oropharynx

Summary

Summary: Oral part of the pharynx.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Comparison of nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs for the diagnosis of eight respiratory viruses by real-time reverse transcription-PCR assays
    Curi Kim
    U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e21610. 2011
  2. pmc IL-17RC is required for immune signaling via an extended SEF/IL-17R signaling domain in the cytoplasmic tail
    Allen W Ho
    Department of Oral Biology, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    J Immunol 185:1063-70. 2010
  3. pmc Wild-type Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus isolated from the oropharynx of immune-competent individuals has tropism for cultured oral epithelial cells
    Karen M Duus
    Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    J Virol 78:4074-84. 2004
  4. pmc Avian influenza virus monitoring in wintering waterbirds in Iran, 2003-2007
    Sasan R Fereidouni
    Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Insel Riems, Germany
    Virol J 7:43. 2010
  5. ncbi Oropharyngeal carriage of Candida species in HIV-infected patients in India
    H C Gugnani
    Department of Medical Mycology, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 027, India
    Mycoses 46:299-306. 2003
  6. ncbi Screening of oropharynx and anorectum increases prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection in female STD clinic visitors
    Remco P H Peters
    Municipal Health Services of The Hague, Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic, The Hague, The Netherlands
    Sex Transm Dis 38:783-7. 2011
  7. ncbi The nose oropharynx hypopharynx and larynx (NOHL) classification: a new system of diagnostic standardized examination for OSAHS patients
    Claudio Vicini
    ENT Unit, Department of Special Surgery, Morgagni Pierantoni Hospital, Via Forlanini no 34, 47121 Forli, Italy
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 269:1297-300. 2012
  8. ncbi Decontamination of the digestive tract and oropharynx in ICU patients
    A M G A de Smet
    Division of Perioperative and Emergency Care, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    N Engl J Med 360:20-31. 2009
  9. ncbi The SWAL-QOL and SWAL-CARE outcomes tool for oropharyngeal dysphagia in adults: III. Documentation of reliability and validity
    Colleen A McHorney
    Roudebush VA Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA
    Dysphagia 17:97-114. 2002
  10. pmc Polymerase chain reaction is superior to serology for the diagnosis of acute Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection and reveals a high rate of persistent infection
    Anna C Nilsson
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo, Infectious Disease Research Unit, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    BMC Microbiol 8:93. 2008

Detail Information

Publications225 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Comparison of nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs for the diagnosis of eight respiratory viruses by real-time reverse transcription-PCR assays
    Curi Kim
    U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e21610. 2011
    ..Many acute respiratory illness surveillance systems collect and test nasopharyngeal (NP) and/or oropharyngeal (OP) swab specimens, yet there are few studies assessing the relative measures of performance for NP versus OP specimens...
  2. pmc IL-17RC is required for immune signaling via an extended SEF/IL-17R signaling domain in the cytoplasmic tail
    Allen W Ho
    Department of Oral Biology, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    J Immunol 185:1063-70. 2010
    ..Insight into the mechanisms by which IL-17RC signals helps shed light on IL-17-dependent inflammatory responses and may ultimately provide an avenue for therapeutic intervention in IL-17-mediated diseases...
  3. pmc Wild-type Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus isolated from the oropharynx of immune-competent individuals has tropism for cultured oral epithelial cells
    Karen M Duus
    Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    J Virol 78:4074-84. 2004
    ..Furthermore, our results provide compelling evidence for KSHV transmission within infected oral epithelial cells derived from healthy, immunocompetent populations...
  4. pmc Avian influenza virus monitoring in wintering waterbirds in Iran, 2003-2007
    Sasan R Fereidouni
    Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Insel Riems, Germany
    Virol J 7:43. 2010
    ..Samples originated from 6 different provinces representative for the 15 most important wintering sites of migratory waterbirds in Iran...
  5. ncbi Oropharyngeal carriage of Candida species in HIV-infected patients in India
    H C Gugnani
    Department of Medical Mycology, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 027, India
    Mycoses 46:299-306. 2003
    ..The azole-resistant isolates reported here endorse the role of antifungal susceptibility testing whenever antifungal treatment with azoles is planned...
  6. ncbi Screening of oropharynx and anorectum increases prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection in female STD clinic visitors
    Remco P H Peters
    Municipal Health Services of The Hague, Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic, The Hague, The Netherlands
    Sex Transm Dis 38:783-7. 2011
    The relevance of screening of oropharynx and anorectum in addition to endocervical tests for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection is unclear in women, while there is a documented benefit of this approach ..
  7. ncbi The nose oropharynx hypopharynx and larynx (NOHL) classification: a new system of diagnostic standardized examination for OSAHS patients
    Claudio Vicini
    ENT Unit, Department of Special Surgery, Morgagni Pierantoni Hospital, Via Forlanini no 34, 47121 Forli, Italy
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 269:1297-300. 2012
    ....
  8. ncbi Decontamination of the digestive tract and oropharynx in ICU patients
    A M G A de Smet
    Division of Perioperative and Emergency Care, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    N Engl J Med 360:20-31. 2009
    ....
  9. ncbi The SWAL-QOL and SWAL-CARE outcomes tool for oropharyngeal dysphagia in adults: III. Documentation of reliability and validity
    Colleen A McHorney
    Roudebush VA Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA
    Dysphagia 17:97-114. 2002
    ....
  10. pmc Polymerase chain reaction is superior to serology for the diagnosis of acute Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection and reveals a high rate of persistent infection
    Anna C Nilsson
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmo, Infectious Disease Research Unit, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, Sweden
    BMC Microbiol 8:93. 2008
    ..PCR-positive individuals were followed longitudinally to assess the persistence of MP DNA in throat secretions. We also studied carriage of MP among household contacts and school children...
  11. ncbi Oropharyngeal cleansing with 0.2% chlorhexidine for prevention of nosocomial pneumonia in critically ill patients: an open-label randomized trial with 0.01% potassium permanganate as control
    Tanmay S Panchabhai
    Department ofMedicine, Medical Neuro Intensive Care Unit, Seth GS Medical College and King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India
    Chest 135:1150-6. 2009
    ..Oral cleansing with chlorhexidine decreases the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in patients after cardiac surgery. However, evidence of its benefit in ICU patients is conflicting...
  12. pmc Antibiotics or probiotics as preventive measures against ventilator-associated pneumonia: a literature review
    Marcus J Schultz
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Crit Care 15:R18. 2011
    ..Similar to SDD and SOD, a prescription of probiotics aims at the prevention of secondary colonization of the upper and/or lower digestive tract...
  13. ncbi Human papillomavirus genotype distribution in oropharynx and oral cavity cancer in France--The EDiTH VI study
    Jean Lacau St Guily
    Service d Oto Rhino Laryngologie et Chirurgie Cervico Faciale, Hopital Tenon, Université de Paris 6 et Faculté de Médecine Pierre et Marie Curie, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, 4 rue de la Chine, 75970 Paris Cedex 20, France
    J Clin Virol 51:100-4. 2011
    ..Recent studies suggest an association between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and several head and neck cancers, especially oropharyngeal and oral cavity invasive carcinomas...
  14. pmc The CASE survey: patient and physician perceptions regarding asthma medication use and associated oropharyngeal symptoms
    J M FitzGerald
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Can Respir J 15:27-32. 2008
    ..Patterns of medication use, level of asthma control and association with OP symptoms are not often reported in a nonstudy setting...
  15. ncbi Repeated isolation of Cryptococcus laurentii from the oropharynx of an immunocompromized patient
    T G M Bauters
    Laboratory for Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Ghent University, Belgium
    Mycopathologia 153:133-5. 2002
    ..We report a case of repeated colonization of the oropharynx by Cr. laurentii in a patient with erythroleukaemia...
  16. pmc Colonization of human immunodeficiency virus-infected outpatients in Taiwan with Candida species
    Chien Ching Hung
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Clin Microbiol 43:1600-3. 2005
    ....
  17. ncbi Anthrax of the gastrointestinal tract and oropharynx: CT findings
    Huseyin Ozdemir
    Department of Radiology, Firat University Medical School, 23200 Elazig, Turkey
    Emerg Radiol 17:161-4. 2010
    ..We present the computed tomography findings of anthrax of the GI tract and oropharyngeal involvement which include inflammatory lesion in the oropharynx and GI hemorrhage.
  18. pmc Comparison of the prevalence of common bacterial pathogens in the oropharynx and nasopharynx of gambian infants
    Aderonke Odutola
    Vaccinology Theme, Medical Research Council Unit, Banjul, The Gambia
    PLoS ONE 8:e75558. 2013
    ..Therefore, trials of pneumococcal protein vaccines need to evaluate their impact on carriage of other potentially pathogenic bacteria in addition to the pneumococcus...
  19. ncbi Local oropharyngeal side effects of inhaled corticosteroids in patients with asthma
    R Buhl
    Mainz University Hospital, Mainz, Germany
    Allergy 61:518-26. 2006
    ..Local side effects result from deposition of an active ICS in the oropharynx during administration of the drug...
  20. ncbi Prevalence and associated factors of oropharyngeal side effects in users of inhaled corticosteroids in a real-life setting
    Mathieu Molimard
    INSERM, Unité 657, IFR 99, Bordeaux, France
    J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv 23:91-5. 2010
    ..Oropharyngeal disorders represent the most frequent side effect of these drugs, which may have a negative impact on adherence...
  21. ncbi Emergence of quinolone resistance among viridans group streptococci isolated from the oropharynx of neutropenic peripheral blood stem cell transplant patients receiving quinolone antimicrobial prophylaxis
    R M Prabhu
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 24:832-8. 2005
    ..The frequency of occurrence of quinolone-resistant organisms colonizing the oropharynx during antibacterial prophylaxis with a quinolone is not well defined...
  22. ncbi For whom should we use selective decontamination of the digestive tract?
    Anne Marie G A de Smet
    Department of Critical Care, University Medical Center Groningen, The University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 25:211-7. 2012
    ..This review discusses the relevant studies on selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) published between 2009 and mid-2011...
  23. ncbi Effects of doxycycline, metronidazole and their combination on Candida species colonization of the human oropharynx, intestinal lumen and vagina
    S Maraki
    School of Medicine, The University of Crete, P O Box 1393, Heraklion 711 10, Crete, Greece
    J Chemother 15:369-73. 2003
    ..The combination of doxycycline and metronidazole had a substantial effect, increasing the GI and vaginal colonization by Candida organisms...
  24. pmc Rapid antigen-capture assay to detect West Nile virus in dead corvids
    Robbin Lindsay
    National Microbiology Laboratory, Health Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:1406-10. 2003
    ..Swabs were taken from the oropharynx, cloaca, or both of 109 American Crows, 31 Blue Jays, 6 Common Ravens, and 4 Black-billed Magpies from Manitoba, ..
  25. ncbi Prognostic staging system for recurrent, persistent, and second primary cancers of the oral cavity and oropharynx
    B Yueh
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle 98108, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 124:975-81. 1998
    ..To develop a practical staging system for predicting mortality of patients with recurrent squamous cell tumors of the oral cavity and oropharyngeal mucosa...
  26. pmc HPV genotypes in the oral cavity/oropharynx of children and adolescents: cross-sectional survey in Poland
    Julia Durzynska
    Department of Molecular Virology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland
    Eur J Pediatr 170:757-61. 2011
    ..DNA sequencing of MY-PCR products revealed only four HPV genotypes. The most frequent genotype was HPV11 (38/45 HPV-positive cases), while other more rare genotypes were HPV6 (3/45), HPV12 (3/45), and HPV57 (1/45)...
  27. ncbi Experience with microvascular free flaps in preoperatively irradiated tissue of the oral cavity and oropharynx in 303 patients
    Clemens Klug
    Hospital of Cranio Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Oral Oncol 41:738-46. 2005
    This study examined free flap reconstruction of surgical defects of the oral cavity and oropharynx after preoperative radiochemotherapy...
  28. ncbi Microsatellite analysis of HSV-1 isolates: from oropharynx reactivation toward lung infection in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation
    C Deback
    UPMC Univ Paris 06, ER1 DETIV, F 75013 Paris, France
    J Clin Virol 47:313-20. 2010
    ..HSV-1 BPn is associated with HSV symptomatic or symptomless reactivation in the oropharynx.
  29. ncbi Oral clearance and pathogenic oropharyngeal colonization in the elderly
    L B Palmer
    Department of Medicine, Pulmonary Critical Care Division, University Medical Center, State University of New York at Stony Brook 11794-8172, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 164:464-8. 2001
    ..patients and measured oral clearance using (99m)Tc-human serum albumin (HSA) administered to the oropharynx. Oropharyngeal cultures, salivary cell populations, elastase activity, and clinical parameters were measured ..
  30. ncbi Antibiotic resistance rates and macrolide resistance phenotypes of viridans group streptococci from the oropharynx of healthy Greek children
    S Ioannidou
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, P and A Kyriakou Childrens Hospital, Thivon and Levadias 115 27, Athens, Greece
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 17:195-201. 2001
    A total of 200 isolates of viridans group streptococci isolated from the oropharynx of healthy Greek children were studied. Vancomycin, rifampicin, fluoroquinolones and dalfopristin/quinupristin were active against all tested isolates...
  31. ncbi In vivo optical coherence tomography of the human oral cavity and oropharynx
    James M Ridgway
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of California Irvine, Orange, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 132:1074-81. 2006
    ..Image pixel resolution approached 10 microm. The mucosa of the oral cavity and oropharynx were examined in 41 patients during operative endoscopy...
  32. pmc Identification of respiratory viruses in adults: nasopharyngeal versus oropharyngeal sampling
    David Lieberman
    Pulmonary Unit, Soroka Medical Center, Beer Sheva 84101, Israel
    J Clin Microbiol 47:3439-43. 2009
    ..Sampling by all three methods is required for the maximal detection of respiratory viruses...
  33. pmc Removal of group B streptococci colonizing the vagina and oropharynx of mice with a bacteriophage lytic enzyme
    Qi Cheng
    Laboratory of Bacterial Pathogenesis and Immunology, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Ave, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 49:111-7. 2005
    ..In a mouse model, a single dose of PlyGBS significantly reduced bacterial colonization in both the vagina and oropharynx. As an alternative strategy for intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, this approach may be used to reduce vaginal ..
  34. ncbi Gross morphology of the intra-oral rhamphotheca, oropharynx and proximal oesophagus of the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae)
    M R Crole
    Department of Anatomy and Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, 0110 South Africa
    Anat Histol Embryol 39:207-18. 2010
    ..Twenty-three heads from sub-adult (12-14 months) emus were used to provide a definitive description of the oropharynx and proximal oesophagus...
  35. ncbi Comorbid condition as a prognostic factor for complications in major surgery of the oral cavity and oropharynx with microvascular soft tissue reconstruction
    Pepijn A Borggreven
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, VU Medical Center, P O Box 7057, 1007 MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Head Neck 25:808-15. 2003
    ..Identification of factors, especially comorbidity, that affect the incidence and severity of complications in head and neck cancer patients...
  36. ncbi Nucleic acid amplification tests in the diagnosis of chlamydial and gonococcal infections of the oropharynx and rectum in men who have sex with men
    Julius Schachter
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:637-42. 2008
    ....
  37. ncbi Longitudinal study of meningococcal carrier rates in teenagers
    I C Glitza
    Abt Hygiene und Med Mikrobiologie, Hygiene Institut, Universitat Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 346 Dekanat, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 211:263-72. 2008
    ..6% with the same strain, 36.0% were carrier for at least 15 weeks. Over all three collection periods 36.7% of the adolescents acquired a new strain. The highest acquisition rate was related to PFGE type 12...
  38. ncbi Randomized controlled trial and meta-analysis of oral decontamination with 2% chlorhexidine solution for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Hutsaya Tantipong
    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:131-6. 2008
    ..To determine the effectiveness of oral decontamination with 2% chlorhexidine solution for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)...
  39. pmc A phase 2 trial of surgery with perioperative INGN 201 (Ad5CMV-p53) gene therapy followed by chemoradiotherapy for advanced, resectable squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx: report of the Southwest Oncology Group
    George H Yoo
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Wayne State University, University Health Center 5 E, 4201 St Antoine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 135:869-74. 2009
    ..the feasibility of treating patients with high-risk stage III and IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx with perioperative adenovirus-p53 (INGN 201) gene therapy along with surgery and ..
  40. pmc Cross-resistance to medical and agricultural azole drugs in yeasts from the oropharynx of human immunodeficiency virus patients and from environmental Bavarian vine grapes
    Frank Michael C Müller
    Pediatric Pulmonology and Infectious Diseases, Dept of Pediatrics III, University Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 153, Heidelberg, Germany
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:3014-6. 2007
    ..Precautions against the unnecessary widespread use of azoles in the environment and human medicine are strongly recommended to prevent patients from acquiring azole-resistant yeasts...
  41. ncbi Effectiveness of oral rinse with chlorhexidine in preventing nosocomial respiratory tract infections among intensive care unit patients
    Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues
    Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 30:952-8. 2009
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of the oral application of a 0.12% solution of chlorhexidine for prevention of respiratory tract infections among intensive care unit (ICU) patients...
  42. ncbi Colonisation rates of Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus in the oropharynx of a young adult population
    R M Levy
    Department of Dermatology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Clin Microbiol Infect 11:153-5. 2005
    ..This finding may have important clinical consequences in certain populations, and requires further investigation...
  43. pmc Use of the probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum 299 to reduce pathogenic bacteria in the oropharynx of intubated patients: a randomised controlled open pilot study
    Bengt Klarin
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital, SE 221 85 Lund, Sweden
    Crit Care 12:R136. 2008
    Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is usually caused by aspiration of pathogenic bacteria from the oropharynx. Oral decontamination with antiseptics, such as chlorhexidine (CHX) or antibiotics, has been used as prophylaxis against this ..
  44. ncbi Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae transmission from the oropharynx to the urethra among men who have sex with men
    Kyle T Bernstein
    STD Prevention and Control Services, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California 94102, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 49:1793-7. 2009
    Limited data exist on the risk of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae transmission from oropharynx to urethra. We examined urethral C. trachomatis and N...
  45. ncbi Oral cavity and oropharynx tumors
    Hilda E Stambuk
    Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Radiol Clin North Am 45:1-20. 2007
    ..The clinical behavior and outcome of tumors in the oral cavity is distinct from those of the oropharynx. As a general rule, surgical resection is the primary treatment for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma, whereas ..
  46. ncbi Long-term colonization with Pneumocystis jirovecii in hospital staffs: a challenge to prevent nosocomial pneumocystosis
    Isabelle Durand-Joly
    EA 3609 Pasteur Institute of Lille, Lille, France
    J Eukaryot Microbiol 50:614-5. 2003
  47. ncbi Polymerase chain reaction detection of HPV in squamous carcinoma of the oropharynx
    Elin S Agoston
    Dept of Pathology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Pathol 134:36-41. 2010
    ..However, it is imperative that appropriate sensitivity controls be in place for such assays...
  48. ncbi Prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia by oral decontamination: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
    D C Bergmans
    Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 164:382-8. 2001
    ..received topical antimicrobial prophylaxis (gentamicin/ colistin/vancomycin 2% in Orabase, every 6 h) in the oropharynx and 139 patients, divided over two control groups, received placebo (78 patients were studied in the presence of ..
  49. ncbi Longitudinal study of mucosal Candida species colonization and candidiasis among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive and at-risk HIV-seronegative women
    Suzanne E Ohmit
    Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    J Infect Dis 188:118-27. 2003
    ..In HIV-seropositive women, mucosal candidiasis is the consequence of multiple interacting factors...
  50. pmc Brief report: a red streak in the lateral recess of the oropharynx predicts acute sinusitis
    Colin Thomas
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, VA San Diego Healthcare, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:986-8. 2006
    ..To evaluate the oropharyngeal red streak sign for diagnosing acute sinusitis...
  51. ncbi Functional MRI of oropharyngeal air-pulse stimulation
    P Soros
    School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Faculty of Health Sciences, Elborn College, University of Western Ontario, 1201 Western Road, London, Ontario, Canada
    Neuroscience 153:1300-8. 2008
    Although the posterior oral cavity and oropharynx play a major role in swallowing, their central representation is poorly understood...
  52. doi Sampling for low-pathogenic avian influenza A virus in wild Mallard ducks: oropharyngeal versus cloacal swabbing
    Patrik Ellström
    Vaccine 26:4414-6. 2008
  53. ncbi Effect of mucosal anaesthesia on oropharyngeal swallowing
    C Ertekin
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Ege University School Hospital Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
    Neurogastroenterol Motil 12:567-72. 2000
    ..It is concluded that the sensory inputs from the mucosal receptors are important to trigger voluntary swallowing and their absence or dysfunction may contribute to oropharyngeal dysphagia and laryngeal aspiration...
  54. ncbi Oral decontamination with chlorhexidine reduces the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Mirelle Koeman
    University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Internal Medicine and Dermatology, and Department of Internal Medicine and Intensive Care Medicine, Rijnstate Hospital Arnhem, The Netherlands
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:1348-55. 2006
    ..We hypothesized that oral decontamination with either chlorhexidine (CHX, 2%) or CHX/colistin (CHX/COL, 2%/2%) would reduce and postpone development of VAP, and oral and endotracheal colonization...
  55. ncbi Effectiveness of 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse in reducing prevalence of nosocomial pneumonia in patients undergoing heart surgery
    Susan Houston
    St Luke s Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Tex, USA
    Am J Crit Care 11:567-70. 2002
    Decreasing the levels of bacteria in the oropharynx should reduce the prevalence of nosocomial pneumonia.
  56. ncbi CT and MRI findings of a solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma of the oropharynx: case report
    Tomohiko Narumi
    Department of Pediatrics, Kiryu Kosei General Hospital, Japan
    Radiat Med 23:574-7. 2005
    We report a case of solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (SEP) of the oropharynx. A 53-year-old man presented who had had bloody phlegm and a sore throat for a few days...
  57. ncbi Prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oral cavity and oropharynx
    Therezita Peixoto Patury Galvão Castro
    Department of Otorhinolaryngol, FCMSCSP, UNCISAL, UFAL, Brazil
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 72:272-82. 2006
    The prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the oral cavity and oropharynx has not yet been as well studied as its infection of the vaginal tract. However, new study are emerge after the development of molecular biology techniques...
  58. ncbi Evaluating oral stimulation as a treatment for dysphagia after stroke
    Maxine L Power
    Department of Rehabilitation and Human Performance Research, University of Salford, Salford, United Kingdom
    Dysphagia 21:49-55. 2006
    ..Therefore, with the parameters used in this study, oral stimulation does not offer an effective treatment for poststroke patients...
  59. ncbi Prevention of nosocomial infection in cardiac surgery by decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine gluconate: a randomized controlled trial
    Patrique Segers
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    JAMA 296:2460-6. 2006
    ..Nosocomial infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. Decolonization of endogenous potential pathogenic microorganisms is important in the prevention of nosocomial infections...
  60. pmc Replacement of Candida albicans with C. dubliniensis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with oropharyngeal candidiasis treated with fluconazole
    Marcos Martinez
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78245, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 40:3135-9. 2002
    ..dubliniensis. C. dubliniensis in this setting may be underestimated due to lack of identification and may occur due to the impact of fluconazole on the ecology of oral yeast species...
  61. ncbi Viscoelastic properties of bioadhesive, chlorhexidine-containing semi-solids for topical application to the oropharynx
    D S Jones
    The Pharmaceutical Sciences Group, School of Pharmacy, The Queen s University of Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
    Pharm Res 15:1131-6. 1998
    This study examined the viscoelastic properties of bioadhesive, chlorhexidine-containing semi-solid formulations, designed for topical application to the oropharynx.
  62. pmc Maltodextrin utilization plays a key role in the ability of group A Streptococcus to colonize the oropharynx
    Samuel A Shelburne
    Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Infect Immun 74:4605-14. 2006
    ..that maltodextrin acquisition is likely to be a key factor in the ability of GAS to successfully infect the oropharynx. Further investigation into carbohydrate transport and metabolism pathways may yield novel insights into GAS ..
  63. pmc Hormones in the naso-oropharynx: endocrine modulation of taste and smell
    Bronwen Martin
    Laboratory of Neurosciences, National Institute on Aging Intramural Research Program, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Trends Endocrinol Metab 20:163-70. 2009
    ..Because endocrine signaling in the naso-oropharynx is likely to influence food intake, satiety and general metabolic control, it is important to examine some of ..
  64. ncbi Oropharyngeal morphology in the basal tortoise Manouria emys emys with comments on form and function of the testudinid tongue
    Egon Heiss
    Department of Theoretical Biology, Morphology Section, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    J Morphol 272:1217-29. 2011
    In tetrapods, the ability to ingest food on land is based on certain morphological features of the oropharynx in general and the feeding apparatus in particular...
  65. ncbi Antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial pathogens in the oropharynx of healthy school children in Turkey
    Horu Gazi
    Department of Microbiology and Clinical Microbiology, Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Manisa, Turkey
    Indian J Med Res 120:489-94. 2004
    ..The present study was undertaken to determine the carriage rates and antimicrobial resistance of these bacterial pathogens in such children aged 6-14 yr in Manisa, Turkey...
  66. pmc Regulation of polysaccharide utilization contributes to the persistence of group a streptococcus in the oropharynx
    Samuel A Shelburne
    Center for Molecular and Translational Human Infectious Diseases Research, The Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Infect Immun 75:2981-90. 2007
    ..transcriptional regulator MalR influences the expression of such genes and whether MalR helps GAS infect the oropharynx. Analysis of 32 strains of 17 distinct M protein serotypes revealed that MalR is highly conserved across GAS ..
  67. ncbi Protection against direct-contact challenge following emergency FMD vaccination of cattle and the effect on virus excretion from the oropharynx
    S J Cox
    Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Ash Road, Pirbright, Woking, Surrey GU24 0NF, UK
    Vaccine 23:1106-13. 2005
    ..to protect cattle from a heterologous direct-contact challenge and the effect on virus excretion from the oropharynx were examined...
  68. pmc Decontamination of the digestive tract and oropharynx: hospital acquired infections after discharge from the intensive care unit
    Anne Marie G A de Smet
    Division of Perioperative and Emergency Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Intensive Care Med 35:1609-13. 2009
    ....
  69. ncbi [The laryngological and neurological aspects of dysphagia]
    Jerzy Tomik
    Katedra i Klinika Otolaryngologii, Collegium Medicum, Uniwersytetu Jagiellońiskiego w Krakowie
    Przegl Lek 63:77-80. 2006
    ..Classifying dysphagia as oropharyngeal, oesophageal and obstructive, or neuromuscular symptom complexes leads to a successful diagnosis in 80% of patients...
  70. ncbi Imaging of the parapharyngeal space
    Hilda E Stambuk
    Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Otolaryngol Clin North Am 41:77-101, vi. 2008
    ..This article presents the spatial anatomy of the PPS and describes the displacement patterns of the PPS fat that are essential for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment of pathology arising in this region...
  71. ncbi Common medical conditions in the elderly: impact on pharyngeal bolus transit
    Katherine A Kendall
    Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    Dysphagia 19:71-7. 2004
    ..This preliminary study indicates that medical problems common in elderly populations are associated with a deterioration of swallowing function and that changes identified in elderly individuals may not be due to aging alone...
  72. ncbi Influences of thermal and gustatory characteristics on sensory and motor aspects of swallowing
    Yozo Miyaoka
    Department of Health and Nutrition, Niigata University of Health and Welfare School of Health Sciences, Niigata, 950 3198, Japan
    Dysphagia 21:38-48. 2006
    ..However, none of the foods differentially altered the motor parameters of swallowing. Interactive influences of temperature and gustatory sensations of foods on swallowing are discussed...
  73. ncbi The role of botulinum toxin injection and upper esophageal sphincter myotomy in treating oropharyngeal dysphagia
    Giovanni Zaninotto
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Clinica Chirurgica 3, University of Padova School of Medicine, Padova, Italy
    J Gastrointest Surg 8:997-1006. 2004
    ..If BoTox fails, CP myotomy can be offered to patients with preserved oral and tongue activity at VFS and an intact bolus propulsion ability on manometry...
  74. ncbi Pill swallowing by adults with dysphagia
    Giselle Carnaby-Mann
    Department of Psychiatry, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA
    Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 131:970-5. 2005
    ....
  75. ncbi The effect of bilateral lingual nerve anesthesia and increased occlusal vertical dimension on the onset of swallowing in adult males
    Kanchu Tei
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
    Cranio 23:39-47. 2005
    ..Individual pharynx-to-swallow intervals also varied. The results indicate that modification of the masticatory condition affects the onset of swallowing and that changes in the onset varied among the participants...
  76. ncbi [The relationship between oral habits, oronasopharyngeal alterations, and malocclusion in preschool children in Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil]
    Adauto Emmerich
    Núcleo de Pesquisas Craniofaciais, Departamento de Medicina Social, Centro Biomedico, Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, Victoria, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 20:689-97. 2004
    ..001), and between pacifier sucking and open bite (p < 0.001). Such results indicate that the prevalence of malocclusions is associated with DH and OA...
  77. ncbi A planar finite element model of bolus containment in the oral cavity
    Mark A Nicosia
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Widener University, One University Place, Chester, PA 19013, USA
    Comput Biol Med 37:1472-8. 2007
    ..The goal of the current study was to develop a simplified two-dimensional computational model of the oropharynx to simulate the containment of a Newtonian fluid bolus within the oral cavity in response to a given pattern of ..
  78. ncbi Swallowing and speech function after intraoral soft tissue reconstruction with lateral upper arm free flap and radial forearm free flap
    I Hara
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Fukuoka Dental College, Fukuoka, Japan
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 41:161-9. 2003
    ..There was no significant difference in impairment between LUFF and RFFF. We conclude that the LUFFs are superior to RFFFs because they can be closed primary and the incidence of donor site morbidity is slight...
  79. ncbi Cephalometric study of the upper airway in surgically corrected class III skeletal deformity
    Nabil Samman
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, China
    Int J Adult Orthodon Orthognath Surg 17:180-90. 2002
    ..The mandibular setback group should be most at risk of obstructive sleep apnea, but compensatory changes in soft palate morphology may explain the low occurrence in practice...
  80. ncbi Comparison of methods for determining cricopharyngeal intrabolus pressure in normal patients as possible indicator for cricopharyngeal myotomy
    Tanja Bammer
    Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 127:299-308. 2002
    ..We sought to compare methods for determining intrabolus cricopharyngeal pressure as a possible indicator for cricopharyngeal myotomy...
  81. ncbi [Oropharyngeal dysphagia in the myotonic dystrophy: phonoaudiological evaluation and nasofibrolaryngoscopical analysis]
    A L Chiappetta
    , Departamento de Neurologia e Neurocirurgia, Escola Paulista de Medicina, , , SP, Brasil
    Arq Neuropsiquiatr 59:394-400. 2001
    ..The analysis were able to evaluate statical and functionally the involved structures in the swallowing, having got to take part of the routine of attendance to the patients with myotonic dystrophy of Steinert...
  82. ncbi Effect of titrated mandibular advancement and jaw opening on the upper airway in nonapneic men: a magnetic resonance imaging and cephalometric study
    Xuemei Gao
    Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Peking University, Beijing, China
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 125:191-9. 2004
    ..At F(75)V(0), the min% of the whole upper airway was significantly associated with morphologic features of the mandible, such as the mandibular plane angle and lengths of the mandibular body and ramus...
  83. ncbi A 70 degree telescope used in diagnosis and treatment of fish bone in the upper aerodigestive tract
    Jarungjit Yongyukantorn
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Prince of Songkla University Hospital, Hatyai, Songkla, Thailand
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 135:805-6. 2006
  84. ncbi Biopsy of deep-seated head and neck lesions under intraoral ultrasound guidance
    K T Wong
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 27:1654-7. 2006
    ..This article discusses the role of intraoral ultrasound and presents 3 cases in which biopsy of deep-seated neck masses under intraoral ultrasound guidance helped in diagnosis and management...
  85. ncbi Minimally invasive functional reconstruction after extended oropharyngeal resection including soft palate and base of tongue using a pectoralis major myocutaneous flap
    Kensuke Kiyokawa
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi Machi, Kurume shi, Fukuoka 830 0011, Japan
    Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg 36:71-9. 2002
    ..One lobe of the skin island is used to reconstruct the base of the tongue and the other to reconstruct the oropharynx. The soft palate is reconstructed by folding the tip of the lobe that is used to reconstruct the oropharynx in ..
  86. ncbi A new design for free flap reconstruction of the tongue and oropharynx
    Shunjiro Yagi
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Showa Ku, Nagoya, Japan
    J Reconstr Microsurg 24:211-9. 2008
    ..immediate reconstruction using a free flap after radical resection of a malignant carcinoma of tongue or oropharynx using a free flap. Postoperative swallowing and speech were rated using a self-report questionnaire...
  87. ncbi Development of the orohypopharyngeal cavity in normal infants and young children
    N Rommel
    Department of Ear Nose Throat, Head, and Neck Surgery, Leuven University Center for Informatics and Telematics, LUDIT, Belgium
    Cleft Palate Craniofac J 40:606-11. 2003
    To study the growth of the oropharynx and hypopharynx in infants and young children by measuring the lengths of the segments between nasopharyngeal valve and tongue base, tongue base and arytenoids, and arytenoids and upper esophageal ..
  88. ncbi Predictive value of accumulated oropharyngeal secretions for aspiration during video nasal endoscopic evaluation of the swallow
    Joseph Donzelli
    Department of Speech Language Pathology, Marianjoy Rehabilitation Hospital, Wheaton, Illinois 60187, USA
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 112:469-75. 2003
    ..446, p < .0001). The relationship of the 3-point secretion severity scale level with aspiration was .488, p < .0001 (Spearman's rho), and that with diet recommendation outcomes was .746, p < .0001 (Spearman's rho)...
  89. ncbi Recovery from postsurgical swallowing dysfunction in patients with oral cancer
    Kanchu Tei
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 65:1077-83. 2007
    ..The present study was focused on a comparison of postsurgical oropharyngeal swallowing efficiency and medical status indicators...
  90. ncbi Temporal measurements of pharyngeal swallowing in normal populations
    Youngsun Kim
    School of Hearing, Speech and Language Sciences, College of Health and Human Services, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 2979, USA
    Dysphagia 20:290-6. 2005
    ..No gender differences were observed. These data on normal subjects will be used for comparisons with stroke patients in future research...
  91. ncbi Physiologic effects of open and closed tracheostomy tubes on the pharyngeal swallow
    Roxann Diez Gross
    Department of Audiology and Speech Pathology, Veterans Administration Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15240, USA
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 112:143-52. 2003
    ....
  92. ncbi Bolus location at the initiation of the pharyngeal stage of swallowing in healthy older adults
    Jennifer R Stephen
    School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, Elborn College, London, Ontario, Canada
    Dysphagia 20:266-72. 2005
    ..Bolus position at pharyngeal swallow onset can vary substantially from trial to trial within an individual, suggesting that the triggering of swallowing depends on multiple influences...
  93. ncbi [Swallowing sound signal: description in normal and laryngectomized subjects]
    S Moriniere
    Service d ORL et de chirurgie cervicofaciale, CHU de Tours, Hopital Bretonneau, 2, boulevard Tonnelle, 37044 Tours Cedex 1, France
    Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac 125:1-10. 2008
    ....
  94. ncbi Esophageal contractions and oropharyngeal and esophageal transits in patients with iron deficiency anemia
    Adriana Leonarda Martins Miranda
    Departamento de Clinica Medica, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
    Am J Gastroenterol 98:1000-4. 2003
    ..Patients with iron deficiency may have reduced power of the pharyngeal muscle for bolus propulsion into the esophagus. We hypothesized that esophageal muscle is similarly impaired...
  95. pmc Ptosis aggravates dysphagia in oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy
    B J M de Swart
    304 Neuromuscular Centre Nijmegen, Institute of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 77:266-8. 2006
    ..Ptosis and dysphagia are important features in oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD)...
  96. ncbi Effect of citric acid and citric acid-sucrose mixtures on swallowing in neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia
    Cathy A Pelletier
    Department of Food Science and Technology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    Dysphagia 18:231-41. 2003
    ..The mechanisms for improved swallowing due to citric acid are not understood but may be due to increased gustatory and trigeminal stimulation of acid to the brainstem in neurologically impaired subjects...
  97. ncbi Dynamic swallowing study and radiation dose to patients
    L Moro
    Servizio di Fisica Sanitaria, Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri, IRCCS, Istituto Scientifico di Pavia, Via A Ferrata 8, 1 27100 Pavia, Italy
    Radiol Med 111:123-9. 2006
    ....
  98. ncbi Hyoid-bolus transit latencies in normal swallow
    Rebecca Leonard
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Medical School, Davis, California 95817, USA
    Dysphagia 21:183-90. 2006
    ..The data may be a useful resource for relating the specific latencies investigated to concepts of pharyngeal swallow delay, in particular, when assessing videofluoroscopic studies using a similar protocol...
  99. ncbi Videofluoroscopic evaluation of HIV/AIDS patients with swallowing dysfunction
    R A Halvorsen
    Department of Radiology, San Francisco General Hospital, 1001 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Abdom Imaging 28:244-7. 2003
    ..We investigated the association of abnormalities of the swallowing mechanism in the oral and pharyngeal phases of swallowing with symptoms of dysphagia and painful swallowing in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
  100. ncbi Reproducibility of swallowing over time in healthy elderly adults
    Lorraine L Pinnington
    Division of Rehabilitation and Ageing, School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
    Dysphagia 21:1-6. 2006
    ..58-0.96, ICCs = 0.53-0.84) and poor for one (ICC = 0.15). We conclude that the majority of variables examined by the Exeter Dysphagia Assessment Technique are reliable when swallowing is assessed repeatedly and on different days...
  101. ncbi Physiological and pathological aspects of oropharyngeal swallowing
    Cumhur Ertekin
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology and Neurology Ege University, Medical School Hospital, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
    Mov Disord 17:S86-9. 2002

Research Grants63

  1. RRSS #08: Evaluating Prevalence HPV Infection Among Head and Neck Cancer Patients
    Dennis M Deapen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Most HPV-associated HNSCC tend to occur in the oropharynx, with highest distribution in the tonsils...
  2. Biomarkers to Guide Treatment and Improve Survival in Oral/Oropharyngeal Cancer
    Thomas E Carey; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Current data suggest that surgical treatment produces better outcome for oral cancer and worse for oropharynx, whereas many oropharynx patients have an excellent response chemotherapy and radiation whereas many with oral ..
  3. A Topical Host Defense Peptide Mimetic for Oral Mucositis
    Richard W Scott; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It impacts virtually all patients receiving concomitant chemoradiation therapy for tumors of the mouth and oropharynx. Aside from its devastating symptomatic impact, resulting in opiod-requiring pain and the need for gastrostomy ..
  4. Isolation and characterization of the normal and cancer stem cells of the tongue.
    Agnieszka Kobielak; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The incidence of a subset of neoplasms originating from the oral cavity and the oropharynx, however, in young adults, age <40, has been steadily and rapidly increasing...
  5. Epigenetic Control of HPV-associated Oral Carcinogenesis
    Cun Yu Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most common cancer arising in the oral cavity, oropharynx, head and neck...
  6. Human Herpesvirus-8 Replication and Kaposi Sarcoma Response to Treatment
    Warren Phipps; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Preliminary data from these studies show that HHV-8 replication in the oropharynx and plasma of persons with KS is frequent, but that rates vary among individuals...
  7. Comparative and Cost-Effectiveness of Preventing HPV-Related Diseases
    JANE JOOYUN KIM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..infection occur in the United States;nearly 50% are cervical cancer, while the rest involve the oral cavity/oropharynx, anus, vulva, penis, and vagina...
  8. Early events in infection of epithelial cells with Epstein-Barr Virus
    SARAH M VALENCIA; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The effects of virus and a soluble form gp350 will be determined. EBV replication is ongoing in the oropharynx of most individuals and may lead to development of epithelial cancers...
  9. Clinical and Financial Impact of Treatment for Oral and Pharyngeal Cancer
    CHRISTOPHER S contact HOLLENBEAK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of patients aged 65 years of age and older who have been diagnosed with a new cancer of the oral cavity or oropharynx. Three analyses will be undertaken to study the determinants of treatment, costs, and survival associated with ..
  10. PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF ORAL HPV INFECTION IN THE US POPULATION
    Maura L Gillison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Oral HPV16 infection is an established cause of oropharynx cancer, a cancer rising in incidence in the United States (U.S.), particularly among young, white men...
  11. Sensorimotor control of the oropharynx and esophagus
    RODERICK ATKINS SUTHERS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  12. Understanding the Lung Microbiome in HIV-Infected and HIV-uninfected individuals
    Vincent B Young; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will compare these data with those obtained from the nasal cavity, the oropharynx, and the stomach...
  13. Communicative Participation in Head and Neck Cancer
    Tanya L Eadie; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Fifteen individuals treated for HNCa (oral, oropharynx, hypopharynx, larynx) then will examine items within the bank using cognitive interviewing techniques...
  14. HPV-Specific, Immune Suppression in Patients with RRP
    VINCENT ROBERT BONAGURA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These studies may also provide critical insight into why some patients with high risk HPV infections of the oropharynx fail to clear the infection and ultimately develop cancer...
  15. EBV Entry and Spread in the Oral Cavity
    Lindsey M Hutt-Fletcher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..associated with oral complications of HIV disease reflecting its continued replication and shedding in the oropharynx. Unraveling mechanisms by which virus is targeted to cells newly prone to infection is important to ..
  16. Reprogramming Host Immune Responses to Cure or Control Persistent HPV Infection
    VINCENT ROBERT BONAGURA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..neoplasia, cervical, penile and anal cancers (predominantly caused by HPV 16 or 18);and cancers of the oropharynx (HPV16)...
  17. Effects of Probiotics in Patients with Cystic Fibrosis
    Patricia L Hibberd; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..evaluate whether LGG is an effective alternative to antimicrobials;and (3) determine whether LGG colonizes the oropharynx as a first step to exploring potential mechanisms by which LGG may influence mucosal Staphylococcus aureus ..
  18. Functions of Papillomavirus E6
    Elliot J Androphy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are of particular medical importance and scientific significance since a subset of HPVs cause cancers of cervix, oropharynx, and anogenital region...
  19. Training in Systems Biology for the Study of Host-Pathogen Interactions
    Mark C Herzberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The squamous mucosa of the oral cavity and oropharynx and related tissues are of particular interest as primary portals of entry and Interactions with pathogens in a ..
  20. Optical Systems for In Vivo Molecular Imaging of Cancer
    REBECCA RAE RICHARDS-KORTUM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract, which includes the oral cavity, oropharynx, and esophagus, are associated with rising incidence and uniformly poor survival, primarily due to diagnosis at a ..
  21. Lung Microbiome and Pulmonary Inflammation/Immunity in HIV Infection
    George M Weinstock; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will also prospectively study the microbiome along the entire respiratory tract from the oropharynx to the alveoli to determine if what is found in the upper tract can predict lower respiratory microbiomes...
  22. Role of PKCepsilon in Oral Cancer
    Quintin Pan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..cell carcinoma (oral SCC) accounts for most of the 500,000 worldwide incident cancers of the oral cavity and oropharynx. Although improvements in local control and survival have been achieved with the use of combined modality ..
  23. CRANIOFACIAL AND GENETIC VARIATION IN 22Q11.2 DELETION SYNDROME
    CARRIE LYN HEIKE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..can include characteristic facial features as well as anatomic and functional abnormalities of the palate and oropharynx. Recent work aimed at understanding the phenotypic variability in 22q11...
  24. Probiotics to Eradicate Nasal S Aureus in ESRD Patients
    Patricia L Hibberd; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..are to assess (1) the safety and tolerability of twice daily dosing of LGG and (2) whether LGG colonizes the oropharynx and/or GI tract of healthy adult volunteers and to assess the effect of LGG on the microbiota of the oropharynx ..
  25. Oral Care and Respiratory Pathogen Colonization
    Ozan Akca; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Identical bacteria have been cultured from the mouth and sputum of VAP patients suggesting that the oropharynx of critically ill patients becomes colonized with respiratory pathogens that are aspirated into the lungs...
  26. MECHANISMS OF BACTERIAL ADHERENCE & COLONIZATION
    DAVID HASTY; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..is to understand the role of host macromolecules in bacterial colonization of the mucosal surfaces of the oropharynx. We will focus principally on the role salivary molecules play in the modulation of adherence of type 1 ..
  27. Analysis Of Group A Streptococcus-Saliva Interaction
    SAMUEL SHELBURNE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Knowledge of how GAS responds to saliva will augment our understanding of how GAS infects the human oropharynx and spreads from patients with pharyngitis...
  28. Respiratory Phase Training Effects on Swallow Impairment in Oropharyngeal Cancer
    BONNIE J MARTIN HARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..dysphagia) is a functional morbidity that impacts the majority of patients treated for cancers of the oropharynx. Many patients remain chronically dysphagic long after their cancer treatments affecting their nutrition, health,..
  29. PROPHOLAXIS OF H. INFLUENZAE AND OTHER INFECTIONS
    Mathuram Santosham; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..BPIG treated infants (a) the rates of acquisition and duration of carriage of type specific pneumococcus in the oropharynx (OP) (b) serum type specific antibody responses to OP colonization and to invasive pneumococcal disease, (c) the ..
  30. PLASTICITY OF THE DEVELOPING GUSTATORY SYSTEM
    David Hill; Fiscal Year: 1990
    To learn how afferent discharges that originate from anterior tongue, posterior oropharynx and visceral organs interact in eliciting responses from central nervous system neurons during development, neurophysiological responses will be ..
  31. Cytochlor/cytofluor: New Tumor Targeted Radiosensitizer
    Sheldon Greer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Cytochlor Technology is about to enter a Phase I trial as a radiosensitizer of tumors of the oral cavity and oropharynx with NCI supervision...
  32. Oral Health and Ventilator Associated Pneumonia
    Frank Scannapieco; Fiscal Year: 2006
    Recent studies have found that poor oral hygiene may foster the colonization of the oropharynx by potential respiratory pathogens in mechanically-ventilated (MV), intensive care unit (ICU) patients...
  33. Oral HIV Pathogenesis and Shedding
    Robert Coombs; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..007), but HAART was not (P > 0.1). Infectious HIV was isolated from the posterior oropharynx in 5 (25%) of 20 vRNA+ men. Median mucosal VL was 6.35 log10 copies/ml in culture-positive men vs. 4...
  34. Diagnosis of Cancer with High-Resolution Ultrasound
    Frank Djuth; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The principal types of cancer that can readily be diagnosed include oral cancer and cancer of the oropharynx; esophageal cancer and other tumors of the gastrointestinal tract (endoscopic ultrasound); skin cancer, in ..
  35. SALIVARY AND TRACHEOBRONCHIAL MUCINS IN DISEASE
    MOLAKALA REDDY; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..pneumoniae, H. influenzae, P. aeruginosa, K. pneumoniae and Enterobacter species. These organisms colonize the oropharynx prior to initiation of infection...
  36. Array-based outcome prediction in head and neck cancer
    Thomas Belbin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..anatomically heterogenous group of neoplasms, arising from diverse anatomic locations including the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, larynx and nasopharynx...
  37. Proteomic analysis of head & neck squamous cell cancer
    Michael Prystowsky; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These tumors constitute an anatomically heterogeneous group of neoplasms arising from the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, larynx and nasopharynx...
  38. ORAL TRANSMISSION OF SIV IN NEONATAL AND ADULT MACAQUES
    SHAWN O NEIL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..we hypothesize that Langerhans dendritic cells are permissive for infection, and conduct virus from the oropharynx to activated CD4+ T cells in the tonsil and retropharyngeal lymph node...
  39. Oral-Pharyngeal HHV-8 Infection
    Jeffrey Vieira; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..little is known about the biology of oral infection, particularly the source of virus replication in the oropharynx and factors that determine frequency and concentrations of HHV-8 in saliva...
  40. Tongue Strength Exercise and Swallowing in Oral Cancer
    Cathy Lazarus; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..High-dose chemoradiotherapy has been utilized as primary treatment for tumors of the oral cavity and oropharynx to preserve organ function...
  41. HPV ETIOLOGY OF A SUBSET OF HEAD AND NECK CANCERS
    Keerti Shah; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..as compared to HPV-negative HNSCC, HPV- associated HNSCC (about 24 percent of all HNSCC) occur largely in the oropharynx and are less related to history of tobacco and alcohol use and to p53 mutations...
  42. Genomic and Proteomic Analysis of HPV-Associated SCCHN
    Saleem Khan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Since the majority of HPV-associated SCCHN arise in the oropharynx (tonsil and base of tongue), we will specifically analyze tumors from this sub-site...
  43. JCV Virus Expression in Oropharynx and HIV
    Joseph Berger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..exists between JCV presence in oropharyngeal fluids and in PBLs; and determining whether JCV shedding from the oropharynx correlates with the degree of immunosuppression...
  44. Tissue-Specific Infection by Group A Streptococci
    DEBRA BESSEN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..sequelae and severe invasive disease, most often it causes only a mild infection at superficial sites - the oropharynx (strep throat) or epidermis (impetigo)...
  45. Effects of Probiotics in Patients with Cystic Fibrosis
    Patricia Hibberd; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..evaluate whether LGG is an effective alternative to antimicrobials; and (3) determine whether LGG colonizes the oropharynx as a first step to exploring potential mechanisms by which LGG may influence mucosal Staphylococcus aureus ..
  46. REFLEX CONTROL OF UPPER AIRWAY FUNCTION IN HUMANS
    JAMES LEITER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..in the pathogenesis of OSA because it forms the anterior border of the narrowest part of the upper airway, the oropharynx. Hence, activation of the genioglossus that is insufficient to resist the negative pharyngeal pressure generated ..
  47. Cytokine Variants as Predictors of HPV-16 Status & Outcome of Oropharyngeal Cance
    Guojun Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx (SCCOP) is characterized by local tumor aggressiveness requiring morbid local-regional therapies with poor survival and high recurrence rates...
  48. RESPIRATORY TRACT DEPOSITION OF HYGROSCOPIC AEROSOLS
    David Swift; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Aerodynamic diameter changes from nasal entrance to oropharynx will be measured for hypertonic, isotonic, and hypotonic particles, as well as solid NaCl particles...
  49. Renal Volume Measurement to Detect Early Kidney Disease
    W O NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In this defensive role, the oropharynx offers a unique window to characterize the efficiency of mucosal immune responses and confers an accessible and ..
  50. Role of Tonsils in Induction of Mucosal Immune Responses
    Edward Janoff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In this defensive role, the oropharynx offers a unique window to characterize the efficiency of mucosal immune responses and confers an accessible and ..
  51. Creation of a transgenic mouse model for HPV-associated oral cancer
    Duane Sewell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..years the link between human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx has been increasingly elucidated...
  52. DNA PROBE TEST TO DETECT ORAL CANDIDA IN AIDS PATIENTS
    Diana Sheiness; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..of each probe to slot blot filters containing RNAs from > 100 microorganisms that are found frequently in the oropharynx, skin or urogenital region...
  53. SUSCEPTIBILITY TO MOLECULAR ALTERATION: EPITHELIAL CELLS
    Charles Powell; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Biomarkers will be evaluated in epithelial cells from the lung, bladder and oropharynx from all individuals...
  54. Effects of Swallowing Therapy in Head and Neck Cancer
    Jerilyn Logemann; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  55. Oropharyngeal Function After Radiotherapy with IMRT
    Jerilyn A Logemann; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project attempts to quantify the swallow problems associated with this specific treatment and the effects of interventions for these swallow problems. ..
  56. Effects of LSVT on Dysphagia in Parkinson's Disease
    Jerilyn Logemann; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This application proposes to generate pilot data on the effects of LSVT on aspiration, a potentially dangerous and costly side effect of dysphagia in Parkinson's disease. ..
  57. GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY AND MECHANISMS IN ORAL CANCER
    Elaine Smith; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Transcripitonal and Genetic Profiles in HNSCCs
    Elaine Smith; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. ANATOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE VOCAL TRACT--MRI PROCEDURES
    HOURI VORPERIAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The findings of this study contribute to knowledge on craniofacial development, and are of theoretical and clinical significance particularly in the areas of speech development and speech production. ..
  60. International Collaborative HNC Research
    Elaine Smith; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This aim is to determine whether there is an easily administered, sensitive biomarker that can predict HPV-HR status in HNC tumors prior to therapy.. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Research Priorities in Ambulatory Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Workshop
    SAMUEL KUNA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We submit that this workshop is an essential ?next step? to ensuring that there is[unreadable] substantive advancement of scientific knowledge in this important field. ..
  62. PHARYNGEAL AIRWAY FUNCTION
    SAMUEL KUNA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....