Genomes and Genes
Summary: The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
Publications282 found, 100 shown here
- Acute cardiac effects of marathon runningJustin E Trivax
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, 3601 W 13 Mile Rd, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA
J Appl Physiol (1985) 108:1148-53. 2010....
- Effects of caffeine ingestion on rating of perceived exertion during and after exercise: a meta-analysisM Doherty
Division of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Luton, Luton, Beds LU1 3JU, UK
Scand J Med Sci Sports 15:69-78. 2005..The results demonstrate that caffeine reduces RPE during exercise and this may partly explain the subsequent ergogenic effects of caffeine on performance...
- Comparison of cardioprotective benefits of vigorous versus moderate intensity aerobic exerciseDavid P Swain
Department of Exercise Science, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
Am J Cardiol 97:141-7. 2006..In conclusion, if the total energy expenditure of exercise is held constant, exercise performed at a vigorous intensity appears to convey greater cardioprotective benefits than exercise of a moderate intensity...
- Neuromuscular adaptations during concurrent strength and endurance training versus strength trainingK HAkkinen
Neuromuscular Research Center, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, 40014, Jyvaskyla, Finland
Eur J Appl Physiol 89:42-52. 2003....
- Effects of androgenic-anabolic steroids in athletesFred Hartgens
Department of Surgery, Outpatient Clinic Sports Medicine, University Hospital Maastricht, and Sports Medicine Center Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Sports Med 34:513-54. 2004..AAS-induced increment of muscle tissue can be attributed to hypertrophy and the formation of new muscle fibres, in which key roles are played by satellite cell number and ultrastructure, androgen receptors and myonuclei...
- Endurance running and the evolution of HomoDennis M Bramble
Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA
Nature 432:345-52. 2004..The fossil evidence of these features suggests that endurance running is a derived capability of the genus Homo, originating about 2 million years ago, and may have been instrumental in the evolution of the human body form...
- Reliability of time-to-exhaustion versus time-trial running tests in runnersPaul B Laursen
School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Western Australia, Australia
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:1374-9. 2007..Both time-to-exhaustion (TTE) and time-trial (TT) exercise tests are commonly used to assess exercise performance, but no study has directly examined the reliability of comparable tests in the same subjects...
- Can neuromuscular fatigue explain running strategies and performance in ultra-marathons?: the flush modelGuillaume Y Millet
Universite de Lyon, and Laboratoire dePhysiologie de l Exercice EA 4338, Médecine du Sport Myologie, Hopital Bellevue, F 42023, Saint Etienne, France
Sports Med 41:489-506. 2011..This holistic model also explains how environmental conditions, sleep deprivation/mental fatigue, pain-killers or psychostimulants, cognitive or nutritional strategies may affect ultra-running performance...
- The effects of 10 weeks of resistance training combined with beta-alanine supplementation on whole body strength, force production, muscular endurance and body compositionIain P Kendrick
University of Chichester, College Lane, Chichester, West Sussex PO196PE, UK
Amino Acids 34:547-54. 2008..There was no significant effect of beta-ala supplementation on any of the exercise parameters measured, mass or % body fat. In conclusion, 10 weeks of resistance training alone did not change M-[Carn]...
- The scientific basis for high-intensity interval training: optimising training programmes and maximising performance in highly trained endurance athletesPaul B Laursen
School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Sports Med 32:53-73. 2002....
- American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exertional heat illness during training and competitionLawrence E Armstrong
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:556-72. 2007..Muscle cramping usually responds to rest and replacement of fluid and salt (sodium). Prevention strategies are essential to reducing the incidence of EHS, heat exhaustion, and exercise associated muscle cramping...
- The Western States 100-Mile Endurance Run: participation and performance trendsMartin D Hoffman
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Northern California Health Care System, and University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:2191-8. 2009..Examine changes in demographics of participants and performance trends at the Western States 100-Mile Endurance Run (WSER) since its inception in 1974...
- Impact of weather on marathon-running performanceMatthew R Ely
U S Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:487-93. 2007..Marathon running performance slows in warm weather conditions, but the quantitative impact of weather has not been established...
- Six sessions of sprint interval training increases muscle oxidative potential and cycle endurance capacity in humansKirsten A Burgomaster
Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Dept of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
J Appl Physiol 98:1985-90. 2005..We conclude that short sprint interval training (approximately 15 min of intense exercise over 2 wk) increased muscle oxidative potential and doubled endurance capacity during intense aerobic cycling in recreationally active individuals...
- Role of beta-alanine supplementation on muscle carnosine and exercise performanceGuilherme Giannini Artioli
Laboratory of Applied Nutrition and Metabolism, School of Physical Education and Sports, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:1162-73. 2010..No important side effect was related to the use of this amino acid so far. In conclusion, beta-alanine supplementation seems to be a safe nutritional strategy capable of improving high-intensity anaerobic performance...
- Endurance exercise performance: the physiology of championsMichael J Joyner
Departments of Anaesthesiology and Physiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
J Physiol 586:35-44. 2008..Therefore, the performance of elite athletes is likely to defy the types of easy explanations sought by scientific reductionism and remain an important puzzle for those interested in physiological integration well into the future...
- Influence of mouth rinsing a carbohydrate solution on 1-h running performanceIan Rollo
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom
Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:798-804. 2010..A second study determined whether mouth rinsing a CHO-E solution altered the blood glucose and plasma insulin concentrations at rest...
- Oxidative stress biomarkers responses to physical overtraining: implications for diagnosisKonstantinos Margonis
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini 69100, and Department of Internal Medicine, Henry Dunant Hospital, Athens, Greece
Free Radic Biol Med 43:901-10. 2007..In conclusion, overtraining induces a marked response of oxidative stress biomarkers which, in some cases, was proportional to training load, suggesting that they may serve as a tool for overtraining diagnosis...
- Effect of resistance training regimens on treadmill running and neuromuscular performance in recreational endurance runnersJussi Mikkola
KIHU Research Institute for Olympic Sports, Jyvaskyla, Finland
J Sports Sci 29:1359-71. 2011..Thus, endurance runners should include heavy resistance training in their training programmes to enhance endurance performance, such as improving sprinting ability at the end of a race...
- Expression of perilipins in human skeletal muscle in vitro and in vivo in relation to diet, exercise and energy balanceI M F Gjelstad
Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Norway
Arch Physiol Biochem 118:22-30. 2012..In conclusion, all perilipins mRNAs were expressed in human skeletal muscle. Diet as well as endurance exercise modulated the expression of perilipins...
- Severity of arterial hypoxaemia affects the relative contributions of peripheral muscle fatigue to exercise performance in healthy humansMarkus Amann
University of Wisconsin Medical School, John Rankin Laboratory of Pulmonary Medicine, Madison, WI, USA
J Physiol 581:389-403. 2007....
- Endurance exercise increases the SIRT1 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1alpha protein expressions in rat skeletal muscleMasataka Suwa
Institute of Health Science, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816 8580, Japan
Metabolism 57:986-98. 2008....
- Chocolate milk and endurance exercise recovery: protein balance, glycogen, and performanceWilliam R Lunn
Exercise Science Department, Southern Connecticut State University, Moore Field House, Room 169, New Haven, CT 06515, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 44:682-91. 2012..This study examined effects of fat-free chocolate milk (MILK) consumption on kinetic and cellular markers of protein turnover, muscle glycogen, and performance during recovery from endurance exercise...
- Caffeine improves supramaximal cycling but not the rate of anaerobic energy releaseMichael J Simmonds
School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Southport, QLD 4215, Australia
Eur J Appl Physiol 109:287-95. 2010..Considering caffeine ingestion did not change VO2 kinetics or isotime AO(2) deficit, increases in absolute AO(2) deficit may be a consequence of prolonged TE, rather than causal...
- Postexercise carbohydrate-protein supplementation improves subsequent exercise performance and intracellular signaling for protein synthesisLisa Ferguson-Stegall
Exercise Physiology and Metabolism Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA
J Strength Cond Res 25:1210-24. 2011..7 vs. 69.2 ± 5.5%, p ≤ 0.05). These results indicate that postexercise CM supplementation can improve subsequent exercise performance and provide a greater intracellular signaling stimulus for PRO synthesis compared to CHO and placebo...
- Serum basal hormone concentrations, nutrition and physical fitness during strength and/or endurance training in 39-64-year-old womenE Sillanpää
University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, Jyvaskyla, Finland
Int J Sports Med 31:110-7. 2010....
- Caffeine withdrawal and high-intensity endurance cycling performanceChristopher Irwin
School of Public Health, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
J Sports Sci 29:509-15. 2011..A 3 mg · kg(-1) dose of caffeine significantly improves exercise performance irrespective of whether a 4-day withdrawal period is imposed on habitual caffeine users...
- ACTN3 R577X polymorphism and Israeli top-level athletesN Eynon
The Zinman College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel
Int J Sports Med 30:695-8. 2009..We conclude that the ACTN3 R allele is associated with top-level sprint performance and the X allele and XX genotypes may not be critical but rather additive to endurance performance...
- Hydration and muscular performance: does fluid balance affect strength, power and high-intensity endurance?Daniel A Judelson
Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA
Sports Med 37:907-21. 2007....
- Effect of different protocols of caffeine intake on metabolism and endurance performanceGregory R Cox
Sports Science and Sports Medicine, Australian Institute of Sport, Belconnen, Australian Capital Territory 2616, Australia
J Appl Physiol 93:990-9. 2002..5 mg/kg)...
- Physiological and biological factors associated with a 24 h treadmill ultra-marathon performanceG Y Millet
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Jean Monnet University, Saint Etienne, France
Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:54-61. 2011..The ability to maintain a high %VO(2max) over a 24TR is another factor associated with performance and is mainly related to RE and high mitochondrial oxidative capacity in the vastus lateralis...
- Maximal strength training improves running economy in distance runnersOyvind Støren
Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1087-92. 2008..Responses in one repetition maximum (1RM) and rate of force development (RFD) in half-squats, maximal oxygen consumption, RE, and time to exhaustion at MAS were examined...
- Six weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without beta-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in womenAshley A Walter
Biophysics Laboratory, Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, USA
J Strength Cond Res 24:1199-207. 2010..Overall, these results suggested that HIIT may be an effective and time-efficient method of training to improve maximal oxygen uptake...
- Role of AMP-activated protein kinase in the molecular adaptation to endurance exerciseWilliam W Winder
Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1945-9. 2006..These observations lend credence to the hypothesis that AMPK activation induced by muscle contraction is responsible in part for adaptations to endurance exercise training...
- Repeatability of exercise behaviors in miceAmy M Knab
Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina, Charlotte, United States
Physiol Behav 98:433-40. 2009..This study assessed the repeatability of a commonly used maximal exercise endurance treadmill test as well as voluntary physical activity measured by wheel running in mice...
- Acute changes in endocrine and fluid balance markers during high-intensity, steady-state, and prolonged endurance running: unexpected increases in oxytocin and brain natriuretic peptide during exerciseTamara Hew-Butler
University of Cape Town, Cape Town, 7725 South Africa
Eur J Endocrinol 159:729-37. 2008....
- Hormonal responses to a 160-km race across frozen AlaskaW J Kraemer
University of Connecticut, Human Performance Laboratory, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 1110, USA
Br J Sports Med 42:116-20; discussion 120. 2008..Examining hormonal responses to an extreme 160-km competition across frozen Alaska provides a unique opportunity to study this intense stress...
- Coingestion of protein with carbohydrate during recovery from endurance exercise stimulates skeletal muscle protein synthesis in humansKrista R Howarth
Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
J Appl Physiol (1985) 106:1394-402. 2009..However, adding protein or additional CHO to a feeding strategy that provided 1.2 g CHO x kg(-1) x h(-1) did not further enhance glycogen resynthesis during recovery...
- Locomotor muscle fatigue modifies central motor drive in healthy humans and imposes a limitation to exercise performanceMarkus Amann
The John Rankin Laboratory of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School, 4245 Medical Science Center, 1300 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706, USA
J Physiol 586:161-73. 2008..35). We suggest that feedback from fatiguing muscle plays an important role in the determination of central motor drive and force output, so that the development of peripheral muscle fatigue is confined to a certain level...
- A 3-min all-out test to determine peak oxygen uptake and the maximal steady stateMark Burnley
Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, UK
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1995-2003. 2006..We tested the hypothesis that a 3-min all-out cycling test would provide a measure of peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) and estimate the maximal steady-state power output...
- A signalling role for muscle glycogen in the regulation of pace during prolonged exerciseH G L Rauch
UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Sports Science Institute, Boundary Road, Newlands, Cape Town 7700, South Africa
Br J Sports Med 39:34-8. 2005..In this study we examined the pacing strategy and the end muscle glycogen contents in eight cyclists, once when they were carbohydrate loaded and once when they were non-loaded...
- Training and performance characteristics among Norwegian international rowers 1970-2001A Fiskerstrand
Norwegian Rowing Federation, Oslo, Norway
Scand J Med Sci Sports 14:303-10. 2004....
- Analysis of Hawaii ironman performances in elite triathletes from 1981 to 2007Romuald Lepers
INSERM U887, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Burgundy, Dijon, France
Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1828-34. 2008..To examine the improvement in swimming (3.8 km), cycling (180 km), running (42.2 km), and overall performances at the Hawaii Ironman Triathlon of elite males and females between 1981 and 2007...
- Performance trends in 161-km ultramarathonsM D Hoffman
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Northern California Health Care System, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California, USA
Int J Sports Med 31:31-7. 2010....
- Faster oxygen uptake kinetics at the onset of submaximal cycling exercise following 4 weeks recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO) treatmentPhilippe Connes
UPRES EA 2991, Laboratoire Sport Performance Santé, Faculte des Sciences du Sport, Universite Montpellier 1, 34090 Montpellier, France
Pflugers Arch 447:231-8. 2003..5+/-7.3 vs. 33.4+/-7.9 s). Collectively, our findings suggest that r-HuEPO contributes both to an acceleration of the dynamic response of VO2 to submaximal exercise and to an increase in maximal exercise capacity...
- Sprint interval and traditional endurance training induce similar improvements in peripheral arterial stiffness and flow-mediated dilation in healthy humansMark Rakobowchuk
Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 295:R236-42. 2008..However, alterations in central artery distensibility may require a longer training stimuli and/or greater initial vascular stiffness than observed in this group of healthy subjects...
- Caffeine and anaerobic performance: ergogenic value and mechanisms of actionJ K Davis
Department of Health and Human Performance, Texas A and M University Commerce, Commerce, Texas, USA
Sports Med 39:813-32. 2009..The exact mechanisms behind caffeine's action remain to be elucidated...
- Skeletal muscle telomere length in healthy, experienced, endurance runnersDale E Rae
UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Eur J Appl Physiol 109:323-30. 2010..035). Therefore, since exposure to endurance running may influence minimum TRF length, and by implication, the proliferative potential of the satellite cells, chronic endurance running may be seen as a stressor to skeletal muscle...
- Physiological profiles of elite judo athletesEmerson Franchini
Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of So Paulo, So Paulo, Brazil
Sports Med 41:147-66. 2011..However, further research is needed concerning the differences among the seven weight categories in which judo athletes compete...
- Factors related to successful completion of a 161-km ultramarathonMartin D Hoffman
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Northern California Health Care System, and the University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA, USA
Int J Sports Physiol Perform 6:25-37. 2011..This study surveyed entrants in two of the largest 161-km trail ultramarathon runs in North America to explore demographic characteristics and issues that affected race performance...
- Endurance training enhances BDNF release from the human brainThomas Seifert
Department of Anesthesia, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 298:R372-7. 2010..4.6 + or - 1.4 mRNA/ssDNA) compared with untrained mice. The increased BDNF expression in the hippocampus and the enhanced release of BDNF from the human brain following training suggest that endurance training promotes brain health...
- Mechanisms for exercise training-induced increases in skeletal muscle blood flow capacity: differences with interval sprint training versus aerobic endurance trainingM H Laughlin
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
J Physiol Pharmacol 59:71-88. 2008..Finally, evidence indicates that ET and IST induce non-uniform changes in smooth muscle and endothelium throughout skeletal muscle arteriolar networks...
- Methods, advantages, and limitations of body cooling for exercise performanceF E Marino
Human Movement Studies Unit, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia
Br J Sports Med 36:89-94. 2002..However, it seems that precooling is only beneficial for endurance exercise of up to 30-40 minutes rather than intermittent or short duration exercise...
- Prior endurance exercise attenuates growth hormone response to subsequent resistance exerciseKazushige Goto
Institute of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8574, Japan
Eur J Appl Physiol 94:333-8. 2005..05). These results indicate that the GH response to resistance exercise is attenuated by prior endurance exercise. This effect might be caused by the increase in blood FFA concentration at the beginning of resistance exercise...
- Skiing across the Greenland icecap: divergent effects on limb muscle adaptations and substrate oxidationJørn W Helge
Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, National University Hospital, Denmark
J Exp Biol 206:1075-83. 2003..Although the number of subjects is limited, these results imply that the adaptation pattern after long-term, prolonged, low-intensity, whole body exercise may vary dramatically among muscles...
- Branched-chain amino acid supplementation and the immune response of long-distance athletesReinaldo A Bassit
Department of Histology and Embryology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Nutrition 18:376-9. 2002..Therefore, we evaluated the effect of branched-chain amino acid supplementation on the immune response of triathletes and long-distance runners...
- Relation of biomarkers and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging after marathon runningNegareh Mousavi
Section of Cardiology, Department of Cardiac Sciences, St Boniface Research Centre, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Am J Cardiol 103:1467-72. 2009..The increase in cardiac troponin after marathon running is likely due to the cytosolic release of the biomarker, not to the true breakdown of the myocyte, as confirmed by delayed enhancement CMR imaging...
- Effects of a supervised home-based aerobic and progressive resistance training regimen in women infected with human immunodeficiency virus: a randomized trialSara E Dolan
Program in Nutritional Metabolism and Neuroendocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA
Arch Intern Med 166:1225-31. 2006..Women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) increasingly demonstrate abnormalities in fat distribution and metabolism; however, the effects of a home-based exercise regimen in this group have not been investigated...
- Caffeine potentiates low frequency skeletal muscle force in habitual and nonhabitual caffeine consumersM Tarnopolsky
Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine and Kinesiology, McMaster University Medical Center, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
J Appl Physiol (1985) 89:1719-24. 2000..These data support the hypothesis that some of the ergogenic effect of caffeine in endurance exercise performance occurs directly at the skeletal muscle level...
- Effects of long-term training specificity on maximal strength and power of the upper and lower extremities in athletes from different sportsMikel Izquierdo
Centro de Investigacion y Medicina del Deporte, Gobierno de Navarra, C Paulino Caballero 13, 31002 Pamplona Navarra, Spain
Eur J Appl Physiol 87:264-71. 2002....
- Advantages of smaller body mass during distance running in warm, humid environmentsF E Marino
Human Movement Studies Unit, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia
Pflugers Arch 441:359-67. 2000..Lighter runners produce and store less heat at the same running speed; hence they can run faster or further before reaching a limiting rectal temperature...
- Moderate endurance training prevents doxorubicin-induced in vivo mitochondriopathy and reduces the development of cardiac apoptosisAntonio Ascensao
Department of Sport Biology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Univ of Porto, Rua Dr Placido Costa, 91, 4200 450 Porto, Portugal
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 289:H722-31. 2005..In addition, endurance training limited the DOX-triggered apoptosis...
- Training principles and issues for ultra-endurance athletesCalvin Zaryski
Human Performance Laboratory, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 2N4, Canada
Curr Sports Med Rep 4:165-70. 2005..Furthermore, the treatment of soft tissue after training or racing is necessary to control inflammation...
- The effect of carbohydrate mouth rinse on 1-h cycle time trial performanceJames M Carter
Human Performance Laboratory, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK
Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:2107-11. 2004..5% of the trial completed. On the other occasion, water (PLA) was rinsed. Subjects were not allowed to swallow either the CHO solution or water, and each mouthful was spat out after a 5-s rinse...
- Effects of intermittent hypoxic training on cycling performance in well-trained athletesBelle Roels
UPRES EA 3759 Multidisciplinary Approach of Doping, 700 avenue Pic St Loup, 34090, Montpellier, France
Eur J Appl Physiol 101:359-68. 2007..However, IHT has the potential to assist athletes in preparation for competition at altitude...
- Age and gender interactions in ultraendurance performance: insight from the triathlonRomuald Lepers
Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Burgundy, Dijon, France
Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:134-9. 2011..8 km), cycling (180 km), and running (42 km) performances as a function of age...
- Postexercise muscle glycogen recovery enhanced with a carbohydrate-protein supplementJohn M Berardi
Exercise Nutrition Research Laboratory, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Kinesiology, The University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1106-13. 2006....
- Effect of caffeine on sport-specific endurance performance: a systematic reviewMatthew S Ganio
Department of Kinesiology, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA
J Strength Cond Res 23:315-24. 2009..kg body mass). Abstaining from caffeine at least 7 days before use will give the greatest chance of optimizing the ergogenic effect...
- The influence of carbohydrate and protein ingestion during recovery from prolonged exercise on subsequent endurance performanceJames Betts
Sport and Exercise Science, University of Bath, Bath, UK
J Sports Sci 25:1449-60. 2007..In conclusion, increasing the energy content of these recovery solutions extended run time to exhaustion, irrespective of whether the additional energy originated from sucrose or whey protein isolate...
- Muscular adaptations in response to three different resistance-training regimens: specificity of repetition maximum training zonesGerson E R Campos
Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Irvine Hall, rm 430, Athens, OH 45701, USA
Eur J Appl Physiol 88:50-60. 2002....
- Effects of tiotropium on lung hyperinflation, dyspnoea and exercise tolerance in COPDD E O'Donnell
Respiratory Investigation Unit, Dept of Medicine, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Eur Respir J 23:832-40. 2004..Resultant increases in inspiratory capacity permitted greater expansion of tidal volume and contributed to improvements in both exertional dyspnoea and exercise endurance...
- Strenuous endurance training in humans reduces oxidative stress following exhausting exerciseH Miyazaki
Institute of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Tennodai, Tsukuba 305 8574, Japan
Eur J Appl Physiol 84:1-6. 2001..production in response to exhausting exercise. Furthermore, this up-regulation in antioxidant defences was accompanied by a reduction in exercise-induced lipid peroxidation in erythrocyte membrane...
- Impact of a competitive marathon race on systemic cytokine and neutrophil responsesKatsuhiko Suzuki
Department of Hygiene, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Aomori, Japan
Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:348-55. 2003..To investigate whether cytokines and neutrophils mediate exercise-related pathogenesis, we examined their responses and possible association after exhaustive exercise...
- Functional incidental training: a randomized, controlled, crossover trial in Veterans Affairs nursing homesJoseph G Ouslander
Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Department of Medicine, and the Center for Health in Aging, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30329, USA
J Am Geriatr Soc 53:1091-100. 2005..To test the effects of a rehabilitative intervention directed at continence, mobility, endurance, and strength (Functional Incidental Training (FIT)) in older patients in Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) nursing homes...
- Exercise induces a cardiac mitochondrial phenotype that resists apoptotic stimuliAndreas N Kavazis
Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 294:H928-35. 2008..Furthermore, these results are consistent with the concept that exercise-induced mitochondrial adaptations contribute to exercise-induced cardioprotection...
- Weight changes, sodium levels, and performance in the South African Ironman TriathlonKaren Sharwood
UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town and Sports Science Institute of South Africa, South Africa
Clin J Sport Med 12:391-9. 2002..To establish relationships between body weight changes and serum sodium during and after an Ironman Triathlon, and postrace fluid status and rectal temperature, including the incidence of hyponatremia...
- Effects of a carbohydrate-protein beverage on cycling endurance and muscle damageMichael J Saunders
School of Kinesiology and Recreation Studies, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA 22807, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1233-8. 2004..3% and 1.8% concentrations) versus a carbohydrate-only (CHO; 7.3%) beverage...
- ACTN3 genotype is associated with human elite athletic performanceNan Yang
Institute for Neuromuscular Research, Children s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia
Am J Hum Genet 73:627-31. 2003..The differential effects in sprint and endurance athletes suggests that the R577X polymorphism may have been maintained in the human population by balancing natural selection...
- Effects of prior heavy-intensity exercise on oxygen uptake and muscle deoxygenation kinetics of a subsequent heavy-intensity cycling and knee-extension exerciseSarah Margaret Cleland
Canadian Centre for Activity and Aging, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 37:138-48. 2012....
- The PPARGC1A gene Gly482Ser in Polish and Russian athletesAgnieszka Maciejewska
Department of Genetics, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
J Sports Sci 30:101-13. 2012..These findings support the hypothesis that the PPARGC1A 482Ser allele may impair aerobic capacity: thus, the Gly482 allele may be considered a beneficial factor for endurance performance...
- Effects of exercise training intensity on nocturnal growth hormone secretion in obese adults with the metabolic syndromeBrian A Irving
Department of Human Services, Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 94:1979-86. 2009..However, little is known about the effects of endurance training intensity on spontaneous GH release in obese individuals...
- Effect of β-alanine plus sodium bicarbonate on high-intensity cycling capacityCraig Sale
Biomedical, Life and Health Sciences Research Centre, School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK
Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:1972-8. 2011..We examined the effect of β-alanine supplementation plus sodium bicarbonate on high-intensity cycling capacity...
- Effect of low-dose endurance training on heart rate variability at rest and during an incremental maximal exercise testKaisu Martinmäki
Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35 LL, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
Eur J Appl Physiol 104:541-8. 2008..05-0.01) at absolute submaximal exercise intensities, but not at rest. In conclusion, low-dose endurance training enhanced vagal control during exercise, but did not alter resting vagal HR control...
- Plasma IL-6 concentration during ultra-endurance exerciseLinnea Wallberg
Astrand Laboratory of Work Physiology, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Box 5626, SE 114 86 Stockholm, Sweden
Eur J Appl Physiol 111:1081-8. 2011....
- Effect of protein-rich feeding on recovery after intense exerciseDavid S Rowlands
Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Human Health, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand
Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 17:521-43. 2007..9% (+/-6.9%), suggesting that individual responses to the protein-enriched treatment contributed to the unclear performance outcome. To conclude, protein-enriched recovery feeding had no clear effect on next-day performance...
- Intense training: the key to optimal performance before and during the taperI Mujika
USP Araba Sport Clinic, Vitoria Gasteiz, Basque Country, Spain
Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:24-31. 2010..A tapering and peaking program before the start of a league format championship or a major tournament should be characterized by high-intensity activities...
- High-intensity interval training: a time-efficient strategy for health promotion?Martin J Gibala
Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Curr Sports Med Rep 6:211-3. 2007
- No gender difference in peak performance in ultra-endurance swimming performance - analysis of the 'Zurich 12-h Swim' from 1996 to 2010Evelyn Eichenberger
Institute of General Practice and for Health Services Research, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Chin J Physiol 55:346-51. 2012..Further studies are needed to investigate whether females are able to achieve similar or even better performances than males in openwater ultra-swimming events such as 'Channel Swimming'...
- Concurrent strength and endurance training. A reviewM Leveritt
Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Waikato Polytechnic, Hamilton, New Zealand
Sports Med 28:413-27. 1999..Further systematic research is necessary to quantify the inhibitory effects of concurrent training on strength development and to identify different training approaches that may overcome any negative effects of concurrent training...
- Master's performance in the New York City Marathon 1983-1999P Jokl
Department of Orthopaedics, Yale University, Yale Physicians Building, 800 Howard Avenue, New Haven, CT 06512, USA
Br J Sports Med 38:408-12. 2004..Physical activity in older people is believed to slow down the natural aging process through its effects on disuse atrophy...
- The effect of strength and endurance training on gait, balance, fall risk, and health services use in community-living older adultsD M Buchner
Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 52:M218-24. 1997..The study tested the effect of strength and endurance training on gait, balance, physical health status, fall risk, and health services use in older adults...
- Increased subsarcolemmal lipids in type 2 diabetes: effect of training on localization of lipids, mitochondria, and glycogen in sedentary human skeletal muscleJoachim Nielsen
Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Univ of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 298:E706-13. 2010..Thus consideration of cell compartmentation may advance the understanding of the role of lipids in muscle function and type 2 diabetes...
- The effects of different doses of caffeine on endurance cycling time trial performanceBen Desbrow
School of Public Health, Research Centre for Clinical and Community Practice Innovation, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia
J Sports Sci 30:115-20. 2012..39). A caffeine dose of 3 mg x kg(-1) body mass appears to improve cycling performance in well-trained and familiarised athletes. Doubling the dose to 6 mg x kg(-1) body mass does not confer any additional improvements in performance...
- Effects of beta-alanine supplementation on the onset of neuromuscular fatigue and ventilatory threshold in womenJ R Stout
Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 6081, USA
Amino Acids 32:381-6. 2007..In conclusion, beta-alanine supplementation appears to improve submaximal cycle ergometry performance and TTE in young women, perhaps as a result of an increased buffering capacity due to elevated muscle carnosine concentrations...
- The runner's high: opioidergic mechanisms in the human brainHenning Boecker
Nuklearmedizinische Klinik, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitat Munchen, 81675 Munchen, Germany
Cereb Cortex 18:2523-31. 2008..These findings support the "opioid theory" of the runner's high and suggest region-specific effects in frontolimbic brain areas that are involved in the processing of affective states and mood...
- Effect of an isocaloric carbohydrate-protein-antioxidant drink on cycling performanceBrett C Romano-Ely
Department of Kinesiology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA 22807, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1608-16. 2006..Fourteen male cyclists were studied to compare the effect of carbohydrate-protein-antioxidant beverage (CHOPA) to an isocaloric carbohydrate-only (CHO) beverage on time to fatigue and muscle damage...
- Systemic and pulmonary oxidative stress after single-leg exercise in COPDEvi M Mercken
Departments of Respiratory Medicine, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Chest 136:1291-300. 2009..Our aim for this study was to disentangle the contribution of muscular vs pulmonary oxidative stress during endurance exercise in patients with COPD...
- Mechanisms underpinning exercise-induced changes in left ventricular functionJessica M Scott
Cardiovascular Physiology and Rehabilitation Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1400-7. 2008..Although further mechanistic investigations are clearly warranted, several key mechanisms have received support for at least a partial contribution to the transient changes in myocardial performance often observed after PSE...
- Panax notoginseng supplementation enhances physical performance during endurance exerciseMichael T C Liang
Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, California 91768, USA
J Strength Cond Res 19:108-14. 2005..6 +/- 8 ml.kg-1.min-1) during endurance cycle exercise. Based on this study, we conclude that 1,350 mg per day PNG supplement for 30 days improved endurance time to exhaustion, and lowered MAP and Vo2 during endurance exercise...
- Exercise training from late middle age until senescence does not attenuate the declines in skeletal muscle aerobic functionAndrew C Betik
Muscle and Aging Laboratory, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, Canada
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 297:R744-55. 2009....
- n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids do not alter immune and inflammation measures in endurance athletesDavid C Nieman
Dept of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA
Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 19:536-46. 2009....
- Effect of leg strengthening exercise after hip fractureKATHLEEN MANGIONE; Fiscal Year: 2004..Muscle weakness, loss of balance and decreased physical endurance remain...
- MOLECULAR GENETICS OF THERMOGENESISMARTIN ELLIOT YOUNG; Fiscal Year: 2013..Mice with a global inactivation of Slc25a25 are resistant to DIO and have reduced physical endurance when tested on a treadmill...
- ROCK and ObesityJAMES KUANG JAN LIAO; Fiscal Year: 2013..by or involve with the upregulation of PGC-11 such as the fasting state, adaptive thermogenesis, and physical endurance are defective in ROCK2 mice...
- Exercise Versus Cognitive Interventions for Elders at Risk for DementiaDavid Loewenstein; Fiscal Year: 2010..with MCI;2) a broad array of outcome variables will be examined including measures of cognitive functioning, physical endurance and fitness, biological activity (e.g...
- Frequency of aerobic/resistance training in older womenGary Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2009..Such information is critical to our understanding of ways to improve well being, quality of life, and independence of an aging population. ..
- PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE AND FUNCTIONAL OUTCOMESMary McDermott; Fiscal Year: 2001..They further state that the results of this study will be used to develop subsequent intervention studies designed to improve quality of life and prevent functional decline among men and women with PAD. ..
- Physiological Consequences of Hypoxia and Lung DiseasePeter Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Improving Functioning in Peripheral Arterial DiseaseMary McDermott; Fiscal Year: 2007..By identifying the optimal exercise program for improving functioning in PAD patients with and without IC, our findings will have substantial clinical and public health implications for millions of patients with PAD. ..
- NO AND EXERCISE VASODILATION IN HUMAN HYPERLIPIDEMIAMichael Joyner; Fiscal Year: 2004..Data from these patient- oriented studies have implications related to understanding the contribution of endothelial function in a variety of common diseases. ..
- Exercise Substrate Utilization:The Crossover ConceptGeorge Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2006..Further, we have the auxiliary personnel and facilities to conduct longitudinal training studies ..
- Estimating Joint Impedance from the Surface EMGEDWARD CLANCY; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Pre-habilitation of Aged and Young Neuromuscular SystemsMICHAEL DESCHENES; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Task Dependence of Muscle Fatigue in Older AdultsSandra Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2005..These preliminary findings will form the foundation for an RO 1 application that will further explore the mechanisms and task dependency of muscle fatigue in older adults. ..
- Effect of Daily Exercise on Cardiac Autonomic RegulationGEORGE BILLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..Ventricular contractile responses to Beta1- and Beta2-adrenoceptor stimulation will be examined in vivo by echocardiography and in vitro by single cell fluorescence microscopy/video edge detection. ..
- MECHANICAL VENTILATION AND RESPIRATORY MUSCLESScott Powers; Fiscal Year: 2004..The long-term goal of our experiments is to provide the knowledge required to develop clinical strategies to oppose the deleterious effects of MV on respiratory muscles. ..
- Noninvasive Motor Unit Discharge AssessmentEDWARD CLANCY; Fiscal Year: 2004..The long-term goal is to develop a non-invasive system for recording a complete set of MU discharge characteristics. This system should lead to applications in areas such as ergonomics, clinical EMG, and basic motor control research. ..
- Reducing Risk Factors in Peripheral Arterial DiseaseMary Mcgrae McDermott; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Magnetic Resonance in Peripheral Arterial DiseaseMary Mcgrae McDermott; Fiscal Year: 2010..This knowledge, in subsequent studies, is expected to lead to new therapies for PAD-related functional impairment and functional decline. ..
- Dietary Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Sudden Cardiac DeathGEORGE EDWARD BILLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..This project will also determine the effectiveness of fish oil supplements in reducing sudden death due to a lethal abnormal heart rhythm after a heart attack. ..
- CAUSES OF SLEEP-INDUCED BREATHING INSTABILITIESJerome Dempsey; Fiscal Year: 2002..These latter studies conduced in sleep are important to testing the sensitivity of respiratory control mechanisms to mechanical feedback-a problem which remains relatively unexplored, especially in the human. ..
- The Effect of Statins on Skeletal Muscle FunctionPAUL DAVIS THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Exercise for Mental Health: Does Exercise Make People Feel Better?Panteleimon Ekkekakis; Fiscal Year: 2003..The immediate anticipated benefit of this research is the development of physical activity public health recommendations that incorporate affect as a fundamental consideration. ..
- Neuromuscular Fatigue in Older AdultsSandra Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- BLOOD FACTORS AND PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE OUTCOMESMary McDermott; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Mechanisms to Induce Islet ProliferationPATRICK FUEGER; Fiscal Year: 2008..This award will be an instrumental component towards my ultimate goal of pursuing a career in diabetes research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Exercise, Antioxidants, and I-R InjuryScott Powers; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Inflammation and Peripheral Arterial Disease OutcomesMary McDermott; Fiscal Year: 2008..Results will be used to develop interventions to improve functioning and prevent functional decline in PAD. ..
- Mechanical Ventilation and Diaphragmatic Oxidant InjuryScott Powers; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Physiological Signals to MCT ExpressionGeorge Brooks; Fiscal Year: 2008..Aim 3 studies will involve comparisons of the levels of muscle MCT pre-mRNAs, mRNAs and protein levels. We have the tools to achieve the stated aims. ..
- Mechanisms of Disability in Peripheral Arterial DiseaseMary McDermott; Fiscal Year: 2005..Results will be used to develop interventions designed to improve lower extremity functioning and prevent functional decline in persons with PAD. ..
- Microvascular Permeability and SexVIRGINIA HUXLEY; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- HYPGENE-GENETICS FITNESS OBESITY & RISK OF HYPERTENSIONTuomo Rankinen; Fiscal Year: 2007..These data could ultimately lead to more efficient use of physical activity and body weight control in the primary and secondary prevention of hypertension. ..
- Testing the Validity of a Construct of Geriatric FrailtyCATHERINE SARKISIAN; Fiscal Year: 2008..In summary, this exploratory investigation offers a unique and cost-effective means to break new ground in our understanding of the geriatric syndrome of frailty. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Plaque Characterization with Vascular MR Micro-CoilsDavid Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2006..g., fibro-fatty plaque, advanced necrotic core, or unstable fibrous cap) and determine its vulnerability for rupture, which can be a life threatening event. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Inflamation-Gene Expression by Monocytes in FrailtySean Leng; Fiscal Year: 2005..Therefore, It will serve as a hypothesis-generating project, and a basis for hypothesis refinement, that will open new pathways for future mechanistic and, potentially, interventional investigations of frailty in old age. ..
- MULTIMEDIA ELDERCARE SUPPORT FOR FAMILY CAREGIVERSA Irvine; Fiscal Year: 2004..The award-winning Phase I prototype will be marketed as a CD-ROM and in Internet/Intranet format. The Phase II program also will be produced in these formats. ..
- ECONOMIC IMPACT OF INJURY/ILLNESS IN CAREER ROOFERSLaura Welch; Fiscal Year: 2004..5) Assess and describe the impact of work-related conditions and aging on the ability of roofers to remain employed in their trade. ..
- CARE OF THE AGED: A MULTIMEDIA STAFF DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMA Irvine; Fiscal Year: 2002..In Phase II, the program's content will be expanded, and it will be evaluated with a randomized trial at multiple residential worksites. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: Not available ..
- RESPIRATION AND GLYCOLYSIS--INTEGRATION IN ACTIVE MUSCLEKevin Conley; Fiscal Year: 2002..g., diabetes. An understanding of the integration of metabolism in healthy tissue is the first step to understanding how failure of integration limits function in diseased muscle. ..
- Estrogen and Sympathetically Mediated VasoconstrictionPAUL FADEL; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Quantifying Oxidative Metabolism in Diabetic MuscleBRUCE DAMON; Fiscal Year: 2005..Moreover, these techniques will be suitable for future studies of the effects of exercise training or other interventions in diabetic animal models. ..
- Emotional Reactivity: A Trigger of Atrial FibrillationRachel Lampert; Fiscal Year: 2008..Determining triggers of AF, and identifying individuals at increased risk of recurrence, may lead to future therapeutic interventions aimed at decreasing the effects of triggers on the individual patient. ..
- Cooperative Lifestyle Intervention ProgramWALTER REJESKI; Fiscal Year: 2009..Analyses will also be conducted to determine whether changes in the primary outcome are mediated by changes in constructs from social cognitive theory. ..
- GENETIC FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR EXERCISE ENDURANCEJ Lightfoot; Fiscal Year: 2009..This will be the first project investigating the genetic basis of exercise endurance to use these techniques that have already proven successful in other fields. ..
- Phosphorus MRI of the Lower Extremeties in DiabeticsROBERT GREENMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Intelligent Systems for Detection of Aging ChangesJeffrey A Kaye; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Tai Chi and Dual Task Interference on Postural Control in Parkinson's DiseaseCHRISTOPHER HASS; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TISSUE RESPONSE IN IMRI GUIDED CANCER THERAPYDavid Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2003..With this research, the applicants expect to establish an analysis paradigm suitable for many future studies of contrast agents, ablation techniques, localized drug release, and other iMRI-guided therapies. ..
- AGING, HABITUAL EXERCISE, AND ARTERIAL COMPLIANCEHirofumi Tanaka; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Trial to Increase Walking Among Sedentary Older LatinosCATHERINE SARKISIAN; Fiscal Year: 2008..The goal of this project is to demonstrate success of a feasible intervention that raises and sustains walking levels among older Latinos. ..
- Cryo-Imaging of Fluorescently Tagged Cells in the MouseDavid Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2006..This system will help researchers understand physiology and disease mechanisms and promote research for cures. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Multimedia Support for Caregivers of the Seriously IllA Irvine; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed program provides automates support and education for the caregivers via the Internet, including articles, videos, and help thinking through tough decisions. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MRI Detection of Skeletal Muscle Microvascular DysfunctionBRUCE DAMON; Fiscal Year: 2007..In these studies we will be developing new methods for studying blood flow to muscles non-invasively. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Intervention to Raise Octogenarians' Walking LevelsCATHERINE SARKISIAN; Fiscal Year: 2006..Sarkisian will conduct a small RCT of the modified intervention with 60 octogenarians recruited from senior residential facilities to obtain preliminary data that would guide the design of a larger RCT. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Brain Development on Adults with SchizophreniaGeorge Bartzokis; Fiscal Year: 2008..This will change our concept of how we could treat this illness, the feasibility of changing its lifelong course, and would encourage the development of novel pharmacologic interventions to improve myelination. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EFFECT OF POTASSIUM BICARBONATE ON BONE AND MUSCLEBess Dawson Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- Weight-loss, Exercise, and Oxidative Capacity in ObesityMatthew Harber; Fiscal Year: 2005..lean subjects. The obese women will then be reevaluated following 12% weight loss (through diet only or diet plus exercise) to examine the influence of weight-loss with or without exercise on these parameters. ..
- Determinants of arterial function in hypertensionIftikhar J Kullo; Fiscal Year: 2010..The aim of our investigation is to identify novel proteins and genes that influence arterial function. Such work will help in identifying those at risk of developing arterial disease and facilitate development of new therapies. ..
- Oxidant induced gene expression in vitamin E deficient *Kishorchandra Gohil; Fiscal Year: 2002..These molecular data may provide the basis for designing more effective protocols for dietary interventions with antioxidants that might ameliorate lung diseases induced by environmental oxidants. ..
- Physical Work Capacity After Traumatic Brain InjuryKURT MOSSBERG; Fiscal Year: 2009..The latter is of particular importance from a public health perspective since the individual with TBI is usually young and will endure the permanent disabling effects of TBI for many years. ..
- Molecular determinants of exercise-induced muscle damageMonica Hubal; Fiscal Year: 2004..Understanding these processes could lead to novel treatments for musculodystrophy and other myopathies that are characterized by muscle degradation. ..
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANSCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- VESTIBULOSYMPATHETIC REFLEXES IN HUMANSCHESTER RAY; Fiscal Year: 2005..The design of these studies will increase our understanding of how the vestibular system contributes to orthostatic blood pressure regulation in humans. ..
- Leukemia inhibitor factor in skeletal muscle regrowthEspen Spangenburg; Fiscal Year: 2003..Identification of a cytokine and a signaling mechanism that may regulate muscle growth could lead to other counter-measures to ultimately prevent muscle wasting. ..
- Gene Therapy of Muscle Wasting From UremiaXiaonan Wang; Fiscal Year: 2005..We believe that the experimental results will shed the insight on the mechanisms of muscle protein degradation, and provide a possible new approach to treat the pathological process of muscle wasting. ..
- Regulation of skeletal alpha actin expression during mu*Espen Spangenburg; Fiscal Year: 2008..The overall goal is to determine the role IGF-I may have in activating transcriptional activity during muscle regrowth. ..
- Physical Activity during Pregnancy, Fetal Growth, and Toddler Body SizeLanay Mudd; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..