- Fire as an evolutionary pressure shaping plant traits
Jon E Keeley
U S Geological Survey, Sequoia Kings Canyon Field Station, Three Rivers, CA 93271, USA
Trends Plant Sci 16:406-11. 2011
..Mesozoic fossils show evidence of fire-adaptive traits and, in some lineages, these might have persisted to the present as fire adaptations...
- Fire in the Earth system
David M J S Bowman
University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
Science 324:481-4. 2009
..This risk is difficult to assess, however, because fires are still poorly represented in global models...
- Woodsmoke health effects: a review
Luke P Naeher
Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA
Inhal Toxicol 19:67-106. 2007
..It is now well established, however, that wood-burning stoves and fireplaces as well as wildland and agricultural fires emit significant quantities of known health-damaging pollutants, including several carcinogenic compounds...
- The global distribution of ecosystems in a world without fire
W J Bond
Botany Department, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch, 7701, South Africa
New Phytol 165:525-37. 2005
..C(4) grasses began spreading 6-8 Ma, long before human influence on fire regimes. Our results suggest that fire was a major factor in their spread into forested regions, splitting biotas into fire tolerant and intolerant taxa...
- Health effects of the 2003 Southern California wildfires on children
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 174:1221-8. 2006
..In late October 2003, Southern California wildfires burned more than 3,000 km2. The wildfires produced heavy smoke that affected several communities participating in the University of Southern California Children's Health Study (CHS)...
- Climate change, deforestation, and the fate of the Amazon
Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University Centre for the Environment, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
Science 319:169-72. 2008
..We also discuss the implications of new proposals to finance preservation of Amazonian forests...
- Land management practices associated with house loss in wildfires
The Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
PLoS ONE 7:e29212. 2012
Losses to life and property from unplanned fires (wildfires) are forecast to increase because of population growth in peri-urban areas and climate change...
- Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review
Dipartimento di Scienza del Suolo e Nutrizione della Pianta, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, P le Cascine 28, 50144 Florence, Italy
Oecologia 143:1-10. 2005
Many physical, chemical, mineralogical, and biological soil properties can be affected by forest fires. The effects are chiefly a result of burn severity, which consists of peak temperatures and duration of the fire...
- Housing arrangement and location determine the likelihood of housing loss due to wildfire
Alexandra D Syphard
Conservation Biology Institute, La Mesa, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e33954. 2012
..The strong importance of housing arrangement and location indicate that land use planning may be a critical tool for reducing fire risk, but it will require reliable delineations of the most hazardous locations...
- Extreme air pollution events from bushfires and dust storms and their association with mortality in Sydney, Australia 1994-2007
Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 23, Hobart 7001, Tasmania, Australia
Environ Res 111:811-6. 2011
..We examined the association between air pollution events and mortality in Sydney from 1997 to 2004...
- The relationship of respiratory and cardiovascular hospital admissions to the southern California wildfires of 2003
R J Delfino
Epidemiology Department, School of Medicine, University of California Irvine, 100 Theory Drive, Irvine, CA 92617 7555, USA
Occup Environ Med 66:189-97. 2009
..The relationship of cardiorespiratory hospital admissions (n = 40 856) to wildfire-related particulate matter (PM(2.5)) during catastrophic wildfires in southern California in October 2003 was evaluated...
- The ecological importance of severe wildfires: some like it hot
Richard L Hutto
Avian Science Center, Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
Ecol Appl 18:1827-34. 2008
..Specifically, such forests are said to carry higher fuel loads and experience fires that are more severe than those that occurred historically...
- Effects of bushfire smoke on daily mortality and hospital admissions in Sydney, Australia
Northern Rivers University, Department of Rural Health, University of Sydney, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia
Epidemiology 21:47-55. 2010
..has investigated the health effects of particulate exposure from bushfires (also called wildfires, biomass fires, or vegetation fires), and these exposures are likely to increase, for several reasons...
- Climate change and forest fires
M D Flannigan
Canadian Forest Service, Edmonton AB
Sci Total Environ 262:221-9. 2000
This paper addresses the impacts of climate change on forest fires and describes how this, in turn, will impact on the forests of the United States...
- Climate and wildfire area burned in western U.S. ecoprovinces, 1916-2003
Jeremy S Littell
Climate Impacts Group, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean and Center for Science in the Earth System JISAO CSES, University of Washington, Box 355672, Seattle, Washington 98195 5672, USA
Ecol Appl 19:1003-21. 2009
..fuel treatments can probably mitigate fire vulnerability and increase resilience more readily than in climate-limited ecosystems, in which large severe fires under extreme weather conditions will continue to account for most area burned.
- Is testicular cancer an occupational disease of fire fighters?
M N Bates
Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd, Kenepuru Science Centre, PO Box 50 348, Porirua, New Zealand
Am J Ind Med 40:263-70. 2001
..A previous investigation showed an increased risk of testicular cancer among fire fighters in Wellington City, New Zealand, during the 1980s. Other studies of fire fighters had not identified testicular cancer as an occupational disease...
- Registry-based case-control study of cancer in California firefighters
Michael N Bates
Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
Am J Ind Med 50:339-44. 2007
..Previous studies have been small, mostly investigated cancer mortality, and suggested increased risks for brain, bladder, testicular, prostate, thyroid and colo-rectal cancers, leukemia, and melanoma...
- Human influence on California fire regimes
Alexandra D Syphard
Department of Forest Ecology and Management, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
Ecol Appl 17:1388-402. 2007
..With more fires occurring in close proximity to human infrastructure, there may also be devastating ecological impacts if ..
- Effectiveness of strict vs. multiple use protected areas in reducing tropical forest fires: a global analysis using matching methods
International Rice Research Institute, Metro Manila, Philippines
PLoS ONE 6:e22722. 2011
..matching techniques to control for this bias, this paper analyzes the global tropical forest biome using forest fires as a high resolution proxy for deforestation; disaggregates impacts by remoteness, a proxy for deforestation ..
- Trends and causes of severity, size, and number of fires in northwestern California, USA
J D Miller
USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region, Fire and Aviation Management, 3237 Peacekeeper Way, Suite 101, McClellan, California 95652, USA
Ecol Appl 22:184-203. 2012
..Our study assessed trends and patterns in fire size and frequency from 1910 to 2008 (all fires > 40 ha), and the percentage of high-severity in fires from 1987 to 2008 (all fires > 400 ha) on the four ..
- An analysis of effects of San Diego wildfire on ambient air quality
School of Engineering and Technology, National University, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 56:56-67. 2006
- Inhibition of Amazon deforestation and fire by parks and indigenous lands
The Woods Hole Research Center, P O Box 296, 13 Church Street, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
Conserv Biol 20:65-73. 2006
..This success will depend on a broad base of political support...
- Wood smoke exposure induces a pulmonary and systemic inflammatory response in firefighters
J R Swiston
The James Hogg iCAPTURE Centre for Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Research, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
Eur Respir J 32:129-38. 2008
..In conclusion, acute exposure to air pollution from forest fire smoke elicits inflammation within the lungs, as well as a systemic inflammatory response...
- Banksia born to burn
Centre for Ecosystem Diversity and Dynamics, Department of Environment and Agriculture, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
New Phytol 191:184-96. 2011
- Patch mosaic burning for biodiversity conservation: a critique of the pyrodiversity paradigm
Catherine L Parr
Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre, CSIRO Tropical Ecosystems Research Centre, PMB 44, Winnellie, 0822, NT, Australia
Conserv Biol 20:1610-9. 2006
- Wildland forest fire smoke: health effects and intervention evaluation, Hoopa, California, 1999
Joshua A Mott
Air Pollution and Respiratory Health Branch, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E 17, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
West J Med 176:157-62. 2002
- Long-distance seed dispersal in a metapopulation of Banksia hookeriana inferred from a population allocation analysis of amplified fragment length polymorphism data
Department of Environmental Biology, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
Mol Ecol 13:1099-109. 2004
..hookeriana in a landscape experiencing frequent fire, where local extinctions and recolonizations may be a regular occurrence...
- Causes of plant diversification in the Cape biodiversity hotspot of South Africa
Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
Syst Biol 60:343-57. 2011
- Forest fires, air pollution, and mortality in southeast Asia
RAND, 1700 Main Street, PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407 2138, USA
Demography 39:1-23. 2002
I assess the population health effects in Malaysia of air pollution from a widespread series of fires that occurred in Indonesia between April and November of 1997...
- Birth weight and exposure to kitchen wood smoke during pregnancy in rural Guatemala
The Micronutrient Initiative, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Environ Health Perspect 110:109-14. 2002
..Smoking among women in the study community was negligible. Children born to mothers habitually cooking on open fires (n = 861) had the lowest mean birth weight of 2,819 g [95% confidence interval (CI), 2,790-2,848]; those using a ..
- Effects of four decades of fire manipulation on woody vegetation structure in Savanna
Steven I Higgins
Lehrstuhl fur Vegetationsokologie, Technische Universitat Munchen, 85354 Freising, Germany
Ecology 88:1119-25. 2007
..This study provides evidence that savannas are demographically resilient to fire, but structurally responsive...
- Stress hormones and immunological responses to a dual challenge in professional firefighters
Chun Jung Huang
Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA
Int J Psychophysiol 75:312-8. 2010
..In addition, this evidence provides insight into the possible mechanisms that explain the link between physical activity, psychological stress, and stress-related diseases...
- The thermal ergonomics of firefighting reviewed
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Henry Cotton Campus, Webster Street, Liverpool L3 2ET, United Kingdom
Appl Ergon 41:161-72. 2010
..Among the activities encountered are attention to live fires, performing search and rescue of victims, and dealing with emergencies...
- Fire as an engineering tool of early modern humans
Kyle S Brown
Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, Cape Town, Republic of South Africa
Science 325:859-62. 2009
..Heat treatment demands a sophisticated knowledge of fire and an elevated cognitive ability and appears at roughly the same time as widespread evidence for symbolic behavior...
- Reconstructing Holocene fire history in a southern Appalachian forest using soil charcoal
Kurt A Fesenmyer
Nicholas School of the Environment, Box 90328, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
Ecology 91:662-70. 2010
..Charcoal ages ranged from 0 to 10 570 yr BP, with a single date older than 4000 yr BP. The data indicate that fires occurred regularly across the study area over the past 4000 yr...
- Mapping wildland-urban interfaces at large scales integrating housing density and vegetation aggregation for fire prevention in the South of France
Cemagref, UR EMAX, Aix en Provence, France
J Environ Manage 91:732-41. 2010
Every year, more than 50,000 wildland fires affect about 500,000ha of vegetation in southern European countries, particularly in wildland-urban interfaces (WUI)...
- Time series analysis of fine particulate matter and asthma reliever dispensations in populations affected by forest fires
Catherine T Elliott
British Columbia Center for Disease Control, Environmental Health Services, BC Centre for Disease Control, Main Floor, 655 12th Ave W, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 4R4, Canada
Environ Health 12:11. 2013
..We examine the associations between daily fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and pharmaceutical dispensations for salbutamol in forest fire-affected and non-fire-affected populations in British Columbia (BC), Canada...
- Predicting performance on a firefighter's ability test from fitness parameters
Marcos A Michaelides
Department of Health Science, Kinesiology, Recreation, and Dance, University of Arkansas Fayetteville, 72701, USA
Res Q Exerc Sport 79:468-75. 2008
..01) to better performances on the simulated firefighting tasks. Variables such as low back and hamstring flexibility, upper and lower body strength, and body composition may contribute significantly to the model's predictive power...
- Effects of the self-contained breathing apparatus and fire protective clothing on maximal oxygen uptake
Randy W Dreger
Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Ergonomics 49:911-20. 2006
..The results of this investigation demonstrate that PPE and the SCBA have a negative impact on VO2max. These factors must be considered when evaluating aerobic demands of fire suppression work and the fitness levels of firefighters...
- Avifaunal responses to fire in southwestern montane forests along a burn severity gradient
Natasha B Kotliar
U S Geological Survey, Fort Collins, Colorado 80526, USA
Ecol Appl 17:491-507. 2007
..Thus, ecosystem restoration programs based on the assumption that recent severe fires in Southwestern ponderosa pine forests have overriding negative ecological effects are not supported by our study ..
- Oxygen cost of the CF-DND fire fit test in males and females
Randy W Dreger
School of Health Sciences, Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 32:454-62. 2007
..0) mL.kg(-1).min(-1), and this value appears consistent with other research on the oxygen cost of firefighting. There was no evidence to suggest that the oxygen cost of meeting the 8 min standard was different for males or females...
- Physiological responses of firefighters and performance predictors during a simulated rescue of hospital patients
Erna D von Heimburg
Faculty of Education, Engineering and Nursing, Nord Trøndelag University College, Levanger, Norway
Ergonomics 49:111-26. 2006
..A minimum VO(2max) of 4 l/min for firefighters was recommended...
- Ambient biomass smoke and cardio-respiratory hospital admissions in Darwin, Australia
Fay H Johnston
Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia
BMC Public Health 7:240. 2007
Increasing severe vegetation fires worldwide has been attributed to both global environmental change and land management practices...
- Isolated smoke inhalation injuries: acute respiratory dysfunction, clinical outcomes, and short-term evolution of pulmonary functions with the effects of steroids
Seung Ick Cha
Department of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea
Burns 33:200-8. 2007
..manifestations and short-term evolution of respiratory injuries after isolated smoke inhalation in victims of fires. Ninety-six patients admitted as the result of a subway fire were examined for acute respiratory dysfunction with ..
- Impact of the 2002 Canadian forest fires on particulate matter air quality in Baltimore city
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
Environ Sci Technol 39:24-32. 2005
..health effects associated with particulate matter (PM), the exposure impact of natural sources, such as forest fires, has substantial public health relevance...
- Taxonomical vs. functional responses of bee communities to fire in two contrasting climatic regions
Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Ecosystem Boundaries Research Unit, CH 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland
J Anim Ecol 78:98-108. 2009
..However, predictions cannot be generalized from one climatic region to another where distinct habitat configurations occur...
- Cancer incidence in Florida professional firefighters, 1981 to 1999
Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA
J Occup Environ Med 48:883-8. 2006
..The objective of this study was to examine the cancer risk associated with firefighting...
- Meta-analysis of avian and small-mammal response to fire severity and fire surrogate treatments in U.S. fire-prone forests
Joseph B Fontaine
School of Environmental Science, Murdoch University, 90 South St, Perth, Western Australia 6150, Australia
Ecol Appl 22:1547-61. 2012
..fire provoked stronger responses, with a majority of species possessing higher or lower effect sizes relative to fires of lower severity...
- Continued warming could transform Greater Yellowstone fire regimes by mid-21st century
Anthony L Westerling
Sierra Nevada Research Institute, University of California, Merced, CA 95343, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:13165-70. 2011
..We considered how the occurrence, size, and spatial location of large fires might respond to climate projections in the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem (GYE) (Wyoming), a large wildland ..
- Pack hike test finishing time for Australian firefighters: pass rates and correlates of performance
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
Appl Ergon 42:411-8. 2011
..Those preparing for the PHT should focus their training on these fitness components in the weeks and months prior to undertaking the PHT...
- Characterization of the dust/smoke aerosol that settled east of the World Trade Center (WTC) in lower Manhattan after the collapse of the WTC 11 September 2001
Paul J Lioy
Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute of New Jersey, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Environ Health Perspect 110:703-14. 2002
..the residents, commuters, and local workers, as well as from the materials released after 11 September until the fires were extinguished...
- Carbon loss from an unprecedented Arctic tundra wildfire
Michelle C Mack
Department of Biology, University of Florida, PO Box 118525, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
Nature 475:489-92. 2011
..The effect of fires on the C balance of tundra landscapes, however, remains largely unknown...
- An evaluation of physiological demands and comfort between the use of conventional and lightweight self-contained breathing apparatus
A J Hooper
Industrial Ergonomics Group, School of Manufacturing and Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
Appl Ergon 32:399-406. 2001
..Further research is required to assess the extent of the energy consumption benefit in realistic fire suppression protocols and the contribution of ergonomic factors to the energy and comfort benefits...
- Floral and nesting resources, habitat structure, and fire influence bee distribution across an open-forest gradient
U S Geological Survey, Great Lakes Science Center, 1100 North Mineral Springs Road, Porter, Indiana 46304, USA
Ecol Appl 20:1678-92. 2010
- Physiological determinants of the candidate physical ability test in firefighters
Andrew K Sheaff
Department of Kinesiology, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
J Strength Cond Res 24:3112-22. 2010
..Measures of anaerobic and cardiovascular fitness best predict overall CPAT performance, and individual task performance. Remedial programs aimed at improving firefighting performance should target anaerobic and aerobic fitness qualities...
- Characterization of the metabolic demands of simulated shipboard Royal Navy fire-fighting tasks
J L Bilzon
Environmental Medicine Unit, Institute of Naval Medicine, Gosport, Hampshire, UK
Ergonomics 44:766-80. 2001
..Subjects with a higher VO2max than the above quoted minimum are able to complete the combination of tasks listed with greater metabolic efficiency and less fatigue...
- Fire increases variance in genetic characteristics of Florida Sand Skink (Plestiodon reynoldsi) local populations
Aaron W Schrey
Department of Integrative Biology, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Avenue, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
Mol Ecol 20:56-66. 2011
..Too frequent fires may reduce genetic diversity because it may take multiple generations for local populations to recover.
- Quantifying fire severity, carbon, and nitrogen emissions in Alaska's boreal forest
Leslie A Boby
School of Natural Resources, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
Ecol Appl 20:1633-47. 2010
..While severity and extent of fires drives overall emissions, methods for accurately estimating fire severity are poorly tested in this unique region ..
- Scale-dependent controls on the area burned in the boreal forest of Canada, 1980-2005
Marc André Parisien
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, 137 Mulford Hall 3114, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Ecol Appl 21:789-805. 2011
..Furthermore, the influence of a variable on patterns of area burned often changed enormously across the biome, which supports the idea that fire-environment relationships in the boreal forest are complex and nonstationary...
- Brown carbon and internal mixing in biomass burning particles
Daniel A Lack
NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Chemical Sciences Division, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80304, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:14802-7. 2012
..007 ± 0.005 and 0.82 ± 0.43 m(2) g(-1), respectively. Our analysis shows that the MAE of POM can be biased high by up to 50% if absorption from internal mixing of POM and BC is not included...
- Development of customized fire behavior fuel models for boreal forests of northeastern China
Zhi Wei Wu
Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
Environ Manage 48:1148-57. 2011
..Fuel model II presented the least severe fire potential across weather conditions. Fuel model IV resulted in greater fire severity than Fuel model III across the two weather scenarios that were examined...
- Assessment of physical fitness aspects and their relationship to firefighters' job abilities
Marcos A Michaelides
Department of Health Science, Kinesiology, Recreation, and Dance, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA
J Strength Cond Res 25:956-65. 2011
- The amount of carbon released from peat and forest fires in Indonesia during 1997
Susan E Page
Department of Geography, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
Nature 420:61-5. 2002
..This was demonstrated by the occurrence of widespread fires throughout the forested peatlands of Indonesia during the 1997 El Niño event. Here, using satellite images of a 2...
- Empiric management of cyanide toxicity associated with smoke inhalation
Daniel J O'Brien
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA
Prehosp Disaster Med 26:374-82. 2011
- Creating an integrated historical record of extreme particulate air pollution events in Australian cities from 1994 to 2007
Fay H Johnston
Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Tasmania, Australia
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 61:390-8. 2011
..Although identification of pollution episodes was greatly improved by the use of multiple sources of information, satellite imagery was the most useful tool for identifying bushfire smoke pollution events...
- Three measures of forest fire smoke exposure and their associations with respiratory and cardiovascular health outcomes in a population-based cohort
Sarah B Henderson
School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Environ Health Perspect 119:1266-71. 2011
During the summer of 2003 numerous fires burned in British Columbia, Canada.
- Cancer incidence among male Massachusetts firefighters, 1987-2003
Department of Preventive and Occupational Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea
Am J Ind Med 51:329-35. 2008
..Firefighters are known to be exposed to recognized or probable carcinogens. Previous studies have found elevated risks of several types of cancers in firefighters...
- Stochastic species turnover and stable coexistence in a species-rich, fire-prone plant community
Laboratoire d Ecologie Alpine, CNRS UMR 5553, Universite Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France
PLoS ONE 2:e938. 2007
- Interannual variations in PM2.5 due to wildfires in the Western United States
University of Washington, Bothell, 18115 Campus Way NE, Bothell, Washington 98011, USA
Environ Sci Technol 42:2812-8. 2008
..5 and OC concentrations at 39 IMPROVE sites with a database of fires developed from federal fire reports...
- Implementation of National Fire Plan treatments near the wildland-urban interface in the western United States
Department of Geography, 260 UCB, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:10706-11. 2009
Because of increasing concern about the effects of catastrophic wildland fires throughout the western United States, federal land managers have been engaged in efforts to restore historical fire behavior and mitigate wildfire risk...
- Population exposure to fine particles and estimated excess mortality in Finland from an East European wildfire episode
Otto O Hänninen
Department of Environmental Health, National Public Health Institute KTL, Kuopio, Finland
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 19:414-22. 2009
..The percentage increases observed (0.8%-2.1% per 10 microg/m(3) of fine PM) are in line with the more general estimates for urban PM and those used in the current risk assessment...
- Fire and the spread of flowering plants in the Cretaceous
William J Bond
Botany Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
New Phytol 188:1137-50. 2010
..We evaluate the evidence for physical conditions conducive to fires in the Cretaceous...
- Landscape--wildfire interactions in southern Europe: implications for landscape management
Centro de Ecologia Aplicada Prof Baeta Neves, Institute of Agronomy, Technical University of Lisbon, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349 017 Lisbon, Portugal
J Environ Manage 92:2389-402. 2011
..The challenges to address these problems and the policy and landscape management responses that should be adopted are discussed, along with major knowledge gaps...
- The effects of bushfire smoke on respiratory health
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Respirology 16:198-209. 2011
..These studies suggest that PM(10) from bushfire smoke is at least as toxic as urban PM(10), but more research is needed...
- The incidence of fire in Amazonian forests with implications for REDD
Luiz E O C Aragão
Landscape and Ecosystems Dynamics Group, School of Geography, University of Exeter, Amory Building, Rennes Drive, Exeter, Devon, EX4 4RJ, UK
Science 328:1275-8. 2010
..If sustainable fire-free land-management of deforested areas is not adopted in the REDD mechanism, then the carbon savings achieved by avoiding deforestation may be partially negated by increased emissions from fires.
- Population health effects of air quality changes due to forest fires in British Columbia in 2003: estimates from physician-visit billing data
Dept of Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC
Can J Public Health 97:105-8. 2006
Major forest fires near populated areas during 2003 exacted a huge economic toll on communities in British Columbia. We designed a study to examine associations between PM2...
- The 1997 haze disaster in Indonesia: its air quality and health effects
Department of International Community Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Hongo, Japan
Arch Environ Health 57:16-22. 2002
..The results of our study demonstrate the need for special care of the elderly and for care of those with a history of asthma. In addition, the use of a proper mask may afford protection...
- Reserves protect against deforestation fires in the Amazon
J Marion Adeney
Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e5014. 2009
..In the Amazon, fires are closely linked to deforestation, and thus can be used as a proxy for reserve effectiveness in protecting ..
- Classification of metabolic and respiratory demands in fire fighting activity with extreme workloads
Thermal Environment Laboratory, Department of Design Sciences, Lund Technical University, Box 118, 22100 Lund, Sweden
Appl Ergon 38:45-52. 2007
..Two new classes for classification of intensive and exhausting, short term physical work are proposed for inclusion in ISO8996 and values for relevant parameters are proposed...
- Evidence for habitual use of fire at the end of the Lower Paleolithic: site-formation processes at Qesem Cave, Israel
Ephoreia of Palaeoanthropology Speleology of Southern Greece, Ardittou 34b, 11636 Athens, Greece
J Hum Evol 53:197-212. 2007
..Use-wear damage on blades and blade tools in conjunction with numerous cut marks on bones indicate an emphasis on butchering and prey-defleshing activities in the vicinity of fireplaces...
- Global pyrogeography: the current and future distribution of wildfire
Meg A Krawchuk
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e5102. 2009
..a multivariate quantification of environmental drivers for the observed, current distribution of vegetation fires using statistical models of the relationship between fire activity and resources to burn, climate conditions, ..
- Frequent fires in ancient shrub tundra: implications of paleorecords for arctic environmental change
Philip E Higuera
College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
PLoS ONE 3:e0001744. 2008
..but the consequences of altered fire regimes in tundra ecosystems are rarely considered, largely because tundra fires occur infrequently on the modern landscape...
- Cancer risk among firefighters: a review and meta-analysis of 32 studies
Grace K LeMasters
Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA
J Occup Environ Med 48:1189-202. 2006
..The objective of this study was to review 32 studies on firefighters and to quantitatively and qualitatively determine the cancer risk using a meta-analysis...
- Fire-related deaths in India in 2001: a retrospective analysis of data
Cambridge, MA, USA
Lancet 373:1282-8. 2009
..However, no national estimates of these deaths exist and the only numbers reported in published literature come from the Indian police. We combined multiple health datasets to assess the extent of the problem...
- Comparative respiratory toxicity of particles produced by traffic and sugar cane burning
Laboratory of Respiration Physiology, Carlos Chagas Filho Institute of Biophysics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Environ Res 108:35-41. 2008
..Our results indicate that biomass particles were at least as toxic as those produced by traffic...
- Dangers of predicting bird species distributions in response to land-cover changes
Forest Technology Centre of Catalonia, Biodiversity Section, Ctra Sant Llorenç de Morunys, km 2 Ctra Vella 25280, Solsona, Catalonia, Spain
Ecol Appl 19:538-49. 2009
..Consideration of ecologically meaningful processes for species (i.e., fire disturbance) when modeling species' distribution might contribute to a better explanation of species' colonization dynamics...
- Synergisms among fire, land use, and climate change in the Amazon
Mark A Cochrane
Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
Ambio 37:522-7. 2008
..fuel loads, and forests that have experienced a low-intensity surface fire are vulnerable to far more catastrophic fires. Satellites typically detect thermal signatures from 40 000 to 50 000 separate fires in the Amazon each year, and ..
- The impact of smoke on respiratory hospital outcomes during the 2002-2003 bushfire season, Victoria, Australia
School of Rural Health, MonashUniversity, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Respirology 14:69-75. 2009
- Local versus regional intraspecific variability in regeneration traits
Department of Plant Ecology, Centro de Investigaciones sobre Desertificación CIDE CSIC, IVIA Campus, Moncada, Valencia, Spain
Oecologia 168:671-7. 2012
..processes enhance plant trait variability between distant populations, in fire-prone ecosystems, recurrent fires may have a preponderant role in generating variability at a local scale...
- Savanna fires increase rates and distances of seed dispersal by ants
C L Parr
Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre, CSIRO Tropical Ecosystems Research Centre, PMB 44, Winnellie, 0822 NT, Australia
Oecologia 151:33-41. 2007
..Given the high frequency of fire in Australian tropical savannas, enhanced benefits of seed dispersal by ants would apply for much of the year...
- Genotoxic potential generated by biomass burning in the Brazilian Legal Amazon by Tradescantia micronucleus bioassay: a toxicity assessment study
Herbert A Sisenando
Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública ENSP, FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 21041 210, RJ, Brazil
Environ Health 10:41. 2011
..The aim of this study was to assess the genotoxic potential of the atmosphere in the Tangará da Serra region, using Tradescantia pallida as in situ bioindicator...
- Prescribed fire as a means of reducing forest carbon emissions in the western United States
National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1850 Table Mesa Drive, Boulder, Colorado 80301, USA
Environ Sci Technol 44:1926-32. 2010
- Effect of strenuous live-fire drills on cardiovascular and psychological responses of recruit firefighters
D L Smith
Department of Exercise Science and Dance, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, USA
Ergonomics 44:244-54. 2001
..performed three trials of a standardized set of tasks while inside a training structure containing several live fires. Measurements of heart rate, aortic blood flow, perceived exertion, respiratory and thermal distress, reaction ..
- Risk of cancer among firefighters: a quantitative review of selected malignancies
Division of Occupational Medicine at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Arch Environ Occup Health 61:223-31. 2006
..72 (95% CI = 0.90-3.31). Kidney cancer risk was significantly elevated as early as the second decade of employment...
- Lung antioxidant and cytokine responses to coarse and fine particulate matter from the great California wildfires of 2008
Teresa C Wegesser
Departments of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California Davis, CA 95616, USA
Inhal Toxicol 22:561-70. 2010
- Drought impacts on the Amazon forest: the remote sensing perspective
Gregory P Asner
Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
New Phytol 187:569-78. 2010
..Here, we summarize remote sensing studies of Amazônia which indicate that: fires and burn scars are more common during drought years; hydrological function including floodplain area is ..
- Amazon forest fires between 2001 and 2006 and birth weight in Porto Velho
Taiane S Prass
Institute of Mathematics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 89:1-7. 2012
..0989, girls and 0.0079, boys) . The R (2) statistics indicate that the regression models considered are able to explain 65 % (girls) and 54 % (boys) of the variation of the mean birth weight...
- Fires from the interaction of anesthetics with desiccated absorbent
Department of Anesthesia, S 455, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0464, USA
Anesth Analg 99:769-74, table of contents. 2004
..We conclude that the interaction of desflurane or isoflurane with desiccated absorbent is not likely to produce the conflagrations possible with sevoflurane...
- Simulating fire regimes in the Amazon in response to climate change and deforestation
Rafaella Almeida Silvestrini
Centro de Sensoriamento Remoto, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Antânio Carlos, 6627, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais 31270 900, Brazil
Ecol Appl 21:1573-90. 2011
b>Fires in tropical forests release globally significant amounts of carbon to the atmosphere and may increase in importance as a result of climate change...
- Tracheostomy tube ignition during microlaryngeal surgery using diode laser: a case report
Hsun Mo Wang
Department of Otolaryngology, Kaohsiung Medical University Chung Ho Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Kaohsiung J Med Sci 22:199-202. 2006
..Higher oxygen concentrations, the presence of combustibles, and the narrowness of the surgical field during endolaryngeal diode laser surgery are risk factors for airway fires.
- Post-wildfire logging hinders regeneration and increases fire risk
D C Donato
Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
Science 311:352. 2006
..Additional reduction of fuels is necessary for effective mitigation of fire risk. Postfire logging can be counterproductive to the goals of forest regeneration and fuel reduction...