facial muscles

Summary

Summary: Muscles of facial expression or mimetic muscles that include the numerous muscles supplied by the facial nerve that are attached to and move the skin of the face. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Muscle activity in the partially paralyzed face after placement of a fascial sling: a preliminary report
    Frederic W B Deleyiannis
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 55:449-55. 2005
  2. ncbi Electrophysiologic change and facial contour following botulinum toxin A injection in square faces
    Choong Jae Lee
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, South Korea
    Plast Reconstr Surg 120:769-78. 2007
  3. ncbi Facial mimicry and emotional contagion to dynamic emotional facial expressions and their influence on decoding accuracy
    U Hess
    Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal, P O Box 8888, Station Centre Ville, QC, H3C 3P8, Montreal, Canada
    Int J Psychophysiol 40:129-41. 2001
  4. ncbi Electromyographic responses to static and dynamic avatar emotional facial expressions
    Peter Weyers
    Department of Psychology, Universitat Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    Psychophysiology 43:450-3. 2006
  5. ncbi More than mere mimicry? The influence of emotion on rapid facial reactions to faces
    Eric J Moody
    Department of Psychology, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208, USA
    Emotion 7:447-57. 2007
  6. ncbi Enhanced facial EMG activity in response to dynamic facial expressions
    Wataru Sato
    Department of Comparative Study of Cognitive Development, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Aichi 484 8506, Japan
    Int J Psychophysiol 70:70-4. 2008
  7. ncbi Optimal signal bandwidth for the recording of surface EMG activity of facial, jaw, oral, and neck muscles
    A van Boxtel
    Department of Psychology, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
    Psychophysiology 38:22-34. 2001
  8. ncbi Similar facial electromyographic responses to faces, voices, and body expressions
    Maurice J C M Magnée
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neuroreport 18:369-72. 2007
  9. ncbi Analysis of Mlc-lacZ Met mutants highlights the essential function of Met for migratory precursors of hypaxial muscles and reveals a role for Met in the development of hyoid arch-derived facial muscles
    Chiara Prunotto
    Department of Anatomy, Pharmacology and Forensic Medicine, University of Torino, Corso Massimo d Azeglio 52, 10126 Turin, Italy
    Dev Dyn 231:582-91. 2004
  10. ncbi Facial expression arousal level modulates facial mimicry
    Tomomi Fujimura
    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Ichiban cho, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 102 8472, Japan
    Int J Psychophysiol 76:88-92. 2010

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications258 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Muscle activity in the partially paralyzed face after placement of a fascial sling: a preliminary report
    Frederic W B Deleyiannis
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 55:449-55. 2005
    ..Additional data, such as measurements provided by AFA, are needed to correlate facial displacement with EMG muscle activity...
  2. ncbi Electrophysiologic change and facial contour following botulinum toxin A injection in square faces
    Choong Jae Lee
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, South Korea
    Plast Reconstr Surg 120:769-78. 2007
    ..This study was proposed to evaluate the facial contour and electrophysiologic changes of the masseter and temporalis muscles before and after botulinum toxin A injection in the wide lower face (square face)...
  3. ncbi Facial mimicry and emotional contagion to dynamic emotional facial expressions and their influence on decoding accuracy
    U Hess
    Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal, P O Box 8888, Station Centre Ville, QC, H3C 3P8, Montreal, Canada
    Int J Psychophysiol 40:129-41. 2001
    ..Furthermore, evidence for emotional contagion of happiness and sadness was found. Mediational analyses could not confirm any relation between mimicry and emotional contagion nor between mimicry and emotion recognition...
  4. ncbi Electromyographic responses to static and dynamic avatar emotional facial expressions
    Peter Weyers
    Department of Psychology, Universitat Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Germany
    Psychophysiology 43:450-3. 2006
    ..We conclude that facial reactions to angry and to happy facial expressions hold different functions in social interactions. Further research should vary dynamics in different ways and also include additional emotional expressions...
  5. ncbi More than mere mimicry? The influence of emotion on rapid facial reactions to faces
    Eric J Moody
    Department of Psychology, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208, USA
    Emotion 7:447-57. 2007
    ..RFRs are not purely motor mimicry; emotion influences early facial responses to faces. The relevance of these data to emotional contagion, autism, and the mirror system-based perspectives on imitation is discussed...
  6. ncbi Enhanced facial EMG activity in response to dynamic facial expressions
    Wataru Sato
    Department of Comparative Study of Cognitive Development, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Aichi 484 8506, Japan
    Int J Psychophysiol 70:70-4. 2008
    ..These results indicate that dynamic facial expressions induce facial EMG activity interpretable as facial mimicry more evidently than static expressions...
  7. ncbi Optimal signal bandwidth for the recording of surface EMG activity of facial, jaw, oral, and neck muscles
    A van Boxtel
    Department of Psychology, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
    Psychophysiology 38:22-34. 2001
    ..The optimal frequencies for the different muscles varied between 15 and 25 Hz and were not influenced by stimulus or response modality. For all muscles, a low-pass filter frequency between 400 and 500 Hz was appropriate...
  8. ncbi Similar facial electromyographic responses to faces, voices, and body expressions
    Maurice J C M Magnée
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neuroreport 18:369-72. 2007
    ..We suggest that seeing a facial expression, an emotional body expression or hearing an emotional tone of voice all activate the affect program corresponding to the emotion displayed...
  9. ncbi Analysis of Mlc-lacZ Met mutants highlights the essential function of Met for migratory precursors of hypaxial muscles and reveals a role for Met in the development of hyoid arch-derived facial muscles
    Chiara Prunotto
    Department of Anatomy, Pharmacology and Forensic Medicine, University of Torino, Corso Massimo d Azeglio 52, 10126 Turin, Italy
    Dev Dyn 231:582-91. 2004
    ..Surprisingly, however, X-gal staining showed that, in this mutant, hyoid arch-derived facial muscles were either reduced or absent, thus revealing that Met also contributes to the development of muscles in the ..
  10. ncbi Facial expression arousal level modulates facial mimicry
    Tomomi Fujimura
    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Ichiban cho, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 102 8472, Japan
    Int J Psychophysiol 76:88-92. 2010
    ..These results suggest that the arousal levels of pleasant, but not unpleasant, facial expressions can enhance facial mimicry...
  11. ncbi Facial electromyographic responses to vocal affect expressions
    J K Hietanen
    Department of Physiology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Psychophysiology 35:530-6. 1998
    ..Subjects scoring low and high on EC exhibited different patterns of EMG responses. The results support the view that negative and positive affects are contagious from hearing human vocal affect expressions...
  12. ncbi Sensorimotor overactivity as a pathophysiologic trait of embouchure dystonia
    B Haslinger
    Neurologische Klinik, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitat Munchen, Ismaninger Strasse 22, D 81675 Munchen, Germany
    Neurology 74:1790-7. 2010
    ..Although it is highly disabling for affected patients, little is known about the pathophysiologic basis of this rare movement disorder...
  13. ncbi Emotional face recognition, EMG response, and medial prefrontal activity in empathic behaviour
    Michela Balconi
    Laboratory of Cognitive Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Milan, Largo Gemelli, 1, 20123 Milan, Italy
    Neurosci Res 71:251-9. 2011
    ..These results revealed a significant effect of the MPFC on both cue detection and facial mimicry that was distinctly related to different types of emotions...
  14. ncbi EMG activity in response to static and dynamic facial expressions
    Krystyna Rymarczyk
    Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Department of Neurophysiology, Warsaw, Poland
    Int J Psychophysiol 79:330-3. 2011
    ..It may be concluded that the dynamic property facilitates processing of facial expressions of emotions...
  15. ncbi Automatic mimicry reactions as related to differences in emotional empathy
    Marianne Sonnby-Borgström
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Sweden
    Scand J Psychol 43:433-43. 2002
    ..Thus, the differences between the groups in emotional empathy appeared to be related to differences in automatic somatic reactions to facial stimuli rather than to differences in their conscious interpretation of the emotional situation...
  16. ncbi Facial EMG responses to dynamic emotional facial expressions in boys with disruptive behavior disorders
    Minet de Wied
    Department of Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Psychiatr Res 40:112-21. 2006
    ..In conclusion, facial mimicry responses to angry facial expressions were subnormal in DBD boys, which may be a sign of a deficient early component in the process of emotional empathy, and thus play a role in impaired empathic responding...
  17. pmc Facial musculature in the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta): evolutionary and functional contexts with comparisons to chimpanzees and humans
    Anne M Burrows
    Department of Physical Therapy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA 15282, USA
    J Anat 215:320-34. 2009
    ..The results showed that there was a greater number of facial muscles in rhesus macaques than previously described (24 muscles), including variably present (and previously ..
  18. ncbi Dissociation of emotional processes in response to visual and olfactory stimuli following frontotemporal damage
    Robert Soussignan
    Laboratoire Vulnérabilité, Adaptation, Psychopathologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, Paris, France
    Neurocase 11:114-28. 2005
    ..Taken together, the data suggest a functional dissociation between brain substrates supporting generation of emotion and those supporting representation of emotion...
  19. ncbi Multiple, combined plications of the SMAS-platysma complex: breaking down the face-aging vectors
    L Cárdenas-Camarena
    Reconstructive Surgery Institute of Jalisco, Guadalajara, Mexico
    Plast Reconstr Surg 104:1093-100; discussion 1101-2. 1999
    ..On the basis of these results, using combined plication to manage the SMAS-platysma complex during a rhytidoplasty is recommended. The opposing vectors should be considered when planning the combination of plications...
  20. ncbi Does a superficial musculoaponeurotic system exist in the face and neck? An anatomical study by the tissue plastination technique
    Alexander Gardetto
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital of Innsbruck, Austria
    Plast Reconstr Surg 111:664-72; discussion 673-5. 2003
    ..A "platysma fascia" can be considered as a surgical landmark in the neck. Therefore, the authors conclude that it is not justified to generalize a SMAS as a surgical guiding structure...
  21. ncbi Self-relevance appraisal of gaze direction and dynamic facial expressions: effects on facial electromyographic and autonomic reactions
    Robert Soussignan
    Centre des Sciences du Gout et de l Alimentation, Universite de Bourgogne, Dijon, France
    Emotion 13:330-7. 2013
    ..These results suggest the critical role of self-relevance appraisal of senders' contextual perceptual cues and individual characteristics to account for interpersonal matching of facial displays...
  22. ncbi Anatomy of the SMAS revisited
    Alireza Ghassemi
    ZMKPG, Universitätsklinikum der RWTH Aachen, Germany
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 27:258-64. 2003
    ..The SMAS is one continuous, organized fibrous network connecting the facial muscles with the dermis. It consists of a three-dimensional scaffold of collagen fibers, elastic fibers, and fat cells...
  23. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging of facial muscles
    M E Farrugia
    Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, and John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Clin Radiol 62:1078-86. 2007
    ..ultrashort echo time techniques and image analysis tools that allowed us to obtain quantitative assessments of facial muscles. This imaging study had shown that facial muscle measurement is possible and that useful information can be ..
  24. ncbi Sex differences found in facial EMG activity provoked by viewing pleasant and unpleasant photographs
    Hsin Yu Huang
    Humboldt State University, Arcata, California 95521, USA
    Percept Mot Skills 109:371-81. 2009
    ..These results demonstrate the sex effects on emotion expression and associated EMG responses while viewing emotion provoking photographs...
  25. ncbi Surface electromyography of facial muscles during natural and artificial feeding of infants: identification of differences between breast-, cup- and bottle-feeding
    Kerstin H Nyqvist
    J Pediatr (Rio J) 82:85-6. 2006
  26. pmc Self-relevance appraisal influences facial reactions to emotional body expressions
    Julie Grezes
    Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives LNC, INSERM U960 and IEC, Ecole Normale Supérieure ENS, 75005 Paris, France
    PLoS ONE 8:e55885. 2013
    ..These data support the hypothesis that rapid facial reactions are the outcome of self-relevant emotional processing...
  27. ncbi The course of the frontal branch of the facial nerve in relation to fascial planes: an anatomic study
    Cori A Agarwal
    Division of Plastic Surgery, University of UtahHealth Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 125:532-7. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to define the path of the frontal branches along fascial planes and to clarify the relationship of the fascial layers of the cheek and temporal region...
  28. ncbi Histotopographic study of the fibroadipose connective cheek system
    Veronica Macchi
    Section of Anatomy, Department of Human Anatomy and Physiology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
    Cells Tissues Organs 191:47-56. 2010
    ..Changes in the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the fibroadipose connective system, reducing its viscoelastic properties, may contribute to ptosis of facial soft tissues during aging...
  29. ncbi Morphological study of two human facial muscles: orbicularis oculi and corrugator supercilii
    C W Goodmurphy
    Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Clin Anat 12:1-11. 1999
    Human facial muscles are unique in that they do not cross joints and they function either to open and close the apertures of the face or to tug the skin into intricate movements producing facial expressions...
  30. ncbi Blepharoptosis repaired by frontalis-orbicularis oculi flap: a new technique
    Keerapat Bhiromekraibhak
    Plastic and Reconstructive Division, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Panyananthaphikkhu Chonprathan Medical Center, Srinakharinwirot University, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 93:S15-20. 2010
    ..Recently the orbicularis oculi flap has become popular but lagopthalmos is still a bothersome problem. A new technique has been introduced in order to reduce the lagopthalmos...
  31. ncbi Open loop fascial sling for severe congenital blepharoptosis
    Zakaria Yahya Arajy
    Scientific Council of Plastic Surgery, Iraqi Board for Medical Specializations, Baghdad, Iraq
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 40:129-33. 2012
    ..We describe a simple open loop fascia lata suspension sling to the frontalis muscle to treat patients with severe eyelid ptosis and poor levator function...
  32. ncbi Targeted gene transfer into rat facial muscles by nanosecond pulsed laser-induced stress waves
    Akihiro Kurita
    National Defense Medical College, Department of Otolaryngology, Namiki 3 2, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359 8513 Japan
    J Biomed Opt 16:098002. 2011
    ..the feasibility of using nanosecond pulsed laser-induced stress waves (LISWs) for gene transfer into rat facial muscles. LISWs are generated by irradiating a black natural rubber disk placed on the target tissue with nanosecond ..
  33. ncbi The value of abnormal muscle response monitoring during microvascular decompression surgery for hemifacial spasm
    Ting Ting Ying
    Department of Neurosurgery, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, The Cranial Nerve Disease Center of Shanghai, 1665 KongJiang Rd, Shanghai 200092, China
    Int J Surg 9:347-51. 2011
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of AMR monitoring during microvascular decompression surgery (MVD), and the correlation between the AMR changes and the clinical outcomes...
  34. pmc Intramuscular electrical stimulation of facial muscles in humans and chimpanzees: Duchenne revisited and extended
    Bridget M Waller
    Centre for the Study of Emotion, Department of Psychology, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom
    Emotion 6:367-82. 2006
    ....
  35. ncbi Bilateral cleft lip and whistling deformity: the X flap procedure for its correction
    Antonio G A Assunção
    Hospital of Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Malformations, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, Brazil
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:1986-91. 2006
  36. ncbi Surface electromyography of facial muscles during natural and artificial feeding of infants
    Cristiane F Gomes
    Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    J Pediatr (Rio J) 82:103-9. 2006
    ..To measure and compare the activity of the masseter, temporalis and buccinator muscles in different infant feeding methods...
  37. ncbi [Botulinum toxin injection techniques in the lower third and middle of the face, the neck and the décolleté: the "Nefertiti lift"]
    V Gassia
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 136:S111-8. 2009
    ..The face contours can also be improved by the Nefertiti lift. In the mid and lower regions of the face, botulinum toxin is often a complement to other esthetic techniques, particularly filling procedures...
  38. ncbi A reappraisal of the value of lateral spread response monitoring in the treatment of hemifacial spasm by microvascular decompression
    D O Neves
    Service de Physiologie, Explorations Fonctionnelles, Hopital Henri Mondor, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Universit Paris XII, Creteil, France
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 80:1375-80. 2009
    ..The curative treatment of HFS is based on surgical microvascular decompression (MVD). However, the outcome of this procedure is not always satisfactory...
  39. ncbi Self-relevance processing in the human amygdala: gaze direction, facial expression, and emotion intensity
    Karim N'Diaye
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Basic Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Geneva, Switzerland
    Emotion 9:798-806. 2009
    ..These results support an involvement of human amygdala in the appraisal of self-relevance and reveal a crucial role of expression intensity in emotion and gaze interactions...
  40. ncbi Quantitative EMG of facial muscles in myasthenia patients with MuSK antibodies
    Maria E Farrugia
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, The Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:269-77. 2007
    ....
  41. ncbi Prognostic value of the lateral spread response for intraoperative electromyography monitoring of the facial musculature during microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm
    Doo Sik Kong
    Department of Neurosurgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
    J Neurosurg 106:384-7. 2007
    ....
  42. ncbi Abnormal muscle response monitoring during microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm
    S Yamashita
    Department of Neurosurgery, Brain Research Institute, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 147:933-7; discussion 937-8. 2005
    ..However, there is some debate over the reliability of AMR as an indicator of postoperative outcome. We investigated whether AMR findings obtained during MVD reflect postoperative outcome in patients with HFS...
  43. ncbi Frontalis muscle advancement: a dynamic structure for the treatment of severe congenital eyelid ptosis
    Oscar M Ramirez
    Johns Hopkins University and University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 113:1841-9; discussion 1850-1. 2004
    ..Symmetry is created by intervention on the contralateral eyelid to provide symmetrical supratarsal creases...
  44. ncbi Silent event-related fMRI reveals deficient motor and enhanced somatosensory activation in orofacial dystonia
    Christian Dresel
    Department of Neurology, Neurologisches Krankenhaus Muenchen, Germany
    Brain 129:36-46. 2006
    ....
  45. ncbi Psychophysiological reactions in dental phobic patients during video stimulation
    J Lundgren
    Department of Psychology, Goteborg University, Sweden
    Eur J Oral Sci 109:172-7. 2001
    ..Recordings of SC indicated that dental phobics may differ from individuals suffering from other types of specific phobia by showing weakened autonomic responsiveness to threat...
  46. ncbi Monitoring of facial evoked EMG for hemifacial spasm: a critical analysis of its prognostic value
    N Kiya
    Department of Neurosurgery, Fujita Health University, School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 143:365-8. 2001
    ..However the outcome at 3 months suggested that waiting for some time before re-exploration is a better option, especially if the HFS had become mild...
  47. ncbi The potential value of the disappearance of the lateral spread response during microvascular decompression for predicting the clinical outcome of hemifacial spasms: a prospective study
    Chang Hyun Kim
    Department of Neurosurgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Neurosurgery 67:1581-7; discussion 1587-8. 2010
    ..Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a benign, chronic, involuntary movement of the muscles involved in facial expressions that typically begins in the orbicularis oculi and spreads to the other expression muscles over several years...
  48. ncbi Prognostic value of intra-operative lateral spread response monitoring during microvascular decompression in patients with hemifacial spasm
    Won Il Joo
    Department of Neurosurgery, The Catholic University of Korea, St Mary s Hospital, Seoul, Korea
    J Clin Neurosci 15:1335-9. 2008
    ..The clinical outcome of HFS after MVD does not always correlate with intra-operative EMG abnormality. Therefore, the prognostic value of intra-operative LSR monitoring with respect to long-term results is questionable...
  49. ncbi Shortened cortical silent period in facial muscles of patients with migraine
    Antonio Curra
    Department of Neurological Sciences, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
    Pain 132:124-31. 2007
    ..is to deliver transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and test the cortical silent period (SP) recorded in facial muscles. The facial-muscle SP is a purely cortical phenomenon that reflects the excitability of inhibitory ..
  50. ncbi Patterns of experimentally induced pain in pericranial muscles
    P T Schmidt-Hansen
    Danish Pain Research Center and Department of Neurology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
    Cephalalgia 26:568-77. 2006
    ..005). In conclusion, there appear to be characteristic pain patterns and pain sensitivity in different craniofacial muscles in healthy volunteers, which may be of importance for further research on different craniofacial pain conditions...
  51. ncbi An anatomical study of the nasal superficial musculoaponeurotic system: surgical applications in rhinoplasty
    Yves Saban
    Department of Ear, Nose, and Throat, Clinique St Antoine, Nice 06000, France
    Arch Facial Plast Surg 10:109-15. 2008
    ..To give a unifying description of nasal muscles and ligaments corresponding to anatomical and surgical findings such as the dermocartilaginous ligament described by Pintanguy in 2001...
  52. ncbi Cortical innervation of the facial nucleus in the non-human primate: a new interpretation of the effects of stroke and related subtotal brain trauma on the muscles of facial expression
    R J Morecraft
    Division of Basic Biomedical Sciences, The University of South Dakota School of Medicine, Vermillion, South Dakota, USA
    Brain 124:176-208. 2001
    ..Corticofacial afferents from M1, M4, LPMCv and LPMCd innervate primarily the contralateral lower facial muscles. Bilateral innervation of the upper face is supplied by M2 and M3...
  53. ncbi Repetitive nerve stimulation of facial muscles in MuSK antibody-positive myasthenia gravis
    Shin J Oh
    Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Muscle Nerve 33:500-4. 2006
    ..The high frequency of RNS abnormalities in facial muscles in the MuSK Ab-positive population reflects the propensity for facial muscle involvement in this form of MG ..
  54. ncbi An overview of the cosmetic treatment of facial muscles with a new botulinum toxin
    Luitgard G Wiest
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 17:48-53. 2009
    ..In this paper the three-year clinical experience with average dosages for an optimal outcome in the treatment of facial muscles with a newly developed botulinum toxin type A (Xeomin) free from complexing proteins is presented.
  55. pmc Muscles of facial expression in the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes): descriptive, comparative and phylogenetic contexts
    Anne M Burrows
    Department of Physical Therapy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA 15282, USA
    J Anat 208:153-67. 2006
    ..Here we present a detailed description of the facial muscles of the chimpanzee, framed in comparative and phylogenetic contexts, through the dissection of preserved faces ..
  56. ncbi Simultaneous recording of EEG and facial muscle reactions during spontaneous emotional mimicry
    Amal Achaibou
    Laboratory for Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neuroscience and Clinic of Neurology, University Medical Center, Geneva, Switzerland
    Neuropsychologia 46:1104-13. 2008
    ..These findings are discussed against the classical dual-route model of face recognition...
  57. pmc Spontaneous and reflex activity of facial muscles in dystonia, Parkinson's disease, and in normal subjects
    G Deuschl
    Department of Neurology, University of Kiel, Germany
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 64:320-4. 1998
    ..The present study was undertaken to collect data on the age dependent development of this index and on possible abnormalities in Parkinson's disease and dystonia...
  58. ncbi Application of facial electromyography in computer mouse access for people with disabilities
    Cheng Ning Huang
    Dept of Electrical Engineering, National Central University, Chungli, Taiwan 320, Republic of China
    Disabil Rehabil 28:231-7. 2006
    ..This study develops a newly facial EMG human-computer interface for people with disabilities for controllng the movement of the cursor on a computer screen...
  59. ncbi Recording nasal muscle F waves and electromyographic activity of the facial muscles: a comparison of two methods used for intraoperative monitoring of facial nerve function
    C Wedekind
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cologne, Germany
    J Neurosurg 95:974-8. 2001
    ..A comparison of two electrophysiological methods used to assess facial nerve function intraoperatively was conducted in 33 patients with tumors of the cerebellopontine angle...
  60. ncbi The uniqueness of speech among motor systems
    Ray D Kent
    Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53705 2280, USA
    Clin Linguist Phon 18:495-505. 2004
    ..The craniofacial and laryngeal muscles are unique among the muscle systems of the human body and the specialized properties of these muscles are relevant to understanding the biomechanics of speech and various speech disorders...
  61. ncbi Single-fiber electromyography in limb and facial muscles in muscle-specific kinase antibody and acetylcholine receptor antibody myasthenia gravis
    Maria Elena Farrugia
    Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    Muscle Nerve 33:568-70. 2006
    ..These findings demonstrate clear differences between the neurophysiology of MuSK-MG and AChR-MG...
  62. ncbi Paradoxical use of frontalis muscle and the possible role of botulinum a toxin in permanent motor relearning
    Guy J Ben Simon
    Jules Stein Eye Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Ophthalmology 112:918-22. 2005
    ..Successful treatment with botulinum A toxin facilitated motor relearning and cessation of muscle contraction...
  63. ncbi Muscular forces exerted on the normal deciduous dentition
    Wen hua Ruan
    Department of Stomatology, The Children s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China
    Angle Orthod 75:785-90. 2005
    ....
  64. ncbi Botulinum toxin in blepharospasm and oromandibular dystonia: comparing different botulinum toxin preparations
    R Bhidayasiri
    Division of Neurology, Chulalongkorn University Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
    Eur J Neurol 13:21-9. 2006
    ..This article summarizes injection techniques in both forms of dystonia and compares doses, potency and efficacy of different commercially available toxins, including Botox, Dysport, Xeomin and Myobloc/NeuroBloc...
  65. ncbi Prognostic value of intra-operative abnormal muscle response monitoring during microvascular decompression for long-term outcome of hemifacial spasm
    Jiping Li
    Department of Functional Neurosurgery of Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, China
    J Clin Neurosci 19:44-8. 2012
    ..791). Therefore, we suggest that intra-operative AMR monitoring may not be a reliable indicator of long-term post-operative outcome for HFS...
  66. ncbi Morphology of the melon and its tendinous connections to the facial muscles in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
    C J Harper
    Department of Biology and Marine Biology, University of North Carolina, Wilmington, North Carolina 28403, USA
    J Morphol 269:820-39. 2008
    ..However, the melon is also acted upon by complex facial muscles derived from the m. maxillonasolabialis...
  67. ncbi Inverse Marcus Gunn phenomenon
    M V S Prakash
    Department of Orbit and Oculoplasty, Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Government Ophthalmic Hospital, Egmore, Chennai, India
    Indian J Ophthalmol 50:142-4. 2002
    ..Inverse Marcus-Gunn phenomenon is very rare. It is usually acquired. We report a young male patient presenting with congenital ptosis and inverse Marcus-Gunn phenomenon...
  68. ncbi Primary and adjunctive uses of botulinum toxin type A in the periorbital region
    Richard V Balikian
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 3400 Bainbridge Avenue, 3rd Floor, Bronx, NY 10467, USA
    Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 13:583-90, vii. 2005
    ..When the surgeon has a complete understanding of facial anatomy and muscular interactions, Botox can be used as a primary treatment of the periorbital region or as an adjunct to surgical procedures of the periorbital region...
  69. ncbi The functional anatomy of the lower face as it applies to rejuvenation via chemodenervation
    Michael A C Kane
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, New York, New York, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 21:55-64. 2005
    ..This is not an area for the novice injector, as a few stray units are not tolerated nearly so well as they are in the upper face...
  70. ncbi [Treatment of wrinkles with botulinum toxin]
    I Lanzl
    Augenklinik der TU München, Ismaninger Strasse 22, 81675 Munchen
    Ophthalmologe 104:777-82. 2007
    ..Alternative and complementary treatments include erbium-YAG or CO2 laser, as well as augmentation and surgical plastic procedures...
  71. ncbi Botulinum toxin for aberrant facial nerve regeneration: double-blind, placebo-controlled trial using subjective endpoints
    Gary Borodic
    Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 116:36-43. 2005
    ....
  72. ncbi Facial rehabilitation: a neuromuscular reeducation, patient-centered approach
    Jessie Vanswearingen
    Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 24:250-9. 2008
    ....
  73. ncbi Cosmetic oculofacial applications of botulinum toxin: a report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology
    Sara A Kaltreider
    Ophthalmology 112:1159-67. 2005
    ..To determine the safety and effectiveness of botulinum toxin for cosmetic oculofacial use...
  74. ncbi Face transplant: is it worth it?
    Luis Bermudez
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Operation Smile Colombia Military Hospital, Bogota, Colombia
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:1891-6. 2006
  75. ncbi [Botulinum toxin A in the treatment of the wrinkles in the upper third of the face]
    V Gassia
    23, allée Charles de Fitte, 31300, Toulouse, France
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 135:S175-80. 2008
    ..This technique requires a good understanding of facial muscular anatomy, in order to correctly apply the basics of injection. Every patient is unique and only a big experience will allow to refine and personalise injections...
  76. ncbi The three-neuron corneal reflex circuit and modulation of second-order corneal responsive neurons
    Victor M Henriquez
    Laryngeal and Speech Section, Medical Neurology Branch, NINDS, Bethesda, MD 20892 1416, USA
    Exp Brain Res 179:691-702. 2007
    ..The Vc/C1 suppression of Vi/Vc neurons suggests that the Vc/C1 region provides an "internal model" of the intended blink...
  77. ncbi Effect of botulinum toxin type a on tear production after treatment of lateral canthal rhytids
    Yonca Ozkan Arat
    Department of Ophthalmology, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 23:22-4. 2007
    ..To evaluate the incidence of temporary dry eye and the effects on lacrimal gland tear production after treatment of lateral canthal rhytids with botulinum toxin type A injections...
  78. ncbi Surgical rehabilitation of reversible facial palsy: facial--hypoglossal network system based on neural signal augmentation/neural supercharge concept
    Y Yamamoto
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Hokkaido at Sapporo, Kita 15, Nishi 7, Kita ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060 8638, Japan
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 60:223-31. 2007
    ..This reconstructive concept offers a significant advantage for the treatment of the facial palsy patients with persistent incomplete type and reversible complete type without distinct mimetic muscle atrophy...
  79. ncbi Inhibitory reflexes in human perioral facial muscles: a single-motor unit study
    Luigi Cattaneo
    Sezione di Neurologia, Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita degli Studi di Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43100 Parma, Italy
    Clin Neurophysiol 118:794-801. 2007
    ..To describe the reflex responses evoked by trigeminal stimulation in perioral facial motor units (MUs) in humans...
  80. ncbi Evolution in techniques for endoscopic brow lift with deep temporal fixation only and lower blepharoplasty-transconjunctival fat repositioning
    Paul S Nassif
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 23:27-42; discussion 43-4. 2007
    ..This technique offers a powerful tool in the surgical armamentarium of the facial plastic surgeon...
  81. ncbi Using an end-to-side interposed sural nerve graft for facial nerve reinforcement after vestibular schwannoma resection. Technical note
    Madjid Samii
    Department of Neurosurgery, International Neuroscience Institute, Hannover, Germany
    J Neurosurg 105:920-3. 2006
    ..The end-to-side interposed nerve graft appears to be a reasonable alternative in cases of partial facial nerve injury, and might be a future therapeutic option for other cranial nerve injuries...
  82. ncbi Noninvasive techniques in periorbital rejuvenation
    Ioannis P Glavas
    Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 23:162-7. 2007
    ..The combination of noninvasive treatments in the periorbital area can be used to achieve dramatic and long-lasting results. New technologies and current therapies may supplement or even delay traditional surgical procedures...
  83. ncbi Botulinum toxin (Botox) to enhance facial macroesthetics: a literature review
    Sarosh F Dastoor
    Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 1078, USA
    J Oral Implantol 33:164-71. 2007
    ..This article will review the pathogenesis of facial wrinkles as well as the history, techniques, clinical controversies, and other important considerations for successful treatment of facial wrinkles with Botox...
  84. ncbi Techniques in midface-lifting
    Robert M Schwarcz
    Division of OculoFacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Jules Stein Eye Institute, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 23:174-80. 2007
    ..A review of different techniques used in midface-lifting...
  85. ncbi Hemifacial spasm and posterior auricular muscle
    M Kiziltan
    University of Istanbul, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Neurology, Istanbul, Turkey
    Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 46:317-20. 2006
    ..19 HFS patients' spasm activities were recorded from facial muscles. Spasm activity of PAM was recorded synchronously on the symptomatic side in all patients...
  86. ncbi Improved preservation of hearing and facial nerve function in vestibular schwannoma surgery via the retrosigmoid approach in a series of 200 patients
    Madjid Samii
    Department of Neurosurgery, International Neuroscience Institute, Hannover, Germany
    J Neurosurg 105:527-35. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate and present the results of current surgical treatment of vestibular schwannomas (VSs) and to report the refinements in the operative technique...
  87. ncbi Myectomy and botulinum toxin for paralysis of the marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve: a series of 76 cases
    Chen Kun Chen
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Plast Reconstr Surg 120:1859-64. 2007
    ..Depressor myectomy of the contralateral lower lip therefore provides a method for correcting the dynamic deformity...
  88. ncbi Treatment of depression with botulinum toxin A: a case series
    Eric Finzi
    Dermatology and Cosmetic Surgery Associates, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA
    Dermatol Surg 32:645-9; discussion 649-50. 2006
    ..Major depression is a common and serious disease that may be resistant to routine pharmacologic and psychotherapeutic treatment approaches...
  89. ncbi Rejuvenation of the aging upper third of the face
    Paul Presti
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, New York, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 22:91-6. 2006
    ..Each technique has merits and suitable applications. This review examines the history of rejuvenation of the upper face, details the pertinent treatment modalities, and evaluates the context in which each is applicable...
  90. ncbi Injectable treatments for the aging face
    Jeffrey B Wise
    Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, USA
    Facial Plast Surg 22:140-6. 2006
    ....
  91. ncbi [Mime functional evaluation in facial paralysis following a stroke]
    Lucila Leal Calais
    Fonoaudióloga, Mestranda em Distúrbio da Comunicação Humana pela Universidade Federal de São Paulo
    Pro Fono 17:213-22. 2005
    ..Functional evaluation of the facial movements in patients with facial paralysis following a stroke...
  92. ncbi Clostridium botulinum type A toxin for the treatment of upper face animation lines: an Iranian experience
    M Reza Farahvash
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Tehran University Medical School, Tehran, Iran
    J Cosmet Dermatol 6:152-8. 2007
    ..Dysport seemed to be a safe and effective alternative to Botox, giving good to excellent cosmetic results lasting at least 4 months in the majority of the patients...
  93. ncbi Incidence and characteristics of facial nerve stimulation in children with cochlear implants
    Sharon L Cushing
    Cochlear Implant Program, Department of Otolaryngology, The Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Laryngoscope 116:1787-91. 2006
    ..Part A consisted of a prospective study of a randomized sample of 44 pediatric implant users. Part B consisted of a retrospective analysis of 121 children with previously recorded electrically evoked auditory brainstem responses (EABR)...
  94. ncbi The face recurve concept: medical and surgical applications
    Claude Le Louarn
    Clinique Spontini, 68 bis rue Spontini, 75116 Paris, France
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 31:219-31; discussion 232. 2007
    ..Skin tension can be moderated to remove only the true excess of skin. Facial contour is improved, whereas the specific glide is restored between muscles and their underlying fat...
  95. ncbi Contralateral reinnervation of midline muscles in facial paralysis
    H J Gilhuis
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Medical Centre St Radboud, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Muscle Nerve 24:1703-5. 2001
    ..This phenomenon seems unfamiliar to most clinicians. Whether the activity is due to conduction along nerve fibers or muscle fibers crossing the midline is discussed...
  96. ncbi A case of Marin-Amat syndrome
    G Deda
    Genet Couns 14:115-7. 2003
  97. ncbi Treatment guidelines for botulinum toxin type A for the periocular region and a report on partial upper lip ptosis following injections to the lateral canthal rhytids
    S L Matarasso
    Department of Dermatology, University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 108:208-14; discussion 215-7. 2001
    ....
  98. ncbi Botulinum toxin A in the mid and lower face and neck
    Jean Carruthers
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of British Columbia, 943 West Broadway, Suite 720, Vancouver, BC V5M 4E1, Canada
    Dermatol Clin 22:151-8. 2004
    ..In addition to its use as primary procedure, botulinum toxin is also an effective adjunct to other cosmetic procedures, enhancing and prolonging the benefits of surgery, soft tissue augmentation, and laser resurfacing...
  99. ncbi Effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide on facial nerve recovery in the Guinea pig
    Hiromoto Kimura
    Department of Otolaryngology, Akita University School of Medicine, Japan
    Laryngoscope 113:1000-6. 2003
    ..The presence and distribution of PACAP receptors following facial nerve transection were also investigated...
  100. ncbi Two-plane injection of botulinum exotoxin A in glabellar frown lines
    Zafer Ozsoy
    Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Clinic, SSK Vakif Gureba Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 28:114-5. 2004
    ..It is concluded that botulinum exotoxin is more effective when it is applied in two planes superficially and deep so that the anatomic course of the corrugator supercilii and the depressor supercilii muscles are followed...
  101. ncbi Trigeminal afferent input alters the excitability of facial motoneurons in hemifacial spasm
    K Ogawara
    Department of Neurology, Chiba University School of Medicine, Japan
    Neurology 62:1749-52. 2004
    ..To investigate whether skin or muscle afferent input via the trigeminal nerve alters the excitability of facial motoneurons in hemifacial spasm (HFS)...

Research Grants47

  1. IDENTIFICATION & ANALYSES OF THE UROFACIAL SYNDROME GENE
    Jin Xiong She; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Because muscular function of multiple organs or tissues is involved (i.e., bladder, bowel and facial muscles), it is believed that the lesion may reside in the brain regions that coordinate muscle actions, such as ..
  2. Using MaqFACS to measure facial movement deficits in monkeys
    Lisa A Parr; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..FACS is anatomically-based as it identifies facial movement according to the underlying action of facial muscles. Researchers have used FACS to reveal deficits in both the type and intensity of facial expressions made by ..
  3. FACIAL BEHAVIOR RELATED TO ACUTE DENTAL PAIN
    Linda LeResche; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..be coded using EMFACS system for scoring expressions of pain and emotions based on movements of individual facial muscles. Background measures of individual traits, as well as state measures of sadness, anger, fear and happiness ..
  4. TEMPORAL LOBE INPUT TO THE DESCENDING MOTOR PATHWAYS
    ROBERT MORECRAFT; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..linkages between parts of the medial temporal lobe and lower motor neurons innervating the upper and lower facial muscles, and muscles of the extremities affecting different movements across different joints...
  5. POSITIONAL CLONING OF A GENE FOR ESSENTIAL TREMOR
    Joseph Higgins; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The main clinical feature of ET is postural tremor of the arms, but the head, legs, trunk, voice, jaw, and facial muscles also may be involved...
  6. A Drosophilia Model of Amyotrophic Lateral Schlerosis
    Stephen Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..2 (ALS2) is an autosomal recessive form of juvenile onset ALS characterized by spasticity of limb and facial muscles resulting from degeneration of motor neurons in the central nervous system...
  7. Surgical Management of Facial Nerve Injury
    Theresa Hadlock; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The academic environment is one of complete dedication to advancing both biomedical science and patient care through careful study and diligent investigation, and of support for the mentored investigator. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Refining Measures of Lip Function
    CARROLL TROTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The developed measure(s) will provide a tremendous advantage in terms of characterizing existing and future outcomes for surgical treatment. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Development of Avian Extraocular Muscles and Nerves
    Drew Noden; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..III ingrowth. We will screen for candidate molecules, especially HGF and GDNF, then test for their roles by overexpressing neurotrophic candidates into the LR primordium. ..
  10. The Reinforcing Mechanisms of Smoking in Adult ADHD
    JEAN GEHRICKE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Interaction Affecting Craniofacial Muscle Differentiatio
    Drew Noden; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Collectively, these experiments will provide the first insights into the signals necessary for initiation and diverse differentiations of craniofacial muscles and the mechanisms by which remodeling of these head muscles occurs. ..
  12. Bell's Palsy-Randomized Clinical Trial
    John Neely; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This revised planning grant application is to support necessary preparation for the multicenter trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Neural Mechanisms of Chronic Muscle Pain Disorders
    Ranjinidevi Ambalavanar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Agents capable of modulating SP, CGRP expression following decreased tissue pH may have potential not only as acute therapeutics but potentially as modulators of longer term nociceptive phenomena. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Molecular Foundations of the Myoclonus-Dystonia Syndrome
    Mark leDoux; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We hypothesize that epsilon sarcoglycan co-localizes with GABA receptors opposite GABAergic terminals in the central nervous system. ..
  15. PERIPHERAL NMDA RECEPTORS AND TMD PAIN MECHANISMS
    Barry Sessle; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Language and Motor Interactions in Parkinson's Disease
    Bridget Walsh; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This work will have significance for understanding the neural processes related to speech production, and will also have important implications for diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to PD. ..
  17. Trait and State Frontal Brain Asymmetry in Depression
    John Allen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Secondary aims address methodological and treatment-related questions, as well as assessing gender and menstrual cycle effects that may moderate the relationship between frontal EEG asymmetry and depression. ..
  18. Early Speech Motor Development
    Jordan Green; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  19. Regulation of Cranial Suture Development by TGF-Beta and Fibroblast Growth Factor
    Arun Gosain; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This proposal will provide mechanistic insights into the regulation of cranial suture development, and help to relate mouse and human models of craniosynostosis. ..
  20. Prevention of PTSD by Early Treatment
    ARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Repeated telephone evaluations will assess treatment effectiveness. The study will generate vital knowledge about the feasibility and the effectiveness of secondary prevention of PTSD in large cohorts of survivors. ..
  21. Neuroendocrine Mechanisms in Yoga Treatment of Insomnia
    SAT BIR KHALSA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If achieved, these results will provide a novel demonstration of a reduction of arousal in a behavioral insomnia treatment and a behaviorally enhanced melatonin secretion under controlled laboratory conditions. ..
  22. Planning International Orofacial Cleft Genetic Studies
    Mary Marazita; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g. power studies and sample size targets, research protocol and instruments), and will prepare the final research plan and submit a grant proposal to carry out the research project. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Electrode Array Reanimation of the Paralyzed Larynx
    Marshall Smith; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Nerve samples will be harvested and studied to examine the effects of the implanted array on RLN fibers. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. YOGA AS A TREATMENT FOR INSOMNIA
    SAT BIR KHALSA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We anticipate that yoga will prove to be an effective insomnia treatment which reduces sympathovagal balance. ..
  25. Prospective MRI Study of Hippocampal Volume in PTSD-II
    ARIEH SHALEV; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. R21 project: Yoga as a Treatment for Insomnia
    SAT BIR KHALSA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We also anticipate that these improvements will be maintained at long-term follow up evaluation. ..
  27. Calorie Restriction Effects on Chromosomal Aberrations
    CHARLEEN MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results will be essential in identifying potential mechanisms by which CR acts in cancer prevention and delay of the aging process in long-lived species such as the rhesus monkey and humans. ..
  28. GENE MAPPING STUDIES OF ORAL/FACIAL CLEFTS--CHINA/INDIA
    Mary Marazita; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  29. NEUROMOTOR BASIS OF STUTTERING
    MICHAEL MCCLEAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. PHONATION AND PHONATORY CONTROL IN VOCAL TREMORS
    Marshall Smith; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The experimental phase consists of studies of neuromuscular and respiratory input to the larynx. This information about vocal tremor will be applied to model simulations with the use of physiological signals as input model parameters. ..
  31. Pitt-SDM Research Infrastructure Improvement Intiative
    Mary Marazita; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..As the IIP is developed, potential collaborations with other components of the University of Pittsburgh will be also examined. ..
  32. Vasopressin Effects on Social Communication
    RICHMOND THOMPSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..men and women on heart rate and skin conductance and on the electromyographic (EMG) responses of multiple facial muscles in response to facial expressions that vary in their emotional content...
  33. Physiological Responses to Pictures and Exercise in Dysphoria
    Jerome Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The largest effect for restoring pleasant emotional responsiveness is expected to occur in the least aerobically fit dysphoric individuals. ..
  34. INTELLIGIBILITY ASSESSMENT IN DYSARTHRIA
    Raymond Kent; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The data on dysarthria will be integrated with data on speech development and normal adult speech in a neural network model of speech production that is based on internal models of auditory and articulatory representations of speech. ..
  35. DENTAL FEAR AND ANTICIPATION OF PAIN: IMAGING THE BRAIN
    Margaret Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed methodology is, furthermore, adaptable and can be used subsequently to address other facets (sensory and emotional) of the pain experience. ..
  36. ACUPUNCTURE IN THE TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION
    John Allen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  37. CLINICAL CHARACTERIZATION&GENETICS OF OPTIC NERVE DRUSEN
    Bradley Katz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data may suggest novel therapies to prevent the visual field loss associated with OND. In addition, these data may yield information about other diseases of the optic nerve. ..
  38. DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY OROFACIAL MOTILITY AND CONTROL
    Jordan Green; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  39. Emotion, communication, & EEG: Development & risk
    Daniel Messinger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  40. Mutant Gene Identification in the Dystonic Rat
    Mark leDoux; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Patients with dystonia will be screened for mutations in the human homologue. These proposed studies will likely increase our understanding of both dystonia and olivocerebellar motor systems. ..
  41. Emotional Granularity: A View From Multiple Levels
    Lisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Emotional experiences will come to be viewed as fluid, emergent phenomena that are constructed and elaborated via mental representations. In the broadest context, it has the potential to impact research where emotion plays some role. ..
  42. Naive Observers' Ratings of Behavior: A Multi-Construct Validation Study
    Daniel Messinger; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. TETRAHYDROISOQUINOLINES AND PARKINSON'S DISEASE
    Mark leDoux; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Evolution may have not provided neurons with mechanisms to prevent accumulation of these by-products of normal metabolism and, as a consequence, susceptible neuronal populations may slowly undergo apoptotic death in the elderly. ..
  44. PARAFUNCTIONAL ACTIVITY AND TEMPOROMANDIBULAR DISORDERS
    Alan Glaros; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  45. EYELID SENSORIMOTOR NETWORKS
    Mark leDoux; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Genotype and Phenotype of Familial Nephropathy with Gout
    Mary Marazita; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..