  70. ncbi Flight display dynamics and compensatory head movements in pilots
    Jeremy Beer
    Laser Vehicle Engagement Simulator Laboratory, Naval Health Research Center Directed Energy Bioeffects Laboratory NHRC DET DEBL, 8315 Navy Road, Brooks AFB, TX 78235 5365, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:579-86. 2007
    ..In a synthetic cockpit, the flight display was manipulated to test whether changing the visual reference frame would alter OKCR...
  71. ncbi Medicine and space exploration
    Arnauld Nicogossian
    International Medical Policy Office, School of Public Policy, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22032, USA
    Lancet 362:s8-9. 2003
  72. ncbi Biohazard potential of putative Martian organisms during missions to Mars
    David Warmflash
    Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Houston, TX, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:A79-88. 2007
    ....
  73. ncbi Commercial human spaceflight: the new challenge for aerospace medicine
    Jonathan B Clark
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:542. 2007
  74. ncbi An analysis of control reversal errors during unusual attitude recoveries using helmet-mounted display symbology
    Kristen K Liggett
    Air Force Research Laboratory, Human Effectiveness Directorate, AFRL HECI, Wright Patterson AFB, OH 45433 7511, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 73:102-11. 2002
    ..However, unintuitive information or inappropriate implementation of on-boresight attitude symbology on the HMD may contribute to the SD problem...
  75. ncbi Mechanistic bases for modelling space radiation risk and planning radiation protection of astronauts
    A Ottolenghi
    Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Milano and INFN--Sezione di Milano, Milano, Italy
    Phys Med 17:272-7. 2001
    ..Techniques for integrating into condensed-history codes stochastic information provided by event-by-event simulations will be presented...
  76. ncbi Desensitizing a pilot with a phobic response to required helicopter underwater escape training
    Christopher J Brooks
    Survival Systems Ltd, 40 Mount Hope Ave, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4K9
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:618-23. 2007
    ..A systematic desensitization program designed to help aircrew who have a phobic anxiety of the Helicopter Underwater Escape Training (HUET) has been developed...
  77. ncbi The effect of space radiation on the induction of chromosome damage
    K George
    Wyle Laboratories, Houston, TX, USA
    Phys Med 17:222-5. 2001
    ..To counteract this effect, prematurely condensed chromosome (PCC) spreads were collected. Frequencies of aberrations in PCC were compared with those in metaphase spreads...
  78. ncbi [What are the peculiarities of management in respiratory insufficiency patients coupled with air travel? Air travel in patients undergoing long-term oxygen therapy]
    J Gonzalez-Bermejo
    Service de Pneumologie et Réanimation et Centre SLA Ile de France, Groupe Hospitalier Pitie Salpetriere, Paris, France
    Rev Mal Respir 24:4S30-4S33. 2007
  79. ncbi [What are the peculiarities of management of respiratory insufficiency patients coupled with air travel? Air travel in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation]
    D Orlikowski
    Service de réanimation médicale et pôle de ventilation a domicile, Hopital Raymond Poincare, Garches, France
    Rev Mal Respir 24:4S34-4S36. 2007
  80. ncbi Aviation medicine graduate training at Ohio State University, 1955-1977
    Charles E Billings
    Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 81:517-21. 2010
    ..A number of graduates took both examinations during the first years of practice following their training; several continued to practice in both specialties throughout their careers...
  81. ncbi Percutaneous bladder catheterization in microgravity
    Jeffrey A Jones
    Space Life Science Directorate, National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Lyndon B Johnson Space Center JSC, Houston, Texas 77058, USA
    Can J Urol 14:3493-8. 2007
    ..A porcine model of urethral occlusion was used. The results demonstrate an additional capability from our previous investigations describing endoscopic catheterization and stenting of the ureters in microgravity conditions...
  82. ncbi Prevalence of drugs and alcohol in fatal civil aviation accidents between 1994 and 1998
    D V Canfield
    Civil Aeromedical Institute, Federal Aviation Administration, Oklahoma City, OK 73125, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 72:120-4. 2001
    ....
  83. ncbi The highlights, and the lows, of aviation medicine in the 1940's: the human element
    R W Cheetham
    University of Natal, Umhlanga Rocks, Republic of South Africa
    Aviat Space Environ Med 60:706-10. 1989
    ..In spite of the implementation of the knowledge gained during the tour, the laboratory was closed after the war...
  84. ncbi Aerospace medicine in Germany: from the very beginnings
    V Harsch
    Aviat Space Environ Med 71:447-50. 2000
    The roots of German Aerospace Medicine are in Berlin. High altitude research was performed by physiologists like Nathan Zuntz and the very first Army flight surgeons, Koschel and Flemming...
  85. ncbi Decision analysis in aerospace medicine: costs and benefits of a hyperbaric facility in space
    Ava John-Baptiste
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Aviat Space Environ Med 77:434-42; discussion 442-3. 2006
    ..We illustrate the use of decision analysis to compare a hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) chamber to currently available therapy for DCS treatment on the ISS...
  86. ncbi The effects of weightlessness on the human organism and mammalian cells
    J Pietsch
    FU Berlin, Division of Biology, Chemistry, Pharmacy, Berlin, Germany
    Curr Mol Med 11:350-64. 2011
    ..Moreover, the latest information on how these changes lead to clinically relevant health problems and current strategies of countermeasures are reviewed...
  87. ncbi High-risk head and neck movements at high G and interventions to reduce associated neck injury
    Mark R Coakwell
    US Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks AFB, TX, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 75:68-80. 2004
    ....
  88. ncbi Scopolamine nasal spray in motion sickness: a randomised, controlled, and crossover study for the comparison of two scopolamine nasal sprays with oral dimenhydrinate and placebo
    N Klocker
    AUDIT Institute for Medical Services and Quality Assurance, Mühlfeldstr 22, 65232, Taunusstein, Germany
    Eur J Pharm Sci 13:227-32. 2001
    ..Scopolamine nasal spray was found to be an effective and safe treatment in motion sickness, with a fast onset of action within 30 min after administration...
  89. ncbi Evaluation of teleoperated surgical robots in an enclosed undersea environment
    Charles R Doarn
    Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267, USA
    Telemed J E Health 15:325-35. 2009
    ..The deployment and operation of teleoperated surgical systems and semi-autonomous, supervisory-controlled tasks were successfully conducted...
  90. ncbi Noninvasive methods in space cardiology
    R M Baevsky
    Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
    J Cardiovasc Diagn Proced 14:161-71. 1997
    ..An important role of these centers in mobilizing functional reserves of the body to ensure its relatively stable adaptation to weightless conditions is shown...
  91. ncbi Physician field response: a national survey
    D C Cone
    Department of Emergency Medicine, MCP Hahnemann School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 4:217-21. 2000
    ..To assess the availability, scope of practice, and training of physician field response (PFR) units for emergency medical services (EMS) systems in the United States...
  92. ncbi Jacob Jongbloed (1895-1974): a Dutch pioneer of aviation medicine
    Alexander von Lünen
    Geography Department, University of Portsmouth, Hampshire, UK
    Aviat Space Environ Med 82:654-7. 2011
    ..Due to his many posts and his scientific work in the field, he could be regarded as the "father" of Dutch aviation medicine...
  93. ncbi Thoracic sonography for pneumothorax: the clinical evaluation of an operational space medicine spin-off
    Andrew W Kirkpatrick
    Foothills Medical Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Andrew
    Acta Astronaut 56:831-8. 2005
    ..Applied thoracic US is an example of a clinically useful space medicine spin-off that is improving health care on earth...
  94. pmc Enhancement of osteoclastic bone resorption and suppression of osteoblastic bone formation in response to reduced mechanical stress do not occur in the absence of osteopontin
    M Ishijima
    Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 101 0062, Japan
    J Exp Med 193:399-404. 2001
    ..Thus, OPN is a molecule required for the bone loss induced by mechanical stress that regulates the functions of osteoblasts and osteoclasts...
  95. ncbi Alcohol screening instruments and psychiatric evaluation outcomes in military aviation personnel
    Trina Gates
    Naval Aerospace Medicine Institute, Naval Air Station, Pensacola, FL, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:48-51. 2007
    ..This study evaluates screening tools that have been validated in non-aviators in terms of their utility for aviator patients...
  96. ncbi Decreased steady-state cerebral blood flow velocity and altered dynamic cerebral autoregulation during 5-h sustained 15% O2 hypoxia
    Naoko Nishimura
    Division of Hygiene, Department of Social Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30 1 Oyaguchi kami cho, Itabashi ku, Tokyo 173 8610, Japan
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 108:1154-61. 2010
    ..These results suggest that sustained mild hypoxia reduces steady-state CBF and continuously impairs dynamic cerebral autoregulation, implying an increased risk of shortage of oxygen supply to the brain...
  97. ncbi Is there a neurologist on this flight?
    J I Sirven
    Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA
    Neurology 58:1739-44. 2002
    ..To analyze the frequency of neurologic events during commercial airline flights and to assess whether onboard emergency medical kits are adequate for in-flight neurologic emergencies...
  98. ncbi Evolution of the Behavioral Sciences Branch of the Space Medicine and Health Care Systems Office at the Johnson Space Center
    Edna R Fiedler
    National Space Biomedical Research Institute, Baylor University, One Baylor Plaza, NA 425, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B31-5. 2005
    ..The current NASA focus on human space exploration to the Moon and beyond re-emphasizes the importance of the human-centered approach...
  99. ncbi Phototherapy in anti-aging and its photobiologic basics: a new approach to skin rejuvenation
    Mario A Trelles
    Instituto Medico Vilafortuny, Antoni de Gimbernat Foundation, Cambrils, Spain
    J Cosmet Dermatol 5:87-91. 2006
    ..Some studies proving the efficacy of LED therapy have already appeared, and based on their results LED therapy represents a potential new approach to prevention in anti-aging, so that further studies are warranted to prove its efficacy...
  100. ncbi Introduction and summary of principal conclusions of the Second European Workshop in Aviation Cardiology
    M Joy
    U K Civil Aviation Authority, Gatwick Airport South
    Eur Heart J Suppl 1:D1-12. 1999
    ..Hafner has reviewed the JAA process in this supplement...
  101. ncbi Aviation medicine in the United Kingdom: from the end of World War I to the end of World War II, 1919-1945
    T Michael Gibson
    Corporate Health Ltd, Slough, Berkshire, UK
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:689-91. 2005
    ..This part of the account of British aviation medicine research charts its transition from an organization with three full-time workers into a thriving research institute...

Research Grants41

  1. Non-prescription Drug Training for Pilots
    ERIC R CRAINE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed product development will lead to FlyFit!, an OTCD training program, augmenting existing flight simulator training programs to mimic or demonstrate piloting while affected by OTCD. ..
  2. NONINVASIVE MONITORING OF GASTRIC MOTOR FUNCTION
    Babajide Familoni; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The same system will be employed in double blind studies of patients with gastric disease...
  3. Non-Invasive System for Identifying Neural Behavior
    Carlo De Luca; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It will be useful to clinicians for assessing the degree of dysfunction in upper motoneuron diseases such as Cerebral Palsy, Parkinson's Disease, ALS, Stroke, and other disorders. ..
  4. Engineered Proteins for Continuous Metabolic Monitoring
    Leah Tolosa; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Validation studies will be carried out using standard HPLC methods with a pulsed electrochemical detector. ..
  5. EXPANSION OF MUTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH CENTER
    LOUIS SULLIVAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Predictors of Skin Cancer in Commercial Airline Pilots
    Joyce Nicholas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Light Treatment for Sleep/Wake Disturbances AD
    Jerome Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Outcome will be documented by objective circadian activity rhythm parameters and standard sleep/wake measures both assessed by actigraphy. ..
  8. MRI and Decline of Aging Aviator Performance
    Joy Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We propose to enhance our set of predictors by the addition of highly quantified MR volumetric measures to better explain in whom and how functional decline OCCU rs. ..
  9. TREATMENTS FOR INSOMNIA
    Jerome Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This five-year application will ultimately include 90 treatment subjects aged >60 years (three groups of 30 each). ..
  10. HIGH ENERGY IONS AND GENOMIC INSTABILITY
    Eric Hall; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  11. REGULATION OF INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE AND OCULAR BLOOD FLOW
    John Liu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..New knowledge of ocular blood flow and lOP in patients would have implications for the better diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma. ..
  12. Integrity of the Pulmonary Blood-Gas Barrier
    John West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, at the more basic level, this research is devoted to a fundamental biological dilemma of the lung, namely how the blood-gas barrier combines extreme thinness with immense strength. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Data Coordinating Center for Sleep Heart Health
    Marie Diener West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Long-term Ambulatory Gait Monitor for Parkinson's Disease
    Steven Moore; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. PILOT AGING AND AVIATION SAFETY
    Guohua Li; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results of this project can provide valuable empirical data for understanding the relationship between pilot aging and safety performance and for reassessing the "age-60 rule." ..
  16. THE ENVIRONMENT AS A CONTEXT FOR OPPORTUNITIES IN SCHOOL
    Nancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. MICROMATTERS
    Nancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. FILLING THE GAPS--K-6 SCIENCE/HEALTH EDUCATION
    Nancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  19. Alcohol in Aviation and Motor Carriers
    Guohua Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from theproposed research couldprovide much-neededscientific evidence for informing important policy decisions relevant to transportation safety andprotection of the traveling public. ..
  20. Skill acquisition in older adults
    Rachael Seidler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  21. Bioscience Inspiration and Opportunities for Students
    Nancy Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., print publications, journal articles), as well as innovative techniques (e.g., Web-based resource archive, on-line instructional sessions). ..
  22. TREATMENTS FOR BENIGN PAROXYSMAL POSITIONAL VERTIGO
    Helen Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..4. Determine the influence of rhinosinusitis. A) Determine the prevalence of rhinosinusitis in patients with BPPV. B) Determine if the presence of rhinosinusitis affects severity of symptoms or response to treatment. ..
  23. A Prospective Study of Suicide Prevention in the USAF
    Kerry Knox; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Brief Dental Office Intervention with Tobacco Quitline
    Jon Ebbert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. adult population smoking; and 3) 75% of smokers quitting for at least one day or longer because they are trying to quit. ..
  25. Lymphangioleimyomatosis Research Conference
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. MANAGEMENT OF ADAPTATION TO ALTERED SENSORIMOTOR STATES
    Helen Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. High Dose Nicotine Patch Therapy for Spit Tobacco Users
    Jon Ebbert; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our goal is to reduce the prevalence of ST use and decrease the incidence of oropharyngeal cancer through the development of effective treatment options for ST users. ..
  28. PHASE III TRIAL FO SIROLIMUS IN LYMPHANGIOLEIOMYLMATOSIS
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Patient safety will be monitored by an NIH Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB). The MILES trial is designed as a pivotal study to determine if sirolimus is effective in stabilizing or improving lung function in patients with LAM. ..
  29. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Research Project
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Efforts have been made to attract established investigators from related disciplines who can complement the expertise of the LAM investigators. ..
  30. Evaluating Nicotine Lozenges for Treatment of Smokeless Tobacco Addiction
    Jon Ebbert; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..No drug therapies have been shown to be effective for helping smokeless tobacco users quit for good. The purpose of this study is to test drugs that can be used to help smokeless tobacco users quit for good. ..
  31. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Research Conference 2006
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. 2005 LAM Foundation Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Research
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. TREATMENT FOR COMORBID ASTHMA AND PANIC DISORDER
    Paul Lehrer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The principal outcome measures will be indices of high/low PD end-state functioning and improvement in asthma severity. A number of exploratory measures also will be analyzed. ..
  34. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Research Project
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Novel Antioxidant Mechanisms of Surfactant Proteins
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results will provide important insights into the roles of the surfactant proteins in preventing oxidative lung disease and may be useful for the design of novel recombinant proteins and peptides of therapeutic value. ..
  36. SURFACTANT PROTEIN A IN PULMONARY HOST DEFENSE
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies will elucidate the role of SP-A in the innate immune defense of the lung, and may assist in the design of optimal antimicrobial strategies. ..
  37. The 2007 LAM Foundation Lymphangioleiomyomatosis International Research Conferenc
    Francis McCormack; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..