ecology

Summary

Summary: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The use of telomere length in ecology and evolutionary biology
    T Horn
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Heredity (Edinb) 105:497-506. 2010
  2. ncbi Error cascades in the biological sciences: the unwanted consequences of using bad taxonomy in ecology
    Alejandro Bortolus
    Centro Nacional Patagónico, National Council for Scientific and Technological Investigations, CONICET, Ecología Terrestre, Chubut, Argentina
    Ambio 37:114-8. 2008
  3. ncbi Random forests for classification in ecology
    D Richard Cutler
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322 3900, USA
    Ecology 88:2783-92. 2007
  4. pmc Global patterns in bacterial diversity
    Catherine A Lozupone
    Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11436-40. 2007
  5. pmc Host and viral ecology determine bat rabies seasonality and maintenance
    Dylan B George
    Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:10208-13. 2011
  6. ncbi Generalized linear mixed models: a practical guide for ecology and evolution
    Benjamin M Bolker
    Department of Botany and Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 8525, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 24:127-35. 2009
  7. ncbi Picante: R tools for integrating phylogenies and ecology
    Steven W Kembel
    Center for Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
    Bioinformatics 26:1463-4. 2010
  8. pmc Applications of next generation sequencing in molecular ecology of non-model organisms
    R Ekblom
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
    Heredity (Edinb) 107:1-15. 2011
  9. ncbi Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution
    Denis Reale
    Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology and Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:291-318. 2007
  10. ncbi Rebuilding community ecology from functional traits
    Brian J McGill
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1B1
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:178-85. 2006

Detail Information

Publications355 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The use of telomere length in ecology and evolutionary biology
    T Horn
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Heredity (Edinb) 105:497-506. 2010
    ..Prevention of these mistakes will ensure accuracy, reproducibility and comparability of TL studies in different species and allow the identification of ecological and evolutionary principles behind TL dynamics...
  2. ncbi Error cascades in the biological sciences: the unwanted consequences of using bad taxonomy in ecology
    Alejandro Bortolus
    Centro Nacional Patagónico, National Council for Scientific and Technological Investigations, CONICET, Ecología Terrestre, Chubut, Argentina
    Ambio 37:114-8. 2008
    ..that peer reviewed journals should request from all authors, and I also advocate for urgent institutional and financial support directed at reinvigorating the formation of scientific collections that integrate taxonomy and ecology.
  3. ncbi Random forests for classification in ecology
    D Richard Cutler
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322 3900, USA
    Ecology 88:2783-92. 2007
    Classification procedures are some of the most widely used statistical methods in ecology. Random forests (RF) is a new and powerful statistical classifier that is well established in other disciplines but is relatively unknown in ..
  4. pmc Global patterns in bacterial diversity
    Catherine A Lozupone
    Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11436-40. 2007
    ..This work provides a framework for understanding the impact of environmental factors on bacterial evolution and for the direction of future sequencing efforts to discover new lineages...
  5. pmc Host and viral ecology determine bat rabies seasonality and maintenance
    Dylan B George
    Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:10208-13. 2011
    ..This research provides a context to explore similar host ecology and viral dynamics that may explain seasonal patterns and maintenance of other bat-borne diseases.
  6. ncbi Generalized linear mixed models: a practical guide for ecology and evolution
    Benjamin M Bolker
    Department of Botany and Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 8525, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 24:127-35. 2009
    ..The explosion of research on GLMMs in the last decade has generated considerable uncertainty for practitioners in ecology and evolution...
  7. ncbi Picante: R tools for integrating phylogenies and ecology
    Steven W Kembel
    Center for Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
    Bioinformatics 26:1463-4. 2010
    ....
  8. pmc Applications of next generation sequencing in molecular ecology of non-model organisms
    R Ekblom
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
    Heredity (Edinb) 107:1-15. 2011
    ..era when virtually any study organism can 'go genomic', it is worthwhile to review how this may impact molecular ecology. The first studies to put the next generation sequencing (NGS) to the test in ecologically well-characterized ..
  9. ncbi Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution
    Denis Reale
    Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology and Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:291-318. 2007
    ..behavioural genetics, pharmacology, and animal husbandry, but relatively few studies have examined the ecology and evolution of temperament traits...
  10. ncbi Rebuilding community ecology from functional traits
    Brian J McGill
    Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1B1
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:178-85. 2006
    There is considerable debate about whether community ecology will ever produce general principles...
  11. pmc Sponge-associated microorganisms: evolution, ecology, and biotechnological potential
    Michael W Taylor
    Department of Microbial Ecology, University of Vienna, Althanstr 14, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 71:295-347. 2007
    ..Subsequently, we examine the ecology of sponge-microbe associations, including the establishment and maintenance of these sometimes intimate ..
  12. ncbi The evolutionary ecology of the major histocompatibility complex
    S B Piertney
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Zoology Building, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, UK
    Heredity (Edinb) 96:7-21. 2006
    ....
  13. pmc Enteric defensins are essential regulators of intestinal microbial ecology
    Nita H Salzman
    Division of Gastroenterology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
    Nat Immunol 11:76-83. 2010
    ..To determine if alpha-defensins also govern intestinal microbial ecology, we analyzed the intestinal microbiota of mice expressing a human alpha-defensin gene (DEFA5) and in mice lacking ..
  14. ncbi Cryptic species as a window on diversity and conservation
    David Bickford
    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543, Republic of Singapore
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:148-55. 2007
    ..The discovery of cryptic species is likely to be non-random with regard to taxon and biome and, hence, could have profound implications for evolutionary theory, biogeography and conservation planning...
  15. ncbi The merging of community ecology and phylogenetic biology
    Jeannine Cavender-Bares
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Ecol Lett 12:693-715. 2009
    ..tools has facilitated a rapid expansion of studies that apply phylogenetic data and methods to community ecology. Several key areas are reviewed in which phylogenetic information helps to resolve long-standing controversies in ..
  16. ncbi Ecology of prokaryotic viruses
    Markus G Weinbauer
    Department of Biological Oceanography, Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, PO Box 59, 1790 AB Den Burg, Texel, The Netherlands
    FEMS Microbiol Rev 28:127-81. 2004
    ..fraction of the prokaryotic community is infected with phages in aquatic systems has stimulated research on the ecology of prokaryotic viruses and their role in ecosystems...
  17. ncbi The arcsine is asinine: the analysis of proportions in ecology
    David I Warton
    School of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Ecology 92:3-10. 2011
    The arcsine square root transformation has long been standard procedure when analyzing proportional data in ecology, with applications in data sets containing binomial and non-binomial response variables...
  18. ncbi Niche conservatism as an emerging principle in ecology and conservation biology
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
    Ecol Lett 13:1310-24. 2010
    ..over time [niche conservatism (NC)] has many consequences for the fundamental patterns and processes studied in ecology and conservation biology...
  19. pmc Epidemiology, genetics, and ecology of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae
    S M Faruque
    Molecular Genetics Laboratory, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 62:1301-14. 1998
    ..Cholera is a waterborne disease, and the importance of water ecology is suggested by the close association of V...
  20. ncbi Individuals and populations: the role of long-term, individual-based studies of animals in ecology and evolutionary biology
    Tim Clutton-Brock
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK, CB2 3EJ
    Trends Ecol Evol 25:562-73. 2010
    Many important questions in ecology and evolutionary biology can only be answered with data that extend over several decades and answering a substantial proportion of questions requires records of the life histories of recognisable ..
  21. ncbi Oxidative stress in marine environments: biochemistry and physiological ecology
    Michael P Lesser
    Department of Zoology and Center for Marine Biology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
    Annu Rev Physiol 68:253-78. 2006
    ..This review brings together the voluminous literature on the biochemistry and physiology of oxidative stress from the clinical and plant physiology disciplines with the fast-increasing interest in oxidative stress in marine environments...
  22. ncbi The ecology of individuals: incidence and implications of individual specialization
    Daniel I Bolnick
    Section of Evolution and Ecology, Center for Population Biology, Storer Hall, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Am Nat 161:1-28. 2003
    ..Our collection of case studies suggests that individual specialization is a widespread but underappreciated phenomenon that poses many important but unanswered questions...
  23. ncbi Adaptive radiation in a heterogeneous environment
    P B Rainey
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, UK
    Nature 394:69-72. 1998
    ..These results demonstrate that the elementary processes of mutation and selection alone are sufficient to promote rapid proliferation of new designs and support the theory that trade-offs in competitive ability drive adaptive radiation...
  24. ncbi Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: current knowledge and future challenges
    M Loreau
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, UMR 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, F 75230 Paris cedex 05, France
    Science 294:804-8. 2001
    ..A major future challenge is to determine how biodiversity dynamics, ecosystem processes, and abiotic factors interact...
  25. ncbi Pattern-oriented modeling of agent-based complex systems: lessons from ecology
    Volker Grimm
    UFZ Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig Halle, Department Okologische Systemanalyse, PF 500 136, 04301 Leipzig, Germany
    Science 310:987-91. 2005
    ..This strategy provides a unifying framework for decoding the internal organization of agent-based complex systems and may lead toward unifying algorithmic theories of the relation between adaptive behavior and system complexity...
  26. ncbi Ecology and control of the sand fly vectors of Leishmania donovani in East Africa, with special emphasis on Phlebotomus orientalis
    Dia Eldin A Elnaiem
    Department of Natural Sciences, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, Princess Anne, MD 21853, U S A
    J Vector Ecol 36:S23-31. 2011
    A literature review is provided on the state of knowledge of the ecology and control of the sand fly vectors of Leishmania donovani in East Africa, with a special emphasis on Phlebotomus orientalis. Visceral leishmaniasis caused by L...
  27. ncbi Emphasizing the ecology in parasite community ecology
    Amy B Pedersen
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:133-9. 2007
    ..Studies of parasite community ecology are often descriptive, focusing on patterns of parasite abundance across host populations rather than on the ..
  28. ncbi Influence of red wine polyphenols and ethanol on the gut microbiota ecology and biochemical biomarkers
    María Isabel Queipo-Ortuño
    Laboratorio de Investigaciones Biomédicas del Hospital Virgen de la Victoria, Malaga, Spain
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:1323-34. 2012
    ..Few studies have investigated the effect of dietary polyphenols on the complex human gut microbiota, and they focused mainly on single polyphenol molecules and select bacterial populations...
  29. ncbi Developmental microbial ecology of the neonatal gastrointestinal tract
    R I Mackie
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana 61801, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 69:1035S-1045S. 1999
    ..The advantages of modern molecular ecology techniques that provide sensitive and specific, culture-independent evaluation of the gastrointestinal ecosystem ..
  30. ncbi Advantages and limitations of quantitative PCR (Q-PCR)-based approaches in microbial ecology
    Cindy J Smith
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, UK
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 67:6-20. 2009
    Quantitative PCR (Q-PCR or real-time PCR) approaches are now widely applied in microbial ecology to quantify the abundance and expression of taxonomic and functional gene markers within the environment...
  31. ncbi The future of environmental DNA in ecology
    Nigel G Yoccoz
    Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, University of Tromsø, N 9037 Tromsø, Norway
    Mol Ecol 21:2031-8. 2012
    The contributions of environmental DNA to ecology are reviewed, focusing on diet, trophic interactions, species distributions and biodiversity assessment...
  32. ncbi Geobacter: the microbe electric's physiology, ecology, and practical applications
    Derek R Lovley
    Department of Microbiology and Environmental Biotechnology Center, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA
    Adv Microb Physiol 59:1-100. 2011
    ..Further investigation of these environmentally relevant and physiologically unique organisms is warranted...
  33. ncbi Bacteriocins: evolution, ecology, and application
    Margaret A Riley
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Annu Rev Microbiol 56:117-37. 2002
    ..The goal of this review is to explore what we know about the evolution and ecology of the most abundant and diverse family of microbial defense systems: the bacteriocins...
  34. ncbi Multimodel inference in ecology and evolution: challenges and solutions
    C E Grueber
    Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Evol Biol 24:699-711. 2011
    ..By providing an overview of these issues, we hope that this approach will become more accessible to those investigating any process where multiple variables impact an evolutionary or ecological response...
  35. ncbi The ecology of genetically diverse infections
    A F Read
    Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
    Science 292:1099-102. 2001
    ..Indeed, much of the theory in this area is based on assumptions contradicted by the available data...
  36. ncbi Evolutionary ecology of insect immune defenses
    Paul Schmid-Hempel
    Ecology and Evolution, ETH Zurich, ETH Zentrum NW, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Annu Rev Entomol 50:529-51. 2005
    Evolutionary ecology seeks to understand the selective reasons for the design features of the immune defense, especially with respect to parasitism...
  37. ncbi Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria: a model for molecular microbial ecology
    G A Kowalchuk
    Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Centre for Terrestrial Ecology, Boterhoeksestraat 48, P O Box 40, Heteren, 6666 ZG, The Netherlands
    Annu Rev Microbiol 55:485-529. 2001
    The eutrophication of many ecosystems in recent decades has led to an increased interest in the ecology of nitrogen transformation...
  38. ncbi Can stable isotope ratios provide for community-wide measures of trophic structure?
    Craig A Layman
    Marine Science Program, Department of Biological Sciences, 3000 NE 151st Street, North Miami, Florida 33181, USA
    Ecology 88:42-8. 2007
    ..Building from extensive applications of stable isotope ratios by ecologists, the community-wide metrics may provide a new perspective on food web structure, function, and dynamics...
  39. pmc Global data for ecology and epidemiology: a novel algorithm for temporal Fourier processing MODIS data
    Jorn P W Scharlemann
    Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e1408. 2008
    ..Applying standard techniques to MODIS data can introduce errors of up to 30% in the estimation of the amplitudes and phases of the Fourier harmonics...
  40. ncbi Common misconceptions in molecular ecology: echoes of the modern synthesis
    Stephen A Karl
    Hawai i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai i, Manoa, Kane ohe, HI 96744, USA
    Mol Ecol 21:4171-89. 2012
    The field of molecular ecology has burgeoned into a large discipline spurred on by technical innovations that facilitate the rapid acquisition of large amounts of genotypic data, by the continuing development of theory to interpret ..
  41. pmc Evolutionary consequences of niche construction and their implications for ecology
    K N Laland
    Sub Department of Animal Behavior, University of Cambridge, Madingley, Cambridge CB3 8AA, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:10242-7. 1999
    ..Even small amounts of niche construction, or niche construction that only weakly affects resource dynamics, can significantly alter both ecological and evolutionary patterns...
  42. ncbi Ecology and biotechnology of the genus Shewanella
    Heidi H Hau
    Department of Microbiology and The BioTechnology Institute, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Annu Rev Microbiol 61:237-58. 2007
    ..The ecology and biotechnology of these organisms are intertwined, with genomics playing a key role in our understanding of ..
  43. ncbi Why do we still use stepwise modelling in ecology and behaviour?
    Mark J Whittingham
    Division of Biology, School of Biology and Psychology, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    J Anim Ecol 75:1182-9. 2006
    ..In particular, the IT approach identifies large numbers of competing models that could describe the data equally well, showing that no one model should be relied upon for inference...
  44. ncbi Microbial ecology of foodborne pathogens associated with produce
    Faith J Critzer
    Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia, 1109 Experiment St, Griffin, GA 30023 1797, USA
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 21:125-30. 2010
    ..This review addresses current knowledge as well as future research needed to increase our understanding of the microbial ecology of enteric pathogens on fruits and vegetables.
  45. ncbi Boosted trees for ecological modeling and prediction
    Glenn De'ath
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB 3, Townsville Mail Centre, Qld 4811, Australia
    Ecology 88:243-51. 2007
    ..A software package for ABT analysis using the R software environment is included in the Appendices together with worked examples...
  46. pmc Species richness, hotspots, and the scale dependence of range maps in ecology and conservation
    Allen H Hurlbert
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:13384-9. 2007
    ..We suggest that range-map data contain less information than is generally assumed and provide guidance about the appropriate scale of their use...
  47. ncbi Conceptual synthesis in community ecology
    Mark Vellend
    Department of Botany, Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6T 1Z4
    Q Rev Biol 85:183-206. 2010
    Community ecology is often perceived as a "mess, "given the seemingly vast number of processes that can underlie the many patterns of interest, and the apparent uniqueness of each study system...
  48. pmc Ecology of marine Bacteroidetes: a comparative genomics approach
    Beatriz Fernández-Gómez
    Department of Marine Biology and Oceanography, Institut de Ciencies del Mar, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas CSIC, Barcelona, Spain
    ISME J 7:1026-37. 2013
    ..The latter may be important in order to survive when floating freely in the illuminated, but nutrient-poor, ocean surface...
  49. ncbi Chemical and molecular ecology of herbivore-induced plant volatiles: proximate factors and their ultimate functions
    Gen Ichiro Arimura
    Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, Otsu 520 2113, Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 50:911-23. 2009
    ..To understand the ecological significance of HIPVs, we also review case studies of insect-plant and inter-/intraplant interactions mediated by HIPVs that have been documented in the field and laboratory in recent years...
  50. ncbi Species abundance distributions: moving beyond single prediction theories to integration within an ecological framework
    Brian J McGill
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Ave Dr Penfield, Montreal, QC H3A 1B1, Canada
    Ecol Lett 10:995-1015. 2007
    Species abundance distributions (SADs) follow one of ecology's oldest and most universal laws--every community shows a hollow curve or hyperbolic shape on a histogram with many rare species and just a few common species...
  51. ncbi The role of ecological theory in microbial ecology
    James I Prosser
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, Scotland, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 5:384-92. 2007
    Microbial ecology is currently undergoing a revolution, with repercussions spreading throughout microbiology, ecology and ecosystem science...
  52. ncbi Biophysics, physiological ecology, and climate change: does mechanism matter?
    Brian Helmuth
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA
    Annu Rev Physiol 67:177-201. 2005
    ..argue that by considering the mechanistic details of physiological performance within the context of biophysical ecology (engineering methods of heat, mass and momentum exchange applied to biological systems), such approaches will be ..
  53. pmc A movement ecology paradigm for unifying organismal movement research
    Ran Nathan
    Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:19052-9. 2008
    ..This introductory article to the Movement Ecology Special Feature proposes a paradigm that integrates conceptual, theoretical, methodological, and empirical ..
  54. ncbi Evolution and ecology of antibiotic resistance genes
    Rustam I Aminov
    Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Aberdeen, UK
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 271:147-61. 2007
    ..Besides direct selection by antibiotics, there is a number of other factors that may contribute to dissemination and maintenance of antibiotic resistance genes in bacterial populations...
  55. ncbi Genome-enabled development of DNA markers for ecology, evolution and conservation
    Robert C Thomson
    Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Mol Ecol 19:2184-95. 2010
    ..This review summarizes methods for the development of large numbers of DNA markers in non-model organisms, the challenges encountered when utilizing different methods, and new research applications resulting from these advances...
  56. pmc Source partitioning using stable isotopes: coping with too much variation
    Andrew C Parnell
    School of Mathematical Sciences, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    PLoS ONE 5:e9672. 2010
    Stable isotope analysis is increasingly being utilised across broad areas of ecology and biology...
  57. pmc Ecology drives the worldwide distribution of human diseases
    Vanina Guernier
    Génétique et Evolution des Maladies Infectieuses, Montpellier, France
    PLoS Biol 2:e141. 2004
    ..the factors underlying the origin and maintenance of the latitudinal diversity gradient is a central problem in ecology, but no consensus has emerged on which processes might generate this broad pattern...
  58. ncbi Reconciling niche and neutrality: the continuum hypothesis
    Dominique Gravel
    Ecol Lett 9:399-409. 2006
    ..The equilibrium community consists of a set of complementary and redundant species, with their abundance determined, respectively, by the distribution of environmental conditions and the amount of immigration...
  59. ncbi Ten years of AFLP in ecology and evolution: why so few animals?
    Staffan Bensch
    Department of Animal Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, S 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    Mol Ecol 14:2899-914. 2005
    Researchers in the field of molecular ecology and evolution require versatile and low-cost genetic typing methods...
  60. ncbi Ecological and evolutionary insights from species invasions
    Dov F Sax
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Center for Environmental Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:465-71. 2007
    ..by Darwin, Grinnell, Elton and others on these species-invasion experiments provided invaluable insights for ecology and evolutionary biology...
  61. ncbi New processes and players in the nitrogen cycle: the microbial ecology of anaerobic and archaeal ammonia oxidation
    Christopher A Francis
    Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 2115, USA
    ISME J 1:19-27. 2007
    ..Here we review what is currently known about the microbial ecology of anaerobic and archaeal ammonia oxidation, highlight relevant unknowns and discuss the implications of these ..
  62. ncbi Impact of deforestation and agricultural development on anopheline ecology and malaria epidemiology
    Junko Yasuoka
    Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:450-60. 2007
    To clarify mechanisms linking deforestation, anopheline ecology, and malaria epidemiology, this study draws together 60 examples of changes in anopheline ecology and malaria incidence as a consequence of deforestation and agricultural ..
  63. ncbi Ecology, sexual selection and speciation
    Martine E Maan
    Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern, Baltzerstrasse 6, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland
    Ecol Lett 14:591-602. 2011
    ..We suggest that evaluating the evolutionary consequences of these effects requires a better integration of behavioural, ecological and evolutionary research...
  64. ncbi Using circuit theory to model connectivity in ecology, evolution, and conservation
    Brad H McRae
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Santa Barbara, California 93101, USA
    Ecology 89:2712-24. 2008
    ..Although they have been applied in other disciplines, circuit-theoretic connectivity models are new to ecology. They offer distinct advantages over common analytic connectivity models, including a theoretical basis in random ..
  65. ncbi Understanding movement data and movement processes: current and emerging directions
    Robert S Schick
    Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0328, USA
    Ecol Lett 11:1338-50. 2008
    Animal movement has been the focus on much theoretical and empirical work in ecology over the last 25 years...
  66. pmc Phylogenetic ecology of the freshwater Actinobacteria acI lineage
    Ryan J Newton
    Microbiology Doctoral Training Program, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:7169-76. 2007
    ....
  67. pmc Tools from ecology: useful for evaluating infection risk models?
    Simon Brooker
    Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG, London, UK
    Trends Parasitol 18:70-4. 2002
    ..Using the example of Schistosoma haematobium in Africa, this article illustrates how ecozonation and receiver-operator characteristic analysis can help to assess the usefulness of available models objectively...
  68. ncbi Comparing microarrays and next-generation sequencing technologies for microbial ecology research
    Seong Woon Roh
    Department of Life and Nanopharmaceutical Sciences, Kyung Hee University, Hoegi dong 1, Dongdaemun Gu, Republic of Korea
    Trends Biotechnol 28:291-9. 2010
    ..in the application of DNA microarrays and next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies to the field of microbial ecology. This review aims to examine the strengths and weaknesses of each of the methodologies, including depth and ease ..
  69. ncbi The ecology and evolution of ant association in the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera)
    Naomi E Pierce
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Annu Rev Entomol 47:733-71. 2002
    ..Further research on phylogeny and natural history, particularly of the Neotropical fauna, will be necessary to understand the role ant association has played in the evolution of the Lycaenidae...
  70. ncbi The evolutionary ecology of cytonuclear interactions in angiosperms
    Christina M Caruso
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    Trends Plant Sci 17:638-43. 2012
    ..Thus, measuring the cost of restoration across a range of environments could help explain geographic and phylogenetic variation in the distribution of Rf alleles and the outcome of CMS/Rf interactions...
  71. pmc Impacts of climate, land use, and biological invasion on the ecology of immature Aedes mosquitoes: implications for La Crosse emergence
    Paul T Leisnham
    Department of Environmental Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, 20742, USA
    Ecohealth 9:217-28. 2012
    ..Because vector-borne diseases usually vary in space and time and are related to the ecology of the vector species, we propose that the ecology of its mosquito vectors, particularly at their immature stages,..
  72. pmc The chemical and evolutionary ecology of tetrodotoxin (TTX) toxicity in terrestrial vertebrates
    Charles T Hanifin
    Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Blvd, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
    Mar Drugs 8:577-93. 2010
    ..an antipredator defense and these taxa have provided excellent models for the study of the evolution and chemical ecology of TTX toxicity. The origin of TTX present in terrestrial vertebrates is controversial...
  73. ncbi Isotopic ecology ten years after a call for more laboratory experiments
    Carlos Martinez del Rio
    Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071 3166, USA
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 84:91-111. 2009
    About 10 years ago, reviews of the use of stable isotopes in animal ecology predicted explosive growth in this field and called for laboratory experiments to provide a mechanistic foundation to this growth...
  74. ncbi Plant surface properties in chemical ecology
    Caroline Muller
    Julius von Sachs Institut fur Biowissenschaften, Universitat Wurzburg, Julius von Sachs Platz 3, D 97082 Wurzburg, Germany
    J Chem Ecol 31:2621-51. 2005
    ..In chemical ecology, where interactions between organisms and the underlying (allelo-) chemical principles are studied, it is ..
  75. ncbi Coexistence of the niche and neutral perspectives in community ecology
    Mathew A Leibold
    Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, 78612, USA
    Ecology 87:1399-410. 2006
    ..Future work should focus on synthesizing niche and neutral perspectives rather than dichotomously debating whether neutral or niche models provide better explanations for community structure and biodiversity...
  76. ncbi The microbial ecology of wine grape berries
    A Barata
    Laboratorio de Microbiologia, Centro de Botânica Aplicada à Agricultura, Technical University of Lisbon, 1349 017 Lisbon, Portugal
    Int J Food Microbiol 153:243-59. 2012
    Grapes have a complex microbial ecology including filamentous fungi, yeasts and bacteria with different physiological characteristics and effects upon wine production...
  77. ncbi Something from (almost) nothing: the impact of multiple displacement amplification on microbial ecology
    Erik K Binga
    Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    ISME J 2:233-41. 2008
    Microbial ecology is a field that applies molecular techniques to analyze genes and communities associated with a plethora of unique environments on this planet...
  78. pmc Ecological divergence exhibits consistently positive associations with reproductive isolation across disparate taxa
    Daniel J Funk
    Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Station B, Nashville, TN 37235 1634, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:3209-13. 2006
    ..However, the essential question of whether ecology plays a truly general role in speciation has yet to be systematically evaluated...
  79. ncbi Cyanobacterial genomics for ecology and biotechnology
    Wolfgang R Hess
    University of Freiburg, Schänzlestr 1, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Curr Opin Microbiol 14:608-14. 2011
    ..Moreover, genome analysis has been employed for culture-independent approaches and for resequencing mutant strains, a very recent tool in cyanobacterial research...
  80. pmc Predictive modeling of coral disease distribution within a reef system
    Gareth J Williams
    School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
    PLoS ONE 5:e9264. 2010
    ..Predictive statistical modeling can help to increase our understanding of coral disease ecology worldwide.
  81. ncbi Neutral macroecology
    G Bell
    Redpath Museum, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2K6
    Science 293:2413-8. 2001
    The central themes of community ecology-distribution, abundance, and diversity-display strongly marked and very general patterns...
  82. ncbi Urbanization and the ecology of wildlife diseases
    Catherine A Bradley
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:95-102. 2007
    ..Continued rapid urbanization, together with risks posed by multi-host pathogens for humans and vulnerable wildlife populations, emphasize the need for future research on wildlife diseases in urban landscapes...
  83. ncbi The dynamical theory of coevolution: a derivation from stochastic ecological processes
    U Dieckmann
    Theoretical Biology Section, University of Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Math Biol 34:579-612. 1996
    ..Extensions of the derivation to more general ecological settings are discussed. In particular we allow for multi-trait coevolution and analyze coevolution under nonequilibrium population dynamics...
  84. ncbi Opportunities to improve fiber degradation in the rumen: microbiology, ecology, and genomics
    Denis O Krause
    CSIRO Australia, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, St Lucia, QLD 4067, Australia
    FEMS Microbiol Rev 27:663-93. 2003
    ..Lastly, we will discuss how newer technologies such as genomic and metagenomic approaches can be used to improve our knowledge of the functional genomic framework of plant cell wall degradation in the rumen...
  85. pmc The nested assembly of plant-animal mutualistic networks
    Jordi Bascompte
    Integrative Ecology Group, Estacion Biologica de Donana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Apartado 1056, E 41080 Sevilla, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:9383-7. 2003
    ..Our results indicate a nonrandom pattern of community organization that may be relevant for our understanding of the organization and persistence of biodiversity...
  86. pmc Genomic insights into the physiology and ecology of the marine filamentous cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula
    Adam C Jones
    Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:8815-20. 2011
    ..Subsequent growth experiments confirmed that L. majuscula 3L is unable to fix atmospheric nitrogen. These unanticipated life history characteristics challenge current views of the genus Lyngbya...
  87. doi Ecology. Assisted colonization and rapid climate change
    O Hoegh-Guldberg
    Centre for Marine Studies, Australian Research Council Centre for Excellence in Reef Studies and the Coral Reef Targeted Research Project, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland QLD 4072, Australia
    Science 321:345-6. 2008
  88. pmc Chemotherapy, within-host ecology and the fitness of drug-resistant malaria parasites
    Silvie Huijben
    Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Departments of Biology and Entomology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16827, USA
    Evolution 64:2952-68. 2010
    A major determinant of the rate at which drug-resistant malaria parasites spread through a population is the ecology of resistant and sensitive parasites sharing the same host...
  89. ncbi Behavioural syndromes in fishes: a review with implications for ecology and fisheries management
    J L Conrad
    Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, U S A
    J Fish Biol 78:395-435. 2011
    ..Few studies, however, have examined the ecological relevance of behavioural syndromes in the field. Knowledge of how behavioural syndromes play out in the wild will be crucial to incorporating such a framework into management practices...
  90. ncbi Dietary modulation of gut functional ecology studied by fecal metabonomics
    Francois Pierre J Martin
    Nestle Research Center, Vers chez les Blanc, Lausanne 26, Switzerland
    J Proteome Res 9:5284-95. 2010
    ..The present study describes how the assessment of metabolic changes in feces may provide information for studying nutrient-microbiota relationships in different microbiome mouse models...
  91. pmc The effect of inappropriate calibration: three case studies in molecular ecology
    Simon Y W Ho
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 3:e1615. 2008
    Time-scales estimated from sequence data play an important role in molecular ecology. They can be used to draw correlations between evolutionary and palaeoclimatic events, to measure the tempo of speciation, and to study the demographic ..
  92. pmc Improved resolution of reef-coral endosymbiont (Symbiodinium) species diversity, ecology, and evolution through psbA non-coding region genotyping
    Todd C Lajeunesse
    Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University, Mueller Laboratory, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
    PLoS ONE 6:e29013. 2011
    ..nature and intragenomic variability of rRNA genes and spacers confound interpretations of symbiont diversity and ecology. Making consistent sense of extensive sequence variation in a meaningful ecological and evolutionary context ..
  93. ncbi Maximal heat dissipation capacity and hyperthermia risk: neglected key factors in the ecology of endotherms
    John R Speakman
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue 2, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    J Anim Ecol 79:726-46. 2010
    ..That is, traditional resource-based ecological and evolutionary theories and the recent 'metabolic theory of ecology' (MTE) all assume that energetic constraints operate on the supply side of the energy balance equation. 2...
  94. pmc Parental effects in ecology and evolution: mechanisms, processes and implications
    Alexander V Badyaev
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1169-77. 2009
    ....
  95. ncbi The misuse of BLUP in ecology and evolution
    Jarrod D Hadfield
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 175:116-25. 2010
    ..Over the past decade it has been used extensively in ecology and evolutionary biology to predict individual breeding values and reaction norms...
  96. doi Complex systems: ecology for bankers
    Robert M May
    Nature 451:893-5. 2008
  97. ncbi Off the hook--how bacteria survive protozoan grazing
    Carsten Matz
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Centre for Marine Biofouling and Bio Innovation, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Trends Microbiol 13:302-7. 2005
    ..We propose that studying predation-driven adaptations will provide an exciting frontier for microbial ecology and evolution at the interface of prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
  98. ncbi Relationships between body size and abundance in ecology
    Ethan P White
    Department of Biology and the Ecology Center, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:323-30. 2007
    ..We argue that a synthetic understanding of size-abundance relationships will result from more detailed analyses of individual patterns and from careful consideration of how and why the patterns are related...
  99. ncbi Taking the chaos out of genetic patchiness: seascape genetics reveals ecological and oceanographic drivers of genetic patterns in three temperate reef species
    Kimberly A Selkoe
    Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, Kaneohe, HI 96744, USA
    Mol Ecol 19:3708-26. 2010
    ..demonstrates the power of environmental and ecological data to shed light on weak genetic patterns and highlights the need for future focus on a mechanistic understanding of the links between oceanography, ecology and genetic structure.
  100. ncbi Divergent host plant adaptation and reproductive isolation between ecotypes of Timema cristinae walking sticks
    Patrik Nosil
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Am Nat 169:151-62. 2007
    ..cristinae ecotypes is incomplete, and so only the stages before the completion of speciation have been examined. Studies of more divergent taxa within the genus are required to determine the factors that complete speciation...
  101. ncbi From patterns to emerging processes in mechanistic urban ecology
    Eyal Shochat
    Sutton Avian Research Center, University of Oklahoma, POB 2007, Bartlesville, OK 74005, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:186-91. 2006
    ..Thus, the key to understanding urban patterns is to balance studying processes at the individual level with an integrated examination of environmental forces at the ecosystem scale...

Research Grants72

  1. NIH Director's Pioneer Award
    ERICH JARVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Repairing the pathway in vocal learners, when damaged, would have profound impact for correcting neurological disorders of speech. ..
  2. Systematics of medically important Dermacentor tick vectors
    Dmitry A Apanaskevich; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Conducted research on systematics of the Dermacentor ticks will allow better understanding of their ecology and geographic distribution which in turn will help in establishing and improving adequate methods of control ..
  3. Latin American Center for Malaria Research and Control
    SOCRATES HERRERA VALENCIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in non-Amazonian regions;Project 2 on malaria transmission will address major gaps in our understanding of the ecology, behavior, vector potential, and control of Anopheles malaria vectors to guide the development and implementation ..
  4. Insights from Comparative Genomics for the Treatment of Pneumococcal Infections
    Natalia Luisa Hiller; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..originator of the modern biofilm paradigm (1978), and a pioneer researcher in many aspects of microbial biofilms, ecology, and polymicrobial communities. Dr...
  5. Insights from Comparative Genomics for the Treatment of Pneumococcal Infections
    Natalia Luisa Hiller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..originator of the modern biofilm paradigm (1978), and a pioneer researcher in many aspects of microbial biofilms, ecology, and polymicrobial communities. Dr...
  6. CSHL 2010 Conference on Molecular Genetics and Bacteria & Phages
    David J Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..efforts have been made to include emerging areas such as genomics and metagenomics, sociomicrobiology, molecular ecology, structural biology and systems analysis...
  7. 2012 CSHL Bacteria &Phages Conference
    David J Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..efforts have been made to include emerging areas such as genomics and metagenomics, sociomicrobiology, molecular ecology, structural biology and systems analysis...
  8. Endemic maintenance of relapsing fever genotypes.
    Michael Bela Teglas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In the western U.S., relapsing fever is strictly tick-borne with a highly biocomplex ecology consisting of a number of Borrelia species and associated soft tick vectors (in the genus Ornithodoros), and ..
  9. Regulation of Host Nitrogen Balance by the Gut Microbiome
    Gary D Wu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..For this reason, the study of gut microbial ecology and its interplay with the host metabolome has emerged as a critical frontier in contemporary nutritional and ..
  10. Mechanisms to restrain social cheating from quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aerugin
    AJAI DANDEKAR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in this proposal will advance our knowledge of the evolution of cooperative behavior and give insight into the ecology of the CF lung...
  11. Delivery of Polyphenols in Gum for Treatment of Gingivitis
    Craig S Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Periodontitis represents a polymicrobial disease, in which a complex microbial ecology that matures in biofilms in the subgingival sulcus triggers a chronic immune-inflammatory lesion that destroys ..
  12. Does ArsenicMitigation in BangladeshRaiseExposure to Bacterial and ViralPathogens
    ALEXANDER FRANS VAN GEEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In support of this important goal, this team of investigators proposes to generate new knowledge concerning the ecology of organisms causing diarrheal disease in developing countries, by investigating the potential linkages between ..
  13. GAS Switch from Colonizing Bacterium to Invasive Pathogen
    Victor Nizet; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..competing selective pressures faced by this obligate human pathogen during the different stages of its overall ecology. Finally, we will assess the robustness of our experimental model (Nat Med 2007) that acquisition of a phage ?..
  14. Lactogenic immunity/probiotics: Effect on neonatal gut immunity
    Linda J Saif; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This novel approach to in vivo bacterial ecology will elucidate probiotic LAB interactions within the host...
  15. 6th Orthomyxovirus Research Conference
    STACEY L SCHULTZ-CHERRY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Session topics include evolution and epidemiology, ecology and influenza in animals, structure and replication, avian-to-animal transmission, genetic manipulation of ..
  16. The Ecology, Emergence and Pandemic Potential of Nipah virus in Bangladesh
    Peter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We propose that human population density and social behavior in Bangladesh, NiV viral biology, NiV ecology in fruit bats, and interactions between bats, livestock and humans create increased potential for NiV outbreaks ..
  17. The Biodemographic Determinants of Life Span
    James R Carey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Project 2 titled Ecology of lifespan and directed by James Carey (UC Davis) will involve field studies on the medfly in Greece and ..
  18. H. influenzae Genes Associated with Acute Otitis Media
    Janet R Gilsdorf; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..development of novel approaches to the prevention and treatment of NTHi otitis media that may preserve the unique ecology of NTHi in the pharynges...
  19. Ecology of Infectious Diseases (EID)-Immune Landscapes of Human Influenza in Hous
    Derek Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of the impact of human social interactions and demographics on influenza transmission, key determinants of the ecology of the influenza virus...
  20. Linking Limnology to Cyanotoxins in Drinking Water Using Buoy Sensors and Auto-Sa
    Todd R Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..factors leading to cyanotoxin production are ill-defined at time-scales relevant to cyanobacterial ecology (i.e. minutes to hours)...
  21. Effects of gastric bypass on the gut microbiota and energy balance
    Alice Liou; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Human and rat studies have demonstrated that the gut microbial ecology changes markedly following RYGB and is different from the microbial communities observed in either lean or obese ..
  22. Novel genetic and salivary glycan biomarkers for risk of NEC in ELBW infants.
    Ardythe L Morrow; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of this study will provide a rich dataset that clarifies the ontogeny of intestinal glycan expression- microbial ecology and its relation to NEC...
  23. Geobiological approaches to understanding pulmonary infections in situ
    Dianne K Newman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..human microbiome in determining human health and disease has resulted in an increased appreciation for microbial ecology, yet studies in this area still have focused almost entirely on surveying the microbial communities present ..
  24. Making a quantum leap in plaque research with modern sciences
    Wenyuan Shi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..specifically targeted antimicrobial peptides (STAMPs) against cariogenic Streptococcus mutans to shift plaque ecology towards a healthy plaque...
  25. Evolutionary and Functional Genetics of Male Reproduction using Wild Mice as a Mo
    Matthew D Dean; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We focus on wild mice species that differ in their mating ecology to dissect the genetics of male reproduction...
  26. Role of Human Intestinal Microbiota on Success of Surgical Weight Loss Procedures
    BRUCE EDWARD RITTMANN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The primary goal of the proposed research is to assess the role of the human- intestinal microbial ecology on success or failure to lose weight following two common methods of bariatric surgery: the Roux-en-Y gastric ..
  27. Examining Human Behavior in Dengue Prevention Efforts in Iquitos, Peru
    VALERIE ANDREA PAZ-SOLDAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Thus, coursework and readings will focus heavily on vector-borne diseases (VBD), vector ecology, dengue epidemiology, and behavioral interventions used in VBD prevention, but I also need additional training in ..
  28. Mucosal Immune Ontogeny and Intestinal Microbiota in Infants
    Edward N Janoff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..intestine is sterile, the days and weeks following birth convey extraordinary transformation in its microbial ecology, and concomitantly, development of the neonatal immune system2,3...
  29. Epidemiology and Ecology of Vibrio cholerae in Bangladesh
    Richard Bradley Sack; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We postulate that factors in the marine environment play important roles in triggering the onset of epidemics. The study is being done in rural Bangladesh, using recently developed technology to further define these factors. ..
  30. 16th international conference on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and related organism
    Irving Nachamkin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..gastrointestinal pathophysiology, clinical management, public health, food safety, and human and animal ecology;2) present overviews and updates in these diverse areas by keynote speakers who are experts in their field both ..
  31. Training in Hantavirus Ecology, Virology & Clinical Investigation in the Americas
    GREGORY JAMES MERTZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in the Western Hemisphere in 1993, so there is an urgent need to build expertise in the Americas in rodent ecology, virology, clinical care, and clinical research as it relates to hantavirus infections in the Americas...
  32. Molecular basis for spotted fever group Rickettsia vector competence in ticks
    Kevin R Macaluso; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..factors of rickettsial pathogenicity and route of tick transmission (horizontal and vertical) influence the ecology and epidemiology of human rickettsioses...
  33. Social and Motivational Properties of Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide Circuits
    James L Goodson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..group size, while still being closely matched to the zebra finch in most other aspects of behavior and ecology. Recent findings in finches demonstrate that choice of group size is titrated independently from simple ..
  34. Interaction between Vibrio cholerae and Dictylostelium discoideum
    SHELLEY M contact PAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed studies to determine the mechanisms of resistance to predation will lead to a better understanding of the ecology of V. cholerae. This may allow the development of strategies to control the source of epidemic V. cholerae.
  35. Chemical Biodiversity: Investigating the Phylogeny and Functional Toxins of Venom
    MANDE N HOLFORD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of gastropods to subdue fish, worms, and other marine organisms, provides an ideal phylogenetic model for how ecology impacts development and evolutionary change...
  36. The Microbial Ecology of Bacterial Vaginosis: A Fine Scale Resolution Metagenomic
    Jacques Ravel; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This research will contribute valuable information on the causes of BV, help develop improved methods for preventing and treating BV, and may help reduce major reproductive health problems associated with BV. ..
  37. Corrinoid Response of the Human Gut Microbiota
    Andrew L Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..My training is in ecology and evolutionary biology (B.A., Princeton University) and microbiology and molecular genetics (Ph.D...
  38. Genetically Specific Therapy Against Pathogenic Bacteria
    Stanley R Maloy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The environmental problem is that we are disrupting the microbial ecology around us by intensive use of antibiotics that kill bacteria indiscriminately...
  39. Small Molecule Signaling in Caenorhabditis elegans
    FRANK CLEMENS SCHROEDER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..future efforts aimed at more varied chemical genetic screens exploring additional aspects of the biology and ecology of C. elegans, but also of nematode species relevant in agriculture or medicine...
  40. Malaria transmission potential of the Anopheles punctutatus species complex
    Lisa Reimer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a variable transmission landscape, which is effected by vector and parasite species distributions, vector ecology, and vector-parasite interactions...
  41. Promoting positive social-emotional pathways: A translational research program
    Grazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..assessed competencies and functioning, parent-child relationships, and parents'adjustment and family ecology. Interdisciplinary team includes experts in socio-emotional development, adolescence, developmental ..
  42. Receptor-based developmental and reproductive toxicity of Superfund chemicals
    David M Ozonoff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..studies of populations exposed through drinking water or around a Superfund site or molecular studies of fish ecology in a contaminated harbor...
  43. Ecology of African Highland Malaria
    Guiyun Yan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This project will reveal critical parameters needed for the development of malaria early warning system, and will develop novel and cost-effective vector control methods for reducing malaria incidence and preventing malaria epidemics. ..
  44. 3rd ASM Conference on Enterococci
    Don B Clewell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and factors important to biofilm formation have provided significant information relevant to the ecology and survivability of enterococci...
  45. Effects of Climate Change on Cholera Dynamics and Prediction
    Shafiqul Islam; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the expansion and resurgence of cholera to climate change for two reasons: (i) incomplete understanding of ecology of cholera within the context of climatic and hydrologic extremes and their manifestations on the epidemiology of ..
  46. Carcinogenic Metals And Their Interactions With Other Toxicants
    Max Costa; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There is also extensive collaboration between the ecology and engineering components and between the biomedical and non-biomedical, which is enhanced by the Administrative ..
  47. MSU Clinical Center Animal Facility HVAC Upgrade
    Joseph R Haywood; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and infectious disease, molecular mechanisms of disease, biomedical engineering and gastroenterology /microbial ecology. MSU is a public, land-grant institution designated as a Research-Extensive university by the Carnegie Foundation...
  48. Ecological and genetic determinants of malaria transmitting behaviors in the Afri
    Gregory C Lanzaro; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In this application we propose a research program that integrates vector population genomics, ecology and vector behavior with the goal of understanding the determinants of two mosquito behavioral phenotypes crucial ..
  49. INTERACTIONS BETWEEN AGROBACTERIUM AND HOST PLANTS
    Stephen C Winans; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Direct targets of YenR and YenS will be identified and assessed for their roles in the biology and ecology of Y. enterocolitica and Y. pestis.
  50. Metagenomic Studies of the Gut Microbiomes of Obese and Lean Twins
    JEFFREY IVAN GORDON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our studies of gnotobiotic mice and humans have revealed a dynamic linkage between adiposity and gut microbial ecology, and provided evidence that the gut microbiota of obese mice is more efficient at harvesting energy than the ..
  51. Health Risk Behavior in Late Childhood: Impact of Longitudinal Randomized Trial
    STEPHANIE contact JONES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..micro-context mediators of 4R's long-term impact operationalized at the classroom-level including the peer ecology and classroom climate, and (c) use propensity score techniques to test the sensitivity of the results after ..
  52. EID - Effects of avian migration & anthropogenic change on the distribution & tra
    Thomas Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..infectious disease outbreaks and emergence events, the impact of global anthropogenic change on the wildlife ecology of diseases remains under-studied...
  53. Social Ecology of Maternal Substance Use
    Elizabeth A Mumford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..between individual characteristics of mothers (in a nationally representative dataset) and the social ecology of neighborhoods as predictors of maternal alcohol and tobacco use patterns over time...
  54. Clinical Resource for Lung and Alcohol Investigations
    Ellen L Burnham; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and response to protein adducts formed in the setting of AUDs and smoking;(3)respiratory tract microbial ecology, and its relationship to alterations in antimicrobial protein composition/function in the alveolar space, and ..
  55. Natural engineering of multi-electron biological oxidation &reduction
    PETER LESLIE DUTTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The benefits of such achievement include the development of new medical interventions, and clinical devices, and an array of new inexpensive green catalysts important in ecology, agriculture and solar energy conversions.
  56. Inhibiting Cellular Autophagy to Thwart Dengue Virus Packaging and Replication
    Karla Kirkegaard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..subtropical areas, the virus has begun to spread outside its former geographic limitations due to the changing ecology of mosquito populations in the face of urbanization and global warming...
  57. Structure, function, and evolution of the Cryptococcus MAT locus
    Joseph Heitman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..function, and evolution of the mating-type locus (MAT) and its links to sexual development, virulence, and ecology are of considerable interest...
  58. Environmental filters and medically important container mosquitoes
    Donald A Yee; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Further, understanding the ecology of container mosquitoes, including invasive species (e.g...
  59. Metagenetic analysis of microbial community behavior
    JO E HANDELSMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The investigator is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor who has studied the genetics of microbial ecology for 30 years...
  60. TRAINING PROGRAM IN THE BIOLOGY OF DISEASE VECTORS
    Gregory C Lanzaro; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..microbiology, immunology, epidemiology, genetics, population genomics of pathogens and arthropod vectors, vector ecology and control, disease pathology and diagnosis will be offered in the curriculum for trainees...
  61. Spatial characterization of microbial communities in the cystic fibrosis lung
    RYAN COULSON HUNTER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Altogether, this systems approach to understanding the ecology of microbial infections will change the way we think about the microbiome and its link to health and disease, and ..
  62. Spatial characterization of microbial communities in the cystic fibrosis lung
    RYAN COULSON HUNTER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Altogether, this systems approach to understanding the ecology of microbial infections will change the way we think about the microbiome and its link to health and disease, and ..
  63. Pathogenesis, Carcinogenesis and Ecology of Opisthorchiasis in Thailand
    Banchob Sripa; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and two cores, addresses major gaps in our current understanding of carcinogenesis, host-susceptibility and the ecology of O. viverrini transmission. While our research focuses specifically on O...
  64. HANTAVIRUS ECOLOGY AND DISEASE IN CHILE AND PANAMA
    Gregory Mertz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..There is no known effective treatment or vaccine. In Project 1, Ecology of Andes and Choclo Viruses, we will study the ecology of the rodent reservoirs in Chile and Panama to develop ..
  65. Ochlerotatus japonicus: Ecology of an Invasive Mosquito
    RICHARD FALCO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..this competition will likely have broad impacts on the population dynamics of these mosquitoes as well as on the ecology of arboviruses they transmit. Our hypotheses are: 1) Oc...
  66. MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY OF OROPOUCHE VIRUS
    Alan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  67. EXTRAMURAL RESEARCH FACILITIES IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM
    John Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Since the mid 1970s the University of Alaska focused its effort in areas such as geophysics, ecology, natural resources, engineering, and computational sciences...
  68. Ecosystem disturbance and multiscale transmission of a zoonotic wildlife pathogen
    Philip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..There is however difficulty in developing suitable models to study ecology of infectious diseases, wherein spatial determinants that meaningfully characterize wildlife reservoir habitat, ..
  69. CONTROL OF PERIODONTAL INFECTIONS
    Sigmund Socransky; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..a wide range of taxa in the very large numbers of samples required to perform treatment, prevention or ecology studies and lack of effective therapeutic modalities even if the agent(s) were known...
  70. Delivery of Polyphenols in Gum for Treatment of Gingivitis
    Craig Miller; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Periodontitis represents a polymicrobial disease, in which a complex microbial ecology that matures in biofilms in the subgingival sulcus triggers a chronic immunoinflammatory lesion that destroys soft and hard tissues of the ..
  71. IN SITU ANALYSIS OF HUMAN PLAQUE FORMATION
    Greg Germaine; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Current concepts of plaque development and microbial ecology are based largely on indirect investigations using cultivation, in vitro adherence, metabolic (nutritional), ultrastructural and animal approaches...
  72. Landscape Ecology and Mapping of Ehrlichial Pathogens
    MICHAEL WIMBERLY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..chaffeensis and A. phagocytophilum. Our main objective is to apply concepts and methods from landscape ecology to improve our understanding of the environmental constraints on vector and pathogen spread, and to develop more ..