mandibular nerve

Summary

Summary: A branch of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The mandibular nerve carries motor fibers to the muscles of mastication and sensory fibers to the teeth and gingivae, the face in the region of the mandible, and parts of the dura.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Lateralization of the inferior alveolar nerve with simultaneous implant placement: a modified technique
    Michael Peleg
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 17:101-6. 2002
  2. ncbi Comparison of the Gow-Gates mandibular block and inferior alveolar nerve block using a standardized protocol
    Pei Chuan Hung
    School of Dentistry, National Taiwan University and National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    J Formos Med Assoc 105:139-46. 2006
  3. ncbi Permanent sensory nerve impairment following third molar surgery: a prospective study
    W Jerjes
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Healthcare Sciences, London, United Kingdom
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 102:e1-7. 2006
  4. ncbi Comparison between digital panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography for the identification of the mandibular canal as part of presurgical dental implant assessment
    Christos Angelopoulos
    Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dental Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 66:2130-5. 2008
  5. ncbi Neurosensory function following mandibular nerve lateralization for placement of implants
    H M Hashemi
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 39:452-6. 2010
  6. ncbi Inferior alveolar nerve canal position: a clinical and radiographic study
    Marci H Levine
    Center for Dentofacial Deformities and Corrective Jaw Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY, and Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 65:470-4. 2007
  7. ncbi Alternative mandibular nerve block techniques: a review of the Gow-Gates and Akinosi-Vazirani closed-mouth mandibular nerve block techniques
    Daniel A Haas
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, 124 Edward St, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1G6, Canada
    J Am Dent Assoc 142:8S-12S. 2011
  8. ncbi Injury to the inferior alveolar nerve during implant placement: a formula for protection of the patient and clinician
    Philip Worthington
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 19:731-4. 2004
  9. ncbi Induction of Fos protein-like immunoreactivity in the trigeminal spinal nucleus caudalis and upper cervical cord following noxious and non-noxious mechanical stimulation of the whisker pad of the rat with an inferior alveolar nerve transection
    Hirofumi Nomura
    Department of Anesthesiology, School of Dentistry, Nihon University, 1 8 13, Kanda Surugadai, Chiyoda ku, 101 8310, Tokyo, Japan
    Pain 95:225-38. 2002
  10. ncbi Mandibular nerve neurosensory impairment after dental implant surgery: management and protocol
    Carl E Misch
    Temple University, PA, USA
    Implant Dent 19:378-86. 2010

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications252 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Lateralization of the inferior alveolar nerve with simultaneous implant placement: a modified technique
    Michael Peleg
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 17:101-6. 2002
    ..This article presents a new technique involving the use of 2 osteotomies, with minimizes particularly the potential duration of sensory disruption and the risk of nerve paresthesia and inadvertent nerve transection or compression...
  2. ncbi Comparison of the Gow-Gates mandibular block and inferior alveolar nerve block using a standardized protocol
    Pei Chuan Hung
    School of Dentistry, National Taiwan University and National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    J Formos Med Assoc 105:139-46. 2006
    ..This study used an objective, standardized and precise protocol to evaluate and compare the effectiveness and success rate of GGMB and IANB...
  3. ncbi Permanent sensory nerve impairment following third molar surgery: a prospective study
    W Jerjes
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Healthcare Sciences, London, United Kingdom
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 102:e1-7. 2006
    ..This prospective study reports the proportion of permanent sensory impairment of the inferior alveolar and lingual nerves and the factors influencing such prevalence after the removal of mandibular third molars under local anesthesia...
  4. ncbi Comparison between digital panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography for the identification of the mandibular canal as part of presurgical dental implant assessment
    Christos Angelopoulos
    Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dental Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 66:2130-5. 2008
    ..The goal of this study was to compare CBCT reformatted panoramic images and digital panoramic images for the identification of the mandibular canal as part of preimplant assessment...
  5. ncbi Neurosensory function following mandibular nerve lateralization for placement of implants
    H M Hashemi
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 39:452-6. 2010
    ..This prospective cohort study investigates the types and duration of neurosensory disturbances (NDs) related to mandibular nerve (MN) lateralization for placement of implants...
  6. ncbi Inferior alveolar nerve canal position: a clinical and radiographic study
    Marci H Levine
    Center for Dentofacial Deformities and Corrective Jaw Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY, and Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 65:470-4. 2007
    ..To document a clinically relevant position of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) in dentate patients and identify patient factors associated with IAN position...
  7. ncbi Alternative mandibular nerve block techniques: a review of the Gow-Gates and Akinosi-Vazirani closed-mouth mandibular nerve block techniques
    Daniel A Haas
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, 124 Edward St, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1G6, Canada
    J Am Dent Assoc 142:8S-12S. 2011
    ..Two techniques, the Gow-Gates mandibular nerve block and the Akinosi-Vazirani closed-mouth mandibular nerve block, are reliable alternatives to the ..
  8. ncbi Injury to the inferior alveolar nerve during implant placement: a formula for protection of the patient and clinician
    Philip Worthington
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 19:731-4. 2004
    ..The causes are discussed, with particular emphasis on intrusion of the drill or implant into the nerve canal. Recommendations are made to help the practitioner avoid this too-common complication...
  9. ncbi Induction of Fos protein-like immunoreactivity in the trigeminal spinal nucleus caudalis and upper cervical cord following noxious and non-noxious mechanical stimulation of the whisker pad of the rat with an inferior alveolar nerve transection
    Hirofumi Nomura
    Department of Anesthesiology, School of Dentistry, Nihon University, 1 8 13, Kanda Surugadai, Chiyoda ku, 101 8310, Tokyo, Japan
    Pain 95:225-38. 2002
    ..These data suggest that the change in the numbers and spatial arrangement of nociceptive neurons in the Vc and C1 after IAN transection reflect the development of mechanical hyperalgesia in the area adjacent to the IAN innervated region...
  10. ncbi Mandibular nerve neurosensory impairment after dental implant surgery: management and protocol
    Carl E Misch
    Temple University, PA, USA
    Implant Dent 19:378-86. 2010
    ..The most common nerve affected is the mandibular nerve, which may be injured during either implant surgery or bone grafting procedures...
  11. ncbi Legal implications of third molar removal
    James R Hupp
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS 39216 4505, USA
    Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am 19:129-36, viii. 2007
    ..The next section discusses means of preventing or mitigating the injuries that can occur during or after impaction surgery. The final sections cover various strategies to consider should a problem occur or legal action seem imminent...
  12. ncbi Morphologic evaluation of the inferior alveolar nerve in patients with sensory disorders by high-resolution 3D volume rendering magnetic resonance neurography on a 3.0-T system
    Makoto Terumitsu
    Center for Integrated Human Brain Science, Division of Dental Anesthesiology, Department of Tissue Regeneration and Reconstruction, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Niigata, Chuoh ku, Niigata, Japan
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 111:95-102. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) morphologically in patients with symptomatic posttraumatic sensory disorders using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on a high-field system...
  13. ncbi Is the mandibular nerve block passé?
    Stanley F Malamed
    Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC, 925 W 34th St, Los Angeles, Calif 90089 0641, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 142:3S-7S. 2011
    ..As a consequence, new approaches and techniques have been developed. The purpose of this supplement to The Journal of the American Dental Association is to determine whether the mandibular nerve block has become passé.
  14. ncbi Periodontal ligament and intraosseous anesthetic injection techniques: alternatives to mandibular nerve blocks
    Paul A Moore
    Department of Dental Anesthesiology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 142:13S-8S. 2011
    ..The authors also present indications for and complications associated with these techniques...
  15. ncbi Use of orthodontic treatment as an aid to third molar extraction: a method for prevention of mandibular nerve injury and improved periodontal status
    A Hirsch
    Department of Periodontics, Hebrew University Hadassah Faculty of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Periodontol 74:887-92. 2003
    ..This report describes a series of cases in which the third molars were orthodontically induced to erupt to prevent the sequelae associated with extraction...
  16. ncbi Relationship between inferior alveolar nerve canal position at mandibular second molar in patients with prognathism and possible occurrence of neurosensory disturbance after sagittal split ramus osteotomy
    Izumi Yoshioka
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kyushu Dental College, Kokurakita ku, Kitakyushu, Japan
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:3022-7. 2010
    ..Also, the present study evaluated the difference in anatomic position of the IAN between patients with and without mandibular prognathism...
  17. ncbi Labiomandibular paresthesia caused by endodontic treatment: an anatomic and clinical study
    Françoise Tilotta-Yasukawa
    Universite Rene Descartes, Laboratoire d Anatomie Fonctionnelle, Montrouge, Paris, France
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 102:e47-59. 2006
    ....
  18. ncbi Involvement of neurotrophin-4/5 in regeneration of the periodontal Ruffini endings at the early stage
    Shahiqul Jabbar
    Division of Oral Anatomy, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan
    J Comp Neurol 501:400-12. 2007
    ..2003] Arch Histol Cytol 66:183-194), these morphological and numerical data suggest that multiple neurotrophins such as NT-4/5 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) play roles in their regeneration in a stage-specific manner...
  19. ncbi Trigeminal ganglion neuronal activity and glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactivity after inferior alveolar nerve crush in the adult rat
    E H Chudler
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 6540, USA
    Pain 73:141-9. 1997
    ..However, the persistence of GFAP-IR 59 days after nerve injury suggests that satellite cell GFAP is involved in the long-term recovery of injured neurons...
  20. ncbi Reproducibility of 3 different tracing methods based on cone beam computed tomography in determining the anatomical position of the mandibular canal
    Niek L Gerlach
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radboud University Nijmegen, Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:811-7. 2010
    ..To investigate the reproducibility of 3 different tracing methods to determine a reliable method to define the proper anatomical position of the mandibular canal based on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data...
  21. ncbi Peripheral mechanisms for the initiation of pain following trigeminal nerve injury
    Peter P Robinson
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, Claremont Crescent, Sheffield S10 2TA United Kingdom
    J Orofac Pain 18:287-92. 2004
    ..These differences will need to be taken into account when developing new therapeutic approaches for the management of injury-induced trigeminal pain...
  22. ncbi Pulpal anaesthesia for mandibular permanent first molar teeth: a double-blind randomized cross-over trial comparing buccal and buccal plus lingual infiltration injections in volunteers
    J G Meechan
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Int Endod J 39:764-9. 2006
    ..To compare the efficacy of buccal and buccal plus lingual infiltration anaesthesia for permanent mandibular first molars...
  23. ncbi Alteration of the second branch of the trigeminal nerve activity following inferior alveolar nerve transection in rats
    Yoshiyuki Tsuboi
    Department of Physiology, School of Dentistry, Nihon University, Kanda Surugadai, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 101 8310, Japan Division of Functional Morphology, Dental Research Center, Nihon University School of Dentistry, Tokyo 101 8310, Japan
    Pain 111:323-34. 2004
    ....
  24. ncbi Relationship between cancellous bone density and mandibular canal depiction
    Munetaka Naitoh
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Aichi Gakuin University, 2 11, Suemori Dori, Chikusa ku, Nagoya 464 8651, Japan
    Implant Dent 18:112-8. 2009
    ..The purpose of the present investigation was to clarify the relationship between the depiction of the mandibular canal in digital panoramic images and cancellous bone density assessed using multislice computed tomographic images...
  25. ncbi Morphological variability of the human inferior alveolar nerve
    S G Wadu
    Department of Dentistry, University of Adelaide, Australia
    Clin Anat 10:82-7. 1997
    ..It further confirmed that the neurovascular bundle reduces in size quite markedly after removal of teeth and that the vascular component cannot be clearly identified...
  26. ncbi Course and composition of the nerves that supply the mandibular teeth of the rat
    J P Naftel
    Department of Anatomy, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi 39216, USA
    Anat Rec 256:433-47. 1999
    ..This detailed information on the courses taken by the dental nerves can provide an anatomical basis for increased precision in characterization and perturbation of neural pathways from the molars and incisor...
  27. ncbi Inferior alveolar nerve block anesthesia via the retromolar triangle, an alternative for patients with blood dyscrasias
    Iván Claudio Suazo Galdames
    Unidad de Anatomía Normal, Universidad de Talca, Chile
    Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 13:E43-7. 2008
    ..One of the most commonly used mandibular anesthesia techniques is the Spix technique, which is very useful in clinical practice, but is risky when the patient is a bearer of blood dyscrasias...
  28. ncbi Successful inferior alveolar nerve decompression for dysesthesia following endodontic treatment: report of 4 cases treated by mandibular sagittal osteotomy
    Paolo Scolozzi
    Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 97:625-31. 2004
    ..All the patients experienced immediate relief of dysesthesia and paresthesia...
  29. pmc Anesthetic efficacy of buccal and lingual infiltrations of lidocaine following an inferior alveolar nerve block in mandibular posterior teeth
    William Foster
    Section of Endodontics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Anesth Prog 54:163-9. 2007
    ..We conclude that adding a buccal or lingual infiltration of 1.8 mL of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine to an IANB did not significantly increase anesthetic success in mandibular posterior teeth...
  30. ncbi Bifid mandibular canal: literature review and case report
    V Claeys
    Department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Jette, Belgium
    Dentomaxillofac Radiol 34:55-8. 2005
    ..The objective is to call attention to and to review the literature of the anatomical variation: bifid mandibular canal...
  31. pmc Gow-Gates technique: a pilot study for extraction procedures with clinical evaluation and review
    Bernhard Rolf Kohler
    Oral Surgery Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry, University Mayor, Santiago, Chile
    Anesth Prog 55:2-8. 2008
    ..The volume of anesthetic solution is indirectly proportional to the onset of complete anesthesia. A premolar-molar extraction can be done, with 3.6 mL of anesthetic solution, in more than 50% of the patients 8 minutes after injection...
  32. ncbi Bifid mandibular canal
    J M Sanchis
    Department of Oral Medicine and Department of Oral Surgery, University of Valencia Medical and Dental School, Valencia, Spain
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 61:422-4. 2003
    ..To determine the incidence and characteristics of bifid mandibular canals...
  33. ncbi The significance of needle bevel orientation in achieving a successful inferior alveolar nerve block
    Geoffrey Steinkruger
    Endodontics, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 137:1685-91. 2006
    ....
  34. ncbi Design and development of a device for facilitation of Gow-Gates mandibular block and evaluation of its efficacy
    Mohammad Zandi
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Fahmideh Street, Hamedan, Iran
    Oral Maxillofac Surg 12:149-53. 2008
    ..The main disadvantage of this technique is that the incidence of unsuccessful anesthesia may be as high as that for the inferior alveolar nerve block until the administrator gains clinical experience with it...
  35. ncbi Modulation of trigeminal spinal subnucleus caudalis neuronal activity following regeneration of transected inferior alveolar nerve in rats
    Kimiko Saito
    Department of Physiology, Nihon University School of Dentistry, 1 8 13 Kandasurugadai, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo, Japan
    J Neurophysiol 99:2251-63. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that these alterations may be involved in the development of mechanical allodynia in the cutaneous region innervated by the regenerated IAN...
  36. ncbi Measurements of mandibular canal region obtained by cone-beam computed tomography: a cadaveric study
    Kivanc Kamburoglu
    Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 107:e34-42. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to assess the accuracy and reproducibility of cone-beam CT measurements of specific distances around the mandibular canal by comparing them to direct digital caliper measurements...
  37. ncbi Anesthetic efficacy of inferior alveolar nerve block plus buccal infiltration or periodontal ligament injections with articaine in patients with irreversible pulpitis in the mandibular first molar
    Song Fan
    Department of Stomatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, China
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 108:e89-93. 2009
    ..We compared the anesthetic efficacy of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) plus buccal infiltration (BI) and IANB plus periodontal ligament (PDL) articaine injections in patients with irreversible pulpitis in the mandibular first molar...
  38. ncbi Anesthetic efficacy of supplemental buccal and lingual infiltrations of articaine and lidocaine after an inferior alveolar nerve block in patients with irreversible pulpitis
    Vivek Aggarwal
    Department of Dental Surgery, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
    J Endod 35:925-9. 2009
    ..The success rate of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) decreases in patients with irreversible pulpitis. It was hypothesized that supplemental infiltration of lidocaine and articaine may improve the success rates...
  39. ncbi Central neuronal changes after nerve injury: neuroplastic influences of injury and aging
    Koichi Iwata
    Department of Physiology, School of Dentistry, Nihon University, Tokyo, Japan
    J Orofac Pain 18:293-8. 2004
    ..These observations suggest that the changes in neuronal activity in the aged rats likely corresponded to the changes observed in the rat model of peripheral nerve injury...
  40. ncbi A novel approach to intraoral mandibular nerve anesthesia: changing reference planes in the Gow-Gates block technique
    Adriana Shinagawa
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 67:2609-16. 2009
    The Gow-Gates technique is said to have several advantages over traditional techniques to achieve mandibular nerve anesthesia; however, its routine use is quite limited, mainly due to complications during visual alignment of reference ..
  41. ncbi Vulnerability of the inferior alveolar nerve and mental nerve during genioplasty: an anatomic study
    Kun Hwang
    Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Inha University, 7 206 Sinheung dong, Jung Gu, Incheon, 400 711, Korea
    J Craniofac Surg 16:10-4; discussion 14. 2005
    ..4 degrees lateral, 67.2 degrees superior, and 80.2 degrees posterior. It is advisable for surgeons to keep the level of sliding osteotomy of the mentum at least 4.5 mm below the mental foramen to spare the IAN...
  42. ncbi Continuous mandibular nerve block for pain relief. A report of two cases
    Baljit Singh
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, India
    Can J Anaesth 49:951-3. 2002
    b>Mandibular nerve block allows surgery to be performed on the mandible. However, pain in the postoperative period needs to be treated with opioids or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents which have undesirable side effects...
  43. ncbi Endodontics-related paresthesia of the mental and inferior alveolar nerves: an updated review
    Zahed Mohammadi
    Hamedan University of Medical Sciences School of Dentistry, Hamedan, Iran
    J Can Dent Assoc 76:a117. 2010
    ..The purpose of this paper is to review paresthesia caused by periapical lesions, local anesthesia, cleaning, shaping and obturation...
  44. ncbi Lesions of the inferior alveolar nerve arising from endodontic treatment
    R Dempf
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University of Hannover, Carl Neuberg Str 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    Aust Endod J 26:67-71. 2000
    ..If the filling material is forced directly within the endoneurium between the nerve bundles, the damaged nerve sections must be resected and bridged using transplants from the sural or greater auricular nerves...
  45. ncbi A comparison of cone-beam computed tomography and direct measurement in the examination of the mandibular canal and adjacent structures
    Thomas S Kim
    Department of Endodontics, Loma Linda University School of Dentistry, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    J Endod 36:1191-4. 2010
    ..Measurements were taken from the apices of all posterior teeth that were superior to the mandibular canal...
  46. ncbi Position of the impacted third molar in relation to the mandibular canal. Diagnostic accuracy of cone beam computed tomography compared with panoramic radiography
    H Ghaeminia
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 38:964-71. 2009
    ..This observation dictates the surgical approach how to remove the third molar, so the IAN will not be subjected to pressure...
  47. ncbi Inferior alveolar nerve damage because of overextended endodontic material: a problem of sealer cement biocompatibility?
    Jaume Escoda-Francoli
    Department of Oral Surgery and Implantology, Barcelona University Dental School, Barcelona, Spain
    J Endod 33:1484-9. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi Mandibular canal variant: a case report
    P Wadhwani
    Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
    J Oral Pathol Med 37:122-4. 2008
    ..Various types of bifid mandibular canals have been classified according to anatomical location and configuration. This case report highlights an unusual variant of the mandibular canal...
  49. pmc Alteration of primary afferent activity following inferior alveolar nerve transection in rats
    Kazuharu Nakagawa
    Department of Dysphagia Rehabilitation, Nihon University School of Dentistry, 1 8 13 Kanda Surugadai, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo, 101 8310, Japan
    Mol Pain 6:9. 2010
    ..In order to evaluate the neural mechanisms underlying the abnormal facial pain that may develop following regeneration of the injured inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), the properties of the IAN innervated in the mental region were analyzed...
  50. ncbi Inferior alveolar nerve paresthesia caused by endodontic pathosis: a case report and review of the literature
    M Giuliani
    Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 92:670-4. 2001
    ..31) may have been the cause. The routine x-rays (intraoral and panorex) and the axial and cross-sectional tomographs of the mandible by means of computed tomography contribute to making this case a good example of nerve injury...
  51. ncbi Age- and gender-related differences in the position of the inferior alveolar nerve by using cone beam computed tomography
    Jay D Simonton
    Department of Endodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229 3900, USA
    J Endod 35:944-9. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate whether differences in patient gender or age are predictive of differences in the relative location of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) compared with the roots of the mandibular first molar...
  52. ncbi Avoiding injury to the inferior alveolar nerve by routine use of intraoperative radiographs during implant placement
    Jeffrey Burstein
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, USC School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, California 90089 0641, USA
    J Oral Implantol 34:34-8. 2008
    ..Using this technique for 21 implants placed in the posterior atrophic mandible, with less than 10 mm of vertical bone to the inferior alveolar nerve canal, the authors observed no incidents of postoperative paresthesia...
  53. ncbi Implant placement above a bifurcated mandibular canal: a case report
    Lawrence J Dario
    Implant Dent 11:258-61. 2002
    ..This may or may not be seen on panoramic or periapical films. A case report is presented that uses complex motion tomography as an aid to proper implant placement above a bifurcated mandibular canal...
  54. ncbi Mastication-induced modulation of the jaw-opening reflex during different periods of mastication in awake rabbits
    Rahman Mostafeezur
    Division of Oral Physiology, Department of Oral Biological Sciences, Niigata University, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 2 5274 Gakkocho dori, Niigata 951 8514, Japan
    Brain Res 1254:28-37. 2009
    ..Sensory inputs from both the chewing and non-chewing sides similarly regulate the activity of the jaw-opening muscles...
  55. ncbi Panoramic radiographic findings as predictors of mandibular nerve exposure following third molar extraction: digital versus conventional radiographic techniques
    Michael James Bundy
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 107:e36-40. 2009
    The aim was to compare digital and conventional panoramic imaging techniques for identifying high-risk radiographic markers associated with mandibular nerve (MN) injury after mandibular third molar (M3) removal.
  56. ncbi Comparison of the anesthetic efficacy of the conventional inferior alveolar, Gow-Gates, and Vazirani-Akinosi techniques
    Steven Goldberg
    Department of Oral Biology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    J Endod 34:1306-11. 2008
    ....
  57. ncbi Alteration of medullary dorsal horn neuronal activity following inferior alveolar nerve transection in rats
    K Iwata
    Department of Oral Physiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Osaka University, Osaka 565 0871, Japan
    J Neurophysiol 86:2868-77. 2001
    ....
  58. ncbi A comparative study of cone-beam computed tomography and conventional panoramic radiography in assessing the topographic relationship between the mandibular canal and impacted third molars
    Weeraya Tantanapornkul
    Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 103:253-9. 2007
    ..To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of cone-beam CT compared with panoramic images in predicting neurovascular bundle exposure during extraction of impacted mandibular third molars...
  59. ncbi Long-term pain control in trigeminal neuralgia with local anesthetics using an indwelling catheter in the mandibular nerve
    Masahiro Umino
    Section of Anesthesiology and Clinical Physiology, Department of Oral Restitution, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
    Clin J Pain 18:196-9. 2002
    ..The authors sought to determine the usefulness of long-term continuous trigeminal nerve block with local anesthetics using an indwelling catheter in a patient with trigeminal neuralgia...
  60. ncbi Articaine for supplemental buccal mandibular infiltration anesthesia in patients with irreversible pulpitis when the inferior alveolar nerve block fails
    Rachel Matthews
    Division of Endodontics, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    J Endod 35:343-6. 2009
    ..Unfortunately, the modest success rate would not provide predictable pulpal anesthesia for all patients requiring profound anesthesia...
  61. ncbi Efficacy of panoramic radiographs in the preoperative planning of posterior mandibular implants: a prospective clinical study of 1527 consecutively treated patients
    Lydia Vazquez
    Department of Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
    Clin Oral Implants Res 19:81-5. 2008
    ..The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of altered mental nerve sensation after implant placement in the posterior segment of the mandible when a panoramic radiograph is the only preoperative imaging technique used...
  62. ncbi Bilateral bifid mandibular canal: report of two cases
    Kasra Karamifar
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
    Indian J Dent Res 20:235-7. 2009
    ..Therefore, awareness of this condition is important. We report two cases of bilateral bifid mandibular canal: one in a 22-year-old male and the other in a 24-year-old female...
  63. ncbi Functional anatomy of the mandibular nerve: consequences of nerve injury and entrapment
    Maria Piagkou
    Department of Anatomy, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
    Clin Anat 24:143-50. 2011
    ..structures including bone, muscle, or fibrous bands may entrap and potentially compress branches of the mandibular nerve (MN)...
  64. ncbi Sensory innervation of mandibular teeth by the nerve to the mylohyoid: implications in local anesthesia
    Pamela Stein
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Chandler Medical Center, Lexington, KY 40536 0298, USA
    Clin Anat 20:591-5. 2007
    ..This review provides a background of anatomical and clinical research of the nerve to the mylohyoid and outlines techniques suggested for providing a neural blockade of the nerve to the mylohyoid...
  65. ncbi Multiple mandibular nerve canals: radiographic observations and clinical relevance. Report of 6 cases
    Ajit Auluck
    Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, India
    Quintessence Int 38:781-7. 2007
    Variation in the normal anatomic pattern of the inferior alveolar nerve canal such as bifid or trifid mandibular nerve canal is one of the reasons for local anesthetic failure in dental practice...
  66. ncbi Mandibular nerve paresthesia caused by endodontic treatment
    M Mercedes Gallas-Torreira
    Facultad de Medicina y Odontologia, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Med Oral 8:299-303. 2003
    ..The etiology and the treatment of this endodontic complication are described...
  67. ncbi Changes in sodium channel expression following trigeminal nerve injury
    Shelley L Davies
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Clinical Dentistry, The University of Sheffield, Claremont Crescent, Sheffield, S10 2TA, UK
    Exp Neurol 202:207-16. 2006
    ..As they occur at a time of known high abnormal neural discharge, it seems likely that changes in sodium channel expression may play a role in nerve injury-induced trigeminal pain...
  68. ncbi Incidence of cervical branch injury with "marginal mandibular nerve pseudo-paralysis" in patients undergoing face lift
    Stephen P Daane
    Department of Plastic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 94115
    Plast Reconstr Surg 111:2414-8. 2003
    ..In the senior author's practice, "pseudoparalysis of the marginal mandibular nerve" due to cervical branch injury occurred in 34 of 2002 superficial musculoaponeurotic system-platysma face ..
  69. ncbi The wand versus traditional injection for mandibular nerve block in children and adolescents: perceived pain and time of onset
    A M Palm
    Municipal Dental Service for Children and Adolescents, Frederikssund, Denmark
    Pediatr Dent 26:481-4. 2004
    ....
  70. ncbi Mechanosensory and thermosensory changes across the border of impaired sensitivity to pinprick after mandibular nerve injury
    Greg K Essick
    Dental Research Center, Department of Prosthodontics, and Curriculum in Neurobiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7455, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 60:1250-66. 2002
    The study goal was to determine how sensory function varies across the border of impaired sensitivity to pinprick in patients with mandibular nerve injuries.
  71. ncbi Upper lip blanching and diplopia associated with local anaesthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve
    J K Scott
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Salisbury District Hospital, UK
    Br Dent J 202:32-3. 2007
    ..The anatomy related to this case is considered together with suggestions for management of such patients...
  72. ncbi A randomised controlled clinical trial to compare the incidence of injury to the inferior alveolar nerve as a result of coronectomy and removal of mandibular third molars
    T Renton
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Institute, Bart s and the London Hospital, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, Ground Floor, Turner Street, London E1 2AD, UK
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 43:7-12. 2005
    ..However, it seems that coronectomy reduces the incidence of injury to the inferior alveolar nerve without increasing the risk of dry socket or infection...
  73. ncbi Nerve injury caused by mandibular block analgesia
    S Hillerup
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 35:437-43. 2006
    ..Fifty-four percent of the nerve injuries were associated with Articaine 4%, and a substantial increase in the number of injection injuries followed its introduction to the Danish market...
  74. ncbi On neurosensory disturbance after sagittal split osteotomy
    Awwad Al-Bishri
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital MAS and Faculty of Dentistry, Malmo University, Sweden
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 62:1472-6. 2004
    ..The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the incidence of the neurosensory disturbance (NSD) after sagittal split osteotomy and evaluate NSD in relation to patient age, gender, satisfaction, and effect of steroids...
  75. pmc Anesthetic efficacy of different ropivacaine concentrations for inferior alveolar nerve block
    Eman El-Sharrawy
    Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University, Cairo, Egypt
    Anesth Prog 53:3-7. 2006
    ..0 +/- 0.4 hours and 5.6 +/- 0.4 hours. These results indicate that 0.5% and 0.75% concentrations were effective for intraoral nerve blockade, with both a rapid onset and prolonged duration of pain control...
  76. ncbi Re: Renton T, Hankins M, Sproate C, McGurk M. A randomised controlled clinical trial to compare the incidence of injury to the inferior alveolar nerve as a result of coronectomy and removal of mandibular third molars. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2005;43(4):
    Marcel F Meek
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 44:75-6; author reply 76-7. 2006
  77. ncbi Evaluation of mandibular block using a standardized method
    Tzu Ni Lai
    Division of Endodontics, Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 102:462-8. 2006
    ..This study suggests that the use of a standardized method might produce a clearer and more comprehensive evaluation of the efficiency and manifestations of MB...
  78. ncbi A new evaluation method for neurosensory disturbance in the chin of patients undergoing mandibular sagittal split ramus osteotomy: an application of the heat flux technique
    Yuhji Kabasawa
    Department of Oral Restitution, Division of Oral Health Sciences, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 102:719-24. 2006
    ..To examine neurosensory changes in the chin following bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) using the heat flux technique...
  79. ncbi Ultrasonic surgery--an alternative way in orthognathic surgery of the mandible. A pilot study
    R M Gruber
    Georgia Augusta University, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Robert Koch Strasse 40, 37099 Goettingen, Germany
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 34:590-3. 2005
    ..1% 7 months after BSSRO. Within the seven patients of this pilot study associated neurosensory disturbances were low. A possible advantage in terms of nerve protection is subject to a prospective study...
  80. pmc Outpatient anesthesia for oral surgery in a juvenile with Leigh disease
    Zachary Ellis
    University of Texas Dental School, Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas, USA
    Anesth Prog 52:70-3. 2005
    ..Adverse effects of anesthesia may quickly lead into metabolic acidosis. Anesthetics should be carefully chosen that do not interfere with mitochondrial respiration, which can lead to lactic acidosis...
  81. ncbi The mandibular lingula's position in children as a reference to inferior alveolar nerve block
    Claudia Misue Kanno
    University of the State of Sao Paulo, Julio de Mesquita Filho UNESP, School of Dentistry of Aracatuba, Brazil
    J Dent Child (Chic) 72:56-60. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the position of the mandibular lingula (ML) to provide data for inferior alveolar nerve block techniques in children...
  82. ncbi Is coronectomy really preferable to extraction?
    Abel Garcia-Garcia
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 44:75; author reply 76. 2006
  83. ncbi Nerve injuries after dental injection: a review of the literature
    Miller H Smith
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    J Can Dent Assoc 72:559-64. 2006
    ..This type of injury carries with it many functional and psychological implications, and referral to both dental and medical specialists may be necessary for continued follow-up and possible treatment...
  84. ncbi The mental foramen and nerve: clinical and anatomical factors related to dental implant placement: a literature review
    Gary Greenstein
    Department of Periodontology and Implant Dentistry, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, NY, USA
    J Periodontol 77:1933-43. 2006
    ..Its location and the possibility that an anterior loop of the mental nerve may be present mesial to the mental foramen needs to be considered before implant surgery to avoid mental nerve injury...
  85. ncbi Characterization of different paresthesias following orthognathic surgery of the mandible
    Kenji Seo
    Division of Dental Anesthesiology, Department of Tissue Regeneration and Reconstruction, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Japan
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 63:298-303. 2005
    ..However, the neural mechanisms of the 2 recognized types, spontaneous and elicited, are currently unknown. This study aimed to investigate these 2 paresthesias and the possible mechanisms accompanying orthognathic surgery...
  86. ncbi Observations on the exploration and external neurolysis of injured inferior alveolar nerves
    M Greenwood
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dental Sciences, University of Newcastle, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4BW, UK
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 34:252-6. 2005
    ..No patient had a worsening of symptoms. The results demonstrate that external neurolysis can be a useful step during surgical exploration in carefully selected patients...
  87. ncbi Neurosensory disturbance after sagittal split and intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy: as reported in questionnaires and patients' records
    A Al-Bishri
    Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital MAS, Malmo, Sweden
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 34:247-51. 2005
    ..Long lasting NSD was underestimated by the surgeon as compared to the patient's subjective symptom. Long lasting NSD was reported in 7.5% (questionnaire), 3.8% (record) after IVRO and in 11.6% (questionnaire) and 8.1% (record) after SSO...
  88. ncbi Incidence and evolution of inferior alveolar nerve lesions following lower third molar extraction
    Elena Queral-Godoy
    School of Dentistry of the University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 99:259-64. 2005
    ..To calculate the incidence of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) damage due to lower third molar extraction and to describe the evolution of IAN sensitivity and the prognosis of IAN damage based on preoperative data...
  89. ncbi Failure to obtain adequate anaesthesia associated with a bifid mandibular canal: a case report
    K Lew
    Dental School, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Adelaide, South Australia
    Aust Dent J 51:86-90. 2006
    ..Previous studies of bifid mandibular canals are reviewed and suggestions provided that should enable clinicians to differentially diagnose, and then manage, cases where IAN blocks result in inadequate mandibular anaesthesia...
  90. ncbi Bupivacaine as pre-emptive analgesia in third molar surgery: Randomised controlled trial
    M Sharif Nayyar
    National Maxillofacial Unit, Registrar Maxillofacial Unit, St James Hospital, Dublin 8, Republic of Ireland
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 44:501-3. 2006
    ..A visual analogue scale was used to measure the extent of postoperative pain. There was a significant reduction (p = 0.05) in postoperative pain on the injected side at 6, 12, and 72 h and an overall reduction in pain up to 7 days...
  91. ncbi Coronectomy: a technique to protect the inferior alveolar nerve
    M Anthony Pogrel
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0440, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 62:1447-52. 2004
    ..The technique of coronectomy, or intentional root retention, may minimize this problem...
  92. ncbi Neurosensory deficits after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy of the mandible--influence of soft tissue handling medial to the ascending ramus
    K Panula
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vaasa Central Hospital, Vaasa, Finland
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 33:543-8. 2004
    ..Therefore, minimal distraction of the soft tissues in the ramus is indicated. Higher age is an evident risk factor, and subjective sensation correlates with 2-PD in the lower lip...
  93. ncbi Re: prolonged paraesthesia following inferior alveolar nerve block using articaine
    S P Van Eeden
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 40:519-20. 2002
  94. ncbi Supplementary routes to local anaesthesia
    J G Meechan
    The Dental School, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Int Endod J 35:885-96. 2002
    ..The advent of new instrumentation, which permits the slow delivery of local anaesthetic solution has led to the development of novel methods of anaesthesia in dentistry. These new approaches are discussed...
  95. ncbi Modification of the Hunsuck sagittal split osteotomy using a nerve hook. Technical note
    Graham I Smith
    Maxillofacial Unit, Poole Hospital, Poole, Dorset, UK
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 30:292-4. 2002
    ..The simple technique assists with the location of the lingula, protects the inferior alveolar nerve as it enters the mandibular foramen, and enables a bone cut to be placed into the mandibular foramen itself...
  96. ncbi A simple technique to avoid the mandibular nerve in intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy
    Kazuhiro Tominaga
    First Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kyushu Dental College, Kitakyushu, Japan
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 60:1089-91. 2002
  97. doi Orthodontic extraction: the riskless extraction of the impacted lower third molars close to the mandibular canal
    P N Ramaraj
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 66:1317; author reply 1317. 2008
  98. ncbi Links between anaesthetic modality and nerve damage during lower third molar surgery
    K Rehman
    University of Birmingham
    Br Dent J 193:43-5. 2002
    ..To investigate the relationships between eruption status, gender, social class, grade of operator, anaesthetic modality and nerve damage during third molar surgery...
  99. ncbi Age as a factor in the complication rate after removal of unerupted/impacted third molars at the time of mandibular sagittal split osteotomy
    Johan P Reyneke
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Division of Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 60:654-9. 2002
    ..This study was designed to investigate the effect that the presence of an unerupted third molar has on the mandibular sagittal split osteotomy (SSO)...
  100. ncbi Risk factors of nerve injury during mandibular sagittal split osteotomy
    T Teerijoki-Oksa
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Turku University Central Hospital, Finland
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 31:33-9. 2002
    ..52, P = 0.02) may increase the risk of IAN injury. There was no correlation between the age of the patients and the electrophysiological grade of nerve damage...
  101. ncbi Risk management when operating in the posterior mandible
    Edwin L C Scher
    Department of Prosthodontics, Temple University School of Dentistry, Philadelphia, USA
    Implant Dent 11:67-72. 2002
    ..These procedures consider the incision, the type of anesthetic, x-rays as you proceed, the type of implant, and use of anti-inflammatories...

Research Grants13

  1. Microbiology/Immunology of Periodontal Disease in T1DM
    Paul Moore; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..An integrated multidisciplinary effort provides significant data collection capabilities essential for understanding the complex multifactorial etiology of periodontal disease in Type 1 diabetes. ..
  2. ORAL HEALTH OF OLDER TYPE 1 DIABETIC PATIENTS
    Paul Moore; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This overall plan will permit us to understand the etiology of these complications and to define specific subpopulations and risk factors appropriate for future prospective oral health prevention and intervention trials. ..
  3. Sensory Re-training following Orthognathic Surgery
    Ceib Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our primary focus will be on the patient's perception of the negative impact of altered sensation on daily life. ..
  4. Minimally Invasive Approaches for Craniofacial Surgery
    Maria Troulis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. DISTRIBUTION AND ULTRASTRUCTURE OF DENTAL INNERVATION
    MARGARET BYERS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Our goal is to understand neuroinflammatory interactions in inflamed teeth in order to develop better treatments for dental pain. ..
  6. INTERNET NEUROSCIENCE RESOURCE - PHASE II
    Eric Chudler; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..An Internet version of the Neuroscience Resource will continue to be available. An on-line survey and analysis of daily use log files will determine how the Internet Neuroscience Resource is utilized. ..
  7. Biomimetics for Dentin Regeneration
    R Rutherford; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If successful these experiments could lead to efficacy tests in non-human primate models of reparative dentinogenesis (Phase II), human clinical trials and commercialization. ..
  8. ORAL TISSUE ENGINEERING
    R Rutherford; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  9. NERVE-MUSCLE INTERACTIONS DURING JAW MUSCLE DEVELOPMENT
    CHARLES WIDMER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These two hypotheses will be tested in three specific aims that include in vivo and in vitro investigations. ..
  10. Basal ganglia modulation of trigeminal intralaminar nuclei thalamic activity
    Eric Chudler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will help explain the complex sensory symptoms exhibited by patients with PD and may suggest new treatment strategies to alleviate such pain. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. MECHANISMS AND SITES OF VENTILATORY NEUROGENESIS
    WALTER ST JOHN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Such information might provide insights into dysfunctions of the control of ventilation in humans, such as in "sleep apnea" or the "sudden infant death syndrome." [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  12. PATIENT ORIENTED RESEARCH--ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGER
    THOMAS DODSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This award leverages the PI's skills and talents by providing protected time to mentor additional trainees and to conduct high quality patient-oriented research. ..