cauda equina

Summary

Summary: The lower part of the SPINAL CORD consisting of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerve roots.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Imaging of cauda equina edema in lumbar canal stenosis by using gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging: experimental constriction injury
    S Kobayashi
    Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation Medicine, Fukui University School of Medicine, Matsuoka, Fukui, Japan
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 27:346-53. 2006
  2. ncbi Radiotherapy-induced malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the cauda equina
    Amit Amin
    Department of Spinal Deformity, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Brockley Hill, Stanmore, Middlesex, United Kingdom
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:E506-9. 2004
  3. ncbi The relationship between the cross-sectional area of the cauda equina and the preoperative symptoms in central lumbar spinal stenosis
    Osamu Ogikubo
    Department of Musculoskeletal Medicine, Nagoya City University, Graduate School of Medical Sciences 1, Nagoya City, Aichi, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32:1423-8; discussion 1429. 2007
  4. ncbi Experimental spinal stenosis: relationship between degree of cauda equina compression, neuropathology, and pain
    Miho Sekiguchi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University, School of Medicine, Fukushima City, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1105-11. 2004
  5. ncbi Entrapped spinal nerve roots in a pseudomeningocoele as a complication of previous spinal surgery
    G Pavlou
    Department of Neurosurgery, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 148:215-9; discussion 219-20. 2006
  6. ncbi Isolation of human multipotent neural progenitors from adult filum terminale
    Mercy Varghese
    Vilhelm Magnus Laboratory for Neurosurgical Research, Institute for Surgical Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Stem Cells Dev 18:603-13. 2009
  7. ncbi Ultrastructural study of the filum terminale and its elastic fibers
    Ricardo B V Fontes
    VQM Laboratory, Department of Anatomy, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, and Liga de Neurocirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina, da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Neurosurgery 58:978-84; discussion 978-84. 2006
  8. ncbi The postnatal human filum terminale is a source of autologous multipotent neurospheres capable of generating motor neurons
    Ruchira M Jha
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Neurosurgery 72:118-29; discussion 129. 2013
  9. pmc Distribution and characterization of progenitor cells within the human filum terminale
    Lisa Arvidsson
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Dept of Neurosurgery and Neurology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 6:e27393. 2011
  10. ncbi Disappearance of phantom limb pain during cauda equina compression by spinal meningioma and gradual reactivation after decompression
    Mehmet D Aydin
    Department of Neurosurgery, Ataturk University, School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey
    Anesth Analg 101:1123-6, table of contents. 2005

Research Grants

  1. Repair of Bladder Function after Cauda Equina Injury
    Leif A Havton; Fiscal Year: 2010
  2. Dorsal root injury and repair
    Young Jin Son; Fiscal Year: 2013
  3. Diagnostic Biomarkers for Radicular Pain
    Lewis S Hanna; Fiscal Year: 2012
  4. Schwann cell repair of cauda equina ventral roots
    SAMUEL JOHN MACKENZIE; Fiscal Year: 2012
  5. Purinergic control of medullary pain modulation
    Nathan Selden; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. IGF-I/ALS Trial
    Eric Sorenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. Composition/Functional Elasticity of Engineered Tissues
    SEAN KOHLES; Fiscal Year: 2003
  8. Multiaxial Single-Cell Biomechanics for Mechanotransduction
    SEAN KOHLES; Fiscal Year: 2007
  9. SPINAL MOTOR CONDUCTION AND RECOVERY AFTER HUMAN SCI
    Blair Calancie; Fiscal Year: 2009
  10. QUANTITATIVE FUNCTION IN MOTOR NEURON DISEASE
    Eric Sorenson; Fiscal Year: 2004

Detail Information

Publications218 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Imaging of cauda equina edema in lumbar canal stenosis by using gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging: experimental constriction injury
    S Kobayashi
    Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation Medicine, Fukui University School of Medicine, Matsuoka, Fukui, Japan
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 27:346-53. 2006
    It has been reported that disturbance of blood flow arising from circumferential compression of the cauda equina by surrounding tissue plays a major role in the appearance of neurogenic intermittent claudication (NIC) associated with ..
  2. ncbi Radiotherapy-induced malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the cauda equina
    Amit Amin
    Department of Spinal Deformity, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Brockley Hill, Stanmore, Middlesex, United Kingdom
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:E506-9. 2004
    ..Case report...
  3. ncbi The relationship between the cross-sectional area of the cauda equina and the preoperative symptoms in central lumbar spinal stenosis
    Osamu Ogikubo
    Department of Musculoskeletal Medicine, Nagoya City University, Graduate School of Medical Sciences 1, Nagoya City, Aichi, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32:1423-8; discussion 1429. 2007
    ..A cross-sectional registry and imaging cohort study...
  4. ncbi Experimental spinal stenosis: relationship between degree of cauda equina compression, neuropathology, and pain
    Miho Sekiguchi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University, School of Medicine, Fukushima City, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1105-11. 2004
    An analysis of pathologic changes after different degrees of cauda equina compression.
  5. ncbi Entrapped spinal nerve roots in a pseudomeningocoele as a complication of previous spinal surgery
    G Pavlou
    Department of Neurosurgery, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 148:215-9; discussion 219-20. 2006
    ..The cause of her pain was evident only at operation and was due to herniation of nerve roots through the dural defect...
  6. ncbi Isolation of human multipotent neural progenitors from adult filum terminale
    Mercy Varghese
    Vilhelm Magnus Laboratory for Neurosurgical Research, Institute for Surgical Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Stem Cells Dev 18:603-13. 2009
    ..Thus, filum terminale provides a novel source of adult human neural progenitor cells that develop into functional neurons with possible clinical applications...
  7. ncbi Ultrastructural study of the filum terminale and its elastic fibers
    Ricardo B V Fontes
    VQM Laboratory, Department of Anatomy, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, and Liga de Neurocirurgia, Faculdade de Medicina, da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Neurosurgery 58:978-84; discussion 978-84. 2006
    ..Its morphological and ultrastructural properties remain largely unknown even though they are thought to play a role in the generation of TCS in adult patients with normal level conus medullaris...
  8. ncbi The postnatal human filum terminale is a source of autologous multipotent neurospheres capable of generating motor neurons
    Ruchira M Jha
    Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Neurosurgery 72:118-29; discussion 129. 2013
    ..They have been identified in the mammalian central nervous system, but current sources are difficult to access surgically and come from regions that are critical for normal brain function...
  9. pmc Distribution and characterization of progenitor cells within the human filum terminale
    Lisa Arvidsson
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Dept of Neurosurgery and Neurology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 6:e27393. 2011
    ..The primary objective of this study was to describe the distribution and progenitor features of this cell population in humans, and to confirm their ability to differentiate within the neuroectodermal lineage...
  10. ncbi Disappearance of phantom limb pain during cauda equina compression by spinal meningioma and gradual reactivation after decompression
    Mehmet D Aydin
    Department of Neurosurgery, Ataturk University, School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey
    Anesth Analg 101:1123-6, table of contents. 2005
    ..At this point the pain diminished progressively, in parallel with the evolution of cauda equina compression caused by an intraspinal tumor...
  11. ncbi [Blood circulation of cauda equina and nerve root]
    Shigeru Kobayashi
    Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation Medicine, Fukui University School of Medicine
    Clin Calcium 15:63-72. 2005
    ..In this article, we have reviewed about the blood circulation of cauda equina and nerve root under normal and pathologic conditions.
  12. ncbi Clinical significance of redundant nerve roots of the cauda equina in lumbar spinal stenosis
    Jun Hong Min
    Department of Neurosurgery, Gimpo Airport Wooridul Spine Hospital, 272 28 Gwahaedong, Gangseogu, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Clin Neurol Neurosurg 110:14-8. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of redundant nerve roots (RNR) in lumbar stenosis by comparative analysis of a group of patients with RNR with a group without RNR...
  13. ncbi Clinical significance of the redundant nerve roots of the cauda equina documented on magnetic resonance imaging
    Atsushi Ono
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Japan
    J Neurosurg Spine 7:27-32. 2007
    Previous reports of redundant nerve roots (RNRs) of the cauda equina have been limited to evaluations based on myelography...
  14. ncbi Giant schwannoma of the cauda equina: case report and review of the literature
    M Turgut
    Department of Neurosurgery, Adnan Menderes University School of Medicine, Aydin, Turkey
    Zentralbl Neurochir 69:99-101. 2008
    ..The patient underwent laminectomy for excision of the solitary mass and histological findings were consistent with schwannoma. Giant schwannoma of the cauda equina is a rare tumor, with variable manifestations.
  15. ncbi Giant schwannoma of the cauda equina with dural ectasia: a case report
    Taku Saito
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NTT Kanto Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan
    J Orthop Sci 9:635-7. 2004
    We describe a rare case of giant cauda equina tumor in the upper lumbar spine with dural ectasia in the lumbosacral region. This patient had a long history of acromegaly due to pituitary adenoma, for which bromocriptine was administered...
  16. ncbi A long-segment string of bead- like schwannoma of cauda equina: a case report
    Wan Jun
    Xiangya Second Hospital, Central South University, Department of Spine, Changsha, China
    Turk Neurosurg 20:540-3. 2010
    ..In the paper we present a case of a long-segment string of bead-like intradural extramedullary schwannoma of cauda equina from L2 to S2...
  17. ncbi Descriptive epidemiology of malignant and nonmalignant primary spinal cord, spinal meninges, and cauda equina tumors, United States, 2004-2007
    Linh M Duong
    Cancer Surveillance Branch, Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Cancer 118:4220-7. 2012
    Primary tumors of the spinal cord, spinal meninges, and cauda equina are relatively rare, and a paucity of population-based data exist on tumors in these sites...
  18. ncbi Ganglioneuromatous paraganglioma of the cauda equina--a pathological case study
    Peter Pytel
    Department of Pathology, University of Chicago Hospitals, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Hum Pathol 36:444-6. 2005
    ..A 74-year-old woman presented with a mass lesion of the cauda equina. The 1...
  19. ncbi Lumbar sympathectomy increases blood flow in a dog model of chronic cauda equina compression
    Akira Onda
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima City, Fukushima, Japan
    J Spinal Disord Tech 17:522-5. 2004
    This study was designed to assess changes in blood flow of the dog cauda equina after lumbar sympathectomy using an experimental chronic cauda compression model.
  20. pmc Prostate-specific antigen in the cerebrospinal fluid leads to diagnosis of solitary cauda equina metastasis: a unique case report and review of the literature
    B Schaller
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University Hospitals, Basle, Switzerland
    Br J Cancer 77:2386-9. 1998
    ..In conclusion, PSA in the cerebrospinal fluid provides a useful diagnostic tool for detecting intradural prostate cancer metastasis...
  21. ncbi Behavioral and morphologic studies of the chronically compressed cauda equina. Experimental model of lumbar spinal stenosis in the rat
    K Yamaguchi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Chiba University, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 24:845-51. 1999
    STUDY DESIGN: An experimental model in rats of chronically compressed cauda equina was produced, and behavioral and morphologic changes were examined...
  22. ncbi Spontaneous hemorrhage of a spinal ependymoma: a rare cause of acute cauda equina syndrome: a case report
    Matthew J Tait
    Department of Neurosurgery, Essex Centre for Neurological Sciences, Oldchurch Hospital, London, UK
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:E502-5. 2004
    ..An interesting case of spontaneous bleeding from an ependymoma of the filum terminale is presented...
  23. ncbi Ependymal cyst in the lumbar spine associated with cauda equina compression
    Minori Kato
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
    J Clin Neurosci 15:827-30. 2008
    ..In this report we present the case of a 31-year-old woman with an ependymal cyst that caused cauda equina compression, and discuss the clinical profile of the case in terms of symptoms, diagnostic images, ..
  24. ncbi Cauda equina hemangioblastoma: case report
    Leodante Batista da Costa
    Benjamin Guimar es Foundation, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
    Arq Neuropsiquiatr 61:456-8. 2003
    Hemangioblastomas of the spinal cord are rare lesions, and those located at the cauda equina are even rarer. Most commonly these tumors are present in patients with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome...
  25. ncbi Cauda equina compression after trauma: an unusual presentation of spinal epidural lipoma
    Constantin Schizas
    Whittington Hospital, London, United Kingdom
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:E148-51. 2003
    ..A case report is presented...
  26. ncbi Glial reactions in a rodent cauda equina injury and repair model
    Marcus Ohlsson
    Department of Neurology and Brain Research Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 710 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1769, USA
    Exp Brain Res 170:52-60. 2006
    ....
  27. ncbi Paraganglioma of the cauda equina: a case report and literature review
    J C Walsh
    Department of Neurosurgery, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
    Surgeon 3:113-6. 2005
    ..Imaging revealed a large intradural tumour compressing the cauda equina. The lesion was radically resected and histological analysis revealed it to be a paraganglioma...
  28. ncbi Rapid identification of anterior and posterior root of cauda equina nerves by near-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy
    Shaofei Xie
    China Pharmaceutical University, Center for Instrumental Analysis, Tong Jiaxiang 24, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, China
    J Biomed Opt 14:024005. 2009
    A new rapid chemometric method has been developed to identify the anterior and posterior roots of cauda equina nerves by near-infrared (NIR) diffuse reflectance spectroscopy...
  29. ncbi [Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the cauda equina. Report of a case]
    J V Martínez-Quiñones
    Servicio de Neurocirugia, Hospital Universitario Gómez Ulla, Madrid
    Neurocirugia (Astur) 13:46-9. 2002
    ..Spinal primitive neuroectodermal tumors are rare and at the cauda equina are even less common...
  30. ncbi Clinical presentation, histology, and treatment in 430 patients with primary tumors of the spinal cord, spinal meninges, or cauda equina
    Herbert H Engelhard
    Departments of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 13:67-77. 2010
    OBJECT Patients having a primary tumor of the spinal cord, spinal meninges or cauda equina, are relatively rare...
  31. ncbi Long-term surgical outcomes for myxopapillary ependymomas of the cauda equina
    Masaya Nakamura
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:E756-60. 2009
    ..Retrospective case series...
  32. ncbi Juvenile xanthogranuloma of the cauda equina
    Manuel Castro-Gago
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Pediatr Neurol 40:123-5. 2009
    ..Isolated juvenile xanthogranuloma of the nervous system is extremely rare, especially in the cauda equina. A case of juvenile xanthogranuloma of the cauda equina in a 14-year-old boy is reported, and the literature is ..
  33. ncbi Cauda equina syndrome with normal MR imaging
    Alasdair Rooney
    Edinburgh Centre for Neuro Oncology, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh EH4 2XU, UK
    J Neurol 256:721-5. 2009
    ..of patients with and without abnormal MR imaging admitted to a neurosurgical unit with suspected cauda equina syndrome using a retrospective study of consecutive admissions to a regional neurosurgical unit over a 10-month ..
  34. ncbi Electroacupuncture improves voiding function in patients with neurogenic urinary retention secondary to cauda equina injury: results from a prospective observational study
    Zhishun Liu
    Department of Acupuncture, Guang An Men Hospital, China
    Acupunct Med 29:188-92. 2011
    To report the therapeutic effectiveness and feasibility of electroacupuncture (EA) treatment in patients with urinary retention which is caused by cauda equina injury and refractory to conventional conservative treatments.
  35. ncbi Anterior lumbar interbody fusion: changes in area of the dural tube, disc height, and prevalence of cauda equina adhesion in magnetic resonance images
    Takao Motosuneya
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Defense Medical College, 3 2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359 8513, Japan
    J Spinal Disord Tech 18:18-22. 2005
    ..or "multiply operated back" (MOB), but without comparing preoperative and postoperative dural tube area and cauda equina adhesion in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
  36. ncbi Redundant nerve roots of the cauda equina caused by lumbar spinal canal stenosis
    K Suzuki
    Department of Orthopaedic and Spinal Surgery, Nagoya Daini Red Cross Hospital, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 17:1337-42. 1992
    To investigate pathogenesis of redundant nerve roots of the cauda equina, which were concomitant with severe lumbar spinal canal stenosis, six cadavers were examined anatomically and histopathologically, and quantitative analysis of nerve ..
  37. ncbi Giant invasive schwannoma of cauda equina with minimal neurologic deficit: a case report and literature review
    Chen Hsiang Hung
    Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    Kaohsiung J Med Sci 24:212-7. 2008
    A 53-year-old man presented with a history of slight weakness in the right lower limb. Giant invasive cauda equina schwannoma was diagnosed according to the criteria of Sridhar et al...
  38. ncbi Cystic schwannoma of the cauda equina mimicking hemangioblastoma
    A Akhaddar
    Department of Neurosurgery, Mohammed V Military Hospital, Rabat, Morocco
    Neurochirurgie 54:101-3. 2008
    ..Only eight cases of spinal schwannoma with large cyst have been previously reported. Cystic schwannoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of lumbar intradural-cystic lesion...
  39. ncbi Isolated lipoma of filum terminale in adults: MRI findings and clinical correlation
    Ma moon H Al-Omari
    Department of Radiology, Jordan University of Science and Technology Department of Neuroscience, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
    J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 55:286-90. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and MRI features of isolated lipoma of filum terminale (LFT) in adult population and its correlation with the patient clinical presentations...
  40. ncbi Intraoperative neurophysiology of the conus medullaris and cauda equina
    Karl F Kothbauer
    Division of Neurosurgery, Luzerner Kantonsspital, 6000 Lucerne 16, Switzerland
    Childs Nerv Syst 26:247-53. 2010
    ..Procedures affecting the lumbosacral nervous system are frequent in adult and pediatric neurosurgery. This review provides an overview of the techniques utilized in cauda and conus operations...
  41. ncbi Acute cauda equina compression revealing Hodgkin's disease: a case report
    Laurent Riffaud
    Department of Neurosurgery, Pontchaillou Hospital, Rennes, France
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:E270-2. 2003
    This is a case report of a young patient who experienced an acute epidural compression of cauda equina revealing Stage IV Hodgkin's disease.
  42. ncbi Edema formation in spinal nerve roots induced by experimental, graded compression. An experimental study on the pig cauda equina with special reference to differences in effects between rapid and slow onset of compression
    K Olmarker
    Department of Anatomy, Sahlgren Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 14:569-73. 1989
    Edema formation in spinal nerve roots of the pig cauda equina was studied following experimental compression at various pressure levels, durations, and rates of onset, using a fluorescence microscopic technique...
  43. ncbi Primary primitive neuro-ectodermal tumor of cauda equina with intracranial seeding
    M Akyuz
    Department of Neurosurgery, Akdeniz University Medical School, Antalya, Turkey
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 146:525-8. 2004
    Primitive neuro-ectodermal tumor (PNET) of the cauda equina is a rare entity. 18 cases have been reported in the literature so far, including 4 cases with intracranial seeding...
  44. ncbi The caudal end of the rat spinal cord: transformation to and ultrastructure of the filum terminale
    Miklós Réthelyi
    Department of Anatomy, Semmelweis University, Tüzoltó utca 58, H 1098 Budapest, Hungary
    Brain Res 1028:133-9. 2004
    ..g. tethered spinal cord syndrome, vascular malformations and disraphysm...
  45. ncbi Effects of laminectomy and retained extradural foreign body on cauda equina adhesion
    T Yamagami
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 18:1774-81. 1993
    The histologic effects of posterior lumbar surgery and retained extradural foreign bodies on the cauda equina were investigated in rats over time...
  46. ncbi Paraganglioma of the cauda equina: a highly vascular tumour
    Füsun Demirçivi Ozer
    Department of Neurosurgery, Izmir Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
    J Clin Neurosci 17:1445-7. 2010
    Paragangliomas uncommonly occur in the cauda equina region. This type of tumour may be misdiagnosed pre-operatively as a neurinoma or an ependymoma. Paragangliomas are highly vascular tumours...
  47. ncbi MR imaging findings in cauda equina gnathostomiasis
    Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:39-42. 2005
    We report a case of cauda equina syndrome caused by Gnathostoma spinigerum, which was confirmed by an immunoblotting test...
  48. ncbi Metastasis of testicular yolk sac tumor to cauda equina
    Ozkan Unal
    Department of Radiology, Yuzuncu Yil University School of Medicine, Van, Turkey
    Fetal Pediatr Pathol 30:150-5. 2011
    ..However, spinal metastasis is extremely rare. A case with yolk sac tumor (YST) and cauda equina metastasis was presented in a 2-year-old boy...
  49. ncbi Cauda equina paraganglioma: a review
    George C Miliaras
    Neurosurgical Institute, University of Ioannina, Department of Neurosurgery, Medical School, Ioannina, Greece
    J Neurooncol 65:177-90. 2003
    Although rare, cauda equina paraganglioma (CEP) is definitely established in the table of cauda equina tumours...
  50. ncbi [Primary cauda equina epidermoid cyst. A case report]
    A De Barros
    Service d ORL, Hopital Charles Nicolle, CHU de Rouen, Cedex, France
    Neurochirurgie 48:113-6. 2002
    A primary epidermoid cyst of the cauda equina was diagnosed in an eleven-year-old boy. The patient had a previous two months history of lumbar pain with unilateral L 4 radicular pain...
  51. ncbi Filum terminale fusion and dural sac termination: study in 27 cadavers
    A Hansasuta
    Section of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Division of Neurological Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL, USA
    Pediatr Neurosurg 30:176-9. 1999
    ..In addition, 11% of the fila (3 of 27) fused off the midline. We hope that this anatomical information may be useful for neurosurgeons when standard approaches fail to identify the filum at its usual level and location...
  52. ncbi Cauda equina syndrome
    J Orendacova
    Institute of Neurobiology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 040 01 Kosice, Slovak Republic
    Prog Neurobiol 64:613-37. 2001
    ..nerve roots located in the dural sac results in a polyradicular symptomatology clinically diagnosed as cauda equina syndrome...
  53. ncbi Postlaminectomy adhesion of the cauda equina. Changes of postoperative vascular permeability of the equina in rats
    M Nakano
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 22:1105-14. 1997
    STUDY DESIGN: The authors evaluated the vascular permeability changes of the cauda equina after lumbar laminectomy in rats. OBJECTIVES: To clarify the early vascular responses in postlaminectomy adhesive arachnoiditis...
  54. ncbi Gangliocytic paraganglioma of the cauda equina with significant calcification: first description in pediatric age
    M Vural
    Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey
    Zentralbl Neurochir 69:47-50. 2008
    ..This report is the fifth paraganglioma case in the lumbar region and the first gangliocytic paraganglioma case in the pediatric age population...
  55. ncbi 1990 AcroMed Award in basic science. Cauda equina anatomy. II: Extrathecal nerve roots and dorsal root ganglia
    M S Cohen
    Division of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of California, San Diego
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 15:1248-51. 1990
    ....
  56. ncbi Cauda equina dysfunction. The significance of two-level pathology
    R W Porter
    Department of Orthopaedics, Aberdeen University Medical School, Scotland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 17:9-15. 1992
    ..This hypothesis is compatible with clinical and experimental observations, but it has yet to be confirmed...
  57. ncbi Giant cauda equina schwannoma. A case report
    H Kagaya
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akita University School of Medicine, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:268-72. 2000
    STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: To present a rare case of a giant schwannoma of the cauda equina. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Giant spinal schwannoma of the cauda equina, which involves many nerve roots, is rare and there is ..
  58. ncbi Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the cauda equina in an elderly patient. Case report
    Elizabeth Fabre
    Department of Medical Oncology, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
    J Neurosurg Spine 5:68-71. 2006
    ..on clinical and imaging findings, manifested as a nonspecific intrathecal tumoral process arising from the cauda equina. Although this lesion is rare in the elderly, the authors' case illustrates the importance of making this ..
  59. ncbi Capillary hemangioma of the cauda equina presenting with radiculopathy and papilledema
    Nicola G Ghazi
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Virginia Health System, PO Box 800715, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA
    J Neuroophthalmol 26:98-102. 2006
    ..Brain MRI and magnetic resonance venography were normal, but spine MRI revealed a mass in the cauda equina. Neuro-ophthalmologic examination disclosed bilateral optic disc edema with normal visual function...
  60. ncbi A histologic and functional study on cauda equina adhesion induced by multiple level laminectomy
    Naoto Takahashi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University, School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 28:4-8. 2003
    A histologic and functional study on cauda equina adhesion induced by multiple-level laminectomy was performed using rats.
  61. ncbi Cauda equina compression revealing brown tumor of the spine in a long-term hemodialysis patient
    Faissal Tarrass
    Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, Ibn Rochd University Hospital Center, 20100 Casablanca, Morocco
    Joint Bone Spine 73:748-50. 2006
    ..We report a long-term hemodialysis case, in which cauda equina compression developed due to a sacral brown tumor...
  62. ncbi Effects of lidocaine on nucleus pulposus-induced nerve root injury. A neurophysiologic and histologic study of the pig cauda equina
    S Yabuki
    Department of Orthopaedics, Sahlgren University Hospital, Sweden
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:2383-9; discussion 2389-90. 1998
    ..METHODS: Nucleus pulposus was harvested from a lumbar disc and placed onto the sacrococcygeal cauda equina in pigs...
  63. ncbi Clinical features of cauda equina tumors requiring surgical treatment
    Yoichi Shimada
    Rehabilitation Division, Akita University Hospital, 1 1 1 Hondo, Akita 010 8543, Japan
    Tohoku J Exp Med 209:1-6. 2006
    In this study, we evaluated the clinical features of cauda equina tumors requiring surgical treatment...
  64. ncbi Increased resistance to acute compression injury in chronically compressed spinal nerve roots. An experimental study
    S Kikuchi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical College, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:2544-50. 1996
    STUDY DESIGN: Nerve conduction velocity was studied in the dog cauda equina subjected to chronic and, 1 week later, additional acute compression...
  65. ncbi Transdural cauda equina incarceration after microsurgical lumbar discectomy: case report
    K F Kothbauer
    Institute for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York 10128, USA
    Neurosurgery 47:1449-51. 2000
    ..Complications usually occur when they are least expected. We present an unusual case of nerve entrapment after microsurgical discectomy...
  66. ncbi Clinical analysis of two-level compression of the cauda equina and the nerve roots in lumbar spinal canal stenosis
    K Sato
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical College, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 22:1898-903; discussion 1904. 1997
    ..SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Experimental studies have indicated that double-level compression of the cauda equina induces a more severe impairment of nerve function than does single-level compression...
  67. ncbi Chronic double-level cauda equina compression. An experimental study on the dog cauda equina with analyses of nerve conduction velocity
    G P Mao
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical College, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:1641-4. 1998
    STUDY DESIGN: Nerve conduction velocity was studied in the dog cauda equina subjected to chronic double-level compression. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of chronic double-level cauda equina compression...
  68. ncbi Multiple extradural arachnoid cysts at the spinal cord and cauda equina levels in the young
    T Takagaki
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Surgical Science, Tokai University School of Medicine, Bohseidai, Isehara, Kanagawa, Japan
    Spinal Cord 44:59-62. 2006
    A case report of multiple extradural arachnoid cysts at the spinal cord and cauda equina levels in the young.
  69. ncbi Paraganglioma of the filum terminale
    J Sousa
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull, UK
    J Clin Neurosci 12:584-5. 2005
    ..The authors report a case of paraganglioma of the filum terminale presenting with paraparesis on a background of spastic quadriparesis. The clinical presentation, radiological findings and current literature are presented...
  70. ncbi Deviation of the cauda equina by changing position
    Tetsuo Takiguchi
    Anesthesiology 100:754-5. 2004
  71. ncbi Granulocytic sarcoma with orbit, cauda equina, muscle and peripheral nerve extension but without bone marrow involvement
    Yasuhiro Manabe
    Department of Neurology, National Hospital Organization Okayama Medical Center, Okayama, Japan
    Intern Med 46:633-5. 2007
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging revealed bilateral orbital and cauda equina region tumors. The blood cell count, and bone marrow histology and cytology were normal...
  72. ncbi Cauda equina tumors: a French multicenter retrospective review of 231 adult cases and review of the literature
    M Wager
    Service de Neurochirurgie, C H U, La Miletrie, Poitiers, France
    Neurosurg Rev 23:119-29; discussion 130-1. 2000
    Large series of cauda equina tumors in adults are seldom reported. This French series retrospectively reviews 231 cases collected for the congress of the Societe Francaise de Neurochirurgie in 1996...
  73. ncbi Functional reinnervation of the rat lower urinary tract after cauda equina injury and repair
    Thao X Hoang
    Department of Neurology and Brain Research Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    J Neurosci 26:8672-9. 2006
    Conus medullaris and/or cauda equina forms of spinal cord injury commonly result in a permanent loss of bladder function...
  74. ncbi Paraganglioma and paragangliomatosis of the cauda equina
    Sanjay Warrier
    Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, NSW, Australia
    ANZ J Surg 76:1033-7. 2006
  75. ncbi Laser Doppler study of porcine cauda equina blood flow. The effect of electrical stimulation of the rootlets during single and double site, low pressure compression of the cauda equina
    A R Baker
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Scotland
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:660-4. 1995
    ..of spinal claudication to assess the effect of single and double site compressions on blood flow in porcine cauda equina. Real-time monitoring of blood flow was achieved by using laser Doppler probes. OBJECTIVES...
  76. ncbi Nerve vasculature changes induced by serotonin under chronic cauda equina compression
    Miho Sekiguchi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima City, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:1634-9. 2002
    ..An analysis of nerve vascular changes in nerve roots induced by serotonin in chronically compressed nerve roots...
  77. ncbi Delayed anterior decompression in patients with spinal cord and cauda equina injuries of the thoracolumbar spine
    E E Transfeldt
    Twin Cities Scoliosis Spine Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 15:953-7. 1990
    Forty-nine patients with complete and incomplete injuries of the spinal cord or cauda equina who had undergone anterior decompression at a minimum of 3 months after injury were examined. Follow-up was from 12 months to 19 years...
  78. ncbi Effects of acute, graded compression on spinal nerve root function and structure. An experimental study of the pig cauda equina
    B L Rydevik
    Department of Orthopaedics, , Sweden
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:487-93. 1991
    A well-controlled experimental model for analysis of compression-induced functional changes of the porcine cauda equina is presented...
  79. ncbi Experimental nerve root compression. A model of acute, graded compression of the porcine cauda equina and an analysis of neural and vascular anatomy
    K Olmarker
    Department of Anatomy, Sahlgren Hospital, , Sweden
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:61-9. 1991
    ..In the present study, a model for experimental compression of the porcine sacrococcygeal cauda equina is presented...
  80. ncbi 1991 Volvo Award in experimental studies. Cauda equina syndrome: neurologic recovery following immediate, early, or late decompression
    R B Delamarter
    Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, School of Medicine, Los Angeles
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:1022-9. 1991
    An animal model of cauda equina syndrome was developed. Neurologic recovery was analyzed following immediate, early, and delayed decompression. Five experimental groups, each containing six dogs, were studied...
  81. ncbi Cauda equina syndrome in patients undergoing manipulation of the lumbar spine
    S Haldeman
    Department of Neurology, University of California Irvine
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 17:1469-73. 1992
    b>Cauda equina syndrome has been implicated as a potential complication of spinal manipulation...
  82. ncbi Blood flow measurement in experimental chronic cauda equina compression in dogs: changes in blood flow at various conditions
    K Otani
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University, School of Medicine, Fukushima City, Fukushima, Japan
    J Spinal Disord 14:343-6. 2001
    ..flow in the nerve root, assess the reliability of this method, and examine the changes of blood flow in chronic cauda equina compression in an experimental setting...
  83. ncbi Intradural metastasis to the cauda equina from carcinoma of the anus
    D Y Cho
    Department of Surgery, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:2341-4. 1995
    STUDY DESIGN. This is a report of a man with carcinoma of the anus and intradural metastasis to the cauda equina. OBJECTIVE. To perform a laminectomy with tumor removal for relief of pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA...
  84. ncbi [A case of parkinsonian syndrome caused by normal pressure hydrocephalus accompanied by the cauda equina neurinoma]
    Shin Munakata
    Department of Neurology, Matsudo Municipal Hospital
    Rinsho Shinkeigaku 42:131-5. 2002
    A case of parkinsonian syndrome caused by normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) accompanied by cauda equina neurinoma is reported...
  85. ncbi Compensatory neovascularization after cauda equina compression in rats
    Tadashi Yonetake
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 33:140-5. 2008
    An experimental study of compensatory neovascularization after cauda equina compression in rats.
  86. ncbi Effects on improvement of blood flow in the chronically compressed cauda equina: comparison between a selective prostaglandin E receptor (EP4) agonist and a prostaglandin E1 derivate
    Miho Sekiguchi
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima City, Fukushima, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:869-72. 2006
    Vasodilatation was studied in a model of experimental chronic cauda equina compression using measurements of vessel diameter on video recordings.
  87. ncbi Clinical features associated with recurrence of tumours of the spinal cord and cauda equina
    T Asazuma
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Defense Medical College, 3 2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359 8513, Japan
    Spinal Cord 41:85-9. 2003
    Retrospective review of consecutive cases of recurrent spinal cord and cauda equina tumours.
  88. ncbi A model for acute, chronic, and delayed graded compression of the dog cauda equina. Presentation of the gross, microscopic, and vascular anatomy of the dog cauda equina and accuracy in pressure transmission of the compression model
    S Konno
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical College, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 20:2758-64. 1995
    STUDY DESIGN: A new model for controlled, graded compression of the dog cauda equina was developed using the dog lumbar spine...
  89. ncbi Myeloscopic study on lumbar spinal canal stenosis with special reference to intermittent claudication
    Y Ooi
    Jichi Medical School, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kawachi gun, Tochigi, Japan
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 15:544-9. 1990
    ..In this series, it was suggested that the microcirculatory disturbance of vessels on cauda equinae might play an important role in the development of intermittent claudication...
  90. pmc Chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis presenting as cauda equina compression due to extramedullary hematopoiesis: a case report
    Duck Ho Goh
    Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
    J Korean Med Sci 22:1090-3. 2007
    ..magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple anterior epidural mass extending from L4 to S1 with compression of cauda equina and nerve root. The patient underwent gross total removal of the mass via L4, 5, and S1 laminectomy...
  91. ncbi Cauda equina syndrome caused by primary lumbosacral and pelvic hydatid cyst: a case report
    U Adilay
    Bakirkoy Psychiatric and Neurological Diseases Hospital, 2nd Neurosurgery Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey
    Minim Invasive Neurosurg 50:292-5. 2007
    ..5-2% of all hydatidoses. About half of the bone involvement occurs in vertebrae. The thoracic spine is the most common site of the spinal hydatidosis. Primary hydatid cysts of the lumbar and sacral spinal canal are very rare...
  92. ncbi Cauda equina syndrome and profound hearing loss after spinal anesthesia with isobaric bupivacaine
    Moussa Traore
    Department of Neurology, Point G Hospital, Medical School, Bamako, Mali
    Anesth Analg 102:1863-4. 2006
    A 33-yr-old man undergoing anorectal surgery developed cauda equina syndrome and bilateral profound hearing loss after single-injection spinal anesthesia with isobaric bupivacaine. There was no pain on needle placement...
  93. ncbi Paragangliomas in the cauda equina region: clinicopathoradiologic findings in four cases
    Seung Yeob Yang
    Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yeongeon dong, Seoul, Jongno gu, Korea
    J Neurooncol 72:49-55. 2005
    Paragangliomas of the cauda equina are rare neuroendocrine tumors...
  94. ncbi Autologous nucleus pulposus induces neurophysiologic and histologic changes in porcine cauda equina nerve roots
    K Olmarker
    Department of Orthopaedics, University of Gothenburg, Sahlgren Hospital, Sweden
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 18:1425-32. 1993
    ..without mechanical nerve root compression, induced a pronounced reduction in nerve conduction velocity in the cauda equina nerve roots after 1-7 days, compared to epidural application of retroperitoneal fat in control experiments...
  95. ncbi Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and tethered cord syndrome with a lipoma of the cauda equina
    T Fujii
    Department of Pediatrics, Shiga Medical Center for Children, Moriyama, Moriyama City, Japan
    Brain Dev 20:47-9. 1998
    ..We report a 12-year-old girl with a cauda equina lipoma and a tethered spinal cord, whose chief complaints were polyuria and polydipsia...
  96. ncbi [Dibucaine for spinal anesthesia is a probable risk for cauda equina syndrome]
    Tomoko Yorozu
    Department of Anesthesiology, Federation of National Public Service Personnel Mutual Aid Associations, Tachikawa Hospital, Tachikawa 190 8531
    Masui 51:1151-4. 2002
    ..of difficulty of defecation and urination combined with hypesthesia around the anus, which was diagnosed as cauda equina syndrome. The symptoms had not changed for three weeks...
  97. ncbi Intraneural cavernous malformation of the cauda equina
    Paolo Cipriano Cecchi
    Operative Unit of Neurosurgery, Regional General Hospital, 39100, Bolzano, Italy
    J Clin Neurosci 14:984-6. 2007
    ..The lumbosacral MRI showed an intradural cauda equina lesion with heterogeneous contrast enhancement that was subsequently radically removed through an L3-L4 ..
  98. ncbi Vertebral arch reconstruction based on 90 degree rotational laminoplasty after removal of spinal cord and cauda equina tumours
    T Asazuma
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan
    Acta Neurochir (Wien) 145:495-500; discussion 500. 2003
    A variety of procedures for reconstructing the spine following the removal of spinal cord and cauda equina tumours have been developed to prevent postoperative spinal deformities and nerve entrapment...
  99. ncbi Arachnoiditis ossificans of the cauda equina. Case report and review of the literature
    Alexis Faure
    Department of Neurotraumatology, University Hospital Hotel Dieu, Nantes, France
    J Neurosurg 97:239-43. 2002
    The authors describe a case of arachnoiditis ossificans (AO) of the cauda equina. The lesion is a rare pathological entity usually confined to the thoracic and high lumbar regions that can cause progressive spinal cord and cauda equina ..
  100. ncbi Prevalence of incidental intraspinal lipoma of the lumbosacral spine as determined by MRI
    E Brown
    Neuroradiology Section, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:833-6. 1994
    ..CONCLUSIONS. Incidental lipomas of the filum terminale were present in 4% of 100 lumbosacral spine MRI examinations in a random population...
  101. ncbi Cauda equina syndrome secondary to idiopathic spinal epidural lipomatosis
    P Lisai
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Sassari, Italy
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:307-9. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Spinal epidural lipomatosis can be a cause of back pain but rarely radicular impingement. Magnetic resonance imaging is the procedure of choice. The treatment must be performed early by wide surgical decompression...

Research Grants12

  1. Repair of Bladder Function after Cauda Equina Injury
    Leif A Havton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We have developed a clinically relevant model for the study of conus medullaris/ cauda equina injury and repair in the rat...
  2. Dorsal root injury and repair
    Young Jin Son; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our work therefore can be quickly applied to patients with brachial plexus, lumbosacral plexus and cauda equina injuries, which are common and debilitating and have no effective treatment.
  3. Diagnostic Biomarkers for Radicular Pain
    Lewis S Hanna; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Low back pain (LBP) syndromes include spinal degenerative conditions with and without nerve root or cauda equina irritation. These syndromes represent some of the most common reasons for patients to seek medical attention...
  4. Schwann cell repair of cauda equina ventral roots
    SAMUEL JOHN MACKENZIE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The cauda equina is formed from collection of ventral and dorsal nerve roots arising from the caudal end of the spinal cord...
  5. Purinergic control of medullary pain modulation
    Nathan Selden; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. IGF-I/ALS Trial
    Eric Sorenson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The preliminary data from our prior trial allows design of a phase III treatment trial that will yield a definitive result about the treatment effect of IGF-I. ..
  7. Composition/Functional Elasticity of Engineered Tissues
    SEAN KOHLES; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results will be used to predict the time-dependent performance of cell-polymer constructs, and to gain insight into the mechanisms of scaffold degradation and ECM synthesis...
  8. Multiaxial Single-Cell Biomechanics for Mechanotransduction
    SEAN KOHLES; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..contribute to the understanding of pathologic cell states and therapeutic approaches for load-bearing tissues, and guide the design of engineered biomaterials which control cellular function [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. SPINAL MOTOR CONDUCTION AND RECOVERY AFTER HUMAN SCI
    Blair Calancie; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A slow-release formulation the K-channel blocker 4-aminopyridine will be tested for its effects on conduction in some cases. ..
  10. QUANTITATIVE FUNCTION IN MOTOR NEURON DISEASE
    Eric Sorenson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This will become increasingly important as our population ages, increasing demands for medical and social resources. ..
  11. BODY WEIGHT SUPPORTED AMBULATION TRAINING AFTER SCI
    Blair Calancie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. DIRECT NEUROTOXICITY OF LOCAL ANESTHETICS
    Michael Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The Ca2+cyt dependence of each mechanism of mitochondrial injury will be determined by experiments with and without Ca2+cyt clamped at a normal level. ..