Top Publications

  1. pmc Absolute humidity modulates influenza survival, transmission, and seasonality
    Jeffrey Shaman
    College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:3243-8. 2009
  2. pmc Influenza virus transmission is dependent on relative humidity and temperature
    Anice C Lowen
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    PLoS Pathog 3:1470-6. 2007
  3. pmc Absolute humidity and the seasonal onset of influenza in the continental United States
    Jeffrey Shaman
    College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 8:e1000316. 2010
  4. ncbi Potential effect of population and climate changes on global distribution of dengue fever: an empirical model
    Simon Hales
    Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, PO Box 7343, Mein Street, Wellington, New Zealand
    Lancet 360:830-4. 2002
  5. pmc Aerosol transmission of influenza A virus: a review of new studies
    Raymond Tellier
    Provincial Laboratory for Public Health of Alberta, Calgary, Canada
    J R Soc Interface 6:S783-90. 2009
  6. pmc Absolute humidity and pandemic versus epidemic influenza
    Jeffrey Shaman
    Oregon State University, Corvallis, 97331, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 173:127-35. 2011
  7. ncbi Are meteorological parameters associated with acute respiratory tract infections?
    Jean Baptist du Prel
    Kinderklinik, Paediatrische Infektiologie and Zentrum Praeventive Paediatrie, Universitaetsmedizin, Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet, Mainz, Germany
    Clin Infect Dis 49:861-8. 2009
  8. ncbi Is hand, foot and mouth disease associated with meteorological parameters?
    E Ma
    Surveillance and Epidemiology Branch, Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
    Epidemiol Infect 138:1779-88. 2010
  9. pmc Relationship between humidity and influenza A viability in droplets and implications for influenza's seasonality
    Wan Yang
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e46789. 2012
  10. pmc Aquaporin water channel AgAQP1 in the malaria vector mosquito Anopheles gambiae during blood feeding and humidity adaptation
    Kun Liu
    Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, E5132, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:6062-6. 2011

Detail Information

Publications384 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Absolute humidity modulates influenza survival, transmission, and seasonality
    Jeffrey Shaman
    College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:3243-8. 2009
    ..Previous studies indicate that relative humidity (RH) affects both influenza virus transmission (IVT) and influenza virus survival (IVS)...
  2. pmc Influenza virus transmission is dependent on relative humidity and temperature
    Anice C Lowen
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    PLoS Pathog 3:1470-6. 2007
    ..pig as a model host, we show that aerosol spread of influenza virus is dependent upon both ambient relative humidity and temperature...
  3. pmc Absolute humidity and the seasonal onset of influenza in the continental United States
    Jeffrey Shaman
    College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 8:e1000316. 2010
    ..A recent reanalysis of laboratory experiments indicates that absolute humidity strongly modulates the airborne survival and transmission of the influenza virus...
  4. ncbi Potential effect of population and climate changes on global distribution of dengue fever: an empirical model
    Simon Hales
    Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, PO Box 7343, Mein Street, Wellington, New Zealand
    Lancet 360:830-4. 2002
    ..Our aim was to investigate the potential effects of global climate change on human health, and in particular, on the transmission of vector-borne diseases...
  5. pmc Aerosol transmission of influenza A virus: a review of new studies
    Raymond Tellier
    Provincial Laboratory for Public Health of Alberta, Calgary, Canada
    J R Soc Interface 6:S783-90. 2009
    ..transmission, where it was shown that aerosol transmission is important and probably modulated by temperature and humidity; the demonstration of some genetic determinants of airborne transmission of influenza viruses as assessed using ..
  6. pmc Absolute humidity and pandemic versus epidemic influenza
    Jeffrey Shaman
    Oregon State University, Corvallis, 97331, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 173:127-35. 2011
    Experimental and epidemiologic evidence indicates that variations of absolute humidity account for the onset and seasonal cycle of epidemic influenza in temperate regions...
  7. ncbi Are meteorological parameters associated with acute respiratory tract infections?
    Jean Baptist du Prel
    Kinderklinik, Paediatrische Infektiologie and Zentrum Praeventive Paediatrie, Universitaetsmedizin, Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet, Mainz, Germany
    Clin Infect Dis 49:861-8. 2009
    ..Aiming at better predictions of the seasonal activity of ARI pathogens, we investigated the influence of climate on hospitalizations for ARIs...
  8. ncbi Is hand, foot and mouth disease associated with meteorological parameters?
    E Ma
    Surveillance and Epidemiology Branch, Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
    Epidemiol Infect 138:1779-88. 2010
    ..After adjusting for the effect of collinearity, mean temperature, diurnal difference in temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed were positively associated with HFMD consultation rates, and explained HFMD consultation rates ..
  9. pmc Relationship between humidity and influenza A viability in droplets and implications for influenza's seasonality
    Wan Yang
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e46789. 2012
    b>Humidity has been associated with influenza's seasonality, but the mechanisms underlying the relationship remain unclear...
  10. pmc Aquaporin water channel AgAQP1 in the malaria vector mosquito Anopheles gambiae during blood feeding and humidity adaptation
    Kun Liu
    Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, E5132, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:6062-6. 2011
    ..blood feeding but not by sugar feeding, and it is reduced by exposure to a dehydrating environment (42% relative humidity). RNA interference reduces AgAQP1 mRNA and protein levels...
  11. ncbi The influence of temperature and humidity on the incidence of hand, foot, and mouth disease in Japan
    Daisuke Onozuka
    Department of Public Health and Medical Affairs, Fukuoka Prefectural Government, 7 7 Higashi koen, Hakata Ku, Fukuoka shi, Fukuoka 812 8577, Japan
    Sci Total Environ 410:119-25. 2011
    ..However, the impact of weather fluctuations on hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), which primarily affects children, is not well understood...
  12. ncbi Effects of microclimatic changes caused by deforestation on the survivorship and reproductive fitness of Anopheles gambiae in western Kenya highlands
    Yaw A Afrane
    Climate and Human Health Research Unit, Centre for Vector Biology and Control Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:772-8. 2006
    ..The vectorial capacity of An. gambiae under study was estimated at least 106% and 29% higher in the deforested area than in the forested area in dry and rainy seasons, respectively...
  13. ncbi The stomatal response to reduced relative humidity requires guard cell-autonomous ABA synthesis
    Hubert Bauer
    Institute for Molecular Plant Physiology and Biophysics, Biocenter, University of Wuerzburg, 97082 Wuerzburg, Germany
    Curr Biol 23:53-7. 2013
    ..In 1898, Francis Darwin showed that stomata close in response to reduced atmospheric relative humidity (rh); however, our understanding of the signaling pathway responsible for coupling changes in rh to alterations ..
  14. ncbi Highly sensitive and stable humidity nanosensors based on LiCl doped TiO2 electrospun nanofibers
    Zhenyu Li
    Alan G MacDiarmid Institute, Jilin University, Chang Chun 130012, PR China
    J Am Chem Soc 130:5036-7. 2008
    A new type of humidity nanosensor based on LiCl-doped TiO2 nanofibers with poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) nanofibers as sacrificial template has been fabricated through electrospinning and calcination...
  15. ncbi Weather as an effective predictor for occurrence of dengue fever in Taiwan
    Pei Chih Wu
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 138 Sheng Li Road, Tainan 70428, Taiwan, ROC
    Acta Trop 103:50-7. 2007
    ..126, p=0.044), and a reverse association was also found with relative humidity (beta=-0.025, p=0.048)...
  16. pmc Polypyrrole porous micro humidity sensor integrated with a ring oscillator circuit on chip
    Ming Zhi Yang
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
    Sensors (Basel) 10:10095-104. 2010
    This study presents the design and fabrication of a capacitive micro humidity sensor integrated with a five-stage ring oscillator circuit on chip using the complimentary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process...
  17. pmc Transmission of a 2009 pandemic influenza virus shows a sensitivity to temperature and humidity similar to that of an H3N2 seasonal strain
    John Steel
    Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1 Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1124, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Virol 85:1400-2. 2011
    ..Herein we show that aerosol transmission of a 2009 pandemic strain shows a dependence on relative humidity and temperature very similar to that of a seasonal H3N2 influenza virus...
  18. ncbi The role of abscisic acid in disturbed stomatal response characteristics of Tradescantia virginiana during growth at high relative air humidity
    Abdolhossein Rezaei Nejad
    Horticultural Production Chains Group, Plant Sciences, Wageningen University, Marijkeweg 22, 6709 PG, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    J Exp Bot 58:627-36. 2007
    ..of abscisic acid (ABA) in altered stomatal responses of Tradescantia virginiana leaves grown at high relative air humidity (RH) was investigated...
  19. ncbi Vertical movement and posture of blacklegged tick (Acari: Ixodidae) nymphs as a function of temperature and relative humidity in laboratory experiments
    Stephen C Vail
    Department of Biology, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ 07470, USA
    J Med Entomol 39:842-6. 2002
    ..tick (Ixodes scapularis Say) nymphs under controlled conditions of daylength, temperature, and relative humidity in the laboratory...
  20. ncbi Dynamics of adaptation of stomatal behaviour to moderate or high relative air humidity in Tradescantia virginiana
    Abdolhossein Rezaei Nejad
    Horticultural Production Chains Group, Plant Sciences, Wageningen University, Marijkeweg 22, 6709 PG, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    J Exp Bot 59:289-301. 2008
  21. ncbi Avoiding high relative air humidity during critical stages of leaf ontogeny is decisive for stomatal functioning
    Dimitrios Fanourakis
    Department of Plant Sciences, Horticultural Supply Chains Group, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
    Physiol Plant 142:274-86. 2011
    Plants of several species, if grown at high relative air humidity (RH ≥85%), develop stomata that fail to close fully in case of low leaf water potential...
  22. ncbi Temperature and relative humidity affect the selection of shelters by Triatoma infestans, vector of Chagas disease
    M G Lorenzo
    Departamento de Cs Biologicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Argentina
    Acta Trop 72:241-9. 1999
    ..We discuss possible effects of environmental factors on the distribution of insects in human dwellings, and analyse the environmental characteristics of normally available refuges in materials used for house building in endemic zones...
  23. pmc Floral humidity as a reliable sensory cue for profitability assessment by nectar-foraging hawkmoths
    Martin von Arx
    Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:9471-6. 2012
    ..Here we document such a cue--transient humidity gradients--using the night blooming flowers of Oenothera cespitosa (Onagraceae)...
  24. pmc Incorporating the effects of humidity in a mechanistic model of Anopheles gambiae mosquito population dynamics in the Sahel region of Africa
    Teresa K Yamana
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 15 Vassar Street, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Parasit Vectors 6:235. 2013
    Low levels of relative humidity are known to decrease the lifespan of mosquitoes. However, most current models of malaria transmission do not account for the effects of relative humidity on mosquito survival...
  25. pmc Low relative humidity triggers RNA-directed de novo DNA methylation and suppression of genes controlling stomatal development
    Penny J Tricker
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, UK
    J Exp Bot 63:3799-813. 2012
    ..It is reported that Arabidopsis thaliana 'Landsberg erecta' plants grown under low relative humidity have a reduced stomatal index and that two genes in the stomatal development pathway, SPEECHLESS and FAMA, become ..
  26. pmc Self-calibrated humidity sensor in CMOS without post-processing
    Oleg Nizhnik
    Maenaka Human sensing Fusion Project, 8111, Shosha 2167, Himeji shi, Hyogo ken, Japan
    Sensors (Basel) 12:226-32. 2012
    A 1.1 μW power dissipation, voltage-output humidity sensor with 10% relative humidity accuracy was developed in the LFoundry 0.15 μm CMOS technology without post-processing...
  27. pmc Dynamics of airborne influenza A viruses indoors and dependence on humidity
    Wan Yang
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e21481. 2011
    ..significant role in the spread of influenza in temperate regions and that the efficiency of this route depends on humidity. Nevertheless, the precise mechanisms by which humidity might influence transmissibility via the aerosol route ..
  28. pmc High humidity induces abscisic acid 8'-hydroxylase in stomata and vasculature to regulate local and systemic abscisic acid responses in Arabidopsis
    Masanori Okamoto
    RIKEN Plant Science Center, Yokohama, Kanagawa 230 0045, Japan
    Plant Physiol 149:825-34. 2009
    ..examined physiological roles of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) CYP707As in the plant's response to changes in humidity. The cyp707a1 and cyp707a3 mutants displayed lower stomatal conductance under turgid conditions (relative ..
  29. ncbi Hospital admissions for heart disease: the effects of temperature and humidity
    Joel Schwartz
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 00215, USA
    Epidemiology 15:755-61. 2004
    We estimated the effects of temperature and humidity on hospital admissions for heart disease (International Classification of Diseases, 9th revision [ICD-9] codes 390-429) and myocardial infarction (ICD-9 code 410) of persons age 65 and ..
  30. ncbi How far droplets can move in indoor environments--revisiting the Wells evaporation-falling curve
    X Xie
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Indoor Air 17:211-25. 2007
    ..the well-known Wells evaporation-falling curve of droplets is revisited considering the effect of relative humidity, air speed, and respiratory jets...
  31. ncbi High-sensitivity humidity sensor based on a single SnO(2) nanowire
    Qin Kuang
    State Key Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces and Department of Chemistry, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
    J Am Chem Soc 129:6070-1. 2007
  32. ncbi The global spread of malaria in a future, warmer world
    D J Rogers
    Trypanosomiasis and Land Use in Africa Research Group, Oxford Tick Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 289:1763-6. 2000
    ..These results were applied to future climate scenarios to predict future distributions, which showed remarkably few changes, even under the most extreme scenarios...
  33. ncbi The identification of genes involved in the stomatal response to reduced atmospheric relative humidity
    Xiaodong Xie
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Lancaster, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 16:882-7. 2006
    Stomatal pores of higher plants close in response to decreases in atmospheric relative humidity (RH)...
  34. pmc Odors and sensations of humidity and dryness in relation to sick building syndrome and home environment in Chongqing, China
    Juan Wang
    Key Laboratory of Three Gorges Reservoir Region s Eco Environment, Ministry of Education, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China
    PLoS ONE 8:e72385. 2013
    The prevalence of perceptions of odors and sensations of air humidity and sick building syndrome symptoms in domestic environments were studied using responses to a questionnaire on the home environment...
  35. pmc Temperature, relative humidity and sunshine may be the effective predictors for occurrence of malaria in Guangzhou, southern China, 2006-2012
    Tiegang Li
    Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China
    Parasit Vectors 6:155. 2013
    ..90% in the monthly number of malaria cases. Likewise, a one percent rise in relative humidity led to an increase of 3.99% and a one hour rise in sunshine led to an increase of 0...
  36. pmc A humidity sensing organic-inorganic composite for environmental monitoring
    Zubair Ahmad
    Low Dimensional Materials Research Centre, Department of Physics, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
    Sensors (Basel) 13:3615-24. 2013
    In this paper, we present the effect of varying humidity levels on the electrical parameters and the multi frequency response of the electrical parameters of an organic-inorganic composite (PEPC+NiPc+Cu2O)-based humidity sensor...
  37. ncbi Daily time spent indoors in German homes--baseline data for the assessment of indoor exposure of German occupants
    Sabine Brasche
    Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Institute of Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, Department of Indoor Climatology, Bachstrasse 18, 07740 Jena, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 208:247-53. 2005
    ..6 h/day) and Canadian (15.8 h/day) human activity surveys carried out in the nineties, as well as being consistent with the German Environmental Survey (1990/92) and a small German study in 1987...
  38. ncbi A comprehensive analysis of the physiological and anatomical components involved in higher water loss rates after leaf development at high humidity
    Dimitrios Fanourakis
    Wageningen University, Department of Plant Sciences, Horticultural Supply Chains Group, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
    J Plant Physiol 170:890-8. 2013
    To better understand the poor regulation of water loss after leaf development at high relative air humidity (RH), the relative importance of the physiological and anatomical components was analyzed focusing on cultivars with a contrasting ..
  39. pmc Sampling port for real-time analysis of bioaerosol in whole body exposure system for animal aerosol model development
    Divey Saini
    Duke Human Vaccine Institute, PO Box 103020, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods 63:143-9. 2011
    ..The delivery of aerosols is affected by chamber conditions (humidity, temperature, and pressure) and bioaerosol characteristics (particle number, particle size distribution, and ..
  40. pmc High humidity leads to loss of infectious influenza virus from simulated coughs
    John D Noti
    Health Effects Laboratory Division HELD, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Morgantown, West Virginia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e57485. 2013
    The role of relative humidity in the aerosol transmission of influenza was examined in a simulated examination room containing coughing and breathing manikins.
  41. ncbi Fast detection of humidity with a subwavelength-diameter fiber taper coated with gelatin film
    Lei Zhang
    State Key Lab of Modern Optical Instrumentation Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
    Opt Express 16:13349-53. 2008
    A subwavelength-diameter tapered optical fiber coated with gelatin layer for fast relative humidity (RH) sensing is reported...
  42. ncbi Effects of humidification on nasal symptoms and compliance in sleep apnea patients using continuous positive airway pressure
    C A Massie
    Alexian Brothers Medical Center, Elk Grove Village, IL, USA
    Chest 116:403-8. 1999
    ..To evaluate the effects of humidification on nasal symptoms and compliance in sleep apnea patients using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)...
  43. ncbi Onset of mucosal, dermal, and general symptoms in relation to biomarkers and exposures in the dwelling: a cohort study from 1992 to 2002
    B Sahlberg
    Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital and Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Indoor Air 22:331-8. 2012
    ..97). In conclusion, female gender, dampness or indoor molds, indoor painting, and biomarkers of allergy and inflammation were associated with a higher incidence of SBS symptoms, in particular mucosal symptoms...
  44. ncbi Effects of ambient temperature, humidity, and other meteorological variables on hospital admissions for angina pectoris
    Maurizio G Abrignani
    Operative Unit of Cardiology, S Antonio Abate Hospital, Trapani, Italy
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 19:342-8. 2012
    ..Seasonal peaks in cardiovascular disease incidence have been widely reported, suggesting weather has a role...
  45. ncbi Effects of weather on the performance of marathon runners
    Timo Vihma
    Finnish Meteorological Institute, PO Box 503, 00101 Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Biometeorol 54:297-306. 2010
    The effects of air temperature, relative and specific humidity, wind speed, solar shortwave radiation, thermal longwave radiation, and rain on the performance of participants in the annual Stockholm Marathon from 1980 to 2008 were ..
  46. ncbi Seasonal influenza activity in Hong Kong and its association with meteorological variations
    Paul K S Chan
    Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    J Med Virol 81:1797-806. 2009
    ..influenza over a 10-year period in Hong Kong; examining its association with changes in temperature and relative humidity. The two types of influenza exhibited different correlations with meteorological variations...
  47. ncbi Sunshine, rainfall, humidity and child pneumonia in the tropics: time-series analyses
    S Paynter
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Australia
    Epidemiol Infect 141:1328-36. 2013
    ..We examined the association between four meteorological exposures (rainy days, sunshine, relative humidity, temperature) and the incidence of clinical pneumonia in young children in the Philippines using three time-..
  48. pmc Growth conditions and environmental factors impact aerosolization but not virulence of Francisella tularensis infection in mice
    Seth A Faith
    Regional Biocontainment Laboratory, Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2:126. 2012
    ..methodology to develop a mouse model for inhalation of Francisella tularensis, it was noted that both relative humidity and growth media impacted the aerosol concentration of the live vaccine strain (LVS) of F. tularensis...
  49. pmc Insect hygroreceptor responses to continuous changes in humidity and air pressure
    H Tichy
    Department of Neurobiology, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    J Neurophysiol 103:3274-86. 2010
    The most favored model of humidity transduction views the cuticular wall of insect hygroreceptive sensilla as a hygromechanical transducer...
  50. ncbi Increased evaporative rates in laboratory testing conditions simulating airplane cabin relative humidity: an important factor for dry eye syndrome
    Eduardo Uchiyama
    Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390 9057, USA
    Eye Contact Lens 33:174-6. 2007
    To quantitatively explore the relationship between low relative humidity conditions, as experienced in airplane cabins during flight, and increases in aqueous tear evaporation as a potential explanation for increased dry eye symptoms ..
  51. pmc A dynamic model of some malaria-transmitting anopheline mosquitoes of the Afrotropical region. I. Model description and sensitivity analysis
    Torleif Markussen Lunde
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Malar J 12:28. 2013
    ..Mosquito models are important in the prediction of malaria and hence there is a need for a realistic representation of the vectors involved...
  52. pmc Climate variability and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome transmission in Northeastern China
    Wen Yi Zhang
    Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, China
    Environ Health Perspect 118:915-20. 2010
    ..The transmission of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is influenced by climatic variables. However, few studies have examined the quantitative relationship between climate variation and HFRS transmission...
  53. ncbi Impact of indoor air temperature and humidity in an office on perceived air quality, SBS symptoms and performance
    L Fang
    International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Technical University of Denmark
    Indoor Air 14:74-81. 2004
    ..and performance of office work were studied in a real office space at three levels of air temperature and humidity and two levels of ventilation rate (20 degrees C/40%, 23 degrees C/50%, 26 degrees C/60% RH at 10 l s(-1) p(-1) ..
  54. pmc Mechanical properties of spider dragline silk: humidity, hysteresis, and relaxation
    T Vehoff
    Institute for X ray Physics, University of Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
    Biophys J 93:4425-32. 2007
    ..In addition, the effect of relative humidity (RH) on the mechanical properties was quantified...
  55. ncbi Tree allometry and improved estimation of carbon stocks and balance in tropical forests
    J Chave
    Laboratoire Evolution et Diversité Biologique UMR 5174, CNRS UPS, Bâtiment IVR3, Universite Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062, Toulouse, France
    Oecologia 145:87-99. 2005
  56. ncbi Effect of air temperature and humidity on the survival of pre-imaginal stages of two flea species (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae)
    B R Krasnov
    Ramon Science Center, Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
    J Med Entomol 38:629-37. 2001
    ..Survival of X. conformis eggs did not depend on either temperature or humidity or both, whereas eggs of X. ramesis survived significantly less at 40% RH than at higher humidities...
  57. pmc Weather and air pollution as triggers of severe headaches
    Kenneth J Mukamal
    Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Neurology 72:922-7. 2009
    ..The roles of weather conditions and air pollution as triggers of headache have been inconsistent in previous, generally small studies...
  58. ncbi Cold temperature and low humidity are associated with increased occurrence of respiratory tract infections
    Tiina M Mäkinen
    Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Finland
    Respir Med 103:456-62. 2009
    The association between cold exposure and acute respiratory tract infections (RTIs) has remained unclear. The study examined whether the development of RTIs is potentiated by cold exposure and lowered humidity in a northern population.
  59. ncbi Asthma symptoms in relation to building dampness and odour in older multifamily houses in Stockholm
    K Engvall
    Stockholm Office of Research and Statistics, Sweden
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:468-77. 2001
    ..A combination of odour and signs of high air humidity was related to an increase in asthma symptoms (OR = 2.82; 95%CI 2.70-2.95) and current cough (OR = 5.29; 95%CI 4...
  60. ncbi The relationship between water vapor absorption and desorption by phospholipids and bilayer phase transitions
    Heidi M Mansour
    School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin Madison, 777 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 2222, USA
    J Pharm Sci 96:377-96. 2007
    ..25 degrees C and phase transition temperatures of phospholipid bilayers were measured as a function of relative humidity (RH) to better understand how the patterns of water vapor absorption and desorption are linked to corresponding ..
  61. ncbi Weather, Chinook, and stroke occurrence
    Thalia S Field
    Calgary Stroke Program, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Foothills Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Stroke 33:1751-7. 2002
    ..Changes in weather and season have been linked to stroke occurrence. However, the association has been inconsistent across stroke types. Calgary is a city in the Chinook belt and is subject to high variability in weather conditions...
  62. pmc Long-term monitoring of fresco paintings in the cathedral of Valencia (Spain) through humidity and temperature sensors in various locations for preventive conservation
    Manuel Zarzo
    Department of Applied Statistics, Operations Research and Quality, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
    Sensors (Basel) 11:8685-710. 2011
    ..This system comprises 29 relative humidity (RH) and temperature sensors: 10 of them inserted into the plaster layer supporting the fresco paintings, 10 ..
  63. ncbi The development of predictive tools for pre-emptive dengue vector control: a study of Aedes aegypti abundance and meteorological variables in North Queensland, Australia
    Aishah H Azil
    Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Trop Med Int Health 15:1190-7. 2010
    ..To describe the meteorological influences on adult dengue vector abundance in Australia for the development of predictive models to trigger pre-emptive control operation...
  64. ncbi Dry heat, moist heat and body fat: are heating modalities really effective in people who are overweight?
    J Petrofsky
    Department of Physical Therapy, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    J Med Eng Technol 33:361-9. 2009
    ..We observed that the greater the impairment in heat transfer to muscle from skin covered by body fat, the warmer the skin temperature increase during the modality...
  65. ncbi Effects of temperature and hydric environment on survival of the Panamanian Golden Frog infected with a pathogenic chytrid fungus
    Heidi M Bustamante
    Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 0354, USA
    Integr Zool 5:143-53. 2010
  66. ncbi Mapping and predicting malaria transmission in the People's Republic of China, using integrated biology-driven and statistical models
    Guo Jing Yang
    Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Meiyuan Yangxiang 117, Wuxi 214064, People s Republic of China
    Geospat Health 5:11-22. 2010
    ..Key factors identified (i.e. temperature, rainfall and relative humidity) were utilized for subsequent mapping and modeling purposes...
  67. pmc The effect of environmental parameters on the survival of airborne infectious agents
    Julian W Tang
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119074, Republic of Singapore
    J R Soc Interface 6:S737-46. 2009
    ..This review summarizes the various environmental factors (particularly temperature and relative humidity) that may affect the airborne survival of viruses, bacteria and fungi, with the aim of highlighting specific ..
  68. ncbi Response of stomatal numbers to CO2 and humidity: control by transpiration rate and abscisic acid
    J A Lake
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    New Phytol 179:397-404. 2008
    ..of the response has proved elusive but here it is shown that density responses to both CO2 concentration and humidity are correlated with changes in whole-plant transpiration and leaf abscisic acid (ABA) concentration...
  69. ncbi Effects of microclimatic changes caused by land use and land cover on duration of gonotrophic cycles of Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) in western Kenya highlands
    Yaw A Afrane
    Climate and Human Health Research Unit, Centre for Vector Biology and Control Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya
    J Med Entomol 42:974-80. 2005
    ..gambiae mosquitoes...
  70. pmc Climate and the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema in children
    S K Weiland
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany
    Occup Environ Med 61:609-15. 2004
    ..To investigate the association between climate and atopic diseases using worldwide data from 146 centres of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC)...
  71. ncbi Influenza virus contamination of common household surfaces during the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in Bangkok, Thailand: implications for contact transmission
    James Mark Simmerman
    Influenza Division, International Emerging Infections Program, Thailand Ministry of Public Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1053-61. 2010
    ..We studied households with an influenza-infected child to measure the prevalence of influenza contamination, the effect of hand washing, and associations with humidity and temperature.
  72. ncbi The air-conditioning capacity of the human nose
    Sara Naftali
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Ann Biomed Eng 33:545-53. 2005
    ..During a moderate breathing effort, about 11% reduction in the efficacy of nasal air-conditioning capacity was observed...
  73. ncbi Dampness in buildings as a risk factor for health effects, EUROEXPO: a multidisciplinary review of the literature (1998-2000) on dampness and mite exposure in buildings and health effects
    C G Bornehag
    Swedish National Testing and Research Institute, Boras, Sweden
    Indoor Air 14:243-57. 2004
    ..A general conclusion from the work was that there is a strong need for multidisciplinary reviews in scientific journals of articles dealing with associations between indoor environmental factors and health effects...
  74. ncbi Linking climate change to lemming cycles
    Kyrre L Kausrud
    Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, University of Oslo, PO Box 1066 Blindern, N 0316 Oslo, Norway
    Nature 456:93-7. 2008
    ..between commonly available meteorological data and snow conditions indicates that changes in temperature and humidity, and thus conditions in the subnivean space, seem to markedly affect the dynamics of alpine rodents and their ..
  75. pmc Behavioral genetics of thermosensation and hygrosensation in Drosophila
    O Sayeed
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, 91125, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93:6079-84. 1996
    Whereas temperature and humidity are critical variables affecting physiology, behavior, and evolution, the genetic and neuronal underpinnings of thermosensation and hygrosensation remain poorly understood...
  76. ncbi The effect of structures on indoor humidity--possibility to improve comfort and perceived air quality
    C J Simonson
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, 57 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5A9, Canada
    Indoor Air 12:243-51. 2002
    ..shows that moisture transfer between indoor air and hygroscopic building structures can generally improve indoor humidity conditions...
  77. pmc Effects of heated humidification and topical steroids on compliance, nasal symptoms, and quality of life in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome using nasal continuous positive airway pressure
    Silke Ryan
    Sleep Research Laboratory, St Vincent s University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    J Clin Sleep Med 5:422-7. 2009
    ..We tested the hypothesis that heated humidification or nasal topical steroids improve compliance, nasal side effects and quality of life in this patient group...
  78. ncbi Efficacy of a heated passover humidifier during noninvasive ventilation: a bench study
    Anne E Holland
    Physiotherapy Department, Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road, Melbourne 3004, Victoria, Australia
    Respir Care 52:38-44. 2007
    ..Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) delivers air at a high flow, which is associated with airway mucosal drying and impaired airway functioning...
  79. ncbi Mammalian herbivore breath alerts aphids to flee host plant
    Moshe Gish
    Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    Curr Biol 20:R628-9. 2010
    ..Here, we report that pea aphids (Acyrthosiphon pisum) are able to sense the elevated heat and humidity of the breath of an approaching herbivore and thus salvage most of the colony by simultaneously dropping off the ..
  80. ncbi Windy weather and low humidity are associated with an increased number of hospital admissions for acute pain and sickle cell disease in an urban environment with a maritime temperate climate
    Simon Jones
    School of Mathematics, Kingston University, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, UK
    Br J Haematol 131:530-3. 2005
    ..Increased admissions were significantly associated with increased wind speed and low humidity, but showed no relationship to temperature, rainfall or barometric pressure...
  81. ncbi Effect of ambient humidity on the strength of the adhesion force of single yeast cell inside environmental-SEM
    Yajing Shen
    Department of Micro Nano Systems Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464 8603, Japan
    Ultramicroscopy 111:1176-83. 2011
    ..The effect of ambient humidity on a single yeast cell adhesion force was studied...
  82. ncbi Effects of nasal mask leak and heated humidification on nasal mucosa in the therapy with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP)
    Yvonne Fischer
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Laboratory for Sleep Research and Sleep Medicine, University of Ulm, Frauensteige 12, 89075 Ulm, Germany
    Sleep Breath 12:353-7. 2008
    ..3 mm2) and (3) nCPAP with HH. Nasal humidity and temperature were measured in the anterior turbinate area using a miniaturized thermocouple and a relative ..
  83. ncbi Humidity and illumination organic semiconductor copper phthalocyanine sensor for environmental monitoring
    K S Karimov
    Physical Technical Institute, Aini St 299 1, Dushanbe 734063, Tajikistan
    Environ Monit Assess 141:323-8. 2008
    In this investigation properties of organic semiconductor copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) capacitive humidity and illumination sensors were studied...
  84. ncbi Meta-analyses of the associations of respiratory health effects with dampness and mold in homes
    W J Fisk
    Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Indoor Environment Department, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Indoor Air 17:284-96. 2007
    ..2. Based on the results of the meta-analyses, building dampness and mold are associated with approximately 30-50% increases in a variety of respiratory and asthma-related health outcomes...
  85. ncbi Humidity affects the performance of von Frey monofilaments
    M U Werner
    Multidisciplinary Pain Center, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospitals, Blegdamsvej, Denmark
    Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 55:577-82. 2011
    ..It is known that changes in relative humidity may affect the physical properties of the monofilaments...
  86. ncbi Comparative proteomics analysis reveals the mechanism of pre-harvest seed deterioration of soybean under high temperature and humidity stress
    Liqun Wang
    State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Soybean Research Institute, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province 210095, PR China
    J Proteomics 75:2109-27. 2012
    High temperature and humidity (HTH) stress during soybean seed development and maturity in the field easily leads seed to pre-harvest deterioration...
  87. ncbi Water content of delivered gases during non-invasive ventilation in healthy subjects
    Francois Lellouche
    Service de Reanimation Medicale, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Centre hospitalier Albert Chenevier, Henri Mondor, Universite Paris 12, Creteil, INSERM U 955, Creteil, France
    Intensive Care Med 35:987-95. 2009
    ..No clear recommendation exists concerning humidification during non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and high flow CPAP, and few hygrometric data are available...
  88. ncbi Climate associated size and shape changes in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) populations from Thailand
    Ronald Enrique Morales Vargas
    UMR IRD CNRS 2724, Agropolis, 911, BP 64501, 34394 Montpellier, France
    Infect Genet Evol 10:580-5. 2010
    ..Climatic data were relative humidity (RH) and temperature (T)...
  89. ncbi The effect of ambient humidity and metabolic rate on the gas-exchange pattern of the semi-aquatic insect Aquarius remigis
    Heidy L Contreras
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 2525, USA
    J Exp Biol 214:1086-91. 2011
    ..even in insects standing on water when the respirometry chamber was being perfused with humid (>95% relative humidity) air...
  90. ncbi Survival of Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) under challenging conditions of temperature and humidity is influenced by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato infection
    Coralie Herrmann
    Institute of Biology, University of Neuchatel, Switzerland
    J Med Entomol 47:1196-204. 2010
    ..The results here indicate that infection by B. burgdorferi s.l., and more specifically infection by B. afzelii, confers survival advantages to I. ricinus under challenging thermohygrometric conditions...
  91. ncbi Effects of heat-stress on production in dairy cattle
    J W West
    Animal and Dairy Science Department, University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton 31793 0748, USA
    J Dairy Sci 86:2131-44. 2003 characterized as humid subtropical and is subject to extended periods of high ambient temperature and relative humidity. Because the primary nonevaporative means of cooling for the cow (radiation, conduction, convection) become less ..
  92. ncbi Arctic hydrology during global warming at the Palaeocene/Eocene thermal maximum
    Mark Pagani
    Department of Geology and Geophysics, Yale University, PO Box 208109, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Nature 442:671-5. 2006
    ..Previously, this offset was explained by the physiological response of plants to increases in surface humidity. But this mechanism is not an effective explanation in this wet Arctic setting, leading us to hypothesize that ..
  93. ncbi A new, vapour-phase mechanism for stomatal responses to humidity and temperature
    David Peak
    Physics Department Biology Department, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA
    Plant Cell Environ 34:162-78. 2011
    A new mechanism for stomatal responses to humidity and temperature is proposed...
  94. ncbi A bio-inspired micropump based on stomatal transpiration in plants
    Jing Min Li
    Key Laboratory for Micro Nano Technology and System of Liaoning Province, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116023, PR China
    Lab Chip 11:2785-9. 2011
    ..74 μl min(-1) can be obtained. This micropump features high and adjustable flow-rates, simple structure and low fabrication cost. It can be used as a "plug and play" fluid-driven unit without any external power sources and equipment...
  95. ncbi Seasonal changes in humidity level in the tropics impact body color polymorphism and desiccation resistance in Drosophila jambulina-Evidence for melanism-desiccation hypothesis
    Ravi Parkash
    Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak 124001, India
    J Insect Physiol 55:358-68. 2009 phenotypic frequencies of dark and light body color morphs which correlate significantly with variation in humidity levels...
  96. ncbi Use of heated humidification during nasal CPAP titration in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome
    M Duong
    Adelaide Instiute for Sleep Health, South Australia, Australia, and McMaster University, Health Science Centre, Room 3U24, Cardiorespiratory Research Unit, 1200 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
    Eur Respir J 26:679-85. 2005
  97. ncbi Quality of life, compliance, sleep and nasopharyngeal side effects during CPAP therapy with and without controlled heated humidification
    Karl Heinz Ruhle
    Department of Pneumology, University Witten Herdecke, Hagen, Germany
    Sleep Breath 15:479-85. 2011
  98. ncbi Avoiding incidental predation by mammalian herbivores: accurate detection and efficient response in aphids
    Moshe Gish
    Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
    Naturwissenschaften 98:731-8. 2011
    ..They do so by sensing the combination of heat and humidity in the herbivore's breath and immediately dropping off the plant in large numbers...
  99. ncbi A climatologic investigation of the SARS-CoV outbreak in Beijing, China
    Jingsong Yuan
    Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, China
    Am J Infect Control 34:234-6. 2006
    ..Temperature, relative humidity, and wind velocity were the three key meteorological determinants affecting the transmission of SARS...
  100. ncbi Building-related respiratory symptoms can be predicted with semi-quantitative indices of exposure to dampness and mold
    J H Park
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, Field Studies Branch, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Indoor Air 14:425-33. 2004
    ..Our findings suggest that observational semi-quantitative indices of exposure to dampness and mold can support action to prevent building-related respiratory diseases...
  101. ncbi Weather and notified Campylobacter infections in temperate and sub-tropical regions of Australia: an ecological study
    Peng Bi
    Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    J Infect 57:317-23. 2008
    ..This study was designed to quantify the relationship between weather variables and Campylobacter infections in two Australian cities with different local climatic conditions...

Research Grants67

  1. Genetic variation and regulatory networks: Mechanisms and complexity
    DANA PE ER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These tools will be made publicly available, including a friendly graphical user interface and visualization. ..
  2. Alzheimer's Disease Therapeutic
    Trevor P Castor; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of bryostatin 1;and (2) Test stability of selected formulations under accelerated conditions of temperature and humidity, and evaluate in vitro characteristics and in vivo efficacy...
  3. Computer/Electrical Engineering
    Theodore Raphan; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..7. Work with the ME Core to establish humidity and temperature control in the OVAR enclosure. E. Human Locomotion Studies (Raphan/Cohen/Cho/Smouha/Olanow): 1...
  4. Regulation/Role of AcylCer in Normal Epidermis and Atopic Dermatitis
    Peter M Elias; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..downregulation and/or aberrant xeric stress-mediated-signaling of acylCer production via the external humidity and osmotic sensors, TRPV4 and TonEBP, respectively...
  5. Climate Change and Adverse Birth Outcomes: Assessing the Vulnerability of Pregnan
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Other indicators including heat waves and cold spells, the full spectrum of temperature, humidity, air pressure and wind as well as a composite weather index using the Spatial Synoptic Classification system will ..
  6. Improving Air Quality for Laboratory Animal Research
    Sharron S Quisenberry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) for reduced air flow, improper directional air flow, and low humidity deficiencies...
  7. Nature of mamalian Cutaneous Permeablilty Barrier
    Peter M Elias; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..alone may not suffice to produce AD, but superimposition of exogenous stressors, such as a decreased relative humidity (RH), repeated use of high pH surfactants, and/or sustained psychological stress (PS), could aggravate inherited ..
  8. Climate Change and Health: Assessing the Risk of Preterm Delivery
    Rupa Basu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Data on maternal residential apparent temperature, a measure of both temperature and relative humidity combined, will be provided by the California Irrigation and Management System and the US Environmental Protection ..
  9. Liquid Crystal-Based End-of-Service-Life-Indicator for Toluene Vapor
    BHARAT R ACHARYA; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..are cumbersome to implement, prone to error, and complicated by factors such as fluctuations in temperature and humidity, breathing rate of the user, and the concentration of the vapors...
  10. Heat Waves, Medication Use, and Adverse Health Outcomes Among Older Adults
    SOKO SETOGUCHI-IWATA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To conduct the proposed analyses, we will link several existing data sources, including temperature, humidity, heat index, and air pollution data, data on health care resource use in the Medicare program, and longitudinal ..
  11. Climate Variability / Change and the Risks for a Spectrum of Diseases
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..special weather events, and the season-modifying effect of individual climate factors including temperature, humidity, air pressure, and wind in New York State (NYS)...
  12. In Vivo Measures of Vocal Function Response to Environmental Conditions
    MARY JOYCE SANDAGE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Clinicians routinely recommend increased ambient humidity, proper hydration, and avoidance of dry or thermally challenging environments, strategies that are believed to ..
  13. Computer Modeling of Surgical Outcomes for Nasal Airway Obstruction
    John S Rhee; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the model with immediate computations of changes of nasal airway resistance, airflow distributions, and heat and humidity alterations...
  14. Climate change and heat-related morbidity among vulnerable populations in Atlanta
    Stefanie Ebelt Sarnat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Data on temperature and humidity will be acquired from observing stations in the Atlanta area and various heat metrics, including heat waves, ..
  15. Wireless capnograph for respiratory function diagnosis and management
    ERICA SILVIA FORZANI; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The device takes advantage of a highly selective and humidity immune nanocomposite sensing material for carbon dioxide, which enables real-time breath-by-breath carbon dioxide ..
  16. A Discrete Event Simulation Model of Environmental Exposures and Pediatric Asthma
    Jonathan I Levy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ventilation changes can also influence indoor temperature and humidity, altering conditions for mold, dust mites, and other allergens, and residents may respond to changes in indoor ..
  17. Melanocyte-Keratinocyte Cross-Talk In Relation To Barrier Function
    Peter M Elias; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., how alterations in epidermal barrier requirements, elevations in surface pH, or a reduced environmental humidity ( UV-B) could regulate interfollicular (epidermal ) pigmentation, which then would improve barrier function in a ..
  18. Effective Delivery of Pharmaceutical Aerosols during Non-Invasive Ventilation
    P Worth Longest; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Three non-invasive ventilation techniques will be considered: (1) high-flow therapy (HFT) with heat and humidity using a cannula interface, (2) oxygen low-flow therapy (LFT) through a nasal cannula, and (3) non-invasive ..
  19. Bioengineering partnership to improve chemical hazard testing paradigms
    Ivan Rusyn; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., natural sun light, temperature, humidity, etc...
  20. The Physiologic Response to Weather Changes and Extremes in an Elderly Cohort
    Joel D Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed project will examine the association between a number of weather-related exposures (temperature, humidity, barometric pressure) and multiple clinical outcomes, each related to one of four overarching biological pathways ..
  21. Impact of Climate-Responsive Design on Heat-Related Morbidity and Mortality in La
    Brian Stone; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..the effects of metropolitan land cover change associated with each urban development scenario on air temperature, humidity, and windspeed;3. Estimate regional concentrations of tropospheric ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM2...
  22. Autonomous Electromechanical Gas Detection Microsystem for Mine Safety
    Xiangqun Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mine interferents, and sensors will be internally calibrated for variable environmental conditions (temperature, humidity)...
  23. Laser-Enhanced NMR Instrumentation for Chemical and Biochemical Research
    Silvia Cavagnero; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..All instrumentation will be housed in a dedicated room that has excellent temperature and humidity control already in place, and will be overseen by experienced personnel with a proven track record for ..
  24. Formaldehyde and Other Pollutants from Ozone Reactions on Ventilation Systems
    Hugo Destaillats; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Used and unused sections of HVAC filters will be exposed to atmospheres containing various ozone and humidity levels in realistic operation conditions to explore the yield of formaldehyde and other airborne pollutants...
  25. Acquisition of a Carl Zeiss Cell Observer Spinning Disk Confocal Microscope
    J Michael McCaffery; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for fast/precise Z-stack acquisition;and 4) a cage incubator for precise modulation of temperature, CO2, and humidity in extended live- imaging applications...
  26. Confocal Microscope for Live Embryo Imaging in a Shared Resource Facility
    Lawrence S Prince; Fiscal Year: 2010 embryo/tissue incubator system will maintain exact physiological conditions with stable temperature, humidity, pH, and oxygen tension for long-term studies of embryogenesis and tissue morphogenesis...
  27. Low-Cost Electronic Nose for Groundwater Contaminants
    Sanjay Patel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..An array of differently responding sensors and pattern recognition can thereby compensate for changes in humidity, temperature, and composition...
  28. Testing Novel Interventions to Protect Workers from Airborne Infections
    Edward A Nardell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will also test the effects of high humidity on UV air disinfection and conduct exploratory molecular-based air sampling in parallel with guinea pig air ..
  29. Atmospheric Plasma Processing to Kill Pathogens and Extend Shelf Life of Produce
    Kimberly Kelly-Wintenberg; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Investigations into plasma power, number and orientation of plasma generators, temperature, humidity and treatment time will optimize the APDDS...
    DAVE MCCORMICK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..With recent demonstration that environmental conditions (temperature, relative humidity, air flow) and field strengths in the exposure chambers are well maintained, animal exposures are expected to ..
  31. Physiological effects of hyperosmotic vocal fold surface fluid
    Mahalakshmi Sivasankar; Fiscal Year: 2011 healthy subjects and speakers reporting vocal fatigue, who are completing an oral breathing challenge at low humidity (3) Examine whether the physiological effects of hyperosmotic VFSF induced by oral breathing at low humidity are ..
  32. Social Vulnerability and Climatic Drivers of Enteric Disease in Rural Ecuador
    Karen Levy; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Specific Aims: SA1: For the period from 2003-2007: Establish relationships between weather (temperature, relative humidity, rainfall, and extreme rainfall) variables and incidence of gastrointestinal disease;SA2: For the period from ..
  33. The Role of Pathogen-Environment Interactions in the Pandemic Potential of Influe
    LINSEY MARR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The overall goal of the project is to elucidate the mechanisms by which humidity affects influenza virus transmissibility...
  34. Enzyme Based Wearable Environmental Sensor Badge for Personal Exposure Assessment
    Markus Erbeldinger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..respectively);High resistance to potentially interfering environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity;High resistance to potential chemical interferents;Wearable with global positioning system (GPS) tracking and ..
  35. EMIT: Evaluating Modes of Influenza Transmission using a Human Challenge Model
    JONATHAN STAFFORD contact NGUYEN-VAN-TAM; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will standardize the environment (temperature and humidity) to optimize influenza transmission, and study in detail the aerobiological environment via sampling of exhaled ..
  36. Interferometric Studies of the Fluid Dynamics of the Tear Film
    PETER E KING-SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A "controlled environment goggle" will be constructed to control humidity and air flow rate over the cornea...
  37. Diagnosis of gambiense HAT
    DENNIS JOHN GRAB; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the use of often non- affordable "thermal cyclers" that may work erratically at high ambient temperatures, humidity and/or dusty environments, negates PCR as a practical diagnostic method in HAT endemic areas...
  38. Functional evolution of chromosomal inversions in Anopheles arabiensis
    José María Ranz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of two widespread chromosomal inversions (2Ra and 3Ra) within the context of local adaptation to differences in humidity for A. arabiensis. For this purpose, we will sample A...
  39. Hawaii Island Community Lung Assessment and Scientific Studies (HICLASS)
    ELIZABETH K TAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Combined with wind patterns, towering mountains, and variations in humidity and precipitation, the emissions create a natural experiment in which some communities are spared exposure to SO2 ..
  40. A New Approach to Compute PM2.5 for Health Impact Analysis
    Fazlay S Faruque; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..S. We will address the nonlinear relationship between PM2.5 and AOD which is a function of humidity, temperature, surface pressure, surface wind speed, surface type, boundary layer height, and AOD by accounting ..
  41. Characterization of Heat-Related Illness in Central Florida Farmworkers
    VALERIE VI THIEN MAC; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Some subpopulations of agricultural workers are at particular high risk if excessively high levels of humidity and low airflow characterize their work environments, circumventing the body's traditional heat regulatory ..
  42. Household Studies of Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
    Suzanne Ohmit; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Household infection rates and the effects of crowding and humidity will be determined. Secondary spread, conditioned on susceptibility will be calculated...
  43. Molecular Dynamic Assessment of Carbon Nanotube Drag In Physiologic Conditions
    ADRIN GHARAKHANI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..CNTs under physiologically realistic conditions, and to obtain the drag on the CNT as a function of the relative humidity of the respiratory tract;the flow rate;the inclination angle of the CNT with respect to the streamwise direction;..
    PATRICK O SHAUGHNESSY; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..nature of two contaminants (total dust concentration and ammonia levels) and two climate factors (temperature and humidity) will be performed over the course of year in a swine confinement...
  45. Cooling Suit for First Responders
    GIRISH SRINIVAS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..In addition, perspiration condenses on the inside of the faceplate obscuring vision, and the heat/humidity buildup in the suit severely limits the time that can be spent in the suit without risking heat exhaustion...
    Maarten Bosland; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..proposed projects: Project #1: Construction of adequate individual room temperature control and adequate humidity control; Project #2: Construction of a suite of two adjacent ABSL-2 rooms with an anteroom that gives access to a ..
  47. Socio-Cultural Influences on Allergic Sensitization
    Ginger Chew; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..levels of indoor allergens, such that poor housing lends rise to cockroach and mouse allergens, and high humidity is associated with high house dust mite (HDM) allergen levels...
    Robert Naclerio; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The application proposes to use nasal provocation techniques, a nasopharyngeal temperature and humidity sensor and an environmental chamber to test the hypotheses that: a) the induction of allergic inflammation ..
  49. Technology to Improve Assessment of Physical Activity
    John Jakicic; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will also monitor environmental conditions (temperature, humidity, and cloud cover) to assess whether these factors impact the accuracy of the KAL-X Sensor...
  50. Improved Lung Delivery of Medical Aerosols through Enhanced Condensation Growth
    P Worth Longest; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This concept consists of combining (1) a controlled inhalable water vapor humidity source with (2) a submicrometer aerosol generation and delivery device...
  51. A lateral flow CD4 counting assay for resource-poor regions
    Michael Lane; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..cell sorters, plate readers) and such equipment needs a controlled environment (machine maintenance in high humidity and non-standard temperature environments is problematic)...
  52. Spore Release Mechanisms in Indoor Fungi
    NICHOLAS MONEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the experiments of Aim 1, the experiments of Aim 2 will explore the environmental conditions (particularly humidity and airflow) that control spore release for each category of release mechanism...
    BERNADETTE DUNHAM; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..85-23 (1985), pages 18-19} specifically states "temperature and humidity are probably the two most important factors in an animal's physical environment because they can effect ..
  54. Understanding the Role of Aerosol Spread in Influenza Virus Transmission
    Samira Mubareka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..viruses by conducting long-range transmission experiments and determine whether or not temperature and relative humidity impact airborne transmission of human influenza viruses...
  55. Oxygen Device For Persons With Respiratory Disability
    JOHN IZUCHUKWU; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Furthermore, we intend to test the device under varying temperature and humidity conditions, to show that its performance is not affected by extreme changes in the atmosphere, and that the shelf-..
  56. Bioaerosols in Midwest Greenhouses and Respiratory Symptoms Among the Workers
    Atin Adhikari; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Environmental parameters including temperature, relative humidity, and wind velocity will be measured during each air sampling experiment...
    GEORGE BJOTVEDT; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..These chambers would allow experimental manipulation of variables such as temperature, photoperiod, and humidity to assess effect of these factors on various aspects of the biology of animals including their behavior, ..
    Richard Larson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..HVAC technical performance reports reflect the inability of the existing system to maintain proper humidity, temperature, air exchange rates, and room air pressure gradients in several rooms/areas of the building...
    Robert Kusy; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Water uptake will be varied by control of relative humidity. The hypothesis is that the effect of water is influenced by the extent to which it is present in molecular ..
  60. Cylinder-Free Atmosphere Control for Incubators
    LINDA TEMPELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..auxiliary unit to commercial incubators to supply controlled gas atmospheres (oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, humidity) using electrochemical processes to generate all the gases required...
    Susan Ludington; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Light, noise and humidity will be recorded each minute...
  62. Miniature Capnometer
    GREGORY ZELTSER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The device is immune to interference from other gases exhaled by the patient, to atmospheric pressure, and to humidity, and it has high carbon dioxide resolution and accuracy, and short response time...
  63. Study of risk factors of tick-borne encephalitis in Poland
    Pawel Stefanoff; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of commune area covered by forests, forest types prevalent in a commune, monthly air temperatures, monthly air humidity, monthly rainfall, measures of environmental pollution, and socio-economic status of commune inhabitants...
    ARTHUR DUBOIS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Using an artificial air supply to the mask, set at different combinations of temperature and humidity, we recently defined the thermal comfort zone, i.e...
    Joy Bergelson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., humidity) and host density on rates of pathogen transmission...
  66. Aerodynamic and Acoustic Models of Phonation
    Ronald Scherer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..conditions (oblique glottis, tissue asymmetries, pathologies), and 5) determine the role of surface hydration and humidity on phonation...
    Jason Reed; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION (Adapted from Applicant's Abstract): When subjected to variation in temperature, light, wind, or humidity, plants alter their physiology and development...