Summary: The position of the limbs or the carriage of the body as a whole. (Stedman, 25th ed.)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Posture control, aging, and attention resources: models and posture-analysis methods
    M Lacour
    UMR 6149, Pole 3C, Centre de St Charles, CNRS, Universite de Provence, Case B, 3, Place Victor Hugo, 13331 Marseille Cedex 03, France
    Neurophysiol Clin 38:411-21. 2008
  2. ncbi Role of low energy expenditure and sitting in obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease
    Marc T Hamilton
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Diabetes 56:2655-67. 2007
  3. ncbi Occupational sitting and health risks: a systematic review
    Jannique G Z van Uffelen
    School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 39:379-88. 2010
  4. ncbi Sensorimotor integration in human postural control
    R J Peterka
    Neurological Sciences Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97006, USA
    J Neurophysiol 88:1097-118. 2002
  5. ncbi Attention and the control of posture and gait: a review of an emerging area of research
    Marjorie Woollacott
    Department of Exercise and Movement Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Gait Posture 16:1-14. 2002
  6. pmc The validation of a novel activity monitor in the measurement of posture and motion during everyday activities
    P M Grant
    Glasgow Caledonian University, School of Health and Social Care, Glasgow, UK
    Br J Sports Med 40:992-7. 2006
  7. ncbi Neuromechanics of muscle synergies for posture and movement
    Lena H Ting
    W H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30332 0535, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 17:622-8. 2007
  8. ncbi Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire: description and basic qualities
    V H Hildebrandt
    TNO Work and Employment, AS Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    Ergonomics 44:1038-55. 2001
  9. ncbi Interindividual variation in posture allocation: possible role in human obesity
    James A Levine
    Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Science 307:584-6. 2005
  10. ncbi The uncontrolled manifold concept: identifying control variables for a functional task
    J P Scholz
    Physical Therapy Department, McKinly Laboratory, University of Delaware, Newark 19716, USA
    Exp Brain Res 126:289-306. 1999

Detail Information

Publications403 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Posture control, aging, and attention resources: models and posture-analysis methods
    M Lacour
    UMR 6149, Pole 3C, Centre de St Charles, CNRS, Universite de Provence, Case B, 3, Place Victor Hugo, 13331 Marseille Cedex 03, France
    Neurophysiol Clin 38:411-21. 2008
    ..on the stabilogram-diffusion analysis and the wavelet transform are proposed as better approaches to understand posture control...
  2. ncbi Role of low energy expenditure and sitting in obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease
    Marc T Hamilton
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Diabetes 56:2655-67. 2007
  3. ncbi Occupational sitting and health risks: a systematic review
    Jannique G Z van Uffelen
    School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 39:379-88. 2010
    ..e., time spent sitting) may be negatively associated with health. The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidence on associations between occupational sitting and health risks...
  4. ncbi Sensorimotor integration in human postural control
    R J Peterka
    Neurological Sciences Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97006, USA
    J Neurophysiol 88:1097-118. 2002
    ..Overall results show that the simple act of standing quietly depends on a remarkably complex sensorimotor control system...
  5. ncbi Attention and the control of posture and gait: a review of an emerging area of research
    Marjorie Woollacott
    Department of Exercise and Movement Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Gait Posture 16:1-14. 2002
    Research on the relationship between attention and the control of posture and gait is a new and expanding area with studies on young adults revealing the role of cognitive factors in the control of balance during standing and walking...
  6. pmc The validation of a novel activity monitor in the measurement of posture and motion during everyday activities
    P M Grant
    Glasgow Caledonian University, School of Health and Social Care, Glasgow, UK
    Br J Sports Med 40:992-7. 2006
    ..Accurate measurement of physical activity patterns can be used to identify sedentary behaviour and may facilitate interventions aimed at reducing inactivity...
  7. ncbi Neuromechanics of muscle synergies for posture and movement
    Lena H Ting
    W H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30332 0535, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 17:622-8. 2007
    ..Understanding the complex interplay between neural circuits and biomechanics that give rise to muscle synergies will be crucial to advancing our understanding of neural control mechanisms for movement...
  8. ncbi Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire: description and basic qualities
    V H Hildebrandt
    TNO Work and Employment, AS Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    Ergonomics 44:1038-55. 2001
    ..This questionnaire can be used as a simple and quick inventory for occupational health services to identify worker groups in which a more thorough ergonomic analysis is indicated...
  9. ncbi Interindividual variation in posture allocation: possible role in human obesity
    James A Levine
    Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Science 307:584-6. 2005
    ..Humans expend energy through purposeful exercise and through changes in posture and movement that are associated with the routines of daily life [called nonexercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT)..
  10. ncbi The uncontrolled manifold concept: identifying control variables for a functional task
    J P Scholz
    Physical Therapy Department, McKinly Laboratory, University of Delaware, Newark 19716, USA
    Exp Brain Res 126:289-306. 1999
    ..The horizontal head position and the position of the hand were controlled less stably, while vertical head position appears to be no more controlled than joint motions...
  11. ncbi Neuroanatomy of flying reptiles and implications for flight, posture and behaviour
    Lawrence M Witmer
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA
    Nature 425:950-3. 2003
    ..Their enormous cerebellar floccular lobes may suggest neural integration of extensive sensory information from the wing, further enhancing eye- and neck-based reflex mechanisms for stabilizing gaze...
  12. ncbi Postural control is scaled to level of postural threat
    A L Adkin
    Gait and Posture Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, 200 University Avenue West, University of Waterloo, Ont, N2L 3G1, Waterloo, Canada
    Gait Posture 12:87-93. 2000
    This study investigated control of posture when standing at different surface heights above ground level. Alterations in surface height were used to modify threat to postural control. Sixty-two healthy adults (mean+/-S.D.=20.3+/-1...
  13. pmc Cross-sectional analysis of levels and patterns of objectively measured sedentary time in adolescent females
    Deirdre M Harrington
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:120. 2011
    ..A full methodological description of how the data was analyzed is also presented...
  14. ncbi Body weight is a strong predictor of postural stability
    Olivier Hue
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Division of Kinesiology, Laval University, PEPS, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada
    Gait Posture 26:32-8. 2007
    ..Future studies should examine more closely the combined effect of aging and obesity on falling and injuries and the impact of obesity on the diverse range of activities of daily living...
  15. ncbi Attentional demands for postural control: the effects of aging and sensory reintegration
    N Teasdale
    Departement de Medecine sociale et preventive, Division de kinesiologie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada G1K 7P4
    Gait Posture 14:203-10. 2001
    ..Young adults and the elderly were asked to maintain a stable upright posture while standing on a force platform...
  16. ncbi Causal assessment of occupational lifting and low back pain: results of a systematic review
    Eugene K Wai
    Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Spine J 10:554-66. 2010
    ..Evaluating these potentially causal relationships requires a methodologically rigorous approach. Occupational repetitive and/or heavy lifting is widely thought to be a risk factor for the development of LBP...
  17. ncbi Neurons in the pontomedullary reticular formation signal posture and movement both as an integrated behavior and independently
    Benedicte Schepens
    Unité de Physiologie et Biomécanique de la Locomotion, Département d Education Physique et de Réadaptation, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    J Neurophysiol 100:2235-53. 2008
    ..a population of neurons within the PMRF contributes to the control of movement in one forelimb and the control of posture in the other forelimb as a coordinated unit...
  18. pmc The upright posture improves plantar stepping and alters responses to serotonergic drugs in spinal rats
    Urszula Sławińska
    Laboratory of Neuromuscular Plasticity, Department of Neurophysiology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology PAS, Warsaw, Poland
    J Physiol 590:1721-36. 2012
    ..have employed robotic means of positioning rats above a treadmill such that the animals are held in an upright posture and engage in bipedal locomotor activity...
  19. pmc Pelvis morphology, trunk posture and standing imbalance and their relations to the Cobb angle in moderate and severe untreated AIS
    Georges Dalleau
    Faculté des Sciences de l Homme et de l Environnement, CURAPS DIMPS, Universite de la Reunion, Le Tampon, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e36755. 2012
    ..non-scoliotic girls and focus primarily on a single set of parameters derived from spinal and pelvis morphology, posture or standing imbalance...
  20. ncbi Analysis of pelvic movement in the elderly during walking using a posture monitoring system equipped with a triaxial accelerometer and a gyroscope
    Norio Ishigaki
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan
    J Biomech 44:1788-92. 2011
    ..The pelvic movement, which is a critical factor for walking stability, was analyzed using a posture monitoring system equipped with a triaxial accelerometer and a gyroscope...
  21. ncbi Interrater reliability of posture observations
    Stephen Bao
    Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, SHARP Program, P O Box 44330, Olympia, WA 98504 4330, USA
    Hum Factors 51:292-309. 2009
    The aims of this research were (a) to study the interrater reliability of a posture observation method, (b) to test the impact of different posture categorization systems on interrater reliability, and (c) to provide guidelines for ..
  22. pmc The microarchitecture of C. elegans behavior during lethargus: homeostatic bout dynamics, a typical body posture, and regulation by a central neuron
    Shachar Iwanir
    Department of Physics, James Franck Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Sleep 36:385-95. 2013
    ..The objectives of this study were to characterize in detail behavioral patterns and physiological activity of a command interneuron during lethargus...
  23. ncbi Postural deformities in Parkinson's disease
    Karen M Doherty
    Reta Lila Institute of Neurological studies, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK
    Lancet Neurol 10:538-49. 2011
    ..Improved understanding of the mechanisms underlying postural deformities in PD might ultimately lead us to more effective management strategies for these disabling and drug-refractory complications...
  24. pmc Development of postural control during the first 18 months of life
    Mijna Hadders-Algra
    Department of Neurology, Developmental Neurology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Neural Plast 12:99-108; discussion 263-72. 2005
    The present paper reviews the development of postural adjustments during infancy. In the control of posture, two functional levels can be distinguished...
  25. ncbi Vertical movement and posture of blacklegged tick (Acari: Ixodidae) nymphs as a function of temperature and relative humidity in laboratory experiments
    Stephen C Vail
    Department of Biology, William Paterson University, Wayne, NJ 07470, USA
    J Med Entomol 39:842-6. 2002
    ..01), but it had no effect on mean distance moved between observations or the mean percentage of time in questing posture. Temperature had no effect on mean questing height, but significantly affected mean distance moved (P < 0...
  26. pmc Identification of neural feedback for upright stance in humans: stabilization rather than sway minimization
    Tim Kiemel
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    J Neurosci 31:15144-53. 2011
    ..The results suggest that the common assumption of reducing sway may not apply to musculoskeletal systems that are inherently unstable...
  27. pmc Human body-segment tilts induced by galvanic stimulation: a vestibularly driven balance protection mechanism
    B L Day
    MRC Human Movement and Balance Unit, Institute of Neurology, London, UK
    J Physiol 500:661-72. 1997
    1. We have studied the effects of changes in posture on the motor response to galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS)...
  28. ncbi Age-related changes of visual contribution in posture control
    Isabelle Poulain
    Essilor International, R and D, Visual System and Design, 57 av de Condé, 94106, Saint Maur, France
    Gait Posture 27:1-7. 2008
    Numerous studies highlighted that the role of vision in posture control increased with aging. However, these previous works only considered simple tasks consisting in "stand as still as possible" and people aged over 65 years...
  29. ncbi Measures of postural steadiness: differences between healthy young and elderly adults
    T E Prieto
    Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 43:956-66. 1996
    ..The results of this study will be useful to researchers and clinicians using COP-based measures to evaluate postural steadiness...
  30. ncbi Foot and ankle strength, range of motion, posture, and deformity are associated with balance and functional ability in older adults
    Martin J Spink
    Musculoskeletal Research Centre, Department of Podiatry, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 92:68-75. 2011
    To determine the extent to which measures of foot and ankle strength, range of motion, posture, and deformity are associated with performance in a battery of balance and functional ability tests in older adults.
  31. ncbi Passive leg raising predicts fluid responsiveness in the critically ill
    Xavier Monnet
    Service de Reanimation Medicale, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bicetre, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Université Paris 11, Le Kremlin Bicetre, France
    Crit Care Med 34:1402-7. 2006
    ..We hypothesized that the hemodynamic response to PLR predicts fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients...
  32. ncbi Flexion and rotation of the trunk and lifting at work are risk factors for low back pain: results of a prospective cohort study
    W E Hoogendoorn
    TNO Work and Employment, Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:3087-92. 2000
    ..A 3-year prospective cohort study among workers of 34 companies in the Netherlands...
  33. ncbi A unified view of quiet and perturbed stance: simultaneous co-existing excitable modes
    Robert Creath
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Neurosci Lett 377:75-80. 2005
    ..They are "simultaneously co-existing excitable modes", both always present, but one of which may predominate depending upon the characteristics of the available sensory information, task or perturbation...
  34. ncbi Influence of postural anxiety on postural reactions to multi-directional surface rotations
    M G Carpenter
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 92:3255-65. 2004
  35. ncbi Influence of carrying heavy loads on soldiers' posture, movements and gait
    Renee L Attwells
    Department of Human Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
    Ergonomics 49:1527-37. 2006
    ..This study examines changes in gait and posture caused by increasing load carriage in military LCS...
  36. ncbi Postural feedback responses scale with biomechanical constraints in human standing
    Sukyung Park
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2125, USA
    Exp Brain Res 154:417-27. 2004
    ..These results indicate that postural adjustments can be described as a single feedback control scheme, with scalable heterogenic gains that are adjusted according to biomechanical constraints...
  37. pmc Detecting altered postural control after cerebral concussion in athletes with normal postural stability
    J T Cavanaugh
    Duke University Medical Center, Physical and Occupational Therapy, Durham, NC, USA
    Br J Sports Med 39:805-11. 2005
    ..To determine if approximate entropy (ApEn), a regularity statistic from non-linear dynamics, could detect changes in postural control during quiet standing in athletes with normal postural stability after cerebral concussion...
  38. ncbi Roentgenographic analysis of posture in spinal osteoporotics
    E Itoi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:750-6. 1991
    ..Low-back pain was highly associated with decreased lumbar lordosis and increased sacropelvic angle, suggesting that the sacroiliac joint was one of the causes of low-back pain...
  39. ncbi Effects of distance and gaze position on postural stability in young and old subjects
    Zoi Kapoula
    Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l Action LPPA, IRIS Group, UMR 7152, CNRS College de France, Paris, France
    Exp Brain Res 173:438-45. 2006
    Visual stabilization of posture is known to improve when the distance to target fixation decreases; this is attributed to increased angular size of retinal slip induced by body sway...
  40. ncbi Posture influences motor imagery: an fMRI study
    Floris P de Lange
    F C Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, Kapittelweg 29, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 33:609-17. 2006
    ..This motor plan is calculated by a parieto-frontal network. Within this network, the posterior parietal cortex appears to incorporate proprioceptive information related to the current position of the body into the motor plan...
  41. ncbi Endpoint stiffness of the arm is directionally tuned to instability in the environment
    David W Franklin
    National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Keihanna Science City, Kyoto 619 0288, Japan
    J Neurosci 27:7705-16. 2007
    ..Furthermore, it supports the idea that the CNS incorporates an impedance controller that acts to ensure stability, reduce movement variability, and reduce metabolic cost...
  42. ncbi Postural orientation and equilibrium: what do we need to know about neural control of balance to prevent falls?
    Fay B Horak
    Neurological Sciences Institute of Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
    Age Ageing 35:ii7-ii11. 2006
    ..The control of posture involves many different underlying physiological systems that can be affected by pathology or sub-clinical ..
  43. ncbi Radiographic analysis of sagittal plane alignment and balance in standing volunteers and patients with low back pain matched for age, sex, and size. A prospective controlled clinical study
    R P Jackson
    North Kansas City Hospital, Missouri
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:1611-8. 1994
    ..CONCLUSIONS. Definitions of sagittal balance are provided as well as additional sagittal plane data by which to compare corrections and fusions for different spinal disorders...
  44. ncbi A prospective study of computer users: II. Postural risk factors for musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders
    Michele Marcus
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Am J Ind Med 41:236-49. 2002
    Despite widespread recommendations regarding posture during computer use, associations between specific postures and musculoskeletal health are not well characterized.
  45. ncbi Modeling the dynamics of sensory reweighting
    Sean Carver
    Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    Biol Cybern 95:123-34. 2006 Gait Posture 2005)...
  46. ncbi Flexibility along the neck of the ostrich (Struthio camelus) and consequences for the reconstruction of dinosaurs with extreme neck length
    Gordon Dzemski
    Institut fur Biologie, Department IV, Universität Flensburg, 24943 Flensburg, Germany
    J Morphol 268:701-14. 2007
    ..For giraffes and camels, the posture and utilization of the neck are also reflected in the flexibility of the neck...
  47. ncbi Effect of neck exercise on sitting posture in patients with chronic neck pain
    Deborah Falla
    Center for Sensory Motor Interaction, Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7D 3, DK 9220, Aalborg, Denmark
    Phys Ther 87:408-17. 2007
    Poor sitting posture has been implicated in the development and perpetuation of neck pain symptoms...
  48. ncbi Multisensory fusion: simultaneous re-weighting of vision and touch for the control of human posture
    Kelvin S Oie
    Program in Neuroscience and Cognitive Science and the Department of Kinesiology, 2242 Health and Human Performance Bldg, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 2611, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 14:164-76. 2002
    ..The observed pattern of gain rules out a constant-weight, linear account of posture and is consistent with the re-weighting hypothesis...
  49. ncbi Orangutan positional behavior and the nature of arboreal locomotion in Hominoidea
    Susannah K S Thorpe
    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Am J Phys Anthropol 131:384-401. 2006
    ..J. Phys. Anthropol. 127:58-78). With the exception of pronograde suspensory posture and locomotion, orangutan positional behavior is similar to that of the African apes, and in particular, lowland ..
  50. pmc Reliability of upright posture measurements in primary school children
    Maureen P McEvoy
    School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, North Tce, Adelaide, 5000, Australia
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 6:35. 2005
    Correct upright posture is considered to be a measure of good musculoskeletal health. Little is known about the usual variability of children's upright standing posture...
  51. ncbi 5-repetition sit-to-stand test in subjects with chronic stroke: reliability and validity
    Yiqin Mong
    Department of Physiotherapy, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 91:407-13. 2010
  52. pmc Obesity impact on the attentional cost for controlling posture
    Jean Baptiste Mignardot
    Laboratoire TIMC IMAG, Team Santé Plasticité Motricité, UMR UJF CNRS 5525, La Tronche, France
    PLoS ONE 5:e14387. 2010
    ..This study investigated the effects of obesity on attentional resources allocated to postural control in seating and unipedal standing...
  53. ncbi Dynamic regulation of sensorimotor integration in human postural control
    Robert J Peterka
    Neurological Sciences Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97006, USA
    J Neurophysiol 91:410-23. 2004
  54. ncbi Is the stabilization of quiet upright stance in humans driven by synchronized modulations of the activity of medial and lateral gastrocnemius muscles?
    Taian M M Vieira
    Laboratory for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System, Politecnico di Torino, Via Cavali 22 H 10138, Torino, Italy
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 108:85-97. 2010
    ..Hence, the stabilization of the quiet standing posture likely relies on flexible rather than stereotyped mechanisms of control.
  55. pmc Physical work environment risk factors for long term sickness absence: prospective findings among a cohort of 5357 employees in Denmark
    Thomas Lund
    National Institute of Occupational Health, Lerso Parkalle 105, DK 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMJ 332:449-52. 2006
    ..To examine the effects of physical work environment on long term sickness absence and to investigate interaction between physical and psychosocial risk factors...
  56. pmc Hand preferences for coordinated bimanual actions in 777 great apes: implications for the evolution of handedness in hominins
    William D Hopkins
    Department of Psychology, Agnes Scott College, 141 E College Avenue, Decatur, GA 30030, USA
    J Hum Evol 60:605-11. 2011 evident in great apes but differs among species as a result of ecological adaptations associated with posture and locomotion...
  57. ncbi Does a crouched leg posture enhance running stability and robustness?
    Yvonne Blum
    Lauflabor Locomotion Laboratory, University of Jena, Jena, Germany
    J Theor Biol 281:97-106. 2011
    ..characteristics and applied control strategies of human and avian running, which may relate to differences in leg posture (straight leg posture in humans, and crouched leg posture in birds)...
  58. ncbi Influence of obesity and gender on the postural stability during upright stance
    Nora S Cruz-Gómez
    Unidad de Investigación Médica en Otoneurología, Mexico D F, Mexico
    Obes Facts 4:212-7. 2011
    ..To assess the influence of BMI group (lean/overweight/obese) and gender on the postural sway of adults and adolescents during quiet upright stance...
  59. pmc Limb-bone scaling indicates diverse stance and gait in quadrupedal ornithischian dinosaurs
    Susannah C R Maidment
    Department of Palaeontology, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e36904. 2012
    ..For example, it has been proposed that some ornithischians could run, while others consider that none were cursorial...
  60. ncbi An adaptive model of sensory integration in a dynamic environment applied to human stance control
    H van der Kooij
    Institute of Biomedical Technology, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
    Biol Cybern 84:103-15. 2001
    ..These predictions are in agreement with experimental results...
  61. pmc Dimensional reduction in sensorimotor systems: a framework for understanding muscle coordination of posture
    Lena H Ting
    The Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory University, 313 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, GA 30332 0535, USA
    Prog Brain Res 165:299-321. 2007
    ..This framework and accompanying computational models could be used to formulate specific hypotheses about how specific sensory inputs and motor outputs are generated and altered following neural injury, sensory loss, or rehabilitation...
  62. ncbi Neural control of unloaded leg posture and of leg swing in stick insect, cockroach, and mouse differs from that in larger animals
    Scott L Hooper
    Department of Biological Sciences, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA
    J Neurosci 29:4109-19. 2009
    Stick insect (Carausius morosus) leg muscles contract and relax slowly. Control of stick insect leg posture and movement could therefore differ from that in animals with faster muscles...
  63. pmc Activation of the human diaphragm during a repetitive postural task
    P W Hodges
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, High Street, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
    J Physiol 522:165-75. 2000
    ..The results indicate that activity of human phrenic motoneurones is organised such that it contributes to both posture and respiration during a task which repetitively challenges trunk posture.
  64. ncbi Posture, dynamic stability, and voluntary movement
    S Bouisset
    UFR STAPS, Universite Paris Sud 11, rue Langevin, 91405 Orsay, France
    Neurophysiol Clin 38:345-62. 2008
    ..The last part explores the concept of "posturokinetic capacity" (PKC) and its possible applications...
  65. pmc Spinal and supraspinal postural networks
    T G Deliagina
    Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, SE 17177, Stockholm, Sweden
    Brain Res Rev 57:212-21. 2008
    ..command transmitted by an individual RS neuron causes the motor response, which contributes to the correction of posture. In each plane, the postural system stabilizes the orientation at which the antagonistic vestibular reflexes ..
  66. pmc Recovery of control of posture and locomotion after a spinal cord injury: solutions staring us in the face
    Andy J Fong
    Division of Engineering, Bioengineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
    Prog Brain Res 175:393-418. 2009
    ..Much work remains, but we already have the capability, and more importantly, the responsibility, to help spinal cord injury patients now...
  67. ncbi Reliability of photogrammetry in the evaluation of the postural aspects of individuals with structural scoliosis
    Karen Ruggeri Saad
    School of Medicine, Vale do São Francisco Federal University, Av José de Sá Maniçoba, Petrolina PE 56304 917, Brazil
    J Bodyw Mov Ther 16:210-6. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of photogrammetry in the measurement of the postural deviations in individuals with idiopathic scoliosis...
  68. ncbi Effects of breathing on multijoint control of center of mass position during upright stance
    Nikita A Kuznetsov
    Center for Cognition, Action, and Perception, Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA
    J Mot Behav 44:241-53. 2012
    ..This result supports the hypothesis that motor abundance of the postural chain plays an important role in the flexible compensation for breathing during quiet stance...
  69. ncbi Posture-related oscillations in human cerebellar thalamus in essential tremor are enabled by voluntary motor circuits
    Sherwin E Hua
    Department of Neurosurgery, Meyer Bldg 8 161, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    J Neurophysiol 93:117-27. 2005
    ..Additionally, a subgroup of tremor neurons with proprioceptive inputs were identified that may allow sensory feedback to access the central tremor network...
  70. ncbi Re-weighting of somatosensory inputs from the foot and the ankle for controlling posture during quiet standing following trunk extensor muscles fatigue
    Nicolas Vuillerme
    Laboratoire TIMC IMAG, Faculte de Medecine, UMR UJF CNRS 5525, 38706, La Tronche Cedex, France
    Exp Brain Res 183:323-7. 2007
    ..Altogether, the present findings evidenced re-weighting of sensory cues for controlling posture during quiet standing following trunk extensor muscles fatigue by increasing the reliance on the somatosensory ..
  71. ncbi Clinical methods for quantifying body segment posture: a literature review
    Carole Fortin
    CHU Sainte Justine Université de Montréal, Centre de Recherche, 3175 Cote Sainte Catherine, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1C5 Canada
    Disabil Rehabil 33:367-83. 2011
    Clinicians commonly assess posture in persons with musculoskeletal disorders and tend to do so subjectively. Evidence-based practice requires the use of valid, reliable and sensitive tools to monitor treatment effectiveness...
  72. pmc Inter-examiner reproducibility of tests for lumbar motor control
    Flemming Enoch
    Department of Rheumatology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 12:114. 2011
    ..This has not been considered before. The aim was to analyse the reproducibility of five different quantitative tests for LMC commonly used in daily clinical practice...
  73. ncbi Comparison of biomechanical loading during use of conventional stud welding equipment and an alternate system
    Nathan B Fethke
    University of Iowa, Occupational and Environmental Health, UI Research Park, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Appl Ergon 42:725-34. 2011
    ..The alternate system appears to be effective in reducing exposure to extreme trunk flexion among stud welders. Continued development of the system should explore features designed to reduce shoulder forces and improve productivity...
  74. ncbi Paw preference is not affected by postural demand in a nonprimate mammal (Felis silvestris catus)
    Wiebke S Konerding
    Institute of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 126:15-22. 2012
    ..Subjects (N = 28) were forced to use either a stable or unstable body posture (i.e., sitting or standing vs...
  75. ncbi Self-assessed and directly measured occupational physical activities--influence of musculoskeletal complaints, age and gender
    I Balogh
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Lund SE 221 85, Sweden
    Appl Ergon 35:49-56. 2004
    ..Rate of perceived exertion showed low correlation with heart rate ratio within the two occupational groups, but high, 0.64 when the two groups were combined. Age and complaints explained 31% of the variance for the cleaners...
  76. pmc Multimodal integration after unilateral labyrinthine lesion: single vestibular nuclei neuron responses and implications for postural compensation
    Soroush G Sadeghi
    McGill University, Department of Physiology, 3655 Sir William Osler, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1Y6, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 105:661-73. 2011
  77. ncbi Parietal cortex coding of limb posture: in search of the body-schema
    Amy Parkinson
    Institute of Neuroscience, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Neuropsychologia 48:3228-34. 2010
    ..correlates for executing memory-guided reaching movements to unseen target locations that were defined by arm posture, are primarily within regions of the superior parietal lobule [SPL]: including an area of the medial SPL ..
  78. ncbi Inefficient muscular stabilization of the lumbar spine associated with low back pain. A motor control evaluation of transversus abdominis
    P W Hodges
    Department of Physiotherapy, University of Queensland, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:2640-50. 1996
    ..CONCLUSIONS: The delayed onset of contraction of transversus abdominis indicates a deficit of motor control and is hypothesized to result in inefficient muscular stabilization of the spine...
  79. ncbi Detection of gait and postures using a miniaturized triaxial accelerometer-based system: accuracy in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease
    Baukje Dijkstra
    University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 91:1272-7. 2010
    ..To examine whether gait and postures can accurately be detected with a single small body-fixed device in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease (PD)...
  80. ncbi Variability of determinism in motor behavior
    Michael A Riley
    Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Mail Location 0376, Cincinnati, OH 45221 0376, USA
    J Mot Behav 34:99-125. 2002
    ..It has also revealed general lessons (for example, more variable does not mean more random and more controllable does not mean more deterministic) that may extend to other classes of perceptual behavior...
  81. ncbi Does paced breathing improve the reproducibility of heart rate variability measurements?
    Hiromitsu Kobayashi
    Ishikawa Prefectural Nursing University, Ishikawa, Japan
    J Physiol Anthropol 28:225-30. 2009
    ..The coefficients of intraindividual variation of heart rate, ln HF and ln LF did not correlate with age in either posture. Effect sizes of PB on the intraindividual variation ranged from -0.04 to 0.13...
  82. ncbi Leaning to the left makes the Eiffel Tower seem smaller: posture-modulated estimation
    Anita Eerland
    Psychology Institute, Faculty of Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychol Sci 22:1511-4. 2011
    In two experiments, we investigated whether body posture influences people's estimation of quantities...
  83. ncbi The effect of inspiratory muscles fatigue on postural control in people with and without recurrent low back pain
    Lotte Janssens
    Musculoskeletal Research Unit, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Leuven K U Leuven, Tervuursevest 101, Leuven, Belgium
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:1088-94. 2010
    ..A 2-group experimental design...
  84. ncbi Motor facilitation during action observation: topographic mapping of the target muscle and influence of the onlooker's posture
    Cosimo Urgesi
    Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche e della Visione, Sezione di Fisiologia Umana, Universita di Verona, I 37134 Verona, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 23:2522-30. 2006
    ..observed during observation of movements that map the motor function of the targeted muscles, regardless of the posture of the observed hand...
  85. pmc Determination of comprehensive arterial blood inflow in abdominal-pelvic organs: impact of respiration and posture on organ perfusion
    Takuya Osada
    Department of Sports Medicine for Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
    Med Sci Monit 17:CR57-66. 2011
    ..However, little information exists regarding the influence of respiration (interplay between inspiration and expiration) and posture on BFAP.
  86. ncbi The pontomedullary reticular formation contributes to the compensatory postural responses observed following removal of the support surface in the standing cat
    Paul J Stapley
    Groupe de Recherche sur le Système Nerveux Centrale, Departement de Physiologie, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 101:1334-50. 2009
    ..the cat restored a tripedal support pattern; and a prolonged tertiary response (P3) that maintained a stable posture over all three supporting limbs...
  87. ncbi Central venous pressure measurements improve the accuracy of leg raising-induced change in pulse pressure to predict fluid responsiveness
    Karim Lakhal
    Service de Réanimation Médicale et Maladies Infectieuses, Hopital Bichat Claude Bernard, Assistance Publique des Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France
    Intensive Care Med 36:940-8. 2010
    ..We assessed the influence of PLR-induced changes in preload on the performance of PLR-induced change in pulse pressure (Delta(PLR)PP) and cardiac output (Delta(PLR)CO) for fluid responsiveness prediction...
  88. ncbi The "posture second" strategy: a review of wrong priorities in Parkinson's disease
    Bastiaan R Bloem
    Department of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurol Sci 248:196-204. 2006
    ..who appeared to sacrifice performance on the cognitive task in order to optimise their gait and balance ("posture first" strategy)...
  89. ncbi Upper arm postures and movements in female hairdressers across four full working days
    Jens Wahlström
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umea University Hospital, SE 901 85 Umea, Sweden
    Ann Occup Hyg 54:584-94. 2010
  90. ncbi Gait posture estimation using wearable acceleration and gyro sensors
    Ryo Takeda
    Division of Human Mechanical Systems and Design, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, N13 W8, Kita ku, Sapporo 060 8628, Japan
    J Biomech 42:2486-94. 2009
    ..92 for the knee F-E. A moving stick figure model of each volunteer was created to visually confirm the walking posture. Further, the knee and ankle joint trajectories in the horizontal plane showed that the left and right legs were ..
  91. ncbi The role of paraspinal muscle spindles in lumbosacral position sense in individuals with and without low back pain
    S Brumagne
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:989-94. 2000
    ..A two-group experimental design with repeated measures on one factor was used...
  92. ncbi Sitting postures and trunk muscle activity in adolescents with and without nonspecific chronic low back pain: an analysis based on subclassification
    Roslyn G Astfalck
    Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:1387-95. 2010
    ..A preliminary cross-sectional comparative study of adolescents with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) and healthy controls...
  93. ncbi Altered lumbopelvic movement control but not generalized joint hypermobility is associated with increased injury in dancers. A prospective study
    Nathalie Anne Roussel
    Division of Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, Department of Health Sciences, Artesis University College of Antwerp, Belgium
    Man Ther 14:630-5. 2009
    ..Neither generalized joint hypermobility, evaluated with the Beighton score, nor a history of LBP was predictive of injuries. Further study of these interactions is required...
  94. ncbi The embodied nature of motor imagery: the influence of posture and perspective
    Britta Lorey
    Institute for Sports Science, University of Giessen, Kugelberg 62, 35394, Giessen, Germany
    Exp Brain Res 194:233-43. 2009
    ..watched video sequences of different hand movements with their right hand in a compatible versus incompatible posture and subsequently performed 1PP or 3PP imagery of the movement...
  95. ncbi Motor control exercise for chronic low back pain: a randomized placebo-controlled trial
    Leonardo O P Costa
    Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for International Health, Sydney, New South Wales 2050, Australia
    Phys Ther 89:1275-86. 2009
    ..The evidence that exercise intervention is effective for treatment of chronic low back pain comes from trials that are not placebo-controlled...
  96. ncbi Postural modulation induced by pictures depicting prosocial or dangerous contexts
    Lívia Dumont Facchinetti
    Institute of Biophysics Carlos Chagas Filho, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Av Brigadeiro Trompowsky s n, Ilha do Fundao, Rio de Janeiro 21949 900, Brazil
    Neurosci Lett 410:52-6. 2006
    ..We conclude that the sight of visual cues of affiliation and danger produce distinct body somatic reactions...
  97. ncbi Analysis and comparison of the psychometric properties of three balance measures for stroke patients
    Hui Fen Mao
    School of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    Stroke 33:1022-7. 2002
  98. pmc Direct measurement of human ankle stiffness during quiet standing: the intrinsic mechanical stiffness is insufficient for stability
    Ian D Loram
    Applied Physiology Research Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    J Physiol 545:1041-53. 2002
    ..We suggest that the triceps surae muscles maintain balance by predictively controlling the proximal offset of the spring-like element in a ballistic-like manner...
  99. pmc Common muscle synergies for control of center of mass and force in nonstepping and stepping postural behaviors
    Stacie A Chvatal
    The Wallace H Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Tech and Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322 0535, USA
    J Neurophysiol 106:999-1015. 2011
    ..These results suggest that muscle synergies represent common neural mechanisms for CoM movement control under different dynamic conditions: stepping and nonstepping postural responses...
  100. ncbi Influence of obesity on accurate and rapid arm movement performed from a standing posture
    F Berrigan
    Groupe de Recherche en Analyse du Mouvement et Ergonomie GRAME, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1750-7. 2006
    ..This study sought to examine if obesity imposes an additional balance control constraint limiting the speed and accuracy with which an upper limb goal-directed movement performed from an upright standing position can be executed...
  101. ncbi Similarities and differences in perceiving threat from dynamic faces and bodies. An fMRI study
    M E Kret
    Cognitive and Affective Neurosciences Laboratory, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 54:1755-62. 2011
    ..Emotion-specific effects were found in TPJ and FG for bodies and faces alike. EBA and superior temporal sulcus (STS) were more activated by threatening bodies...

Research Grants75

  1. Respiratory motor control and blood pressure regulation after spinal cord injury
    ..In addition, blood pooling in the lower body during upright posture leads to a further decrease in blood pressure known as orthostatic hypotension...
  2. Neural Representation of Reach-to-Grasp for Cortical FES Neuroprostheses
    Abidemi Bolu Ajiboye; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The number of correct postures selected, as well as the time taken to select the correct posture will be used as metrics to assess subjects'cortical control capabilities...
  3. The upper airway and the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
    Donald Bartlett; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..substantially in the United States and elsewhere as a result of educational campaigns favoring the supine posture for sleeping infants. Despite this success, SIDS remains a major contributor to infant mortality...
  4. Defining evolutionary trajectories: Molecular adaptation to antibiotic resistance
    ADIL YOUSIF SHAMOO; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed work is an important step in the transition of molecular evolution from a retroactive posture that analyzes past events to one in which evolution research is used pro-actively for the prediction of drug ..
  5. Feasibility and Preliminary Efficacy of Yoga in Head and Neck Cancer Survivors
    Sheila H Ridner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., decreased range of motion in jaw/neck/ shoulder and altered posture). MSI causes symptoms (such as pain), function loss, and psychological problems...
  6. Connective Tissue Mechanotransduction
    Helene M Langevin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..variety of treatments including manual and movement-based therapies are concerned with optimizing body alignment, posture, biomechanics and quality of movement...
  7. Aldosterone and Sodium Regulation in Postural Tachycardia Syndrome
    Satish R Raj; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Postural Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) is a debilitating clinical condition characterized by intolerance to upright posture of at least 6 months duration, associated with consistent orthostatic tachycardia of at least 30 bpm, and with ..
  8. Coordination of orofacial and respiratory movements
    Detlef H Heck; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The cerebellum has long been implicated in the coordination of body movements and posture. Clinical evidence has also linked cerebellar dysfunction to SIDS, dysphagia and dysarthria but the neuronal ..
  9. Estrogen & Progesterone Effects on Orthostatic Tolerance
    NINA STACHENFELD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The orthostatic adjustment from seated or lying to standing posture involves the integration of central blood volume and the baroreflex response...
  10. Rapid-onset Dystonia Parkinsonism (DYT12 Dystonia): Pathophysiology &Atp1a3 Mice
    Yuqing Li; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..cortex and striatum may have altered synaptic transmission and plasticity, ultimately affecting motor control and posture. The rationale for the proposed research is that once the roles of Atp1a3 in causing dysfunction of movement ..
  11. Stimulus processing in mammalian vestibular organs
    Ruth Anne Eatock; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..head position and motion signals from the inner ear to the brain, where they drive reflexes controlling gaze, posture and balance and contribute to perceptions of orientation and self- motion...
  12. Sleep promotion in zebrafish by hypocretin neuronal networks
    Philippe Mourrain; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..using behavioral criteria (circadian rhythm, reversible periods of immobility, place preference, characteristic posture, increased arousal threshold, sleep rebound)...
  13. Non-linear Characterization of the Stretch Reflex Arc and its Neuromodulation
    AMAN BEHAL; Fiscal Year: 2011 applicant): The Stretch Reflex Arc (SRA) is the simplest and most fundamental regulatory mechanism of posture control and muscle contraction...
  14. Gender differences in Bone Loss and Incident Fractures
    Elizabeth L Barrett Connor; Fiscal Year: 2010 differences in bone size, bone integrated strength (a combination of bone size and density), and kyphotic posture. Using this award, we will determine the sex-specific timing, frequency, antecedents, and consequences over age ..
  15. Chemical Anatomy and Synaptology of Vestibulo-Sympathetic Pathways
    Gay R Holstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..while signals from the vestibular end organs drive a faster mechanism that counteracts the effects of a change in posture. This latter circuit is often called the vestibulo-sympathetic reflex (VSR)...
    Steven L Teitelbaum; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Providing additional support for this posture, mice whose OCs express increased levels of active cdc42 are osteoporotic and those lacking the small GTPase have ..
    Vittorio Porciatti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will non-invasively alter either IOP with changes of body posture, or the metabolic demand with flickering light, and will measure corresponding changes of the PERG/VEP signal ..
  18. Aging the Central Nervous System and Mobility in Older Adults
    Stephanie A Studenski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., Neurology, Gait &Posture, Behavioral and Brain Functions, Movement Disorders, Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, Frontiers in Aging ..
  19. Synaptic Processing in the Vestibular System
    Ruth Anne Eatock; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The signals drive reflexes that control gaze, posture and balance and also contribute to perception of orientation and self-motion...
  20. Synaptic Mechanisms of Vestibular Efferent Responses
    JOSEPH CHRISTOPHER HOLT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..about the direction, speed, and magnitude of head and body movements, which are critical for maintaining our posture and stabilizing our gaze...
  21. Predicting Smoking Abstinence via Mobile Monitoring of Stress and Social Context
    Santosh Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, accelerometers are used to identify changes in posture and physical activity, and GPS measurements on the mobile phone are used to identify location and transportation ..
    LESLIE ANNE LEINWAND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Since the cerebellum controls motor skills and coordination and muscle spindles are important for posture and gait, we hypothesize that MYH7B plays important biological roles in these functions...
  23. Soluble Motogens and Chemoattractants from Damaged Muscle
    DAWN D CORNELISON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Skeletal muscle provides the contractile force necessary for not only locomotion but also maintenance of posture and respiration...
  24. Cerebellar Microcircuits: Organization &Development
    Marco Martina; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..has been put forward that these unique neurons are important for regulating head position in space, influencing posture and eye movements and improving auditory performance...
  25. Machine Vision Analysis of C. Elegans Phenotypic Patterns
    Weiwei Zhong; Fiscal Year: 2013 pharyngeal pumping using microfluidic devices, established assays for pharmacological effects on male tail posture and spicule protraction to sample genetic effects on the more complex male nervous system, and panels of ..
  26. Emotion &Intimate Partner Aggression: Processes &Outcomes in Parents &Children
    BRIAN ROBERT BAUCOM; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..components of emotion using vocal fundamental frequency, facial expressions, and gaze, gesture, touch, and posture during 3-person conflict interactions between mothers, fathers and their adolescent child in 152 ethnically ..
  27. Early Detection of Changes in Pulmonary Gas Exchange by Hyperpolarized Xe MRI
    Bastiaan Driehuys; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..1) Optimize 3D blood-selective 129Xe gas exchange MRI 2) Establish image reproducibility as a function of time, posture, and cardiac output, and 3) Image the temporal evolution of regional gas exchange during radiation therapy...
  28. SENSIMMER? Virtual Phaco Trainer for Cataract Surgery
    P Banerjee; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..d) Surgeon operating posture and microscope simulation...
  29. Vestibular control of axial motor circuitry
    Martha W Bagnall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Good control of posture and orientation is vital for animals as they make movements or navigate the environment...
  30. Footwear based posture allocation and physical activity monitor
    THOMAS PRITCHETT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Posture allocation (time spent lying, sitting and standing) reflects an individuals lifestyle and is related to obesity, ..
  31. Exposure Response Relationships for CTS and Epicondylitis from Pooled Data
    Arun Garg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with changes in exposure over time, and (ii) detailed data for each combination of force, repetition, and posture (sub-task data)...
  32. Footwear-based physical activity biofeedback device for weight management
    HAROLD BAEVERSTAD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Posture allocation (time spen lying, sitting and standing) reflects an individual lifestyle and is related to obesity, ..
  33. Mechanisms Impairing Finger Extension Following Stroke
    DEREK KAMPER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Accordingly, the following aims are proposed: 1. Examine Effect of Joint Posture on Extension Neuromechanics...
  34. An infrared camera tracking system for a motivational device to develop posture c
    AMIR NA FARDAD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..As a developmental aid, the TTM may also be useful for any of the 3 million children who are born each year in the United States. ..
  35. Wrist/Grasp Muscle Activity Patterns for EMG-neural Interface Prosthesis Control
    LAUREN HART SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..produce single-DOF and simultaneous multi-DOF (SMD) wrist and/or grasp/release torques in isometric, neutral posture conditions...
  36. Neural Interactions Among Multiple Motor Structures
    Marc H Schieber; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of the globus pallidus, pars interna, with the primary motor cortex and the supplementary motor area, suppress posture and permit movement, or suppress a prepotent movement when an alternative choice is correct...
  37. Neuromuscular control of the larynx
    DINESH KHATRI CHHETRI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..we plan to activate each laryngeal muscle in a graded fashion to predict the following: (1) the pre-phonatory posture (shape) of the vocal folds including (a) vocal fold length, (b) glottal width, (c) glottal convergence, and (d) ..
  38. Cues from touch to aid posture and gait in individuals with Parkinson's disease
    Ely Rabin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Parkinson's disease (PD) affects the control of posture and gait, and leads to falling which contributes to reduced activity, reduced quality of life, depression, social isolation and mortality...
  39. Chronobiology of cardiovascular and pulmonary disease
    Steven A Shea; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is anticipated that standard behavioral stressors (standardized changes in posture, activity or sleep/wake state) will have different effects at specific phases of the circadian cycle - revealing ..
  40. Bioengineering Approaches to Energy Balance and Obesity
    James A Levine; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..inexpensive, wire-free, highly adaptable technology that can be used to measure physical activities and body posture in adults and children...
  41. Macaque Model of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Effects of Force and Posture Exposures
    Carolyn M Sommerich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..refine our understanding of the contribution of physical factors in the work environment (force, task duration, posture and repetition) to development of the disorder...
  42. Mitochondrial protection of a GDNF propeptide
    Luke H Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..disease (PD), a chronic neurological disorder that affects over 1 million Americans, is characterized by stooped posture, balance impairments, rigidity, resting hand tremors, and bradykinesia...
  43. Influence of alpha-2 agonists on reflex pathways and limb stiffness
    Mark A Lyle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Because natural stimuli such as hip posture are known to influence intermuscular neural networks but the modulatory influence is controversial, the ..
  44. Developmental Influences on the Functional Organization of the Vestibular System
    David Schoppik; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..other vertebrates, the larval zebrafish uses a highly conserved set of neurons to robustly stabilize gaze and posture in the face of external perturbations...
  45. SAFEHAVEN: Decision Support for Nursing Home Resident Disaster Evacuations
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..September 11th 2001, billions of federal dollars have been devoted to improving the country's preparedness posture and public health infrastructure. Most of the attention has focused on traditional first responders (i.e...
  46. Functional Analysis of Inhibitory Spinal Cord Interneurons
    Martyn D Goulding; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Interneurons in the spinal cord are integral components of the neural networks that control posture and movement...
  47. Causes and Consequences of Hyperkyphosis in Older Persons
    Deborah Kado; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..several observational studies suggest that older men are at least as affected by age- related changes in posture as older women, and that compared to women, hyperkyphotic men may even be at greater risk of adverse health ..
  48. Interneuron and motoneuron properties in chronic spinal injury
    DAVID JAMES BENNETT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that regulates the spinal cord motoneurons, interneurons and sensory afferents involved in controlling posture and movement...
  49. Central Modulation of Rhythms
    Edgar E Garcia-Rill; Fiscal Year: 2012
    The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) helps control sleep-wake rhythms and modulates posture and locomotion...
  50. Extraocular Muscle (EOM) Responses to Bupivacaine Injection
    Alan B Scott; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We also have preliminary results suggesting that muscles are regenerated at a length determined by eye posture during regeneration...
  51. Pathophysiology of DYT1 Dystonia: Targeted Mouse Models
    Yuqing Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..dopaminergic modulation of corticostriatal pathway, which in turn leads to an abnormal control of movement and posture. Here we propose to test the hypothesis that DYT1 AGAG mutation leads to a loss- or reduction-of-function, and ..
  52. Using MaqFACS to measure facial movement deficits in monkeys
    Lisa A Parr; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Its major symptoms are movement- related, including tremors, bradykinesis, stooped posture, and masked facial affect. There are several monkey models for studying the pathophysiology of PD...
  53. Control of Arm Posture and Movement Followoing Stroke
    Robert A Scheidt; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Project Summary/Abstract This project analyzes disordered control of posture and movement during reaching in patients with stroke resulting from middle cerebral artery occlusion...
  54. STN Stimulation: Neural Control of Movement and Posture
    DANIEL MONTIE CORCOS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Nonlinear Dynamics of Frailty in Aging
    Lewis Lipsitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the relationships between: a) resting BP, RR intervals, or cerebral blood flow dynamics and their responses to posture change, and b) quiet standing center-of pressure trajectories and their response to a superimposed cognitive task...
    CHARLES HECKMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of dendritic PICs to understanding their functional implications for motor control, most especially during posture. This approach has lead to the realization that spinal interneurons, especially the Ia interneurons that mediate ..
  57. Circadian Mechanisms in Progression of Obstructive Apnea in Humans
    Steven A Shea; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and we have found that apnea usually worsens across a single night even when in the same sleep stage and lying posture. Our recent data show large endogenous circadian clock related changes in numerous variables that could affect ..
    FAY BAHLING HORAK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with PD in the ON and OFF states to examine the effects of levodopa replacement on kinesthetic control of posture. The specific aims address 3 roles of kinesthetic information for the control of posture: Aim I...
  59. In Vivo Dynamic Lumbar Vertebral Motion and Disc Deformation During Lifting Tasks
    Xudong Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..specific aims: Aim 1 is to characterize the relationship between lumbar vertebral kinematics and dynamic lifting posture and the effect of load lifted on the relationship;we will acquire data of the lumbar vertebral kinematics using ..
  60. Learning and adaptation of Multi-Joint Arm Movement
    ..This approach has been successful in describing multi-joint arm posture, movement and adaptation to changes in the external environment (force perturbations)...
  61. Vestibular thresholds, including psychophysical response dynamics
    Daniel M Merfeld; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., posture, VOR, etc.)...
  62. The molecular basis for the action of ethanol on the BK channel
    Scott J Davis; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will distinguish null from non-null mutations by analysis of locomotory posture and subsequent DNA sequencing...
    Ge Wu; Fiscal Year: 1999
    The primary goals of this proposal are to study the biomechanics of posture at the level of single body segments in relation to age and peripheral sensory deficits in the visual and somatosensory systems that the aging process; also to ..
    Jonathan Mink; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..nuclei in the forebrain, diencephalon, and midbrain that are thought to play a significant role in the control of posture and movement. It is well known that human patients with certain degenerative diseases of the basal ganglia (e.g...
  65. The Control of Nonhuman Primate Motor and Emotional Behavior
    Angela Holmes; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The basal ganglia circuitry is critical for control of posture, motor coordination, initiation of behavior and procedural learning and memory (1)...
    Ronald Hinder; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The pH environment is probably influenced by eating, changes in posture, DGR, gastric emptying and acid secretion, therefore the intraluminal pH environment will be mapped at different ..
  67. Posture and Orientation in Older Adults and Post-Stroke
    EMILY KESHNER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Results from the proposed studies can potentially be used for developing individually designed programs of therapeutic intervention. ..
  68. Cerebral Blood Flow Model for Normo/Hypertensive Elderly
    METTE OLUFSEN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..changes of pulsatile blood flow velocity (BFV) and pressure (BP) in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) during posture change from sitting to standing, and use this model to unravel differences in regulatory mechanisms governing ..
    Fay Horak; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Quantifying two types of postural and oromotor control in the same subjects will also substantially increase our understanding of the role of the basal ganglia in axial motor control. ..
    Bernard Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and vestibular-cervical reflexes arising in the otolith organs and semicircular canals that are used to stabilize posture and gaze during natural quadrupedal and bipedal locomotion will be characterized...
  71. Nutritional Restriction and Activity Thermogenesis
    James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Specifically, we will study the effects of negative energy balance on, sitting, standing, walking, changing posture and fidgeting thermogenesis...
  72. Virtual Patient Advocate to Reduce Ambulatory Adverse Drug Events
    Brian Jack; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..conversational behavior of an empathic provider - emphasizing nonverbal communicative behavior such as gaze, posture, and gestures...
    Amit Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Material handling and scaling tasks in restricted posture will cause potential loss of stability/balance to increase therefore, lifting task analysis should include ..
  74. Artificial Neural Network modelling for studying posture
    Ge Wu; Fiscal Year: 2001
  75. Seated Postural Control with Electrical Stimulation
    ARI WILKENFELD; Fiscal Year: 2002
    This proposal concentrates on the control of seated posture and balance for individuals with low tetraplegia or paraplegia through the application of electrical stimulation...