- Maintaining physical therapy standards in an emergency situation: solutions after the Bali bombing disaster
Burns Unit, Royal Perth Hospital, Wellington Street, GPO Box X2213, Perth, WA 6847, Australia
Burns 31:555-7. 2005
..Individual patient input was achieved with routine outcome measures and workload statistics. Workforce expansion, maintenance of treatment quality, and other practical initiatives used in order to achieve this goal are discussed...
- Explosions and radioactive material: a primer for responders
Jeffrey W Runge
Biologue, Inc, McLean, Virginia, USA
Prehosp Emerg Care 13:407-19. 2009
..Key questions are posed that present the need for operational and tactical planning, equipping, and training around this scenario. Decontamination priorities and potential medical management are discussed for both victims and responders...
- Simulation of blast-induced early-time intracranial wave physics leading to traumatic brain injury
Paul A Taylor
Department of Penetration Systems, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA
J Biomech Eng 131:061007. 2009
- Relationship of serum TCDD concentrations and age at exposure of female residents of Seveso, Italy
School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720 7380, USA
Environ Health Perspect 112:22-7. 2004
..As a consequence, previous SWHS studies that considered only TCDD exposure may have underestimated health effects due to total TEQ concentrations...
- No neurochemical evidence of brain injury after blast overpressure by repeated explosions or firing heavy weapons
Clinical Neurochemistry Laboratory, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, the Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
Acta Neurol Scand 123:245-51. 2011
..Psychiatric and neurological symptoms are common among soldiers exposed to blast without suffering a direct head injury. It is not known whether such symptoms are direct consequences of blast overpressure...
- Posttraumatic stress two years after the Oklahoma City bombing in youths geographically distant from the explosion
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, P O Box 26901, Williams Pavilion, Room 3470, Oklahoma City, OK 73190 3048, USA
Psychiatry 63:358-70. 2000
..These findings suggest that children geographically distant from disaster who have not directly experienced an interpersonal loss report PTSD symptoms and functional impairment associated with increased media exposure and indirect loss...
- Seveso Women's Health Study: a study of the effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on reproductive health
School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 94720 7360, USA
Chemosphere 40:1247-53. 2000
..Serum samples are now being analyzed in order to relate TCDD levels with the remaining reproductive outcomes...
- Injuries from explosions: physics, biophysics, pathology, and required research focus
Howard R Champion
Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
J Trauma 66:1468-77; discussion 1477. 2009
b>Explosions cause more complex and multiple forms of damage than any other wounding agent, are the leading cause of death on the battlefield, and are often used by terrorists...
- [Firework injuries in Denmark in the period 1995/1996 to 2006/2007]
Odense Universitetshospital, Ulykkes Analyse Gruppen og Håndkirurgisk Sektor, ortopaedkirurgisk afdeling
Ugeskr Laeger 169:4271-5. 2007
..The purpose of this study was to observe the occurrence and character of firework injuries on the two days around New Year in Denmark over the last decade...
- Mechanisms of injury by explosive devices
Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield, S5 7AU, UK
Anesthesiol Clin 25:147-60, x. 2007
..The pathophysiology of the various mechanisms of injury is described, and the implications for translating a knowledge of mechanism of injury to clinical management is discussed...
- In the shadow of terror: posttraumatic stress and psychiatric co-morbidity following bombing in Iraq: the role of shattered world assumptions and altered self-capacities
Fuaad Mohammed Freh
Faculty of Health, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom
J Psychiatr Res 47:215-25. 2013
..Civilians' perceptions of their ability to control events in the world and regulate their affect had a short term impact on the severity of these symptoms...
- The health and economic impact of fireworks-related injuries in Iran: a household survey following the New Year's Festival in Tehran
Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Injury 41:e28-33. 2010
..The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of fireworks-related injuries associated with the Last Wednesday Eve Festival, in Tehran, Iran...
- Firework-related injuries in Tehran's Persian Wednesday Eve Festival (Chaharshanbe Soori)
Department of Surgery, Amir Alam Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
J Emerg Med 40:340-5. 2011
..Fireworks are the leading cause of injuries such as burns and amputations during the Persian Wednesday Eve Festival (Chaharshanbeh Soori)...
- Serum dioxin concentrations and menstrual cycle characteristics
School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
Am J Epidemiol 156:383-92. 2002
..16 days, 95% CI: -0.08, 0.41). These results are consistent with effects of TCDD on ovarian function noted in some animal species and with greater sensitivity to TCDD during development...
- Blast-related traumatic brain injury: what is known?
Katherine H Taber
Veterans Affairs Mid Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Salisbury, North Carolina, USA
J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 18:141-5. 2006
- Community based cognitive therapy in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder following the Omagh bomb
Community Trauma and Recovery Team, The Bridge Centre, Omagh, Northern Ireland, UK
Behav Res Ther 40:345-57. 2002
..Patients who were physically injured improved less than those who were not physically injured. Overall, the results indicate that the positive findings obtained in research settings generalize well to a frontline, non-selective service...
- Serum dioxin concentrations and age at menopause
School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
Environ Health Perspect 113:858-62. 2005
..04). These results suggest a nonmonotonic dose-related association with increasing risk of earlier menopause up to about 100 ppt TCDD, but not above...
- Blast injuries
Ralph G DePalma
Medical Surgical Group, Office of Patient Care Services, Veterans Health Administration, Washington, DC 20420, USA
N Engl J Med 352:1335-42. 2005
- Measurement of blast wave by a miniature fiber optic pressure transducer in the rat brain
Trauma and Resuscitative Medicine Department, Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, MD 20910, United States
J Neurosci Methods 159:277-81. 2007
..Short pressure waves lasting several ms were detected inside the brain with the magnitude that might result in nervous tissue damage...
- Physical and mental health shortly after a disaster: first results from the Enschede firework disaster study
Irene van Kamp
Centre for Environmental Health Research MGO, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Eur J Public Health 16:253-9. 2006
..Two to three weeks after the explosion of a fireworks storage facility in a residential area (May 2000, Enschede, The Netherlands) we assessed the self-reported physical and mental health among those affected by the disaster...
- Suicide bombing attacks: update and modifications to the protocol
Trauma Unit and Department of Surgery, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
Ann Surg 239:295-303. 2004
..To review the experience of a large-volume trauma center in managing and treating casualties of suicide bombing attacks...
- The Persian Wednesday Eve Festival "Charshanbe-Soori" fireworks eye injuries: a case series
Mohammad Reza Mansouri
Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Ophthalmic Epidemiol 14:17-24. 2007
..To describe the clinical spectrum and severity of eye injuries sustained during the Persian Wednesday Eve Festival "Charshanbe-Soori" and to identify the fireworks devices involved...
- Psychiatric disorders among survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing
C S North
School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
JAMA 282:755-62. 1999
..The Oklahoma City, Okla, bombing is particularly significant for the study of mental health sequelae of trauma because its extreme magnitude and scope have been predicted to render profound psychiatric effects on survivors...
- Smoking as a risk factor for mental health disturbances after a disaster: a prospective comparative study
Peter G van der Velden
Institute for Psychotrauma, Zaltbommel, The Netherlands
J Clin Psychiatry 68:87-92. 2007
..To assess whether smoking is a(n) (independent) risk factor for mental health problems among adult disaster victims and among a nonexposed comparison group...
- Explosions and blast injuries
J M Wightman
Center for Disaster and Humanitarian Assistance Medicine, Department of Military and Emergency Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814 4799, USA
Ann Emerg Med 37:664-78. 2001
Powerful explosions have the potential to inflict many different types of injuries on victims, some of which may be initially occult. Flying debris and high winds commonly cause conventional blunt and penetrating trauma...
- Firework-related childhood injuries in Greece: a national problem
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Athens University Medical School, 75 M Asias Street, Goudi, P O Box 115 27, Athens, Greece
Burns 30:151-3. 2004
..A sharp peak in spring was noted, when the Greek Orthodox Easter is celebrated. Illicitly sold fireworks caused most injuries, but in eight instances homemade firecrackers were responsible...
- Burns sustained in combat explosions in Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF explosion burns)
David S Kauvar
United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
Burns 32:853-7. 2006
..Many OIF/OEF burns result from the enemy's detonation of explosives. We reviewed these to evaluate mission impact and provide recommendations for improved combat burn protection. Data were compared to those from the Vietnam War...
- Nationwide longitudinal study of psychological responses to September 11
Roxane Cohen Silver
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, 3340 Social Ecology II, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 7085, USA
JAMA 288:1235-44. 2002
..The September 11, 2001, attacks against the United States provide a unique opportunity to examine longitudinally the process of adjustment to a traumatic event on a national scale...
- Risk factors for psychological and physical health problems after a man-made disaster. Prospective study
Anja J E Dirkzwager
Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Br J Psychiatry 189:144-9. 2006
..There are few prospective studies on risk factors for health problems after disasters in which actual pre-disaster health data are available...
- Surgical lessons learned from suicide bombing attacks
Department of Surgery and Trauma Unit, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
J Am Coll Surg 202:313-9. 2006
- Gunshot and explosion injuries: characteristics, outcomes, and implications for care of terror-related injuries in Israel
Center for Trauma and Emergency Medicine Research, Gertner Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
Ann Surg 239:311-8. 2004
..An increase of terror-related activities may necessitate treatment of mass casualty incidents, requiring a broadening of existing skills and knowledge of various injury mechanisms...
- Painful neuroma requiring surgical excision after lower limb amputation caused by landmine explosions
Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey
Int Orthop 33:533-6. 2009
..who developed painful neuroma requiring surgical excision after lower limb amputation following landmine explosions. This retrospective study analyses the results of 75 patients who were treated for painful neuroma after lower ..
- Suicide bombing attacks: Can external signs predict internal injuries?
Department of Surgery and Trauma Unit, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
Ann Surg 243:541-6. 2006
..To report the distribution and types of injuries in victims of suicide bombing attacks and to identify external signs that would guide triage and initial management...
- Trauma from tire and rim explosions: A retrospective analysis
Robert S Sheperd
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Dental School, Newark, NJ, USA
J Oral Maxillofac Surg 62:36-8. 2004
The purpose of this study is to review injuries occurring as a result of tire and rim explosions treated at a level I trauma center.
- Medical management of disasters and mass casualties from terrorist bombings: how can we cope?
Eric R Frykberg
Department of Surgery, University of Florida Health Science Center, and Division of General Surgery, Shands Jacksonville Medical Center, Jacksonville, Florida, USA
J Trauma 53:201-12. 2002
- Bomb explosions in acts of terrorism--detonation, wound ballistics, triage and medical concerns
Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
Isr Med Assoc J 5:235-40. 2003
- Symptoms and related functioning in a traumatized community
Bellis van den Berg
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Arch Intern Med 165:2402-7. 2005
..The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and course of symptoms reported by disaster survivors and to assess whether the symptoms have features similar to those of medically unexplained symptoms...
- Management and analysis of out-of-hospital health-related responses to simultaneous railway explosions in Madrid, Spain
Ana Miquel Gómez
Madrid Health Service, Mostoles, Madrid, Spain
Eur J Emerg Med 14:247-55. 2007
On 11 March 2004, 10 simultaneous explosions at four different locations of the rail network in Madrid caused 198 deaths and 2312 persons were injured...
- The World Trade Center attack. Lessons for disaster management
Jacobi Medical Center, New York, USA
Crit Care 5:318-20. 2001
..Much can be learned from the events of 11 September 2001. Natural and unnatural disasters will happen again, so it is critical that these lessons be learned. Proper preparation will undoubtedly save lives and resources...
- Biological foreign body implantation in victims of the London July 7th suicide bombings
James Min Leong Wong
Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, The Royal London Hospital, United Kingdom
J Trauma 60:402-4. 2006
..of July 7, 2005, a co-ordinated attack by suicide bombers on the London public transport system resulted in four explosions at densely packed civilian targets...
- The modern "deck-slap" injury--calcaneal blast fractures from vehicle explosions
Imperial Blast Biomechanics and Biophysics Group, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
J Trauma 71:1694-8. 2011
..Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the pattern of injury, medical management, and functional outcome of UK Service Personnel sustaining calcaneal injuries from under-vehicle explosions.
- A longitudinal comparative study of the physical and mental health problems of affected residents of the firework disaster Enschede, The Netherlands
Centre for Environmental Health Research, National Institute for Public Health and Environment RIVM, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Public Health 121:367-74. 2007
..Study questions were: (1) did the health status change over this period; and (2) how is the health status 18 months after the disaster compared with controls?..
- Experimental study of blast-induced traumatic brain injury using a physical head model
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
Stapp Car Crash J 53:215-27. 2009
..These quantitative results also served as the validation and calibration data for computer simulation models of blast brain injuries...
- Can external signs of trauma guide management?: Lessons learned from suicide bombing attacks in Israel
Department of Surgery and Trauma Unit, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
Arch Surg 140:390-3. 2005
..Following a suicide bombing attack, scores of victims suffering from a combination of blast injury, penetrating injury, and burns are brought to local hospitals...
- Mechanism-of-injury approach to evaluating patients with blast-related polytrauma
Steven G Scott
US Department of Veterans Affairs, James A Haley Veterans Hospital, Tampa, FL 33612 4745, USA
J Am Osteopath Assoc 106:265-70. 2006
- Blast lung injury: clinical manifestations, treatment, and outcome
Department of Surgery, Sharee Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
Am J Surg 190:927-31. 2005
..Yet, many surgeons and intensivists have little experience treating BLI. Jerusalem sustained 31 TBAs since 1983, resulting in a local expertise in treating BLI...
- The World Trade Center attack. Doctors in the fire and police services
Deputy Chief Surgeon, Police Department City of New York, New York, USA
Crit Care 5:304-6. 2001
..This article recounts the roles played by the two coauthors during the World Trade Center attack...
- Ocular fireworks injuries. Clinical features and visual outcome
S K Arya
Department of Ophthalmology, Govt Medical College, Chandigarh, India
Indian J Ophthalmol 49:189-90. 2001
..Twenty two (52%) patients had to be admitted for the management of their ocular injuries...
- 11 March 2004: The terrorist bomb explosions in Madrid, Spain--an analysis of the logistics, injuries sustained and clinical management of casualties treated at the closest hospital
J Peral Gutierrez de Ceballos
Intensive Care Service, Gregorio Marañón University General Hospital, Madrid, Spain
Crit Care 9:104-11. 2005
At 07:39 on 11 March 2004, 10 terrorist bomb explosions occurred almost simultaneously in four commuter trains in Madrid, Spain, killing 177 people instantly and injuring more than 2000...
- Establishing remediation levels in response to a radiological dispersal event (or "dirty bomb")
Argonne National Laboratory, Environmental Assessment Division, 955 L Enfant Plaza, SW, Suite 6000, Washington, DC 20024, USA
Environ Sci Technol 38:2505-12. 2004
- The World Trade Center attack. The paramedic response: an insider's view
FDNY EMS Division Two, Bronx, New York, USA
Crit Care 5:301-3. 2001
..The importance of an incident command system and the Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment, and the need for fixed Casualty Collection Points, is explained...
- The World Trade Center attack. Observations from New York's Bellevue Hospital
J D Roccaforte
Department of Anesthesiology, Bellevue Hospital Center, New York, USA
Crit Care 5:307-9. 2001
..5 miles (4 km) from the site of the attack. These first-hand observations and this analysis may aid in future preparations. Key issues described relate to communication, organization, injuries treated, staffing, and logistics...
- Managing mild casualties in mass-casualty incidents: lessons learned from an aborted terrorist attack
Yuval H Bloch
Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Prehosp Disaster Med 22:181-5. 2007
..The unique profile of injuries allows for the examination of the medical and operational aspects of the management of mild casualties...
- Blast injuries
N Engl J Med 352:2651-3; author reply 2651-3. 2005
- The London attacks--aftermath: Victimhood and resilience
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London
N Engl J Med 353:548-50. 2005
- Distribution of casualties in a mass-casualty incident with three local hospitals in the periphery of a densely populated area: lessons learned from the medical management of a terrorist attack
Yuval H Bloch
Home Front Command Medical Department, Israel
Prehosp Disaster Med 22:186-92. 2007
..The objective of this study was to identify the lessons learned from the medical response to a terrorist attack that occurred on 05 December 2005, in Netanya, a small Israeli city...
- The London attacks--response: Prehospital and hospital care
Accident and Emergency Department, St Mary s Hospital, London
N Engl J Med 353:546-7. 2005
- In-hospital resource utilization during multiple casualty incidents
Intensive Care Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
Ann Surg 243:533-40. 2006
..To suggest guidelines for hospital organization during terror-related multiple casualty incidents (MCIs) based on the experience of 6 level I trauma centers...
- The London attacks--preparedness: Terrorism and the medical response
University College London
N Engl J Med 353:543-5. 2005
- The London attacks--a chronicle: Improvising in an emergency
Peter J P Holden
N Engl J Med 353:541-3. 2005
- London bombings July 2005: the immediate pre-hospital medical response
D J Lockey
London Helicopter Emergency Medical Service, Royal London Hospital, London E1 1BB, UK
Resuscitation 66:ix-xii. 2005
..From the perspective of the London Helicopter Emergency Medical Service the deployment, difficulties on scene and the initial lessons learned are discussed...
- The radiological management of bomb blast injury
S S Hare
Department of Radiology, St Mary s Hospital, London, UK
Clin Radiol 62:1-9. 2007
..This review also discusses the role of radiology in the management and planning for a mass casualty terrorist incident and the optimal deployment of radiographic services during such an event...
- Impact of the terrorist bombings of the Hong Kong Shanghai Bank Corporation headquarters and the British Consulate on two hospitals in Istanbul, Turkey, in November 2003
Department of Emergency Medicine, Alsancak State Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
J Trauma 59:195-201. 2005
- Facing the new threats of terrorism: radiologists' perspectives based on experience in Israel
Department of Radiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Hebrew University Medical School, POB 12000, Jerusalem, Israel IL 91120
Radiology 237:28-36. 2005
- The role of the maxillofacial surgeon in the initial 48 h following a terrorist attack
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, First Floor John Harrison House, Phillpott St, Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel E1 1BB, UK
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 43:375-82. 2005
On 7 July 2005 there were four explosions in central London, three almost synchronously and a fourth within an hour. The Royal London Hospital received 208 casualties and the Hospital Major Incident Plan was put into action...
- Suicide bombing injuries: the Jerusalem experience of exceptional tissue damage posing a new challenge for the reconstructive surgeon
Dean D Ad-El
Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Unit, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, Israel
Plast Reconstr Surg 118:383-7; discussion 388-9. 2006
..A single bomber carrying a handbag or belt containing multiple metal objects and explosives carried out most of the attacks. As a result, many of the victims suffered massive tissue destruction in addition to conventional blast injuries...
- Critical care delivery: the experience of a civilian terrorist attack
P J Shirley
Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, London, E1 1BB
J R Army Med Corps 152:17-21. 2006
..The Defence Medical Services have tri-service representation (both regular and reserve) at the RLH in Emergency Medicine and Pre-hospital Care, Surgical Services and Intensive Care Medicine...
- Medical and psychiatric casualties caused by conventional and radiological (dirty) bombs
Ryan C W Hall
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 28:242-8. 2006
..This paper reviews the physical and psychiatric consequences of high explosive and radiological (dirty) bombs, and makes recommendations for the psychiatric management of bombing victims...
- [Emergency procedures for taking care of the victims of bomb attacks: logistical and medical aspects]
R W M Giard
Medisch Centrum Rijnmond Zuid, locatie Clara, afd Klinische Pathologie, Postbus 9119, 3007 AC Rotterdam
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 150:1497-502. 2006
..Most terrorist attacks are carried out with explosives. This results in many victims and in cases of explosions in closed or semi-closed areas, often results in complex medical problems in many of the victims...
- Mass casualty management after a suicidal terrorist attack on a religious procession in Quetta, Pakistan
Zaka Ullah Malik
Department of Orthopaedics, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 16:253-6. 2006
- Terror-related injuries: a comparison of gunshot wounds versus secondary-fragments-induced injuries from explosives
Department of Anesthesiology, Rabin Medical Center Beilinson Campus, Petah Tikva, Israel
J Am Coll Surg 203:297-303. 2006
- Terrorist homicide bombings: a primer for preparation
Emergency Medical Services Agency, Commerce, California 90022 5152, USA
J Burn Care Res 27:576-88. 2006
..The medical basis for management of such casualties is herein described...
- The Bali bombings and the evolving mental health response to disaster in Australia: lessons from Darwin
W M Guscott
Top End Mental Health Service, Parap, NT, Australia
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 14:239-42. 2007
- Suicide bombing attacks: can external signs predict internal injuries?
Ann Surg 245:502. 2007
- Aeromonas infection in critically ill burn patients
Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
Burns 33:756-9. 2007
..Continued vigilance is essential to detect infection early, even in the absence of a suggestive history, with adequate debridement and appropriate antibiotic therapy...
- Civilian preparedness and counter-terrorism: conventional weapons
Edward B Lucci
Emergency and Operational Medicine, Building 2, Room 1B09, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 6900 Georgia Avenue, Washington, DC 20307, USA
Surg Clin North Am 86:579-600. 2006
..The chaos produced from these weapons can be greatly reduced with prior planning, response practice, and realization by the entire medical community of the need to participate in preparation for these devastating events...
- The United States twenty-year experience with bombing incidents: implications for terrorism preparedness and medical response
G Bobby Kapur
Institute for International Emergency Medicine and Health, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
J Trauma 59:1436-44. 2005
..Terrorist bombings remain a significant threat in the United States. However, minimal longitudinal data exists regarding the medical and public health impact because of bombings...
- A methodology for assessing blast protection in explosive ordnance disposal bomb suits
Cameron R Dale Bass
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22902, USA
Int J Occup Saf Ergon 11:347-61. 2005
..Correlations between injury risk assessments based on past human or animal injury model data and various parameters such as bomb suit mass, projected area, and dummy coverage area were drawn...
- Forensic findings from the Nairobi U.S. Embassy terrorist bombing
A Y Kalebi
International Academy of Pathology Fellow, University of the Witwatersrand National Health Laboratory Services, P O Box 1038, Johannesburg, 2000, South Africa
East Afr Med J 83:380-8. 2006
..The 1998 terrorist bombing of the US-Embassy in Nairobi resulted in the highest number of civilian deaths ever recorded from a single urban terrorist bombing in global history...
- Management of victims in a mass casualty incident caused by a terrorist bombing: treatment algorithms for stable, unstable, and in extremis victims
Surgery B Department, Trauma Unit, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, POB 169, Hadera 38100, Israel
Mil Med 171:1155-62. 2006
..Due to the complex mechanism of injury seen in these scenarios, treatment of victims injured by explosions is somewhat different from that exercised in blunt and penetrating trauma from other causes...
- Suicide bombers form a new injury profile
Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Tel Hashomer, Israel
Ann Surg 244:1018-23. 2006
Recent explosions of suicide bombers introduced new and unique profiles of injury. Explosives frequently included small metal parts, increasing severity of injuries, challenging both physicians and healthcare systems...
- July 7 bombings: one year on
Nurs Stand 20:18-9. 2006
- KAMEDO Report 90: terrorist attacks in Madrid, Spain, 2004
Prehosp Disaster Med 22:252-7. 2007
..Each of these descriptions is discussed in terms of what currently is known and the implications for future planning, preparedness, and response...
- Fatal and non-fatal injuries among U.S. Air Force personnel resulting from the terrorist bombing of the Khobar Towers
Current Operations Division, United States Northern Command, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA
J Trauma 57:208-15. 2004
..This report documents the injuries following an estimated 20K bomb at the Khobar Towers military compound in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia...
- Mass-casualty victim "surge" management. Preparing for bombings and blast-related injuries with possibility of hazardous materials exposure
Harry W Severance
Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Surgery, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, USA
N C Med J 63:242-6. 2002
..To avoid a total, overwhelming break down of in-hospital resources, hospitals need to assume a lead role in addressing such issues in their local communities...
- Disaster management following explosion
B R Sharma
Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
Am J Disaster Med 3:113-9. 2008
b>Explosions and bombings remain the most common deliberate cause of disasters involving large numbers of casualties, especially as instruments of terrorism...
- [Mass casualties after an explosion]
Department of Surgery, Rabin Medical Center Beilinson Campus, Petach Tikva, Israel
Unfallchirurg 106:802-10. 2003
..Barotrauma of the lung and multiple, seemingly superficial injuries often only emerge later as life-threatening and lead to the paralysis of intensive care and surgical capacity...
- Primary blast injury: update on diagnosis and treatment
Amber E Ritenour
Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
Crit Care Med 36:S311-7. 2008
Injuries from combat and terrorist explosions are increasing worldwide...
- Suicide bomber response
Office of Emergency Management, Winston Salem Forsyth County, USA
JEMS 29:84. 2004
- Picking up the pieces
Emerg Nurse 12:4-5. 2004
- Lessons learnt from explosive attacks
S E Harrisson
Dstl Porton Down
J R Army Med Corps 153:278-82. 2007
- Post-traumatic stress after terrorist attack: psychological reactions following the US embassy bombing in Nairobi: Naturalistic study
Frank G Njenga
Department of Psychiatry, Upper Hill Medical Centre, Nairobi, Kenya
Br J Psychiatry 185:328-33. 2004
..Most studies of post-traumatic stress disorder following terrorist attacks are of small samples in industrialised nations and take place months or years after the incident...
- Mass-casualty terrorist bombings in Istanbul, Turkey, November 2003: report of the events and the prehospital emergency response
Emergency Medicine Association of Turkey, Izmir, Turkey
Prehosp Disaster Med 19:133-45. 2004
..This paper describes the two mass-casualty, terrorist attacks that occurred in Istanbul, Turkey in November 2003, and the resulting pre-hospital emergency response...
- [Injury patterns in bombings]
A O Paul
Chirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik Klinikum Innenstadt der Universität München
MMW Fortschr Med 150:42-3. 2008
- The otologic consequences of the Omagh bomb disaster
Ian S M Miller
Otolaryngology Department, Tyrone County Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 126:127-8. 2002
..The goal of the study was to compare the spontaneous healing rate for traumatic perforation of the tympanic membrane sustained in the Omagh bomb disaster with that of previous reports in the literature...
- Terror in the 21st century: milestones and prospects--part II
Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
Curr Probl Surg 44:566-619. 2007
- The Bali burn disaster: implications and lessons learned
Peter J Kennedy
Burns Unit, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, Australia
J Burn Care Rehabil 26:125-31. 2005
- Why suicide bombing...is now all the rage
Time 159:32-9. 2002
- Emergency health and risk management in sub-saharan Africa: a lesson from the embassy bombings in Tanzania and Kenya
Zoanne A Clack
Emory University, Department of Emergency Medicine
Prehosp Disaster Med 17:59-66. 2002
..Also, an emergency medicine-based strategy for injury control and prevention is proposed. Implications of implementing such a protocol in developing nations also are discussed...
- Prediction of the occurrence and intensity of post-traumatic stress disorder in victims 32 months after bomb attack
Unité de psychiatrie et psychotraumatisme, CHU Tenon AP HP, 4 rue de la Chine, 75970 Paris Cedex 20, France
Eur Psychiatry 18:172-6. 2003
..Our objective was to identify factors that predict occurrence and severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a terrorism attack...
- The special injury pattern in terrorist bombings
Department of Surgery B, Rambam Medical Center, Rapaport School of Medicine, Technion, The Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
J Am Coll Surg 199:875-9. 2004
..Our objective was to characterize and compare terror-bombing victims with casualties of all other kinds of trauma, and to validate the existence of a different, more complex, injury pattern...