greenhouse effect

Summary

Summary: The effect of global warming and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Extinction risk from climate change
    Chris D Thomas
    Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Nature 427:145-8. 2004
  2. ncbi Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants
    Terry L Root
    Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nature 421:57-60. 2003
  3. ncbi Impact of regional climate change on human health
    Jonathan A Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, USA
    Nature 438:310-7. 2005
  4. ncbi A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems
    Camille Parmesan
    Integrative Biology, Patterson Laboratories 141, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    Nature 421:37-42. 2003
  5. ncbi Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification
    O Hoegh-Guldberg
    Centre for Marine Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072 Queensland, Australia
    Science 318:1737-42. 2007
  6. ncbi Climate change and human health: present and future risks
    Anthony J McMichael
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
    Lancet 367:859-69. 2006
  7. ncbi Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming
    J Alan Pounds
    Golden Toad Laboratory for Conservation, Monteverde Cloud Forest Preserve and Tropical Science Center, Santa Elena, Puntarenas 5655 73, Costa Rica
    Nature 439:161-7. 2006
  8. pmc Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line Islands
    Stuart A Sandin
    Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008
  9. ncbi Attributing physical and biological impacts to anthropogenic climate change
    Cynthia Rosenzweig
    NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia Center for Climate Systems Research, 2800 Broadway, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Nature 453:353-7. 2008
  10. pmc Malaria in the African highlands: past, present and future
    S W Lindsay
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Durham, England
    Bull World Health Organ 76:33-45. 1998

Research Grants

  1. Impact of Climate-Responsive Design on Heat-Related Morbidity and Mortality in La
    Brian Stone; Fiscal Year: 2011
  2. ECOLOGY AND CONTROL OF ARBOVIRUSES
    James Hardy; Fiscal Year: 1990
  3. Inhibition of methanogenesis
    STEPHEN RAGSDALE; Fiscal Year: 2001
  4. Inhibition of Methanogenesis in Ruminant Animals
    STEPHEN RAGSDALE; Fiscal Year: 2003
  5. Chronic respiratory effects of early life PM exposure
    Kirk Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
  6. MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERS
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006
  7. INHALED NITRIC OXIDE
    Warren Zapol; Fiscal Year: 2007
  8. BIOMARKERS OF GENETIC DAMAGE AND ANTIOXIDANT
    Frederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2001
  9. Functional genomics of molluscan schistosome development
    TIMOTHY YOSHINO; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric Ozone
    Michelle L Bell; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications321 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Extinction risk from climate change
    Chris D Thomas
    Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Nature 427:145-8. 2004
    ..These estimates show the importance of rapid implementation of technologies to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and strategies for carbon sequestration...
  2. ncbi Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants
    Terry L Root
    Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nature 421:57-60. 2003
    ....
  3. ncbi Impact of regional climate change on human health
    Jonathan A Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, USA
    Nature 438:310-7. 2005
    ....
  4. ncbi A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems
    Camille Parmesan
    Integrative Biology, Patterson Laboratories 141, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA
    Nature 421:37-42. 2003
    ..This suite of analyses generates 'very high confidence' (as laid down by the IPCC) that climate change is already affecting living systems...
  5. ncbi Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification
    O Hoegh-Guldberg
    Centre for Marine Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072 Queensland, Australia
    Science 318:1737-42. 2007
    ..As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided...
  6. ncbi Climate change and human health: present and future risks
    Anthony J McMichael
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
    Lancet 367:859-69. 2006
    ..Evidence and anticipation of adverse health effects will strengthen the case for pre-emptive policies, and will also guide priorities for planned adaptive strategies...
  7. ncbi Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming
    J Alan Pounds
    Golden Toad Laboratory for Conservation, Monteverde Cloud Forest Preserve and Tropical Science Center, Santa Elena, Puntarenas 5655 73, Costa Rica
    Nature 439:161-7. 2006
    ..With climate change promoting infectious disease and eroding biodiversity, the urgency of reducing greenhouse-gas concentrations is now undeniable...
  8. pmc Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line Islands
    Stuart A Sandin
    Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008
    ..Thus, protection from overfishing and pollution appears to increase the resilience of reef ecosystems to the effects of global warming...
  9. ncbi Attributing physical and biological impacts to anthropogenic climate change
    Cynthia Rosenzweig
    NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia Center for Climate Systems Research, 2800 Broadway, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Nature 453:353-7. 2008
    ....
  10. pmc Malaria in the African highlands: past, present and future
    S W Lindsay
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Durham, England
    Bull World Health Organ 76:33-45. 1998
    ..We further recommend that a regional modelling approach should be adopted to assess the extent and severity of this problem and help improve disease surveillance and the quality of health care delivered in this unstable ecosystem...
  11. pmc Climate change: the public health response
    Howard Frumkin
    National Center for Environmental Health Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, MS E 28, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:435-45. 2008
    ....
  12. pmc Climate change and mosquito-borne disease
    P Reiter
    Dengue Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U S Department of Health and Human Services, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00920 3860
    Environ Health Perspect 109:141-61. 2001
    ..It is therefore inappropriate to use climate-based models to predict future prevalence...
  13. ncbi Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: overview and implications for policy makers
    Andy Haines
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 374:2104-14. 2009
    ....
  14. pmc Dynamic fragility of oceanic coral reef ecosystems
    Nicholas A J Graham
    School of Marine Science and Technology, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:8425-9. 2006
    ..We suggest that isolated reef systems may be more susceptible to climate change, despite escaping many of the stressors impacting continental reefs...
  15. ncbi Health impact assessment of global climate change: expanding on comparative risk assessment approaches for policy making
    Jonathan Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies and Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 29:27-39. 2008
    ..Investigators must consider the full range of policy options, supported by more comprehensive, flexible, and transparent assessment methods...
  16. ncbi Climate change, deforestation, and the fate of the Amazon
    Yadvinder Malhi
    Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
    Science 319:169-72. 2008
    ..We also discuss the implications of new proposals to finance preservation of Amazonian forests...
  17. ncbi Impact of a century of climate change on small-mammal communities in Yosemite National Park, USA
    Craig Moritz
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 322:261-4. 2008
    ..Elevational replacement among congeners changed because species' responses were idiosyncratic. Though some high-elevation species are threatened, protection of elevation gradients allows other species to respond via migration...
  18. ncbi Tick-borne encephalitis in Sweden and climate change
    E Lindgren
    Department of Systems Ecology, Natural Resources Management, Stockholm University, SE 10691, Stockholm, Sweden
    Lancet 358:16-8. 2001
    ..During the same period the climate has become milder and ticks have become more abundant. We investigated whether there is a link between the change in climate and the increase in incidence of TBE...
  19. ncbi Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs
    T P Hughes
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Science 301:929-33. 2003
    ..International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming...
  20. ncbi The global spread of malaria in a future, warmer world
    D J Rogers
    Trypanosomiasis and Land Use in Africa Research Group, Oxford Tick Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 289:1763-6. 2000
    ..These results were applied to future climate scenarios to predict future distributions, which showed remarkably few changes, even under the most extreme scenarios...
  21. pmc Hot topic or hot air? Climate change and malaria resurgence in East African highlands
    Simon I Hay
    Dept of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK
    Trends Parasitol 18:530-4. 2002
    ..We find the widespread increase in resistance of the malaria parasite to drugs and the decrease in vector control activities to be more likely driving forces behind the malaria resurgence...
  22. ncbi Cities as harbingers of climate change: common ragweed, urbanization, and public health
    Lewis H Ziska
    Alternate Crop and Systems Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 111:290-5. 2003
    ..Although controlled laboratory experiments have been conducted to demonstrate the sensitivity of allergenic pollen production to future climatic change (ie, increased CO(2) and temperature), no in situ data are available...
  23. pmc Climate change threats to plant diversity in Europe
    Wilfried Thuiller
    Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 5175, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:8245-50. 2005
    ..We found that risks of extinction for European plants may be large, even in moderate scenarios of climate change and despite inter-model variability...
  24. ncbi Greenhouse-gas emission targets for limiting global warming to 2 degrees C
    Malte Meinshausen
    Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Telegraphenberg, 14412 Potsdam, Germany
    Nature 458:1158-62. 2009
    ..Emissions levels in 2020 are a less robust indicator, but for the scenarios considered, the probability of exceeding 2 degrees C rises to 53-87% if global GHG emissions are still more than 25% above 2000 levels in 2020...
  25. ncbi Ensemble forecasting of species distributions
    Miguel B Araujo
    Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, C Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006, Madrid, Spain
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:42-7. 2007
    ....
  26. pmc Urban sprawl and public health
    Howard Frumkin
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:201-17. 2002
  27. ncbi An indoor mesocosm system to study the effect of climate change on the late winter and spring succession of Baltic Sea phyto- and zooplankton
    Ulrich Sommer
    Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences, Kiel University, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105, Kiel, Germany
    Oecologia 150:655-67. 2007
    ....
  28. ncbi Moving urban trips from cars to bicycles: impact on health and emissions
    Graeme Lindsay
    School of Population Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Public Health 35:54-60. 2011
    ..To estimate the effects on health, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions if short trips (≤7 km) were undertaken by bicycle rather than motor car...
  29. ncbi Molecular ecology of global change
    Thorsten B H Reusch
    Plant Evolutionary Ecology, Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Munster, Hüfferstr 1, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Mol Ecol 16:3973-92. 2007
    ..Because adaptation to changing environment is always contingent upon the spatial distribution of genetic variation, high-resolution estimates of gene flow and hybridization should be used to inform predictions of evolutionary rates...
  30. pmc Health cobenefits and transportation-related reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in the San Francisco Bay area
    Neil Maizlish
    California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
    Am J Public Health 103:703-9. 2013
    ..We quantified health benefits of transportation strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE)...
  31. ncbi Climate change and human health
    Paul R Epstein
    Center for Health and the Global Environment, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:1433-6. 2005
  32. ncbi Climate warming will reduce growth and survival of Scots pine except in the far north
    P B Reich
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, 1530 Cleveland Avenue North, St Paul, MN 55108 1027, USA
    Ecol Lett 11:588-97. 2008
    ..Thus, even modest climate warming will likely influence Scots pine survival and growth, but in distinct ways in different parts of the species range...
  33. pmc Carbon debt of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) grasslands converted to bioenergy production
    Ilya Gelfand
    Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, W K Kellogg Biological Station, Michigan State University, Hickory Corners, MI 49060, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:13864-9. 2011
    ..Incentives for permanent no till and especially permission to harvest CRP biomass for cellulosic biofuel would help to blunt the climate impact of future CRP conversion...
  34. pmc Emissions pathways, climate change, and impacts on California
    Katharine Hayhoe
    ATMOS Research and Consulting, 809 West Colfax Avenue, South Bend, IN 46601, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:12422-7. 2004
    ..Although interscenario differences in climate impacts and costs of adaptation emerge mainly in the second half of the century, they are strongly dependent on emissions from preceding decades...
  35. pmc Climate change and the resurgence of malaria in the East African highlands
    Simon I Hay
    TALA Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nature 415:905-9. 2002
    ..A high degree of temporal and spatial variation in the climate of East Africa suggests further that claimed associations between local malaria resurgences and regional changes in climate are overly simplistic...
  36. ncbi Impacts of climate change on the fate and behaviour of pesticides in surface and groundwater--A UK perspective
    J P Bloomfield
    Maclean Building, British Geological Survey, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK
    Sci Total Environ 369:163-77. 2006
    ..The review focuses on climate change scenarios and case studies from the UK; however, the general conclusions can be applied more widely...
  37. ncbi Climate change effects on plague and tularemia in the United States
    Yoshinori Nakazawa
    Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 7:529-40. 2007
    ....
  38. ncbi Agricultural opportunities to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions
    Jane M F Johnson
    USDA Agricultural Research Service, 803 Iowa Avenue, Morris, MN 56267, USA
    Environ Pollut 150:107-24. 2007
    ..Manipulating animal diet and manure management can reduce CH(4) and N(2)O emission from animal agriculture. All segments of agriculture have management options that can reduce agriculture's environmental footprint...
  39. ncbi Community-based adaptation to the health impacts of climate change
    Kristie L Ebi
    ESS, LLC, 5249 Tancreti Lane, Alexandria VA 22304, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:501-7. 2008
    ..In addition to grassroots actions undertaken at the community level, reducing vulnerability to current and projected climate change will require top-down interventions implemented by public health organizations and agencies...
  40. pmc Ocean acidification causes bleaching and productivity loss in coral reef builders
    K R N Anthony
    Centre for Marine Studies, The University of Queensland, St Lucia 4072 Queensland, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:17442-6. 2008
    ..Our findings suggest that sensitive reef-building species such as CCA may be pushed beyond their thresholds for growth and survival within the next few decades whereas corals will show delayed and mixed responses...
  41. ncbi Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental goals
    Alexander E Farrell
    Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3050, USA
    Science 311:506-8. 2006
    ..Nonetheless, it is already clear that large-scale use of ethanol for fuel will almost certainly require cellulosic technology...
  42. pmc Global food security under climate change
    Josef Schmidhuber
    Global Perspective Studies Unit, Food and Agriculture Organization, 00100 Rome, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19703-8. 2007
    ..Finally, strengths and weaknesses of current assessment studies are discussed, suggesting improvements and proposing avenues for new analyses...
  43. ncbi Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: low-carbon electricity generation
    Anil Markandya
    University of Bath, Bath, UK
    Lancet 374:2006-15. 2009
    ..Our estimates are approximations but suggest clear health gains (co-benefits) through decarbonising electricity production, and provide additional information about the extent of such gains...
  44. ncbi Carbon losses from all soils across England and Wales 1978-2003
    Pat H Bellamy
    National Soil Resources Institute, Cranfield University, Silsoe MK45 4DT, UK
    Nature 437:245-8. 2005
    ..Our findings indicate that losses of soil carbon in England and Wales--and by inference in other temperate regions-are likely to have been offsetting absorption of carbon by terrestrial sinks...
  45. ncbi Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions
    T P Barnett
    Climate Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Nature 438:303-9. 2005
    ....
  46. ncbi A framework for debate of assisted migration in an era of climate change
    Jason S McLachlan
    Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California Davis, California, CA 95616, USA
    Conserv Biol 21:297-302. 2007
  47. pmc Climate change and local public health in the United States: preparedness, programs and perceptions of local public health department directors
    Edward W Maibach
    Center for Climate Change Communication, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e2838. 2008
    ....
  48. pmc Interactions among Amazon land use, forests and climate: prospects for a near-term forest tipping point
    Daniel C Nepstad
    Woods Hole Research Center, 149 Woods Hole Road, Falmouth, MA 02540, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:1737-46. 2008
    ..Protected areas have been established in the pathway of expanding agricultural frontiers. Finally, emerging carbon market incentives for reductions in deforestation could support these trends...
  49. pmc Avian migration phenology and global climate change
    Peter A Cotton
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:12219-22. 2003
    ..This finding demonstrates that migratory phenology is quite likely to be affected by global climate change and links events in tropical winter quarters with those in temperate breeding areas...
  50. ncbi Is a healthy diet an environmentally sustainable diet?
    Jennie I Macdiarmid
    Public Health Nutrition Research Group, Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 72:13-20. 2013
    ..g. the overestimation of the protein requirements for a healthy diet), which could contribute to the barriers towards changing dietary intakes...
  51. ncbi The rising challenge of Lyme borreliosis in Canada
    N H Ogden
    Foodborne, Waterborne and Zoonotic Infections Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, St Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada
    Can Commun Dis Rep 34:1-19. 2008
  52. pmc Tropical forests and the changing earth system
    Simon L Lewis
    School of Geography, Earth and Biosphere Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 361:195-210. 2006
    ..Given that continued land-use change alone is already thought to be causing the sixth mass extinction event in Earth's history, should such feedbacks occur, the resulting biodiversity and societal consequences would be even more severe...
  53. pmc Climate change and health costs of air emissions from biofuels and gasoline
    Jason Hill
    Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:2077-82. 2009
    ..These advantages are critically dependent on the source of land used to produce biomass for biofuels, on the magnitude of any indirect land use that may result, and on other as yet unmeasured environmental impacts of biofuels...
  54. pmc Climate change risks and conservation implications for a threatened small-range mammal species
    Naia Morueta-Holme
    Ecoinformatics and Biodiversity Group, Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 5:e10360. 2010
    ..Species distribution modeling, if carefully implemented, can be used to assess climate sensitivity and potential climate change impacts, even for rare and cryptic species...
  55. ncbi Biotechnologies for greenhouse gases (CH₄, N₂O, and CO₂) abatement: state of the art and challenges
    Juan C Lopez
    Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University of Valladolid, Dr Mergelina s n, 47011 Valladolid, Spain
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 97:2277-303. 2013
    ..The potential and limitations of biological GHG degradation processes are critically discussed, and the current knowledge gaps and technology niches in the field are identified...
  56. ncbi Life-cycle assessment of net greenhouse-gas flux for bioenergy cropping systems
    Paul R Adler
    Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Ecol Appl 17:675-91. 2007
    ..Compared with the life cycle of gasoline and diesel, ethanol and biodiesel from corn rotations reduced GHG emissions by approximately 40%, reed canarygrass by approximately 85%, and switchgrass and hybrid poplar by approximately 115%...
  57. ncbi Geology of mankind
    Paul J Crutzen
    Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, PO Box 3060, D 55020 Mainz, Germany
    Nature 415:23. 2002
  58. pmc Shifting suitability for malaria vectors across Africa with warming climates
    A Townsend Peterson
    Biodiversity Research Center, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 9:59. 2009
    ..Malaria is of great concern as a cause of human mortality and morbidity, particularly across Africa, thanks in large part to the presence there of a particularly competent suite of mosquito vector species...
  59. ncbi Greenhouse gas fluxes in an eastern Corn Belt soil: weather, nitrogen source, and rotation
    Guillermo Hernandez-Ramirez
    USDA ARS, National Soil Tilth Lab, Ames, IA 50011 3120, USA
    J Environ Qual 38:841-54. 2009
    ..These results suggest fall manure application, corn-soybean rotation, and restoration of prairies may diminish N(2)O emissions and hence contribute to global warming mitigation...
  60. pmc Modelling the health impact of environmentally sustainable dietary scenarios in the UK
    P Scarborough
    British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 66:710-5. 2012
    ..The Committee on Climate Change have modelled the impact on GHG emissions of three dietary scenarios for food consumption in the UK. This paper models the impact of the three scenarios on mortality from cardiovascular disease and cancer...
  61. ncbi The importance of carbon footprint estimation boundaries
    H Scott Matthews
    Carnegie Mellon University, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:5839-42. 2008
    ..Such information can help firms pursue carbon and environmental emission mitigation projects not only within their own plants but also across their supply chain...
  62. ncbi China's growing CO2 emissions--a race between increasing consumption and efficiency gains
    Glen P Peters
    Industrial Ecology Programme, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO 7491 Trondheim, Norway
    Environ Sci Technol 41:5939-44. 2007
    ..As China continues to rapidly develop there is an opportunity to further implement and extend policies, such as the Circular Economy, that will help China avoid the high emissions path taken by today's developed countries...
  63. ncbi Potential effect of population and climate changes on global distribution of dengue fever: an empirical model
    Simon Hales
    Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, PO Box 7343, Mein Street, Wellington, New Zealand
    Lancet 360:830-4. 2002
    ..Our aim was to investigate the potential effects of global climate change on human health, and in particular, on the transmission of vector-borne diseases...
  64. ncbi Impact of climate change on marine pelagic phenology and trophic mismatch
    Martin Edwards
    Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
    Nature 430:881-4. 2004
    ....
  65. ncbi Nitrogen limitation constrains sustainability of ecosystem response to CO2
    Peter B Reich
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 440:922-5. 2006
    ....
  66. pmc The potential impact of climate change on annual and seasonal mortality for three cities in Québec, Canada
    Bernard Doyon
    DRBEO, Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, 945 ave, Wolfe, Quebec, G1V 5B3, Canada
    Int J Health Geogr 7:23. 2008
    ..The impact of climate change and particularly increasing temperature on mortality has been examined for three cities in the province of Québec, Canada...
  67. pmc Sharing global CO2 emission reductions among one billion high emitters
    Shoibal Chakravarty
    Princeton Environmental Institute, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:11884-8. 2009
    ..S., China, and the non-OECD minus China. We also modify our methodology to place a floor on emissions of the world's lowest CO(2) emitters and demonstrate that climate mitigation and alleviation of extreme poverty are largely decoupled...
  68. ncbi Rapid advancement of spring in the High Arctic
    Toke T Høye
    Curr Biol 17:R449-51. 2007
  69. pmc Malaria resurgence in the East African highlands: temperature trends revisited
    M Pascual
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:5829-34. 2006
    ..Our results emphasize the importance of considering not just the statistical significance of climate trends but also their biological implications with dynamical models...
  70. ncbi Use of U.S. croplands for biofuels increases greenhouse gases through emissions from land-use change
    Timothy Searchinger
    Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Science 319:1238-40. 2008
    ..Biofuels from switchgrass, if grown on U.S. corn lands, increase emissions by 50%. This result raises concerns about large biofuel mandates and highlights the value of using waste products...
  71. ncbi Heat stress and mortality in Lisbon Part II. An assessment of the potential impacts of climate change
    Suraje Dessai
    Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research and School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Int J Biometeorol 48:37-44. 2003
    ..Through a Bayesian analysis it is shown that, for the tested variables, future heat-related mortality is most sensitive to the choice of RCM and least to the method of calculating the excess deaths...
  72. pmc Effects of rising temperatures and [CO2] on the physiology of tropical forest trees
    Jon Lloyd
    Earth and Biosphere Institute, School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:1811-7. 2008
    ....
  73. pmc Physiological constraints on organismal response to global warming: Mechanistic insights from clinally varying populations and implications for assessing endangerment
    Joseph Bernardo
    Department of Biology, College of Charleston, 66 George Street, Charleston, SC 29424, USA
    Biol Lett 2:135-9. 2006
    ..We propose that indices of warming-induced stress tolerance may provide a critical new tool for quantitative assessments of endangerment due to anthropogenic climate change across diverse species...
  74. pmc Demographic models and IPCC climate projections predict the decline of an emperor penguin population
    Stephanie Jenouvrier
    Department of Biology, MS 34, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:1844-7. 2009
    ..However, given the future projected increases in GHGs and its effect on Antarctic climate, evolution or migration seem unlikely for such long lived species at the remote southern end of the Earth...
  75. ncbi Coral reefs: corals' adaptive response to climate change
    Andrew C Baker
    Marine Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York 10460, USA
    Nature 430:741. 2004
    ..This adaptive shift in symbiont communities indicates that these devastated reefs could be more resistant to future thermal stress, resulting in significantly longer extinction times for surviving corals than had been previously assumed...
  76. doi Climate. Blooms like it hot
    Hans W Paerl
    Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
    Science 320:57-8. 2008
  77. ncbi Food, livestock production, energy, climate change, and health
    Anthony J McMichael
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
    Lancet 370:1253-63. 2007
    ..90 g per day is proposed as a working global target, shared more evenly, with not more than 50 g per day coming from red meat from ruminants (ie, cattle, sheep, goats, and other digastric grazers)...
  78. pmc Climate warming, marine protected areas and the ocean-scale integrity of coral reef ecosystems
    Nicholas A J Graham
    School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e3039. 2008
    ....
  79. ncbi Global warming and extinctions of endemic species from biodiversity hotspots
    Jay R Malcolm
    Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3B3, Canada
    Conserv Biol 20:538-48. 2006
    ....
  80. ncbi Oceanography: Plankton in a warmer world
    Scott C Doney
    Nature 444:695-6. 2006
  81. ncbi Ensembles and probabilities: a new era in the prediction of climate change
    Mat Collins
    Met Office, Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, UK
    Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 365:1957-70. 2007
    ..This paper introduces some of the concepts and issues in these new approaches, which are discussed in more detail in the papers contained in this issue...
  82. ncbi Global climate change and children's health
    Katherine M Shea
    Pediatrics 120:1149-52. 2007
    ....
  83. pmc Malaria risk and temperature: influences from global climate change and local land use practices
    Jonathan A Patz
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, The Nelson Institute and Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:5635-6. 2006
  84. pmc Climate change and the marine ecosystem of the western Antarctic Peninsula
    Andrew Clarke
    British Antarctic Survey, NERC, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:149-66. 2007
    ..The complexity of the Southern Ocean food web and the nonlinear nature of many interactions mean that predictions based on short-term studies of a small number of species are likely to be misleading...
  85. pmc Plants reverse warming effect on ecosystem water balance
    Erika S Zavaleta
    Department of Biological Sciences and Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:9892-3. 2003
    ..Our findings illustrate the potential for organism-environment interactions to modify the direction as well as the magnitude of global change effects on ecosystem functioning...
  86. ncbi The ecology of climate change and infectious diseases
    Kevin D Lafferty
    Western Ecological Research Center, U S Geological Survey, Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
    Ecology 90:888-900. 2009
    ..Many factors can affect infectious disease, and some may overshadow the effects of climate...
  87. pmc Global temperature change
    James Hansen
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Columbia University Earth Institute, and Sigma Space Partners, Inc, 2880 Broadway, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:14288-93. 2006
    ..We conclude that global warming of more than approximately 1 degrees C, relative to 2000, will constitute "dangerous" climate change as judged from likely effects on sea level and extermination of species...
  88. pmc Road building, land use and climate change: prospects for environmental governance in the Amazon
    Stephen Perz
    Department of Sociology, University of Florida, PO Box 117330, Gainesville, FL 32611 7330, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:1889-95. 2008
    ....
  89. pmc Drier summers cancel out the CO2 uptake enhancement induced by warmer springs
    A Angert
    Berkeley Atmospheric Sciences Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 4767, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:10823-7. 2005
    ....
  90. pmc Interactions between rainfall, deforestation and fires during recent years in the Brazilian Amazonia
    Luiz Eduardo O C Aragão
    Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:1779-85. 2008
    ....
  91. ncbi Energy, energy efficiency, and the built environment
    Paul Wilkinson
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 370:1175-87. 2007
    ....
  92. pmc Response of CH4 and N2O emissions and wheat yields to tillage method changes in the North China plain
    Shenzhong Tian
    State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong PR, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e51206. 2012
    ..5%, 27.8% and 60.3% respectively. Our findings indicate that RTS and HTS would be ideal rotation tillage systems to balance GWP decreases and grain yield improvements in the North China Plain region...
  93. ncbi Global climate change and children's health
    Katherine M Shea
    Pediatrics 120:e1359-67. 2007
    ..This technical report reviews the nature of the global problem and anticipated health effects on children and supports the recommendations in the accompanying policy statement on climate change and children's health...
  94. pmc Deforestation and climate feedbacks threaten the ecological integrity of south-southeastern Amazonia
    Michael T Coe
    The Woods Hole Research Center, 149 Woods Hole Road, Falmouth, MA 02540, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 368:20120155. 2013
    ..Maintaining forest ecosystem integrity may require significant strengthening of forest conservation on private property, which can in part be accomplished by leveraging existing policy mechanisms...
  95. ncbi Are heat and cold resistance of arctic species affected by successive extreme temperature events?
    F L Marchand
    Research Group Plant and Vegetation Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Campus Drie Eiken, Universiteitsplein 1, B 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium
    New Phytol 170:291-300. 2006
    ..After the HWs, when plants were exposed to (low) ambient temperatures again, plant performance deteriorated further, indicating possible loss of cold resistance...
  96. ncbi Stability of the Larsen B ice shelf on the Antarctic Peninsula during the Holocene epoch
    Eugene Domack
    Department of Geosciences, Hamilton College, Clinton, New York 13323, USA
    Nature 436:681-5. 2005
    ....
  97. ncbi Plenary Lecture 3: Food and the planet: nutritional dilemmas of greenhouse gas emission reductions through reduced intakes of meat and dairy foods
    D Joe Millward
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 69:103-18. 2010
    ..These challenges can be met, however, by improved public health advice on alternative dietary sources and by increasing food fortification...
  98. pmc The potential impacts of climate variability and change on temperature-related morbidity and mortality in the United States
    M A McGeehin
    Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:185-9. 2001
    ..Research is needed to identify critical weather parameters, the associations between heat and nonfatal illnesses, the evaluation of implemented heat response plans, and the effectiveness of urban design in reducing heat retention...
  99. ncbi Evaluation of the potentialities to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions resulting from various treatments of municipal solid wastes (MSW) in moist tropical climates: application to Yaounde
    Emmanuel Ngnikam
    Department of Civil Engineering, National Higher School of Engineering, Yaounde, Cameroon, PO Box 8390 Yaounde, Cameroon
    Waste Manag Res 20:501-13. 2002
    ..Following this, only the greenhouse effect was taken into account to evaluate the ecological consequences of the MSW management systems...
  100. ncbi Climate impact on plankton ecosystems in the Northeast Atlantic
    Anthony J Richardson
    Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK
    Science 305:1609-12. 2004
    ..Future warming is therefore likely to alter the spatial distribution of primary and secondary pelagic production, affecting ecosystem services and placing additional stress on already-depleted fish and mammal populations...
  101. ncbi Contribution of anthropogenic and natural sources to atmospheric methane variability
    P Bousquet
    Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l Environnement, IPSL LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, F 91191, France
    Nature 443:439-43. 2006
    ....

Research Grants20

  1. Impact of Climate-Responsive Design on Heat-Related Morbidity and Mortality in La
    Brian Stone; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..reflectivity, to counteract warming trends brought about through continued urban development and the global greenhouse effect. As excessive temperatures are now responsible for more annual fatalities, on average, than any other form ..
  2. ECOLOGY AND CONTROL OF ARBOVIRUSES
    James Hardy; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Special attention will be given to the influence that the "greenhouse effect" may have on arbovirus transmission cycles...
  3. Inhibition of methanogenesis
    STEPHEN RAGSDALE; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..global source of methane, inhibiting methanogenesis by ruminant animals has the potential of mitigating the greenhouse effect. Our plan is to synthesize and characterize inhibitors of the biosynthetic enzyme that arrest methanogenesis ..
  4. Inhibition of Methanogenesis in Ruminant Animals
    STEPHEN RAGSDALE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..global source of methane, inhibiting methanogenesis by ruminant animals has the potential of mitigating the greenhouse effect. Our plan is to synthesize and characterize inhibitors of the biosynthetic enzyme that arrest methanogenesis ..
  5. Chronic respiratory effects of early life PM exposure
    Kirk Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERS
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. INHALED NITRIC OXIDE
    Warren Zapol; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  8. BIOMARKERS OF GENETIC DAMAGE AND ANTIOXIDANT
    Frederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Once validated in this model population, these biomarkers would also have applicability in evaluating interventions in occupational cohorts and other populations highly exposed to carcinogens. ..
  9. Functional genomics of molluscan schistosome development
    TIMOTHY YOSHINO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results of this work may lead to novel strategies for controlling infections within the snail host by disrupting specific larval development-dependent genes or their products. ..
  10. National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric Ozone
    Michelle L Bell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this work is to provide policy-makers, scientists, and the public with a better understanding of how ozone affects health in order to aid more effective decisions regarding protection of human health. ..
  11. Development of furanones for treatment of anthrax
    Martin Blaser; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In initial studies, spores will be given subcutaneosly. Efficacy parameters will be defined as above. Successful trials can lead to phase I studies in humans, and treatment studies in non-human primates. ..
  12. Traffic-Related Particle Exposures Among NYC Youths
    Patrick Kinney; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  13. H PYLORI RECOMBINATION AND GASTRIC COLONIZATION
    Martin Blaser; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..pylori infections. ..
  14. VULNERABILITY OF THE FETUS/INFANT TO PAH, PM2.5 AND ETS.
    Frederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  15. Evaluating Control of HIV Infection by Engineered Virus
    Gisela Garcia Ramos; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  16. ISEA 2004 Conference
    Junfeng Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. CELL-SURFACE PROTEINS IN CAMPYLOBACTER FETUS VIRULENCE
    Martin Blaser; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the data generated can be used to develop a mathematical model of antigenic variation that focuses on the relationship between microbial recombination generating diversity and host selection determining the direction of change. ..
  18. IMMUNE PEPTIDES IN AEDES AEGYPTI
    TIMOTHY YOSHINO; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  19. Moderators and Mediators of Therapy for Conduct Disorder
    ALAN KAZDIN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Also, the design of the study permits evaluation of processes and causal models to help explain the processes of change. ..