gasoline

Summary

Summary: Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels
    Jason Hill
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:11206-10. 2006
  2. ncbi Occupational exposure to diesel and gasoline emissions and lung cancer in Canadian men
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Res 111:727-35. 2011
  3. pmc A geospatial analysis of the effects of aviation gasoline on childhood blood lead levels
    Marie Lynn Miranda
    Children s Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1513-6. 2011
  4. ncbi Oxidative stress, genotoxicity, and vascular cell adhesion molecule expression in cells exposed to particulate matter from combustion of conventional diesel and methyl ester biodiesel blends
    Jette Gjerke Hemmingsen
    Department of Public Health, Section of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen
    Environ Sci Technol 45:8545-51. 2011
  5. pmc Climate change and health costs of air emissions from biofuels and gasoline
    Jason Hill
    Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:2077-82. 2009
  6. ncbi Toxicological effects of emission particles from fossil- and biodiesel-fueled diesel engine with and without DOC/POC catalytic converter
    Pasi I Jalava
    Department of Environmental Health, National Institute for Health and Welfare, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
    Inhal Toxicol 22:48-58. 2010
  7. ncbi Childhood blood lead levels and intellectual development after ban of leaded gasoline in Taiwan: a 9-year prospective study
    Po Chin Huang
    Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Miaoli, Taiwan
    Environ Int 40:88-96. 2012
  8. ncbi Light vehicle regulated and unregulated emissions from different biodiesels
    George Karavalakis
    Laboratory of Fuels Technology and Lubricants, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 157 80, Athens, Greece
    Sci Total Environ 407:3338-46. 2009
  9. ncbi Bioremediation of diesel-contaminated soils: evaluation of potential in situ techniques by study of bacterial degradation
    J L Gallego
    , ETSI Minas, Oviedo, Spain
    Biodegradation 12:325-35. 2001
  10. pmc Childhood lead exposure after the phaseout of leaded gasoline: an ecological study of school-age children in Kampala, Uganda
    Lauren K Graber
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:884-9. 2010

Detail Information

Publications274 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels
    Jason Hill
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:11206-10. 2006
    ..Even dedicating all U.S. corn and soybean production to biofuels would meet only 12% of gasoline demand and 6% of diesel demand...
  2. ncbi Occupational exposure to diesel and gasoline emissions and lung cancer in Canadian men
    Paul J Villeneuve
    Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Res 111:727-35. 2011
    ..b>Gasoline exhaust is classified as a possible carcinogen...
  3. pmc A geospatial analysis of the effects of aviation gasoline on childhood blood lead levels
    Marie Lynn Miranda
    Children s Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1513-6. 2011
    Aviation gasoline, commonly referred to as avgas, is a leaded fuel used in small aircraft. Recent concern about the effects of lead emissions from planes has motivated the U.S. Environmental Protection to consider regulating leaded avgas.
  4. ncbi Oxidative stress, genotoxicity, and vascular cell adhesion molecule expression in cells exposed to particulate matter from combustion of conventional diesel and methyl ester biodiesel blends
    Jette Gjerke Hemmingsen
    Department of Public Health, Section of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen
    Environ Sci Technol 45:8545-51. 2011
    ..ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression in HUVECs was only increased by D(100) particles from the Euro4 engine. This suggests that particle emissions from biodiesel in equal mass concentration are less toxic than conventional diesel...
  5. pmc Climate change and health costs of air emissions from biofuels and gasoline
    Jason Hill
    Department of Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:2077-82. 2009
    ..5)) emissions from gasoline, corn ethanol, and cellulosic ethanol...
  6. ncbi Toxicological effects of emission particles from fossil- and biodiesel-fueled diesel engine with and without DOC/POC catalytic converter
    Pasi I Jalava
    Department of Environmental Health, National Institute for Health and Welfare, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
    Inhal Toxicol 22:48-58. 2010
    ..Similar studies with different types of diesel engines are needed to assess the potential benefits from biofuel use in engines with modern technologies...
  7. ncbi Childhood blood lead levels and intellectual development after ban of leaded gasoline in Taiwan: a 9-year prospective study
    Po Chin Huang
    Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Miaoli, Taiwan
    Environ Int 40:88-96. 2012
    Lead (Pb) exposure is associated with children's neurodevelopment, even at low doses. Leaded gasoline was banned in Taiwan in 2000 to reduce environmental exposure to Pb.
  8. ncbi Light vehicle regulated and unregulated emissions from different biodiesels
    George Karavalakis
    Laboratory of Fuels Technology and Lubricants, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 157 80, Athens, Greece
    Sci Total Environ 407:3338-46. 2009
    ..Lower molecular weight PAHs were predominant in both gaseous and particulate phases. Both biodiesels had a negative impact on certain carbonyl emissions. Formaldehyde and acetaldehyde were the dominant aldehydes emitted from both fuels...
  9. ncbi Bioremediation of diesel-contaminated soils: evaluation of potential in situ techniques by study of bacterial degradation
    J L Gallego
    , ETSI Minas, Oviedo, Spain
    Biodegradation 12:325-35. 2001
    ....
  10. pmc Childhood lead exposure after the phaseout of leaded gasoline: an ecological study of school-age children in Kampala, Uganda
    Lauren K Graber
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:884-9. 2010
    Tetraethyl lead was phased out of gasoline in Uganda in 2005. Recent mitigation of an important source of lead exposure suggests examination and re-evaluation of the prevalence of childhood lead poisoning in this country...
  11. ncbi Measurement of emissions from air pollution sources. 5. C1-C32 organic compounds from gasoline-powered motor vehicles
    James J Schauer
    Environmental Engineering Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena 91125, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 36:1169-80. 2002
    Gas- and particle-phase organic compounds present in the tailpipe emissions from an in-use fleet of gasoline-powered automobiles and light-duty trucks were quantified using a two-stage dilution source sampling system...
  12. ncbi Estimation of leaded (Pb) gasoline's continuing material and health impacts on 90 US urbanized areas
    Howard W Mielke
    Center for Bioenvironmental Research, Tulane University, New Orleans LA, 70112, USA
    Environ Int 37:248-57. 2011
    The subject of this paper is lead (Pb) additives in gasoline and their material and health impact from Pb dust inputs into 90 US urbanized areas (UAs)...
  13. ncbi Transition of cord blood lead level, 1985-2002, in the Taipei area and its determinants after the cease of leaded gasoline use
    Yaw Huei Hwang
    Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    Environ Res 96:274-82. 2004
    ..area from 1985 to 2002 and to explore the factors affecting the cord blood lead level after the cease of leaded gasoline use...
  14. ncbi Chemical characteristics and oxidative potential of particulate matter emissions from gasoline, diesel, and biodiesel cars
    Ka Lam Cheung
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Southern California, 3620 South Vermont Avenue, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 43:6334-40. 2009
    ..underfloor catalyst replaced in some tests with a diesel particle filter (DPF), a Toyota Corolla operating with gasoline, and a VW Golf alternatively operating with petrodiesel or biodiesel] were tested in a dynamometer facility to ..
  15. pmc Cooperation of the inducible nitric oxide synthase and cytochrome P450 1A1 in mediating lung inflammation and mutagenicity induced by diesel exhaust particles
    Hongwen Zhao
    Institute of Respiratory Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, People s Republic of China
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1253-8. 2006
    ..These studies show that NO plays a major role in DEPE-induced lung inflammation and CYP-dependent mutagen activation but a lesser role in particulate-induced inflammatory damage...
  16. ncbi Environmental gasoline-utilizing isolates and clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa are taxonomically indistinguishable by chemotaxonomic and molecular techniques
    J M Foght
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Microbiology 142:2333-40. 1996
    A total of 42 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains was isolated previously from clinical sources (27 strains) and from a gasoline-contaminated aquifer (15 strains)...
  17. ncbi Exposure to volatile organic compounds in an ethanol and gasoline service station
    K M P G de Oliveira
    Physical Chemistry Department, Fluminense Federal University, Institute of Chemistry, Outeiro de São João Batista, Niterói 24020 150 RJ, Brazil
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 79:237-41. 2007
    ..This is, to our knowledge, the first published determination in Brazil, where both ethanol and ethanol-blended gasoline are used. Electro polished, stainless steel, evacuated canisters were used for sampling...
  18. ncbi The trends of changes in children's blood lead levels since the introduction of lead free gasoline in Shanghai
    Chonghuai Yan
    Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Second Medical University, Shanghai 200092, China
    Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 23:172-4. 2002
    To describe trends of changes in blood lead levels in children aged 1 - 6 years during the time period before and after introducing lead free gasoline in Shanghai 1997 and 1999.
  19. pmc Microbial desulfurization of gasoline in a Mycobacterium goodii X7B immobilized-cell system
    Fuli Li
    State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, People s Republic of China
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:276-81. 2005
    ..This strain appeared to have the ability to remove organic sulfur from a broad range of sulfur species in gasoline. When Dushanzi straight-run gasoline (DSRG227) containing various organic sulfur compounds was treated with ..
  20. ncbi Contribution of evaporative emissions from gasoline vehicles toward total VOC emissions in Japan
    Hiroyuki Yamada
    National Traffic Safety and Environment Laboratory, 7 42 27 Jindaiji Higashimachi, Chofu, Tokyo 182 0012, Japan
    Sci Total Environ 449:143-9. 2013
    The features of evaporative emissions from gasoline vehicles were examined...
  21. ncbi Biodegradation of effluent contaminated with diesel fuel and gasoline
    P A Vieira
    Universidade Federal de Uberlandia, Faculdade de Engenharia Quimica, Uberlandia, MG, Brazil
    J Hazard Mater 140:52-9. 2007
    We studied the effects of fuel concentration (diesel and gasoline), nitrogen concentration and culture type on the biodegradation of synthetic effluent similar to what was found at inland fuel distribution terminals...
  22. ncbi Childhood lead exposure and uptake in teeth in the Cleveland area during the era of leaded gasoline
    NORMAN ROBBINS
    Department of Neurosciences Emeritus, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, 44106 4975, USA
    Sci Total Environ 408:4118-27. 2010
    Childhood uptake of lead from exposure to atmospheric leaded gasoline in the United States has been studied using mainly blood lead levels...
  23. ncbi Occurrence of crude oil degrading bacteria in gasoline and diesel station soils
    Kaja Sheik Mujibur Rahman
    Biotechnology Group, School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland BT52 1SA
    J Basic Microbiol 42:284-91. 2002
    Microbial enumeration and identification were carried out on several oil contaminated soil samples collected from gasoline and diesel stations. Bacteria were the most dominant microbiota and were therefore classified to generic level...
  24. ncbi Exposure to MTBE, TAME and aromatic hydrocarbons during gasoline pump maintenance, repair and inspection
    Sinikka Vainiotalo
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, Helsinki, Finland
    J Occup Health 48:347-57. 2006
    The exposure of gasoline pump repairers and inspectors to gasoline was studied at service stations and repair shops in Finland in April-June 2004. The average air temperature ranged from 7 degrees C to 16 degrees C and wind speed from 2...
  25. pmc Lessons from the removal of lead from gasoline for controlling other environmental pollutants: a case study from New Zealand
    Nick Wilson
    Environ Health 7:1. 2008
    It took over two decades to achieve the removal of leaded gasoline in this country...
  26. ncbi Occupational exposure of gasoline station workers to BTEX compounds in Bangkok, Thailand
    T Tunsaringkarn
    The College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
    Int J Occup Environ Med 3:117-25. 2012
    b>Gasoline station workers are exposed to volatile organic compounds such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX).
  27. ncbi Effectiveness of in situ air sparging for removing NAPL gasoline from a sandy aquifer near Perth, Western Australia
    C D Johnston
    CSIRO Land and Water Private Bag No 5, Wembley, W A, 6913, Australia
    J Contam Hydrol 59:87-111. 2002
    ..where in situ air sparging was used in conjunction with a soil vapour extraction system to remove weathered gasoline NAPL from an unconfined sandy aquifer...
  28. pmc A review of centrifugal testing of gasoline contamination and remediation
    Jay N Meegoda
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, University Heights, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:3496-513. 2011
    Leaking underground storage tanks (USTs) containing gasoline represent a significant public health hazard. Virtually undetectable to the UST owner, gasoline leaks can contaminate groundwater supplies...
  29. pmc Childhood lead poisoning: the torturous path from science to policy
    David C Bellinger
    Children s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Clin Invest 116:853-7. 2006
    ..In the United States, lead was added to paint and to gasoline in enormous quantities long after medical evidence clearly showed that excessive lead exposure caused ..
  30. ncbi Evaluation of 1047-nm photoacoustic instruments and photoelectric aerosol sensors in source-sampling of black carbon aerosol and particle-bound PAHs from gasoline and diesel powered vehicles
    W P Arnott
    Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:5398-406. 2005
    ..The PAS to PA ratio for ambient air in Fresno, CA is 3.7 times as large in winter than in summer months, suggesting that the PAS clearly does respond to compounds other than BC when the instrument is used without the heated inlet...
  31. ncbi Chronic carcinogenicity study of gasoline vapor condensate (GVC) and GVC containing methyl tertiary-butyl ether in F344 rats
    Janet M Benson
    Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 74:638-57. 2011
    ..were conducted to compare the toxicity and potential carcinogenicity of evaporative emissions from unleaded gasoline (GVC) and gasoline containing the oxygenate methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE; GMVC)...
  32. pmc Evaporative gasoline emissions and asthma symptoms
    Mary Ellen Gordian
    Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK 99508, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:3051-62. 2010
    ..This study looked at indoor exposure to VOCs presumably from evaporative emissions of gasoline. Alaskan gasoline contains 5% benzene making benzene a marker for gasoline exposure...
  33. ncbi Health effects of subchronic exposure to diesel-water emulsion emission
    M D Reed
    Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 17:851-70. 2005
    ..In general, biological findings in diesel emulsion emission-exposed animals and bacteria were consistent with exposure to petroleum diesel exhaust in the F344 rat and Ames assays...
  34. ncbi Biological toxicities of emissions from an unmodified engine fueled with diesel and biodiesel blend
    Yu Yin Liu
    Department of Environmental Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
    J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 43:1735-43. 2008
    ..According to the Microtox tests results, the effect of biodiesel blending in MTT assay demonstrated higher toxicity in the semi-volatile products than the particulates...
  35. ncbi Identification of environmental hazards of gasoline oxygenate tert-amyl methyl ether (TAME)
    H Huttunen
    Neste Oy, Oil Product Development, Porvoo, Finland
    Chemosphere 35:1199-214. 1997
    The physico-chemical and environmental properties of a new gasoline component tert-amyl methyl ether (TAME, 2-methoxy-2-methylbutane) were determined experimentally and environmental hazards of the new component were thereafter identified...
  36. ncbi Decrease in ambient air lead concentrations in Varna, Bulgaria, associated with the introduction of unleaded gasoline
    Rozalina Chuturkova
    Department of Ecology and Marine Sciences, Technical University of Varna, Varna, Bulgaria
    Ann Agric Environ Med 17:259-61. 2010
    An examination of ambient air lead monitoring data was used to demonstrate success of banning the import and use of leaded gasoline in Bulgaria. From 1996-2007 air lead levels in Varna, the third largest city, decreased up to 63-fold.
  37. ncbi Activated sludge encapsulation in gellan gum microbeads for gasoline biodegradation
    Peyman Moslemy
    Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, 3610 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2B2
    Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 26:197-204. 2004
    ..4 times lower level of overall biomass loading. Over 90% of gasoline at an initial concentration of 35 and 70 mg l(-1) was removed by both encapsulated and non-encapsulated sludge ..
  38. ncbi Urine trans,trans-muconic acid as a biomarker for benzene exposure in gas station attendants in Bangkok, Thailand
    V Wiwanitkit
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Medical Faculty, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Ann Clin Lab Sci 31:399-401. 2001
    ..00 (SD +/- 12.49) mg/g creatinine (p < 0.05). Based on these findings, wider use of urine ttMA determination is recommended as a biomarker for occupational exposure to benzene...
  39. ncbi In vitro relative toxicity screening of combined particulate and semivolatile organic fractions of gasoline and diesel engine emissions
    Jeanclare Seagrave
    Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 66:1113-32. 2003
    ..and semivolatile organic compound (SVOO fractions of emissions collected from normal- and high-emitter, in-use gasoline and diesel vehicles. Macrophages were more susceptible to cytotoxicity than epithelial cells...
  40. ncbi Emissions of EC, OC, and PAHs from cottonseed oil biodiesel in a heavy-duty diesel engine
    Wei W Song
    State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Department of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    Environ Sci Technol 45:6683-9. 2011
    ..The toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) for CSO-B100 was half the TEFs of diesel, which suggests that PAHs emitted from CSO-B100 may be less toxic...
  41. pmc Gasoline prices and their relationship to rising motorcycle fatalities, 1990-2007
    Fernando A Wilson
    Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Blvd, Fort Worth, TX 76107, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1753-8. 2009
    ..findings suggest that people increasingly rely on motorcycles to reduce their fuel costs in response to rising gasoline prices...
  42. ncbi In vitro genotoxicity of exhaust emissions of diesel and gasoline engine vehicles operated on a unified driving cycle
    Yu Qing Liu
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Rd, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    J Environ Monit 7:60-6. 2005
    ..model year normal emitter diesel engine automobile or light trucks and from a set of 1982-1996 normal emitter gasoline engine automobiles or light trucks operated on the California Unified Driving Cycle at 22 [degree]C were assayed ..
  43. ncbi Comparison of exposure assessment methods in occupational exposure to benzene in gasoline filling-station attendants
    Mariella Carrieri
    Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, Padova 35128, Italy
    Toxicol Lett 162:146-52. 2006
    The aim of this study was to assess gasoline filling-station attendants' exposure to benzene and to determine which biological exposure index (BEI), trans,trans-muconic acid (t,t-MA) or S-phenylmercapturic acid (S-PMA), shows better ..
  44. ncbi Influence of fuel properties, nitrogen oxides, and exhaust treatment by an oxidation catalytic converter on the mutagenicity of diesel engine emissions
    Jürgen Bünger
    Research Institute for Occupational Medicine of the Institutions for Statutory Accident Insurance and Prevention BGFA, Institute of the Ruhr University Bochum, Burkle de la Camp Platz 1, 44789 Bochum, Germany
    Arch Toxicol 80:540-6. 2006
    ..Most of these compounds are powerful direct acting mutagens...
  45. ncbi Risk of leukemia as a result of community exposure to gasoline vapors: a follow-up study
    Evelyn O Talbott
    University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Departments of Epidemiology, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Environ Res 111:597-602. 2011
    ..spatial relationship of risk for total leukemia and AML (acute myelogenous leukemia) among community residents of an area in northeastern (NE) Pennsylvania (PA) affected by the Tranguch Gasoline Spill which occurred in the early 1990s.
  46. ncbi Climate effects of emission standards: the case for gasoline and diesel cars
    Katsumasa Tanaka
    CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research Oslo P O Box 1129, Blindern, N 0318 Oslo, Norway
    Environ Sci Technol 46:5205-13. 2012
    ..Because diesel cars generally emit less CO(2) than gasoline cars, CO(2) emission taxes for vehicle registrations and fuels enhance the consumer preference for diesel cars ..
  47. ncbi Health effects of subchronic exposure to diesel-water-methanol emulsion emission
    M D Reed
    Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM 87108, USA
    Toxicol Ind Health 22:65-85. 2006
    ..In general, biological findings in exposed rats and bacteria were consistent with exposure to petroleum diesel exhaust in the F344 rat and Ames assays...
  48. ncbi Risk of liver cancer and exposure to organic solvents and gasoline vapors among Finnish workers
    Marja Liisa Lindbohm
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Cancer 124:2954-9. 2009
    We investigated the association between exposure to various groups of solvents and gasoline vapors and liver cancer. A cohort of economically active Finns born between 1906 and 1945 was followed up during the period 1971-1995...
  49. ncbi A field evaluation of formalin-gasoline technique in the concentration of stool for detection of intestinal parasites
    Nayeb Ali Ahmadi
    Parasitology and Mycology Department, Shahid Beheshti University M C, Darband Street, Tajrish, P O Box 19395 4618, Tehran, Iran
    Parasitol Res 104:553-7. 2009
    A field evaluation of the formalin-gasoline procedure to detect parasite ova, cysts, or larvae from 470 fecal specimens (comprising both fresh and formalin-preserved stool samples) was compared with that of the formalin-ether ..
  50. ncbi Application of high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet diode array detection and refractive index detection to the determination of class composition and to the analysis of gasoline
    Marian Kamiński
    Analytical Chemistry Department, Chemical Faculty, Gdansk University of Technology, 80 952 Gdansk, Poland
    J Chromatogr A 1029:77-85. 2004
    ..diode array detection (DAD) and refractive index detection (RID) for the determination of class composition of gasoline and its components, i.e...
  51. ncbi Effect of organometallic fuel additives on nanoparticle emissions from a gasoline passenger car
    Jeremy T Gidney
    Johnson Matthey, Emission Control Technologies, Hertfordshire, U K
    Environ Sci Technol 44:2562-9. 2010
    ..size measurements were performed on the exhaust of a car operating on a chassis dynamometer fueled with standard gasoline and gasoline containing low levels of Pb, Fe, and Mn organometallic additives...
  52. ncbi Emission comparison of urban bus engine fueled with diesel oil and 'biodiesel' blend
    Luigi Turrio-Baldassarri
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Sci Total Environ 327:147-62. 2004
    ..The electron microscopy analysis indicates that PM for both fuels has the same chemical composition, morphology, shape and granulometric spectrum, with most of the particles in the range 0.06-0.3 microm...
  53. ncbi Replacing gasoline with corn ethanol results in significant environmental problem-shifting
    Yi Yang
    Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 5131, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 46:3671-8. 2012
    Previous studies on the life-cycle environmental impacts of corn ethanol and gasoline focused almost exclusively on energy balance and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and largely overlooked the influence of regional differences in ..
  54. ncbi Headspace microdrop analysis--an alternative test method for gasoline diluent and benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes in used engine oils
    John M Kokosa
    Science and Mathematics Department, Kettering University, 1700 West Third Avenue, Flint, MI 48504 4898, USA
    J Chromatogr A 983:205-14. 2003
    The primary standard test method used for the determination of gasoline diluent in used engine oils is method D 3525-93 of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), which involves direct injection of used oil onto a packed GC ..
  55. ncbi Effects of biodiesel on emissions of a bus diesel engine
    Breda Kegl
    University of Maribor, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Smetanova 17, SI 2000 Maribor, Slovenia
    Bioresour Technol 99:863-73. 2008
    ..The results indicate that, by using biodiesel, harmful emissions (NO(x), CO, smoke and HC) can be reduced to some extent by adjusting the injection pump timing properly...
  56. pmc Degradation of a mixture of hydrocarbons, gasoline, and diesel oil additives by Rhodococcus aetherivorans and Rhodococcus wratislaviensis
    Marc Auffret
    IFP, 1 4 Avenue de Bois Preau, F 92852 Rueil Malmaison, France
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:7774-82. 2009
    ..BTEXs had either beneficial or detrimental effects on their own degradation by R. wratislaviensis IFP 2016. Potential genes involved in hydrocarbon degradation in the two strains were identified and partially sequenced...
  57. ncbi Neurological and cognitive impairment associated with leaded gasoline encephalopathy
    Sheree Cairney
    The Neuropsychology Laboratory, Mental Health Research Institute of Victoria, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 73:183-8. 2004
    A toxic encephalopathy (or 'lead encephalopathy') may arise from leaded gasoline abuse that is characterised by tremor, hallucinations, nystagmus, ataxia, seizures and death...
  58. ncbi Penetration of benzene, toluene and xylenes contained in gasolines through human abdominal skin in vitro
    G Adami
    Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Trieste, Via Giorgieri 1, I 34127 Trieste, Italy
    Toxicol In Vitro 20:1321-30. 2006
    ..We examined three commercial gasolines using the Franz diffusion cells and human abdominal full thickness skin. Gasoline composition was determined using a multi-dimensional gas chromatographic (MDGC) technique...
  59. ncbi Effects of an ethanol-gasoline mixture: results of a 4-week inhalation study in rats
    I Chu
    Safe Environments Directorate, Health Canada, Ottawa, Canada
    J Appl Toxicol 25:193-9. 2005
    The inhalation toxicity of an ethanol-gasoline mixture was investigated in rats...
  60. ncbi Strong mutagenic effects of diesel engine emissions using vegetable oil as fuel
    Jürgen Bünger
    Research Institute for Occupational Medicine of the Institutions for Statutory Accident Insurance and Prevention BGFA, Institute of the Ruhr University Bochum, Burkle de la Camp Platz 1, 44789 Bochum, Germany
    Arch Toxicol 81:599-603. 2007
    ..In conclusion, the strong increase of mutagenicity using RSO as diesel fuel compared to the reference DF and other fuels causes deep concern on future usage of this biologic resource as a replacement of established diesel fuels...
  61. pmc A personal perspective on the initial federal health-based regulation to remove lead from gasoline
    Kenneth Bridbord
    Division of International Training and Research, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 2220, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1195-201. 2009
    ..and perspective of the authors, who had primary responsibility for drafting the initial health-based regulation limiting lead content of gasoline during the early 1970s while employed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
  62. ncbi Manganese exposures in Toronto during use of the gasoline additive, methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl
    K S Crump
    ICF Consulting, Ruston, Louisiana 71270, USA
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 10:227-39. 2000
    ..while the manganese-containing additive, methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT), was present in gasoline at an average level of 11.9 mg Mn/l, which was higher than the maximum of 8.3 mg Mn/l allowed in the U.S...
  63. ncbi Vitamins A and E reverse gasoline vapors-induced hematotoxicity and weight loss in female rats
    F E Uboh
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Basic Medical Science, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
    Toxicol Ind Health 26:559-66. 2010
    In this study, gasoline vapors-induced hematotoxicity, growth-depression and weight-loss reversal effect of vitamins A (retinol) and E (α-tocopherol) was assessed in female Wistar albino rats. The rats were exposed to gasoline vapors (17...
  64. ncbi Gasoline ingestion: a rare cause of pancytopenia
    Ifad Rahman
    Division of Internal Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
    Am J Med Sci 338:433-4. 2009
    The majority of reported cases of gasoline intoxication involves inhalation or percutaneous absorption. Data are scarce on complications and outcomes after gasoline poisoning by oral ingestion...
  65. ncbi Quinone emissions from gasoline and diesel motor vehicles
    Chris A Jakober
    Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 41:4548-54. 2007
    Gas- and particle-phase emissions from gasoline and diesel vehicles operated on chassis dynamometers were collected using annular denuders, quartz filters, and PUF substrates...
  66. pmc Successful outcome after intravenous gasoline injection
    Wolfgang Domej
    Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Austria
    J Med Toxicol 3:173-7. 2007
    b>Gasoline, ingested intentionally or accidentally, is toxic. The majority of reported cases of gasoline intoxication involve oral ingestion or inhalation...
  67. ncbi Isotopic evidence of the persistent dominance of blood lead concentrations by previous gasoline lead emissions in Yerevan, Armenia
    Robert Kurkjian
    Department of Environmental Toxicology, WIGS, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Environ Res 93:308-15. 2003
    ..isotopic compositions (n=17) of males and females in Yerevan, Armenia, indicate that previous emissions of leaded gasoline still dominate the populace's PbB concentrations 2 years after the country's apparent de facto elimination of ..
  68. ncbi A comparative study of manganese and lead levels in human umbilical cords and maternal blood from two urban centers exposed to different gasoline additives
    Audrey Smargiassi
    CINBIOSE, University of Quebec in Montreal, Canada
    Sci Total Environ 290:157-64. 2002
    ..By 1990, MMT was in 100% of gasoline in Canada...
  69. ncbi Monitoring genotoxicity among gasoline station attendants and traffic enforcers in the City of Manila using the micronucleus assay with exfoliated epithelial cells
    A V Hallare
    Department of Biology, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines Manila, Padre Faura Street, Ermita, Manila, Philippines
    Environ Monit Assess 156:331-41. 2009
    ..To determine the effect of occupational exposure in gasoline station attendants and traffic enforcers, the micronucleus test was used...
  70. ncbi Brugada syndrome unmasked by accidental inhalation of gasoline vapors
    Darko Kranjcec
    Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Dubrava, Zagreb, Croatia
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 30:1294-8. 2007
    ..patient, with no previous medical history, who had ventricular fibrillation after accidental inhalation of gasoline vapors. His electrocardiogram (ECG) showed a typical type-1 BrS pattern that persisted after the acute event...
  71. ncbi Proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine balance in gasoline exhaust induced pulmonary injury in mice
    Veerapandian Sureshkumar
    Inhalation Toxicology Laboratory, Industrial Toxicology Research, Center Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Lucknow, India
    Inhal Toxicol 17:161-8. 2005
    ..cytokine balance and associated changes in pulmonary bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of unleaded gasoline exhaust (GE) exposed mice were investigated...
  72. ncbi Biodegradation and surfactant-mediated biodegradation of diesel fuel by 218 microbial consortia are not correlated to cell surface hydrophobicity
    Mikołaj Owsianiak
    Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Poznan University of Technology, Pl M Skłodowskiej Curie 2, 60 965, Poznan, Poland
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 84:545-53. 2009
    ..In contrary to what was previously reported for pure strains, cell surface hydrophobicity, as determined by MATH, is not a good descriptor of biodegrading potential for mixed cultures...
  73. ncbi Risk of esophageal, ovarian, testicular, kidney and bladder cancers and leukemia among finnish workers exposed to diesel or gasoline engine exhaust
    Johannes Guo
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Cancer 111:286-92. 2004
    Occupational exposure to diesel exhaust has been classified as probably carcinogenic and that to gasoline engine exhaust as possibly carcinogenic to humans...
  74. pmc Influence of GSTT1 null genotype on the offspring sex ratio of gasoline filling station workers
    M Ansari-Lari
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:393-4. 2004
    The aim of this study was to investigate whether the occupational exposure to gasoline of men employed at filling stations affects the sex of their children...
  75. ncbi Anaerobic biodegradation of natural gas condensate can be stimulated by the addition of gasoline
    Roger C Prince
    ExxonMobil Biomedical Sciences Inc, 1545 Route 22 East, Annandale, NJ 08801, USA
    Biodegradation 18:515-23. 2007
    ..The addition of 1 mul of gasoline to the samples (approximately 10 ppm) had minimal impact on the biodegradation of saturated compounds, but ..
  76. ncbi Comparison of exhaust emissions from Swedish environmental classified diesel fuel (MK1) and European Program on Emissions, Fuels and Engine Technologies (EPEFE) reference fuel: a chemical and biological characterization, with viewpoints on cancer risk
    R Westerholm
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University, S 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Sci Technol 35:1748-54. 2001
    ..In conclusion, the MK1 fuel was found to be more environmentally friendly than the EPEFE fuel...
  77. ncbi Ethanol-diesel fuel blends -- a review
    Alan C Hansen
    Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois, 1304 W Pennsylvania Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Bioresour Technol 96:277-85. 2005
    ..Further work is required in specifying acceptable fuel characteristics, confirming the long-term effects on engine durability, and ensuring safety in handling and storing ethanol-diesel blends...
  78. ncbi Evaluation of carcinogenic hazard of diesel engine exhaust needs to consider revolutionary changes in diesel technology
    Roger O McClellan
    Toxicology and Risk Analysis, 13701 Quaking Aspen Place NE, Albuquerque, NM 87111, USA
    Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 63:225-58. 2012
    ..We recommend that future reviews of carcinogenic hazards of diesel exhaust evaluate NTDE separately from TDE...
  79. ncbi Simulation of the effect of remediation on EDB and 1,2-DCA plumes at sites contaminated by leaded gasoline
    James K Henderson
    Department of Environmental Engineering and Earth Science, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 5002, USA
    J Contam Hydrol 108:29-45. 2009
    ..The risk posed by EDB, 1,2-DCA, and commingled gasoline hydrocarbons varies throughout the plume over time...
  80. ncbi Acute exposure to diesel exhaust increases IL-8 and GRO-alpha production in healthy human airways
    S S Salvi
    Department of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 161:550-7. 2000
    ....
  81. ncbi Exposure to benzene induces oxidative stress, alters the immune response and expression of p53 in gasoline filling workers
    Nazia Uzma
    Department of Physiology, Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad 500 058, Andhra Pradesh, India
    Am J Ind Med 53:1264-70. 2010
    ..Chronic exposure to benzene can lead to deleterious effects on many biological systems including blood and blood-forming organs. We investigated the adverse effects of benzene among workers occupationally exposed to benzene in India...
  82. ncbi Separation of fine particulate matter emitted from gasoline and diesel vehicles using chemical mass balancing techniques
    M P Fraser
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 37:3904-9. 2003
    ..However, during the late afternoon sampling period, the tunnel contained twice as many light-duty gasoline-powered vehicles...
  83. ncbi Fresh gasoline emissions, not paved road dust, alter cardiac repolarization in ApoE-/- mice
    Matthew J Campen
    Division of Toxicology, Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest Drive, SE, Albuquerque, NM 87108, USA
    Cardiovasc Toxicol 6:199-210. 2006
    ..We compared electrocardiographic effects of fresh gasoline engine emissions with resuspended paved road dust in a mouse model of coronary insufficiency...
  84. ncbi Environmental exposure to gasoline and leukemia in children and young adults--an ecology study
    R Nordlinder
    Department of Internal Medicine, Goteborg University, Sweden
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 70:57-60. 1997
    ..A few studies have indicated that exposure to gasoline is a cause of childhood leukemia...
  85. ncbi Influence of ethanol-diesel blended fuels on diesel exhaust emissions and mutagenic and genotoxic activities of particulate extracts
    Chong Lin Song
    State Key Laboratory of Engines, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
    J Hazard Mater 149:355-63. 2007
    ..DNA damage data showed a lower genotoxic potency of E10 and E15 as a whole...
  86. ncbi Evaluation of environmental levels of aromatic hydrocarbons in gasoline service stations by gas chromatography
    J F Periago
    , El Palmar, Spain
    J Chromatogr A 778:263-8. 1997
    The volume of gasoline sold in refuelling operations and the ambient temperature, can increase significantly the environmental levels of aromatic hydrocarbon vapours and subsequently, the occupational risk of gasoline service station ..
  87. pmc Environmental exposure to benzene: an update
    L Wallace
    U S Environmental Protection Agency, Reston, Virginia
    Environ Health Perspect 104:1129-36. 1996
    ..New methods in breath and blood sampling and analysis offer opportunities to investigate short-term peak exposures and resulting body burden under almost any conceivable field conditions...
  88. ncbi Characterization of the pharmacokinetics of gasoline using PBPK modeling with a complex mixtures chemical lumping approach
    James E Dennison
    Quantitative and Computational Toxicology Group, Center for Environmental Toxicology and Technology, Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, Ft Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 15:961-86. 2003
    b>Gasoline consists of a few toxicologically significant components and a large number of other hydrocarbons in a complex mixture...
  89. ncbi Elevated risk for male breast cancer after occupational exposure to gasoline and vehicular combustion products
    J Hansen
    Danish Cancer Society, Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Strandboulevarden 49, DK 2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark
    Am J Ind Med 37:349-52. 2000
    Automotive gasoline contains benzene, 1,3-butadiene, 1, 2-dibromoethane and 1,2-dichloroethane, and the combustion products include certain polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, all of which have shown mammary gland carcinogenicity in long-..
  90. ncbi Generation and characterization of gasoline engine exhaust inhalation exposure atmospheres
    Jacob D McDonald
    Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 20:1157-68. 2008
    Exposure atmospheres for a rodent inhalation toxicology study were generated from the exhaust of a 4.3-L gasoline engine coupled to a dynamometer and operated on an adapted California Unified Driving Cycle...
  91. pmc RNA-based stable isotope probing and isolation of anaerobic benzene-degrading bacteria from gasoline-contaminated groundwater
    Yuki Kasai
    Marine Biotechnology Institute, 3 75 1 Heita, Kamaishi, Iwate 026 0001, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:3586-92. 2006
    Stable isotope probing (SIP) of benzene-degrading bacteria in gasoline-contaminated groundwater was coupled to denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of DNA fragments amplified by reverse transcription-PCR from community 16S rRNA ..
  92. ncbi Exposure to diesel and gasoline engine emissions and the risk of lung cancer
    Marie Elise Parent
    INRS Institut Armand Frappier, University of Quebec, Laval, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 165:53-62. 2007
    ..The present paper describes associations between diesel and gasoline engine emissions and lung cancer, as evidenced in a 1979-1985 population-based case-control study in Montreal, ..
  93. ncbi Diesel pollution biodegradation: synergetic effect of Mycobacterium and filamentous fungi
    You Qing Li
    Department of Chemistry, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China
    Biomed Environ Sci 21:181-7. 2008
    ..To biodegrade the diesel pollution in aqueous solution inoculated with Mycobacterium and filamentous fungi...
  94. ncbi Evaluations of the chemical mass balance method for determining contributions of gasoline and diesel exhaust to ambient carbonaceous aerosols
    Eric M Fujita
    Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV 89512, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 57:721-40. 2007
    The US. Department of Energy Gasoline/Diesel PM Split Study was conducted to assess the sources of uncertainties in using an organic compound-based chemical mass balance receptor model to quantify the relative contributions of emissions ..
  95. ncbi International environmental health for the pediatrician: case study of lead poisoning
    Henry Falk
    Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 112:259-64. 2003
    ..The phasing out of lead from gasoline is a critical first step in decreasing worldwide blood lead concentrations...
  96. ncbi Long-term analysis of diesel fuel consumption in a co-culture of Acinetobacter venetianus, Pseudomonas putida and Alcaligenes faecalis
    Milva Pepi
    Dipartimento di Biologia Ambientale, Universita di Siena, Via P A Mattioli, 4, Siena 1 53100, Italy
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 83:3-9. 2003
    ..The A. venetianus aggregates increased in number and size over time, but after two weeks fragmentation events, which had a beneficial effect on the growth of P. putida and A. faecalis, occurred...
  97. ncbi Associations of cycling with urban sprawl and the gasoline price
    Inas Rashad
    Department of Economics, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University, PO Box 3992, Atlanta, GA 30302 3992, USA
    Am J Health Promot 24:27-36. 2009
    Determine the relationships between cycling and urban sprawl and between cycling and the gasoline price.
  98. ncbi Occurrence of PCDD/Fs in urban air before and after the ban of leaded gasoline
    Luigi Turrio-Baldassarri
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Chemosphere 59:1517-24. 2005
    ..Based on this, the decreasing use of leaded gasoline followed by its final ban (occurred on 1/1/2002, in Italy) should have resulted in a decreasing presence of PCDD/..
  99. ncbi Mutagenicity and in vivo toxicity of combined particulate and semivolatile organic fractions of gasoline and diesel engine emissions
    Jeanclare Seagrave
    Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest Dr SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA
    Toxicol Sci 70:212-26. 2002
    ..material and semivolatile organic compound fractions of emissions collected from normal- and high-emitter gasoline and diesel vehicles collected at 72 degrees F, and from normal-emitter groups collected at 30 degrees F...
  100. ncbi Rapid drop in infant blood lead levels during the transition to unleaded gasoline use in Santiago, Chile
    Paulina Pino
    School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
    Arch Environ Health 59:182-7. 2004
    ..lead levels in infants to changes in lead emissions in Santiago, Chile, a heavily polluted setting where leaded gasoline began to be replaced with unleaded gasoline in 1993...
  101. ncbi Blood lead levels in children after phase-out of leaded gasoline in Bombay, India
    Vikram Nichani
    The University of Georgia UGA, College of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Science, EHS Building, Athens, GA 30602 2102, United States, and Panchsheel Hospital, Bombay, India
    Sci Total Environ 363:95-106. 2006
    ..in pediatric blood lead levels (BLLs) in Bombay, India, by comparing BLLs collected in 2002 (after use of leaded gasoline was phased out in Bombay) to those collected in a study conducted by the George Foundation in 1997 (when leaded ..

Research Grants62

  1. Comparison of Diesel and Biodiesel Emissions and Health Effects in Underground Mi
    Jefferey L Burgess; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Information on the health effects of conversion to biodiesel fuels in occupational and environmental settings will also help to inform future policy decisions. ..
  2. Chronic Granulomatous Lung Inflammation Elicited by Carbon Nanotubes
    Mary Jane Thomassen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In summary, this unique investigation of MWCNT-elicited granulomatous lung disease is well suited for student participation in an area with environmental impact on human disease. ..
  3. Mechanisms for Cardiovascular Effects of air pollutants: Effect of Age and Sex
    BRITT HOLMEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  4. ENHANCEMENT OF CORONARY CONSTRICTION BY COMBUSTION-SOURCE AIR TOXICS
    Matthew J Campen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..ECG and vascular abnormalities in ApoE-/- mice occurred when exposed by inhalation to fresh diesel or gasoline exhaust, but not aged, resuspended road dust, suggest that certain compounds in fresh emissions that drive ..
  5. Single Cell Analysis of EGFR Activity in Human Airway Cells Exposed to Pollutants
    RYAN MATTHEW PHILLIPS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding the details of this process will help protect human health and safety by guiding regulations for controlling air pollution. ..
  6. Strategies for Heavy Metal Detoxification
    Gerard Parkin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..lead in the environment is a consequence of its current and previous widespread use in, for example, batteries, gasoline, plumbing and paints, such that lead poisoning is the most common environmentally induced disease among children ..
  7. TOXICOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF ALKYLBENZENE METABOLISM
    Wayne L Backes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in extensive quantities throughout the world, with simple aromatic hydrocarbons being major components of gasoline and used in a wide variety of consumer products...
  8. Traffic and Respiratory Health
    Brian P Leaderer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Mechanisms of Manganese Neurotoxicity
    ANUMANTHA GOUNDER KANTHASAMY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Manganese neurotoxicity is a significant toxicological problem resulting from the use of manganese as a gasoline additive, and in welding, metal industries, pesticide manufacturing, pharmaceutical preparations, infant food ..
  10. The Rosetta Enzyme ReDesign: Targeting PON1 as OP Scavenger
    Jennifer M Bui; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..used as pesticides and insecticides in agriculture, as a flame retardant in plastics and rubbers, and even as a gasoline additive [1-3]...
  11. Regional Brain Manganese Accumulation and Functional Consequences in Welders
    Xuemei Huang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Exposure to manganese (Mn), a well-known neurotoxicant, is widespread in the general population from gasoline additives, fossil fuel combustion, and accumulates at high levels in workers exposed to welding fumes...
  12. Television and International Family Change: A Randomized Experiment
    Rukmalie Jayakody; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Treatment villages will receive televisions and generators with gasoline to operate the televisions. Control villages will not receive generators or televisions...
  13. Prenatal Lead Exposures in Pakistan: A Prelude to Prevention
    Nalini Sathiakumar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Pakistan and South Asian countries consider phasing-out of leaded gasoline as an adequate measure for control of lead...
  14. Mitochondrial Role in Manganese Toxicity
    Thomas Gunter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Furthermore, Mn exposure is recognized as a risk factor for idiopathic PD. With the use of Mn as a gasoline additive, increased use in pesticides, and potential clinical use of a Mn superoxide dismutase mimetic, EUK-8, ..
  15. Occupational exposure and the developmental-basis of AD
    NASSER HUSSEIN ZAWIA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    The effects of lead (Pb) on the developing nervous system are well documented and the removal of Pb from gasoline has greatly diminished the risk from environmental exposure to Pb...
  16. Molecular &Behavioral Effects of Low Level Mn Exposure
    Tomas R Guilarte; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Automobile combustion of gasoline containing methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT) has the potential to significantly increase Mn ..
  17. Continued Development of Photoelectrocatalytic Oxidation for Treating Gasoline Co
    TERENCE PATRICK BARRY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  18. Neurologic and Reproductive Effects of Hexane on Workers
    S Katharine Hammond; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Hexane is a very widely used chemical in industry, consumer products and gasoline that has known toxic effects, particularly on the nervous system...
  19. Real world biodiesel particulate matter exposure and toxicological responses
    Nora Traviss; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study provides a unique opportunity to engage KSC undergraduates from multiple departments in a cutting- edge, interdisciplinary investigation with direct implications for public health and environmental policy. ..
  20. DRUG SELF-ADMINISTRATION BY INHALATION IN THE PRIMATE
    Ronald Wood; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The alkyl benzenes comprise 30 to 40 of gasoline, which is abused by inhalation, and are present in glues, paint thinner, and solvents; concentration-effect ..
  21. Wearable Nanosensor Array for Real-Time Monitoring of Diesel and Gasoline Exhaust
    Ashok Mulchandani; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Diesel and gasoline exhaust, produced when an engine burns fuel, is a complex mixture of gases and fine particles. Recent studies have linked respiratory diseases and cancer to exposure to gasoline and diesel exhaust...
  22. Marietta Community Actively Researching Exposure Study
    Erin N Haynes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and here is great potential for global exposure to Mn in the form of MMT, an anti-knock agent to replace lead in gasoline. The Marietta Community Actively Researching Exposure Study (CARES) is a community-based study designed to ..
  23. ACTION OF DMSA ON CELLULAR LEAD METABOLISM AND TOXICITY
    Joel Pounds; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..or more young children are at high risk from all sources of Pb, including food, drinking water, dust, dirt and gasoline, and paint...
  24. TOXICOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF ALKYLBENZENE METABOLISM
    Wayne Backes; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..to ,e examined in this proposal, toluene, the xylenes, ethylbenzene and n-propylbenzene are major components of gasoline comprising up to 40% of the product...
  25. A Photoelectrocatalytic Device for Removing MTBE from Water
    Terence Barry; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..HEALTH RELEVANCE: The fuel additive methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), and other organic carcinogens associated with gasoline (e...
  26. Air Pollution-Induced Vascular Endothelin Regulation of MMP Activity.
    Amie Lund; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of this proposal is to test the hypothesis that chronic exposure to environmental air pollutants, specifically gasoline engine emissions, results in upregulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and subsequent induction of molecular ..
  27. COLLABORATIVE STUDY OF 1,3 BUTADIENE BIOMARKERS
    Thomas Smith; Fiscal Year: 2002
    1,3-butadiene (BD) is a common air pollutant released by gasoline, cigarette smoke, and automobile emissions...
  28. Role of Manganese in Neurodegenrative Disease
    Donald Smith; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..potential neurotoxicity of low but chronic Mn exposure has increased in light of the incorporation of MMT into gasoline. The effects of Mn exposure in in vivo rodent models has focused on Mn-induced depletion of striatal dopamine, ..
  29. LEAD IN PREGNANCY, HYPERTENSION AND NEONATAL HEALTH
    Irva Hertz Picciotto; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..A subsequent investigation will follow up the children. Despite Federal restrictions on leaded gasoline, body burdens and environmental sources of lead may still pose considerable risks to the mother and fetus...
  30. Transcriptional Analysis of Pollutant Exposure
    Ralph Shohet; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The investigator's models of environmental toxicity will be diesel and gasoline emissions...
  31. METHANOL EXPOSURE EFFECTS ON PRIMATE DEVELOPMENT
    THOMAS BURBACHER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The proposed use of methanol as an alternative to gasoline would lead to frequent and widespread exposure of women of childbearing age...
  32. REPRODUCTIVE TOXICOLOGY OF NO 2 DIESEL FUEL
    James Adams; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The reproductive toxicity of low-grade diesel fuels can be studied in this invertebrate without the concerns that accompany the conduct of toxicity studies in vertebrate animals...
  33. A NOVEL TECHNOLOGY FOR MTBE REMOVAL FROM DRINKING WATER
    CHARLES TENNAKOON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..MTBE as a possible carcinogen in its largest directive this year and has decided to phase out the use of MTBE in gasoline. In the coming years, this nation faces a formidable task of ensuring that our drinking water supplies are free ..
  34. CHEMICALLY AMPLIFIED DETECTION OF ORGANIC VAPORS
    LOUIS STUHL; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The health risks to humans of exposure to organic vapors such as gasoline and solvent fumes at home and in the work place are well documented, but the availability of inexpensive, ..
  35. Neurobehavioral Effect of Low Level Mangenese Exposure
    Erin Haynes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can reflect Mn deposition in the brain. Given the increased use of Mn in gasoline and the emerging data on adverse health effects of low-level Pb exposure, it is critical to conduct studies to ..
  36. CHEMICALLY AMPLIFIED DETECTION OF ORGANIC VAPORS
    LOUIS STUHL; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The health risks to humans of exposure to organic vapors such as gasoline and solvent fumes at home and in the work place are well documented, but the availability of inexpensive, ..
  37. Diesel Exhaust Particle Modulation of Inflammation
    Jeanclare Seagrave; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  38. Lead Exposure, HPA Axis Dysfunction, and Blood Pressure: Hypertension Risk
    Nancy Fiedler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. FUNCT. CHARACTERIZATION OF HUMAN CYP2A6 GENETIC VARIANTS
    Jun yan Hong; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  40. Development of a Web Based Tobacco Cessation Curriculum
    John Spangler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The ultimate goal will be to develop a highly portable tobacco cessation curriculum that can be used a variety of educational settings. ..
  41. Solvent Exposure: Functional Imaging and Behavior
    Nancy Fiedler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. TOXICOLOGY FOR TEACHERS
    Ann de Peyster; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These workshops are an innovative way for scientists and teachers to work together to improve science education. ..
  43. FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERIZATION OF AGT GENETIC POLYMORPHISM
    Jun yan Hong; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..It could have a significant impact on cancer prevention by identifying susceptible subpopulations in future epidemiological studies. ..
  44. A Novel Nutritional Intervention to Combat Osteoporosis
    MARK ELLESS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Significantly, the approach offers the exciting possibility of simultaneously enhancing levels of multiple nutrients in single fresh vegetables. ..
  45. Phytofiltration of Arsenic-Contaminated Drinking Water
    MARK ELLESS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. TOXICOLOGIC INTERACTIONS OF CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL AGENTS
    Raymond Yang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This application requests support for 10 predoctoral and 5 post-doctoral traineeships. ..
  47. DEVELOPING A PREDICTIVE STRATEGY FOR CHEMICAL MIXTURES
    Raymond Yang; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Hands-on cross training of graduate students between the two campuses on biology/toxicology and chemical engineering research techniques are proposed as well. ..
  48. GEOGRAPHIC MODELING OF TRAFFIC AND ASTHMA RATES
    MARY GORDIAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Using this approach will increase the power of the study to examine the relationship between proximity to traffic and the incidence of asthma in young children. ..
  49. Aluminum bioavailability from foods
    Robert Yokel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Genetics of IR in PCOS: The PPAR Pathway
    Evelyn Talbott; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  51. Novel Method for Chromium Analysis in Biological Fluids
    Ziling Xue; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The research results can be applied immediately in the analysis of chromium in biological fluids, a goal articulated in the NIH program Chromium as Adjuvant Therapy for Type 2 Diabetes and Impaired Glucose Tolerance (PA-01-114). ..
  52. NEUROPROTECTIVE STRATEGIES AGAINST OXIDATIVE DAMAGE
    Anumantha Kanthasamy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  53. Interdisciplinary Training: Neurodevelopmental Toxicology(RMI)
    David Bellinger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Members of the faculty currently conduct a wealth of multidisciplinary research, which will provide trainees with ready opportunities to apply their training in ongoing research projects. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Method Development for the Analysis of PBDEs in Human Placenta Tissue
    An Li; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A laboratory procedure is to be developed in order to understand how a wide-spread environmental pollutant affects the health of human fetus before babies are born. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Age, Lead, Exposure, and Neurobehavioral Decline
    Brian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. BIOMARKERS OF BENZENE EXPOSURE AND GENOTOXICITY
    Martyn Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The overall goal is to develop new biomarkers of exposure and early effect for benzene and provide new insights into the mechanisms of benzene toxicity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. CASPASES, MITOCHONDRIAL FUNCTION AND PARKINSON'S DISEASE
    Anumantha Kanthasamy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Predictors of Spatial Patterns in Urban Air Pollution
    Jonathan Levy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Duke Center for Geospatial Medicine (RMI)
    Marie Lynn Miranda; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Using neural tube defects as a prototype health endpoint, we will develop a generalized framework for applying these methods to a wide variety of health endpoints, including autism, asthma, ADHD, and obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Hazardous Air Pollutants and Lymphohematopoietic Cancer Incidence in Houston 1995
    Elaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..