disasters

Summary

Top Publications

  1. pmc The combined effect of drought stress and heat shock on gene expression in tobacco
    Ludmila Rizhsky
    Department of Biology, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel
    Plant Physiol 130:1143-51. 2002
  2. ncbi Post-traumatic stress disorder following disasters: a systematic review
    Y Neria
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Psychol Med 38:467-80. 2008
  3. ncbi 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981-2001
    Fran H Norris
    Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Psychiatry 65:207-39. 2002
  4. pmc Plant breeding and drought in C3 cereals: what should we breed for?
    J L Araus
    Unitat de Fisiologia Vegetal, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Ann Bot 89:925-40. 2002
  5. ncbi Longitudinal study of earthquake-related PTSD in a randomly selected community sample in north China
    X Wang
    Institute of Mental Health, Beijing Medical University, China
    Am J Psychiatry 157:1260-6. 2000
  6. ncbi Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety among adolescents following the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China
    Fang Fan
    Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, China
    J Trauma Stress 24:44-53. 2011
  7. pmc Improved response to disasters and outbreaks by tracking population movements with mobile phone network data: a post-earthquake geospatial study in Haiti
    Linus Bengtsson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS Med 8:e1001083. 2011
  8. pmc Epidemics after natural disasters
    John T Watson
    Disease Control in Humanitarian Emerfencies, Communicable Disease Cluster, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1-5. 2007
  9. ncbi Mental disorders, psychological symptoms and quality of life 8 years after an earthquake: findings from a community sample in Italy
    Stefan Priebe
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Newham Centre for Mental Health, Queen Mary University of London, London E13 8SP, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 46:615-21. 2011
  10. ncbi Infectious diseases following natural disasters: prevention and control measures
    Isidore K Kouadio
    United Nations University International Institute for Global Health, UKM Hospital Complex, Jalan Jaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, Cheras 56000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 10:95-104. 2012

Detail Information

Publications380 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The combined effect of drought stress and heat shock on gene expression in tobacco
    Ludmila Rizhsky
    Department of Biology, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel
    Plant Physiol 130:1143-51. 2002
    ..Therefore, improving stress tolerance of plants and crops may require a reevaluation, taking into account the effect of multiple stresses on plant metabolism and defense...
  2. ncbi Post-traumatic stress disorder following disasters: a systematic review
    Y Neria
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Psychol Med 38:467-80. 2008
    b>Disasters are traumatic events that may result in a wide range of mental and physical health consequences. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is probably the most commonly studied post-disaster psychiatric disorder...
  3. ncbi 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981-2001
    Fran H Norris
    Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Psychiatry 65:207-39. 2002
    ..g., terrorism, shooting sprees) rather than natural or technological disasters. Most samples of rescue and recovery workers showed remarkable resilience...
  4. pmc Plant breeding and drought in C3 cereals: what should we breed for?
    J L Araus
    Unitat de Fisiologia Vegetal, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Ann Bot 89:925-40. 2002
    ..Alternatively, extending the duration of stem elongation without changing the timing of anthesis would increase the number of grains per spike and the harvest index without changing the amount of water utilized by the crop...
  5. ncbi Longitudinal study of earthquake-related PTSD in a randomly selected community sample in north China
    X Wang
    Institute of Mental Health, Beijing Medical University, China
    Am J Psychiatry 157:1260-6. 2000
    ..The effects of diagnostic criteria on the frequency of detected PTSD were also examined...
  6. ncbi Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety among adolescents following the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China
    Fang Fan
    Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, China
    J Trauma Stress 24:44-53. 2011
    ..Implications of findings on intervention and prevention of mental health problems among adolescents after experiencing earthquake disasters are discussed.
  7. pmc Improved response to disasters and outbreaks by tracking population movements with mobile phone network data: a post-earthquake geospatial study in Haiti
    Linus Bengtsson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS Med 8:e1001083. 2011
    Population movements following disasters can cause important increases in morbidity and mortality. Without knowledge of the locations of affected people, relief assistance is compromised...
  8. pmc Epidemics after natural disasters
    John T Watson
    Disease Control in Humanitarian Emerfencies, Communicable Disease Cluster, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1-5. 2007
    The relationship between natural disasters and communicable diseases is frequently misconstrued...
  9. ncbi Mental disorders, psychological symptoms and quality of life 8 years after an earthquake: findings from a community sample in Italy
    Stefan Priebe
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Newham Centre for Mental Health, Queen Mary University of London, London E13 8SP, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 46:615-21. 2011
    Various studies assessed mental disorders and psychological symptoms following natural disasters, including earthquakes...
  10. ncbi Infectious diseases following natural disasters: prevention and control measures
    Isidore K Kouadio
    United Nations University International Institute for Global Health, UKM Hospital Complex, Jalan Jaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, Cheras 56000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 10:95-104. 2012
    Natural disasters may lead to infectious disease outbreaks when they result in substantial population displacement and exacerbate synergic risk factors (change in the environment, in human conditions and in the vulnerability to existing ..
  11. ncbi Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder among adult survivors three months after the Sichuan earthquake in China
    Li Wang
    Key Laboratory of Mental Health, and the Psychological Crisis Intervention Center, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    J Trauma Stress 22:444-50. 2009
    ....
  12. ncbi The epidemiology of post-traumatic stress disorder after disasters
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 27:78-91. 2005
  13. pmc Psychological distress among Bam earthquake survivors in Iran: a population-based study
    Ali Montazeri
    Department of Social Medicine, Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research, Tehran, Iran
    BMC Public Health 5:4. 2005
    ..A study was carried out to assess psychological distress among Bam earthquake survivors and factors associated with severe mental health in those who survived the tragedy...
  14. pmc Airborne mold and endotoxin concentrations in New Orleans, Louisiana, after flooding, October through November 2005
    Gina M Solomon
    Natural Resources Defense Council, San Francisco, California, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1381-6. 2006
    ..The hurricanes and flooding in New Orleans, Louisiana, in October and November 2005 resulted in damp conditions favorable to the dispersion of bioaerosols such as mold spores and endotoxin...
  15. pmc Risk factors for depression in the survivors of the 1988 earthquake in Armenia
    Haroutune K Armenian
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Urban Health 79:373-82. 2002
    Most studies of psychopathology following disasters are concerned with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  16. pmc Mental health problems among children one-year after Sichuan earthquake in China: a follow-up study
    Mingxin Liu
    Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    PLoS ONE 6:e14706. 2011
    ..The main purpose of the study was to provide a better understanding of mental health problems and associated risk factors among children after earthquake...
  17. ncbi Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression among children in tsunami-affected areas in southern Thailand
    Warunee Thienkrua
    Thailand Ministry of Public Health US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    JAMA 296:549-59. 2006
    ..The tsunami that followed severely impacted all 6 southwestern provinces of Thailand, where approximately 20,000 children were directly affected...
  18. ncbi Construct validation of the Dutch version of the impact of event scale
    Eleonore van der Ploeg
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Psychol Assess 16:16-26. 2004
    ..The construct validity was assessed by using confirmatory factor analyses. Outcomes revealed a robust structure over the various samples, generally supporting the composition of the original IES...
  19. ncbi Overview of deaths associated with natural events, United States, 1979-2004
    Maria T F Thacker
    Division of Health Studies, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Disasters 32:303-15. 2008
    ..Most deaths associated with natural events are preventable and society can take action to decrease the morbidity and mortality connected with them...
  20. ncbi Predictors of psychological distress in survivors of the 1999 earthquakes in Turkey: effects of relocation after the disaster
    C Kilic
    Department of Psychiatry, Izzet Baysal Medical School, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 114:194-202. 2006
    Relocations after disasters are known to cause added distress in survivors. This study examined the effects of migration and other factors on psychological status of survivors 4 years after the two severe earthquakes in Turkey.
  21. ncbi Children's and parents' posttraumatic stress reactions after the 2004 tsunami
    Grete Dyb
    Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Oslo, Norway
    Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 16:621-34. 2011
    ..In assessments of trauma-related consequences and in therapeutic work with children clinicians need to expand the focus to include their parents and family...
  22. ncbi Overexpression of a Panax ginseng tonoplast aquaporin alters salt tolerance, drought tolerance and cold acclimation ability in transgenic Arabidopsis plants
    Yanhui Peng
    Department of Horticulture, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Planta 226:729-40. 2007
    ....
  23. ncbi Financial and social circumstances and the incidence and course of PTSD in Mississippi during the first two years after Hurricane Katrina
    Sandro Galea
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:357-68. 2008
    ..Postdisaster interventions that aim to improve manipulable stressors after these events may influence the onset and course of PTSD...
  24. ncbi Before and after the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake: traumatic events and depressive symptoms in an older population
    Christopher L Seplaki
    Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Wallace Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:3121-32. 2006
    Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, can have deleterious consequences for physical and psychological health...
  25. ncbi Three decades of disasters: a review of disaster-specific literature from 1977-2009
    Erin Smith
    Monash University, Department of Community Emergency, Melbourne, Australia
    Prehosp Disaster Med 24:306-11. 2009
    The potential for disasters exists in all communities. To mitigate the potential catastrophes that confront humanity in the new millennium, an evidence-based approach to disaster management is required urgently...
  26. ncbi Over-time changes in PTSD and depression among children surviving the 1999 Istanbul earthquake
    Aysel Eksi
    Institute of Child Health, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18:384-91. 2009
    ..To follow-up on child and adolescent victims with full criteria of PTSD and depression, and to examine the impact of treatment...
  27. pmc Who died as a result of the tsunami? Risk factors of mortality among internally displaced persons in Sri Lanka: a retrospective cohort analysis
    Nobuyuki Nishikiori
    Research Center for Tropical Infectious Diseases, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
    BMC Public Health 6:73. 2006
    ..This study aimed to describe the mortality and related risk factors which affected the displaced population over a period of two and a half months after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in an eastern coastal district of Sri Lanka...
  28. ncbi How does arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis regulate root hydraulic properties and plasma membrane aquaporins in Phaseolus vulgaris under drought, cold or salinity stresses?
    Ricardo Aroca
    Departamento de Microbiologia del Suelo y Sistemas Simbioticos, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, CSIC, C Profesor Alabareda 1, 18008, Granada, Spain
    New Phytol 173:808-16. 2007
    ..Differential expression of the PIP genes studied under each stress depending on the AM fungal presence may indicate a specific function and regulation by the AM symbiosis of each gene under the specific conditions of each stress tested...
  29. pmc Arabidopsis CBF3/DREB1A and ABF3 in transgenic rice increased tolerance to abiotic stress without stunting growth
    Se Jun Oh
    Division of Bioscience and Bioinformatics, Myongji University, Yongin 449 728, Korea
    Plant Physiol 138:341-51. 2005
    ....
  30. pmc Social network disruption as a major factor associated with psychological distress 3 years after the 2004 Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake in Japan
    Mari Oyama
    Division of Social and Environmental Medicine, Department of Community Preventive Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 1 757 Asahimachi dori, Chuo Ku, Niigata 951 8510, Japan
    Environ Health Prev Med 17:118-23. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with psychological distress in people living in a town at the epicenter 3 years after the earthquake...
  31. ncbi Depression and PTSD symptoms among bereaved adolescents 6(1/2) years after the 1988 Spitak earthquake
    Armen K Goenjian
    UCLA Duke University National Center for Child Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Los Angeles, CA 90064, USA
    J Affect Disord 112:81-4. 2009
    ..To compare depression and PTSD symptoms of parentally bereaved adolescents and a comparison group after a catastrophic natural disaster...
  32. pmc Indoor environmental exposures for children with asthma enrolled in the HEAL study, post-Katrina New Orleans
    L Faye Grimsley
    School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:1600-6. 2012
    ..Rain and flooding from Hurricane Katrina resulted in widespread growth of mold and bacteria and production of allergens in New Orleans, Louisiana, which may have led to increased exposures and morbidity in children with asthma...
  33. pmc The Head-off Environmental Asthma in Louisiana (HEAL) study--methods and study population
    Patricia C Chulada
    Clinical Research Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:1592-9. 2012
    ..In the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, and surrounding parishes (NOLA), children with asthma were perilously impacted by Hurricane Katrina as a result of disrupted health care, high home mold and allergen levels, and high stress...
  34. ncbi Full and partial PTSD among earthquake survivors in rural Taiwan
    Te Jen Lai
    Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University and Department of Psychiatry, Chung Shan Medical Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
    J Psychiatr Res 38:313-22. 2004
    ..In conclusion, PTSD and PTSS are commonly observed following earthquake exposure and are associated with similarly high levels of psychosocial impairment...
  35. ncbi Prevalence and consequences of disaster-related illness and injury from Hurricane Ike
    Fran H Norris
    Dartmouth Medical School, and National Center for Disaster Mental Health Research, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Rehabil Psychol 55:221-30. 2010
    To explore the extent to which disasters may be a source of injury and disability in community populations, we examined the prevalence and short-term consequences of disaster-related illness and injury for distress, disability, and ..
  36. pmc A prospective population based study of changes in alcohol use and binge drinking after a mass traumatic event
    Magdalena Cerda
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 115:1-8. 2011
    ..Disaster-related exposures may have a particularly strong impact among individuals with a history of social and economic adversity, widening preexisting health disparities...
  37. ncbi Prevalence and predictors of posttraumatic growth among adult survivors one year following 2008 Sichuan earthquake
    Jiuping Xu
    Uncertainty Decision Making Laboratory, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610064, PR, China
    J Affect Disord 133:274-80. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to explore prevalence and predictors of posttraumatic growth, including its relationship with PTSD symptoms among adult survivors of a severe earthquake...
  38. pmc Fructans, but not the sucrosyl-galactosides, raffinose and loliose, are affected by drought stress in perennial ryegrass
    Véronique Amiard
    Unité Mixte de Recherche Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique Université de Caen Basse Normandie, Laboratoire de Physiologie et Biochimie Végétales, Institut de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée, Universite, 14032 Caen Cedex, France
    Plant Physiol 132:2218-29. 2003
    ..Interestingly, Suc but not fructan concentrations greatly increased in drought-stressed roots. Putative roles of fructans and sucrosyl-galactosides are discussed in relation to the acquisition of stress tolerance...
  39. pmc Common components, networks, and pathways of cross-tolerance to stress. The central role of "redox" and abscisic acid-mediated controls
    Gabriela M Pastori
    Crop Performance and Improvement Division, IACR Rothamsted, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
    Plant Physiol 129:460-8. 2002
  40. ncbi The drought environment: physical, biological and agricultural perspectives
    John Passioura
    CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    J Exp Bot 58:113-7. 2007
    ..Choosing problems whose solutions will have implications in the field and be attractive to farmers requires knowledge of what is important in the field...
  41. ncbi Methodological challenges and contributions in disaster epidemiology
    Francesca Dominici
    Department of Biostatistics, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkinds University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 27:9-12. 2005
  42. ncbi Longitudinal linkages between perceived social support and posttraumatic stress symptoms: sequential roles of social causation and social selection
    Krzysztof Kaniasty
    Department of Psychology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA 15705, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:274-81. 2008
    ..Interpersonal and social dynamics of disasters may explain why these two contrasting causal mechanisms emerged over time.
  43. pmc Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholerae diarrhea, Bangladesh, 2004
    Firdausi Qadri
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1104-7. 2005
    ..ETEC that produced heat-stable enterotoxin alone was most prevalent, and 78% of strains had colonization factors. Like V. cholerae O1, ETEC can cause epidemic diarrhea...
  44. ncbi The continuing conundrum of the LEA proteins
    Alan Tunnacliffe
    Institute of Biotechnology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Naturwissenschaften 94:791-812. 2007
    ..The challenge now facing researchers investigating these enigmatic proteins is to make sense of the various in vitro defined functions in the living cell: Are the LEA proteins truly multi-talented, or are they still just misunderstood?..
  45. ncbi Arbuscular mycorrhizal influence on leaf water potential, solute accumulation, and oxidative stress in soybean plants subjected to drought stress
    Rosa Porcel
    Departamento de Microbiologia del Suelo y Sistemas Simbioticos, Estación Experimental del Zaidín CSIC, Profesor Albareda n 1, 18008 Granada, Spain
    J Exp Bot 55:1743-50. 2004
    ..This enabled higher leaf water potential in AM plants during drought and kept the plants protected against oxidative stress, and these cumulative effects increased the plant tolerance to drought...
  46. ncbi Prevalence, characteristics, and long-term sequelae of natural disaster exposure in the general population
    J Briere
    Department of Psychiatry and the Behavioral Sciences, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90033, USA
    J Trauma Stress 13:661-79. 2000
    ..M. Elliott, 1992). The lifetime self-reported prevalence of natural disasters in this sample was 22%...
  47. pmc Resilience to the health risks of extreme weather events in a changing climate in the United States
    Kristie L Ebi
    Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:4582-95. 2011
    ..Incorporating elements of adaptive management into public health practice, including a strong and explicit focus on iteratively managing risks, will increase effective management of climate change risks...
  48. pmc The Bhopal disaster and its aftermath: a review
    Edward Broughton
    Columbia University, Mailman School of Public Health, 600 W 168th St, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Environ Health 4:6. 2005
    ..Widespread environmental degradation with significant adverse human health consequences continues to occur throughout India...
  49. pmc Characterization of airborne molds, endotoxins, and glucans in homes in New Orleans after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita
    Carol Y Rao
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Mycotic Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS C09, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:1630-4. 2007
    ..The species and concentrations were different from those previously reported for non-water-damaged buildings in the southeastern United States...
  50. pmc How simple rules determine pedestrian behavior and crowd disasters
    Mehdi Moussaïd
    Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, Unite Mixte de Recherche 5169, Universite Paul Sabatier, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 9, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:6884-8. 2011
    With the increasing size and frequency of mass events, the study of crowd disasters and the simulation of pedestrian flows have become important research areas...
  51. ncbi Global health impacts of floods: epidemiologic evidence
    Mike Ahern
    Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    Epidemiol Rev 27:36-46. 2005
  52. ncbi Disaster epidemiology and medical response in the Chi-Chi earthquake in Taiwan
    N J Liang
    Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan
    Ann Emerg Med 38:549-55. 2001
    ..Epidemiologic analysis can guide disaster response and preparation...
  53. ncbi Posttraumatic stress reactions among children following the Athens earthquake of September 1999
    G Kolaitis
    Department of Child Psychiatry, Athens University Medical School, Aghia Sophia Children s Hospital, Thivon and Levadias Str 115, 27 Athens, Greece
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 12:273-80. 2003
    ....
  54. ncbi Posttraumatic stress disorder among adolescent earthquake victims in Taiwan
    Chia Chuang Hsu
    Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 41:875-81. 2002
    ..3 on the Richter scale) that occurred on September 21, 1999, in Taiwan...
  55. ncbi Social-ecological resilience to coastal disasters
    W Neil Adger
    Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 309:1036-9. 2005
    Social and ecological vulnerability to disasters and outcomes of any particular extreme event are influenced by buildup or erosion of resilience both before and after disasters occur...
  56. ncbi A prospective study of posttraumatic stress and depressive reactions among treated and untreated adolescents 5 years after a catastrophic disaster
    Armen K Goenjian
    UCLA Duke University National Center for Child Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:2302-8. 2005
    ....
  57. ncbi The University of California at Los Angeles Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index
    Alan M Steinberg
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90064, USA
    Curr Psychiatry Rep 6:96-100. 2004
    ..It has been broadly used across the US and around the world after major disasters and catastrophic violence as an integral component of public mental health response and recovery programs...
  58. pmc Plant nuclear factor Y (NF-Y) B subunits confer drought tolerance and lead to improved corn yields on water-limited acres
    Donald E Nelson
    Monsanto Company, 62 Maritime Drive, Mystic, CT 06355, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:16450-5. 2007
    ..These stress adaptations contribute to a grain yield advantage to maize under water-limited environments. The application of this technology has the potential to significantly impact maize production systems that experience drought...
  59. ncbi Long-term psychological outcome of 1999 Taiwan earthquake survivors: a survey of a high-risk sample with property damage
    Chin Hung Chen
    Department of Psychiatry, Tsao Tun Psychiatric Center, Nantou, Taiwan
    Compr Psychiatry 48:269-75. 2007
    Severe natural disasters can cause long-term psychological impact on the survivors...
  60. ncbi Monitoring the expression profiles of 7000 Arabidopsis genes under drought, cold and high-salinity stresses using a full-length cDNA microarray
    Motoaki Seki
    Plant Mutation Exploration Team, Plant Functional Genomics Research Group, RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center, 3 1 1 Koyadai, Tsukuba 305 0074, Japan
    Plant J 31:279-92. 2002
    ....
  61. ncbi Three-year follow-up study of the relationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms and quality of life among earthquake survivors in Yu-Chi, Taiwan
    Kuan Yi Tsai
    Community Medicine Research Center and Institute of Public Health, National Yang Ming University, Taiwan
    J Psychiatr Res 41:90-6. 2007
    ..To prospectively evaluate the relationship between the clinical course of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and quality of life (QOL) among Taiwan earthquake survivors for 3 years...
  62. ncbi Prevalence of psychiatric disorder following the 1988 Yun Nan (China) earthquake--the first 5-month period
    Hua Cao
    Department of Psychiatry, Flinders University of South Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:204-12. 2003
    There is a continuing need to examine the psychiatric impact of natural disasters for the development of an understanding of the determinants of morbid outcomes...
  63. pmc When defense pathways collide. The response of Arabidopsis to a combination of drought and heat stress
    Ludmila Rizhsky
    Department of Biology, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel
    Plant Physiol 134:1683-96. 2004
    ..Our results highlight the plasticity of the plant genome and demonstrate its ability to respond to complex environmental conditions that occur in the field...
  64. pmc Exposure to hurricane-related stressors and mental illness after Hurricane Katrina
    Sandro Galea
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:1427-34. 2007
    ..Uncertainty exists about the prevalence, severity, and correlates of mental disorders among people exposed to Hurricane Katrina...
  65. ncbi Communicable diseases in complex emergencies: impact and challenges
    Maire A Connolly
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 364:1974-83. 2004
    ..In addition, further research is needed to adapt and simplify interventions, and to explore novel diagnostics, vaccines, and therapies...
  66. ncbi Disasters and youth: a meta-analytic examination of posttraumatic stress
    Jami M Furr
    Department of Psychology, Boston University, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 78:765-80. 2010
    ..Meta-analyze the literature on posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms in youths post-disaster...
  67. ncbi The association between post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and the quality of life among Wenchuan earthquake survivors: the role of social support as a moderator
    Changyi Zhao
    Uncertainty Decision Making Laboratory, Sichuan University, No 24, South, Section 1 Yihuan Road, Chengdu, 610065, Sichuan, People s Republic of China
    Qual Life Res 22:733-43. 2013
    ..To examine the role of the three types of social support as possible moderating factors between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its relationship to two domains of the quality of life (QOL)...
  68. ncbi Consensus statements regarding the multidisciplinary care of limb amputation patients in disasters or humanitarian emergencies: report of the 2011 Humanitarian Action Summit Surgical Working Group on amputations following disasters or conflict
    Lisa Marie Knowlton
    Division of General Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    Prehosp Disaster Med 26:438-48. 2011
    Limb amputations are frequently performed as a result of trauma inflicted during conflict or disasters. As demonstrated during the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, coordinating care of these patients in austere settings is complex...
  69. ncbi Social support moderates posttraumatic stress and general distress after disaster
    Filip K Arnberg
    National Centre for Disaster Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Trauma Stress 25:721-7. 2012
    ..87, p = .42. The findings suggest that social support moderates the stressor-distress relationship after disasters. This study might help explain discrepant findings and point to refinements of postdisaster interventions.
  70. ncbi Psychological resilience after disaster: New York City in the aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attack
    George A Bonanno
    Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:181-6. 2006
    ..1% of the sample. Resilience was less prevalent among more highly exposed individuals, but the frequency of resilience never fell below one third even among the exposure groups with the most dramatic elevations in PTSD...
  71. ncbi Factors affecting functional outcome of Sichuan-earthquake survivors with tibial shaft fractures: a follow-up study
    Mingyue Xiao
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China
    J Rehabil Med 43:515-20. 2011
    ....
  72. ncbi Upper and lower respiratory diseases after occupational and environmental disasters
    David J Prezant
    Office of Medical Affairs, Fire Department of the City of New York FDNY, Brooklyn, NY, USA
    Mt Sinai J Med 75:89-100. 2008
    Respiratory consequences from occupational and environmental disasters are the result of inhalation exposures to chemicals, particulate matter (dusts and fibers) and/or the incomplete products of combustion that are often liberated ..
  73. ncbi Post-traumatic stress disorder and comorbid depression among survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey
    Ebru Salcioglu
    Section of Trauma Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, University of London, UK
    Disasters 31:115-29. 2007
    ..These results suggest that catastrophic earthquakes have long-term psychological consequences and highlight the need for a cost-effective mental health care model for earthquake survivors...
  74. ncbi Decreased gray matter volume in the left hippocampus and bilateral calcarine cortex in coal mine flood disaster survivors with recent onset PTSD
    Jian Zhang
    Department of Respiratory Medicine, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an, Shaanxi, 710032, China
    Psychiatry Res 192:84-90. 2011
    ..PTSD symptom severity was associated with gray matter density in calcarine cortex and hippocampus...
  75. ncbi Five essential elements of immediate and mid-term mass trauma intervention: empirical evidence
    Stevan E Hobfoll
    Summa Kent State University, Center for the Treatment and Study of Traumatic Stress, Akron, OH 44310, USA
    Psychiatry 70:283-315; discussion 316-69. 2007
    Given the devastation caused by disasters and mass violence, it is critical that intervention policy be based on the most updated research findings...
  76. ncbi Communication inequalities during Public Health disasters: Katrina's wake
    Kalahn Alexandra Taylor-Clark
    Economic Studies, Brookings Institution, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Health Commun 25:221-9. 2010
    ..This study provides implications for targeted public health emergency campaigns and future research to understand the effects of sociodemographic influences on communication inequalities and public health preparedness...
  77. ncbi Psychiatric disorders among disaster bereaved: an interview study of individuals directly or not directly exposed to the 2004 tsunami
    Pål Kristensen
    Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Depress Anxiety 26:1127-33. 2009
    ..This study examined the prevalence and predictors of mental disorders and psychological distress in bereaved individuals either directly or not directly exposed to the 2004 tsunami disaster...
  78. ncbi Looking for resilience: understanding the longitudinal trajectories of responses to stress
    Fran H Norris
    Dartmouth Medical School, Psychiatry NCPTSD, VA Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:2190-8. 2009
    ..delayed dysfunction, and chronic dysfunction trajectories were all possible in the aftermath of major disasters. Semi-parametric group-based modeling yielded the strongest evidence for resistance (no or mild and stable ..
  79. ncbi Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder in Sichuan Province, China after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake
    P Kun
    School of Medicine and Health Management, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hangkong Road, Wuhan 430030, PR China
    Public Health 123:703-7. 2009
    ..To estimate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and assess the associated risk factors among earthquake survivors in different areas after the Wenchuan earthquake in China...
  80. ncbi Missed dialysis sessions and hospitalization in hemodialysis patients after Hurricane Katrina
    Amanda H Anderson
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Los Angeles, USA
    Kidney Int 75:1202-8. 2009
    ..16 (95% CI: 1.05-4.43). These findings suggest that when preparing for future disasters more emphasis needs to be placed on patient awareness and early execution of emergency plans.
  81. pmc The association among gene expression responses to nine abiotic stress treatments in Arabidopsis thaliana
    William R Swindell
    Department of Probability and Statistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    Genetics 174:1811-24. 2006
    ..Analysis of this gene set indicated that cell rescue/defense/virulence, energy, and metabolism functional classes were overrepresented, providing novel insight into the functional basis of multiple stress tolerance in Arabidopsis...
  82. ncbi Health impacts of flooding in Lewes: a comparison of reported gastrointestinal and other illness and mental health in flooded and non-flooded households
    M Reacher
    Health Protection Agency, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ
    Commun Dis Public Health 7:39-46. 2004
    ..Associations with physical illnesses affirm the need for advice and assistance with individual, household and environmental hygiene and access to medical services...
  83. ncbi Rationing of resources: ethical issues in disasters and epidemic situations
    Janet Y Lin
    Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 24:215-21. 2009
    ....
  84. ncbi Long-term perspectives on posttraumatic growth in disaster survivors
    Katrine Høyer Holgersen
    Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    J Trauma Stress 23:413-6. 2010
    ..Although weaker associations were found for the past, concurrent problems in general mental health clearly coexisted with PTG decades after a disaster, yet mediated by IES...
  85. ncbi The impact of the 2003 heat wave on mortality in Shanghai, China
    Wei Huang
    Center for Environment and Health at Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, and College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, China
    Sci Total Environ 408:2418-20. 2010
    ..Our analysis showed that the 2003 heat wave had a substantial effect on mortality in Shanghai. Public health programs should be implemented to prevent heat wave-related health problems in the city...
  86. ncbi Genetics of drought adaptation in Arabidopsis thaliana: I. Pleiotropy contributes to genetic correlations among ecological traits
    J K McKay
    Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, USA
    Mol Ecol 12:1137-51. 2003
    ..These data suggest the correlated evolution of delta13C and flowering time is explained in part by the fixation of pleiotropic alleles that alter both delta13C and time to flowering...
  87. ncbi Longitudinal study of PTSD, depression, and quality of life among adolescents after the Parnitha earthquake
    Armen K Goenjian
    UCLA Duke University National Center for Child Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, CA, USA
    J Affect Disord 133:509-15. 2011
    ..To investigate the course of PTSD, depression, and current quality of life among adolescents 32-months after the 1999 Parnitha earthquake in Greece...
  88. ncbi Standardization of spirometry in assessment of responders following man-made disasters: World Trade Center worker and volunteer medical screening program
    Paul Enright
    The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    Mt Sinai J Med 75:109-14. 2008
    ..create substantial difficulties in using data pooled from multiple sites to understand health consequences of disasters that involve exposures to pulmonary toxins...
  89. ncbi Long-term biological effects of petroleum residues on fiddler crabs in salt marshes
    Jennifer B Culbertson
    Boston University Marine Program, Marine Biological Laboratory, 7 MBL Street, Woods Hole, MA, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 54:955-62. 2007
    ....
  90. ncbi Characteristics of medical surge capacity demand for sudden-impact disasters
    Samuel J Stratton
    University of California, Los Angeles, Center for Public Health and Disasters, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 13:1193-7. 2006
    To describe the characteristics of the demand for medical care during sudden-impact disasters, focusing on local U.S. communities and the initial phases of sudden-impact disasters.
  91. pmc Implementation of evidence-based asthma interventions in post-Katrina New Orleans: the Head-off Environmental Asthma in Louisiana (HEAL) study
    Herman Mitchell
    Rho Federal Systems Division, Inc, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27517, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:1607-12. 2012
    ..In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina created an environmental disaster that led to high levels of mold and other allergens and disrupted health care for children with asthma...
  92. pmc Differences in the determinants of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression after a mass traumatic event
    Melissa Tracy
    National Center for Disaster Mental Health Research, White River Junction, Vermont, USA
    Depress Anxiety 28:666-75. 2011
    ....
  93. ncbi The importance of estimating selection bias on prevalence estimates shortly after a disaster
    Linda Grievink
    Centre for Environmental Health Research, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Ann Epidemiol 16:782-8. 2006
    ..The aim was to study selective participation and its effect on prevalence estimates in a health survey of affected residents 3 weeks after a man-made disaster in The Netherlands (May 13, 2000)...
  94. ncbi Smoking as a risk factor for mental health disturbances after a disaster: a prospective comparative study
    Peter G van der Velden
    Institute for Psychotrauma, Zaltbommel, The Netherlands
    J Clin Psychiatry 68:87-92. 2007
    ..To assess whether smoking is a(n) (independent) risk factor for mental health problems among adult disaster victims and among a nonexposed comparison group...
  95. pmc Examining a comprehensive model of disaster-related posttraumatic stress disorder in systematically studied survivors of 10 disasters
    Carol S North
    Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System, Dallas, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:e40-8. 2012
    Using a comprehensive disaster model, we examined predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in combined data from 10 different disasters.
  96. ncbi The south Asian earthquake six months later--an ongoing crisis
    Richard J Brennan
    International Rescue Committee, New York, USA
    N Engl J Med 354:1769-71. 2006
  97. ncbi Tsunami lung
    Yoshihiro Inoue
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, Iwate Medical University, Uchimaru19 1, Morioka, Iwate 020 8505, Japan
    J Anesth 26:246-9. 2012
    ..The cause of tsunami lung may be a combination of chemical induced pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia...
  98. pmc Disability and health-related rehabilitation in international disaster relief
    Jan D Reinhardt
    International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine ISPRM, Rehabilitation Disaster Relief Committee, Assenede, Ghent, Belgium
    Glob Health Action 4:7191. 2011
    Natural disasters result in significant numbers of disabling impairments. Paradoxically, however, the traditional health system response to natural disasters largely neglects health-related rehabilitation as a strategic intervention.
  99. ncbi Natural sunlight and residual fuel oils are an acutely lethal combination for fish embryos
    Kristin Hatlen
    Environmental Conservation Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2725 Montlake Blvd E, Seattle, WA 98112, USA
    Aquat Toxicol 99:56-64. 2010
    ....
  100. ncbi Post-disaster mental health problems and the utilization of mental health services: a four-year longitudinal comparative study
    Peter G van der Velden
    Institute for Psychotrauma, Zaltbommel, The Netherlands
    Adm Policy Ment Health 33:279-88. 2006
    ..Results suggest that after a disaster survivors with mental health problems are less reluctant to use MHS than under normal circumstances...
  101. pmc GRACE: public health recovery methods following an environmental disaster
    Erik R Svendsen
    Arnold School of Public Health and the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia, SC, USA
    Arch Environ Occup Health 65:77-85. 2010
    ....

Research Grants81

  1. Intracellular Phase Diagram Creation Using a Micro-Differential Scanning Calorime
    GARY L SOLBREKKEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..quantity of living cells/tissues for typing to use in clinical settings and in case of terrorist or natural disasters. - Preservation of umbilical cord blood from newborns for the potential of generating perfectly matched genetic ..
  2. Repair of Airway Epithelium Following Chlorine Lung Injury
    Gary W Hoyle; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..S. civilians could be adversely affected by highly toxic chemicals released intentionally in terrorist attacks or unintentionally in industrial accidents or natural disasters.
  3. Impaired hippocampal function as a risk factor for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    Almira Vazdarjanova; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..more likely to develop PTSD when they experience non-combat trauma, such as auto accidents, assault, and natural disasters. Therefore, identifying susceptibility and ways to prevent it could decrease PTSD-associated VA costs...
  4. Prolonged Grief and Functioning of Parents after the Hermosillo Day Care Fire
    Fran H Norris; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..more difficult to argue that the distinction matters for research or treatment development, in the context of disasters. The social network results could be used to provide guidance for individuals and organizations that aim to ..
  5. Serum microRNA as biomarker for radiation injury to lung and hematopoietic cells
    Dipanjan Chowdhury; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Hence, radiation exposure in terrorist events, industrial accidents or natural disasters (such as the nuclear disaster after the tsunami in Japan) is a current and continuing threat for the future...
  6. Retrotranslocation of cholera toxin AI-chain from ER ot cytosol and cell response
    Jin Ah Cho; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Cholera remains prevalent in many parts of Asia, Africa and Latin America and outbreaks can occur in areas affected by natural disasters, wars and famines [1].
  7. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    NATHALIE ELIZABETH WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..investigation of the micro- and macro-level dynamics of populations exposed to abrupt and dramatic macro-level disasters. The broad aim of this project is to contribute to the general development of theoretical and methodological ..
  8. The Iowa Flood Study: Perinatal Effects of a Natural Disaster
    MICHAEL WILLIAM O apos HARA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..should point us towards interventions that will effectively limit the damage to mother and fetus when disasters occur...
  9. 2012 Oceans and Human Health Gordon Research Conference and Gordon Research Semi
    Darrell Jay Grimes; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..products and synthetic organic chemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, social sciences, engineering, natural disasters, climate change and other ocean-related areas...
  10. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    NATHALIE ELIZABETH WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..investigation of the micro- and macro-level dynamics of populations exposed to abrupt and dramatic macro-level disasters. The broad aim of this project is to contribute to the general development of theoretical and methodological ..
  11. Investigating Health Effects of Climate-Related Disasters in the United States
    Brooke Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite the frequency of climate-related natural disasters (e.g., hurricanes, floods), little is known about how such disasters affect all-cause human mortality and morbidity...
  12. Exploring arsenic and its metabolites in a transgenic model
    Iain L Cartwright; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..water by human populations in many parts of the world has proven to be one of the largest global public health disasters of modern times owing to the variety of detrimental health consequences that ensue, including numerous forms of ..
  13. SIS_REQUESTING A PURCHASE ORDER IN THE AMOUNT OF $615,000 TO SUPPORT FOR THE NAT
    David Blackburn; Fiscal Year: 2011
    The purpose of this contract is to support the NLM[unreadable]s Health Information Services Related to Disasters and Emergencies...
  14. Longterm Impact of Natural Disasters on Disability and Health in Older Americans
    Theodore J Iwashyna; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..NIA &NINR recently posted PA-11-265, calling for "Social and Behavioral Research on the Elderly in Disasters" in recognition that natural disasters are common, but we know little about their impact on health and ..
  15. Effects of Methylmercury on Neuronal Cell Migration
    Hitoshi Komuro; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Methylmercury (MeHg) is a well-recognized neurotoxic agent that can affect the fetus. In the tragic disasters that took place at Minamata, Japan, and subsequently in Iraq, many infants were exposed transplacentally to MeHg...
  16. Mechanisms Underlying Stress Resilience
    Janice H Urban; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Individuals exposed to life-jolting, traumatic events, such as natural disasters, war or personal injury, may develop post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a condition which results in the ..
  17. Longer Term Effects of a Natural Disaster on Health and Socio-Economic Status
    ELIZABETH A FRANKENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Natural disasters with death tolls in the tens of thousands and staggering social and health costs have struck across the globe in recent years...
  18. Macro Level Stressors, Terrorism, and Drinking Outcomes
    Judith A Richman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by examining macro level stressors (MLS) of current salience, including terrorism-related stressors, natural disasters, deployment in foreign wars and other MLS, and 2)depict the processes by which MLS impact on deleterious ..
  19. Impact of Hurricane Sandy on Morbidity and Mortality in NYC
    Tiffany Harris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The findings will also improve the timeliness of recovery plans in future disasters by establishing a process for combining and analyzing data to support recovery plans.
  20. Impacts on Health and Mental Health post Superstorm Sandy, New Jersey
    Christina Tan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and translate findings for applied public health use which will provide crucial resources in the event of future disasters. Characterization of NJ Poison and Information System (NJPIES) calls, contrasted and compared to ED visits and ..
  21. Innate Immunity in Trauma Hemorrhage
    Race L Kao; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in immediate survivors of accidents, terrorist attacks, natural disasters, warfare casualties and medical emergencies...
  22. Long-Term Lung Health After Exposure to Chlorine Gas
    ERIK ROBERT SVENDSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and capable, having succeeded with public health screening, validated plume modeling, and experience with other disasters. This study has the unique opportunity for strong scientific influence due to the innovative and robust study ..
  23. Effects of a Major Climatic Event -Superstorm Sandy- on Pregnancy Outcomes and Te
    CATHERINE E MONK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study improves on previous studies of natural and manmade disasters because we will be able to parse exposure to specific trimesters and to the three months prior to conception;we ..
  24. Mental Health and Service Utilization Among Reserve and National Guard Forces
    Sandro Galea; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Reserve and National Guard forces in the US, including frequently deployment as part of the response to natural disasters. For example, during the response to Hurricane Katrina, the military deployed 72,000 forces including 50,000 ..
  25. Traumatic Grief and Mental Health Outcomes in Parentally Bereaved Children
    Julie B Kaplow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a large number of children have lost a parent(s) under traumatic circumstances as a result of war, AIDS, natural disasters, or violence...
  26. Autonomous Electromechanical Gas Detection Microsystem for Mine Safety
    Xiangqun Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and increased regulations, underground mines remain a very dangerous work environment, as evident from recent disasters at the Sago (2006), Darby (2006), and Crandall Canyon (2007) mines...
  27. Basic and Translational Research Training on Traumatic Stress Across the Lifespan
    DEAN GAINES KILPATRICK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..risk of mental health disorders, gene-environment interaction (GxE) studies of resilience following exposure to disasters, treatment development and randomized clinical trials (RCTs), and projects addressing translation of effective ..
  28. 2012 Teratology Society Annual Meeting - Student/New and Early Stage Investigator
    JOHN MATTHEWSON GRAHAM; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The topics for this meeting include maternal/fetal health in developing countries, effects of nuclear disasters on development, impact of Vitamin D deficiency on development, international regulatory controversies concerning ..
  29. Natural disaster effects on aggressive children and their caretakers: Outcomes ac
    Eric Vernberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Research on the service use, substance use, behavioral and emotional effects of natural disasters on children and their caretakers has received limited empirical attention, even though such disasters have ..
  30. Biomarker for liver ischemia/reperfusion-induced injury
    MONIKA OLI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Amongst other uses, it will be valuable for military medical or emergency responses to national disasters, sepsis and multiple organ failure...
  31. Lessons Learned: Sago & Darby Disasters - The Missing Component in SCSR Training
    CHRISTOPHER T HELD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this program "Lessons Learned from the Darby and Sago Mine Disasters," will be to produce a Phase I working prototype of an interactive training program and a follow-on "serious ..
  32. The Evolution of Well-Being among Older Adults after a Disaster
    ELIZABETH A FRANKENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Since 2004, natural disasters with death tolls in the tens of thousands have struck in 6 countries across the globe...
  33. Project COPE
    GREGG ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the symptoms of stress and its impact on the lives of police employees whom we rely on in the time of horrific disasters affecting thousands and in the every day tragedies affecting individuals...
  34. Evaluating the Needs, Knowledge and Health Impacts of Three Worker Populations Du
    Margaret E Lumia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..as a means to build a stronger capacity to conduct occupational health assessments during natural and manmade disasters in order to reduce or eliminate adverse health impacts, identify gaps in existing data sources, and provide ..
  35. The Role of Social and Behavioral Factors on Disaster Planning in Home Care
    Robyn R M Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): In response to PA-11-265, which calls for social and behavioral research on the elderly in disasters, we propose this R21 exploratory study to determine the role of behavioral and social factors on disaster ..
  36. DIORAMA: Dynamic Information Collection and Resource Tracking Architecture
    Aura Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Disasters disrupt the existing infrastructure, and If not well coordinated, lead to inefficient utilization of assets, and ..
  37. A Web-Based Program to Prevent Mental Health Risks in Medical Examiners
    ELIZABETH N BRONDOLO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..criminal justice function, and they are regarded by the CDC as essential participants in the response to mass disasters and the prevention of terrorism...
  38. Economic Well-being in the Aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami
    CLARK GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was one of the most devastating natural disasters in recent human history, claiming over 200 thousand lives in ten countries and destroying the livelihood-..
  39. 1 of 2 - Prospective Determination of Psychobiological Risk Factors for PTSD
    Charles B Nemeroff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and its prevalence is likely increasing in the United States and worldwide due to the rising numbers of natural disasters (earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis), man-made disasters (oil spills), terrorism and wars, as well as violent ..
  40. 2 of 2 Prospective Determination of Psychobiological Risk Factors for PTSD
    Kerry J Ressler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and its prevalence is likely increasing in the United States and worldwide due to the rising numbers of natural disasters (earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis), man-made disasters (oil spills), terrorism and wars, as well as violent ..
  41. Development of a vulnerability profile of the psychological sequelae of Hurricane
    Emanuela Taioli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by indicating areas and groups to prioritize in terms of mental health intervention during future natural disasters. Second, our work will produce a Hurricane Sandy cohort and database that can be tracked and followed over time...
  42. SAFEHAVEN: Decision Support for Nursing Home Resident Disaster Evacuations
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our proposal is a direct response to NIH Program Announcement 06-454 "Behavioral Research on Disasters and Health"...
  43. Psychiatric Disorders Following Intrauterine Stress
    Karine Kleinhaus; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: There have been many natural and manmade disasters in 2008...
  44. Evaluation of Novel PTSD Risk Assessment Tools for Disaster-Exposed Youth
    Carla Kmett Danielson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Given the high prevalence of disasters world-wide and the costly, debilitating impact of PTSD on disaster- exposed youth and their families, the ..
  45. Validating a child acute stress measure in English and Spanish
    Nancy Kassam Adams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..means to assess children's acute stress reactions after potentially traumatic events (eg, accidents, fires, disasters) and to expand our understanding of acute traumatic stress responses in children...
  46. Psychological First Aid for Victims of Crime
    Michael R McCart; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..recently developed an acute intervention called Psychological First Aid (PFA) for individuals exposed to natural disasters or other catastrophic events...
  47. Better Together: Academic-Community Partnerships to Improve Health
    Melanie Stone; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..A pre-conference workshop will describe one national expert's experiences following disasters in New Orleans and Haiti to teach practice-based mentoring strategies...
  48. Fungal Exposure in NYC Homes Damaged by Hurricane Sandy and Respiratory Outcomes
    Matthew S Perzanowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This knowledge will be used by the NYC DOHMH and others to inform the response to future natural disasters, particular to clarify the risks to asthmatic children.
  49. Design of Heme Protein-Based Blood Substitutes
    John S Olson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..blood substitute will alleviate chronic shortages of whole blood, provide emergency treatment following military and civilian disasters, and allow the use of transfusions in developing countries lacking a safe blood banking system.
  50. Impact of Health Department Worker Safety Training on Health Impacts after Sandy
    Michael J Reilly; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..conditions to better understand how these occupational health interventions may be implemented following natural disasters. The products of this research will be standardized educational programs for training the lay public on how to ..
  51. Chronic Stress and Emotion Regulation: Implications for PTSD
    Suman Lam; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and reappraisal are associated with the cortisol awakening response in those who have endured repeated natural disasters (half of whom currently experience symptoms consistent with probable Posttraumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD)...
  52. Predicting PTSD Risk in Children After Acute Traumatic Events
    Nancy Kassam Adams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Injury, disasters, and other acute traumas affect many millions of children each year...
  53. Real-Time Planning and Training System to Improve Long-Term Care Disaster Prepare
    TONY MA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..8 million--to plan and re- spond to bioterrorism threats, natural disasters, and other public health emergencies, with little or no prior training...
  54. A Health Security Card for Disasters and Public Health Emergencies
    JAMES J JAMES; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..team to achieve consensus on the essential data elements necessary for a health security card for use in disasters and public health emergencies. 2) To establish consensus on the technological vehicle and platform for the card...
  55. NYSDOH Hurricane Sandy Recovery: Priority Research Area C - Evaluation of the Pub
    Guthrie S Birkhead; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and the outcome for part (b) is the research summary of needed modifications to build resiliency for future disasters. NYSDOH will analyze pre-existing data sources such as after action reports and Integrated Health Alerting and ..
  56. Stages of Drug Market Disruption &Reformulation in Disaster Cities
    ELOISE EMMA DUNLAP; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A systematic analysis of the impacts of these three disasters (Katrina, Gustav, and Ike) present the opportunity to examine and compare the impact upon the varied drug ..
  57. Economic Well-being in the Aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami
    CLARK GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results will provide insight into household responses to large-scale natural disasters, and will help to inform future disaster relief efforts...
  58. Live Smart Live Safe: Emergency Prep. for People with Intellectual Disabilities
    JENNIFER J WELLS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..programs will address material, behavioral, and emotional preparedness for public health, natural, and man-made disasters. The final result of this work will be the LSLS programs, consisting of CD-ROM, DVD, and pictorial-based "911 ..
  59. Pathways of Risk and Resilience in Firefighter Recruits
    Suzy B Gulliver; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The recent, unprecedented man-made and natural disasters of 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina catastrophically illustrate that lifetime trauma exposure rates are rising...
  60. Police Resiliency Maintenance Program: POPPA's 9/11 WTC Disaster Response
    WILLIAM W GENET; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..POPPA's model will accelerate officers'recovery from large-scale disasters and other critical incidents, both past and future, and it will build officers'capacity to remain at peak ..
  61. Health and Socioeconomic Sequelae of the WTC Disaster Among Responders
    Hyun Kim; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..future development of new guidelines for the implementation of an occupational health surveillance system for disasters, which is essential for disaster preparedness...
  62. A novel post-disaster mental health training for black communities
    DANIELLE LABORDE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and skills in providing culturally competent mental health support for survivors in the immediate aftermath of disasters. We also will identify best training and local planning practices for promoting and sustaining resilience and ..
  63. Health Impacts of Hurricane Katrina on Vietnamese-American New Orleanians
    Mark J VanLandingham; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Orleans possess extraordinary potential as baseline measures for investigating how immigrants fare after such disasters. The overall objective of the study is to assess the medium term (4-5 years) effects of a natural disaster upon ..
  64. The Economics of Natural Disasters and Epidemics
    Ashlesha Datar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project will study the impact of natural disasters on childhood mortality, childhood morbidity, and early-life health investments...
  65. Vector-Borne Disease Control in Urban Environments (RMI)
    John C Beier; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..increased population movement, deteriorating infrastructures, overcrowding in urban areas, and natural disasters all contribute to the development of conditions that modify the natural habitats of insect vectors...
  66. Exploring New ED Intake Strategies
    Shari Welch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..surge of patients arriving for intake into the emergency department would be applicable to surges due to natural disasters or terrorist attacks...
  67. Rapid Detection and Identification of Zoonotic Pathogens
    John Dunn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In the past, wars and natural disasters were the main catalysts that promoted epidemics of these ancient afflictions, which are normally transmitted by ..
  68. PPM-PREP: Peer-Mentored Preparedness for Adults with Developmental Disabilities
    DAVID PAUL EISENMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposal responds to PA 06-452, "Behavioral and Social Research on Disasters and Health" and NINR's interest in "interventions to enhance preparedness.....
  69. Retro-translocation of cholera toxin in intestinal cells: from ER to cytosol
    NAOMI WERNICK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Cholera outbreaks can also occur in areas affected by natural disasters, wars and famines [1].
  70. Smoke Detector Alert for the Deaf
    RICHARD ROBY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Two million Fires annually kill and injure more than 27,000 people in the US. All other natural disasters (floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, etc) account for only a small percentage of those injured in fire every year and it ..
  71. Preparing Long-Term Care Facilities for Natural and Man-Made Disasters
    Susan Harrington; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..implementing a disaster plan and responding to an actual disaster event, including lessons learned from previous disasters. The advisory group will develop a detailed disaster preparedness curriculum...
  72. Preparing Long-Term Care Facilities for Natural and Man-Made Disasters
    Susan Harrington; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This project will seek to reduce the incidence of disaster-related deaths and injuries through the development and distribution of a comprehensive and validated emergency preparedness curriculum. ..
  73. Intimate partner violence in Colombia: Do the effects of relative spousal resourc
    Michelle Hynes; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..safe, healthy, and accessible physical environments globally;and improving response to natural and manmade disasters, including complex humanitarian emergencies globally;and 3) Priority Populations including low- income groups, ..
  74. DNA Fingerprinting and Civil Liberties
    Benjamin Moulton; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..purposes; (17) fiduciary issues versus the common good; (18) use of DNA collected for identification in mass disasters; (19) national DNA identification cards...
  75. Global Mental Health: Trauma and Recovery
    Richard Mollica; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..populations in diverse geographical and global environments affected by man-made conflict and/or natural disasters (e.g. Tsunami disaster of December 2004)...
  76. Prevalence/Correlates: Psychological Impact of WTC
    David Vlahov; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..a unique opportunity to assess hypotheses that have previously been formulated through research after smaller disasters. This research will provide a point estimate of the prevalence of psychological distress (particularly PTSD and ..
  77. Marriage, Birth and Divorce After Terrorist Attack
    CATHERINE COHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..has been on identifying the mental health consequences for individuals following natural and technological disasters. An exclusive focus on mental health outcomes will underestimate the effect of disaster given that the ..
  78. 210 POLONIUM RADIATION AND DITHIOLS
    H Aposhian; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..For man, inhalation and ingestion are the major portals of entry. There have been "disasters" caused by accidents with 210Po, e.g. the Windscale accident in England...
  79. Pediatric Disaster Preparedness and Response Conference
    David Markenson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Consensus recommendations need to be developed for today's actions in disasters and a research agenda needs to be developed to guide future disaster response...
  80. Modeling U.S. Health Systems' Epidemic Response Capacity
    Nathaniel Hupert; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..neighborhood-by-neighborhood variability in patient arrivals, since the response of the public to such disasters has important implications for mass prophylaxis planning...
  81. Improving the trauma systems response to disasters
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..by applicant): [unreadable] Specific Aims: Trauma center hospitals play a critical role in responding to disasters. To date, this role has largely proceeded on an ad hoc basis with little attention to preparing multiple trauma ..