occipital lobe

Summary

Summary: Posterior part of the cerebral hemisphere.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Morphing Marilyn into Maggie dissociates physical and identity face representations in the brain
    Pia Rotshtein
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 8:107-13. 2005
  2. ncbi A cortical area selective for visual processing of the human body
    P E Downing
    School of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Wales, Bangor LL57 2AS, UK
    Science 293:2470-3. 2001
  3. pmc The interactive account of ventral occipitotemporal contributions to reading
    Cathy J Price
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuro imaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:246-53. 2011
  4. ncbi Evaluation of the dual route theory of reading: a metanalysis of 35 neuroimaging studies
    G Jobard
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, CNRS, UMR 6095, CEA LRC36V, Universite de Caen, Université de Paris 5, 14074, Caen Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 20:693-712. 2003
  5. ncbi Retinotopy and functional subdivision of human areas MT and MST
    Alexander C Huk
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 2130, USA
    J Neurosci 22:7195-205. 2002
  6. ncbi Occipito-temporal connections in the human brain
    Marco Catani
    Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Brain 126:2093-107. 2003
  7. ncbi Wide-field retinotopy defines human cortical visual area v6
    Sabrina Pitzalis
    Neuroimaging Laboratory, Santa Lucia Foundation, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, 00179 Rome, Italy
    J Neurosci 26:7962-73. 2006
  8. ncbi Virtual in vivo interactive dissection of white matter fasciculi in the human brain
    Marco Catani
    Section of Old Age Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 17:77-94. 2002
  9. ncbi Faces are represented holistically in the human occipito-temporal cortex
    Christine Schiltz
    Laboratoire de Neurophysiologie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Avenue Hippocrate 54 49, 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Neuroimage 32:1385-94. 2006
  10. ncbi Specialization within the ventral stream: the case for the visual word form area
    Laurent Cohen
    Neuroimage 22:466-76. 2004

Detail Information

Publications270 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Morphing Marilyn into Maggie dissociates physical and identity face representations in the brain
    Pia Rotshtein
    Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, Institute of Neurology, University College London, 12 Queen Square, London, UK
    Nat Neurosci 8:107-13. 2005
    ..These findings provide neurobiological support for a hierarchical model of face perception...
  2. ncbi A cortical area selective for visual processing of the human body
    P E Downing
    School of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Wales, Bangor LL57 2AS, UK
    Science 293:2470-3. 2001
    ..This region was found in the lateral occipitotemporal cortex in all subjects tested and apparently reflects a specialized neural system for the visual perception of the human body...
  3. pmc The interactive account of ventral occipitotemporal contributions to reading
    Cathy J Price
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuro imaging, University College London, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Trends Cogn Sci 15:246-53. 2011
    ..We discuss how the Interactive Account explains left vOT responses during normal reading and developmental dyslexia; and how it accounts for the behavioural consequences of left vOT damage...
  4. ncbi Evaluation of the dual route theory of reading: a metanalysis of 35 neuroimaging studies
    G Jobard
    Groupe d Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, CNRS, UMR 6095, CEA LRC36V, Universite de Caen, Université de Paris 5, 14074, Caen Cedex, France
    Neuroimage 20:693-712. 2003
    ..These results confirm the suitability of the dual route framework to account for activations observed in nonpathological subjects while they read...
  5. ncbi Retinotopy and functional subdivision of human areas MT and MST
    Alexander C Huk
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 2130, USA
    J Neurosci 22:7195-205. 2002
    ..Putative human MT and MST were typically located on the posterior/ventral and anterior/dorsal banks of a dorsal/posterior limb of the inferior temporal sulcus, similar to their relative positions in the macaque superior temporal sulcus...
  6. ncbi Occipito-temporal connections in the human brain
    Marco Catani
    Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Brain 126:2093-107. 2003
    ..Future tractography studies of patients with occipito-temporal disconnection syndromes may help define the functional roles of the direct and indirect occipito-temporal pathways...
  7. ncbi Wide-field retinotopy defines human cortical visual area v6
    Sabrina Pitzalis
    Neuroimaging Laboratory, Santa Lucia Foundation, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, 00179 Rome, Italy
    J Neurosci 26:7962-73. 2006
    ....
  8. ncbi Virtual in vivo interactive dissection of white matter fasciculi in the human brain
    Marco Catani
    Section of Old Age Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom
    Neuroimage 17:77-94. 2002
    ....
  9. ncbi Faces are represented holistically in the human occipito-temporal cortex
    Christine Schiltz
    Laboratoire de Neurophysiologie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Avenue Hippocrate 54 49, 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    Neuroimage 32:1385-94. 2006
    ..These findings indicate that facial features are integrated into holistic face representations in areas of the human visual cortex responding preferentially to faces...
  10. ncbi Specialization within the ventral stream: the case for the visual word form area
    Laurent Cohen
    Neuroimage 22:466-76. 2004
    ..We conclude that learning to read results in the progressive development of an inferotemporal region increasingly responsive to visual words, which is aptly named the visual word form area (VWFA)...
  11. ncbi An event-related potential component sensitive to images of the human body
    Guillaume Thierry
    School of Psychology, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2AS, UK
    Neuroimage 32:871-9. 2006
    ..Thus, the N190 generalizes to some degree to schematic depictions of the human form. Overall, our findings are consistent with intertwined, but functionally distinct, neural representations of the human face and body...
  12. ncbi Reading normal and degraded words: contribution of the dorsal and ventral visual pathways
    Laurent Cohen
    Department of Neurology I, AP HP, Hopital de la Salpetriere, 47 83 boulevard de l Hopital, Paris Cedex 13, France
    Neuroimage 40:353-66. 2008
    ..Those results clarify when and how the ventral parallel visual word form system needs to be supplemented by the deployment of dorsal serial reading strategies...
  13. ncbi Development of left occipitotemporal systems for skilled reading in children after a phonologically- based intervention
    Bennett A Shaywitz
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510 8064, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 55:926-33. 2004
    ..In this study, we hypothesized that the provision of an evidence-based, phonologically mediated reading intervention would improve reading fluency and the development of the fast-paced occipitotemporal systems serving skilled reading...
  14. ncbi Time-course of posterior parietal and occipital cortex contribution to sound localization
    Olivier Collignon
    Neural Rehabilitation Engineering Laboratory, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:1454-63. 2008
    ..The finding that the right OC is involved in sound processing before the right PPC suggests that the OC exerts a feedforward influence on the PPC during auditory spatial processing...
  15. pmc Gene expression in the rat brain: high similarity but unique differences between frontomedial-, temporal- and occipital cortex
    Christine Stansberg
    Dr E Martens Research Group for Biological Psychiatry, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Norway
    BMC Neurosci 12:15. 2011
    ..However, global gene expression seems to be almost identical across the cerebral cortex and only a few genes have so far been reported to show regional enrichment in specific cortical areas...
  16. ncbi Functional anatomy of the attentional modulation of time estimation
    Jennifer T Coull
    Laboratoire de Neurobiologie de la Cognition, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS, 31 Chemin Joseph Aiguier, 13402 Marseille Cedex 20, France
    Science 303:1506-8. 2004
    ..Increasing attention to color selectively increased activity in area V4. By identifying areas whose activity was specifically modulated by attention to time, we have defined the core neuroanatomical substrates of timing behavior...
  17. ncbi Shape conveyed by visual-to-auditory sensory substitution activates the lateral occipital complex
    Amir Amedi
    Berenson Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nat Neurosci 10:687-9. 2007
    ..Recognizing objects by their typical sounds or learning to associate specific soundscapes with specific objects do not activate this region. This suggests that LOtv is driven by the presence of shape information...
  18. ncbi Anatomic dissection of the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus revisited in the lights of brain stimulation data
    Juan Martino
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitario Marques de Valdecilla, Santander, Cantabria, Spain
    Cortex 46:691-9. 2010
    ..Further combined anatomical (dissection and Diffusion Tensor Imaging) and functional (intraoperative subcortical stimulation) studies are needed, to clarify the exact participation of each IFOF subcomponent in semantic processing...
  19. pmc Automatic top-down processing explains common left occipito-temporal responses to visual words and objects
    Ferath Kherif
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
    Cereb Cortex 21:103-14. 2011
    ..This novel perspective motivates further investigation of the functional properties of this intriguing region...
  20. ncbi Letter binding and invariant recognition of masked words: behavioral and neuroimaging evidence
    S Dehaene
    Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Unit 562, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, Orsay, France
    Psychol Sci 15:307-13. 2004
    ..Our results indicate that an invariant binding of letters into words is achieved unconsciously through a series of increasingly invariant stages in the left occipito-temporal pathway...
  21. ncbi The neural basis of the behavioral face-inversion effect
    Galit Yovel
    McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Curr Biol 15:2256-62. 2005
    ..Taken together, our data suggest that among the face-selective and object-selective regions, the FFA is a primary neural source of the behavioral FIE...
  22. pmc Evidence for highly selective neuronal tuning to whole words in the "visual word form area"
    Laurie S Glezer
    Department of Neuroscience, Georgetown University Medical Center, Research Building Room WP 12, 3970 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    Neuron 62:199-204. 2009
    ....
  23. ncbi Disrupted regional homogeneity in treatment-resistant depression: a resting-state fMRI study
    Wen Bin Guo
    Mental Health Institute, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410011, China
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 35:1297-302. 2011
    ....
  24. ncbi Optimal sustained attention is linked to the spectral content of background EEG activity: greater ongoing tonic alpha (approximately 10 Hz) power supports successful phasic goal activation
    Paul M Dockree
    Department of Psychology and Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Eur J Neurosci 25:900-7. 2007
    ..The results are discussed in terms of increased alpha synchrony facilitating goal-directed behaviour...
  25. ncbi Ventral occipital lesions impair object recognition but not object-directed grasping: an fMRI study
    Thomas W James
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Brain 126:2463-75. 2003
    ..F.'s visual form agnosia is associated with extensive damage to the ventral stream, and that her spared visuomotor skills are associated with visual processing in the dorsal stream...
  26. pmc Simultaneous EEG and fMRI of the alpha rhythm
    Robin I Goldman
    Department of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Neuroreport 13:2487-92. 2002
    ..These results also may have important implications for interpretation of resting baseline in fMRI studies...
  27. ncbi Neural correlates of high-level adaptation-related aftereffects
    Csaba Cziraki
    Institute of Psychology, University of Regensburg, Universitatsstrasse 31, 93053 Regensburg, Germany
    J Neurophysiol 103:1410-7. 2010
    ..Based on our novel adaptation paradigm, the results suggest that the adaptation-induced aftereffects are mediated by the relative activity of category-sensitive areas of the human brain as demonstrated by fMRI...
  28. ncbi How learning to read changes the cortical networks for vision and language
    Stanislas Dehaene
    INSERM, Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, Gif sur Yvette 91191, France
    Science 330:1359-64. 2010
    ..Most changes occurred even when literacy was acquired in adulthood, emphasizing that both childhood and adult education can profoundly refine cortical organization...
  29. ncbi The left fusiform gyrus hosts trisensory representations of manipulable objects
    Tanja Kassuba
    Danish Research Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Hvidovre, Denmark
    Neuroimage 56:1566-77. 2011
    ..A putative role of this FG region is to unify object-specific information provided by the visual, auditory, and tactile modalities into trisensory object representations...
  30. ncbi Functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of overlapping lateral occipitotemporal activations using multi-voxel pattern analysis
    Paul E Downing
    School of Psychology, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2AS, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 27:226-33. 2007
    ..Multi-voxel approaches, in contrast to other methods, can reveal the functional significance of overlapping fMRI activity in extrastriate cortex and, by extension, elsewhere in the brain...
  31. ncbi Impaired face discrimination in acquired prosopagnosia is associated with abnormal response to individual faces in the right middle fusiform gyrus
    Christine Schiltz
    Department of Cognitive Development and Laboratory of Neurophysiology, University of Louvain, Belgium
    Cereb Cortex 16:574-86. 2006
    ..These results suggest that individual discrimination of faces critically depends on the integrity of both the rMFG and the rIOG, which may interact through re-entrant cortical connections in the normal brain...
  32. ncbi Impact of the gyral geometry on the electric field induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation
    Axel Thielscher
    High Field Magnetic Resonance Center, MPI for Biological Cybernetics, Tubingen, Germany
    Neuroimage 54:234-43. 2011
    ..In contrast to the clear-cut effects of the gyrification pattern on the induced field strength, current directions were predominantly influenced by the CSF-skull boundary...
  33. ncbi Functional relevance of cross-modal plasticity in blind humans
    L G Cohen
    Human Cortical Physiology Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 1428, USA
    Nature 389:180-3. 1997
    ..We propose that this cross-modal plasticity may account in part for the superior tactile perceptual abilities of blind subjects...
  34. ncbi Dissociable neural mechanisms supporting visual short-term memory for objects
    Yaoda Xu
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8205, USA
    Nature 440:91-5. 2006
    ..VSTM capacity is therefore determined both by a fixed number of objects and by object complexity...
  35. ncbi Representation of perceived object shape by the human lateral occipital complex
    Z Kourtzi
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    Science 293:1506-9. 2001
    ..These data indicate that the LOC represents not simple image features, but rather higher level shape information...
  36. ncbi Role of the medial parieto-occipital cortex in the control of reaching and grasping movements
    Claudio Galletti
    Dipartimento di Fisiologia Umana e Generale, Universita di Bologna, 40127 Bologna, Italy
    Exp Brain Res 153:158-70. 2003
    ....
  37. ncbi Expertise for cars and birds recruits brain areas involved in face recognition
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, USA
    Nat Neurosci 3:191-7. 2000
    Expertise with unfamiliar objects ('greebles') recruits face-selective areas in the fusiform gyrus (FFA) and occipital lobe (OFA). Here we extend this finding to other homogeneous categories...
  38. ncbi Beyond retinotopic mapping: the spatial representation of objects in the human lateral occipital complex
    Ayelet McKyton
    Neurobiology Department, Life Science Institute, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Cereb Cortex 17:1164-72. 2007
    ..Such an extraretinal representation may be useful for maintenance of object coherence across saccadic eye movements, which are an integral part of natural vision...
  39. ncbi Cross-modal plasticity for sensory and motor activation patterns in blind subjects
    E R Gizewski
    Department of Neuroradiology, University Hospital, Essen, Germany
    Neuroimage 19:968-75. 2003
    ..The brain learns to differentiate between "finger touching" and "finger reading." Our results suggest that activation of the visual cortex in blind subjects is related to higher and more complex brain functions...
  40. ncbi Object-selective responses in the human motion area MT/MST
    Zoe Kourtzi
    Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Nat Neurosci 5:17-8. 2002
    ....
  41. ncbi On the role of prestimulus alpha rhythms over occipito-parietal areas in visual input regulation: correlation or causation?
    Vincenzo Romei
    Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QB, UK
    J Neurosci 30:8692-7. 2010
    ..This shows that the posterior alpha rhythm is actively involved in shaping forthcoming perception and, hence, constitutes a substrate rather than a mere correlate of visual input regulation...
  42. pmc Reduced density of calbindin immunoreactive GABAergic neurons in the occipital cortex in major depression: relevance to neuroimaging studies
    Dorota Maciag
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi 39216, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 67:465-70. 2010
    ..The goal of this study was to test whether the changes in CB-IR neurons can also be detected in the occipital cortex, where neuroimaging studies report a prominent GABA decrease...
  43. ncbi Visual field maps and stimulus selectivity in human ventral occipital cortex
    Alyssa A Brewer
    Neurosciences Program, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Nat Neurosci 8:1102-9. 2005
    ..The maps and stimulus responsivity support a general organization of visual cortex based on clusters of maps that serve distinct computational functions...
  44. ncbi Multiple-domain dissociation between impaired visual perception and preserved mental imagery in a patient with bilateral extrastriate lesions
    P Bartolomeo
    INSERM Unit 324, Centre Paul Broca, Paris, France
    Neuropsychologia 36:239-49. 1998
    ..In particular, our results suggest that mental imagery abilities need not be mediated by early visual cortices...
  45. ncbi Aberrant brain activation during a working memory task in psychotic major depression
    Amy Garrett
    Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 168:173-82. 2011
    ..The authors sought to better understand the neural circuitry associated with working memory deficits in psychotic major depression by examining brain function during an N-back task...
  46. ncbi Audiovisual integration of letters in the human brain
    T Raij
    Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
    Neuron 28:617-25. 2000
    ..The dynamics of these functions bring new insight into the interplay between sensory and association cortices during object recognition...
  47. pmc Two retinotopic visual areas in human lateral occipital cortex
    Jonas Larsson
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA
    J Neurosci 26:13128-42. 2006
    ..The topography, stimulus selectivity, and anatomical location of LO1 and LO2 indicate that they integrate shape information from multiple visual submodalities in retinotopic coordinates...
  48. ncbi Localization of pontine PGO wave generation sites and their anatomical projections in the rat
    S Datta
    Center for Behavioral Development and Mental Retardation, Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Synapse 30:409-23. 1998
    ..Since PGO-generating cells project to the entorhinal cortex, piriform cortex, amygdala, and hippocampus, these PGO-generating cells could also be involved in the modulation of cognitive functions...
  49. ncbi Discrete object representation, attention switching, and task difficulty in the parietal lobe
    Rhodri Cusack
    MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, UK
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:32-47. 2010
    ..A dissociation was also seen between selectivity for object load across tasks in the inferior IPS and feature or object-related memory load in the superior IPS...
  50. ncbi Alexia caused by a fusiform or posterior inferior temporal lesion
    Y Sakurai
    Department of Neurology, Mitsui Memorial Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
    J Neurol Sci 178:42-51. 2000
    ..Furthermore, restricted lesion in the angular gyrus (patient 3) does not produce alexia; the alexic symptom of "angular" alexia with agraphia may be the result of damage to the adjacent lateral occipital gyri...
  51. ncbi V3A processes contour curvature as a trackable feature for the perception of rotational motion
    Gideon P Caplovitz
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:1179-89. 2007
    ....
  52. pmc A dual-route perspective on poor reading in a regular orthography: an fMRI study
    Heinz Wimmer
    Department of Psychology, Center for Neurocognitive Research, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
    Cortex 46:1284-98. 2010
    ....
  53. ncbi Cognitive response profile of the human fusiform face area as determined by MEG
    E Halgren
    INSERM E9926, Marseilles, France, Massachusetts General Hospital Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Harvard Medical School, USA
    Cereb Cortex 10:69-81. 2000
    ..This source significantly distinguished happy and sad faces from those with neutral expressions. We conclude that the fusiform gyrus may selectively encode faces at 165 ms, transforming sensory input for further processing...
  54. ncbi The left ventral occipito-temporal response to words depends on language lateralization but not on visual familiarity
    Qing Cai
    Laboratory of Language, Brain and Cognition L2C2, CNRS University of Lyon UMR 5230, 69675 Bron, France
    Cereb Cortex 20:1153-63. 2010
    ..We suggest that the reading-related activity in vOT reflects the integration of general perceptual processes with language processing in the anterior brain regions and is not limited to skilled reading in the familiar horizontal format...
  55. ncbi The cortical visual area V6: brain location and visual topography
    C Galletti
    Dipartimento di Fisiologia Umana e Generale, Universita di Bologna, Piazza di Porta S Donato 2, 40127 Bologna, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 11:3922-36. 1999
    ....
  56. ncbi The dorsomedial pathway is not just for reaching: grasping neurons in the medial parieto-occipital cortex of the macaque monkey
    Patrizia Fattori
    Dipartimento di Fisiologia Umana e Generale, Universita di Bologna, I 40126 Bologna, Italy
    J Neurosci 30:342-9. 2010
    ..Our data suggest new directions for the modeling of prehension movements and testable predictions for new brain imaging and neuropsychological experiments...
  57. pmc Human parieto-occipital visual cortex: lack of retinotopy and foveal magnification
    K Portin
    Brain Research Unit, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
    Proc Biol Sci 266:981-5. 1999
    ..This result strengthens our previous suggestion that the medial parieto-occipital sulcus is the human homologue of the monkey V6 complex, characterized by, for example, lack of retinotopy and the absence of relative foveal magnification...
  58. pmc A common left occipito-temporal dysfunction in developmental dyslexia and acquired letter-by-letter reading?
    Fabio Richlan
    Department of Psychology and Center for Neurocognitive Research, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
    PLoS ONE 5:e12073. 2010
    ..Similar to acquired cases of letter-by-letter reading, the developmental cases exhibited an abnormal strong effect of length (i.e., number of letters) on response time for words and pseudowords...
  59. ncbi Isolating event-related potential components associated with voluntary control of visuo-spatial attention
    John J McDonald
    Simon Fraser University, Department of Psychology, Burnaby, Canada
    Brain Res 1227:96-109. 2008
    ..e., no-shift) ERPs. Isolated lateralized-ERP activity was seen in the contralateral-occipital lobe in the early phase of the cue-target interval and in the ipsilateral-occipital lobe in the late phase...
  60. ncbi The left occipitotemporal system in reading: disruption of focal fMRI connectivity to left inferior frontal and inferior parietal language areas in children with dyslexia
    Sanne van der Mark
    MR Center, University Children s Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuroimage 54:2426-36. 2011
    ....
  61. ncbi Encoding the identity and location of objects in human LOC
    Radoslaw Martin Cichy
    Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience Berlin, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 54:2297-307. 2011
    ..Our results further highlight the mixing of identity and location information in the ventral visual pathway...
  62. pmc Using fMRI to distinguish components of the multiple object tracking task
    Piers D Howe
    Visual Attention Laboratory, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Vis 9:10.1-11. 2009
    ..Finally, by using an algorithm modified from the computer science literature, we were able to map the interactions between these brain areas...
  63. ncbi Perceptual specificity in visual object priming: functional magnetic resonance imaging evidence for a laterality difference in fusiform cortex
    W Koutstaal
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuropsychologia 39:184-99. 2001
    ....
  64. ncbi Distinct unimodal and multimodal regions for word processing in the left temporal cortex
    Laurent Cohen
    Institut de Neurologie, Hopital de la Salpetriere, AP HP, Paris, France
    Neuroimage 23:1256-70. 2004
    ..Both areas might have been confounded in past work. Our results also suggest a possible homolog of the VWFA in the auditory stream, the auditory word form area, located in the left anterior superior temporal sulcus...
  65. ncbi Diffusion tensor fiber tractography of the optic radiation: analysis with 6-, 12-, 40-, and 81-directional motion-probing gradients, a preliminary study
    A Yamamoto
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 28:92-6. 2007
    ..To test this hypothesis, this study evaluated differences in DT fiber tractography of the optic radiation under different MPG settings...
  66. ncbi Tactile shape discrimination recruits human lateral occipital complex during early perceptual processing
    Joshua N Lucan
    Program in Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, City College of the City University of New York, New York, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 31:1813-21. 2010
    ..This finding supports a multisensory role for the lateral occipital complex during object recognition...
  67. ncbi Face inversion disrupts the perception of vertical relations between features in the right human occipito-temporal cortex
    Valerie Goffaux
    Maastricht Brain Imaging Centre, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Neuropsychol 3:45-67. 2009
    ..These findings corroborate the view that the vulnerability of face perception to inversion stems mainly from the disrupted processing of vertical face relations in the right-lateralized network of face-preferring regions (rMFG, rIOG)...
  68. ncbi Value of analyzing deep gray matter and occipital lobe perfusion to differentiate dementia with Lewy bodies from Alzheimer's disease
    Soichiro Shimizu
    Department of Radiology, Center for Imaging of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, 4150 Clement Street, 114M, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    Ann Nucl Med 22:911-6. 2008
    ..with Lewy bodies (DLB) is generally characterized by a decrease in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the occipital lobe. However, not all patients with DLB have this feature...
  69. ncbi Haptic perception and body representation in lateral and medial occipito-temporal cortices
    Marcello Costantini
    Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, University G D Annunzio, Chieti, Italy
    Neuropsychologia 49:821-9. 2011
    ..Overall, the results point to the existence of different multimodal body representations in the occipito-temporal cortex which are activated during perception and imagery of human body parts...
  70. pmc Top-down modulation of ventral occipito-temporal responses during visual word recognition
    Tae Twomey
    Cognitive, Perceptual and Brain Sciences, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
    Neuroimage 55:1242-51. 2011
    ..Such interactive processing at the neural level is in agreement with cognitive and computational models of reading but challenges some of the assumptions made by current neuro-anatomical models of reading...
  71. ncbi Extrastriate body area in human occipital cortex responds to the performance of motor actions
    Serguei V Astafiev
    Department of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 4525 Scott Avenue, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Nat Neurosci 7:542-8. 2004
    ..These motor-related modulations cannot be explained by simple visual or attentional factors related to the target stimulus, and suggest a potentially widespread influence of actions on visual cortex...
  72. ncbi Differential sensitivity to words and shapes in ventral occipito-temporal cortex
    Michal Ben-Shachar
    Stanford Institute for Reading and Learning, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:1604-11. 2007
    ..Visual hemifield invariance was similar for words and line drawings. These results suggest that left and right pOTS are both involved in shape processing, with enhanced efficiency for processing visual word forms...
  73. pmc Functional specialization for auditory-spatial processing in the occipital cortex of congenitally blind humans
    Olivier Collignon
    Centre de Recherche en Neuropsychologie et Cognition, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada H3C 3J7
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:4435-40. 2011
    ....
  74. ncbi Preparatory activity in occipital cortex in early blind humans predicts auditory perceptual performance
    Alexander A Stevens
    Department of Psychiatry, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA
    J Neurosci 27:10734-41. 2007
    ..A possible source of this top-down modulation may be the frontoparietal circuits that retain their connectivity with the reorganized occipital cortex and as a result influence processing of nonvisual stimuli in the blind...
  75. ncbi Sleep deprivation in prion protein deficient mice sleep deprivation in prion protein deficient mice and control mice: genotype dependent regional rebound
    Reto Huber
    Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Neuroreport 13:1-4. 2002
    ..Our findings may reflect differences between the genotypes in the need for recovery in this particular brain region...
  76. ncbi Differential sensitivity for viewpoint between familiar and unfamiliar faces in human visual cortex
    Michael P Ewbank
    Department of Psychology, University of York, UK
    Neuroimage 40:1857-70. 2008
    ..In contrast, a release from adaptation was apparent in the FFA when unfamiliar faces were viewed at increasing viewing angles. These results provide a neural basis for differences in the recognition of familiar and unfamiliar faces...
  77. ncbi Recovery from adaptation to facial identity is larger for upright than inverted faces in the human occipito-temporal cortex
    Angelique Mazard
    Department of Cognitive Development and Laboratory of Neurophysiology, University of Louvain, Belgium
    Neuropsychologia 44:912-22. 2006
    ..The lack of recovery from adaptation for inverted faces in the fusiform gyrus may underlie the face inversion effect (FIE), which takes place during perceptual encoding of individual face representations...
  78. ncbi TMS evidence for the involvement of the right occipital face area in early face processing
    David Pitcher
    Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University College London, Alexandra House, 17 Queen Square, London WC1N 3AR, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:1568-73. 2007
    ..Accuracy dropped when pulses were delivered at 60 and 100 ms only. These findings indicate that the rOFA processes face-part information at an early stage in the face-processing stream...
  79. ncbi An information theoretic approach to EEG-fMRI integration of visually evoked responses
    Dirk Ostwald
    Birmingham University Imaging Centre, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, UK
    Neuroimage 49:498-516. 2010
    ....
  80. ncbi Early lateralization and orientation tuning for face, word, and object processing in the visual cortex
    Bruno Rossion
    Cognitive Neuroscience Unit, University of Louvain, Belgium
    Neuroimage 20:1609-24. 2003
    ..Such results show that early processes in object recognition respond to category-specific visual information, and are associated with strong lateralization and orientation bias...
  81. ncbi The visual word form area: spatial and temporal characterization of an initial stage of reading in normal subjects and posterior split-brain patients
    L Cohen
    Service de Neurologie 1, INSERM U334, Service Hospitalier Frederic Joliot, CEA DSV, Orsay, France
    Brain 123:291-307. 2000
    ..These findings provide direct support for the main components of the classical model of reading and help specify their timing and cerebral substrates...
  82. pmc Structural anatomy of pure and hemianopic alexia
    A P Leff
    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre and Division of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 77:1004-7. 2006
    ..Patients with pure alexia also often have a hemianopia but are more disabled, making frequent errors on individual words; they have sustained damage to a brain region that supports efficient word identification...
  83. pmc Selective activation around the left occipito-temporal sulcus for words relative to pictures: individual variability or false positives?
    Nicholas D Wright
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Hum Brain Mapp 29:986-1000. 2008
    ..More generally, they show that studies using low statistical thresholds in single subject analyses should correct the statistical threshold for the number of comparisons made or replicate effects within subject...
  84. ncbi The influence of current direction on phosphene thresholds evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation
    T Kammer
    Department of Neurobiology, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Spemannstrasse 38, D 72076, Tubingen, Germany
    Clin Neurophysiol 112:2015-21. 2001
    ..To quantify phosphene thresholds evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in the occipital cortex as a function of induced current direction...
  85. ncbi Distinct representations for facial identity and changeable aspects of faces in the human temporal lobe
    Timothy J Andrews
    Department of Psychology, Wolfson Research Institute, Stockton Campus TS17, University of Durham, UK
    Neuroimage 23:905-13. 2004
    ..The absence of fMR-adaptation in object-selective regions of visual cortex challenges the idea that a more distributed network of areas is used to represent information about faces...
  86. ncbi Cortical fMRI activation produced by attentive tracking of moving targets
    J C Culham
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    J Neurophysiol 80:2657-70. 1998
    ..These results are consistent with theoretical models of attentive tracking as an attentional process that assigns spatial tags to targets and registers changes in their position, generating a high-level percept of apparent motion...
  87. ncbi The cortical connections of area V6: an occipito-parietal network processing visual information
    C Galletti
    Dipartimento di Fisiologia Umana e Generale, Universita di Bologna, I 40127 Bologna, Italy
    Eur J Neurosci 13:1572-88. 2001
    ..V6 plays a pivotal role in the dorsal visual stream, by distributing the visual information coming from the occipital lobe to the sensorimotor areas of the parietal cortex...
  88. pmc Brain sensitivity to print emerges when children learn letter-speech sound correspondences
    Silvia Brem
    Department of Psychology, University of Jyvaskyla, Agora Center, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:7939-44. 2010
    ..The occipito-temporal print sensitivity thus is established during the earliest phase of reading acquisition in childhood, suggesting that a crucial part of the later reading network first adopts a role in mapping print and sound...
  89. ncbi Attention to form or surface properties modulates different regions of human occipitotemporal cortex
    Jonathan S Cant
    Canadian Institutes of Health Research Group on Action and Perception, Neuroscience Program, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Cereb Cortex 17:713-31. 2007
    ..The extraction of information about an object's color seems to occur relatively early in visual analysis as compared with the extraction of surface texture, perhaps because the latter requires more complex computations...
  90. ncbi White matter abnormalities in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a diffusion tensor imaging study
    Philip R Szeszko
    Department of Psychiatry Research, The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, Glen Oaks, NY 11004, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:782-90. 2005
    ....
  91. ncbi Photic driving in the electroencephalogram of children and adolescents: harmonic structure and relation to the resting state
    V V Lazarev
    Setor de Neurologia, Laboratorio de Neurofisiologia Clinica, Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Av Rui Barbosa, 716, 22250 020 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Braz J Med Biol Res 34:1573-84. 2001
    ....
  92. ncbi Convergence of visual and tactile shape processing in the human lateral occipital complex
    Amir Amedi
    Neurobiology Department, Life Science Institute Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Cereb Cortex 12:1202-12. 2002
    ..Unlike vision and touch, auditory information contributes little to the recovery of the precise shape of objects. We therefore suggest that LOtv is involved in recovering the geometrical shape of objects...
  93. pmc Mechanisms of cross-modal plasticity in early-blind subjects
    Lindsay B Lewis
    Department of Ophthalmology, McGill Vision Research, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Neurophysiol 104:2995-3008. 2010
    ....
  94. ncbi Auditory triggered mental imagery of shape involves visual association areas in early blind humans
    A G de Volder
    Positron Medical Center, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Japan
    Neuroimage 14:129-39. 2001
    ..Since shape imagery by early blind subjects does involve similar visual structures as controls at an adult age, it indicates their developmental crossmodal reorganization to allow perceptual representation in the absence of vision...
  95. pmc Effective connectivities of cortical regions for top-down face processing: a dynamic causal modeling study
    Jun Li
    Life Sciences Research Center, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Xidian University, Xi an 710071, China
    Brain Res 1340:40-51. 2010
    ....
  96. ncbi Impaired tuning of a fast occipito-temporal response for print in dyslexic children learning to read
    Urs Maurer
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Brain 130:3200-10. 2007
    ..The results suggest that delayed initial visual tuning for print critically contributes to the development of dyslexia...
  97. ncbi Limitations of the HMPAO SPECT appearances of occipital lobe perfusion in the differential diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies
    Paul M Kemp
    Department of Nuclear Medicine and Medical Physics, Southampton University Hospitals Trust, Southampton, UK
    Nucl Med Commun 28:451-6. 2007
    To assess the utility of the appearances of occipital lobe perfusion on HMPAO SPECT in the diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) using the 123I-FP-CIT findings as the diagnostic 'gold standard'.
  98. ncbi Object representations for multiple visual categories overlap in lateral occipital and medial fusiform cortex
    Gilles Pourtois
    Laboratory for Behavioral Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, Department of Neuroscience and Clinic of Neurology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Cereb Cortex 19:1806-19. 2009
    ....
  99. ncbi Position selectivity in scene- and object-responsive occipitotemporal regions
    Sean P MacEvoy
    Department of Psychology, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Neurophysiol 98:2089-98. 2007
    ....
  100. ncbi Hierarchical coding of letter strings in the ventral stream: dissecting the inner organization of the visual word-form system
    Fabien Vinckier
    INSERM, U562 Orsay, France
    Neuron 55:143-56. 2007
    ....
  101. ncbi Beyond the edges of a view: boundary extension in human scene-selective visual cortex
    Soojin Park
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, PO Box 208205, 2 Hillhouse Ave, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Neuron 54:335-42. 2007
    ..These results demonstrate that scene layout representations are extrapolated beyond the confines of the perceptual input. Such extrapolation may facilitate perception of a continuous world from discontinuous views...

Research Grants68

  1. Cross-modal re-organization in children with cochlear implants
    Julia Dee Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..visual stimuli to implanted children, visual cortex becomes activated and may be observed as a response in the occipital lobe through topographic scalp maps of mean voltage values for the averaged recording...
  2. In vivo magnetic resonance-based analysis of inherited neurologic disease after g
    HEATHER G EDWARDS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..reported in GM1 gangliosidosis brain, will be measured in each cat at the level of thalamus, frontal cortex, occipital lobe, temporal lobe and cerebellum...
  3. Cortical Structure and Function in Blindness and following Restored Vision
    Geoffrey Karl Aguirre; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., resting blood flow in the occipital lobe covaries with cross-modal responses) and within structural measures (optic radiation disruption correlates ..
  4. Relation of GABA Levels in Visual Cortex to Strength of Interocular Suppression
    ROBERT RANDOLPH BLAKE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..specifically on levels of the inhibitory neurotransmitter substance gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) within occipital lobe and the relation of those levels to multiple psychophysical measures indexing depth of interocular suppression/..
  5. 13C MRS Studies of Human Brain Mitochondrial Metabolism in Healthy Aging
    DOUGLAS LYLE ROTHMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using 13C MRS we found profound alterations in energy metabolism in the occipital lobe of healthy elderly subjects including a 28% reduction in the neuronal TCA cycle, a parallel 24% reduction in ..
  6. Combined Multi-Pinhole and Fan-Beam Brain SPECT
    Michael A King; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However imaging of the occipital lobe is also required with PD for calculation of the striatal binding rati (SBR), a parameter of significance in ..
  7. Neural Plasticity and Recovery of Visual Functions in Patients with Hemispherecto
    Adrian Nestor; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..One intriguing hypothesis that motivates this investigation concerns the ability of the intact occipital lobe to develop sensitivity over time to the affected ipsilateral hemifield...
  8. Cognition and Cerebrovascular function across the lifespan
    Hanzhang Lu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of an age- related over-recruitment in the frontal cortex, but cautioned that the activation decrease in the occipital lobe and medial temporal lobe may be vascular artifacts...
  9. HUMAN CEREBRAL GABA METABOLISM STUDIED IN VIVO WITH NMR
    OGNEN PETROFF; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Three aims propose to examine prospectively changes in occipital lobe GABA and homocarnazine induced by vigabatrin, gabapentin, and tiagabine...
  10. MRS Measurements of GABA in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
    Hoby Hetherington; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Petroff and colleagues have studied the effects of various anti-epileptics on brain GABA levels in the occipital lobe, a site distant from the epileptogenic region, to date little information exists regarding GABA levels in the ..
  11. AGE-RELATED HIPPOCAMPAL VOLUME LOSS IN RECURRENT MDD
    Yvette Sheline; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..and frontal lobe volumes and increases in temporal horn volumes, with no between group differences for occipital lobe and intracerebral volumes, or volume of white matter abnormalities; 2) greater age-related deficits in ..
  12. NEURODEVELOPMENT AND EXPERIENCE: BEHAVIOR, QEEG AND MRI
    Heidelise Als; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Specific regions of interest investigated will be the early maturing occipital lobe and the later maturing frontal lobe and corpus callosum structures...
  13. AGING AND IMPLICIT MEMORY--EVIDENCE FROM LESION STUDIES
    Debra Fleischman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..In Study 1b, patients with focal occipital lobe lesions will be used to test the hypotheses that the right occipital lobe mediates and apperceptive kind of ..
  14. MRS STUDIES OF CORTICAL GABA IN DEPRESSION
    Gerard Sanacora; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This novel line investigation will open previously inaccessible areas of research, with a broad range of future applications. ..
  15. 13C Measurement of GABA Synthesis in Depression
    Gerard Sanacora; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition, we will continue to investigate the potential association between cortical GABA concentrations and both the various clinical subtypes of depression and allelic variants of the GAD65 gene. ..
  16. SSRI-INDUCED CHANGES IN CORTICAL GABA IN WOMEN WITH PMDD
    CYNTHIA EPPERSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We anticipate that our findings will provide further support for the role of GABA and neurosteroids in the pathogenesis and treatment of PMDD. ..
  17. NEURONAL DYSFUNCTION IN PREMENSTRUAL DYSPHORIC DISORDER
    C Epperson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Functional Neuroanatomy of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
    Stephan Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Successful completion of the project should lead to an improved understanding of the role of specific brain regions in generating the symptoms of OCD. ..
  19. Human Brain Antioxidant Levels Measured In Vivo as a Function of Age and Diet
    Melissa Terpstra; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This work could lead to improved cognitive health of the aging American population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Long-range processing in dorsal-occipital cortex
    Christopher Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..of the human cortex are beginning to be understood, particularly in sensory processing areas such as the occipital lobe. This proposal focuses on the least-known part of occipital cortex, its dorsolateral segment...
  21. Neuroanatomy of Emotion in Treatment Resistant Psychosis
    Stephan Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Protein Molecular Imaging in Patients with Late-Life Major Depression
    Anand Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This will facilitate the early identification of patients who may benefit from aggressive therapy aimed at alleviating both mood and cognitive symptoms. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. CONGNITIVE AND NEURAL BASES OF SPATIAL NEGLECT RECOVERY
    Maurizio Corbetta; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  24. FMRI STUDIES OF VISUAL ATTENTION
    Maurizio Corbetta; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Several experiments are proposed that test predictions of this hypothesis. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Place Representations in the Human Visual System
    Russell A Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As such, this knowledge could be critical for development of rehabilitation strategies in the blind. ..
  26. LATE-LIFE DEPRESSION
    Anand Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  27. Neurochemical Correlates of Pathology in Spinocerebellar Ataxias
    GULIN OZ; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Successful application of such treatments is expected to reduce the burden caused by these diseases on individuals, their families and society. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. FMRI STUDIES OF VISUAL MOTION AND ATTENTION
    Maurizio Corbetta; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g. unilateral neglect, attentional deficit disorders, or dyslexia. A finer understanding of attentional mechanisms will also facilitate the development of neurobiologically- driven rehabilitative strategies. ..
  29. Structure of the Human Cortical Depth Map
    Christopher Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The mapping results will be validated by functional studies of the susceptibility of each cortical area to depth variations and of the time course depth adaptation, and also for insensitivity to contrast variations. ..
  30. Neuroimaging and Functional Senscence in Aging
    Nikolaos Makris; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. FMRI STUDIES OF VISUAL MOTION AND ATTENTION
    Maurizio Corbetta; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..g. unilateral neglect, attentional deficit disorders, or dyslexia. A finer understanding of attentional mechanisms will also facilitate the development of neurobiologically- driven rehabilitative strategies. ..
  32. Novel MRI Methods for Neuronal Loss and Iron Quantification in Parkinsons Disease
    Shalom Michaeli; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  33. FMRI OF HUMAN AUDITORY SPATIAL PROCESSING
    James Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Cognitive Effects of Cerebellar Lesions in Humans
    JEREMY SCHMAHMANN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study has implications for the recognition and treatment of disorders of higher order function in cerebellar patients. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Human Ventral Occipitotemporal Cortex
    ALYSSA BREWER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Second, it may help us understand the variability in the severity and in the degree of recovery of visual deficits from VO cortical lesions. ..
  36. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Affective Illness
    CONSTANCE MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Decreased caudate nucleus beta-NTP will be associated with depression. An increase in caudate nucleus PME will occur as a result of lithium treatment. ..
  37. NEURAL SUBSTRATES OF MEMORY AND SEMANTIC PROCESSING
    Diane Swick; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The pattern of spared cognitive abilities in these patients is of great interest with future applications in the development of improved rehabilitation strategies. ..
  38. NIREP: Non-rigid Image Registration Evaluation Project
    Gary Christensen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..3) Disseminate NIREP software and annotated reference databases to the research community. (4) Test performance of major non-rigid image registration algorithms contained in ITK and SPM using the NIREP software. ..
  39. Genetic Factors in Human MDMA Toxicity: A PET Study
    Ronald Cowan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. PET AND SPECT IMAGING IN ALCOHOLIC SMOKERS
    Julie Staley; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. LANGUAGE, MODALITY AND THE BRAIN
    Karen Emmorey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. In-Car Technology to Alert Attention-Imparied Drivers
    Matthew Rizzo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results may be used to design safer automobiles that use new strategies and technologies for collision warning, perceptual augmentation, and attention management. ..
  43. Stuttering Therapy and Neurophysiological Interaction
    Roger J Ingham; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The overall study also constitutes a Phase II treatment efficacy study that will determine the need for a Phase III treatment trial of the MPI program. ..
  44. Perceptual encoding and imagery in prosopagnosia
    Jason Barton; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..From our prior work, we hypothesize that covert or unconscious recognition is the residual product of a partially damaged face network in the brain. We propose a functional imaging experiment to test this hypothesis. ..
  45. Neural Substrates of Emotion in Borderline Patients
    Erin Hazlett; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  46. Brain Correlates of Auditory Processing in the Blind
    Alexander Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  47. Cognitive Control in Aging
    John Foxe; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..High-density ERP recordings and topographic mapping will permit us to assess the relative contributions of frontal, parietal and earlier sensory areas to these processes. ..
  48. Analyzing Functional and Structural MRI in FAS Children
    ELIZABETH SOWELL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of these studies will help us in planning intervention strategies to optimize development in FAS children and provide more optimal image analysis techniques for other pediatric populations. ..
  49. Acoustic Interference on Attention in HIV Patients
    Dardo Tomasi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..More generally, this study will also improve the understanding of the neural effects of acoustic noise interference during fMRI studies in healthy populations. ..
  50. Gordon Conference on Catecholamines (2003)
    Terry Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  51. TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY AND CELLULAR HOMEOSTASIS
    Stephen Scheff; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies will significantly enhance our understanding of the mechanisms following TBI and hopefully lead to therapies resulting in increased recovery. ..
  52. North American Naturopathic Medical Research Consortium
    Leanna Standish; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Detection and Correction of Errors in Declarative Memory
    Jennifer Mangels; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..the basic cognitive and neural principles underlying detection and correction of memory retrieval and monitoring errors, and have far reaching implications for populations that suffer memory and/or metacognitive deficits ..
  54. Categorization and prefrontal cortex: ERP studies
    Cyma Van Petten; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Plasticity of Language Cortex and Chronic Brain Lesions
    Lauren Moo; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Such information will be useful in guiding therapy for patients with both chronic and acute brain lesions, which potentially affect language-related areas. ..
  56. PET Amyloid Plaque Imaging in Late Life Depression
    Yvette Sheline; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Novel RF Coils for In Vivo MR Applications at High Field
    Wei Chen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Striatal Contributions to Category Learning
    J Vincent Filoteo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Further, quantitative models will be applied to the data of PD patients and controls in order to determine more precisely the nature of any observed category learning deficits in the PD patients. ..
  59. INCLUSION OF COMORBIDITY IN ONCOLOGY DATA REGISTRIES
    Jay Piccirillo; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..An alternative, low-cost option to train registrars to code comorbidity and provide updated information is to use the Internet via the World Wide Web. ..
  60. Enhancement and Dissemination of ART: An Automatic Registration Toolbox
    Babak Ardekani; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. ADVERSE EARLY REARING & GLUTAMATERGIC FUNCTION
    Jeremy Coplan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Ongoing neurochemical and behavioral assessments will provide extensive longitudinal documentation of the effects of such reductions. ..
  62. Chronic drug exposures in monkeys: serial MRI studies
    Marc Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. Cocaine & Steroids: Brain Vascular & Behavioral Effects
    Marc Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Thus, if our hypotheses regarding hormonal effects on cocaine-induced vasoconstriction are validated, the potential for identifying effective therapeutics for investigation in chronic treatment trials will be enhanced. ..
  64. An EEG Study of Neural Dynamics in Schizophrenia
    Kevin Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This project seeks to further this goal by studying how brainwave synchronization is related to perception and thinking in people who are healthy, and in people who have schizophrenia. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. CEREBELLUM--ROLE IN THE CHEMICAL CONTROL OF BREATHING
    Fadi Xu; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Perhaps, more exciting is the emerging concept that the cerebellum may be far more involved in the planning and executing of motor responses, including respiration, than we have heretofore imagined. ..
  66. Central Mechanisms of Respiratory Arrest
    Fadi Xu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  67. Neurogenesis in the Human Brain
    Alfredo Quinones Hinojosa; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....