evoked potentials

Summary

Summary: The electric response evoked in the central nervous system by stimulation of sensory receptors or some point on the sensory pathway leading from the receptor to the cortex. The evoked stimulus can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), or visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), although other modalities have been reported. Event-related potentials is sometimes used synonymously with evoked potentials but is often associated with the execution of a motor, cognitive, or psychophysiological task, as well as with the response to a stimulus.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Mapping directed influence over the brain using Granger causality and fMRI
    Alard Roebroeck
    Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 25:230-42. 2005
  2. ncbi EEGLAB: an open source toolbox for analysis of single-trial EEG dynamics including independent component analysis
    Arnaud Delorme
    Swartz Center for Computational Neuroscience, Institute for Neural Computation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0961, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 134:9-21. 2004
  3. pmc Updating P300: an integrative theory of P3a and P3b
    John Polich
    Cognitive Electrophysiology Laboratory, Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2128-48. 2007
  4. ncbi Nonparametric statistical testing of EEG- and MEG-data
    Eric Maris
    NICI, Biological Psychology, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci Methods 164:177-90. 2007
  5. pmc Influence of cognitive control and mismatch on the N2 component of the ERP: a review
    Jonathan R Folstein
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:152-70. 2008
  6. ncbi The medial frontal cortex and the rapid processing of monetary gains and losses
    William J Gehring
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 525 East University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
    Science 295:2279-82. 2002
  7. ncbi Dynamic causal modelling
    K J Friston
    The Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 19:1273-302. 2003
  8. ncbi Trial-by-trial coupling of concurrent electroencephalogram and functional magnetic resonance imaging identifies the dynamics of performance monitoring
    Stefan Debener
    Institute of Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology, Center of Experimental Medicine, University Medical Center, Hamburg University, D 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    J Neurosci 25:11730-7. 2005
  9. ncbi Breakdown of cortical effective connectivity during sleep
    Marcello Massimini
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 6001 Research Park Boulevard, Madison, WI 53719, USA
    Science 309:2228-32. 2005
  10. pmc Thirty years and counting: finding meaning in the N400 component of the event-related brain potential (ERP)
    Marta Kutas
    Department of Cognitive Science, Center for Research in Language, Kavli Institute for Brain and Mind, University of California, San Diego, California 92093, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 62:621-47. 2011

Detail Information

Publications345 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Mapping directed influence over the brain using Granger causality and fMRI
    Alard Roebroeck
    Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 25:230-42. 2005
    ..The presented exploratory approach of mapping influences between a region of interest and the rest of the brain can form a useful complement to existing models of effective connectivity...
  2. ncbi EEGLAB: an open source toolbox for analysis of single-trial EEG dynamics including independent component analysis
    Arnaud Delorme
    Swartz Center for Computational Neuroscience, Institute for Neural Computation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0961, USA
    J Neurosci Methods 134:9-21. 2004
    ..EEGLAB is freely available (http://www.sccn.ucsd.edu/eeglab/) under the GNU public license for noncommercial use and open source development, together with sample data, user tutorial and extensive documentation...
  3. pmc Updating P300: an integrative theory of P3a and P3b
    John Polich
    Cognitive Electrophysiology Laboratory, Molecular and Integrative Neurosciences Department, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2128-48. 2007
    ..Neuroinhibition is suggested as an overarching theoretical mechanism for P300, which is elicited when stimulus detection engages memory operations...
  4. ncbi Nonparametric statistical testing of EEG- and MEG-data
    Eric Maris
    NICI, Biological Psychology, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci Methods 164:177-90. 2007
    ..This means that we formulate a null hypothesis (identical probability distribution in the different experimental conditions) and show that the nonparametric test controls the false alarm rate under this null hypothesis...
  5. pmc Influence of cognitive control and mismatch on the N2 component of the ERP: a review
    Jonathan R Folstein
    Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
    Psychophysiology 45:152-70. 2008
    ..We focus on the visual modality for which components with frontocentral and more posterior scalp distributions can be readily distinguished...
  6. ncbi The medial frontal cortex and the rapid processing of monetary gains and losses
    William J Gehring
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 525 East University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
    Science 295:2279-82. 2002
    ..It follows that medial-frontal computations may contribute to mental states that participate in higher level decisions, including economic choices...
  7. ncbi Dynamic causal modelling
    K J Friston
    The Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 19:1273-302. 2003
    ..psychophysiologic interactions). However, unlike previous approaches in neuroimaging, the causal model ascribes responses to designed deterministic inputs, as opposed to treating inputs as unknown and stochastic...
  8. ncbi Trial-by-trial coupling of concurrent electroencephalogram and functional magnetic resonance imaging identifies the dynamics of performance monitoring
    Stefan Debener
    Institute of Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology, Center of Experimental Medicine, University Medical Center, Hamburg University, D 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    J Neurosci 25:11730-7. 2005
    ..We conclude that investigations of the dynamic coupling between EEG and fMRI provide a powerful approach for the study of higher order brain functions...
  9. ncbi Breakdown of cortical effective connectivity during sleep
    Marcello Massimini
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 6001 Research Park Boulevard, Madison, WI 53719, USA
    Science 309:2228-32. 2005
    ..Thus, the fading of consciousness during certain stages of sleep may be related to a breakdown in cortical effective connectivity...
  10. pmc Thirty years and counting: finding meaning in the N400 component of the event-related brain potential (ERP)
    Marta Kutas
    Department of Cognitive Science, Center for Research in Language, Kavli Institute for Brain and Mind, University of California, San Diego, California 92093, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 62:621-47. 2011
    ..We conclude with different theories of the N400's functional significance and offer an N400-inspired reconceptualization of how meaning processing might unfold...
  11. pmc Affective picture processing: an integrative review of ERP findings
    Jonas K Olofsson
    Department of Psychology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Biol Psychol 77:247-65. 2008
    ..Theoretical issues, stimulus factors, task demands, and individual differences are discussed...
  12. ncbi Guidelines for using human event-related potentials to study cognition: recording standards and publication criteria
    T W Picton
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Psychophysiology 37:127-52. 2000
    ..The data must then be analyzed and presented in a way that allows different studies to be compared readily. This paper presents guidelines for recording ERPs and criteria for publishing the results...
  13. ncbi The neural basis of error detection: conflict monitoring and the error-related negativity
    Nick Yeung
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
    Psychol Rev 111:931-59. 2004
    ..It is concluded that the ERN can be explained in terms of response conflict and that monitoring for conflict may provide a simple mechanism for detecting errors...
  14. ncbi The anterior cingulate as a conflict monitor: fMRI and ERP studies
    Vincent van Veen
    Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 15213, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Physiol Behav 77:477-82. 2002
    ....
  15. ncbi The mismatch negativity (MMN) in basic research of central auditory processing: a review
    R Naatanen
    Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:2544-90. 2007
    ..In addition, the MMN enables one to establish the brain processes underlying the initiation of attention switch to, conscious perception of, sound change in an unattended stimulus stream...
  16. ncbi Mining event-related brain dynamics
    Scott Makeig
    Swartz Center for Computational Neuroscience, Institute for Neural Computation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0961, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:204-10. 2004
    ..The new approach combines independent component analysis (ICA), time/frequency analysis, and trial-by-trial visualization that measures EEG source dynamics without requiring an explicit head model...
  17. ncbi Error-related brain potentials are differentially related to awareness of response errors: evidence from an antisaccade task
    S Nieuwenhuis
    Department of Psychonomics, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychophysiology 38:752-60. 2001
    ....
  18. pmc Emotion and the motivational brain
    Peter J Lang
    CSEA, Box 112766, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Biol Psychol 84:437-50. 2010
    ....
  19. ncbi On the utility of P3 amplitude as a measure of processing capacity
    A Kok
    Psychology Department, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychophysiology 38:557-77. 2001
    ....
  20. ncbi The feedback-related negativity reflects the binary evaluation of good versus bad outcomes
    Greg Hajcak
    Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
    Biol Psychol 71:148-54. 2006
    ..These data are discussed in terms of contemporary theories of the FRN, as well as appraisal processes implicated in emotional processing...
  21. ncbi Electrophysiological correlates of rapid spatial orienting towards fearful faces
    Gilles Pourtois
    Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, University of Geneva, Switzerland
    Cereb Cortex 14:619-33. 2004
    ..These results provide evidence for neural mechanisms allowing rapid, exogenous spatial orienting of attention towards fear stimuli...
  22. ncbi The timing of action-monitoring processes in the anterior cingulate cortex
    Vincent van Veen
    University of Pittsburgh and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:593-602. 2002
    ..Second, caudal ACC activity might be temporally dissociated from rostral ACC activity during error trials, which possibly reflects a separate, affective component of the evaluative functions of the ACC...
  23. ncbi Scalp electrode impedance, infection risk, and EEG data quality
    T C Ferree
    Electrical Geodesics, Inc, Riverfront Research Park, 1850 Millrace Dr, OR 97403, Eugene, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 112:536-44. 2001
    ..The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of electrode-scalp impedance on EEG data quality...
  24. ncbi Attentional sensitization of unconscious cognition: task sets modulate subsequent masked semantic priming
    Markus Kiefer
    Department of Psychiatry, Univerity of Ulm, Ulm, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Gen 139:464-89. 2010
    ..Hence, automatic processing of unconscious stimuli is susceptible to top-down control for optimizing goal-related information processing...
  25. ncbi ERP components on reaction errors and their functional significance: a tutorial
    M Falkenstein
    Institut fur Arbeitsphysiologie an der Universitat Dortmund IfADo, Abt für Sinnes und Neurophysiologie, Ardeystr 67, D 44139, Dortmund, Germany
    Biol Psychol 51:87-107. 2000
    ..Further research is necessary to specify the functional significance of the Pe...
  26. ncbi Multiple sparse priors for the M/EEG inverse problem
    Karl Friston
    The Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, UCL, 12 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, UK
    Neuroimage 39:1104-20. 2008
    ..This means the approach automatically selects either a sparse or a distributed model, depending on the data. The scheme is compared with conventional applications of Bayesian solutions to quantify the improvement in performance...
  27. ncbi The five percent electrode system for high-resolution EEG and ERP measurements
    R Oostenveld
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Institute of Neurology, University Hospital Nijmegen, P O Box 9101, NL 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Clin Neurophysiol 112:713-9. 2001
    ..A system for electrode placement is described. It is designed for studies on topography and source analysis of spontaneous and evoked EEG activity...
  28. ncbi Mu rhythm (de)synchronization and EEG single-trial classification of different motor imagery tasks
    G Pfurtscheller
    Laboratory of Brain Computer Interfaces, Institute for Computer Graphics and Vision, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 16a, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Neuroimage 31:153-9. 2006
    ..This implies that such EEG phenomena may be utilized in a multi-class brain-computer interface (BCI) operated simply by motor imagery...
  29. ncbi Modulation of activity in medial frontal and motor cortices during error observation
    Hein T van Schie
    Nijmegen Institute for Cognition and Information, University of Nijmegen, Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Nat Neurosci 7:549-54. 2004
    ..These data suggest that similar neural mechanisms are involved in monitoring one's own actions and the actions of others...
  30. ncbi Anticipatory biasing of visuospatial attention indexed by retinotopically specific alpha-band electroencephalography increases over occipital cortex
    M S Worden
    Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    J Neurosci 20:RC63. 2000
    ..The focus of alpha-band activity also moved depending on whether cued locations were in the upper or lower field. Results are consistent with active gating of uncued spatial locations...
  31. ncbi Event-related potentials, emotion, and emotion regulation: an integrative review
    Greg Hajcak
    Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 2500, USA
    Dev Neuropsychol 35:129-55. 2010
    ..Future directions for the application of ERP/electroencephalogram (EEG) in achieving a more complete understanding of emotional processing and its regulation are presented...
  32. pmc Event-related brain potential correlates of emotional face processing
    Martin Eimer
    Department of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK
    Neuropsychologia 45:15-31. 2007
    ..Given the early onset of the emotion-specific effects reviewed here, it is likely that this system is activated in parallel with the ongoing evaluation of emotional content in the amygdala and related subcortical brain circuits...
  33. ncbi Reinforcement-related brain potentials from medial frontal cortex: origins and functional significance
    Sander Nieuwenhuis
    Department of Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 28:441-8. 2004
    ..Our review is organized around a set of predictions derived from a recent theory, which holds that the ERN is associated with the arrival of a negative reward prediction error signal in anterior cingulate cortex...
  34. ncbi Conscious, preconscious, and subliminal processing: a testable taxonomy
    Stanislas Dehaene
    INSERM CEA Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, Orsay, France
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:204-11. 2006
    ..We suggest that these distinctions map onto different neural mechanisms, and that conscious perception is systematically associated with surges of parieto-frontal activity causing top-down amplification...
  35. ncbi Topographic ERP analyses: a step-by-step tutorial review
    Micah M Murray
    Electroencephalography Brain Mapping Core, Center for Biomedical Imaging of Lausanne and Geneva, Radiologie CHUV BH08 078, Bugnon 46 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Brain Topogr 20:249-64. 2008
    ..In this tutorial we present the example of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) in response to stimulation of each hand to illustrate these points...
  36. ncbi Differentiating neural responses to emotional pictures: evidence from temporal-spatial PCA
    Dan Foti
    Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 2500, USA
    Psychophysiology 46:521-30. 2009
    ....
  37. ncbi Emotions in word and face processing: early and late cortical responses
    Annekathrin Schacht
    Department of Psychology, Humboldt University at Berlin, Rudower Chaussee 18, D 12489 Berlin, Germany
    Brain Cogn 69:538-50. 2009
    ....
  38. ncbi Flow of activation from V1 to frontal cortex in humans. A framework for defining "early" visual processing
    John J Foxe
    Cognitive Neurophysiology Laboratory, Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Orangeburg, New York 10962, USA
    Exp Brain Res 142:139-50. 2002
    ....
  39. ncbi Removal of eye activity artifacts from visual event-related potentials in normal and clinical subjects
    T P Jung
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 111:1745-58. 2000
    ..Often, all epochs contaminated by large eye artifacts are rejected as unusable, though this may prove unacceptable when blinks and eye movements occur frequently...
  40. ncbi An ERP study of the temporal course of the Stroop color-word interference effect
    M Liotti
    University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78284 6240, USA
    Neuropsychologia 38:701-11. 2000
    ....
  41. ncbi Electrophysiological evidence for a postperceptual locus of suppression during the attentional blink
    E K Vogel
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242 1407, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 24:1656-74. 1998
    ..Results indicate that the attentional blink reflects an impairment in a postperceptual stage of processing...
  42. ncbi Early lateralization and orientation tuning for face, word, and object processing in the visual cortex
    Bruno Rossion
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, University of Louvain, Belgium
    Neuroimage 20:1609-24. 2003
    ..Such results show that early processes in object recognition respond to category-specific visual information, and are associated with strong lateralization and orientation bias...
  43. ncbi A review of classification algorithms for EEG-based brain-computer interfaces
    F Lotte
    IRISA INRIA Rennes, Campus Universitaire de Beaulieu, Avenue du General Leclerc, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
    J Neural Eng 4:R1-R13. 2007
    ..Based on the literature, we compare them in terms of performance and provide guidelines to choose the suitable classification algorithm(s) for a specific BCI...
  44. ncbi xDAWN algorithm to enhance evoked potentials: application to brain-computer interface
    Bertrand Rivet
    GIPSA Laboratory, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS Unité Mixte de Recherche UMR, Grenoble, France
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 56:2035-43. 2009
    ..An unsupervised algorithm is proposed to enhance P300 evoked potentials by estimating spatial filters; the raw EEG signals are then projected into the estimated signal subspace...
  45. ncbi Emotion and attention: event-related brain potential studies
    Harald T Schupp
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, and Institute for Biomagnetism and Biosignalanalysis, Munster University Hospital, Germany
    Prog Brain Res 156:31-51. 2006
    ..Results are discussed within the context of two-stage models of stimulus perception brought out by studies of attention, orienting, and learning...
  46. ncbi In vivo imaging of neuronal activity by targeted expression of a genetically encoded probe in the mouse
    Thomas Bozza
    The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Neuron 42:9-21. 2004
    ..Targeted expression of synapto-pHluorin in mouse will permit the analysis of previously inaccessible neuronal populations and chronic imaging from genetically identified neurons in vivo...
  47. ncbi Processing of unattended facial emotions: a visual mismatch negativity study
    Gabor Stefanics
    Institute for Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, 83 85 Szondi u, Budapest, H 1068, Hungary
    Neuroimage 59:3042-9. 2012
    ....
  48. pmc Error-dependent modulation of speech-induced auditory suppression for pitch-shifted voice feedback
    Roozbeh Behroozmand
    Speech Physiology Laboratory, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    BMC Neurosci 12:54. 2011
    ....
  49. ncbi Early emotion word processing: evidence from event-related potentials
    Graham G Scott
    Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Biol Psychol 80:95-104. 2009
    ..The overall pattern of results is consistent with a time line of word recognition in which semantic analysis, including the evaluation of emotional quality, occurs at an early, lexical stage of processing...
  50. ncbi NMDA spikes in basal dendrites of cortical pyramidal neurons
    J Schiller
    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Technion Medical School, Bat Galim, Haifa, Israel
    Nature 404:285-9. 2000
    ..In addition, NMDA spikes may serve as a powerful mechanism for modification of the cortical network by inducing long-term strengthening of co-activated neighbouring inputs...
  51. ncbi The facilitated processing of threatening faces: an ERP analysis
    Harald T Schupp
    Department of Psychology, University of of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    Emotion 4:189-200. 2004
    ..Taken together, these data demonstrate the facilitated perceptual processing of threatening faces. Results are discussed within the context of an evolved module of fear (A. Ohman & S. Mineka, 2001)...
  52. ncbi Are event-related potential components generated by phase resetting of brain oscillations? A critical discussion
    P Sauseng
    Department of Physiological Psychology, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunnerstrasse 34, A 5020 Salzburg, Austria
    Neuroscience 146:1435-44. 2007
    ..Here, evidence for either of the two models is presented and validated, and their possible impact on cognitive neuroscience is discussed. In addition, future prospects on this field of research are presented...
  53. ncbi Sensitivity of medial frontal cortex to response and nonresponse conflict
    Robert West
    Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
    Psychophysiology 41:739-48. 2004
    ..This finding is inconsistent with the hypothesis that activation of the ACC is limited to response conflict and may identify one avenue of development in future applications of conflict theory...
  54. ncbi Integration of word meaning and world knowledge in language comprehension
    Peter Hagoort
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
    Science 304:438-41. 2004
    ..Finally, oscillatory brain responses indicate that the brain keeps a record of what makes a sentence hard to interpret...
  55. ncbi Modulation of parietal activation by semantic distance in a number comparison task
    P Pinel
    , , Orsay Cedex, 91401, France
    Neuroimage 14:1013-26. 2001
    ..Our results support the assumption of a central semantic representation of numerical quantity that relies on a common parietal network shared among notations...
  56. ncbi Neural time course of conflict adaptation effects on the Stroop task
    Michael J Larson
    Department of Psychology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, United States
    Neuropsychologia 47:663-70. 2009
    ..Findings provide clarification on the neural time course of conflict adaptation and raise further questions regarding the relative roles of the parietal conflict SP and fronto-medial N450 in conflict detection and processing...
  57. ncbi Modeling sleep and wakefulness in the thalamocortical system
    Sean Hill
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison, 6001 Research Park Boulevard, Madison, WI 53719 1176, USA
    J Neurophysiol 93:1671-98. 2005
    ....
  58. ncbi The role of cingulate cortex in the detection of errors with and without awareness: a high-density electrical mapping study
    Redmond G O'Connell
    Department of Psychology and Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Eur J Neurosci 25:2571-9. 2007
    ..These findings may be particularly important in the context of clinical studies in which a proper understanding of self-monitoring deficits requires an explicit measurement of error awareness...
  59. ncbi Errors in reward prediction are reflected in the event-related brain potential
    Clay B Holroyd
    Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ 08544, USA
    Neuroreport 14:2481-4. 2003
    ..Consistent with the theory, we found that larger ERNs were elicited by unexpected absences of reward...
  60. ncbi Frontal midline EEG dynamics during working memory
    Julie Onton
    Swartz Center for Computational Neuroscience, Institute for Neural Computation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0961, USA
    Neuroimage 27:341-56. 2005
    ..Possibly, the observed fmtheta process variability may index dynamic adjustments in medial frontal cortex to trial-specific behavioral context and task demands...
  61. ncbi Concreteness in emotional words: ERP evidence from a hemifield study
    Philipp Kanske
    Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstr 1a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Brain Res 1148:138-48. 2007
    ..Only concrete emotional words differed in the LPC response suggesting that concrete negative words such as "wound" or "bomb" differ from neutral and positive words as a function of mental imagery...
  62. ncbi Electrophysiological correlates of anterior cingulate function in a go/no-go task: effects of response conflict and trial type frequency
    Sander Nieuwenhuis
    Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 3:17-26. 2003
    ..Instead, the results are consistent with the view that the N2 in go/no-go tasks reflects conflict arising from competition between the execution and the inhibition of a single response...
  63. ncbi The selective processing of briefly presented affective pictures: an ERP analysis
    Harald T Schupp
    Department of Psychology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
    Psychophysiology 41:441-9. 2004
    ..These data suggest that a quick glimpse of emotionally relevant stimuli appears sufficient to tune the brain for selective perceptual processing...
  64. ncbi A cortical network for semantics: (de)constructing the N400
    Ellen F Lau
    Department of Linguistics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 9:920-33. 2008
    ....
  65. ncbi Contribution of human hippocampal region to novelty detection
    R Knight
    Department of Neurology, Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis, Veterans Medical Center 94553, USA
    Nature 383:256-9. 1996
    ..Thus the hippocampal region, in addition to its known role in memory formation, is an essential component of the distributed limbic-cortical network that detects and responds to novel stimuli...
  66. ncbi Cortical focus drives widespread corticothalamic networks during spontaneous absence seizures in rats
    Hanneke K M Meeren
    Department of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, Nijmegen Institute of Cognition and Information, University of Nijmegen, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurosci 22:1480-95. 2002
    ..Analogous mechanisms may underlie the pathophysiology of human absence epilepsy...
  67. pmc Three stages of facial expression processing: ERP study with rapid serial visual presentation
    Wenbo Luo
    Laboratory of Cognition and Mental Health, Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences, Chongqing 402168, China
    Neuroimage 49:1857-67. 2010
    ..Deficient attentional resources resulted in decreased amplitude and increased latency of ERP components. In light of these results, we present a hypothetical model involving three stages of facial expression processing...
  68. ncbi The mismatch negativity in cognitive and clinical neuroscience: theoretical and methodological considerations
    Teija Kujala
    Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, University of Helsinki, FIN 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Biol Psychol 74:1-19. 2007
    ..Thereafter, issues which need to be taken into account in MMN investigations as well as new improved recording paradigms are discussed...
  69. ncbi Emotion and attention in visual word processing: an ERP study
    Johanna Kissler
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    Biol Psychol 80:75-83. 2009
    ..Implications for models of emotion-attention interactions in the brain are discussed...
  70. ncbi Neural mechanisms of transient and sustained cognitive control during task switching
    Todd S Braver
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Neuron 39:713-26. 2003
    ....
  71. pmc Reward expectation modulates feedback-related negativity and EEG spectra
    Michael X Cohen
    Department of Epilepsy and Center for Life and Brain, Sigmund Freud Str 25, Bonn 53105, Germany
    Neuroimage 35:968-78. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that the neural mechanisms of feedback processing may differ between wins and losses...
  72. ncbi The good, the bad and the neutral: electrophysiological responses to feedback stimuli
    Clay B Holroyd
    Department of Psychology University of Victoria, PO Box 3050 STN CSC Victoria, Canada BC V8W 3P5
    Brain Res 1105:93-101. 2006
    ..This result is consistent with recent proposals that the evaluative system that produces the fERN classifies outcomes into two categories: those outcomes that indicate that a goal has been satisfied and those that do not...
  73. pmc (C)overt attention and visual speller design in an ERP-based brain-computer interface
    Matthias S Treder
    Berlin Institute of Technology, Machine Learning Laboratory, Berlin, Germany
    Behav Brain Funct 6:28. 2010
    ..Also unclear was how the visual design of the BCI can be improved to meet peculiarities of peripheral vision such as low spatial acuity and crowding...
  74. ncbi Getting real about semantic illusions: rethinking the functional role of the P600 in language comprehension
    Harm Brouwer
    Center for Language and Cognition BCN Neuro Imaging Center, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Brain Res 1446:127-43. 2012
    ..When combined, these functional interpretations result in a single-stream account of language processing that can explain all of the Semantic Illusion data...
  75. ncbi The N2 in go/no-go tasks reflects conflict monitoring not response inhibition
    Franc C L Donkers
    Department of Psychology, Tilburg University, P O Box 90153, 5000 TE Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Brain Cogn 56:165-76. 2004
    ..The N2 peaked on both no-go and GO trials, with larger amplitudes for both signals when presented in a context of frequent (80%) go signals. These results support the idea that the N2 reflects conflict monitoring not response inhibition...
  76. pmc A review of combined TMS-EEG studies to characterize lasting effects of repetitive TMS and assess their usefulness in cognitive and clinical neuroscience
    Gregor Thut
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, UK
    Brain Topogr 22:219-32. 2010
    ..Newly emerging developments in offline TMS research for cognitive neuroscience and neurotherapeutics are outlined...
  77. ncbi Neuroimaging studies of priming
    R N A Henson
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London WC1N 3AR, UK
    Prog Neurobiol 70:53-81. 2003
    ..Interpretation of the findings is not always clear-cut, however, given potential confounding factors such as explicit memory, and several recommendations are made for future neuroimaging studies of priming...
  78. ncbi The face and its emotion: right N170 deficits in structural processing and early emotional discrimination in schizophrenic patients and relatives
    Agustin Ibanez
    Institute of Cognitive Neurology, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Psychiatry Res 195:18-26. 2012
    ..Finally, these findings lend support to the notion that cortical markers of facial discrimination can be validly considered as vulnerability markers...
  79. ncbi Selective suppression of self-initiated sounds in an auditory stream: An ERP study
    Pamela Baess
    Max Planck Institute of Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Department of Psychology, Leipzig, Germany
    Psychophysiology 48:1276-83. 2011
    ..This result supports the involvement of an internal prediction mechanism in the discrimination of the sensory consequences of one's own actions and those of others...
  80. ncbi The feedback correct-related positivity: sensitivity of the event-related brain potential to unexpected positive feedback
    Clay B Holroyd
    Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Psychophysiology 45:688-97. 2008
    ....
  81. ncbi Early processing of the six basic facial emotional expressions
    Magali Batty
    CerCo CNRS UMR 5549, Faculte de Medecine de Rangueil, Universite Paul Sabatier, 133, route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse, France
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 17:613-20. 2003
    ..The data support a model of automatic, rapid processing of emotional expressions...
  82. ncbi Reading emotional words within sentences: the impact of arousal and valence on event-related potentials
    Mareike Bayer
    Department of Psychology, Humboldt Universitaet zu Berlin, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 78:299-307. 2010
    ..Interestingly, the LPC was unaffected by pure arousal variation when valence was controlled for, indicating the importance of valence for this emotion-related ERP effect...
  83. ncbi On the role of attention for the processing of emotions in speech: sex differences revisited
    Annett Schirmer
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, 30602 Georgia, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 24:442-52. 2005
    ..This suggests that the presence of sex differences in emotional-prosodic priming depends on whether or not participants are instructed to take emotional prosody into account...
  84. pmc Rapid perceptual integration of facial expression and emotional body language
    Hanneke K M Meeren
    Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Tilburg University, LE 5000, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:16518-23. 2005
    ....
  85. ncbi Beyond good and evil: the time-course of neural activity elicited by specific picture content
    Anna Weinberg
    Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 2500, USA
    Emotion 10:767-82. 2010
    ..Thus, including exciting images in pleasant ERP averages disproportionately reduces the LPP. The present findings are discussed in light of the motivational significance of specific picture subtypes...
  86. ncbi Rapid detection of emotion from human vocalizations
    Disa Anna Sauter
    Birkbeck College, University of London, London WC1E 7HX, United Kingdom
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:474-81. 2010
    ....
  87. ncbi Alpha phase synchronization predicts P1 and N1 latency and amplitude size
    Walter R Gruber
    Department of Physiological Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria
    Cereb Cortex 15:371-7. 2005
    ..Our conclusion is that the latencies of ERP components can be predicted at least in part by phase synchronization between frequencies...
  88. ncbi Buzzwords: early cortical responses to emotional words during reading
    Johanna Kissler
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    Psychol Sci 18:475-80. 2007
    ..This enhancement may be driven by cortico-amygdaloid connections...
  89. ncbi EEG correlates (event-related desynchronization) of emotional face elaboration: a temporal analysis
    Michela Balconi
    Laboratory of Cognitive Psychology, Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Milan, Largo Gemelli 1, Italy
    Neurosci Lett 392:118-23. 2006
    ..Finally, a right-hemisphere dominance was found for theta during emotional face comprehension...
  90. ncbi Attention and emotion: an ERP analysis of facilitated emotional stimulus processing
    Harald T Schupp
    Institute of Psychology, University of Greifswald, Germany
    Neuroreport 14:1107-10. 2003
    ..These data demonstrate the selective encoding of emotional stimuli while top-down attentional control was directed towards non-emotional target stimuli...
  91. pmc Mass univariate analysis of event-related brain potentials/fields I: a critical tutorial review
    David M Groppe
    Department of Cognitive Science, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0515, USA
    Psychophysiology 48:1711-25. 2011
    ..We end with recommendations for their use and introduce free MATLAB software for their implementation...
  92. ncbi The novelty P3: an event-related brain potential (ERP) sign of the brain's evaluation of novelty
    D Friedman
    Cognitive Electrophysiology Laboratory, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 10032, New York, NY, USA
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 25:355-73. 2001
    ....
  93. ncbi The role of spatial attention in the processing of facial expression: an ERP study of rapid brain responses to six basic emotions
    Martin Eimer
    Department of Psychology, Birkbeck College, University of London, London, England
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 3:97-110. 2003
    ..The face-specific N170 component was unaffected by any emotional expression, supporting the hypothesis that structural encoding and expression analysis are independent processes...
  94. ncbi Suppression of the auditory N1 event-related potential component with unpredictable self-initiated tones: evidence for internal forward models with dynamic stimulation
    Pamela Bäss
    University of Leipzig, Institute of Psychology I, Biological including Cognitive Psychology, Germany
    Int J Psychophysiol 70:137-43. 2008
    ..Moreover, the attenuation effect was reduced when the frequency was unpredictable suggesting that it is easier to discriminate a self-initiated sound with exact foreknowledge...
  95. pmc Blind separation of auditory event-related brain responses into independent components
    S Makeig
    Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:10979-84. 1997
    ..Major features of the decomposition proved robust across sessions and changes in sensor number and placement. This method of ERP analysis can be used to compare responses from multiple stimuli, task conditions, and subject states...
  96. ncbi The contribution of executive processes to deceptive responding
    Ray Johnson
    Department of Psychology, Queens College, 65 30 Kissena Blvd, Flushing, NY 11367, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:878-901. 2004
    ..Thus, the data indicate that anterior cingulate cortex plays a key role in making deceptive responses...
  97. ncbi ERP correlates of conscious error recognition: aware and unaware errors in an antisaccade task
    Tanja Endrass
    Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin, Institut fur Psychologie, Rudower Chaussee 18, 12489 Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Neurosci 26:1714-20. 2007
    ..Furthermore, it has been shown that this is only true for the late Pe, whereas the early Pe like the Ne/ERN is not modulated by error awareness...
  98. ncbi Inversion and contrast polarity reversal affect both encoding and recognition processes of unfamiliar faces: a repetition study using ERPs
    Roxane J Itier
    CerCo CNRS, Universite Paul Sabatier, 31062 Toulouse, France
    Neuroimage 15:353-72. 2002
    ..Thus, face encoding and recognition processes were affected by inversion and contrast-reversal differently...
  99. ncbi Neural mechanisms of language comprehension: challenges to syntax
    Gina R Kuperberg
    Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Brain Res 1146:23-49. 2007
    ..Finally, I suggest that that these two processing streams may generalize beyond the language system to real-world visual event comprehension...
  100. ncbi Prefrontal-cingulate interactions in action monitoring
    W J Gehring
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 525 East University Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 1109, USA
    Nat Neurosci 3:516-20. 2000
    ..Lateral prefrontal damage also affected corrective behavior. Thus the lateral prefrontal cortex seemed to interact with the anterior cingulate cortex in monitoring behavior and in guiding compensatory systems...
  101. ncbi The visual N1 component as an index of a discrimination process
    E K Vogel
    Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242 1407, USA
    Psychophysiology 37:190-203. 2000
    ..Instead, the results of this study are consistent with the hypothesis that the visual N1 component reflects the operation of a discrimination process within the focus of attention...

Research Grants72

  1. Estrogen Modulation of Auditory Processing
    Raphael Pinaud; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In addition, we aim to understand how this hormone engages sensory-regulated, plasticity-associated gene expression, and ultimately modulates higher-order behaviors such as auditory discrimination. ..
  2. Role of homocysteine in retinal disease
    Sylvia B Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..progressive ganglion cell loss, dysregulation of axonal mitochondrial dynamics and delayed visual evoked potentials in cbs+/- mice...
  3. MR and BL Tracking of Stem/Progenitor Cells in the CNS
    Jeff W Bulte; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to assess functional recovery, we will perform behavioral analyses, electrophysiologic measurements (motor-evoked potentials), and muscle mass measures, and will determine whether intraparenchymal or intrathecal injections are the ..
  4. Aging Auditory System: Presbycusis and Its Neural Bases
    Robert D Frisina; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..projects with experimental approaches ranging from audiology, speech perception, psychoacoustics, evoked potentials and psychophysics in humans, to startle reflex psychology, neurophysiology, evoked potentials, single-unit ..
  5. Effectiveness of Therapy via Telemedicine following Cochlear Implants
    Anu Sharma; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..crossover study with 2-year follow-up, using carefully chosen behavioral measures and cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) as measures of language and brain development, we will compare outcomes of telemedicine and in-..
  6. SUPRASPINAL CONTROL OF SPINAL CORD PLASTICITY
    Xiang Yang Chen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..SMC activity and related evoked potentials will be recorded by electrocorticography...
  7. Lateral Asymmetry in the Human Auditory System
    Yvonne S Sininger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project will help to reveal the true nature of the disability imparted to individuals with unilateral deafness and how such disability relates to the side of the deafness. ..
  8. Development of swallow evoked potentials as a novel tool to investigate swallowin
    Teresa E Lever; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The purpose of the proposed research is to develop an experimental protocol for using brainstem evoked potentials recorded in response to stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve in mice to quantify the function of the ..
  9. Validating Biomarkers for the Prodrome and Transition to Psychosis in Shanghai
    Larry J Seidman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..With an estimated retention rate of 75%, 30 CHR who become psychotic, 120 who do not become psychotic and 75 controls will be assessed at conversion or 1 year follow-up with an extensive battery of clinical and biological measures. ..
  10. NEUROCOGNITIVE PREDICTORS OF SMOKING CESSATION
    Andrey P Anokhin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Furthermore, identification of specific neural processes that critically affect the outcome of smoking cessation can suggest new targets for pharmacological intervention. ..
  11. Novel Treatment Strategies for Constipation and Role of Brain-Gut axis
    SATISH SC RAO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..subjects (before and after biofeedback) and compare this with 25 healthy controls by measuring the cortical evoked potentials (CEP) after electrical stimulation of the anorectum (afferent) and the motor evoked potentials (MEP) ..
  12. IN VITRO STUDIES OF THE COCHLEAR NUCLEUS
    Donata Oertel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the VCN, and 4) to test how biophysical properties of neurons in the VCN correlate with auditory brainstem evoked potentials (ABRs) and with behavioral tests of gap detection thresholds...
  13. Visual Speech Perception and Neural Processing
    LYNNE ESTHER BERNSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Knowledge about learning and plasticity in adults is important, as hearing loss is a frequent occurrence associated with aging. ..
  14. Investigating Neural and Psychotherapeutic Mediators of Placebo Response in MDD
    CHRISTIAN ANTHONY WEBB; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..An understanding of the "active ingredients" and mechanisms of symptom improvement in depression treatment is critical, as it may ultimately lead to the development of more effective and efficient interventions for depression in youth. ..
  15. Assessment of Auditory Function in Patients with Parkinson Disease
    Robert Folmer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Ultimately, these interventions will contribute to improved quality of life for Veterans and non-Veterans with PD. ..
  16. Global cortical dynamics in sleep and general anesthesia
    Eran A Mukamel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Together, these studies will provide an empirically validated framework for understanding the global organization of neuronal activity throughout the brain within waking and unconscious states. ..
  17. Consequences of Cardiac Arrest: Brain Injury
    NITISH VYOMESH THAKOR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by abnormal coupling of thalamic and cortical potentials, b) quantitative analysis of cortical somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) will track recovery of normal thalamocortical coupling, and c) entropy-based quantitative EEG (qEEG) ..
  18. The Impact of Frequency Compression on Cortical Evoked Potentials and Perception
    Benjamin J Kirby; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Recently, it has been established that cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs), objective recordings of activity in the auditory cortex, may serve as an alternative to parental ..
  19. Developmental effects of early hearing loss on auditory information processing
    Daniel J Tollin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Of clinical significance, we will determine whether and how the altered neural information processing in the inferior colliculus is correlated with attributes of the binaural evoked potentials and sound localization behavior.
  20. Perinatal Nicotine and Auditory Evoked Potentials in Early Infancy
    Karen M Grewen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We plan to use acquired findings to support an application for more detailed, longitudinal study. ..
  21. Regulation of synaptic plasticity by eCBs in adult and aged mammalian cortex
    Karen L Montey; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Following MD, visually evoked potentials (VEPs) collected from the binocular visual cortex reveal a decrease in the contralateral bias in adults ..
  22. Dynamic Neuroimaging with High-resolution SSVEPs
    Ramesh Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..future use by cognitive and medical scientists who carry out physiological studies using steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEPs)...
  23. The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Drug Craving and Cue-Reactivity
    George H Trksak; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  24. Investigating emotional reactivity in depression using event-related potentials
    DANIEL JUSTIN FOTI; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In doing so, this will aid recent research efforts to identify biological markers associated with MDD that can be used to facilitate effective treatment selection, track treatment progress, and predict recovery. ..
  25. Improving Outcomes in DSD
    Amy B Wisniewski; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Measures of the auditory system will include otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) and auditory evoked potentials (AEPs)...
  26. Neurobehavioral Investigation of Recollection and Familiarity in Early Childhood
    Tracy Riggins; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  27. Effects of adolescent alcohol exposure on sleep and arousal in adulthood
    Cindy L Ehlers; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  28. Broadening the Investigation of Psychosis Prodrome to Different Cultural Groups
    Min Zhao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Gender effects will be examined across the above aims. The study goals are consistent with the guidelines of the FOA Brain Disorders in the Developing World: Research Across the Lifespan (R21, PAR-11-031). ..
  29. Psychophysiology of Emotion in Parkinsons Disease
    JENNA B DIETZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  30. Computerized Intervention for Anxiety Sensitivity Cognitive Concerns
    Daniel W Capron; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By examining a brief treatment for ASCC in a sample with elevated SI, this study will provide critical knowledge regarding how to quickly and effectively reduce ASCC and potentially prevent/ameliorate SI. ..
  31. OBJECTIVE MEASURES IN AUDITORY IMPLANTS 6TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
    Jill B Firszt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstracts will participate in one of five planned sessions: 1) Peripherally-Generated, Electrically Evoked Potentials;2) Peripheral Electrode/Nerve Interface Using Imaging/Electrophysiologic Techniques;3) Centrally-Generated, ..
  32. Neurobehavioral Investigation of Tactile Features in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Carissa J Cascio; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The project is expected to provide a better understanding of the under-studied area of tactile perception in ASD, which will eventually lead to new approaches for treatment and early identification. ..
  33. Studying models and mechanisms of optic nerve diseases.
    Donald C Hood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These hypotheses are tested using SAP, multifocal visual evoked potentials, and a relatively new noninvasive technique for in vivo measurement of the anatomy of the human retina and ..
  34. Using Cognitive Neuroscience to Predict Dyslexia among Kindergarden Children
    John Gabrieli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed research uses state-of-the-art brain measures to identify the brain basis of dyslexia, and to enhance early identification of dyslexia that can lead to early intervention, which is known to be most effective for children. ..
  35. Gating and Inhibiting in Schizophrenia
    David L Braff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In aggregate, these 4 Aims will leverage powerful translational strategies to identify genes associated with IB deficits in schizophrenia patients, and to explicate the neurobiological mechanisms that mediate these associations. ..
  36. Core Center-NIDCD Research Core Center P30
    Stefan Heller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of auditory function in vivo in small mammals including tympanometry, otoacoustic emissions and auditory evoked potentials from surface or subdural electrodes...
  37. Rapid response human testing of smokeless tobacco products
    Pamela I Clark; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  38. TWIN STUDY OF FEMALE ALCOHOLISM AND OTHER DISORDERS
    MATTHEW K MCGUE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The completion of this project will provide for a rigorous and comprehensive evaluation of the long-term effects of adolescent-onset substance abuse on functioning in early adulthood. ..
  39. Child Temperament and Adaptation to Interparental Conflict
    Alice C Schermerhorn; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  40. Evoked Potentials and Music Perception: Effects of Hearing Loss and Training
    KAY E GFELLER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our first specific aim defines the relationship between cortically generated evoked potentials, the acoustic change response, and perceptual measures of complex stimuli for a wide range of listeners, ..
  41. Pre- and Post-operative Differences in Brain and Sleep-related Events in Children
    Maria E Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will further inform the scientific community and the public on the protection of sleep hygiene and the consequences and treatment of pediatric sleep disorders. ..
  42. Olfactory Evoked Potentials and Developmental Neuropathology in Schizophrenia
    Bruce I Turetsky; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This may provide important insights into the developmental causes of schizophrenia and facilitate early intervention or prevention. ..
  43. Effects of Speech in Noise Training on Physiology and Perception
    Curtis J Billings; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..training will be administered and measured using both perception-in-noise tasks and cortical auditory evoked potentials. This combination of behavioral and physiological information will be used to determine the time course, ..
  44. Lead exposure, externalizing behavior, and neurobiological mediating factors
    Jianghong Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately it will potentially minimize the impact of negative environmental exposures on children's mental health, thus improving their subsequent well-being over the life-course. ..
  45. Biosignatures of Treatment Remission in Major Depression
    Myrna M Weissman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Functional assessments include electroencephalography, loudness dependent auditory evoked potentials, and neurocognitive performance. Clinical features will be studied as well, e.g...
  46. NEUROIMAGING OF CONNECTIVITY IN ALCOHOLISM
    EDITH VIONI SULLIVAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Knowledge of the extent and specificity of brain dysfunction in alcoholism forms a basis for targeting specific rehabilitation strategies and consideration of new treatment approaches. ..
  47. TWIN FAMILY STUDY OF VULNERABILITY TO SUBSTANCE ABUSE
    William G Iacono; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using twins studied prospectively from age 11 to 29, we will examine how adolescent-onset substance abuse affects the development of mental health in young adulthood. ..
  48. Activity-dependent functional regeneration after SCI and OEC transplantation
    PATRICIA EMORY PHELPS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Innovative features of these studies include the sophisticated measurements of evoked potentials in awake behaving spinal rats, a comprehensive battery of functional evaluation tools, and tracing ..
  49. The neurophysiology of sensory processing and multisensory integration in ASD
    Natalie Russo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These findings may help identify physiological mechanisms that afford an integrated perspective on ASD and facilitate early objective diagnosis. ..
  50. Child Temperament and Adaptation to Interparental Conflict
    Alice C Schermerhorn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Dr. William Hetrick (Indiana University) will provide additional EEG/ERPs consultation, and Dr. Amy Holtzworth-Munroe (Indiana University) will provide training regarding marital relationship functioning. ..
  51. Long-term neurobehavioral effects of ketamine exposure in adolescent mice
    Steven J Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Basic Research Award (CEBRA) that follows the Principal Investigator's Phase I application entitled, Evoked potentials and vulnerability to ketamine in mice (5-R21-DA-017082-02)...
  52. Improving the quality of visual developmental EEG data with eye tracking
    Mandy J Maguire; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  53. Control of Attention by Working Memory
    Steven J Luck; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  54. Attentional Cues During Speech Perception
    LORI BETH ASTHEIMER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding how skilled listeners know when to pay attention during spoken language will inform procedures aimed to enhance speech perception in populations and situations for which speech comprehension is especially difficult. ..
  55. Augmenting Neuroplasticity through Visual and Proprioceptive Feedback
    HAMID FRANZ BAGCE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..flexion performed by healthy subjects will increase transcranial magnetic stimulation (sTMS)-induced motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in the stationary hand (relative to veridical feedback)...
  56. Speech perception, acoustic variability and time: normal and impaired listeners
    Bob McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  57. Language in Primary Progressive Aphasia
    MAREK MARSEL M MESULAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..org). ..
  58. Understanding the Pathogenic Mechanisms of Rett Syndrome
    Zhaolan Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moreover, our proposed study will provide the research community at large with innovative tools and resources to investigate the epigenetic mechanisms underlying a variety of biological processes and diseases. ..
  59. Attention-Emotion Interactions in Psychopathy
    NAOMI SAMIMI SADEH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, the extent to which the study can inform future treatment interventions it has the potential to reduce the financial and emotional burden posed by this socially quite important type of psychopathology ..
  60. Functional circuit disorders of sensory cortex in ASD and RTT
    Gregory C Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Leading from positive preliminary data, it further tests the efficacy of antidepressants to reverse these differences. ..
  61. Cortical Potentials and Speech Perception in Children with Auditory Neuropathy
    Craig A Buchman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This project focuses on cortical auditory evoked potentials as a class of objective electrophysiological measures that hold great promise in the prediction of ..
  62. PSYCHOSIS AND BRAIN GLUTAMATE
    Joseph T Coyle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..He will use the model to clarify the underlying mechanisms, to determine how these mechanisms relate to other schizophrenic risk genes and to test potential treatments to correct these neuronal defects characteristic of schizophrenia. ..
  63. REFLEX REGULATION OF THE HUMAN BREATHING PATTERN
    JOHN DAUBENSPECK; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These respiratory-related evoked potentials (RREPs) are distributed over the somatosensory cortex with location and timing dependent upon the specific ..
  64. Evoked potentials and vulnerability to ketamine in mice.
    Steven Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. Norepinephrine and Impulsivity
    Alan Swann; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results of these experiments may suggest means for monitoring risk for impulsive behavior and for a rational treatment schema for impulsivity. ..
  66. Method for Studying Neural Correlates of Birdsong
    SANTOSH HELEKAR; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Those measurements will be complemented by continuous measurements of auditory evoked potentials, capturing patterns of brain activation to currently learned sounds...
  67. POTENTIATION OF OPIATE ANALGESIA BY ELECTROSTIMULATION
    MALCOLM SKOLNICK; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Experiments have shown the amplitude of the thalamic component of sub-cortical evoked potentials is suppressed with morphine induction where the components radiating from the spinal cord and brain stem/..
  68. UTILIZATION OF TRIGEMINAL EVOKED POTENTIALS IN DENTISTRY
    CHARLES WIDMER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..in the first four objectives, the fifth specific aim will investigate the (5) clinical utility of trigeminal evoked potentials by comparing the amplitude of the trigeminal evoked potentials and the nerve integrity of a group of ..
  69. NEUROPHYSIOLOGY DATABASE OF INBRED MUTANT STRAINS
    Jeffrey Noebels; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of inbred strains and mutants, including surface cortical EEG, depth-recorded hippocampal EEG, visual evoked potentials, and brainstem auditory evoked potentials, in awake and behaving mice...
  70. OPTIC NERVE DEMYELINATION STUDY USING MRI
    Scott Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) are widely used to asses patients suspected have having MS because of their high sensitivity for ..
  71. CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM EFFECTS OF PCE EXPOSURE IN HUMANS
    Diana Echeverria; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..hippocampus and brain-stem activity assessed separately by neurophysiologic electroencephalograms and visual evoked potentials. The cross-sectional CNS evaluation will be conducted on 84 never-exposed laundry workers, 42 low, 42 ..
  72. Understanding False Recognition in Alzheimer's Disease
    ANDREW BUDSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Taken together, the proposed studies will provide new insights into memory in AD which may lead to improvements in our research and clinical care of patients with AD. ..