climate

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems
    Camille Parmesan
    Integrative Biology, Patterson Laboratories 141, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    Nature 421:37-42. 2003
  2. ncbi Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification
    O Hoegh-Guldberg
    Centre for Marine Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072 Queensland, Australia
    Science 318:1737-42. 2007
  3. ncbi Ecological responses to recent climate change
    Gian Reto Walther
    Institute of Geobotany, University of Hannover, Nienburger Str 17, 30167 Hannover, Germany
    Nature 416:389-95. 2002
  4. ncbi Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs
    T P Hughes
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Science 301:929-33. 2003
  5. doi Terrestrial ecosystem carbon dynamics and climate feedbacks
    Martin Heimann
    Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans Knöll Strasse 10, D 07745 Jena, Germany
    Nature 451:289-92. 2008
  6. ncbi Trends, rhythms, and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to present
    J Zachos
    Earth Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Science 292:686-93. 2001
  7. ncbi Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: quantitative approaches to niche evolution
    Dan L Warren
    Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Evolution 62:2868-83. 2008
  8. ncbi Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security
    R Lal
    Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Science 304:1623-7. 2004
  9. ncbi Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota
    C Drew Harvell
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Science 296:2158-62. 2002
  10. ncbi A climate-based distribution model of malaria transmission in sub-Saharan Africa
    M H Craig
    National Malaria Research Programme, South African Medical Research Council, PO Box 17120, Congella, Durban 4013, South Africa
    Parasitol Today 15:105-11. 1999

Detail Information

Publications363 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems
    Camille Parmesan
    Integrative Biology, Patterson Laboratories 141, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    Nature 421:37-42. 2003
    Causal attribution of recent biological trends to climate change is complicated because non-climatic influences dominate local, short-term biological changes...
  2. ncbi Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification
    O Hoegh-Guldberg
    Centre for Marine Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072 Queensland, Australia
    Science 318:1737-42. 2007
    ..The result will be less diverse reef communities and carbonate reef structures that fail to be maintained. Climate change also exacerbates local stresses from declining water quality and overexploitation of key species, driving ..
  3. ncbi Ecological responses to recent climate change
    Gian Reto Walther
    Institute of Geobotany, University of Hannover, Nienburger Str 17, 30167 Hannover, Germany
    Nature 416:389-95. 2002
    There is now ample evidence of the ecological impacts of recent climate change, from polar terrestrial to tropical marine environments...
  4. ncbi Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs
    T P Hughes
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Science 301:929-33. 2003
    ..reefs will change rather than disappear entirely, with some species already showing far greater tolerance to climate change and coral bleaching than others...
  5. doi Terrestrial ecosystem carbon dynamics and climate feedbacks
    Martin Heimann
    Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans Knöll Strasse 10, D 07745 Jena, Germany
    Nature 451:289-92. 2008
  6. ncbi Trends, rhythms, and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to present
    J Zachos
    Earth Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Science 292:686-93. 2001
    Since 65 million years ago (Ma), Earth's climate has undergone a significant and complex evolution, the finer details of which are now coming to light through investigations of deep-sea sediment cores...
  7. ncbi Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: quantitative approaches to niche evolution
    Dan L Warren
    Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Evolution 62:2868-83. 2008
    ..We suggest various randomization tests that may prove useful in other areas of ecology and evolutionary biology...
  8. ncbi Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security
    R Lal
    Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Science 304:1623-7. 2004
    ..5 to 1 kg/ha for cowpeas. As well as enhancing food security, carbon sequestration has the potential to offset fossil fuel emissions by 0.4 to 1.2 gigatons of carbon per year, or 5 to 15% of the global fossil-fuel emissions...
  9. ncbi Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota
    C Drew Harvell
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Science 296:2158-62. 2002
    ..b>Climate warming can increase pathogen development and survival rates, disease transmission, and host susceptibility...
  10. ncbi A climate-based distribution model of malaria transmission in sub-Saharan Africa
    M H Craig
    National Malaria Research Programme, South African Medical Research Council, PO Box 17120, Congella, Durban 4013, South Africa
    Parasitol Today 15:105-11. 1999
    ..simple numerical approach to defining distribution of malaria transmission, based upon biological constraints of climate on parasite and vector development...
  11. ncbi One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts
    Kent E Carpenter
    IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Programme Species Survival Commission SSC, Biological Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
    Science 321:560-3. 2008
    ..Our results emphasize the widespread plight of coral reefs and the urgent need to enact conservation measures...
  12. pmc Genetic consequences of climatic oscillations in the Quaternary
    G M Hewitt
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:183-95; discussion 195. 2004
    ..Our poor understanding of refugial biodiversity would benefit from further combined fossil and genetic studies...
  13. ncbi Adaptation to climate across the Arabidopsis thaliana genome
    Angela M Hancock
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, 1101 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Science 334:83-6. 2011
    ..We conducted a genome-wide scan to identify climate-adaptive genetic loci and pathways in the plant Arabidopsis thaliana...
  14. pmc Climate-based models for understanding and forecasting dengue epidemics
    Elodie Descloux
    UMR190, Emergence of Viral Pathologies, Institute of Research for the Development, Aix Marseille University, Marseille, France
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6:e1470. 2012
    ..The objectives of this study were to analyze and model the relationships between climate, Aedes aegypti vectors and dengue outbreaks in Noumea (New Caledonia), and to provide an early warning system.
  15. ncbi Temperature and mortality in 11 cities of the eastern United States
    Frank C Curriero
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:80-7. 2002
    ..The model developed in this analysis is potentially useful for projecting the consequences of climate-change scenarios and offering insights into susceptibility to the adverse effects of weather.
  16. ncbi Climate change and human health: present and future risks
    Anthony J McMichael
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
    Lancet 367:859-69. 2006
    ..near unanimous scientific consensus that greenhouse gas emissions generated by human activity will change Earth's climate. The recent (globally averaged) warming by 0.5 degrees C is partly attributable to such anthropogenic emissions...
  17. ncbi Climate extremes: observations, modeling, and impacts
    D R Easterling
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA National Climatic Data Center, 151 Patton Avenue, Asheville, NC 28801, USA
    Science 289:2068-74. 2000
    One of the major concerns with a potential change in climate is that an increase in extreme events will occur...
  18. pmc Influence of climate on malaria transmission depends on daily temperature variation
    Krijn P Paaijmans
    Department of Entomology, Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:15135-9. 2010
    ..analyzing malaria-temperature relations, including those investigating malaria risk and the possible impacts of climate change, are based solely on mean temperatures and extrapolate from functions determined under unrealistic ..
  19. ncbi Range shifts and adaptive responses to Quaternary climate change
    M B Davis
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 292:673-9. 2001
    Tree taxa shifted latitude or elevation range in response to changes in Quaternary climate. Because many modern trees display adaptive differentiation in relation to latitude or elevation, it is likely that ancient trees were also so ..
  20. ncbi Phase shifts, herbivory, and the resilience of coral reefs to climate change
    Terence P Hughes
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 17:360-5. 2007
    ..because of the combined effects of over-fishing, declining water quality, and the direct and indirect impacts of climate change...
  21. pmc The association between extreme precipitation and waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States, 1948-1994
    F C Curriero
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1194-9. 2001
    ..Because upward trends in heavy precipitation in the United States are projected to increase with climate change, this study sought to quantify the relationship between precipitation and disease outbreaks...
  22. ncbi Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100
    O E Sala
    Department of Ecology and Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas vinculadas a la Agricultura, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, Avenida San Martin 4453, Buenos Aires 1417, Argentina
    Science 287:1770-4. 2000
    ..biodiversity for the year 2100 can now be developed based on scenarios of changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide, climate, vegetation, and land use and the known sensitivity of biodiversity to these changes...
  23. ncbi International study of temperature, heat and urban mortality: the 'ISOTHURM' project
    Anthony J McMichael
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Canberra, Australia
    Int J Epidemiol 37:1121-31. 2008
    ..This study describes heat- and cold-related mortality in 12 urban populations in low- and middle-income countries, thereby extending knowledge of how diverse populations, in non-OECD countries, respond to temperature extremes...
  24. doi Climate. Blooms like it hot
    Hans W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Science 320:57-8. 2008
  25. ncbi A significant upward shift in plant species optimum elevation during the 20th century
    J Lenoir
    AgroParisTech, UMR 1092, Laboratoire d Etude des Ressources Forêt Bois LERFoB, 14 rue Girardet, F 54000 Nancy, France
    Science 320:1768-71. 2008
    Spatial fingerprints of climate change on biotic communities are usually associated with changes in the distribution of species at their latitudinal or altitudinal extremes...
  26. ncbi Adaptive phenotypic plasticity in response to climate change in a wild bird population
    Anne Charmantier
    Edward Grey Institute, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 320:800-3. 2008
    Rapid climate change has been implicated as a cause of evolution in poorly adapted populations. However, phenotypic plasticity provides the potential for organisms to respond rapidly and effectively to environmental change...
  27. pmc Suitability of European climate for the Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus: recent trends and future scenarios
    Cyril Caminade
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    J R Soc Interface 9:2708-17. 2012
    ..Using high-resolution observations and regional climate model scenarios for the future, we investigated the suitability of Europe for A...
  28. pmc Association between climate variability and malaria epidemics in the East African highlands
    Guofa Zhou
    Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:2375-80. 2004
    ..Regional climate changes have been invoked as a major factor; however, assessing the impact of climate in malaria resurgence is ..
  29. ncbi Forests and climate change: forcings, feedbacks, and the climate benefits of forests
    Gordon B Bonan
    National Center for Atmospheric Research, P O Box 3000, Boulder, Colorado 80307, USA
    Science 320:1444-9. 2008
    The world's forests influence climate through physical, chemical, and biological processes that affect planetary energetics, the hydrologic cycle, and atmospheric composition...
  30. pmc A world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2007
    Simon I Hay
    Malaria Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine, Kenya Medical Research Institute University of Oxford Wellcome TrustCollaborative Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS Med 6:e1000048. 2009
    ..It is exactly 40 y since the last global map of malaria endemicity was published. This paper describes the generation of a new world map of Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity for the year 2007...
  31. ncbi Climate change. Increasing shrub abundance in the Arctic
    M Sturm
    US Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory Alaska, PO Box 35170, Fort Wainwright, Alaska 99703, USA
    Nature 411:546-7. 2001
    ..This expansion will alter the partitioning of energy in summer and the trapping and distribution of snow in winter, as well as increasing the amount of carbon stored in a region that is believed to be a net source of carbon dioxide...
  32. pmc Understanding the link between malaria risk and climate
    Krijn P Paaijmans
    Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Department of Entomology, Chemical Ecology Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:13844-9. 2009
    ..models are increasingly used to guide allocation of disease control resources and to assess the likely impact of climate change on global malaria burdens...
  33. pmc Adaptations to climate-mediated selective pressures in humans
    Angela M Hancock
    Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 7:e1001375. 2011
    ..for selection signals by identifying the SNPs with the strongest correlations between allele frequencies and climate across 61 worldwide populations...
  34. ncbi Climate change and evolution: disentangling environmental and genetic responses
    P Gienapp
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, PO Box 65, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 17:167-78. 2008
    Rapid climate change is likely to impose strong selection pressures on traits important for fitness, and therefore, microevolution in response to climate-mediated selection is potentially an important mechanism mitigating negative ..
  35. ncbi Climate change and distribution shifts in marine fishes
    Allison L Perry
    Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 308:1912-5. 2005
    ..Further temperature rises are likely to have profound impacts on commercial fisheries through continued shifts in distribution and alterations in community interactions...
  36. ncbi Evidence of climatic niche shift during biological invasion
    O Broennimann
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, The Biophore, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Ecol Lett 10:701-9. 2007
    ..This climate matching approach relies on the assumption that invasive species conserve their climatic niche in the invaded ..
  37. pmc Time series analysis of dengue incidence in Guadeloupe, French West Indies: forecasting models using climate variables as predictors
    Myriam Gharbi
    Ecole Pasteur Cnam de Santé Publique, Paris, France
    BMC Infect Dis 11:166. 2011
    ..The goal of the study was to improve this surveillance system by assessing a modelling tool to predict the occurrence of dengue epidemics few months ahead and thus to help an efficient dengue control...
  38. pmc Climate change and vector-borne diseases: a regional analysis
    A K Githeko
    Climate and Human Health Research Unit, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1136-47. 2000
    Current evidence suggests that inter-annual and inter-decadal climate variability have a direct influence on the epidemiology of vector-borne diseases...
  39. pmc Effects of global climate on infectious disease: the cholera model
    Erin K Lipp
    Center of Marine Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21202, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 15:757-70. 2002
    Recently, the role of the environment and climate in disease dynamics has become a subject of increasing interest to microbiologists, clinicians, epidemiologists, and ecologists...
  40. ncbi Diversity and infection prevalence of endosymbionts in natural populations of the chestnut weevil: relevance of local climate and host plants
    Hirokazu Toju
    National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology AIST, Tsukuba 305 8566, Japan
    Mol Ecol 20:853-68. 2011
    ..These patterns are discussed in relation to potential host-endosymbiont co-evolution via local adaptation across geographical populations...
  41. ncbi Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity
    Michael J Behrenfeld
    Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
    Nature 444:752-5. 2006
    ..driven by changes occurring in the expansive stratified low-latitude oceans and are tightly coupled to coincident climate variability...
  42. pmc Dengue dynamics in Binh Thuan province, southern Vietnam: periodicity, synchronicity and climate variability
    Khoa T D Thai
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Tropical Medicine and AIDS, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e747. 2010
    ..The epidemiology is complex with long inter-epidemic intervals and endemic with seasonal fluctuations. This study was initiated to investigate dengue transmission dynamics in Binh Thuan province, southern Vietnam...
  43. ncbi The use of 'altitude' in ecological research
    Christian Korner
    Institute of Botany, University of Basel, Schönbeinstrasse 6, Basel, CH 4056, Switzerland
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:569-74. 2007
    ..The confounding of the first category by the latter has introduced confusion in the scientific literature on altitude phenomena...
  44. ncbi Malaria early warnings based on seasonal climate forecasts from multi-model ensembles
    M C Thomson
    International Research Institute for Climate and Society IRI, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, New York, New York 10964 8000, USA
    Nature 439:576-9. 2006
    ..Interannual climate variability is an important determinant of epidemics in parts of Africa where climate drives both mosquito vector ..
  45. ncbi Mechanistic niche modelling: combining physiological and spatial data to predict species' ranges
    Michael Kearney
    Department of Zoology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
    Ecol Lett 12:334-50. 2009
    ..As physiological knowledge becomes better integrated into SDMs, we will make more robust predictions of range shifts in novel or non-equilibrium contexts such as invasions, translocations, climate change and evolutionary shifts.
  46. pmc Multiyear climate variability and dengue--El Niño southern oscillation, weather, and dengue incidence in Puerto Rico, Mexico, and Thailand: a longitudinal data analysis
    Michael A Johansson
    Dengue Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, Puerto Rico, United States of America
    PLoS Med 6:e1000168. 2009
    ..The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a multiyear climate driver of local temperature and precipitation worldwide...
  47. pmc A weather-driven model of malaria transmission
    Moshe B Hoshen
    Virtual Population Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZE, UK
    Malar J 3:32. 2004
    b>Climate is a major driving force behind malaria transmission and climate data are often used to account for the spatial, seasonal and interannual variation in malaria transmission.
  48. ncbi Soil warming and carbon-cycle feedbacks to the climate system
    J M Melillo
    The Ecosystems Center, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Science 298:2173-6. 2002
    ..changes in soil carbon and nitrogen cycling in order to investigate the consequences of these changes for the climate system...
  49. ncbi Ecological effects of climate fluctuations
    Nils Chr Stenseth
    Department of Biology, Division of Zoology, University of Oslo, Post Office Box 1050 Blindern, N 0316 Oslo, Norway
    Science 297:1292-6. 2002
    b>Climate influences a variety of ecological processes. These effects operate through local weather parameters such as temperature, wind, rain, snow, and ocean currents, as well as interactions among these...
  50. ncbi Nitrogen limitation of net primary productivity in terrestrial ecosystems is globally distributed
    David S LeBauer
    Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, California 92054, USA
    Ecology 89:371-9. 2008
    ..We tested the hypothesis that N limitation is widespread among biomes and influenced by geography and climate. We used the response ratio (R approximately equal ANPP(N)/ANPP(ctrl)) of aboveground plant growth in fertilized ..
  51. pmc Interactions between chemical and climate stressors: a role for mechanistic toxicology in assessing climate change risks
    Michael J Hooper
    U S Geological Survey, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Columbia, MO, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 32:32-48. 2013
    Incorporation of global climate change (GCC) effects into assessments of chemical risk and injury requires integrated examinations of chemical and nonchemical stressors...
  52. ncbi Plant molecular phylogeography in China and adjacent regions: Tracing the genetic imprints of Quaternary climate and environmental change in the world's most diverse temperate flora
    Ying Xiong Qiu
    Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology for Endangered Wildlife of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 59:225-44. 2011
    ..the SJFR as a glacial sanctuary for temperate plants, instead revealing profound effects of Quaternary changes in climate, topography, and/or sea level on the current genetic structure of such organisms...
  53. ncbi Assessing the impact of climate variation on survival in vertebrate populations
    V Grosbois
    Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, UMR 5175, 1919 Route de Mende, F 34293 Montpellier cedex 5, France
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 83:357-99. 2008
    The impact of the ongoing rapid climate change on natural systems is a major issue for human societies...
  54. ncbi Cholera dynamics and El Niño-Southern Oscillation
    M Pascual
    Center of Marine Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, 701 East Pratt Street, Suite 236, Columbus Center, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
    Science 289:1766-9. 2000
    ..Cholera patterns are linked to the previously described changes in the atmospheric circulation of south Asia and, consistent with these changes, to regional temperature anomalies...
  55. pmc Plague and climate: scales matter
    Tamara Ben-Ari
    Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis CEES, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    PLoS Pathog 7:e1002160. 2011
    ..Its causative agent Yersinia pestis relies on wild rodent hosts and flea vectors for its maintenance in nature. Climate influences all three components (i.e...
  56. ncbi Climate-driven increases in global terrestrial net primary production from 1982 to 1999
    Ramakrishna R Nemani
    School of Forestry, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59801, USA
    Science 300:1560-3. 2003
    ..Our results indicate that global changes in climate have eased several critical climatic constraints to plant growth, such that net primary production increased 6% (..
  57. ncbi Biogeography and variability of eleven mineral elements in plant leaves across gradients of climate, soil and plant functional type in China
    W X Han
    Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, Department of Ecology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    Ecol Lett 14:788-96. 2011
    ..of these elements show significant latitudinal and longitudinal trends, driven by significant influences of climate, soil and plant functional type...
  58. ncbi Five potential consequences of climate change for invasive species
    Jessica J Hellmann
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
    Conserv Biol 22:534-43. 2008
    Scientific and societal unknowns make it difficult to predict how global environmental changes such as climate change and biological invasions will affect ecological systems...
  59. ncbi Climate change affects marine fishes through the oxygen limitation of thermal tolerance
    Hans O Portner
    Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Animal Ecophysiology, Postfach 12 01 61, 27515 Bremerhaven, Germany
    Science 315:95-7. 2007
    A cause-and-effect understanding of climate influences on ecosystems requires evaluation of thermal limits of member species and of their ability to cope with changing temperatures...
  60. ncbi Coral-associated bacterial assemblages: current knowledge and the potential for climate-driven impacts
    Morgan E Mouchka
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Integr Comp Biol 50:662-74. 2010
    ..We suggest that the relationship between coral and their bacterial associates represents a valuable model that can be applied to the broader discipline of invertebrate-microbial interactions...
  61. pmc The potential impacts of climate variability and change on temperature-related morbidity and mortality in the United States
    M A McGeehin
    Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:185-9. 2001
    ..Research is needed to identify critical weather parameters, the associations between heat and nonfatal illnesses, the evaluation of implemented heat response plans, and the effectiveness of urban design in reducing heat retention...
  62. ncbi Rapid changes in flowering time in British plants
    A H Fitter
    Department of Biology, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
    Science 296:1689-91. 2002
    ..differences in this response will affect both the structure of plant communities and gene flow between species as climate warms...
  63. ncbi Effect of temperature on the development of the aquatic stages of Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto (Diptera: Culicidae)
    M N Bayoh
    School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences Science Laboratories, University of Durham Durham DH1 3LE UK
    Bull Entomol Res 93:375-81. 2003
    ..The utility of these findings is demonstrated by showing that a map where the climate is suitable for the development of aquatic stages of A. gambiae s.s...
  64. ncbi Use of rainfall and sea surface temperature monitoring for malaria early warning in Botswana
    Madeleine C Thomson
    International Research Institute for Climate Prediction, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, New York, New York 10964, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:214-21. 2005
    ..We report a methodology for assessing the importance of climate as a driver of inter-annual variability in malaria in Botswana, and provide the evidence base for inclusion of ..
  65. ncbi Temperature extremes and health: impacts of climate variability and change in the United States
    Marie S O'Neill
    Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health Dr Neill, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:13-25. 2009
    We evaluated temperature-related morbidity and mortality for the 2007 U.S. national assessment on impacts of climate change and variability on human health.
  66. pmc Excess winter mortality in Europe: a cross country analysis identifying key risk factors
    J D Healy
    Department of Environmental Studies, University College Dublin, Richview Campus, Dublin 14, Ireland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:784-9. 2003
    ..Multiple time series data on a variety of risk factors are analysed against seasonal-mortality patterns in 14 European countries to identify key relations Subjects and setting: Excess winter deaths (all causes), 1988-97, EU-14...
  67. pmc Landscape elements and Hantaan virus-related hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, People's Republic of China
    Lei Yan
    State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, IRSA CAS, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1301-6. 2007
    ..These findings have important applications for targeting HFRS interventions in mainland China...
  68. ncbi Potential effect of climate change on malaria transmission in Africa
    Frank C Tanser
    Malaria Research Lead Programme, Medical Research Council, Overport, Durban, South Africa
    Lancet 362:1792-8. 2003
    b>Climate change is likely to affect transmission of vector-borne diseases such as malaria. We quantitatively estimated current malaria exposure and assessed the potential effect of projected climate scenarios on malaria transmission.
  69. ncbi Challenges in predicting climate and environmental effects on vector-borne disease episystems in a changing world
    W J Tabachnick
    Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, Department of Entomology and Nematology, Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, IFAS, 200 9th Street, SE, Vero Beach, Florida, USA
    J Exp Biol 213:946-54. 2010
    ..b>Climate change can impact the vector-borne disease epidemiology...
  70. pmc Slowing down as an early warning signal for abrupt climate change
    Vasilis Dakos
    Department of Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management, Wageningen University, P O Box 47, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:14308-12. 2008
    In the Earth's history, periods of relatively stable climate have often been interrupted by sharp transitions to a contrasting state...
  71. pmc Prediction, assessment of the Rift Valley fever activity in East and Southern Africa 2006-2008 and possible vector control strategies
    Assaf Anyamba
    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Biospheric Sciences Branch, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:43-51. 2010
    ..This represents the first series of prospective predictions of RVF outbreaks and provides a baseline for improved early warning, control, response planning, and mitigation into the future...
  72. pmc The role of imported cases and favorable meteorological conditions in the onset of dengue epidemics
    Chuin Shee Shang
    Graduate Institute of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e775. 2010
    ..Nevertheless, the interplay between infected travelers, climate, vectors, and indigenous dengue incidence remains unclear...
  73. ncbi Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate
    Eugenia Kalnay
    University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20770 2425, USA
    Nature 423:528-31. 2003
    The most important anthropogenic influences on climate are the emission of greenhouse gases and changes in land use, such as urbanization and agriculture...
  74. ncbi Climate change and temperature-dependent biogeography: oxygen limitation of thermal tolerance in animals
    H O Portner
    Alfred Wegener Institut fur Polar und Meeresforschung, Okophysiologie, Bremerhaven, Germany
    Naturwissenschaften 88:137-46. 2001
    ..As a corollary, capacity limitations at a complex level of organisation, the oxygen delivery system, define thermal tolerance limits before molecular functions become disturbed...
  75. pmc Projected distributions of novel and disappearing climates by 2100 AD
    John W Williams
    Department of Geography, 550 North Park Street, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:5738-42. 2007
    Key risks associated with projected climate trends for the 21st century include the prospects of future climate states with no current analog and the disappearance of some extant climates...
  76. ncbi Spatial and temporal variations of malaria epidemic risk in Ethiopia: factors involved and implications
    Tarekegn Abose Abeku
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Trop 87:331-40. 2003
    ..Epidemic early warning systems should take account of non-uniform effects of these factors by space and time and thus temporal dimensions need to be considered in spatial models of epidemic risks...
  77. ncbi Biophysics, physiological ecology, and climate change: does mechanism matter?
    Brian Helmuth
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA
    Annu Rev Physiol 67:177-201. 2005
    Recent meta-analyses have shown that the effects of climate change are detectable and significant in their magnitude, but these studies have emphasized the utility of looking for large-scale patterns without necessarily understanding the ..
  78. pmc Caribbean corals in crisis: record thermal stress, bleaching, and mortality in 2005
    C Mark Eakin
    Coral Reef Watch, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e13969. 2010
    ..In 2005, high ocean temperatures in the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean resulted in the most severe bleaching event ever recorded in the basin...
  79. pmc The impact of heat waves and cold spells on mortality rates in the Dutch population
    M M Huynen
    International Centre for Integrative Studies, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Environ Health Perspect 109:463-70. 2001
    ..The results concerning the forward displacement of deaths due to heat waves were not conclusive. We found no cold-induced forward displacement of deaths...
  80. pmc An investigation of a major outbreak of Rift Valley fever in Kenya: 2006-2007
    Patrick M Nguku
    Division of Communicable Disease Control, Kenya Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:5-13. 2010
    ..However, there were up to 180,000 infected mildly ill or asymptomatic people within highly affected areas. Soil type data may add specificity to climate-based forecasting models for RVF.
  81. pmc Malaria resurgence in the East African highlands: temperature trends revisited
    M Pascual
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:5829-34. 2006
    The incidence of malaria in the East African highlands has increased since the end of the 1970s. The role of climate change in the exacerbation of the disease has been controversial, and the specific influence of rising temperature (..
  82. pmc Irreversible climate change due to carbon dioxide emissions
    Susan Solomon
    Chemical Sciences Division, Earth System Research Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:1704-9. 2009
    The severity of damaging human-induced climate change depends not only on the magnitude of the change but also on the potential for irreversibility...
  83. pmc Tools from ecology: useful for evaluating infection risk models?
    Simon Brooker
    Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG, London, UK
    Trends Parasitol 18:70-4. 2002
    ..Using the example of Schistosoma haematobium in Africa, this article illustrates how ecozonation and receiver-operator characteristic analysis can help to assess the usefulness of available models objectively...
  84. pmc The influence of global climate change on the scientific foundations and applications of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry: introduction to a SETAC international workshop
    Ralph G Stahl
    DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 32:13-9. 2013
    ..Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) international workshop titled "The Influence of Global Climate Change on the Scientific Foundations and Applications of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry...
  85. ncbi Widespread increase of tree mortality rates in the western United States
    Phillip J van Mantgem
    U S Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, Three Rivers, CA 93271, USA
    Science 323:521-4. 2009
    ..Regional warming and consequent increases in water deficits are likely contributors to the increases in tree mortality rates...
  86. ncbi Is hand, foot and mouth disease associated with meteorological parameters?
    E Ma
    Surveillance and Epidemiology Branch, Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
    Epidemiol Infect 138:1779-88. 2010
    ..Our model demonstrated that climate parameters help in predicting HFMD activity, which could assist in explaining the winter peak detected in recent ..
  87. pmc Global traffic and disease vector dispersal
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:6242-7. 2006
    ..The expansion of the range of Ae. albopictus proved to be surprisingly predictable using this combination of climate and traffic data...
  88. pmc Local and global effects of climate on dengue transmission in Puerto Rico
    Michael A Johansson
    Dengue Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e382. 2009
    ..While there is strong biological evidence for these effects, empirical studies of the relationship between climate and dengue incidence in human populations are potentially confounded by seasonal covariation and spatial ..
  89. pmc Influence of global climate change on chemical fate and bioaccumulation: the role of multimedia models
    Todd Gouin
    Unilever, Safety and Environmental Assurance Centre, Colworth Science Park, Sharnbrook, United Kingdom
    Environ Toxicol Chem 32:20-31. 2013
    Multimedia environmental fate models are valuable tools for investigating potential changes associated with global climate change, particularly because thermodynamic forcing on partitioning behavior as well as diffusive and nondiffusive ..
  90. ncbi Recruitment and survival of immature seabirds in relation to oil spills and climate variability
    S C Votier
    Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, School of Biological Sciences, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK
    J Anim Ecol 77:974-83. 2008
    ..We discuss the implications of compensatory recruitment for assessing the impact of oil pollution incidents...
  91. pmc Regional-scale climate-variability synchrony of cholera epidemics in West Africa
    Guillaume Constantin de Magny
    Génétique et Evolution des Maladies Infectieuses, UMR CNRS IRD 2724, 911 Avenue Agropolis, BP 64501, 34394 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
    BMC Infect Dis 7:20. 2007
    The relationship between cholera and climate was explored in Africa, the continent with the most reported cases, by analyzing monthly 20-year cholera time series for five coastal adjoining West African countries: Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, ..
  92. ncbi Oxygen- and capacity-limitation of thermal tolerance: a matrix for integrating climate-related stressor effects in marine ecosystems
    H O Portner
    Integrative Ecophysiology, Alfred Wegener Institute, Am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
    J Exp Biol 213:881-93. 2010
    The concept of oxygen- and capacity-dependent thermal tolerance in aquatic ectotherms has successfully explained climate-induced effects of rising temperatures on species abundance in the field...
  93. ncbi Global consequences of land use
    Jonathan A Foley
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Science 309:570-4. 2005
    ..the capacity of ecosystems to sustain food production, maintain freshwater and forest resources, regulate climate and air quality, and ameliorate infectious diseases...
  94. ncbi Mapping malaria transmission in West and Central Africa
    Armin Gemperli
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 11:1032-46. 2006
    ..The consequent uncertainties indicate zones where further survey data are needed most urgently. Malaria risk maps based on compilations of heterogeneous survey data are highly sensitive to the analytical methodology...
  95. ncbi Climate, mosquito indices and the epidemiology of dengue fever in Trinidad (2002-2004)
    D D Chadee
    Department of Life Sciences, University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 101:69-77. 2007
    Between January 2002 and December 2004, a population-based study on the effects of climate and mosquito indices on the incidences of dengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) was conducted in Trinidad, West Indies...
  96. ncbi Integrating phylogenetics and environmental niche models to explore speciation mechanisms in dendrobatid frogs
    Catherine H Graham
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Evolution 58:1781-93. 2004
    ..Further, the method outlined in this paper will be increasingly useful as knowledge of distribution and phylogeny of tropical species increases...
  97. ncbi Ecological and evolutionary processes at expanding range margins
    C D Thomas
    Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Nature 411:577-81. 2001
    ..Despite this, the cool margins of many species' distributions have expanded rapidly in association with recent climate warming...
  98. pmc Comparative risk assessment of the burden of disease from climate change
    Diarmid Campbell-Lendrum
    Department of Public Health and Environment, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1935-41. 2006
    ..These have been applied to existing and new models for a range of climate-sensitive diseases in order to estimate the effect of global climate change on current disease burdens and likely ..
  99. pmc Raised temperatures over the Kericho tea estates: revisiting the climate in the East African highlands malaria debate
    Judith A Omumbo
    International Research Institute for Climate and Society, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, LDEO Campus, Palisades, NY 10964 8000, USA
    Malar J 10:12. 2011
    ..thirty years are associated with co-varying changes in local temperature, possibly connected to global changes in climate, has been debated for over a decade...
  100. pmc Urbanization, malaria transmission and disease burden in Africa
    Simon I Hay
    TALA Research Group in the Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 3:81-90. 2005
    ..We find there were 1,068,505 malaria deaths in Africa in 2000 - a modest 6.7% reduction over previous iterations. The public-health implications of these findings and revised estimates are discussed...
  101. ncbi Identifying vulnerable subpopulations for climate change health effects in the United States
    John M Balbus
    Environmental Defense Fund, Washington, DC, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:33-7. 2009
    b>Climate change can be expected to have differential effects on different subpopulations...

Research Grants82

  1. Climate Change and Adverse Birth Outcomes: Assessing the Vulnerability of Pregnan
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, significant gaps remain in our understanding of the impact of climate change on health, including its impact on morbidity, the joint effects of multiple weather factors, effects o ..
  2. PROJECTED HEAT WAVE MAGNITUDES AND PUBLIC HEALTH IMPACTS
    Helene G Margolis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that reflect current climatological conditions, and conditions that are projected to exist under different climate models and scenarios. Aim 1a...
  3. Bangladesh Centre for Global Environmental and Occupational Health
    Dewan Shamsul Alam; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., water pollution, climate change, and air pollution), which are escalating as public health priorities in the country...
  4. A semi field trial test on efficacy of transgenic antimalarial biocontrol fungi
    Raymond J St Leger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..plastic containers), enclosed in a greenhouse frame with walls of mosquito netting to allow exposure to ambient climate conditions and simulate a natural mosquito habitat...
  5. Climate Change and Health: Assessing the Risk of Preterm Delivery
    Rupa Basu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Health and Science (NIEHS) have recently published a White Paper emphasizing the need to study the impact of climate change on human health, specifically among vulnerable populations including pregnant women...
  6. Heat Waves, Medication Use, and Adverse Health Outcomes Among Older Adults
    SOKO SETOGUCHI-IWATA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..health impacts of extreme heat events are likely to increase as a result of the synergistic effects of a warming climate, urbanization, and the aging of the population...
  7. Linking Limnology to Cyanotoxins in Drinking Water Using Buoy Sensors and Auto-Sa
    Todd R Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..supporting accumulations of toxic cyanobacteria in the United States is rising due to changes in land use and climate. As a result there is increasing risk associated with lake recreational activities (e.g...
  8. Climate Variability / Change and the Risks for a Spectrum of Diseases
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    b>Climate Variability / Change and the Risks for Under-Studied Adverse Health Outcomes Project Summary / Abstract Climate change affects the environment and increases the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events...
  9. Reverse genetics to develop a second generation Rift Valley fever vaccine
    Tetsuro Ikegami; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in sub-Saharan African countries, but other countries are preparing for potential introductions of RVFV due to climate change, air transport, and/or bioterrorism. The only truly effective countermeasure is vaccination...
  10. The 24th Annual Symposium on Career Opportunities in Health Professions from Apri
    Thomas Adams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The changing ethnic/racial climate in the United States requires that an association such as AMHPS devote efforts to promote an increase of the ..
  11. Reducing Social Disparities of Heatwave Impacts in a Changing Climate
    MARIE SYLVIA O apos NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Description. Abstract: Climate change is projected to increase the frequency and intensity of heatwaves, and heat is already one of the principal weather-related causes of mortality in the U...
  12. College of Medicine Phoenix Campus Vivarium Phase I Construction
    William M Crist; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In accordance with the Initiative on Climate Change, signed by the participating University Presidents, this project will pursue LEED Silver certification ..
  13. Determinants of Borrelia Diversity and Population Structure
    ELISABETH BAUM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..disease in the United States, and its incidence and geographic distribution are expected to increase with further climate change...
  14. Mechanisms of Cardiac Function and Cerebral Vascular Control during Heat Stress
    Robert Matthew Brothers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g. Middle East), firefighters and police officers who serve in warmer climate locations, or any other incidents (e.g...
  15. 2012 Oceans and Human Health Gordon Research Conference and Gordon Research Semi
    Darrell Jay Grimes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and synthetic organic chemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, social sciences, engineering, natural disasters, climate change and other ocean-related areas...
  16. Assessing the Cumulative Climate-Related Health Risks in the Eastern U.S.
    Yang Liu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..ocean temperatures, widespread retreat of ice sheets, and numerous other evidence signal a warming trend of our climate system...
  17. FASEB Summer Research Conference titled "THE LUNG EPITHELIUM IN HEALTH AND DISEAS
    MICHAEL FRANCIS BEERS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Attendance is limited to 160 persons to create a climate conducive to interaction among the participants...
  18. Impact of Air Pollution, Weather, and Lifestyle on Health in Older Americans
    HELEN SUH MACINTOSH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results will help to assess susceptibility to pollution and climate change and determine important biological and sociological pathways through which air quality damages ..
  19. Imaging Nonlinear Control of the Pulmonary Circulation with Proton MRI
    Susan R Hopkins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..science have provided new insights on the dynamics of many different systems, such as ecological systems and climate. Nonlinear systems have the potential for a much wider range of dynamic behavior than simple linear systems, ..
  20. Ecology of African Highland Malaria
    Guiyun Yan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We proposed the climate- landscape hypothesis as a leading mechanism for the emergence of epidemic malaria in African highlands...
  21. Natural History of Urban Leptospirosis
    Albert Icksang Ko; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Rapid urbanization and expanding urban poverty, together with climate, have created conditions for rat-borne transmission of the Leptospira spirochete...
  22. Effects of Physician Social Networks on Surgical Quality, Safety, and Costs
    John Malcolm Hollingsworth; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will then examine the association between physician connectedness and a hospital's safety culture/teamwork climate. He will also assess for a relationship between measures of surgical quality (i.e...
  23. Space-time Modeling for Linking Climate Change,Pollutant Exposure, Built Environm
    Montserrat Fuentes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in relation to pregnancy outcomes, to bring together GIS capabilities, deterministic models for air pollution, climate and weather, and novel spatial statistical modeling approaches for dimension reduction...
  24. Effects of Climate Change on Cholera Dynamics and Prediction
    Shafiqul Islam; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, a warmer global climate with increasingly variable precipitation patterns and accelerated sea level rise is likely to have wide-ranging ..
  25. Impact of Heath Information Technology on Delivery and Quality of Patient Care
    AMANDA JANE HESSELS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..characteristics as well as hospital characteristics including measures of nurse staffing and organizational climate. The sample includes 2006 nurse survey data from more than 7,000 registered nurses working in 72 acute care ..
  26. Investigating Health Effects of Climate-Related Disasters in the United States
    Brooke Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite the frequency of climate-related natural disasters (e.g., hurricanes, floods), little is known about how such disasters affect all-cause human mortality and morbidity...
  27. Health Risk Behavior in Late Childhood: Impact of Longitudinal Randomized Trial
    STEPHANIE contact JONES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of 4R's long-term impact operationalized at the classroom-level including the peer ecology and classroom climate, and (c) use propensity score techniques to test the sensitivity of the results after accounting for any take-up ..
  28. Environmental Health Specialist Network
    RICHARD NORMAN DANILA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of GIS using data sources such as cattle density, geologic sensitivity to groundwater contamination, and climate variables (e.g., flooding)...
  29. Translational Research Cancer Centers Consortium Annual Meeting
    Gregory B Lesinski; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..is especially important due to the uncertainty of institutional and corporate donations in the current financial climate. Securing NCI funds will help us to achieve the following goals of the TrC3: 1) To provide an educational ..
  30. Climate change and heat-related morbidity among vulnerable populations in Atlanta
    Stefanie Ebelt Sarnat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In this project, we will conduct a detailed assessment of heat-related morbidity and climate change health impacts for Atlanta, Georgia...
  31. Improving the diagnosis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia
    Adam Cuker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..widely available laboratory tests, and clinicians'fears of missing a case of true HIT conspire to foster a climate of frequen overdiagnosis and overtreament...
  32. Ecological population structure and emergence of virulent Vibrio parahaemolyticus
    VAUGHN COOPER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..these dynamics is especially important in light of the increasing frequency of many epidemics tied to changes in climate and land use. For example, illness caused by contaminated shellfish is relatively infrequent in most of the U.S...
  33. Overwintering mortality of nymphal Ixodes scapularis, Lyme disease vector, in a c
    RICHARD S contact OSTFELD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Anthropogenic climate change is causing rising global temperatures, changes in patterns of precipitation, and, according to many, an increase in the extent and impact of vector-borne infectious ..
  34. Climate Change and Cardiac Vulnerability in Humans
    Antonella Zanobetti; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of heat waves on the risk of death in the elderly have been well demonstrated, but the total joint burden of climate and multiple pollutants on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity is not known...
  35. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL INJURY
    Bill T Ameredes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Key elements in this unique climate for training are a multiplicity of environmental-health relevant research centers and institutes, notably: 1) the ..
  36. Linking infectious disease dynamics to seasonal animal movements
    REBECCA ANNE BARTEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Many animal species undergo seasonal movements to track changes in climate or resources;these movements often have significant energetic costs and are accompanied by major physiological ..
  37. Impact of Climate-Responsive Design on Heat-Related Morbidity and Mortality in La
    Brian Stone; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The intent of this proposed research is to assess the potential for climate-responsive design strategies to mitigate the heat-related health impacts of climate change in large U.S...
  38. Identification of Host Factors Impacting Rift Valley Fever Virus Pathogenesis
    SHERI LYNN HANNA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, changes in global climate zones are creating optimal conditions to establish endemic areas...
  39. Using combinatorial control to improve transgene expression specificity in plants
    Tedd D Elich; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The ability to feed the world in the future will be even more difficult due to population growth, climate change, water scarcity, and competition for land...
  40. PREP Scholars
    Stefan A Czerwinski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Wright State University (WSU) is a research-oriented university with a climate conducive to recruitment of the targeted populations...
  41. Vulnerability to Health Effects of Wildfires under a Changing Climate in Western
    Michelle L Bell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded that climate change will likely increase forest fire severity, with fires that bur more intensely and spread more rapidly...
  42. Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in PNG
    Louis R Barrows; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This plot is a unique and powerful research tool for studying forest dynamics, carbon sequestration and climate effects...
  43. Estimating State-Specific Potential Annual Healthcare Cost Savings from Reducing
    YUNHSIN CLAIRE WANG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The recent political climate indicates that more state-level legislatures will tackl obesity in the years to come, with taxation as a ..
  44. Norms and Built Environment: Use of Shade in U.S. and Australian City Parks
    David B Buller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the relationship among social environment, individual factors, other physical features of the environment micro-climate (i.e., setting), and perceived environment and built shade in posttest with PRA users...
  45. Disseminating evidence-based practice to the schools: CBT for child anxiety
    Philip C Kendall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Systems variables (e.g., culture, organizational climate) will be assessed as predictors of sustainability. Exploratory variables (e.g...
  46. Comparative Effectiveness of Dementia Care Strategies in Underserved Communities
    BARBARA G contact VICKREY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..net settings, for decisions about the relative value of care delivery strategies in a highly-constrained fiscal climate. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Dementia is a condition that is growing in prevalence and which harms not only the ..
  47. Vanderbilt Personalized Medicine Core
    NANCY JOAN BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This need comes at a time when the economic climate and decreases in the Vanderbilt endowment have necessitated a slowing of hiring...
  48. A Controlled Trial of N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) in Cannabis Dependent Adolescents
    Kevin M Gray; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..With the current climate of extraordinary caution surrounding the use of psychotropic agents in children, NAC has the advantage of over- ..
  49. Low-Cost Catalytic Biomass Cookstove for Improved Indoor Air Quality
    PAUL YELVINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Emissions from biomass cook stoves contribute to global climate change, indoor/local air quality issues, and related health effects...
  50. Advancement of Women in STEMM: A Multi-level Research and Action Project
    Molly L Carnes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Clarify the relationships among department climate, academic productivity, job satisfaction, intent to leave, and attrition for male and female faculty members...
  51. 1/2-An Environmental and Occupational Health Research and Training Hub: USA
    Leonelo E Bautista; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Additionally, Colombia has the highest landslide-related risk of death in South America, and climate change may exacerbate this risk...
  52. Assessing Health Effects and Risk Factors after Hurricane Sandy in NYS
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Climate change will lead to more extreme weather events such as heatwaves and hurricanes, which were found to be associated with increased mortality and morbidity...
  53. Virginia Tech Post-baccalaureate Research and Education Program (VT-PREP)
    Eric A Wong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..studies in biomedical, behavioral, and life sciences, and related disciplines at VT and improve the campus climate for diversity...
  54. The Burden of Chikungunya and Dengue Transmission, Infection and Disease in Kenya
    Angelle Desiree LaBeaud; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and DENV1-4 in two regions of Kenya that represent heterogeneous degrees of urbanization with varied landscape, climate, and populations...
  55. Epigenetic memory of plant stress response
    Se Young Kim; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..addressing the universal need for the maintenance of sustainable food crops despite a constantly changing global climate. Additionally, emerging discoveries of disruptions in molecular components of chromatin remodeling machinery ..
  56. Improving Robustness of a Tactical Model of Aedes/Dengue Dynamics
    Fred Gould; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..often offered an alternative to direct experimentation in scientific fields ranging from space travel to global climate change...
  57. Genome-Wide Analysis of Adaptive Evolution in Humans
    JOSHUA MICHAEL AKEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..allele and haplotype frequencies are correlated with environmental attributes such as latitude, altitude, or climate. The data generated in this project will have a significant impact on public health...
  58. Neuroimaging of Trauma Memory and Cognitive Reappraisal in PTSD
    Jasmeet Pannu Hayes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PTSD research is vital given the current war climate context, as greater numbers of soldiers are returning from Iraq and Afghanistan and are attempting to transition ..
  59. Improved Tracking for Emerging Diseases from Climate Change
    LOREN COBB; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The Challenge Topic is 15-TW- 101: Models to predict health effects of climate change...
  60. EHR use and care coordination
    Ilana Graetz; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Additionally, I will examine whether the association between EHR use and care coordination varies by team climate. Finally, I will assess the association between care coordination and clinical care...
  61. Biofilm Population Structure in the Gangetic Delta
    Gary Schoolnik; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..in its aquatic reservoir and the human host is believed to be determined, in part, by the effects of the monsoon climate on the physicochemical features of this habitat. To begin to understand how these seasonal changes affect V...
  62. GU Infection Self-Diagnosis for Deployed Military Women
    Nancy Ryan Wenger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..S. military, and regularly deploy to austere military environments where harsh climate and terrain, primitive hygiene facilities, and unavailable or unacceptable health care resources for women ..
  63. VENTILATION CONTROL TO REDUCE AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS
    PATRICK O SHAUGHNESSY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Ventilation systems associated with swine confinements are largely designed to provide a comfortable climate for the pigs...
  64. IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND HAZARD CONTAINMENT
    Maarten Bosland; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..first major goal is to bring the animal facility in compliance with standards (PHS Guide, AAALAC) for adequate climate control, (bio)hazard containment, and support space with the following proposed projects: Project #1: ..
  65. 1993 GORDON CONFERENCE ON REACTIVE POLYMERS
    Csaba Horvath; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..However, recent inquiries suggest that due to the unfavorable business climate only trifling industrial support can be expected for this Conference...
  66. Randomized trial of HIV / STD prevention in Zimbabwean youth
    Frances Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The trial is going extremely well however the difficult economic and political climate in Zimbabwe has affected the cost of running the study both because the cost of implementation as originally ..
  67. WOUND HEALING ACCELERATION USING NATURAL PRODUCTS
    Gerald Hammond; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The diverse topography, semitropical climate and unique cultural heritage of Peru contribute to making this country a desirable place for bioprospecting...
  68. Using Doctor-Patient Teams to Reduce Health Disparities
    Louis Penner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..concluded that the attitudes and beliefs of both doctors and patients may play a major role by affecting the climate of medical interactions involving minority group members...
  69. Pneumococcal transmission in urban environments
    Joshua Metlay; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Relevant environmental factors include characteristics of both the natural (eg, climate) and built (eg, housing density, child care centers) environment...
  70. Youth produced videos to reduce UV exposure in adolescents
    Lori A Crane; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the risk is acquired prior to age 20, and Coloradoans are particularly at risk because of high altitude, sunny climate, and an outdoor lifestyle...
  71. Ecology of African Highland Malaria
    Guiyun Yan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We proposed the climate-landscape hypothesis as a leading mechanism for the emergence of epidemic malaria in African highlands...
  72. Dynamic Ecological Simulation Model of Tsetse Transmitted Trypanosomosis in Kenya
    Joseph P Messina; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the proposed study is to examine, build, and test a predictive model that defines the relationships between climate change, land use and cover change, social systems, and ecological disturbance on the ecological distribution of ..
  73. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS & SCHISTOSOMIASIS
    John Malone; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..GIS methods will be used to evaluate the relative suitability of climate and surface hydrology at different sites and regions for parasite life cycle development and disease propagation...
  74. Development of a low cost formulation of amphotericin B
    SHING CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to develop new treatments for VL and proposes a promising project aimed at developing a low cost, tropical climate stable, efficacious and simply reconstituted formulation as an alternative for the current reference treatment, ..
  75. Comparative genomics of the 2La inversion breakpoints in Anopheles gambiae
    Igor Sharakhov; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..is widespread important phenotypes: decreased Plasmodium falciparum infection rates and adaptation to arid climate. We propose a model where the alternative chromosomal arrangements of the 2La inversion affect vector competence ..
  76. Distress Tolerance: Links with Family Emotional Climate and Adolescent HIV Risk
    Jude Cassidy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Several theoretical perspectives and considerable empirical evidence suggest that the emotional climate of the family and the quality of family relationships have major implications for a child's functioning, ..
  77. Late 20th-Century Consumer Advocacy and the Shaping of Public Health Policy and P
    Ava Alkon; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of the consumer movement on public health policy and practice in the shifting social, political, and economic climate of the late 20th century...
  78. Life Stories for Black Youth: Exploring Cultural Heritage through Storytelling
    Amanda Harrell; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and school engagement among Black students, as well as promote an integrative, positive overall school climate. Phase I of this project will address two specific aims: (1) Development of a curriculum prototype i.e...
  79. VIBRIO CHOLERAE PLANKTON COLONIZATION
    Farooq Azam; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..to Latin America in 1991 has been suggested to have been correlated with marine plankton blooms triggered by a climate change event such as that initiated by El Nino...
  80. ISEH Annual Meeting: Young Investigator Programs
    THALIA STAMATOYANNOPOULOS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..meeting because of the travel expense of going to Europe, a situation even more serious in today's economic climate. Through this grant, ISEH wants to make it possible for Young Investigators from the US to participate and ..