wind

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Effect of Chinook winds on the probability of migraine headache occurrence
    J Piorecky
    University of Calgary and Calgary General Hospital, Alberta, Canada
    Headache 37:153-8. 1997
  2. pmc Wind direction and proximity to larval sites determines malaria risk in Kilifi District in Kenya
    Janet T Midega
    KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, PO Box 230, Kilifi 80108, Kenya
    Nat Commun 3:674. 2012
  3. ncbi Long-distance dispersal of plants
    Ran Nathan
    Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, 91904 Jerusalem, Israel
    Science 313:786-8. 2006
  4. pmc Adaptation of rhizome connections in drylands: increasing tolerance of clones to wind erosion
    Fei Hai Yu
    State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    Ann Bot 102:571-7. 2008
  5. pmc Association of Kawasaki disease with tropospheric wind patterns
    Xavier Rodo
    Institut Català de Ciències del Clima IC3, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats ICREA, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Sci Rep 1:152. 2011
  6. ncbi The physics of wind-blown sand and dust
    Jasper F Kok
    Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Rep Prog Phys 75:106901. 2012
  7. pmc Wind turbine noise, annoyance and self-reported health and well-being in different living environments
    Eja Pedersen
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Goteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden
    Occup Environ Med 64:480-6. 2007
  8. ncbi Changes in wind pattern alter albatross distribution and life-history traits
    Henri Weimerskirch
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, CNRS, 79360 Villiers en Bois, France
    Science 335:211-4. 2012
  9. pmc Wind in November, Q fever in December
    Hervé Tissot-Dupont
    Unite des Rickettsies, CNRS, Faculte de Medecine, Marseille, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1264-9. 2004
  10. ncbi Quantifying the wind dispersal of Culicoides species in Greece and Bulgaria
    E Ducheyne
    Avia GIS, Risschotlei 33, 2980 Zoersel, Belgium
    Geospat Health 1:177-89. 2007

Detail Information

Publications337 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Effect of Chinook winds on the probability of migraine headache occurrence
    J Piorecky
    University of Calgary and Calgary General Hospital, Alberta, Canada
    Headache 37:153-8. 1997
    ..Environment Canada meteorologic summaries for January through June 1992 were analyzed and times of Chinook wind onset identified...
  2. pmc Wind direction and proximity to larval sites determines malaria risk in Kilifi District in Kenya
    Janet T Midega
    KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, PO Box 230, Kilifi 80108, Kenya
    Nat Commun 3:674. 2012
    ..We conclude that following oviposition, female Anophelines fly upwind in search for human hosts and, thus, malaria transmission may be disrupted by targeting vector larval sites in close proximity, and downwind to malaria hotspots...
  3. ncbi Long-distance dispersal of plants
    Ran Nathan
    Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, 91904 Jerusalem, Israel
    Science 313:786-8. 2006
    ..Nonstandard" mechanisms such as extreme climatic events and generalized LDD vectors seem to hold the greatest explanatory power for the drastic deviations from the mean trend, deviations that make the nearly impossible LDD a reality...
  4. pmc Adaptation of rhizome connections in drylands: increasing tolerance of clones to wind erosion
    Fei Hai Yu
    State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    Ann Bot 102:571-7. 2008
    b>Wind erosion is a severe stress for plants in drylands, but the mechanisms by which plants withstand erosion remain largely unknown. Here, the hypothesis is tested that maintaining rhizome connections helps plants to tolerate erosion.
  5. pmc Association of Kawasaki disease with tropospheric wind patterns
    Xavier Rodo
    Institut Català de Ciències del Clima IC3, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats ICREA, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Sci Rep 1:152. 2011
    ..KD in Japan, Hawaii, and San Diego, reveals a consistent pattern wherein KD cases are often linked to large-scale wind currents originating in central Asia and traversing the north Pacific...
  6. ncbi The physics of wind-blown sand and dust
    Jasper F Kok
    Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Rep Prog Phys 75:106901. 2012
    The transport of sand and dust by wind is a potent erosional force, creates sand dunes and ripples, and loads the atmosphere with suspended dust aerosols...
  7. pmc Wind turbine noise, annoyance and self-reported health and well-being in different living environments
    Eja Pedersen
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Goteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden
    Occup Environ Med 64:480-6. 2007
    To evaluate the prevalence of perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise among people living near the turbines, and to study relations between noise and perception/annoyance, with focus on differences between living environments.
  8. ncbi Changes in wind pattern alter albatross distribution and life-history traits
    Henri Weimerskirch
    Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, CNRS, 79360 Villiers en Bois, France
    Science 335:211-4. 2012
    ..we show that foraging range in wandering albatrosses has shifted poleward in conjunction with these changes in wind pattern, while their rates of travel and flight speeds have increased...
  9. pmc Wind in November, Q fever in December
    Hervé Tissot-Dupont
    Unite des Rickettsies, CNRS, Faculte de Medecine, Marseille, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:1264-9. 2004
    ..the epidemiology of Q fever in the Bouches-du-Rhone district of southern France, particularly the role of wind and rainfall in C. burnetii transmission...
  10. ncbi Quantifying the wind dispersal of Culicoides species in Greece and Bulgaria
    E Ducheyne
    Avia GIS, Risschotlei 33, 2980 Zoersel, Belgium
    Geospat Health 1:177-89. 2007
    This paper tests the hypothesis that Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) species can be propagated by wind over long distances...
  11. pmc The lagged effect of cold temperature and wind chill on cardiorespiratory mortality in Scotland
    M Carder
    Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Occup Environ Med 62:702-10. 2005
    To investigate the lagged effects of cold temperature on cardiorespiratory mortality and to determine whether "wind chill" is a better predictor of these effects than "dry bulb" temperature.
  12. ncbi Spread of North American wind-dispersed trees in future environments
    Ran Nathan
    Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, The Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmond J Safra Campus, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Ecol Lett 14:211-9. 2011
    ..We modelled the spread of North American wind-dispersed trees in current and future (c...
  13. ncbi Navigational strategies used by insects to find distant, wind-borne sources of odor
    Ring T Cardé
    Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    J Chem Ecol 34:854-66. 2008
    Insects locate many resources important to survival by tracking along wind-borne odor plumes to their source...
  14. ncbi Collision effects of wind-power generators and other obstacles on birds
    Allan L Drewitt
    Natural England, Northminster House, Peterborough, UK
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1134:233-66. 2008
    There is extensive literature on avian mortality due to collision with man-made structures, including wind turbines, communication masts, tall buildings and windows, power lines, and fences...
  15. ncbi Temperature-related natural selection in a wind-pollinated tree across regional and continental scales
    K Cox
    Research Institute for Nature and Forest, Gaverstraat 4, B 9500 Geraardsbergen, Belgium
    Mol Ecol 20:2724-38. 2011
    ..a genome scan approach to detect signals of natural selection in the Black alder (Alnus glutinosa), a widespread wind-pollinated tree...
  16. ncbi A comparison between exposure-response relationships for wind turbine annoyance and annoyance due to other noise sources
    Sabine A Janssen
    Department of Urban Environment and Safety, Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, P O Box 49, 2600 AA Delft, The Netherlands
    J Acoust Soc Am 130:3746-53. 2011
    Surveys have shown that noise from wind turbines is perceived as annoying by a proportion of residents living in their vicinity, apparently at much lower noise levels than those inducing annoyance due to other environmental sources...
  17. ncbi Seed dispersal by wind, birds, and bats between Philippine montane rainforest and successional vegetation
    Nina M R Ingle
    Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Oecologia 134:251-61. 2003
    ..vertebrate frugivores have a much greater role in the dispersal of forest and successional woody plants than wind, and bats rather than birds play the dominant role in dispersing early successional species...
  18. pmc Tracking of Arctic terns Sterna paradisaea reveals longest animal migration
    Carsten Egevang
    Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, DK 3900 Nuuk, Greenland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:2078-81. 2010
    ..Arctic terns clearly target regions of high marine productivity both as stopover and wintering areas, and exploit prevailing global wind systems to reduce flight costs on long-distance commutes.
  19. ncbi Response to noise from modern wind farms in The Netherlands
    Eja Pedersen
    Halmstad University and University of Gothenburg, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden
    J Acoust Soc Am 126:634-43. 2009
    The increasing number and size of wind farms call for more data on human response to wind turbine noise, so that a generalized dose-response relationship can be modeled and possible adverse health effects avoided...
  20. pmc Wind-borne insects mediate directional pollen transfer between desert fig trees 160 kilometers apart
    Sophia Ahmed
    Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:20342-7. 2009
    ..observed movement of pollinators was in a westerly direction, toward the sea, reflecting seasonal nighttime wind direction and the wind-borne dispersal of fig wasps...
  21. pmc Bird migration flight altitudes studied by a network of operational weather radars
    Adriaan M Dokter
    Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, The Netherlands
    J R Soc Interface 8:30-43. 2011
    ..altitude profiles were observed that consisted of multiple layers, which could be explained from the distinct wind conditions at different take-off sites...
  22. pmc Wind and wildlife in the Northern Great Plains: identifying low-impact areas for wind development
    Joseph Fargione
    The Nature Conservancy, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e41468. 2012
    b>Wind energy offers the potential to reduce carbon emissions while increasing energy independence and bolstering economic development...
  23. pmc Health effects and wind turbines: a review of the literature
    Loren D Knopper
    Intrinsik Environmental Sciences Inc, 1790 Courtwood Crescent, Ottawa ON, K2C 2B5, Canada
    Environ Health 10:78. 2011
    b>Wind power has been harnessed as a source of power around the world. Debate is ongoing with respect to the relationship between reported health effects and wind turbines, specifically in terms of audible and inaudible noise...
  24. pmc Modelling the wind-borne spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus between farms
    Amos Ssematimba
    Department of Epidemiology, Crisis Organization and Diagnostics, Central Veterinary Institute part of Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 7:e31114. 2012
    ..at various locations downwind of a source farm and apply the model to assess the possible contribution of the wind-borne route to the transmission of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza virus (HPAI) during the 2003 epidemic in the ..
  25. pmc Genetic effects of chronic habitat fragmentation in a wind-pollinated tree
    Alistair S Jump
    Unitat d Ecofisiologia Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals Centre d Estudis Avançats de Blanes Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Edifici C, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:8096-100. 2006
    ..with the findings of previous studies, forest fragmentation has a negative genetic impact, even in this widespread, wind-pollinated tree...
  26. ncbi Airborne transmission of foot-and-mouth disease virus from Burnside Farm, Heddon-on-the-Wall, Northumberland, during the 2001 epidemic in the United Kingdom
    J Gloster
    Met Office, London Road, Bracknell, Berkshire RG12 2SZ
    Vet Rec 152:525-33. 2003
    ..However, significant short-term fluctuations in the concentration of virus can occur, and short-lived high concentrations may have increased the probability of infection and explain this discrepancy...
  27. pmc Win-win for wind and wildlife: a vision to facilitate sustainable development
    Joseph M Kiesecker
    Global Conservation Lands Program, The Nature Conservancy, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e17566. 2011
    b>Wind energy offers the potential to reduce carbon emissions while increasing energy independence and bolstering economic development...
  28. ncbi A wind density model to quantify the airborne spread of Culicoides species during north-western Europe bluetongue epidemic, 2006
    Guy Hendrickx
    Avia GIS, Risschotlei 33, Zoersel B 2980, Belgium
    Prev Vet Med 87:162-81. 2008
    ..In this paper we explore how wind models can contribute to explain the spread of BTV in a temperate eco-climatic setting...
  29. ncbi A stochastic predictive model for the natural spread of bluetongue
    Els Ducheyne
    Avia GIS, Risschotlei 33, 2980 Zoersel, Belgium
    Prev Vet Med 99:48-59. 2011
    ..Limited research has focused on the dynamic modelling of wind mediated BT spread...
  30. pmc Hospital admissions for asthma and acute bronchitis in El Paso, Texas: do age, sex, and insurance status modify the effects of dust and low wind events?
    Sara E Grineski
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Texas at El Paso, 500W University Ave, El Paso, TX 79902, USA
    Environ Res 111:1148-55. 2011
    ..In this context, we examined the sub-lethal effects of airborne dust and low wind events on human respiratory health (i.e...
  31. ncbi Aerodynamics of gliding flight in common swifts
    P Henningsson
    Department of Theoretical Ecology, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J Exp Biol 214:382-93. 2011
    Gliding flight performance and wake topology of a common swift (Apus apus L.) were examined in a wind tunnel at speeds between 7 and 11 m s(-1). The tunnel was tilted to simulate descending flight at different sink speeds...
  32. ncbi DNA from bird-dispersed seed and wind-disseminated pollen provides insights into postglacial colonization and population genetic structure of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis)
    B A Richardson
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844, USA
    Mol Ecol 11:215-27. 2002
    ..cpSSRs) were used to examine population genetic structure and biogeographic patterns of bird-dispersed seed and wind-disseminated pollen of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis Engelm.)...
  33. pmc Orientation cues for high-flying nocturnal insect migrants: do turbulence-induced temperature and velocity fluctuations indicate the mean wind flow?
    Andy M Reynolds
    Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e15758. 2010
    ..direction and this would seemingly be adaptive in that large insects could add their self-propelled speed to the wind speed, thus maximising their displacement in a given time...
  34. pmc Avian collision risk at an offshore wind farm
    Mark Desholm
    Department of Wildlife Ecology and Biodiversity, National Environmental Research Institute, Grenåvej 12, 8410 Rønde, Denmark
    Biol Lett 1:296-8. 2005
    We have been the first to investigate whether long-lived geese and ducks can detect and avoid a large offshore wind farm by tracking their diurnal migration patterns with radar...
  35. ncbi Perception of temperature and wind by users of public outdoor spaces: relationships with weather parameters and personal characteristics
    Henrique Andrade
    Centre of Geographical Studies, University of Lisbon, Portugal
    Int J Biometeorol 55:665-80. 2011
    ..made concurrently with weather measurements (air temperature, relative humidity, solar and long-wave radiation and wind speed) in two open leisure areas of Lisbon (Portugal), during the years 2006 and 2007...
  36. ncbi Impact of wind turbine sound on annoyance, self-reported sleep disturbance and psychological distress
    R H Bakker
    Department of Applied Research in Care, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Sci Total Environ 425:42-51. 2012
    The present government in the Netherlands intends to realize a substantial growth of wind energy before 2020, both onshore and offshore...
  37. ncbi Advances, shortcomings, and recommendations for wind chill estimation
    Avraham Shitzer
    Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, 3200, Technion City, Haifa, Israel
    Int J Biometeorol 56:495-503. 2012
    This article discusses briefly the advances made and the remaining short-comings in the "new" wind chill charts adopted in the US and Canada in 2001...
  38. ncbi On the relative contributions of wind vs. animals to seed dispersal of four Sierra Nevada pines
    Stephen B Vander Wall
    Department of Biology, Evolution and Conservation Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557, USA
    Ecology 89:1837-49. 2008
    ..Several species of pines, for example, have winged seeds adapted for wind dispersal but owe much of their establishment to scatter-hoarding animals. Here the relative importance of wind vs...
  39. pmc Gradual disintegration of the floral symmetry gene network is implicated in the evolution of a wind-pollination syndrome
    Jill C Preston
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:2343-8. 2011
    ..Digitalis purpurea, which has bilaterally symmetrical flowers, with those from closely related Aragoa abietina and wind-pollinated Plantago major, both of which have radially symmetrical flowers...
  40. ncbi Root architecture and wind-firmness of mature Pinus pinaster
    Frédéric Danjon
    INRA Bordeaux, EPHYSE 69, Gazinet, France
    New Phytol 168:387-400. 2005
    ..The distribution of root volume by root type and in wind-oriented sectors was analysed...
  41. ncbi Rain-, wind-, and touch-induced expression of calmodulin and calmodulin-related genes in Arabidopsis
    J Braam
    Department of Biochemistry, Beckman Center, Stanford University, California 94305
    Cell 60:357-64. 1990
    In response to water spray, subirrigation, wind, touch, wounding, or darkness, Arabidopsis regulates the expression of at least four touch-induced (TCH) genes. Ten to thirty minutes after stimulation, mRNA levels increase up to 100-fold...
  42. ncbi Estimating fugitive bioaerosol releases from static compost windrows: feasibility of a portable wind tunnel approach
    M P M Taha
    Integrated Waste Management Centre, School of Industrial and Manufacturing Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, UK
    Waste Manag 25:445-50. 2005
    ..b>Wind tunnel experiments conducted on the surface of static windrows generated specific bioaerosol emission rates (SBER2s)..
  43. ncbi Do thick leaves avoid thermal damage in critically low wind speeds?
    A Leigh
    School of Environment, University of Technology, Sydney, PO Box 123, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia
    New Phytol 194:477-87. 2012
    ..the contribution of small increases in leaf thickness to the reduction in thermal damage during critically low wind speeds under desert conditions...
  44. ncbi The influence of gravity and wind on land plant evolution
    K J Niklas
    Section of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Rev Palaeobot Palynol 102:1-14. 1998
    ..treating the elastic stability of vertical stems and cantilevered leaves supporting their own weight and additional wind-induced forces (drag) are reviewed in light of biomechanical studies of living and fossil terrestrial plant species...
  45. ncbi PM2.5-induced changes in cardiac function of hypertensive rats depend on wind direction and specific sources in Steubenville, Ohio
    Ali S Kamal
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 23:417-30. 2011
    ..5 µm (PM(2.5)) in ambient air is linked to acute cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Specific components and potential emission sources of PM(2.5) responsible for adverse health effects of cardiovascular function are unclear...
  46. ncbi Evaluating the impact of wind turbine noise on health-related quality of life
    Daniel Shepherd
    Department of Psychology, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, NewZealand
    Noise Health 13:333-9. 2011
    ..study comparing the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of individuals residing in the proximity of a wind farm to those residing in a demographically matched area sufficiently displaced from wind turbines...
  47. ncbi Responses of the biting midge Culicoides impunctatus to acetone, CO2 and 1-octen-3-ol in a wind tunnel
    A Bhasin
    Department of Zoology, University of Aberdeen, U K
    Med Vet Entomol 14:300-7. 2000
    ..impunctatus (Goetghebuer) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) to acetone, carbon dioxide and 1-octen-3-ol were measured in a wind tunnel...
  48. pmc Wind-blown mosquitoes and introduction of Japanese encephalitis into Australia
    S A Ritchie
    Tropical Public Unit, Queensland Health, Cairns, Australia
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:900-3. 2001
    Backtrack simulation analysis indicates that wind-blown mosquitoes could have traveled from New Guinea to Australia, potentially introducing Japanese encephalitis virus...
  49. pmc Energy beyond food: foraging theory informs time spent in thermals by a large soaring bird
    Emily L C Shepard
    Department of Biosciences, College of Science, Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e27375. 2011
    ....
  50. ncbi Estimating updraft velocity components over large spatial scales: contrasting migration strategies of golden eagles and turkey vultures
    Gil Bohrer
    Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering, The Ohio State University, OH, USA
    Ecol Lett 15:96-103. 2012
    ..The methods introduced herein to estimate uplift components and test for differences in weather use can be applied to study movement of any soaring species...
  51. ncbi Body condition and wind support initiate the shift of migratory direction and timing of nocturnal departure in a songbird
    Heiko Schmaljohann
    Institute of Avian Research, Vogelwarte Helgoland, An der Vogelwarte 21, 26386 Wilhelmshaven, Germany
    J Anim Ecol 80:1115-22. 2011
    ..3. Here, we show that both birds' body condition and the wind conditions that they encountered influenced the departure direction significantly...
  52. ncbi Possible means of introduction of bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) to Sweden in August 2008: comparison of results from two models for atmospheric transport of the Culicoides vector
    E C C Agren
    Department of Disease Control and Epidemiology, National Veterinary Institute, 751 89 Uppsala, Sweden
    Vet Rec 167:484-8. 2010
    ..No alternative routes for introduction of the infection to Sweden were identified, supporting the theory that BTV-8 was introduced by infected midges carried by the wind.
  53. pmc Increases in air temperature can promote wind-driven dispersal and spread of plants
    Anna Kuparinen
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Ecological Genetics Research Unit, University of Helsinki, PO Box 65 00014, Finland
    Proc Biol Sci 276:3081-7. 2009
    ..Here, we investigate temperature effects on wind dispersal in a boreal forest using a 10-year time series of micrometeorological measurements and a Lagrangian ..
  54. pmc Responses of wind erosion to climate-induced vegetation changes on the Colorado Plateau
    Seth M Munson
    US Geological Survey, Southwest Biological Science Center, Canyonlands Research Station, 2290 South West Resource Boulevard, Moab, UT 84532, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:3854-9. 2011
    ..Accelerated rates of dust emission from wind erosion have large implications for ecosystems and human well-being, yet there is poor understanding of the sources ..
  55. pmc Sexual dimorphism in a dioecious population of the wind-pollinated herb Mercurialis annua: the interactive effects of resource availability and competition
    Elze Hesse
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
    Ann Bot 107:1039-45. 2011
    Male-biased sex allocation commonly occurs in wind-pollinated hermaphroditic plants, and is often positively associated with size, notably in terms of height...
  56. ncbi Robotic observations of dust storm enhancement of carbon biomass in the North Pacific
    James K B Bishop
    Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 90 1116, Berkeley, CA 94708, USA
    Science 298:817-21. 2002
    ..The temporal evolution of particulate organic carbon enhancement and an increase in chlorophyll use efficiency after the dust storm suggest a biotic response to a natural iron fertilization by the dust...
  57. ncbi Fragmentation can increase spatial genetic structure without decreasing pollen-mediated gene flow in a wind-pollinated tree
    Rong Wang
    Tiantong National Observation Station of Forest Ecosystems, Department of Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    Mol Ecol 20:4421-32. 2011
    ..Castanopsis sclerophylla (Lindley & Paxton) Schottky (Fagaceae), a wind-pollinated and gravity seed-dispersed tree, was studied in an area of southeast China where its populations have ..
  58. ncbi Moment-to-moment flight manoeuvres of the female yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti L.) in response to plumes of carbon dioxide and human skin odour
    Teun Dekker
    Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    J Exp Biol 214:3480-94. 2011
    ..Here we analyzed in 3-D the video records of female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes flying in a wind tunnel in response to host odour plumes that differed in spatial structure and composition. Following a brief (~0...
  59. ncbi Metabolic power of European starlings Sturnus vulgaris during flight in a wind tunnel, estimated from heat transfer modelling, doubly labelled water and mask respirometry
    S Ward
    Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity, School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 2TZ, UK
    J Exp Biol 207:4291-8. 2004
    ..We compared measurements of the energetic cost of flight in a wind tunnel by four European starlings Sturnus vulgaris made using three independent techniques: heat transfer modelling,..
  60. ncbi Protection against cold in prehospital care-thermal insulation properties of blankets and rescue bags in different wind conditions
    Otto Henriksson
    Division of Surgery, Department of Surgery and Perioperative Sciences, Umea University, Sweden
    Prehosp Disaster Med 24:408-15. 2009
    ....
  61. pmc Responses of the ear to low frequency sounds, infrasound and wind turbines
    Alec N Salt
    Department of Otolaryngology, Washington University School of Medicine, Box 8115, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Hear Res 268:12-21. 2010
    ..as air conditioning systems, inside vehicles, some industrial processes and, now becoming increasingly prevalent, wind turbines...
  62. ncbi Patterns of pollen and seed dispersal in a small, fragmented population of the wind-pollinated tree Araucaria angustifolia in southern Brazil
    J V M Bittencourt
    Department of Geography, University of Reading, Berkshire, UK
    Heredity 99:580-91. 2007
    ..based on eight microsatellite loci was used to investigate pollen and seed dispersal patterns of the dioecious wind-pollinated tree, Araucaria angustifolia. The study sites were a 5...
  63. ncbi Perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise--a dose-response relationship
    Eja Pedersen
    Department of Environmental Medicine, Goteborg University, P O Box 414, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    J Acoust Soc Am 116:3460-70. 2004
    Installed global wind power increased by 26% during 2003, with U.S and Europe accounting for 90% of the cumulative capacity. Little is known about wind turbines' impact on people living in their vicinity...
  64. pmc Seed dispersal and spatial pattern in tropical trees
    Tristram G Seidler
    Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College, Ascot, Berkshire, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 4:e344. 2006
    ..Our results provide broad empirical evidence for the importance of dispersal mode in establishing the long-term community structure of tropical forests...
  65. ncbi Mechanisms of long-distance dispersal of seeds by wind
    Ran Nathan
    Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
    Nature 418:409-13. 2002
    ..and aerodynamics with turbulent transport processes provide accurate probabilistic descriptions of LDD of seeds by wind. The proposed model reliably predicts the vertical distribution of dispersed seeds of five tree species observed ..
  66. ncbi Aerobiology and the global transport of desert dust
    Christina A Kellogg
    US Geological Survey, 600 4th St S, St Petersburg, FL 33701, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:638-44. 2006
    ..Such dispersal is of interest because of the possible health effects of allergens and pathogens that might be carried with the dust...
  67. ncbi Eddy/wind interactions stimulate extraordinary mid-ocean plankton blooms
    Dennis J McGillicuddy
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 1541, USA
    Science 316:1021-6. 2007
    ..These blooms are sustained by eddy/wind interactions, which amplify the eddy-induced upwelling...
  68. ncbi Mechanistic analytical models for long-distance seed dispersal by wind
    G G Katul
    Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Science, Box 90328, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    Am Nat 166:368-81. 2005
    ..an analytical model, the Wald analytical long-distance dispersal (WALD) model, for estimating dispersal kernels of wind-dispersed seeds and their escape probability from the canopy...
  69. ncbi Wind turbines, flicker, and photosensitive epilepsy: characterizing the flashing that may precipitate seizures and optimizing guidelines to prevent them
    Graham Harding
    Neurosciences Institute, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    Epilepsia 49:1095-8. 2008
    b>Wind turbines are known to produce shadow flicker by interruption of sunlight by the turbine blades. Known parameters of the seizure provoking effect of flicker, i.e...
  70. ncbi Potential of wind turbines to elicit seizures under various meteorological conditions
    Andrew R D Smedley
    School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
    Epilepsia 51:1146-51. 2010
    To determine the potential risk of epileptic seizures from wind turbine shadow flicker under various meteorologic conditions.
  71. ncbi Wind as a long-distance dispersal vehicle in the Southern Hemisphere
    Jesus Munoz
    Real Jardín Botánico, Plaza de Murillo 2, 28014 Madrid, Spain
    Science 304:1144-7. 2004
    Anisotropic (direction-dependent) long-distance dispersal (LDD) by wind has been invoked to explain the strong floristic affinities shared among landmasses in the Southern Hemisphere...
  72. ncbi Wind and sky as compass cues in desert ant navigation
    Martin Muller
    Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland
    Naturwissenschaften 94:589-94. 2007
    ..ants has focused nearly exclusively on the polarization compass, two other compass systems--the sun compass and the wind (anemo) compass--as well as the mutual interactions of all these compass systems have received little attention...
  73. ncbi The association of winds with the spread of EHDV in dairy cattle in Israel during an outbreak in 2006
    Maor Kedmi
    Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Robert H Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University, Rehovot, Israel
    Prev Vet Med 96:152-60. 2010
    ..Documented, clinical and serological data on spread of the outbreak were then compared with wind data collected by meteorological stations along the trail of virus spread and with modeled winds at high altitude (&..
  74. ncbi Pollination intensity influences sex ratios in dioecious Rumex nivalis, a wind-pollinated plant
    Ivana Stehlik
    Department of Botany, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3B2, Canada
    Evolution 60:1207-14. 2006
    ..Here we investigate the influence of variation in pollination intensity on sex ratios in Rumex nivalis, a wind-pollinated alpine herb with strongly female-biased sex ratios...
  75. ncbi Low-frequency noise from large wind turbines
    Henrik Møller
    Section of Acoustics, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7 B5, DK 9220 Aalborg Ø, Denmark
    J Acoust Soc Am 129:3727-44. 2011
    As wind turbines get larger, worries have emerged that the turbine noise would move down in frequency and that the low-frequency noise would cause annoyance for the neighbors...
  76. pmc Pervasive growth reduction in Norway spruce forests following wind disturbance
    Rupert Seidl
    Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 7:e33301. 2012
    ..e., tree mortality from uprooting and stem breakage. Effects on the functioning of trees surviving the storm (e.g., their productivity and allocation) have been rarely accounted for to date...
  77. pmc Wind-driven roof turbines: a novel way to improve ventilation for TB infection control in health facilities
    Helen Cox
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Cape Town, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 7:e29589. 2012
    ..We assessed the efficacy of wind-driven roof turbines to achieve recommended ventilation rates, compared to current recommended practices for ..
  78. ncbi Spray drift as influenced by meteorological and technical factors
    Tommy Arvidsson
    Division of Water Quality Management, Department of Soil and Environment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    Pest Manag Sci 67:586-98. 2011
    ..The study was conducted in grazing fields and cereal crops...
  79. pmc Vortex wakes generated by robins Erithacus rubecula during free flight in a wind tunnel
    A Hedenstrom
    Department of Theoretical Ecology Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    J R Soc Interface 3:263-76. 2006
    ..two individual robins were measured in digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV) experiments conducted in the Lund wind tunnel. Wake measurements were compared with each other, and with previous studies in the same facility...
  80. ncbi A model for long-distance dispersal of boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
    John K Westbrook
    USDA ARS, Areawide Pest Management Research Unit, College Station, TX 77845 4966, USA
    Int J Biometeorol 55:585-93. 2011
    ..In this study, the HYSPLIT atmospheric dispersion model was used to simulate daily wind-aided dispersal of weevils from the Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) of southern Texas and northeastern Mexico...
  81. ncbi Spatial genetic structure in Milicia excelsa (Moraceae) indicates extensive gene dispersal in a low-density wind-pollinated tropical tree
    J P Bizoux
    Laboratory of Ecology, Gembloux Agricultural University, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
    Mol Ecol 18:4398-408. 2009
    ..C.C. Berg (Moraceae), a threatened wind-pollinated dioecious African tree, with typically low density (approximately 10 adults/km(2))...
  82. ncbi Wind turbines and bat mortality: Doppler shift profiles and ultrasonic bat-like pulse reflection from moving turbine blades
    Chloe V Long
    Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, United Kingdom
    J Acoust Soc Am 128:2238-45. 2010
    Bat mortality resulting from actual or near-collision with operational wind turbine rotors is a phenomenon that is widespread but not well understood...
  83. ncbi Wind-generated ambient noise in a topographically isolated basin: a pre-industrial era proxy
    D Benjamin Reeder
    Department of Oceanography, Naval Postgraduate School, 833 Dyer Road, Monterey, California 93943, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 129:64-73. 2011
    During the mid-1980s, calibrated measurements of ambient noise and wind speed were made in the Tongue of the Ocean in the Bahamas to quantify the spectra and statistics of wind-generated noise...
  84. pmc Dynamics of wind setdown at Suez and the Eastern Nile Delta
    Carl Drews
    Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e12481. 2010
    b>Wind setdown is the drop in water level caused by wind stress acting on the surface of a body of water for an extended period of time. As the wind blows, water recedes from the upwind shore and exposes terrain that was formerly underwater...
  85. ncbi Influence of air pressure, humidity, solar radiation, temperature, and wind speed on ambulatory visits due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Bavaria, Germany
    Uta Ferrari
    Division of Respiratory Medicine Campus Innnenstadt, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munich, Ziemssenstraße 1, 80336, Munich, Germany
    Int J Biometeorol 56:137-43. 2012
    ..There also seem to be regional differences between north and south Bavaria; for instance, the effect of wind speed and specific humidity with a lag of 1 day were only significant in the north...
  86. pmc Development by design: mitigating wind development's impacts on wildlife in Kansas
    Brian Obermeyer
    The Nature Conservancy, Cottonwood Falls, Kansas, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e26698. 2011
    b>Wind energy, if improperly sited, can impact wildlife through direct mortality and habitat loss and fragmentation, in contrast to its environmental benefits in the areas of greenhouse gas, air quality, and water quality...
  87. doi Infectious disease. An ill wind, bringing meningitis
    Leslie Roberts
    Science 320:1710-5. 2008
  88. ncbi The problem of estimating wind drift in migrating birds
    Martin Green
    Department of Animal Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, Sweden
    J Theor Biol 218:485-96. 2002
    Whether migrating birds compensate for wind drift or not is a fundamental question in bird migration research. The procedures to demonstrate and quantitatively estimate wind drift or compensation are fraught with difficulties and pitfalls...
  89. ncbi Application of hybrid life cycle approaches to emerging energy technologies--the case of wind power in the UK
    Thomas O Wiedmann
    CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, GPO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    Environ Sci Technol 45:5900-7. 2011
    ..assessment (hybrid LCA) to account for the indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of energy technologies using wind power generation in the UK as a case study...
  90. ncbi Why do trees decline or dieback after a strong wind? Water status of Hinoki cypress standing after a typhoon
    Masafumi Ueda
    Nara Forest Research Institute, Takatori, Nara 635 0133, Japan
    Tree Physiol 24:701-6. 2004
    ..We conclude that increased aboveground hydraulic resistance caused by a reduction in trunk water conducting area could be a major reason for the decline and dieback of apparently healthy trees in typhoon-damaged stands...
  91. pmc Reduced wind speed improves plant growth in a desert city
    Christofer Bang
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e11061. 2010
    ..However, another abiotic factor, wind speed, is also influenced by urbanization and well known for altering primary productivity in agricultural systems...
  92. pmc Wind speed perception and risk
    Duzgun Agdas
    Engineering School of Sustainable Infrastructure and Environment, College of Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e49944. 2012
    How accurately do people perceive extreme wind speeds and how does that perception affect the perceived risk? Prior research on human-wind interaction has focused on comfort levels in urban settings or knock-down thresholds...
  93. pmc Source tracking aerosols released from land-applied class B biosolids during high-wind events
    Carolina Baertsch
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Arizona State University, Arizona 85287, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:4522-31. 2007
    ..track the unintended aerosolization of land-applied, anaerobically digested sewage sludge (biosolids) during high-wind events...
  94. doi Barotrauma is a significant cause of bat fatalities at wind turbines
    Erin F Baerwald
    Curr Biol 18:R695-6. 2008
  95. ncbi Avoidance behavior by prairie grouse: implications for development of wind energy
    Christin L Pruett
    Sutton Avian Research Center, University of Oklahoma, Bartlesville, OK 74005, USA
    Conserv Biol 23:1253-9. 2009
    New wind-energy facilities and their associated power transmission lines and roads are being constructed at a rapid pace in the Great Plains of North America...
  96. ncbi Influences of wind flow on stopover decisions: the case of the reed warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus in the Western Mediterranean
    C Barriocanal
    Departamento de Geografía Física, Facultad de Geografia, Universidad de Barcelona, Spain
    Int J Biometeorol 46:192-6. 2002
    b>Wind directions measured at two different heights (850 hPa and 700 hPa) and at different hours of the night were analysed during the spring migration passage at a bird stopover site located in the western Mediterranean, in order to ..
  97. ncbi Collection of wind-borne haematophagous insects in the Torres Strait, Australia
    C A Johansen
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia
    Med Vet Entomol 17:102-9. 2003
    Circumstantial evidence has implicated wind-borne mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the introduction of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus into Australia from the New Guinea mainland...
  98. pmc The importance of tree size and fecundity for wind dispersal of big-leaf mahogany
    Julian M Norghauer
    Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 6:e17488. 2011
    Seed dispersal by wind is a critical yet poorly understood process in tropical forest trees. How tree size and fecundity affect this process at the population level remains largely unknown because of insufficient replication across adults...
  99. ncbi Behavioral analyses of wind-evoked escape of the cricket, Gryllodes sigillatus
    Masamichi Kanou
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan
    Zoolog Sci 23:359-64. 2006
    The wind-evoked escape behavior of the cricket Gryllodes sigillatus was investigated using an air puff stimulus. A high velocity air puff elicited the escape behavior in many crickets...
  100. ncbi Mechanistic models for wind dispersal
    Anna Kuparinen
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, PO Box 68, 00014 The University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Trends Plant Sci 11:296-301. 2006
    ..forecasts of, for example, species migration, has increased interest in developing mechanistic models for wind dispersal of seeds, pollen and spores...
  101. ncbi Migration of the painted lady butterfly, Vanessa cardui, to north-eastern Spain is aided by African wind currents
    Constantí Stefanescu
    Butterfly Monitoring Scheme, Museu de Granollers de Ciències Naturals, Francesc Macià, 51, E 08402 Granollers, Spain
    J Anim Ecol 76:888-98. 2007
    ..insects migrate within the so-called 'flight-boundary layer', where movements are relatively independent of the wind. 2...

Research Grants62

  1. Climate Change and Adverse Birth Outcomes: Assessing the Vulnerability of Pregnan
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Other indicators including heat waves and cold spells, the full spectrum of temperature, humidity, air pressure and wind as well as a composite weather index using the Spatial Synoptic Classification system will also be examined...
  2. Crosslink augmentation to resist snoring and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
    Thomas P Hedman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..properties and increase the resistance to mechanical degradation of soft palate tissue will be tested;2) a wind tunnel test system will be developed to measure the vibration magnitude and oscillation frequency of horse soft ..
  3. New Personal Sampling Methods that Conform to an Aerosol Deposition Convention
    DARRAH KAYE SLEETH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A unique aspect of this project will be sampler testing in a specially-designed low speed wind tunnel that simulates indoor exposure scenarios...
  4. CAT B Existing Wyoming PRAMS
    Joseph Grandpre; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with the Rocky Mountain Tribal Epidemiology Center in Billings, Montana as well public health staff from the Wind River Indian Reservation to increase AI response rates...
  5. Climate Variability / Change and the Risks for a Spectrum of Diseases
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and the season-modifying effect of individual climate factors including temperature, humidity, air pressure, and wind in New York State (NYS)...
  6. Healthy Worker Effect, Occupational Exposure to PM and Cardiopulmonary Mortality
    ELLEN AURA EISEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..With the growth of the green manufacturing sector, e.g., fuel efficient automobiles, light rail cars and wind turbine systems, the number of workers exposed to MWF will likely increase...
  7. A Transgenerational e-Intervention for Gestational Diabetics and their Offspring
    Wanda K Nicholson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In our pilot study, "Weight Loss Interventions after Delivery" (aka "First WinD"), we tested a postpartum-specific intervention that included face-to-face individual and group sessions...
  8. Condensin and Chromosome Segregation in C. elegans
    Kirsten A Hagstrom; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..meiotic and mitotic chromosomes prior to their segregation, and are thought to do so by using ATP hydrolysis to wind DNA into large loops...
  9. Acoustic Behavior - Neural and Comparative Bases
    Ronald R Hoy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Mosquito antennae respond to gravity and wind as well as to sound...
  10. Enhance Facilities for Infectious Disease Imaging
    RALPH E SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..has issued directives towards achieving energy neutral buildings by offsetting conventional supplies with solar and wind sources. The current project will be LEED certified...
  11. CHRONOBIOLOGIC MARKERS FOR LAB MEDICINE AND THERAPY
    Franz Halberg; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..3-year cycle in solar wind speed reported by John D. Richardson [40, 41, 54, 91, 138, 158, 164, 173]. An about 1...
  12. Prospective Cohort Study of Severe Bronchiolitis and Risk of Recurrent Wheezing
    Carlos A Camargo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..3) To combine these clinical and laboratory data to create a state-of-the-art childhood wheezing index (WIND) to identify children with severe bronchiolitis who are at higher risk of developing recurrent wheezing...
  13. Molecular and functional characterization of olfaction genes in tsetse flies
    Serap Aksoy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will be further investigated through RNAi gene silencing methodologies in conjunction with electro-antennogram and Wind-Tunnel techniques to establish the roles of these genes in modulating the physiology and behavior of the flies...
  14. Parkinson's Diseases Susceptibility Genes and Pesticides
    Beate R Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to disease state;(2) Create a novel, comprehensive tool to assess pesticide exposures by incorporating data on wind speed, direction, and atmospheric mixing heights, farm boundaries, and soil composition and groundwater flow;and ..
  15. Design, evaluation, and validation of a next-generation inhalable aerosol sampler
    John Volckens; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to the inhalable criterion;(b) investigate the sampling efficiency of the prototype sampler in a low-velocity wind tunnel and a calm-air chamber to quantify accuracy, precision, linearity, and internal losses, in controlled ..
  16. Nano-scale Mechanisms of Metal(loid) Rhizostabilization in Desert Mine Tailings
    JONATHAN D CHOROVER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..mine tailings in arid regions pose a significant health risk to proximal populations because they are prone to wind-borne dispersion and water erosion...
  17. Structure of Semantic Memory and its Measurement in Dementia and Aphasia
    JAMES JOSEPH REILLY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..D. and Leslie Gonzalez-Rothi, Ph.D. Additional contributors include Murray Grossman, M.D., Edith Kaan, Ph.D., Wind Cowles, Ph.D., Nadine Martin, Ph.D., and Lori Altmann, Ph.D...
  18. Olfactory navigation in Drosophila as a model for multi-sensory integration
    Katherine Nagel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Odors dispersed by the wind form turbulent plumes that contain only stochastic information about source location...
  19. A Portable Spectrometer for Inhalable Aerosol Size Distributions
    John Volckens; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..from 10 to 100 5m);(2) Evaluate device performance using a combination of calm-air chamber studies and low-velocity wind tunnel experiments;(3) Test sampler performance in the field by characterizing inhalable particle size ..
  20. Hawaii Island Community Lung Assessment and Scientific Studies (HICLASS)
    ELIZABETH K TAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Combined with wind patterns, towering mountains, and variations in humidity and precipitation, the emissions create a natural ..
  21. A New Approach to Compute PM2.5 for Health Impact Analysis
    Fazlay S Faruque; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..5 and AOD which is a function of humidity, temperature, surface pressure, surface wind speed, surface type, boundary layer height, and AOD by accounting for these variables using a machine learning ..
  22. Program to Assess Health Effects Associated with Exposures to Volcanic Emissions
    ELIZABETH K TAM; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..volcano's continuous sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions for more than 20 years, characteristic island wind patterns, and Hawaii's towering mountains create a natural experiment in which some communities are almost ..
  23. The Economics of Natural Disasters and Epidemics
    Ashlesha Datar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..location, death toll and other details for a variety of natural disasters such as droughts, earthquakes, epidemics, wind storms and many others...
  24. Studies of E. coli Min proteins
    Lawrence I Rothfield; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have recently shown that the MinCDE proteins are organized into spiral filaments that wind around the cell between the two poles in a cytoskeletal-like structure that appears distinct from a coiled ..
  25. The Dorsal Wrist: Function in the Normal & Injured State
    Rita Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, we hope to gain information that will evaluate one novel surgical treatment for DISI and serve as a wind tunnel to eventually predict which reconstruction procedures restore normal function...
  26. Population Vulnerability and Resilience to Hurricanes on the Gulf Coast
    John R Logan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..storms in the period 1950- 2000, showing at a high resolution the boundaries of areas that suffered flooding or wind damage, will be brought together in a Geographic Information System framework with other data on population change ..
  27. CFD Investigation of Particle Inhalability in Low Windspeeds
    THERESA RENEE ANTHONY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..humanoid form to investigate particle aspiration using the standard k-epsilon turbulence model in the facing-the-wind orientation...
  28. Control of Urban and Peri-urban Culex Mosquitoes
    Gregory Lanzaro; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..which activity of potential lures will be assessed by sensory physiology (electrophysiology), flight observations (wind tunnel and videography) and a molecular approach based on affinity to a carrier protein (odorant binding protein)...
  29. Collaborative Clinical Research on Non Alcoholic Stratohepatitis
    Naga P Chalasani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..longitudinal study of NAFLD in adults and children (NAFLD Database study, n=l,215), a randomized double Wind controlled therapeutic study of NASH in non-diabetic adults (PIVENS, n=247), and a randomized double blind ..
  30. Bioaerosols in Midwest Greenhouses and Respiratory Symptoms Among the Workers
    Atin Adhikari; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Environmental parameters including temperature, relative humidity, and wind velocity will be measured during each air sampling experiment...
  31. Historic Traffic Exposure Maps for Cancer Studies
    Paul English; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..GIS traffic exposure maps at an appropriate scale for epidemiological studies that account for properties of wind and dispersal behavior of specific pollutants...
  32. Pediatric Asthma, Particulate Air Pollution and NO2
    RALPH DELFINO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..with high air pollution levels: an area of East Los Angeles (vehicular emission source site) and Riverside (down-wind smog receptor site)...
  33. Volcanic Emissions and Airway Function, Inflammation, Heart Rhythm (AIR)
    Barbara Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..because of their proximity to the vent, may be exposed to very high levels of SO2 and other emissions when the wind stops or reverses direction...
  34. GENETIC DISSECTION OF PHYTOCHROME B SIGNALLING
    Jason Reed; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION (Adapted from Applicant's Abstract): When subjected to variation in temperature, light, wind, or humidity, plants alter their physiology and development...
  35. INDIAN/NATIVE ADOLSCENT SUICIDE RESEARCH CONFERENCE
    Spero Manson; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Witness the recent series of well publicized suicide epidemics that have plagued the Wind River and Yakima reservations as well as native villages in the Bethel and Kotzebue regions...
  36. Mechanosensory Transduction Gordon Conference
    Paul Blount; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, it is necessary for gravity and wind sensing in plants and osmoregulation of microbes...
  37. PERSONAL AEROSOL SAMPLER FOR OCCUPATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS
    Sergey Grinshpun; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The major features of this new small sampler are its low ambient wind sensitivity and high filter collection uniformity...
  38. ROUTES TO CHIRAL CARBOCYCLIC AND HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    A Meyers; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..We have published over 75 papers and four reviews on this remarkable chiral ring system and as we proceed to wind down this chemistry, several new directions appear...
  39. Vagus Nerve Stimulation in Fibromyalgia
    Gudrun Lange; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the intensity of laboratory pain, especially when sensitization of the central pain regulatory system, known as wind-up, was induced. Wind-up is thought to underlie chronic pain in FMS...
  40. ANALGESIC IONTOPHORESIS ON CNS PAIN PATHWAYS
    GLENN GATIPON; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Neurons in the pain pathways are characterized by their prolonged after-discharges following stiumlation, "wind-up" phenomenon with repeated stimulation, and unresponsiveness to non-noxious stimulation...
  41. Method for Wind Noise Suppression in Hearing Aids
    ANTHONY AGNELLO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    This application proposes to investigate, evaluate and refine a promising novel digital technique for reducing wind noise in hearing aids...
  42. ANATOMICAL BASIS OF OLFACTORY DISCRIMINATION
    Burton Slotnick; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..A wind-tunnel olfactometer and operant conditioning training procedure will be used to assess olfactory sensory threshold ..
  43. OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING AND COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
    Lori Todd; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..optical remote sensing system will then be constructed, based upon the developed theoretical design, inside a wind-tunnel used to simulate a room...
  44. BEHAVIOR CHANGE IN TYPE 2 DIABETES AMONG PLAINS INDIAN
    DARREN CALHOUN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This project will take place on the Wind River Indian Reservation, home to the federally recognized Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho Indian Tribes, ..
  45. PASSIVE SAMPLER FOR PARTICLES
    David Leith; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..This pilot study will evaluate the operation of a prototype passive sampler in a wind tunnel under controlled conditions...
  46. Comparison of concentrations at personal locations
    Steven Guffey; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Humans and mannequins in a wind tunnel will be sampled under various conditions of cross-draft velocity, cross- draft orientation, and source ..
  47. MINIATURE, IMPLANTABLE FIBER OPTIC PRESSURE SENSOR
    Peter Chapman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..industry could also significantly benefit from this sensor device especially for engine control as well as wind tunnel applications...
  48. GIS-Based Exposure for Childhood Cancer Studies
    Nancy Sussman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The novel approach uses directionally-dependent wind rose frequencies and wind velocity in various combinations with toxic emission quantities, emission toxicities and ..
  49. SECRETIONS OF ARTHROPODS FROM URUGUAY
    Thomas Eisner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..techniques (EAG) and field and laboratory bioassays, including predation tests for defensive substances and wind tunnel studies for volatile semiochemicals...
  50. Perception of Sources of Environmental Sounds
    Valeriy Shafiro; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Familiar sounds include human and animal vocalizations (e.g., baby cry, dog bark), nature sounds (e.g., rain, wind), mechanical sounds (e.g., engines, footsteps), and electronic sounds (e.g., alarms, telephones)...
  51. MINORITY PREDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    NIKKI DELK; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..TCH2 mRNA accumulates in response to touch, wind, wounding, and darkness (Braam and Davis, 1990). TCH2 protein is 44% identical to calmodulin (Khan et al...
  52. DEVELOPMENT OF NEW PERSONAL AEROSOL SAMPLERS
    James Vincent; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The initial development work will be carried out in the purpose-built wind tunnel, and the analytical assays for the samples obtained in the workplace studies will be performed by ICP-MS in ..
  53. NB3AL SUPERCONDUCTORS FOR ABOVE 850 MHZ NMR MAGNETS
    SHAHIN POURRAHIMI; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The product will be a high performance flexible Nb3A1 cable that suits the more reliable react-then-wind approach to magnet fabrication...
  54. Role of Spinal Cord PSD-93/Chapsyn-110 in Chronic Pain
    Roger Johns; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..and on NMDA receptor-mediated response to peripheral noxious stimulation and to electrical stimulation-induced wind-up in spinal dorsal horn neurons...
  55. SAMPLING EFFICIENCIES OF PERSONAL PARTICULATE SAMPLERS
    Klaus Willeke; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The work up to now has focused on the development of a wind tunnel and of a new automatic, in-site measurement technique for the rapid determination of inlet sampling ..
  56. 2008 NIFS Conference: Sowing the Wind with Safety and Health
    Dennis Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Farm Safety (NIFS) will conduct its annual conference June 22nd through June 26th 2008 with the theme Sowing the Wind with Safety and Health...
  57. MECHANISM OF PAIN IN PATIENTS WITH FIBROMYALGIA SYNDROME
    Roland Staud; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In addition, our findings may contribute to the understanding of pain mechanisms related to other chronic pain disorders. ..
  58. Method of Wind Noise Suppression in Hearing Aids
    GARY ELKO; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..and further evaluate and refine a promising novel digital technique we have developed at MH Acoustics for reducing wind noise in hearing aids...
  59. Peripheral and Central Mechanism of Pain in Patients with Fibromyalgia
    ROLAND M STAUD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Either way, we will provide evidence that will characterize the role of local anesthesia, placebo analgesia, or both. Thus patients with FM and other similar pain syndromes may strongly benefit from the results of our study. ..
  60. Development of a Highly Efficient Personal Sampler to collect Viable Bioaerosols
    Yung Sung Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..cyclone collection medium, (2) to test the sampling efficiency of the proposed personal sampler in an aerosol wind tunnel for aspiration efficiency, (3) to evaluate the sampler using model bioaerosols with a focus on the effects ..