natural disasters

Summary

Summary: Sudden calamitous events producing great material damage, loss, and distress. They are the result of natural phenomena such as earthquakes, floods, etc.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Psychological distress among Bam earthquake survivors in Iran: a population-based study
    Ali Montazeri
    Department of Social Medicine, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, Tehran, Iran
    BMC Public Health 5:4. 2005
  2. pmc Epidemics after natural disasters
    John T Watson
    Disease Control in Humanitarian Emerfencies, Communicable Disease Cluster, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1-5. 2007
  3. pmc Arabidopsis CBF3/DREB1A and ABF3 in transgenic rice increased tolerance to abiotic stress without stunting growth
    Se Jun Oh
    Division of Bioscience and Bioinformatics, Myongji University, Yongin 449 728, Korea
    Plant Physiol 138:341-51. 2005
  4. pmc Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholerae diarrhea, Bangladesh, 2004
    Firdausi Qadri
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1104-7. 2005
  5. pmc Fructans, but not the sucrosyl-galactosides, raffinose and loliose, are affected by drought stress in perennial ryegrass
    Véronique Amiard
    Unité Mixte de Recherche Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique Université de Caen Basse Normandie, Laboratoire de Physiologie et Biochimie Végétales, Institut de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée, Universite, 14032 Caen Cedex, France
    Plant Physiol 132:2218-29. 2003
  6. ncbi Posttraumatic stress reactions among children following the Athens earthquake of September 1999
    G Kolaitis
    Department of Child Psychiatry, Athens University Medical School, Aghia Sophia Children s Hospital, Thivon and Levadias Str 115, 27 Athens, Greece
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 12:273-80. 2003
  7. ncbi Prevalence of psychiatric disorder following the 1988 Yun Nan (China) earthquake--the first 5-month period
    Hua Cao
    Department of Psychiatry, Flinders University of South Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:204-12. 2003
  8. ncbi Monitoring the expression profiles of 7000 Arabidopsis genes under drought, cold and high-salinity stresses using a full-length cDNA microarray
    Motoaki Seki
    Plant Mutation Exploration Team, Plant Functional Genomics Research Group, RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center, 3 1 1 Koyadai, Tsukuba 305 0074, Japan
    Plant J 31:279-92. 2002
  9. pmc When defense pathways collide. The response of Arabidopsis to a combination of drought and heat stress
    Ludmila Rizhsky
    Department of Biology, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel
    Plant Physiol 134:1683-96. 2004
  10. ncbi Social-ecological resilience to coastal disasters
    W Neil Adger
    Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 309:1036-9. 2005

Detail Information

Publications279 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Psychological distress among Bam earthquake survivors in Iran: a population-based study
    Ali Montazeri
    Department of Social Medicine, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, Tehran, Iran
    BMC Public Health 5:4. 2005
    ..A study was carried out to assess psychological distress among Bam earthquake survivors and factors associated with severe mental health in those who survived the tragedy...
  2. pmc Epidemics after natural disasters
    John T Watson
    Disease Control in Humanitarian Emerfencies, Communicable Disease Cluster, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1-5. 2007
    The relationship between natural disasters and communicable diseases is frequently misconstrued...
  3. pmc Arabidopsis CBF3/DREB1A and ABF3 in transgenic rice increased tolerance to abiotic stress without stunting growth
    Se Jun Oh
    Division of Bioscience and Bioinformatics, Myongji University, Yongin 449 728, Korea
    Plant Physiol 138:341-51. 2005
    ....
  4. pmc Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholerae diarrhea, Bangladesh, 2004
    Firdausi Qadri
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1104-7. 2005
    ..ETEC that produced heat-stable enterotoxin alone was most prevalent, and 78% of strains had colonization factors. Like V. cholerae O1, ETEC can cause epidemic diarrhea...
  5. pmc Fructans, but not the sucrosyl-galactosides, raffinose and loliose, are affected by drought stress in perennial ryegrass
    Véronique Amiard
    Unité Mixte de Recherche Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique Université de Caen Basse Normandie, Laboratoire de Physiologie et Biochimie Végétales, Institut de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée, Universite, 14032 Caen Cedex, France
    Plant Physiol 132:2218-29. 2003
    ..Interestingly, Suc but not fructan concentrations greatly increased in drought-stressed roots. Putative roles of fructans and sucrosyl-galactosides are discussed in relation to the acquisition of stress tolerance...
  6. ncbi Posttraumatic stress reactions among children following the Athens earthquake of September 1999
    G Kolaitis
    Department of Child Psychiatry, Athens University Medical School, Aghia Sophia Children s Hospital, Thivon and Levadias Str 115, 27 Athens, Greece
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 12:273-80. 2003
    ....
  7. ncbi Prevalence of psychiatric disorder following the 1988 Yun Nan (China) earthquake--the first 5-month period
    Hua Cao
    Department of Psychiatry, Flinders University of South Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:204-12. 2003
    There is a continuing need to examine the psychiatric impact of natural disasters for the development of an understanding of the determinants of morbid outcomes...
  8. ncbi Monitoring the expression profiles of 7000 Arabidopsis genes under drought, cold and high-salinity stresses using a full-length cDNA microarray
    Motoaki Seki
    Plant Mutation Exploration Team, Plant Functional Genomics Research Group, RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center, 3 1 1 Koyadai, Tsukuba 305 0074, Japan
    Plant J 31:279-92. 2002
    ....
  9. pmc When defense pathways collide. The response of Arabidopsis to a combination of drought and heat stress
    Ludmila Rizhsky
    Department of Biology, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel
    Plant Physiol 134:1683-96. 2004
    ..Our results highlight the plasticity of the plant genome and demonstrate its ability to respond to complex environmental conditions that occur in the field...
  10. ncbi Social-ecological resilience to coastal disasters
    W Neil Adger
    Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 309:1036-9. 2005
    ..Disaster management requires multilevel governance systems that can enhance the capacity to cope with uncertainty and surprise by mobilizing diverse sources of resilience...
  11. ncbi Regulatory network of gene expression in the drought and cold stress responses
    Kazuo Shinozaki
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, RIKEN Tsukuba Institute, 3 1 1 Koyadai, Tsukuba 305 0074, Japan
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 6:410-7. 2003
    ..Recent progress has been made in analyzing the complex cascades of gene expression in drought and cold stress responses, especially in identifying specificity and crosstalk in stress signaling...
  12. ncbi Identification of drought-inducible genes and differentially expressed sequence tags in barley
    Ayman A Diab
    Department of Plant Breeding, Cornell University, 252 Emerson Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Theor Appl Genet 109:1417-25. 2004
    ..Two candidate genes and ten differentially expressed sequences were associated with QTLs for drought tolerance traits...
  13. pmc The association among gene expression responses to nine abiotic stress treatments in Arabidopsis thaliana
    William R Swindell
    Department of Probability and Statistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    Genetics 174:1811-24. 2006
    ..Analysis of this gene set indicated that cell rescue/defense/virulence, energy, and metabolism functional classes were overrepresented, providing novel insight into the functional basis of multiple stress tolerance in Arabidopsis...
  14. ncbi [Outbreak of human leptospirosis after a flood in Reconquista, Santa Fe, 1998]
    N B Vanasco
    Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias E Coni, ANLIS Dr Carlos G Malbran, Argentina
    Rev Argent Microbiol 34:124-31. 2002
    ..Their clinical presentation, time distribution, geographical localization and high frequency of contact with the risk factor inundation could indicate that, independently of search activities, there was an outbreak...
  15. ncbi An analysis of the causes and circumstances of flood disaster deaths
    Sebastiaan N Jonkman
    Road and Hydraulic Institute, The Netherlands
    Disasters 29:75-97. 2005
    ..To provide a more solid basis for the formulation of prevention strategies, better systematic recording of flood fatalities is suggested, especially those caused by different types of floods in all countries...
  16. ncbi Regulation of osmotic stress-responsive gene expression by the LOS6/ABA1 locus in Arabidopsis
    Liming Xiong
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
    J Biol Chem 277:8588-96. 2002
    ..These results suggest that the level of gene induction by osmotic stress is dependent on the dosage of the zeaxanthin epoxidase enzyme...
  17. ncbi Gene networks involved in drought stress response and tolerance
    Kazuo Shinozaki
    RIKEN Plant Science Center, 1 7 22 Suehiro cho, Tsurumi ku, Yokohama, 203 0045 Japan
    J Exp Bot 58:221-7. 2007
    ..A description is also provided of how various genes involved in stress tolerance were applied in genetic engineering of dehydration stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis plants...
  18. ncbi Earthquakes in El Salvador: a descriptive study of health concerns in a rural community and the clinical implications--part II
    Joanna C Woersching
    Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21230, USA
    Disaster Manag Response 2:10-3. 2004
    ..Faster and more efficient disaster management and care services throughout the San Sebastian community were also necessary modifications...
  19. ncbi Implications of hospital evacuation after the Northridge, California, earthquake
    Carl H Schultz
    University of California, Irvine, College of Medicine, Irvine, and the Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, Irvine, Medical Center, Orange 92668, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:1349-55. 2003
    ..The experience in California may have implications for hospital strategies for responding to any major disaster, including an act of terrorism...
  20. ncbi Post-flood--infectious diseases in Mozambique
    Hisayoshi Kondo
    Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Nippon Medical School
    Prehosp Disaster Med 17:126-33. 2002
    ..The team operated in the Hokwe area of the State of Gaza, in the mid-south of Mozambique where damage was the greatest...
  21. pmc An observational study to detect leptospirosis in Mumbai, India, 2000
    S Karande
    Department of Paediatrics, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, Bombay, 400 022, India
    Arch Dis Child 88:1070-5. 2003
    ..Leptospirosis is relatively uncommon in children. Following torrential rains and flooding an outbreak of leptospirosis was suspected in Mumbai...
  22. ncbi [The symptoms of PTSD, depression and anxiety in adolescent students three and a half years after the Marmara earthquake]
    Işil Karakaya
    Turk Psikiyatri Derg 15:257-63. 2004
    ..To screen the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety in adolescent students three and a half years after the Marmara earthquake in Turkey...
  23. ncbi Earthquakes in El Salvador: a descriptive study of health concerns in a rural community and the clinical implications, part I
    Joanna C Woersching
    Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21230, USA
    Disaster Manag Response 1:105-9. 2003
    ..Part III investigates the psychosocial and mental health consequences of the earthquakes and provides suggestions for improved mental health awareness, assessment, and intervention...
  24. ncbi Skin and soft-tissue infections among tsunami survivors in southern Thailand
    Narin Hiransuthikul
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Clin Infect Dis 41:e93-6. 2005
    ..Most isolates were susceptible to aminoglycosides, third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins, quinolones, and imipenem but were resistant to amoxicillin-clavulanate and first-generation cephalosporins...
  25. ncbi Monitoring large-scale changes in transcript abundance in drought- and salt-stressed barley
    Z Neslihan Oztur
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, University of Arizona, Biosciences West, Tucson 85721 0088, USA
    Plant Mol Biol 48:551-73. 2002
    ....
  26. ncbi Melioidosis in 6 tsunami survivors in southern Thailand
    Wirongrong Chierakul
    Department of Clinical Tropical Medicine, Wellcome TrustMahidol UniversityOxford Tropical Medicine Research Programme, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Clin Infect Dis 41:982-90. 2005
    ..All 6 cases were associated with aspiration, and 4 were also associated with laceration...
  27. ncbi Short communication: patterns of chronic and acute diseases after natural disasters - a study from the International Committee of the Red Cross field hospital in Banda Aceh after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami
    Debarati Guha-Sapir
    Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, School of Public Health, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 12:1338-41. 2007
    ..To assess the pattern of diseases in a natural disaster, which are not necessarily a direct consequence of the event but can impact on the way health assistance is to be provided...
  28. ncbi Identity, place, and bystander intervention: social categories and helping after natural disasters
    Mark Levine
    Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YF, United Kingdom
    J Soc Psychol 144:229-45. 2004
    ..Participants then rated their likelihood of offering both financial and political help after natural disasters in Europe and South America...
  29. ncbi Thoracic radiology of infections emerging after natural disasters
    Loren Ketai
    Department of Radiology, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 0001, USA
    J Thorac Imaging 21:265-75. 2006
    When natural disasters demolish shelter, destroy sources of clean drinking water, and disrupt the availability of medical care, vast numbers of people are placed at increased risk of disease...
  30. ncbi Cutaneous melioidosis in a Swedish tourist after the tsunami in 2004
    Erik Svensson
    Department of Clinical Bacteriology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    Scand J Infect Dis 38:71-4. 2006
    ..pseudomallei and melioidosis should be suspected if abscesses of the skin or inner organs develop in the months or years after the trauma...
  31. ncbi Epidemiology of suicide after natural disasters: a review on the literature and a methodological framework for future studies
    Mohsen Rezaeian
    Social Medicine Department, Rafsanjan Medical School, Rafsanjan, Kerman, Iran
    Am J Disaster Med 3:52-6. 2008
    On one hand, there is an association between exposure to natural disasters and becoming mentally distressed, and on the other hand, there is also a relation between being mentally distressed and committing suicide; therefore, it is ..
  32. pmc Timing of mortality among internally displaced persons due to the tsunami in Sri Lanka: cross sectional household survey
    Nobuyuki Nishikiori
    Research Center for Tropical Infectious Diseases, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, 1 12 4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852 8523, Japan
    BMJ 332:334-5. 2006
    ..To describe the distribution of mortality among internally displaced persons during two and a half months after the Indian Ocean tsunami, 2004...
  33. pmc Disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance in rice are inversely modulated by an abscisic acid-inducible mitogen-activated protein kinase
    Lizhong Xiong
    Department of Plant Pathology and Program in Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USA
    Plant Cell 15:745-59. 2003
    ..These results strongly suggest that OsMAPK5 can positively regulate drought, salt, and cold tolerance and negatively modulate PR gene expression and broad-spectrum disease resistance...
  34. ncbi Post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety symptoms in children exposed to the 1999 Greek earthquake
    David Groome
    Department of Psychology, University of Westminster, UK
    Br J Psychol 95:387-97. 2004
    ..These findings were discussed in relation to direct and media-imparted exposure to the earthquake...
  35. ncbi Carbon monoxide poisoning during natural disasters: the Hurricane Rita experience
    Jeffrey Cukor
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    J Emerg Med 33:261-4. 2007
    ..Portable generator use after disasters represents a predictable risk to the public. Proper ventilation requirements for generators are not adequately appreciated and engineered safeties should be explored to mitigate illness...
  36. pmc Arabidopsis OST1 protein kinase mediates the regulation of stomatal aperture by abscisic acid and acts upstream of reactive oxygen species production
    Anna Chiara Mustilli
    Institut des Sciences du Vegetal, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Propre de Recherche 2355, 91190 Gif sur Yvette, France
    Plant Cell 14:3089-99. 2002
    ..These results suggest that OST1 acts in the interval between ABA perception and ROS production. The relative positions of ost1 and the other ABA-insensitive mutations in the ABA signaling network (abi1-1, abi2-1, and gca2) are discussed...
  37. ncbi Full and partial PTSD among earthquake survivors in rural Taiwan
    Te Jen Lai
    Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University and Department of Psychiatry, Chung Shan Medical Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
    J Psychiatr Res 38:313-22. 2004
    ..In conclusion, PTSD and PTSS are commonly observed following earthquake exposure and are associated with similarly high levels of psychosocial impairment...
  38. ncbi Posttraumatic stress and depressive reactions among children and adolescents after the 1999 earthquake in Ano Liosia, Greece
    Alexandra Roussos
    Attiki Child Psychiatric Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Am J Psychiatry 162:530-7. 2005
    ....
  39. ncbi Molecular and biochemical mechanisms associated with dormancy and drought tolerance in the desert legume Retama raetam
    Lilach Pnueli
    Department of Biology, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel
    Plant J 31:319-30. 2002
    ..raetam and its acclimation to the desert ecosystem. These may enable plants to withstand long periods of drought, as well as rapidly to exit dormancy upon rainfall...
  40. pmc The combined effect of drought stress and heat shock on gene expression in tobacco
    Ludmila Rizhsky
    Department of Biology, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel
    Plant Physiol 130:1143-51. 2002
    ..Therefore, improving stress tolerance of plants and crops may require a reevaluation, taking into account the effect of multiple stresses on plant metabolism and defense...
  41. pmc Transcription factor CBF4 is a regulator of drought adaptation in Arabidopsis
    Volker Haake
    Mendel Biotechnology, 21375 Cabot Boulevard, Hayward, CA 94545, USA
    Plant Physiol 130:639-48. 2002
    ....
  42. pmc Global genome expression analysis of rice in response to drought and high-salinity stresses in shoot, flag leaf, and panicle
    Junli Zhou
    Peking Yale Joint Center of Plant Molecular Genetics and Agrobiotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, People s Republic of China
    Plant Mol Biol 63:591-608. 2007
    ..Overall, our data supports a notion that organ-specific gene regulation in response to the two abiotic stresses may primarily be mediated by organ-specific transcription responses...
  43. ncbi Chemical and microbiological parameters in New Orleans floodwater following Hurricane Katrina
    J H Pardue
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:8591-9. 2005
    ..Data suggest that what distinguishes Hurricane Katrina floodwater is the large volume and the human exposure to these pollutants that accompanied the flood, rather than very elevated concentrations of toxic pollutants...
  44. ncbi The influence of global warming on natural disasters and their public health outcomes
    James H Diaz
    Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Louisiana State University, New Orleans, USA
    Am J Disaster Med 2:33-42. 2007
    ..how rapidly, regionally, or asymmetrically the planet will warm or on the true impact of global warming on natural disasters and public health outcomes...
  45. ncbi Psychological reactions in Icelandic earthquake survivors
    Iris Bödvarsdóttir
    Centre for Child Health Services, Reykjavik, Iceland Institute of Psychology, Aarhus University, Denmark
    Scand J Psychol 45:3-13. 2004
    ..When degree of traumatization and emotional coping were added to the model, another 30% of the variance could be explained...
  46. ncbi Traumatic stress responses in earthquake survivors in Turkey
    Metin Basoglu
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, University of London, United Kingdom
    J Trauma Stress 15:269-76. 2002
    ..Avoidance of trauma reminders was the most common symptom and needs special attention in survivor care because of its mental health, social, and economic implications...
  47. ncbi The impacts of climate change on the risk of natural disasters
    Maarten K van Aalst
    Red Cross Red Crescent Centre on Climate Change and Disaster Preparedness, Netherlands
    Disasters 30:5-18. 2006
    ..Hence, the additional risks due to climate change should not be analysed or treated in isolation, but instead integrated into broader efforts to reduce the risk of natural disasters.
  48. ncbi Prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and comorbid depression in earthquake survivors in Turkey: an epidemiological study
    Metin Basoglu
    Section of Trauma Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    J Trauma Stress 17:133-41. 2004
    ..Our findings suggest that devastating earthquakes have long-term psychological effects. Psychological interventions reducing fear may improve PTSD in survivors...
  49. ncbi Renal replacement therapies in the aftermath of the catastrophic Marmara earthquake
    Mehmet S Sever
    Department of Nephrology, Istanbul School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
    Kidney Int 62:2264-71. 2002
    ..The Marmara earthquake, which struck Northwestern Turkey in August 1999, was characterized by 477 victims who needed dialysis...
  50. pmc The public health response to the Chi-Chi earthquake in Taiwan, 1999
    Kow Tong Chen
    Field Epidemiology Training Program, Center for Disease Control, Department of Health, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Public Health Rep 118:493-9. 2003
    ..On September 21, 1999, at 1:47 a.m., an earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale struck the middle Chi-Chi region of Taiwan. The present study examines the response of the public health sector to the earthquake...
  51. ncbi The long-distance tertiary air transfer and care of tsunami victims: injury pattern and microbiological and psychological aspects
    Marc Maegele
    Department of Traumatology and Orthopedic Surgery, University of Witten Herdecke, Ostmerheimerstr 200, 51109 Cologne, Germany
    Crit Care Med 33:1136-40. 2005
    ..The objective of this report was to characterize typical injury patterns along with microbiological findings and psychoemotional aspects unique to the tsunami disaster...
  52. ncbi Global climate changes, natural disasters, and travel health risks
    James H Diaz
    Schools of Public Health and Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Travel Med 13:361-72. 2006
    ..judge the causality of associations between the human health outcomes of climate changes and climate-driven natural disasters. Travel medicine physicians are obligated to educate their patients about the known public health outcomes ..
  53. pmc Medical experience of a university hospital in Turkey after the 1999 Marmara earthquake
    M Bulut
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Uludag University Medical School, 16059 Bursa, Turkey
    Emerg Med J 22:494-8. 2005
    ..This study aimed to provide an overview of morbidity and mortality among patients admitted to the Hospital of the Medicine Faculty of Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey, after the 1999 Marmara earthquake...
  54. ncbi Assessment of HAV and HEV seroprevalence in children living in post-earthquake camps from Düzce, Turkey
    Irfan Sencan
    Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Disease, AIBU Duzce Medical School, Duzce, Turkey
    Eur J Epidemiol 19:461-5. 2004
    ..Essential precautions such as providing clean water and food supply must be taken and an emergency action plan for preventing the infectious disease must be prepared before disasters such as earthquakes...
  55. ncbi Caring for children and adolescents in the aftermath of natural disasters
    Myron L Belfer
    Department of Social Medicines, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int Rev Psychiatry 18:523-8. 2006
    ..The experience highlights the need to enhance the capacities for appropriate needs assessment, diagnosis, triage and post-disaster support in terms of schooling and employment...
  56. ncbi Health concerns of women and infants in times of natural disasters: lessons learned from Hurricane Katrina
    William M Callaghan
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Matern Child Health J 11:307-11. 2007
    ..This report cites the example of Hurricane Katrina to focus on the needs of pregnant women and infants during times of natural disasters and provides considerations for those who plan for the response to these events.
  57. ncbi Wound infections in tsunami survivors: a commentary
    P L Lim
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    Ann Acad Med Singapore 34:582-5. 2005
    ..Therapy for less frequently encountered clinical entities is also discussed, including tetanus, cutaneous and septicaemic melioidosis, post-traumatic mucormycosis, Vibrio vulnificus and Aeromonas hydrophila...
  58. ncbi The devastation of Bam: an overview of health issues 1 month after the earthquake
    M E Akbari
    Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Iran
    Public Health 118:403-8. 2004
    ..The second stage, each department planning health delivery for the subsequent year, was rapidly initiated. This paper discusses these strategies, which were designed specifically for Bam but are likely useful in similar situations...
  59. ncbi Assessment of pathogens and toxicants in New Orleans, LA following Hurricane Katrina
    Steven M Presley
    Department of Environmental Toxicology, The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Texas Tech University, Lubbock 79409 1163, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 40:468-74. 2006
    ..Initial findings suggest numerous environmental contaminants are present in New Orleans and support the need for further evaluation of the extent of those threats...
  60. ncbi Rapid health assessment in Aceh Jaya District, Indonesia, following the December 26 tsunami
    Richard J Brennan
    International Rescue Committee, New York, NY 10168, USA
    Emerg Med Australas 17:341-50. 2005
    ..To rapidly determine the public health impact of the Asian tsunami on the population of three communities in Aceh Jaya District, Indonesia, and to prioritize health interventions...
  61. pmc Altered environment and risk of malaria outbreak in South Andaman, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India affected by tsunami disaster
    Kaliannagoun Krishnamoorthy
    Vector Control Research Centre, Indira Nagar, Pondicherry, India
    Malar J 4:32. 2005
    ..This warrants a situation analysis and vector surveillance in the tsunami hit areas endemic for malaria transmitted by brackish water mosquito, An. sundaicus to predict the risk of outbreak...
  62. ncbi Medical interventions following natural disasters: missing out on chronic medical needs
    E Y Y Chan
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Health Policy Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Asia Pac J Public Health 19:45-51. 2007
    Although natural disasters may cause massive loss of human life and destruction of resources, they also present affected populations with a rare opportunity to access external resources...
  63. ncbi Plant responses to drought, salinity and extreme temperatures: towards genetic engineering for stress tolerance
    Wangxia Wang
    The Robert H Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, and the Otto Warburg Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
    Planta 218:1-14. 2003
    ..The review examines the following aspects: regulatory controls, metabolite engineering, ion transport, antioxidants and detoxification, late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) and heat-shock proteins...
  64. ncbi Infectious diseases that pose specific challenges after natural disasters: a review
    B Lee Ligon
    Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Semin Pediatr Infect Dis 17:36-45. 2006
    In a time span of less than one year, December 2004 to October 2005, several natural disasters of extreme proportions struck different areas of the world, causing unparalleled destruction and loss of lives and property...
  65. ncbi Methods and concepts in quantifying resistance to drought, salt and freezing, abiotic stresses that affect plant water status
    Paul E Verslues
    Institute for Integrative Genome Biology and Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Plant J 45:523-39. 2006
    ....
  66. ncbi Abiotic stress, the field environment and stress combination
    Ron Mittler
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Nevada, Mail Stop 200, Reno, NV 89557, USA
    Trends Plant Sci 11:15-9. 2006
    ....
  67. ncbi The threat of communicable diseases following natural disasters: a public health response
    Stephen C Waring
    Center for Biosecurity and Public Health Preparedness, University of Texas School of Public Health at Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Disaster Manag Response 3:41-7. 2005
    b>Natural disasters, such as the recent Indian Ocean tsunami, can have a rapid onset, broad impact, and produce many factors that work synergistically to increase the risk of morbidity and mortality caused by communicable diseases...
  68. ncbi Multifocal cutaneous mucormycosis complicating polymicrobial wound infections in a tsunami survivor from Sri Lanka
    David Andresen
    Department of Microbiology, South Eastern Area Laboratory Services, St George Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Lancet 365:876-8. 2005
    ..Other cases [correction] of cutaneous mucormycosis might develop in survivors, but this disease can be difficult to diagnose and even harder to treat, particularly in those remaining in affected regions...
  69. pmc Maps of the Sri Lanka malaria situation preceding the tsunami and key aspects to be considered in the emergency phase and beyond
    Olivier J T Briët
    International Water Management Institute, P, O, Box 2075, Colombo, Sri Lanka
    Malar J 4:8. 2005
    ....
  70. ncbi Public health issues in disasters
    Eric K Noji
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:S29-33. 2005
    ..This article discusses health effects of some of the more important sudden impact natural disasters and potential future threats (e.g...
  71. ncbi Drought-induced responses of photosynthesis and antioxidant metabolism in higher plants
    Attipalli Ramachandra Reddy
    School of Life Sciences, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry 605 014, India
    J Plant Physiol 161:1189-202. 2004
    ..This review focuses on the ability and strategies of higher plants to respond and adapt to drought stress...
  72. pmc SRK2C, a SNF1-related protein kinase 2, improves drought tolerance by controlling stress-responsive gene expression in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Taishi Umezawa
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, RIKEN Tsukuba Institute, 3 1 1 Kouyadai, Tsukuba 305 0074, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:17306-11. 2004
    ..Our present study reveals new insights around signal output from osmotic-stress-activated SnRK2 protein kinase as well as supporting feasibility of manipulating SnRK2 toward improving plant osmotic-stress tolerance...
  73. ncbi Lessons learned from the evacuation of an urban teaching hospital
    Christine S Cocanour
    Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston, 6431 Fannin, MSB 4 284, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Arch Surg 137:1141-5. 2002
    ..Valuable lessons can be learned from the emergent evacuation of a large urban teaching hospital because of flooding...
  74. ncbi The El Niño southern oscillation and malaria epidemics in South America
    Alexandre S Gagnon
    Department of Geography, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Biometeorol 46:81-9. 2002
    ..In some South American countries, El Niño forecasts show strong potential for informing public health efforts to control malaria...
  75. pmc Chronic disease in health emergencies: in the eye of the hurricane
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Mail Stop K 66, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 3:A46. 2006
    ..controlled chronic diseases may present a threat to life and well-being during the emergency response to natural disasters. An estimate of the possible numbers of people who may require treatment for chronic diseases should help in ..
  76. ncbi Post-tsunami stress: a study of posttraumatic stress disorder in children living in three severely affected regions in Sri Lanka
    Frank Neuner
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Box D25, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    J Trauma Stress 19:339-47. 2006
    ..The results confirm the relevance of the individual history of traumatic events for the genesis of PTSD and indicate a high need of mental health assistance among the tsunami-affected children in Sri Lanka...
  77. pmc Atypical infections in tsunami survivors
    Christian Garzoni
    University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1591-3. 2005
    ..Treating these infections is challenging from a clinical and microbiologic point of view...
  78. ncbi The course of PTSD, major depression, substance abuse, and somatization after a natural disaster
    Carol S North
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:823-9. 2004
    ..Methodological differences may account for much of the apparent discrepancy of these findings, with recent reports of increased alcohol use and somatic symptoms observed after other disasters...
  79. ncbi Infectious diseases of severe weather-related and flood-related natural disasters
    Louise C Ivers
    Division of Social Medicine and Health Inequalities, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 19:408-14. 2006
    ..The present review will focus on some of the possible infectious disease consequences of disastrous natural phenomena and severe weather, with a particular emphasis on infections associated with floods and the destruction of infrastructure...
  80. pmc Using a dynamic hydrology model to predict mosquito abundances in flood and swamp water
    Jeffrey Shaman
    Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Rm 106, Route 9W, Palisades, NY 10964, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:6-13. 2002
    ..These predictions will enable public health agencies to institute control measures before the mosquitoes emerge as adults, when their role as transmitters of disease comes into play...
  81. pmc Impaired psychological recovery in the elderly after the Niigata-Chuetsu Earthquake in Japan:a population-based study
    Shin Ichi Toyabe
    Department of Medical Informatics, Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, Asahimachi Dori 1, Niigata 951 8520, Japan
    BMC Public Health 6:230. 2006
    ..Such a devastating earthquake and life after the earthquake in an unfamiliar environment should cause psychological distress, especially among the elderly...
  82. ncbi Role of Ca2+ in drought stress signaling in wheat seedlings
    S T Sadiqov
    Erciyes University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Biology Department, Kayseri, 38039, Turkey
    Biochemistry (Mosc) 67:491-7. 2002
    ..Although proline level of the first was twofold lower than that of the second in control, relative proline accumulation was dramatically higher in the case of the salt resistant wheat variety under stress conditions...
  83. ncbi Lessons learnt from influences of the Marmara earthquake on glycemic control and quality of life in people with type 1 diabetes
    Ahmet Sengül
    Sisli Etfal, Education and Research Hospital, Endocrinology Department, Istanbul, Turkey
    Endocr J 51:407-14. 2004
    ..014, p<0.0001, respectively). The Marmara Earthquake had a negative impact on the glycemic control and QOL of the subjects with type 1 diabetes for the short term but prequake scores might be achieved after a long period...
  84. ncbi Potent hydroxyl radical-scavenging activity of drought-induced type-2 metallothionein in wild watermelon
    Kinya Akashi
    Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5, Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630 0101, Japan
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 323:72-8. 2004
    ..This is the first demonstration of a plant MT with antioxidant properties. The results suggest that CLMT2 induction contributes to the survival of wild watermelon under severe drought/high light stress conditions...
  85. ncbi Infectious disease risks from dead bodies following natural disasters
    Oliver Morgan
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London, United Kingdom
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 15:307-12. 2004
    ..To review existing literature to assess the risks of infection from dead bodies after a natural disaster occurs, including who is most at risk, what precautions should be taken, and how to safely dispose of the bodies...
  86. ncbi Natural disasters and older US adults with disabilities: implications for evacuation
    Lisa C McGuire
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Disasters 31:49-56. 2007
    ..A surveillance system, such as the BRFSS, gathers information that planners can use to prepare for and to deliver services...
  87. ncbi Natural disasters, climate change and mental health considerations for rural Australia
    Shirley A Morrissey
    School of Psychology, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
    Aust J Rural Health 15:120-5. 2007
    This paper addresses a very salient feature of rural life and landscapes in Australia, natural disasters, and offers a psychological perspective on individual and community perceptions, responses, preparedness and planning...
  88. ncbi Disasters and the heart: a review of the effects of earthquake-induced stress on cardiovascular disease
    Kazuomi Kario
    Department of Cardiology, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi, Japan
    Hypertens Res 26:355-67. 2003
    ..Blood pressure also increased after the earthquake, and was prolonged for several weeks in patients with microalbuminuria...
  89. pmc Monitoring expression profiles of rice genes under cold, drought, and high-salinity stresses and abscisic acid application using cDNA microarray and RNA gel-blot analyses
    M Ashiq Rabbani
    Biological Resources Division, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, 1 1 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8686, Japan
    Plant Physiol 133:1755-67. 2003
    ..Transcriptome analysis revealed novel stress-inducible genes, suggesting some differences between Arabidopsis and rice in their response to stress...
  90. ncbi A population-based study on the immediate and prolonged effects of the 1999 Taiwan earthquake on mortality
    Chang Chuan Chan
    From the Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, 100 Taipei, Taiwan
    Ann Epidemiol 13:502-8. 2003
    ..To investigate the patterns of immediate seismic deaths and post-earthquake mortality changes in the disaster area after the September 21, 1999 Taiwan earthquake...
  91. ncbi Emergency medical assistance team response following Taiwan Chi-Chi earthquake
    Edbert B Hsu
    Center for International Emergency, Disaster and Refugee Studies, Departments of Emergency Medicine and International Health, Johns Hopkins University Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 17:17-22. 2002
    ..The event resulted in 2,405 deaths and 11,306 injuries. Ad hoc emergency medical assistance teams (EMATs) from Taiwan assumed the responsibility for initiating early assessments and providing medical care...
  92. ncbi Psychiatric morbidity and posttraumatic symptoms among earthquake victims in primary care clinics
    Yen Kuang Yang
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine and Hospital, National Cheng Kung University and University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 25:253-61. 2003
    ..In addition, health care professionals who work with the earthquake victims need to be promptly and efficiently trained in mental health crisis intervention...
  93. ncbi Coping self-efficacy perceptions as a mediator between acute stress response and long-term distress following natural disasters
    Charles C Benight
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, 80933 7150, USA
    J Trauma Stress 15:177-86. 2002
    ..Longitudinally, Time 1 CSE predicted Time 2 PTSD symptoms, but not general distress. CSE mediated between ASR and both psychological outcomes at Time 2. Coping self-efficacy perceptions provide a possible intervention target...
  94. ncbi [Cholera: epidemiology and transmission. Experience from several humanitarian interventions in Africa, Indian Ocean and Central America]
    R Piarroux
    Université de Franche Comté Service de parasitologie mycologie, Hopital Jean Minjoz, 25030 Besancon, France
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 95:345-50. 2002
    ..In conclusion, all the arguments presented here highlight not only the role of water and the lack of hygiene, but also the role of technical progress, especially in international transports, in the spread of the present pandemic...
  95. ncbi Dispelling disaster myths about dead bodies and disease: the role of scientific evidence and the media
    Oliver Morgan
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 18:33-6. 2005
    ..to comprehensively assess the scientific evidence on the infectious disease risks of dead bodies following natural disasters, along with an editorial commenting on the persistence of myths concerning the dangers allegedly posed by ..
  96. ncbi Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to mold exposure among residents and remediation workers in posthurricane New Orleans
    Kristin J Cummings
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Arch Environ Occup Health 61:101-8. 2006
    ..In addition, they suggest that targeted approaches may benefit Spanish-speaking workers and the self-employed...
  97. ncbi Combined external and internal hospital disaster: impact and response in a Houston trauma center intensive care unit
    Joseph L Nates
    Vivian L Smith Center for Neurologic Research and the Department of Neurosurgery and Anesthesiology Critical Care, The University of Texas, Houston, TX, USA
    Crit Care Med 32:686-90. 2004
    ..To increase awareness of specific risks to healthcare systems during a natural or civil disaster. We describe the catastrophic disruption of essential services and the point-by-point response to the crisis in a major medical center...
  98. ncbi Assisting older victims of disasters: roles and responsibilities for social workers
    Barbra L Torgusen
    University of Alabama, USA
    J Gerontol Soc Work 47:27-44. 2006
    ....
  99. pmc Experiences of hurricane Katrina evacuees in Houston shelters: implications for future planning
    Mollyann Brodie
    Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1402-8. 2006
    ....
  100. ncbi Medical support to Sri Lanka in the wake of tsunamis: planning considerations and lessons learned
    David A Lane
    Third Force Service Support Group, Marine Forces Pacific Unit 38404, FPO AP 96604 8404
    Mil Med 171:19-23. 2006
    ..This article discusses the context in which CSG-SL planned and executed the medical aspects of its HA/DR operations in Sri Lanka, and it describes the most significant medical lessons learned...
  101. ncbi Cultural sensitivity: making trauma assessment and treatment plans culturally relevant
    Richard A Bryant
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Clin Psychiatry 67:74-9. 2006
    ..We advocate a culturally sensitive approach to ensure that the impact of interventions is optimized to benefit the communities recovering from such a traumatic disaster...

Research Grants67

  1. Intracellular Phase Diagram Creation Using a Micro-Differential Scanning Calorime
    GARY L SOLBREKKEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of large quantity of living cells/tissues for typing to use in clinical settings and in case of terrorist or natural disasters. - Preservation of umbilical cord blood from newborns for the potential of generating perfectly matched ..
  2. Repair of Airway Epithelium Following Chlorine Lung Injury
    Gary W Hoyle; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..S. civilians could be adversely affected by highly toxic chemicals released intentionally in terrorist attacks or unintentionally in industrial accidents or natural disasters.
  3. Impaired hippocampal function as a risk factor for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    Almira Vazdarjanova; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are more likely to develop PTSD when they experience non-combat trauma, such as auto accidents, assault, and natural disasters. Therefore, identifying susceptibility and ways to prevent it could decrease PTSD-associated VA costs...
  4. Serum microRNA as biomarker for radiation injury to lung and hematopoietic cells
    Dipanjan Chowdhury; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Hence, radiation exposure in terrorist events, industrial accidents or natural disasters (such as the nuclear disaster after the tsunami in Japan) is a current and continuing threat for the future...
  5. Retrotranslocation of cholera toxin AI-chain from ER ot cytosol and cell response
    Jin Ah Cho; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cholera remains prevalent in many parts of Asia, Africa and Latin America and outbreaks can occur in areas affected by natural disasters, wars and famines [1].
  6. The Iowa Flood Study: Perinatal Effects of a Natural Disaster
    MICHAEL WILLIAM O apos HARA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This work will have implications for our understanding of biopsychosocial nature of the effects of stress on maternal mental health and infant health. ..
  7. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    NATHALIE ELIZABETH WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..tools that are developed for this project will also be applicable to the future study of other conflicts, natural disasters, economic crises or other events of rapid and dramatic social change...
  8. 2012 Oceans and Human Health Gordon Research Conference and Gordon Research Semi
    Darrell Jay Grimes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..natural products and synthetic organic chemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, social sciences, engineering, natural disasters, climate change and other ocean-related areas...
  9. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    NATHALIE ELIZABETH WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tools that are developed for this project will also be applicable to the future study of other conflicts, natural disasters, economic crises or other events of rapid and dramatic social change...
  10. Investigating Health Effects of Climate-Related Disasters in the United States
    Brooke Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite the frequency of climate-related natural disasters (e.g., hurricanes, floods), little is known about how such disasters affect all-cause human mortality and morbidity...
  11. Mechanisms Underlying Stress Resilience
    Janice H Urban; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Individuals exposed to life-jolting, traumatic events, such as natural disasters, war or personal injury, may develop post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a condition which results in ..
  12. Longterm Impact of Natural Disasters on Disability and Health in Older Americans
    Theodore J Iwashyna; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PA-11-265, calling for "Social and Behavioral Research on the Elderly in Disasters" in recognition that natural disasters are common, but we know little about their impact on health and disability...
  13. Longer Term Effects of a Natural Disaster on Health and Socio-Economic Status
    ELIZABETH A FRANKENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Natural disasters with death tolls in the tens of thousands and staggering social and health costs have struck across the globe in recent years...
  14. Impact of Hurricane Sandy on Morbidity and Mortality in NYC
    Tiffany Harris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The findings will also improve the timeliness of recovery plans in future disasters by establishing a process for combining and analyzing data to support recovery plans. ..
  15. Macro Level Stressors, Terrorism, and Drinking Outcomes
    Judith A Richman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..surveys by examining macro level stressors (MLS) of current salience, including terrorism-related stressors, natural disasters, deployment in foreign wars and other MLS, and 2)depict the processes by which MLS impact on deleterious ..
  16. Innate Immunity in Trauma Hemorrhage
    Race L Kao; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in immediate survivors of accidents, terrorist attacks, natural disasters, warfare casualties and medical emergencies...
  17. "Development of Drugs to Mitigate Parathion Intoxication"
    Jeffrey D Laskin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Success of this proposal will lead to the rapid development of a new agent to treat human exposure to a high priority chemical threat. ..
  18. Mental Health and Service Utilization Among Reserve and National Guard Forces
    Sandro Galea; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the Reserve and National Guard forces in the US, including frequently deployment as part of the response to natural disasters. For example, during the response to Hurricane Katrina, the military deployed 72,000 forces including 50,000 ..
  19. Effects of a Major Climatic Event -Superstorm Sandy- on Pregnancy Outcomes and Te
    CATHERINE E MONK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results will also set the stage for studies to inquire whether prenatal exposure to stressful events is associated with cognitive and behavioral problems in children. ..
  20. Traumatic Grief and Mental Health Outcomes in Parentally Bereaved Children
    Julie B Kaplow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a large number of children have lost a parent(s) under traumatic circumstances as a result of war, AIDS, natural disasters, or violence...
  21. Natural disaster effects on aggressive children and their caretakers: Outcomes ac
    Eric Vernberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Research on the service use, substance use, behavioral and emotional effects of natural disasters on children and their caretakers has received limited empirical attention, even though such disasters have ..
  22. The Evolution of Well-Being among Older Adults after a Disaster
    ELIZABETH A FRANKENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Since 2004, natural disasters with death tolls in the tens of thousands have struck in 6 countries across the globe...
  23. Evaluating the Needs, Knowledge and Health Impacts of Three Worker Populations Du
    Margaret E Lumia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  24. Economic Well-being in the Aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami
    CLARK GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was one of the most devastating natural disasters in recent human history, claiming over 200 thousand lives in ten countries and destroying the livelihood-..
  25. Natural Disaster and Risk of Psychiatric Disorders in Puerto Rican Children
    Erika D Felix; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Child, family, and school/community factors that increase or decrease risk for developing a psychiatric disorder following exposure to a disaster are studied. ..
  26. 2 of 2 Prospective Determination of Psychobiological Risk Factors for PTSD
    Kerry J Ressler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and its prevalence is likely increasing in the United States and worldwide due to the rising numbers of natural disasters (earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis), man-made disasters (oil spills), terrorism and wars, as well as violent ..
  27. 1 of 2 - Prospective Determination of Psychobiological Risk Factors for PTSD
    Charles B Nemeroff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and its prevalence is likely increasing in the United States and worldwide due to the rising numbers of natural disasters (earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis), man-made disasters (oil spills), terrorism and wars, as well as violent ..
  28. Development of a vulnerability profile of the psychological sequelae of Hurricane
    Emanuela Taioli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..efforts by indicating areas and groups to prioritize in terms of mental health intervention during future natural disasters. Second, our work will produce a Hurricane Sandy cohort and database that can be tracked and followed over ..
  29. Fungal Exposure in NYC Homes Damaged by Hurricane Sandy and Respiratory Outcomes
    Matthew S Perzanowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This knowledge will be used by the NYC DOHMH and others to inform the response to future natural disasters, particular to clarify the risks to asthmatic children.
  30. Psychological First Aid for Victims of Crime
    Michael R McCart; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..recently developed an acute intervention called Psychological First Aid (PFA) for individuals exposed to natural disasters or other catastrophic events...
  31. First Responders e-Training Curricula for Mass Screening After a Nuclear Event
    Michael Rea; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will explore these alternatives and make the appropriate contacts to potentially test the training program using the selected alternative in Phase 2. The application is rated at a priority score level of 49. ..
  32. Impact of Health Department Worker Safety Training on Health Impacts after Sandy
    Michael J Reilly; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..conditions to better understand how these occupational health interventions may be implemented following natural disasters. The products of this research will be standardized educational programs for training the lay public on how ..
  33. Chronic Stress and Emotion Regulation: Implications for PTSD
    Suman Lam; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and reappraisal are associated with the cortisol awakening response in those who have endured repeated natural disasters (half of whom currently experience symptoms consistent with probable Posttraumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD)...
  34. Real-Time Planning and Training System to Improve Long-Term Care Disaster Prepare
    TONY MA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..8 million--to plan and re- spond to bioterrorism threats, natural disasters, and other public health emergencies, with little or no prior training...
  35. Economic Well-being in the Aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami
    CLARK GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results will provide insight into household responses to large-scale natural disasters, and will help to inform future disaster relief efforts...
  36. YouthHaven: A community based approach to youth violence prevention
    Barbara Tinney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  37. Pathways of Risk and Resilience in Firefighter Recruits
    Suzy B Gulliver; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The recent, unprecedented man-made and natural disasters of 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina catastrophically illustrate that lifetime trauma exposure rates are rising...
  38. HYPOTHERMIA PROTECTS AGAINST ORGANOPHOSPHATE TOXICITY
    ROBERT JOHN DELORENZO; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..If these preliminary findings are documented, this study may provide the first insight for the use of hypothermia as an effective CounterACT measure to protect the brain against organophosphate toxicity. ..
  39. Health Impacts of Hurricane Katrina on Vietnamese-American New Orleanians
    Mark J VanLandingham; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This information is essential for assessing the future mental and physical health needs of this population as they move forward post-Katrina. ..
  40. The Economics of Natural Disasters and Epidemics
    Ashlesha Datar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project will study the impact of natural disasters on childhood mortality, childhood morbidity, and early-life health investments...
  41. Adversity and Resilience after Hurricane Katrina
    MARY C WATERS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The findings of our research will be relevant to both policy-makers involved in disaster planning, and well as practitioners who treat those who have experienced disaster-related trauma. ..
  42. Vector-Borne Disease Control in Urban Environments (RMI)
    John C Beier; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..availability, increased population movement, deteriorating infrastructures, overcrowding in urban areas, and natural disasters all contribute to the development of conditions that modify the natural habitats of insect vectors...
  43. Toward An Integrative Behavioral Health Services Research Platform
    JUNIUS JOHN GONZALES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..identify and engage researchers from disciplines not traditionally associated with behavioral health services research;and, 4. utilize a 'virtual collaboratory'to connect researchers and other stakeholders. ..
  44. Novel Treatments of Acrolein-induced Cardiotoxicity
    DANIEL JOSEPH CONKLIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a terrorist attack, accidental leakage of chemicals used in industrial production, or those released during natural disasters and fires...
  45. Exploring New ED Intake Strategies
    Shari Welch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..surge of patients arriving for intake into the emergency department would be applicable to surges due to natural disasters or terrorist attacks...
  46. Long-term Psychosocial Impact on Police Officers: Post-Hurricance Katrina
    John M Violanti; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Exposure to natural disasters may lead to long term sequalae of posttraumatic stress and other psychological anomalies...
  47. Rapid Detection and Identification of Zoonotic Pathogens
    John Dunn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In the past, wars and natural disasters were the main catalysts that promoted epidemics of these ancient afflictions, which are normally transmitted ..
  48. Population and Economic Recovery in Coastal Aceh: Aid and Village Institutions
    J VERNON HENDERSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The focus of this work is on how external and internal resources and institutions can best be integrated to promote population recovery and health through long-term equitable and sustainable economic growth. ..
  49. Identification, Treatment and Prevention of Epilepsy and Neuroprotectants
    H STEVE WHITE WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Tracking of expenditures for each type must be maintained and submitted in regular quarterly reports (see general requirement section). ..
  50. Identification, Treatment and Prevention of Epilepsy and Neuroprotectants
    H STEVE WHITE WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Tracking of expenditures for each type must be maintained and submitted in regular quarterly reports (see general requirement section). ..
  51. Smoke Detector Alert for the Deaf
    RICHARD ROBY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Two million Fires annually kill and injure more than 27,000 people in the US. All other natural disasters (floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, etc) account for only a small percentage of those injured in fire every year and it ..
  52. Global Mental Health: Trauma and Recovery
    Richard Mollica; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..traumatized populations in diverse geographical and global environments affected by man-made conflict and/or natural disasters (e.g. Tsunami disaster of December 2004)...
  53. Retro-translocation of cholera toxin in intestinal cells: from ER to cytosol
    NAOMI WERNICK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Cholera outbreaks can also occur in areas affected by natural disasters, wars and famines [1].
  54. Impact of Louisiana Hurricanes on Adolescent Substance Abuse
    LOUISE ROHRBACH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The majority of previous research on the impacts of natural disasters on children and adolescents has focused on assessment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  55. ISRAELI REACTIONS TO MISSILE ATTACKS DURING THE GULF WAR
    Itzhak Levav; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  56. Toward Developing Postdisaster Community Interventions
    Fran Norris; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..to make a career transition from conducting relatively basic research on the psychosocial consequences of natural disasters toward developing and evaluating interventions that actively promote psychosocial recovery in the wake of ..
  57. Market Integration and the Long-Term Health Impacts of Drought
    Taryn Dinkelman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The findings of this research will be relevant to policy-makers who deal with the immediate and longer-run effects of recurrent drought in sub-Saharan Africa. ..
  58. TREATING SLEEP & PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS AFTER A DISASTER
    Barry Krakow; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Assistance Team (DMAT), the investigator will utilize the data from this pilot study to formulate a working and pragmatic treatment protocol to be administered post-disaster at future sites of natural disasters in the United States.
  59. Psychological Functioning of Children in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina
    Mary Kelley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Hurricane Katrina was one of the most devastating natural disasters in the United States, causing heavy destruction, job loss, and death in Louisiana...
  60. The Study of the Impact of a Terrorist Attack on Individual Trauma Centers
    Connie Potter; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..the 1993 and 2001 World Trade Center terrorist attacks, the attack on the Oklahoma City Murrah Building, and natural disasters of all types nationwide...
  61. Social and Economic Effects of a Natural Disaster
    Elizabeth Frankenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..in low income populations that are likely to be the most vulnerable to longer- term negative consequences of natural disasters. To accomplish our goals we will assemble, collect and analyze a rich longitudinal data set based on ..
  62. LONG-TERM HEALTH EFFECTS OF A NATURAL DISASTER
    Maurizio Trevisan; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  63. Developing Group Treatments for Acute Stress Disorder
    Rose Zimering; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Group treatment following trauma or disasters involving many individuals, such as airline, terrorist or natural disasters, will be the most efficient public health intervention to treat acute stress reactions in survivors, and ..
  64. Bioterrorism Preparedness in Rural and Urban Communities
    Aram Dobalian; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Prior experience with natural disasters suggests that first responders typically focus on immediate medical trauma or injury, leaving rural ..
  65. Neurobiological Predictors of Stress-Related Disorders
    Israel Liberzon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..PTSD) often develop after various stressors like surgery, serious illnesses, motor vehicle accidents, and natural disasters, and vulnerability factors are likely shared by these disorders...
  66. Adaptation of post-disaster mental health training for black communities
    DANIELLE LABORDE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..has been challenging for those working with subpopulations disproportionately affected by the aftermath of natural disasters and may contribute to the growing racial disparities seen in access to mental health services, diagnosis, ..
  67. DISASTERS' IMPACT UPON ADULTS AND ADOLESCENTS
    Dean Kilpatrick; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..S. residents are affected by natural disasters each year...