Summary: The ash, dust, gases, and lava released by volcanic explosion. The gases are volatile matter composed principally of about 90% water vapor, and carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen. The ash or dust is pyroclastic ejecta and lava is molten extrusive material consisting mainly of magnesium silicate. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Publications164 found, 100 shown here
- Psychological distress among evacuees of a volcanic eruption in Japan: A follow-up studyYasuyuki Ohta
School of Health Sciences, Nagasaki University, Shinjyuen Ryoyosho, Nagasaki, Japan
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 57:105-11. 2003Psychological distress in 248 evacuees from a volcanic eruption was evaluated using a 30-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30) at four time points after evacuation: 6 months, 12 months, 24 months and 44 months...
- Community resilience and volcano hazard: the eruption of Tungurahua and evacuation of the faldas in EcuadorGraham A Tobin
Dept of Geography, University of South Florida, Tampa 33620 8100, USA
Disasters 26:28-48. 2002..The long-term goal is to develop a model of community resilience in long-term stress environments...
- Evidence for enhanced bioavailability of trace elements in the marine ecosystem of Deception Island, a volcano in AntarcticaDimitri D Deheyn
Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0202, USA
Mar Environ Res 60:1-33. 2005..Trace element concentrations were highest in digestive tissue of organisms, suggesting that elements at Deception Island are incorporated into the marine food web mainly through a dietary route...
- The continental lithospheric mantle: characteristics and significance as a mantle reservoirD G Pearson
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Durham, South Road, UK
Philos Transact A Math Phys Eng Sci 360:2383-410. 2002..This component cannot be constrained to the CLM but may originate from a deeper reservoir of ancient, subducted oceanic crust stored in the mantle...
- Sulphur isotope evidence for an oxic Archaean atmosphereHiroshi Ohmoto
NASA Astrobiology Institute and Department of Geosciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
Nature 442:908-11. 2006....
- On the origin of noble gases in mantle plumesNicolas Coltice
Department of Geosciences, Guyot Hall, Princeton University, NJ 08544 1003, USA
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 360:2633-48. 2002..A recycling model of the mantle, involving gravitational segregation of the oceanic crust at the bottom of the mantle, potentially satisfies trace-element as well as noble-gas constraints...
- The origin of stable halogenated compounds in volcanic gasesMatthias Frische
SFB 574, Christian Albrechts University, 24148 Kiel, Germany
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 13:406-13. 2006..g. CF4 and SF6) to the atmospheric budget...
- How old is the Hawaiian biota? Geology and phylogeny suggest recent divergenceJonathan P Price
Graduate Group in Geography, University of California, Davis, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Proc Biol Sci 269:2429-35. 2002..Three of these, and an additional seven (mostly single-species) lineages, have colonized the archipelago within this period. The timing of colonization of other lineages remains uncertain...
- Nitrogen fixation at 92 degrees C by a hydrothermal vent archaeonMausmi P Mehta
School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Science 314:1783-6. 2006..This increase in the temperature limit of nitrogen fixation could reveal a broader range of conditions for life in the subseafloor biosphere and other nitrogen-limited ecosystems than previously estimated...
- Climate-driven increases in global terrestrial net primary production from 1982 to 1999Ramakrishna R Nemani
School of Forestry, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59801, USA
Science 300:1560-3. 2003..The largest increase was in tropical ecosystems. Amazon rain forests accounted for 42% of the global increase in net primary production, owing mainly to decreased cloud cover and the resulting increase in solar radiation...
- Vertical variations in the concentration of mercury in soils around Sakurajima Volcano, Southern Kyushu, JapanTakashi Tomiyasu
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890 0065, Japan
Sci Total Environ 304:221-30. 2003..Although the soil of Sakurajima had the lowest concentration among the three sites, it received the largest amount of mercury...
- Geologic emissions of methane to the atmosphereGiuseppe Etiope
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Rome, Italy
Chemosphere 49:777-89. 2002....
- Are mercury emissions from geologic sources significant? A status reportMae Sexauer Gustin
Department of Environmental and Resource Sciences, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV 89557, USA
Sci Total Environ 304:153-67. 2003..Scaling results suggest that the value used in early models to represent emissions from global mercuriferous belts is too low by at least three times...
- Remote analysis of biological invasion and biogeochemical changeGregory P Asner
Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:4383-6. 2005..This remote sensing approach indicates the geographic extent, intensity, and biogeochemical impacts of two distinct invaders; its wider application could enhance the role of remote sensing in ecosystem analysis and management...
- Asphalt volcanism and chemosynthetic life in the Campeche Knolls, Gulf of MexicoI R MacDonald
Physical and Life Sciences Department, Texas A and M University Corpus Christi, 6300 Ocean Drive, Corpus Christi, TX 78412, USA
Science 304:999-1002. 2004..The site also includes oil seeps, gas hydrate deposits, locally anoxic sediments, and slabs of authigenic carbonate. Asphalt volcanism creates a habitat for chemosynthetic life that may be widespread at great depth in the Gulf of Mexico...
- Lithogenic, oceanic and anthropogenic sources of atmospheric Sb to a maritime blanket bog, Myrarnar, Faroe IslandsWilliam Shotyk
Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, University of Heidelberg, INF 236, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
J Environ Monit 7:1148-54. 2005....
- Two bacteria phylotypes are predominant in the Suiyo seamount hydrothermal plumeMichinari Sunamura
Biological Resources and Functions, National Institute of Advanced and Industrial Science and Technology AIST, Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8566, Japan
Appl Environ Microbiol 70:1190-8. 2004..Although growth and production rates remain to be defined, we concluded that this Suiyo Seamount caldera has functioned as a natural continuous incubator for these two phylotypes of Bacteria in an aphotic deep-sea environment...
- Functional groups and activities of bacteria in a highly acidic volcanic mountain stream and lake in Patagonia, ArgentinaKatrin Wendt-Potthoff
Department of Inland Water Research Magdeburg, UFZ Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig Halle, Germany
Microb Ecol 43:92-106. 2002..In addition to supplementing microbiological knowledge on acidic volcanic waters, our study provides a new view of these extreme sites in the general context of aquatic habitats...
- Release of methane from a volcanic basin as a mechanism for initial Eocene global warmingHenrik Svensen
Physics of Geological Processes, University of Oslo, PO Box 1048 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
Nature 429:542-5. 2004....
- Age and timing of the Permian mass extinctions: U/Pb dating of closed-system zirconsRoland Mundil
Berkeley Geochronology Center, 2455 Ridge Road, Berkeley, CA 94709, USA
Science 305:1760-3. 2004..The U/Pb age of the main pulse of the extinction is 252.6 +/- 0.2 million years, synchronous with the Siberian flood volcanism, and it occurred within the quoted uncertainty...
- Vailulu'u Seamount, Samoa: Life and death on an active submarine volcanoHubert Staudigel
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:6448-53. 2006..Paradoxically, the same anticyclonic currents that deliver food to the eels may also concentrate a wide variety of nektonic animals in a death trap of toxic hydrothermal fluids...
- Atmospherc mercury deposition during the last 270 years: a glacial ice core record of natural and anthropogenic sourcesPaul F Schuster
U S Geological Survey, Boulder, Colorado 80303, USA
Environ Sci Technol 36:2303-10. 2002..The sediment-core records, however, are in agreement with the last 10 years of this ice-core record, indicating declines in atmospheric Hg deposition...
- Methanotrophy below pH 1 by a new Verrucomicrobia speciesArjan Pol
Department of Microbiology, IWWR, Radboud University Nijmegen, Toernooiveld 1, NL 6525 ED Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Nature 450:874-8. 2007..This is the first time that a representative of the widely distributed Verrucomicrobia phylum, of which most members remain uncultivated, is coupled to a geochemically relevant reaction...
- Long-term eruptive activity at a submarine arc volcanoRobert W Embley
NOAA PMEL, 2115 SE O S U Drive, Newport, Oregon 97365 5258, USA
Nature 441:494-7. 2006..Long-term eruptive activity has produced an unusual chemical environment and a very unstable benthic habitat exploited by only a few mobile decapod species. Such conditions are perhaps distinctive of active arc and hotspot volcanoes...
- Investigation of health effects of hydrogen sulfide from a geothermal sourceMichael N Bates
Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd ESR, Porirua, New Zealand
Arch Environ Health 57:405-11. 2002..The results of this study strengthen the suggestion that there are chronic health effects from H2S exposure. Further investigation is warranted...
- The use of tree-rings and foliage as an archive of volcanogenic cation depositionSebastian F L Watt
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, UK
Environ Pollut 148:48-61. 2007..Around the flanks of the volcano foliar variation is greater for volatile cations (Cs, Cd, Pb) than for lithophilic cations (Ba, Sr), consistent with trace-metal supply from volcanic aerosol during quiescent periods...
- The impact of volcanic gases from Miyake island on the chemical constituents in precipitation in the Tokyo metropolitan areaTomoaki Okuda
Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, 3 14 1 Hiyoshi, Yokohama, 223 8522, Japan
Sci Total Environ 341:185-97. 2005..The annual wet deposition amount of volcanic SO2 to the Tokyo metropolitan area was at the same order of the magnitude (37+/-15%) as the annual anthropogenic SO2 amount (60 kt/year) emitted from the Tokyo metropolitan area...
- The possible influence of volcanic emissions on atmospheric aerosols in the city of Colima, MexicoJavier Miranda
Instituto de Fi sica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 20 364, 01000, Mexico, D F, Mexico
Environ Pollut 127:271-9. 2004..Moreover, a contribution from the volcanic emissions was identified from the grouping of S, Cl, Cu, and Zn, elements associated to particles emitted by the Volcán de Colima...
- Evaluation of a novel passive sampling technique for monitoring volcanogenic hydrogen sulfideClaire J Horwell
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Memorial Building, Queens Road, Bristol, UK BS8 1RJ
J Environ Monit 6:630-5. 2004..This was optimized at a FMA concentration of 8 mg L(-1), at which 100% quenching was obtained at a solution sulfide concentration of 3 mg L(-1)...
- Volcano remote sensing with ground-based spectroscopyAndrew J S McGonigle
University of Sheffield Department of Geography Winter Street, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 363:2915-29. 2005..In this article, I review this field at this exciting point of transition, covering the techniques used and the insights thereby obtained, and I speculate upon the breakthroughs that are now tantalizingly close...
- Environmental predictors of pre-European deforestation on Pacific islandsBarry Rolett
Department of Anthropology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA
Nature 431:443-6. 2004..These results might be relevant to similar deforestation-associated collapses (for example, Fertile Crescent, Maya and Anasazi) or the lack thereof (Japan and highland New Guinea) elsewhere in the world...
- Impact of river overflowing on trace element contamination of volcanic soils in south Italy: part II. Soil biological and biochemical properties in relation to trace element speciationR D'Ascoli
Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Seconda Universita degli Studi di Napoli, Via Vivaldi 43, 81100 Caserta, Italy
Environ Pollut 144:317-26. 2006....
- Context matters: matrix vegetation influences native and exotic species composition on habitat islandsSusan K Wiser
Landcare Research, Lincoln 7640, New Zealand
Ecology 89:380-91. 2008..Our results support our prediction that, as the surrounding matrix becomes more modified, invasion by exotics makes outcrop vegetation less distinct from its matrix...
- Linking community and ecosystem development on Mount St. HelensRichard A Gill
Program in Environmental Science and Regional Planning, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4430, USA
Oecologia 148:312-24. 2006..By the third year of the experiment, L. lepidus began to increase in abundance with P addition. This result suggests co-limitation of the community by N and P...
- Volcanic carbon dioxide vents show ecosystem effects of ocean acidificationJason M Hall-Spencer
Marine Institute, Marine Biology and Ecology Research Centre, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
Nature 454:96-9. 2008..Our results provide the first in situ insights into how shallow water marine communities might change when susceptible organisms are removed owing to ocean acidification...
- Role of volcanic dust in the atmospheric transport and deposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and mercuryMilena Stracquadanio
University of Bologna, CIRSA, Via Marconi 2, Ravenna 48100, Italy
J Environ Monit 5:984-8. 2003..Finally, evidence on the anthropogenic origin of PAHs scavenged from the troposphere by volcanic ash is supported by the analysis of PAH compositions in granulometrically homogeneous fractions...
- 13CO2/12CO2 isotopic ratio measurements using a difference frequency-based sensor operating at 4.35 micrometersM Erdelyi
Rice Quantum Institute, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA
Appl Phys B 75:289-95. 2002..Special attention was given to minimizing undesirable precision degrading effects, in particular temperature and pressure fluctuations...
- Impact of climate variability on tropospheric ozoneVolker Grewe
Institut fur Physik der Atmosphare, DLR Oberpfaffenhofen, 82234 Wessling, Germany
Sci Total Environ 374:167-81. 2007..g. El Niño), major volcanic eruption, solar cycle, concentrations of greenhouse gases, and Quasi-Biennial Oscillation...
- Temporal changes in archaeal diversity and chemistry in a mid-ocean ridge subseafloor habitatJulie A Huber
School of Oceanography and Astrobiology Program, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 68:1585-94. 2002..molecular phylogenetic and chemical analyses on diffuse-flow vent fluids from one site shortly after a volcanic eruption in 1998 and again in 1999 and 2000...
- New surprises in the largest magnetosphere of our solar systemNorbert Krupp
Max Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Max Planck Strasse 2, 37191 Katlenburg Lindau, Germany
Science 318:216-7. 2007..Data on Jupiter's aurora provide details of the interaction with the solar wind, and a major volcanic eruption from the moon Io was observed during the encounter.
- Chicxulub and climate: radiative perturbations of impact-produced S-bearing gasesElisabetta Pierazzo
Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, Arizona 85705 8331, USA
Astrobiology 3:99-118. 2003..The model suggests that a climate forcing 100 times larger than that from the Pinatubo volcanic eruption is associated with the Chicxulub impact event for at least 2 years after the impact...
- Forest ecosystem services of changbai mountain in chinaGang Wu
Department of Systems Ecology, Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100085, Beijing, China
Sci China C Life Sci 45:21-32. 2002..vegetation type that came into being through the natural succession of soil and vegetation following volcanic eruption. The forest ecosystem has great importance for maintaining the structures and functions of the watershed ..
- Fluoride supplements and changes in tooth decay on the Island of Tristan da Cunha: 1966-1996P A Mossey
Department of Dental Health, University of Dundee Dental School, Park Place, Dundee DD1 4HR, Scotland, UK
Br Dent J 195:159-62; discussion 149. 2003..The inhabitants of the island were transported to England in 1961 as a result of a volcanic eruption and during their time in England they received a detailed dental health examination...
- New geochemical insights into volcanic degassingMarie Edmonds
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EQ, UK
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 366:4559-79. 2008Magma degassing plays a fundamental role in controlling the style of volcanic eruptions. Whether a volcanic eruption is explosive, or effusive, is of crucial importance to approximately 500 million people living in the shadow of ..
- Volcanic sulfur dioxide and acute respiratory symptoms on Miyakejima islandA Ishigami
Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Kappel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
Occup Environ Med 65:701-7. 2008Following a volcanic eruption in 2000, high concentrations of ambient sulfur dioxide (SO2) are still observed on Miyakejima, Japan despite the reversal 2 years ago of the ban on residents living on the island...
- Future UV radiation in Central Europe modelled from ozone scenariosJ Reuder
Meteorologisches Institut der Universität München, Theresienstrasse 37, 80333 Munich, Germany
J Photochem Photobiol B 61:94-105. 2001..of the UV irradiance, short-time increase may occur due to ozone minihole events or due to a large volcanic eruption. The latter can produce a marked increase in UV radiation for several months...
- Characterization of a hybrid zone between two chromosomal races of the weta Hemideina thoracica following a geologically recent volcanic eruptionM Morgan-Richards
Department of Zoology, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand
Heredity (Edinb) 85:586-92. 2000..We estimate that this species of weta must have a dispersal rate of at least 100 m per generation using the time since the last Taupo eruption (1850 years ago), which covered an area of about 20 000 km2 with pyroclastic flow...
- Respiratory health effects of volcanic ash with special reference to Iceland. A reviewGunnar Gudmundsson
Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
Clin Respir J 5:2-9. 2011..In this review, a recent volcanic eruption in Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland is described and its effects on aviation around the globe and on respiratory ..
- India at the cross-roads of human evolutionR Patnaik
Centre of Advanced Studies in Geology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India
J Biosci 34:729. 2009..heidelbergensis of Europe. Around approximately 74,000 yrs ago, a super volcanic eruption in Sumatra caused the deposition of Youngest Toba Tephra, that covered large parts of the Indian peninsula...
- The Miller volcanic spark discharge experimentAdam P Johnson
Interdisciplinary Biochemistry Program, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47401, USA
Science 322:404. 2008..known in textbooks, one that generated a hot water mist in the spark flask, simulating a water vapor-rich volcanic eruption. We found the original extracts of this experiment in Miller's material and reanalyzed them...
- Out of Africa: modern human origins special feature: the spread of modern humans in EuropeJohn F Hoffecker
Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, 1560 30th Street, Campus Box 450, Boulder, CO 80309 0450, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:16040-5. 2009..After the Campanian Ignimbrite volcanic eruption (40,000 cal BP) and the beginning of HE4, artifact assemblages assigned to the classic Aurignacian, an ..
- Genetic impact of a severe El Niño event on Galápagos marine iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus)Sebastian Steinfartz
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale Institute for Biospheric Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
PLoS ONE 2:e1285. 2007..Marchena, simultaneous changes to both nuclear and mitochondrial DNA variation may also be the result of a volcanic eruption on the island in 1991...
- Recent ecological divergence despite migration in sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka)Scott A Pavey
Biological Sciences Department, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6, Canada
Evolution 64:1773-83. 2010..Using past volcanic eruption times as a framework, we combine morphological analyses of traits important to reproduction with a ..
- Origin and characterisation of microparticles in an ice core from the Central Dronning Maud Land, East AntarcticaC M Laluraj
National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research, Vasco da Gama, Goa, India
Environ Monit Assess 149:377-83. 2009..The occurrence of organic and inorganic particles which bear relation to volcanic eruption and continental dust implies significant environmental changes in the recent past.
- A rapid, sensitive screening test for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons applied to Antarctic waterA Valero-Navarro
Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Granada, c Fuentenueva s n, E 18071 Granada, Spain
Chemosphere 67:903-10. 2007..We also discuss the polluted Antarctic samples and the possible sources of the contamination involved...
- Geobacillus thermoleovorans subsp. stromboliensis subsp. nov., isolated from the geothermal volcanic environmentIda Romano
Istituto di Chimica Biomolecolare ICB CNR via Campi Flegrei 34, NA, Italy
J Gen Appl Microbiol 51:183-9. 2005..stromboliensis, subsp. nov. (ATCC BAA-979T; DSM 15393T)...
- The Liang Bua faunal remains: a 95k.yr. sequence from Flores, East IndonesiaG D van den Bergh
Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, RA Leiden, The Netherlands
J Hum Evol 57:527-37. 2009..two large-bodied, endemic mammals, Stegodon florensis insularis and Homo floresiensis, was associated with a volcanic eruption at 17 ka and precedes the earliest evidence for modern humans, who initiated use of mollusc and shell ..
- Geographic control of Titan's mid-latitude cloudsHenry G Roe
Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Science 310:477-9. 2005..The rate of volatile release necessary to trigger cloud formation could easily supply enough methane to balance the loss to photolysis in the upper atmosphere...
- Global link between deformation and volcanic eruption quantified by satellite imageryJ Biggs
School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Queen s Road, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UK
Nat Commun 5:3471. 2014..Satellite technology is rapidly evolving and routine monitoring of the deformation status of all volcanoes from space is anticipated, meaning probabilistic approaches will increasingly inform hazard decisions and strategic development. ..
- Analysis of facultative lithotroph distribution and diversity on volcanic deposits by use of the large subunit of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenaseK Nanba
Laboratory of Aquatic Biology and Environmental Science, Graduate School of Agricultural Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
Appl Environ Microbiol 70:2245-53. 2004..These indices of diversity were not correlated with rates of atmospheric CO and hydrogen uptake but were correlated with estimates of respiration and microbial biomass...
- Groundwater radon measurements in the Mt. Etna areaWalter D'Alessandro
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Palermo, via La Malfa 153, 90146 Palermo, Italy
J Environ Radioact 65:187-201. 2003....
- Chemostratigraphic evidence of Deccan volcanism from the marine osmium isotope recordG Ravizza
Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 2225, USA
Science 302:1392-5. 2003....
- Chronic exposure to volcanic environments and cancer incidence in the Azores, PortugalAndre Amaral
Department of Biology, University of the Azores, R Mae de Deus, APT 1422, 9501 855 Ponta Delgada, Portugal
Sci Total Environ 367:123-8. 2006....
- Six medical papyri describe the effects of Santorini's volcanic ash, and provide Egyptian parallels to the so-called biblical plaguesSiro Igino Trevisanato
Med Hypotheses 67:187-90. 2006....
- Electric and magnetic phenomena observed before the volcano-seismic activity in 2000 in the Izu Island Region, JapanS Uyeda
Riken International Frontier Research Group on Earthquakes, Earthquake Prediction Research Center, Tokai University, 3 20 1, Orido, Shimizu 424 8610, Japan
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:7352-5. 2002..Appearance of similar changes in two different measurements conducted at two far apart sites seems to provide information supporting the reality of preseismic electromagnetic signals...
- PM10 and asthma medication in schoolchildrenMary Ellen Gordian
Institute for Circumpolar Health Studies, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
Arch Environ Health 58:42-7. 2003..All models showed positive and significant coefficients for PM10 during periods when asthma medication was administered to the schoolchildren. However, the 21-day moving average was the best fit to the model...
- Microbiological investigation of methane- and hydrocarbon-discharging mud volcanoes in the Carpathian Mountains, RomaniaKarine Alain
Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstr 1, D 28359 Bremen, Germany
Environ Microbiol 8:574-90. 2006..This survey is the first to report the presence and activity of ANME in a terrestrial environment...
- Solute movement through an allophanic soilG N Magesan
Forest Research, Private Bag 3020, Rotorua, New Zealand
J Environ Qual 32:2325-33. 2003..This suggests that water and solute transport in this soil were either relatively uniform or that transverse mixing during flow was already fast enough to eliminate concentration gradients between regions of different "mobility."..
- Glacial-interglacial changes in the occurrence of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn in Vostok Antarctic ice from 240 000 to 410 000 years BPSungmin Hong
Korea Polar Research Institute, KORDI, Ansan, PO Box 29, Seoul, 425 600, Korea
J Environ Monit 7:1326-31. 2005..The contribution from volcanic emissions was important for Cd during all periods and might have been significant for Cu and Zn during warm periods...
- The delphic oracle and the ethylene-intoxication hypothesisJ Foster
Department of Philosophy, Memorial University, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
Clin Toxicol (Phila) 45:85-9. 2007..We conclude by observing that positivist dispositions can lead to the acceptance of claims because they have a scientific form, not because they are grounded in robust evidence and sound argument...
- [The in vitro release of hydroxyl radicals from dust containing fluoro-edenite fibers identified in the volcanic rocks of Biancavilla (eastern Sicily)]V Rapisarda
Clinica di Medicina del Lavoro, Universita degli Studi di Ancona, Polo didattico scientifico Aragosta, Via Tronto 10 A, 60020 Torrette di Ancona, AN
Med Lav 94:200-6. 2003..g. plaster), was suspected to be the source of mineral fibres. These fibres had never been studied before and were identified as fluoro-edenite...
- Near-specular acoustic scattering from a buried submarine mud volcanoAnthony L Gerig
Applied Research Laboratory, Penn State University, State College, Pennsylvania 16804 0030, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 122:3280-5. 2007..Modeled bistatic data compared relatively well with experimental data, although some features remain unexplained. Results of an inversion for the volcano's reflection coefficient indicate that it may be acoustically softer than expected...
- Freshwater molluscs from volcanic areas as model organisms to assess adaptation to metal chronic pollutionBeñat Zaldibar
Biologia Zelularra eta Histologia Laborategia, Zoologia eta Animalien Biologia Zelularra Saila, Zientzi Fakultatea, Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, 644 P K E 48080 Bilbo, Basque Country, Spain
Sci Total Environ 371:168-75. 2006..In conclusion, the biomarkers used in this work can be applied to detect changes in metal bioavailability due to chronic exposure to metals (volcanism), in combination with chemical analyses...
- Response of a deciduous forest to the Mount Pinatubo eruption: enhanced photosynthesisLianhong Gu
Environmental Sciences Division, Building 1509, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 6335, USA
Science 299:2035-8. 2003....
- From volcanic origins of chemoautotrophic life to Bacteria, Archaea and EukaryaGünter Wächtershäuser
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 361:1787-806; discussion 1806-8. 2006....
- Volcanic emissions of mercury to the atmosphere: global and regional inventoriesJerome Nriagu
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Sci Total Environ 304:3-12. 2003..1 t/year in Australia, 3.4 t/year in Japan and northern Asia, 3.1 t/year in Europe and western Asia and 2.3 t/year in Africa...
- Role of catechol structure in the adsorption and transformation reactions of L-DOPA in soilsAkihiro Furubayashi
Biodiversity Division, National Institute for Agro Environmental Sciences NIAES, 3 1 3 Kan nondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305 8604, Japan
J Chem Ecol 33:239-50. 2007..Owing to this decrease in concentration, allelopathic phenomena may not occur...
- Comparing the evidence relevant to impact and flood basalt at times of major mass extinctionsWalter Alvarez
Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of California, Berkeley 94720 4767, USA
Astrobiology 3:153-61. 2003..Other candidates for general extinction causes, especially sea-level changes and system instabilities, would require separate treatment. The question is still very much open...
- Numerical models, geochemistry and the zero-paradox noble-gas mantleChris J Ballentine
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, UK
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 360:2611-31. 2002..Nevertheless, only a small amount of this material is required to generate both the observed ocean-island (3)He/(4)He ratios and the concentrations inferred from basalt samples for this mantle source...
- Fire and ice: genetic structure of the Uinta ground squirrel (Spermophilus armatus) across the Yellowstone hotspotMarcel van Tuinen
Department of Biology and Marine Biology, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, Wilmington, NC 28403, USA
Mol Ecol 17:1776-88. 2008..armatus into three lineages coincident with the last major volcanic eruption in the region and maintained by the Snake River Plain; (ii) demographic expansion in two lineages ..
- Novel microbial communities of the Haakon Mosby mud volcano and their role as a methane sinkHelge Niemann
Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, 28359 Bremen, Germany
Nature 443:854-8. 2006..This mechanism limits the capacity of the microbial methane filter at active marine mud volcanoes to <40% of the total flux...
- Observational evidence for volcanic impact on sea level and the global water cycleA Grinsted
Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, PL122, 96101 Rovaniemi, Finland
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19730-4. 2007..Surprisingly, we find that the initial response to a volcanic eruption is a significant rise in sea level of 9 +/- 3 mm in the first year after the eruption...
- Acute impact of volcanic ash on asthma symptoms and treatmentY Shimizu
Department of Medicine and Molecular Science, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 20:9-14. 2007....
- The aftermath of a disaster. Recovery following the volcanic eruptions in Montserrat, West IndiesJ G Avery
West Indian Med J 52:131-5. 2003..These were due to the disruption caused by resettlement, overcrowding, breakdown of family life and economic hardship. The lessons learned may be of benefit to countries experiencing similar events in the future...
- U-Pb ages from the neoproterozoic Doushantuo Formation, ChinaDaniel Condon
Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Science 308:95-8. 2005..The uppermost Doushantuo Formation contains a pronounced negative carbonate carbon isotopic excursion, which we interpret as a global event at circa 551 million years ago...
- Characterization of a deep-sea microbial mat from an active cold seep at the Milano mud volcano in the Eastern Mediterranean SeaSander K Heijs
Department of Microbiology, Center for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Haren, The Netherlands
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 54:47-56. 2005....
- Increased subaerial volcanism and the rise of atmospheric oxygen 2.5 billion years agoLee R Kump
NASA Astrobiology Institute and Department of Geosciences, Pennsylvania State University, 535 Deike Building, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
Nature 448:1033-6. 2007....
- Early life recorded in archean pillow lavasHarald Furnes
Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen, Allegaten 41, 5007 Bergen, Norway
Science 304:578-81. 2004..Overlapping metamorphic and magmatic dates from the pillow lavas suggest that microbial life colonized these subaqueous volcanic rocks soon after their eruption almost 3.5 billion years ago...
- Emergency department visits and "vog"-related air quality in Hilo, Hawai'iJon Pierre Michaud
Natural Sciences Division, Department of Chemistry, University of Hawaii at Hilo, 200 West Kawili Street W18, Hilo, HI 96728, USA
Environ Res 95:11-9. 2004..Although vog appears influential, non-vog factors dominated associations with the frequency of asthma/COPD ED visits...
- Textures of the soils and rocks at Gusev Crater from Spirit's Microscopic ImagerK E Herkenhoff
U S Geological Survey Astrogeology Team, Flagstaff, AZ 86001, USA
Science 305:824-6. 2004..The rock textures are consistent with a volcanic origin and subsequent alteration and/or weathering by impact events, wind, and possibly water...
- Identification of black carbon derived structures in a volcanic ash soil humic acid by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometryRobert W Kramer
Department of Chemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
Environ Sci Technol 38:3387-95. 2004..Thus, we conclude that the bulk of the sample analyzed is comprised of these heavily carboxylated, hydrogen-deficient, condensed aromatic structures, features believed to be characteristic of black carbon-like material...
- Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazardsJohn Lowe
Department of Geography, Royal Holloway University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:13532-7. 2012..dispersal and development during the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition have been attributed to massive volcanic eruption and/or severe climatic deterioration...
- Putative cryptoendolithic life in Devonian pillow basalt, Rheinisches Schiefergebirge, GermanyJ Peckmann
DFG Forschungszentrum Ozeanränder, Universitat Bremen, 28334 Bremen, Germany
Geobiology 6:125-35. 2008..Having dwelled in water-filled vesicles, the Devonian basalt-hosted filaments apparently represent cryptoendoliths. This finding suggests that a previously unrecognized niche for life exists within volcanic rock...
- Excess mortality in Europe following a future Laki-style Icelandic eruptionAnja Schmidt
School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:15710-5. 2011..In terms of air pollution, such a volcanic eruption would therefore be a severe health hazard, increasing excess mortality in Europe on a scale that likely ..
- Cholera epidemics, war and disasters around Goma and Lake Kivu: an eight-year surveyDidier Bompangue
Direction de la Lutte contre les Maladies, Ministere de la Sante Publique, Kinshasa Gombe, Republique Democratique du Congo
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e436. 2009..These conditions have been suspected to favour emergence and spread of cholera epidemics...
- Bioindication of volatile elements emission by the Puyehue-Cordón Caulle (North Patagonia) volcanic event in 2011Débora Bubach
Laboratorio de Analisis por Activacion Neutronica, Centro Atomico Bariloche, CNEA, Av Bustillo km 9 5, Bariloche, Argentina
Chemosphere 88:584-90. 2012The emission of volatile pollutants from the volcanic eruption of the Puyehue-Cordón Caulle complex (North Patagonia Andean Range) that started in June 4th, 2011, was investigated by bioindication means with the epyphytic fruticose ..
- Mount Pinatubo, inflammatory cytokines, and the immunological ecology of Aeta hunter-gatherersRobin M Bernstein
Department of Anthropology, George Washington University, Washington, DC
Hum Biol 85:231-50. 2013..We found no difference between cohorts divided by the volcanic eruption (n = 43 born before, n = 12 born after)...
- The Campanian Ignimbrite eruption: new data on volcanic ash dispersal and its potential impact on human evolutionKathryn E Fitzsimmons
Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
PLoS ONE 8:e65839. 2013The Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) volcanic eruption was the most explosive in Europe in the last 200,000 years...
- New insights into prebiotic chemistry from Stanley Miller's spark discharge experimentsJeffrey L Bada
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0212, USA
Chem Soc Rev 42:2186-96. 2013..an apparatus configuration (referred to here as the "volcanic" apparatus) that could represent a water-rich volcanic eruption accompanied by lightning. Another included H(2)S as a component of the reducing gas mixture...
- Study on localization of infrasound waves radiated by natural eventsJun Lu
Key Laboratory of Noise and Vibration Research, Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No 21, North 4th Ring Road West, Haidian District, Beijing 100190, P R China
J Acoust Soc Am 131:3351. 2012..to get useful information of nature events. Depending upon this work, some natural events, such as earthquake, debris flow, tsunami, volcanic eruption, etc., could be forecasted under certain conditions, or get more knowledge of them.
- Ancient pests: the season of the Santorini Minoan volcanic eruption and a date from insect chitinEva Panagiotakopulu
School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, EH8 9XP, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Naturwissenschaften 100:683-9. 2013Attributing a season and a date to the volcanic eruption of Santorini in the Aegean has become possible by using preserved remains of the bean weevil, Bruchus rufipes, pests of pulses, from the storage jars of the West House, in the ..
- SENSORY IRRITANT RECEPTORS AND PARTICULATE INFLAMMATIONSIDNEY SIMON; Fiscal Year: 2003..e., calcium channels, acid-sensitive exchangers) will be examined. The mechanistic approach outlined in this proposal will identify the responsible factors and target sites contributing to PM toxicity. ..
- Gastroenteritis and Extreme Weather Events in ElderlyElena Naumova; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Arsenic Exposure and Bladder Cancer in MichiganJerome Nriagu; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Gustatory Processing and SatietySidney A Simon; Fiscal Year: 2010..___ ..