Genomes and Genes
Summary: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Publications355 found, 100 shown here
- The use of telomere length in ecology and evolutionary biologyT Horn
School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Heredity (Edinb) 105:497-506. 2010..Prevention of these mistakes will ensure accuracy, reproducibility and comparability of TL studies in different species and allow the identification of ecological and evolutionary principles behind TL dynamics...
- Error cascades in the biological sciences: the unwanted consequences of using bad taxonomy in ecologyAlejandro Bortolus
Centro Nacional Patagónico, National Council for Scientific and Technological Investigations, CONICET, Ecología Terrestre, Chubut, Argentina
Ambio 37:114-8. 2008..that peer reviewed journals should request from all authors, and I also advocate for urgent institutional and financial support directed at reinvigorating the formation of scientific collections that integrate taxonomy and ecology.
- Random forests for classification in ecologyD Richard Cutler
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322 3900, USA
Ecology 88:2783-92. 2007Classification procedures are some of the most widely used statistical methods in ecology. Random forests (RF) is a new and powerful statistical classifier that is well established in other disciplines but is relatively unknown in ..
- Global patterns in bacterial diversityCatherine A Lozupone
Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11436-40. 2007..This work provides a framework for understanding the impact of environmental factors on bacterial evolution and for the direction of future sequencing efforts to discover new lineages...
- Host and viral ecology determine bat rabies seasonality and maintenanceDylan B George
Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:10208-13. 2011..This research provides a context to explore similar host ecology and viral dynamics that may explain seasonal patterns and maintenance of other bat-borne diseases.
- Generalized linear mixed models: a practical guide for ecology and evolutionBenjamin M Bolker
Department of Botany and Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 8525, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 24:127-35. 2009..The explosion of research on GLMMs in the last decade has generated considerable uncertainty for practitioners in ecology and evolution...
- Picante: R tools for integrating phylogenies and ecologySteven W Kembel
Center for Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
Bioinformatics 26:1463-4. 2010....
- Applications of next generation sequencing in molecular ecology of non-model organismsR Ekblom
Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK
Heredity (Edinb) 107:1-15. 2011..era when virtually any study organism can 'go genomic', it is worthwhile to review how this may impact molecular ecology. The first studies to put the next generation sequencing (NGS) to the test in ecologically well-characterized ..
- Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolutionDenis Reale
Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Ecology and Groupe de Recherche en Ecologie Comportementale et Animale, Departement des Sciences Biologiques, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82:291-318. 2007..behavioural genetics, pharmacology, and animal husbandry, but relatively few studies have examined the ecology and evolution of temperament traits...
- Rebuilding community ecology from functional traitsBrian J McGill
Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1B1
Trends Ecol Evol 21:178-85. 2006There is considerable debate about whether community ecology will ever produce general principles...
- Sponge-associated microorganisms: evolution, ecology, and biotechnological potentialMichael W Taylor
Department of Microbial Ecology, University of Vienna, Althanstr 14, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 71:295-347. 2007..Subsequently, we examine the ecology of sponge-microbe associations, including the establishment and maintenance of these sometimes intimate ..
- The evolutionary ecology of the major histocompatibility complexS B Piertney
School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Zoology Building, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, UK
Heredity (Edinb) 96:7-21. 2006....
- Enteric defensins are essential regulators of intestinal microbial ecologyNita H Salzman
Division of Gastroenterology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Nat Immunol 11:76-83. 2010..To determine if alpha-defensins also govern intestinal microbial ecology, we analyzed the intestinal microbiota of mice expressing a human alpha-defensin gene (DEFA5) and in mice lacking ..
- Cryptic species as a window on diversity and conservationDavid Bickford
Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543, Republic of Singapore
Trends Ecol Evol 22:148-55. 2007..The discovery of cryptic species is likely to be non-random with regard to taxon and biome and, hence, could have profound implications for evolutionary theory, biogeography and conservation planning...
- The merging of community ecology and phylogenetic biologyJeannine Cavender-Bares
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Ecol Lett 12:693-715. 2009..tools has facilitated a rapid expansion of studies that apply phylogenetic data and methods to community ecology. Several key areas are reviewed in which phylogenetic information helps to resolve long-standing controversies in ..
- Ecology of prokaryotic virusesMarkus G Weinbauer
Department of Biological Oceanography, Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, PO Box 59, 1790 AB Den Burg, Texel, The Netherlands
FEMS Microbiol Rev 28:127-81. 2004..fraction of the prokaryotic community is infected with phages in aquatic systems has stimulated research on the ecology of prokaryotic viruses and their role in ecosystems...
- The arcsine is asinine: the analysis of proportions in ecologyDavid I Warton
School of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Ecology 92:3-10. 2011The arcsine square root transformation has long been standard procedure when analyzing proportional data in ecology, with applications in data sets containing binomial and non-binomial response variables...
- Niche conservatism as an emerging principle in ecology and conservation biologyJohn J Wiens
Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
Ecol Lett 13:1310-24. 2010..over time [niche conservatism (NC)] has many consequences for the fundamental patterns and processes studied in ecology and conservation biology...
- Epidemiology, genetics, and ecology of toxigenic Vibrio choleraeS M Faruque
Molecular Genetics Laboratory, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 62:1301-14. 1998..Cholera is a waterborne disease, and the importance of water ecology is suggested by the close association of V...
- Individuals and populations: the role of long-term, individual-based studies of animals in ecology and evolutionary biologyTim Clutton-Brock
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK, CB2 3EJ
Trends Ecol Evol 25:562-73. 2010Many important questions in ecology and evolutionary biology can only be answered with data that extend over several decades and answering a substantial proportion of questions requires records of the life histories of recognisable ..
- Oxidative stress in marine environments: biochemistry and physiological ecologyMichael P Lesser
Department of Zoology and Center for Marine Biology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
Annu Rev Physiol 68:253-78. 2006..This review brings together the voluminous literature on the biochemistry and physiology of oxidative stress from the clinical and plant physiology disciplines with the fast-increasing interest in oxidative stress in marine environments...
- The ecology of individuals: incidence and implications of individual specializationDaniel I Bolnick
Section of Evolution and Ecology, Center for Population Biology, Storer Hall, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
Am Nat 161:1-28. 2003..Our collection of case studies suggests that individual specialization is a widespread but underappreciated phenomenon that poses many important but unanswered questions...
- Adaptive radiation in a heterogeneous environmentP B Rainey
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, UK
Nature 394:69-72. 1998..These results demonstrate that the elementary processes of mutation and selection alone are sufficient to promote rapid proliferation of new designs and support the theory that trade-offs in competitive ability drive adaptive radiation...
- Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: current knowledge and future challengesM Loreau
Laboratoire d Ecologie, UMR 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, F 75230 Paris cedex 05, France
Science 294:804-8. 2001..A major future challenge is to determine how biodiversity dynamics, ecosystem processes, and abiotic factors interact...
- Pattern-oriented modeling of agent-based complex systems: lessons from ecologyVolker Grimm
UFZ Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig Halle, Department Okologische Systemanalyse, PF 500 136, 04301 Leipzig, Germany
Science 310:987-91. 2005..This strategy provides a unifying framework for decoding the internal organization of agent-based complex systems and may lead toward unifying algorithmic theories of the relation between adaptive behavior and system complexity...
- Ecology and control of the sand fly vectors of Leishmania donovani in East Africa, with special emphasis on Phlebotomus orientalisDia Eldin A Elnaiem
Department of Natural Sciences, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, Princess Anne, MD 21853, U S A
J Vector Ecol 36:S23-31. 2011A literature review is provided on the state of knowledge of the ecology and control of the sand fly vectors of Leishmania donovani in East Africa, with a special emphasis on Phlebotomus orientalis. Visceral leishmaniasis caused by L...
- Emphasizing the ecology in parasite community ecologyAmy B Pedersen
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30605, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 22:133-9. 2007..Studies of parasite community ecology are often descriptive, focusing on patterns of parasite abundance across host populations rather than on the ..
- Influence of red wine polyphenols and ethanol on the gut microbiota ecology and biochemical biomarkersMaría Isabel Queipo-Ortuño
Laboratorio de Investigaciones Biomédicas del Hospital Virgen de la Victoria, Malaga, Spain
Am J Clin Nutr 95:1323-34. 2012..Few studies have investigated the effect of dietary polyphenols on the complex human gut microbiota, and they focused mainly on single polyphenol molecules and select bacterial populations...
- Developmental microbial ecology of the neonatal gastrointestinal tractR I Mackie
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana 61801, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 69:1035S-1045S. 1999..The advantages of modern molecular ecology techniques that provide sensitive and specific, culture-independent evaluation of the gastrointestinal ecosystem ..
- Advantages and limitations of quantitative PCR (Q-PCR)-based approaches in microbial ecologyCindy J Smith
Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, UK
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 67:6-20. 2009Quantitative PCR (Q-PCR or real-time PCR) approaches are now widely applied in microbial ecology to quantify the abundance and expression of taxonomic and functional gene markers within the environment...
- The future of environmental DNA in ecologyNigel G Yoccoz
Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, University of Tromsø, N 9037 Tromsø, Norway
Mol Ecol 21:2031-8. 2012The contributions of environmental DNA to ecology are reviewed, focusing on diet, trophic interactions, species distributions and biodiversity assessment...
- Geobacter: the microbe electric's physiology, ecology, and practical applicationsDerek R Lovley
Department of Microbiology and Environmental Biotechnology Center, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA
Adv Microb Physiol 59:1-100. 2011..Further investigation of these environmentally relevant and physiologically unique organisms is warranted...
- Bacteriocins: evolution, ecology, and applicationMargaret A Riley
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
Annu Rev Microbiol 56:117-37. 2002..The goal of this review is to explore what we know about the evolution and ecology of the most abundant and diverse family of microbial defense systems: the bacteriocins...
- Multimodel inference in ecology and evolution: challenges and solutionsC E Grueber
Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
J Evol Biol 24:699-711. 2011..By providing an overview of these issues, we hope that this approach will become more accessible to those investigating any process where multiple variables impact an evolutionary or ecological response...
- The ecology of genetically diverse infectionsA F Read
Institute of Cell, Animal and Population Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK
Science 292:1099-102. 2001..Indeed, much of the theory in this area is based on assumptions contradicted by the available data...
- Evolutionary ecology of insect immune defensesPaul Schmid-Hempel
Ecology and Evolution, ETH Zurich, ETH Zentrum NW, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Annu Rev Entomol 50:529-51. 2005Evolutionary ecology seeks to understand the selective reasons for the design features of the immune defense, especially with respect to parasitism...
- Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria: a model for molecular microbial ecologyG A Kowalchuk
Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Centre for Terrestrial Ecology, Boterhoeksestraat 48, P O Box 40, Heteren, 6666 ZG, The Netherlands
Annu Rev Microbiol 55:485-529. 2001The eutrophication of many ecosystems in recent decades has led to an increased interest in the ecology of nitrogen transformation...
- Can stable isotope ratios provide for community-wide measures of trophic structure?Craig A Layman
Marine Science Program, Department of Biological Sciences, 3000 NE 151st Street, North Miami, Florida 33181, USA
Ecology 88:42-8. 2007..Building from extensive applications of stable isotope ratios by ecologists, the community-wide metrics may provide a new perspective on food web structure, function, and dynamics...
- Global data for ecology and epidemiology: a novel algorithm for temporal Fourier processing MODIS dataJorn P W Scharlemann
Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 3:e1408. 2008..Applying standard techniques to MODIS data can introduce errors of up to 30% in the estimation of the amplitudes and phases of the Fourier harmonics...
- Common misconceptions in molecular ecology: echoes of the modern synthesisStephen A Karl
Hawai i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai i, Manoa, Kane ohe, HI 96744, USA
Mol Ecol 21:4171-89. 2012The field of molecular ecology has burgeoned into a large discipline spurred on by technical innovations that facilitate the rapid acquisition of large amounts of genotypic data, by the continuing development of theory to interpret ..
- Evolutionary consequences of niche construction and their implications for ecologyK N Laland
Sub Department of Animal Behavior, University of Cambridge, Madingley, Cambridge CB3 8AA, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:10242-7. 1999..Even small amounts of niche construction, or niche construction that only weakly affects resource dynamics, can significantly alter both ecological and evolutionary patterns...
- Ecology and biotechnology of the genus ShewanellaHeidi H Hau
Department of Microbiology and The BioTechnology Institute, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
Annu Rev Microbiol 61:237-58. 2007..The ecology and biotechnology of these organisms are intertwined, with genomics playing a key role in our understanding of ..
- Why do we still use stepwise modelling in ecology and behaviour?Mark J Whittingham
Division of Biology, School of Biology and Psychology, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
J Anim Ecol 75:1182-9. 2006..In particular, the IT approach identifies large numbers of competing models that could describe the data equally well, showing that no one model should be relied upon for inference...
- Microbial ecology of foodborne pathogens associated with produceFaith J Critzer
Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia, 1109 Experiment St, Griffin, GA 30023 1797, USA
Curr Opin Biotechnol 21:125-30. 2010..This review addresses current knowledge as well as future research needed to increase our understanding of the microbial ecology of enteric pathogens on fruits and vegetables.
- Boosted trees for ecological modeling and predictionGlenn De'ath
Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB 3, Townsville Mail Centre, Qld 4811, Australia
Ecology 88:243-51. 2007..A software package for ABT analysis using the R software environment is included in the Appendices together with worked examples...
- Species richness, hotspots, and the scale dependence of range maps in ecology and conservationAllen H Hurlbert
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93101, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:13384-9. 2007..We suggest that range-map data contain less information than is generally assumed and provide guidance about the appropriate scale of their use...
- Conceptual synthesis in community ecologyMark Vellend
Department of Botany, Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6T 1Z4
Q Rev Biol 85:183-206. 2010Community ecology is often perceived as a "mess, "given the seemingly vast number of processes that can underlie the many patterns of interest, and the apparent uniqueness of each study system...
- Ecology of marine Bacteroidetes: a comparative genomics approachBeatriz Fernández-Gómez
Department of Marine Biology and Oceanography, Institut de Ciencies del Mar, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas CSIC, Barcelona, Spain
ISME J 7:1026-37. 2013..The latter may be important in order to survive when floating freely in the illuminated, but nutrient-poor, ocean surface...
- Chemical and molecular ecology of herbivore-induced plant volatiles: proximate factors and their ultimate functionsGen Ichiro Arimura
Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, Otsu 520 2113, Japan
Plant Cell Physiol 50:911-23. 2009..To understand the ecological significance of HIPVs, we also review case studies of insect-plant and inter-/intraplant interactions mediated by HIPVs that have been documented in the field and laboratory in recent years...
- Species abundance distributions: moving beyond single prediction theories to integration within an ecological frameworkBrian J McGill
Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Ave Dr Penfield, Montreal, QC H3A 1B1, Canada
Ecol Lett 10:995-1015. 2007Species abundance distributions (SADs) follow one of ecology's oldest and most universal laws--every community shows a hollow curve or hyperbolic shape on a histogram with many rare species and just a few common species...
- The role of ecological theory in microbial ecologyJames I Prosser
School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, Scotland, UK
Nat Rev Microbiol 5:384-92. 2007Microbial ecology is currently undergoing a revolution, with repercussions spreading throughout microbiology, ecology and ecosystem science...
- Biophysics, physiological ecology, and climate change: does mechanism matter?Brian Helmuth
Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA
Annu Rev Physiol 67:177-201. 2005..argue that by considering the mechanistic details of physiological performance within the context of biophysical ecology (engineering methods of heat, mass and momentum exchange applied to biological systems), such approaches will be ..
- A movement ecology paradigm for unifying organismal movement researchRan Nathan
Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:19052-9. 2008..This introductory article to the Movement Ecology Special Feature proposes a paradigm that integrates conceptual, theoretical, methodological, and empirical ..
- Evolution and ecology of antibiotic resistance genesRustam I Aminov
Rowett Research Institute, Greenburn Road, Aberdeen, UK
FEMS Microbiol Lett 271:147-61. 2007..Besides direct selection by antibiotics, there is a number of other factors that may contribute to dissemination and maintenance of antibiotic resistance genes in bacterial populations...
- Genome-enabled development of DNA markers for ecology, evolution and conservationRobert C Thomson
Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Mol Ecol 19:2184-95. 2010..This review summarizes methods for the development of large numbers of DNA markers in non-model organisms, the challenges encountered when utilizing different methods, and new research applications resulting from these advances...
- Source partitioning using stable isotopes: coping with too much variationAndrew C Parnell
School of Mathematical Sciences, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
PLoS ONE 5:e9672. 2010Stable isotope analysis is increasingly being utilised across broad areas of ecology and biology...
- Ecology drives the worldwide distribution of human diseasesVanina Guernier
Génétique et Evolution des Maladies Infectieuses, Montpellier, France
PLoS Biol 2:e141. 2004..the factors underlying the origin and maintenance of the latitudinal diversity gradient is a central problem in ecology, but no consensus has emerged on which processes might generate this broad pattern...
- Reconciling niche and neutrality: the continuum hypothesisDominique Gravel
Ecol Lett 9:399-409. 2006..The equilibrium community consists of a set of complementary and redundant species, with their abundance determined, respectively, by the distribution of environmental conditions and the amount of immigration...
- Ten years of AFLP in ecology and evolution: why so few animals?Staffan Bensch
Department of Animal Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, S 223 62 Lund, Sweden
Mol Ecol 14:2899-914. 2005Researchers in the field of molecular ecology and evolution require versatile and low-cost genetic typing methods...
- Ecological and evolutionary insights from species invasionsDov F Sax
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Center for Environmental Studies, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 22:465-71. 2007..by Darwin, Grinnell, Elton and others on these species-invasion experiments provided invaluable insights for ecology and evolutionary biology...
- New processes and players in the nitrogen cycle: the microbial ecology of anaerobic and archaeal ammonia oxidationChristopher A Francis
Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 2115, USA
ISME J 1:19-27. 2007..Here we review what is currently known about the microbial ecology of anaerobic and archaeal ammonia oxidation, highlight relevant unknowns and discuss the implications of these ..
- Impact of deforestation and agricultural development on anopheline ecology and malaria epidemiologyJunko Yasuoka
Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:450-60. 2007To clarify mechanisms linking deforestation, anopheline ecology, and malaria epidemiology, this study draws together 60 examples of changes in anopheline ecology and malaria incidence as a consequence of deforestation and agricultural ..
- Ecology, sexual selection and speciationMartine E Maan
Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern, Baltzerstrasse 6, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland
Ecol Lett 14:591-602. 2011..We suggest that evaluating the evolutionary consequences of these effects requires a better integration of behavioural, ecological and evolutionary research...
- Using circuit theory to model connectivity in ecology, evolution, and conservationBrad H McRae
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Santa Barbara, California 93101, USA
Ecology 89:2712-24. 2008..Although they have been applied in other disciplines, circuit-theoretic connectivity models are new to ecology. They offer distinct advantages over common analytic connectivity models, including a theoretical basis in random ..
- Understanding movement data and movement processes: current and emerging directionsRobert S Schick
Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0328, USA
Ecol Lett 11:1338-50. 2008Animal movement has been the focus on much theoretical and empirical work in ecology over the last 25 years...
- Phylogenetic ecology of the freshwater Actinobacteria acI lineageRyan J Newton
Microbiology Doctoral Training Program, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 73:7169-76. 2007....
- Tools from ecology: useful for evaluating infection risk models?Simon Brooker
Dept of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, Norfolk Place, W2 1PG, London, UK
Trends Parasitol 18:70-4. 2002..Using the example of Schistosoma haematobium in Africa, this article illustrates how ecozonation and receiver-operator characteristic analysis can help to assess the usefulness of available models objectively...
- Comparing microarrays and next-generation sequencing technologies for microbial ecology researchSeong Woon Roh
Department of Life and Nanopharmaceutical Sciences, Kyung Hee University, Hoegi dong 1, Dongdaemun Gu, Republic of Korea
Trends Biotechnol 28:291-9. 2010..in the application of DNA microarrays and next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies to the field of microbial ecology. This review aims to examine the strengths and weaknesses of each of the methodologies, including depth and ease ..
- The ecology and evolution of ant association in the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera)Naomi E Pierce
Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
Annu Rev Entomol 47:733-71. 2002..Further research on phylogeny and natural history, particularly of the Neotropical fauna, will be necessary to understand the role ant association has played in the evolution of the Lycaenidae...
- The evolutionary ecology of cytonuclear interactions in angiospermsChristina M Caruso
Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
Trends Plant Sci 17:638-43. 2012..Thus, measuring the cost of restoration across a range of environments could help explain geographic and phylogenetic variation in the distribution of Rf alleles and the outcome of CMS/Rf interactions...
- Impacts of climate, land use, and biological invasion on the ecology of immature Aedes mosquitoes: implications for La Crosse emergencePaul T Leisnham
Department of Environmental Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, 20742, USA
Ecohealth 9:217-28. 2012..Because vector-borne diseases usually vary in space and time and are related to the ecology of the vector species, we propose that the ecology of its mosquito vectors, particularly at their immature stages,..
- The chemical and evolutionary ecology of tetrodotoxin (TTX) toxicity in terrestrial vertebratesCharles T Hanifin
Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Blvd, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
Mar Drugs 8:577-93. 2010..an antipredator defense and these taxa have provided excellent models for the study of the evolution and chemical ecology of TTX toxicity. The origin of TTX present in terrestrial vertebrates is controversial...
- Isotopic ecology ten years after a call for more laboratory experimentsCarlos Martinez del Rio
Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071 3166, USA
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 84:91-111. 2009About 10 years ago, reviews of the use of stable isotopes in animal ecology predicted explosive growth in this field and called for laboratory experiments to provide a mechanistic foundation to this growth...
- Plant surface properties in chemical ecologyCaroline Muller
Julius von Sachs Institut fur Biowissenschaften, Universitat Wurzburg, Julius von Sachs Platz 3, D 97082 Wurzburg, Germany
J Chem Ecol 31:2621-51. 2005..In chemical ecology, where interactions between organisms and the underlying (allelo-) chemical principles are studied, it is ..
- Coexistence of the niche and neutral perspectives in community ecologyMathew A Leibold
Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, 78612, USA
Ecology 87:1399-410. 2006..Future work should focus on synthesizing niche and neutral perspectives rather than dichotomously debating whether neutral or niche models provide better explanations for community structure and biodiversity...
- The microbial ecology of wine grape berriesA Barata
Laboratorio de Microbiologia, Centro de Botânica Aplicada à Agricultura, Technical University of Lisbon, 1349 017 Lisbon, Portugal
Int J Food Microbiol 153:243-59. 2012Grapes have a complex microbial ecology including filamentous fungi, yeasts and bacteria with different physiological characteristics and effects upon wine production...
- Something from (almost) nothing: the impact of multiple displacement amplification on microbial ecologyErik K Binga
Department of Biology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
ISME J 2:233-41. 2008Microbial ecology is a field that applies molecular techniques to analyze genes and communities associated with a plethora of unique environments on this planet...
- Ecological divergence exhibits consistently positive associations with reproductive isolation across disparate taxaDaniel J Funk
Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Station B, Nashville, TN 37235 1634, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:3209-13. 2006..However, the essential question of whether ecology plays a truly general role in speciation has yet to be systematically evaluated...
- Cyanobacterial genomics for ecology and biotechnologyWolfgang R Hess
University of Freiburg, Schänzlestr 1, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Curr Opin Microbiol 14:608-14. 2011..Moreover, genome analysis has been employed for culture-independent approaches and for resequencing mutant strains, a very recent tool in cyanobacterial research...
- Predictive modeling of coral disease distribution within a reef systemGareth J Williams
School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
PLoS ONE 5:e9264. 2010..Predictive statistical modeling can help to increase our understanding of coral disease ecology worldwide.
- Neutral macroecologyG Bell
Redpath Museum, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2K6
Science 293:2413-8. 2001The central themes of community ecology-distribution, abundance, and diversity-display strongly marked and very general patterns...
- Urbanization and the ecology of wildlife diseasesCatherine A Bradley
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 22:95-102. 2007..Continued rapid urbanization, together with risks posed by multi-host pathogens for humans and vulnerable wildlife populations, emphasize the need for future research on wildlife diseases in urban landscapes...
- The dynamical theory of coevolution: a derivation from stochastic ecological processesU Dieckmann
Theoretical Biology Section, University of Leiden, The Netherlands
J Math Biol 34:579-612. 1996..Extensions of the derivation to more general ecological settings are discussed. In particular we allow for multi-trait coevolution and analyze coevolution under nonequilibrium population dynamics...
- Opportunities to improve fiber degradation in the rumen: microbiology, ecology, and genomicsDenis O Krause
CSIRO Australia, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, St Lucia, QLD 4067, Australia
FEMS Microbiol Rev 27:663-93. 2003..Lastly, we will discuss how newer technologies such as genomic and metagenomic approaches can be used to improve our knowledge of the functional genomic framework of plant cell wall degradation in the rumen...
- The nested assembly of plant-animal mutualistic networksJordi Bascompte
Integrative Ecology Group, Estacion Biologica de Donana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Apartado 1056, E 41080 Sevilla, Spain
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:9383-7. 2003..Our results indicate a nonrandom pattern of community organization that may be relevant for our understanding of the organization and persistence of biodiversity...
- Genomic insights into the physiology and ecology of the marine filamentous cyanobacterium Lyngbya majusculaAdam C Jones
Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:8815-20. 2011..Subsequent growth experiments confirmed that L. majuscula 3L is unable to fix atmospheric nitrogen. These unanticipated life history characteristics challenge current views of the genus Lyngbya...
- Ecology. Assisted colonization and rapid climate changeO Hoegh-Guldberg
Centre for Marine Studies, Australian Research Council Centre for Excellence in Reef Studies and the Coral Reef Targeted Research Project, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland QLD 4072, Australia
Science 321:345-6. 2008
- Chemotherapy, within-host ecology and the fitness of drug-resistant malaria parasitesSilvie Huijben
Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Departments of Biology and Entomology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16827, USA
Evolution 64:2952-68. 2010A major determinant of the rate at which drug-resistant malaria parasites spread through a population is the ecology of resistant and sensitive parasites sharing the same host...
- Behavioural syndromes in fishes: a review with implications for ecology and fisheries managementJ L Conrad
Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, U S A
J Fish Biol 78:395-435. 2011..Few studies, however, have examined the ecological relevance of behavioural syndromes in the field. Knowledge of how behavioural syndromes play out in the wild will be crucial to incorporating such a framework into management practices...
- Dietary modulation of gut functional ecology studied by fecal metabonomicsFrancois Pierre J Martin
Nestle Research Center, Vers chez les Blanc, Lausanne 26, Switzerland
J Proteome Res 9:5284-95. 2010..The present study describes how the assessment of metabolic changes in feces may provide information for studying nutrient-microbiota relationships in different microbiome mouse models...
- The effect of inappropriate calibration: three case studies in molecular ecologySimon Y W Ho
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 3:e1615. 2008Time-scales estimated from sequence data play an important role in molecular ecology. They can be used to draw correlations between evolutionary and palaeoclimatic events, to measure the tempo of speciation, and to study the demographic ..
- Improved resolution of reef-coral endosymbiont (Symbiodinium) species diversity, ecology, and evolution through psbA non-coding region genotypingTodd C Lajeunesse
Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University, Mueller Laboratory, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
PLoS ONE 6:e29013. 2011..nature and intragenomic variability of rRNA genes and spacers confound interpretations of symbiont diversity and ecology. Making consistent sense of extensive sequence variation in a meaningful ecological and evolutionary context ..
- Maximal heat dissipation capacity and hyperthermia risk: neglected key factors in the ecology of endothermsJohn R Speakman
Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue 2, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
J Anim Ecol 79:726-46. 2010..That is, traditional resource-based ecological and evolutionary theories and the recent 'metabolic theory of ecology' (MTE) all assume that energetic constraints operate on the supply side of the energy balance equation. 2...
- Parental effects in ecology and evolution: mechanisms, processes and implicationsAlexander V Badyaev
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1169-77. 2009....
- The misuse of BLUP in ecology and evolutionJarrod D Hadfield
Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
Am Nat 175:116-25. 2010..Over the past decade it has been used extensively in ecology and evolutionary biology to predict individual breeding values and reaction norms...
- Complex systems: ecology for bankersRobert M May
Nature 451:893-5. 2008
- Off the hook--how bacteria survive protozoan grazingCarsten Matz
School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Centre for Marine Biofouling and Bio Innovation, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
Trends Microbiol 13:302-7. 2005..We propose that studying predation-driven adaptations will provide an exciting frontier for microbial ecology and evolution at the interface of prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
- Relationships between body size and abundance in ecologyEthan P White
Department of Biology and the Ecology Center, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 22:323-30. 2007..We argue that a synthetic understanding of size-abundance relationships will result from more detailed analyses of individual patterns and from careful consideration of how and why the patterns are related...
- Taking the chaos out of genetic patchiness: seascape genetics reveals ecological and oceanographic drivers of genetic patterns in three temperate reef speciesKimberly A Selkoe
Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, Kaneohe, HI 96744, USA
Mol Ecol 19:3708-26. 2010..demonstrates the power of environmental and ecological data to shed light on weak genetic patterns and highlights the need for future focus on a mechanistic understanding of the links between oceanography, ecology and genetic structure.
- Divergent host plant adaptation and reproductive isolation between ecotypes of Timema cristinae walking sticksPatrik Nosil
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada
Am Nat 169:151-62. 2007..cristinae ecotypes is incomplete, and so only the stages before the completion of speciation have been examined. Studies of more divergent taxa within the genus are required to determine the factors that complete speciation...
- From patterns to emerging processes in mechanistic urban ecologyEyal Shochat
Sutton Avian Research Center, University of Oklahoma, POB 2007, Bartlesville, OK 74005, USA
Trends Ecol Evol 21:186-91. 2006..Thus, the key to understanding urban patterns is to balance studying processes at the individual level with an integrated examination of environmental forces at the ecosystem scale...
- NIH Director's Pioneer AwardERICH JARVIS; Fiscal Year: 2009..Repairing the pathway in vocal learners, when damaged, would have profound impact for correcting neurological disorders of speech. ..
- Systematics of medically important Dermacentor tick vectorsDmitry A Apanaskevich; Fiscal Year: 2011..Conducted research on systematics of the Dermacentor ticks will allow better understanding of their ecology and geographic distribution which in turn will help in establishing and improving adequate methods of control ..
- Latin American Center for Malaria Research and ControlSOCRATES HERRERA VALENCIA; Fiscal Year: 2013..in non-Amazonian regions;Project 2 on malaria transmission will address major gaps in our understanding of the ecology, behavior, vector potential, and control of Anopheles malaria vectors to guide the development and implementation ..
- Insights from Comparative Genomics for the Treatment of Pneumococcal InfectionsNatalia Luisa Hiller; Fiscal Year: 2011..originator of the modern biofilm paradigm (1978), and a pioneer researcher in many aspects of microbial biofilms, ecology, and polymicrobial communities. Dr...
- Insights from Comparative Genomics for the Treatment of Pneumococcal InfectionsNatalia Luisa Hiller; Fiscal Year: 2013..originator of the modern biofilm paradigm (1978), and a pioneer researcher in many aspects of microbial biofilms, ecology, and polymicrobial communities. Dr...
- CSHL 2010 Conference on Molecular Genetics and Bacteria & PhagesDavid J Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2010..efforts have been made to include emerging areas such as genomics and metagenomics, sociomicrobiology, molecular ecology, structural biology and systems analysis...
- 2012 CSHL Bacteria &Phages ConferenceDavid J Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2012..efforts have been made to include emerging areas such as genomics and metagenomics, sociomicrobiology, molecular ecology, structural biology and systems analysis...
- Endemic maintenance of relapsing fever genotypes.Michael Bela Teglas; Fiscal Year: 2013..In the western U.S., relapsing fever is strictly tick-borne with a highly biocomplex ecology consisting of a number of Borrelia species and associated soft tick vectors (in the genus Ornithodoros), and ..
- Regulation of Host Nitrogen Balance by the Gut MicrobiomeGary D Wu; Fiscal Year: 2012..For this reason, the study of gut microbial ecology and its interplay with the host metabolome has emerged as a critical frontier in contemporary nutritional and ..
- Mechanisms to restrain social cheating from quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginAJAI DANDEKAR; Fiscal Year: 2013..in this proposal will advance our knowledge of the evolution of cooperative behavior and give insight into the ecology of the CF lung...
- Delivery of Polyphenols in Gum for Treatment of GingivitisCraig S Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013..provided by applicant): Periodontitis represents a polymicrobial disease, in which a complex microbial ecology that matures in biofilms in the subgingival sulcus triggers a chronic immune-inflammatory lesion that destroys ..
- Does ArsenicMitigation in BangladeshRaiseExposure to Bacterial and ViralPathogensALEXANDER FRANS VAN GEEN; Fiscal Year: 2010..In support of this important goal, this team of investigators proposes to generate new knowledge concerning the ecology of organisms causing diarrheal disease in developing countries, by investigating the potential linkages between ..
- GAS Switch from Colonizing Bacterium to Invasive PathogenVictor Nizet; Fiscal Year: 2012..competing selective pressures faced by this obligate human pathogen during the different stages of its overall ecology. Finally, we will assess the robustness of our experimental model (Nat Med 2007) that acquisition of a phage ?..
- Lactogenic immunity/probiotics: Effect on neonatal gut immunityLinda J Saif; Fiscal Year: 2010..This novel approach to in vivo bacterial ecology will elucidate probiotic LAB interactions within the host...
- 6th Orthomyxovirus Research ConferenceSTACEY L SCHULTZ-CHERRY; Fiscal Year: 2012..Session topics include evolution and epidemiology, ecology and influenza in animals, structure and replication, avian-to-animal transmission, genetic manipulation of ..
- The Ecology, Emergence and Pandemic Potential of Nipah virus in BangladeshPeter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2012..We propose that human population density and social behavior in Bangladesh, NiV viral biology, NiV ecology in fruit bats, and interactions between bats, livestock and humans create increased potential for NiV outbreaks ..
- The Biodemographic Determinants of Life SpanJames R Carey; Fiscal Year: 2010..Project 2 titled Ecology of lifespan and directed by James Carey (UC Davis) will involve field studies on the medfly in Greece and ..
- H. influenzae Genes Associated with Acute Otitis MediaJanet R Gilsdorf; Fiscal Year: 2010..development of novel approaches to the prevention and treatment of NTHi otitis media that may preserve the unique ecology of NTHi in the pharynges...
- Ecology of Infectious Diseases (EID)-Immune Landscapes of Human Influenza in HousDerek Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2011..of the impact of human social interactions and demographics on influenza transmission, key determinants of the ecology of the influenza virus...
- Linking Limnology to Cyanotoxins in Drinking Water Using Buoy Sensors and Auto-SaTodd R Miller; Fiscal Year: 2013..factors leading to cyanotoxin production are ill-defined at time-scales relevant to cyanobacterial ecology (i.e. minutes to hours)...
- Effects of gastric bypass on the gut microbiota and energy balanceAlice Liou; Fiscal Year: 2012..Human and rat studies have demonstrated that the gut microbial ecology changes markedly following RYGB and is different from the microbial communities observed in either lean or obese ..
- Novel genetic and salivary glycan biomarkers for risk of NEC in ELBW infants.Ardythe L Morrow; Fiscal Year: 2013..of this study will provide a rich dataset that clarifies the ontogeny of intestinal glycan expression- microbial ecology and its relation to NEC...
- Geobiological approaches to understanding pulmonary infections in situDianne K Newman; Fiscal Year: 2013..human microbiome in determining human health and disease has resulted in an increased appreciation for microbial ecology, yet studies in this area still have focused almost entirely on surveying the microbial communities present ..
- Making a quantum leap in plaque research with modern sciencesWenyuan Shi; Fiscal Year: 2013..specifically targeted antimicrobial peptides (STAMPs) against cariogenic Streptococcus mutans to shift plaque ecology towards a healthy plaque...
- Evolutionary and Functional Genetics of Male Reproduction using Wild Mice as a MoMatthew D Dean; Fiscal Year: 2013..We focus on wild mice species that differ in their mating ecology to dissect the genetics of male reproduction...
- Role of Human Intestinal Microbiota on Success of Surgical Weight Loss ProceduresBRUCE EDWARD RITTMANN; Fiscal Year: 2013..The primary goal of the proposed research is to assess the role of the human- intestinal microbial ecology on success or failure to lose weight following two common methods of bariatric surgery: the Roux-en-Y gastric ..
- Examining Human Behavior in Dengue Prevention Efforts in Iquitos, PeruVALERIE ANDREA PAZ-SOLDAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..Thus, coursework and readings will focus heavily on vector-borne diseases (VBD), vector ecology, dengue epidemiology, and behavioral interventions used in VBD prevention, but I also need additional training in ..
- Mucosal Immune Ontogeny and Intestinal Microbiota in InfantsEdward N Janoff; Fiscal Year: 2010..intestine is sterile, the days and weeks following birth convey extraordinary transformation in its microbial ecology, and concomitantly, development of the neonatal immune system2,3...
- Epidemiology and Ecology of Vibrio cholerae in BangladeshRichard Bradley Sack; Fiscal Year: 2013..We postulate that factors in the marine environment play important roles in triggering the onset of epidemics. The study is being done in rural Bangladesh, using recently developed technology to further define these factors. ..
- 16th international conference on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and related organismIrving Nachamkin; Fiscal Year: 2011..gastrointestinal pathophysiology, clinical management, public health, food safety, and human and animal ecology;2) present overviews and updates in these diverse areas by keynote speakers who are experts in their field both ..
- Training in Hantavirus Ecology, Virology & Clinical Investigation in the AmericasGREGORY JAMES MERTZ; Fiscal Year: 2010..in the Western Hemisphere in 1993, so there is an urgent need to build expertise in the Americas in rodent ecology, virology, clinical care, and clinical research as it relates to hantavirus infections in the Americas...
- Molecular basis for spotted fever group Rickettsia vector competence in ticksKevin R Macaluso; Fiscal Year: 2013..factors of rickettsial pathogenicity and route of tick transmission (horizontal and vertical) influence the ecology and epidemiology of human rickettsioses...
- Social and Motivational Properties of Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide CircuitsJames L Goodson; Fiscal Year: 2013..group size, while still being closely matched to the zebra finch in most other aspects of behavior and ecology. Recent findings in finches demonstrate that choice of group size is titrated independently from simple ..
- Interaction between Vibrio cholerae and Dictylostelium discoideumSHELLEY M contact PAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed studies to determine the mechanisms of resistance to predation will lead to a better understanding of the ecology of V. cholerae. This may allow the development of strategies to control the source of epidemic V. cholerae.
- Chemical Biodiversity: Investigating the Phylogeny and Functional Toxins of VenomMANDE N HOLFORD; Fiscal Year: 2010..of gastropods to subdue fish, worms, and other marine organisms, provides an ideal phylogenetic model for how ecology impacts development and evolutionary change...
- The Microbial Ecology of Bacterial Vaginosis: A Fine Scale Resolution MetagenomicJacques Ravel; Fiscal Year: 2011..This research will contribute valuable information on the causes of BV, help develop improved methods for preventing and treating BV, and may help reduce major reproductive health problems associated with BV. ..
- Corrinoid Response of the Human Gut MicrobiotaAndrew L Goodman; Fiscal Year: 2013..My training is in ecology and evolutionary biology (B.A., Princeton University) and microbiology and molecular genetics (Ph.D...
- Genetically Specific Therapy Against Pathogenic BacteriaStanley R Maloy; Fiscal Year: 2013..The environmental problem is that we are disrupting the microbial ecology around us by intensive use of antibiotics that kill bacteria indiscriminately...
- Small Molecule Signaling in Caenorhabditis elegansFRANK CLEMENS SCHROEDER; Fiscal Year: 2013..future efforts aimed at more varied chemical genetic screens exploring additional aspects of the biology and ecology of C. elegans, but also of nematode species relevant in agriculture or medicine...
- Malaria transmission potential of the Anopheles punctutatus species complexLisa Reimer; Fiscal Year: 2013..a variable transmission landscape, which is effected by vector and parasite species distributions, vector ecology, and vector-parasite interactions...
- Promoting positive social-emotional pathways: A translational research programGrazyna Kochanska; Fiscal Year: 2013..assessed competencies and functioning, parent-child relationships, and parents'adjustment and family ecology. Interdisciplinary team includes experts in socio-emotional development, adolescence, developmental ..
- Receptor-based developmental and reproductive toxicity of Superfund chemicalsDavid M Ozonoff; Fiscal Year: 2013..studies of populations exposed through drinking water or around a Superfund site or molecular studies of fish ecology in a contaminated harbor...
- Ecology of African Highland MalariaGuiyun Yan; Fiscal Year: 2012..This project will reveal critical parameters needed for the development of malaria early warning system, and will develop novel and cost-effective vector control methods for reducing malaria incidence and preventing malaria epidemics. ..
- 3rd ASM Conference on EnterococciDon B Clewell; Fiscal Year: 2010..and factors important to biofilm formation have provided significant information relevant to the ecology and survivability of enterococci...
- Effects of Climate Change on Cholera Dynamics and PredictionShafiqul Islam; Fiscal Year: 2010..the expansion and resurgence of cholera to climate change for two reasons: (i) incomplete understanding of ecology of cholera within the context of climatic and hydrologic extremes and their manifestations on the epidemiology of ..
- Carcinogenic Metals And Their Interactions With Other ToxicantsMax Costa; Fiscal Year: 2010..There is also extensive collaboration between the ecology and engineering components and between the biomedical and non-biomedical, which is enhanced by the Administrative ..
- MSU Clinical Center Animal Facility HVAC UpgradeJoseph R Haywood; Fiscal Year: 2011..and infectious disease, molecular mechanisms of disease, biomedical engineering and gastroenterology /microbial ecology. MSU is a public, land-grant institution designated as a Research-Extensive university by the Carnegie Foundation...
- Ecological and genetic determinants of malaria transmitting behaviors in the AfriGregory C Lanzaro; Fiscal Year: 2013..In this application we propose a research program that integrates vector population genomics, ecology and vector behavior with the goal of understanding the determinants of two mosquito behavioral phenotypes crucial ..
- INTERACTIONS BETWEEN AGROBACTERIUM AND HOST PLANTSStephen C Winans; Fiscal Year: 2010..Direct targets of YenR and YenS will be identified and assessed for their roles in the biology and ecology of Y. enterocolitica and Y. pestis.
- Metagenomic Studies of the Gut Microbiomes of Obese and Lean TwinsJEFFREY IVAN GORDON; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our studies of gnotobiotic mice and humans have revealed a dynamic linkage between adiposity and gut microbial ecology, and provided evidence that the gut microbiota of obese mice is more efficient at harvesting energy than the ..
- Health Risk Behavior in Late Childhood: Impact of Longitudinal Randomized TrialSTEPHANIE contact JONES; Fiscal Year: 2010..micro-context mediators of 4R's long-term impact operationalized at the classroom-level including the peer ecology and classroom climate, and (c) use propensity score techniques to test the sensitivity of the results after ..
- EID - Effects of avian migration & anthropogenic change on the distribution & traThomas Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009..infectious disease outbreaks and emergence events, the impact of global anthropogenic change on the wildlife ecology of diseases remains under-studied...
- Social Ecology of Maternal Substance UseElizabeth A Mumford; Fiscal Year: 2013..between individual characteristics of mothers (in a nationally representative dataset) and the social ecology of neighborhoods as predictors of maternal alcohol and tobacco use patterns over time...
- Clinical Resource for Lung and Alcohol InvestigationsEllen L Burnham; Fiscal Year: 2013..and response to protein adducts formed in the setting of AUDs and smoking;(3)respiratory tract microbial ecology, and its relationship to alterations in antimicrobial protein composition/function in the alveolar space, and ..
- Natural engineering of multi-electron biological oxidation &reductionPETER LESLIE DUTTON; Fiscal Year: 2013..The benefits of such achievement include the development of new medical interventions, and clinical devices, and an array of new inexpensive green catalysts important in ecology, agriculture and solar energy conversions.
- Inhibiting Cellular Autophagy to Thwart Dengue Virus Packaging and ReplicationKarla Kirkegaard; Fiscal Year: 2013..subtropical areas, the virus has begun to spread outside its former geographic limitations due to the changing ecology of mosquito populations in the face of urbanization and global warming...
- Structure, function, and evolution of the Cryptococcus MAT locusJoseph Heitman; Fiscal Year: 2013..function, and evolution of the mating-type locus (MAT) and its links to sexual development, virulence, and ecology are of considerable interest...
- Environmental filters and medically important container mosquitoesDonald A Yee; Fiscal Year: 2011..Further, understanding the ecology of container mosquitoes, including invasive species (e.g...
- Metagenetic analysis of microbial community behaviorJO E HANDELSMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..The investigator is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor who has studied the genetics of microbial ecology for 30 years...
- TRAINING PROGRAM IN THE BIOLOGY OF DISEASE VECTORSGregory C Lanzaro; Fiscal Year: 2013..microbiology, immunology, epidemiology, genetics, population genomics of pathogens and arthropod vectors, vector ecology and control, disease pathology and diagnosis will be offered in the curriculum for trainees...
- Spatial characterization of microbial communities in the cystic fibrosis lungRYAN COULSON HUNTER; Fiscal Year: 2013..Altogether, this systems approach to understanding the ecology of microbial infections will change the way we think about the microbiome and its link to health and disease, and ..
- Spatial characterization of microbial communities in the cystic fibrosis lungRYAN COULSON HUNTER; Fiscal Year: 2012..Altogether, this systems approach to understanding the ecology of microbial infections will change the way we think about the microbiome and its link to health and disease, and ..
- Pathogenesis, Carcinogenesis and Ecology of Opisthorchiasis in ThailandBanchob Sripa; Fiscal Year: 2013..and two cores, addresses major gaps in our current understanding of carcinogenesis, host-susceptibility and the ecology of O. viverrini transmission. While our research focuses specifically on O...
- HANTAVIRUS ECOLOGY AND DISEASE IN CHILE AND PANAMAGregory Mertz; Fiscal Year: 2009..There is no known effective treatment or vaccine. In Project 1, Ecology of Andes and Choclo Viruses, we will study the ecology of the rodent reservoirs in Chile and Panama to develop ..
- Ochlerotatus japonicus: Ecology of an Invasive MosquitoRICHARD FALCO; Fiscal Year: 2005..this competition will likely have broad impacts on the population dynamics of these mosquitoes as well as on the ecology of arboviruses they transmit. Our hypotheses are: 1) Oc...
- MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY OF OROPOUCHE VIRUSAlan Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2000....
- EXTRAMURAL RESEARCH FACILITIES IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMJohn Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005..Since the mid 1970s the University of Alaska focused its effort in areas such as geophysics, ecology, natural resources, engineering, and computational sciences...
- Ecosystem disturbance and multiscale transmission of a zoonotic wildlife pathogenPhilip Craig; Fiscal Year: 2007..There is however difficulty in developing suitable models to study ecology of infectious diseases, wherein spatial determinants that meaningfully characterize wildlife reservoir habitat, ..
- CONTROL OF PERIODONTAL INFECTIONSSigmund Socransky; Fiscal Year: 2003..a wide range of taxa in the very large numbers of samples required to perform treatment, prevention or ecology studies and lack of effective therapeutic modalities even if the agent(s) were known...
- Delivery of Polyphenols in Gum for Treatment of GingivitisCraig Miller; Fiscal Year: 2009Periodontitis represents a polymicrobial disease, in which a complex microbial ecology that matures in biofilms in the subgingival sulcus triggers a chronic immunoinflammatory lesion that destroys soft and hard tissues of the ..
- IN SITU ANALYSIS OF HUMAN PLAQUE FORMATIONGreg Germaine; Fiscal Year: 1991Current concepts of plaque development and microbial ecology are based largely on indirect investigations using cultivation, in vitro adherence, metabolic (nutritional), ultrastructural and animal approaches...
- Landscape Ecology and Mapping of Ehrlichial PathogensMICHAEL WIMBERLY; Fiscal Year: 2006..chaffeensis and A. phagocytophilum. Our main objective is to apply concepts and methods from landscape ecology to improve our understanding of the environmental constraints on vector and pathogen spread, and to develop more ..