fires

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Fire as an evolutionary pressure shaping plant traits
    Jon E Keeley
    U S Geological Survey, Sequoia Kings Canyon Field Station, Three Rivers, CA 93271, USA
    Trends Plant Sci 16:406-11. 2011
  2. ncbi Fire in the Earth system
    David M J S Bowman
    University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
    Science 324:481-4. 2009
  3. ncbi Woodsmoke health effects: a review
    Luke P Naeher
    Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 19:67-106. 2007
  4. ncbi The global distribution of ecosystems in a world without fire
    W J Bond
    Botany Department, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa
    New Phytol 165:525-37. 2005
  5. pmc Health effects of the 2003 Southern California wildfires on children
    Nino Kunzli
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 174:1221-8. 2006
  6. ncbi Climate change, deforestation, and the fate of the Amazon
    Yadvinder Malhi
    Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
    Science 319:169-72. 2008
  7. pmc Land management practices associated with house loss in wildfires
    Philip Gibbons
    The Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e29212. 2012
  8. ncbi Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review
    Giacomo Certini
    Dipartimento di Scienza del Suolo e Nutrizione della Pianta, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, P le Cascine 28, 50144 Florence, Italy
    Oecologia 143:1-10. 2005
  9. pmc Housing arrangement and location determine the likelihood of housing loss due to wildfire
    Alexandra D Syphard
    Conservation Biology Institute, La Mesa, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e33954. 2012
  10. ncbi Extreme air pollution events from bushfires and dust storms and their association with mortality in Sydney, Australia 1994-2007
    Fay Johnston
    Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 23, Hobart 7001, Tasmania, Australia
    Environ Res 111:811-6. 2011

Detail Information

Publications299 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Fire as an evolutionary pressure shaping plant traits
    Jon E Keeley
    U S Geological Survey, Sequoia Kings Canyon Field Station, Three Rivers, CA 93271, USA
    Trends Plant Sci 16:406-11. 2011
    ..Mesozoic fossils show evidence of fire-adaptive traits and, in some lineages, these might have persisted to the present as fire adaptations...
  2. ncbi Fire in the Earth system
    David M J S Bowman
    University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
    Science 324:481-4. 2009
    ..This risk is difficult to assess, however, because fires are still poorly represented in global models...
  3. ncbi Woodsmoke health effects: a review
    Luke P Naeher
    Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 19:67-106. 2007
    ..It is now well established, however, that wood-burning stoves and fireplaces as well as wildland and agricultural fires emit significant quantities of known health-damaging pollutants, including several carcinogenic compounds...
  4. ncbi The global distribution of ecosystems in a world without fire
    W J Bond
    Botany Department, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa
    New Phytol 165:525-37. 2005
    ..C(4) grasses began spreading 6-8 Ma, long before human influence on fire regimes. Our results suggest that fire was a major factor in their spread into forested regions, splitting biotas into fire tolerant and intolerant taxa...
  5. pmc Health effects of the 2003 Southern California wildfires on children
    Nino Kunzli
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 174:1221-8. 2006
    ..In late October 2003, Southern California wildfires burned more than 3,000 km2. The wildfires produced heavy smoke that affected several communities participating in the University of Southern California Children's Health Study (CHS)...
  6. ncbi Climate change, deforestation, and the fate of the Amazon
    Yadvinder Malhi
    Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
    Science 319:169-72. 2008
    ..We also discuss the implications of new proposals to finance preservation of Amazonian forests...
  7. pmc Land management practices associated with house loss in wildfires
    Philip Gibbons
    The Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e29212. 2012
    Losses to life and property from unplanned fires (wildfires) are forecast to increase because of population growth in peri-urban areas and climate change...
  8. ncbi Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review
    Giacomo Certini
    Dipartimento di Scienza del Suolo e Nutrizione della Pianta, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, P le Cascine 28, 50144 Florence, Italy
    Oecologia 143:1-10. 2005
    Many physical, chemical, mineralogical, and biological soil properties can be affected by forest fires. The effects are chiefly a result of burn severity, which consists of peak temperatures and duration of the fire...
  9. pmc Housing arrangement and location determine the likelihood of housing loss due to wildfire
    Alexandra D Syphard
    Conservation Biology Institute, La Mesa, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e33954. 2012
    ..The strong importance of housing arrangement and location indicate that land use planning may be a critical tool for reducing fire risk, but it will require reliable delineations of the most hazardous locations...
  10. ncbi Extreme air pollution events from bushfires and dust storms and their association with mortality in Sydney, Australia 1994-2007
    Fay Johnston
    Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 23, Hobart 7001, Tasmania, Australia
    Environ Res 111:811-6. 2011
    ..We examined the association between air pollution events and mortality in Sydney from 1997 to 2004...
  11. pmc The relationship of respiratory and cardiovascular hospital admissions to the southern California wildfires of 2003
    R J Delfino
    Epidemiology Department, School of Medicine, University of California Irvine, 100 Theory Drive, Irvine, CA 92617 7555, USA
    Occup Environ Med 66:189-97. 2009
    ..The relationship of cardiorespiratory hospital admissions (n = 40 856) to wildfire-related particulate matter (PM(2.5)) during catastrophic wildfires in southern California in October 2003 was evaluated...
  12. ncbi The ecological importance of severe wildfires: some like it hot
    Richard L Hutto
    Avian Science Center, Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
    Ecol Appl 18:1827-34. 2008
    ..Specifically, such forests are said to carry higher fuel loads and experience fires that are more severe than those that occurred historically...
  13. ncbi Effects of bushfire smoke on daily mortality and hospital admissions in Sydney, Australia
    Geoffrey Morgan
    Northern Rivers University, Department of Rural Health, University of Sydney, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia
    Epidemiology 21:47-55. 2010
    ..has investigated the health effects of particulate exposure from bushfires (also called wildfires, biomass fires, or vegetation fires), and these exposures are likely to increase, for several reasons...
  14. ncbi Climate change and forest fires
    M D Flannigan
    Canadian Forest Service, Edmonton AB
    Sci Total Environ 262:221-9. 2000
    This paper addresses the impacts of climate change on forest fires and describes how this, in turn, will impact on the forests of the United States...
  15. ncbi Climate and wildfire area burned in western U.S. ecoprovinces, 1916-2003
    Jeremy S Littell
    Climate Impacts Group, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean and Center for Science in the Earth System JISAO CSES, University of Washington, Box 355672, Seattle, Washington 98195 5672, USA
    Ecol Appl 19:1003-21. 2009
    ..fuel treatments can probably mitigate fire vulnerability and increase resilience more readily than in climate-limited ecosystems, in which large severe fires under extreme weather conditions will continue to account for most area burned.
  16. ncbi Is testicular cancer an occupational disease of fire fighters?
    M N Bates
    Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd, Kenepuru Science Centre, PO Box 50 348, Porirua, New Zealand
    Am J Ind Med 40:263-70. 2001
    ..A previous investigation showed an increased risk of testicular cancer among fire fighters in Wellington City, New Zealand, during the 1980s. Other studies of fire fighters had not identified testicular cancer as an occupational disease...
  17. ncbi Registry-based case-control study of cancer in California firefighters
    Michael N Bates
    Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
    Am J Ind Med 50:339-44. 2007
    ..Previous studies have been small, mostly investigated cancer mortality, and suggested increased risks for brain, bladder, testicular, prostate, thyroid and colo-rectal cancers, leukemia, and melanoma...
  18. ncbi Human influence on California fire regimes
    Alexandra D Syphard
    Department of Forest Ecology and Management, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Ecol Appl 17:1388-402. 2007
    ..With more fires occurring in close proximity to human infrastructure, there may also be devastating ecological impacts if ..
  19. pmc Effectiveness of strict vs. multiple use protected areas in reducing tropical forest fires: a global analysis using matching methods
    Andrew Nelson
    International Rice Research Institute, Metro Manila, Philippines
    PLoS ONE 6:e22722. 2011
    ..matching techniques to control for this bias, this paper analyzes the global tropical forest biome using forest fires as a high resolution proxy for deforestation; disaggregates impacts by remoteness, a proxy for deforestation ..
  20. ncbi Trends and causes of severity, size, and number of fires in northwestern California, USA
    J D Miller
    USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region, Fire and Aviation Management, 3237 Peacekeeper Way, Suite 101, McClellan, California 95652, USA
    Ecol Appl 22:184-203. 2012
    ..Our study assessed trends and patterns in fire size and frequency from 1910 to 2008 (all fires > 40 ha), and the percentage of high-severity in fires from 1987 to 2008 (all fires > 400 ha) on the four ..
  21. ncbi An analysis of effects of San Diego wildfire on ambient air quality
    Shekar Viswanathan
    School of Engineering and Technology, National University, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 56:56-67. 2006
    ....
  22. ncbi Inhibition of Amazon deforestation and fire by parks and indigenous lands
    D Nepstad
    The Woods Hole Research Center, P O Box 296, 13 Church Street, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Conserv Biol 20:65-73. 2006
    ..This success will depend on a broad base of political support...
  23. ncbi Wood smoke exposure induces a pulmonary and systemic inflammatory response in firefighters
    J R Swiston
    The James Hogg iCAPTURE Centre for Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Research, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Eur Respir J 32:129-38. 2008
    ..In conclusion, acute exposure to air pollution from forest fire smoke elicits inflammation within the lungs, as well as a systemic inflammatory response...
  24. ncbi Banksia born to burn
    Tianhua He
    Centre for Ecosystem Diversity and Dynamics, Department of Environment and Agriculture, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
    New Phytol 191:184-96. 2011
    ....
  25. ncbi Patch mosaic burning for biodiversity conservation: a critique of the pyrodiversity paradigm
    Catherine L Parr
    Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre, CSIRO Tropical Ecosystems Research Centre, PMB 44, Winnellie, 0822, NT, Australia
    Conserv Biol 20:1610-9. 2006
    ....
  26. pmc Wildland forest fire smoke: health effects and intervention evaluation, Hoopa, California, 1999
    Joshua A Mott
    Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Branch, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E 17, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    West J Med 176:157-62. 2002
    ....
  27. ncbi Long-distance seed dispersal in a metapopulation of Banksia hookeriana inferred from a population allocation analysis of amplified fragment length polymorphism data
    Tianhua He
    Department of Environmental Biology, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
    Mol Ecol 13:1099-109. 2004
    ..hookeriana in a landscape experiencing frequent fire, where local extinctions and recolonizations may be a regular occurrence...
  28. ncbi Causes of plant diversification in the Cape biodiversity hotspot of South Africa
    Jan Schnitzler
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Syst Biol 60:343-57. 2011
    ....
  29. ncbi Forest fires, air pollution, and mortality in southeast Asia
    Narayan Sastry
    RAND, 1700 Main Street, PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407 2138, USA
    Demography 39:1-23. 2002
    I assess the population health effects in Malaysia of air pollution from a widespread series of fires that occurred in Indonesia between April and November of 1997...
  30. pmc Birth weight and exposure to kitchen wood smoke during pregnancy in rural Guatemala
    Erick Boy
    The Micronutrient Initiative, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 110:109-14. 2002
    ..Smoking among women in the study community was negligible. Children born to mothers habitually cooking on open fires (n = 861) had the lowest mean birth weight of 2,819 g [95% confidence interval (CI), 2,790-2,848]; those using a ..
  31. ncbi Effects of four decades of fire manipulation on woody vegetation structure in Savanna
    Steven I Higgins
    Lehrstuhl fur Vegetationsokologie, Technische Universitat Munchen, 85354 Freising, Germany
    Ecology 88:1119-25. 2007
    ..This study provides evidence that savannas are demographically resilient to fire, but structurally responsive...
  32. ncbi Stress hormones and immunological responses to a dual challenge in professional firefighters
    Chun Jung Huang
    Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 75:312-8. 2010
    ..In addition, this evidence provides insight into the possible mechanisms that explain the link between physical activity, psychological stress, and stress-related diseases...
  33. ncbi The thermal ergonomics of firefighting reviewed
    David Barr
    Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, United Kingdom
    Appl Ergon 41:161-72. 2010
    ..Among the activities encountered are attention to live fires, performing search and rescue of victims, and dealing with emergencies...
  34. ncbi Fire as an engineering tool of early modern humans
    Kyle S Brown
    Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, Cape Town, Republic of South Africa
    Science 325:859-62. 2009
    ..Heat treatment demands a sophisticated knowledge of fire and an elevated cognitive ability and appears at roughly the same time as widespread evidence for symbolic behavior...
  35. ncbi Reconstructing Holocene fire history in a southern Appalachian forest using soil charcoal
    Kurt A Fesenmyer
    Nicholas School of the Environment, Box 90328, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    Ecology 91:662-70. 2010
    ..Charcoal ages ranged from 0 to 10 570 yr BP, with a single date older than 4000 yr BP. The data indicate that fires occurred regularly across the study area over the past 4000 yr...
  36. ncbi Mapping wildland-urban interfaces at large scales integrating housing density and vegetation aggregation for fire prevention in the South of France
    Corinne Lampin-Maillet
    Cemagref, UR EMAX, Aix en Provence, France
    J Environ Manage 91:732-41. 2010
    Every year, more than 50,000 wildland fires affect about 500,000ha of vegetation in southern European countries, particularly in wildland-urban interfaces (WUI)...
  37. pmc Time series analysis of fine particulate matter and asthma reliever dispensations in populations affected by forest fires
    Catherine T Elliott
    British Columbia Center for Disease Control, Environmental Health Services, BC Centre for Disease Control, Main Floor, 655 12th Ave W, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 4R4, Canada
    Environ Health 12:11. 2013
    ..We examine the associations between daily fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and pharmaceutical dispensations for salbutamol in forest fire-affected and non-fire-affected populations in British Columbia (BC), Canada...
  38. ncbi Predicting performance on a firefighter's ability test from fitness parameters
    Marcos A Michaelides
    Department of Health Science, Kinesiology, Recreation, and Dance, University of Arkansas Fayetteville, 72701, USA
    Res Q Exerc Sport 79:468-75. 2008
    ..01) to better performances on the simulated firefighting tasks. Variables such as low back and hamstring flexibility, upper and lower body strength, and body composition may contribute significantly to the model's predictive power...
  39. ncbi Effects of the self-contained breathing apparatus and fire protective clothing on maximal oxygen uptake
    Randy W Dreger
    Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Ergonomics 49:911-20. 2006
    ..The results of this investigation demonstrate that PPE and the SCBA have a negative impact on VO2max. These factors must be considered when evaluating aerobic demands of fire suppression work and the fitness levels of firefighters...
  40. ncbi Avifaunal responses to fire in southwestern montane forests along a burn severity gradient
    Natasha B Kotliar
    U S Geological Survey, Fort Collins, Colorado 80526, USA
    Ecol Appl 17:491-507. 2007
    ..Thus, ecosystem restoration programs based on the assumption that recent severe fires in Southwestern ponderosa pine forests have overriding negative ecological effects are not supported by our study ..
  41. ncbi Oxygen cost of the CF-DND fire fit test in males and females
    Randy W Dreger
    School of Health Sciences, Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 32:454-62. 2007
    ..0) mL.kg(-1).min(-1), and this value appears consistent with other research on the oxygen cost of firefighting. There was no evidence to suggest that the oxygen cost of meeting the 8 min standard was different for males or females...
  42. ncbi Physiological responses of firefighters and performance predictors during a simulated rescue of hospital patients
    Erna D von Heimburg
    Faculty of Education, Engineering and Nursing, Nord Trøndelag University College, Levanger, Norway
    Ergonomics 49:111-26. 2006
    ..A minimum VO(2max) of 4 l/min for firefighters was recommended...
  43. pmc Ambient biomass smoke and cardio-respiratory hospital admissions in Darwin, Australia
    Fay H Johnston
    Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia
    BMC Public Health 7:240. 2007
    Increasing severe vegetation fires worldwide has been attributed to both global environmental change and land management practices...
  44. ncbi Isolated smoke inhalation injuries: acute respiratory dysfunction, clinical outcomes, and short-term evolution of pulmonary functions with the effects of steroids
    Seung Ick Cha
    Department of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea
    Burns 33:200-8. 2007
    ..manifestations and short-term evolution of respiratory injuries after isolated smoke inhalation in victims of fires. Ninety-six patients admitted as the result of a subway fire were examined for acute respiratory dysfunction with ..
  45. ncbi Impact of the 2002 Canadian forest fires on particulate matter air quality in Baltimore city
    Amir Sapkota
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:24-32. 2005
    ..health effects associated with particulate matter (PM), the exposure impact of natural sources, such as forest fires, has substantial public health relevance...
  46. ncbi Taxonomical vs. functional responses of bee communities to fire in two contrasting climatic regions
    Marco Moretti
    Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Ecosystem Boundaries Research Unit, CH 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland
    J Anim Ecol 78:98-108. 2009
    ..However, predictions cannot be generalized from one climatic region to another where distinct habitat configurations occur...
  47. ncbi Cancer incidence in Florida professional firefighters, 1981 to 1999
    Fangchao Ma
    Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 48:883-8. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the cancer risk associated with firefighting...
  48. ncbi Meta-analysis of avian and small-mammal response to fire severity and fire surrogate treatments in U.S. fire-prone forests
    Joseph B Fontaine
    School of Environmental Science, Murdoch University, 90 South St, Perth, Western Australia 6150, Australia
    Ecol Appl 22:1547-61. 2012
    ..fire provoked stronger responses, with a majority of species possessing higher or lower effect sizes relative to fires of lower severity...
  49. pmc Continued warming could transform Greater Yellowstone fire regimes by mid-21st century
    Anthony L Westerling
    Sierra Nevada Research Institute, University of California, Merced, CA 95343, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:13165-70. 2011
    ..We considered how the occurrence, size, and spatial location of large fires might respond to climate projections in the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem (GYE) (Wyoming), a large wildland ..
  50. ncbi Pack hike test finishing time for Australian firefighters: pass rates and correlates of performance
    M Phillips
    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
    Appl Ergon 42:411-8. 2011
    ..Those preparing for the PHT should focus their training on these fitness components in the weeks and months prior to undertaking the PHT...
  51. pmc Characterization of the dust/smoke aerosol that settled east of the World Trade Center (WTC) in lower Manhattan after the collapse of the WTC 11 September 2001
    Paul J Lioy
    Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute of New Jersey, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:703-14. 2002
    ..the residents, commuters, and local workers, as well as from the materials released after 11 September until the fires were extinguished...
  52. ncbi Carbon loss from an unprecedented Arctic tundra wildfire
    Michelle C Mack
    Department of Biology, University of Florida, PO Box 118525, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    Nature 475:489-92. 2011
    ..The effect of fires on the C balance of tundra landscapes, however, remains largely unknown...
  53. ncbi An evaluation of physiological demands and comfort between the use of conventional and lightweight self-contained breathing apparatus
    A J Hooper
    Industrial Ergonomics Group, School of Manufacturing and Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
    Appl Ergon 32:399-406. 2001
    ..Further research is required to assess the extent of the energy consumption benefit in realistic fire suppression protocols and the contribution of ergonomic factors to the energy and comfort benefits...
  54. ncbi Floral and nesting resources, habitat structure, and fire influence bee distribution across an open-forest gradient
    Ralph Grundel
    U S Geological Survey, Great Lakes Science Center, 1100 North Mineral Springs Road, Porter, Indiana 46304, USA
    Ecol Appl 20:1678-92. 2010
    ....
  55. ncbi Physiological determinants of the candidate physical ability test in firefighters
    Andrew K Sheaff
    Department of Kinesiology, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 24:3112-22. 2010
    ..Measures of anaerobic and cardiovascular fitness best predict overall CPAT performance, and individual task performance. Remedial programs aimed at improving firefighting performance should target anaerobic and aerobic fitness qualities...
  56. ncbi Characterization of the metabolic demands of simulated shipboard Royal Navy fire-fighting tasks
    J L Bilzon
    Environmental Medicine Unit, Institute of Naval Medicine, Gosport, Hampshire, UK
    Ergonomics 44:766-80. 2001
    ..Subjects with a higher VO2max than the above quoted minimum are able to complete the combination of tasks listed with greater metabolic efficiency and less fatigue...
  57. ncbi Fire increases variance in genetic characteristics of Florida Sand Skink (Plestiodon reynoldsi) local populations
    Aaron W Schrey
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Avenue, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
    Mol Ecol 20:56-66. 2011
    ..Too frequent fires may reduce genetic diversity because it may take multiple generations for local populations to recover.
  58. ncbi Quantifying fire severity, carbon, and nitrogen emissions in Alaska's boreal forest
    Leslie A Boby
    School of Natural Resources, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    Ecol Appl 20:1633-47. 2010
    ..While severity and extent of fires drives overall emissions, methods for accurately estimating fire severity are poorly tested in this unique region ..
  59. ncbi Scale-dependent controls on the area burned in the boreal forest of Canada, 1980-2005
    Marc André Parisien
    Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, 137 Mulford Hall 3114, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Ecol Appl 21:789-805. 2011
    ..Furthermore, the influence of a variable on patterns of area burned often changed enormously across the biome, which supports the idea that fire-environment relationships in the boreal forest are complex and nonstationary...
  60. pmc Brown carbon and internal mixing in biomass burning particles
    Daniel A Lack
    NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80304, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:14802-7. 2012
    ..007 ± 0.005 and 0.82 ± 0.43 m(2) g(-1), respectively. Our analysis shows that the MAE of POM can be biased high by up to 50% if absorption from internal mixing of POM and BC is not included...
  61. ncbi Development of customized fire behavior fuel models for boreal forests of northeastern China
    Zhi Wei Wu
    Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
    Environ Manage 48:1148-57. 2011
    ..Fuel model II presented the least severe fire potential across weather conditions. Fuel model IV resulted in greater fire severity than Fuel model III across the two weather scenarios that were examined...
  62. ncbi Assessment of physical fitness aspects and their relationship to firefighters' job abilities
    Marcos A Michaelides
    Department of Health Science, Kinesiology, Recreation, and Dance, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA
    J Strength Cond Res 25:956-65. 2011
    ....
  63. ncbi The amount of carbon released from peat and forest fires in Indonesia during 1997
    Susan E Page
    Department of Geography, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
    Nature 420:61-5. 2002
    ..This was demonstrated by the occurrence of widespread fires throughout the forested peatlands of Indonesia during the 1997 El Niño event. Here, using satellite images of a 2...
  64. ncbi Empiric management of cyanide toxicity associated with smoke inhalation
    Daniel J O'Brien
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 26:374-82. 2011
    ....
  65. ncbi Creating an integrated historical record of extreme particulate air pollution events in Australian cities from 1994 to 2007
    Fay H Johnston
    Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Tasmania, Australia
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 61:390-8. 2011
    ..Although identification of pollution episodes was greatly improved by the use of multiple sources of information, satellite imagery was the most useful tool for identifying bushfire smoke pollution events...
  66. pmc Three measures of forest fire smoke exposure and their associations with respiratory and cardiovascular health outcomes in a population-based cohort
    Sarah B Henderson
    School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 119:1266-71. 2011
    During the summer of 2003 numerous fires burned in British Columbia, Canada.
  67. ncbi Cancer incidence among male Massachusetts firefighters, 1987-2003
    Dongmug Kang
    Department of Preventive and Occupational Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea
    Am J Ind Med 51:329-35. 2008
    ..Firefighters are known to be exposed to recognized or probable carcinogens. Previous studies have found elevated risks of several types of cancers in firefighters...
  68. pmc Stochastic species turnover and stable coexistence in a species-rich, fire-prone plant community
    Wilfried Thuiller
    Laboratoire d Ecologie Alpine, CNRS UMR 5553, Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France
    PLoS ONE 2:e938. 2007
    ....
  69. ncbi Interannual variations in PM2.5 due to wildfires in the Western United States
    Dan Jaffe
    University of Washington, Bothell, 18115 Campus Way NE, Bothell, Washington 98011, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:2812-8. 2008
    ..5 and OC concentrations at 39 IMPROVE sites with a database of fires developed from federal fire reports...
  70. pmc Implementation of National Fire Plan treatments near the wildland-urban interface in the western United States
    Tania Schoennagel
    Department of Geography, 260 UCB, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:10706-11. 2009
    Because of increasing concern about the effects of catastrophic wildland fires throughout the western United States, federal land managers have been engaged in efforts to restore historical fire behavior and mitigate wildfire risk...
  71. ncbi Population exposure to fine particles and estimated excess mortality in Finland from an East European wildfire episode
    Otto O Hänninen
    Department of Environmental Health, National Public Health Institute KTL, Kuopio, Finland
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 19:414-22. 2009
    ..The percentage increases observed (0.8%-2.1% per 10 microg/m(3) of fine PM) are in line with the more general estimates for urban PM and those used in the current risk assessment...
  72. ncbi Fire and the spread of flowering plants in the Cretaceous
    William J Bond
    Botany Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
    New Phytol 188:1137-50. 2010
    ..We evaluate the evidence for physical conditions conducive to fires in the Cretaceous...
  73. ncbi Landscape--wildfire interactions in southern Europe: implications for landscape management
    Francisco Moreira
    Centro de Ecologia Aplicada Prof Baeta Neves, Institute of Agronomy, Technical University of Lisbon, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349 017 Lisbon, Portugal
    J Environ Manage 92:2389-402. 2011
    ..The challenges to address these problems and the policy and landscape management responses that should be adopted are discussed, along with major knowledge gaps...
  74. ncbi The effects of bushfire smoke on respiratory health
    Martine Dennekamp
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Respirology 16:198-209. 2011
    ..These studies suggest that PM(10) from bushfire smoke is at least as toxic as urban PM(10), but more research is needed...
  75. ncbi The incidence of fire in Amazonian forests with implications for REDD
    Luiz E O C Aragão
    Landscape and Ecosystems Dynamics Group, School of Geography, University of Exeter, Amory Building, Rennes Drive, Exeter, Devon, EX4 4RJ, UK
    Science 328:1275-8. 2010
    ..If sustainable fire-free land-management of deforested areas is not adopted in the REDD mechanism, then the carbon savings achieved by avoiding deforestation may be partially negated by increased emissions from fires.
  76. ncbi Population health effects of air quality changes due to forest fires in British Columbia in 2003: estimates from physician-visit billing data
    David Moore
    Dept of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
    Can J Public Health 97:105-8. 2006
    Major forest fires near populated areas during 2003 exacted a huge economic toll on communities in British Columbia. We designed a study to examine associations between PM2...
  77. ncbi The 1997 haze disaster in Indonesia: its air quality and health effects
    Osamu Kunii
    Department of International Community Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Hongo, Japan
    Arch Environ Health 57:16-22. 2002
    ..The results of our study demonstrate the need for special care of the elderly and for care of those with a history of asthma. In addition, the use of a proper mask may afford protection...
  78. pmc Reserves protect against deforestation fires in the Amazon
    J Marion Adeney
    Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5014. 2009
    ..In the Amazon, fires are closely linked to deforestation, and thus can be used as a proxy for reserve effectiveness in protecting ..
  79. ncbi Classification of metabolic and respiratory demands in fire fighting activity with extreme workloads
    Ingvar Holmer
    Thermal Environment Laboratory, Department of Design Sciences, Lund Technical University, Box 118, 22100 Lund, Sweden
    Appl Ergon 38:45-52. 2007
    ..Two new classes for classification of intensive and exhausting, short term physical work are proposed for inclusion in ISO8996 and values for relevant parameters are proposed...
  80. ncbi Evidence for habitual use of fire at the end of the Lower Paleolithic: site-formation processes at Qesem Cave, Israel
    Panagiotis Karkanas
    Ephoreia of Palaeoanthropology Speleology of Southern Greece, Ardittou 34b, 11636 Athens, Greece
    J Hum Evol 53:197-212. 2007
    ..Use-wear damage on blades and blade tools in conjunction with numerous cut marks on bones indicate an emphasis on butchering and prey-defleshing activities in the vicinity of fireplaces...
  81. pmc Global pyrogeography: the current and future distribution of wildfire
    Meg A Krawchuk
    Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5102. 2009
    ..a multivariate quantification of environmental drivers for the observed, current distribution of vegetation fires using statistical models of the relationship between fire activity and resources to burn, climate conditions, ..
  82. pmc Frequent fires in ancient shrub tundra: implications of paleorecords for arctic environmental change
    Philip E Higuera
    College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e0001744. 2008
    ..but the consequences of altered fire regimes in tundra ecosystems are rarely considered, largely because tundra fires occur infrequently on the modern landscape...
  83. ncbi Cancer risk among firefighters: a review and meta-analysis of 32 studies
    Grace K LeMasters
    Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 48:1189-202. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to review 32 studies on firefighters and to quantitatively and qualitatively determine the cancer risk using a meta-analysis...
  84. ncbi Fire-related deaths in India in 2001: a retrospective analysis of data
    Prachi Sanghavi
    Cambridge, MA, USA
    Lancet 373:1282-8. 2009
    ..However, no national estimates of these deaths exist and the only numbers reported in published literature come from the Indian police. We combined multiple health datasets to assess the extent of the problem...
  85. ncbi Comparative respiratory toxicity of particles produced by traffic and sugar cane burning
    Flavia Mazzoli-Rocha
    Laboratory of Respiration Physiology, Carlos Chagas Filho Institute of Biophysics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Environ Res 108:35-41. 2008
    ..Our results indicate that biomass particles were at least as toxic as those produced by traffic...
  86. ncbi Dangers of predicting bird species distributions in response to land-cover changes
    Sara Vallecillo
    Forest Technology Centre of Catalonia, Biodiversity Section, Ctra Sant Llorenç de Morunys, km 2 Ctra Vella 25280, Solsona, Catalonia, Spain
    Ecol Appl 19:538-49. 2009
    ..Consideration of ecologically meaningful processes for species (i.e., fire disturbance) when modeling species' distribution might contribute to a better explanation of species' colonization dynamics...
  87. ncbi Synergisms among fire, land use, and climate change in the Amazon
    Mark A Cochrane
    Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
    Ambio 37:522-7. 2008
    ..fuel loads, and forests that have experienced a low-intensity surface fire are vulnerable to far more catastrophic fires. Satellites typically detect thermal signatures from 40 000 to 50 000 separate fires in the Amazon each year, and ..
  88. ncbi The impact of smoke on respiratory hospital outcomes during the 2002-2003 bushfire season, Victoria, Australia
    Rachel Tham
    School of Rural Health, MonashUniversity, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Respirology 14:69-75. 2009
    ....
  89. ncbi Local versus regional intraspecific variability in regeneration traits
    B Moreira
    Department of Plant Ecology, Centro de Investigaciones sobre Desertificación CIDE CSIC, IVIA Campus, Moncada, Valencia, Spain
    Oecologia 168:671-7. 2012
    ..processes enhance plant trait variability between distant populations, in fire-prone ecosystems, recurrent fires may have a preponderant role in generating variability at a local scale...
  90. ncbi Savanna fires increase rates and distances of seed dispersal by ants
    C L Parr
    Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre, CSIRO Tropical Ecosystems Research Centre, PMB 44, Winnellie, 0822 NT, Australia
    Oecologia 151:33-41. 2007
    ..Given the high frequency of fire in Australian tropical savannas, enhanced benefits of seed dispersal by ants would apply for much of the year...
  91. pmc Genotoxic potential generated by biomass burning in the Brazilian Legal Amazon by Tradescantia micronucleus bioassay: a toxicity assessment study
    Herbert A Sisenando
    Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública ENSP, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 21041 210, RJ, Brazil
    Environ Health 10:41. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the genotoxic potential of the atmosphere in the Tangará da Serra region, using Tradescantia pallida as in situ bioindicator...
  92. ncbi Prescribed fire as a means of reducing forest carbon emissions in the western United States
    Christine Wiedinmyer
    National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1850 Table Mesa Drive, Boulder, Colorado 80301, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:1926-32. 2010
    ....
  93. ncbi Effect of strenuous live-fire drills on cardiovascular and psychological responses of recruit firefighters
    D L Smith
    Department of Exercise Science and Dance, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, USA
    Ergonomics 44:244-54. 2001
    ..performed three trials of a standardized set of tasks while inside a training structure containing several live fires. Measurements of heart rate, aortic blood flow, perceived exertion, respiratory and thermal distress, reaction ..
  94. ncbi Risk of cancer among firefighters: a quantitative review of selected malignancies
    Sami Youakim
    Division of Occupational Medicine at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Arch Environ Occup Health 61:223-31. 2006
    ..72 (95% CI = 0.90-3.31). Kidney cancer risk was significantly elevated as early as the second decade of employment...
  95. ncbi Lung antioxidant and cytokine responses to coarse and fine particulate matter from the great California wildfires of 2008
    Teresa C Wegesser
    Departments of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Inhal Toxicol 22:561-70. 2010
    ....
  96. ncbi Drought impacts on the Amazon forest: the remote sensing perspective
    Gregory P Asner
    Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    New Phytol 187:569-78. 2010
    ..Here, we summarize remote sensing studies of Amazônia which indicate that: fires and burn scars are more common during drought years; hydrological function including floodplain area is ..
  97. ncbi Amazon forest fires between 2001 and 2006 and birth weight in Porto Velho
    Taiane S Prass
    Institute of Mathematics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89:1-7. 2012
    ..0989, girls and 0.0079, boys) . The R (2) statistics indicate that the regression models considered are able to explain 65 % (girls) and 54 % (boys) of the variation of the mean birth weight...
  98. ncbi Fires from the interaction of anesthetics with desiccated absorbent
    Michael Laster
    Department of Anesthesia, S 455, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0464, USA
    Anesth Analg 99:769-74, table of contents. 2004
    ..We conclude that the interaction of desflurane or isoflurane with desiccated absorbent is not likely to produce the conflagrations possible with sevoflurane...
  99. ncbi Simulating fire regimes in the Amazon in response to climate change and deforestation
    Rafaella Almeida Silvestrini
    Centro de Sensoriamento Remoto, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Antânio Carlos, 6627, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais 31270 900, Brazil
    Ecol Appl 21:1573-90. 2011
    b>Fires in tropical forests release globally significant amounts of carbon to the atmosphere and may increase in importance as a result of climate change...
  100. ncbi Tracheostomy tube ignition during microlaryngeal surgery using diode laser: a case report
    Hsun Mo Wang
    Department of Otolaryngology, Kaohsiung Medical University Chung Ho Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    Kaohsiung J Med Sci 22:199-202. 2006
    ..Higher oxygen concentrations, the presence of combustibles, and the narrowness of the surgical field during endolaryngeal diode laser surgery are risk factors for airway fires.
  101. ncbi Post-wildfire logging hinders regeneration and increases fire risk
    D C Donato
    Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Science 311:352. 2006
    ..Additional reduction of fuels is necessary for effective mitigation of fire risk. Postfire logging can be counterproductive to the goals of forest regeneration and fuel reduction...

Research Grants62

  1. Ionic Liquid Gas Sensors for Detection of Flammable Gases In Workplace
    Xiangqun Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..occupational safety and health that could enable personnel in gas facilities and mines to prevent explosions or fires, save lives, avoid injuries, and protect billions of dollars worth of assets...
  2. Akt/CREB signaling: Target for prostate cancer
    Addanki P Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that Veterans are more susceptible due to extended exposure to various toxic chemicals and smoke from oil well fires during war...
  3. TRPA1 Channels in Sensory Neurons as Targets for Environmental Irritants
    Sven Eric Jordt; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..such as acrolein (2-propenal) are severely irritating volatile compounds present in cigarette smoke, smoke from fires, automobile exhaust, and smog...
  4. Catalytic Approach to Treatment of Cyanide Poisoning
    SIGRIDUR G SUMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cyanide is increasingly recognized as a toxin in building fires and is easily accessible for use in suicides, homicides, and warfare...
  5. A rapid label-free sensor for immune markers of environmental exposure for applic
    Christopher Striemer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..applicant): Airborne particulate matter (PM) derived from a variety of natural sources (volcanic activity, forest fires) is omnipresent...
  6. Development of a forced air add-on attachment for rocket stoves in Kenya capable
    NATHAN LORENZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..gasifier cookstoves clearly indicated their potential for reduced PM and CO emissions relative to three-stone fires but usability of gasifier stoves along with performance and cost have severely limited gasifier acceptance in the ..
  7. Engineering Microbial Rhodopsins as Optical Voltage Sensors
    ADAM EZRA COHEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..When the cell is at rest, this functional group is deprotonated and the protein is dark. When the cell fires an action potential, a proton is forced onto this functional group and the protein becomes bright...
  8. Vulnerability to Health Effects of Wildfires under a Changing Climate in Western
    Michelle L Bell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded that climate change will likely increase forest fire severity, with fires that bur more intensely and spread more rapidly...
  9. Autonomous Electromechanical Gas Detection Microsystem for Mine Safety
    Xiangqun Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will measure all gases linked to fires and explosions (CH4, CO, CO2, O2) as well as hazardous exhaust gases (NO, NO2, SO2)...
  10. Stress History is Recorded in Tooth Enamel
    SHANE NEWPORT WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..as well as longer-range markings, striae of Retzius, broadly analogous to the record of droughts and fires captured in the growth rings of a tree...
  11. Nociceptive Ion Channels: mechanisms of activation
    Ardem Patapoutian; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Upon activation of TRPA1 in sensory neurons, positively charged ions enter the neuron, which then fires and sends a pain signal to the brain...
  12. Firefighter Mask
    GIRISH SRINIVAS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This research is relevant to public health because it will protect wildland firefighters when they are fighting fires that threaten public resources and residential areas.
  13. Validating a child acute stress measure in English and Spanish
    Nancy Kassam Adams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..means to assess children's acute stress reactions after potentially traumatic events (eg, accidents, fires, disasters) and to expand our understanding of acute traumatic stress responses in children...
  14. Tracking kidney stones during shock wave lithotripsy
    Robin O Cleveland; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..tracking system that can be retro-fitted onto clinical lithotripters and gate the lithotripter so that it fires a shock wave only when the stone is on target...
  15. Risk assessment training for methamphetamine lab responders
    WILLIAM D AGGEN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Most meth labs are discovered when fires, explosions, or medical emergencies are reported to authorities...
  16. MMPA: A Novel Multiplexing Methylation Analysis Technology
    Baochuan Guo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Each MMPA assay "fires one shot" to "kill four birds"...
  17. Combined Use of Cobinamide and a 3-Mercaptopyruvate Prodrug for Cyanide Poisoning
    Steven E Patterson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..chemical threat to civilians and military personnel with numerous sources of potential cyanide exposure, including fires and terrorist attacks...
  18. Novel Nitrogen Enriched Air for Fire Suppression
    DONALD STOOKEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and inert gases are effective in controlling flammable mixtures and in suppressing fires but their asphyxiant nature limits use to uninhabited areas...
  19. Dynamics of a neural circuit that coordinates locomotion
    Brian Mulloney; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..When the CNS is actively expressing the swimmeret motor pattern, each of these interneurons fires a burst of impulses at a characteristic phase in each cycle...
  20. Modulation of Exocytosis and Excitability in Mature Auditory Brainstem Neurons
    HENRIQUE PRADO VON GERSDORFF; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This will allow us to build realistic computer models of how the MNTB cell integrates synaptic inputs and fires action potentials to preserve the timing of incoming sound signals.
  21. Respiratory Health Impacts of Wildfire Particulate Emissions under Climate Change
    NANCY HF FRENCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..One potential result of climate change in the United States is increased frequency and intensity of wildland fires. These wildfire fires have the potential to destroy large amounts of public and private property, as was seen ..
  22. 13th International Congress on Combustion By-Products and Their Health Effects
    Barry Dellinger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition there is the risk of accidental fires and transportation fires that can significantly impact the local environment...
  23. Novel Treatments of Acrolein-induced Cardiotoxicity
    DANIEL JOSEPH CONKLIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..accidental leakage of chemicals used in industrial production, or those released during natural disasters and fires. The most common and abundant reactive chemicals, relevant to all these situations are reactive carbonyl compounds ..
  24. QUALITY OF MORTALITY DATA FOR INJURY CONTROL PROGRAMS
    Steven MacDonald; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..injury is defined by ICD-9 codes E800-E999, which include trauma from motor-vehicles, firearms, falls, drowning, fires, asphyxia, and poisoning...
  25. Whole genome assembly resources for aquatic models of human disease
    WESLEY CHARLES WARREN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of these models provided plasticity in experimental design and a breadth of discovery needed to light the fires of creative inquiry. Such has been the historical roles for non-mammalian and aquatic animal models...
  26. EXPLOSION HAZARDS RELATED TO COMBUSTIBLE DUSTS
    CHARLES KAUFFMAN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Less spectacularly, dust accumulations can lead to fires which are also undesirable...
  27. Whole genome assembly resources for aquatic models of human disease
    WESLEY CHARLES WARREN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of these models provided plasticity in experimental design and a breadth of discovery needed to light the fires of creative inquiry. Such has been the historical roles for non-mammalian and aquatic animal models...
  28. Smoke Detector Alert for the Deaf
    RICHARD ROBY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Two million Fires annually kill and injure more than 27,000 people in the US...
  29. SCBA OXIMETRY FOR FIRE FIGHTER PHYSIOLOGIC MONITORING
    WILLIAM WIESMANN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..device addressing the prevalent problem of volitional fatigue experienced by fire fighters combating structural fires. An integrated SCBA-based monitoring system capable of unencumbered assessment of the physiological status of fire ..
  30. Complex Pattern Detection by the Retina
    Michael J Berry; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..visual stimulus, such as a temporal periodicity or a smooth motion trajectory, so that a subset of ganglion cells fires selectively after a violation of the predicted pattern...
  31. RADIATION INDUCED CHROMATIN CHANGES IN A DEFINED ORIGIN
    James Larner; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This site is present in the pre-replicative (G1) state, but disappears after the origin fires in early S...
  32. ELECTRICAL ARC INJURY PARAMETERS AND PREVENTION
    MARY CAPELLI SCHELLPFEFFER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..11,153 cases of reported days away from work due to electrical burns, electrocution/electrical shock injuries, and fires and explosions; the Census of Fatal Injuries noted 548 employees died from the causes of electrical current ..
  33. Interactive Vagal Stimulation and Atrial Fibrillation
    Shien fong Lin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The interactive stimulator fires only when the sympathetic activity is high...
  34. Feature selectivity of auditory thalamus
    Edward Bartlett; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..One population fires discharges that are locked to the repeated stimulus cycles in a synchronized manner and another population ..
  35. International Collaborative Alcohol & Injury Research Training Program in Poland
    Frederic C Blow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..use has been linked with a substantial proportion of injuries and deaths from motor vehicle crashes, falls, and fires. In Poland and other Eastern European countries that have been experiencing rapid social and cultural changes, ..
  36. STRESS & MENTAL HEALTH EFFECTS OF PETROCHEMICAL DISASTER
    Andrew Baum; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Workers at refineries and petrochemical plants who have been victimized by explosions and fires in their work settings constitute an understudied disaster population...
  37. Crisis Nursing Resource (CNR) Information System
    Douglas Troy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Each year the American Red Cross responds to more than 67,000 local and national disasters, such as house fires, floods, storms, forest fires, earthquakes, and terrorist attacks...
  38. POTASSIUM CHANNELS IN AUDITORY TEMPORAL PROCESSING
    TERESA PERNEY; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The timing and rate at which a neuron fires is largely determined by the types and amounts ionic conductances it possesses...
  39. Antistatic Paint with Silent Discharge
    Joel Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..by applicant): Long term Objectives: Proposed is an anti-static paint which can be used to alleviate danger from fires and explosions that are initiated by static discharge...
  40. Dissemination Research in Child Safety
    Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..provided by applicant): This proposal utilizes proven effective interventions to reduce home injuries caused by fires, scalds, and carbon monoxide...
  41. INJURY PREVENTION FOR THE ELDERLY
    BONNIE WALKER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..unintentional death and injury of children ages 0-4 years caused by car accidents, falls, poisoning, drowning, fires and burns...
  42. BIOMARKERS OF SMOKE EXPOSURE AMONG FIREFIGHTERS
    Jefferey Burgess; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..work has demonstrated a decline in diffusing capacity to carbon monoxide (DLCO) associated with number of fires fought, while spirometry, usually the only test of lung function used in FF surveillance, remained stable...
  43. Biological Monitoring of Woodsmoke exposure
    Christopher Simpson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..which lead to exposure misclassification, and the setting of community-impact-driven guidelines for managed fires suffers from a lack of exposure-response data...
  44. Mechanisms of Fast Synaptic Facilitation in Colitis
    Eric Krauter; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..fast excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) that determines if the postsynaptic cell reaches threshold and fires an action potential...
  45. COMPUTATIONAL MODEL OF SYNAPTIC DEVELOPMENT
    William Levy; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..If a cell fires equally fast to either presentation, it is described as binocular; if the cell fires more for one eye than the ..
  46. Parent Training in Child Safety Practices
    Lynne Swartz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..the program for Internet use and include: (a) additional units covering the remaining content areas (poisoning, fires and burns, firearm safety, drowning, suffocation and choking, sharp objects and heavy objects, and electricity), (..
  47. Parent Training in Child Safety Practices
    Ann Glang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..II development will expand content to include: (a) additional units covering the remaining six content areas (fires and bums, firearm safety, drowning, suffocation and choking, sharp objects and heavy objects, and electricity), (b)..
  48. Downed Firefighter Location System
    MARK FOBARE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Fire Fighting is a very hazardous occupation. On average, there are 600,000 structure fires annually and 3.0 deaths per 100,000 structure fire. Alarmingly, this death toll has doubled since 1977...
  49. ALCOHOL USE AMONG HISPANIC, BLACK AND WHITE URBAN YOUTH
    Jennifer Epstein; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..alcohol has been associated with a wide variety of illnesses and has been implicated in accidents, falls, fires, drownings and suicides...
  50. Microplate Reading Combining Spectral and Lifetime Data
    TRAVIS MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..decay curve (waveform) every time a high repetition rate (10,000 pulses per second) solid-state microlaser fires. The compact passively Q-switched microlaser provides high peak power, short pulse duration, and outstanding shot-..
  51. Web-Based Fire Safety Training for Board and Care Staff
    Susan Harrington; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Research has shown that lack of training is one of leading factors contributing to loss of life in fires in these facilities...
  52. Virtual Reality Treatment of PTSD and Substance Abuse
    JoAnn Difede; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., earthquakes, floods, fires). Each year millions of people worldwide experience a disaster or terrorist incident...
  53. SMOKE DETECTOR/EMERGENCY EGRESS PRODUCT FOR OLDER USERS
    Neil Lerner; Fiscal Year: 1992
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from Investigator's Abstract) Older adults are particularly at risk from residential fires. From the mid-sixties, death rates from fires and burns are substantially higher than for the general population...
  54. Novel Nitrogen Enriched Air for Fire Suppression
    Stuart Nemser; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Tests will include first starting controlled fires and then demonstrating the systems ability to suppress the fire while maintaining oxygen levels at 14-16%...
  55. Preventing Fires Associated With Gas Cooking Appliances Among Older Adults
    ROBERT ALGERA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Yet fires caused by unattended cooking are the leading cause of fire-related injuries and deaths among older adults...
  56. Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional Injuries
    Corinne Peek Asa; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable]..
  57. Evaluation of California Initiatives to Reduce Violence*
    Corinne Peek Asa; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Such evaluations have been identified as a priority in research agendas including NORA and Workplace Violence: A Report to the Nation. ..
  58. Evaluating Low Ignition Propensity Cigarette Legislation
    RICHARD O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Cigarette-attributable fires caused 10,130 deaths in the United States from 1990 to 1999...
  59. Integrity of the Pulmonary Blood-Gas Barrier
    John West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, at the more basic level, this research is devoted to a fundamental biological dilemma of the lung, namely how the blood-gas barrier combines extreme thinness with immense strength. [unreadable] [unreadable]..