sacrum

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Tarlov cysts: a study of 10 cases with review of the literature
    J M Voyadzis
    Department of Neurosurgery and Pathology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    J Neurosurg 95:25-32. 2001
  2. ncbi The effect of sacral fracture malreduction on the safe placement of iliosacral screws
    Mark C Reilly
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 07103, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 20:S37-43. 2006
  3. ncbi Diffuse-type giant cell tumor/pigmented villonodular synovitis arising in the sacrum: malignant form
    Yoshinao Oda
    Department of Anatomic Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi ku, Fukuoka, Japan surgpath med kyushi u ac jp
    Pathol Int 57:627-31. 2007
  4. ncbi A homeobox gene, HLXB9, is the major locus for dominantly inherited sacral agenesis
    A J Ross
    Human Genetics Unit, School of Biochemistry and Genetics, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Nat Genet 20:358-61. 1998
  5. ncbi Lumbosacral chordoma. Prognostic factors and treatment
    E Y Cheng
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota Cancer Center, Minneapolis, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 24:1639-45. 1999
  6. pmc The sagittal anatomy of the sacrum among young adults, infants, and spondylolisthesis patients
    C Marty
    Service de Reeducation Neurologique, Unité Neuro Orthopédie et Scoliose et GRUBR Groupe de Recherche Universitaire de Biomécanique Rachidienne, Hopital Raymond Poincare, 92380 Garches, France
    Eur Spine J 11:119-25. 2002
  7. ncbi Percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation in S1 and S2 for posterior pelvic ring injuries: technique and perioperative complications
    Georg Osterhoff
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistrasse 100, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 131:809-13. 2011
  8. ncbi Lumbosacral transitional vertebrae: classification, imaging findings, and clinical relevance
    G P Konin
    Department of Radiology, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York 11030, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 31:1778-86. 2010
  9. ncbi Preoperative gait comparisons between adults undergoing long spinal deformity fusion surgery (thoracic to L4, L5, or sacrum) and controls
    J R Engsberg
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:2020-8. 2001
  10. pmc Wide resection of sacral chordoma via a posterior approach
    Apichat Asavamongkolkul
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10700, Thailand
    Int Orthop 36:607-12. 2012

Detail Information

Publications282 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Tarlov cysts: a study of 10 cases with review of the literature
    J M Voyadzis
    Department of Neurosurgery and Pathology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    J Neurosurg 95:25-32. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Large cysts (> 1.5 cm) and the presence of associated radicular symptoms strongly correlate with excellent outcome. Tarlov cysts may result from increased hydrostatic pressure and trauma...
  2. ncbi The effect of sacral fracture malreduction on the safe placement of iliosacral screws
    Mark C Reilly
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 07103, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 20:S37-43. 2006
    ..To determine the effects of cranial displacement on the safe placement of iliosacral screws for zone II sacral fractures...
  3. ncbi Diffuse-type giant cell tumor/pigmented villonodular synovitis arising in the sacrum: malignant form
    Yoshinao Oda
    Department of Anatomic Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi ku, Fukuoka, Japan surgpath med kyushi u ac jp
    Pathol Int 57:627-31. 2007
    ..Herein is reported a case of diffuse-type GCT/PVNS involving the sacrum and the fifth lumbar vertebra, in which the patient developed regional lymph node swelling after recurrence...
  4. ncbi A homeobox gene, HLXB9, is the major locus for dominantly inherited sacral agenesis
    A J Ross
    Human Genetics Unit, School of Biochemistry and Genetics, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Nat Genet 20:358-61. 1998
    Partial absence of the sacrum is a rare congenital defect which also occurs as an autosomal dominant trait; association with anterior meningocoele, presacral teratoma and anorectal abnormalities constitutes the Currarino triad (MIM 176450)..
  5. ncbi Lumbosacral chordoma. Prognostic factors and treatment
    E Y Cheng
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Minnesota Cancer Center, Minneapolis, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 24:1639-45. 1999
    ..Retrospective analysis...
  6. pmc The sagittal anatomy of the sacrum among young adults, infants, and spondylolisthesis patients
    C Marty
    Service de Reeducation Neurologique, Unité Neuro Orthopédie et Scoliose et GRUBR Groupe de Recherche Universitaire de Biomécanique Rachidienne, Hopital Raymond Poincare, 92380 Garches, France
    Eur Spine J 11:119-25. 2002
    ..The angle of incidence has also been shown to depend partly on the sagittal anatomy of sacrum, which is established in childhood while learning to stand and walk...
  7. ncbi Percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation in S1 and S2 for posterior pelvic ring injuries: technique and perioperative complications
    Georg Osterhoff
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistrasse 100, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 131:809-13. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to describe the technique for screws in S1 and S2 using conventional C-arm and to evaluate perioperative complications...
  8. ncbi Lumbosacral transitional vertebrae: classification, imaging findings, and clinical relevance
    G P Konin
    Department of Radiology, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York 11030, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 31:1778-86. 2010
    ..In this article, each of these issues will be addressed with attention to identifying and correctly numbering LSTVs as well as detecting imaging findings related to the genesis of low back pain...
  9. ncbi Preoperative gait comparisons between adults undergoing long spinal deformity fusion surgery (thoracic to L4, L5, or sacrum) and controls
    J R Engsberg
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 26:2020-8. 2001
    ..This investigation compared the gait of revision and primary spinal deformity patients about to undergo surgical reconstruction with that of a group of able-bodied controls...
  10. pmc Wide resection of sacral chordoma via a posterior approach
    Apichat Asavamongkolkul
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10700, Thailand
    Int Orthop 36:607-12. 2012
    ..The study was carried out to report the results of wide resection in sacral chordoma using a posterior approach and gauze packing technique...
  11. ncbi Minimally invasive axial presacral L5-S1 interbody fusion: two-year clinical and radiographic outcomes
    William D Tobler
    The Christ Hospital Medical Office Building, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 36:E1296-301. 2011
    ..Retrospective case series...
  12. ncbi Reconstruction of extensive defects from posterior en bloc resection of sacral tumors with human acellular dermal matrix and gluteus maximus myocutaneous flaps
    Hormuzdiyar H Dasenbrock
    School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA
    Neurosurgery 69:1240-7. 2011
    ..However, reconstruction of the resultant extensive soft-tissue defects is challenging because a vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap is not harvested...
  13. ncbi The gluteus maximus muscle flap for reconstruction of sacral chordoma defects
    Poh Koon Koh
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
    Ann Plast Surg 53:44-9. 2004
    ..A longitudinally split flap was used for secondary reconstruction of a partially obliterated defect (patient 4). Over a mean follow-up period of 8 months, there was no wound breakdown and all patients were ambulant...
  14. ncbi Lumbar motion segment pathology adjacent to thoracolumbar, lumbar, and lumbosacral fusions
    J D Schlegel
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Utah, School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 21:970-81. 1996
    ..The segment adjacent to the adjacent segment was almost as likely to breakdown. Sagittal and coronal alignment appeared to play a role in adjacent abnormality. Good outcomes are evident in 70% of cases...
  15. pmc Comparative study of laparoscopic L5-S1 fusion versus open mini-ALIF, with a minimum 2-year follow-up
    Sang Ki Chung
    Department of Neurosurgery and General Surgery, Wooridul Spine Hospital, 47 4 Chungdam dong Kangnam gu, 135 100 Seoul, Korea
    Eur Spine J 12:613-7. 2003
    ..The fusion rate was 91% in both groups. The laparoscopic ALIF for L5-S1 showed similar clinical and radiological outcome when compared with open mini-ALIF, but significant advantages were not identified, despite its technical difficulty...
  16. ncbi Reconstruction after extirpation of sacral malignancies
    Jose Diaz
    University of Miami School of Medicine, DeWitt Daughtry Department of Surgery, FL, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 51:126-9. 2003
    ..The authors' experience suggests that this combination of techniques is a reliable approach for reconstruction of these extensive surgical defects...
  17. ncbi Reconstructive strategies for partial sacrectomy defects based on surgical outcomes
    Patrick B Garvey
    Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 127:190-9. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine what factors best guide selection of reconstructive techniques following partial sacrectomy to optimize outcomes...
  18. ncbi Surgical results of sacral perineural (Tarlov) cysts
    Masato Tanaka
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama 700 8558, Japan
    Acta Med Okayama 60:65-70. 2006
    ..Two (17%) of 12 patients experienced no significant improvement. In one of these patients, the filling defect was negative. In conclusion, a positive filling defect may become an indicator of good treatment outcomes...
  19. ncbi Trans-sacral fixation for failed posterior fixation of the pelvic ring
    Paul E Beaule
    Division of Orthopaedics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 126:49-52. 2006
    ..e. fixation from iliac wing to the other traversing the body of S1) may be necessary. The purpose of our study was to describe our early experience and describe the surgical technique...
  20. ncbi Technique and results of fixation to the sacrum with iliosacral screws
    J P Farcy
    New York Orthopaedic Hospital, Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, New York
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 17:S190-5. 1992
    ..screw fixation, as well as a retrospective review of 28 consecutive patients who had spine fusion to the sacrum with iliosacral screws, with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. The study included 6 male and 22 female patients...
  21. ncbi The effect of C-arm malrotation on iliosacral screw placement
    Philip Wolinsky
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of California at Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 21:427-34. 2007
    ..We sought to determine whether inaccurate C-arm positioning could create images that lead to inaccurate interpretation of iliosacral screw positions...
  22. ncbi New percutaneous access method for minimally invasive anterior lumbosacral surgery
    Andrew Cragg
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55424, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 17:21-8. 2004
    ..Custom instruments were directed under fluoroscopic guidance along the midline of the anterior sacrum to the surface of the sacral promontory where an axial bore was created into the lower lumbar vertebral bodies and ..
  23. ncbi Pelvic fixation in spine surgery. Historical overview, indications, biomechanical relevance, and current techniques
    Ali Moshirfar
    Dept of Orthopedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 4940 Eastern Avenue A672, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 87:89-106. 2005
  24. ncbi Complications of pedicle screws in lumbar and lumbosacral fusions in 105 consecutive primary operations
    P C Jutte
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Isala Klinieken, locatie Weezenlanden, Zwolle, The Netherlands
    Eur Spine J 11:594-8. 2002
    ..To avoid screw breakage and subsequent loss of correction, anterior support should be provided, through either posterior or anterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF or ALIF) techniques, in reduced spondylolisthesis L5-S1...
  25. ncbi Pseudarthrosis in long adult spinal deformity instrumentation and fusion to the sacrum: prevalence and risk factor analysis of 144 cases
    Yongjung J Kim
    Washington University Medical Center, St Louis, MO, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:2329-36. 2006
    ..Retrospective study...
  26. ncbi A Cretaceous terrestrial snake with robust hindlimbs and a sacrum
    Sebastian Apesteguia
    Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia, A Gallardo 470, Buenos Aires 1405, Argentina
    Nature 440:1037-40. 2006
    ..Here we report a fossil snake with a sacrum supporting a pelvic girdle and robust, functional legs outside the ribcage...
  27. ncbi Microsurgical excision of symptomatic sacral perineurial cysts: a study of 15 cases
    Wolfhard Caspar
    Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Saarland University, Homburg Saar, Germany
    Surg Neurol 59:101-5; discussion 105-6. 2003
    ..In this retrospective study the efficacy of microsurgical cyst resection with duraplasty is evaluated...
  28. ncbi Compensatory spinopelvic balance over the hip axis and better reliability in measuring lordosis to the pelvic radius on standing lateral radiographs of adult volunteers and patients
    R P Jackson
    Spine Surgery Service, North Kansas City Hospital, Missouri, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:1750-67. 1998
    ..obtained using a C7 plumb line, and segmental angulations of the spinal vertebrae, including lordosis to the sacrum, have been reported...
  29. ncbi Anatomy of the percutaneous presacral space for a novel fusion technique
    Philip S Yuan
    Memorial Orthopaedic Surgical Group, Long Beach, CA, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 19:237-41. 2006
    ..The objective was to evaluate the safety of a paracoccygeal approach to the axial lumbosacral spine and determine structures that could potentially be injured...
  30. ncbi Outcome and complications of long fusions to the sacrum in adult spine deformity: luque-galveston, combined iliac and sacral screws, and sacral fixation
    Arash Emami
    University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:776-86. 2002
    A retrospective study of adults with long fusion to the sacrum using three different fixations was performed.
  31. ncbi The sacrum: pathologic spectrum, multimodality imaging, and subspecialty approach
    J Diel
    Department of Radiology, Winthrop University Hospital, 259 First St, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Radiographics 21:83-104. 2001
    The sacrum is a structure that is imaged by both general and subspecialty radiologists. A wide variety of disease processes can involve the sacrum either focally or as part of a systemic process...
  32. ncbi Vertically unstable pelvic fractures fixed with percutaneous iliosacral screws: does posterior injury pattern predict fixation failure?
    Damian R Griffin
    Nuffield Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Oxford, Oxford, England
    J Orthop Trauma 17:399-405. 2003
    ..fractures and particularly to test the hypothesis that fixations in which the posterior injury is a vertical fracture of the sacrum are more likely to fail than fixations with dislocations or fracture-dislocations of the sacroiliac joint.
  33. ncbi Sacral insufficiency fracture
    S P Blake
    Department of Radiology, South Infirmary Victoria Hospital, Old Blackrock Road, Cork, Ireland
    Br J Radiol 77:891-6. 2004
    Insufficiency fractures of the sacrum are not uncommon and usually occur in osteoporotic bone with minimal or unremembered trauma...
  34. ncbi Inadvertent intraforaminal iliosacral screw placement despite apparent appropriate positioning on intraoperative fluoroscopy
    H C Sagi
    Department of Orthopaedics, University Medical Center 4th Floor, University of California San Francisco, Fresno Medical Education Program, 445 South Cedar Avenue, Fresno, CA 93711, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 19:130-3. 2005
    ..Because of the tangential nature of the S1 foramen, slight posterior placement of the screw into the S1 body and not into the promontory resulted in violation of the foramen despite it being above the cortical shadow on the outlet view...
  35. ncbi Anatomy of the presacral venous plexus: implications for rectal surgery
    P Baque
    Laboratoire d Anatomie Normale, Faculté de Médecine de Nice, 06000 Nice, France
    Surg Radiol Anat 26:355-8. 2004
    ..and median sacral veins, and courses into the pelvic fascia covering the anterior aspect of the body of the sacrum. The presacral venous plexus is not directly visible during rectal surgery, and injuries to this plexus may be ..
  36. pmc Giant cell tumor of the sacrum and spine: series of 23 cases and a review of the literature
    Christopher Martin
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Iowa Orthop J 30:69-75. 2010
    Although there have been a few large case series of giant cell tumor (GCT) in the spine and sacrum, the treatment of these lesions remains controversial...
  37. pmc Sacral chordoma: can local recurrence after sacrectomy be predicted?
    S A Hanna
    Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Sarcoma Unit, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, Middlesex, UK
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 466:2217-23. 2008
    ..The findings suggest obtaining wide surgical margins posteriorly, by excising parts of the piriformis, gluteus maximus, and sacroiliac joints, may result in better local disease control in patients with sacral chordoma...
  38. ncbi Long scoliosis fusion to the sacrum in adults with nonparalytic scoliosis. An improved method
    E H Saer
    Arkansas Spine Center, Little Rock
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 15:650-3. 1990
    The first 17 adults with nonparalytic scoliosis having long fusion to the sacrum treated with the Luque-Galveston technique were reviewed. There were 3 men and 14 women...
  39. ncbi Cryoablation of recurrent sacrococcygeal tumors
    Anil Nicholas Kurup
    Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Vasc Interv Radiol 23:1070-5. 2012
    ..To review the safety and efficacy of cryoablation of recurrent sacrococcygeal tumors...
  40. ncbi Imaging of lumbosacral transitional vertebrae
    R J Hughes
    Department of Radiology, The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Stanmore, Middlesex, UK
    Clin Radiol 59:984-91. 2004
    ..The imaging findings of LSTV on plain radiography and MRI are reviewed and their clinical significance discussed...
  41. ncbi Radical excision of malignant sacral tumors using a modified threadwire saw
    Shunzo Osaka
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Surg Oncol 93:312-7. 2006
    ..Surgical treatment of malignant sacral tumors is difficult, and has a high rate of recurrence...
  42. ncbi Interspecies exchange of a Hoxd enhancer in vivo induces premature transcription and anterior shift of the sacrum
    M Gerard
    Department of Zoology and Animal Biology, University of Geneva, Sciences III, Switzerland
    Dev Biol 190:32-40. 1997
    ..which led to a rostral shift of its expression boundary and a consequent anterior transposition of the sacrum. These results demonstrate the high phylogenetic conservation of regulatory mechanisms acting over vertebrate Hox ..
  43. ncbi Sacral insufficiency fractures: current concepts of management
    E Tsiridis
    Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopedics, St James s University Hospital, Beckett Street, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK
    Osteoporos Int 17:1716-25. 2006
    ..Sacral insufficiency fractures (SIFs) are often overlooked in elderly patients presenting with low back and pelvic pain following no or minimal trauma...
  44. ncbi High rectal injury during trans-1 axial lumbar interbody fusion L5-S1 fixation: a case report
    Sergiu Botolin
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:E144-8. 2010
    ..A case report...
  45. ncbi Surgical treatment of sacral chordomas combined with transcatheter arterial embolization
    Huilin Yang
    The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China
    J Spinal Disord Tech 23:47-52. 2010
    ..A retrospective study, analyzing midterm results of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for removal of a sacral chordoma...
  46. pmc Giant cell tumour of the sacrum: a suggested algorithm for treatment
    Rajkumar Thangaraj
    The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital Oncology Service, Bristol Road South, Birmingham, B31 2AP, UK
    Eur Spine J 19:1189-94. 2010
    To investigate the outcome of our management of patients with giant cell tumour of the sacrum and draw lessons from this...
  47. ncbi Comparison of the strengths of lumbosacral fixation achieved with techniques using one and two triangulated sacral screws
    J C Leong
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Hong Kong
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:2289-94. 1998
    ..using one sacral screw and two triangulated sacral screws with Chopin block was tested on 10 fresh human sacrum specimens...
  48. ncbi Effect of spinal segment variants on numbering vertebral levels at lumbar MR imaging
    John A Carrino
    Russell H Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 601 N Caroline St, Suite 5165, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Radiology 259:196-202. 2011
    ....
  49. ncbi Numbering of lumbosacral transitional vertebrae on MRI: role of the iliolumbar ligaments
    Richard J Hughes
    Department of Radiology, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Brockley Hill, Stanmore, Middlesex, London, England HA7 4LP
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 187:W59-65. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether identification of the iliolumbar ligaments is of practical use for numbering lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV)...
  50. pmc Treatment of nonmetastatic Ewing's sarcoma family tumors of the spine and sacrum: the experience from a single institution
    Gaetano Bacci
    Sezione di Chemioterapia, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, 40136, Bologna, Italy
    Eur Spine J 18:1091-5. 2009
    ..study is to determine the best local treatment combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy for ESFT of the spine and sacrum, for the best local treatment for Ewing sarcoma family tumors (ESFT) according to the primary site is still ..
  51. ncbi Treatment of recurrent chordomas by percutaneous ethanol injection therapy and radiation therapy
    M Nakajo
    Department of Radiology, Imakiire General Hospital, Kagoshima, Japan
    Acta Radiol 47:297-300. 2006
    ..PEIT may be one of the adjuvant therapies for recurrent chordomas...
  52. ncbi A quantitative study on the sacrum of the dog
    Mehmet Kamil Ocal
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Adnan Menderes University, Isikli Aydin, Turkey
    Ann Anat 188:477-82. 2006
    ..46 (142.1)mm2. The transverse diameters of the first sacral vertebra important for screw implantation were 46.02 (4.33)mm and 44.18 (5.29)mm in the first and second cross-sections, respectively...
  53. ncbi Orientation of the human sacrum: anthropological perspectives and methodological approaches
    Smadar Peleg
    Department of Anatomy and Anthropology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    Am J Phys Anthropol 133:967-77. 2007
    ..a) SAO is the angle created between the intersection of a line running parallel to the superior surface of the sacrum and a line running between the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) and the anterior-superior edge of the ..
  54. pmc The clinicopathologic observation, c-KIT gene mutation and clonal status of gastrointestinal stromal tumor in the sacrum
    Li Gong
    Department of Pathology, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an 710038, Shaanxi Province, PR China
    BMC Gastroenterol 9:43. 2009
    It is very rare that gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) occurs in the sacrum. Only one case of GIST occuring in the sacral region, with intracranial metastasis, has been reported in the literature...
  55. ncbi Tamponade of presacral hemorrhage with hemostatic sponges fixed to the sacrum with endoscopic helical tackers: report of two cases
    Tom J van der Vurst
    Department of Surgery, Twenteborg Hospital, Almelo, The Netherlands
    Dis Colon Rectum 47:1550-3. 2004
    ..We report the successful tamponade of presacral hemorrhage with absorbable hemostatic sponges fixed to the sacrum with endoscopic helical tackers.
  56. pmc A simplified Galveston technique for the stabilisation of pathological fractures of the sacrum
    A M McGee
    The Department of Spinal Surgery, The Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Woodlands, Northfield, Birmingham, UK
    Eur Spine J 9:451-4. 2000
    Mechanical stabilisation of pathological fractures of the sacrum is technically challenging. There is often inadequate purchase in the sacrum, and stabilisation has to be achieved between the lumbar vertebrae and ilium...
  57. ncbi Spectrum of mutations and genotype-phenotype analysis in Currarino syndrome
    J Kochling
    Department of Pediatric Oncology Hematology, Charite, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
    Eur J Hum Genet 9:599-605. 2001
    ....
  58. ncbi Sacral nerve modulation for defaecation and micturition disorders in patients with spina bifida
    S M P Lansen-Koch
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Colorectal Dis 14:508-14. 2012
    ..Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of sacral nerve modulation for defaecation disorders and voiding dysfunction in patients with spina bifida...
  59. ncbi Selection of instrumentation and fusion levels for scoliosis: where to start and where to stop. Invited submission from the Joint Section Meeting on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, March 2004
    Keith H Bridwell
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Neurosurg Spine 1:1-8. 2004
    ..The author reviewed his experience and the literature and reports on the choice of fusion levels in the adolescent and adult patient...
  60. ncbi MRI of hemangiopericytoma in the sacrum
    Yu Wei Lian
    School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Skeletal Radiol 33:485-7. 2004
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a tumor mass with areas of serpentine signal void pattern in the sacrum suggestive of a vascular tumor. Neither calcifications nor layered blood serum were noted...
  61. ncbi Metric study of Egyptian sacrum for lumbo-sacral fixation procedures
    Gamal Hamed el Sayed Hassanein
    Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
    Clin Anat 24:218-24. 2011
    Lumbo-sacral fixation for the management of lumbo-sacral instability includes insertion of screws to the sacrum, most commonly into the posterior aspect of the pedicles of the first sacralvertebra...
  62. pmc Surgical margins and local control in resection of sacral chordomas
    Pietro Ruggieri
    Department of Orthopedics, University of Bologna, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Pupilli, 1, 40136, Bologna BO, Italy
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 468:2939-47. 2010
    ..The quality of surgical margins obtained at initial surgery is the primary factor to improve survival reducing the risk of local recurrence, but proximal sacral resections are associated with substantial perioperative morbidity...
  63. ncbi Advance in the treatment of aneurysmal bone cyst of the sacrum
    Davide Donati
    II Orthopaedic and Traumatology Clinic, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Bologna, Italy
    Skeletal Radiol 40:1461-6. 2011
    ..the review of 11 patients with two different treatment methods used historically for aneurysmal bone cyst in the sacrum. The outcome of both procedures is reported...
  64. ncbi Primary clear cell sarcoma of the sacrum: a case report
    Weibin Zhang
    Department of Orthopaedics, Rui Jin Hospital, affiliated Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
    Skeletal Radiol 40:633-9. 2011
    ..We present here a case of a huge primary clear cell sarcoma of the sacrum arising in a 25-year-old man. The average percentage of melanin content in the tumor was 9.25 ± 6...
  65. ncbi Stress fracture of the pelvic wing-sacrum after long-level lumbosacral fusion: a case report
    Young Do Koh
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ewha Woman s University, Seoul, Korea
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:E161-3. 2005
    A case report of transverse stress fracture of the pelvic wing-sacrum after long-level lumbosacral fusion.
  66. ncbi Evaluation and management of stress fractures of the pelvis and sacrum
    Robert G Hosey
    Department of Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0284, USA
    Orthopedics 31:383-5. 2008
    Most stress fractures of the pelvis and sacrum can be treated nonoperatively with activity modification and thorough assessment of training activities and nutritional factors.
  67. ncbi Osteochondroma of the sacrum: a case report and review of the literature
    Dino Samartzis
    Graduate Division, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:E425-9. 2006
    ..A case report and review of the literature...
  68. ncbi Fatigue fracture of the sacrum in an adolescent
    Scott P Patterson
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Allegheny General Hospital, 320 E North Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15212 4772, USA
    Pediatr Radiol 34:633-5. 2004
    ..Recognition of these fractures is important to avoid unnecessary biopsy if the findings are confused with tumor or infection. We report a sacral fatigue fracture in a 15-year-old without a history of athletic participation or trauma...
  69. ncbi [Microsurgical reconstruction of the pelvic floor after pelvic exenteration. Reduced morbidity and improved quality of life by an interdisciplinary concept]
    N M Stechl
    Klinik für Plastische, Wiederherstellungs und Handchirurgie, Markus Krankenhaus, Wilhelm Epstein Straße 4, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Chirurg 82:625-30. 2011
    ..The goal of therapy is therefore restoration of functional stability and adequate soft tissue coverage, thus enhancing the quality of life with limited life expectancy by an interdisciplinary approach...
  70. ncbi Long adult spinal deformity fusion to the sacrum using rhBMP-2 versus autogenous iliac crest bone graft
    Takeshi Maeda
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, WA University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:2205-12. 2009
    ..Comparative study...
  71. ncbi A novel approach to the treatment of gunshot injuries to the sacrum
    James R Dunne
    R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Am Surg 69:91-4. 2003
    ..Upon further exploration they were both noted to have significant bleeding from the bony aspect of their sacrum. A surgical hemostat (CoStasis; Cohesion Technologies, Inc., Palo Alto, CA) (4.5-9...
  72. ncbi Muscle tamponade to control presacral venous bleeding: report of two cases
    Feza H Remzi
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 45:1109-11. 2002
    ..The technique was successful and may be considered in cases of problematic hemorrhage when other techniques have failed or inapplicable...
  73. ncbi Treatment of neoplastic diseases of the sacrum
    G H Raque
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky 40202, USA
    J Surg Oncol 76:301-7. 2001
    ..This overview includes the relative anatomy, symptoms, diagnosis, imaging, operative indications, surgical approaches, and potential complications...
  74. ncbi Posterior-only approach for en bloc sacrectomy: clinical outcomes in 36 consecutive patients
    Michelle J Clarke
    Department of Neurosurgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Neurosurgery 71:357-64; discussion 364. 2012
    ..However, we have found that en bloc resection and biomechanical reconstruction of the spinal column is possible from a posterior-only approach in many cases...
  75. ncbi Muscle fragment welding for control of massive presacral bleeding during rectal mobilization: a review of eight cases
    Jacqueline L Harrison
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Dis Colon Rectum 46:1115-7. 2003
    ....
  76. ncbi Infections in surgery of primary tumors of the sacrum
    Pietro Ruggieri
    Department of Orthopedics, University of Bologna, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 37:420-8. 2012
    ..Retrospective case series...
  77. pmc Management of metastatic sacral tumours
    Nasir A Quraishi
    Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Queen s Medical Centre Campus of Nottingham University Hospitals, Derby Road, Nottingham, UK
    Eur Spine J 21:1984-93. 2012
    Metastatic involvement of the sacrum is rare and there is a paucity of studies which deal with the management of these tumours since most papers refer to primary sacral tumours...
  78. ncbi Coronal oblique turbo STIR imaging of the sacrum and sacroiliac joints at routine MR imaging of the lumbar spine
    Tadhg G Gleeson
    Department of Radiology, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Eccles St, Dublin 7, Ireland
    Emerg Radiol 12:38-43. 2005
    ..of the study was to evaluate the clinical impact of coronal oblique imaging of the lumbrosacral junction and the sacrum at initial presentation for MR imaging of the lumbar spine in patients presenting with low back pain or sciatic ..
  79. ncbi Controlling a presacral hemorrhage by using a saline bag: report of a case
    XinYi Ng
    Department of Surgery, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, No 110, Section 1, Chien Kuo N Road, Taichung, Taiwan
    Dis Colon Rectum 51:972-4. 2008
    ..We report our successful use of a saline bag tamponade in a patient with a life-threatening presacral hemorrhage after an abdominoperineal resection of an anal carcinoma...
  80. pmc Modified triangular posterior osteosynthesis of unstable sacrum fracture
    E Mouhsine
    Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, University Hospital, OTR BH 14, CHUV 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Eur Spine J 15:857-63. 2006
    ..There were four vertical shear lesions of the pelvis and three transverse fracture of the upper sacrum. The vertical shear injuries were initially treated with an anterior external fixator inserted at the time of ..
  81. ncbi Long adult deformity fusions to L5 and the sacrum. A matched cohort analysis
    Charles C Edwards
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1996-2005. 2004
    ..S1). OBJECTIVE.: To compare the results of long adult deformity fusions to either L5 or the sacrum in the presence of a "healthy" 5-1 disc using a matched cohort analysis.
  82. ncbi Sacral insufficiency fractures
    O S Schindler
    Droitwich Knee Clinic and Birmingham Arthritis and Sports Injury Clinic, Worcestershire, United Kingdom
    J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 15:339-46. 2007
    ..To highlight difficulties in the diagnostic process and the validity of imaging techniques for sacral insufficiency fractures...
  83. ncbi Outcome of conservative surgery for giant cell tumor of the sacrum
    Wei Guo
    Musculoskeletal Tumor Center, People s Hospital, Peking University, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:1025-31. 2009
    ..Retrospective analysis...
  84. ncbi Surgical treatment of primary tumors of the sacrum
    Cuneyt Sar
    University of Istanbul, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 34390 Topkapi, Istanbul, Turkey
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 122:148-55. 2002
    Twenty-two patients with primary tumors of the sacrum were surgically treated between 1983 and 1997. Seventeen male and 5 female patients were followed up for a mean of 53.6 months (range 12-203 months)...
  85. ncbi Primary capillary hemangioblastoma of bone: report of a case arising in the sacrum
    John Panelos
    Department of Human Pathology and Oncology, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy
    Int J Surg Pathol 18:580-3. 2010
    ..We present the case of a 72-year-old woman with low back pain and a well-demarcated lytic lesion of the sacrum, which at histological and ultrastructural examination was indistinguishable from central nervous system CHB...
  86. pmc Intradural squamous cell carcinoma in the sacrum
    Tatsuki Fukushima
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsu City, Mie, Japan
    World J Surg Oncol 7:16. 2009
    ..We describe a rare case of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis in which spinal intradural squamous cell carcinoma with no lesions in the cerebral meninges and leptomeninx, was the primary lesion...
  87. ncbi Primary malignant giant cell tumour of sacrum--a case report
    R Mahajan
    Department of Lab Medicine, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi
    Indian J Pathol Microbiol 44:173-5. 2001
    A rare case of primary malignant GCT of sacrum in a 35-year-old female is reported.
  88. pmc Aneurysmal bone cysts of the sacrum: a report of ten cases and review of the literature
    Priscilla Brastianos
    Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Iowa Orthop J 29:74-8. 2009
    ..All ten patients are currently disease free for at least two years. Only two patients have residual neurologic deficit in the form of bowel or bladder dysfunction...
  89. ncbi Fiducial-free real-time image-guided robotic radiosurgery for tumors of the sacrum/pelvis
    Alexander Muacevic
    European CyberKnife Center Munich, Munich, Germany
    Radiother Oncol 93:37-44. 2009
    ..We present preliminary clinical results and phantom accuracy measurements of sacral radiosurgery using fiducial-free alignment based on vertebral anatomy distant to tumor location...
  90. ncbi Primary intraosseous paraganglioma of the sacrum: a case report
    Ilya Laufer
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Spine J 7:733-8. 2007
    ..Chest, abdomen, and pelvis computed tomography scans revealed no other tumors. This lesion was treated with limited resection, decompression, stabilization, and radiation therapy...
  91. ncbi Metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma to the sacrum and epidural space: case report
    Mehmet Turgut
    Magn Reson Imaging 22:1340. 2004
  92. ncbi Closed reduction and iliosacral percutaneous fixation of unstable pelvic ring fractures
    Daniel Schweitzer
    Orthopedic Surgery Department, Hospital del Trabajador Santiago, Ramon Carnicer 201, Providencia, Santiago, Chile
    Injury 39:869-74. 2008
    ..To report clinical results of patients treated with closed reduction and percutaneous iliosacral screw fixation for unstable pelvic ring fractures...
  93. ncbi Shotgun wounds to the buttocks, sacrum, and rectum
    Matthew Moore Carrick
    Michael E DeBakey, Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 62:552. 2007
  94. ncbi Currarino syndrome: proposal of a diagnostic and therapeutic protocol
    G Martucciello
    Division of Pediatric Surgery, Gaslini Children s Hospital, Genoa, Italy
    J Pediatr Surg 39:1305-11. 2004
    ..The authors analyzed retrospectively their series, and they propose a multidisciplinary diagnostic and therapuetic protocol that until now has not been introduced...
  95. ncbi Surgical anatomy of the sacrum. A guide for rational screw fixation
    S I Esses
    Toronto General Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 16:S283-8. 1991
    ..Surgical accuracy was evaluated after surgery with computed tomography...
  96. ncbi Morphometry of the sacrum for clinical use
    H Basaloglu
    Department of Anatomy, Adnan Menderes University School of Medicine, Aydin, Turkey
    Surg Radiol Anat 27:467-71. 2005
    ..in the lower lumbar spine may necessitate fusion and stabilization supplemented by instrumentation to the sacrum. However, screw placement in a reasonable position is more difficult to achieve because of the unique anatomy of ..
  97. ncbi Segmental lumbar lordosis: manual versus computer-assisted measurement using seven different techniques
    Thomas C Schuler
    Virginia Spine Institute, Reston, Virginia 20190, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 17:372-9. 2004
    ....
  98. pmc Zoledronic acid in metastatic chondrosarcoma and advanced sacrum chordoma: two case reports
    Liliana Montella
    Medical Oncology Unit San Giovanni di Dio Hospital, 80020 Frattaminore, Naples, Italy
    J Exp Clin Cancer Res 28:7. 2009
    ..Chondrosarcomas and chordomas are usually chemoresistant bone tumors and may have a poor prognosis when advanced. They are usually associated with worsening pain difficult to control...
  99. ncbi Benign sacral tumors
    Harel Deutsch
    Chicago Institute of Neurosurgery and Neuroresearch, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 15:E14. 2003
    Primary tumors of the sacrum are rare. In adults, the most common sacral tumors are metastases. The most common primary sacral tumor is a chordoma...
  100. ncbi Variable morphology of the sacrum in a Chinese population
    Li Ping Wu
    Department of Anatomy, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China
    Clin Anat 22:619-26. 2009
    Although several morphological variations of sacrum have been reported in western populations, little attention has been paid to this anatomic issue in eastern people, and classification of sacral variability in particular...
  101. pmc Uterosacral colpopexy at the time of vaginal hysterectomy: comparison of laparoscopic and vaginal approaches
    Charles R Rardin
    Division of Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, 695 Eddy Street, Suite 12, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    J Reprod Med 54:273-80. 2009
    ..To compare the risk of ureteral compromise and of recurrent vault prolapse following vaginal vs. laparoscopic uterosacral vault suspension at the time of vaginal hysterectomy...

Research Grants24

  1. Anthropomorphic Loading Device for Seat Cushion Testing
    PETER AXELSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..be analyzed in five key zones: the right and left ischial tuberosities, the right and left trochanters, and the sacrum/coccyx. The ASLI will benefit cushion users by providing needed information on cushion performance. ..
  2. Non-contact Diffuse Optical Assessment of Pressure Ulcer and Therapy
    Guoqiang Yu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., gluteal muscles surrounding the sacrum), measurement of deep tissue hemodynamics is essential for early diagnosis of ulcers and for optimization of ES ..
  3. Innovative Tools for In Vivo Computational Prediction of Lumbar Stresses
    RICHARD DAVID KOMISTEK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to predict in vivo contact stresses at the bearing surface interface (disc and facets) of the vertebral bodies and sacrum of the lower back and assess surgical outcomes in terms of reduction of pain after fusion or disk replacement ..
  4. Influence of Ankle Motion on Bilateral Amputee Gait
    Steven Gard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results from this study will aid in identifying limitations in current prosthetic technology that inhibit normal patterns of walking in amputees. ..
  5. BOTULINUM TOXIN THERAPY FOR INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS/CHRON*
    Mary FitzGerald; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. High Force Resistance Training and Dopamine Replacement Effects on Hypokinesia in
    LELAND DIBBLE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This process will allow us to better understand the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of strengthening exercise for persons with Parkinson disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Dopamine Systems and Neuropsychiatric Changes in HIV/AIDS
    Benjamin B Gelman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The project breaks ground neuroscientifically, as no autopsy study has advanced to a "task specific" behavioral correlation with circuit level anomalies of a specific neurotransmitter system. ..
  8. Supplemental Fluid & Collagen Deposition
    Nancy Stotts; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Significance: Findings from the study have the potential to significantly change how fluid is managed in nursing home residents and to lay the foundation for a major intervention study on pressure ulcer healing. ..
  9. HIV and the Proteasome in the Aging Human Brain
    Benjamin Gelman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The linkage between brain inflammation and altered neuronal protein turnover could lead to a unifying functional concept of dementia with application to HIV and aging both. ..
  10. Effects of Stretch on IC and Normal Urothelia
    Toby Chai; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..ATP may mediate nociception in the bladder. Urothelial stretch thus appears to be an important consideration in diagnosis, treatment and pathophysiology of IC. ..
  11. Image Overlay for MRI-Guided Needle Insertions
    JOHN ANTHONY CARRINO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It can also reduce variability among practitioners, facilitate training, and serve as a research validation tool by providing precisely placed minimally invasive percutaneous conduit under MR guidance. ..
  12. Sensory Testing in Subjects with Interstitial Cystitis
    Mary FitzGerald; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. MYELOPATHY AND NEUROPATHY DURING CHANGING HIV BURDEN
    Benjamin Gelman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Together, the studies we have proposed will provide insights concerning prevalent AIDS morbidities in the HAART era. ..
  14. Beaumont Interstitial Cystitis Clinical Research Network
    Kenneth Peters; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Adverse events and complications will be monitored. Ancillary studies as agreed upon by the ICCRN will be carried out in conjunction with the clinical trial. ..
  15. TEXAS REPOSITORY FOR AIDS NEUROPATHOGENESIS RESEARCH
    Benjamin Gelman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Human Bladder Urothelial Cell Structure and Function in Bladder Hypersensation
    Toby C Chai; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By accomplishing these aims, we hope to develop an understanding of the pathogenesis of hypersensory bladder conditions which ultimately can lead to targeted treatment options. ..
  17. Interstitial Cystitis Clinical Research Network
    Toby Chai; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The goals of the University of Maryland clinical site are to maximize enrollment of IC patients into innovative clinical trials, maintain highest retention rates possible and acquire high quality data. ..
  18. CRF2 Receptor Modulation of Colonic Response to Stress
    MILLION MULUGETA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Preventing pressure ulcers using a new sitting concept
    Mohsen Makhsous; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Furthermore, we will perform extensive testing to optimize user function, while maximizing safety ..
  20. Reducing Low-back Disorders Using a New Sitting Design
    Mohsen Makhsous; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. The Mechanism and Function of Lumbosacral Orthoses
    Jacek Cholewicki; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, data generated from the proposed research will also carry-over into advancing our understanding of the mechanisms and function of ergonomic lumbar supports. ..
  22. URINARY BLADDER MUSCARINIC RECEPTOR SUBTYPES
    MICHAEL RUGGIERI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3. To characterize the changes in M2 M3 receptor phosphorylation that may accompany receptor desensitization and receptor up and down regulation. ..
  23. Effect of vertebral endplate composition on disc health
    Frank Acosta; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Motor Control Deficit in Low Back Pain: Cause or Effect?
    Jacek Cholewicki; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of the proposed research will have a significant clinical relevance for designing more effective prevention, diagnosis, and rehabilitation strategies for LBP. ..