thoracic nerves

Summary

Summary: The twelve spinal nerves on each side of the thorax. They include eleven INTERCOSTAL NERVES and one subcostal nerve. Both sensory and motor, they supply the muscles and skin of the thoracic and abdominal walls.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Surgical treatment of a long thoracic nerve palsy
    Christine B Novak
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 73:1643-5. 2002
  2. ncbi Neurophysiologic and clinical outcome following medial pectoral to long thoracic nerve transfer for scapular winging: a case report
    Matthew M Tomaino
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Microsurgery 22:254-7. 2002
  3. ncbi A novel technique for recording from the serratus anterior
    Michael J Depalma
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43120, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:17-20. 2005
  4. ncbi Anatomical variations of rami communicantes in the upper thoracic sympathetic trunk
    Hyun Min Cho
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Konyang University Hospital, 685 Gasuwon dong, Seo Gu, Daejeon 302 718, Korea
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 27:320-4. 2005
  5. ncbi A randomized trial of T3-T4 versus T4 sympathectomy for isolated axillary hyperhidrosis
    Marco Antonio S Munia
    Department of Vascular Surgery, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Vasc Surg 45:130-3. 2007
  6. ncbi Axillary hyperhidrosis: T3/T4 versus T4 thoracic sympathectomy in a series of 276 cases
    José Ribas Milanez de Campos
    Division of Thoracic Surgery, University of São Paulo Medical School and Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 16:598-603. 2006
  7. ncbi Correction of scapular winging by supraclavicular neurolysis of the long thoracic nerve
    J J Disa
    Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 17:79-84. 2001
  8. ncbi Long thoracic nerve: anatomy and functional assessment
    Jayme Augusto Bertelli
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Governador Celso Ramos Hospital, Praça Getulio Vargas, 322, Florianopolis, SC, 88020030, Brazil
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 87:993-8. 2005
  9. ncbi Trauma to the long thoracic nerve and associated scapula winging in a low-velocity rear-end automobile collision: case report
    Vijay Gupta
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, California 90095 1597, USA
    J Trauma 57:402-3. 2004
  10. ncbi Sonographic mapping of the normal brachial plexus
    Xavier Demondion
    Service de radiologie ostéo articulaire, Hopital Roger Salengro, Lille, France
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 24:1303-9. 2003

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications154 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Surgical treatment of a long thoracic nerve palsy
    Christine B Novak
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 73:1643-5. 2002
    ..We conclude that a thoracodorsal to long thoracic nerve transfer results in good functional recovery of the serratus anterior muscle...
  2. ncbi Neurophysiologic and clinical outcome following medial pectoral to long thoracic nerve transfer for scapular winging: a case report
    Matthew M Tomaino
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Microsurgery 22:254-7. 2002
    ..Neurophysiologic and clinical outcome 18 months postoperatively revealed successful reinnervation of the serratus anterior muscle, decreased scapular winging, and symptomatic improvement from the patient's perspective...
  3. ncbi A novel technique for recording from the serratus anterior
    Michael J Depalma
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43120, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:17-20. 2005
    ..To design an electrodiagnostic technique by which to accurately record the serratus anterior compound muscle action potential (CMAP)...
  4. ncbi Anatomical variations of rami communicantes in the upper thoracic sympathetic trunk
    Hyun Min Cho
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Konyang University Hospital, 685 Gasuwon dong, Seo Gu, Daejeon 302 718, Korea
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 27:320-4. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to clearly delineate the anatomical variations of the communicating rami in the upper thoracic sympathetic nervous system and to help develop better surgical method for essential palmar hyperhidrosis...
  5. ncbi A randomized trial of T3-T4 versus T4 sympathectomy for isolated axillary hyperhidrosis
    Marco Antonio S Munia
    Department of Vascular Surgery, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Vasc Surg 45:130-3. 2007
    ..This study was conducted to compare the initial results from sympathectomy using two distinct levels for treating axillary sudoresis: T3-T4 vs T4...
  6. ncbi Axillary hyperhidrosis: T3/T4 versus T4 thoracic sympathectomy in a series of 276 cases
    José Ribas Milanez de Campos
    Division of Thoracic Surgery, University of São Paulo Medical School and Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 16:598-603. 2006
    ..We compared the results using two different levels of ganglion resection for treating axillary hyperhidrosis: T3/T4 vs. T4...
  7. ncbi Correction of scapular winging by supraclavicular neurolysis of the long thoracic nerve
    J J Disa
    Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 17:79-84. 2001
    ..A supraclavicular neurolysis of the long thoracic nerve resulted in correction of the winged scapula in all four of these patients...
  8. ncbi Long thoracic nerve: anatomy and functional assessment
    Jayme Augusto Bertelli
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Governador Celso Ramos Hospital, Praça Getulio Vargas, 322, Florianopolis, SC, 88020030, Brazil
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 87:993-8. 2005
    ..The purposes of this study were to clarify the anatomy of the long thoracic nerve and to propose a clinical test to assess the function of the upper division of the long thoracic nerve...
  9. ncbi Trauma to the long thoracic nerve and associated scapula winging in a low-velocity rear-end automobile collision: case report
    Vijay Gupta
    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, California 90095 1597, USA
    J Trauma 57:402-3. 2004
  10. ncbi Sonographic mapping of the normal brachial plexus
    Xavier Demondion
    Service de radiologie ostéo articulaire, Hopital Roger Salengro, Lille, France
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 24:1303-9. 2003
    ..We sought to demonstrate that mapping of the brachial plexus may be performed by means of sonography...
  11. ncbi The selective T3 sympathicotomy in patients with essential palmar hyperhidrosis
    S H Yoon
    Department of Neurosurgery, Inha University Hospital, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 145:467-71; discussion 471. 2003
    ..We report preliminary results in comparison with those of conventional T2, T3 thoracoscopic sympathicotomy...
  12. ncbi [Thoracic sympathectomy: treatment for hyperhidrosis]
    J P Arigon
    Service de chirurgie thoracique et générale, hôpital d instruction des armées Percy, 101, avenue Henry Barbusse, 92140 Clamart
    Rev Pneumol Clin 60:95-103. 2004
    ..Phenomena of transferred sudation are frequent by are usually not invalidating. Patients should however be informed of this possibility because the effect is often irreversible...
  13. pmc Surgical treatment of winged scapula
    Gregory J Galano
    Center for Shoulder, Elbow and Sports Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, 622 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 466:652-60. 2008
    ..5), and visual analog scale (5.0-2.9). We encountered two complications, both superficial wound infections. These tendon transfers were effective for treating scapular winging in patients who did not respond to nonoperative treatment...
  14. ncbi Video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy for palmar hyperhidrosis: results in 102 cases
    Pierre Alric
    Service de Chirurgie Thoracique et Vasculaire, Hopital Arnaud de Villeneuve, 12 rue du Cheval Vert, 34000 Montpellier, France
    Ann Vasc Surg 16:708-13. 2002
    ..3 months. Patient outcome showed that video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy is the treatment of choice for idiopathic palmar hyperhidrosis. Long-term patient satisfaction is excellent...
  15. ncbi A technique for maximizing biceps recovery in brachial plexus reconstruction
    K E Brandt
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110
    J Hand Surg Am 18:726-33. 1993
    ..This technique also redirects the cutaneous portion (lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve) of the musculocutaneous nerve into the biceps muscle to ensure that the motor fibers are not directed toward cutaneous receptors...
  16. ncbi Orthodeoxia--an uncommon presentation following bilateral thoracic sympathectomy
    P V van Heerden
    Departments of Intensive Care and Vascular Surgery, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Pharmacology Unit, School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
    Anaesth Intensive Care 31:581-3. 2003
    ....
  17. ncbi Oxybutynin for hyperhidrosis
    J D Lefrandt
    Neth J Med 65:356. 2007
  18. ncbi Efficient reinnervation of hindlimb muscles by thoracic motor neurons after nerve cross-anastomosis in rats
    Song Liu
    Laboratory of Experimental Neurosurgery, Faculte de Medecine Paris Sud, Universite Paris XI, France
    J Neurosurg 99:879-85. 2003
    ....
  19. ncbi Anatomical redistribution of sweating after T2-T3 thoracoscopic sympathicolysis: a study of 210 patients
    R Ramos
    Department of Thoracic Surgery and Unit of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, School of Medicine, University of Barcelona, L Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    Surg Endosc 21:2030-3. 2007
    ..The cutaneous influence areas of the different sympathetic ganglia have not been fully established to date. The aim of this study was to define the cutaneous influence area of sympathetic ganglia T2-T3...
  20. ncbi Pectoralis major transfer for serratus anterior paralysis
    Scott P Steinmann
    Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Shoulder Elbow Surg 12:555-60. 2003
    ..In this study 9 patients underwent pectoralis major transfer with a fascia lata extension graft. The symptoms of most were improved, with correction of the winging and improved movement in the affected shoulder...
  21. ncbi Effectiveness and safety of endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy for excessive sweating and facial blushing: a systematic review
    Antti Malmivaara
    Finnish Office for Health Technology Assessment, and Department of Physiatrics, University of Oulu, Box 8000, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland
    Int J Technol Assess Health Care 23:54-62. 2007
    ..This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of ETS for the current indications in a systematic review...
  22. ncbi Compressive neuropathy of long thoracic nerve and accessory nerve secondary to heavy load bearing. A case report
    F Sahin
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sisli Etfal Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
    Eura Medicophys 43:71-4. 2007
    ..An exercise program was instituted; 16 months after initial referral, though winged scapula was still noted, manual muscular strength had returned without functional limitation...
  23. ncbi Direct pectoralis major muscle transfer for dynamic stabilization of scapular winging
    Mark Tauber
    Department of Traumatology and Sports Injuries, University Hospital Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
    J Shoulder Elbow Surg 17:29S-34S. 2008
    ..The magnetic resonance imaging findings showed no structural alterations, such as fatty degeneration or muscle atrophy of the transferred muscle, but showed traumatic incomplete rupture of the transferred tendon in 1 patient...
  24. ncbi Thoracoscopic sympathectomy: a standardized approach to therapy for hyperhidrosis
    Mark J Krasna
    St Joseph Medical Center, Towson, Maryland 21204, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 85:S764-7. 2008
    ..This article presents a review of existing approaches and techniques as well as the author's summary and preferences. The review of the articles on thoracoscopic sympathectomy only included those from the English literature...
  25. ncbi The long thoracic nerve as a donor for facial nerve reanimation procedures: cadaveric feasibility study: laboratory investigation
    R Shane Tubbs
    Section of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children s Hospital Birmingham, Department of Cell Biology, University of Alabama School of Medicine, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    J Neurosurg 108:1225-9. 2008
    ..To the authors' knowledge, neurotization to the facial nerve using the long thoracic nerve (LTN), a nerve used previously for neurotization to other branches of the brachial plexus, has not been explored previously...
  26. ncbi The use of thoracodorsal nerve transfer in restoration of irreparable C5 and C6 spinal nerve lesions
    M M Samardzic
    Institute of Neurosurgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Visegradska 26, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro
    Br J Plast Surg 58:541-6. 2005
    ..According to obtained results, we consider that transfer may be a valuable method in reconstruction after directly irreparable C5 and C6 spinal nerve lesions...
  27. ncbi Transfer of pectoral nerves to the musculocutaneous nerve in obstetric upper brachial plexus palsy
    Gerhard Blaauw
    Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Neurosurgery 53:338-41; discussion 341-2. 2003
    ..To investigate the results of transfer of pectoral nerves to the musculocutaneous nerve for treatment of obstetric brachial palsy...
  28. ncbi The anatomy of the pectoral nerves and their significance in brachial plexus reconstruction
    O C Aszmann
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and the Department of Anatomy III, University Clinics of Vienna School of Medicine, Vienna, Austria
    J Hand Surg Am 25:942-7. 2000
    ..The length of the inferior pectoral nerve, the number of motor axons, and the anatomical proximity of this nerve make it an expendable but powerful source of reinnervation to the musculocutaneous nerve in upper brachial plexus injuries...
  29. ncbi Surgical relationship of the medial pectoral nerve to the musculocutaneous nerve: a cadaveric study
    A Hansasuta
    Division of Neurosurgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Neurosurgery 48:203-6; discussion 206-7. 2001
    ..Diameter mismatch occurs predictably between the distal MPN and the proximal MCN...
  30. ncbi [Assessment of thoracic sympathectomy by transpleural posterolateral and thoracoscopic approach in surgical treatment of Raynaud's syndrome]
    Damian Czyzewski
    Z Katedry i Kliniki Chirurgii Klatki Piersiowej, Slaskiej Akademii Medycznej w Katowicach
    Wiad Lek 57:109-13. 2004
    ..It should be applied instead of others, so far used methods, with the exception of patients with massive pleural adhesions, which need thoracotomy...
  31. ncbi Treatment of a proximal accessory nerve injury with nerve transfer
    Christine B Novak
    Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, WA University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Laryngoscope 114:1482-4. 2004
    ..This study presents a case report of a patient who sustained an iatrogenic proximal accessory nerve injury that was treated with a medial pectoral to accessory nerve transfer...
  32. ncbi Long-term pulmonary function after thoracic sympathectomy
    Miguel A Ponce González
    Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr Negrin, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 129:1379-82. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term and midterm effects of thoracic sympathectomy on pulmonary function and to assess the influence of the sympathetic nervous system on bronchomotor tone...
  33. ncbi Winged scapula in the emergency department: a case report and review
    Roy G Belville
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    J Emerg Med 29:279-82. 2005
    ..Given the potential for permanent disability, winged scapula is an important diagnosis to consider in any patient presenting with shoulder pain or weakness...
  34. ncbi [Chylothorax after thoracic sympathectomy by videothorascopy]
    M Serra Mitjans
    Arch Bronconeumol 38:198-9. 2002
  35. ncbi The surgical anatomy of the ansa pectoralis
    Marios Loukas
    Department of Anatomical Sciences, St George s University, Grenada, West Indies
    Clin Anat 19:685-93. 2006
    ..These results could prove useful during the preoperative planning of neurotization and other surgical procedures involving the axilla...
  36. ncbi Transfer of the medial pectoral nerve: myth or reality?
    Miroslav Samardzic
    Institute of Neurosurgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
    Neurosurgery 50:1277-82. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the value of this type of nerve transfer to the musculocutaneous and axillary nerves...
  37. ncbi Clinical signs of accessory nerve palsy
    Peter K H Chan
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chesterfield Royal Hospital, Chesterfield, England
    J Trauma 60:1142-4. 2006
    ..Many injuries are iatrogenic. Diagnosis is often made after a long delay, suggesting that current clinical signs are inadequate...
  38. ncbi Distal variations of the neurovascular pedicle of the serratus anterior muscle as a flap
    S Erdogmus
    Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, 35100 Izmir, Turkey
    Surg Radiol Anat 27:100-7. 2005
    ..Results of this study provide an anatomic framework to improve current reconstructive or aesthetic procedures on the serratus anterior neurovascular structures...
  39. ncbi Stratified analysis of clinical outcomes in thoracoscopic sympathicotomy for hyperhidrosis
    King F Kwong
    Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 85:390-3; discussion 393-4. 2008
    ..The primary goal of this study is to identify clinical variables associated with successful surgical treatment for hyperhidrosis and facial blushing...
  40. ncbi Refining the course of the thoracolumbar nerves: a new understanding of the innervation of the anterior abdominal wall
    W M Rozen
    Jack Brockhoff Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Research Unit, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Clin Anat 21:325-33. 2008
    ..An understanding of this anatomy may contribute to explaining clinical outcomes and preventing complications, following TAP blocks for anesthesia and DIEA perforator flaps for breast reconstruction...
  41. pmc Abdominal wall paresis as a complication of laparoscopic surgery
    G H van Ramshorst
    Department of Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, P O Box 2040, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands
    Hernia 13:539-43. 2009
    ..Abdominal wall nerve injury as a result of trocar placement for laparoscopic surgery is rare. We intend to discuss causes of abdominal wall paresis as well as relevant anatomy...
  42. ncbi Fiber arrangements of nerves belonging to ventral and dorsal divisions in the proximal region of the brachial plexus: a study using fluorescence of DiI and DiO in adult rats
    J Yan
    Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Iwate Medical University, 19 1 Uchimaru, 020 8505, Morioka, Japan
    Surg Radiol Anat 26:312-8. 2004
    ..Fiber arrangements of the lateral cutaneous ramus in the anterior branches of the thoracic nerves (intercostal nerves) were also observed in comparison with those in the brachial plexus by the same method...
  43. ncbi Transversus abdominis plane block for exploratory laparotomy in a Canadian lynx (Lynx canadensis)
    Carrie A Schroeder
    University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 41:338-41. 2010
    ..facial plane between the internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles and involves the abdominal and thoracic nerves. Successful blockade generally involves spinal nerves T10-L1 and may induce sensory blockade as far cranially ..
  44. ncbi Determination of spread of injectate after ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block: a cadaveric study
    T M N Tran
    Department of Anaesthesia, St Vincent s Hospital, Melbourne, PO Box 2900, Fitzroy, VIC 3065, Australia
    Br J Anaesth 102:123-7. 2009
    ....
  45. ncbi Anatomy of nerve entrapment sites in the upper quarter
    Neal Pratt
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Hand Ther 18:216-29. 2005
    ..Entrapment of the suprascapular and long thoracic nerves is also included...
  46. ncbi Anatomical basis for a successful upper limb sympathectomy in the thoracoscopic era
    L Ramsaroop
    Discipline of Anatomy, School of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences, University of Durban Westville, Durban, South Africa
    Clin Anat 17:294-9. 2004
    ..This study demonstrates that ANPs have little clinical significance when a second thoracic ganglionectomy is undertaken. Technical failures may be avoided if the surgeon is mindful of anatomical variations at surgery...
  47. ncbi Reanimation of elbow extension with medial pectoral nerve transfer in partial injuries to the brachial plexus
    Leandro Pretto Flores
    Unit of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal, and Post Graduate Program in Medical Sciences, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Distrito Federal, Brazil
    J Neurosurg 118:588-93. 2013
    ..This study aims to describe the author's experience in using the medial pectoral nerve for reinnervation of the triceps brachii in patients sustaining C5-7 palsies of the brachial plexus...
  48. ncbi Transumbilical thoracic sympathectomy with an ultrathin flexible endoscope in a series of 38 patients
    Li Huan Zhu
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Fuzhou General Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, 350001, China
    Surg Endosc 27:2149-55. 2013
    ..We describe our experiences performing transumbilical-diaphragmatic thoracic sympathectomy with an ultrathin flexible endoscope for palmar and axillary hyperhidrosis in human patients...
  49. ncbi Effects of low-intensity atrial ganglionated plexi stimulation on ventricular electrophysiology and arrhythmogenesis
    Bo He
    Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University and Cardiovascular Research Institute of Wuhan University, PR China
    Auton Neurosci 174:54-60. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-intensity GP stimulation (GPS) on ventricular electrophysiological properties in normal heart and on ventricular arrhythmogenesis after acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) in canine...
  50. ncbi The effects of clipping on thoracic sympathetic nerve in rabbits: early and late histopathological findings
    Fatih Candas
    Department of Thoracic Surgery, GATA Haidarpasha Teaching Hospital, Uskudar, Turkey
    Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 60:280-4. 2012
    ..We aimed to evaluate sympathetic regeneration and degeneration after clip removal...
  51. ncbi Anatomical architecture of the brachial plexus in the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) with special reference to the derivation and course of its unique branches
    S Yoshitomi
    Department of Surgery, Tokyo Koseinenkin Hospital, 5 1 Tsukudo cho, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo, 162 0821, Japan
    Anat Histol Embryol 41:280-5. 2012
    ....
  52. ncbi [The bilateral long thoracic nerve palsy presenting with "scapula alata", as a result of weight training. A case report]
    Atsuko Ebata
    Department of Neurology, Dokkyo University School of Medicine
    Rinsho Shinkeigaku 45:308-11. 2005
    ..Bilateral long thoracic nerve palsy by weight training should be known as one of the cause for the "scapula alata"...
  53. ncbi Medial pectoral nerve to musculocutaneous nerve neurotization for the treatment of persistent birth-related brachial plexus palsy: an 11-year institutional experience
    John C Wellons
    Section of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children s Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Neurosurg Pediatr 3:348-53. 2009
    ..A major criticism of the application of this technique in infants is the smaller size of the MPN and mismatch of viable axons. We describe our institutional experience utilizing this procedure and critically examine functional outcomes...
  54. ncbi The effect of thoracosopic thoracic sympathetomy on pulmonary function and bronchial hyperresponsiveness
    Young Du Kim
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea
    J Asthma 46:276-9. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ESD on pulmonary function and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR)...
  55. ncbi [Painful thoracic neuropathy disclosing Sjögren's syndrome: first report]
    L Sailler
    Service de Medecine Interne, CHU Purpan, Toulouse, France
    Rev Med Interne 28:191-3. 2007
    ..Thoracic neuropathy is rare, and is usually associated with diabetes mellitus. We report a first case of isolated multi-metameric thoracic neuropathy revealing Sjögren's disease...
  56. ncbi Bilaterally existing sternoclavicularis anticus muscles
    Eisuke Sakuma
    Department of Functional Morphology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City, Aichi, Japan
    Anat Sci Int 82:237-41. 2007
    ..Herein is documented the precise gross anatomical findings with some morphometric measurements. Moreover, the morphology of this muscle is discussed in relation to previously described variations of the pectoral sheet of muscles...
  57. ncbi Upper limb tremor induced by peripheral nerve injury
    J Costa
    Department of Neurology, Hospital Santa Maria, Av Prof Egas Moniz, 1649 028 Lisbon, Portugal
    Neurology 67:1884-6. 2006
    ..demonstrated neurogenic abnormalities and tremor in muscles innervated by the thoracodorsal and long thoracic nerves. Somatosensory evoked potentials, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and MRI of the cervical and thoracic ..
  58. ncbi A cadaveric study of the serratus anterior muscle and the long thoracic nerve
    Junichiro Hamada
    Department of Orthopedics, Kuwano Kyoritsu Hospital, Koriyama, Japan
    J Shoulder Elbow Surg 17:790-4. 2008
    ..The middle part provides the scapular abduction, and the lower part contributes to upward rotation, abduction, and posterior tilting...
  59. ncbi The morphology of the cervico-thoracic sympathetic system in donkeys (Equus asinus L.)
    O Ozgel
    Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mehmet Akif Ersoy, 15100 Burdur, Turkey
    Anat Histol Embryol 38:139-44. 2009
    ..A microscopic ganglion structure suggesting the existence of the ganglion cervicale medium was determined in a donkey...
  60. ncbi Bilateral pain relief after unilateral thoracic percutaneous sympathectomy
    Michael Gofeld
    Department of Anesthesia, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada
    Can J Anaesth 53:258-62. 2006
    ..To present a case of unexpected bilateral pain relief following unilateral thoracic percutaneous sympathectomy...
  61. ncbi Thoracic sympathectomy for digital ischemia: a summary of evidence
    Hans M E Coveliers
    Department of Surgery, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Vasc Surg 54:273-7. 2011
    ..Thoracic sympathectomy is used in the management of a variety of upper limb disorders. We have analyzed the evidence for thoracic sympathectomy in the management of digital ischemia...
  62. pmc Long-term in vivo modulation of synaptic efficacy at the neuromuscular junction of Rana pipiens frogs
    Eve Lyne Bélair
    Centre de Recherche en Sciences Neurologiques, Departement de Physiologie, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Physiol 569:163-78. 2005
    ..The possibility of a change in frequenin expression, a calcium-binding protein that is more prominently expressed in phasic synapses, was, however, refuted by our results...
  63. ncbi Medial and lateral pectoral nerves: course and branches
    Veronica Macchi
    Department of Human Anatomy and Physiology, Section of Anatomy, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
    Clin Anat 20:157-62. 2007
    ....
  64. ncbi Responses of inspiratory neurons of the dorsal respiratory group to stimulation of expiratory muscle and vagal afferents
    S Iscoe
    Departement de Physiologie et Neurophysiologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques St Jérôme, Marseille, France
    Brain Res 507:281-8. 1990
    ....
  65. ncbi Motor neuron-derived retinoid signaling specifies the subtype identity of spinal motor neurons
    S Sockanathan
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Cell 94:503-14. 1998
    ..Thus, in the vertebrate central nervous system the distinct fates of late-born neurons may be acquired in response to signals provided by early-born neurons...
  66. ncbi Needlescopic thoracic sympathetic block by clipping for craniofacial hyperhidrosis: an analysis of 28 cases
    T S Lin
    Division of General Thoracic Surgery, Changhua Christian Hospital, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, 135 Nanh siao Street, Changhua City, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Surg Endosc 16:1055-8. 2002
    ..Needlescopic thoracic sympathetic block by clipping may achieve a similar effect as well as providing a possible reverse operation for patients who suffer from intolerable postoperative compensatory sweating...
  67. ncbi [A winged scapula]
    C G Faber
    Academisch Ziekenhuis Maastricht, afd Neurologie, Postbus 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 146:1717-20. 2002
    ..thoracicus longus within a two-year period is good. The prognosis for an isolated lesion of the N. accessorius is much less favourable. An EMG is essential for establishing a diagnosis...
  68. ncbi Bridge over troubled waters
    Lucas Campos
    Center for Neurobiology and Behavior Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032 3NYS Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Neuroreport 15:2691-4. 2004
    ..A spinal nerve that exits above the injury is disconnected and inserted into the cord caudal to injury. Motor axons in the inserted nerve regenerate into the cord and synapse on neurons producing a novel circuit to bypass the injury...
  69. ncbi In situ images of the thoracic paravertebral space
    Stephen M Klein
    Department of Anesthesiology, Box 3094, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 29:596-9. 2004
    ..We describe an endoscopic technique that permits imaging of the contents and boundaries of the thoracic paravertebral space in cadavers...
  70. ncbi Clinical correlates of prolonged pain in Japanese patients with acute herpes zoster
    I Kurokawa
    Department of Dermatology, Hyogo Prefectural Tsukaguchi Hospital, Hyogo, Japan
    J Int Med Res 30:56-65. 2002
    ..Our results suggest that advanced age, the presence of clustered vesicles, and disturbed sleep and hypanaesthesia influence the prolongation of herpes zoster pain...
  71. pmc Winged scapula caused by rhomboideus and trapezius muscles rupture associated with repetitive minor trauma: a case report
    Sam Gyu Lee
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University Medical School and Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
    J Korean Med Sci 21:581-4. 2006
    ..Direct surgical repair of the ruptured muscle was carried out and the deformity was corrected. The anatomical and functional restoration was satisfactorily accomplished...
  72. ncbi Long thoracic nerve release for scapular winging: clinical study of a continuous series of eight patients
    N Maire
    Service de chirurgie du membre supérieur, Centre de Chirurgie Orthopédique et de la Main, Hopitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, 10, avenue Achille Baumann, 67403 Illkirch Cedex, France
    Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 99:S329-35. 2013
    ..The present results would need to be confirmed in larger studies with longer follow-up, but this is made difficult by the rarity of this pathology...
  73. ncbi Repair of intra-thoracic autonomic nerves using chitosan tubes
    Isao Matsumoto
    Department of General and Cardiothoracic Surgery, Kanazawa University, Takara machi 13 1, Kanazawa 920 8641, Japan
    Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 10:498-501. 2010
    ..C-tubes can be safely used to facilitate the regeneration of damaged sympathetic and phrenic nerves and the restoration of their lost functions...
  74. ncbi Rostrocaudal distribution of motoneurones and variation in ventral horn area within a segment of the feline thoracic spinal cord
    Claire F Meehan
    Sobell Department for Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
    J Comp Neurol 472:281-91. 2004
    ..70) was similar to the ratio previously reported for the strength of functional projections of expiratory bulbospinal neurones (0.63). This is consistent with the motoneurones being the main targets of the bulbospinal neurones...
  75. ncbi Mouse colon sensory neurons detect extracellular acidosis via TRPV1
    Takeshi Sugiura
    Department of Pharmacology, Carver College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
    Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 292:C1768-74. 2007
    ..The properties of acid-elicited currents in colon DRG neurons suggest differential contributions of ASICs and TRPV1 to colon sensation and likely nociception...
  76. ncbi Comparison of ultrasonic scalpel to electrocautery in patients undergoing endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy
    Benny Weksler
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 88:1138-41. 2009
    ..This study explored whether a reusable electrocautery probe was equally as effective and safe as the ultrasonic scalpel for sympathectomy...
  77. ncbi Radiofrequency treatment of the thoracic paravertebral nerve combined with glucocorticoid for refractory neuropathic pain following breast cancer surgery
    Ken ichiro Uchida
    Department of Anesthesiology, Kurashiki Central Hospital, Kurashiki, Okayama, Japan
    Pain Physician 12:E277-83. 2009
    ..Neither radiofrequency combined with glucocorticoids nor radiofrequency treatment of the thoracic paravertebral nerve for neuropathic pain following breast cancer surgery has been reported...
  78. ncbi Winged scapula after aortic valve replacement
    Christoph Schmitz
    Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    Ann Thorac Surg 87:1277-9. 2009
    ..Here we report on a patient who developed clinical signs of a so-called "winged scapula" after an uneventful aortic valve replacement for infective endocarditis...
  79. ncbi An unusual union of the intercostobrachial nerve and the medial pectoral nerve
    M Loukas
    Department of Anatomy, St George s University School of Medicine, St George s, Grenada, West Indies
    Folia Morphol (Warsz) 66:356-9. 2007
    ....
  80. pmc Latrogenic injury to the longthoracic nerve: an underestimated cause of morbidity after cardiac surgery
    F Bizzarri
    , Italy
    Tex Heart Inst J 28:315-7. 2001
    ..The lesson is that each patient must receive detailed written and oral explanation of the potential benefits and all conceivable risks of a procedure...
  81. pmc Thoracic origin of a sympathetic supply to the upper limb: the 'nerve of Kuntz' revisited
    L Ramsaroop
    Department of Anatomy, School of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences, University of Durban-Westville, South Africa
    J Anat 199:675-82. 2001
    ..Any of these variant sympathetic pathways may be responsible for the recurrence of symptoms after sympathectomy surgery...
  82. ncbi Inflammatory pseudotumor of the spinal nerve complicated by paraneoplastic pemphigus. Case illustration
    Sun Ho Lee
    Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea
    J Neurosurg Spine 4:514. 2006
  83. ncbi Accessory lateral pectoral nerves supplying the pectoralis major
    Rajalakshmi Rai
    Department of Anatomy, Centre for Basic Sciences, Kasturba Medical College, Bejai, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
    Rom J Morphol Embryol 49:577-9. 2008
    ..Knowledge of certain variations as in the present case may be advantageous for cosmetic augmentations during radical mastectomy where pectoralis major can be preserved because of its additional nerve supply in the lower part...
  84. pmc Voltage-dependent amplification of synaptic inputs in respiratory motoneurones
    M Enriquez Denton
    Sobell Department for Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    J Physiol 590:3067-90. 2012
    ..3 channels. The differential PIC activation in different motoneurones, all of which are CaV1.3 positive, leads us to postulate that the descending modulation of PICs is more selective than has hitherto been believed...
  85. ncbi A case of isolated paralysis of serratus anterior
    L Del Sasso
    Ia Divisione Chirurgica, Istituto Ortopedico G Pini, Milano
    Ital J Orthop Traumatol 14:533-7. 1988
    ..The clinical and diagnostic features are described. Removal of the vertical rib resulted in complete functional recovery of the muscle involved...
  86. ncbi Nerve injury about the shoulder in athletes, part 2: long thoracic nerve, spinal accessory nerve, burners/stingers, thoracic outlet syndrome
    Marc R Safran
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California San Francisco, 500 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0728, San Francisco, CA 94143 0728, USA
    Am J Sports Med 32:1063-76. 2004
    ....
  87. ncbi Ultrasound description of Pecs II (modified Pecs I): a novel approach to breast surgery
    R Blanco
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy, Hospital Abente y Lago, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, Spain
    Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 59:470-5. 2012
    ..The main indications are breast expanders and subpectoral prosthesis where the distension of these muscles is extremely painful...
  88. ncbi Systematic ultrasound identification of the dorsal scapular and long thoracic nerves during interscalene block
    Neil A Hanson
    Department of Anesthesiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 38:54-7. 2013
    ..Branches from the brachial plexus, including the dorsal scapular and long thoracic nerves, are often anatomically located within the middle scalene muscle...
  89. ncbi Innervation of the pectoralis major muscle: anatomical study
    Eman Elazab Beheiry
    Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
    Ann Plast Surg 68:209-14. 2012
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate its innervations...
  90. ncbi Pectoralis major tendon transfer for the treatment of scapular winging due to long thoracic nerve palsy
    Jonathan J Streit
    Case Shoulder and Elbow Service, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH, USA
    J Shoulder Elbow Surg 21:685-90. 2012
    ..However, the available body of literature consists of few, small-cohort studies, and more outcomes data are needed...
  91. ncbi Novel surgical technique for ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament in the thoracic spine
    Satoshi Kato
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kanazawa University School of Medicine, Kanazawa, Japan
    J Neurosurg Spine 17:525-9. 2012
    ..The thoracic nerves at the levels of anterior decompression were ligated bilaterally and lifted up to manipulate the ossified ..
  92. ncbi Topographic anatomy of the posterior ramus of thoracic spinal nerve and surrounding structures
    Kyoko Ishizuka
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 37:E817-22. 2012
    ..Cadaver dissection...
  93. ncbi [A case of HNPP presenting with late onset of symptoms, chronic progressive course and sensory impairment in face and trunk]
    Yusuke Yakushiji
    Department of Internal Medicine, Saga University
    Rinsho Shinkeigaku 44:160-4. 2004
    ..The development of sensory impairment in face or thoracic nerves is quite rare in HNPP, indicating that there exists considerable phenotypic heterogeneity in the disease.
  94. ncbi Neurophysiological characteristics of human leg muscle action potentials evoked by transcutaneous magnetic stimulation of the spine
    Maria Knikou
    Department of Physical Therapy, College of Staten Island, Staten Island, New York 10314, USA
    Bioelectromagnetics 34:200-10. 2013
    ..tsMSS may constitute a non-invasive modality to decrease spinal reflex hyperexcitability and treat hypertonia in neurological disorders...
  95. ncbi Nerve transfers for the upper extremity: new horizons in nerve reconstruction
    Steve K Lee
    Hospital for Special Surgery and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA
    J Am Acad Orthop Surg 20:506-17. 2012
    ..A thorough diagnostic workup and intraoperative assessment help guide the surgeon in their use. Nerve transfers have made a positive impact on the outcomes of nerve surgery and are essential tools in complex nerve reconstruction...
  96. ncbi Impact of compensatory hyperhidrosis on patient satisfaction after endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy
    Mark Chwajol
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York 10019, USA
    Neurosurgery 64:511-8; discussion 518. 2009
    ..We sought to identify the predictors for the development of severe CH after ETS, its anatomic locations, and its frequency of occurrence, and we analyzed the impact of CH on patient satisfaction with ETS...
  97. ncbi T2-ganglionectomy via limited costotransversectomy for minor causalgia
    S L Fedder
    Division of Neurosurgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 15:269-70. 1990
    ..A fundamental problem surrounding the appropriate management of minor causalgia has been and continues to be accurate recognition of the diagnosis...
  98. ncbi Long thoracic nerve neurotization for restoration of shoulder function in C5-7 brachial plexus preganglionic injuries: case report
    Tetsuya Yamada
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Ogori Daiichi General Hospital, Ogori, Yamaguchi, Japan
    J Hand Surg Am 35:1427-31. 2010
    ..Our report emphasizes the importance of restoring the activity of the long thoracic nerve...
  99. ncbi Nerve transfer to serratus anterior muscle using the thoracodorsal nerve for winged scapula in C5 and C6 brachial plexus root avulsions
    Chairoj Uerpairojkit
    Upper Extremity and Reconstructive Microsurgery Unit, Institute of Orthopedics, Lerdsin General Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Hand Surg Am 34:74-8. 2009
    ..To report the results of nerve transfer to the serratus anterior muscle using the thoracodorsal nerve for winged scapula in C5 and C6 brachial plexus avulsion...
  100. pmc Sustained benefit lasting one year from T4 instead of T3-T4 sympathectomy for isolated axillary hyperhidrosis
    Marco Antonio S Munia
    Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Hospital das Clinicas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 63:771-4. 2008
    ..Level T4 video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy proved superior to T3-T4 treatment for controlling axillary hyperhidrosis at the initial and six-month follow-ups of these patients...
  101. ncbi Denis Browne's thoracotomy revised
    Shailinder Jit Singh
    Department of Paediatric Surgery, University Hospital, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK
    Pediatr Surg Int 18:90-2. 2002
    ..This modification gives excellent exposure, avoids injury to the LTN, does not lead to chest-wall deformity, and gives a pleasing cosmetic result. The scar is hardly noticeable with the arm by the side of the body...

Research Grants2

  1. Beta-2 Receptor Polymorphisms and Vasodilation in Humans
    John Eisenach; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..My long-term career goal is to become an independent investigator performing physiology and pharmacology studies directed at the genomics of the cardiovascular system in humans. ..
  2. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BASIS OF MELANOCYTE MORPHOGENESIS
    CAROL ERICKSON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Understanding the fundamental mechanisms by which the neural crest cells are properly positioned will allow us to understand the underlying basis of these common birth defects. ..