tooth apex

Summary

Summary: The tip or terminal end of the root of a tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p62)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Single-visit endodontics, Part 1. Are we there yet?
    E Steve Senia
    Dent Today 22:120-2, 124-7. 2003
  2. ncbi The use of MTA in teeth with necrotic pulps and open apices
    Valentina Giuliani
    Department of Endodontics, The University of Florence, Italy
    Dent Traumatol 18:217-21. 2002
  3. ncbi Mineral trioxide aggregate apical plugs in teeth with open apical foramina: a retrospective analysis of treatment outcome
    Johannes Mente
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, Ruprecht Karls University of Heidelberg, Germany
    J Endod 35:1354-8. 2009
  4. ncbi Limited cone-beam CT and intraoral radiography for the diagnosis of periapical pathology
    Sara Lofthag-Hansen
    Clinic for Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Public Dental Health Service, Goteborg, Sweden
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 103:114-9. 2007
  5. ncbi Immature teeth with periradicular periodontitis or abscess undergoing apexogenesis: a paradigm shift
    Ling Huey Chueh
    Elite Dental Clinic, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Endod 32:1205-13. 2006
  6. ncbi One step pulp revascularization treatment of an immature permanent tooth with chronic apical abscess: a case report
    S Y Shin
    Endodontic Division, Atlantic Coast Dental Research Clinic, West Palm Beach, FL, USA
    Int Endod J 42:1118-26. 2009
  7. ncbi An evaluation of the quality of root fillings in mandibular incisors and maxillary and mandibular canines using different methodologies
    L W M van der Sluis
    Department of Cariology Endodontology Pedodontology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam ACTA, Louwesweg 1, Amsterdam 1066 EA, The Netherlands
    J Dent 33:683-8. 2005
  8. ncbi Clinical outcomes of artificial root-end barriers with mineral trioxide aggregate in teeth with immature apices
    David T Holden
    Department of Endodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229 3900, USA
    J Endod 34:812-7. 2008
  9. ncbi Assessment of root resorption and root shape: periapical vs panoramic films
    G T Sameshima
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90089 0641, USA
    Angle Orthod 71:185-9. 2001
  10. ncbi Apical limit of root canal instrumentation and obturation, part 2. A histological study
    D Ricucci
    Int Endod J 31:394-409. 1998

Research Grants

  1. Antimicrobial Gene Therapy
    George Huang; Fiscal Year: 2003
  2. Cannabinoid Modulation of Capsaicin-Sensitive Nociceptors
    Kenneth M Hargreaves; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. Neuropeptide Y Regulation of Peripheral Human Nociceptors and Pain
    Kenneth Hargreaves; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. Mechanisms of Nicotine Induced Neurogenic Inflammation
    Kenneth Hargreaves; Fiscal Year: 2005
  5. SYMPATHETIC FIBER MODULATION OF NEUROGENIC INFLAMMATION
    Kenneth Hargreaves; Fiscal Year: 2003
  6. PERIPHERAL CANNABINOIDS AND NEUROGENIC INFLAMMATION
    Kenneth Hargreaves; Fiscal Year: 2002
  7. Mineral and Mechanical Properties of Bone
    Sarandeep Huja; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. Root deformation and root resorption
    Thomas Katona; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. AFM and CFM Study of the Etiology of Fluorosis
    BRIAN CLARKSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
  10. ROLE OF DENTIN PHOSPHOPROTEIN IN DENTIN REMINERALIZATION
    BRIAN CLARKSON; Fiscal Year: 2001

Detail Information

Publications235 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Single-visit endodontics, Part 1. Are we there yet?
    E Steve Senia
    Dent Today 22:120-2, 124-7. 2003
  2. ncbi The use of MTA in teeth with necrotic pulps and open apices
    Valentina Giuliani
    Department of Endodontics, The University of Florence, Italy
    Dent Traumatol 18:217-21. 2002
    ..MTA appears to be a valid option for apexification with its main advantage being the speed at which the treatment can be completed...
  3. ncbi Mineral trioxide aggregate apical plugs in teeth with open apical foramina: a retrospective analysis of treatment outcome
    Johannes Mente
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, Ruprecht Karls University of Heidelberg, Germany
    J Endod 35:1354-8. 2009
    ..This retrospective study assessed healing of teeth with open apices managed by the placement of mineral trioxide aggregate apical plugs...
  4. ncbi Limited cone-beam CT and intraoral radiography for the diagnosis of periapical pathology
    Sara Lofthag-Hansen
    Clinic for Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Public Dental Health Service, Goteborg, Sweden
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 103:114-9. 2007
    ..To compare intraoral periapical radiography with 3D images for the diagnosis of periapical pathology...
  5. ncbi Immature teeth with periradicular periodontitis or abscess undergoing apexogenesis: a paradigm shift
    Ling Huey Chueh
    Elite Dental Clinic, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Endod 32:1205-13. 2006
    ..Our clinical observations support a shifting paradigm toward a conservative approach by providing a favorable environment for tissue regeneration. The mechanism of this continued development and formation of the root end is discussed...
  6. ncbi One step pulp revascularization treatment of an immature permanent tooth with chronic apical abscess: a case report
    S Y Shin
    Endodontic Division, Atlantic Coast Dental Research Clinic, West Palm Beach, FL, USA
    Int Endod J 42:1118-26. 2009
    ..To describe a case in which a mandibular right second premolar with a necrotic pulp, sinus tract, periradicular radiolucency and an immature apex underwent revascularization via a single treatment approach...
  7. ncbi An evaluation of the quality of root fillings in mandibular incisors and maxillary and mandibular canines using different methodologies
    L W M van der Sluis
    Department of Cariology Endodontology Pedodontology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam ACTA, Louwesweg 1, Amsterdam 1066 EA, The Netherlands
    J Dent 33:683-8. 2005
    ....
  8. ncbi Clinical outcomes of artificial root-end barriers with mineral trioxide aggregate in teeth with immature apices
    David T Holden
    Department of Endodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229 3900, USA
    J Endod 34:812-7. 2008
    ..Overall, these results indicated that the mineral trioxide aggregate apical barrier technique is a successful method for obturating teeth with immature apices...
  9. ncbi Assessment of root resorption and root shape: periapical vs panoramic films
    G T Sameshima
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90089 0641, USA
    Angle Orthod 71:185-9. 2001
    ..The use of panoramic films to measure pre- and posttreatment root resorption may overestimate the amount of root loss by 20% or more...
  10. ncbi Apical limit of root canal instrumentation and obturation, part 2. A histological study
    D Ricucci
    Int Endod J 31:394-409. 1998
    ....
  11. ncbi Accuracy of three electronic apex locators compared with digital radiography: an ex vivo study
    Luigi Cianconi
    Department of Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Endod 36:2003-7. 2010
    ....
  12. ncbi An ex vivo comparison of root canal length determination by three electronic apex locators at positions short of the apical foramen
    Bruno Carvalho de Vasconcelos
    School of Dentistry of Sobral, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 110:e57-61. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision of working length determination of 3 electronic apex locators (EALs): Root ZX, RomiApex D-30, and Ipex at 0.0 mm, at the apical foramen (AF), and at 1.0 mm short of the AF...
  13. ncbi In vivo comparison of working length determination with two electronic apex locators
    K T Wrbas
    Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University School and Dental Hospital, Albert Ludwigs University Freiburg, Freiburg i Br, Germany
    Int Endod J 40:133-8. 2007
    ..To compare the accuracy of two electronic apex locators (EALs) in the same teeth in vivo...
  14. ncbi Ex vivo evaluation of the accuracy and coefficient of repeatability of three electronic apex locators using a simple mounting model: a preliminary report
    F L C D'Assunção
    Department of Operative Dentistry, Federal University of Paraiba, Joao Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil
    Int Endod J 43:269-74. 2010
    ..To compare ex vivo the accuracy and coefficient of repeatability of three electronic apex locators in locating the apical constriction...
  15. ncbi Accuracy of three electronic apex locators in anterior and posterior teeth: an ex vivo study
    Manuele Mancini
    Department of Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    J Endod 37:684-7. 2011
    ....
  16. ncbi An evaluation of root ZX and iPex apex locators: an in vivo study
    Eva K Stöber
    Department of Endodontics, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
    J Endod 37:608-10. 2011
    ..iPex is a fourth-generation apex locator (EAL) that has not yet been tested in vivo. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of the Root ZX (J Morita Corp, Tokyo, Japan) and iPex (NSK, Tochigi, Japan) EALs...
  17. ncbi Comparison of in vivo and in vitro readings when testing the accuracy of the Root ZX apex locator
    Fernando Duran-Sindreu
    Department of Endodontics, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
    J Endod 38:236-9. 2012
    ..The purpose of the study was to compare the accuracy of the Root ZX electronic apex locator (J Morita Corp, Tokyo, Japan) between an in vivo and an in vitro model...
  18. ncbi Detection of apical root resorption after orthodontic treatment by using panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography of super-high resolution
    Alexander Dudic
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 135:434-7. 2009
    ..Apical root resorption is an adverse side effect of orthodontic treatment. We compared panoramic radiography (OPT) with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in evaluating orthodontically induced apical root resorption...
  19. ncbi Comparison of the reliability of "0.5" and "APEX" mark measurements in two frequency-based electronic apex locators
    Il young Jung
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
    J Endod 37:49-52. 2011
    ..A measuring instrument must be both accurate and reliable. This study compared the reliability of the "0.5" and "APEX" mark measurements by using 2 impedance quotient-based electronic apex locators (EALs)...
  20. ncbi External apical root resorption in patients treated with conventional and self-ligating brackets
    Nikolaos Pandis
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 134:646-51. 2008
    ..Our aim was to comparatively investigate the amount of external apical root resorption (EARR) between conventional and passive self-ligating brackets...
  21. ncbi The use of mineral trioxide aggregate in one-visit apexification treatment: a prospective study
    S Simon
    Laboratory of Oro facial Biology and Pathology, INSERM U714, University of Paris 6, Paris, France
    Int Endod J 40:186-97. 2007
    ..To assess the outcome of apexification using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)...
  22. ncbi Use of MTA for orthograde obturation of nonvital teeth with open apices: report of two cases
    Camillo D'Arcangelo
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University G D Annunzio, Chieti, Italy
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 104:e98-101. 2007
    ..The treated teeth were asymptomatic, and radiographic follow-ups showed healing of periradicular tissues and new hard tissue formation in the apical area of the affected teeth...
  23. ncbi An ex vivo comparison of working length determination by 3 electronic apex locators
    Elizeu Alvaro Pascon
    Calabrodental Centro Odontoiatrico, Crotone, Italy
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 108:e147-51. 2009
    ..To compare the accuracy of 3 different electronic apex locators (EALs) in establishing the working length in recently extracted teeth...
  24. pmc Effect of pre-flaring and file size on the accuracy of two electronic apex locators
    Manoel Brito-Júnior
    Inter Institutional PhD Program, State University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, MG, Brazil
    J Appl Oral Sci 20:538-43. 2012
    ..This ex vivo study evaluated the effect of pre-flaring and file size on the accuracy of the Root ZX and Novapex electronic apex locators (EALs)...
  25. ncbi Influence of cervical preflaring on determination of apical file size in mandibular molars: SEM analysis
    Marcia da Silva Schmitz
    Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil
    Braz Dent J 19:245-51. 2008
    ..The rotary instruments evaluated in this study did not differ from each other regarding the discrepancies produced between the IAF size and canal diameter at the WL...
  26. ncbi Ex vivo comparison of the accuracy of Root ZX II in detecting apical constriction using different meter's reading
    Marco Aurélio Versiani
    Department of Endodontics, Associação Brasileira de Odontologia, Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 108:e41-5. 2009
    ..05). The accuracy was 90.5% and 83.78% for the Root ZX II "0.5" and "1" readings, respectively. It was concluded that the meter reading "1" of Root ZX II reduced the risk of working length overestimation...
  27. ncbi Assessment of canal walls after biomechanical preparation of root canals instrumented with Protaper Universal rotary system
    Carlos Menezes Aguiar
    Department of Prosthodontics and Oral and Facial Surgery, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil
    J Appl Oral Sci 17:590-5. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the instrumented walls of root canals prepared with the ProTaper Universal rotary system...
  28. ncbi Coronal and apical leakage analysis of two different root canal obturation systems
    Patricia Gimenez Oddoni
    School of Dentistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Braz Oral Res 22:211-5. 2008
    ..05). AH Plus with gutta-percha and Epiphany with Resilon provided the same coronal seal, whereas Epiphany with Resilon provided the best apical seal...
  29. ncbi Influence of instrument size on the accuracy of different apex locators: an in vitro study
    Benjamin Briseno-Marroquin
    Department of Operative Dentistry, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany
    J Endod 34:698-702. 2008
    ..No significant differences were found between the actual working length and EALs/instrument size. A nonsignificant higher number of unstable measurements were observed in all EALs with instrument size 15...
  30. ncbi A prospective study of the factors affecting outcomes of nonsurgical root canal treatment: part 1: periapical health
    Y L Ng
    Unit of Endodontology, UCL Eastman Dental Institute, University College London, London, UK
    Int Endod J 44:583-609. 2011
    ..To investigate the probability of and factors influencing periapical status of teeth following primary (1°RCTx) or secondary (2°RCTx) root canal treatment...
  31. ncbi Ex vivo accuracy of three electronic apex locators using different apical file sizes
    Bruno Carvalho de Vasconcelos
    Sobral Dental School, Federal University of Ceara, Sobral, CE, Brazil
    Braz Dent J 23:199-204. 2012
    ..Justy II and Novapex provided electronic measurements nearest to the AC...
  32. ncbi An in vivo radiographic evaluation of the accuracy of Apex and iPex electronic Apex locators
    Laura Paludo
    Cruzeiro do Sul University, Caxias do Sul, RS, Brazil
    Braz Dent J 23:54-8. 2012
    ..05) or in terms of the distance recorded from file tip and the radiographic apex (p>0.05). Apex and iPex EALs provided reliable measurements for WL determination for endodontic therapy...
  33. ncbi Influence of pulp condition on the accuracy of an electronic foramen locator in posterior teeth: an in vivo study
    Daniel Renner
    Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Santa Cruz do Sul University, Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brazil
    Braz Oral Res 26:106-11. 2012
    ..In none of these cases was the file tip located beyond the radiographic apex; in 32, it was located short of the NovApex® measurement. Pulp condition had no significant effect on the accuracy of NovApex®...
  34. ncbi Critical diameter of apical foramen and of file size using the Root ZX apex locator: an in vitro study
    Manuela Herrera
    Department of Dental Pathology and Therapeutics, School of Dentistry, University of Seville, Spain
    J Endod 37:1306-9. 2011
    ..An evaluation was made of the accuracy of the Root ZX apex locator (J. Morita Corp, Tokyo, Japan) in widened foramina, considering the existing controversy over this issue in the literature...
  35. pmc Evaluation of three instrumentation techniques at the precision of apical stop and apical sealing of obturation
    Ozgür Genç
    Department of Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey
    J Appl Oral Sci 19:350-4. 2011
    ..5 mm short of the apical foramen) in teeth with disrupted apical constriction, and to evaluate microleakage following obturation in such prepared teeth...
  36. ncbi Clinical reproducibility of three electronic apex locators
    V Miletic
    Department of Restorative Odontology and Endodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
    Int Endod J 44:769-76. 2011
    ..To compare the reproducibility of three electronic apex locators (EALs), Dentaport ZX, RomiApex A-15 and Raypex 5, under clinical conditions...
  37. ncbi The sealing ability and retention characteristics of mineral trioxide aggregate in a model of apexification
    Darlene R Hachmeister
    Department of Endodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78229 3900, USA
    J Endod 28:386-90. 2002
    ..MTA shows promise in our proposed treatment option of immature pulpless teeth if the sealing ability can be enhanced by improving the delivery technique...
  38. ncbi Comparison of working length determination with radiographs and four electronic apex locators
    J P Vieyra
    School of Dentistry, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico
    Int Endod J 44:510-8. 2011
    ..To evaluate the accuracy of the Root ZX, Elements-Diagnostic, Precision AL and Raypex 5 electronic apex locators when compared to radiographs for locating the apical constriction...
  39. ncbi Accuracy of three electronic apex locators in the presence of different irrigating solutions
    Ana Laura Pion Carvalho
    Department of Endodontics, Universidade Paulista, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Braz Oral Res 24:394-8. 2010
    ..The presence of irrigating solutions does not interfere with the performance of the EALs...
  40. ncbi Accuracy of the iPex multi-frequency electronic apex locator in primary molars: an ex vivo study
    P Nelson-Filho
    Department of Paediatric, Preventive and Community Dentistry, Ribeirao Preto School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Int Endod J 44:303-6. 2011
    ..To evaluate ex vivo the accuracy of the iPex multi-frequency electronic apex locator (NSK Ltd, Tokyo, Japan) for working length determination in primary molar teeth...
  41. ncbi Influence of embedding media on the assessment of electronic apex locators
    Jarcio V Baldi
    Department of Endodontics, Bauru Dental School, University of Sao Paulo, Al Dr Otávio Pinheiro Brisolla 9 75, CEP 17012 901 Bauru, SP, Brazil
    J Endod 33:476-9. 2007
    ..Despite the lack of statistically significant difference among the media, the flower sponge was the only medium in which the file surpassed the apex in some measurements...
  42. pmc In vivo accuracy of conventional and digital radiographic methods in confirming root canal working length determination by Root ZX
    Fernando Accorsi Orosco
    Department of Operative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil
    J Appl Oral Sci 20:522-5. 2012
    ..To compare, in vivo, the accuracy of conventional and digital radiographic methods in determining root canal working length...
  43. ncbi Orthodontic root resorption of endodontically treated teeth
    Tarso Esteves
    Department of Dentistry, State University of Maringa, PR, Brazil
    J Endod 33:119-22. 2007
    ..There was no statistically significant difference (p>0.05) in apical root resorption found in the endodontically treated teeth compared to the group of vital teeth...
  44. ncbi Labiomandibular paresthesia caused by endodontic treatment: an anatomic and clinical study
    Françoise Tilotta-Yasukawa
    Universite Rene Descartes, Laboratoire d Anatomie Fonctionnelle, Montrouge, Paris, France
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 102:e47-59. 2006
    ....
  45. ncbi Interventions for treating traumatized necrotic immature permanent anterior teeth: inducing a calcific barrier & root strengthening
    Mohammad A D Al Ansary
    Paediatric Dentistry Department, Bnied Al Gar Speciality Dental Centre, Kuwait
    Dent Traumatol 25:367-79. 2009
    ..This systematic review attempts to establish where the effects of interventions using multi-visit apexification, single visit apical plug techniques and root strengthening procedures are consistent and where they may vary significantly...
  46. ncbi Regenerative endodontic treatment (revascularization) of immature necrotic molars medicated with calcium hydroxide: a case series
    Zafer C Cehreli
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
    J Endod 37:1327-30. 2011
    ..The present case series demonstrates the outcome of revascularization treatment with intracanal medicament of calcium hydroxide in immature necrotic molars...
  47. ncbi Proximity of the mandibular canal to the tooth apex
    Tyler Kovisto
    Division of Endodontics, University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    J Endod 37:311-5. 2011
    ..Because the exact position of the nerve bundle can vary in patients, this study evaluated the distance from the apices of mandibular premolar and molar teeth to the superior border of the mandibular canal...
  48. ncbi A comparison of cone-beam computed tomography and direct measurement in the examination of the mandibular canal and adjacent structures
    Thomas S Kim
    Department of Endodontics, Loma Linda University School of Dentistry, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    J Endod 36:1191-4. 2010
    ..Measurements were taken from the apices of all posterior teeth that were superior to the mandibular canal...
  49. ncbi In-vitro evaluation of microleakage of an orthograde apical plug of mineral trioxide aggregate in permanent teeth with simulated immature apices
    Ahmed Al-Kahtani
    Department of Periodontics and Endodontics, State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Dental Medicine, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    J Endod 31:117-9. 2005
    ..The apical seal was tested using a bacterial leakage model of Actinomyces viscosus. Results showed a statistically significant difference in only the 5 mm apical plug, which completely prevented bacterial leakage...
  50. ncbi The effect of mineral trioxide aggregate on the apexification and periapical healing of teeth with incomplete root formation
    W T Felippe
    School of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil
    Int Endod J 39:2-9. 2006
    ....
  51. ncbi The fundamental operating principles of electronic root canal length measurement devices
    M H Nekoofar
    Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
    Int Endod J 39:595-609. 2006
    ..The aim of this review was to clarify the fundamental operating principles of the different types of electronic systems that claim to measure canal length...
  52. ncbi Properties of a new root-end filling material
    Hui Kheng Chng
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    J Endod 31:665-8. 2005
    ..There was no significant difference in depth of dye penetration between VERRM and WMTA. Further development of VERRM is indicated to produce a biocompatible root-end filling material with superior handling characteristics...
  53. ncbi Influence of cervical preflaring on apical file size determination
    J D Pecora
    Ribeirao Preto Dental School, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
    Int Endod J 38:430-5. 2005
    ..To investigate the influence of cervical preflaring with different instruments (Gates-Glidden drills, Quantec Flare series instruments and LA Axxess burs) on the first file that binds at working length (WL) in maxillary central incisors...
  54. ncbi The effect of disruption of apical constriction on periapical extrusion
    Ali Cemal Tinaz
    Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dental Faculty, Gazi University, 82 Street Emek, 06510 Ankara, Turkey
    J Endod 31:533-5. 2005
    ..04 taper files (p > 0.05). There was a tendency with both techniques to extrude apically more material as the diameter of the apical patency increased...
  55. ncbi Apexification: a review
    Mary Rafter
    University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1078, USA
    Dent Traumatol 21:1-8. 2005
    ..Success rates for calcium hydroxide apexification are high although risks such as reinfection and tooth fracture exist. Prospective clinical trials comparing this and one-visit apexification techniques are required...
  56. ncbi Apical plug technique using mineral trioxide aggregate: results from a case series
    R Pace
    Department of Endodontics, The University of Florence, Florence, Italy
    Int Endod J 40:478-84. 2007
    ..To examine the clinical and radiographic appearance of teeth that suffered premature interruption of root development and were treated by an mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) apical plug technique...
  57. ncbi Comparative study of white and gray mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) simulating a one- or two-step apical barrier technique
    Gary D Matt
    Naval Postgraduate Dental School, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Endod 30:876-9. 2004
    ..01). Results suggested that a 5 mm apical barrier of gray MTA, using two-steps, provided the best apical barrier...
  58. ncbi The effects of file size, sodium hypochlorite and blood on the accuracy of Root ZX apex locator in enlarged root canals: an in vitro study
    A K Ebrahim
    Department of Restorative Sciences, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan
    Aust Dent J 51:153-7. 2006
    ..This study aimed to evaluate the effect of file size on the accuracy of Root ZX apex locator using an agar model when sodium hypochlorite solution or blood was present during electronic measurements in enlarged root canals...
  59. ncbi Endodontic outcome predictors identified with periapical radiographs and cone-beam computed tomography scans
    Yu Hong Liang
    Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China
    J Endod 37:326-31. 2011
    ..This retrospective study evaluated various factors that might affect the outcome of root canal therapy...
  60. ncbi Electronic determination of root canal length in primary teeth with and without root resorption
    J Mente
    Poliklinik für Zahnerhaltungskunde, Ruprecht Karls University, Heidelberg, Germany
    Int Endod J 35:447-52. 2002
    ..To test an electrical device for determining root canal length in primary teeth in vitro, and to compare it with the radiographic length measurement...
  61. ncbi A comparison of phosphor-plate digital images with conventional radiographs for the perceived clarity of fine endodontic files and periapical lesions
    Lara T Friedlander
    University of Otago, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 93:321-7. 2002
    ..We sought to compare digital images with radiographs for the perceived clarity of small endodontic file tips at 2 different working lengths, as well as for the visualization of periapical bone lesions...
  62. ncbi Frequency of overinstrumentation with an acceptable radiographic working length
    A ElAyouti
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, , Germany
    J Endod 27:49-52. 2001
    ..These results suggest that in premolars and molars a radiographically working length ending 0 to 2 mm short of the radiographic apex provides, more often than expected, a basis for unintentional overinstrumentation...
  63. ncbi An in vitro evaluation of the accuracy of the root ZX in the presence of various irrigants
    J A Jenkins
    Advanced Education Program, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78229-3900, USA
    J Endod 27:209-11. 2001
    ..These results strongly support the concept that the Root ZX is a useful, versatile, and accurate device for the determination of canal lengths over a wide range of irrigants commonly used in the practice of endodontics...
  64. ncbi An in vitro experiment on the effect of an attempt to create an apical matrix during root canal preparation on coronal leakage and material extrusion
    M K Wu
    Department of Cariology and Endodontology, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 91:462-7. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: The hypothesis that a procedure to enlarge root canals to 3 sizes greater than that of the first binding file will reduce the amount of filling materials extruded and the leakage was not proved, as our results show...
  65. ncbi The accuracy of three different electronic root canal measuring devices: an in vitro evaluation
    Ali Cemal Tinaz
    Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
    J Oral Sci 44:91-5. 2002
    ..5 mm. If the instruments are used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, experience with electronic root canal measurement is not essential. However, the operator has to be more careful when working on pre-flared canals...
  66. ncbi Pulp revascularization of a necrotic infected immature permanent tooth: case report and review of the literature
    Blayne Thibodeau
    Department of Endodontics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Pediatr Dent 29:47-50. 2007
    ..Furthermore, this treatment approach can help rescue infected immature teeth by physiologically strengthening the root walls...
  67. ncbi Void detection in root fillings using intraoral analogue, intraoral digital and cone beam CT images
    B Huybrechts
    BIOMAT Research Cluster, School of Dentistry, Oral Pathology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Int Endod J 42:675-85. 2009
    ..To compare void detection in root fillings using different radiographic imaging techniques: intraoral analogue, intraoral digital and cone beam CT (CBCT) images and to assess factors influencing small void detection...
  68. ncbi Efficacy of revascularization to induce apexification/apexogensis in infected, nonvital, immature teeth: a pilot clinical study
    Naseem Shah
    Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Center for Dental Education and Research, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    J Endod 34:919-25; Discussion 1157. 2008
    ..This pilot study documented a favorable outcome of revascularization procedures conducted in immature nonvital, infected permanent teeth...
  69. ncbi Apical fit of initial K-files in maxillary molars assessed by micro-computed tomography
    F Paque
    Division of Endodontology, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int Endod J 43:328-35. 2010
    ..To two- and three-dimensionally assess the fit of the first K-file binding at working length after a crown-down canal procedure...
  70. ncbi MTA for obturation of mandibular central incisors with open apices: case report
    Mikako Hayashi
    Department of Restorative Dentistry and Endodontology, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Suita, Japan
    J Endod 30:120-2. 2004
    ..MTA can be considered a very effective material to promote regeneration of apical tissue, even in teeth with large open apices...
  71. ncbi Accuracy of electronic apex locater-controlled handpieces
    Jonathan Barthelemy
    Division of Cariology and Endodontology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 107:437-41. 2009
    ..We concluded that although the motor-driven mode of these devices appeared to be clinically safe, measurements obtained in manual and motor-driven operating modes are not equivalent...
  72. ncbi Pulp revascularization of immature teeth with apical periodontitis: a clinical study
    Rui Yu Ding
    Special Department, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China
    J Endod 35:745-9. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a pulpal revascularization procedure for immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis...
  73. ncbi The use and predictable placement of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate in one-visit apexification cases
    Torsten H Steinig
    Department of Endodontics, Texas A and M University System Health Science Center, Baylor College of Dentistry, Dallas, TX 75246, USA
    Aust Endod J 29:34-42. 2003
    ..Furthermore, the potential for fractures of immature teeth with thin roots is reduced, as a bonded core can be placed immediately within the root canal...
  74. ncbi Mineral trioxide aggregate obturation: a review and case series
    George Bogen
    J Endod 35:777-90. 2009
    ..The review introduces clinicians to an alternative treatment strategy that might improve the healing outcomes for patients presenting with complex and challenging endodontic conditions...
  75. ncbi Endodontic infection: some biologic and treatment factors associated with outcome
    Nadia M Chugal
    Section of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1668, USA
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 96:81-90. 2003
    ..We sought to investigate the simultaneous effect of apical periodontitis, instrumentation level, and density of root canal filling on endodontic treatment outcome...
  76. ncbi Biologically based treatment of immature permanent teeth with pulpal necrosis: a case series
    Il young Jung
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, Yonsei University School of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea
    J Endod 34:876-87. 2008
    ....
  77. ncbi The accuracy of the Neosono Ultima EZ apex locator using files of different alloys: an in vitro study
    M H Nekoofar
    Dental Faculty, University of Medical Science in Tehran, Iran
    J Calif Dent Assoc 30:681-4. 2002
    ..No significant difference was noted between the results for either file. The accuracy of the Neosono Ultima EZ in wet conditions exceeded 90 percent regardless of the alloy used...
  78. ncbi The role of apical instrumentation in root canal treatment: a review of the literature
    Dean Baugh
    University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Endod 31:333-40. 2005
    ..This review article generated a Medline-based search strategy to disclose these studies and provides a critique and summary of the results...
  79. ncbi Mineral trioxide aggregate for obturation of maxillary central incisors with necrotic pulp and open apices
    Arzu Pinar Erdem
    Department of Pedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
    Dent Traumatol 24:e38-41. 2008
    ..MTA can be considered a very effective option for apexification with the advantage of reduced treatment time, good sealing ability and high biocompatibility...
  80. ncbi Obturating teeth with wide open apices using mineral trioxide aggregate: a case report
    H Levenstein
    SADJ 57:270-3. 2002
    ..In 1999 a new material called mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was introduced to the dental profession for clinical use which has the ability to create an apical plug within a few weeks...
  81. ncbi Treatment options for teeth with open apices and apical periodontitis
    Denise Pontes Raldi
    University of Taubate, Taubate, Brazil
    J Can Dent Assoc 75:591-6. 2009
    ..In the third case, the tooth, which had a divergent root canal system, was completely obturated with MTA and treatment was also completed over 2 appointments. In all 3 cases, signs of bone healing were observed after treatment...
  82. ncbi A clinical evaluation of mineral trioxide aggregate for root-end closure of non-vital immature permanent incisors in children-a pilot study
    Spyridoula Sarris
    Leeds Dental Institute, Leeds, England, UK
    Dent Traumatol 24:79-85. 2008
    ..However, larger clinical studies are required to evaluate the long-term success of this procedure...
  83. ncbi Treatment of a non-vital immature incisor with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)
    Myriam Maroto
    Pediatric Dentistry Attention Program, School of Dentistry, Complutense University of Madrid UCM, Madrid, Spain
    Dent Traumatol 19:165-9. 2003
    ..At follow-up 12 months later, the tooth was asymptomatic and radiographically showed the initial repair of the radiolucent apical lesion...
  84. ncbi Ex vivo microscopic assessment of factors affecting the quality of apical seal created by root-end fillings
    S I Tobón-Arroyave
    Grupo de Investigación en Patología Oral, Periodoncia y Cirugía Alvéolo Dentaria POPCAD, Laboratorio de Inmunodetección y Bioanálisis, Facultad de Odontologia, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia
    Int Endod J 40:590-602. 2007
    ..iii) To describe the microstructure of the surface of root-end filling materials...
  85. ncbi Endodontic treatment with MTA apical plugs: a case report
    Pari Ghaziani
    Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry and Dental Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
    J Oral Sci 49:325-9. 2007
    ..Considering the importance of a coronal seal, the use of MTA for apical plugging appears to be a valid option...
  86. ncbi Influence of the type of vehicle and limit of obturation on apical and periapical tissue response in dogs' teeth after root canal filling with mineral trioxide aggregate
    Roberto Holland
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry of Aracatuba, Sao Paulo, State University UNESP, Aracatuba, SP, Brazil
    J Endod 33:693-7. 2007
    ..05); root fillings placed at the cemental canal limit showed better results than the overfillings (p = 0.01), and MTA/propyleneglycol paste was more easily placed into the root canals than MTA/distilled water paste...
  87. ncbi A report on the clinical and radiographic outcomes of 38 cases of apexification with mineral trioxide aggregate
    Suresh Nayar
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Charles Clifford Dental Hospital, Sheffield, United Kingdom
    Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent 17:150-6. 2009
    ..The presence of preoperative periapical radiolucencies did not affect the outcome or the treatment protocol...
  88. ncbi Ex vivo evaluation of the accuracy of two electronic apex locators during root canal length determination in primary teeth
    M R Leonardo
    Department of Pediatric, Preventive and Community Dentistry, Ribeirao Preto School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Int Endod J 41:317-21. 2008
    ..To evaluate ex vivo the accuracy of two electronic apex locators during root canal length determination in primary incisor and molar teeth with different stages of physiological root resorption...
  89. ncbi Accuracy of root canal length determination with the impedance ratio method
    J Jan
    Department of Endodontics, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Int Endod J 42:819-26. 2009
    ..To provide insight into the principles of operation of electronic apex locators, determine optimal measuring parameters of the impedance ratio method, and to evaluate its accuracy...
  90. ncbi An in vivo comparison of working length determination by only root-ZX apex locator versus combining root-ZX apex locator with radiographs using a new impression technique
    Euiseong Kim
    Department of Conservative Dentisty, Oral Science Research Center, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 105:e79-83. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to compare, in vivo, the accuracy of working length determination using only the Root-ZX electronic apex locator versus adjusting Root-ZX measurements after obtaining a working length radiograph...
  91. ncbi Evaluation of precision of length determination with 3 electronic apex locators: Root ZX, Elements Diagnostic Unit and Apex Locator, and RomiAPEX D-30
    Ricardo Affonso Bernardes
    Department of Endodontics, Bauru Dental School, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 104:e91-4. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to perform a comparative analysis of precision of 3 apex locators: Root ZX, Elements Diagnostic Unit and Apex Locator, and RomiAPEX D-30...
  92. ncbi An in vivo comparison of two frequency-based electronic apex locators
    Aaron R Welk
    Department of Endodontology, Oregon Health and Sciences University, School of Dentistry, Portland 97201, USA
    J Endod 29:497-500. 2003
    ..0001). The ability to locate the minor diameter (+/- 0.5 mm) was 90.7% for the Root ZX and 34.4% for the Endo Analyzer Model 8005...
  93. ncbi The accuracy of electronic working length determination
    D Hoer
    Department of Operative and Preventive Dentistry and Periodontology, Georg August University Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
    Int Endod J 37:125-31. 2004
    ..To determine in vivo the accuracy of two impedance quotient apex locators under clinical conditions...
  94. ncbi The ability of root ZX apex locator to reduce the frequency of overestimated radiographic working length
    Ashraf ElAyouti
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Tubingen, Germany
    J Endod 28:116-9. 2002
    ..It is concluded that complementing radiographic working length determination with electronic apex locator measurements may help to avoid overestimation beyond the apical foramen in premolars...
  95. ncbi One-visit apexification: technique for inducing root-end barrier formation in apical closures
    D E Witherspoon
    Department of Restorative Sciences, Graduate Endodontics, Baylor College of Dentistry, The Texas A and M University System, Dallas, Texas, USA
    Pract Proced Aesthet Dent 13:455-60; quiz 462. 2001
    ..As a result, MTA shows promise as a valuable material for use in one-visit apexification treatment, primarily for treating immature teeth with necrotic pulps...
  96. ncbi Accuracy of the Justy II Apex locator in determining working length in simulated horizontal and vertical fractures
    M Azabal
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Odontology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
    Int Endod J 37:174-7. 2004
    ..To study the effectiveness of an electronic apex locator (EAL; Justy II; Yoshida Dentcraft, Tokyo, Japan) in locating simulated horizontal and vertical fractures in single roots...
  97. ncbi Percentage of filled canal area in mandibular molars after conventional root-canal instrumentation and after a noninstrumentation technique (NIT)
    C N Ardila
    University Autonoma of Manizales, Manizales, Colombia
    Int Endod J 36:591-8. 2003
    ..To compare the percentage of filled canal area in mandibular molar roots after using conventional root-canal hand instrumentation or after a noninstrumentation technique (NIT)...
  98. ncbi The future of endodontics, Part 1. Observations by an endodontist-implant surgeon
    L Stephen Buchanan
    Dent Today 27:82, 84, 86 passim. 2008
  99. ncbi Radiographic technical quality of root canal treatment performed by dental students at the Dental Teaching Center in Jordan
    K M Barrieshi-Nusair
    Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P O Box 3030, Irbid 22110, Jordan
    J Dent 32:301-7. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate radiographically the technical standard of root canal treatment performed by undergraduate dental students at the Dental Teaching Center in Jordan...
  100. ncbi Real World Endo Sequence File
    Kenneth A Koch
    Real World Endo, The Barba Plaza, 2nd Floor, 2114 Silverside Road, Wilmington, DE 19810 4448, USA
    Dent Clin North Am 48:159-82. 2004
    ..This article discusses the benefits of a fully tapered preparation, the general design of rotary files, and the specific design and use of Real World Endo Sequence File...
  101. ncbi Retrieval of amalgam from the root canal space
    Iris Slutzky-Goldberg
    Clinical Instructor, Department of Endodontics, Hebrew University, Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
    Quintessence Int 37:318-21. 2006
    ..Hedstrom files twisted around the object allowed sufficient grip for its retrieval, enabling completion of the root canal treatment...

Research Grants10

  1. Antimicrobial Gene Therapy
    George Huang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  2. Cannabinoid Modulation of Capsaicin-Sensitive Nociceptors
    Kenneth M Hargreaves; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Second, identification of cannabinoid modulation of pain via TRPchannels provides a rationale for a novel class of analgesics that are devoid of classical cannabinoid side effects. ..
  3. Neuropeptide Y Regulation of Peripheral Human Nociceptors and Pain
    Kenneth Hargreaves; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Moreover, our study population in South Texas permits secondary analyses of a potentially underserved population (predominantly Hispanic) that is at risk for caries-induced pulpal necrosis and pain. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Mechanisms of Nicotine Induced Neurogenic Inflammation
    Kenneth Hargreaves; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  5. SYMPATHETIC FIBER MODULATION OF NEUROGENIC INFLAMMATION
    Kenneth Hargreaves; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  6. PERIPHERAL CANNABINOIDS AND NEUROGENIC INFLAMMATION
    Kenneth Hargreaves; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This knowledge base may provide a rationale for developing peripherally-selective cannabinoid analgesics with minimal CNS-mediated side-effect liability. ..
  7. Mineral and Mechanical Properties of Bone
    Sarandeep Huja; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Future interventional studies will examine the mechanisms for the initial and the long-term adaptive response in material properties of bone. ..
  8. Root deformation and root resorption
    Thomas Katona; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. AFM and CFM Study of the Etiology of Fluorosis
    BRIAN CLARKSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This explanation may allow therapies or treatments to be devised that will prevent the deleterious effects of fluoride and let it be administered at levels, which will cause a greater reduction in caries. ..
  10. ROLE OF DENTIN PHOSPHOPROTEIN IN DENTIN REMINERALIZATION
    BRIAN CLARKSON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Ultimately, once the DPP's and their activity (for example, initiating or blocking mineral formation) have been identified they can be used in optimizing the repair of diseased and/or compromised dental hard tissues. ..