conservation of natural resources

Summary

Summary: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities
    N Myers
    Green College, Oxford University, Headington, UK
    Nature 403:853-8. 2000
  2. ncbi A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems
    Benjamin S Halpern
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
    Science 319:948-52. 2008
  3. ncbi Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs
    T P Hughes
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Science 301:929-33. 2003
  4. ncbi Extinction risk from climate change
    Chris D Thomas
    Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Nature 427:145-8. 2004
  5. ncbi Global consequences of land use
    Jonathan A Foley
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Science 309:570-4. 2005
  6. ncbi Status and trends of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide
    Simon N Stuart
    IUCN Species Survival Commission Conservation International Center for Applied Biodiversity Science Biodiversity Assessment Unit, 1919 M Street N W, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Science 306:1783-6. 2004
  7. ncbi Confronting the coral reef crisis
    D R Bellwood
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, Dept of Marine Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Nature 429:827-33. 2004
  8. ncbi Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines
    Stuart H M Butchart
    United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK
    Science 328:1164-8. 2010
  9. ncbi Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services
    Boris Worm
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 314:787-90. 2006
  10. ncbi Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas
    Heike K Lotze
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 312:1806-9. 2006

Detail Information

Publications339 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities
    N Myers
    Green College, Oxford University, Headington, UK
    Nature 403:853-8. 2000
    ..4% of the land surface of the Earth. This opens the way for a 'silver bullet' strategy on the part of conservation planners, focusing on these hotspots in proportion to their share of the world's species at risk...
  2. ncbi A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems
    Benjamin S Halpern
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
    Science 319:948-52. 2008
    ....
  3. ncbi Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs
    T P Hughes
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Science 301:929-33. 2003
    ..International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming...
  4. ncbi Extinction risk from climate change
    Chris D Thomas
    Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Nature 427:145-8. 2004
    ..These estimates show the importance of rapid implementation of technologies to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and strategies for carbon sequestration...
  5. ncbi Global consequences of land use
    Jonathan A Foley
    Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Science 309:570-4. 2005
    ..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
  6. ncbi Status and trends of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide
    Simon N Stuart
    IUCN Species Survival Commission Conservation International Center for Applied Biodiversity Science Biodiversity Assessment Unit, 1919 M Street N W, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Science 306:1783-6. 2004
    ..The lack of conservation remedies for these poorly understood declines means that hundreds of amphibian species now face extinction...
  7. ncbi Confronting the coral reef crisis
    D R Bellwood
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, Dept of Marine Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Nature 429:827-33. 2004
    ..These findings have profound implications for restoration of degraded reefs, management of fisheries, and the focus on marine protected areas and biodiversity hotspots as priorities for conservation...
  8. ncbi Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines
    Stuart H M Butchart
    United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK
    Science 328:1164-8. 2010
    ....
  9. ncbi Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services
    Boris Worm
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 314:787-90. 2006
    ..Yet available data suggest that at this point, these trends are still reversible...
  10. ncbi Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas
    Heike K Lotze
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 312:1806-9. 2006
    ..Our results provide detailed historical baselines and quantitative targets for ecosystem-based management and marine conservation...
  11. ncbi The impact of conservation on the status of the world's vertebrates
    Michael Hoffmann
    IUCN SSC Species Survival Commission, c o United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK
    Science 330:1503-9. 2010
    ..Nonetheless, current conservation efforts remain insufficient to offset the main drivers of biodiversity loss in these groups: agricultural expansion, logging, overexploitation, and invasive alien species...
  12. ncbi Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems
    J B Jackson
    Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0244, USA
    Science 293:629-37. 2001
    ....
  13. ncbi One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts
    Kent E Carpenter
    IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Programme Species Survival Commission SSC, Biological Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
    Science 321:560-3. 2008
    ..Our results emphasize the widespread plight of coral reefs and the urgent need to enact conservation measures...
  14. ncbi Has the Earth's sixth mass extinction already arrived?
    Anthony D Barnosky
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Nature 471:51-7. 2011
    ..Our results confirm that current extinction rates are higher than would be expected from the fossil record, highlighting the need for effective conservation measures...
  15. ncbi Scenarios for global biodiversity in the 21st century
    Henrique M Pereira
    Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, 1749 016 Lisboa, Portugal
    Science 330:1496-501. 2010
    ..However, the range of projected changes is much broader than most studies suggest, partly because there are major opportunities to intervene through better policies, but also because of large uncertainties in projections...
  16. ncbi The velocity of climate change
    Scott R Loarie
    Carnegie Institution for Science, Department of Global Ecology, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nature 462:1052-5. 2009
    ..Montane landscapes may effectively shelter many species into the next century. Elsewhere, reduced emissions, a much expanded network of protected areas, or efforts to increase species movement may be necessary...
  17. ncbi Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems
    M Scheffer
    Department of Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management, Wageningen University, PO Box 8080, NL 6700 DD Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Nature 413:591-6. 2001
    ..This suggests that strategies for sustainable management of such ecosystems should focus on maintaining resilience...
  18. ncbi Quantifying the evidence for biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning and services
    Patricia Balvanera
    Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, UNAM, Morelia, Mexico
    Ecol Lett 9:1146-56. 2006
    ..Whilst such patterns should be further confirmed, a precautionary approach to biodiversity management would seem prudent in the meantime...
  19. ncbi The status of the world's land and marine mammals: diversity, threat, and knowledge
    Jan Schipper
    International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN Species Programme, IUCN, 28 Rue Mauverney, 1196 Gland, Switzerland
    Science 322:225-30. 2008
    ..Marine mammals are also disproportionately poorly known. These data are made freely available to support further scientific developments and conservation action...
  20. pmc Regional decline of coral cover in the Indo-Pacific: timing, extent, and subregional comparisons
    John F Bruno
    Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 2:e711. 2007
    ..However, little is known about the timing, rate or spatial variability of the loss of reef-building corals, especially in the Indo-Pacific, which contains 75% of the world's coral reefs...
  21. ncbi Global biodiversity conservation priorities
    T M Brooks
    Conservation International, 1919 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Science 313:58-61. 2006
    ..We hope this synthesis improves understanding of these prioritization approaches and that it results in more efficient allocation of geographically flexible conservation funding...
  22. ncbi Beyond predictions: biodiversity conservation in a changing climate
    Terence P Dawson
    School of the Environment, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK
    Science 332:53-8. 2011
    ..Although much of the information reviewed is on species, our framework and conclusions are also applicable to ecosystems, habitats, ecological communities, and genetic diversity, whether terrestrial, marine, or fresh water...
  23. ncbi Rebuilding global fisheries
    Boris Worm
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
    Science 325:578-85. 2009
    ..Impacts of international fleets and the lack of alternatives to fishing complicate prospects for rebuilding fisheries in many poorer regions, highlighting the need for a global perspective on rebuilding marine resources...
  24. ncbi Rising to the challenge of sustaining coral reef resilience
    Terry P Hughes
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 25:633-42. 2010
    ..Learning how to avoid undesirable phase-shifts, and how to reverse them when they occur, requires an urgent reform of scientific approaches, policies, governance structures and coral reef management...
  25. ncbi Phase shifts, herbivory, and the resilience of coral reefs to climate change
    Terence P Hughes
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 17:360-5. 2007
    ....
  26. ncbi Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas
    William F Laurance
    Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland 4878, Australia
    Nature 489:290-4. 2012
    ....
  27. ncbi Global trajectories of the long-term decline of coral reef ecosystems
    John M Pandolfi
    Department of Paleobiology, MRC 121, National Museum of Natural History, Post Office Box 37012, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013 7012, USA
    Science 301:955-8. 2003
    ..All reefs were substantially degraded long before outbreaks of coral disease and bleaching. Regardless of these new threats, reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales...
  28. ncbi The impacts of climate change in coastal marine systems
    Christopher D G Harley
    Bodega Marine Laboratory, University of California Davis, Bodega Bay, CA 94923, USA
    Ecol Lett 9:228-41. 2006
    ....
  29. ncbi Determination of deforestation rates of the world's humid tropical forests
    Frédéric Achard
    Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit, Joint Research Centre, TP 440, 21020 Ispra, Italy
    Science 297:999-1002. 2002
    ..This result affects the calculation of carbon fluxes in the global budget and means that the terrestrial sink is smaller than previously inferred...
  30. pmc Climate change threatens European conservation areas
    Miguel B Araujo
    Department of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, 28006, Madrid, Spain
    Ecol Lett 14:484-92. 2011
    ..The risk is high that ongoing efforts to conserve Europe's biodiversity are jeopardized by climate change. New policies are required to avert this risk...
  31. ncbi Larval export from marine reserves and the recruitment benefit for fish and fisheries
    Hugo B Harrison
    School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 22:1023-8. 2012
    ..Our results provide compelling evidence that adequately protected reserve networks can make a significant contribution to the replenishment of populations on both reserve and fished reefs at a scale that benefits local stakeholders...
  32. ncbi Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities
    Ransom A Myers
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
    Nature 423:280-3. 2003
    ..Our analysis suggests that management based on recent data alone may be misleading, and provides minimum estimates for unexploited communities, which could serve as the 'missing baseline' needed for future restoration efforts...
  33. ncbi Effectiveness of the global protected area network in representing species diversity
    Ana S L Rodrigues
    Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Nature 428:640-3. 2004
    ..We show that the global network is far from complete, and demonstrate the inadequacy of uniform--that is, 'one size fits all'--conservation targets...
  34. ncbi Marine biodiversity hotspots and conservation priorities for tropical reefs
    Callum M Roberts
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
    Science 295:1280-4. 2002
    ..Threatened centers of endemism are major biodiversity hotspots, and conservation efforts targeted toward them could help avert the loss of tropical reef biodiversity...
  35. ncbi Changes in forest biomass carbon storage in China between 1949 and 1998
    J Fang
    Department of Urban and Environmental Science, and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    Science 292:2320-2. 2001
    ..14 petagram of carbon, suggesting that carbon sequestration through forest management practices addressed in the Kyoto Protocol could help offset industrial carbon dioxide emissions...
  36. pmc Accelerating loss of seagrasses across the globe threatens coastal ecosystems
    Michelle Waycott
    School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:12377-81. 2009
    ..9% yr(-1) before 1940 to 7% yr(-1) since 1990. Seagrass loss rates are comparable to those reported for mangroves, coral reefs, and tropical rainforests and place seagrass meadows among the most threatened ecosystems on earth...
  37. ncbi Stability predicts genetic diversity in the Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot
    Ana Carolina Carnaval
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3160, USA
    Science 323:785-9. 2009
    ..This sets new priorities for conservation in Brazil and establishes a validated approach to biodiversity prediction in other understudied, species-rich regions...
  38. ncbi Interactive and cumulative effects of multiple human stressors in marine systems
    Caitlin Mullan Crain
    University of California, Santa Cruz and The Nature Conservancy Global Marine Initiative, Center for Ocean Health, 100 Shaffer Rd, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
    Ecol Lett 11:1304-15. 2008
    ..While significant gaps exist in multiple stressor research, our results suggest an immediate need to account for stressor interactions in ecological studies and conservation planning...
  39. ncbi Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges
    David Dudgeon
    Department of Ecology and Biodiversity, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 81:163-82. 2006
    ..Recognition of this need will require adoption of a new paradigm for biodiversity protection and freshwater ecosystem management - one that has been appropriately termed 'reconciliation ecology'...
  40. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 287:443-9. 2000
    ....
  41. pmc Global land use change, economic globalization, and the looming land scarcity
    Eric F Lambin
    School of Earth Sciences and Woods Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:3465-72. 2011
    ..To do so, land systems should be understood and modeled as open systems with large flows of goods, people, and capital that connect local land use with global-scale factors...
  42. ncbi Synergies among extinction drivers under global change
    Barry W Brook
    Research Institute for Climate Change and Sustainability, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:453-60. 2008
    ..Future work should focus on how climate change will interact with and accelerate ongoing threats to biodiversity, such as habitat degradation, overexploitation and invasive species...
  43. ncbi Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity
    C J Vörösmarty
    The Environmental CrossRoads Initiative, City University of New York, The City College of New York, New York, New York 10035, USA
    Nature 467:555-61. 2010
    ....
  44. ncbi Integrating economic costs into conservation planning
    Robin Naidoo
    Conservation Science Program, WWF US, 1250 24th Street NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:681-7. 2006
    ..We assess how costs fit into this new framework and consider prospects for integrating them into conservation planning...
  45. pmc Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line Islands
    Stuart A Sandin
    Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008
    ..Thus, protection from overfishing and pollution appears to increase the resilience of reef ecosystems to the effects of global warming...
  46. ncbi Cascading effects of the loss of apex predatory sharks from a coastal ocean
    Ransom A Myers
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
    Science 315:1846-50. 2007
    ..Analogous top-down effects may be a predictable consequence of eliminating entire functional groups of predators...
  47. ncbi Patterns and ecosystem consequences of shark declines in the ocean
    Francesco Ferretti
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H4J1, Canada
    Ecol Lett 13:1055-71. 2010
    ..Yet more empirical evidence is needed to test the generality of these effects throughout the ocean...
  48. pmc Science for managing ecosystem services: Beyond the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
    Stephen R Carpenter
    Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:1305-12. 2009
    ....
  49. ncbi Multiple causes of high extinction risk in large mammal species
    Marcel Cardillo
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Science 309:1239-41. 2005
    ..Thus, the disadvantages of large size are greater than generally recognized, and future loss of large mammal biodiversity could be far more rapid than expected...
  50. ncbi Towards sustainability in world fisheries
    Daniel Pauly
    Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Nature 418:689-95. 2002
    ..Zoning the oceans into unfished marine reserves and areas with limited levels of fishing effort would allow sustainable fisheries, based on resources embedded in functional, diverse ecosystems...
  51. ncbi Reefs of the deep: the biology and geology of cold-water coral ecosystems
    J Murray Roberts
    Scottish Association for Marine Science, Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory, Oban, Argyll, PA37 1QA, UK
    Science 312:543-7. 2006
    ..Threats to these fragile, long-lived, and rich ecosystems are mounting: The impacts of deep-water trawling are already widespread, and effects of ocean acidification are potentially devastating...
  52. ncbi Collapse and conservation of shark populations in the Northwest Atlantic
    Julia K Baum
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 299:389-92. 2003
    ..Closed-area models highlight priority areas for shark conservation, and the need to consider effort reallocation and site selection if marine reserves are to benefit multiple threatened species...
  53. ncbi Predicting ecological consequences of marine top predator declines
    Michael R Heithaus
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, North Miami, FL 33181, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:202-10. 2008
    ..We conclude that marine predators should be managed for the maintenance of both density- and risk-driven ecological processes, and not demographic persistence alone...
  54. pmc Will elephants soon disappear from West African savannahs?
    Philippe Bouché
    Unité de Gestion des Ressources Forestières et des Milieux Naturels, Université de Liège Gembloux Agro Bio Tech, Gembloux, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 6:e20619. 2011
    ....
  55. ncbi Coral reef fish larvae settle close to home
    Geoffrey P Jones
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, School of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 15:1314-8. 2005
    ..The degree of local retention indicates that marine reserves can provide recruitment benefits not only beyond but also within their boundaries...
  56. ncbi Global hotspots of species richness are not congruent with endemism or threat
    C David L Orme
    Division of Biology and
    Nature 436:1016-9. 2005
    ..Consequently, the different types of hotspots also vary greatly in their utility as conservation tools...
  57. ncbi Conservation planning in a changing world
    Robert L Pressey
    The Ecology Centre, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:583-92. 2007
    ..First, biodiversity is not static in time or space but generated and maintained by natural processes. Second, humans are altering the planet in diverse ways at ever faster rates...
  58. ncbi Disturbance and landscape dynamics in a changing world
    Monica G Turner
    Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Ecology 91:2833-49. 2010
    ..Ecologists should make a renewed and concerted effort to understand and anticipate the causes and consequences of changing disturbance regimes...
  59. ncbi Enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services by ecological restoration: a meta-analysis
    José M Rey Benayas
    Ecology Department, Alcala University, E 28871 Alcala de Henares, Spain
    Science 325:1121-4. 2009
    ..Results indicate that restoration actions focused on enhancing biodiversity should support increased provision of ecosystem services, particularly in tropical terrestrial biomes...
  60. ncbi Biodiversity conservation: challenges beyond 2010
    Michael R W Rands
    Cambridge Conservation Initiative, Judge Business School, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1AG, UK
    Science 329:1298-303. 2010
    ....
  61. ncbi Restoration of degraded tropical forest landscapes
    David Lamb
    Rainforest Cooperative Research Center and School of Integrative Biology, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
    Science 310:1628-32. 2005
    ..New approaches to reforestation are now emerging, with potential for both overcoming forest degradation and addressing rural poverty...
  62. pmc Quantification of global gross forest cover loss
    Matthew C Hansen
    Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:8650-5. 2010
    ..To fully characterize global forest change dynamics, remote sensing efforts must extend beyond estimating GFCL to identify proximate causes of forest cover loss and to estimate recovery rates from GFCL...
  63. ncbi Local replenishment of coral reef fish populations in a marine reserve
    Glenn R Almany
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
    Science 316:742-4. 2007
    ..If natal homing of larvae is a common life-history strategy, the appropriate spatial scales for the management and conservation of coral reefs are likely to be much smaller than previously assumed...
  64. ncbi Using circuit theory to model connectivity in ecology, evolution, and conservation
    Brad H McRae
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Santa Barbara, California 93101, USA
    Ecology 89:2712-24. 2008
    ..We provide examples of how circuit models can be used to predict movement patterns and fates of random walkers in complex landscapes and to identify important habitat patches and movement corridors for conservation planning...
  65. pmc The structure of Mediterranean rocky reef ecosystems across environmental and human gradients, and conservation implications
    Enric Sala
    National Geographic Society, Washington, DC, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e32742. 2012
    ..The gradients reported here represent a trajectory of degradation that can be used to assess the health of any similar habitat in the Mediterranean, and to evaluate the efficacy of marine protected areas...
  66. pmc Devastating decline of forest elephants in central Africa
    Fiona Maisels
    Global Conservation Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e59469. 2013
    ..In addition, the international demand for ivory, which fuels illegal trade, must be dramatically reduced...
  67. ncbi How will oil palm expansion affect biodiversity?
    Emily B Fitzherbert
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:538-45. 2008
    ....
  68. ncbi Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 418:671-7. 2002
    ..New incentives and policies for ensuring the sustainability of agriculture and ecosystem services will be crucial if we are to meet the demands of improving yields without compromising environmental integrity or public health...
  69. ncbi Adaptive evolutionary conservation: towards a unified concept for defining conservation units
    D J Fraser
    GIROQ, , Pavillon Vachon, , Sainte-Foy, QC, G1K 7P4, Canada
    Mol Ecol 10:2741-52. 2001
    ..These assertions constitute the impetus behind adaptive evolutionary conservation...
  70. ncbi Thresholds in forest bird occurrence as a function of the amount of early-seral broadleaf forest at landscape scales
    M G Betts
    Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, 312 Richardson Hall, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
    Ecol Appl 20:2116-30. 2010
    ..Forest management treatments that maintain or restore even small amounts of broadleaf vegetation could mitigate further declines...
  71. pmc Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20260-4. 2011
    ..Efficient management practices could substantially lower nitrogen use. Attainment of high yields on existing croplands of underyielding nations is of great importance if global crop demand is to be met with minimal environmental impacts...
  72. ncbi A global analysis of protected area management effectiveness
    Fiona Leverington
    University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, Australia
    Environ Manage 46:685-98. 2010
    ..We conclude that in spite of inadequate funding and management process, there are indications that protected areas are contributing to biodiversity conservation and community well-being...
  73. ncbi Minimum viable populations: is there a 'magic number' for conservation practitioners?
    Curtis H Flather
    USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 26:307-16. 2011
    ..Here, we re-evaluate this suggestion. We find that neither data nor theory supports its general applicability, raising questions about the utility of MVPs for conservation planning...
  74. ncbi Quantification of extinction risk: IUCN's system for classifying threatened species
    Georgina M Mace
    Centre for Population Biology and Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    Conserv Biol 22:1424-42. 2008
    ..Processes related to priority setting and the development of national red lists need to take account of some assumptions in the formulation of the criteria...
  75. pmc Measuring the effectiveness of protected area networks in reducing deforestation
    Kwaw S Andam
    International Food Policy Research Institute, 2033 K Street, NW, Washington, DC 20006 1002, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:16089-94. 2008
    ....
  76. ncbi The need for integrative approaches to understand and conserve migratory ungulates
    Douglas T Bolger
    Environmental Studies Program, HB6182, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    Ecol Lett 11:63-77. 2008
    ..We provide suggestions for avenues of future research and highlight areas where we believe rapid progress can be made by applying recent advances in theory, technology and analytical approaches...
  77. ncbi Ongoing collapse of coral-reef shark populations
    William D Robbins
    School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 16:2314-9. 2006
    ..Further steps are urgently required for protecting this critical functional group from ecological extinction...
  78. ncbi Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies
    R L Naylor
    Stanford University, Institute for International Studies, California 94305 6055, USA
    Nature 405:1017-24. 2000
    ....
  79. pmc Detecting larval export from marine reserves
    R A Pelc
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:18266-71. 2010
    ....
  80. ncbi Biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality
    Andy Hector
    Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 448:188-90. 2007
    ..We conclude that because different species often influence different functions, studies focusing on individual processes in isolation will underestimate levels of biodiversity required to maintain multifunctional ecosystems...
  81. pmc Larval connectivity in an effective network of marine protected areas
    Mark R Christie
    Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e15715. 2010
    ....
  82. ncbi Coral reef management and conservation in light of rapidly evolving ecological paradigms
    Peter J Mumby
    Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, Hatherly Laboratory, University of Exeter, Prince of Wales Road, Exeter EX4 4PS, UK
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:555-63. 2008
    ..g. productivity and herbivory). Most reef conservation efforts are directed toward reserve implementation, but new approaches are needed to sustain ecosystem function in exploited areas...
  83. ncbi Pandemic human viruses cause decline of endangered great apes
    Sophie Köndgen
    Robert Koch Institut, Nordufer 20, D 13353 Berlin, Germany
    Curr Biol 18:260-4. 2008
    ..These observations illustrate the challenge of maximizing the benefit of research and tourism to great apes while minimizing the negative side effects...
  84. ncbi Restoration of ecosystem services for environmental markets
    Margaret A Palmer
    Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Solomons, MD 20688, USA
    Science 325:575-6. 2009
    ..Without new science and an oversight framework to protect the ecosystem service assets which people depend, markets could actually accelerate environmental degradation...
  85. ncbi Dogs, cats, and kin: a molecular species-level phylogeny of Carnivora
    Ingi Agnarsson
    Biology Department, University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras, San Juan, PR 00931, Puerto Rico
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 54:726-45. 2010
    ....
  86. ncbi Predicting plant invasions in an era of global change
    Bethany A Bradley
    Department of Biology, Amherst College, Amherst, MA 01002, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 25:310-8. 2010
    ..Managers should be prepared for both expansion and contraction of invasive plants due to global change, leading to increased risk or unprecedented opportunities for restoration...
  87. pmc Use and knowledge of the razor-billed curassow pauxi tuberosa (spix, 1825) (galliformes, cracidae) by a riverine community of the oriental amazonia, brazil
    Flávio B Barros
    Universidade Federal do Para, Campus Universitário de Altamira, Faculdade de Educação, Rua Coronel José Porfírio, 2515, São Sebastião 68372 040, Altamira, Para, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 7:1. 2011
    ..Our study also revealed that the traditional ecological knowledge of the riverines about their environment is considerably large, and that the local biodiversity provides various ecosystem services...
  88. ncbi Effects of fisheries closures and gear restrictions on fishing income in a Kenyan coral reef
    Timothy R McClanahan
    Wildlife Conservation Society, Marine Programs, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, NY 10460, USA
    Conserv Biol 24:1519-28. 2010
    ..Gear restrictions also reduced the cost of fishing and increased the proportion of self-employed fishers...
  89. ncbi Loss of large predatory sharks from the Mediterranean Sea
    Francesco Ferretti
    Department of Biology, Life Sciences Centre, 1355 Oxford Street, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1, Canada
    Conserv Biol 22:952-64. 2008
    ..Possible ecosystem effects of these losses involve a disruption of top-down control and a release of midlevel consumers...
  90. pmc High and far: biases in the location of protected areas
    Lucas N Joppa
    Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e8273. 2009
    ..Such contributions may be harder than expected to implement if new PAs are constrained to the same kinds of locations that PAs currently occupy...
  91. ncbi The potential for species conservation in tropical secondary forests
    Robin L Chazdon
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 3043, USA
    Conserv Biol 23:1406-17. 2009
    ..Available data indicate that both old-growth and second-growth forests are important to the persistence of forest species in tropical, human-modified landscapes...
  92. ncbi Pelagic protected areas: the missing dimension in ocean conservation
    Edward T Game
    The Nature Conservancy, South Brisbane, QLD 4101, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 24:360-9. 2009
    ..Debate over the efficacy of protected areas relative to other conservation measures cannot be resolved without further implementation of MPAs in the pelagic ocean...
  93. doi Ecology. Assisted colonization and rapid climate change
    O Hoegh-Guldberg
    Centre for Marine Studies, Australian Research Council Centre for Excellence in Reef Studies and the Coral Reef Targeted Research Project, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland QLD 4072, Australia
    Science 321:345-6. 2008
  94. ncbi Costs of integrating economics and conservation planning
    Anni Arponen
    Metapopulation Research Group, Department of Biosciences, P O Box 65 Viikinkaari 1, FI 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Conserv Biol 24:1198-204. 2010
    ..We suggest focusing on development of more-comprehensive ecological-economic modeling, while not forgetting the importance of purely biological analyses that are needed as a point of reference for evaluating conservation outcomes...
  95. ncbi Land-use allocation protects the Peruvian Amazon
    Paulo J C Oliveira
    Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Science 317:1233-6. 2007
    ..Although the region shows recent increases in disturbance and deforestation rates and leakage into forests surrounding concession areas, land-use policy and remoteness are serving to protect the Peruvian Amazon...
  96. ncbi The incidence of fire in Amazonian forests with implications for REDD
    Luiz E O C Aragão
    Landscape and Ecosystems Dynamics Group, School of Geography, University of Exeter, Amory Building, Rennes Drive, Exeter, Devon, EX4 4RJ, UK
    Science 328:1275-8. 2010
    ..If sustainable fire-free land-management of deforested areas is not adopted in the REDD mechanism, then the carbon savings achieved by avoiding deforestation may be partially negated by increased emissions from fires...
  97. ncbi Beyond description: the active and effective way to infer processes from spatial patterns
    Eliot J B McIntire
    Département des Sciences du Bois et de la Forêt, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada
    Ecology 90:46-56. 2009
    ..We note that, even where experiments can be performed, this procedure may aid in measuring the in situ importance of the processes uncovered through experiments...
  98. ncbi A meta-analytic review of corridor effectiveness
    Lynne Gilbert-Norton
    Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322 5230, USA
    Conserv Biol 24:660-8. 2010
    ..Our results suggest that existing corridors increase species movement in fragmented landscapes and that efforts spent on maintaining and creating corridors are worthwhile...
  99. pmc Marine no-take zone rapidly benefits endangered penguin
    L Pichegru
    Percy FitzPatrick Institute, DST NRF Centre of Excellence, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
    Biol Lett 6:498-501. 2010
    ..Selecting such small protected areas may be an important first conservation step, minimizing stakeholder conflicts and easing compliance, while ensuring benefit for the ecosystems within these habitats...
  100. ncbi Low-coverage vaccination strategies for the conservation of endangered species
    D T Haydon
    Division of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
    Nature 443:692-5. 2006
    ....
  101. ncbi Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration
    Richard J Hobbs
    School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 24:599-605. 2009
    ..We suggest that these novel systems will require significant revision of conservation and restoration norms and practices away from the traditional place-based focus on existing or historical assemblages...

Research Grants68

  1. SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODS
    David Allen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The Panel recommended that studies should be conducted to further characterize the in vitro test methods and that testing strategies should be designed in coordination with ICCVAM. ..
  2. SUPPORT CONTRACT FOR THE NTP INTERAGENCY CENTER/VALIDATION OF ALT METHODS
    David Allen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The Panel recommended that studies should be conducted to further characterize the in vitro test methods and that testing strategies should be designed in coordination with ICCVAM. ..
  3. CFI Pathogen Inactivation Technology
    Trevor P Castor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition to human plasma and human plasma proteins such as fibrinogen, the developed technology will also be applicable to recombinant therapeutics, monoclonal antibodies, transgenics and vaccines. ..
  4. The influence of air pollution mixtures on biomarkers of airway oxidative stress
    Roby Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, we will actively engage in a process of biomarker discovery and evaluation. ..
  5. Ubiquitous pollutant acrolein inhibits IFN?? antiviral signaling: relevance to HC
    Swati Joshi-Barve; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The investigators have preliminary evidence to demonstrate that acrolein, at nontoxic concentrations, significantly down-regulates IFN1 signaling and antiviral/anti-HCV gene expression. ..
  6. Investigation of Occupational Exposure to and Infection by MRSA in Rural Iowa
    Tara Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We seek to determine how common MRSA colonization and infection are in Iowa livestock, and to determine if livestock exposure represents a new occupational risk factor for MRSA colonization and infection. ..
  7. Molecular Mechanism of Acrolein-Induced Vascular Toxicity: Role of PPAR gamma and
    Zivar Yousefipour; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  8. Arsenic co-carcinogenesis with UVR: nitrosation and oxidation of target proteins
    Ke Jian Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Additionally, these studies may lead to testable hypotheses regarding potential arsenic targets in cancer and other arsenic-associated diseases. ..
  9. Air Toxics, Neighborhood Environment and Risk of Oral Clefts
    Philip J Lupo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, the identification of CL[unreadable]P risk factors will open the door to new strategies for lowering the prevalence of these significant conditions. ..
  10. DNA methylation alterations in response to pesticides exposure
    Lifang Hou; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results from this study will address a critical gap in our knowledge of pesticides and their ability to cause cancer. ..
  11. Biomimetic Approach to the Fabrication of Red Blood Cell Mimics
    Joseph M DeSimone; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  12. A+ Head Start Intervention for Smoke Free Homes
    Cynthia S Rand; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  13. International Workshop on Opportunistic Protists (IWOP-12, 13 and 14)
    Louis M Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Although the opportunistic protists are difficult to study significant advances have resulted from the scientific interactions facilitated by the bi-annual IWOP meetings. ..
  14. CFI Inactivation of Human Plasma
    TREVOR CASTOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This approach is consistent with the regulatory authorities in Europe and the US that require a minimum of two virus inactivation technologies, which work by different mechanisms of action. ..
  15. Climate Change and Health: Assessing the Risk of Preterm Delivery
    Rupa Basu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Precautions may include drinking more fluids and electrolytes, staying indoors in air conditioned environments, and being with others during the warm season, especially during heat waves. ..
  16. Traffic and Respiratory Health
    Brian P Leaderer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Mechanisms of particulate chromium lung carcinogenesis
    SUSAN M CERYAK; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  18. Allergic asthma and chromium exposure
    Steven R Patierno; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings from the proposed studies will provide the first complete characterization of lung immune responses to inhaled particulate chromates. ..
  19. Wearable Technology for Assessment of Personal Exposure to Volatile Organic Compo
    Stephen L Coy; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Cost-effective and accurate monitoring will allow workers to identify and avoid dangerous situations. Integrated data-logging capabilities will provide employers, regulators, and researchers with reliable exposure records. ..
  20. Carbon monoxide mediated inhibition of intimal hyperplasia
    Edith Tzeng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  21. Air Pollution and Children's Cognitive and Health Outcomes
    Ashlesha Datar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our findings will provide important evidence regarding whether reductions in air pollution are linked to children's health and cognitive outcomes, and consequently whether we can expect future efforts to control pollution to do so. ..
  22. Fate and effects of nanomaterials in the gastrointestinal tract
    Celine A Beamer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These studies may lead to a better understanding of immune cell signaling pathways required for immune regulation in the gut. ..
  23. Expansion and Enhancement of the Arkansas FERN Chemistry Laboratory
    Jeffery H Moran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..All of these measures will benefit the FERN national response program as new information is disseminated through educational courses and lectures. ..
  24. Development of PEG Hemoglobin blood substitute to treat hemorrhagic shock
    Abe Abuchowski; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Agricultural Intervention to Improve Health of HIV-infected and Affected Children
    Lisa Michelle Butler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  26. Development of a forced air add-on attachment for rocket stoves in Kenya capable
    NATHAN LORENZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Exploratory work in the area of forced air injection has already been completed with promising results and an obtained baseline knowledge that will aid in guiding the research path for the proposed stove enhancement technology. ..
  27. CBPR on Active Living and Recovery for Racial/Ethnic Groups with Mental Illness
    Yoshitaka Iwasaki; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  28. Basal ganglia-thalamic signaling in parkinsonism and deep brain stimulation
    ROBERT STERLING TURNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results from these experiments may facilitate the optimization of DBS and suggest novel therapeutic interventions. ..
  29. Modification of PM-Mediated Arrhythmogenesis in Populations
    Eric A Whitsel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Its rationale derives from the established, but heterogeneous association between ambient levels of particulate matter air pollution and acute coronary heart disease events, a widespread, but poorly understood threat to public health. ..
  30. Wearable eButton for Evaluation of Energy Balance with Environmental Context and
    Mingui Sun; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  31. Enhanced Recovery of Pharmaceutical Solvent driven by EPA Initiative
    JOHN J BOWSER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal is water/methanol selectivity greater than 15.0. A parallel goal is 50% savings compared to molecular sieves. ..
  32. Targeted theranostic microbubble vectors for transcription factor decoy delivery
    Flordeliza S Villanueva; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  33. Epigenetic Mechanisms of PM-Mediated CVD Risk
    Eric A Whitsel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Regions 1-10 and potentially benefitted by the science-based establishment of and compliance with stricter National Ambient Air Quality Standards. ..
  34. Tissue Hypoxia in Cardiac Morphogenesis
    Steven A Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Conotruncal and outlet heart defects are common in the human population but for most the etiology is unknown. ..
  35. Precision engineering of ultrasonically-targeted drug delivery vehicles
    Paul A Dayton; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The success of an acoustically localized delivery system would improve therapeutic methods, reduce side effects, and improve public health. ..
  36. Measuring and monitoring carbon nanotubes and their potential toxicity
    ROCKFORD KEITH DRAPER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As the production and use of such materials grows, it will be imperative that thorough standardized characterization and evaluation of potential toxicity be established. ..
  37. Kinetic image cytometry assays for neuronal activity/toxicity
    Patrick M McDonough; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..KIC-NEURON will be commercialized for Vala's contract research screening as well as developed into a product line featuring kits, software, and instrumentation. ..
  38. REPRODUCTIVE ASSESSMENTS BY CONTINUOIUS BREEDING (RACB)
    Rochelle Tyl; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study has progressed through production of first- and second-generation offspring, and detailed evaluation of those offspring and analysis of the data is in process. ..
  39. 2/2 - Establishing a GEOHealth Hub Platform for East Africa - Ethiopia
    ABERA TAKELE KUMIE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  40. REPRODUCTIVE ASSESSMENTS BY CONTINUOIUS BREEDING (RACB)
    Rochelle W Tyl; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study has progressed through production of first- and second-generation offspring, and detailed evaluation of those offspring and analysis of the data is in process. ..
  41. Long-term Effects of Health and Development Interventions in Rural Bangladesh
    JANE A MENKEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study will inform evidence-based public health policy and strategies to improve health. ..
  42. Roots of Rainforest Medicine
    ROBERT ALLEN VOEKS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, this work documents how and why the legacy of centuries of ethnomedicinal wisdom is dying out with this generation of elders. ..
  43. A Novel Nanocomposite Photocatalyst for Water Treatment
    ANUNCIA GONZALEZ MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  44. Melanoma RAS/BRAF Mutation: Heterogeneity-Risk-Prognosis
    Nancy E Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  45. Environmental Microbial and Mammalian Biomolecular Responses to AhR Ligands
    Norbert E Kaminski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Peptide-directed protocells and virus-like particles-new nanoparticle platforms f
    Cheryl L Willman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A further value of our proposed research will be the development of generic, universal nanoparticle platforms tailored to target, identify, and treat arbitrary, select, and often minute populations of diseased cells. ..
  47. Anti-Tubercular Plants from Traditional Medicines of Laos
    BETHANY GWEN ELKINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. FDA FERN Microbiological Cooperative Agreement Continuation Program (U18)
    BARBARA JEAN BAKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Provide analytical data for potential regulatory utilization 3. Participate in small-scale method development, method validation and matrix extension work as determined by FERN NPO. ..
  49. Environmental Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Mongolia
    Ellen K Silbergeld; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  50. The Regulation of Biofilm Formation in Fungal Pathogens
    JONATHAN SEWELL FINKEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, our study focuses on C. albicans and C. parapsilosis, which are the major contributors of invasive candidiasis, the principal cause of mycosis-associated mortality in the United States. ..
  51. Economic Well-being in the Aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami
    CLARK GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By incorporating several new environmental data sources, this effort would shed new light on the consequences of environmental change for human well-being, migration and rural livelihoods. ..
  52. Neurobehavioral Teratology Society: Zebrafish Symposium
    Edward D Levin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This is a timely symposium to convey important information about this emerging complementary research model for neurobehavioral teratology. ..
  53. AMAZONIAN DEFORESTATION AND THE STRUCTURE OF HOUSEHOLDS (PHASE III)
    EMILIO FEDERICO MORAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Global impacts, through effects on the global carbon budget, include adverse health impacts of severe weather events and climate changes impacting directly on human health and indirectly through declining agricultural productivity. ..
  54. Metastatic Spine Tumors: Minimally Invasive Fracture Risk Analysis and Treatment
    Michael J Yaszemski; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Those patients, who do need surgery, will often chose minimally invasive surgical techniques that will shorten their hospital stay and allow them to return home to their families. ..
  55. Ecosystem disturbance and multiscale transmission of a zoonotic wildlife pathogen
    Philip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  56. Microchip-Based Perchlorate Analyzer for Water Remediation Monitoring and Field A
    Dale Willard; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our online monitoring device will significantly reduce costs for remediation. In addition to lowering costs to existing remediation, it will also allow smaller communities address cleanup that would otherwise not have enough resources. ..
  57. Metabolic adaptability of E. coli: engineering autotrophic CO2 fixation
    Wade M Hicks; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results will provide information about the regulation, evolution and plasticity of central carbon metabolism, and may enable new methods for carbon sequestration from the atmosphere. ..
  58. International Symposium on Green Processing in the Pharmaceutical & Fine Chemical
    Wei Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This Symposium will promote scientists working in pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and fine chemical related areas to design, development, and produce more environmentally friendly products to benefit public health. ..
  59. A Cyber-Informatics Approach to Studying Migration and Environmental Cancer Risk
    Songhua Xu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Such information could help cancer epidemiologists and health policy makers generate and prioritize study hypotheses worth testing with carefully controlled and properly powered (but also long term and costly) epidemiological studies. ..
  60. Health, Pollution & Economic Development in South Durban
    Stuart Batterman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study is designed to respond to Durban's needs and serve as a model for other cities undergoing rapid urbanization and industrial development. ..
  61. Global Health and Georesource Management in Africa
    COLLINS AIRHIHENBUWA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will rely on a combination of initial workshops in Africa as well as distant learning and communication tools to incorporate all stakeholder perspectives and expertise from the African partner institutions. ..
  62. Ecological and Health Consequences of the Vietnam War
    Linda Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  63. Global Disease Research Training Program in Peru
    Robert H Gilman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Leptospirosis Transmission in the Peruvian Amazon
    Joseph Vinetz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  65. Mechanisms of PCP genotoxicity & antioxidant modulation
    BENZHAN ZHU; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  66. Molecular examination of the identity and activity of Po
    EUGENE MADSEN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  67. Non-Invasive Approaches to Assessing Inflammation (RMI)
    RYAN SARTOR; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This project will create a new program involving investigators who have not previously worked together, while building on institutional strengths and programmatic initiatives. ..