Genomes and Genes
Summary: Twelve pairs of nerves that carry general afferent, visceral afferent, special afferent, somatic efferent, and autonomic efferent fibers.
Publications235 found, 100 shown here
- Imaging of the lower cranial nervesFred J Laine
Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am 10:433-49. 2002Knowledge of the nuclear origins and the normal course of the cranial nerves, and their functional components, is important in any evaluation of cranial neuropathy...
- Anatomical details of the brainstem and cranial nerves visualized by high resolution readout-segmented multi-shot echo-planar diffusion-weighted images using unidirectional MPG at 3TShinji Naganawa
Department of Radiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan
Magn Reson Med Sci 10:269-75. 2011..was significantly better than DWI by single-shot EPI for visualizing the medial longitudinal fasciculus, lateral lemniscus, corticospinal tract, and seventh/eighth cranial nerves and offered significantly less distortion of the brainstem.
- Developmental defects of the ear, cranial nerves and hindbrain resulting from targeted disruption of the mouse homeobox gene Hox-1.6O Chisaka
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Human Genetics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City 84112
Nature 355:516-20. 1992..in the formation of the external, middle and inner ears as well as in specific hindbrain nuclei, and in cranial nerves and ganglia...
- A clinical study of the involvement of cranial nerves in leprosyD V Gopinath
Department of Dermatology and STD, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry 605 006, India
Indian J Lepr 76:1-9. 2004A clinical descriptive study was conducted to assess the frequency and pattern of involvement of cranial nerves in leprosy and to study the relationship of cranial nerve involvement with a leprosy patch or patches on facial skin...
- Patterning and axon guidance of cranial motor neuronsSarah Guthrie
MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, King s College, Guy s Campus, London, SE1 1UL, UK
Nat Rev Neurosci 8:859-71. 2007..The recent identification of genes that are mutated in human cranial dysinnervation disorders is now shedding light on the functional consequences of perturbations of cranial motor neuron development...
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation of motor pathways directed to muscles supplied by cranial nerves in amyotrophic lateral sclerosisMaria Teresa Desiato
Clinica Neurologica, Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Universita Tor Vergata, Ospedale S Eugenio, Piazzale Umanesimo, 10, 00144 Rome, Italy
Clin Neurophysiol 113:132-40. 2002....
- Twist is required for patterning the cranial nerves and maintaining the viability of mesodermal cellsMasato S Ota
Embryology Unit, Children s Medical Research Institute, Westmead, NSW Australia
Dev Dyn 230:216-28. 2004....
- Three-dimensional in vivo modeling of vestibular schwannomas and surrounding cranial nerves with diffusion imaging tractographyDavid Qixiang Chen
Division of Neurosurgery, Toronto Western Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Neurosurgery 68:1077-83. 2011Preservation of cranial nerves (CNs) is of paramount concern in the treatment of vestibular schwannomas, particularly in large tumors with thinned and distorted CN fibers...
- Disruption of Krox-20 results in alteration of rhombomeres 3 and 5 in the developing hindbrainS Schneider-Maunoury
Unité 368 de l Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Biologie Moléculaire du Développement, Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris, France
Cell 75:1199-214. 1993..Anatomical analysis of the hindbrain and of the cranial nerves during embryogenesis, combined with the determination of the expression patterns of rhombomere-specific genes, ..
- Driven equilibrium (drive) MR imaging of the cranial nerves V-VIII: comparison with the T2-weighted 3D TSE sequenceE Ciftci
School of Radiology, University of Kocaeli, Derince, 41100, Turkey
Eur J Radiol 51:234-40. 2004..The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the driven equilibrium radio frequency reset pulse (DRIVE) on image quality and nerve detection when used in adjunction with T2-weighted 3D turbo spin-echo (TSE) sequence...
- Intraoperative monitoring of lower cranial nerves in skull base surgery: technical report and review of 123 monitored casesCahide Topsakal
Firat University School of Medicine, Elazig, Turkey
Neurosurg Rev 31:45-53. 2008..Injury to the lower cranial nerves (LCN; CN 9-12) profoundly affects a patient's quality of life...
- A clear map of the lower cranial nerves at the superior carotid triangleDaniel D Cavalcanti
Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph s Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
World Neurosurg 74:188-94. 2010The lower cranial nerves must be identified to avoid iatrogenic injury during skull base and high cervical approaches. Prompt recognition of these structures using basic landmarks could reduce surgical time and morbidity.
- US Food and Drug Administration/Conformit Europe-approved absorbable nerve conduits for clinical repair of peripheral and cranial nervesM F Meek
Pulvertaft Hand Centre, Derby, United Kingdom
Ann Plast Surg 60:110-6. 2008..by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Conformit Europe (CE) for clinical repair of peripheral and cranial nerves. Surgeons are often not aware of the different (bio)materials of these conduits when performing nerve repair...
- Diffusion tensor imaging detects axonal injury and demyelination in the spinal cord and cranial nerves of a murine model of globoid cell leukodystrophyA Alex Hofling
Department of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
NMR Biomed 22:1100-6. 2009..This first reported application of spinal cord DTI in the setting of GLD holds potential as a noninvasive, quantitative assay of therapeutic efficacy in future treatment studies...
- Peripheral development of cranial nerves in a cyclostome, Lampetra japonica: morphological distribution of nerve branches and the vertebrate body planS Kuratani
Department of Morphogenesis, Institute of Molecular Embryology and Genetics IMEG, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Japan
J Comp Neurol 384:483-500. 1997..This results in a deep position of the cranial nerves, which is not observed in gnathostomes.
- Loss of the Sall3 gene leads to palate deficiency, abnormalities in cranial nerves, and perinatal lethalityM Parrish
Department of Neurobiology, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA
Mol Cell Biol 24:7102-12. 2004..5. In E10.5 embryos, deficiencies in cranial nerves that normally innervate oral structures, particularly the glossopharyngeal nerve (IX), were observed...
- Diffusional anisotropy in cranial nerves with maturation: quantitative evaluation with diffusion MR imaging in ratsM Takahashi
Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia 19104, USA
Radiology 216:881-5. 2000....
- Key roles of retinoic acid receptors alpha and beta in the patterning of the caudal hindbrain, pharyngeal arches and otocyst in the mouseV Dupé
Institut de Genetique et de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire IGBMC, CNRS INSERM ULP College de France, B P 163, CU de Strasbourg, France
Development 126:5051-9. 1999..Int. J. Dev. Biol. 41, 425-447). In a search for neural crest defects, we have analysed the rhombomeres, cranial nerves and pharyngeal arches of these double null mutants at early embryonic stages...
- The regional pattern of retinoic acid synthesis by RALDH2 is essential for the development of posterior pharyngeal arches and the enteric nervous systemKaren Niederreither
Institut de Genetique et de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS INSERM ULP College de France, BP 10142, 67404 Illkirch Cedex, CU de Strasbourg, France
Development 130:2525-34. 2003..Patterning and axonal outgrowth of the posterior (9th-12th) cranial nerves is also altered...
- Hes1 and Hes5 regulate the development of the cranial and spinal nerve systemsJun Hatakeyama
Institute for Virus Research, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Dev Neurosci 28:92-101. 2006..These results indicate that Hes1 and Hes5 play an important role in the formation of the cranial and spinal nerve systems...
- Imaging the cranial nerves: part II: primary and secondary neoplastic conditions and neurovascular conflictsAlexandra Borges
Radiology Department, Instituto Portugues de Oncologia Francisco Gentil Centro de Lisboa, Rua Professor Lima Basto, 1093 Lisboa Codex, Portugal
Eur Radiol 17:2332-44. 2007..to provide high quality multiplanar and curved reconstructions that can follow the often complex course of cranial nerves. Seeking the cause of a cranial nerve deficit is a common indication for imaging, and it is not uncommon that ..
- Cornichon-like protein facilitates secretion of HB-EGF and regulates proper development of cranial nervesHideharu Hoshino
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 8502, Japan
Mol Biol Cell 18:1143-52. 2007..This phenotype closely resembled that of ErbB4 knockout mouse embryos. Because HB-EGF was uniformly expressed in the embryonic hindbrain, CNIL seems to confine the site of HB-EGF action to r3 and r5 in concert with ErbB4...
- Morphological abnormalities of embryonic cranial nerves after in utero exposure to valproic acid: implications for the pathogenesis of autism with multiple developmental anomaliesYasura Tashiro
Department of Anatomy II, Graduate School of Medicine, Mie University, 2 174 Edobashi, Tsu City, Mie, Japan
Int J Dev Neurosci 29:359-64. 2011..In the present study, to investigate the development of peripheral cranial nerves for use in an animal model of autism, rat embryos were treated with valproic acid (VPA) in utero and their ..
- Motor responses of muscles supplied by cranial nerves to subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimuliJoao Costa
Department of Neurology, Santa Maria University Hospital, Institute of Molecular Medicine, Lisbon Faculty of Medicine Lisbon, Portugal
Brain 130:245-55. 2007..These findings are relevant in the discussion of the innervation of upper and lower facial muscles in humans and in the interpretation of previous results obtained with transcranial cortical stimulation...
- FoxN3 is required for craniofacial and eye development of Xenopus laevisMaximilian Schuff
Abteilung Biochemie, Universitat Ulm, Ulm, Germany
Dev Dyn 236:226-39. 2007..in Xenopus laevis, leads to an abnormal formation of the jaw cartilage, absence or malformation of distinct cranial nerves, and reduced size of the eye...
- Localized transcranial electrical motor evoked potentials for monitoring cranial nerves in cranial base surgeryRyojo Akagami
Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Neurosurgery 57:78-85; discussion 78-85. 2005..To describe a novel monitoring technique that allows "functional" assessment of cranial nerve continuity during cranial base surgery...
- Assessing risk factors for postoperative nausea and vomiting: a retrospective study in patients undergoing retromastoid craniectomy with microvascular decompression of cranial nervesLi Meng
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 18:235-9. 2006We have observed that patients, after retromastoid craniectomy (RMC) with microvascular decompression (MVD) of cranial nerves, frequently experienced postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV)...
- Continuous electromyography monitoring of motor cranial nerves during cerebellopontine angle surgeryJ Romstock
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Germany
J Neurosurg 93:586-93. 2000..The aim of this study was to provide a detailed analysis of intraoperative EMG phenomena with respect to their surgical significance...
- Relationship between the number of involved cranial nerves and the percentage of lesions located in the cavernous sinusChou Ching K Lin
Neurology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, 138 Sheng Li Road, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC
Eur Neurol 49:98-102. 2003The main objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between the number of cranial nerves passing through the cavernous sinus affected by a lesion and the percentage of lesions located in the cavernous sinus itself...
- Involvement of the cranial nerves and their nuclei in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2)K Gierga
Institute of Clinical Neuroanatomy, J W Goethe University, Theodor Stern Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt Main, Germany
Acta Neuropathol 109:617-31. 2005Although the cranial nerves, their nuclei and related fiber tracts are crucial for a variety of oculomotor, somatomotor, somatosensory, auditory, vestibular-related, autonomic and ingestion-related functions, knowledge regarding the ..
- Magnetic resonance imaging of the cranial nerves in the posterior fossa: a comparative study of t2-weighted spin-echo sequences at 1.5 and 3.0 teslaF Fischbach
Department of Radiology, Otto von Guericke University, Medical School, Magdeburg, Germany
Acta Radiol 49:358-63. 2008..0 Tesla (T) is rapidly gaining clinical acceptance. Whether doubling of the field strength of 1.5T and the subsequent increase in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) leads to a significant improvement of image quality is not automatically given...
- Dose-response tolerance of the visual pathways and cranial nerves of the cavernous sinus to stereotactic radiosurgeryK A Leber
Department of Neurosurgery, Karl Franzens University, School of Medicine, Graz, Austria
J Neurosurg 88:43-50. 1998..As the number of patients treated with stereotactic radiosurgery increases, it becomes particularly important to define with precision adverse effects on distinct structures of the nervous system...
- Magnetic resonance imaging of the extraocular muscles and corresponding cranial nerves in patients with special forms of strabismusYong hong Jiao
Beijing Tongren Eye Centre, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Laboratory, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China
Chin Med J (Engl) 122:2998-3002. 2009..This study was designed to delineate the MRI characteristics in patients with special forms of strabismus...
- US Food and Drug Administration /Conformit Europe- approved absorbable nerve conduits for clinical repair of peripheral and cranial nervesM F Meek
Pulvertaft Hand Center, Derby, United Kingdom
Ann Plast Surg 60:466-72. 2008..by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Conformit Europe (CE) for clinical repair of peripheral and cranial nerves . Surgeons are often not aware of the different(bio) materials of these conduits when performing nerve repair...
- [Leptomeningitis carcinomatosa with progressive involvement of the cranial nerves--report of two cases]Marek Babiuch
II Kliniki Neurologii Instytutu Psychiatrii i Neurologii w Warszawie
Neurol Neurochir Pol 36:581-6. 2002This paper reports two cases of leptomeningitis carcinomatosa with progressive cranial nerves injury as the first clinical sign of disseminated disease. Neurological state, diagnostic procedure and treatment are described.
- Hoxa1 and Hoxb1 synergize in patterning the hindbrain, cranial nerves and second pharyngeal archA Gavalas
Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire and Cellulaire, CNRS INSERM ULP, College de France, BP 163 67404 Illkirch Cedex, CU de Strasbourg, France
Development 125:1123-36. 1998..labelling of motor neurons indicated that Hoxa1 and Hoxb1 synergise in patterning the VIIth through XIth cranial nerves. The second arch expression of neural crest cell markers was abolished or dramatically reduced, suggesting a ..
- The facial nerve in medial acoustic neuromasChristian Strauss
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany
J Neurosurg 97:1083-90. 2002....
- Functional localization of brainstem and cervical spinal cord nuclei in humans with fMRIBarry R Komisaruk
Department of Psychology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark 07102, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 23:609-17. 2002..Our purpose was to use 1.5-T functional MR imaging (fMRI) to visualize the location of cranial nerve (CN) nuclei and other pontine, bulbar, and cervical spinal cord nuclei by using specific sensory stimulation or motor performance...
- Imaging of the upper cranial nerves I, III-VIII, and the cavernous sinusesMauricio Castillo
Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, 3326 Old Infirmary Building, CB 7510, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7510, USA
Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am 10:415-31, v. 2002This article discusses the upper cranial nerves (I, III-VIII) and their anatomy as it pertains to intra-axial nuclei and tracts, cisternal portions, and extracranial portions...
- Bilateral involvement of a single cranial nerve: analysis of 578 casesJames R Keane
Department of Neurology, University of Southern California Medical School, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Neurology 65:950-2. 2005..inpatients in a large municipal hospital to analyze the seats and causes of involvement of single pairs of cranial nerves. Among 578 cases, the sixth (n = 234) and second (211) nerves predominated, followed by the fourth (48), ..
- Treatment of a partially thrombosed giant aneurysm of the vertebral artery by aneurysm trapping and direct vertebral artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery end-to-end anastomosis: technical case reportLudwig Benes
Department of Neurosurgery, Philipps University Medical Center, Marburg, Germany
Neurosurgery 59:ONSE166-7; discussion ONSE166-7. 2006....
- Prevalence and distribution of HSV-1, VZV, and HHV-6 in human cranial nerve nuclei III, IV, VI, VII, and XIIDiethilde Theil
Department of Neurology, Klinikum Grosshadern, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
J Med Virol 74:102-6. 2004..The absence of LAT in the samples positive for HSV-1 and the distribution of HSV-1 and HHV-6 do not support the hypothesis that idiopathic cranial nerve palsies result from viral reactivation in the brainstem nuclei...
- Combined subtemporal and retrosigmoid keyhole approach for extensive petroclival meningioma surgery: report of experience with 7 casesW Zhu
Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai Neurosurgical Center, Shanghai, P R China
Minim Invasive Neurosurg 50:106-10. 2007..Our experience of 7 cases using a combined subtemporal and retrosigmoid keyhole approach surgery was evaluated for the treatment of extensive petroclival meningiomas...
- Brainstem dysgenesis: report of five patients with congenital hypotonia, multiple cranial nerve involvement, and ocular motor apraxiaManuel Roig
Secció de Neurologia Infantil, Hospital Universitari Vail d Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
Dev Med Child Neurol 45:489-93. 2003..Intelligence or developmental quotients are within the normal range for their age. Facial hypomimia, feeding, and speech articulatory performance difficulties are the main disabilities observed in these patients at follow-up...
- The cranial nerve exam. Its importance and how to complete it in 3 minutesDavid Miller
Las Vegas Instititute for Advanced Dental Studies, USA
Funct Orthod 24:14-9. 2007
- Hypertrophic cranial nerve roots in CIDPH Inoue
Neurology 63:1481. 2004
- [The sphenoid bone: anatomy]J W Casselman
A Z St Jan Brugge A V, Bruges, Belgique
J Neuroradiol 30:201-10. 2003..The osseous anatomy can be studied using CT. On the other hand, MR is mandatory for visualization of the vascular and nervous structures in and around the sphenoid bone...
- A dynamic regulation of GDNF-family receptors correlates with a specific trophic dependency of cranial motor neuron subpopulations during developmentA Mikaels
Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology, MBB, Karolinska Institute, S171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
Eur J Neurosci 12:446-56. 2000..Our results indicate that specific GDNF family ligands support selective muscle-motor neuron circuits during development...
- Time-specific effects of ethanol exposure on cranial nerve nuclei: gastrulation and neuronogenesisSandra M Mooney
Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
Exp Neurol 205:56-63. 2007..Thus, prenatal exposure to ethanol affects the number of neurons in brainstem nuclei in a time-dependent manner. Windows of vulnerability coincide with gastrulation (G7/G8) and the period of neuronal generation (G12/G13)...
- Preservation of cranial nerve function following Gamma Knife radiosurgery for benign skull base meningiomas: experience in 121 patients with follow-up of 5 to 9.8 yearsS Eustacchio
Department of Neurosurgery, Karl Franzens University, Graz, Austria
Acta Neurochir Suppl 84:71-6. 2002..In this study we evaluated the effect of Gamma Knife Radiosurgery (GKRS) in 121 patients with benign basal meningiomas after a follow-up of 5 to 9.8 years...
- Thickening and enhancement of multiple cranial nerves in conjunction with cystic white matter lesions in early infantile Krabbe diseaseLauren A Beslow
Division of Neurology, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th St and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
Pediatr Radiol 38:694-6. 2008..In addition, the combination of both enlargement and enhancement of multiple cranial nerves in conjunction with unusual cystic lesions adjacent to the frontal horns of the lateral ventricles was ..
- Spinal and cranial hypertrophic neuropathy in multiple sclerosisDianna Quan
Department of Neurology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Box F727, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
Muscle Nerve 31:772-9. 2005..These cases suggest that the mechanism of disease in symptomatic central and peripheral demyelination may differ from that of disease in only one region, and that optimal therapy in this situation must be explored further...
- Perineural spread in a case of sinonasal sarcoidosis: case reportS Mazziotti
Institute of Radiological Sciences, University of Messina, Policlinico Universitario G. Martino, Via Consolare Valeria Gazzi, 98100 Messina, Italy
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22:1207-8. 2001..We report a case of sinonasal sarcoidosis with perineural spread along the trigeminal and vidian nerves in which primarily MR imaging but also CT allowed excellent visualization of this infiltration...
- [Neurosyphilis revealed by a multiple cranial neuropathy: magnetic resonance imaging findings]L Hadrane
Service de Neurologie, Clinique Sainte Elisabeth, 206, avenue de Fré, 1180 Bruxelles, Belgium
Rev Neurol (Paris) 164:253-7. 2008We report the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in a case of neurosyphilis revealed by the involvement of two cranial nerves.
- Magnetic resonance imaging findings in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy with intracranial findings and enhancing, thickened cranial and spinal nervesH A Kale
Department of Radiology, Jackson Memorial Hospital, University of Miami, Miami, Florida 33136, USA
Australas Radiol 51:B21-4. 2007..Magnetic resonance imaging showed presence of an intracranial white matter lesion and enhancing, thickened cranial and spinal nerves. This disorder has been described very infrequently in the radiology literature...
- [Pachymeningitis as a first manifestation of an overlap vasculitic syndrome]Carmen Tur
Med Clin (Barc) 125:479. 2005
- Multiple cranial neuropathy and HIV-2S Calado
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 75:660-1. 2004
- Imaging of the glossopharyngeal, vagus, and accessory nervesTheodore C Larson
Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232 2675, USA
Semin Ultrasound CT MR 23:238-55. 2002The origination and course of the glossopharyngeal, vagus and accessory cranial nerves explains their function and localizes pathology...
- Imaging the cranial nerves: Part I: methodology, infectious and inflammatory, traumatic and congenital lesionsAlexandra Borges
Department of Radiology, Instituto Portugues de Oncologia Francisco Gentil Centro de Lisboa, Rua Professor Lima Basto, 1093 Lisboa Codex, Portugal
Eur Radiol 17:2112-25. 2007..in the depiction of normal anatomy and on infectious and inflammatory, traumatic and congenital pathology affecting the cranial nerves. A detailed discussion of individual cranial nerves lesions is beyond the scope of this article.
- Multiple cranial nerve enhancement: a new MR imaging finding in metachromatic leukodystrophyAntonio C M Maia
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 28:999. 2007
- Absence of sensory neurons before target innervation in brain-derived neurotrophic factor-, neurotrophin 3-, and TrkC-deficient embryonic miceD J Liebl
Developmental Biology Center, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75235 9133, USA
J Neurosci 17:9113-21. 1997..We suggest that neurotrophins may function in creating early heterogeneity that would enable ganglia to compensate for diverse modality requirements before the period of naturally occurring death...
- Lemierre's syndrome complicated by carotid thrombosisN Maalikjy Akkawi
Neurological Clinic, University of Brescia, Civil Hospital of Brescia, Italy
Neurol Sci 22:403-4. 2001..We present an atypical case of Lemierre's syndrome complicated by carotid thrombosis. The etiological factors and the diagnostic and therapeutic measures are discussed...
- [Intraoperative monitoring during skull base surgery]Shinjiro Saito
Department of Neurosurgery, Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine
Nihon Rinsho 63:347-52. 2005
- Internuclear ophthalmoplegia: causes and long-term follow-up in 65 patientsI Bolaños
Department of Neuroophthalmology, Instituto Nacional de Neurologia y Neurocirugia Manuel Velasco Suarez, Mexico City, Mexico
Acta Neurol Scand 110:161-5. 2004..To analyze the causes and long-term clinical outcome of internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) in a consecutive series of 65 patients...
- Surgical management of brainstem cavernomasM Samii
Department of Neurosurgery, Nordstadt Hospital, Germany
J Neurosurg 95:825-32. 2001..CONCLUSIONS: Based on these findings, resection of brainstem cavernomas is the treatment of choice in the majority of these cases because of the high incidence of morbidity related to one or often several brainstem hemorrhages...
- Neuronal expression of peripherin, a type III intermediate filament protein, in the mouse hindbrainMeagan Barclay
Department of Physiology, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
Histochem Cell Biol 128:541-50. 2007..Peripherin immunolabelling was observed in the nerve fibres and nuclei that are associated with all cranial nerves [(CN) V-XII] in the hindbrain...
- [Brain stem encephalitis in childhood]I Bodegas
, Hospital Infantil La Paz, Madrid,
Rev Neurol 27:71-3. 1998..by ataxia, reduced level of consciousness, involvement of the pyramidal tracts and paralysis of the cranial nerves. No significant information for the diagnosis of either case was obtained from CT...
- Three-dimensional visualization of neurovascular relationships in the posterior fossa: technique and clinical applicationRamin Naraghi
Department of Neurological Surgery, Neurocenter and the Division of Neuroradiology, University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Germany
J Neurosurg 100:1025-35. 2004..The principles and technical details involved in the accurate simultaneous visualization of vessels and cranial nerves as tiny structures are presented using explicit and implicit segmentation as well as volume rendering.
- Resolution of neurogenic arterial hypertension after suboccipital decompression for Chiari malformation. Case reportSait Naderi
Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Inciralti, Izmir, Turkey
J Neurosurg 102:1147-50. 2005..Resolution of neurogenic arterial hypertension may be expected even in a case of simple suboccipital decompression...
- Anatomy of the brainstemLisa H Smith
Section of Child Neurology, Department of Neurology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA
Semin Pediatr Neurol 10:235-40. 2003Understanding the anatomy of the brainstem is essential when evaluating disorders of swallowing and breathing. We present a review of the neuroanatomy of the brainstem and related cranial nerves.
- Brainstem cranial-nerve lesions in an infant with hypoxic cerebral injurySeiichi Sugama
Department of Pediatrics, Tokyo Metropolitan Maternity and Child Health Institute, Tokyo, Japan
Pediatr Neurol 29:256-9. 2003..brainstem injury caused by perinatal hypoxic cerebral injury and exhibited palsy of the lower-brainstem cranial nerves. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to demonstrate lesions of brainstem cranial nerves, which were consistent ..
- Magnetic resonance imaging of the brainstem and cranial nerves III-VIICharles Majoie
Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Mov Disord 17:S17-9. 2002
- Glomus jugulare tumors with intracranial extensionC Gary Jackson
The Otology Group at Vanderbilt, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
Neurosurg Focus 17:E7. 2004..Particular attention will be paid to prevention of cerebrospinal fluid leaks with the use of vascularized tissue for defect reconstruction...
- Cortical control of voluntary blinking: a transcranial magnetic stimulation studyY H Sohn
Human Motor Control Section, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bldg 10 Room 5N226, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892 1428, USA
Clin Neurophysiol 115:341-7. 2004..To investigate cortical regions related to voluntary blinking...
- Tbx1 mutation causes multiple cardiovascular defects and disrupts neural crest and cranial nerve migratory pathwaysFrancesca Vitelli
Department of Pediatrics Cardiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Hum Mol Genet 11:915-22. 2002..role of neural crest cells in the pathogenesis of the Tbx1 mutant phenotype; however, these cells, and the cranial nerves, are misdirected...
- [HIV related Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome]L Redondo
Servicio de Neurologia, Hospital Virgen de la Macarena, Sevilla, Spain
Neurologia 18:741-5. 2003Automatic-voluntary motor dissociation of the face and lower cranial nerves of brainstem is the hallmark of Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome (biopercular syndrome). It is commonly caused by ischemic strokes...
- [Meningo-orbital fold (MOF) as a guiding point in extradural approach to the anterior clinoid process]Safwan Bayassi
Oddział Neurochirurgii i Neurotraumatologii z Pododdziałem Neurospondyliatrii, Wojewódzki Szpital Zespolony w Elblagu, ul Królewiecka 146, 82 300 Elblag, Poland
Neurol Neurochir Pol 39:49-55. 2005..The goal of the research is to perform a topographic and morphometric study of the meningo-orbital fold...
- Preoperative depiction of cavernous sinus invasion by pituitary macroadenoma using three-dimensional anisotropy contrast periodically rotated overlapping parallel lines with enhanced reconstruction imaging on a 3-tesla systemYuichiro Yoneoka
Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Niigata, Japan
J Neurosurg 108:37-41. 2008..The aim of this study was to identify intracavernous cranial nerves in patients with pituitary macro-adenoma and in healthy volunteers by using 3DAC MR imaging on a 3-tesla ..
- Neuroophthalmological evaluation after Gamma Knife surgery for cavernous sinus meningiomasAlberto Franzin
Gamma Knife Unit, Department of Neurosurgery, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy
Neurosurg Focus 23:E10. 2007..The purpose of this study was to assess the role of GKS in the treatment of CSM and to thoroughly analyze the clinical response to GKS...
- Normal cranial nerves in the cavernous sinuses: contrast-enhanced three-dimensional constructive interference in the steady state MR imagingAkiko Yagi
Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Gunma University School of Medicine, Showa machi, Maebashi Gunma, Japan
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 26:946-50. 2005Three-dimensional (3D) constructive interference in steady state (CISS) MR imaging is useful for demonstrating cranial nerves (CNs) in the cistern...
- Cavernous sinus anatomy as a basis for interpretation of the clinical picture and radiological investigations in a case of Entomophthorales infectionC F Hoogendijk
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Clin Anat 19:535-9. 2006Several cranial nerves traverse the cavernous sinus producing the typical symptom complex seen during cavernous venous sinus thrombosis in Mucorales infection...
- Is there a place for microvascular decompression?A R Møller
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 147:921-3. 2005
- Surface rendering-based virtual intraventricular endoscopy: retrospective feasibility study and comparison to volume rendering-based approachNobuyuki Nakajima
Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
Neuroimage 37:S89-99. 2007..We sought to develop SR-virtual endoscopy and compared the visibility of anatomical structures in SR and VR using retrospective cases...
- Unusual exophytic subependymoma in the bulbo-cerebellar angle. Case reportS Romoli
Department of Neurosciences, Unit of Neurosurgery, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
J Neurosurg Sci 51:81-4. 2007..Neuroradiological and anatomopathological features of subependymoma are discussed...
- Microsurgical anatomy of the superior petrosal venous complex: new classifications and implications for subtemporal transtentorial and retrosigmoid suprameatal approachesNecmettin Tanriover
Department of Neurosurgery, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
J Neurosurg 106:1041-50. 2007....
- Operative management of skull base malignancies: choosing the appropriate approachDaniel R Pieper
Michigan Institute of Cerebrovascular and Skull Base Surgery, Southfield, Michigan, USA
Neurosurg Focus 12:e6. 2002..Finally, the use of a multidisciplinary team both in and out of the operating room is recommended, emphasizing a team approach during the resection itself...
- Moving toward the petroclival region: a model for quantitative and anatomical analysis of tumor shiftSam Safavi-Abbasi
Neurosurgery Research Laboratory, Division of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph s Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
J Neurosurg 107:797-804. 2007..quantitatively assessed the effects of balloon inflation as a model of tumor compression on the brainstem, cranial nerves, and clivus by measuring the working area, angle of attack, and brain shift associated with the retrosigmoid ..
- Focal enhancement of cranial nerve V after radiosurgery with the Leksell gamma knife: experience in 15 patients with medically refractory trigeminal neuralgiaR A Alberico
Departments of Diagnostic Radiology (R.A.A.) and Neurosurgery (R.A.F, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 22:1944-8. 2001..Lack of trigeminal nerve enhancement occurred only with lower doses (35 Gy at 50%). MR imaging may be useful to confirm the presence and location of the treatment site after gamma knife radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia...
- Prevention and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomitingA L Kovac
Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66160 7415, USA
Drugs 59:213-43. 2000..muscarinic, cholinergic, opioid, histamine, serotonin (5-hydroxy-tryptamine; 5-HT)] and physiology [cranial nerves VIII (acoustic-vestibular), IX (glossopharyngeal) and X (vagus), gastrointestinal reflex] relating to PONV are ..
- [Recovery of facial nerve function using sural nerve transplantation after its injury in acoustic nerve surgery]E Nemeth
Sluzba za fizikalnu medicinu i rehabilitaciju, Zdravstveni centar Dr Gere Istvan, Senta
Med Pregl 52:283-6. 1999..its growth the tumor exerts pressure on the surrounding anatomic forms within the pontocerebellar angle: cranial nerves, pons, cerebellum...
- Brain and sense organ anatomy and histology of two species of phyletically basal non-Antarctic thornfishes of the Antarctic suborder Notothenioidei (Perciformes: Bovichtidae)Joseph T Eastman
Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 2979, USA
J Morphol 268:485-503. 2007..We provide detailed drawings of the brains and cranial nerves of both species...
- The tentorial notch: anatomical variation, morphometric analysis, and classification in 100 human autopsy casesDavid E Adler
Department of Neurosurgery, Legacy Health System, Portland, Oregon, USA
J Neurosurg 96:1103-12. 2002....
- Treatment for diabetic mononeuropathy with alpha-lipoic acidT Tankova
Clinic of Diabetology, Clinical Centre of Endocrinology, Clinic of Neurology, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
Int J Clin Pract 59:645-50. 2005..7 +/- 17.4 years; mean duration of diabetes: 13.6 +/- 6.9 years) -- with diabetic mononeuropathy of the cranial nerves participated in the study...
- Surgical approaches: postoperative care and complications "posterolateral-far lateral transcondylar approach to the ventral foramen magnum and upper cervical spinal canal"Arnold H Menezes
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Drive, 1824 JPP, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Childs Nerv Syst 24:1203-7. 2008..The posterolateral transcondylar approach provides such a route. In addition, posterior craniocervical stabilization can be accomplished at the same time. The author has reviewed the technique as well as the surgical results here...
- Fatal grand mal seizure in a Dutch trekkerB Basnyat
Medical Director, Himalayan Rescue Association and Nepal International Clinic, Medical Attending, Patan Hospital, Lal Durbar, Kathmandu, Nepal
J Travel Med 5:221-2. 1998..Her pulse was 70 beats per minute and her BP was 110/80 mm of Hg. Her fundi and cranial nerves exam were completely normal...
- Auditory brainstem implantation: the University of Verona experienceVittorio Colletti
ENT Department, University of Verona, Italy
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 127:84-96. 2002....
- Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors of cranial nerves and intracranial contents: a clinicopathologic study of 17 casesBernd W Scheithauer
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Am J Surg Pathol 33:325-38. 2009Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) arising from cranial nerves or their branches are very uncommon. The literature consists mainly of isolated case reports and small series...
- Anatomy and histology of the brain and sense organs of the Antarctic eel cod Muraenolepis microps (Gadiformes; Muraenolepididae)J T Eastman
Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 2979, USA
J Morphol 250:34-50. 2001Brain regions, cranial nerves, and sense organs in Muraenolepis microps, an Antarctic gadiform fish, were examined to determine which features could be attributed to a gadiform ancestry and which to habitation of Antarctic waters...
- Anatomical study of the trigeminal and facial cranial nerves with the aid of 3.0-tesla magnetic resonance imagingYukinari Kakizawa
Department of Neurosurgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan
J Neurosurg 108:483-90. 2008..They also investigated the correlation between aging and the anatomical measurements of the trigeminal and facial nerves...
- The fictively breathing tadpole brainstem preparation as a model for the development of respiratory pattern generation and central chemoreceptionM J Gdovin
Division of Life Sciences, University of Texas at San Antonio 78249, USA
Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 124:275-86. 1999..Characterization of gill and lung ventilatory activity in cranial nerves in the spontaneously breathing tadpole Rana catesbeiana, FASEB J 1996;10(3):A642; Gdovin MJ, Torgerson CS, ..
- The locked-in syndrome: a syndrome looking for a therapyJose Leon-Carrion
University of Seville, Spain
Brain Inj 16:571-82. 2002..an obstruction of the basilar artery, and characterized by upper motor neuron quadriplegia, paralysis of lower cranial nerves, bilateral paresis of horizontal gaze and anarthria, and with preserved consciousness...
- Human in Mouse Modeling of HNSCC to Predict Resonse to TherapyWendell G Yarbrough; Fiscal Year: 2010..role of structures of the upper aerodigestive tract in speech and swallowing and due to the concentration of cranial nerves and major blood vessels in the neck, standard therapeutic modalities frequently result in unacceptable ..
- Genetic Regulation of Rhombomere FormationCHARLES G SAGERSTROM; Fiscal Year: 2013..g. reticulospinal interneurons and motornuclei of the cranial nerves) and is therefore essential for normal neurological activity...
- Prediction of Physiological Events in People with Sleep Disordered BreathingJonathan A Waxman; Fiscal Year: 2011..Other therapies, such as the electrical stimulation of various cranial nerves or pharyngeal muscles, could also be improved by predicting disordered breathing...
- Fibulin-1 Regulation of the DiGeorge Syndrome Pathogenesis PathwayWILLIAM SCOTT ARGRAVES; Fiscal Year: 2012..fibulin-1 (Fbln1) is required for normal development of the cardiac outflow tract (OFT), pharyngeal glands, cranial nerves and bones of the skull...
- Molecular Imaging of Retrograde Nerve TransportDAWID NONE SCHELLINGERHOUT; Fiscal Year: 2013..In this application we hope to: 1-extend our experience to other anatomic sites, specifically the cranial nerves where crippling nerve disease frequently occurs, 2-develop new variants of our agent to improve our imaging ..
- Netrin5 in Mammalian NeurodevelopmentRobert W Burgess; Fiscal Year: 2013..The development of motor and sensory neurons in the spinal cord and cranial nerves is well studied;however, major questions remain, including how motor axons identify the ventral motor exit ..
- STRUCTURAL BASIS OF AMBLYOPIA AND STRABISMUSJonathan C Horton; Fiscal Year: 2012..The crucial point is that the ocular misalignment usually occurs without any abnormality of the cranial nerves or intrinsic disorder of the eyes...
- Sensorimotor control of the oropharynx and esophagusRODERICK ATKINS SUTHERS; Fiscal Year: 2013..specific aim will use neuroanatomical and neurophysiological techniques to map the premotor pathways of the cranial nerves in order to identify the neural pathways by which auditory information accesses the motoneurons to muscles of ..
- NEURAL REGULATION OF VASOPRESSIN RELEASEJ Thomas Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2010..The inhibition of vasopressin release by water intake involves oropharyngeal afferents from the IXth and Xth cranial nerves but not gustatory afferents of the Vllth cranial nerve. 2...
- 2010 Conference on neurofibromatosis type 2.Marco Giovannini; Fiscal Year: 2010..disorder associated primarily with bilateral schwannomas seen on the superior vestibular branches of the 8th cranial nerves. Significant morbidity, including deafness, can result from surgical treatment of these tumors...
- Tissue interactions in taste bud developmentLinda A Barlow; Fiscal Year: 2013..by applicant): Taste buds are found in a distributed array on the tongue surface, and are innervated by cranial nerves that convey taste information to the brain...
- Neurological Exams Teaching &Evaluation Using Virtual PatientsBenjamin Lok; Fiscal Year: 2013..b>Cranial nerves palsies are nerve disorders that can result in patients that present asymmetric eye movement or facial ..
- Immersive Virtual Patients with Abnormal Clinical Conditions for Medical Student Benjamin Lok; Fiscal Year: 2009..The blurred vision will be caused by one of the following: 1) An injury to one of the cranial nerves, 2) diabetic retinal disease, or 3) cranial mass (brain tumor)...
- Oral Sensation During Pharyngeal Swallowing in Infant MammalsShaina Devi Holman; Fiscal Year: 2012..applicant): Swallowing is a well-coordinated activity regulated by the hyolaryngeal muscles and at least five cranial nerves. Swallowing disorders, or dysphagia, can impact nutrition and quality of life for infants...
- Scientific Conference on Moebius SyndromeVICKI MCCARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2006..a rare, congenital (present from birth) disorder defined by the partial or complete absence of the 6th and 7th cranial nerves, which control eye movements and facial expression...
- SALIVARY GLANDS AND THEIR INNERVATION IN DIABETESJACOB HANKER; Fiscal Year: 1980..by acetylcholinesterase-positive parasympathetic fibers from branches of the fifth, seventh, ninth and tenth cranial nerves, will be assessed by examining the fibers with a precise histochemical method for acetylcholinesterase...
- Embryonic development of taste buds.LINDA BARLOW; Fiscal Year: 2009Taste buds are multicellular receptor organs of the gustatory system, and are innervated by a discrete set of cranial nerves. For nearly a century, taste buds were believed to form late in embryonic development following induction by ..
- Intertrigeminal region control of apneaMiodrag Radulovacki; Fiscal Year: 2007..The ITR is innervated by sensory subnuclei of the solitary tract that receive inputs from the ninth and tenth cranial nerves; each of which mediate airway-protective apneic reflexes...
- Development of Avian Extraocular Muscles and NervesDrew Noden; Fiscal Year: 2007..b>Cranial nerves In, IV, and VI arise in separate locations and each shows patterns of early outgrowth that are unique...
- THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EYE AND ITS ADNEXAANTHONY PEARSON; Fiscal Year: 1980..The emphasis will be on the development of the eye and the cranial nerves related to it, the orbit and its contents, the eyelids, and the lacrimal apparatus...
- F MRI STUDY OF TASTE CORTEX USING FOCAL STIMULIMichael Barry; Fiscal Year: 2001..of the human taste system includes 5 distinct fields of taste buds, innervated by at least 4 branches of 3 cranial nerves. Thus loss of taste function resulting from peripheral lesions or disease is rarely complete...
- FGF SIGNALING DURING CRANIAL PLACODE DEVELOPMENTAlex Nechiporuk; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proper development of cranial nerves is essential for the formation of cranial sensory systems such as vision, smell, hearing, somatosensation, and ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF THE GUSTATORY SYSTEMRICHARD NORTHCUTT; Fiscal Year: 2005..To test the hypothesis that retinoic acid acts as a signal to pattern endoderm directly during gastrulation (aim 3), presumptive pharyngeal endoderm will be excised, exposed to retinoic acid, and cultured. ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF THE OLFACTORY SYSTEM IN ZEBRAFISHKATHLEEN WHITLOCK; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Development of gonadotropin releasing hormone cellsKATHLEEN WHITLOCK; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Ethanol, neurotrophins, and thalamocortical matchingSANDRA MOONEY; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Trigeminal Neuralgia Association 5th National ConferenceAlbert Rhoton; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Mechanisms of prion transportRICHARD BESSEN; Fiscal Year: 2008..These studies can determine the role of the olfactory nerve in centrifugal prion spread to the nasal mucosa where agent shedding is a potential route of prion transmission. ..
- Genetic analysis of hair cell regeneration in zebrafishDavid Raible; Fiscal Year: 2008..In contrast, hair cells regenerate in other animals. Understanding the regulatory mechanisms behind successful regeneration will influence strategies towards recovery of function in humans. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Insular AD Pathology and Autonomic FunctionDonald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Development of Cranial Motor NeuronsAnand Chandrasekhar; Fiscal Year: 2007..Together, these experiments will generate novel insight into neuronal migration mechanisms in the vertebrate hindbrain. ..
- NURR1 EXPRESSION AND DAERGIC DYSFUNCTION RELEVANT TO PDWei Dong LE; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Presynaptic Mechanisms of Neurotransmission in NTSMICHAEL ANDRESEN; Fiscal Year: 2009..The different sub classes of afferent nerve terminal will be also be compared in terms of their control of glutamate release and modulation by peptides. ..
- Wearable-Sensor System for Monitoring Motor FunctionCarlo J De Luca; Fiscal Year: 2010..The successful development of this technology will be transferred for commercial development with the financial assistance of the Massachusetts Community Technology Foundation. ..
- Methylphenidate & gene expression in the rat brain.JOAN BAIZER; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Herpesviruses in Vestibular NeuritisJEFFREY VRABEC; Fiscal Year: 2003..This information can help determine why some individuals with latent virus in the vestibular ganglion develop clinical symptoms due to reactivation and some do not. ..
- NURR1 Gene Mutations in Parkinson's DiseaseWeidong Le; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Dyspraxia and Autonomic Control in Very Early ADDonald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2004..Some dementia treatments are known to reduce HRV, and possibly mortality as well. Alternatively, some psychotropics may increase arrhythmia-related mortality, possibly via a central mechanism. ..
- HARNESSING MOTONEURON ACTIVITY: FROM LAB TO CLINICCarlo De Luca; Fiscal Year: 2004..As well as testing specific hypotheses, these studies will be used to test and improve the evolving design of the new decomposition system. ..
- The Role of BDNF in Gustatory Neuron DevelopmentDANIELLE HARLOW; Fiscal Year: 2007..My results will lend basic insight into events of normal vertebrate embryogenesis and provide elementary data for the study of neurological defects. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- IMPROVED CELL COUNTING USING THE OPTICAL DISECTORCHRISTOPHER VON BARTHELD; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- NEURONAL PATHWAYS UNDERLYING IN VITRO MOTOR LEARNINGJoyce Keifer; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- REGULATION OF NEURAL CREST DEVELOPMENTDavid Raible; Fiscal Year: 2003..He will test whether BMP2 plays a role in distinguishing between neural crest and placode. ..
- Role of BDNF in development and maintenance of taste bu*LINDA BARLOW; Fiscal Year: 2002..For these experiments the epibranchial placodes, which give rise to the gustatory ganglia of the VII and IX cranial nerves, will be cultured with appropriate and inappropriate epithelium taken from early embryos; i.e...
- CRANIOFACIAL DEVELOPMENTGURKIRPAL SOHAL; Fiscal Year: 2001..Results of this study likely will alter our interpretations of mechanisms of normal development, and of the underlying causes of craniofacial anomalies, which make up about 25 percent of all malformations. ..
- NEUROETHOLOGY OF VOCAL COMMUNICATIONAndrea Simmons; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Non-Invasive System for Identifying Neural BehaviorCarlo De Luca; Fiscal Year: 2009..It will be useful to clinicians for assessing the degree of dysfunction in upper motoneuron diseases such as Cerebral Palsy, Parkinson's Disease, ALS, Stroke, and other disorders. ..
- Posttranslational Regulation of eNOS by Estrogen in the Vagina and ClitorisBiljana Musicki; Fiscal Year: 2007..At the same time it may advance treatments for multiple disease states associated with endothelial dysfunction and alterations in hormonal milieu. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Personal Electrocardiographic Expert SystemVladimir Shusterman; Fiscal Year: 2007..Safety and regulatory testing will be completed, and a 51O K application will be submitted to the FDA. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CENTRAL BAROREFLEX MECHANISMS OF ANESTHETIC ACTIONMICHAEL ANDRESEN; Fiscal Year: 2006..By examining different anesthetics, we may also better understand whether potentially new anesthetics might be designed to spare these cardioregulatory sites. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Surgical Management of Facial Nerve InjuryTheresa Hadlock; Fiscal Year: 2007..The academic environment is one of complete dedication to advancing both biomedical science and patient care through careful study and diligent investigation, and of support for the mentored investigator. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- eNOS-Protein Interaction in the PenisBiljana Musicki; Fiscal Year: 2007..At the same time, it may suggest a specific eNOS regulatory pathway as a possible new molecular target for treating ED. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PEDIATRICS AIDS CLINICAL TRIALS GROUPAnne Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2006..We have competent, outstanding staff whose aim is not only to provide compassionate medical care to HIV-infected patients but also to perform meaningful and useful research on prevention and treatment of HIV infection. ..
- VAS-COG 2007Donald Royall; Fiscal Year: 2007..Many vascular cognitive disorders are preventable and potentially reversible. VAS-COG will provide a forum in which information on these important conditions can be exchanged and disseminated. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MECHANISMS AND SITES OF VENTILATORY NEUROGENESISWALTER ST JOHN; Fiscal Year: 2008..Such information might provide insights into dysfunctions of the control of ventilation in humans, such as in "sleep apnea" or the "sudden infant death syndrome." [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Replacing an Animal Resource Facility Cage Washer.Kristen Drescher; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cell Fate Regulation by Transcriptional RepressionDavid Raible; Fiscal Year: 2006..These experiments will shed light on the differentiation of a possible common glial/melanoblast precursor and lead to understanding how abnormal development of this precursor might underlie congenital tumors. ..
- Transmission Across the First Synapse of the BaroreflexMICHAEL ANDRESEN; Fiscal Year: 2009..These Aims will provide new and direct information about NTS that leads to a better understanding of the normal basis of the neural control of the circulation as pathophysiology. ..
- VZV Receptors and Infective MechanismsAnne Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2007..It may also make it possible to develop a safer and more efficacious vaccine. ..
- GENETIC MECHANISMS OF HINDBRAIN SEGMENTATIONCecilia Moens; Fiscal Year: 2009..Aim 2 addresses the mechanism of plasticity. Finally, in Aim 3, we consider the mechanism by which long-range signals interact to specify the positions of specific hindbrain boundaries. ..
- Contributions of VENT cells to the GI tractGURKIRPAL SOHAL; Fiscal Year: 2007..RESEARCH GRANT TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page .................................................................................................................................................. 1 Description, ..
- NEURAL MECHANISMS OF ADAPTIVE BEHAVIORJoyce Keifer; Fiscal Year: 2009..For research focused on the changes to neural function induced by chronic social stress during adolescence, and to direct pharmacotherapy of associated psychiatric disorders. ..