air

Summary

Summary: The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, 190 Edward R Madigan Laboratory, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    New Phytol 165:351-71. 2005
  2. pmc Hypoxia and fungal pathogenesis: to air or not to air?
    Nora Grahl
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, USA
    Eukaryot Cell 11:560-70. 2012
  3. pmc Suppression of air refractive index variations in high-resolution interferometry
    Josef Lazar
    Institute of Scientific Instruments, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Kralovopolska 147, Brno 612 64, Czech Republic
    Sensors (Basel) 11:7644-55. 2011
  4. pmc Estimating air temperature and its influence on malaria transmission across Africa
    Tini Garske
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e56487. 2013
  5. ncbi Air temperature and the occurrence of myocardial infarction in Augsburg, Germany
    Kathrin Wolf
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Circulation 120:735-42. 2009
  6. ncbi Murine nasal septa for respiratory epithelial air-liquid interface cultures
    Marcelo B Antunes
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Biotechniques 43:195-6, 198, 200 passim. 2007
  7. ncbi Dose-controlled exposure of A549 epithelial cells at the air-liquid interface to airborne ultrafine carbonaceous particles
    E Bitterle
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute for Inhalation Biology, Ingolstaedter Landstr 1, D 85764 Neuherberg Munich, Germany
    Chemosphere 65:1784-90. 2006
  8. ncbi Metal-air batteries: from oxygen reduction electrochemistry to cathode catalysts
    Fangyi Cheng
    Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry Ministry of Education, Chemistry College, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, People s Republic of China
    Chem Soc Rev 41:2172-92. 2012
  9. ncbi Platinum-gold nanoparticles: a highly active bifunctional electrocatalyst for rechargeable lithium-air batteries
    Yi Chun Lu
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    J Am Chem Soc 132:12170-1. 2010
  10. ncbi Murine tracheal and nasal septal epithelium for air-liquid interface cultures: a comparative study
    Bradford A Woodworth
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Am J Rhinol 21:533-7. 2007

Detail Information

Publications372 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, 190 Edward R Madigan Laboratory, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    New Phytol 165:351-71. 2005
    Free-air CO(2) enrichment (FACE) experiments allow study of the effects of elevated [CO(2)] on plants and ecosystems grown under natural conditions without enclosure...
  2. pmc Hypoxia and fungal pathogenesis: to air or not to air?
    Nora Grahl
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, USA
    Eukaryot Cell 11:560-70. 2012
    ..The implications of these in vivo hypoxic microenvironments for fungal metabolism and pathogenesis are discussed with an aim toward understanding the potential impact of hypoxia on invasive fungal infection outcomes...
  3. pmc Suppression of air refractive index variations in high-resolution interferometry
    Josef Lazar
    Institute of Scientific Instruments, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Kralovopolska 147, Brno 612 64, Czech Republic
    Sensors (Basel) 11:7644-55. 2011
    The influence of the refractive index of air has proven to be a major problem on the road to improvement of the uncertainty in interferometric displacement measurements...
  4. pmc Estimating air temperature and its influence on malaria transmission across Africa
    Tini Garske
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e56487. 2013
    ..In particular, water temperature influences larval development rates whereas air temperature determines adult longevity as well as the rate of parasite development within the adult mosquito...
  5. ncbi Air temperature and the occurrence of myocardial infarction in Augsburg, Germany
    Kathrin Wolf
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Circulation 120:735-42. 2009
    b>Air temperature changes have been associated with cardiovascular mortality and morbidity...
  6. ncbi Murine nasal septa for respiratory epithelial air-liquid interface cultures
    Marcelo B Antunes
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Biotechniques 43:195-6, 198, 200 passim. 2007
    b>Air-liquid interface models using murine tracheal respiratory epithelium have revolutionized the in vitro study of pulmonary diseases...
  7. ncbi Dose-controlled exposure of A549 epithelial cells at the air-liquid interface to airborne ultrafine carbonaceous particles
    E Bitterle
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute for Inhalation Biology, Ingolstaedter Landstr 1, D 85764 Neuherberg Munich, Germany
    Chemosphere 65:1784-90. 2006
    ..chambers designed for harbouring three membrane-based cell cultures was modified for reliable and dose-controlled air-liquid interface (ALI) exposures...
  8. ncbi Metal-air batteries: from oxygen reduction electrochemistry to cathode catalysts
    Fangyi Cheng
    Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry Ministry of Education, Chemistry College, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, People s Republic of China
    Chem Soc Rev 41:2172-92. 2012
    Because of the remarkably high theoretical energy output, metal-air batteries represent one class of promising power sources for applications in next-generation electronics, electrified transportation and energy storage of smart grids...
  9. ncbi Platinum-gold nanoparticles: a highly active bifunctional electrocatalyst for rechargeable lithium-air batteries
    Yi Chun Lu
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    J Am Chem Soc 132:12170-1. 2010
    ..It is hypothesized that PtAu NPs exhibit bifunctional catalytic activity, having surface Au and Pt atoms primarily responsible for ORR and OER kinetics in Li-O(2) cells, respectively...
  10. ncbi Murine tracheal and nasal septal epithelium for air-liquid interface cultures: a comparative study
    Bradford A Woodworth
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Am J Rhinol 21:533-7. 2007
    b>Air-liquid interface cultures using murine tracheal respiratory epithelium have revolutionized the in vitro study of airway diseases...
  11. pmc Air-liquid interface cultures enhance the oxygen supply and trigger the structural and functional differentiation of intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC)
    Constanze Nossol
    Institute of Anatomy, Medical Faculty, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Leipziger Strasse 44, Magdeburg, Germany
    Histochem Cell Biol 136:103-15. 2011
    ..Therefore, we compared the dish cell culture, the transwell-like membrane culture and the oxygen enriched air-liquid interface (ALI) culture...
  12. ncbi Avoiding high relative air humidity during critical stages of leaf ontogeny is decisive for stomatal functioning
    Dimitrios Fanourakis
    Department of Plant Sciences, Horticultural Supply Chains Group, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
    Physiol Plant 142:274-86. 2011
    Plants of several species, if grown at high relative air humidity (RH ≥85%), develop stomata that fail to close fully in case of low leaf water potential...
  13. ncbi Contributing factors to corneal deformation in air puff measurements
    Sabine Kling
    Instituto de Optica Daza de Valdes, Madrid, Spain
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 54:5078-85. 2013
    b>Air puff systems have been presented recently to measure corneal biomechanical properties in vivo...
  14. ncbi Specific ion effects at the air/water interface
    Pavel Jungwirth
    Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, and Center for Biomolecules and Complex Molecular Systems, Flemingovo nam 2, 16610 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    Chem Rev 106:1259-81. 2006
  15. ncbi Observations of increased tropical rainfall preceded by air passage over forests
    D V Spracklen
    School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Nature 489:282-5. 2012
    ..find that for more than 60 per cent of the tropical land surface (latitudes 30 degrees south to 30 degrees north), air that has passed over extensive vegetation in the preceding few days produces at least twice as much rain as air ..
  16. ncbi Surgical sealant for the prevention of prolonged air leak after lung resection: meta-analysis
    Guislain Malapert
    Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon, Hospital du Bocage, Dijon, France
    Ann Thorac Surg 90:1779-85. 2010
    ..The aim of our meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness and safety of different techniques to reduce the proportion of patients with prolonged air leakage after pulmonary resection.
  17. ncbi Comparison of the total phenolic and ascorbic acid content of freeze-dried and air-dried marionberry, strawberry, and corn grown using conventional, organic, and sustainable agricultural practices
    Danny K Asami
    Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California Davis, 95616, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 51:1237-41. 2003
    ..Additionally, the effects of three common postharvest processing treatments (freezing, freeze-drying, and air-drying) on the TP content of these agricultural products were also investigated...
  18. ncbi Air-conditioning in the human nasal cavity
    David Elad
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 163:121-7. 2008
    ..functional roles of nasal breathing are defense against infiltrating particles and conditioning of the inspired air to nearly alveolar conditions in order to maintain the internal milieu of the lung...
  19. ncbi Effect of air-drying and solvent evaporation on the strength of HEMA-rich versus HEMA-free one-step adhesives
    Takatsumi Ikeda
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Division of Oral Health Science, Hokkaido University, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Kita 13 Nishi 7, Kita ku, Sapporo 060 8586, Japan
    Dent Mater 24:1316-23. 2008
    The objectives of this study were (1) to clarify the relationship between the duration of air-drying of one-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs) and the evaporation degree (ED) of solvents, and (2) to evaluate the effect of ED on the ..
  20. pmc Reactions of ozone with human skin lipids: sources of carbonyls, dicarbonyls, and hydroxycarbonyls in indoor air
    Armin Wisthaler
    Institut fur Ionenphysik und Angewandte Physik, Leopold Franzens Universitat Innsbruck, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:6568-75. 2010
    This study has used proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) for direct air analyses of volatile products resulting from the reactions of ozone with human skin lipids...
  21. ncbi Relationships between equilibrium spreading pressure and phase equilibria of phospholipid bilayers and monolayers at the air-water interface
    Heidi M Mansour
    School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin Madison, 777 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 2222, USA
    Langmuir 23:3809-19. 2007
    ..2 mN/m forming equilibrated gaseous monolayers, whereas spread monolayers collapse at a value of pic remaining around 30 mN/m, indicative of metastable gel bilayer formation...
  22. ncbi High-throughput screening of excipients intended to prevent antigen aggregation at air-liquid interface
    Sébastien Dasnoy
    Louvain Drug Research Institute, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Unite de Pharmacie Galenique, Avenue E Mounier 73, UCL 7320, 1200, Brussels, Belgium
    Pharm Res 28:1591-605. 2011
    ..with low protein concentrations, as present in vaccines, in order to evaluate the performance of various excipients in preventing the aggregation at air-liquid interface of an experimental recombinant antigen called Antigen 18A.
  23. ncbi Brewery wastewater treatment using air-cathode microbial fuel cells
    Yujie Feng
    Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, No 202, Haihe Road, Nangang District, Harbin 150090, China
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 78:873-80. 2008
    ..These results show that brewery wastewater can be effectively treated using MFCs, but that achievable power densities will depend on wastewater strength, solution conductivity, and buffering capacity...
  24. ncbi Enzyme-catalyzed O2 removal system for electrochemical analysis under ambient air: application in an amperometric nitrate biosensor
    Nicolas Plumeré
    Center for Electrochemical Sciences CES, Analytische Chemie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Universitatsstrasse 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
    Anal Chem 84:2141-6. 2012
    ..For general application, the optimum catalyst is pyranose 2-oxidase since the oxidation product does not interfere with the biorecognition element...
  25. ncbi An improved high-performance lithium-air battery
    Hun Gi Jung
    Department of WCU Energy Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133 791, Republic of Korea
    Nat Chem 4:579-85. 2012
    ..Owing to its exceptionally high energy potentiality, the lithium-air battery is a very appealing candidate for fulfilling this role...
  26. ncbi Effects of air and water temperatures on resting metabolism of auklets and other diving birds
    Samantha E Richman
    Department of Zoology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071, USA
    Physiol Biochem Zool 84:316-32. 2011
    ..We measured resting metabolic rate (RMR) in air and on water for a small diving bird, the Cassin's auklet (Ptychoramphus aleuticus), and compared these results to ..
  27. ncbi Characterization of the in situ structural and interfacial properties of the cationic hydrophobic heteropolypeptide, KL4, in lung surfactant bilayer and monolayer models at the air-water interface: implications for pulmonary surfactant delivery
    Heidi M Mansour
    Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, USA
    Mol Pharm 5:681-95. 2008
    ..Chem. 2003, 376, 182-188), of equilibrated KL 4, DPPC/KL 4, POPG/KL 4, and DPPC/POPG/KL 4 monolayers at the air-water interface was used to examine the in situ two-dimensional conformation of KL 4...
  28. ncbi Concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls in indoor air and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in indoor air and dust in Birmingham, United Kingdom: implications for human exposure
    Stuart Harrad
    Division of Environmental Health and Risk Management, Public Health Building, School of Geography, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom
    Environ Sci Technol 40:4633-8. 2006
    Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in air (using PUF disk passive samplers) in 31 homes, 33 offices, 25 cars, and 3 public microenvironments...
  29. ncbi Ambient air levels of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in a medium size city in Northern Spain
    M A Parra
    Laboratorio Integrado de Calidad Ambiental LICA, Departamento de Quimica y Edafologia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Navarra Irunlarrea 1, 31008, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
    Sci Total Environ 407:999-1009. 2009
    ..The lowest levels of VOC and NO2 occurred during summer, owing to the increase in solar radiation and to lower traffic densities. Mean concentrations of benzene and NO2 exceeded the European limits at some of the monitored points...
  30. ncbi Real-time measurement of outdoor tobacco smoke particles
    Neil E Klepeis
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 57:522-34. 2007
    ..However, OTS levels dropped almost instantly after smoking activity ceased. Based on our results, it is possible for OTS to present a nuisance or hazard under certain conditions of wind and smoker proximity...
  31. pmc Loss of extracellular superoxide dismutase leads to acute lung damage in the presence of ambient air: a potential mechanism underlying adult respiratory distress syndrome
    Maria Carolina Gongora
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Pathol 173:915-26. 2008
    ..Strategies either to prevent SOD3 inactivation or to augment its levels might prove useful in the treatment of acute lung injury...
  32. ncbi Is the air pollution health research community prepared to support a multipollutant air quality management framework?
    Joe L Mauderly
    Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 22:1-19. 2010
    Ambient air pollution is always encountered as a complex mixture, but past regulatory and research strategies largely focused on single pollutants, pollutant classes, and sources one-at-a-time...
  33. pmc High glycolate oxidase activity is required for survival of maize in normal air
    Israel Zelitch
    Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Plant Physiol 149:195-204. 2009
    ..Growth of seedlings in high CO2 (1%-5%) was sufficient to rescue the mutant phenotype. Upon transfer to normal air, the go1 mutant became necrotic within 7 d and plants died within 15 d...
  34. pmc Experimental demonstration of masking phenomena between competing odorants via an air dilution sensory test
    Ki Hyun Kim
    Atmospheric Environment Laboratory, Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul, 143 747 Korea
    Sensors (Basel) 10:7287-302. 2010
    To simulate the occurrence of masking phenomena with the aid of an air dilution sensory (ads) test, two types of odorant mixtures were prepared: (1) M(2) with two individual odorants [H(2)S and acetaldehyde (AA)] and (2) M(6) with six ..
  35. ncbi The effects of anesthetic agent and carrier gas on blood glucose and tissue uptake in mice undergoing dynamic FDG-PET imaging: sevoflurane and isoflurane compared in air and in oxygen
    Judith E Flores
    Department of Biomedical Imaging, Genentech, 1 DNA Way MS 228, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA
    Mol Imaging Biol 10:192-200. 2008
    We sought to identify an anesthetic regime that, unlike isoflurane in air, would maintain glucose homeostasis in mice undergoing Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D: -glucose (FDG).
  36. ncbi Effect of air temperature and humidity on the survival of pre-imaginal stages of two flea species (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae)
    B R Krasnov
    Ramon Science Center, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
    J Med Entomol 38:629-37. 2001
    ..Changes in humidity between egg and larval emvironments significantly decreased the percentage of females in X. conformis emergence at 28 degrees C...
  37. ncbi Modified air-assisted descemetorhexis for Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty
    Jodhbir S Mehta
    Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore
    J Cataract Refract Surg 34:889-91. 2008
    ..We describe a simple modified technique to perform descemetorhexis under air that improves visualization, even in cloudy corneas, and aids in control of DM because of the enhanced surface ..
  38. ncbi Role of S100A8 and S100A9 in neutrophil recruitment in response to monosodium urate monohydrate crystals in the air-pouch model of acute gouty arthritis
    Carle Ryckman
    Infectious Diseases Research Center, Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l Universite Laval, 2705 Laurier Boulevard, Sainte Foy, Quebec G1V 4G2, Canada
    Arthritis Rheum 48:2310-20. 2003
    ..To examine the role of chemokines, S100A8, and S100A9 in neutrophil accumulation induced by the causative agent of gout, monosodium urate monohydrate (MSU) crystals...
  39. ncbi Resuscitation with 100% O2 increases cerebral injury in hypoxemic piglets
    Berit H Munkeby
    Department of Pediatric Research, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, N 0027 Oslo, Norway
    Pediatr Res 56:783-90. 2004
    ..We hypothesized that resuscitation with 100% O2 compared with ambient air is detrimental to the cerebral tissue...
  40. pmc Transconjunctival orbital emphysema caused by compressed air injury: a case report
    Sunu Mathew
    Department of Ophthalmology, St Johns Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 56:247-9. 2008
    Orbital emphysema following conjunctival tear in the absence of orbital wall fracture, caused by air under pressure is rare...
  41. ncbi Gasifier selection, design and gasification of oil palm fronds with preheated and unheated gasifying air
    Fiseha M Guangul
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, 31750 Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia
    Bioresour Technol 126:224-32. 2012
    ..downdraft gasifier was constructed with a novel height adjustment mechanism for changing the position of gasifying air and steam inlet...
  42. pmc The averaging effect of odorant mixing as determined by air dilution sensory tests: a case study on reduced sulfur compounds
    Ki Hyun Kim
    Atmospheric Environment Laboratory, Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul 143 747, Korea
    Sensors (Basel) 11:1405-17. 2011
    To learn more about the effects of mixing different odorants, a series of air dilution sensory (ADS) tests were conducted using four reduced sulfur compounds [RSC: hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), methanethiol (CH(3)SH), dimethylsulfide (DMS), ..
  43. pmc FLO11-based model for air-liquid interfacial biofilm formation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    Severino Zara
    Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali Agrarie e Biotecnologie Agroalimentari, Sezione di Microbiologia Generale ed Applicata, Universita di Sassari, Viale Italia 39, 07100 Sassari, Italy
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:2934-9. 2005
    Sardinian wine strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae used to make sherry-like wines form a biofilm at the air-liquid interface at the end of ethanolic fermentation, when grape sugar is depleted and further growth becomes dependent on ..
  44. ncbi Ruthenium-based electrocatalysts supported on reduced graphene oxide for lithium-air batteries
    Hun Gi Jung
    Department of Energy Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133 791, Republic of Korea
    ACS Nano 7:3532-9. 2013
    Ruthenium-based nanomaterials supported on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have been investigated as air cathodes in non-aqueous electrolyte Li-air cells using a TEGDME-LiCF3SO3 electrolyte...
  45. ncbi Drought and air warming affect the species-specific levels of stress-related foliar metabolites of three oak species on acidic and calcareous soil
    Bin Hu
    Institute of Forest Botany and Tree Physiology, Chair of Tree Physiology, University of Freiburg, Georges Köhler Allee 53 54, D 79110 Freiburg, Germany
    Tree Physiol 33:489-504. 2013
    Climate change as projected for Central Europe will lead to prolonged periods of summer drought and enhanced air temperature...
  46. ncbi Intramolecular Pd(II)-catalyzed oxidative biaryl synthesis under air: reaction development and scope
    Benoît Liégault
    Center for Catalysis Research and Innovation, Department of Chemistry, University of Ottawa, 10 Marie Curie, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6J7, Canada
    J Org Chem 73:5022-8. 2008
    New reaction conditions for intramolecular palladium(II)-catalyzed oxidative carbon-carbon bond formation under air are described...
  47. ncbi Ciliated air-liquid cultures as an aid to diagnostic testing of primary ciliary dyskinesia
    Robert A Hirst
    Department of Infection, Immunity, and Inflammation, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, LE2 7LX, England
    Chest 138:1441-7. 2010
    ..The diagnosis of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) can prove difficult because of secondary damage of ciliated tissue...
  48. ncbi Quantitative volatile metabolite profiling of common indoor fungi: relevancy for indoor air analysis
    Sven Schuchardt
    Institute of Toxicology and Pharmacology for Natural Scientists, University Medical School Schleswig Holstein, Kiel, Germany
    J Basic Microbiol 49:350-62. 2009
    ..b>Air samples from Headspace Chambers (HSC) were adsorbed daily on Tenax TA tubes and analyzed by thermal desorption gas ..
  49. ncbi The air-conditioning capacity of the human nose
    Sara Naftali
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Ann Biomed Eng 33:545-53. 2005
    ..in three-dimensional models have been developed to study transport patterns in the human nose and its overall air-conditioning capacity...
  50. pmc Air- and bone-conducted vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) in otosclerosis: recordings before and after stapes surgery
    M Trivelli
    Area of Otolaryngology, Campus Bio Medico University of Rome, Via Alvaro del Portillo 200, Rome, Italy
    Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 30:5-10. 2010
    Aim of the study was to investigate, in a randomized prospective trial, air-conducted vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (AC-VEMPs) and bone-conducted vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (BC-VEMPs) before and after successful ..
  51. pmc Homing pigeons only navigate in air with intact environmental odours: a test of the olfactory activation hypothesis with GPS data loggers
    Anna Gagliardo
    Department of Biology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e22385. 2011
    ..We transported three groups of pigeons in air-tight containers to release sites 53 and 61 km from home in three different olfactory conditions...
  52. ncbi Metabolic and thyroidal response in air-breathing perch (Anabas testudineus) to water-borne kerosene
    Valsa S Peter
    Department of Zoology, Fatima Mata National College, University of Kerala, Kollam 691 001, Kerala, India
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 152:198-205. 2007
    To address the physiological compensatory adaptations in air-breathing fish to a toxicant, we studied the metabolite pattern, serum and liver enzymes and thyroidal response in a tropical air-breathing perch, Anabas testudineus (kept at ..
  53. ncbi Long-term performance of passive materials for removal of ozone from indoor air
    C J Cros
    Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA
    Indoor Air 22:43-53. 2012
    ..we explore the use of three green building materials and an activated carbon (AC) mat that remove ozone from indoor air. We studied the effects of long-term exposure of these materials to real environments on ozone removal capability ..
  54. ncbi Well-defined critical association concentration and rapid adsorption at the air/water interface of a short amphiphilic polymer, amphipol A8-35: a study by Förster resonance energy transfer and dynamic surface tension measurements
    Fabrice Giusti
    UMR 7099, CNRS Université Paris 7, Institut de Biologie Physico Chimique, 13 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, F 75005 Paris, France
    Langmuir 28:10372-80. 2012
    ....
  55. ncbi Ions at the air-water interface: an end to a hundred-year-old mystery?
    Yan Levin
    Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Caixa Postal 15051, CEP 91501 970, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Phys Rev Lett 103:257802. 2009
    ..experiments, nor existing theories are able to provide a fully consistent description of the electrolyte-air interface...
  56. ncbi Thermal analysis and devolatilization kinetics of cotton stalk, sugar cane bagasse and shea meal under nitrogen and air atmospheres
    S Munir
    Energy and Resources Research Institute, School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Bioresour Technol 100:1413-8. 2009
    ..1 (SB1), sugarcane bagasse 2 (SB2) and shea meal (SM) have been evaluated under pyrolysis (N(2)) and oxidising (dry air) conditions, using a non-isothermal thermogravimetric method (TGA)...
  57. ncbi Management of inferior breaks in pseudophakic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with pars plana vitrectomy and air
    Vicente Martinez-Castillo
    Vall d Hebron Hospital, Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona, Calle Londres No 54, 41B, Barcelona 08036, Spain
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:1078-81. 2005
    To determine the role of pars plana vitrectomy without scleral buckling and air as a tamponade with 24 hours of prone positioning in the management of inferior breaks in primary pseudophakic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.
  58. pmc Atomic force microscopy in vitro study of surface roughness and fractal character of a dental restoration composite after air-polishing
    Marco Salerno
    Italian Institute of Technology, Via Morego 30, I 16163 Bolzaneto, Genova, Italy
    Biomed Eng Online 9:59. 2010
    ..b>Air-polishing of dental surfaces removes biofilm but can also damage the surface by increasing its roughness...
  59. ncbi Effect of air-drying time of single-application self-etch adhesives on dentin bond strength
    Yasushi Chiba
    Nihon University Graduate School of Dentistry, Department of Operative Dentistry, Tokyo, Japan
    Oper Dent 31:233-9. 2006
    This study examined the effect of air-drying time of adhesives on the dentin bond strength of several single-application self-etch adhesive systems...
  60. ncbi Air enema for intussusception: is predicting the outcome important?
    P Ramachandran
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Kanchi Kamakoti Child s Trust Hospital, 12 A, Nageswara Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034, India
    Pediatr Surg Int 24:311-3. 2008
    b>Air enema is the treatment of choice for childhood intussusceptions. Although peritonitis is the established contraindication, studies have attempted to identify factors that affect the outcome of air enema...
  61. ncbi Air-exposed keratinocytes exhibited intracellular calcium oscillation
    Mitsuhiro Denda
    Shiseido Research Center, Yokohama, Japan
    Skin Res Technol 13:195-201. 2007
    ..On partial exposure of cultured human keratinocytes to air, a transient increase of intracellular calcium concentration appeared, followed by a wave-like increase in the ..
  62. ncbi Effect of air-drying on the solvent evaporation, degree of conversion and water sorption/solubility of dental adhesive models
    M Bail
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dental Materials Area, Piracicaba School of Dentistry, University of Campinas, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
    J Mater Sci Mater Med 23:629-38. 2012
    ..Acetone elimination was measured gravimetrically before and after: a spontaneous evaporation, an application of air-drying at room temperature or application of 40°C air-drying. Protocols were performed from 15 to 60 s...
  63. ncbi Traffic flow in the operating room: an explorative and descriptive study on air quality during orthopedic trauma implant surgery
    Annette Erichsen Andersson
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Am J Infect Control 40:750-5. 2012
    ..This study investigated the air quality, expressed as colony-forming units (CFU)/m(3), during orthopedic trauma surgery in a displacement-..
  64. ncbi Possible roles of vacuolar H+-ATPase and mitochondrial function in tolerance to air-drying stress revealed by genome-wide screening of Saccharomyces cerevisiae deletion strains
    Jun Shima
    National Food Research Institute, 2 1 12 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8642, Japan
    Yeast 25:179-90. 2008
    Yeasts used in bread making are exposed to air-drying stress during dried yeast production processes...
  65. ncbi Study on the initial velocity distribution of exhaled air from coughing and speaking
    Soon Bark Kwon
    Subway IAQ Research Corps, Korea Railroad Research Institute, Gyeonggi Do, South Korea
    Chemosphere 87:1260-4. 2012
    ..07 m/s and 2.31 m/s respectively. The angle of the exhaled air from coughing was around 38° for the males and 32° for the females, while that of the exhaled air from speaking ..
  66. ncbi Air-directed attachment of coccoid bacteria to the surface of superhydrophobic lotus-like titanium
    V K Truong
    Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, Hawthorn, Victoria, 3122, Australia
    Biofouling 28:539-50. 2012
    ..The upper regions of the microscale features remained essentially cell-free. It was hypothesised that air entrapped by the topographical features inhibited contact between the cells and the titanium substratum...
  67. ncbi Hierarchically porous graphene as a lithium-air battery electrode
    Jie Xiao
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352, United States
    Nano Lett 11:5071-8. 2011
    The lithium-air battery is one of the most promising technologies among various electrochemical energy storage systems...
  68. ncbi Short-term effects of air temperature on blood markers of coagulation and inflammation in potentially susceptible individuals
    Claudia Luise Schäuble
    Institute of Epidemiology II, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany
    Occup Environ Med 69:670-8. 2012
    Changes in air temperature are associated with an increase in cardiovascular events, but the role of procoagulant and proinflammatory blood markers is still poorly understood...
  69. ncbi The ontogeny of metabolic rate and thermoregulatory capabilities of northern fur seal, Callorhinus ursinus, pups in air and water
    M J Donohue
    Department of Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    J Exp Biol 203:1003-16. 2000
    ..thermoregulation in northern fur seal, Callorhinus ursinus, pups was investigated at two developmental stages in air and water using open-circuit respirometry...
  70. pmc Muscle, skin and core temperature after -110°c cold air and 8°c water treatment
    Joseph Thomas Costello
    Centre for Physical Activity and Health Research, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, Castletroy, Limerick, Ireland
    PLoS ONE 7:e48190. 2012
    ..These data may provide information to clinicians and researchers attempting to optimise WBC and CWI protocols in a clinical or sporting setting...
  71. ncbi Atrophic rhinitis: a CFD study of air conditioning in the nasal cavity
    Guilherme J M Garcia
    The Hamner Institutes for Health Sciences, 6 Davis Dr, P O Box 12137, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    J Appl Physiol 103:1082-92. 2007
    ..Simulations of air conditioning in the atrophic nose were compared with similar computations performed within the nasal geometries of ..
  72. ncbi Comparative study of the pneumatization of the mastoid air cells and paranasal sinuses using three-dimensional reconstruction of computed tomography scans
    Joohwan Kim
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Uijeongbu St Mary s Hospital, 65 1 Geumo dong, Uijeongbu, Gyeonggi Do, 480 717, Korea
    Surg Radiol Anat 32:593-9. 2010
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the pneumatization of mastoid air cells and PNS using three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of computed tomography (CT) scans of the PNS.
  73. ncbi Trade-off between oxygen and iron acquisition in bacterial cells at the air-liquid interface
    Kyosuke Yamamoto
    Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, Japan
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 77:83-94. 2011
    The air-liquid interface is a selectively advantageous niche for aerobes due to the accessibility to oxygen. Various species of aerobes form a biofilm-like structure at air-liquid interfaces, known as a pellicle...
  74. pmc Water- and air-distributed conidia differ in sterol content and cytoplasmic microviscosity
    M R Van Leeuwen
    Applied and Industrial Mycology, CBS Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Uppsalalaan 8, 3584 CT Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:366-9. 2010
    ..This suggests that the mode of spore dispersal has a bearing on cellular composition, which is relevant for the eradication of industrially relevant fungal propagules...
  75. ncbi Management of alveolar air leaks after pulmonary resection
    Sunil Singhal
    Division of Thoracic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 89:1327-35. 2010
    b>Air leaks are a common problem after pulmonary resection and can be a source of significant morbidity and mortality...
  76. ncbi Development of a versatile, easy and rapid atmospheric monitor for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes determination in air
    Francesc A Esteve-Turrillas
    Analytical Chemistry Department, University of Valencia, Edifici Jeroni Muñoz, 50 Dr Moliner, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
    J Chromatogr A 1216:8549-56. 2009
    A new procedure for the passive sampling in air of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene isomers (BTEX) is proposed...
  77. ncbi Preparing polymer-based sustained-release systems without exposing proteins to water-oil or water-air interfaces and cross-linking reagents
    Tuo Jin
    Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Pharmacy, China
    J Control Release 128:50-9. 2008
    ..a method to load proteins into polymer-based sustained-release systems without exposing them to water-oil or water-air interfaces, factors known to denature proteins...
  78. pmc Effect of palliative oxygen versus room air in relief of breathlessness in patients with refractory dyspnoea: a double-blind, randomised controlled trial
    Amy P Abernethy
    Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Lancet 376:784-93. 2010
    ..We assessed the effectiveness of oxygen compared with room air delivered by nasal cannula for relief of breathlessness in this population of patients.
  79. ncbi Catalytic activity trends of oxygen reduction reaction for nonaqueous Li-air batteries
    Yi Chun Lu
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    J Am Chem Soc 133:19048-51. 2011
    ..Our findings provide insights into Li(+)-ORR mechanisms in nonaqueous media and design of efficient air electrodes for Li-air battery applications.
  80. pmc Analysis of bacterial detachment from substratum surfaces by the passage of air-liquid interfaces
    C Gómez-Suárez
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Groningen, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
    Appl Environ Microbiol 67:2531-7. 2001
    A theoretical analysis of the detachment of bacteria adhering to substratum surfaces upon the passage of an air-liquid interface is given, together with experimental results for bacterial detachment in the absence and presence of a ..
  81. ncbi Antimicrobial action of essential oil vapours and negative air ions against Pseudomonas fluorescens
    A K Tyagi
    Applied Microbiology Laboratory, Centre for Rural Development and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016, India
    Int J Food Microbiol 143:205-10. 2010
    ..was to investigate the antibacterial activity of essential oil (in liquid as well as in vapour phase) and negative air ions (NAI) against Pseudomonas fluorescens...
  82. ncbi Air charged and microtip catheters cannot be used interchangeably for urethral pressure measurement: a prospective, single-blind, randomized trial
    Pascal Zehnder
    Department of Urology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    J Urol 180:1013-7. 2008
    We determined and compared urethral pressure measurements using air charged and microtip catheters in a prospective, single-blind, randomized trial.
  83. ncbi Ultimate detectability of volatile organic compounds: how much further can we reduce their ambient air sample volumes for analysis?
    Yong Hyun Kim
    Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul, Korea
    Anal Chem 84:8284-93. 2012
    To understand the ultimately lowest detection range of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in air, application of a high sensitivity analytical system was investigated by coupling thermal desorption (TD) technique with gas chromatography (..
  84. pmc Characterization of the chronic risk and hazard of hazardous air pollutants in the United States using ambient monitoring data
    Michael C McCarthy
    Sonoma Technology, Inc, Petaluma, California 94954 6503, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:790-6. 2009
    Ambient measurements of hazardous air pollutants (air toxics) have been used to validate model-predicted concentrations of air toxics but have not been used to perform risk screening at the national level.
  85. ncbi Patient-controlled room air insufflation versus automated carbon dioxide delivery for CT colonography
    Theodore J Shinners
    Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Clinical Science Center, 600 Highland Ave, Madison, WI 53792, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 186:1491-6. 2006
    Our objective was to prospectively compare colonic distention and patient comfort at screening CT colonography (CTC) with patient-controlled room air (RA) insufflation versus automated carbon dioxide (CO2) delivery.
  86. ncbi Report of AAPM Therapy Physics Committee Task Group 74: in-air output ratio, Sc, for megavoltage photon beams
    Timothy C Zhu
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Med Phys 36:5261-91. 2009
    The concept of in-air output ratio (Sc) was introduced to characterize how the incident photon fluence per monitor unit (or unit time for a Co-60 unit) varies with collimator settings...
  87. ncbi Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in indoor air and dust in Kuwait: implications for sources and nondietary human exposure
    Bondi Gevao
    Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P O Box 24885, 13109 Safat, Kuwait
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 53:503-12. 2007
    This study reports concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in indoor air and dust samples collected from 24 homes in Kuwait. Mean SigmaPAHs in indoor air ranged from 1.3 to 16 ng/m(3) with a geometric mean of 5...
  88. ncbi Secondary angle closure caused by air migrating behind the pupil in descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty
    Jung S Lee
    From the Cornea, Cataract, and External Disease Service, The Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Cornea 28:652-6. 2009
    To report secondary angle closure caused by air migrating behind the pupil in the context of intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation in the early postoperative period after Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK).
  89. ncbi Effect of an acidifying diet combined with zeolite and slight protein reduction on air emissions from laying hens of different ages
    W Wu-Haan
    Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA
    Poult Sci 86:182-90. 2007
    ..01) on NO emissions was observed. No diet or age effects (P > 0.05) were observed for NO(2) or non-CH(4) total hydrocarbons. Results demonstrated that diet and layer age influence air emissions from poultry operations.
  90. pmc Air trapping on chest CT is associated with worse ventilation distribution in infants with cystic fibrosis diagnosed following newborn screening
    Graham L Hall
    Respiratory Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e23932. 2011
    ..The primary objective of this analysis was to determine the relationships between ventilation distribution outcomes and the presence and extent of structural damage as assessed by chest CT in infants and young children with CF...
  91. ncbi Molecular dynamics simulations of atmospheric oxidants at the air-water interface: solvation and accommodation of OH and O3
    John Vieceli
    Environmental Molecular Science Institute and Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 2025, USA
    J Phys Chem B 109:15876-92. 2005
    ..The implications of these results with respect to atmospheric chemistry are discussed...
  92. ncbi Infant air and bone conduction tone burst auditory brain stem responses for classification of hearing loss and the relationship to behavioral thresholds
    Kathy R Vander Werff
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244, USA
    Ear Hear 30:350-68. 2009
    ..providing normative data for (1) frequency-specific tone burst auditory brain stem response (TBABR) thresholds by air conduction (AC) and bone conduction (BC) in early infancy used to classify type and severity of HL, (2) ear-..
  93. pmc Arsenic exposure within the Korean community (United States) based on dietary behavior and arsenic levels in hair, urine, air, and water
    Bill Cleland
    Office of Environmental Health Assessments, Washington State Department of Health, Olympia, Washington 98504, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:632-8. 2009
    ..Determining arsenic exposure in groups based on geographic location, dietary behaviors, or lifestyles is important, as even moderate exposures may lead to health concerns...
  94. ncbi Peritoneal inflammatory response of natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) versus laparoscopy with carbon dioxide and air pneumoperitoneum
    Joseph A Trunzo
    Department of Surgery, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Lakeside Building 7th Floor, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
    Surg Endosc 24:1727-36. 2010
    ..The local peritoneal reaction and immunomodulatory influence of pneumoperitoneum agents in NOTES also are not known and may play an important role in altering the physiologic insult induced by NOTES...
  95. ncbi Air-drying time of self-etching adhesives vs bonding efficacy
    Thomas Jacobsen
    J Adhes Dent 8:387-92. 2006
    ..This study tested the effect of different drying times on the efficacy of bond for five self-etching adhesives...
  96. ncbi Circulatory recovery is as fast with air ventilation as with 100% oxygen after asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest in piglets
    Rickard Linner
    Department of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
    Pediatr Res 66:391-4. 2009
    ..spontaneous circulation and of cerebral oxygenation after asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest, using ventilation with air, throughout, or with 100% oxygen for a shorter or longer period...
  97. ncbi Normative data for P1/N1-latencies of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials induced by air- or bone-conducted tone bursts
    Dietmar Basta
    Department of Otolaryngology at UKB, Hospital of the University of Berlin, Charite Medical School, Warener Str 7, 12683 Berlin, Germany
    Clin Neurophysiol 116:2216-9. 2005
    ..The aim of the present paper was to describe normative data for tone-burst evoked VEMPs...
  98. ncbi Clinical effects of purified air administered to the breathing zone in allergic asthma: A double-blind randomized cross-over trial
    C Pedroletti
    Department of Women and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Respir Med 103:1313-9. 2009
    Exposure to inhaled allergens is a pathogenetic factor in allergic asthma. However, most studies that previously looked at air cleaning devices have shown little or no effect on patients with perennial allergic asthma.
  99. ncbi Gasification of biodiesel by-product with air or oxygen to make syngas
    Sang Jun Yoon
    Climate Change Technology Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research, 71 2 Jang dong, Yuseong Gu, Daejeon 305 343, Republic of Korea
    Bioresour Technol 101:1227-32. 2010
    ..Gasification was conducted in a temperature range of 950-1500 degrees C and excess air ratio of 0.17-0.7 for air or oxygen as a gasification agent...
  100. pmc Do airway epithelium air-liquid cultures represent the in vivo airway epithelium transcriptome?
    Anna Dvorak
    Department of Genetic Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 44:465-73. 2011
    Human airway epithelial cells cultured in vitro at the air-liquid interface (ALI) form a pseudostratified epithelium that forms tight junctions and cilia, and produces mucin...
  101. pmc Semivolatile endocrine-disrupting compounds in paired indoor and outdoor air in two northern California communities
    Ruthann A Rudel
    Silent Spring Institute, 29 Crafts Street, Newton, Massachusetts 02458, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:6583-90. 2010
    ..We collected paired indoor and outdoor air samples in 40 nonsmoking homes in urban, industrial Richmond, CA, and 10 in rural Bolinas, CA...

Research Grants74

  1. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Title: Rituximab for Autoimmune Retinopathy Number: 10-EI-0040 Summary: Background: - Autoimmune retinopathy (AIR) is an inflammatory condition in which the patient's own immune system is attacking his or her eyes and ..
  2. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Title: Rituximab for Autoimmune Retinopathy Number: 10-EI-0040 Summary: Background: - Autoimmune retinopathy (AIR) is an inflammatory condition in which the patient's own immune system is attacking his or her eyes and ..
  3. SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODS
    David Allen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..consumer products, medicines, medical devices, workplace chemicals, food additives, or to contaminants in air, food, or water...
  4. SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODS
    David Allen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..consumer products, medicines, medical devices, workplace chemicals, food additives, or to contaminants in air, food, or water...
  5. Air Pollution on Adiposity and Vascular Dysfunction: White or Brown Matters?
    Qinghua Sun; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Environmental factors are increasingly found to be associated with the development of obesity. To investigate if air pollution exposure contributes to adiposity and inflammation in adipose tissues that induces insulin resistance and ..
  6. The influence of air pollution mixtures on biomarkers of airway oxidative stress
    Roby Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Roby Greenwald, are to examine the respiratory response to inhaled oxidants, specifically, the influence of air pollution mixtures on markers of airway inflammation and oxidative stress...
  7. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and birth outcomes in Mexico City
    MARIE SYLVIA O'NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Although multiple factors influence birth weight and size, air pollution exposure during pregnancy has been recently explored as a contributor...
  8. Integrated Microfluidic Platform for Point-of-Care Serodiagnostics
    Xiaowu Liang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): We aim to develop a fully integrated microfluidic immunodiagnostic platform utilizing a novel air-liquid cavity acoustic transducer (ALCAT) technology pioneered in the lab of Dr Abe Lee...
  9. SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODS
    David Allen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..consumer products, medicines, medical devices, workplace chemicals, food additives, or to contaminants in air, food, or water...
  10. Tobacco Control Research Branch Scientific and Technical Services Support
    KOURTNEY MARSHALL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of prevention and treatment interventions; 4) Tobacco policies, including taxation and pricing, clean indoor air policies, advertising and marketing restrictions, youth access restrictions and tobacco product and nicotine ..
  11. Ubiquitous pollutant acrolein inhibits IFN?? antiviral signaling: relevance to HC
    Swati Joshi-Barve; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a high priority air and water pollutant...
  12. Regulation of Innate and Adaptive Immunity in Human COPD and Emphysema
    Farrah Kheradmand; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..COPD is characterized by destruction of lung matrix, especially elastin, resulting in loss of elastic recoil, air trapping and lung hyperinflation...
  13. Air Pollution on Adiposity and Vascular Dysfunction: White or Brown Matters?
    Qinghua Sun; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Environmental factors are increasingly found to be associated with the development of obesity. To investigate if air pollution exposure contributes to adiposity and inflammation in adipose tissues that induces macro- and ..
  14. Human middle-ear imaging, physiology, and biomechanics
    CHARLES RICHARD STEELE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specific Aim #4: Our hypothesis that myringoplasty and tympanoplasty surgery patients continue to have air-bone gap deficits at frequencies above 4 kHz will be tested...
  15. Endotoxin, the airway transcriptome, and obstructive lung disease
    PEGGY SUE LAI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..fuel, in the context of various occupations especially cotton textile work, and more recently as part of indoor air pollution in schools...
  16. Role of Retroelements in Environmental Atherogenesis
    Kenneth S Ramos; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Chronic exposures to air particulates and chemicals associated with particulate matter, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, have been ..
  17. Targeting AP-1 proteins in COPD
    SEKHAR M POTHIREDDY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..disruption of the c-Jun/AP-1 transcription factor in type II epithelial cells causes enlargement of the alveolar air spaces and lung inflammation, which are cardinal features of emphysema...
  18. Developing Physics-Based Virtual Simulation Technology for Natural Orifice Transl
    DANIEL BOUGERE JONES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pressure inside the abdomen does not rise to dangerous levels or there is no leakage into the GI tract when gas (air or CO2) is pumped into the body cavity (this is known as pneumoperitoneum and is achieved through a process known ..
  19. Robust Peptide-Based Diagnostics of Botulinum Toxins
    John E Mueller; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Owing to their high toxicity and to the ease of their production and potential dissemination into air, water, and food supply, the BoNTs are considered among the preeminent bioterrorism threats...
  20. Mechanisms of Angiogenesis in Retinopathy of Prematurity
    Mary Elizabeth Hartnett; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..we will use the 50/10 OIR rescued in supplemental oxygen compared to the standard 50/10 OIR rescued in room air. Methods include: confocal microscopy of retinal flat mounts to visualize endothelial cells at the junction of ..
  21. Mechanisms of Angiogenesis of Retinopathy of Prematurity
    MARY ELIZABETH RUTH HARTNETT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..we will also use the 50/10 OIR model rescued in hyperoxia compared to the standard 50/10 OIR model rescued in room air. Methods include: confocal microscopy of retinal flat mounts to visualize endothelial cells at the junction of ..
  22. Effectivenss of a New Non-Invasive Erectile Support System in Aging Populations
    S ALEXANDER WEINSTOCK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and severe erectile dysfunction, will participate in 250 at-home clinical trials using a new, non-invasive', air-infused', erectile support system, able to be used throughout intercourse and designed, using scaled-down ..
  23. Immune modulators of inflammation in servere COPD
    Farrah Kheradmand; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of lung matrix, especially elastin, resulting in loss of elastic recoil, dynamic airway collapse during exhalation, air trapping and lung hyperinflation...
  24. Pulmonary effects of biomass fuel indoor PM from rural India
    Shyam Biswal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ambient air particulate matter (PM) is well studied and linked to increased pulmonary oxidative stress and inflammation and ..
  25. Molecular Mechanism of Acrolein-Induced Vascular Toxicity: Role of PPAR gamma and
    Zivar Yousefipour; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Acrolein a major environmental pollutant classified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a high-priority air/water toxic and an endogenous peroxidation product has been linked to impaired vascular reactivity, leading to ..
  26. Safety signal learning in Rhesus monkeys following early life stressChallenge Ar
    MICHAEL NMN DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Three cues are used in the form AX+/BX-, where cues A and X in compound (e.g. a light and air blowing from a quiet fan) are paired with an aversive event (+), and a new cue B (e.g...
  27. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - CACHE COUNTY STUDY CENTER
    Edward Clark; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated environmental samples include air, dust, soil, food, and water ...
  28. Human developmental toxicity of metal mixture exposure from e-waste recycling
    Aimin Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The applicants will assess the environmental (air, dust, soil) and biological (maternal blood, urine, hair, cord blood) exposure markers of e-waste metal mixtures (..
  29. Climate Change and Adverse Birth Outcomes: Assessing the Vulnerability of Pregnan
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To assess acclimatization and potential modification by air pollution, we will examine geographic variation and interactive effects of air pollution on the associations tested...
  30. Development of Montelukast Delivery System for Childhood Asthma
    Je Phil Ryoo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and prevent many types of asthmatic responses, including allergen-induced, exercise- induced, cold-air-hyperventilation-induced, and aspirin-induced asthma (Wright et al 1998)...
  31. Masked Hypertension in Chronic Kidney Disease
    Rajiv Agarwal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Body composition will be measured by the gold-standard measurement of air-displacement plethysmography (Bod Pod). Activity will be measured by 7-day wrist accelerometer...
  32. Chronic Granulomatous Lung Inflammation Elicited by Carbon Nanotubes
    Mary Jane Thomassen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..stoves, fireplaces, and firefighting - conditions that might favor carbon nanotube formation in ambient air. Investigation of putative nanotube environmental factors linked to sarcoidosis has not been done using animal ..
  33. Air Toxics, Neighborhood Environment and Risk of Oral Clefts
    Philip J Lupo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..An important group of toxicants, as defined by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), are hazardous air pollutants, or HAPs (e.g., benzene, diesel particulate matter)...
  34. Mechanisms for Cardiovascular Effects of air pollutants: Effect of Age and Sex
    BRITT HOLMEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Since the 1970's, adverse health effects have been reported at unexpectedly low levels of particulate air pollution, leading scientists and public health officials to conclude that long-term exposure to combustion-related ..
  35. Right Heart-Pulmonary Vascular Interactions in Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
    Marlowe Eldridge; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..injuries impair the growth and development of the airways and pulmonary vasculature, leading to a decrease in the air exchanging units of the lung and fewer blood vessels that can participate in exchanging CO2 and O2...
  36. Chromosomal Control of Segregation of C. Elegans
    Abby F Dernburg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mechanisms, we will build on the knowledge that three conserved serine/threonine kinases, CHK-2, PLK-2, and AIR-2, play essential regulatory roles in meiosis...
  37. Interactions of Diesel Exhaust and Respiratory Viruses in Asthmatic Children
    Toby C Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Traffic-associated air pollution and respiratory viral infections (URIs) are well-documented, independent stimulants of asthma symptoms, and both are associated with significant asthma morbidity...
  38. Cellular interactions in asthma
    CHRISTOPHER DAVID CABALLERO ALLEN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..that causes constriction of the airways in response to triggers such as pollen, mold, viral infection, or even cold air. In severe cases, the obstruction f the airways in asthma can be fatal...
  39. Endothelial Progenitor Cells and Particulate Air Pollution
    Arden Pope; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Multiple epidemiological and experimental studies report that acute or chronic exposure to air pollution is associated with adverse cardiovascular events including myocardial ischemia, stroke, arrhythmias, ..
  40. TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR - BETA MEDIATES EFFECTS OF HYPOXIA IN NEWBORN LUNG
    Namasivayam Ambalavanan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A vertically-integrated approach, with in vivo models (newborn mice exposed to hypoxia or air for 2 weeks from birth) and in vitro models (neonatal murine pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts)..
  41. Air Pollution, Inflammation and Preterm Birth: A Mechanistic Study in Mexico City
    MARIE SYLVIA O'NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A recent Institute of Medicine Report notes that air pollution exposure may be a significant cause of prematurity, but most published studies are based on population ..
  42. Gene expression responses to air pollution and modification by genetic variation
    Sharine Wittkopp; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Epidemiological studies have shown that exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) air pollution is associated with increases in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality...
  43. ACTIVATED MACROPHAGES AND OZONE TOXICITY
    DEBRA LYNN LASKIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Ozone is a ubiquitous urban air pollutant known to damage the lung and compromise respiratory function...
  44. Extending Sleep in Obese Adults to Promote Weight Loss
    Ann E Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..lifestyles, and changes in food manufacturing and marketing practices, the increased use of central heating and air conditioning, increasing gravid age, decreased smoking rates, and decreased sleep durations...
  45. Translational Approaches to Reducing Health Disparities in Lung Disease
    Joe G N Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..For instance, disproportionately higher number of African Americans and Hispanics are likely to be exposed to air pollutants compared to Caucasians that is one of the major factors that contribute to the health disparities seen ..
  46. Mechanisms and consequences of sleep disordered breathing in COPD
    Cynthia D Brown; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..NNI delivers heated and humidified air at high flow rates to generate small degrees of positive nasal pressure...
  47. Structural Studies of RNA Maturation and Processing
    Christopher D Lima; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..purifying, and reconstituting complexes that contain the Mtr4 RNA helicase, the Trf poly(A) polymerases and the Air RNA binding proteins...
  48. Immunobiology of Acute Environmental Asthma
    David B Peden; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Epidemiological studies have clearly shown that asthma exacerbation linked to air pollutants is a major cause of asthma exacerbation...
  49. ENHANCEMENT OF CORONARY CONSTRICTION BY COMBUSTION-SOURCE AIR TOXICS
    Matthew J Campen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    b>Air pollution is positively associated with an increased daily incidence of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality...
  50. FASEB SRC on Yeast Chromosome Structure, Replication and Segregation
    Scott Keeney; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Environmental agents - including manmade air- and water-borne pollutants, electromagnetic radiation, and nicotine and other natural products - can have profound ..
  51. For Hearing Component in the Hispanic Community Health Study (HCHS)
    Lisa Lavange; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The hearing examination will include otoscopy, acoustic immittance and both air-conduction and bone-conduction pure tone audiometry...
  52. Environment, Novel Aging Outcomes, and Genetics
    Sung Kyun Park; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The scientific goals of this project are to understand how long term environmental exposures to lead and air pollution affect age-related pathological changes, namely, depressed cardiac function, and two novel outcomes that ..
  53. PROJECTED HEAT WAVE MAGNITUDES AND PUBLIC HEALTH IMPACTS
    Helene G Margolis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., heat, air pollution, and co- morbidity), rather than only examine risk in the context of single (or limited number) exposure-..
  54. Bangladesh Centre for Global Environmental and Occupational Health
    Dewan Shamsul Alam; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., water pollution, climate change, and air pollution), which are escalating as public health priorities in the country...
  55. Ionic Liquid Gas Sensors for Detection of Flammable Gases In Workplace
    Xiangqun Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Three things are needed to support a fire or explosion: a source of fuel (e.g. flammable gas or vapor), air (oxygen) and a source of ignition (e.g. spark, open flame, or high temperature surface)...
  56. Modulation of Neonatal Hyperoxic Lung Injury by the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor
    Binoy Shivanna; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The lungs of the air- or hyperoxia-exposed newborn WT and AhR-null mice treated with PPIs will be assessed for AhR activation, ..
  57. Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws (EUDL)
    Christopher Spera; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..b>Air Force leadership, for example, acknowledges the health and safety consequences of alcohol abuse among its personnel ..
  58. Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Ultrasound Measures of Fetal Growth
    MICHELLE WILHELM TURNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the growing literature reporting increased risks of adverse birth outcomes for women highly exposed to outdoor air pollution during pregnancy, the most important questions remain unanswered;specifically, what are the relevant ..
  59. A geostatistical framework for the multi-scale boundary analysis of space-time tr
    PIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. mammography clinics), socio-economic status, air pollution, and individual-level factors (e.g. smoking, health insurance, age)...
  60. Ethical and Legal Challenges in Communicating Individual Biomonitoring and Person
    Rachel Morello-Frosch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of human blood, urine, breast milk, and other tissues, and to sampling in personal spaces, such as testing dust and air in homes...
  61. Plasmodium Genus and P. falciparum - P. vivax FISH Assays
    Jyotsna Shah; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..P-Genus FISH) assay targeted to ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is a method that detects all the species of malaria on an air-dried blood smear. PFV-FISH assay is a dual probe assay for detecting and differentiating P. falciparum (PF) and P...
  62. Prenatal Exposures & Procarcinogenic Mutations
    Manuela Orjuela; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Prenatal exposures have been assessed by questionnaires, air monitoring, and biomarkers...
  63. MECHANISMS OF AIRFLOW OBSTRUCTION
    Julian Solway; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..heat and/or water loss to the degree of bronchoconstriction induced in asthmatics by isocapnic hyperpnea of dry air. While these have provided insight into the precipitation of airways response, the detailed sequence of events ..
  64. Improving Air Quality for Laboratory Animal Research
    Sharron S Quisenberry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..State University proposes to bring up to accreditation standards the under-designed HVAC (heating, ventilating and air conditioning) system in 12,697 net square feet (21,162 gross square feet) of the unit called the "Central Facility...
  65. Novel Nitrogen Enriched Air for Fire Suppression
    DONALD STOOKEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..new platform technology for fire suppression and fire prevention systems around membrane supplied nitrogen enriched air (NEA)...
  66. Childhood Leukemia and Home Environmental Exposures
    Patricia A Buffler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Here, we propose a validation/reproducibility study in which we will collect repeated air and dust samples in 250 households selected from a large case-control study of childhood leukemia, namely, the ..
  67. Air Pollution and Adverse Birth Outcomes
    Beate Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..is one of the human growth periods most vulnerable to toxins, epidemiologic data concerning the effects of ambient air pollution exposures during this period are limited...
  68. Tracking Air Pollutants and Newborn Health in Houston, Texas
    Elaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The Greater Houston area (Harris County, Texas) provides a unique multi-ethnic study area to evaluate effects of air pollution on newborn health and resulting health disparities among racial/ethnic groups...
  69. IMMUNOCHEMICAL ASSAY OF AEROALLERGENS
    Charles Reed; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Techniques for quantitative air sampling, particle sizing, and immunochemical assay of amorphous allergens now exist...
  70. AIR CONDITIONING BY THE TRACHEA--STIMULI AND MECHANISMS
    Mark Deffebach; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Exercise and hyperventilation with cold dry air (CDA) are important triggers of an asthmatic attack that affects 80% of asthmatics. Bronchoconstriction is also seen after CDA hyperventilation in normal subjects and experimental animals...
  71. LUNG SURFACE ANTIOXIDANT DEFENSES AGAINST AIR POLLUTANTS
    CARROLL CROSS; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Adapted from the applicant's abstract): The respiratory tract is commonly exposed to a variety of oxidizing air pollutants, such as ozone, nitrogen dioxide or cigarette smoke, which can induce inflammatory responses in the ..
  72. Health, Pollution & Economic Development in South Durban
    Stuart Batterman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Earlier studies indicate high levels of respiratory disease among children in the area and strong evidence that air pollutants are associated with acute changes in health status for children with moderate to severe asthma...