explosions

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Maintaining physical therapy standards in an emergency situation: solutions after the Bali bombing disaster
    D Edgar
    Burns Unit, Royal Perth Hospital, Wellington Street, GPO Box X2213, Perth, WA 6847, Australia
    Burns 31:555-7. 2005
  2. ncbi Explosions and radioactive material: a primer for responders
    Jeffrey W Runge
    Biologue, Inc, McLean, Virginia, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 13:407-19. 2009
  3. ncbi Simulation of blast-induced early-time intracranial wave physics leading to traumatic brain injury
    Paul A Taylor
    Department of Penetration Systems, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA
    J Biomech Eng 131:061007. 2009
  4. pmc Relationship of serum TCDD concentrations and age at exposure of female residents of Seveso, Italy
    Brenda Eskenazi
    School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720 7380, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:22-7. 2004
  5. ncbi No neurochemical evidence of brain injury after blast overpressure by repeated explosions or firing heavy weapons
    K Blennow
    Clinical Neurochemistry Laboratory, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, the Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Acta Neurol Scand 123:245-51. 2011
  6. ncbi Posttraumatic stress two years after the Oklahoma City bombing in youths geographically distant from the explosion
    B Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Williams Pavilion, Room 3470, Oklahoma City, OK 73190 3048, USA
    Psychiatry 63:358-70. 2000
  7. ncbi Seveso Women's Health Study: a study of the effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on reproductive health
    B Eskenazi
    School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 94720 7360, USA
    Chemosphere 40:1247-53. 2000
  8. ncbi Injuries from explosions: physics, biophysics, pathology, and required research focus
    Howard R Champion
    Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Trauma 66:1468-77; discussion 1477. 2009
  9. ncbi [Firework injuries in Denmark in the period 1995/1996 to 2006/2007]
    Thomas Foged
    Odense Universitetshospital, Ulykkes Analyse Gruppen og Håndkirurgisk Sektor, ortopaedkirurgisk afdeling
    Ugeskr Laeger 169:4271-5. 2007
  10. ncbi Mechanisms of injury by explosive devices
    Jeff Garner
    Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield, S5 7AU, UK
    Anesthesiol Clin 25:147-60, x. 2007

Detail Information

Publications223 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Maintaining physical therapy standards in an emergency situation: solutions after the Bali bombing disaster
    D Edgar
    Burns Unit, Royal Perth Hospital, Wellington Street, GPO Box X2213, Perth, WA 6847, Australia
    Burns 31:555-7. 2005
    ..Individual patient input was achieved with routine outcome measures and workload statistics. Workforce expansion, maintenance of treatment quality, and other practical initiatives used in order to achieve this goal are discussed...
  2. ncbi Explosions and radioactive material: a primer for responders
    Jeffrey W Runge
    Biologue, Inc, McLean, Virginia, USA
    Prehosp Emerg Care 13:407-19. 2009
    ..Key questions are posed that present the need for operational and tactical planning, equipping, and training around this scenario. Decontamination priorities and potential medical management are discussed for both victims and responders...
  3. ncbi Simulation of blast-induced early-time intracranial wave physics leading to traumatic brain injury
    Paul A Taylor
    Department of Penetration Systems, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA
    J Biomech Eng 131:061007. 2009
    ....
  4. pmc Relationship of serum TCDD concentrations and age at exposure of female residents of Seveso, Italy
    Brenda Eskenazi
    School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720 7380, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:22-7. 2004
    ..As a consequence, previous SWHS studies that considered only TCDD exposure may have underestimated health effects due to total TEQ concentrations...
  5. ncbi No neurochemical evidence of brain injury after blast overpressure by repeated explosions or firing heavy weapons
    K Blennow
    Clinical Neurochemistry Laboratory, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, the Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Acta Neurol Scand 123:245-51. 2011
    ..Psychiatric and neurological symptoms are common among soldiers exposed to blast without suffering a direct head injury. It is not known whether such symptoms are direct consequences of blast overpressure...
  6. ncbi Posttraumatic stress two years after the Oklahoma City bombing in youths geographically distant from the explosion
    B Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Williams Pavilion, Room 3470, Oklahoma City, OK 73190 3048, USA
    Psychiatry 63:358-70. 2000
    ..These findings suggest that children geographically distant from disaster who have not directly experienced an interpersonal loss report PTSD symptoms and functional impairment associated with increased media exposure and indirect loss...
  7. ncbi Seveso Women's Health Study: a study of the effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on reproductive health
    B Eskenazi
    School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 94720 7360, USA
    Chemosphere 40:1247-53. 2000
    ..Serum samples are now being analyzed in order to relate TCDD levels with the remaining reproductive outcomes...
  8. ncbi Injuries from explosions: physics, biophysics, pathology, and required research focus
    Howard R Champion
    Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Trauma 66:1468-77; discussion 1477. 2009
    b>Explosions cause more complex and multiple forms of damage than any other wounding agent, are the leading cause of death on the battlefield, and are often used by terrorists...
  9. ncbi [Firework injuries in Denmark in the period 1995/1996 to 2006/2007]
    Thomas Foged
    Odense Universitetshospital, Ulykkes Analyse Gruppen og Håndkirurgisk Sektor, ortopaedkirurgisk afdeling
    Ugeskr Laeger 169:4271-5. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to observe the occurrence and character of firework injuries on the two days around New Year in Denmark over the last decade...
  10. ncbi Mechanisms of injury by explosive devices
    Jeff Garner
    Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield, S5 7AU, UK
    Anesthesiol Clin 25:147-60, x. 2007
    ..The pathophysiology of the various mechanisms of injury is described, and the implications for translating a knowledge of mechanism of injury to clinical management is discussed...
  11. ncbi In the shadow of terror: posttraumatic stress and psychiatric co-morbidity following bombing in Iraq: the role of shattered world assumptions and altered self-capacities
    Fuaad Mohammed Freh
    Faculty of Health, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom
    J Psychiatr Res 47:215-25. 2013
    ..Civilians' perceptions of their ability to control events in the world and regulate their affect had a short term impact on the severity of these symptoms...
  12. ncbi The health and economic impact of fireworks-related injuries in Iran: a household survey following the New Year's Festival in Tehran
    Soheil Saadat
    Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Injury 41:e28-33. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of fireworks-related injuries associated with the Last Wednesday Eve Festival, in Tehran, Iran...
  13. ncbi Firework-related injuries in Tehran's Persian Wednesday Eve Festival (Chaharshanbe Soori)
    Hassan Tavakoli
    Department of Surgery, Amir Alam Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    J Emerg Med 40:340-5. 2011
    ..Fireworks are the leading cause of injuries such as burns and amputations during the Persian Wednesday Eve Festival (Chaharshanbeh Soori)...
  14. ncbi Serum dioxin concentrations and menstrual cycle characteristics
    Brenda Eskenazi
    School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 156:383-92. 2002
    ..16 days, 95% CI: -0.08, 0.41). These results are consistent with effects of TCDD on ovarian function noted in some animal species and with greater sensitivity to TCDD during development...
  15. ncbi Blast-related traumatic brain injury: what is known?
    Katherine H Taber
    Veterans Affairs Mid Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Salisbury, North Carolina, USA
    J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 18:141-5. 2006
  16. ncbi Community based cognitive therapy in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder following the Omagh bomb
    Kate Gillespie
    Community Trauma and Recovery Team, The Bridge Centre, Omagh, Northern Ireland, UK
    Behav Res Ther 40:345-57. 2002
    ..Patients who were physically injured improved less than those who were not physically injured. Overall, the results indicate that the positive findings obtained in research settings generalize well to a frontline, non-selective service...
  17. pmc Serum dioxin concentrations and age at menopause
    Brenda Eskenazi
    School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:858-62. 2005
    ..04). These results suggest a nonmonotonic dose-related association with increasing risk of earlier menopause up to about 100 ppt TCDD, but not above...
  18. ncbi Blast injuries
    Ralph G DePalma
    Medical Surgical Group, Office of Patient Care Services, Veterans Health Administration, Washington, DC 20420, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:1335-42. 2005
  19. ncbi Measurement of blast wave by a miniature fiber optic pressure transducer in the rat brain
    Mikulas Chavko
    Trauma and Resuscitative Medicine Department, Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, MD 20910, United States
    J Neurosci Methods 159:277-81. 2007
    ..Short pressure waves lasting several ms were detected inside the brain with the magnitude that might result in nervous tissue damage...
  20. ncbi Physical and mental health shortly after a disaster: first results from the Enschede firework disaster study
    Irene van Kamp
    Centre for Environmental Health Research MGO, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Eur J Public Health 16:253-9. 2006
    ..Two to three weeks after the explosion of a fireworks storage facility in a residential area (May 2000, Enschede, The Netherlands) we assessed the self-reported physical and mental health among those affected by the disaster...
  21. pmc Suicide bombing attacks: update and modifications to the protocol
    Gidon Almogy
    Trauma Unit and Department of Surgery, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Ann Surg 239:295-303. 2004
    ..To review the experience of a large-volume trauma center in managing and treating casualties of suicide bombing attacks...
  22. ncbi The Persian Wednesday Eve Festival "Charshanbe-Soori" fireworks eye injuries: a case series
    Mohammad Reza Mansouri
    Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 14:17-24. 2007
    ..To describe the clinical spectrum and severity of eye injuries sustained during the Persian Wednesday Eve Festival "Charshanbe-Soori" and to identify the fireworks devices involved...
  23. ncbi Psychiatric disorders among survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing
    C S North
    School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    JAMA 282:755-62. 1999
    ..The Oklahoma City, Okla, bombing is particularly significant for the study of mental health sequelae of trauma because its extreme magnitude and scope have been predicted to render profound psychiatric effects on survivors...
  24. ncbi Smoking as a risk factor for mental health disturbances after a disaster: a prospective comparative study
    Peter G van der Velden
    Institute for Psychotrauma, Zaltbommel, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychiatry 68:87-92. 2007
    ..To assess whether smoking is a(n) (independent) risk factor for mental health problems among adult disaster victims and among a nonexposed comparison group...
  25. ncbi Explosions and blast injuries
    J M Wightman
    Center for Disaster and Humanitarian Assistance Medicine, Department of Military and Emergency Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 37:664-78. 2001
    Powerful explosions have the potential to inflict many different types of injuries on victims, some of which may be initially occult. Flying debris and high winds commonly cause conventional blunt and penetrating trauma...
  26. ncbi Firework-related childhood injuries in Greece: a national problem
    Konte Vassilia
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Athens University Medical School, 75 M Asias Street, Goudi, P O Box 115 27, Athens, Greece
    Burns 30:151-3. 2004
    ..A sharp peak in spring was noted, when the Greek Orthodox Easter is celebrated. Illicitly sold fireworks caused most injuries, but in eight instances homemade firecrackers were responsible...
  27. ncbi Burns sustained in combat explosions in Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF explosion burns)
    David S Kauvar
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 32:853-7. 2006
    ..Many OIF/OEF burns result from the enemy's detonation of explosives. We reviewed these to evaluate mission impact and provide recommendations for improved combat burn protection. Data were compared to those from the Vietnam War...
  28. ncbi Nationwide longitudinal study of psychological responses to September 11
    Roxane Cohen Silver
    Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, 3340 Social Ecology II, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 7085, USA
    JAMA 288:1235-44. 2002
    ..The September 11, 2001, attacks against the United States provide a unique opportunity to examine longitudinally the process of adjustment to a traumatic event on a national scale...
  29. ncbi Risk factors for psychological and physical health problems after a man-made disaster. Prospective study
    Anja J E Dirkzwager
    Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 189:144-9. 2006
    ..There are few prospective studies on risk factors for health problems after disasters in which actual pre-disaster health data are available...
  30. ncbi Surgical lessons learned from suicide bombing attacks
    Gidon Almogy
    Department of Surgery and Trauma Unit, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Am Coll Surg 202:313-9. 2006
  31. pmc Gunshot and explosion injuries: characteristics, outcomes, and implications for care of terror-related injuries in Israel
    Kobi Peleg
    Center for Trauma and Emergency Medicine Research, Gertner Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Ann Surg 239:311-8. 2004
    ..An increase of terror-related activities may necessitate treatment of mass casualty incidents, requiring a broadening of existing skills and knowledge of various injury mechanisms...
  32. pmc Painful neuroma requiring surgical excision after lower limb amputation caused by landmine explosions
    Ali Sehirlioglu
    Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey
    Int Orthop 33:533-6. 2009
    ..who developed painful neuroma requiring surgical excision after lower limb amputation following landmine explosions. This retrospective study analyses the results of 75 patients who were treated for painful neuroma after lower ..
  33. pmc Suicide bombing attacks: Can external signs predict internal injuries?
    Gidon Almogy
    Department of Surgery and Trauma Unit, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Ann Surg 243:541-6. 2006
    ..To report the distribution and types of injuries in victims of suicide bombing attacks and to identify external signs that would guide triage and initial management...
  34. ncbi Trauma from tire and rim explosions: A retrospective analysis
    Robert S Sheperd
    University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Dental School, Newark, NJ, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 62:36-8. 2004
    The purpose of this study is to review injuries occurring as a result of tire and rim explosions treated at a level I trauma center.
  35. ncbi Medical management of disasters and mass casualties from terrorist bombings: how can we cope?
    Eric R Frykberg
    Department of Surgery, University of Florida Health Science Center, and Division of General Surgery, Shands Jacksonville Medical Center, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
    J Trauma 53:201-12. 2002
  36. ncbi Bomb explosions in acts of terrorism--detonation, wound ballistics, triage and medical concerns
    Yoram Kluger
    Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Isr Med Assoc J 5:235-40. 2003
  37. ncbi Symptoms and related functioning in a traumatized community
    Bellis van den Berg
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Arch Intern Med 165:2402-7. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and course of symptoms reported by disaster survivors and to assess whether the symptoms have features similar to those of medically unexplained symptoms...
  38. ncbi Management and analysis of out-of-hospital health-related responses to simultaneous railway explosions in Madrid, Spain
    Ana Miquel Gómez
    Madrid Health Service, Mostoles, Madrid, Spain
    Eur J Emerg Med 14:247-55. 2007
    On 11 March 2004, 10 simultaneous explosions at four different locations of the rail network in Madrid caused 198 deaths and 2312 persons were injured...
  39. pmc The World Trade Center attack. Lessons for disaster management
    R Simon
    Jacobi Medical Center, New York, USA
    Crit Care 5:318-20. 2001
    ..Much can be learned from the events of 11 September 2001. Natural and unnatural disasters will happen again, so it is critical that these lessons be learned. Proper preparation will undoubtedly save lives and resources...
  40. ncbi Biological foreign body implantation in victims of the London July 7th suicide bombings
    James Min Leong Wong
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, The Royal London Hospital, United Kingdom
    J Trauma 60:402-4. 2006
    ..of July 7, 2005, a co-ordinated attack by suicide bombers on the London public transport system resulted in four explosions at densely packed civilian targets...
  41. ncbi The modern "deck-slap" injury--calcaneal blast fractures from vehicle explosions
    Arul Ramasamy
    Imperial Blast Biomechanics and Biophysics Group, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
    J Trauma 71:1694-8. 2011
    ..Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the pattern of injury, medical management, and functional outcome of UK Service Personnel sustaining calcaneal injuries from under-vehicle explosions.
  42. ncbi A longitudinal comparative study of the physical and mental health problems of affected residents of the firework disaster Enschede, The Netherlands
    L Grievink
    Centre for Environmental Health Research, National Institute for Public Health and Environment RIVM, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Public Health 121:367-74. 2007
    ..Study questions were: (1) did the health status change over this period; and (2) how is the health status 18 months after the disaster compared with controls?..
  43. ncbi Experimental study of blast-induced traumatic brain injury using a physical head model
    Jiangyue Zhang
    Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 53:215-27. 2009
    ..These quantitative results also served as the validation and calibration data for computer simulation models of blast brain injuries...
  44. ncbi Can external signs of trauma guide management?: Lessons learned from suicide bombing attacks in Israel
    Gidon Almogy
    Department of Surgery and Trauma Unit, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Arch Surg 140:390-3. 2005
    ..Following a suicide bombing attack, scores of victims suffering from a combination of blast injury, penetrating injury, and burns are brought to local hospitals...
  45. ncbi Mechanism-of-injury approach to evaluating patients with blast-related polytrauma
    Steven G Scott
    US Department of Veterans Affairs, James A Haley Veterans Hospital, Tampa, FL 33612 4745, USA
    J Am Osteopath Assoc 106:265-70. 2006
    ....
  46. ncbi Blast lung injury: clinical manifestations, treatment, and outcome
    Vered Avidan
    Department of Surgery, Sharee Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Surg 190:927-31. 2005
    ..Yet, many surgeons and intensivists have little experience treating BLI. Jerusalem sustained 31 TBAs since 1983, resulting in a local expertise in treating BLI...
  47. pmc The World Trade Center attack. Doctors in the fire and police services
    C Martinez
    Deputy Chief Surgeon, Police Department City of New York, New York, USA
    Crit Care 5:304-6. 2001
    ..This article recounts the roles played by the two coauthors during the World Trade Center attack...
  48. ncbi Ocular fireworks injuries. Clinical features and visual outcome
    S K Arya
    Department of Ophthalmology, Govt Medical College, Chandigarh, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 49:189-90. 2001
    ..Twenty two (52%) patients had to be admitted for the management of their ocular injuries...
  49. pmc 11 March 2004: The terrorist bomb explosions in Madrid, Spain--an analysis of the logistics, injuries sustained and clinical management of casualties treated at the closest hospital
    J Peral Gutierrez de Ceballos
    Intensive Care Service, Gregorio Marañón University General Hospital, Madrid, Spain
    Crit Care 9:104-11. 2005
    At 07:39 on 11 March 2004, 10 terrorist bomb explosions occurred almost simultaneously in four commuter trains in Madrid, Spain, killing 177 people instantly and injuring more than 2000...
  50. ncbi Establishing remediation levels in response to a radiological dispersal event (or "dirty bomb")
    Deborah Elcock
    Argonne National Laboratory, Environmental Assessment Division, 955 L Enfant Plaza, SW, Suite 6000, Washington, DC 20024, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 38:2505-12. 2004
    ....
  51. pmc The World Trade Center attack. The paramedic response: an insider's view
    L Cook
    FDNY EMS Division Two, Bronx, New York, USA
    Crit Care 5:301-3. 2001
    ..The importance of an incident command system and the Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment, and the need for fixed Casualty Collection Points, is explained...
  52. pmc The World Trade Center attack. Observations from New York's Bellevue Hospital
    J D Roccaforte
    Department of Anesthesiology, Bellevue Hospital Center, New York, USA
    Crit Care 5:307-9. 2001
    ..5 miles (4 km) from the site of the attack. These first-hand observations and this analysis may aid in future preparations. Key issues described relate to communication, organization, injuries treated, staffing, and logistics...
  53. ncbi Managing mild casualties in mass-casualty incidents: lessons learned from an aborted terrorist attack
    Yuval H Bloch
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Prehosp Disaster Med 22:181-5. 2007
    ..The unique profile of injuries allows for the examination of the medical and operational aspects of the management of mild casualties...
  54. ncbi Blast injuries
    Kobi Peleg
    N Engl J Med 352:2651-3; author reply 2651-3. 2005
  55. ncbi The London attacks--aftermath: Victimhood and resilience
    Simon Wessely
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London
    N Engl J Med 353:548-50. 2005
  56. ncbi Distribution of casualties in a mass-casualty incident with three local hospitals in the periphery of a densely populated area: lessons learned from the medical management of a terrorist attack
    Yuval H Bloch
    Home Front Command Medical Department, Israel
    Prehosp Disaster Med 22:186-92. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to identify the lessons learned from the medical response to a terrorist attack that occurred on 05 December 2005, in Netanya, a small Israeli city...
  57. ncbi The London attacks--response: Prehospital and hospital care
    Julian Redhead
    Accident and Emergency Department, St Mary s Hospital, London
    N Engl J Med 353:546-7. 2005
  58. pmc In-hospital resource utilization during multiple casualty incidents
    Sharon Einav
    Intensive Care Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Ann Surg 243:533-40. 2006
    ..To suggest guidelines for hospital organization during terror-related multiple casualty incidents (MCIs) based on the experience of 6 level I trauma centers...
  59. ncbi The London attacks--preparedness: Terrorism and the medical response
    Jim Ryan
    University College London
    N Engl J Med 353:543-5. 2005
  60. ncbi The London attacks--a chronicle: Improvising in an emergency
    Peter J P Holden
    N Engl J Med 353:541-3. 2005
  61. ncbi London bombings July 2005: the immediate pre-hospital medical response
    D J Lockey
    London Helicopter Emergency Medical Service, Royal London Hospital, London E1 1BB, UK
    Resuscitation 66:ix-xii. 2005
    ..From the perspective of the London Helicopter Emergency Medical Service the deployment, difficulties on scene and the initial lessons learned are discussed...
  62. ncbi The radiological management of bomb blast injury
    S S Hare
    Department of Radiology, St Mary s Hospital, London, UK
    Clin Radiol 62:1-9. 2007
    ..This review also discusses the role of radiology in the management and planning for a mass casualty terrorist incident and the optimal deployment of radiographic services during such an event...
  63. ncbi Impact of the terrorist bombings of the Hong Kong Shanghai Bank Corporation headquarters and the British Consulate on two hospitals in Istanbul, Turkey, in November 2003
    Ulkumen Rodoplu
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Alsancak State Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
    J Trauma 59:195-201. 2005
    ....
  64. ncbi Facing the new threats of terrorism: radiologists' perspectives based on experience in Israel
    Jacob Sosna
    Department of Radiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Hebrew University Medical School, POB 12000, Jerusalem, Israel IL 91120
    Radiology 237:28-36. 2005
    ....
  65. ncbi The role of the maxillofacial surgeon in the initial 48 h following a terrorist attack
    Simon Holmes
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, First Floor John Harrison House, Phillpott St, Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel E1 1BB, UK
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 43:375-82. 2005
    On 7 July 2005 there were four explosions in central London, three almost synchronously and a fourth within an hour. The Royal London Hospital received 208 casualties and the Hospital Major Incident Plan was put into action...
  66. ncbi Suicide bombing injuries: the Jerusalem experience of exceptional tissue damage posing a new challenge for the reconstructive surgeon
    Dean D Ad-El
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Unit, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, Israel
    Plast Reconstr Surg 118:383-7; discussion 388-9. 2006
    ..A single bomber carrying a handbag or belt containing multiple metal objects and explosives carried out most of the attacks. As a result, many of the victims suffered massive tissue destruction in addition to conventional blast injuries...
  67. ncbi Critical care delivery: the experience of a civilian terrorist attack
    P J Shirley
    Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London, E1 1BB
    J R Army Med Corps 152:17-21. 2006
    ..The Defence Medical Services have tri-service representation (both regular and reserve) at the RLH in Emergency Medicine and Pre-hospital Care, Surgical Services and Intensive Care Medicine...
  68. ncbi Medical and psychiatric casualties caused by conventional and radiological (dirty) bombs
    Ryan C W Hall
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 28:242-8. 2006
    ..This paper reviews the physical and psychiatric consequences of high explosive and radiological (dirty) bombs, and makes recommendations for the psychiatric management of bombing victims...
  69. ncbi [Emergency procedures for taking care of the victims of bomb attacks: logistical and medical aspects]
    R W M Giard
    Medisch Centrum Rijnmond Zuid, locatie Clara, afd Klinische Pathologie, Postbus 9119, 3007 AC Rotterdam
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 150:1497-502. 2006
    ..Most terrorist attacks are carried out with explosives. This results in many victims and in cases of explosions in closed or semi-closed areas, often results in complex medical problems in many of the victims...
  70. ncbi Mass casualty management after a suicidal terrorist attack on a religious procession in Quetta, Pakistan
    Zaka Ullah Malik
    Department of Orthopaedics, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 16:253-6. 2006
    ....
  71. ncbi Terror-related injuries: a comparison of gunshot wounds versus secondary-fragments-induced injuries from explosives
    Nadav Sheffy
    Department of Anesthesiology, Rabin Medical Center Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikva, Israel
    J Am Coll Surg 203:297-303. 2006
    ....
  72. ncbi Terrorist homicide bombings: a primer for preparation
    James Crabtree
    Emergency Medical Services Agency, Commerce, California 90022 5152, USA
    J Burn Care Res 27:576-88. 2006
    ..The medical basis for management of such casualties is herein described...
  73. ncbi The Bali bombings and the evolving mental health response to disaster in Australia: lessons from Darwin
    W M Guscott
    Top End Mental Health Service, Parap, NT, Australia
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 14:239-42. 2007
    ....
  74. pmc Suicide bombing attacks: can external signs predict internal injuries?
    Michael Muggia-Sullam
    Ann Surg 245:502. 2007
  75. ncbi Aeromonas infection in critically ill burn patients
    Harvey Chim
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
    Burns 33:756-9. 2007
    ..Continued vigilance is essential to detect infection early, even in the absence of a suggestive history, with adequate debridement and appropriate antibiotic therapy...
  76. ncbi Civilian preparedness and counter-terrorism: conventional weapons
    Edward B Lucci
    Emergency and Operational Medicine, Building 2, Room 1B09, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 6900 Georgia Avenue, Washington, DC 20307, USA
    Surg Clin North Am 86:579-600. 2006
    ..The chaos produced from these weapons can be greatly reduced with prior planning, response practice, and realization by the entire medical community of the need to participate in preparation for these devastating events...
  77. ncbi The United States twenty-year experience with bombing incidents: implications for terrorism preparedness and medical response
    G Bobby Kapur
    Institute for International Emergency Medicine and Health, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    J Trauma 59:1436-44. 2005
    ..Terrorist bombings remain a significant threat in the United States. However, minimal longitudinal data exists regarding the medical and public health impact because of bombings...
  78. ncbi A methodology for assessing blast protection in explosive ordnance disposal bomb suits
    Cameron R Dale Bass
    University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
    Int J Occup Saf Ergon 11:347-61. 2005
    ..Correlations between injury risk assessments based on past human or animal injury model data and various parameters such as bomb suit mass, projected area, and dummy coverage area were drawn...
  79. ncbi Forensic findings from the Nairobi U.S. Embassy terrorist bombing
    A Y Kalebi
    International Academy of Pathology Fellow, University of the Witwatersrand National Health Laboratory Services, P O Box 1038, Johannesburg, 2000, South Africa
    East Afr Med J 83:380-8. 2006
    ..The 1998 terrorist bombing of the US-Embassy in Nairobi resulted in the highest number of civilian deaths ever recorded from a single urban terrorist bombing in global history...
  80. ncbi Management of victims in a mass casualty incident caused by a terrorist bombing: treatment algorithms for stable, unstable, and in extremis victims
    Ricardo Alfici
    Surgery B Department, Trauma Unit, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, POB 169, Hadera 38100, Israel
    Mil Med 171:1155-62. 2006
    ..Due to the complex mechanism of injury seen in these scenarios, treatment of victims injured by explosions is somewhat different from that exercised in blunt and penetrating trauma from other causes...
  81. pmc Suicide bombers form a new injury profile
    Limor Aharonson-Daniel
    Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Ann Surg 244:1018-23. 2006
    Recent explosions of suicide bombers introduced new and unique profiles of injury. Explosives frequently included small metal parts, increasing severity of injuries, challenging both physicians and healthcare systems...
  82. ncbi July 7 bombings: one year on
    Sarah Harrison
    Nurs Stand 20:18-9. 2006
  83. ncbi KAMEDO Report 90: terrorist attacks in Madrid, Spain, 2004
    Roger Bolling
    Prehosp Disaster Med 22:252-7. 2007
    ..Each of these descriptions is discussed in terms of what currently is known and the implications for future planning, preparedness, and response...
  84. ncbi Fatal and non-fatal injuries among U.S. Air Force personnel resulting from the terrorist bombing of the Khobar Towers
    Donald Thompson
    Current Operations Division, United States Northern Command, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA
    J Trauma 57:208-15. 2004
    ..This report documents the injuries following an estimated 20K bomb at the Khobar Towers military compound in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia...
  85. ncbi Mass-casualty victim "surge" management. Preparing for bombings and blast-related injuries with possibility of hazardous materials exposure
    Harry W Severance
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Surgery, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, USA
    N C Med J 63:242-6. 2002
    ..To avoid a total, overwhelming break down of in-hospital resources, hospitals need to assume a lead role in addressing such issues in their local communities...
  86. ncbi Disaster management following explosion
    B R Sharma
    Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
    Am J Disaster Med 3:113-9. 2008
    b>Explosions and bombings remain the most common deliberate cause of disasters involving large numbers of casualties, especially as instruments of terrorism...
  87. ncbi [Mass casualties after an explosion]
    M Stein
    Department of Surgery, Rabin Medical Center Beilinson Campus, Petach Tikva, Israel
    Unfallchirurg 106:802-10. 2003
    ..Barotrauma of the lung and multiple, seemingly superficial injuries often only emerge later as life-threatening and lead to the paralysis of intensive care and surgical capacity...
  88. ncbi Primary blast injury: update on diagnosis and treatment
    Amber E Ritenour
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:S311-7. 2008
    Injuries from combat and terrorist explosions are increasing worldwide...
  89. ncbi Suicide bomber response
    August Vernon
    Office of Emergency Management, Winston Salem Forsyth County, USA
    JEMS 29:84. 2004
  90. ncbi Picking up the pieces
    Edward Owen
    Emerg Nurse 12:4-5. 2004
  91. ncbi Lessons learnt from explosive attacks
    S E Harrisson
    Dstl Porton Down
    J R Army Med Corps 153:278-82. 2007
  92. ncbi Post-traumatic stress after terrorist attack: psychological reactions following the US embassy bombing in Nairobi: Naturalistic study
    Frank G Njenga
    Department of Psychiatry, Upper Hill Medical Centre, Nairobi, Kenya
    Br J Psychiatry 185:328-33. 2004
    ..Most studies of post-traumatic stress disorder following terrorist attacks are of small samples in industrialised nations and take place months or years after the incident...
  93. ncbi Mass-casualty terrorist bombings in Istanbul, Turkey, November 2003: report of the events and the prehospital emergency response
    Ulkumen Rodoplu
    Emergency Medicine Association of Turkey, Izmir, Turkey
    Prehosp Disaster Med 19:133-45. 2004
    ..This paper describes the two mass-casualty, terrorist attacks that occurred in Istanbul, Turkey in November 2003, and the resulting pre-hospital emergency response...
  94. ncbi [Injury patterns in bombings]
    A O Paul
    Chirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik Klinikum Innenstadt der Universität München
    MMW Fortschr Med 150:42-3. 2008
  95. ncbi The otologic consequences of the Omagh bomb disaster
    Ian S M Miller
    Otolaryngology Department, Tyrone County Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 126:127-8. 2002
    ..The goal of the study was to compare the spontaneous healing rate for traumatic perforation of the tympanic membrane sustained in the Omagh bomb disaster with that of previous reports in the literature...
  96. ncbi Terror in the 21st century: milestones and prospects--part II
    Gidon Almogy
    Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
    Curr Probl Surg 44:566-619. 2007
  97. ncbi The Bali burn disaster: implications and lessons learned
    Peter J Kennedy
    Burns Unit, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, Australia
    J Burn Care Rehabil 26:125-31. 2005
    ....
  98. ncbi Why suicide bombing...is now all the rage
    Amanda Ripley
    Time 159:32-9. 2002
  99. ncbi Emergency health and risk management in sub-saharan Africa: a lesson from the embassy bombings in Tanzania and Kenya
    Zoanne A Clack
    Emory University, Department of Emergency Medicine
    Prehosp Disaster Med 17:59-66. 2002
    ..Also, an emergency medicine-based strategy for injury control and prevention is proposed. Implications of implementing such a protocol in developing nations also are discussed...
  100. ncbi Prediction of the occurrence and intensity of post-traumatic stress disorder in victims 32 months after bomb attack
    Louis Jehel
    Unité de psychiatrie et psychotraumatisme, CHU Tenon AP HP, 4 rue de la Chine, 75970 Paris Cedex 20, France
    Eur Psychiatry 18:172-6. 2003
    ..Our objective was to identify factors that predict occurrence and severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a terrorism attack...
  101. ncbi The special injury pattern in terrorist bombings
    Yoram Kluger
    Department of Surgery B, Rambam Medical Center, Rapaport School of Medicine, Technion, The Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
    J Am Coll Surg 199:875-9. 2004
    ..Our objective was to characterize and compare terror-bombing victims with casualties of all other kinds of trauma, and to validate the existence of a different, more complex, injury pattern...

Research Grants48

  1. Ionic Liquid Gas Sensors for Detection of Flammable Gases In Workplace
    Xiangqun Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..technology for occupational safety and health that could enable personnel in gas facilities and mines to prevent explosions or fires, save lives, avoid injuries, and protect billions of dollars worth of assets...
  2. Utilization of calcite for the reduction of coal mine dust toxicity
    Xi Huang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    In the coal industry, calcite (CaCO3) is widely used to prevent explosions, treat acid mine drainage, and absorb acid rain components such as sulfur dioxide released during combustion...
  3. Essential Features of Neural Damage in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    Scott R Sponheim; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..provided by applicant): Although protective armor and acute medical intervention allow soldiers to survive explosions, a growing number of veterans will have disability stemming from blast-related brain damage...
  4. Viscoelastic Properties of Human Facial Skin
    MARK WILLIAM BEATTY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Research to Veterans Healthcare Issues OEF/OIF veterans are returning with disfiguring head injuries caused by explosions, and older veterans undergo disfiguring surgery to treat head and neck cancer...
  5. p75NTR Ligands for Treament of Traumatic Brain Injury
    Stephen M Massa; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..TBIs) constitute a significant and growing percentage of injuries in the veteran population;sequelae of explosions, motor vehicle accidents and falls...
  6. Autonomous Electromechanical Gas Detection Microsystem for Mine Safety
    Xiangqun Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will measure all gases linked to fires and explosions (CH4, CO, CO2, O2) as well as hazardous exhaust gases (NO, NO2, SO2)...
  7. Lessons Learned: Sago & Darby Disasters - The Missing Component in SCSR Training
    CHRISTOPHER T HELD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Since 2006 there have been three major catastrophic mine explosions in the United States resulting in nineteen fatalities...
  8. Blast Wave Effects: Hearing, Memory, Therapy
    Richard J Salvi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Blast wave explosions are a major cause of hearing loss among military personnel, but blasts can also induce traumatic brain injury and impair memory...
  9. Phase II: Advanced Personal Gas Detectors for Mining Applications
    DMITRI ROUTKEVITCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The risk of explosions in underground mines due to the presence of combustible gases is severe...
  10. Contribution of blast wave components to mild traumatic brain injury
    DEXTER VINCENT RENEER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Freedom (OIF/OEF) and is also increasingly frequent in civilians as a result of industrial and terrorist explosions. The mechanisms by which blast shockwaves contribute to bTBI is being investigated using both large and small ..
  11. Risk assessment training for methamphetamine lab responders
    WILLIAM D AGGEN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Most meth labs are discovered when fires, explosions, or medical emergencies are reported to authorities...
  12. EXPLOSION HAZARDS RELATED TO COMBUSTIBLE DUSTS
    CHARLES KAUFFMAN; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Acute traumatic injuries result from dust explosions in the work place to employees and customers...
  13. ELECTRICAL ARC INJURY PARAMETERS AND PREVENTION
    MARY CAPELLI SCHELLPFEFFER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of reported days away from work due to electrical burns, electrocution/electrical shock injuries, and fires and explosions; the Census of Fatal Injuries noted 548 employees died from the causes of electrical current exposure, fires and ..
  14. Advanced Personal Gas Detectors for Mining Applications
    DMITRI ROUTKEVITCH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Abstract The risk of explosions in underground mines due to the presence of combustible gases is severe...
  15. STRESS & MENTAL HEALTH EFFECTS OF PETROCHEMICAL DISASTER
    Andrew Baum; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Workers at refineries and petrochemical plants who have been victimized by explosions and fires in their work settings constitute an understudied disaster population...
  16. Antistatic Paint with Silent Discharge
    Joel Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Long term Objectives: Proposed is an anti-static paint which can be used to alleviate danger from fires and explosions that are initiated by static discharge...
  17. Ultrasound Based Multimodal Imaging System for Guiding Cardiac Ablation Therapy
    Patrick Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Excess energy delivery leads to significant morbidity causing micro-explosions within the tissue and collateral tissue damage with potentially fatal complications...
  18. Child & Family Disaster Research Training & Education
    Betty Pfefferbaum; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..6) To design a modular, multidisciplinary research-training curriculum on child and family disaster mental health incorporating modern principles of public mental health and a scientifically informed developmental psychopathology model. ..
  19. RCT Methylphenidate & Memory/Attention Training in Traumatic Brain Injury
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Further, it will help to clarify underlying neural mechanisms and suggest additional treatment possibilities. ..
  20. Role of Candidate Alleles in Cognitive Outcome After TBI
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Detecting Axonal Damage After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    Jeffrey Bazarian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  22. Eliciting Truly Informed Consent
    William Hendee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Integrity of the Pulmonary Blood-Gas Barrier
    John West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, at the more basic level, this research is devoted to a fundamental biological dilemma of the lung, namely how the blood-gas barrier combines extreme thinness with immense strength. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. DOPAMINERGIC MODULATION WORKING MEMORY TBI--FMRI STUDY
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Performance and fMRI visualized activation of WM circuitry will be characterized at baseline (on placebo) and following administration of a dopamine agonist. ..
  25. Virtual Reality Treatment of PTSD and Substance Abuse
    JoAnn Difede; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This project will focus on the use of the configurable virtual reality environments in the treatment of chronic PTSD following the World Trade Center (WTC) attack of September 11, 2001. ..
  26. Epidemiology of Traumatic Brain Injury
    Jeffrey Bazarian; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  27. Hearing Therapies for the Future
    Gabrielle Saunders; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S. population over the age of 65 years, and most (83%) individuals over the age of 70 years. By targeting NIHL, therefore, this conference has potential to benefit all Americans. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Companion Microphones: Increased SNR for 3+ talkers
    MEAD KILLION; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In addition, a subjective value rating will provide a practical check on the utility of these developments. ..
  29. Reducing pesticide exposures to farmworker children.
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  30. Effect of Biomechanical Force Exposure on Cognition & Brain Activation in Student
    Thomas McAllister; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Impact parameters will be directly measured using helmet-based accelerometer units. ..
  31. Biometrical Modeling of Fertility Using the NLSY
    JOSEPH RODGERS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Potential moderators/mediators include education, family structure, and quality of the family environment. ..
  32. Genetic damage in the sperm and blood of workers exposed to benzene
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Lastly, this study is one of the first to investigate the relative sensitivities of sperm and blood cells to chromosomal defects induced by benzene. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. BLOODBORNE EXPOSURE MANAGEMENT
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This study will identify barriers to appropriate implementation of the Guidelines and allow us to focus our energies and resources on specific improvements in order to minimize the risk of infection to exposed employees. ..
  34. Biochemical Markers of Traumatic Brain Injury
    STEVEN ANDREW ROBICSEK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  35. Mental Health Consequences of Bioterrorism
    Carol North; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. Innovative HCW Training: Infectious Disease Risk
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results of this study may have important implications for effective health and safety training for nurses. ..
  37. Bloodborne Pathogen Risk in Home Healthcare Workers
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will improve our understanding of the risks facing home health care workers and allow us to focus our risk management energies and resources appropriately. ..
  38. Endocrine Disruptors and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will provide the first data on exposure and health effects of ED pesticides in a highly exposed population, complete the exposure profile of CHAMACOS children, and target interventions to reduce child exposures. ..
  39. PBDEs, DDT and Neurodevelopment in School-Aged Mexican-American Children
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  40. 9/11: Persistent Mental Health Impact on WTC Survivors
    Carol North; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..They will inform the development and implementation of interventions aimed at restoration of individuals to fuller function in the post disaster workplace and at home with their families. ..
  41. Psychosocial outcome after chemical incidents
    Lisa Page; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..g., presence of an odour and media coverage) and other social factors. Multi level modeling will be used to assess the relative importance of these diverse factors. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. HOMELESS DRUG ABUSE--SERVICE USE, COSTS, CONSEQUENCES
    Carol North; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Structural characteristics (organizational, management, and financing) data will be collected from service agencies at baseline to examine their impact on service use. ..
  43. BBP EXPOSURE AND RISK FACTORS IN NON-HOSPITAL BASED HCWS
    Robyn Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study will improve our understanding of the risks facing non-hospital HCWs and allow us to focus our energies and resources appropriately. ..
  44. Feasibility and Effects of Preventive Home Visits
    Malcolm Cutchin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The intervention could be made widely available, and it could prevent greater costs associated with acute and long-term care of the rapidly growing older adult population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Health Concordance in Older Mexican American Couples
    MARY PEEK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Structural equation modeling will be used for model estimation on three waves of data (1993-94 -1998/9.) ..
  46. Psychoeducation for HCV and Alcohol Behaviors
    Carol S North; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..HCV-PERF has the potential for major positive impact on the HCV population to save lives, reduce costs, and improve medical outcomes. ..