gastrointestinal contents

Summary

Summary: The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Molecular analysis of predation: a review of best practice for DNA-based approaches
    R A King
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Biomedical Sciences Building, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3US, UK
    Mol Ecol 17:947-63. 2008
  2. pmc DNA-based diet analysis for any predator
    Glenn Dunshea
    Antarctic Wildlife Research Unit, School of Zoology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
    PLoS ONE 4:e5252. 2009
  3. ncbi Age-related topographical metabolic signatures for the rat gastrointestinal contents
    Yuan Tian
    State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, PR China
    J Proteome Res 11:1397-411. 2012
  4. ncbi Is marine debris ingestion still a problem for the coastal marine biota of southern Brazil?
    Paula S Tourinho
    Laboratório de Microcontaminantes Orgânicos e Ecotoxicologia Aquática, Instituto de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande FURG, C P 474, CEP 96201 900, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil
    Mar Pollut Bull 60:396-401. 2010
  5. pmc Rumen microbiome composition determined using two nutritional models of subacute ruminal acidosis
    Ehsan Khafipour
    Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:7115-24. 2009
  6. ncbi Group-specific polymerase chain reaction for DNA-based analysis of species diversity and identity in dietary samples
    S N Jarman
    Australian Antarctic Division, Channel Highway, Kingston, Tasmania 7050, Australia
    Mol Ecol 13:1313-22. 2004
  7. ncbi Identification of seagrasses in the gut of a marine herbivorous fish using DNA barcoding and visual inspection techniques
    A Chelsky Budarf
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    J Fish Biol 79:112-21. 2011
  8. ncbi A grain-based subacute ruminal acidosis challenge causes translocation of lipopolysaccharide and triggers inflammation
    E Khafipour
    Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    J Dairy Sci 92:1060-70. 2009
  9. ncbi Universal primers and PCR of gut contents to study marine invertebrate diets
    L E Blankenship
    Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 9500 Gilman Dr 0208, La Jolla CA 92093, USA
    Mol Ecol 14:891-9. 2005
  10. ncbi Alfalfa pellet-induced subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy cows increases bacterial endotoxin in the rumen without causing inflammation
    E Khafipour
    Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3T 2N2
    J Dairy Sci 92:1712-24. 2009

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications225 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Molecular analysis of predation: a review of best practice for DNA-based approaches
    R A King
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Biomedical Sciences Building, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3US, UK
    Mol Ecol 17:947-63. 2008
    ..We look ahead to new technologies, including microarrays and pyrosequencing, which might one day be applied to this field...
  2. pmc DNA-based diet analysis for any predator
    Glenn Dunshea
    Antarctic Wildlife Research Unit, School of Zoology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
    PLoS ONE 4:e5252. 2009
    ..I present a general approach to detect diverse prey in the feces or gut contents of predators...
  3. ncbi Age-related topographical metabolic signatures for the rat gastrointestinal contents
    Yuan Tian
    State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, PR China
    J Proteome Res 11:1397-411. 2012
    ..gut microbiota is essential for mammalian physiology and analyzing the metabolite compositions of gastrointestinal contents is vital for understanding the microbiome-host interactions...
  4. ncbi Is marine debris ingestion still a problem for the coastal marine biota of southern Brazil?
    Paula S Tourinho
    Laboratório de Microcontaminantes Orgânicos e Ecotoxicologia Aquática, Instituto de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande FURG, C P 474, CEP 96201 900, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil
    Mar Pollut Bull 60:396-401. 2010
    ..The ingestion of debris by turtles is probably an increasing problem on southern Brazilian coast. Seabirds feeding by diverse methods are contaminated, highlighting plastic hazard to these biota...
  5. pmc Rumen microbiome composition determined using two nutritional models of subacute ruminal acidosis
    Ehsan Khafipour
    Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:7115-24. 2009
    ..coli and not with lipopolysaccharide in the rumen. We thus suspect that E. coli may be a contributing factor in disease onset...
  6. ncbi Group-specific polymerase chain reaction for DNA-based analysis of species diversity and identity in dietary samples
    S N Jarman
    Australian Antarctic Division, Channel Highway, Kingston, Tasmania 7050, Australia
    Mol Ecol 13:1313-22. 2004
    ..These primers, their design and their application to studying prey diversity and identity in predator diet are described...
  7. ncbi Identification of seagrasses in the gut of a marine herbivorous fish using DNA barcoding and visual inspection techniques
    A Chelsky Budarf
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    J Fish Biol 79:112-21. 2011
    ..While effective in identifying cryptic gut content to family level, this novel method is likely to be most efficient when paired with visual identification techniques...
  8. ncbi A grain-based subacute ruminal acidosis challenge causes translocation of lipopolysaccharide and triggers inflammation
    E Khafipour
    Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    J Dairy Sci 92:1060-70. 2009
    ..Results suggest that the grain-based SARA challenge resulted in translocation of LPS into the peripheral circulation, and that this translocation triggered a systemic inflammatory response...
  9. ncbi Universal primers and PCR of gut contents to study marine invertebrate diets
    L E Blankenship
    Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 9500 Gilman Dr 0208, La Jolla CA 92093, USA
    Mol Ecol 14:891-9. 2005
    ..Finally, we discuss the strengths and weaknesses of this technique and its potential applicability to diet analyses of other invertebrates...
  10. ncbi Alfalfa pellet-induced subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy cows increases bacterial endotoxin in the rumen without causing inflammation
    E Khafipour
    Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3T 2N2
    J Dairy Sci 92:1712-24. 2009
    ..Results suggest that SARA induced by alfalfa pellets increased LPS in the rumen without causing translocation of LPS and an immune response...
  11. ncbi The significance of facultative scavenging in generalist predator nutrition: detecting decayed prey in the guts of predators using PCR
    Pavel Foltan
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, PO Box 915, Cardiff, CF10 3TL, UK
    Mol Ecol 14:4147-58. 2005
    ..This could potentially lead to overestimation of the impact of predation on slugs (and other prey) by carabids. Possible implications of facultative scavenging by invertebrate predators for biocontrol and food-web research are discussed...
  12. ncbi Rapid screening of invertebrate predators for multiple prey DNA targets
    G L Harper
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, PO Box 915, Cardiff, CF10 3TL, UK
    Mol Ecol 14:819-27. 2005
    ..The main prey detected in the beetles proved to be earthworms and molluscs, although aphids and weevils were also consumed. The potential of this system for use in food-web research is discussed...
  13. ncbi Characterization of the human upper gastrointestinal contents under conditions simulating bioavailability/bioequivalence studies
    Lida Kalantzi
    Laboratory of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics, School of Pharmacy, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, 157 71, Zografou, Greece
    Pharm Res 23:165-76. 2006
    ....
  14. ncbi Detection of corn intrinsic and recombinant DNA fragments and Cry1Ab protein in the gastrointestinal contents of pigs fed genetically modified corn Bt11
    E H Chowdhury
    National Institute of Animal Health, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0856, Japan
    J Anim Sci 81:2546-51. 2003
    ..corn intrinsic and recombinant cry1Ab gene by PCR, and the Cry1Ab protein by immunological tests in the gastrointestinal contents of five genetically modified corn Bt11-fed and five nongenetically modified corn-fed pigs...
  15. ncbi Influence of the diet on the microbial diversity of faecal and gastrointestinal contents in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) and intestinal contents in goldfish (Carassius auratus)
    Flávia Cristina de Paula Silva
    Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 78:285-96. 2011
    ..likely in a viable, but noncultivable state. There was a trend towards decreasing diversity in goldfish microbiota with the partial substitution by lupin, which seemed to inhibit some taxa...
  16. ncbi Pharmacokinetics of trefoil peptides and their stability in gastrointestinal contents
    Stine Kjellev
    Immunopharmacology, Novo Nordisk A S, DK 2760 Maaloev, Denmark
    Peptides 28:1197-206. 2007
    ..and subcutaneously in mice, and estimated by ELISA the decay of the peptides added to rat and human gastrointestinal contents. We found that i.v...
  17. ncbi Development of specific ITS markers for plant DNA identification within herbivorous insects
    L Pumarino
    IRTA, Entomology, Carretera de Cabrils Km 2, Cabrils, Barcelona, Spain
    Bull Entomol Res 101:271-6. 2011
    ..This study provides a useful tool to detect and to identify plant food sources of arthropods and to evaluate crop colonization from surrounding vegetation in conservation biological control programs...
  18. pmc Genetic documentation of filial cannibalism in nature
    J A DeWoody
    Department of Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:5090-2. 2001
    ..Furthermore, they suggest that the phenomenon may result, at least in part, from an inability of guardians to differentiate between kin and nonkin within their own nests...
  19. ncbi DNA-based analysis of regurgitates: a noninvasive approach to examine the diet of invertebrate consumers
    Thomas Waldner
    Mountain Agriculture Research Unit, Institute of Ecology, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Mol Ecol Resour 12:669-75. 2012
    ..We conclude that in those invertebrates where regurgitates can be obtained, examination of food DNA in regurgitates offers many advantages over conventional post-mortem gut content analysis...
  20. ncbi Revealing species-specific trophic links in soil food webs: molecular identification of scarab predators
    A Juen
    Institute of Ecology, Mountain Agriculture Research Unit, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Mol Ecol 16:1545-57. 2007
    ..horticola represents an important prey source for centipedes and predatory beetle larvae during summer within the soil food web...
  21. ncbi Diet and scavenging habits of the smooth skate Dipturus innominatus
    J S Forman
    National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Limited, 301 Evans Bay Parade, Hataitai, Private Bag 14901, Wellington 6021, New Zealand
    J Fish Biol 80:1546-62. 2012
    ..Dipturus innominatus are highly vulnerable to overfishing, but discarding practices by commercial fishing vessels may provide a positive feedback to populations through improved scavenging opportunities...
  22. ncbi A DNA-based method for identification of krill species and its application to analysing the diet of marine vertebrate predators
    S N Jarman
    Australian Antarctic Division, Channel Highway, Kingston, TAS, 7050, Australia
    Mol Ecol 11:2679-90. 2002
    ..In each of these cases, krill species consumed by the predators could be identified from their DNA present in faeces or stomach contents...
  23. ncbi Identifying the predator complex of Homalodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae): a comparative study of the efficacy of an ELISA and PCR gut content assay
    Valerie Fournier
    Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Oecologia 157:629-40. 2008
    ..The advantages of combining the attributes of both types of assays to more precisely assess field predation and the pros and cons of each assay for mass-screening predators are discussed...
  24. ncbi Investigation on natural diets of larval marine animals using peptide nucleic acid-directed polymerase chain reaction clamping
    Seinen Chow
    National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, 6 31 1 Nagai, Yokosuka, 236 0316, Japan
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 13:305-13. 2011
    ..japonicus and P. longipes bispinosus collected around Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. ITS1 sequences of a wide variety of animals (Ctenophora, Cnidaria, Crustacea, Teleostei, Mollusca, and Chaetognatha) were detected...
  25. ncbi Detecting predation and scavenging by DNA gut-content analysis: a case study using a soil insect predator-prey system
    Anita Juen
    Centre is for Mountain Agriculture, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 13, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Oecologia 142:344-52. 2005
    ..Thus, if active predation has to be distinguished from scavenging, then additional approaches are needed to interpret the picture of prey choice derived by highly sensitive detection methods...
  26. ncbi Nonadditive interactions between animal and plant diet items in an omnivorous freshwater turtle Trachemys scripta
    Sarah S Bouchard
    Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 144:77-85. 2006
    ..These apparent nonadditive interactions may be due to differences in transit time of duckweed and shrimp. We believe this is the first evidence of two diet items producing opposing nonadditive effects when fed in different ratios...
  27. ncbi Digestive enzyme activities in herbivorous and carnivorous prickleback fishes (Teleostei: Stichaeidae): ontogenetic, dietary, and phylogenetic effects
    Donovan P German
    Department of Biological Science, California State University, Fullerton, CA, 92834 6850, USA
    Physiol Biochem Zool 77:789-804. 2004
    ..These results support the hypothesis that fishes with relatively broad diets can modulate digestive enzyme activities in response to changes in dietary composition...
  28. ncbi Symbiotic fermentation, digesta passage, and gastrointestinal morphology in bullfrog tadpoles (Rana catesbeiana)
    Gregory S Pryor
    Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611 8525, USA
    Physiol Biochem Zool 78:201-15. 2005
    ..The physiological and behavioral characteristics of these tadpoles are remarkably similar to those of other small-bodied, hindgut-fermenting vertebrates, suggesting convergent digestive strategies among a broad range of herbivorous taxa...
  29. ncbi Detection of secondary predation by PCR analyses of the gut contents of invertebrate generalist predators
    S K Sheppard
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, PO Box 915, Cardiff CF10 3TL, UK
    Mol Ecol 14:4461-8. 2005
    ..Clearly, the extreme sensitivity of PCR makes detection of secondary predation more likely, and the only reliable answer in future may be to use PCR to identify, in parallel, instances of intraguild predation...
  30. ncbi Transfer of nodularin to three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.), herring (Clupea harengus L.), and salmon (Salmo salar L.) in the northern Baltic Sea
    V Sipiä
    Finnish Institute of Marine Research, PO Box 2, FIN 00561 Helsinki, Finland
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 66:421-5. 2007
    ..Only 1 salmon of a total of 10 contained a small amount of NODLN (10 microgkg(-1)dw). However, the high concentrations in individual stickleback suggest that possible transfer to higher trophic levels deserves more research...
  31. ncbi Unnecessary roughness? Testing the hypothesis that predators destined for molecular gut-content analysis must be hand-collected to avoid cross-contamination
    Matthew H Greenstone
    United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Mol Ecol Resour 11:286-93. 2011
    ..A pilot study on eliminating external DNA contamination with bleach prior to DNA extraction and amplification gave promising results...
  32. ncbi Effects of dietary fibre-rich juice colloids from apple pomace extraction juices on intestinal fermentation products and microbiota in rats
    Sabine Sembries
    German Institute of Human Nutrition, Department of Food Chemistry and Preventive Nutrition, D 14558 Bergholz Rehbrücke, Germany
    Br J Nutr 90:607-15. 2003
    ..Results may be helpful for the development of such innovative juice products that are rich in DF of fruit origin...
  33. ncbi The degree of methylation influences the degradation of pectin in the intestinal tract of rats and in vitro
    Gerhard Dongowski
    Department of Food Chemistry and Preventive Nutrition, Potsdam Rehbrucke, Germany
    J Nutr 132:1935-44. 2002
    ..Pectin-fed rats had greater ileum, cecum and colon weights. We conclude that structural parameters of pectin influence its microbial degradation in the intestinal tract...
  34. ncbi Appropriate chicken sample size for identifying the composition of broiler intestinal microbiota affected by dietary antibiotics, using the polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis technique
    H Zhou
    Food Research Program, Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 5C9, Canada
    Poult Sci 86:2541-9. 2007
    ..These findings provide a working model for elucidating the mechanisms of antibiotic effects on the chicken intestinal microbiota and for developing alternatives to dietary antibiotics...
  35. ncbi Effect of inclusion of fermentable carbohydrates in the diet on fermentation end-product profile in feces of weanling piglets
    A Awati
    Animal Nutrition Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 338, 6700 AH, Wageningen, Netherlands
    J Anim Sci 84:2133-40. 2006
    ..This study demonstrated that the inclusion of fermentable carbohydrates in weanling diets reduces protein fermentation along the GIT and also reduced the fecal concentration of ammonia...
  36. ncbi Assessment of potential interactions between phytase and glycosidase enzyme supplementation on nutrient digestibility in broilers
    J Juanpere
    IRTA Animal Nutrition, Apartat 415 Reus Tarragona 43280, Spain
    Poult Sci 84:571-80. 2005
    ..In general, no negative interactions between phytase and glycosidase enzymes were found, indicating that both types of enzymes may be used together in feeds based on corn, wheat, or barley...
  37. ncbi Effect of dietary protein content on ileal amino acid digestibility, growth performance, and formation of microbial metabolites in ileal and cecal digesta of early-weaned pigs
    J K Htoo
    Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Anim Sci 85:3303-12. 2007
    ....
  38. ncbi Effects of butyrate, avilamycin, and a plant extract combination on the intestinal equilibrium of early-weaned pigs
    E G Manzanilla
    Departament de Ciencia Animal i dels Aliments, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra, Spain
    J Anim Sci 84:2743-51. 2006
    ..003). These results show the important influence of AB and AC on productive performance and on pig gut dynamics. The intestinal modifications observed for AB and AC compared with CT suggest distinct modes of action for each additive...
  39. ncbi Comparison of ileal endogenous amino acid flows in broiler chicks and turkey poults
    S A Adedokun
    Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Poult Sci 86:1682-9. 2007
    ..These results also showed that IEAA flow is species and age dependent. The increased IEAA flow observed at d 5 should be taken into consideration when formulating starter diets on a digestible amino acid basis...
  40. ncbi Effects of whole wheat dilution v. substitution on coccidiosis in broiler chickens
    M J Banfield
    Centre for Animal Sciences, LIBA, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Br J Nutr 86:89-95. 2001
    ..Neither dilution nor substitution of feeds with whole wheat (400 g/kg) significantly affected the level of an Eimeria acervulina infection, as measured by daily and total faecal oocyst yields...
  41. ncbi Molting in Salmonella enteritidis-challenged laying hens fed alfalfa crumbles. I. Salmonella enteritidis colonization and virulence gene hilA response
    K D Dunkley
    Department of Poultry Science, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
    Poult Sci 86:1633-9. 2007
    ..The results of these studies support the concept that changes in the gastrointestinal tract microenvironment, such as those created during feed deprivation, encourage Salmonella Enteritidis virulence and susceptibility in molted hens...
  42. ncbi Lipid microencapsulation allows slow release of organic acids and natural identical flavors along the swine intestine
    A Piva
    DIMORFIPA, Universita di Bologna, 40064 Ozzano Emilia, Bologna, Italy
    J Anim Sci 85:486-93. 2007
    ..The protective lipid matrix used for microencapsulation of the OA and NIF blend allowed slow-release of both active ingredients and prevented the immediate disappearance of such compounds upon exiting the stomach...
  43. ncbi Influence of whole wheat inclusion on optimal feed withdrawal duration
    E Delezie
    Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Biosystems, Division of Livestock Nutrition Quality, University of Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
    Br Poult Sci 47:572-5. 2006
    ..6. These results indicate that a feed withdrawal period of 10 h is sufficient for broilers on the WW diet...
  44. ncbi In vitro anaerobic incubation of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium and laying hen cecal bacteria in poultry feed substrates and a fructooligosaccharide prebiotic
    L M Donalson
    Department of Poultry Science, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 2472, USA
    Anaerobe 13:208-14. 2007
    ..The addition of FOS to feed substrate diets in combination with cecal contents acted in a synergistic manner to decrease ST growth only after ST was introduced to 24h cecal incubations...
  45. ncbi Effect of dietary beta1-4 mannobiose in the prevention of Salmonella enteritidis infection in broilers
    A Agunos
    Department of Food Science, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    Br Poult Sci 48:331-41. 2007
    ..Feeding a MNB-supplemented diet to broilers could be used as an alternative to antibiotics, because it has no adverse effects on mortality or weight gain...
  46. ncbi Addition of pearl barley to a rice-based diet for newly weaned piglets increases the viscosity of the intestinal contents, reduces starch digestibility and exacerbates post-weaning colibacillosis
    Deborah E Hopwood
    Animal Resources Centre, Murdoch Drive, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150, Australia
    Br J Nutr 92:419-27. 2004
    ..The results suggest that pearl barley alters the intestinal microenvironment and predisposes to PWC, whilst a low-viscosity, highly digestible diet based on cooked white rice is protective...
  47. ncbi Effects of guar gum and cellulose on digesta passage rate, ileal microbial populations, energy and protein digestibility, and performance of grower pigs
    A Owusu-Asiedu
    Prairie Swine Centre Inc, Saskatoon, SK, S7H 5N9, Canada
    J Anim Sci 84:843-52. 2006
    ..The effects of cellulose were similar to those of guar gum. In conclusion, monitoring of dietary NSP is a critical factor to achieve predictable digestible nutrient intake and intestinal bacterial populations...
  48. ncbi Endogenous amino acid flow in broiler chicks is affected by the age of birds and method of estimation
    S A Adedokun
    Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, 915 W State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2054, USA
    Poult Sci 86:2590-7. 2007
    ..These observations also suggest that the relatively low apparent amino acid digestibility coefficients for broiler chicks at a younger age may be the result of a significantly high level of endogenous amino acid flow...
  49. ncbi Use of active substances of plant origin in chicken diets based on maize and locally grown cereals
    D Jamroz
    Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Quality, Agricultural University, Wroclaw, Poland
    Br Poult Sci 46:485-93. 2005
    ..were observed in the 41-d-old chickens from the supplemented groups. 6. An increase in the lipase activity in pancreas and intestine wall was found in older birds fed on the plant extract supplemented diets...
  50. ncbi Effects of zinc bacitracin, bird age and access to range on bacterial microbiota in the ileum and caeca of broiler chickens
    J Gong
    Guelph Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, Guelph, ON, Canada
    J Appl Microbiol 104:1372-82. 2008
    ..Determining the effects of zinc bacitracin, bird age and access to range on bacterial microbiota in the ileum and caeca of broilers...
  51. ncbi Comparison of apparent ileal amino acid digestibility of feed ingredients measured with broilers, layers, and roosters
    K H Huang
    School of Animal Studies, University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland 4343, Australia
    Poult Sci 85:625-34. 2006
    ..These results suggest that the class of chickens significantly influenced the apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids in some feed ingredients...
  52. ncbi The digestive fate of Escherichia coli glutamate dehydrogenase deoxyribonucleic acid from transgenic corn in diets fed to weanling pigs
    J M Beagle
    Department of Animal Science, Food and Nutrition, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA
    J Anim Sci 84:597-607. 2006
    ..001). Despite the greater sensitivity of real-time PCR, target DNA was detected in only 1.79% of ileal ingesta. These data suggest that the gdhA transgene began degradation in the stomach and was nondetectable in the large intestine...
  53. ncbi Feeding high levels of lupine seeds to broiler chickens: plasma micronutrient status in the context of digesta viscosity and morphometric and ultrastructural changes in the gastrointestinal tract
    B I Olkowski
    Department of Animal and Poultry Science, 51 Campus Drive, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5A8
    Poult Sci 84:1707-15. 2005
    ..Intestinal tissue hyperplasia may be interpreted as physiological adaptation to increase absorptive capacity and thus maximize absorption of essential nutrients in the face of antinutritional factors in the diet...
  54. ncbi Influence of particle size and xylanase supplementation on the performance, energy utilisation, digestive tract parameters and digesta viscosity of broiler starters
    A M Amerah
    Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Br Poult Sci 49:455-62. 2008
    ..5. The findings of this study suggest that the effectiveness of exogenous xylanase in broiler diets is influenced by wheat particle size...
  55. ncbi Ontogenetic diet shifts and digestive constraints in the omnivorous freshwater turtle Trachemys scripta
    Sarah S Bouchard
    Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA
    Physiol Biochem Zool 79:150-8. 2006
    ..We concluded that although juveniles can process plant material, an animal diet allows for greater juvenile growth, which in turtles is linked to higher survivorship and increased future reproductive success...
  56. ncbi Detection of transgenic and endogenous plant DNA fragments in the blood, tissues, and digesta of broilers
    Eddie R Deaville
    Animal Sciences Research Group, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, The University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AR, United Kingdom
    J Agric Food Chem 53:10268-75. 2005
    ..Transgenic DNA was detected in gizzard digesta but not in intestinal digesta 96 h after the last feeding of treatment diets containing a source of GM maize and/or soybean meal...
  57. ncbi Performance responses and indicators of gastrointestinal health in early-weaned pigs fed low-protein amino acid-supplemented diets
    C M Nyachoti
    Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, Canada
    J Anim Sci 84:125-34. 2006
    ....
  58. ncbi Influence of feed particle size and feed form on the performance, energy utilization, digestive tract development, and digesta parameters of broiler starters
    A M Amerah
    Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Poult Sci 86:2615-23. 2007
    ..05) the particle size of duodenal digesta, whereas particle size had no effect (P > 0.05). Overall, the current results showed that feed form had a greater influence on the different measured parameters than did particle size...
  59. ncbi The influence of dietary carbohydrates on experimental infection with Trichuris suis in pigs
    L E Thomsen
    Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, KVL, Dyrlaegevej 100, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Parasitology 131:857-65. 2005
    ..suis in naïve pigs, but result in earlier expulsion and reduced growth of the established worms. Thus, diets with highly fermentable carbohydrates may be used in the control of T. suis...
  60. ncbi The consequences of non-starch polysaccharide solubility and inclusion level on the health and performance of weaned pigs challenged with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli
    I J Wellock
    Animal Nutrition and Health Department, Scottish Agricultural College, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JG, UK
    Br J Nutr 99:520-30. 2008
    ....
  61. ncbi On the interactions between Fusarium toxin-contaminated wheat and nonstarch polysaccharide hydrolyzing enzymes in diets of broilers on performance, intestinal viscosity, and carryover of deoxynivalenol
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig FAL, Bundesallee 50, D 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
    Poult Sci 86:291-8. 2007
    ....
  62. ncbi Standardized ileal amino acid digestibility of meat and bone meal from different sources in broiler chicks and turkey poults with a nitrogen-free or casein diet
    S A Adedokun
    Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, 915 W State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2054, USA
    Poult Sci 86:2598-607. 2007
    ..In poults, greater variability was observed on d 21 (8.2%) relative to d 5 (6.7%). Results from this study showed that at d 21, SI-AAD with either the N-free or the HDP diet resulted in similar digestibility values...
  63. ncbi Viscoelastic properties of the small intestinal and caecal contents of the chicken
    T Takahashi
    Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University, Tsushimanaka 1 1 1, Okayama 700 8530, Japan
    Br J Nutr 91:867-72. 2004
    ..These results indicate that solid particles, including uric acid crystals, are mainly responsible for the viscosity of the digesta in the chicken...
  64. ncbi The effect of microbial phytase on ileal phosphorus and amino acid digestibility in the broiler chicken
    S M Rutherfurd
    Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Br Poult Sci 43:598-606. 2002
    ..6. It appears that microbial phytase improves phosphorus digestibility and amino acid digestibility for certain plant-based feedstuffs...
  65. ncbi Two high-amylose maize starches with different amounts of resistant starch vary in their effects on fermentation, tissue and digesta mass accretion, and bacterial populations in the large bowel of pigs
    Anthony R Bird
    CSIRO Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Br J Nutr 97:134-44. 2007
    ..Although both high-amylose starches promoted fermentation throughout the large bowel, the data suggest that the effects of HTHAMS may be more pronounced in the distal region compared to those of HAMS...
  66. ncbi Diet type affects viscosity of ileal digesta of dogs and simulated gastric and small intestinal digesta
    C L Dikeman
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 91:139-47. 2007
    ..1% TDF). Ileal digesta viscosity of dogs appears to be responsive to the diet type characteristics...
  67. ncbi The rat as a model animal for the growing pig in determining ileal amino acid digestibility in soya and milk proteins
    S M Rutherfurd
    Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 87:292-300. 2003
    ..The extent of amino acid digestion and absorption appears to be broadly similar across the two species, but some important differences in digestibility were recorded...
  68. ncbi Digestive constraints on an aquatic carnivore: effects of feeding frequency and prey composition on harbor seals
    S J Trumble
    Institute of Marine Science, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775 1080, USA
    J Comp Physiol B 173:501-9. 2003
    ....
  69. ncbi Influence of the amount of dietary fiber on the available energy from hindgut fermentation in growing pigs: use of cannulated pigs and in vitro fermentation
    M Anguita
    Department of Animal and Food Science, Facultat de Veterinaria, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
    J Anim Sci 84:2766-78. 2006
    ..960). In our experimental conditions, available energy as SCFA to the animal from hindgut fermentation increased with the concentration of dietary NSP (P < 0.001) and provided between 7.1 and 17.6% of the total available energy...
  70. ncbi Effects of dietary copper supplementation and copper source on digesta pH, calcium, zinc, and copper complex size in the gastrointestinal tract of the broiler chicken
    Y Pang
    Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47906, USA
    Poult Sci 86:531-7. 2007
    ..05) the percentage of Zn associated with large complexes (>100,000 MW) and decreased (P < 0.05) the percentage of Zn associated with small complexes (<5,000 MW; P < 0.05), thereby suggesting an antagonism between Cu and Zn...
  71. ncbi Hydrolysis of phytic acid and its availability in rabbits
    M Marounek
    Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague 10, Uhrineves, CZ 104 00, Czech Republic
    Br J Nutr 89:287-94. 2003
    ..9. It can be concluded that phytic acid is hydrolysed quite efficiently in the digestive tract of rabbits. This hydrolysis occurred mainly in the caecum. Absorption of soluble inorganic phosphates in the gut is incomplete...
  72. ncbi Influence of the load of nylon capsules on their passage through the digestive tract and specific gravity
    Jirí Trináctý
    Research Institute of Animal Nutrition, Ltd, 691 23 Pohorelice, Czech Republic
    Reprod Nutr Dev 42:295-305. 2002
    ..92 to 2.05 g x cm(-3). It was concluded that L3 (one 2 mm and one 3 mm ball) was the suitable weight of the load...
  73. ncbi Food intake and ingredient profile affect viscosity of ileal digesta of dogs
    C L Dikeman
    Division of Nutritional Sciences and Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 91:130-8. 2007
    ..Ileal digesta viscosity of dogs appears to increase with increased diet intake, and increased ileal DM concentration. More digestible diets result in less ileal DM and lower viscosity constants...
  74. ncbi Effects of dietary non-digestible oligosaccharides on microbial characteristics of ileal chyme and faeces in weaner pigs
    J G M Houdijk
    Animal Nutrition Group, Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences WIAS, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
    Arch Tierernahr 56:297-307. 2002
    ..We concluded that whilst effects at the faecal level may have been partly due to a reduced intake of cellulose, dietary NDO can exert precaecal prebiotic effects in weaner pigs...
  75. ncbi Characterization of microbial populations and volatile fatty acid concentrations in the jejunum, ileum, and cecum of pigs weaned at 17 vs 24 days of age
    M A Franklin
    Department of Animal Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37901 1071, USA
    J Anim Sci 80:2904-10. 2002
    ..07) in the ileum and jejunum vs the cecum was observed. Results indicate that weaning and weaning age have significant effects on microbial populations and VFA concentrations...
  76. ncbi Ileal amino acid digestibility assay for the growing meat chicken--comparison of ileal and excreta amino acid digestibility in the chicken
    I T Kadim
    Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Br Poult Sci 43:588-97. 2002
    ..It is concluded that digestibility values measured at the terminal ileum provide a more reliable measure of amino acid availability than those measured in the excreta...
  77. ncbi Effect of enzyme supplementation of a rye-based diet on xylanase activity in the small intestine of broilers, on intestinal crypt cell proliferation and on nutrient digestibility and growth performance of the birds
    S S P Silva
    Department of Biological and Nutritional Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England
    Br Poult Sci 43:274-82. 2002
    ..6. Part of the improvement in growth performance could be ascribed to a 25% increase in the digestibility of nitrogen and a doubling of the digestibility of fat...
  78. ncbi Effect of roughage source and roughage to concentrate ratio on animal performance and rumen development in veal calves
    B J Suárez
    Animal Nutrition Group, Wageningen UR, P O Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands
    J Dairy Sci 90:2390-403. 2007
    ..Results indicated that in veal calves, the addition of roughage to concentrate diets did not affect growth performance and positively influenced the macroscopic appearance of the rumen wall...
  79. ncbi Use of faeces as an alternative inoculum to caecal content to study in vitro feed digestibility in domesticated ostriches (Struthio camelus var. domesticus)
    F Bovera
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Dipartimento di Scienze Zootecniche e Ispezione degli Alimenti, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
    Br Poult Sci 48:354-62. 2007
    ....
  80. ncbi Apparent precaecal digestibility of nutrients and level of endogenous nitrogen in digesta of the small intestine of growing pigs as affected by various digesta viscosities
    J Bartelt
    Department of Animal Nutrition, Free University of Berlin, Germany
    Arch Tierernahr 56:93-107. 2002
    ..Other properties of complex dietary fibre, digesta passage rate or bacterial activity probably contribute to the observed changes...
  81. ncbi Effects of sources of protein and enzyme supplementation on protein digestibility and chyme characteristics in broilers
    B Yu
    Department of Animal Science, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuo Kuang Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan
    Br Poult Sci 43:424-31. 2002
    ..The exogenous enzyme, bromelain, did not show any beneficial effect on protein digestion...
  82. ncbi Effects of varying dietary forage particle size in two concentrate levels on chewing activity, ruminal mat characteristics, and passage in dairy cows
    Q Zebeli
    University of Hohenheim, Institute of Animal Nutrition 450, Emil Wolff Str 10, D 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
    J Dairy Sci 90:1929-42. 2007
    ....
  83. ncbi A comparison of methods to determine amino acid digestibility of feed ingredients for chickens
    A R Garcia
    Department of Poultry Science, 208 Poultry Science Building 2772, University of Georgia, Athens 30602 2772, USA
    Poult Sci 86:94-101. 2007
    ..Such discrepancies could be associated with an age effect or the methodological differences between both methods...
  84. ncbi The effect of beta-glucanase supplementation of barley- and oat-based diets on growth performance and fermentation in broiler chicken gastrointestinal tract
    D Jozefiak
    Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Management, August Cieszkowski Agricultural University, Poznan, Poland
    Br Poult Sci 47:57-64. 2006
    ..The barley-based diet increased the butyrate:propionate ratio but the opposite effect was observed with the oat-based diet...
  85. ncbi Dietary mannan-oligosaccharides and their effect on chicken caecal microflora in relation to Salmonella Enteritidis colonization
    F Fernandez
    Division of Food Animal Science, Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford, Avon BS40 5DU, UK
    Avian Pathol 31:49-58. 2002
    ..and Lactobacillus spp., while decreasing the Enterobacteriaceae groups. They also reduced susceptibility in young chickens to colonization by S. Enteritidis...
  86. ncbi Feeding regimen and enzyme supplementation to rye-based diets for broilers
    R Lazaro
    Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Departamento de Produccion Animal, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Poult Sci 83:152-60. 2004
    ..The beneficial effects of ES on bird performance were more evident when birds were fed AL...
  87. ncbi Comparison of a xylanase and a complex of non starch polysaccharide-degrading enzymes with regard to performance and bacterial metabolism in weaned piglets
    Wilfried Vahjen
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Free University of Berlin, Germany
    Arch Anim Nutr 61:90-102. 2007
    ..However, the generation of fermentable carbohydrates by the multi-enzyme preparation may mask beneficial effects on performance due to the development of an active bile acid deconjugating microbiota in the small intestine...
  88. ncbi Comparison of in vitro fermentation and molecular microbial profiles of high-fiber feed substrates incubated with chicken cecal inocula
    K D Dunkley
    Department of Poultry Science, Texas A and M University, College Station 77843 2472, USA
    Poult Sci 86:801-10. 2007
    ..These data suggest that high fiber sources may contribute to the fermentation and microbial diversity that occurs in the ceca of laying hens...
  89. ncbi Enzyme-resistant fractions of beans lowered serum cholesterol and increased sterol excretions and hepatic mRNA levels in rats
    Kyu Ho Han
    Department of Animal Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080 8555, Japan
    Lipids 38:919-24. 2003
    ..05) higher than in the CP group. These results suggest that AS and TS have a serum cholesterol-lowering function due to the enhanced levels of hepatic SR-B1 and cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase mRNA...
  90. ncbi [Possible interesting dietetic effects of lactulose as a feed additive in pig feed]
    J Kamphues
    Institut für Tierernährung, Tierarztliche Hochschule Hannover
    Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr 110:365-8. 2003
    ....
  91. ncbi Composition and digestive tract retention time of ruminal particles with functional specific gravity greater or less than 1.02
    A N Hristov
    Department of Animal and Veterinary Science, University of Idaho, Moscow 83844 2330, USA
    J Anim Sci 81:2639-48. 2003
    ....
  92. ncbi N-nitroso compounds in the gastrointestinal tract of rats and in the feces of mice with induced colitis or fed hot dogs or beef
    Sidney S Mirvish
    Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
    Carcinogenesis 24:595-603. 2003
    ..2 +/- 0.4 and 0.46 +/- 0.06 NOC/g, respectively (P < 0.01, mean +/- SD). (ii) NOC levels for gastrointestinal contents of three groups of Sprague-Dawley rats fed chow diet were 0.9 +/- 0.05 (diet), 0.2 +/- 0 (stomach), 0...
  93. ncbi Tissue distribution and biotransformation of potassium oxonate after oral administration of a novel antitumor agent (drug combination of tegafur, 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine, and potassium oxonate) to rats
    K Yoshisue
    Pharmacokinetics Research Laboratory, Tokushima Research Center, Taiho Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Tokushima, Japan
    Drug Metab Dispos 28:1162-7. 2000
    ..We conclude that this is the reason why Oxo suppresses the GI toxicity of 5-FU without affecting its antitumor activity...
  94. ncbi Neurally-mediated and neurally-independent beneficial actions of melatonin in the gastrointestinal tract
    R J Reiter
    Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78229 3900, USA
    J Physiol Pharmacol 54:113-25. 2003
    ..be protective of the mucosa from erosion and ulcer formation and to possibly influence movement of the gastrointestinal contents through the digestive system...
  95. ncbi Summer pheasant's eye (Adonis aestivalis) poisoning in three horses
    L W Woods
    California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, PO Box 1770, Davis, CA 95617 1770, USA
    Vet Pathol 41:215-20. 2004
    ..was detected by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry in gastrointestinal contents from all three horses. Although Adonis spp...
  96. ncbi Metabolite profiling of [14C]hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) in Yucatan miniature pigs
    Michael A Major
    Directorate Toxicology, U S Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21010 5403, USA
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 70:1191-202. 2007
    ..Relatively low levels of radioactivity were found in gastrointestinal contents and in feces, suggesting nearly complete absorption of 14C-RDX following an oral dose...
  97. ncbi Resistance of Santa Ines, Suffolk and Ile de France sheep to naturally acquired gastrointestinal nematode infections
    A F T Amarante
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Caixa Postal 510, Botucatu CEP 18618 000, SP, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 120:91-106. 2004
    ..In August 2001, all animals were slaughtered and the worms present in samples of the gastrointestinal contents were identified and counted...
  98. ncbi Detection of Clostridium botulinum type C cells in the gastrointestinal tracts of Mozambique Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) by polymerase chain reaction
    P Nol
    USGS National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin 53711, USA
    J Wildl Dis 40:749-53. 2004
    ..We consistently detected C. botulinum type C cells in tilapia gastrointestinal contents at a level of 7.5 x 104 cells per 0.25 g material or 1.9 x 103 cells...
  99. ncbi Absolute bioavailability of 2'-O-(2-methoxyethyl)-modified antisense oligonucleotides following intraduodenal instillation in rats
    R S Geary
    Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc, Carlsbad, California 92008, USA
    J Pharmacol Exp Ther 296:898-904. 2001
    ..By 8 h after administration, only chain-shortened metabolites of the PS ODN were recovered in the gastrointestinal contents. In contrast, approximately 50% of the 2'-O-MOE ribose-modified (partial) compound remained intact (20-..
  100. ncbi Direct and rapid determination of baclofen (Lioresal) and carisoprodol (Soma) in bovine serum by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
    Irina Rudik Miksa
    University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathobiology, New Bolton Center, Toxicology, 382 West Street Road, Kennett Square, PA 19348, USA
    J Anal Toxicol 27:275-83. 2003
    ..occurs in both humans and animals necessitating a need for their detection in plasma/serum, tissue, and gastrointestinal contents samples...
  101. ncbi The effects of alpha-lactabumin and whey protein concentrate on dry matter recovery, TCA soluble protein levels, and peptide distribution in the rat gastrointestinal tract
    O T Pantako
    Department of Food and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Food and Agriculture Sciences, Dairy Research Center, Laval University, Sainte Foy, QC, Canada
    Can J Physiol Pharmacol 79:320-8. 2001
    ..matter recovery, trichloroacetic acid (TCA) soluble protein concentration, and peptide distribution in gastrointestinal contents were investigated in rats trained to consume, in a single 2-hour daily meal, diets containing alpha-..

Research Grants12

  1. PURDUE INTEGRATIVE NEUROSCIENCE PROGRAM
    TERRY POWLEY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Students trained in the interdisciplinary Purdue Integrative Neuroscience program will make substantial contributions to mental health research and its applications in the next century. ..
  2. Extrinsic Neural Control of Gastrointestinal Function in the Disordered Bowel
    David R Linden; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..to provide an understanding of new mechanisms by which the nervous system control of movements of gastrointestinal contents is altered during colitis and will provide insight to the development of new therapies for the treatment ..
  3. CONTROL OF RECTOANAL MOTILITY
    Kathleen Keef; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In so doing we may aid future studies directed toward understanding how these functions become altered in disease states. ..
  4. Development of a 'Nurse-Friendly' Bedside Test for Aspiration
    Norma A Metheny; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  5. DETECTING ASPIRATION ASSOCIATED WITH TUBE FEEDINGS
    Norma Metheny; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Delivery, receipt and enactment of the ARRP will be evaluated by quantitative and qualitative methods. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Impact of Oseltamivir on Outcomes and Costs of Pediatric Influenza
    Susan Coffin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed project will enhance our understanding of influenza-specific antiviral therapy and its ability to alter the outcomes of children hospitalized with the influenza virus. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Chemoprevention of Colonic NOC Formation and Action
    SIDNEY MIRVISH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Overall results will indicate how fecal NOC levels are controlled and can be reduced, and whether fecal NOC can induce colon cancer. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. AUTONOMIC CONTROL OF BODY WEIGHT AND FEEDING
    TERRY POWLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. CENTRAL GUSTATORY ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY IN MICE
    Stuart McCaughey; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Host response to post-operative pneumonia
    Paul Knight; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  11. Evaluation of Biliary Strictures by IDUS, DIA, and FISH
    Michael Levy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Significance: The study results have the potential to significantly improve the accurate diagnosis of biliary strictures. Earlier and more definitive diagnosis will translate into improved treatment options. ..
  12. ONTOGENY OF METABOLIC CONTROLS OF INGESTIVE BEHAVIOR
    SUSAN SWITHERS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, the neural mechanisms involved in translating physiological changes related to energy utilization into increases in ingestive behavior are tested. ..