lighting

Summary

Summary: The illumination of an environment and the arrangement of lights to achieve an effect or optimal visibility. Its application is in domestic or in public settings and in medical and non-medical environments.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Limiting the impact of light pollution on human health, environment and stellar visibility
    Fabio Falchi
    Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologia dell Inquinamento Luminoso, Via Roma 13, I 36106 Thiene, Italy
    J Environ Manage 92:2714-22. 2011
  2. pmc Street lighting changes the composition of invertebrate communities
    Thomas W Davies
    Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9EZ, UK
    Biol Lett 8:764-7. 2012
  3. pmc Lighting a candle in the dark: advances in genetics and gene therapy of recessive retinal dystrophies
    Anneke I den Hollander
    Department of Ophthalmology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, Netherlands
    J Clin Invest 120:3042-53. 2010
  4. ncbi Artificial night lighting affects dawn song, extra-pair siring success, and lay date in songbirds
    Bart Kempenaers
    Department of Behavioural Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Eberhard Gwinner Strasse, 82319 Seewiesen, Germany
    Curr Biol 20:1735-9. 2010
  5. pmc Light-at-night, circadian disruption and breast cancer: assessment of existing evidence
    Richard G Stevens
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030 6325, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:963-70. 2009
  6. ncbi Evening exposure to a light-emitting diodes (LED)-backlit computer screen affects circadian physiology and cognitive performance
    Christian Cajochen
    Centre for Chronobiology, Psychiatric Hospitals of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 110:1432-8. 2011
  7. ncbi Perceiving light versus material
    Frederick A A Kingdom
    McGill Vision Research, 687 Pine Av W Rm H4 14, Montreal, Que, Canada H3A 1A1
    Vision Res 48:2090-105. 2008
  8. ncbi Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells
    Koichi Okamoto
    Department of Electrical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Nat Mater 3:601-5. 2004
  9. ncbi Scotopic colour vision in nocturnal hawkmoths
    Almut Kelber
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Vision Group, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Nature 419:922-5. 2002
  10. ncbi Shape-from-shading for matte and glossy objects
    Harold T Nefs
    Universiteit Utrecht Helmholtz Instituut, Department of Physics of Man, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 121:297-316. 2006

Detail Information

Publications328 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Limiting the impact of light pollution on human health, environment and stellar visibility
    Fabio Falchi
    Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologia dell Inquinamento Luminoso, Via Roma 13, I 36106 Thiene, Italy
    J Environ Manage 92:2714-22. 2011
    ..Its levels have been growing exponentially over the natural nocturnal lighting levels provided by starlight and moonlight...
  2. pmc Street lighting changes the composition of invertebrate communities
    Thomas W Davies
    Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9EZ, UK
    Biol Lett 8:764-7. 2012
    Artificial lighting has been used to illuminate the nocturnal environment for centuries and continues to expand with urbanization and economic development...
  3. pmc Lighting a candle in the dark: advances in genetics and gene therapy of recessive retinal dystrophies
    Anneke I den Hollander
    Department of Ophthalmology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, Netherlands
    J Clin Invest 120:3042-53. 2010
    ....
  4. ncbi Artificial night lighting affects dawn song, extra-pair siring success, and lay date in songbirds
    Bart Kempenaers
    Department of Behavioural Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Eberhard Gwinner Strasse, 82319 Seewiesen, Germany
    Curr Biol 20:1735-9. 2010
    ..We investigated effects of artificial night lighting on dawn song in five common forest-breeding songbirds...
  5. pmc Light-at-night, circadian disruption and breast cancer: assessment of existing evidence
    Richard G Stevens
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030 6325, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:963-70. 2009
    ..The possibility that a portion of the breast cancer burden might be explained by the introduction and increasing use of electricity to light the night was suggested >20 years ago...
  6. ncbi Evening exposure to a light-emitting diodes (LED)-backlit computer screen affects circadian physiology and cognitive performance
    Christian Cajochen
    Centre for Chronobiology, Psychiatric Hospitals of the University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 110:1432-8. 2011
    ..The challenge will be to design a computer screen with a spectral profile that can be individually programmed to add timed, essential light information to the circadian system in humans...
  7. ncbi Perceiving light versus material
    Frederick A A Kingdom
    McGill Vision Research, 687 Pine Av W Rm H4 14, Montreal, Que, Canada H3A 1A1
    Vision Res 48:2090-105. 2008
    ..Finally, I discuss two theoretical frameworks, the generic view principle and Bayesian estimation, that are beginning to help us understand the visual processes involved in distinguishing between light and material...
  8. ncbi Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells
    Koichi Okamoto
    Department of Electrical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA
    Nat Mater 3:601-5. 2004
    ..Our results indicate that the use of SPs would lead to a new class of very bright LEDs, and highly efficient solid-state light sources...
  9. ncbi Scotopic colour vision in nocturnal hawkmoths
    Almut Kelber
    Department of Cell and Organism Biology, Vision Group, Lund University, Helgonavagen 3, S 22362 Lund, Sweden
    Nature 419:922-5. 2002
    ..Taken together, our results show that colour vision occurs at nocturnal intensities in a biologically relevant context...
  10. ncbi Shape-from-shading for matte and glossy objects
    Harold T Nefs
    Universiteit Utrecht Helmholtz Instituut, Department of Physics of Man, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychol (Amst) 121:297-316. 2006
    ..We must, therefore, conclude that there is no evidence from the current study that glossiness influences shape perception although to the observer matte and glossy objects look quite different...
  11. ncbi Invariant visual object recognition: a model, with lighting invariance
    Edmund T Rolls
    Oxford University, Centre for Computational Neuroscience, Department of Experimental Psychology, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3UD, England, United Kingdom
    J Physiol Paris 100:43-62. 2006
    ..of objects that are invariant with respect to translation, view, size, and in this paper we show also lighting. The model has been extended to provide an account of invariant representations in the dorsal visual system of ..
  12. pmc Negative lens-induced myopia in infant monkeys: effects of high ambient lighting
    Earl L Smith
    College of Optometry, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 2020, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 54:2959-69. 2013
    ..To determine whether high light levels, which have a protective effect against form-deprivation myopia, also retard the development of lens-induced myopia in primates...
  13. ncbi Local luminance amplitude modulates the interpretation of shape-from-shading in textured surfaces
    Andrew J Schofield
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Vision Res 46:3462-82. 2006
    ..Hence, the congruence of LM and AM is a cue that supports a shape-from-shading interpretation...
  14. pmc Wavelength optimization for rapid chromophore mapping using spatial frequency domain imaging
    Amaan Mazhar
    University of California, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Irvine, CA 92612, USA
    J Biomed Opt 15:061716. 2010
    ..5s compared to 50s for a full 34-wavelength acquisition. The wavelength optimization enables dynamic imaging of arterial occlusions with improved spatial resolution due to reduction of motion artifacts...
  15. ncbi Nighttime dim light exposure alters the responses of the circadian system
    D Shuboni
    Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Neuroscience 170:1172-8. 2010
    ....
  16. ncbi Sensitivity to contrast modulation: the spatial frequency dependence of second-order vision
    Andrew J Schofield
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK
    Vision Res 43:243-59. 2003
    ..This provides further evidence for the separation of first- and second-order vision and characterises second-order vision as a low pass mechanism...
  17. ncbi Polarization-sensitive optical frequency domain imaging based on unpolarized light
    Ki Hean Kim
    Department of Mechanical Engineering and Division of Integrative Biosciences and Biotechnology, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Korea
    Opt Express 19:552-61. 2011
    ..These animal model studies demonstrated the significant differences in tissue polarization properties between cancer and normal tissues in vivo...
  18. ncbi Does face recognition rely on encoding of 3-D surface? Examining the role of shape-from-shading and shape-from-stereo
    C H Liu
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Perception 29:729-43. 2000
    It is now well known that processing of shading information in face recognition is susceptible to bottom lighting and contrast reversal, an effect that may be due to a disruption of 3-D shape processing...
  19. ncbi Comparison of photochromic, yellow, and clear intraocular lenses in human eyes under photopic and mesopic lighting conditions
    Haiwei Wang
    Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key Laboratory, Bejing, China
    J Cataract Refract Surg 36:2080-6. 2010
    ..results of the first blue light-filtering photochromic intraocular lens (IOL) and compare them with those of a regular yellow blue light-filtering IOL and a clear ultraviolet-filtering IOL in human eyes under various lighting conditions.
  20. ncbi Lighting for the human circadian clock: recent research indicates that lighting has become a public health issue
    Stephen M Pauley
    Med Hypotheses 63:588-96. 2004
    ..These studies suggest that the proper use and color of indoor and outdoor lighting is important to the health of both humans and ecosystems...
  21. ncbi Dim light at night provokes depression-like behaviors and reduces CA1 dendritic spine density in female hamsters
    Tracy A Bedrosian
    Department of Neuroscience, 333 West 10th Avenue, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 36:1062-9. 2011
    ..Importantly, the present results suggest that night-time low level illumination, comparable to levels that are pervasive in North America and Europe, may contribute to the increasing prevalence of mood disorders...
  22. ncbi Acquiring linear subspaces for face recognition under variable lighting
    Kuang Chih Lee
    Beckman Institute and Computer Science Department, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 27:684-98. 2005
    Previous work has demonstrated that the image variation of many objects (human faces in particular) under variable lighting can be effectively modeled by low-dimensional linear spaces, even when there are multiple light sources and ..
  23. ncbi Photomorphogenesis, photosynthesis, and seed yield of wheat plants grown under red light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with and without supplemental blue lighting
    G D Goins
    Dynamac Corporation, Advanced Life Support and Space Biology, Kennedy Space Center, FL 32899, USA
    J Exp Bot 48:1407-13. 1997
    ..These results indicate that wheat can complete its life cycle under red LEDs alone, but larger plants and greater amounts of seed are produced in the presence of red LEDs supplemented with a quantity of blue light...
  24. ncbi The responses of light interception, photosynthesis and fruit yield of cucumber to LED-lighting within the canopy
    Govert Trouwborst
    Department of Plant Sciences, Horticultural Supply Chains Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Physiol Plant 138:289-300. 2010
    ..a larger proportion of total irradiance is applied within canopies (interlighting) instead of from above (top lighting). These irradiance profiles can be generated by Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)...
  25. ncbi Influence of room lighting on grey-scale perception with a CRT-and a TFT monitor display
    R Haak
    Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Cologne, Koln, Germany
    Dentomaxillofac Radiol 31:193-7. 2002
    To determine the influence of ambient lighting on grey-scale perception using a cathode-ray tube (CRT) and a thin film transistor (TFT) computer display.
  26. ncbi Miniaturized selective plane illumination microscopy for high-contrast in vivo fluorescence imaging
    Christoph J Engelbrecht
    Department of Neurophysiology, Brain Research Institute, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Opt Lett 35:1413-5. 2010
    ..The miniSPIM may thus enable novel in vivo imaging approaches...
  27. pmc Myopia and night lighting in children in Singapore
    S M Saw
    Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, National University of Singapore, Republic of Singapore
    Br J Ophthalmol 85:527-8. 2001
    To examine the role of night time lighting and myopia in children in Singapore
  28. ncbi A simple scanless two-photon fluorescence microscope using selective plane illumination
    Jonathan Palero
    ICFO Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, 08860 Castelldefels Barcelona, Spain
    Opt Express 18:8491-8. 2010
    ..Optical sectioning capability is presented and depth-resolved imaging of cameleon protein in C. elegans pharyngeal muscle is implemented...
  29. ncbi Fluorescent blue lights, injecting drug use and related health risk in public conveniences: findings from a qualitative study of micro-injecting environments
    Stephen Parkin
    School of Applied Psychosocial Sciences, Faculty of Health, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK
    Health Place 16:629-37. 2010
    ..The paper concludes with suggestions for theory-driven practical intervention that may seek to disrupt the harmful elements of the public injecting habitus...
  30. ncbi Performance of dimming control scheme in visible light communication system
    Zixiong Wang
    School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
    Opt Express 20:18861-8. 2012
    ....
  31. pmc The influence of shape cues on the perception of lighting direction
    James P O'Shea
    Vision Science Program, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    J Vis 10:21. 2010
    ..Nevertheless, people perceive consistent 3D shape and consistent lighting in shaded images; they must therefore be making assumptions about the unknown properties...
  32. ncbi Detection of light transformations and concomitant changes in surface albedo
    Holly E Gerhard
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
    J Vis 10:1. 2010
    ..Observers were more accurate in detecting isolated albedo changes during light changes. Measures of sensitivity d' were more than twice as great...
  33. pmc Mapping lightscapes: spatial patterning of artificial lighting in an urban landscape
    James D Hale
    School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, West Midlands, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e61460. 2013
    Artificial lighting is strongly associated with urbanisation and is increasing in its extent, brightness and spectral range...
  34. ncbi Diurnal changes of tyrosine, dopamine, and dopamine metabolites content in the retina of rats maintained at different lighting conditions
    N V Pozdeyev
    Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg
    J Mol Neurosci 15:1-9. 2000
    ..acid (DOPAC), and homovanillic acid (HVA) content in the retina of rats maintained under different lighting conditions...
  35. pmc Light pollution in ultraviolet and visible spectrum: effect on different visual perceptions
    Héctor Antonio Solano Lamphar
    Ica, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
    PLoS ONE 8:e56563. 2013
    In general terms, lighting research has been focused in the development of artificial light with the purpose of saving energy and having more durable lamps...
  36. pmc Adaptation to shift work: physiologically based modeling of the effects of lighting and shifts' start time
    Svetlana Postnova
    School of Physics, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    PLoS ONE 8:e53379. 2013
    ..results showing adaptation of night shift workers (n = 8) in conditions of either bright or regular lighting. Further, the model is used to predict the shift workers' adaptation to the same shift schedule, but for ..
  37. ncbi The influence of ambient lighting levels on postural sway in healthy children
    Yvette Blanchard
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Hartford, 200 Bloomfield Avenue, West Hartford, CT 06117, United States
    Gait Posture 26:442-5. 2007
    ..of this study was to determine whether postural sway in healthy children varied in different levels of ambient lighting. Twelve boys and 26 girls with a mean age of 118 months stood on a force platform under three conditions: eyes ..
  38. ncbi Lighting level and productivity: a field study in the electronics industry
    H T Juslén
    Philips Lighting Finland, Mattilantie 75, PL4, 04601, Mäntsälä, Finland
    Ergonomics 50:615-24. 2007
    ..9% higher than with 800 lux. In the winter it was 3.1% higher with the increased illuminance. There was no significant effect of the illuminance on the percentage of errors...
  39. pmc Quantitative sectioning and noise analysis for structured illumination microscopy
    Nathan Hagen
    Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005, USA
    Opt Express 20:403-13. 2012
    ..09...
  40. ncbi Ultraviolet lighting during orthopaedic surgery and the rate of infection
    Merrill A Ritter
    The Center for Hip and Knee Surgery, St Francis Hospital Mooresville, 1199 Hadley Road, Mooresville, IN 46158, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 89:1935-40. 2007
    Ultraviolet lighting is an alternative to laminar airflow in the operating room that may be as effective for lowering the number of environmental bacteria and possibly lowering infection rates by killing the bacteria rather than simply ..
  41. ncbi Light-emitting diodes (LED) for domestic lighting: any risks for the eye?
    F Behar-Cohen
    INSERM UMRS 872, Physiopathology of ocular diseases therapeutic innovations, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, Paris, France
    Prog Retin Eye Res 30:239-57. 2011
    Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are taking an increasing place in the market of domestic lighting because they produce light with low energy consumption...
  42. ncbi Non-photic modulation of phase shifts to long light pulses
    Michael C Antle
    Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    J Biol Rhythms 22:524-33. 2007
    ..This paradigm will facilitate investigations into non-photic responses of the mouse circadian system...
  43. ncbi Involvement of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expressed in astroglial cells in circadian rhythm under constant lighting conditions in mice
    T Moriya
    Advanced Research Center for Human Sciences, School of Human Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa shi, Saitama, Japan
    J Neurosci Res 60:212-8. 2000
    ..examined GFAP expression in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and the intergeniculate leaflet (IGL) under various lighting conditions in mice...
  44. ncbi Quantitative changes in neuronal and glial cells in the suprachiasmatic nucleus as a function of the lighting conditions during weaning
    Trinitat Cambras
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Brain Res Dev Brain Res 157:27-33. 2005
    To examine whether lighting conditions during the development of the rat circadian system affect the morphology of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), three groups of rats were born and maintained until they were 24 days old under constant ..
  45. pmc Optically sectioned in vivo imaging with speckle illumination HiLo microscopy
    Daryl Lim
    Boston University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, 44 Cummington Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Biomed Opt 16:016014. 2011
    ..The goal of this paper is to advertise the simplicity, robustness, and versatility of HiLo microscopy, which we highlight with in vivo imaging of common model organisms including planaria, C. elegans, and zebrafish...
  46. ncbi Circadian sleep, illumination, and activity patterns in women: influences of aging and time reference
    G Jean-Louis
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0667, USA
    Physiol Behav 68:347-52. 2000
    ..However, changes in local time reference were not significantly and consistently associated with actigraphic sleep or activity measures...
  47. ncbi Fluorescence endomicroscopy with structured illumination
    Nenad Bozinovic
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, 44 Cummington St, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Opt Express 16:8016-25. 2008
    ..To establish the potential of our endomicroscope for preclinical or clinical applications, we provide images of BCECF-AM labeled rat colonic mucosa...
  48. ncbi Visual search for traffic signs: the effects of clutter, luminance, and aging
    G Ho
    University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Hum Factors 43:194-207. 2001
    ..However, relative to the young, older adults did not suffer disproportionately as a result of increased clutter. The methods developed might be profitably employed to assess sign conspicuity and sign acquisition during driving...
  49. ncbi Effects of surface irregularity and lighting on step variability during gait: a study in healthy young and older women
    Sibylle B Thies
    Biomechanics Research Laboratory, Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 3204 G G Brown, 2350 Hayward Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2125, USA
    Gait Posture 22:26-31. 2005
    ..Ten trials were completed for each cell of a 2 x 2 factorial design: (1) flat surface with regular lighting; (2) flat surface with low lighting; (3) irregular surface with regular lighting; and (4) irregular surface with ..
  50. ncbi Robust estimation of albedo for illumination-invariant matching and shape recovery
    Soma Biswas
    Center for Automation Research, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 3275, USA
    IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 31:884-99. 2009
    ..Impressive shape recovery results are obtained using images downloaded from the Web with little control over imaging conditions. The recovered shapes are also used to synthesize novel views under novel illumination conditions...
  51. ncbi Rapid processing of cast and attached shadows
    James H Elder
    Centre for Vision Research, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada
    Perception 33:1319-38. 2004
    ....
  52. pmc A novel design of an automatic lighting control system for a wireless sensor network with increased sensor lifetime and reduced sensor numbers
    Reza Mohamaddoust
    Faculty of Electrical, Computer and IT Engineering, Qazvin Azad University, Daneshgah Street, Qazvin 1416 34185, Iran
    Sensors (Basel) 11:8933-52. 2011
    ..We propose a design for such a system called a lighting automatic control system (LACS)...
  53. ncbi Differential firing pattern and response to lighting conditions of rat intergeniculate leaflet neurons projecting to suprachiasmatic nucleus or contralateral intergeniculate leaflet
    T Blasiak
    Jagiellonian University, Institute of Zoology, Department of Neurophysiology and Chronobiology, Gronostajowa 9, 30 387 Krakow, Poland
    Neuroscience 228:315-24. 2013
    ..electrophysiological studies have observed various patterns of firing and different responses to changes in lighting conditions of IGL neurons in vitro and in vivo...
  54. ncbi Estimating changes in lighting direction in binocularly viewed three-dimensional scenes
    Holly E Gerhard
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY, USA
    J Vis 10:14. 2010
    We examine human ability to detect changes in scene lighting. Thirteen observers viewed three-dimensional rendered scenes stereoscopically...
  55. ncbi The efficacy of local luminance amplitude in disambiguating the origin of luminance signals depends on carrier frequency: further evidence for the active role of second-order vision in layer decomposition
    Peng Sun
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Vision Res 51:496-507. 2011
    ..We introduce a modified model which takes into account the selectivity of second-order vision for carrier frequency...
  56. pmc ROC study of four LCD displays under typical medical center lighting conditions
    Steve Langer
    Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Department of Radiology, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Digit Imaging 19:30-40. 2006
    ..The experiment was conducted under controlled lighting, temperature, and sound conditions to mimic conditions typically found in a patient examination room...
  57. ncbi Ultraviolet light output of compact fluorescent lamps: comparison to conventional incandescent and halogen residential lighting sources
    A D Nuzum-Keim
    University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
    Lupus 18:556-60. 2009
    ..photosensitive dermatologic and systemic diseases often question the ultraviolet light (UVL) output of household lighting sources...
  58. ncbi Quantization of widefield fluorescence images using structured illumination and image analysis software
    Andrew L Barlow
    Improvision Ltd, Viscount Centre II, University of Warwick Science Park, Millburn Hill Road, Coventry, UK
    Microsc Res Tech 70:76-84. 2007
    ..We conclude that using a combination of structured illumination and image processing algorithms accurate quantization of fluorescent images can be achieved in widefield microscopy...
  59. ncbi Ecologically valid combinations of first- and second-order surface markings facilitate texture discrimination
    Aaron P Johnson
    Department of Psychology, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke Street West, Room SP 245 05 Montréal, Que, Canada H4B 1R6
    Vision Res 47:2281-90. 2007
    ..We conclude that local second-order information may enhance texture modulation discrimination provided it is combined with first-order information in an ecologically valid manner...
  60. ncbi Endothelial cell adhesiveness is a function of environmental lighting and melatonin level
    Marina Marçola
    Laboratory of Chronopharmacology, Department of Physiology, Institute of Biosciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Pineal Res 54:162-9. 2013
    ..This new approach for evaluating the influence of the donor on cells maintained in culture should have applications for the standardization of cell banks...
  61. ncbi Ambient lighting: effect of illumination on soft-copy viewing of radiographs of the wrist
    Patrick C Brennan
    School of Medicine and Medical Sciences, University College Dublin, Health Science Bldg, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 188:W177-80. 2007
    ..The aim of the work was to establish optimum ambient light conditions for viewing radiologic images of the wrist on liquid crystal display monitors...
  62. ncbi What makes cast shadows hard to see?
    Gillian Porter
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Vis 10:13.1-18. 2010
    ..Findings are discussed in the context of the need for the visual system to distinguish between illumination and material...
  63. ncbi Lighting direction affects recognition of untextured faces in photographic positive and negative
    C H Liu
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Vision Res 39:4003-9. 1999
    Face recognition in photographic positive and negative was examined in a same/different matching task in five lighting direction conditions using untextured 3-D laser-scanned faces...
  64. ncbi Prevention of melatonin suppression by nocturnal lighting: relevance to cancer
    Leonid Kayumov
    Sleep Research Laboratory, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Eur J Cancer Prev 16:357-62. 2007
    The decreased melatonin production in humans and animals caused by environmental lighting, especially short wavelength lighting (between 470 and 525 nm) has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of cancer...
  65. ncbi Optical sectioning in fluorescence microscopy
    T Wilson
    Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J Microsc 242:111-6. 2011
    ..In this case the optical sectioning strength is shown to be up to 25% narrower than in the ideal confocal case...
  66. ncbi 2D SiNx photonic crystal coated Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ ceramic plate phosphor for high-power white light-emitting diodes
    Hoo Keun Park
    Department of Chemistry, Kookmin University, Seoul 136 702, Korea
    Opt Express 19:25593-601. 2011
    ..The introduction of 2D PCL can also reduce the wide variation of optical properties as a function of both ambient temperature and applied current, compared to those of a high-power YAG:Ce CPP-capped LED...
  67. ncbi Dermatological risk of indoor ultraviolet exposure from contemporary lighting sources
    Robert M Sayre
    Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of Tennessee Center for the Health Sciences, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Photochem Photobiol 80:47-51. 2004
    Discussions of risks and implications of cutaneous exposure to indoor lighting, including hypothetical contribution to causality of melanoma, have mainly concentrated on ultraviolet (UV) A and B (UVA, UVB) spectral emissions from ..
  68. ncbi Highly-efficient, tunable green, phosphor-converted LEDs using a long-pass dichroic filter and a series of orthosilicate phosphors for tri-color white LEDs
    Ji Hye Oh
    Department of Chemistry, Kookmin University, Seoul 136 702, Korea
    Opt Express 20:A1-12. 2012
    ....
  69. ncbi Surface color perception in three-dimensional scenes
    Huseyin Boyaci
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    Vis Neurosci 23:311-21. 2006
    ....
  70. ncbi An equivalent illuminant model for the effect of surface slant on perceived lightness
    Marina Bloj
    Department of Optometry, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK
    J Vis 4:735-46. 2004
    ..The model accounts for the diverse range of results seen in the experimental data in a unified manner, and examination of its parameters allows interpretation of the data that goes beyond what is possible with the raw data alone...
  71. ncbi Circadian and sleep development in preterm infants occurs independently from the influences of environmental lighting
    Majid Mirmiran
    Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94304, USA
    Pediatr Res 53:933-8. 2003
    ..Circadian rhythms and sleep showed significant development with age, but there was no environmental lighting effect. Circadian and sleep organization seems to develop endogenously in preterm infants.
  72. ncbi Lipid droplets lighting up: insights from live microscopy
    Margarete Digel
    Molecular Cell Biology Laboratory Internal Medicine IV, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    FEBS Lett 584:2168-75. 2010
    ..We conclude with an outline of the most important future challenges...
  73. pmc Artificial lighting as a vector attractant and cause of disease diffusion
    Alessandro Barghini
    Laboratório de Estudos Evolutivos Humanos, Departamento de Genética e Biologia Evolutiva, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brasil
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1503-6. 2010
    ..Nonetheless, electrification is always accompanied by night lighting that attracts insect vectors and changes people's behavior...
  74. ncbi Assessment of monitor conditions for the display of radiological diagnostic images and ambient lighting
    C Wade
    University College Dublin, School of Diagnostic Imaging, Herbert Avenue, Dublin 4, Ireland
    Br J Radiol 77:465-71. 2004
    ..are using workstations for reporting and it was the aim of this study to assess monitor performance and ambient lighting in areas allocated to soft-copy reporting and review...
  75. ncbi Adolescents living in homes without electric lighting have earlier sleep times
    Carina Aparecida Tardelli Peixoto
    Department of Physiology, Universidade Federal do Parana, Brazil
    Behav Sleep Med 7:73-80. 2009
    ..Eleven adolescents had no electric lighting at home (5 attended morning classes and 6 attended evening classes)...
  76. ncbi Importance of early lighting conditions in maternal care by dam as well as anxiety and memory later in life of offspring
    Shigeru Toki
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurosciences, Division of Frontier Medical Science, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1 2 3 Kasumi, Minami Ku, Hiroshima, 734 8511, Japan
    Eur J Neurosci 25:815-29. 2007
    ..Although early lighting conditions (ELC) are involved in these neuronal developments through both maternal and offspring behavior, their ..
  77. ncbi Mislocalization of flashes during smooth pursuit hardly depends on the lighting conditions
    Dirk Kerzel
    Faculte de Psychologie et des Sciences de l Education, Universite de Geneve, 40 bd du Pont d Arve, CH 1205 Geneve, Switzerland
    Vision Res 46:1145-54. 2006
    ..To evaluate whether the lighting conditions are the critical factor, we asked observers to point to the positions of flashed objects during smooth ..
  78. ncbi Spatial neural modulation transfer function of human foveal visual system for equiluminous chromatic gratings
    J M Rovamo
    Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, King Edward VII, Cathays Park, CF10 3NB Cardiff, Wales, UK
    Vision Res 41:1659-67. 2001
    ..Hence, P(c) is independent of spatial frequency, reflecting the lack of precortical lateral inhibition for equiluminous chromatic stimuli in spatiochromatically opponent retinal ganglion cells and dLGN neurons...
  79. ncbi Working against our endogenous circadian clock: Breast cancer and electric lighting in the modern world
    Richard G Stevens
    University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06032, United States
    Mutat Res 680:106-8. 2009
    ..g., shift work) can induce deleterious epigenetic changes in these genes...
  80. pmc Super-resolution video microscopy of live cells by structured illumination
    Peter Kner
    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, San Francisco, California, USA
    Nat Methods 6:339-42. 2009
    ..We demonstrate the microscope by video imaging of tubulin and kinesin dynamics in living Drosophila melanogaster S2 cells in the total internal reflection mode...
  81. ncbi Quantitative phase-gradient imaging at high resolution with asymmetric illumination-based differential phase contrast
    Shalin B Mehta
    Optical Bioimaging Lab, National University of Singapore, Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering, Department of Biological Sciences, Singapore
    Opt Lett 34:1924-6. 2009
    ..It is amenable to transfer-function engineering, simultaneous fluorescence imaging, and automated live cell imaging...
  82. ncbi Enriching lighting design
    Elizabeth C Brawley
    Design Concepts Unlimited, P O Box 454, Sausalito, CA 94966, USA
    NeuroRehabilitation 25:189-99. 2009
    Good lighting is perhaps the most important and least understood element in designing healthcare environments...
  83. ncbi Effects of illumination intensity and direction on object coding in macaque inferior temporal cortex
    Rufin Vogels
    Laboratorium voor Neuro en Psychofysiologie, Faculteit der Geneeskunde, KU Leuven, Campus Gasthuisberg, Herestraat, B 3000 Leuven
    Cereb Cortex 12:756-66. 2002
    ..intensity or direction was rather moderate, with the majority of the neurons responding invariantly to these lighting variables...
  84. ncbi Search for gross illumination discrepancies in images of natural objects
    P George Lovell
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, Clifton, Bristol, UK
    J Vis 9:37.1-14. 2009
    Shadows may be "discounted" in human visual perception because they do not provide stable, lighting-invariant, information about the properties of objects in the environment. Using visual search, R. A. Rensink and P...
  85. ncbi Rest-activity patterns of premature infants are regulated by cycled lighting
    Scott A Rivkees
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8081, USA
    Pediatrics 113:833-9. 2004
    Many hospitalized premature infants are exposed to continuous dim lighting rather than to cycled lighting...
  86. ncbi Enhanced local texture feature sets for face recognition under difficult lighting conditions
    Xiaoyang Tan
    Department of Computer Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
    IEEE Trans Image Process 19:1635-50. 2010
    Making recognition more reliable under uncontrolled lighting conditions is one of the most important challenges for practical face recognition systems...
  87. ncbi Lighting during the day and night: possible impact on risk of breast cancer
    Richard G Stevens
    UCONN Health Center, University of Connecticut, Farmington, CT, USA
    Neuro Endocrinol Lett 23:57-60. 2002
    ..Many candidate factors exist, each with a cadre of proponents. The sum of these may turn out to explain the bulk of the excess risk in modern societies. On the other hand, they may not, and worse, may fall woefully short...
  88. ncbi Feeding entrainment of food-anticipatory activity and per1 expression in the brain and liver of zebrafish under different lighting and feeding conditions
    Jose F López-Olmeda
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
    Chronobiol Int 27:1380-400. 2010
    ....
  89. ncbi Straightness as the main factor of the hErmann grid illusion
    János Geier
    Stereo Vision Ltd, Budapest, Hungary
    Perception 37:651-65. 2008
    ....
  90. ncbi A comparison of the effects of feeding treatments and lighting on age at first egg and subsequent laying performance and carcase composition of broiler breeder hens
    M Ciacciariello
    Animal and Poultry Science, School of Agricultural Sciences and Agribusiness, University of KwaZulu Natal, Scottsville, South Africa
    Br Poult Sci 46:246-54. 2005
    ..Five lighting programmes were applied...
  91. pmc Experienced poor lighting contributes to the seasonal fluctuations in weight and appetite that relate to the metabolic syndrome
    Sharon Grimaldi
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, P O Box 30, 00271 Helsinki, Finland
    J Environ Public Health 2009:165013. 2009
    ..18, 95% confidence interval of 1.10 to 1.26). Self-reports of lighting experienced as poor at home contributed to scores on the metabolic factor (t = 4.20, P < .0001)...
  92. pmc Fruits, foliage and the evolution of primate colour vision
    B C Regan
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 356:229-83. 2001
    ....
  93. pmc Information limits on neural identification of colored surfaces in natural scenes
    David H Foster
    Visual and Computational Neuroscience Group, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, Manchester, UK
    Vis Neurosci 21:331-6. 2004
    ..The standard deviation over the 25 scenes was, on average, approximately 1 bit, suggesting that the neural coding of surface color can be optimized independent of location for any particular range of illuminants...
  94. pmc Preflight adjustment to eastward travel: 3 days of advancing sleep with and without morning bright light
    Helen J Burgess
    Biological Rhythms Research Laboratory, Rush Presbyterian St Luke s Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    J Biol Rhythms 18:318-28. 2003
    ..More days of preflight treatment could be used to produce even larger phase advances and potentially eliminate jet lag...
  95. ncbi Lateral biases in assumptions of lighting position
    Lorin J Elias
    Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, 9 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Canada S7N 5A5
    Brain Cogn 59:303-5. 2005
    ..Collectively, these results suggest that there are lateral biases in assumptions of illumination position and that these biases do not depend on the number of stimuli being perceived at any given time...
  96. ncbi Why the visual recognition system might encode the effects of illumination
    M J Tarr
    Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Vision Res 38:2259-75. 1998
    A key problem in recognition is that the image of an object depends on the lighting conditions...
  97. pmc Myopia, genetics, and ambient lighting at night in a UK sample
    J A Guggenheim
    Cardiff University, Cathays Park, Cardiff, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 87:580-2. 2003
    It has been reported that exposure to artificial lighting at night during the first 2 years of life was very strongly associated with subsequent myopia development.
  98. pmc Meeting report: the role of environmental lighting and circadian disruption in cancer and other diseases
    Richard G Stevens
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut 06030 6325, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1357-62. 2007
    ..of a diverse group of scientists to consider how best to conduct research on possible connections between lighting and health...
  99. ncbi Effects of abnormal lighting on the development of zebrafish visual behavior
    J Bilotta
    Department of Psychology, Western Kentucky University, 1 Big Red Way, Bowling Green, KY 42101, USA
    Behav Brain Res 116:81-7. 2000
    ..This study examined the effects of abnormal lighting environments on zebrafish visual behavior...
  100. ncbi Food-entrained feeding and locomotor circadian rhythms in rats under different lighting conditions
    P Lax
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Spain
    Chronobiol Int 16:281-91. 1999
    ..To facilitate comparison of the results obtained under the different lighting conditions, the period of the feeding cycles was set in all three cases about 1h less than the light-entrained or ..
  101. ncbi Illumination encoding in face recognition: effect of position shift
    Wendy L Braje
    Department of Psychology, Plattsburgh State University, Plattsburgh, NY, USA
    J Vis 3:161-70. 2003
    ..The results also suggest that face representations retain illumination information...

Research Grants66

  1. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These questions will be about problems that affect their eyes under different lighting conditions...
  2. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These questions will be about problems that affect their eyes under different lighting conditions...
  3. Durable Visible Light-activated Antivral Coatings for Fabrics Used for Personal P
    JOSEF STEPHAN SCHNEIDER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..non-leaching fiber treatment binding photoactive dyes that inactivate viruses upon illumination with conventional lighting. Candidate dyes have been chosen that generate the most singlet oxygen [the active antiviral agent] per unit ..
  4. A Ribozyme Rescue Strategy for Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration
    John M Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..reducing the amount of RHO that forms and bleaches in rod PRs, daily ATR production will be reduced under normal lighting. As ATR is a substrate of A2E and RetDi formation, reduction in the rate of toxic retinoid accumulation is ..
  5. Developing and Improving the UAB Gnotobiotic Facility.
    SAMUEL CORBIN CARTNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..microbial-host interactions;2) Maintain healthy animals by updating the existing environmental (HVAC, lighting) control and monitoring equipment;upgrading emergency power to ensure continuous isolator operation;and acquiring ..
  6. Circadian light entrainment following genetic ablation of retinal glutamate trans
    HEINRICH SELWYN GOMPF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..response to light pulses at varying intensities, entrainment to a 6-hour phase shift, light masking and constant lighting conditions...
  7. HIV risk and venues for meeting sex partners
    Christian Grov; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., lighting;sound;perceived social norms around unsafe sex, drug, or alcohol use;perception of anonymity) in an effort to ..
  8. Glaucoma and Visual Function
    ANJALI MARUTI BHORADE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Intervention studies, which may include rehabilitative programs, improved home lighting, or changes in clinical management, could decrease morbidity, increase safety and independence, and improve ..
  9. Investigation of Indoor Solid Fuel and Kerosene Use as Tuberculosis Risk Factors
    Kirk R Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..case-control study in Nepal, found indoor biomass burning as a heating fuel, and use of kerosene, for cooking or lighting, to be likely strong risk factors for TB disease...
  10. Human circadian sensitivity to very short light pulses
    Elizabeth B Klerman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of light, to make recommendations involving exposure to or avoidance of light, and to design environmental lighting (e.g., room or desk lights), resulting in improved health and alertness and decreased errors and accidents...
  11. Fluorophore-Conjugated Antibodies for Imaging and Resection of GI Tumors
    Meng Yang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to improve visualization of primary and metastatic GI cancers not otherwise seen under normal laparoscopic lighting. The ability to clearly distinguish all fluorescently-labeled cancerous tissue pre-operatively via laparoscopy ..
  12. Physiology of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells
    Kwoon Y Wong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..long-term objective is to fill both of these knowledge gaps and use this knowledge to help develop lighting technologies that promote health and productivity, light therapies for winter depression, better diagnostic tests ..
  13. Modernization and Transformation of the New Jersey Medical School Central Researc
    Robert L Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of facility doors and bumper guards;replacement of present animal room lights with tri-level lighting;replacement of existing aged water lines with Edstrom stainless steel water lines;installation of a modern ..
  14. Retinal Neurons Afferent to the Circadian System
    GARY EDWARD PICKARD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These cells convey signals to the SCN providing information about ambient lighting conditions...
  15. To demonstrate the feasibility of a home tonometer to monitor IOP without contact
    JIM SON CHOU; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We are the manufacturer of ophthalmic diagnostic instruments with core expertise of solid state lighting and digital image systems. Our in-home non-contact tonometer does not require special skills to use...
  16. Human circadian, sleep, cardiovascular and neurobehavioral responses to light
    Elizabeth B Klerman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of light, to make recommendations involving exposure to or avoidance of light, and to design environmental lighting, resulting in improved health and alertness and decreased errors and accidents...
  17. Individually tailored lighting system to improve sleep in older adults
    MARIANA FIGUEIRO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Pilot data from our laboratory at the Lighting Research Center (LRC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute showed that monochromatic 530-nm (green) light ..
  18. Cross-talk between ganglion-cell photoreceptors and other neurons in the retina
    Kwoon Y Wong; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and light therapies for sleep problems and depression, the design of better workplace policies and school schedules to promote alertness and maximize productivity, and the development of healthier lighting technologies.
  19. Methodology issues in a tailored light treatment for persons with dementia
    MARIANA FIGUEIRO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..those with ADRD;and 3) implement and test the efficacy of a practical but scientifically sophisticated day-night lighting system designed to improve entrainment to the solar day and improve sleep quality in persons with ADRD and their ..
  20. Sensory Adapted Dental Environments to Enhance Oral Care for Children with Autism
    SHARON ANDREA CERMAK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..reactions when confronted with experiential aspects of dental visits such as exposure to bright fluorescent lighting, touch in or around the mouth, or the texture and smell of various oral care products...
  21. Photoperiod affects retinal function
    Chad R Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..e., depression) during extreme changes in lighting environment...
  22. Novel Nanorods for High Efficiency Medical Imaging Applications
    Christopher J Summers; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..to protein crystallography, digital radiography and mammography, as well as a host of other important imaging and lighting applications...
  23. NEAR INFRARED IMAGING OF MMP-2/MM-9 WITH A HIGHLY SPECIFIC OPTICAL PROBE
    WILSON EDWARDS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A patient would likely be scanned at the office of their doctor. To test whether the probes will be effective in lighting up tumors we will perform the following Aims...
  24. Neural Basis for SAD: Development of a Diurnal Rodent Model
    Lily Yan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, there is a fundamental gap in understanding how changes in environmental lighting conditions lead to the fluctuations in affective state in individuals with SAD...
  25. Rapid Material Perception
    Ruth Rosenholtz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A science of material perception would help in developing recommendations on the lighting, layout, and materials used in sidewalks and corridors...
  26. Lighting System for Premature Infant Incubators
    Robert White; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, incubator lighting systems still can still be improved...
  27. Warning Beacons for Front Line Service Worker Safety
    Mark S Rea; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..findings from the laboratory and closed-track experiments can be implemented practically us- ing available lighting, control and sensor technologies...
  28. Biology of Photosensitive Ganglion Cells
    David M Berson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..our understanding of the role of lightdriven activity in visual system development and may prompt a reconsideration of the possible impact of lighting environments on visual system development in premature human infants.
  29. Retinal circadian rhythms and refractive development
    RICHARD ALAN STONE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Many reports also have associated lighting (or putative surrogates of lighting) with disordered refractive development both in laboratory animals and in ..
  30. Translation of a robbery and violence prevention program to high risk businesses
    Carri Casteel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Evidence-based programs that include employee training, cash handling procedures, safe management, interior lighting, visibility, access control, and signage to indicate safety procedures have shown great success in reducing ..
  31. Basic &Translational Neuroscience Research
    Peter R MacLeish; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Dr. Davidson's research program (Project # 1) will investigate the consequence of changing lighting schedules (as might occur as a result of shift-work and jet-lag) on the health of mice. Dr...
  32. Designing for Patient Safety: Developing methods to integrate patient safety conc
    Anjali Joseph; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..hospitals as well as worldwide. Research shows that healthcare physical environment factors such as noise, poor lighting, inadequate ventilation and building layout and design contribute to these negative outcomes in healthcare...
  33. TREATMENT OF CIRCADIAN SLEEP DISORDERS WITH BRIGHT LIGHT
    Steven W Lockley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These PRCs have provided the basis for designing appropriately-timed lighting regimes to reset the circadian pacemaker in a range of therapeutic applications...
  34. Thomas E. Starzl Biomedical Science Tower 12th Floor Laboratory Renovations Proje
    Arthur S Levine; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..deteriorating interior construction, and an outmoded layout of cloistered laboratories with no natural lighting, limited opportunities for collaborations developed through casual exchanges of ideas between research groups and ..
  35. Tulane_University_Interdisciplinary_Bioscience_Initiative
    John D Clements; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, we will upgrade the fa[unreadable]ade of the building to improve ambient lighting in the laboratory areas and improve the overall comfort in the work environment, thereby increasing productivity ..
  36. Monitoring Neural Activity in Freely Behaving Zebrafish Larvae with Bioluminescen
    Florian Engert; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..propose an extension of this method for fast temporal gating that is able to count single photons during normal lighting conditions...
  37. Minimizing Memory Errors in Child Diet Assessment
    Tom Baranowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Limits of this system are that many foods are hard to recognize in a photo (e.g., poor lighting, odd angle, unusual food, unusual preparation or presentation of the food)...
  38. Amygdala Priming Mechanism Underlying the Panic Response
    SHELLEY THIELEN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Each rat will have been habituated to the arena and the lighting conditions prior to testing. Test duration will be 5 minutes...
  39. The Dynamics of Memory Retrieval and Forgetting
    Ehren L Newman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Defining features of these environments will include the enclosure lighting and the behavior-reward contingency...
  40. Olin Research Center: Addition for New MRI Scanner and Research Staff
    Harold I Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and connection, VAV boxes, exhaust fan, cabinet unit heaters, circular and condensate pumps, direct/indirect lighting, 2x4 prismatic lighting, emergency lighting, exterior lighting, fire alarms, electrical gear, new sub-panel, Otis ..
  41. ZircLight: Spectrum-specific Lighting for Shift Work
    Martin Moore-Ede; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): ZircLight: Spectrum-Specific Lighting for Shift Work Epidemiologic evidence has established that shift work exposure is associated with an array of adverse health consequences, including increased ..
  42. Curvature Changing Accommodating IOL
    James T Schwiegerling; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This downside is especially apparent in low lighting conditions...
  43. Volker Hall Animal Facility Phase IV
    SAMUEL CORBIN CARTNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..UAB (21), all small animal researchers (35) with animals housed in VHAF and retinal researchers requiring special lighting conditions for their animals (6). These facilities will contribute to the completion of 69 active ($16...
  44. Clock genes, environmental challenges and cardiopulmonary disease
    KARYN ANN contact ESSER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..One of the key physiological targets of altered patterns of environmental lighting is the circadian timing system...
  45. Rod Cone Interactions in Mesopic Vision
    Dingcai Cao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Mesopic vision, a combination of rod and cone vision in modest but not low lighting situations, is a fundamental but challenging research area...
  46. DEVELOPING CIRCADIAN RHYTHMICITY
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..environments of hospital nurseries in the United States each year, very little consideration is given to the lighting cycles to which infants are exposed...
  47. Molecular Basis of Protein Transport in Photoreceptor
    Ching Hwa Sung; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, we will test our hypothesis that environmental lighting plays an important role in regulating the OS delivery, and, hence, disc incorporation of rhodopsin (Specific Aim3)..
  48. Enabling aliphatic biodegradable photoluminescent polymeric biomaterials
    Jian Yang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Unlike traditional non-degradable aromatic fluorescent polymers used in lighting industry, BPLPs are aliphatic degradable oligomers synthesized by some biocompatible monomers including citric ..
  49. Sleep Therapy Headset for Improving Sleep Quality of Older Adults
    PHILIP BONELLO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Based upon knowledge on lighting technologies, the sleep and circadian scientific literature, and upon empirical research performed by researchers ..
  50. Top-down and bottom-up processes of scene categorization
    Jiye G Kim; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..ones never encountered before and often under poor viewing conditions such as brief exposure duration and dim lighting. What are the underlying neural operations that subserve such proficient scene processing? Our visual experience ..
  51. LIGHT DURING DARKNESS AND BREAST CANCER PROGRESSION
    David Blask; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..dietary fat intake as a new risk factor for breast cancer progression and to novel preventative measures for lowering breast cancer risk by combining modifications of indoor lighting and dietary fat intake with melatonin supplementation.
  52. IMPROVING UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY ANIMAL RESOURCES
    LEONARD PETERS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The specific aims are to 1) renovate and replace floors, ceilings, lighting, doors and HVAC system; 2) install environmental monitoring system and a new 100 KW emergency generator; 3) ..
  53. Treatment of Circadian Disruption from Shiftwork in Older Adults
    Jeanne F Duffy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that in young adults, scheduling sleep before (rather than after) the night shift, when combined with enhanced lighting on the night shift, can improve alertness and vigilance to nearly day shift levels after only one night...
  54. Violence Against Teachers: Etiology & Consequences
    SUSAN GERBERICH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..facilities/schools and relevant community socioeconomic status, location, physical design/attributes (openness, lighting, barriers, room configurations); administrative and management factors including tolerance of violence/relevant ..
  55. POSTURAL STABILITY EFFECTS IN LOW SEAM MINING TASKS
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..factors such as, restricted work postures, task type, surface slipperiness, surface unevenness, and environmental lighting and glare) to be evaluated in the proposed study will be rank-ordered for postural instability and/or loss of ..
  56. RISK FACTORS FOR VIOLENCE AMONG NURSES
    SUSAN GERBERICH; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..as types of hospitals/department/speciality wards, staffing patterns, management protocols, physical environment (lighting, barriers, room configurations); general social environment (support/tolerance for harassment and abuse); (3) ..
  57. Nanocrystalline Phosphors for Medical Imaging Applications
    CHRISTOPHER SUMMERS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..digital radiography and mammography applications, as well as a host of other important imaging and lighting applications...
  58. Light Adaptation in Vertebrate Rod Photoreceptors
    CLINT MAKINO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..ultimate in sensitivity to light but are also capable of adjusting that sensitivity over a wide range of ambient lighting conditions...
  59. MODULATION OF CIRCADIAN RHYTHMICITY IN PRETERM INFANTS
    RONALD ARIAGNO; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..In order to achieve these goals the investigators will examine: (1) the NICU and home ambient lighting and sound level from a chronobiological perspective; and (2) the output of the infant circadian system: heart ..
  60. Multi-Resolution Corneal Topography (MRCT)
    EDWIN SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..this goal, the specific aims are to develop the following: 1) optimized reflection target with LED back lighting; 2) electro-optics assembly; 3) optical head mechanical frame; 4) optical head enclosure; 5) system software; 6) ..
  61. WORKLOAD EFFECT ON TASK PERFORMANCE ON INCLINED SURFACE
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..age, sex, and other fall risk factors such as physical workload, standing surface inclination and environmental lighting. A series of experiments will be carried out with 240 industrial workers (such as roofers, glazers, painters, ..
  62. EMERGENCY POWER AND QUARANTINE CAGING
    Harold Stills; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The continuous operation of lighting; heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning equipment is critical to providing a stable environment for ..
  63. ANIMAL ROOM VENTILLATION AND CEILING IMPROVEMENTS
    Charles Henry; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The main non-human primate facility is very dark and thus needs painting and lighting changes to bring it up to acceptable standards...
  64. CIRCADIAN RHYTHM ENTRAINMENT
    NORMAN RUBY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This finding represents the first, time that any mammal has failed to reentrain to commonly used laboratory lighting conditions...
  65. Blue-White Light Therapy for Circadian Sleep Disorders in Alzheimer's Disease
    Philip Sloane; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..an interdisciplinary group of scientists from a leading long-term care research center and a nationally-prominent lighting research center...
  66. IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY FOR ANIMALS AND STAFF
    Robert Glickman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..emergency power adequate to maintain all environmental conditions in the BCAF animal rooms; and 4) upgrading the lighting system in the SCAF animal rooms to provide uniform illumination levels through the room that are adequate for the ..