supine position

Summary

Summary: The posture of an individual lying face up.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Effects of supine, prone, and lateral positions on cardiovascular and renal variables in humans
    Bettina Pump
    Department of Aviation Medicine, The Heart Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet 7522, 9 Blegdamsvej, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 283:R174-80. 2002
  2. ncbi Individual positioning: a comparative study of adjuvant breast radiotherapy in the prone versus supine position
    Zoltan Varga
    Department of Oncotherapy, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 75:94-100. 2009
  3. ncbi Direct aperture optimization-based intensity-modulated radiotherapy for whole breast irradiation
    Ergun E Ahunbay
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 67:1248-58. 2007
  4. ncbi Effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty on positional dependency in obstructive sleep apnea
    Chul Hee Lee
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300 Goomi Dong, Bundang gu, Seongnam, Gyunggi do 463 707, South Korea
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 137:675-9. 2011
  5. ncbi Anatomical variation between the prone, supine, and supine oblique positions on computed tomography: implications for percutaneous nephrolithotomy access
    Brian Duty
    Arthur Smith Institute for Urology, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, New Hyde Park, NY 11042, USA
    Urology 79:67-71. 2012
  6. pmc Quantitative cardiovascular magnetic resonance in pregnant women: cross-sectional analysis of physiological parameters throughout pregnancy and the impact of the supine position
    Alexia Rossi
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus University Medical Center s, Gravendijkwal 230, 3015CE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 13:31. 2011
  7. ncbi A simple technique for craniospinal radiotherapy in the supine position
    William A Parker
    Department of Medical Physics, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada
    Radiother Oncol 78:217-22. 2006
  8. ncbi Alternated prone and supine whole-breast irradiation using IMRT: setup precision, respiratory movement and treatment time
    Liv Veldeman
    Department of Radiotherapy, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 82:2055-64. 2012
  9. ncbi Comparison of speech production in upright and supine position
    M Stone
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 122:532-41. 2007
  10. ncbi Preoxygenation is more effective in the 25 degrees head-up position than in the supine position in severely obese patients: a randomized controlled study
    Benjamin J Dixon
    Australian Center for Obesity Research and Education, Monash University, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne 3181, Victoria, Australia
    Anesthesiology 102:1110-5; discussion 5A. 2005

Detail Information

Publications250 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Effects of supine, prone, and lateral positions on cardiovascular and renal variables in humans
    Bettina Pump
    Department of Aviation Medicine, The Heart Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet 7522, 9 Blegdamsvej, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 283:R174-80. 2002
    ..The mechanisms of the slightly augmented urine output in prone position require further experimentation...
  2. ncbi Individual positioning: a comparative study of adjuvant breast radiotherapy in the prone versus supine position
    Zoltan Varga
    Department of Oncotherapy, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 75:94-100. 2009
    ..To study breast radiotherapy in the prone vs. supine positions through dosimetry and clinical implementation...
  3. ncbi Direct aperture optimization-based intensity-modulated radiotherapy for whole breast irradiation
    Ergun E Ahunbay
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 67:1248-58. 2007
    ..g., beamlet optimized) IMRT and conventional three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) for whole breast irradiation in supine and prone positions...
  4. ncbi Effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty on positional dependency in obstructive sleep apnea
    Chul Hee Lee
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300 Goomi Dong, Bundang gu, Seongnam, Gyunggi do 463 707, South Korea
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 137:675-9. 2011
    ..To assess the effect of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) on positional dependency in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
  5. ncbi Anatomical variation between the prone, supine, and supine oblique positions on computed tomography: implications for percutaneous nephrolithotomy access
    Brian Duty
    Arthur Smith Institute for Urology, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, New Hyde Park, NY 11042, USA
    Urology 79:67-71. 2012
    ..To determine anatomical variations between the prone, supine, and supine oblique positions that are likely to affect percutaneous renal access...
  6. pmc Quantitative cardiovascular magnetic resonance in pregnant women: cross-sectional analysis of physiological parameters throughout pregnancy and the impact of the supine position
    Alexia Rossi
    Department of Cardiology, Erasmus University Medical Center s, Gravendijkwal 230, 3015CE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 13:31. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of postural changes on cardiac dimensions and function during mid and late pregnancy using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)...
  7. ncbi A simple technique for craniospinal radiotherapy in the supine position
    William A Parker
    Department of Medical Physics, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada
    Radiother Oncol 78:217-22. 2006
    ..We have developed a CT-based technique for whole CNS irradiation in the supine position that uses fixed field parameters, asymmetric jaws for field matching and drastically reduces simulation and ..
  8. ncbi Alternated prone and supine whole-breast irradiation using IMRT: setup precision, respiratory movement and treatment time
    Liv Veldeman
    Department of Radiotherapy, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 82:2055-64. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to compare setup precision, respiration-related breast movement and treatment time between prone and supine positions for whole-breast irradiation...
  9. ncbi Comparison of speech production in upright and supine position
    M Stone
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 122:532-41. 2007
    ..Measurements and judgments of speech may be made in conditions requiring a supine position, however...
  10. ncbi Preoxygenation is more effective in the 25 degrees head-up position than in the supine position in severely obese patients: a randomized controlled study
    Benjamin J Dixon
    Australian Center for Obesity Research and Education, Monash University, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne 3181, Victoria, Australia
    Anesthesiology 102:1110-5; discussion 5A. 2005
    Class III obese patients have altered respiratory mechanics, which are further impaired in the supine position. The authors explored the hypothesis that preoxygenation in the 25 degrees head-up position allows a greater safety margin for ..
  11. ncbi Supine Valdivia and modified lithotomy position for simultaneous anterograde and retrograde endourological access
    Gaspar Ibarluzea
    Department of Urology, Galdakao Hospital, Bizkaia, Basque Country, Spain
    BJU Int 100:233-6. 2007
  12. ncbi Supine versus prone position during percutaneous nephrolithotomy: a report from the clinical research office of the endourological society percutaneous nephrolithotomy global study
    José G Valdivia
    Department of Urology, Clinical University Hospital Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, Spain
    J Endourol 25:1619-25. 2011
    ....
  13. ncbi Measuring orthostatic hypotension with the Finometer device: is a blood pressure drop of one heartbeat clinically relevant?
    Nathalie van der Velde
    Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Blood Press Monit 12:167-71. 2007
    ..This was also compared with conventional sphygmomanometer measurements...
  14. pmc Whole breast radiotherapy in prone and supine position: is there a place for multi-beam IMRT?
    Thomas Mulliez
    Department of Radiotherapy, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, Ghent 9000, Belgium
    Radiat Oncol 8:151. 2013
    ..We compared dosimetry of wedged tangential fields (W-TF), tangential field intensity-modulated radiotherapy (TF-IMRT) and multi-beam IMRT (MB-IMRT) in prone and supine positions for whole-breast irradiation (WBI)...
  15. ncbi Supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL): 'in vogue' but in which position?
    Priyadarshi Kumar
    Endourology and Stone Services, Barts and The London NHS Trust, London, UK
    BJU Int 110:E1018-21. 2012
    ..The supine position offers a shorter operative duration with better access to the airway for the anaesthetist and also allows for ..
  16. ncbi Prospective assessment of optimal individual position (prone versus supine) for breast radiotherapy: volumetric and dosimetric correlations in 100 patients
    Stella C Lymberis
    Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University School of Medicine and Langone Medical Center, New York, New York 10016, USA
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 84:902-9. 2012
    ..We conducted a prospective study to evaluate which position is best to spare lung and heart from radiotherapy exposure...
  17. ncbi Prostate biopsy in the supine position in a standard 1.5-T scanner under real time MR-imaging control using a MR-compatible endorectal biopsy device
    K Engelhard
    Radiologische Abteilung, Krankenhaus Martha Maria, Stadenstr 59, 90491 Nürnberg, Germany
    Eur Radiol 16:1237-43. 2006
    ..5-T scanner in the supine position. After localization of suspected tumor areas using an endorectal coil and two body-phased array coils, the ..
  18. ncbi Postural changes in lung volumes and respiratory resistance in subjects with obesity
    R A Watson
    Respiratory Medicine National Heart and Lung Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom
    J Appl Physiol 98:512-7. 2005
    ..Rrs,mo at isovolume was increased. Further studies are needed to examine the causes of reduced TLC and increases in Rrs,mo and sometimes in Rnp in obese subjects...
  19. ncbi Prone versus supine positioning for whole and partial-breast radiotherapy: a comparison of non-target tissue dosimetry
    Anna M Kirby
    Department of Academic Radiotherapy, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton, UK
    Radiother Oncol 96:178-84. 2010
    ..To compare non-target tissue (including left-anterior-descending coronary-artery (LAD)) dosimetry of prone versus supine whole (WBI) and partial-breast irradiation (PBI)...
  20. ncbi Age dependency of cardiovascular autonomic responses to head-up tilt in healthy subjects
    Tomi Laitinen
    Department of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kuopio University, Kuopio University Hospital, Puijonlaaksontie 2, P O Box 1777, FIN 70211 Kuopio, Finland
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 96:2333-40. 2004
    ..Five-minute electrocardiogram and finger blood pressure recordings were performed in the supine position and in the upright position 5 min after 70 degrees HUT...
  21. pmc Effect of prone positioning on clinical outcomes in children with acute lung injury: a randomized controlled trial
    Martha A Q Curley
    Children s Hospital Boston, Medical Surgical Intensive Care Unit, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 294:229-37. 2005
    ..In uncontrolled clinical studies, prone positioning appeared to be safe and to improve oxygenation in pediatric patients with acute lung injury. However, the effect of prone positioning on clinical outcomes in children is not known...
  22. ncbi Reliability of a clinical test for deep cervical flexor endurance
    Lee E Olson
    Department of Physical Therapy, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Mich 49104 0420, USA
    J Manipulative Physiol Ther 29:134-8. 2006
    ..A need exists for reliable clinical tests of flexor endurance. This study determined intrarater and interrater reliability of such a test in persons without neck pain...
  23. ncbi Effect of prone positioning on the survival of patients with acute respiratory failure
    L Gattinoni
    Istituto di Anestesia e Rianimazione, Universita di Milano, Ospedale Maggiore di Milano, Milan, Italy
    N Engl J Med 345:568-73. 2001
    ..Although placing patients with acute respiratory failure in a prone (face down) position improves their oxygenation 60 to 70 percent of the time, the effect on survival is not known...
  24. ncbi Hypoxemia in inferior pulmonary veins in supine position is dependent on obesity
    Teiichi Yamane
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Jikei University School of Medicine, 3 25 8 Nishi shinbashi, Minato ku, Tokyo 105 8461, Japan
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 178:295-9. 2008
    ..Although arterial oxygen concentration decreases in obese subjects, the mechanism for this remains to be determined...
  25. ncbi Bilateral hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy (HARN) in the spread-eagle position for dialysis patients-low midline HARN in a completely supine position
    Chien Hui Ou
    Department of Urology, Medical College and Hospital, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
    Urology 77:363-7. 2011
    To evaluate the feasibility of hand-assisted bilateral retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy (HARN) in a completely supine position (spread-eagle position [SEP]) for dialysis patients with bilateral upper urinary tract tumors.
  26. ncbi The influence of sleep position and obesity on sleep apnea
    Y Itasaka
    Department of Otolaryngology, Akita University School of Medicine, Japan
    Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 54:340-1. 2000
    ..0% in good responders and 40.0% in poor responders. The ratio in the mild obese group was 51.8% in good responders and 66.7% in poor responders. In the obese group, the ratio was 59.4% in good responders and 78.9% in poor responders...
  27. ncbi Differential effect of head-up tilt on cardiovagal and sympathetic baroreflex sensitivity in humans
    D D O'Leary
    Neurovascular Research Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 3K7
    Exp Physiol 88:769-74. 2003
    ..01). Thus, HUT produced differential effects on cardiac versus sympathetic BRS. The data suggest that dynamic baroreflex-mediated cardiovascular control is dominated by sympathetic control during baroreceptor unloading...
  28. ncbi Modified supine versus prone position in percutaneous nephrolithotomy for renal stones treatable with a single percutaneous access: a prospective randomized trial
    Marco De Sio
    Clinica Urologica, Seconda Universita degli Studi, Naples, Italy
    Eur Urol 54:196-202. 2008
    ..To compare operative time, safety, and effectiveness of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the supine versus prone position in a prospective randomized trial...
  29. ncbi Laryngeal exposure during laryngoscopy is better in the 25 degrees back-up position than in the supine position
    B J Lee
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Kyung Hee University, East West Neo Medical Center, 149 Sangil dong Gangdong gu, Seoul 134 090, Korea
    Br J Anaesth 99:581-6. 2007
    ..Good visualization of the glottis is important for tracheal intubation. This study evaluated whether the 25 degrees back-up position improves the quality of the laryngeal view during laryngoscopy...
  30. ncbi Venous air embolism during awake craniotomy in a supine patient
    Mrinalini Balki
    Department of Anesthesia, The Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 50:835-8. 2003
    ..To report a non-fatal case of intraoperative venous air embolism (VAE) during an awake craniotomy. VAE presented with unusual clinical features...
  31. ncbi Hand assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy with the patient spread-eagled: an approach through a completely supine position
    Chien Hui Ou
    Department of Urology, College of Medicine and Hospital, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, Republic of China
    J Urol 180:1918-22; discussion 1922. 2008
    ..We evaluated the feasibility of hand assisted retroperitoneoscopic nephroureterectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract with the patient completely supine (spread-eagled)...
  32. ncbi Position: prone or supine is the issue of percutaneous nephrolithotomy
    Roberto Miano
    Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Policlinico Tor Vergata, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Endourol 24:931-8. 2010
    ..However, there is no consensus on which is the best position for percutaneous nephrolithotomy, and the choice is currently based on the surgeon's preference...
  33. ncbi A prospective study of intrafraction prostate motion in the prone vs. supine position
    Richard B Wilder
    Cancer Center of Irvine, Ste 130, Irvine, CA 92618, USA
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 77:165-70. 2010
    To prospectively analyze prostate intrafraction motion in the prone vs. supine position and to assess patient satisfaction with these two positions.
  34. ncbi Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the supine position: a neglected approach?
    Denby Steele
    Urology Unit, Department of Surgical Services, Royal Adelaide Hospital, South Australia
    J Endourol 21:1433-7. 2007
    The aim of the study was to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of single-stage percutaneous nephrolithotomy performed in the supine position.
  35. ncbi Supine position compared to other positions during the second stage of labor: a meta-analytic review
    A de jonge
    Department of General Practice and Social Medicine, Nijmegen University, The Netherlands
    J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol 25:35-45. 2004
    The routine use of the supine position during the second stage of labor can be considered to be an intervention in the natural course of labor. This study aimed to establish whether the continuation of this intervention is justified...
  36. ncbi 24-hour intraocular pressure of young healthy humans in supine position: rhythm and reproducibility
    Benjamin Mottet
    Joseph Fourier University, Grenoble, France
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 53:8186-91. 2012
    ..We evaluated the supine 24-hour IOP rhythm reproducibility over 6 weeks in healthy humans...
  37. ncbi Initial orthostatic hypotension and cerebral blood flow regulation: effect of α1-adrenoreceptor activity
    Nia C S Lewis
    Centre for Heart, Lung and Vascular Health, School of Health and Exercise Sciences, Development, University of British Columbia, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 304:R147-54. 2013
    ..Although the development of IOH is not influenced by the α(1)-adrenergic receptor pathway, this pathway is critical in the recovery from IOH to prevent cerebral hypoperfusion and ultimately syncope...
  38. pmc Bilateral hand-assisted laparoscopic renal surgery in the supine position: the spleen at risk
    James A Brown
    Division of Urology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA
    JSLS 15:27-31. 2011
    We evaluated the safety of simultaneous bilateral renal procedures performed using hand-assisted laparoscopy (HAL) with the patient in the supine position.
  39. ncbi Systematic review and meta-analysis of percutaneous nephrolithotomy for patients in the supine versus prone position
    Liangren Liu
    Department of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People s Republic of China
    J Endourol 24:1941-6. 2010
    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for patients in the supine position vs prone position.
  40. ncbi Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: does position matter? - prone, supine and variations
    Ranan Dasgupta
    Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK
    Curr Opin Urol 23:164-8. 2013
    ..of percutaneous renal stone surgery has recently seen an increasing number undergoing surgery in the supine position rather than just the classical prone technique...
  41. ncbi MRI- versus CT-based volume delineation of lumpectomy cavity in supine position in breast-conserving therapy: an exploratory study
    Marina Giezen
    Radiotherapy Center West, Medical Center Haaglanden, The Hague, The Netherlands
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 82:1332-40. 2012
    ..To examine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) for lumpectomy cavity (LC) volume delineation in supine radiotherapy treatment position and to assess the interobserver variability...
  42. ncbi Differences in blood pressure by body position (supine, Fowler's, and sitting) in hypertensive subjects
    Giancarlo Cicolini
    Department of Medicine and Science of Aging, University G d Annunzio of Chieti, Chieti, Italy
    Am J Hypertens 24:1073-9. 2011
    ..We performed a cross-sectional study to compare BP values obtained in supine, sitting, and Fowler's positions in essential hypertensive subjects...
  43. ncbi Goal directed reaching and postural control in supine position in healthy infants
    B Fallang
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo College, Pilestredet 52, 0167, Oslo, Norway
    Behav Brain Res 115:9-18. 2000
    The present study focussed on the development and interaction of reaching and posture in supine position in young infants...
  44. ncbi A prospective, randomised controlled trial comparing the efficacy of pre-oxygenation in the 20 degrees head-up vs supine position
    S Lane
    Intensive Care, St George s Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Anaesthesia 60:1064-7. 2005
    ..CI) apnoea time was 386 (343-429) s in the 20 degrees head-up position (n = 17) vs 283 (243-322) s in the supine position (n = 18; p = 0.002)...
  45. ncbi Biventricular response to supine physical exercise in young adults assessed with ultrafast magnetic resonance imaging
    A A Roest
    Department of Radiology, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands
    Am J Cardiol 87:601-5. 2001
    ..The results fit well with current concepts of cardiac physiology, and therefore we conclude that ergometer-induced exercise MRI is a valid approach to assess physiologic changes in LV and RV function simultaneously...
  46. ncbi Effects of a mononitrate, a beta1-blocker and a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker on cardiovascular responsiveness to passive orthostasis: a placebo-controlled double-blind study in normotensive volunteers
    Ritva Ylitalo
    Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Tampere Medical School, Tampere, Finland
    Arzneimittelforschung 55:160-6. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the influences of antianginal drugs such as mononitrate, beta-blocker and calcium channel blocker on cardiovascular responsiveness to orthostasis...
  47. ncbi Local setup reproducibility of the spinal column when using intensity-modulated radiation therapy for craniospinal irradiation with patient in supine position
    Eva Maria Stoiber
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 81:1552-9. 2011
    ....
  48. ncbi A randomized crossover study to determine the effect of a 30° head-up versus a supine position on the functional residual capacity of term parturients
    Rachel Hignett
    Department of Anesthesia, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Anesth Analg 113:1098-102. 2011
    ..which acts as an oxygen reservoir, is reduced from the second trimester onwards and is exacerbated in the supine position. Mechanisms to increase FRC may delay the onset of hypoxemia during periods of apnea...
  49. ncbi Efficacy of the 'tennis ball technique' versus nCPAP in the management of position-dependent obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome
    Margot A Skinner
    Respiratory Research Unit, Dunedin School of Medicine, School of Physiotherapy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Respirology 13:708-15. 2008
    Avoidance of sleep in the supine position is recommended in the management of position-dependent OSA hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS)...
  50. ncbi [Treatment of obstructive sleep apnea with a new vest preventing the supine position]
    J T Maurer
    Schlafmedizinisches Zentrum, Universitätsklinik für Hals, Nasen und Ohrenheilkunde, Mannheim
    Dtsch Med Wochenschr 128:71-5. 2003
    Prevention of the supine position has for decades been a well known treatment option in positional obstructive sleep apnea...
  51. ncbi Effect of postural change on nasal airway and autonomic nervous system established by rhinomanometry and heart rate variability analysis
    Jen Hung Ko
    Department of Otolaryngology, Taipei City Hospital, and Institute of Brain Science, Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Am J Rhinol 22:159-65. 2008
    Clinically, nasal obstruction is experienced frequently in the supine position, and the nasal autonomic nervous system (ANS) may be involved in the mechanism. The central ANS functions at maintaining cardiovascular hemodynamics...
  52. ncbi B(0) homogeneity throughout the monkey brain is strongly improved in the sphinx position as compared to the supine position
    Julien Valette
    Comissariat à l Energie Atomique, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, 4 Place du General Leclerc, 91401 Orsay, France
    J Magn Reson Imaging 23:408-12. 2006
    ..the monkey brain in the two positions commonly used for NMR studies (the prone sphinx position and the supine position) in order to test the hypothesis that B(0) homogeneity in the sphinx position is significantly improved as ..
  53. ncbi Pulmonary gas trapping increases in asthmatic children and adolescents in the supine position
    Per M Gustafsson
    Department of Pediatric Clinical Physiology, Queen Silvia Children s Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    Pediatr Pulmonol 36:34-42. 2003
    ..multiple-breath N(2)-washout in the sitting position and immediately, 30 min, and 60 min after assuming the supine position. The asthma group also performed the same lung function tests on another day, but then remained in the ..
  54. ncbi Extraperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy in the supine position for impacted ureteral stones
    Toru Kanno
    Department of Urology, Kitano Hospital, The Tazuke Kofukai Medical Research Institute, Osaka, Japan
    Urology 67:828-9. 2006
    We describe initial experiences with extraperitoneal laparoscopic ureterolithotomy in the supine position. This method can provide adequate working space without the risk of mechanical bowel injury and nerve stretching specific to the ..
  55. ncbi Three-dimensional photon dosimetry: a comparison of treatment of the intact breast in the supine and prone position
    Katherine L Griem
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Rush Presbyterian St Luke s Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 57:891-9. 2003
    ..To compare the adequacy of target coverage, dose homogeneity, and volume of normal tissue irradiated in treatment of the intact breast in the supine and prone position...
  56. ncbi Effect of posture on the thermal efficiency of a plastic bag wrapping in neonate: assessment using a thermal "sweating" mannequin
    Khalid Belghazi
    DMAG EA 3901 INERIS, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de Picardie Jules Verne, 3 rue des Louvels, F 80036 Amiens Cedex 1, France
    Med Phys 33:637-44. 2006
    ..When the bag is present, the uncovered surface of the head accounts for about 50% of the total heat loss. This simple and inexpensive solution can be used to prevent thermal stress and dehydration in very small premature neonates...
  57. ncbi [The significance of body posture on breathing abnormalities during sleep: data analysis of 2077 obstructive sleep apnea patients]
    Arie Oksenberg
    Sleep Disorders Unit, Loewenstein Hospital Rehabilitation Center, Raanana
    Harefuah 148:304-9, 351, 350. 2009
    ....
  58. pmc Accurate position monitoring and improved supine-dependent obstructive sleep apnea with a new position recording and supine avoidance device
    James J Bignold
    Adelaide Institute for Sleep Health, Repatriation General Hospital, Daw Park, Adelaide, South Australia
    J Clin Sleep Med 7:376-83. 2011
    ..This study evaluated the efficacy of a novel, potentially more acceptable position monitor and supine-avoidance device for managing supine-predominant OSA and snoring...
  59. ncbi Factors affecting operative time during percutaneous nephrolithotomy: our experience with the complete supine position
    Siavash Falahatkar
    Urology Research Center, Razi Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Science, Rasht, I R Iran
    J Endourol 25:1831-6. 2011
    ..We investigated variables that affect operative time during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) with the complete supine position.
  60. ncbi Intraoperative fluoroscopy for evaluation of bony resection during arthroscopic management of femoroacetabular impingement in the supine position
    Christopher M Larson
    Minnesota Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Institute and Twin Cities Orthopedics, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Arthroscopy 25:1183-92. 2009
    ..We describe a predictable and reproducible fluoroscopic method for performing and verifying appropriate bony resection of pincer and cam lesions in an attempt to help minimize the risk of under- and over-resection...
  61. pmc Treatment outcomes of mandibular advancement devices in positional and nonpositional OSA patients
    Jin Woo Chung
    Department of Oral Medicine and Oral Diagnosis, School of Dentistry and Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 109:724-31. 2010
    ..The aim of the study was to investigate treatment outcome of mandibular advancement devices (MADs) for positional and nonpositional obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
  62. ncbi Reliability of intrabladder pressure measurement in intensive care
    Melanie Horbal Shuster
    West Penn Allegheny Health System, Allegheny Center for Digestive Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    Am J Crit Care 19:e29-39; quiz e40. 2010
    ..The reliability of intrabladder pressure measurements obtained in nonsupine patients is unknown...
  63. ncbi Compartmental analysis of breathing in the supine and prone positions by optoelectronic plethysmography
    A Aliverti
    Dipartimento di Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
    Ann Biomed Eng 29:60-70. 2001
    ..In the prone position we found a different chest wall volume distribution between pulmonary and abdominal rib cage (22.1% +/- 8.6% and 24.4% +/- 6.8%, respectively) compared with the supine position (23.3% +/- 9.3% and 13.6% +/- 13.0%).
  64. ncbi Effect of sleep position and sleep stage on the collapsibility of the upper airways in patients with sleep apnea
    T Penzel
    Department of Medicine, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany
    Sleep 24:90-5. 2001
    ..As a consequence lower nCPAP pressure is needed during lateral positions compared to supine positions...
  65. ncbi Postural adjustments in preterm infants at 4 and 6 months post-term during voluntary reaching in supine position
    Bjorg Fallang
    Oslo University College, Health Sciences, Physiotherapy Programme, Pilestredet 52, 0167 Oslo, Norway
    Pediatr Res 54:826-33. 2003
    ..We concluded that "still" postural behavior is an adequate postural strategy of preterm infants. But it might be that this postural behavior is an indicator of later dysfunction...
  66. ncbi Are there inequalities in choice of birthing position? Sociodemographic and labour factors associated with the supine position during the second stage of labour
    Ank De Jonge
    Department of General Practice, Women Studies Medicine, University Medical Centre St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Midwifery 25:439-48. 2009
    ..to establish which factors are associated with birthing positions throughout the second stage of labour and at the time of birth...
  67. ncbi Effects of gender and posture on thoraco-abdominal kinematics during quiet breathing in healthy adults
    M Romei
    IRCCS E Medea, Bosisio Parini LC, Italy
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 172:184-91. 2010
    ..during quiet breathing in five different postures from seated (with and without back support) to supine position. Chest wall kinematics and breathing pattern were significantly influenced by position and gender...
  68. ncbi [Efficacy and longterm compliance of the vest preventing the supine position in patients with obstructive sleep apnea]
    S Wenzel
    Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik für Hals, Nasen und Ohrenheilkunde, Universitat Ulm
    Laryngorhinootologie 86:579-83. 2007
    Treating the positional obstructive sleep apnea with a vest preventing the supine position is well known to be riskless and inexpensive...
  69. ncbi The anatomic relationship of the sciatic nerve to the lesser trochanter: implications for anterior sciatic nerve block
    Marty L Ericksen
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84132, USA
    Anesth Analg 95:1071-4, table of contents. 2002
    ..sciatic nerve to the lesser trochanter, we analyzed magnetic resonance scans performed on 20 patients in the supine position. After IRB approval, magnetic resonance scans of the hip and proximal femur were reviewed in 20 supine ..
  70. ncbi Ultrasound-guided anterior approach to sciatic nerve block: a comparison with the posterior approach
    Junichi Ota
    Department of Anesthesiology, Shimane University School of Medicine, 89 1, Enya cho, Izumo City, 693 8501, Japan
    Anesth Analg 108:660-5. 2009
    ..In this study, we evaluated the clinical use of the ultrasound-guided anterior approach to sciatic nerve block and compared this approach with the posterior approach in adults...
  71. ncbi A new anterior approach to the sciatic nerve block
    J E Chelly
    Department of Anesthesiology, The University of Texas Medical School Houston, 77030 1503, USA
    Anesthesiology 91:1655-60. 1999
    Although several anterior approaches to sciatic nerve block have been described, they are used infrequently. The authors describe a new anterior approach that allows access to the sciatic nerve with the patient in the supine position.
  72. ncbi Capacitive sensing of electrocardiographic potential through cloth from the dorsal surface of the body in a supine position: a preliminary study
    Akinori Ueno
    Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Tokyo Denki University, Ishizaka, Hatoyama machi, Saitama 350 0394, Japan
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 54:759-66. 2007
    ..Although there is still room for improvement in terms of practical use, the proposed method appears promising for application to bedding as a noninvasive and awareness-free method for ECG monitoring...
  73. ncbi Hypotension following combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia for Caesarean section. Left lateral position vs. tilted supine position
    C Mendonca
    Department of Anaesthesia, Walsgarave Hospital, Coventry, UK
    Anaesthesia 58:428-31. 2003
    ..Caesarean section were randomly allocated either to the full left lateral position (n = 45) or to the supine position with 12 degrees left lateral tilt (n = 42) after a combined spinal-epidural (CSE) in the sitting position and ..
  74. ncbi Pathophysiology of prone positioning in the healthy lung and in ALI/ARDS
    P Pelosi
    Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Biologiche, Universita dell Insubria, Servizio di Anestesia e Rianimazione B, Ospedale di Circolo, Fondazione Macchi, Viale Borri 57, 21100 Varese, Italy
    Minerva Anestesiol 67:238-47. 2001
    ..The overall mortality at ICU discharge was 51% and the ICU stay was similar in survivors and non survivors (17.8 +/- 11.6 vs 17.8 +/- 11.4 days)...
  75. ncbi Lower pulmonary diffusing capacity in the prone vs. supine posture
    G Peces-Barba
    Pulmonary Department, Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, Universidad Autonoma, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    J Appl Physiol 96:1937-42. 2004
    ....
  76. pmc Human cerebral venous outflow pathway depends on posture and central venous pressure
    J Gisolf
    Department of Physiology, Room M01 07, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Physiol 560:317-27. 2004
    ..vertebral plexus containing a resistance, showed blood flow mainly through the internal jugular veins in the supine position, but mainly through the vertebral plexus in the upright position...
  77. ncbi Evaluation by ventilation and perfusion scintigraphy in patients who developed postural hypoxemia in the supine position
    S Tominaga
    Department of Internal Medicine, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital, Chiba, Japan
    Ann Nucl Med 12:249-54. 1998
    ..perfusion scintigraphy were performed in 7 patients in whom postural change from the sitting position to the supine position decreased partial oxygen pressure in arteries (PaO2) by 15 mmHg or more. Six of these 7 patients were obese...
  78. ncbi Lower intracuff pressure of laryngeal mask airway in the lateral and prone positions compared with that in the supine position
    Toshiyuki Yano
    Division of Anesthesia, Kumamoto Kinoh Hospital, 6 8 1 Yamamuro, Kumamoto 860 8518, Japan
    J Anesth 22:312-6. 2008
    ..intracuff pressure (ICP) of a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) in the lateral and prone positions with that in the supine position. One hundred and eight patients, weighing 50-70 kg, scheduled for elective orthopedic and plastic surgery, ..
  79. ncbi Extraperitoneal laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in supine position after chemotherapy for advanced testicular carcinoma
    Isao Hara
    Division of Urology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7 5 1, Kusunoki cho, Chuo Ku, Kobe 650 0017, Japan
    Int J Urol 11:934-9. 2004
    To evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of extraperitoneal laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) in the supine position after chemotherapy for advanced testicular carcinoma.
  80. ncbi A multicenter trial of prolonged prone ventilation in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Jordi Mancebo
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine and Epidemiology, Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:1233-9. 2006
    ..Whether it is beneficial to administer prone ventilation early, and for longer periods of time, is unknown...
  81. ncbi Cardiovascular function in pregnancy: effects of posture
    R Del Bene
    Cardiovascular Echography Section, Careggi Hospital, Italy
    BJOG 108:344-52. 2001
    ..RESULTS: Cardiac output (supine position) significantly increased (28%): it reached its maximum at the second trimester, remained steadily elevated in ..
  82. ncbi [An transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and X-ray study of cervical vertigo patients treated by manipulation in supine position]
    Li Chen
    Centre of Rehabilitation, Naval Convalescent Hospital of People s Liberation Army, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province 310000, China
    Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao 1:262-4. 2003
    To observe the transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and X-ray changes of cervical vertigo patients caused by cervical instability before and after the manipulation treatment in supine position.
  83. ncbi Mechanisms of blood pressure and heart rate variability: an insight from low-level paraplegia
    Paolo Castiglioni
    Centro di Bioingegneria, Fondazione Don C Gnocchi ONLUS IRCCS, Via Capecelatro 66, 20135 Milano, Italy
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 292:R1502-9. 2007
    ..In conclusion, the disappearance of the 10-s oscillation of heart rate and blood pressure in subjects with spinal cord lesion supports the hypothesis of the baroreflex nature of this phenomenon...
  84. ncbi Prone positioning improves oxygenation in post-traumatic lung injury--a prospective randomized trial
    Gregor Voggenreiter
    Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Mannheim, 68135 Mannheim, Germany
    J Trauma 59:333-41; discussion 341-3. 2005
    In a prospective randomized trial the effect of prone positioning on the duration of mechanical ventilation was evaluated in multiple trauma patients and was compared with patients ventilated in supine position.
  85. ncbi Pulmonary perfusion in supine and prone positions: an electron-beam computed tomography study
    A T Jones
    Unit of Critical Care, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College School of Medicine, Royal Brompton Hospital, London SW3 6NP, United Kingdom
    J Appl Physiol 90:1342-8. 2001
    ..The influence of nongravitational factors may not be detectable if techniques that sample large tissue volumes are employed...
  86. ncbi Vertebral fracture assessment in supine position: comparison by using conventional semiquantitative radiography and visual radiography
    Ilone C Hospers
    Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, PO Box 30001, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
    Radiology 251:822-8. 2009
    ..evaluate the accuracy of vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) performed with the patient in the supine position and conventional semiquantitative radiography of the spine by using conventional visual radiography of the ..
  87. ncbi Patients with baseline hypoxemia demonstrate more desaturation during bronchoscopy at supine position
    A N Mirci
    Respir Med 96:287. 2002
  88. ncbi Coverage of axillary lymph nodes in supine vs. prone breast radiotherapy
    Michelle Alonso-Basanta
    Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 73:745-51. 2009
    ..To compare the dosimetry of target and normal tissue when tangents with the breast tissue were applied in a subset of breast cancer patients who had undergone computed tomography (CT) planning both supine and prone...
  89. ncbi Sigh in supine and prone position during acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Paolo Pelosi
    Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Biologiche, Universita degli Studi dell Insubria, Ospedale di Circolo, Fondazione Macchi, Varese
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 167:521-7. 2003
    ..82, p < 0.001). We conclude that adding a recruitment maneuver such as cyclical sighs during ventilation in the prone position may provide optimal lung recruitment in the early stage of ARDS...
  90. pmc An updated study-level meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials on proning in ARDS and acute lung injury
    Fekri Abroug
    ICU CHU F, Bourguiba, 1st June 1955 Str, University of Monastir, Monastir 5000, Tunisia
    Crit Care 15:R6. 2011
    ..We updated a meta-analysis on this topic...
  91. ncbi Enhanced vagal withdrawal during mild orthostatic stress in adolescents with chronic fatigue
    Vegard Bruun Wyller
    Department of Pediatrics, Rikshospitalet Radiumhospitalet Medical Center, Oslo, Norway
    Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 13:67-73. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate autonomic heart rate control during mild orthostatic stress in adolescents with CFS...
  92. ncbi Effects of systematic prone positioning in hypoxemic acute respiratory failure: a randomized controlled trial
    Claude Guerin
    Service de Reanimation Medicale, Hopital de la Croix Rousse, Lyon, France
    JAMA 292:2379-87. 2004
    ..A recent trial showed that placing patients with acute lung injury in the prone position did not increase survival; however, whether those results hold true for patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure (ARF) is unclear...
  93. ncbi Effect of prone and supine position on sleep, apneas, and arousal in preterm infants
    Ravindra Y Bhat
    Division of Asthma, Allergy, and Lung Biology, King s College London School of Medicine at Guy s King s College and St Thomas Hospitals, London, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 118:101-7. 2006
    ....
  94. ncbi [Percutaneous, 2D-fluoroscopic navigated iliosacral screw placement in the supine position: technique, possibilities, and limits]
    D Briem
    Universitäts Klinikum Hamburg Eppendorf, Zentrum für Operative Medizin, Klinik und Poliklinik für Unfall, Hand und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Martinistr 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany
    Unfallchirurg 110:393-401. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibilities and limits of a 2D-fluoroscopic navigated procedure used for this indication...
  95. ncbi Supine position with alternating inflation pneumatic cuffs in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for bilateral pneumothorax
    Pei Ming Huang
    Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 129:437-9. 2005
  96. ncbi Measurement of vertebral rotation in standing versus supine position in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
    M Yazici
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
    J Pediatr Orthop 21:252-6. 2001
    ..72 degrees and was observed to be corrected spontaneously to 39.42 degrees while the patients were in supine position (29.78% correction). Average apical rotation according to Perdriolle was 22...
  97. ncbi Torsional vestibulo-ocular reflex during whole-body oscillation in the upright and the supine position. I. Responses in healthy human subjects
    A Schmid-Priscoveanu
    Department of Neurology, Zurich University Hospital, Switzerland
    Exp Brain Res 134:212-9. 2000
    ..The subjects were oscillated in upright or supine position in complete darkness over a similarly wide range of frequencies (0.05-1...
  98. ncbi Is the supine position as safe and effective as the prone position for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography? A prospective randomized study
    V Terruzzi
    Gastrointestinal Unit, Ospedale Valduce, Como, Italy
    Endoscopy 37:1211-4. 2005
    ..The supine position, however, may be more comfortable for the patient and may facilitate airway management, and this study aimed ..
  99. pmc Changes in aortic blood flow induced by passive leg raising predict fluid responsiveness in critically ill patients
    A Lafanechère
    Medical Intensive Care Unit, Cochin Hospital, APHP, Universite Paris Descartes, 27, rue du Faubourg Saint Jacques, 75679 Paris Cedex 14, France
    Crit Care 10:R132. 2006
    ..Considering passive leg raising (PLR) as a reversible volume expansion (VE), we compared the relative abilities of PLR-induced ABF variations, LVETc and respiratory pulsed pressure variations (DeltaPP) to predict fluid responsiveness...
  100. ncbi Latent mobility of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures
    Fergus McKiernan
    Center for Bone Diseases, Department of Orthopedic Spine Surgery, Marshfield Clinic, 1000 North Oak, Marshfield, Wisconsin 54449, USA
    J Vasc Interv Radiol 17:1479-87. 2006
    ..To describe the property of latent mobility in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) and discuss its clinical significance...
  101. ncbi Dosimetric and toxicity comparison between prone and supine position IMRT for endometrial cancer
    Sushil Beriwal
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 67:485-9. 2007
    To determine the dosimetric and toxicity differences between prone and supine position intensity-modulate radiotherapy in endometrial cancer patients treated with adjuvant radiotherapy.

Research Grants66

  1. Effect of Prone Position on Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury
    Guido Musch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tidal volume is used to test the hypothesis that the prone position allows for higher tidal volumes than the supine position without augmenting neutrophil activation in a pre-injured lung...
  2. Improving the Self-Efficacy of African American Parents in Infant Supine Sleep
    Kathryn L Moseley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..African American parents are less likely than non-Hispanic White parents to place their infant to sleep in a supine position. African American infants also die of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) at rates 2-3 times greater than non-..
  3. Circuit Weight Training and Blood Pressure Regulation in Prehypertension
    William Cooke; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..sphygmomanometer, and the average systolic and diastolic pressures will be recorded; 2) with subjects in the supine position, muscle sympathetic nerve activity will be measured directly using the microneurography technique, and blood ..
  4. ORTHOSTATIC HYPOTENSION IN OLDER PERSONS
    JEANNE WEI; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..As a result of noncompliant arteries, arterial pressure rises excessively in the supine position, leading to pressure diuresis and natriuresis, with consequent slight relative hypovolemia...
  5. Treatment of Motor Function and Balance- A New Tool
    Lars Oddsson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..upright balance function improves after training in a 90 deg tilted visual environment with the subject in a supine position strapped to a device (freely moving on air-bearings, cf...
  6. AGING, GENES AND SALT SENSITIVITY IN HIGH RISK FAMILIES
    Gregory Harshfield; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..regulation of the RAS on a high salt diet leading to impairment of fluid homeostasis and BP control in the supine position. This will be associated with genetic polymorphisms associated with the RAS...
  7. HOLOGIC QDR 4500A XRAY BONE DENSITOMETER
    Christine Snow; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Densitometer, a state-of-the-art system that provides fast (5-30 sec), fan-beam spine/hip capability in the supine position, with over four times the throughput of the QDR-1000/W system it will replace...
  8. OBJECTIVE MEASUREMENT OF PRESSURE SORE RISK
    Kathleen Baldwin; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Pressure-induced, transitory circulatory impairment will be accomplished by placing the subject in the supine position in bed for 2 hours...
  9. Biomarkers of hyperthermia in sudden infant death
    David Jardine; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In the last 15 years, SIDS deaths have decreased following recommendations that infants be placed in the supine position for sleeping...
  10. POSTURAL HYPOTENSION, AUTONOMIC FUNCTION AND AGING
    Scott Mader; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Blood will be collected in the supine position and after 5 minutes of upright posture for norepinephrine levels and blood cells...
  11. SLEEP CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS ACTIVITY AND THE HEART
    Christian Guilleminault; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..This investigation will involve the roles of sleep states, sleep stages, inactivity, the supine position, and the placement of sleep in the 24-hour cycle on the occurrence of the ectopies...
  12. SAFE TRANSPORT OF LOW-BIRTHWEIGHT NEONATES
    Michael Walsh; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..is an immediate need for a car bed for this infant population to allow them to be transported in the prone of supine position. During a previous SBIR Phase I contract with the Department of Transportation (DOT), Hartley Associates, Inc...
  13. COORDINATION OF SITTING UP
    Paul Cordo; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Neurologically normal human subjects will sit up from a supine position. In sit-ups, two-thirds of the body weight in head and trunk must be lifted, and because of this weight ..
  14. Circulatory Dysfunction in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
    Julian Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  15. Detecting Endothelial Dysfunction in Renal Failure
    Julian Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These data will form the basis of future noninvasive prognostic testing and treatment of patients at risk for ECD and can provide a means to follow treatment modalities. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Autonomic Reactivity During Sleep Position Thermal Stress
    Rakesh Sahni; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our long term goal is to develop screening tests for infants at risk for SIDS. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. NEONATAL CARBOHYDRATE INTAKE AND HEALTH AT 7-8 YEARS
    Rakesh Sahni; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Demonstration that significant changes in these variables are linked to early CHO intake would provide important evidence linking early nutritional practices and vulnerability to adult onset diseases. ..
  18. REGULATION OF INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE AND OCULAR BLOOD FLOW
    John Liu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..New knowledge of ocular blood flow and lOP in patients would have implications for the better diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma. ..
  19. Causes and Consequences of Hyperkyphosis in Older Women
    Deborah Kado; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This cost-effective and innovative use of an existing data set is likely to produce the first systematic analyses of this common condition. ..
  20. Laser acceleration of protons for radiation therapy
    Dale Litzenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This research will conduct the first critical step in determining if the cost can be dramatically reduced through the use of new acceleration technology. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Engineering Approach to the Ventilatory Pump
    ALADIN BORIEK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The completion of these aims will significantly enhance our fundamental understanding of the ventilatory pump function in health and disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Effects of lung water on mechanics and blood flow
    Angela Henderson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Novel Strategies Targeting Acute Exacerbation of COPD
    Richard Albert; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This information will, at the same time, also provide information regarding the pathobiology of COPD exacerbations. ..
  24. Lung Perfusion Heterogeneity and Mechanisms of Edema
    Susan R Hopkins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Physiology of Respiratory Muscle Micromechanics
    ALADIN BORIEK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The completion of these aims will significantly contribute to the fundamental understanding of mechanical signal transduction in the respiratory pump. ..
  26. The Effect of Pulmonary Interstitial Edema on Gas Exchange
    G Prisk; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..3) Define and quantify the relationship between alterations in the heterogeneity of pulmonary blood flow and lung water content using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and X-ray techniques. ..
  27. DYNAMICS OF ALVEOLAR RECRUITMENT IN LUNG INJURY
    Robert Harris; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..SA3 will compare local measurements of recruitment by PET with the global measures of recruitment by NO uptake kinetics and lung mechanics. ..
  28. Deposition of 0.5 to 2 Micron Aerosol in the Human Lung
    G Prisk; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..5 to 1 micron). Such information will provide a much-improved basis for the assessment of exposure to small inhaled particles both in long duration spaceflight and on Earth. ..
  29. New Approach to Detect CP and Brain Injury by Term Age
    RONALD ARIAGNO; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..It is essential to discover a new approach to identify brain injury early, before it will be possible to effectively investigate interventions that can improve neurological outcome of these high risk very premature infants. ..
  30. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM MECHANICS
    ALADIN BORIEK; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  31. Prospective Investigation for Pulmonary Embolism Dx III
    Paul Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. PROSPECTIVE INVESTIGATION OF PULMONARY EMBOLISM DX-II
    Paul Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..4) The team of investigators is strong, and has collaborated previously in successful research in PE. ..
  33. Effects of Sleep Fragmentation on Adult Neurogenesis
    DENNIS J MCGINTY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Chronic sleep fragmentation and restriction are common to these conditions. ..
  34. Outcomes in congenital toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis
    Ruth Gilbert; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Nursing Support: Better Infant Outcomes in Violent Homes
    Linda Bullock; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Results of the proposed study will provide evidence regarding the effectiveness of a nursing intervention that targets vulnerable mothers and improves their infants' social, emotional, and cognitive well-being. ..
  36. Sleep/Wake Contiuum in Lewy Body Disease
    Donald L Bliwise; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed work will also provide important clinical insights into disease correlates and disease course across the broad spectrum of Parkinsonism. ..
  37. ADAPTATION OF SENESCENT MUSCLE TO EXERCISE TRAINING
    Todd Trappe; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  38. Bionic Baroreflex System for Blood Pressure Control
    Andre Diedrich; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A Phase II study would involve studies in animals and in patients with MSA to determine the long-term efficacy of the bionic baroreflex system in improving blood pressure control...
  39. NEW METHOD TO IDENTIFY UNILATERAL VESTIBULAR DYSFUNCTION
    Robert Peterka; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Experimental results from subjects with different levels of partial unilateral vestibular loss will determine the effectiveness and reliability of the proposed new rotation test. ..
  40. Predictors of Agitation in the Critically III
    RUTH BURK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..After identification of the risk factors and predictors of agitation, an evaluative tool can be developed to alert caretakers to the possibility of agitation, and interventions can be implemented before agitation occurs. ..
  41. Regional Hypoxic Pulmonary Vasoconstriction
    MICHAEL HLASTALA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results of the research will provide a more detailed understanding of the local and cellular mechanisms responsible for HPVR heterogeneity and mechanisms of development of disease in the mammalian lung. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Sedation Effects in Mechanically Ventilated Patients
    Mary Jo Grap; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. XYLITOL FOR ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA PROPHYLAXIS
    Louis Vernacchio; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A preliminary estimate of the effect size of xylitol treatment from the pilot RCT will suggest whether the effect if sufficiently large to warrant a large formal RCT to be proposed. ..
  44. INTERVENTIONS FOR SCI SHOULDER FUNCTION IN WHEELCHAIRS
    Sara Mulroy; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Statistical significance of the findings will be determined by repeated measures MANOVA analyses with grouping factors for SCI level and exercise/control groups. ..
  45. Development of a Novel Gas Embolotherapy Technique
    JOSEPH BULL; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed research is an essential first step in developing this potentially revolutionary technique. ..
  46. Proteome Mapping of Heart Failure in Aging
    MARVIN BOLUYT; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Identification of proteins involved in aldosterone signaling will lead to the development of new hypotheses for future grant proposals addressing their roles in the development of heart failure in the elderly. ..
  47. MII to characterize reflux in Barrett's esophagus
    Donald Castell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  48. Biomarkers of Aging in the Bay Area Sleep Cohort
    Donald Bliwise; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Preventing pressure ulcers using a new sitting concept
    Mohsen Makhsous; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Furthermore, we will perform extensive testing to optimize user function, while maximizing safety ..
  50. Electrocorticographic Study of Categorical Phoneme Perception in the Human Tempor
    Edward Chang; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. SLEEP CONTROL BY THERMOSENSITIVE NEURONS
    Dennis McGinty; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These studies will provide a new model of interactions of NREM and REM sleep mechanisms and will contribute to the understanding of human diseases including narcolepsy and affective disorder in which NREM-REM coupling is disordered. ..
  52. Reducing Low-back Disorders Using a New Sitting Design
    Mohsen Makhsous; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Polysomnographic Assessment of Alternative Treatment
    Donald Bliwise; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Immunomodulatory Effects of Mechanical Ventilation
    WILLIAM ALTEMEIER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  55. MENTORED PATIENT ORIENTED RESEARCH CAREER DEVELOPMENT AW
    George Mansoor; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will provide information that will be important if clinical trials targeting nocturnal BP are to be designed. ..
  56. Noninvasive Measurements of Intracranial Pressure
    Noam Alperin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..3. Quantify and demonstrate improved reproducibility of the volumetric flow rates and the resulting ICP values. ..
  57. Interaction torques in voluntary turning and reaching
    James R Lackner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The experimental findings and analyses will provide a comprehensive evaluation of the role of feedforward predictive mechanisms in the control of reaching movements involving body rotation. ..
  58. Comparison of Risk Factors for SIDS and Other Sudden Unexpected Deaths in Infancy
    FERN HAUCK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury:Mechanisms & Consequences
    Scott Sinclair; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Aim 3A: Document cyclical airway collapse and reopening via changes in regional ventilation distribution. Aim 3B: Validate a method to estimate appropriate PEEP level to prevent cyclical airway collapse. ..
  60. 3D CT Cephalometrics and Family History in Sleep Apnea
    Reyes Enciso; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The 5th year's focus will be on report and grant writing. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Prevention of Neck Injuries in Older Adults During Rear Motor Vehicle Collsions
    PAUL IVANCIC; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed project will provide important research-based data that may form the basis for future safety standards and help to decrease the frequency and severity of neck injuries in older adults, thus benefiting society. ..
  62. Computer Surgical Simulation for Craniofacial Surgery
    James Xia; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In the United States each year, a significant number of patients undergo reconstructive surgery for these types of defects and deformities. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. Skin Cooling to Improve Orthostatic Tolerance
    CRAIG CRANDALL; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  64. Oxidative Stress and Vascular Function in Chronic Kidney Disease
    David Edwards; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Understanding these mechanisms may aid in the evaluation of therapies aimed at improving vascular function in chronic kidney disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. Neural and non-neural modulators of skin blood flow and sweating in humans
    CRAIG CRANDALL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..e. diabetes, heart failure, etc) and non-disease (i.e. aging) conditions. ..