Genomes and Genes
Summary: The twelve spinal nerves on each side of the thorax. They include eleven INTERCOSTAL NERVES and one subcostal nerve. Both sensory and motor, they supply the muscles and skin of the thoracic and abdominal walls.
Publications154 found, 100 shown here
- Surgical treatment of a long thoracic nerve palsyChristine B Novak
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Ann Thorac Surg 73:1643-5. 2002..We conclude that a thoracodorsal to long thoracic nerve transfer results in good functional recovery of the serratus anterior muscle...
- Neurophysiologic and clinical outcome following medial pectoral to long thoracic nerve transfer for scapular winging: a case reportMatthew M Tomaino
Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
Microsurgery 22:254-7. 2002..Neurophysiologic and clinical outcome 18 months postoperatively revealed successful reinnervation of the serratus anterior muscle, decreased scapular winging, and symptomatic improvement from the patient's perspective...
- A novel technique for recording from the serratus anteriorMichael J Depalma
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43120, USA
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:17-20. 2005..To design an electrodiagnostic technique by which to accurately record the serratus anterior compound muscle action potential (CMAP)...
- Anatomical variations of rami communicantes in the upper thoracic sympathetic trunkHyun Min Cho
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Konyang University Hospital, 685 Gasuwon dong, Seo Gu, Daejeon 302 718, Korea
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 27:320-4. 2005..The aim of this study was to clearly delineate the anatomical variations of the communicating rami in the upper thoracic sympathetic nervous system and to help develop better surgical method for essential palmar hyperhidrosis...
- A randomized trial of T3-T4 versus T4 sympathectomy for isolated axillary hyperhidrosisMarco Antonio S Munia
Department of Vascular Surgery, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
J Vasc Surg 45:130-3. 2007..This study was conducted to compare the initial results from sympathectomy using two distinct levels for treating axillary sudoresis: T3-T4 vs T4...
- Axillary hyperhidrosis: T3/T4 versus T4 thoracic sympathectomy in a series of 276 casesJosé Ribas Milanez de Campos
Division of Thoracic Surgery, University of São Paulo Medical School and Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 16:598-603. 2006..We compared the results using two different levels of ganglion resection for treating axillary hyperhidrosis: T3/T4 vs. T4...
- Correction of scapular winging by supraclavicular neurolysis of the long thoracic nerveJ J Disa
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
J Reconstr Microsurg 17:79-84. 2001..A supraclavicular neurolysis of the long thoracic nerve resulted in correction of the winged scapula in all four of these patients...
- Long thoracic nerve: anatomy and functional assessmentJayme Augusto Bertelli
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Governador Celso Ramos Hospital, Praça Getulio Vargas, 322, Florianopolis, SC, 88020030, Brazil
J Bone Joint Surg Am 87:993-8. 2005..The purposes of this study were to clarify the anatomy of the long thoracic nerve and to propose a clinical test to assess the function of the upper division of the long thoracic nerve...
- Trauma to the long thoracic nerve and associated scapula winging in a low-velocity rear-end automobile collision: case reportVijay Gupta
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, California 90095 1597, USA
J Trauma 57:402-3. 2004
- Sonographic mapping of the normal brachial plexusXavier Demondion
Service de radiologie ostéo articulaire, Hopital Roger Salengro, Lille, France
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 24:1303-9. 2003..We sought to demonstrate that mapping of the brachial plexus may be performed by means of sonography...
- The selective T3 sympathicotomy in patients with essential palmar hyperhidrosisS H Yoon
Department of Neurosurgery, Inha University Hospital, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 145:467-71; discussion 471. 2003..We report preliminary results in comparison with those of conventional T2, T3 thoracoscopic sympathicotomy...
- [Thoracic sympathectomy: treatment for hyperhidrosis]J P Arigon
Service de chirurgie thoracique et générale, hôpital d instruction des armées Percy, 101, avenue Henry Barbusse, 92140 Clamart
Rev Pneumol Clin 60:95-103. 2004..Phenomena of transferred sudation are frequent by are usually not invalidating. Patients should however be informed of this possibility because the effect is often irreversible...
- Surgical treatment of winged scapulaGregory J Galano
Center for Shoulder, Elbow and Sports Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, 622 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
Clin Orthop Relat Res 466:652-60. 2008..5), and visual analog scale (5.0-2.9). We encountered two complications, both superficial wound infections. These tendon transfers were effective for treating scapular winging in patients who did not respond to nonoperative treatment...
- Video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy for palmar hyperhidrosis: results in 102 casesPierre Alric
Service de Chirurgie Thoracique et Vasculaire, Hopital Arnaud de Villeneuve, 12 rue du Cheval Vert, 34000 Montpellier, France
Ann Vasc Surg 16:708-13. 2002..3 months. Patient outcome showed that video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy is the treatment of choice for idiopathic palmar hyperhidrosis. Long-term patient satisfaction is excellent...
- A technique for maximizing biceps recovery in brachial plexus reconstructionK E Brandt
Division of Plastic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110
J Hand Surg Am 18:726-33. 1993..This technique also redirects the cutaneous portion (lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve) of the musculocutaneous nerve into the biceps muscle to ensure that the motor fibers are not directed toward cutaneous receptors...
- Orthodeoxia--an uncommon presentation following bilateral thoracic sympathectomyP V van Heerden
Departments of Intensive Care and Vascular Surgery, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Pharmacology Unit, School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia
Anaesth Intensive Care 31:581-3. 2003....
- Oxybutynin for hyperhidrosisJ D Lefrandt
Neth J Med 65:356. 2007
- Efficient reinnervation of hindlimb muscles by thoracic motor neurons after nerve cross-anastomosis in ratsSong Liu
Laboratory of Experimental Neurosurgery, Faculte de Medecine Paris Sud, Universite Paris XI, France
J Neurosurg 99:879-85. 2003....
- Anatomical redistribution of sweating after T2-T3 thoracoscopic sympathicolysis: a study of 210 patientsR Ramos
Department of Thoracic Surgery and Unit of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, School of Medicine, University of Barcelona, L Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
Surg Endosc 21:2030-3. 2007..The cutaneous influence areas of the different sympathetic ganglia have not been fully established to date. The aim of this study was to define the cutaneous influence area of sympathetic ganglia T2-T3...
- Pectoralis major transfer for serratus anterior paralysisScott P Steinmann
Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 12:555-60. 2003..In this study 9 patients underwent pectoralis major transfer with a fascia lata extension graft. The symptoms of most were improved, with correction of the winging and improved movement in the affected shoulder...
- Effectiveness and safety of endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy for excessive sweating and facial blushing: a systematic reviewAntti Malmivaara
Finnish Office for Health Technology Assessment, and Department of Physiatrics, University of Oulu, Box 8000, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland
Int J Technol Assess Health Care 23:54-62. 2007..This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of ETS for the current indications in a systematic review...
- Compressive neuropathy of long thoracic nerve and accessory nerve secondary to heavy load bearing. A case reportF Sahin
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sisli Etfal Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Eura Medicophys 43:71-4. 2007..An exercise program was instituted; 16 months after initial referral, though winged scapula was still noted, manual muscular strength had returned without functional limitation...
- Direct pectoralis major muscle transfer for dynamic stabilization of scapular wingingMark Tauber
Department of Traumatology and Sports Injuries, University Hospital Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 17:29S-34S. 2008..The magnetic resonance imaging findings showed no structural alterations, such as fatty degeneration or muscle atrophy of the transferred muscle, but showed traumatic incomplete rupture of the transferred tendon in 1 patient...
- Thoracoscopic sympathectomy: a standardized approach to therapy for hyperhidrosisMark J Krasna
St Joseph Medical Center, Towson, Maryland 21204, USA
Ann Thorac Surg 85:S764-7. 2008..This article presents a review of existing approaches and techniques as well as the author's summary and preferences. The review of the articles on thoracoscopic sympathectomy only included those from the English literature...
- The long thoracic nerve as a donor for facial nerve reanimation procedures: cadaveric feasibility study: laboratory investigationR Shane Tubbs
Section of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children s Hospital Birmingham, Department of Cell Biology, University of Alabama School of Medicine, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
J Neurosurg 108:1225-9. 2008..To the authors' knowledge, neurotization to the facial nerve using the long thoracic nerve (LTN), a nerve used previously for neurotization to other branches of the brachial plexus, has not been explored previously...
- The use of thoracodorsal nerve transfer in restoration of irreparable C5 and C6 spinal nerve lesionsM M Samardzic
Institute of Neurosurgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Visegradska 26, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro
Br J Plast Surg 58:541-6. 2005..According to obtained results, we consider that transfer may be a valuable method in reconstruction after directly irreparable C5 and C6 spinal nerve lesions...
- Transfer of pectoral nerves to the musculocutaneous nerve in obstetric upper brachial plexus palsyGerhard Blaauw
Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Neurosurgery 53:338-41; discussion 341-2. 2003..To investigate the results of transfer of pectoral nerves to the musculocutaneous nerve for treatment of obstetric brachial palsy...
- The anatomy of the pectoral nerves and their significance in brachial plexus reconstructionO C Aszmann
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and the Department of Anatomy III, University Clinics of Vienna School of Medicine, Vienna, Austria
J Hand Surg Am 25:942-7. 2000..The length of the inferior pectoral nerve, the number of motor axons, and the anatomical proximity of this nerve make it an expendable but powerful source of reinnervation to the musculocutaneous nerve in upper brachial plexus injuries...
- Surgical relationship of the medial pectoral nerve to the musculocutaneous nerve: a cadaveric studyA Hansasuta
Division of Neurosurgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
Neurosurgery 48:203-6; discussion 206-7. 2001..Diameter mismatch occurs predictably between the distal MPN and the proximal MCN...
- [Assessment of thoracic sympathectomy by transpleural posterolateral and thoracoscopic approach in surgical treatment of Raynaud's syndrome]Damian Czyzewski
Z Katedry i Kliniki Chirurgii Klatki Piersiowej, Slaskiej Akademii Medycznej w Katowicach
Wiad Lek 57:109-13. 2004..It should be applied instead of others, so far used methods, with the exception of patients with massive pleural adhesions, which need thoracotomy...
- Treatment of a proximal accessory nerve injury with nerve transferChristine B Novak
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, WA University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
Laryngoscope 114:1482-4. 2004..This study presents a case report of a patient who sustained an iatrogenic proximal accessory nerve injury that was treated with a medial pectoral to accessory nerve transfer...
- Long-term pulmonary function after thoracic sympathectomyMiguel A Ponce González
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr Negrin, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 129:1379-82. 2005..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term and midterm effects of thoracic sympathectomy on pulmonary function and to assess the influence of the sympathetic nervous system on bronchomotor tone...
- Winged scapula in the emergency department: a case report and reviewRoy G Belville
Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
J Emerg Med 29:279-82. 2005..Given the potential for permanent disability, winged scapula is an important diagnosis to consider in any patient presenting with shoulder pain or weakness...
- [Chylothorax after thoracic sympathectomy by videothorascopy]M Serra Mitjans
Arch Bronconeumol 38:198-9. 2002
- The surgical anatomy of the ansa pectoralisMarios Loukas
Department of Anatomical Sciences, St George s University, Grenada, West Indies
Clin Anat 19:685-93. 2006..These results could prove useful during the preoperative planning of neurotization and other surgical procedures involving the axilla...
- Transfer of the medial pectoral nerve: myth or reality?Miroslav Samardzic
Institute of Neurosurgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Neurosurgery 50:1277-82. 2002..The purpose of this study was to determine the value of this type of nerve transfer to the musculocutaneous and axillary nerves...
- Clinical signs of accessory nerve palsyPeter K H Chan
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chesterfield Royal Hospital, Chesterfield, England
J Trauma 60:1142-4. 2006..Many injuries are iatrogenic. Diagnosis is often made after a long delay, suggesting that current clinical signs are inadequate...
- Distal variations of the neurovascular pedicle of the serratus anterior muscle as a flapS Erdogmus
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, 35100 Izmir, Turkey
Surg Radiol Anat 27:100-7. 2005..Results of this study provide an anatomic framework to improve current reconstructive or aesthetic procedures on the serratus anterior neurovascular structures...
- Stratified analysis of clinical outcomes in thoracoscopic sympathicotomy for hyperhidrosisKing F Kwong
Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
Ann Thorac Surg 85:390-3; discussion 393-4. 2008..The primary goal of this study is to identify clinical variables associated with successful surgical treatment for hyperhidrosis and facial blushing...
- Refining the course of the thoracolumbar nerves: a new understanding of the innervation of the anterior abdominal wallW M Rozen
Jack Brockhoff Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Research Unit, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Clin Anat 21:325-33. 2008..An understanding of this anatomy may contribute to explaining clinical outcomes and preventing complications, following TAP blocks for anesthesia and DIEA perforator flaps for breast reconstruction...
- Abdominal wall paresis as a complication of laparoscopic surgeryG H van Ramshorst
Department of Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, P O Box 2040, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands
Hernia 13:539-43. 2009..Abdominal wall nerve injury as a result of trocar placement for laparoscopic surgery is rare. We intend to discuss causes of abdominal wall paresis as well as relevant anatomy...
- Fiber arrangements of nerves belonging to ventral and dorsal divisions in the proximal region of the brachial plexus: a study using fluorescence of DiI and DiO in adult ratsJ Yan
Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Iwate Medical University, 19 1 Uchimaru, 020 8505, Morioka, Japan
Surg Radiol Anat 26:312-8. 2004..Fiber arrangements of the lateral cutaneous ramus in the anterior branches of the thoracic nerves (intercostal nerves) were also observed in comparison with those in the brachial plexus by the same method...
- Transversus abdominis plane block for exploratory laparotomy in a Canadian lynx (Lynx canadensis)Carrie A Schroeder
University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
J Zoo Wildl Med 41:338-41. 2010..facial plane between the internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles and involves the abdominal and thoracic nerves. Successful blockade generally involves spinal nerves T10-L1 and may induce sensory blockade as far cranially ..
- Determination of spread of injectate after ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block: a cadaveric studyT M N Tran
Department of Anaesthesia, St Vincent s Hospital, Melbourne, PO Box 2900, Fitzroy, VIC 3065, Australia
Br J Anaesth 102:123-7. 2009....
- Anatomy of nerve entrapment sites in the upper quarterNeal Pratt
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
J Hand Ther 18:216-29. 2005..Entrapment of the suprascapular and long thoracic nerves is also included...
- Anatomical basis for a successful upper limb sympathectomy in the thoracoscopic eraL Ramsaroop
Discipline of Anatomy, School of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences, University of Durban Westville, Durban, South Africa
Clin Anat 17:294-9. 2004..This study demonstrates that ANPs have little clinical significance when a second thoracic ganglionectomy is undertaken. Technical failures may be avoided if the surgeon is mindful of anatomical variations at surgery...
- Reanimation of elbow extension with medial pectoral nerve transfer in partial injuries to the brachial plexusLeandro Pretto Flores
Unit of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal, and Post Graduate Program in Medical Sciences, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Distrito Federal, Brazil
J Neurosurg 118:588-93. 2013..This study aims to describe the author's experience in using the medial pectoral nerve for reinnervation of the triceps brachii in patients sustaining C5-7 palsies of the brachial plexus...
- Transumbilical thoracic sympathectomy with an ultrathin flexible endoscope in a series of 38 patientsLi Huan Zhu
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Fuzhou General Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, 350001, China
Surg Endosc 27:2149-55. 2013..We describe our experiences performing transumbilical-diaphragmatic thoracic sympathectomy with an ultrathin flexible endoscope for palmar and axillary hyperhidrosis in human patients...
- Effects of low-intensity atrial ganglionated plexi stimulation on ventricular electrophysiology and arrhythmogenesisBo He
Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University and Cardiovascular Research Institute of Wuhan University, PR China
Auton Neurosci 174:54-60. 2013..The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-intensity GP stimulation (GPS) on ventricular electrophysiological properties in normal heart and on ventricular arrhythmogenesis after acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) in canine...
- The effects of clipping on thoracic sympathetic nerve in rabbits: early and late histopathological findingsFatih Candas
Department of Thoracic Surgery, GATA Haidarpasha Teaching Hospital, Uskudar, Turkey
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 60:280-4. 2012..We aimed to evaluate sympathetic regeneration and degeneration after clip removal...
- Anatomical architecture of the brachial plexus in the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) with special reference to the derivation and course of its unique branchesS Yoshitomi
Department of Surgery, Tokyo Koseinenkin Hospital, 5 1 Tsukudo cho, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo, 162 0821, Japan
Anat Histol Embryol 41:280-5. 2012....
- [The bilateral long thoracic nerve palsy presenting with "scapula alata", as a result of weight training. A case report]Atsuko Ebata
Department of Neurology, Dokkyo University School of Medicine
Rinsho Shinkeigaku 45:308-11. 2005..Bilateral long thoracic nerve palsy by weight training should be known as one of the cause for the "scapula alata"...
- Medial pectoral nerve to musculocutaneous nerve neurotization for the treatment of persistent birth-related brachial plexus palsy: an 11-year institutional experienceJohn C Wellons
Section of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children s Hospital of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
J Neurosurg Pediatr 3:348-53. 2009..A major criticism of the application of this technique in infants is the smaller size of the MPN and mismatch of viable axons. We describe our institutional experience utilizing this procedure and critically examine functional outcomes...
- The effect of thoracosopic thoracic sympathetomy on pulmonary function and bronchial hyperresponsivenessYoung Du Kim
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea
J Asthma 46:276-9. 2009..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ESD on pulmonary function and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR)...
- [Painful thoracic neuropathy disclosing Sjögren's syndrome: first report]L Sailler
Service de Medecine Interne, CHU Purpan, Toulouse, France
Rev Med Interne 28:191-3. 2007..Thoracic neuropathy is rare, and is usually associated with diabetes mellitus. We report a first case of isolated multi-metameric thoracic neuropathy revealing Sjögren's disease...
- Bilaterally existing sternoclavicularis anticus musclesEisuke Sakuma
Department of Functional Morphology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City, Aichi, Japan
Anat Sci Int 82:237-41. 2007..Herein is documented the precise gross anatomical findings with some morphometric measurements. Moreover, the morphology of this muscle is discussed in relation to previously described variations of the pectoral sheet of muscles...
- Upper limb tremor induced by peripheral nerve injuryJ Costa
Department of Neurology, Hospital Santa Maria, Av Prof Egas Moniz, 1649 028 Lisbon, Portugal
Neurology 67:1884-6. 2006..demonstrated neurogenic abnormalities and tremor in muscles innervated by the thoracodorsal and long thoracic nerves. Somatosensory evoked potentials, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and MRI of the cervical and thoracic ..
- A cadaveric study of the serratus anterior muscle and the long thoracic nerveJunichiro Hamada
Department of Orthopedics, Kuwano Kyoritsu Hospital, Koriyama, Japan
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 17:790-4. 2008..The middle part provides the scapular abduction, and the lower part contributes to upward rotation, abduction, and posterior tilting...
- The morphology of the cervico-thoracic sympathetic system in donkeys (Equus asinus L.)O Ozgel
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mehmet Akif Ersoy, 15100 Burdur, Turkey
Anat Histol Embryol 38:139-44. 2009..A microscopic ganglion structure suggesting the existence of the ganglion cervicale medium was determined in a donkey...
- Bilateral pain relief after unilateral thoracic percutaneous sympathectomyMichael Gofeld
Department of Anesthesia, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5, Canada
Can J Anaesth 53:258-62. 2006..To present a case of unexpected bilateral pain relief following unilateral thoracic percutaneous sympathectomy...
- Thoracic sympathectomy for digital ischemia: a summary of evidenceHans M E Coveliers
Department of Surgery, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Vasc Surg 54:273-7. 2011..Thoracic sympathectomy is used in the management of a variety of upper limb disorders. We have analyzed the evidence for thoracic sympathectomy in the management of digital ischemia...
- Long-term in vivo modulation of synaptic efficacy at the neuromuscular junction of Rana pipiens frogsEve Lyne Bélair
Centre de Recherche en Sciences Neurologiques, Departement de Physiologie, Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
J Physiol 569:163-78. 2005..The possibility of a change in frequenin expression, a calcium-binding protein that is more prominently expressed in phasic synapses, was, however, refuted by our results...
- Medial and lateral pectoral nerves: course and branchesVeronica Macchi
Department of Human Anatomy and Physiology, Section of Anatomy, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
Clin Anat 20:157-62. 2007....
- Responses of inspiratory neurons of the dorsal respiratory group to stimulation of expiratory muscle and vagal afferentsS Iscoe
Departement de Physiologie et Neurophysiologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques St Jérôme, Marseille, France
Brain Res 507:281-8. 1990....
- Motor neuron-derived retinoid signaling specifies the subtype identity of spinal motor neuronsS Sockanathan
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
Cell 94:503-14. 1998..Thus, in the vertebrate central nervous system the distinct fates of late-born neurons may be acquired in response to signals provided by early-born neurons...
- Needlescopic thoracic sympathetic block by clipping for craniofacial hyperhidrosis: an analysis of 28 casesT S Lin
Division of General Thoracic Surgery, Changhua Christian Hospital, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, 135 Nanh siao Street, Changhua City, Taiwan, Republic of China
Surg Endosc 16:1055-8. 2002..Needlescopic thoracic sympathetic block by clipping may achieve a similar effect as well as providing a possible reverse operation for patients who suffer from intolerable postoperative compensatory sweating...
- [A winged scapula]C G Faber
Academisch Ziekenhuis Maastricht, afd Neurologie, Postbus 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 146:1717-20. 2002..thoracicus longus within a two-year period is good. The prognosis for an isolated lesion of the N. accessorius is much less favourable. An EMG is essential for establishing a diagnosis...
- Bridge over troubled watersLucas Campos
Center for Neurobiology and Behavior Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032 3NYS Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
Neuroreport 15:2691-4. 2004..A spinal nerve that exits above the injury is disconnected and inserted into the cord caudal to injury. Motor axons in the inserted nerve regenerate into the cord and synapse on neurons producing a novel circuit to bypass the injury...
- In situ images of the thoracic paravertebral spaceStephen M Klein
Department of Anesthesiology, Box 3094, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Reg Anesth Pain Med 29:596-9. 2004..We describe an endoscopic technique that permits imaging of the contents and boundaries of the thoracic paravertebral space in cadavers...
- Clinical correlates of prolonged pain in Japanese patients with acute herpes zosterI Kurokawa
Department of Dermatology, Hyogo Prefectural Tsukaguchi Hospital, Hyogo, Japan
J Int Med Res 30:56-65. 2002..Our results suggest that advanced age, the presence of clustered vesicles, and disturbed sleep and hypanaesthesia influence the prolongation of herpes zoster pain...
- Winged scapula caused by rhomboideus and trapezius muscles rupture associated with repetitive minor trauma: a case reportSam Gyu Lee
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University Medical School and Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
J Korean Med Sci 21:581-4. 2006..Direct surgical repair of the ruptured muscle was carried out and the deformity was corrected. The anatomical and functional restoration was satisfactorily accomplished...
- Long thoracic nerve release for scapular winging: clinical study of a continuous series of eight patientsN Maire
Service de chirurgie du membre supérieur, Centre de Chirurgie Orthopédique et de la Main, Hopitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, 10, avenue Achille Baumann, 67403 Illkirch Cedex, France
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 99:S329-35. 2013..The present results would need to be confirmed in larger studies with longer follow-up, but this is made difficult by the rarity of this pathology...
- Repair of intra-thoracic autonomic nerves using chitosan tubesIsao Matsumoto
Department of General and Cardiothoracic Surgery, Kanazawa University, Takara machi 13 1, Kanazawa 920 8641, Japan
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 10:498-501. 2010..C-tubes can be safely used to facilitate the regeneration of damaged sympathetic and phrenic nerves and the restoration of their lost functions...
- Rostrocaudal distribution of motoneurones and variation in ventral horn area within a segment of the feline thoracic spinal cordClaire F Meehan
Sobell Department for Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
J Comp Neurol 472:281-91. 2004..70) was similar to the ratio previously reported for the strength of functional projections of expiratory bulbospinal neurones (0.63). This is consistent with the motoneurones being the main targets of the bulbospinal neurones...
- Mouse colon sensory neurons detect extracellular acidosis via TRPV1Takeshi Sugiura
Department of Pharmacology, Carver College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 292:C1768-74. 2007..The properties of acid-elicited currents in colon DRG neurons suggest differential contributions of ASICs and TRPV1 to colon sensation and likely nociception...
- Comparison of ultrasonic scalpel to electrocautery in patients undergoing endoscopic thoracic sympathectomyBenny Weksler
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
Ann Thorac Surg 88:1138-41. 2009..This study explored whether a reusable electrocautery probe was equally as effective and safe as the ultrasonic scalpel for sympathectomy...
- Radiofrequency treatment of the thoracic paravertebral nerve combined with glucocorticoid for refractory neuropathic pain following breast cancer surgeryKen ichiro Uchida
Department of Anesthesiology, Kurashiki Central Hospital, Kurashiki, Okayama, Japan
Pain Physician 12:E277-83. 2009..Neither radiofrequency combined with glucocorticoids nor radiofrequency treatment of the thoracic paravertebral nerve for neuropathic pain following breast cancer surgery has been reported...
- Winged scapula after aortic valve replacementChristoph Schmitz
Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Ann Thorac Surg 87:1277-9. 2009..Here we report on a patient who developed clinical signs of a so-called "winged scapula" after an uneventful aortic valve replacement for infective endocarditis...
- An unusual union of the intercostobrachial nerve and the medial pectoral nerveM Loukas
Department of Anatomy, St George s University School of Medicine, St George s, Grenada, West Indies
Folia Morphol (Warsz) 66:356-9. 2007....
- Latrogenic injury to the longthoracic nerve: an underestimated cause of morbidity after cardiac surgeryF Bizzarri
Tex Heart Inst J 28:315-7. 2001..The lesson is that each patient must receive detailed written and oral explanation of the potential benefits and all conceivable risks of a procedure...
- Thoracic origin of a sympathetic supply to the upper limb: the 'nerve of Kuntz' revisitedL Ramsaroop
Department of Anatomy, School of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences, University of Durban-Westville, South Africa
J Anat 199:675-82. 2001..Any of these variant sympathetic pathways may be responsible for the recurrence of symptoms after sympathectomy surgery...
- Inflammatory pseudotumor of the spinal nerve complicated by paraneoplastic pemphigus. Case illustrationSun Ho Lee
Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea
J Neurosurg Spine 4:514. 2006
- Accessory lateral pectoral nerves supplying the pectoralis majorRajalakshmi Rai
Department of Anatomy, Centre for Basic Sciences, Kasturba Medical College, Bejai, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
Rom J Morphol Embryol 49:577-9. 2008..Knowledge of certain variations as in the present case may be advantageous for cosmetic augmentations during radical mastectomy where pectoralis major can be preserved because of its additional nerve supply in the lower part...
- Voltage-dependent amplification of synaptic inputs in respiratory motoneuronesM Enriquez Denton
Sobell Department for Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
J Physiol 590:3067-90. 2012..3 channels. The differential PIC activation in different motoneurones, all of which are CaV1.3 positive, leads us to postulate that the descending modulation of PICs is more selective than has hitherto been believed...
- A case of isolated paralysis of serratus anteriorL Del Sasso
Ia Divisione Chirurgica, Istituto Ortopedico G Pini, Milano
Ital J Orthop Traumatol 14:533-7. 1988..The clinical and diagnostic features are described. Removal of the vertical rib resulted in complete functional recovery of the muscle involved...
- Nerve injury about the shoulder in athletes, part 2: long thoracic nerve, spinal accessory nerve, burners/stingers, thoracic outlet syndromeMarc R Safran
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California San Francisco, 500 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0728, San Francisco, CA 94143 0728, USA
Am J Sports Med 32:1063-76. 2004....
- Ultrasound description of Pecs II (modified Pecs I): a novel approach to breast surgeryR Blanco
Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy, Hospital Abente y Lago, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, Spain
Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 59:470-5. 2012..The main indications are breast expanders and subpectoral prosthesis where the distension of these muscles is extremely painful...
- Systematic ultrasound identification of the dorsal scapular and long thoracic nerves during interscalene blockNeil A Hanson
Department of Anesthesiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA
Reg Anesth Pain Med 38:54-7. 2013..Branches from the brachial plexus, including the dorsal scapular and long thoracic nerves, are often anatomically located within the middle scalene muscle...
- Innervation of the pectoralis major muscle: anatomical studyEman Elazab Beheiry
Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Ann Plast Surg 68:209-14. 2012..The aim of the present study was to investigate its innervations...
- Pectoralis major tendon transfer for the treatment of scapular winging due to long thoracic nerve palsyJonathan J Streit
Case Shoulder and Elbow Service, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH, USA
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 21:685-90. 2012..However, the available body of literature consists of few, small-cohort studies, and more outcomes data are needed...
- Novel surgical technique for ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament in the thoracic spineSatoshi Kato
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kanazawa University School of Medicine, Kanazawa, Japan
J Neurosurg Spine 17:525-9. 2012..The thoracic nerves at the levels of anterior decompression were ligated bilaterally and lifted up to manipulate the ossified ..
- Topographic anatomy of the posterior ramus of thoracic spinal nerve and surrounding structuresKyoko Ishizuka
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 37:E817-22. 2012..Cadaver dissection...
- [A case of HNPP presenting with late onset of symptoms, chronic progressive course and sensory impairment in face and trunk]Yusuke Yakushiji
Department of Internal Medicine, Saga University
Rinsho Shinkeigaku 44:160-4. 2004..The development of sensory impairment in face or thoracic nerves is quite rare in HNPP, indicating that there exists considerable phenotypic heterogeneity in the disease.
- Neurophysiological characteristics of human leg muscle action potentials evoked by transcutaneous magnetic stimulation of the spineMaria Knikou
Department of Physical Therapy, College of Staten Island, Staten Island, New York 10314, USA
Bioelectromagnetics 34:200-10. 2013..tsMSS may constitute a non-invasive modality to decrease spinal reflex hyperexcitability and treat hypertonia in neurological disorders...
- Nerve transfers for the upper extremity: new horizons in nerve reconstructionSteve K Lee
Hospital for Special Surgery and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA
J Am Acad Orthop Surg 20:506-17. 2012..A thorough diagnostic workup and intraoperative assessment help guide the surgeon in their use. Nerve transfers have made a positive impact on the outcomes of nerve surgery and are essential tools in complex nerve reconstruction...
- Impact of compensatory hyperhidrosis on patient satisfaction after endoscopic thoracic sympathectomyMark Chwajol
Department of Neurological Surgery, Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York 10019, USA
Neurosurgery 64:511-8; discussion 518. 2009..We sought to identify the predictors for the development of severe CH after ETS, its anatomic locations, and its frequency of occurrence, and we analyzed the impact of CH on patient satisfaction with ETS...
- T2-ganglionectomy via limited costotransversectomy for minor causalgiaS L Fedder
Division of Neurosurgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 15:269-70. 1990..A fundamental problem surrounding the appropriate management of minor causalgia has been and continues to be accurate recognition of the diagnosis...
- Long thoracic nerve neurotization for restoration of shoulder function in C5-7 brachial plexus preganglionic injuries: case reportTetsuya Yamada
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Ogori Daiichi General Hospital, Ogori, Yamaguchi, Japan
J Hand Surg Am 35:1427-31. 2010..Our report emphasizes the importance of restoring the activity of the long thoracic nerve...
- Nerve transfer to serratus anterior muscle using the thoracodorsal nerve for winged scapula in C5 and C6 brachial plexus root avulsionsChairoj Uerpairojkit
Upper Extremity and Reconstructive Microsurgery Unit, Institute of Orthopedics, Lerdsin General Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
J Hand Surg Am 34:74-8. 2009..To report the results of nerve transfer to the serratus anterior muscle using the thoracodorsal nerve for winged scapula in C5 and C6 brachial plexus avulsion...
- Sustained benefit lasting one year from T4 instead of T3-T4 sympathectomy for isolated axillary hyperhidrosisMarco Antonio S Munia
Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Hospital das Clinicas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 63:771-4. 2008..Level T4 video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy proved superior to T3-T4 treatment for controlling axillary hyperhidrosis at the initial and six-month follow-ups of these patients...
- Denis Browne's thoracotomy revisedShailinder Jit Singh
Department of Paediatric Surgery, University Hospital, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK
Pediatr Surg Int 18:90-2. 2002..This modification gives excellent exposure, avoids injury to the LTN, does not lead to chest-wall deformity, and gives a pleasing cosmetic result. The scar is hardly noticeable with the arm by the side of the body...
- Beta-2 Receptor Polymorphisms and Vasodilation in HumansJohn Eisenach; Fiscal Year: 2007..My long-term career goal is to become an independent investigator performing physiology and pharmacology studies directed at the genomics of the cardiovascular system in humans. ..
- CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BASIS OF MELANOCYTE MORPHOGENESISCAROL ERICKSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..Understanding the fundamental mechanisms by which the neural crest cells are properly positioned will allow us to understand the underlying basis of these common birth defects. ..