- Effect of Chinook winds on the probability of migraine headache occurrence
University of Calgary and Calgary General Hospital, Alberta, Canada
Headache 37:153-8. 1997
..Environment Canada meteorologic summaries for January through June 1992 were analyzed and times of Chinook wind onset identified...
- Wind direction and proximity to larval sites determines malaria risk in Kilifi District in Kenya
Janet T Midega
KEMRI Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research Coast, PO Box 230, Kilifi 80108, Kenya
Nat Commun 3:674. 2012
..We conclude that following oviposition, female Anophelines fly upwind in search for human hosts and, thus, malaria transmission may be disrupted by targeting vector larval sites in close proximity, and downwind to malaria hotspots...
- Long-distance dispersal of plants
Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, 91904 Jerusalem, Israel
Science 313:786-8. 2006
..Nonstandard" mechanisms such as extreme climatic events and generalized LDD vectors seem to hold the greatest explanatory power for the drastic deviations from the mean trend, deviations that make the nearly impossible LDD a reality...
- Adaptation of rhizome connections in drylands: increasing tolerance of clones to wind erosion
Fei Hai Yu
State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
Ann Bot 102:571-7. 2008
b>Wind erosion is a severe stress for plants in drylands, but the mechanisms by which plants withstand erosion remain largely unknown. Here, the hypothesis is tested that maintaining rhizome connections helps plants to tolerate erosion.
- Association of Kawasaki disease with tropospheric wind patterns
Institut Català de Ciències del Clima IC3, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats ICREA, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Sci Rep 1:152. 2011
..KD in Japan, Hawaii, and San Diego, reveals a consistent pattern wherein KD cases are often linked to large-scale wind currents originating in central Asia and traversing the north Pacific...
- The physics of wind-blown sand and dust
Jasper F Kok
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Rep Prog Phys 75:106901. 2012
The transport of sand and dust by wind is a potent erosional force, creates sand dunes and ripples, and loads the atmosphere with suspended dust aerosols...
- Wind turbine noise, annoyance and self-reported health and well-being in different living environments
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Goteborg University, Goteborg, Sweden
Occup Environ Med 64:480-6. 2007
To evaluate the prevalence of perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise among people living near the turbines, and to study relations between noise and perception/annoyance, with focus on differences between living environments.
- Changes in wind pattern alter albatross distribution and life-history traits
Centre d Etudes Biologiques de Chize, CNRS, 79360 Villiers en Bois, France
Science 335:211-4. 2012
..we show that foraging range in wandering albatrosses has shifted poleward in conjunction with these changes in wind pattern, while their rates of travel and flight speeds have increased...
- Wind in November, Q fever in December
Unite des Rickettsies, CNRS, Faculte de Medecine, Marseille, France
Emerg Infect Dis 10:1264-9. 2004
..the epidemiology of Q fever in the Bouches-du-Rhone district of southern France, particularly the role of wind and rainfall in C. burnetii transmission...
- Quantifying the wind dispersal of Culicoides species in Greece and Bulgaria
Avia GIS, Risschotlei 33, 2980 Zoersel, Belgium
Geospat Health 1:177-89. 2007
This paper tests the hypothesis that Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) species can be propagated by wind over long distances...
- The lagged effect of cold temperature and wind chill on cardiorespiratory mortality in Scotland
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
Occup Environ Med 62:702-10. 2005
To investigate the lagged effects of cold temperature on cardiorespiratory mortality and to determine whether "wind chill" is a better predictor of these effects than "dry bulb" temperature.
- Spread of North American wind-dispersed trees in future environments
Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, The Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmond J Safra Campus, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Ecol Lett 14:211-9. 2011
..We modelled the spread of North American wind-dispersed trees in current and future (c...
- Navigational strategies used by insects to find distant, wind-borne sources of odor
Ring T Cardé
Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
J Chem Ecol 34:854-66. 2008
Insects locate many resources important to survival by tracking along wind-borne odor plumes to their source...
- Collision effects of wind-power generators and other obstacles on birds
Allan L Drewitt
Natural England, Northminster House, Peterborough, UK
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1134:233-66. 2008
There is extensive literature on avian mortality due to collision with man-made structures, including wind turbines, communication masts, tall buildings and windows, power lines, and fences...
- Temperature-related natural selection in a wind-pollinated tree across regional and continental scales
Research Institute for Nature and Forest, Gaverstraat 4, B 9500 Geraardsbergen, Belgium
Mol Ecol 20:2724-38. 2011
..a genome scan approach to detect signals of natural selection in the Black alder (Alnus glutinosa), a widespread wind-pollinated tree...
- A comparison between exposure-response relationships for wind turbine annoyance and annoyance due to other noise sources
Sabine A Janssen
Department of Urban Environment and Safety, Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research, P O Box 49, 2600 AA Delft, The Netherlands
J Acoust Soc Am 130:3746-53. 2011
Surveys have shown that noise from wind turbines is perceived as annoying by a proportion of residents living in their vicinity, apparently at much lower noise levels than those inducing annoyance due to other environmental sources...
- Seed dispersal by wind, birds, and bats between Philippine montane rainforest and successional vegetation
Nina M R Ingle
Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Oecologia 134:251-61. 2003
..vertebrate frugivores have a much greater role in the dispersal of forest and successional woody plants than wind, and bats rather than birds play the dominant role in dispersing early successional species...
- Tracking of Arctic terns Sterna paradisaea reveals longest animal migration
Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, DK 3900 Nuuk, Greenland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:2078-81. 2010
..Arctic terns clearly target regions of high marine productivity both as stopover and wintering areas, and exploit prevailing global wind systems to reduce flight costs on long-distance commutes.
- Response to noise from modern wind farms in The Netherlands
Halmstad University and University of Gothenburg, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden
J Acoust Soc Am 126:634-43. 2009
The increasing number and size of wind farms call for more data on human response to wind turbine noise, so that a generalized dose-response relationship can be modeled and possible adverse health effects avoided...
- Wind-borne insects mediate directional pollen transfer between desert fig trees 160 kilometers apart
Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:20342-7. 2009
..observed movement of pollinators was in a westerly direction, toward the sea, reflecting seasonal nighttime wind direction and the wind-borne dispersal of fig wasps...
- Bird migration flight altitudes studied by a network of operational weather radars
Adriaan M Dokter
Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, The Netherlands
J R Soc Interface 8:30-43. 2011
..altitude profiles were observed that consisted of multiple layers, which could be explained from the distinct wind conditions at different take-off sites...
- Wind and wildlife in the Northern Great Plains: identifying low-impact areas for wind development
The Nature Conservancy, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e41468. 2012
b>Wind energy offers the potential to reduce carbon emissions while increasing energy independence and bolstering economic development...
- Health effects and wind turbines: a review of the literature
Loren D Knopper
Intrinsik Environmental Sciences Inc, 1790 Courtwood Crescent, Ottawa ON, K2C 2B5, Canada
Environ Health 10:78. 2011
b>Wind power has been harnessed as a source of power around the world. Debate is ongoing with respect to the relationship between reported health effects and wind turbines, specifically in terms of audible and inaudible noise...
- Modelling the wind-borne spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus between farms
Department of Epidemiology, Crisis Organization and Diagnostics, Central Veterinary Institute part of Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands
PLoS ONE 7:e31114. 2012
..at various locations downwind of a source farm and apply the model to assess the possible contribution of the wind-borne route to the transmission of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza virus (HPAI) during the 2003 epidemic in the ..
- Genetic effects of chronic habitat fragmentation in a wind-pollinated tree
Alistair S Jump
Unitat d Ecofisiologia Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals Centre d Estudis Avançats de Blanes Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Edifici C, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:8096-100. 2006
..with the findings of previous studies, forest fragmentation has a negative genetic impact, even in this widespread, wind-pollinated tree...
- Airborne transmission of foot-and-mouth disease virus from Burnside Farm, Heddon-on-the-Wall, Northumberland, during the 2001 epidemic in the United Kingdom
Met Office, London Road, Bracknell, Berkshire RG12 2SZ
Vet Rec 152:525-33. 2003
..However, significant short-term fluctuations in the concentration of virus can occur, and short-lived high concentrations may have increased the probability of infection and explain this discrepancy...
- Win-win for wind and wildlife: a vision to facilitate sustainable development
Joseph M Kiesecker
Global Conservation Lands Program, The Nature Conservancy, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e17566. 2011
b>Wind energy offers the potential to reduce carbon emissions while increasing energy independence and bolstering economic development...
- A wind density model to quantify the airborne spread of Culicoides species during north-western Europe bluetongue epidemic, 2006
Avia GIS, Risschotlei 33, Zoersel B 2980, Belgium
Prev Vet Med 87:162-81. 2008
..In this paper we explore how wind models can contribute to explain the spread of BTV in a temperate eco-climatic setting...
- A stochastic predictive model for the natural spread of bluetongue
Avia GIS, Risschotlei 33, 2980 Zoersel, Belgium
Prev Vet Med 99:48-59. 2011
..Limited research has focused on the dynamic modelling of wind mediated BT spread...
- Hospital admissions for asthma and acute bronchitis in El Paso, Texas: do age, sex, and insurance status modify the effects of dust and low wind events?
Sara E Grineski
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Texas at El Paso, 500W University Ave, El Paso, TX 79902, USA
Environ Res 111:1148-55. 2011
..In this context, we examined the sub-lethal effects of airborne dust and low wind events on human respiratory health (i.e...
- Aerodynamics of gliding flight in common swifts
Department of Theoretical Ecology, Lund University, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
J Exp Biol 214:382-93. 2011
Gliding flight performance and wake topology of a common swift (Apus apus L.) were examined in a wind tunnel at speeds between 7 and 11 m s(-1). The tunnel was tilted to simulate descending flight at different sink speeds...
- DNA from bird-dispersed seed and wind-disseminated pollen provides insights into postglacial colonization and population genetic structure of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis)
B A Richardson
Department of Forest Resources, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844, USA
Mol Ecol 11:215-27. 2002
..cpSSRs) were used to examine population genetic structure and biogeographic patterns of bird-dispersed seed and wind-disseminated pollen of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis Engelm.)...
- Orientation cues for high-flying nocturnal insect migrants: do turbulence-induced temperature and velocity fluctuations indicate the mean wind flow?
Andy M Reynolds
Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 5:e15758. 2010
..direction and this would seemingly be adaptive in that large insects could add their self-propelled speed to the wind speed, thus maximising their displacement in a given time...
- Avian collision risk at an offshore wind farm
Department of Wildlife Ecology and Biodiversity, National Environmental Research Institute, Grenåvej 12, 8410 Rønde, Denmark
Biol Lett 1:296-8. 2005
We have been the first to investigate whether long-lived geese and ducks can detect and avoid a large offshore wind farm by tracking their diurnal migration patterns with radar...
- Perception of temperature and wind by users of public outdoor spaces: relationships with weather parameters and personal characteristics
Centre of Geographical Studies, University of Lisbon, Portugal
Int J Biometeorol 55:665-80. 2011
..made concurrently with weather measurements (air temperature, relative humidity, solar and long-wave radiation and wind speed) in two open leisure areas of Lisbon (Portugal), during the years 2006 and 2007...
- Impact of wind turbine sound on annoyance, self-reported sleep disturbance and psychological distress
R H Bakker
Department of Applied Research in Care, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Sci Total Environ 425:42-51. 2012
The present government in the Netherlands intends to realize a substantial growth of wind energy before 2020, both onshore and offshore...
- Advances, shortcomings, and recommendations for wind chill estimation
Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, 3200, Technion City, Haifa, Israel
Int J Biometeorol 56:495-503. 2012
This article discusses briefly the advances made and the remaining short-comings in the "new" wind chill charts adopted in the US and Canada in 2001...
- On the relative contributions of wind vs. animals to seed dispersal of four Sierra Nevada pines
Stephen B Vander Wall
Department of Biology, Evolution and Conservation Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557, USA
Ecology 89:1837-49. 2008
..Several species of pines, for example, have winged seeds adapted for wind dispersal but owe much of their establishment to scatter-hoarding animals. Here the relative importance of wind vs...
- Gradual disintegration of the floral symmetry gene network is implicated in the evolution of a wind-pollination syndrome
Jill C Preston
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:2343-8. 2011
..Digitalis purpurea, which has bilaterally symmetrical flowers, with those from closely related Aragoa abietina and wind-pollinated Plantago major, both of which have radially symmetrical flowers...
- Root architecture and wind-firmness of mature Pinus pinaster
INRA Bordeaux, EPHYSE 69, Gazinet, France
New Phytol 168:387-400. 2005
..The distribution of root volume by root type and in wind-oriented sectors was analysed...
- Rain-, wind-, and touch-induced expression of calmodulin and calmodulin-related genes in Arabidopsis
Department of Biochemistry, Beckman Center, Stanford University, California 94305
Cell 60:357-64. 1990
In response to water spray, subirrigation, wind, touch, wounding, or darkness, Arabidopsis regulates the expression of at least four touch-induced (TCH) genes. Ten to thirty minutes after stimulation, mRNA levels increase up to 100-fold...
- Estimating fugitive bioaerosol releases from static compost windrows: feasibility of a portable wind tunnel approach
M P M Taha
Integrated Waste Management Centre, School of Industrial and Manufacturing Science, Cranfield University, Cranfield, UK
Waste Manag 25:445-50. 2005
..b>Wind tunnel experiments conducted on the surface of static windrows generated specific bioaerosol emission rates (SBER2s)..
- Do thick leaves avoid thermal damage in critically low wind speeds?
School of Environment, University of Technology, Sydney, PO Box 123, Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia
New Phytol 194:477-87. 2012
..the contribution of small increases in leaf thickness to the reduction in thermal damage during critically low wind speeds under desert conditions...
- The influence of gravity and wind on land plant evolution
K J Niklas
Section of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Rev Palaeobot Palynol 102:1-14. 1998
..treating the elastic stability of vertical stems and cantilevered leaves supporting their own weight and additional wind-induced forces (drag) are reviewed in light of biomechanical studies of living and fossil terrestrial plant species...
- PM2.5-induced changes in cardiac function of hypertensive rats depend on wind direction and specific sources in Steubenville, Ohio
Ali S Kamal
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Inhal Toxicol 23:417-30. 2011
..5 µm (PM(2.5)) in ambient air is linked to acute cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Specific components and potential emission sources of PM(2.5) responsible for adverse health effects of cardiovascular function are unclear...
- Evaluating the impact of wind turbine noise on health-related quality of life
Department of Psychology, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, NewZealand
Noise Health 13:333-9. 2011
..study comparing the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of individuals residing in the proximity of a wind farm to those residing in a demographically matched area sufficiently displaced from wind turbines...
- Responses of the biting midge Culicoides impunctatus to acetone, CO2 and 1-octen-3-ol in a wind tunnel
Department of Zoology, University of Aberdeen, U K
Med Vet Entomol 14:300-7. 2000
..impunctatus (Goetghebuer) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) to acetone, carbon dioxide and 1-octen-3-ol were measured in a wind tunnel...
- Wind-blown mosquitoes and introduction of Japanese encephalitis into Australia
S A Ritchie
Tropical Public Unit, Queensland Health, Cairns, Australia
Emerg Infect Dis 7:900-3. 2001
Backtrack simulation analysis indicates that wind-blown mosquitoes could have traveled from New Guinea to Australia, potentially introducing Japanese encephalitis virus...
- Energy beyond food: foraging theory informs time spent in thermals by a large soaring bird
Emily L C Shepard
Department of Biosciences, College of Science, Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 6:e27375. 2011
- Estimating updraft velocity components over large spatial scales: contrasting migration strategies of golden eagles and turkey vultures
Department of Civil, Environmental and Geodetic Engineering, The Ohio State University, OH, USA
Ecol Lett 15:96-103. 2012
..The methods introduced herein to estimate uplift components and test for differences in weather use can be applied to study movement of any soaring species...
- Body condition and wind support initiate the shift of migratory direction and timing of nocturnal departure in a songbird
Institute of Avian Research, Vogelwarte Helgoland, An der Vogelwarte 21, 26386 Wilhelmshaven, Germany
J Anim Ecol 80:1115-22. 2011
..3. Here, we show that both birds' body condition and the wind conditions that they encountered influenced the departure direction significantly...
- Possible means of introduction of bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) to Sweden in August 2008: comparison of results from two models for atmospheric transport of the Culicoides vector
E C C Agren
Department of Disease Control and Epidemiology, National Veterinary Institute, 751 89 Uppsala, Sweden
Vet Rec 167:484-8. 2010
..No alternative routes for introduction of the infection to Sweden were identified, supporting the theory that BTV-8 was introduced by infected midges carried by the wind.
- Increases in air temperature can promote wind-driven dispersal and spread of plants
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Ecological Genetics Research Unit, University of Helsinki, PO Box 65 00014, Finland
Proc Biol Sci 276:3081-7. 2009
..Here, we investigate temperature effects on wind dispersal in a boreal forest using a 10-year time series of micrometeorological measurements and a Lagrangian ..
- Responses of wind erosion to climate-induced vegetation changes on the Colorado Plateau
Seth M Munson
US Geological Survey, Southwest Biological Science Center, Canyonlands Research Station, 2290 South West Resource Boulevard, Moab, UT 84532, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:3854-9. 2011
..Accelerated rates of dust emission from wind erosion have large implications for ecosystems and human well-being, yet there is poor understanding of the sources ..
- Sexual dimorphism in a dioecious population of the wind-pollinated herb Mercurialis annua: the interactive effects of resource availability and competition
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, UK
Ann Bot 107:1039-45. 2011
Male-biased sex allocation commonly occurs in wind-pollinated hermaphroditic plants, and is often positively associated with size, notably in terms of height...
- Robotic observations of dust storm enhancement of carbon biomass in the North Pacific
James K B Bishop
Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 90 1116, Berkeley, CA 94708, USA
Science 298:817-21. 2002
..The temporal evolution of particulate organic carbon enhancement and an increase in chlorophyll use efficiency after the dust storm suggest a biotic response to a natural iron fertilization by the dust...
- Fragmentation can increase spatial genetic structure without decreasing pollen-mediated gene flow in a wind-pollinated tree
Tiantong National Observation Station of Forest Ecosystems, Department of Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
Mol Ecol 20:4421-32. 2011
..Castanopsis sclerophylla (Lindley & Paxton) Schottky (Fagaceae), a wind-pollinated and gravity seed-dispersed tree, was studied in an area of southeast China where its populations have ..
- Moment-to-moment flight manoeuvres of the female yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti L.) in response to plumes of carbon dioxide and human skin odour
Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
J Exp Biol 214:3480-94. 2011
..Here we analyzed in 3-D the video records of female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes flying in a wind tunnel in response to host odour plumes that differed in spatial structure and composition. Following a brief (~0...
- Metabolic power of European starlings Sturnus vulgaris during flight in a wind tunnel, estimated from heat transfer modelling, doubly labelled water and mask respirometry
Aberdeen Centre for Energy Regulation and Obesity, School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB24 2TZ, UK
J Exp Biol 207:4291-8. 2004
..We compared measurements of the energetic cost of flight in a wind tunnel by four European starlings Sturnus vulgaris made using three independent techniques: heat transfer modelling,..
- Protection against cold in prehospital care-thermal insulation properties of blankets and rescue bags in different wind conditions
Division of Surgery, Department of Surgery and Perioperative Sciences, Umea University, Sweden
Prehosp Disaster Med 24:408-15. 2009
- Responses of the ear to low frequency sounds, infrasound and wind turbines
Alec N Salt
Department of Otolaryngology, Washington University School of Medicine, Box 8115, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Hear Res 268:12-21. 2010
..as air conditioning systems, inside vehicles, some industrial processes and, now becoming increasingly prevalent, wind turbines...
- Patterns of pollen and seed dispersal in a small, fragmented population of the wind-pollinated tree Araucaria angustifolia in southern Brazil
J V M Bittencourt
Department of Geography, University of Reading, Berkshire, UK
Heredity 99:580-91. 2007
..based on eight microsatellite loci was used to investigate pollen and seed dispersal patterns of the dioecious wind-pollinated tree, Araucaria angustifolia. The study sites were a 5...
- Perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise--a dose-response relationship
Department of Environmental Medicine, Goteborg University, P O Box 414, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
J Acoust Soc Am 116:3460-70. 2004
Installed global wind power increased by 26% during 2003, with U.S and Europe accounting for 90% of the cumulative capacity. Little is known about wind turbines' impact on people living in their vicinity...
- Seed dispersal and spatial pattern in tropical trees
Tristram G Seidler
Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College, Ascot, Berkshire, United Kingdom
PLoS Biol 4:e344. 2006
..Our results provide broad empirical evidence for the importance of dispersal mode in establishing the long-term community structure of tropical forests...
- Mechanisms of long-distance dispersal of seeds by wind
Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Nature 418:409-13. 2002
..and aerodynamics with turbulent transport processes provide accurate probabilistic descriptions of LDD of seeds by wind. The proposed model reliably predicts the vertical distribution of dispersed seeds of five tree species observed ..
- Aerobiology and the global transport of desert dust
Christina A Kellogg
US Geological Survey, 600 4th St S, St Petersburg, FL 33701, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 21:638-44. 2006
..Such dispersal is of interest because of the possible health effects of allergens and pathogens that might be carried with the dust...
- Eddy/wind interactions stimulate extraordinary mid-ocean plankton blooms
Dennis J McGillicuddy
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 1541, USA
Science 316:1021-6. 2007
..These blooms are sustained by eddy/wind interactions, which amplify the eddy-induced upwelling...
- Mechanistic analytical models for long-distance seed dispersal by wind
G G Katul
Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Science, Box 90328, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
Am Nat 166:368-81. 2005
..an analytical model, the Wald analytical long-distance dispersal (WALD) model, for estimating dispersal kernels of wind-dispersed seeds and their escape probability from the canopy...
- Wind turbines, flicker, and photosensitive epilepsy: characterizing the flashing that may precipitate seizures and optimizing guidelines to prevent them
Neurosciences Institute, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Epilepsia 49:1095-8. 2008
b>Wind turbines are known to produce shadow flicker by interruption of sunlight by the turbine blades. Known parameters of the seizure provoking effect of flicker, i.e...
- Potential of wind turbines to elicit seizures under various meteorological conditions
Andrew R D Smedley
School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
Epilepsia 51:1146-51. 2010
To determine the potential risk of epileptic seizures from wind turbine shadow flicker under various meteorologic conditions.
- Wind as a long-distance dispersal vehicle in the Southern Hemisphere
Real Jardín Botánico, Plaza de Murillo 2, 28014 Madrid, Spain
Science 304:1144-7. 2004
Anisotropic (direction-dependent) long-distance dispersal (LDD) by wind has been invoked to explain the strong floristic affinities shared among landmasses in the Southern Hemisphere...
- Wind and sky as compass cues in desert ant navigation
Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland
Naturwissenschaften 94:589-94. 2007
..ants has focused nearly exclusively on the polarization compass, two other compass systems--the sun compass and the wind (anemo) compass--as well as the mutual interactions of all these compass systems have received little attention...
- The association of winds with the spread of EHDV in dairy cattle in Israel during an outbreak in 2006
Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Robert H Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University, Rehovot, Israel
Prev Vet Med 96:152-60. 2010
..Documented, clinical and serological data on spread of the outbreak were then compared with wind data collected by meteorological stations along the trail of virus spread and with modeled winds at high altitude (&..
- Pollination intensity influences sex ratios in dioecious Rumex nivalis, a wind-pollinated plant
Department of Botany, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3B2, Canada
Evolution 60:1207-14. 2006
..Here we investigate the influence of variation in pollination intensity on sex ratios in Rumex nivalis, a wind-pollinated alpine herb with strongly female-biased sex ratios...
- Low-frequency noise from large wind turbines
Section of Acoustics, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7 B5, DK 9220 Aalborg Ø, Denmark
J Acoust Soc Am 129:3727-44. 2011
As wind turbines get larger, worries have emerged that the turbine noise would move down in frequency and that the low-frequency noise would cause annoyance for the neighbors...
- Pervasive growth reduction in Norway spruce forests following wind disturbance
Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden
PLoS ONE 7:e33301. 2012
..e., tree mortality from uprooting and stem breakage. Effects on the functioning of trees surviving the storm (e.g., their productivity and allocation) have been rarely accounted for to date...
- Wind-driven roof turbines: a novel way to improve ventilation for TB infection control in health facilities
Medecins Sans Frontieres, Cape Town, South Africa
PLoS ONE 7:e29589. 2012
..We assessed the efficacy of wind-driven roof turbines to achieve recommended ventilation rates, compared to current recommended practices for ..
- Spray drift as influenced by meteorological and technical factors
Division of Water Quality Management, Department of Soil and Environment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
Pest Manag Sci 67:586-98. 2011
..The study was conducted in grazing fields and cereal crops...
- Vortex wakes generated by robins Erithacus rubecula during free flight in a wind tunnel
Department of Theoretical Ecology Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
J R Soc Interface 3:263-76. 2006
..two individual robins were measured in digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV) experiments conducted in the Lund wind tunnel. Wake measurements were compared with each other, and with previous studies in the same facility...
- A model for long-distance dispersal of boll weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
John K Westbrook
USDA ARS, Areawide Pest Management Research Unit, College Station, TX 77845 4966, USA
Int J Biometeorol 55:585-93. 2011
..In this study, the HYSPLIT atmospheric dispersion model was used to simulate daily wind-aided dispersal of weevils from the Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) of southern Texas and northeastern Mexico...
- Spatial genetic structure in Milicia excelsa (Moraceae) indicates extensive gene dispersal in a low-density wind-pollinated tropical tree
J P Bizoux
Laboratory of Ecology, Gembloux Agricultural University, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
Mol Ecol 18:4398-408. 2009
..C.C. Berg (Moraceae), a threatened wind-pollinated dioecious African tree, with typically low density (approximately 10 adults/km(2))...
- Wind turbines and bat mortality: Doppler shift profiles and ultrasonic bat-like pulse reflection from moving turbine blades
Chloe V Long
Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, United Kingdom
J Acoust Soc Am 128:2238-45. 2010
Bat mortality resulting from actual or near-collision with operational wind turbine rotors is a phenomenon that is widespread but not well understood...
- Wind-generated ambient noise in a topographically isolated basin: a pre-industrial era proxy
D Benjamin Reeder
Department of Oceanography, Naval Postgraduate School, 833 Dyer Road, Monterey, California 93943, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 129:64-73. 2011
During the mid-1980s, calibrated measurements of ambient noise and wind speed were made in the Tongue of the Ocean in the Bahamas to quantify the spectra and statistics of wind-generated noise...
- Dynamics of wind setdown at Suez and the Eastern Nile Delta
Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, USA
PLoS ONE 5:e12481. 2010
b>Wind setdown is the drop in water level caused by wind stress acting on the surface of a body of water for an extended period of time. As the wind blows, water recedes from the upwind shore and exposes terrain that was formerly underwater...
- Influence of air pressure, humidity, solar radiation, temperature, and wind speed on ambulatory visits due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Bavaria, Germany
Division of Respiratory Medicine Campus Innnenstadt, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat Munich, Ziemssenstraße 1, 80336, Munich, Germany
Int J Biometeorol 56:137-43. 2012
..There also seem to be regional differences between north and south Bavaria; for instance, the effect of wind speed and specific humidity with a lag of 1 day were only significant in the north...
- Development by design: mitigating wind development's impacts on wildlife in Kansas
The Nature Conservancy, Cottonwood Falls, Kansas, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e26698. 2011
b>Wind energy, if improperly sited, can impact wildlife through direct mortality and habitat loss and fragmentation, in contrast to its environmental benefits in the areas of greenhouse gas, air quality, and water quality...
- Infectious disease. An ill wind, bringing meningitis
Science 320:1710-5. 2008
- The problem of estimating wind drift in migrating birds
Department of Animal Ecology, Lund University, Ecology Building, Sweden
J Theor Biol 218:485-96. 2002
Whether migrating birds compensate for wind drift or not is a fundamental question in bird migration research. The procedures to demonstrate and quantitatively estimate wind drift or compensation are fraught with difficulties and pitfalls...
- Application of hybrid life cycle approaches to emerging energy technologies--the case of wind power in the UK
Thomas O Wiedmann
CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, GPO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
Environ Sci Technol 45:5900-7. 2011
..assessment (hybrid LCA) to account for the indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of energy technologies using wind power generation in the UK as a case study...
- Why do trees decline or dieback after a strong wind? Water status of Hinoki cypress standing after a typhoon
Nara Forest Research Institute, Takatori, Nara 635 0133, Japan
Tree Physiol 24:701-6. 2004
..We conclude that increased aboveground hydraulic resistance caused by a reduction in trunk water conducting area could be a major reason for the decline and dieback of apparently healthy trees in typhoon-damaged stands...
- Reduced wind speed improves plant growth in a desert city
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA
PLoS ONE 5:e11061. 2010
..However, another abiotic factor, wind speed, is also influenced by urbanization and well known for altering primary productivity in agricultural systems...
- Wind speed perception and risk
Engineering School of Sustainable Infrastructure and Environment, College of Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
PLoS ONE 7:e49944. 2012
How accurately do people perceive extreme wind speeds and how does that perception affect the perceived risk? Prior research on human-wind interaction has focused on comfort levels in urban settings or knock-down thresholds...
- Source tracking aerosols released from land-applied class B biosolids during high-wind events
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Arizona State University, Arizona 85287, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 73:4522-31. 2007
..track the unintended aerosolization of land-applied, anaerobically digested sewage sludge (biosolids) during high-wind events...
- Barotrauma is a significant cause of bat fatalities at wind turbines
Erin F Baerwald
Curr Biol 18:R695-6. 2008
- Avoidance behavior by prairie grouse: implications for development of wind energy
Christin L Pruett
Sutton Avian Research Center, University of Oklahoma, Bartlesville, OK 74005, USA
Conserv Biol 23:1253-9. 2009
New wind-energy facilities and their associated power transmission lines and roads are being constructed at a rapid pace in the Great Plains of North America...
- Influences of wind flow on stopover decisions: the case of the reed warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus in the Western Mediterranean
Departamento de Geografía Física, Facultad de Geografia, Universidad de Barcelona, Spain
Int J Biometeorol 46:192-6. 2002
b>Wind directions measured at two different heights (850 hPa and 700 hPa) and at different hours of the night were analysed during the spring migration passage at a bird stopover site located in the western Mediterranean, in order to ..
- Collection of wind-borne haematophagous insects in the Torres Strait, Australia
C A Johansen
Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia
Med Vet Entomol 17:102-9. 2003
Circumstantial evidence has implicated wind-borne mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the introduction of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus into Australia from the New Guinea mainland...
- The importance of tree size and fecundity for wind dispersal of big-leaf mahogany
Julian M Norghauer
Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
PLoS ONE 6:e17488. 2011
Seed dispersal by wind is a critical yet poorly understood process in tropical forest trees. How tree size and fecundity affect this process at the population level remains largely unknown because of insufficient replication across adults...
- Behavioral analyses of wind-evoked escape of the cricket, Gryllodes sigillatus
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan
Zoolog Sci 23:359-64. 2006
The wind-evoked escape behavior of the cricket Gryllodes sigillatus was investigated using an air puff stimulus. A high velocity air puff elicited the escape behavior in many crickets...
- Mechanistic models for wind dispersal
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, PO Box 68, 00014 The University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Trends Plant Sci 11:296-301. 2006
..forecasts of, for example, species migration, has increased interest in developing mechanistic models for wind dispersal of seeds, pollen and spores...
- Migration of the painted lady butterfly, Vanessa cardui, to north-eastern Spain is aided by African wind currents
Butterfly Monitoring Scheme, Museu de Granollers de Ciències Naturals, Francesc Macià, 51, E 08402 Granollers, Spain
J Anim Ecol 76:888-98. 2007
..insects migrate within the so-called 'flight-boundary layer', where movements are relatively independent of the wind. 2...