tropical climate

Summary

Summary: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A large and persistent carbon sink in the world's forests
    Yude Pan
    U S Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA
    Science 333:988-93. 2011
  2. pmc Impacts of climate warming on terrestrial ectotherms across latitude
    Curtis A Deutsch
    Program on Climate Change and Department of Oceanography and Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:6668-72. 2008
  3. ncbi Determination of deforestation rates of the world's humid tropical forests
    Frédéric Achard
    Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit, Joint Research Centre, TP 440, 21020 Ispra, Italy
    Science 297:999-1002. 2002
  4. ncbi Increasing carbon storage in intact African tropical forests
    Simon L Lewis
    Earth and Biosphere Institute, School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Nature 457:1003-6. 2009
  5. ncbi Spatial patterns in the distribution of tropical tree species
    R Condit
    Center for Tropical Forest Science, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Unit 0948, APO AA 34002 0948, USA
    Science 288:1414-8. 2000
  6. ncbi Climate-driven increases in global terrestrial net primary production from 1982 to 1999
    Ramakrishna R Nemani
    School of Forestry, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59801, USA
    Science 300:1560-3. 2003
  7. ncbi The cost-effectiveness of biodiversity surveys in tropical forests
    Toby A Gardner
    Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Ecol Lett 11:139-50. 2008
  8. ncbi Epidemiology and seasonality of respiratory tract virus infections in the tropics
    Lynette Pei Chi Shek
    Department of Paediatrics, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074
    Paediatr Respir Rev 4:105-11. 2003
  9. ncbi Drought sensitivity of the Amazon rainforest
    Oliver L Phillips
    Ecology and Global Change, School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Science 323:1344-7. 2009
  10. ncbi Beta-diversity in tropical forest trees
    Richard Condit
    Center for Tropical Forest Science, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Unit 0948, APO AA 34002 0948, USA
    Science 295:666-9. 2002

Detail Information

Publications314 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A large and persistent carbon sink in the world's forests
    Yude Pan
    U S Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Newtown Square, PA 19073, USA
    Science 333:988-93. 2011
    ..Our total forest sink estimate is equivalent in magnitude to the terrestrial sink deduced from fossil fuel emissions and land-use change sources minus ocean and atmospheric sinks...
  2. pmc Impacts of climate warming on terrestrial ectotherms across latitude
    Curtis A Deutsch
    Program on Climate Change and Department of Oceanography and Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:6668-72. 2008
    ..Our analyses imply that, in the absence of ameliorating factors such as migration and adaptation, the greatest extinction risks from global warming may be in the tropics, where biological diversity is also greatest...
  3. ncbi Determination of deforestation rates of the world's humid tropical forests
    Frédéric Achard
    Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit, Joint Research Centre, TP 440, 21020 Ispra, Italy
    Science 297:999-1002. 2002
    ..This result affects the calculation of carbon fluxes in the global budget and means that the terrestrial sink is smaller than previously inferred...
  4. ncbi Increasing carbon storage in intact African tropical forests
    Simon L Lewis
    Earth and Biosphere Institute, School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Nature 457:1003-6. 2009
    ....
  5. ncbi Spatial patterns in the distribution of tropical tree species
    R Condit
    Center for Tropical Forest Science, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Unit 0948, APO AA 34002 0948, USA
    Science 288:1414-8. 2000
    ..Rare species were more aggregated than common species. All six forests were very similar in all the particulars of these results...
  6. ncbi Climate-driven increases in global terrestrial net primary production from 1982 to 1999
    Ramakrishna R Nemani
    School of Forestry, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59801, USA
    Science 300:1560-3. 2003
    ..The largest increase was in tropical ecosystems. Amazon rain forests accounted for 42% of the global increase in net primary production, owing mainly to decreased cloud cover and the resulting increase in solar radiation...
  7. ncbi The cost-effectiveness of biodiversity surveys in tropical forests
    Toby A Gardner
    Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Ecol Lett 11:139-50. 2008
    ..To improve the cost-effectiveness of biodiversity research we encourage a combination of clearer research goals and the use of an objective evidence-based approach to selecting study taxa...
  8. ncbi Epidemiology and seasonality of respiratory tract virus infections in the tropics
    Lynette Pei Chi Shek
    Department of Paediatrics, National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074
    Paediatr Respir Rev 4:105-11. 2003
    ..With few exceptions, respiratory syncytial virus and influenza infections have been observed mainly during the rainy seasons in Asian, African and South American countries...
  9. ncbi Drought sensitivity of the Amazon rainforest
    Oliver L Phillips
    Ecology and Global Change, School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Science 323:1344-7. 2009
    ..2 to 1.6 petagrams (1.2 x 10(15) to 1.6 x 10(15) grams). Amazon forests therefore appear vulnerable to increasing moisture stress, with the potential for large carbon losses to exert feedback on climate change...
  10. ncbi Beta-diversity in tropical forest trees
    Richard Condit
    Center for Tropical Forest Science, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Unit 0948, APO AA 34002 0948, USA
    Science 295:666-9. 2002
    ..At intermediate scales in both regions, observations can be matched by theory, suggesting that dispersal limitation, with speciation, influences species turnover...
  11. ncbi 48,000 years of climate and forest change in a biodiversity hot spot
    Mark B Bush
    Florida Institute of Technology, 150 West University Boulevard, Melbourne, FL 32901 6975, USA
    Science 303:827-9. 2004
    ..The warming rate of about 1 degrees C per millennium during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition was an order of magnitude less than the projected changes for the 21st century...
  12. ncbi Baseline map of carbon emissions from deforestation in tropical regions
    Nancy L Harris
    Ecosystem Services Unit, Winrock International, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
    Science 336:1573-6. 2012
    ..By systematically matching areas of forest loss with their carbon stocks before clearing, these results serve as a more accurate benchmark for monitoring global progress on reducing emissions from deforestation...
  13. ncbi Partitioning beta diversity in a subtropical broad-leaved forest of China
    Pierre Legendre
    Departement de sciences biologiques, Universite de Montreal, C P 6128, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C3J7, Canada
    Ecology 90:663-74. 2009
    ..In the fine-scale analysis (10 x 10 m cells), neutral processes dominated (43%) over environmental control (20%)...
  14. pmc Nutrient additions to a tropical rain forest drive substantial soil carbon dioxide losses to the atmosphere
    Cory C Cleveland
    Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:10316-21. 2006
    ....
  15. ncbi Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an Amazonian forest
    Nathan J B Kraft
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 322:580-2. 2008
    ..Our results show that strategy differentiation among species contributes to the maintenance of diversity in one of the most diverse tropical forests in the world...
  16. pmc Benchmark map of forest carbon stocks in tropical regions across three continents
    Sassan S Saatchi
    Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:9899-904. 2011
    ..5% and ca. ± 1%, respectively. The benchmark map illustrates regional patterns and provides methodologically comparable estimates of carbon stocks for 75 developing countries where previous assessments were either poor or incomplete...
  17. ncbi Tree allometry and improved estimation of carbon stocks and balance in tropical forests
    J Chave
    Laboratoire Evolution et Diversité Biologique UMR 5174, CNRS UPS, Bâtiment IVR3, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062, Toulouse, France
    Oecologia 145:87-99. 2005
    ....
  18. ncbi Impacts of warming on tropical lowland rainforests
    Richard T Corlett
    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543
    Trends Ecol Evol 26:606-13. 2011
    ....
  19. ncbi Changes in the potential distribution of humid tropical forests on a warmer planet
    Przemyslaw Zelazowski
    Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
    Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 369:137-60. 2011
    ..The analysis presented here focuses primarily on hydrological determinants of HTF extent. We conclude by discussing the role of other factors, notably the physiological effects of higher temperature...
  20. ncbi Potassium, phosphorus, or nitrogen limit root allocation, tree growth, or litter production in a lowland tropical forest
    S Joseph Wright
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843 03092, Balboa, Republic of Panama
    Ecology 92:1616-25. 2011
    ..Our experiment provides evidence that N, P, and K all limit forest plants growing on a relatively fertile soil in the lowland tropics, with the strongest evidence for limitation by K among seedlings, saplings, and poles...
  21. pmc Quantifying the biodiversity value of tropical primary, secondary, and plantation forests
    J Barlow
    Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:18555-60. 2007
    ..Finally, although we show that areas of native regeneration and exotic tree plantations can provide complementary conservation services, we also provide clear empirical evidence demonstrating the irreplaceable value of primary forests...
  22. ncbi Woody cover and hominin environments in the past 6 million years
    Thure E Cerling
    University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA
    Nature 476:51-6. 2011
    ..These data point to the prevalence of open environments at the majority of hominin fossil sites in eastern Africa over the past 6 million years...
  23. ncbi Tissue-level leaf toughness, but not lamina thickness, predicts sapling leaf lifespan and shade tolerance of tropical tree species
    Kaoru Kitajima
    Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    New Phytol 186:708-21. 2010
    ....
  24. pmc Influenza excess mortality from 1950-2000 in tropical Singapore
    Vernon J Lee
    Biodefence Center, Ministry of Defence, Singapore, Singapore
    PLoS ONE 4:e8096. 2009
    ..However, there is little information about the burden of annual tropical influenza epidemics across time, and the relationship between tropical influenza epidemics compared with other regions...
  25. pmc Soil nutrients influence spatial distributions of tropical tree species
    Robert John
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 505 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:864-9. 2007
    ....
  26. pmc Spatial patterns and recent trends in the climate of tropical rainforest regions
    Yadvinder Malhi
    School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:311-29. 2004
    ..The relation between ENSO and tropical African precipitation appears less direct...
  27. ncbi Functional traits and environmental filtering drive community assembly in a species-rich tropical system
    Edwin Lebrija-Trejos
    Wageningen University, Forest Ecology and Forest Management Group, Centre for Ecosystem Studies, P O Box 47, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Ecology 91:386-98. 2010
    ....
  28. pmc Tropical forest cover change in the 1990s and options for future monitoring
    Philippe Mayaux
    Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Ispra, Italy
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:373-84. 2005
    ....
  29. pmc Tropical forests were the primary sources of new agricultural land in the 1980s and 1990s
    H K Gibbs
    Program on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:16732-7. 2010
    ..This study underscores the potential consequences of unabated agricultural expansion for forest conservation and carbon emissions...
  30. ncbi Drought sensitivity shapes species distribution patterns in tropical forests
    Bettina M J Engelbrecht
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843 03092, Balboa, Ancon, Panama
    Nature 447:80-2. 2007
    ..Changes in soil moisture availability caused by global climate change and forest fragmentation are therefore likely to alter tropical species distributions, community composition and diversity...
  31. ncbi Species-area curves, spatial aggregation, and habitat specialization in tropical forests
    J B Plotkin
    Institute for Advanced Study and Princeton University, Olden Lane, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    J Theor Biol 207:81-99. 2000
    ..We conclude that small-scale phenomena such as dispersal and gap recruitment determine individual tree placement more than adaptation to larger-scale topography...
  32. ncbi Negative plant-soil feedback predicts tree-species relative abundance in a tropical forest
    Scott A Mangan
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201, USA
    Nature 466:752-5. 2010
    ..Our findings indicate that plant-soil feedback is an important mechanism that can maintain species diversity and explain patterns of tree-species relative abundance in tropical forests...
  33. doi Ecology. Putting the heat on tropical animals
    Joshua J Tewksbury
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 320:1296-7. 2008
  34. ncbi Low host specificity of herbivorous insects in a tropical forest
    Vojtech Novotny
    Institute of Entomology, Czech Academy of Sciences and Biological Faculty, University of South Bohemia, Branisovska 31, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
    Nature 416:841-4. 2002
    ....
  35. pmc Humid tropical forest clearing from 2000 to 2005 quantified by using multitemporal and multiresolution remotely sensed data
    Matthew C Hansen
    South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:9439-44. 2008
    ..Africa contributes 5.4% to the estimated loss of humid tropical forest cover, reflecting the absence of current agro-industrial scale clearing in humid tropical Africa...
  36. pmc The reproduction number of seasonal influenza epidemics in Brazil, 1996-2006
    Gerardo Chowell
    Mathematical, Computational and Modeling Sciences Center, School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 277:1857-66. 2010
    ..Additional epidemiological and genetic studies are warranted to further characterize the dynamics of influenza in the tropics and refine our understanding of the global circulation of influenza viruses...
  37. ncbi Effectiveness of parks in protecting tropical biodiversity
    A G Bruner
    Center for Applied Biodiversity Science at Conservation International, 2501 M Street, NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Science 291:125-8. 2001
    ....
  38. ncbi Continental-scale patterns of canopy tree composition and function across Amazonia
    Hans ter Steege
    Institute of Environmental Biology, Section Plant Ecology and Biodiversity, and the National Herbarium of the Netherlands NHN, Utrecht University Branch, Sorbonnelaan 14 16, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Nature 443:444-7. 2006
    ....
  39. ncbi Functional traits and the growth-mortality trade-off in tropical trees
    S Joseph Wright
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843 03092, Balboa, Panama
    Ecology 91:3664-74. 2010
    ..Although WD provides a promising start, a successful trait-based ecology of tropical forest trees will require consideration of additional traits...
  40. ncbi The potential for species conservation in tropical secondary forests
    Robin L Chazdon
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 3043, USA
    Conserv Biol 23:1406-17. 2009
    ..Available data indicate that both old-growth and second-growth forests are important to the persistence of forest species in tropical, human-modified landscapes...
  41. ncbi Relationships between bacterial diversity and environmental variables in a tropical marine environment, Rio de Janeiro
    Ricardo P Vieira
    Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Environ Microbiol 10:189-99. 2008
    ..Furthermore, correspondence analyses showed that some taxa are related to specific abiotic, trophic and microbiological parameters in Guanabara Bay estuarine system...
  42. ncbi The future of tropical forests
    S Joseph Wright
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado, Balboa, Republic of Panama
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1195:1-27. 2010
    ..Four broad classes of mechanisms might contribute to these changes. Predictions are developed to distinguish among these mechanisms...
  43. pmc Fingerprinting the impacts of global change on tropical forests
    Simon L Lewis
    Earth and Biosphere Institute, Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:437-62. 2004
    ..Finally, we discuss how these drivers may change in the future and the possible consequences for tropical forests...
  44. ncbi Sensitivity of tropical carbon to climate change constrained by carbon dioxide variability
    Peter M Cox
    College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Science, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QF, UK
    Nature 494:341-4. 2013
    ..Our study, however, also implies greater certainty that carbon will be lost from tropical land if warming arises from reductions in aerosols or increases in other greenhouse gases...
  45. ncbi Peripatric speciation drives diversification and distributional pattern of reef hermit crabs (Decapoda: Diogenidae: Calcinus)
    Maria Celia Machel D Malay
    Florida Museum of Natural History and Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    Evolution 64:634-62. 2010
    ..Calcinus speciation patterns do not match well-worn models put forth to explain the origin of Indo-West Pacific diversity, but underscore the complexity of marine diversification...
  46. ncbi Agroforestry: a refuge for tropical biodiversity?
    Shonil A Bhagwat
    Biodiversity Research Group, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, University of Oxford, UK
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:261-7. 2008
    ..Here we examine the role of agroforestry systems in maintaining species diversity and conclude that these systems can play an important role in biodiversity conservation in human-dominated landscapes...
  47. ncbi Species loss and aboveground carbon storage in a tropical forest
    Daniel E Bunker
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Science 310:1029-31. 2005
    ..These results indicate that future carbon storage in tropical forests will be influenced strongly by future species composition...
  48. ncbi Community-level consequences of density dependence and habitat association in a subtropical broad-leaved forest
    Lei Chen
    Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiangshan, Beijing, China
    Ecol Lett 13:695-704. 2010
    ..We conclude that density dependence could promote species coexistence on the premise of habitat partitioning...
  49. ncbi Metagenomic analysis of DNA viruses in a wastewater treatment plant in tropical climate
    Hideyuki Tamaki
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 205 North Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Environ Microbiol 14:441-52. 2012
    ..Viruses in WWTP and the discharged ones can have potential impacts on the functioning of the wastewater treatment system and on the dynamics of microbial community in the surrounding aquatic environments respectively...
  50. ncbi Speciation and diversity on tropical rocky shores: a global phylogeny of snails of the genus Echinolittorina
    S T Williams
    Department of Zoology, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, United Kingdom
    Evolution 58:2227-51. 2004
    ..This study emphasizes the plurality of biogeographic histories and speciation patterns in the marine tropics...
  51. ncbi Spatial tools for modeling the sustainability of subsistence hunting in tropical forests
    Taal Levi
    Department of Environmental Studies, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
    Ecol Appl 21:1802-18. 2011
    ..The proposed application of our models is to allow the quantitative assessment of settlement stabilization approaches to managing hunting in Amazonia...
  52. pmc Water availability is the main climate driver of neotropical tree growth
    Fabien Wagner
    Universite des Antilles et de la Guyane, UMR Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane BP 709, Kourou, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e34074. 2012
    ....
  53. ncbi Drought-induced shifts in the floristic and functional composition of tropical forests in Ghana
    Sophie Fauset
    Earth and Biosphere Institute, School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, West Yorkshire, UK
    Ecol Lett 15:1120-9. 2012
    ..Our results indicate that by altering composition in favour of drought-tolerant species, the biomass stocks of these forests may be more resilient to longer term drought than short-term studies of severe individual droughts suggest...
  54. ncbi Animal leptospirosis in small tropical areas
    A Desvars
    Centre Régional de Recherche et de Veille sur les Maladies Emergentes de l Océan Indien, Sainte Clotilde, La Reunion
    Epidemiol Infect 139:167-88. 2011
    ..Consequently more investigations on animal leptospirosis in these ecosystems and use of molecular tools are essential for prevention and control of the human disease...
  55. pmc Genome sequence of Roseomonas sp. strain B5, a quorum-quenching N-acylhomoserine lactone-degrading bacterium isolated from Malaysian tropical soil
    Jian Woon Chen
    Division of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    J Bacteriol 194:6681-2. 2012
    ..This is the first genome announcement of a member from the genus of Roseomonas and the first report on the quorum-quenching activity of Roseomonas spp...
  56. ncbi Convergent structural responses of tropical forests to diverse disturbance regimes
    James R Kellner
    Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Ecol Lett 12:887-97. 2009
    ....
  57. ncbi A simplified model to predict diurnal water temperature dynamics in a shallow tropical water pool
    Krijn P Paaijmans
    Meteorology and Air Quality, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Int J Biometeorol 52:797-803. 2008
    ..The latter model has the advantage that it only needs common weather data (air temperature, air humidity, wind speed and cloud cover) to estimate the diurnal temperature dynamics in breeding sites of African malaria mosquitoes...
  58. ncbi New strategies for conserving tropical forests
    Rhett A Butler
    Mongabay com, P O Box 0291, Menlo Park, CA 94026, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:469-72. 2008
    ..Here we argue that, by increasingly targeting strategic corporations and trade groups with public-pressure campaigns, conservation interests could have a much stronger influence on the fate of tropical forests...
  59. ncbi The role of frugivorous bats in tropical forest succession
    Robert Muscarella
    Department of Biology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:573-90. 2007
    ..Overall, fruit-eating bats play important roles in forest regeneration throughout the tropics, making their conservation highly desirable...
  60. ncbi Loss of functional diversity of ant assemblages in secondary tropical forests
    Jochen H Bihn
    Department of Ecology Animal Ecology, Faculty of Biology, University of Marburg, Karl von Frisch Strasse 8, D 35032 Marburg, Germany
    Ecology 91:782-92. 2010
    ..The observed loss of both species and functional diversity in secondary forests offers no reason to believe that the ecological functions provided by secondary forests are buffered against species loss through functional redundancy...
  61. pmc QTL mapping of growth-related traits in a full-sib family of rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) evaluated in a sub-tropical climate
    Livia Moura Souza
    Molecular Biology Center and Genetic Engineering, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil
    PLoS ONE 8:e61238. 2013
    ....
  62. ncbi Prospects for tropical forest biodiversity in a human-modified world
    Toby A Gardner
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK mail
    Ecol Lett 12:561-82. 2009
    ..Building upon our synthesis we outline a simple adaptive-landscape planning framework that can help guide a new research agenda to enhance biodiversity conservation prospects in the human-modified tropics...
  63. ncbi Functional traits explain light and size response of growth rates in tropical tree species
    Nadja Rüger
    Universitat Leipzig, AG Spezielle Botanik und Funktionelle Biodiversität, Johannisallee 21 23, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Ecology 93:2626-36. 2012
    ..Our analysis yielded a predictive model that allows estimation of growth characteristics for rare species on the basis of a few easily measurable morphological traits...
  64. pmc Pattern and process in Amazon tree turnover, 1976-2001
    O L Phillips
    Earth and Biosphere Institute, School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:381-407. 2004
    ..Our findings therefore indicate that long-acting and widespread environmental changes are stimulating the growth and productivity of Amazon forests...
  65. ncbi Links between viral and prokaryotic communities throughout the water column in the (sub)tropical Atlantic Ocean
    Daniele De Corte
    Department of Biological Oceanography, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research NIOZ, Den Burg, The Netherlands
    ISME J 4:1431-42. 2010
    ..The more than twofold increase in bacterial OTUs from 2750 m depth to >5000 m depth and the concurrent decrease in viral OTUs, however, suggests that viruses might exhibit a wider host range in deep waters than in surface waters...
  66. ncbi Asymmetric density dependence shapes species abundances in a tropical tree community
    Liza S Comita
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Suite 300, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
    Science 329:330-2. 2010
    ..Specifically, rare species suffered more from the presence of conspecific neighbors than common species did, suggesting that conspecific density dependence shapes species abundances in diverse communities...
  67. ncbi Within- and among-species variation in specific leaf area drive community assembly in a tropical cloud forest
    Wenxing Long
    Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Environment of State Forestry Administration, Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Haidian District, Beijing, China
    Oecologia 167:1103-13. 2011
    ....
  68. pmc TropGENE-DB, a multi-tropical crop information system
    Manuel Ruiz
    CIRAD, Biotrop, TA 40 03, Avenue Agropolis, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Nucleic Acids Res 32:D364-7. 2004
    ..The TropGENE-DB information system is accessible for consultation via the internet at http://tropgenedb.cirad.fr. Specific web consultation interfaces have been designed to allow quick consultations as well as complex queries...
  69. pmc Culture or climate? The relative influences of past processes on the composition of the lowland Congo rainforest
    Terry M Brncic
    Oxford Long term Ecology Laboratory, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:229-42. 2007
    ..Results from this study are discussed in terms of their implications for the present and future management of this globally important forested region...
  70. ncbi The problem and promise of scale dependency in community phylogenetics
    Nathan G Swenson
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
    Ecology 87:2418-24. 2006
    ..In this way, community phylogenetics promises to fill an important gap in community ecology and biogeography research...
  71. pmc A dynamic model of some malaria-transmitting anopheline mosquitoes of the Afrotropical region. I. Model description and sensitivity analysis
    Torleif Markussen Lunde
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Malar J 12:28. 2013
    ..Mosquito models are important in the prediction of malaria and hence there is a need for a realistic representation of the vectors involved...
  72. ncbi Facultative nitrogen fixation by canopy legumes in a lowland tropical forest
    Alexander R Barron
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Oecologia 165:511-20. 2011
    ..Our findings suggest that canopy legumes closely regulate N(2) fixation, leading to large variations in N inputs across the landscape, and low symbiotic fixation in mature forests despite abundant legumes...
  73. ncbi Controls over leaf litter decomposition in wet tropical forests
    William R Wieder
    Institute for Arctic and Alpine Research INSTAAR, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
    Ecology 90:3333-41. 2009
    ....
  74. pmc Were equatorial regions less affected by the 2009 influenza pandemic? The Brazilian experience
    Cynthia Schuck-Paim
    Origem Scientifica, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    PLoS ONE 7:e41918. 2012
    ..These findings have a direct bearing on global estimates of pandemic burden and the assessment of the role of immunological, socioeconomic and environmental drivers of the transmissibility and severity of this pandemic...
  75. pmc The impact of regional climate change on malaria risk due to greenhouse forcing and land-use changes in tropical Africa
    Volker Ermert
    Institute of Geophysics and Meteorology, University of Cologne, Kerpenerstrasse 13, Cologne, Germany
    Environ Health Perspect 120:77-84. 2012
    ..Climate change will probably alter the spread and transmission intensity of malaria in Africa...
  76. ncbi The influence of spatial and size scale on phylogenetic relatedness in tropical forest communities
    Nathan G Swenson
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
    Ecology 88:1770-80. 2007
    ..Collectively, our results highlight the critical spatial and size scales at which the degree of phylogenetic relatedness between constituent species influences the structuring of tropical forest diversity...
  77. ncbi Density dependence explains tree species abundance and diversity in tropical forests
    Igor Volkov
    Department of Physics, 104 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Nature 438:658-61. 2005
    ....
  78. pmc Seasonal and interannual variability of climate and vegetation indices across the Amazon
    Paulo M Brando
    Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia, 66035 170 Belém, Brazil
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:14685-90. 2010
    ..Because EVI variability was greatest in regions of lower PAW, we hypothesize that drought could increase EVI by synchronizing leaf flushing via its effects on leaf bud development...
  79. ncbi Decoupled leaf and stem economics in rain forest trees
    Christopher Baraloto
    INRA, UMR Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane, 97387 Kourou Cedex, French Guiana
    Ecol Lett 13:1338-47. 2010
    ..By simplifying the multivariate ecological strategies of tropical trees into positions along these two spectra, our results provide a basis to improve global vegetation models predicting responses of tropical forests to global change...
  80. ncbi Controls over foliar N:P ratios in tropical rain forests
    Alan R Townsend
    INSTAAR and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
    Ecology 88:107-18. 2007
    ..Thus any use of N:P ratios in the tropics to infer larger-scale ecosystem processes must comprehensively account for the diversity of any given site and recognize the broad range in nutrient requirements, even at the local scale...
  81. ncbi Fine-scale genetic structure and gene dispersal inferences in 10 neotropical tree species
    Olivier J Hardy
    Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Service d Eco Ethologie Evolutive, CP 160 12, 50 Av F Roosevelt, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Mol Ecol 15:559-71. 2006
    ..We discuss the potential and limitations of our indirect estimation procedure and suggest guidelines for future studies...
  82. ncbi Male and female range use in a group of white-bellied spider monkeys (Ateles belzebuth) in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador
    Stephanie N Spehar
    Anthropology, Department of Religious Studies and Anthropology, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh, Oshkosh, 800 Algoma Blvd, Oshkosh, WI 54901, USA
    Am J Primatol 72:129-41. 2010
    ....
  83. ncbi Relationships among net primary productivity, nutrients and climate in tropical rain forest: a pan-tropical analysis
    Cory C Cleveland
    Department of Ecosystem and Conservation Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
    Ecol Lett 14:939-47. 2011
    ....
  84. ncbi Directional changes in the species composition of a tropical forest
    Kenneth J Feeley
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, Florida 33199, USA
    Ecology 92:871-82. 2011
    ....
  85. ncbi Neighborhood and community interactions determine the spatial pattern of tropical tree seedling survival
    Simon A Queenborough
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, St Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, UK
    Ecology 88:2248-58. 2007
    ..We conclude that negative density dependence could promote species coexistence in this rain forest community but that the scale dependence of interactions differs between rare and common species...
  86. ncbi Changes in microbial community characteristics and soil organic matter with nitrogen additions in two tropical forests
    Daniela F Cusack
    Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, 130 Mulford Hall 3114, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Ecology 92:621-32. 2011
    ....
  87. ncbi Tropical nematode diversity: vertical stratification of nematode communities in a Costa Rican humid lowland rainforest
    T O Powers
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
    Mol Ecol 18:985-96. 2009
    ..Our results highlight the difficulties associated with studying poorly understood organisms in an understudied ecosystem using a destructive (i.e. barcode) sampling method...
  88. ncbi Seasonal and spatial variation in water availability drive habitat associations in a tropical forest
    Liza S Comita
    Department of Plant Biology, 2502 Plant Sciences Building, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30606, USA
    Ecology 90:2755-65. 2009
    ..Predicted shifts in rainfall patterns caused by global and regional climate change are therefore expected to alter the dynamics, composition, and diversity of seasonal tropical forests...
  89. pmc A new flavivirus and a new vector: characterization of a novel flavivirus isolated from uranotaenia mosquitoes from a tropical rain forest
    Sandra Junglen
    Research Group Emerging Zoonoses, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
    J Virol 83:4462-8. 2009
    ..Only a distant relationship to other known flaviviruses was found, indicating that NOUV is a novel lineage within the Flaviviridae...
  90. ncbi A contemporary assessment of change in humid tropical forests
    Gregory P Asner
    Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Conserv Biol 23:1386-95. 2009
    ..Our results highlight the enormous geographic extent of forest change throughout the humid tropics and the considerable limitations of the science and technology available for such a synthesis...
  91. ncbi A spatially explicit neutral model of beta-diversity in tropical forests
    Jerome Chave
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Terrestre, CNRS UMR 5552, 13, Avenue du Colonel Roche, F 31029, Toulouse, Cedex 4, France
    Theor Popul Biol 62:153-68. 2002
    ..Analytical results are compared with individual-based simulations, and the relevance to field observations is discussed...
  92. ncbi Insect overwintering in a changing climate
    J S Bale
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
    J Exp Biol 213:980-94. 2010
    ..Long-term data sets on insect distributions and the timing of annual migrations provide strong evidence for 'positive' responses to higher winter temperatures over timescales of the past 20-50 years in North America, Europe and Asia...
  93. ncbi Outgassing from Amazonian rivers and wetlands as a large tropical source of atmospheric CO2
    Jeffrey E Richey
    School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Nature 416:617-20. 2002
    ..From these findings, we suggest that the overall carbon budget of rainforests, summed across terrestrial and aquatic environments, appears closer to being in balance than would be inferred from studies of uplands alone...
  94. ncbi Emergence of a new neotropical malaria vector facilitated by human migration and changes in land use
    Jan E Conn
    Department of Biology, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405 0086, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 66:18-22. 2002
    ....
  95. ncbi Geographical variation in predictors of mammalian extinction risk: big is bad, but only in the tropics
    Susanne A Fritz
    Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot, SL5 7PY Berkshire, UK
    Ecol Lett 12:538-49. 2009
    ..The interactions we describe between biological traits and anthropogenic threats increase understanding of the processes determining extinction risk...
  96. ncbi Plant pathogens drive density-dependent seedling mortality in a tropical tree
    Thomas Bell
    Ecol Lett 9:569-74. 2006
    ..If such effects are widespread, plant pathogens may play a key role in maintaining and structuring tropical diversity...
  97. pmc Limited performance of DNA barcoding in a diverse community of tropical butterflies
    Marianne Elias
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 274:2881-9. 2007
    ....
  98. pmc Forest fragmentation severs mutualism between seed dispersers and an endemic African tree
    Norbert J Cordeiro
    Department of Biological Sciences MC 066, University of Illinois, 845 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:14052-6. 2003
    ..We provide solid evidence that deficient dispersal due to habitat fragmentation seriously impacts the reproductive cycle of a tropical bird-dispersed tree...
  99. ncbi Soil nutrients affect spatial patterns of aboveground biomass and emergent tree density in southwestern Borneo
    Gary D Paoli
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, 830 N University Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Oecologia 155:287-99. 2008
    ..Soil fertility thus had a significant effect on both total aboveground biomass and its distribution among size classes...
  100. ncbi Ecology. How 'virgin' is virgin rainforest?
    K J Willis
    Oxford Long term Ecology Laboratory, Biodiversity Research Group, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3TB, UK
    Science 304:402-3. 2004
  101. pmc Measuring the conservation value of tropical primary forests: the effect of occasional species on estimates of biodiversity uniqueness
    Jos Barlow
    Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e9609. 2010
    ..However, estimates of the conservation value of modified land-uses may be inflated by the presence of occasional species (e.g. singletons and doubletons) that may be unable to exist as viable populations in isolation...

Research Grants17

  1. AMAZONIAN DEFORESTATION AND THE STRUCTURE OF HOUSEHOLDS (PHASE III)
    EMILIO FEDERICO MORAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Local impacts include increases in malaria, increases in temperature (with adverse health impacts in a tropical climate), and changes in precipitation patterns (potentially decreasing the availability of clean water)...
  2. Development of a low cost formulation of amphotericin B
    SHING CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..projects to develop new treatments for VL and proposes a promising project aimed at developing a low cost, tropical climate stable, efficacious and simply reconstituted formulation as an alternative for the current reference ..
  3. Human Reservoirs of Plasmodium vivax Transmission in the Peruvian Amazon
    Joseph M Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..vivax, and provide a rational basis for determining strategies to implement and deploy new transmission- blocking vaccines as one approach towards the future elimination of P. vivax malaria from the Amazon basin. ..
  4. MOLECULAR TARGETS OF BLOCKING MALARIA TRANSMISSION
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  5. MOLECULAR TARGETS OF BLOCKING MALARIA TRANSMISSION
    Joseph M Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..falciparum chitinase, PfCHTI, and provide the scientific basis for developing novel potential approaches to interrupting malaria transmission at the vertebrate host-mosquito vector interface. ..
  6. Leptospirosis Transmission in the Peruvian Amazon
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  7. Microarray Analysis of Leptospiral Genomes
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Genetics of Innate Immunity in Human Leptospirosis in Brazil
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. International Leptospirosis Society Meeting 2007
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] Outcome of the meeting will be assessed by peer-reviewed publication and trainee publication and[unreadable] career advancement. ..
  10. Dynamics and Control of Neuronal Pattern Formation
    Steven Schiff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Dynamics and Control of Neuronal Pattern Formation
    Steven Schiff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. 2008 Oceans and Human Health Gordon Research Conference
    JOHN STEGEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The significance of the field is reflected by the support of Centers for Oceans and Human Health by the NIEHS and the National Science Foundation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Anti-larval measures for malaria control in The Gambia
    Steven Lindsay; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results from this study will make a major contribution to quantifying the importance of the use of Bs and Bti in the fight against malaria. ..
  14. EID - Effects of avian migration & anthropogenic change on the distribution & tra
    Thomas Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, we will share our results with public health organizations and the scientific community in a timely fashion in order to maximize the public good. ..
  15. Genotypes of Helicobacter Pylori in West Africa
    Richard Adegbola; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..pylori colonization in West Africa differ from those seen in industrialized nations, and enable the development of appropriate treatment strategies for communities such as The Gambia. ..
  16. LIVE, ATTENUATED, RECOMBINANT VACCINE - WEST NILE VIRUS
    Thomas Monath; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. HOOKWORM LARVAL INFECTIVITY AND DEVELOPMENT
    Peter Hotez; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The pharmacologic manipulation of parasite-derived protein kinases may offer a new approach to chemotherapy by taking larvae out of arrest. ..