body water

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Bioelectrical impedance analysis-part II: utilization in clinical practice
    Ursula G Kyle
    Clinical Nutrition Unit, Geneva University Hospital, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland
    Clin Nutr 23:1430-53. 2004
  2. doi Total body water changes after an exercise intervention tracked using bioimpedance spectroscopy: a deuterium oxide comparison
    Jordan R Moon
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratories, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Clin Nutr 28:516-25. 2009
  3. doi Water as an essential nutrient: the physiological basis of hydration
    E Jequier
    Department of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Pully, Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 64:115-23. 2010
  4. ncbi Bioelectrical impedance analysis--part I: review of principles and methods
    Ursula G Kyle
    Geneva University Hospital, Switzerland
    Clin Nutr 23:1226-43. 2004
  5. ncbi Iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least-squares estimation (IDEAL): application with fast spin-echo imaging
    Scott B Reeder
    Department of Radiology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California, USA
    Magn Reson Med 54:636-44. 2005
  6. ncbi Multicoil Dixon chemical species separation with an iterative least-squares estimation method
    Scott B Reeder
    Department of Radiology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California 94304, USA
    Magn Reson Med 51:35-45. 2004
  7. ncbi A whole-body model to distinguish excess fluid from the hydration of major body tissues
    Paul W Chamney
    Research and Development Department, Fresenius Medical Care, Bad Homburg, Germany
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:80-9. 2007
  8. ncbi Analytic assessment of the various bioimpedance methods used to estimate body water
    J Matthie
    Medical Department, Xitron Technologies, San Diego, California 92121, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 84:1801-16. 1998
  9. pmc The effect of racial origin on total body water volume in peritoneal dialysis patients
    Andrew Davenport
    University College London Centre for Nephrology, University College London Medical School, Royal Free Hospital, London NW3 2PF, UK
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 6:2492-8. 2011
  10. doi Influence of gender and body composition on hydration and body water spaces
    P Ritz
    CHU, Pôle de maladies métaboliques et médecine interne, 4 rue Larrey, 49033 Angers, France
    Clin Nutr 27:740-6. 2008

Detail Information

Publications264 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Bioelectrical impedance analysis-part II: utilization in clinical practice
    Ursula G Kyle
    Clinical Nutrition Unit, Geneva University Hospital, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland
    Clin Nutr 23:1430-53. 2004
    ..II of these ESPEN guidelines reports results for fat-free mass (FFM), body fat (BF), body cell mass (BCM), total body water (TBW), extracellular water (ECW) and intracellular water (ICW) from various studies in healthy and ill subjects...
  2. doi Total body water changes after an exercise intervention tracked using bioimpedance spectroscopy: a deuterium oxide comparison
    Jordan R Moon
    Metabolic and Body Composition Laboratories, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Clin Nutr 28:516-25. 2009
    Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) for the estimation of total body water (TBW) has advantages over isotope dilution techniques, including cost, portability, and ease of use...
  3. doi Water as an essential nutrient: the physiological basis of hydration
    E Jequier
    Department of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Pully, Switzerland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 64:115-23. 2010
    ..The regulation of water balance is very precise, as a loss of 1% of body water is usually compensated within 24 h. Both water intake and water losses are controlled to reach water balance...
  4. ncbi Bioelectrical impedance analysis--part I: review of principles and methods
    Ursula G Kyle
    Geneva University Hospital, Switzerland
    Clin Nutr 23:1226-43. 2004
    ..BIA allows the determination of the fat-free mass (FFM) and total body water (TBW) in subjects without significant fluid and electrolyte abnormalities, when using appropriate population, ..
  5. ncbi Iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least-squares estimation (IDEAL): application with fast spin-echo imaging
    Scott B Reeder
    Department of Radiology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California, USA
    Magn Reson Med 54:636-44. 2005
    ..Close agreement between theoretical and experimental results obtained from an oil-water phantom was observed, demonstrating that the iterative least-squares decomposition method is an efficient estimator...
  6. ncbi Multicoil Dixon chemical species separation with an iterative least-squares estimation method
    Scott B Reeder
    Department of Radiology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California 94304, USA
    Magn Reson Med 51:35-45. 2004
    ..An analysis of the noise performance of this method is described, and methods to improve noise performance through multicoil acquisition and field map smoothing are discussed...
  7. ncbi A whole-body model to distinguish excess fluid from the hydration of major body tissues
    Paul W Chamney
    Research and Development Department, Fresenius Medical Care, Bad Homburg, Germany
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:80-9. 2007
    ..Excess fluid (ExF) accumulates in the body in many conditions. Currently, there is no consensus regarding methods that adequately distinguish ExF from fat-free mass...
  8. ncbi Analytic assessment of the various bioimpedance methods used to estimate body water
    J Matthie
    Medical Department, Xitron Technologies, San Diego, California 92121, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 84:1801-16. 1998
    ..Both single-frequency (SF) and impedance modeling approaches are proposed. The high intercorrelation between body water compartments makes determining the best approach difficult...
  9. pmc The effect of racial origin on total body water volume in peritoneal dialysis patients
    Andrew Davenport
    University College London Centre for Nephrology, University College London Medical School, Royal Free Hospital, London NW3 2PF, UK
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 6:2492-8. 2011
    Peritoneal dialysis adequacy is typically assessed by urea clearance corrected for total body water (TBW) on the basis of anthropomorphic equations, which do not readily take into account changes in body composition, which may vary ..
  10. doi Influence of gender and body composition on hydration and body water spaces
    P Ritz
    CHU, Pôle de maladies métaboliques et médecine interne, 4 rue Larrey, 49033 Angers, France
    Clin Nutr 27:740-6. 2008
    ..This study aim at describing total body water (TBW), extra-cellular water (ECW) and intracellular water (ICW) in a cohort of healthy subjects varying in age, ..
  11. ncbi Role of bioimpedance spectroscopy in assessment of body water compartments in hemodialysis patients
    P L Cox-Reijven
    Departments of Dietetics, Internal Medicine, and Surgery, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Am J Kidney Dis 38:832-8. 2001
    ..Aims of the study are to assess the agreement between total-body water (TBW) and extracellular volume (ECW) measured by BIS and tracer dilution (deuterium oxide [D(2)O] and sodium ..
  12. ncbi Increase of total body water with decrease of body mass while running 100 km nonstop--formation of edema?
    Beat Knechtle
    St Gallen Health Center, St Gallen, Switzerland
    Res Q Exerc Sport 80:593-603. 2009
    ..run suffer a decrease of body mass and whether this loss consists of fat mass, skeletal muscle mass, or total body water. Male ultrarunners were measured pre- and postrace to determine body mass, fat mass, and skeletal muscle mass by ..
  13. ncbi Bioelectrical impedance analysis models for prediction of total body water and fat-free mass in healthy and HIV-infected children and adolescents
    Mary Horlick
    Children s Hospital of New York, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:991-9. 2002
    ..Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is an attractive method of measuring pediatric body composition in the field, but the applicability of existing equations to diverse populations has been questioned...
  14. ncbi QDR 4500A dual-energy X-ray absorptiometer underestimates fat mass in comparison with criterion methods in adults
    Dale A Schoeller
    Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin Madison
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:1018-25. 2005
    ....
  15. doi Induction and decay of short-term heat acclimation in moderately and highly trained athletes
    Andrew T Garrett
    School of Physical Education, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Sports Med 41:757-71. 2011
    ..This is particularly pertinent in present times as many athletes, civilians and military personnel increasingly have to relocate to different climates of the world, often within a short period of time...
  16. doi Can changes in body mass and total body water accurately predict hyponatremia after a 161-km running race?
    Daniel K Lebus
    Sports Medicine Program, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California, USA
    Clin J Sport Med 20:193-9. 2010
    To relate changes in body mass, total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), and serum sodium concentration ([Na]) from a 161-km ultramarathon to finish time and incidence of hyponatremia.
  17. ncbi Markers of hydration status
    S M Shirreffs
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:S6-9. 2003
    ..The current evidence and opinion tend to favour urine indices, and in particular urine osmolality, as the most promising marker available...
  18. doi The effects of racial differences on body composition and total body water measured by multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis influence delivered Kt/V dialysis dosing
    Sanjeev Kumar
    UCL Center for Nephrology, Royal Free Hospital, University College London Medical School, London, UK
    Nephron Clin Pract 124:60-6. 2013
    ..Aiming for the same Kt/V target, some racial groups have better survival. We investigated whether body composition differs with ethnicity and may lead to differences in Kt/V delivered...
  19. ncbi Bioelectric impedance vector distribution in peritoneal dialysis patients with different hydration status
    Antonio Piccoli
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Nephrology Clinic, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
    Kidney Int 65:1050-63. 2004
    In continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), total body water (TBW) is estimated by functions of body weight, and by equations of bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA). These procedures may be biased with abnormal tissue hydration...
  20. ncbi Maternal cardiac systolic function and total body water estimation in normal and gestational hypertensive women
    H Valensise
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    Acta Diabetol 40:S216-21. 2003
    We assessed total body water (TBW) content and cardiac function in 25 normotensive (N) and 22 gestational hypertensive (GH) women matched for age, gestational age, and prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) during the third trimester of ..
  21. ncbi Measurements of total body water with a foot-to-foot impedancemeter
    Michel Y Jaffrin
    Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering Laboratory, UMR CNRS 6600, Technological University of Compiegne, 60205 Compiegne, France
    Med Eng Phys 30:483-9. 2008
    The objective was to set-up a method for measuring total body water volumes (TBW) using a Tefal foot-to-foot impedancemeter (FFI) by comparison with a multifrequency medical impedancemeter and to validate this method against deuterium ..
  22. ncbi Body composition in renal transplant patients: bioimpedance analysis compared to isotope dilution, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and anthropometry
    E C van den Ham
    Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Am Soc Nephrol 10:1067-79. 1999
    ..MF-BIA is compared to isotope dilution techniques for measurement of body water compartments, and to dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and anthropometry for measurement of fat and fat ..
  23. doi Validation of bioelectrical impedance analysis for total body water assessment against the deuterium dilution technique in Asian children
    A Liu
    Department of Student Nutrition, National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    Eur J Clin Nutr 65:1321-7. 2011
    To develop and cross-validate bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) prediction equations of total body water (TBW) and fat-free mass (FFM) for Asian pre-pubertal children from China, Lebanon, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand.
  24. ncbi Field map estimation with a region growing scheme for iterative 3-point water-fat decomposition
    Huanzhou Yu
    Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, CA, USA
    Magn Reson Med 54:1032-9. 2005
    ..The proposed method was implemented and shown to significantly improve the algorithm's immunity to field inhomogeneity...
  25. ncbi Urinary excretion of the aquaporin-2 water channel exaggerated in pathological states of impaired water excretion
    T Saito
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi, Japan
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 55:217-21. 2001
    ....
  26. doi The use of bioelectrical impedance analysis to estimate total body water in young children with cerebral palsy
    Kristie L Bell
    Queensland Cerebral Palsy and Rehabilitation Research Centre, School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Australia
    Clin Nutr 32:579-84. 2013
    ..This study aimed to validate bioelectrical impedance to estimate total body water in young children with cerebral palsy and determine best electrode placement in unilateral impairment.
  27. ncbi Comparative measurements of total body water in healthy volunteers by online breath deuterium measurement and other near-subject methods
    David Smith
    Centre for Science and Technology in Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine, Keele University, Stoke on Trent, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:1295-301. 2002
    We developed a new near-subject approach, using flowing afterglow-mass spectrometry (FA-MS) and deuterium dilution, which enables the immediate measurement of total body water (TBW) from single exhalations.
  28. doi Estimation of normal hydration in dialysis patients using whole body and calf bioimpedance analysis
    Fansan Zhu
    Renal Research Institute, Yorkville Dialysis Center, 1555 3rd Avenue 218, New York, NY 10128, USA
    Physiol Meas 32:887-902. 2011
    ..The ratio of wECV to total body water (wECV/TBW) was calculated...
  29. ncbi A review of body water status and the effects of age and body fatness in children and adults
    Wm C Chumlea
    Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Department of Community Health, Lifespan Health, Research Center, 3171 Research Blvd, Dayton, OH 45420, 937 775 1428, USA
    J Nutr Health Aging 11:111-8. 2007
    ..Body composition models based on past findings and assumptions could produce inaccurate estimates when the majority of the population is overweight to obese...
  30. ncbi Blood pressure and body water distribution in chronic renal failure patients
    M A Alvarez-Lara
    , , , Spain
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 16:94-7. 2001
    ..Using electric bioimpedance, body water distribution was studied in 32 patients from our dialysis unit...
  31. ncbi Measured and predicted total body water in children with myelomeningocele
    R A Littlewood
    Children s Nutrition Research Centre, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Queensland, Statewide Paediatric Rehabilitation Service, Royal Children s Hospital, Herston, Queensland 4029, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 39:278-81. 2003
    Children with myelomeningocele (MMC) have an altered body composition and an atypical distribution of total body water (TBW)...
  32. ncbi Body water compartment measurements: a comparison of bioelectrical impedance analysis with tritium and sodium bromide dilution techniques
    J A Simpson
    Section of Surgery, University Hospital, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Clin Nutr 20:339-43. 2001
    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study was undertaken to assess the comparability of body water compartment estimates in healthy volunteers using single and dual frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) with established reference methods ..
  33. doi Weight loss after therapy of hypothyroidism is mainly caused by excretion of excess body water associated with myxoedema
    Jesper Karmisholt
    Department of Endocrinology and Medicine, Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 96:E99-103. 2011
    ..Physical activity contributes to the total daily energy expenditure, and changes in physical activity might contribute to hypothyroid-associated weight changes...
  34. ncbi Segmental bioelectrical impedance analysis in children aged 8-12 y: 1. The assessment of whole-body composition
    N J Fuller
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:684-91. 2002
    ..To investigate the potential of segmental bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) for estimating whole-body composition in children...
  35. doi Relationship between changes in total-body water and fluid distribution with maximal forearm strength in elite judo athletes
    Analiza M Silva
    Exercise and Health Laboratory, Faculty of Human Kinetics Technical University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
    J Strength Cond Res 25:2488-95. 2011
    ..The study aims were to evaluate changes in total-body water (TBW) and its compartments (extracellular water [ECW] and intracellular water [ICW]) and their relationship with ..
  36. ncbi Intravenous albumin administration and body water balance in critically ill patients
    Daniel Ferreira da Cunha
    Nutrition 19:157-8. 2003
  37. ncbi Estimating total body water in children on the basis of height and weight: a reevaluation of the formulas of Mellits and Cheek
    Bruce Z Morgenstern
    Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 13:1884-8. 2002
    An estimate of total body water (TBW) has important implications in clinical practice. For patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), the estimate is critical when determining the delivered dialysis dose...
  38. ncbi Development of a population-specific regression equation to estimate total body water in hemodialysis patients
    G M Chertow
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Kidney Int 51:1578-82. 1997
    ..shown that the impedance index (height corrected resistance) is a valid and reliable correlate of total body water (TBW) in hemodialysis patients...
  39. ncbi The ratio of extracellular fluid to total body water and technique survival in peritoneal dialysis patients
    Colin H Jones
    Renal Unit, York Hospital, York, United Kingdom
    Perit Dial Int 24:353-8. 2004
    ..We examined whether an increased extracellular fluid volume (VECF) as a proportion of the total body water (VTBW) predicted technique survival (TS) in a prevalent patient cohort.
  40. ncbi Total body water measurement by a modification of the bioimpedance spectroscopy method
    Michel Y Jaffrin
    UMR 6600, Department of Biological Engineering, Technological University of Compiegne, BP 20529, 60205, Compiegne Cedex, France
    Med Biol Eng Comput 44:873-82. 2006
    We propose a method for calculating directly total body water (TBW) volumes (V (t)) from whole body resistance extrapolated at infinite frequency (R (infinity)) using a XITRON 4200 impedance meter...
  41. ncbi Total body water volume for white children and adolescents and anthropometric prediction equations: the Fels Longitudinal Study
    William C Chumlea
    Department of Community Health, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45420, USA
    Kidney Int 68:2317-22. 2005
    There are few studies of total body water (TBW) volume in children. Such studies are needed, as are new prediction equations for the clinical management of children with renal insufficiency and those receiving dialysis.
  42. doi Assessment of body composition using dry mass index and ratio of total body water to estimated volume based on bioelectrical impedance analysis in chronic kidney disease patients
    Yasushi Ohashi
    Department of Nephrology, Toho University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    J Ren Nutr 23:28-36. 2013
    ..The ratio of extracellular water (ECW(BIA)) to total body water (TBW(BIA)) in multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis is commonly used for assessing abnormal fluid ..
  43. doi Total body water measurements in adolescent athletes: a comparison of six field methods with deuterium dilution
    Ana L Quiterio
    Exercise and Health Laboratory, Faculty of Human Movement, Technical University of Lisbon, Cruz Quebrada, Portugal
    J Strength Cond Res 23:1225-37. 2009
    Assessing hydration, that is, total body water (TBW) in adolescent athletes should be part of a comprehensive training program. However, there are no specific methods to assess TBW in young athletes...
  44. ncbi Body water distribution in severe obesity and its assessment from eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis
    A Sartorio
    Malattie Metaboliche III e Laboratorio di Endocrinologia Sperimentale, Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, Piancavallo, Italy
    Eur J Clin Nutr 59:155-60. 2005
    To measure body water distribution and to evaluate the accuracy of eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) for the assessment of total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) in severe obesity.
  45. doi Relationship between extracellular water fraction of total body water estimated by bioimpedance spectroscopy and cardiac troponin T in chronic haemodialysis patients
    Jongha Park
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea
    Blood Purif 28:61-8. 2009
    The ratio of extracellular water to total body water (ECW/TBW) estimated by bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) may be a useful volume index in haemodialysis (HD) patients, but its direct relation to cardiovascular (CV) outcomes has been ..
  46. ncbi Bioimpedance analysis and intradialytic hypotension in intermittent hemodialysis
    M J Koziolek
    Department of Nephrology and Rheumatology, Georg August University Gottingen, Germany
    Clin Nephrol 66:39-50. 2006
    ..Its appearance is caused in part by rapid fluid removal with concomitant failure in blood pressure regulation but also by other dialytic-dependent and independent factors...
  47. ncbi Blood pressure, volume, and sodium control in an automated peritoneal dialysis population
    Neil C Boudville
    University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
    Perit Dial Int 27:537-43. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi Evaluation of multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis for the assessment of extracellular and total body water in healthy cats
    Denise A Elliott
    Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    J Nutr 132:1757S-9S. 2002
  49. ncbi Applying an artificial neural network to predict total body water in hemodialysis patients
    Jainn Shiun Chiu
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi County, Taiwan
    Am J Nephrol 25:507-13. 2005
    Estimating total body water (TBW) is crucial in determining dry weight and dialytic dose for hemodialysis patients. Several anthropometric equations have been used to predict TBW, but a more accurate method is needed...
  50. ncbi Improvement of nutritional status as assessed by multifrequency BIA during 15 weeks of refeeding in adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa
    Claudia Mika
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Technical University of Aachen, Aachen, Germany
    J Nutr 134:3026-30. 2004
    ..From wk 3 to 15, BMI, fat mass, body cell mass (BCM), total body water (TBW), intracellular water (ICW) but not extracellular mass (ECM), and extracellular water (ECW) increased ..
  51. ncbi Simultaneous determination of total body water and plasma volume in conscious dogs by the indicator dilution principle
    Søren Wamberg
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    J Nutr 132:1711S-3S. 2002
  52. ncbi Water homeostasis, frailty and cognitive function in the nursing home
    J J Kehayias
    Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    J Nutr Health Aging 16:35-9. 2012
    ..To develop and test a practical clinical method to assess frailty in nursing homes; - To investigate the relationship between cognitive status of the elderly and the balance between water compartments of their body composition...
  53. ncbi Disorders of body water homeostasis in critical illness
    Suzanne Myers Adler
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 35:873-94, xi. 2006
    ..Because body water is the primary determinant of extracellular fluid osmolality, disorders of body water balance can be categorized ..
  54. doi Why is there significant overlap in volume status between hypertensive and normotensive patients on dialysis?
    Li Tao Cheng
    Division of Nephrology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China
    Am J Nephrol 28:508-16. 2008
    ..We investigate the overlap in ECW between controlled and uncontrolled hypertension in dialysis patients...
  55. ncbi Total body water measurement using bioelectrical impedance analysis, isotope dilution and total body potassium: a scoring system to facilitate intercomparison
    C H Gonzalez
    Department of Physics, University of Caldas, Colombia
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:326-37. 2002
    ..in evaluating the accuracy of multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MF-BIA) in the assessment of body water volumes against the accepted gold standard measurements based on isotope-dilution and total body potassium (TBK)...
  56. doi Protection of total body water content and absence of hyperthermia despite 2% body mass loss ('voluntary dehydration') in soldiers drinking ad libitum during prolonged exercise in cool environmental conditions
    Heinrich W Nolte
    ERGOnomics TECHnologies, PO Box 6264, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    Br J Sports Med 45:1106-12. 2011
    ..hydration status to determine whether body mass loss can be used as an accurate surrogate for changes in total body water (TBW) during exercise. Data were collected during a 14.6-km route march (wet bulb globe temperature of 14.1°C )...
  57. pmc Plasma volume, albumin, and fluid status in peritoneal dialysis patients
    Biju John
    Department of Nephrology, University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Stoke on Trent, Staffordshire, United Kingdom
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 5:1463-70. 2010
    ..We hypothesized that patients with a plasma albumin below the median value would have measurable overhydration without a proportional increase in plasma volume (PV)...
  58. ncbi Total body water estimation using bioelectrical impedance: a meta-analysis of the data available in the literature
    R Martinoli
    Division of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
    Acta Diabetol 40:S203-6. 2003
    ..The objective of the present study was to carry out a meta-analysis of published reports in which total body water (TBW) was estimated using BIA techniques and comparisons were made with reference values...
  59. ncbi Body mass index and bioelectrical vector distribution in 8-year-old children
    Bruna Guida
    Department Neuroscience Physiology Nutrition Session, University Federico II, Napoli, Italy
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 18:133-41. 2008
    ..To describe bioelectrical impedance vector distribution in relation to BMI (body mass index; body weight/stature(2)) in a population of healthy children in order to detect possible changes in body composition status...
  60. ncbi Influence of body water distribution on skin thickness: measurements using high-frequency ultrasound
    C Eisenbeiss
    Department of Dermatology, , Ratzeburger Allee 160, , Germany
    Br J Dermatol 144:947-51. 2001
    ..High-frequency ultrasound is able to quantify these effects and is a sensitive method for measuring fluid intake and balance during anaesthesia and therapy...
  61. ncbi [Bioimpedance vector analysis for body composition in Mexican population]
    Maria de los Angeles Espinosa-Cuevas
    Departamento de Nefrologia y Metabolismo Mineral, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Tlalpan, Mexico
    Rev Invest Clin 59:15-24. 2007
    ..To construct bivariate tolerance ellipses from impedance values normalized for height, which can be used in Mexican population for the assessment of body composition and compare them with others made in different populations...
  62. ncbi Salt and fluid intake in the development of hypertension in peritoneal dialysis patients
    Wei Chen
    Institute of Nephrology, Third Hospital, Peking University, Beijing, China
    Ren Fail 29:427-32. 2007
    ..Therefore, we investigated the role of salt and fluid intake in the development of hypertension in CAPD patients...
  63. doi Use of the cellular model of body composition to describe changes in body water compartments after total fasting, very low calorie diet and low calorie diet in obese men
    M Siervo
    MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:908-18. 2010
    ..The cellular model of body composition divides the body in body cell mass (BCM), extracellular solids and extracellular fluids. This model has been infrequently applied for the evaluation of weight loss (WL) programmes...
  64. ncbi Bioelectrical impedance analysis estimation of water compartments in elderly diseased patients: the source study
    P Ritz
    Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Angers, France
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 56:M344-8. 2001
    This study validates, in geriatric patients, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) equations that had been derived to estimate total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) in healthy elderly subjects.
  65. ncbi Body water distribution and disease
    G Bedogni
    Department of Hygiene, Microbiology and Biostatistics, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Campi 287, I 41100, Modena, Italy
    Acta Diabetol 40:S200-2. 2003
    The study of body water distribution between extra- and intra-cellular spaces has the potential to improve our knowledge on the mechanisms of disease...
  66. ncbi Fluid status in CAPD patients is related to peritoneal transport and residual renal function: evidence from a longitudinal study
    Constantijn J A M Konings
    Department of Internal Medicine and Nephrology, Academical Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 18:797-803. 2003
    ..It has been suggested that part of this relationship might be explained by an effect of both parameters on the fluid state in CAPD patients or by the relationship between inflammation and peritoneal transport...
  67. ncbi Validity of impedance-based equations for the prediction of total body water as measured by deuterium dilution in African women
    Aïssatou Dioum
    Equipe de Nutrition, Laboratoire de Physiologie, Departement de Biologie Animale, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques, université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, Senegal, West Africa
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:597-604. 2005
    ..Equations for predicting body composition are population-specific, and body composition differs between blacks and whites...
  68. doi Bioelectrical phase angle and impedance vector analysis--clinical relevance and applicability of impedance parameters
    Kristina Norman
    Medizinische Klinik für Gastroenterologie, Infektiologie und Rheumatologie inkl Arbeitsbereich Ernährungsmedizin Charité, Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Clin Nutr 31:854-61. 2012
    ..This review investigates the clinical relevance and applicability of PhA and Bioelectrical Impedance Vector Analysis (BIVA) which uses the plot of resistance and reactance normalized per height...
  69. ncbi Prediction of body cell mass, fat-free mass, and total body water with bioelectrical impedance analysis: effects of race, sex, and disease
    D P Kotler
    Gastrointestinal Division, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 64:489S-497S. 1996
    ..In this study, predictive equations for body cell mass (BCM), fat-free mass (FFM), and total body water (TBW) were derived from direct measurements through use of single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (..
  70. ncbi Development of bioelectrical impedance analysis prediction equations for body composition with the use of a multicomponent model for use in epidemiologic surveys
    Shumei S Sun
    Lifespan Research Center, Department of Community Health, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45420, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:331-40. 2003
    ..Previous studies to develop and validate bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) equations to predict body composition were limited by small sample sizes, sex specificity, and reliance on reference methods that use a 2-component model...
  71. ncbi Assessing hydration status
    Stavros A Kavouras
    Laboratory of Nutrition and Clinical Dietetics, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 5:519-24. 2002
    ..Understanding the importance of euhydration in humans in order to ensure good health in various situations, the purpose of this review is to examine the available techniques in assessing hydration status...
  72. pmc The aquaporin water channels
    Peter Agre
    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Proc Am Thorac Soc 3:5-13. 2006
  73. ncbi Accuracy of an eight-point tactile-electrode impedance method in the assessment of total body water
    G Bedogni
    Human Nutrition Chair, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:1143-8. 2002
    To establish the accuracy of an eight-polar tactile-electrode impedance method in the assessment of total body water (TBW).
  74. ncbi Maintained total body water content and serum sodium concentrations despite body mass loss in female ultra-runners drinking ad libitum during a 100 km race
    Beat Knechtle
    Facharzt FMH fur Allgemeinmedizin, Gesundheitszentrum St Gallen, Vadianstrasse 26, 9001 St Gallen, Switzerland
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:83-90. 2010
    ..05), and Delta urinary specific gravity negatively (r = -0.67; p< 0.05), correlated to Delta percent total body water. Changes in body mass were not related to fluid intake during the race...
  75. doi Body composition, hydration, and related parameters in hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis patients
    Isabel Devolder
    Renal Division, University Hospital Ghent, Ghent, Belgium
    Perit Dial Int 30:208-14. 2010
    ..A new multifrequency bioimpedance tool has recently been validated. This study compares volume status in peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients in a single center...
  76. pmc Secretin as a neurohypophysial factor regulating body water homeostasis
    Jessica Y S Chu
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:15961-6. 2009
    ..Findings presented here challenge previous understanding regarding the neurohypophysis and could provide new concepts in treating disorders related to osmoregulation...
  77. pmc Dynamics of glutathione and ophthalmate traced with 2H-enriched body water in rats and humans
    Rajan S Kombu
    Department of Nutrition, Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, 10900 Euclid Ave, W G48, Cleveland, OH 44106 4954, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 297:E260-9. 2009
    ..and mixed disulfides with proteins] and ophthalmate (an index of GSH depletion) labeled from (2)H-enriched body water. In rats whose body water was 2...
  78. doi Byakkokaninjinto prevents body water loss by increasing the expression of kidney aquaporin-2 and skin aquaporin-3 in KKAy mice
    Takashi Aburada
    Department of Clinical Pharmacokinetics, Hoshi University, Tokyo, Japan
    Phytother Res 25:897-903. 2011
    ..However, BKN administration did not affect AQP5 mRNA expression in the salivary gland. These results suggest that BKN treatment relieves diuresis, thirst, and dermal pruritis by increasing kidney AQP2 expression and skin AQP3 expression...
  79. ncbi Human hydration indices: acute and longitudinal reference values
    Lawrence E Armstrong
    Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 20:145-53. 2010
    ..These findings provide euhydration reference values and hydration extremes for 7 commonly used indices in free-living, healthy, active men who were not exercising in a hot environment or training strenuously...
  80. ncbi Abnormalities of bioimpedance measures in overweight and obese hemodialyzed patients
    B Guida
    Department of Neuroscience Physiology Nutrition Section, University Federico II, Naples, Italy
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:265-72. 2001
    ....
  81. ncbi Assessing hydration status: the elusive gold standard
    Lawrence E Armstrong
    Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 1110, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 26:575S-584S. 2007
    Acknowledging that total body water (TBW) turnover is complex, and that no measurement is valid for all situations, this review evaluates 13 hydration assessment techniques...
  82. doi Relations between malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis and volume status. The usefulness of bioimpedance analysis in peritoneal dialysis patients
    Meltem Sezis Demirci
    Division of Nephrology, Ege University School of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 26:1708-16. 2011
    ..In addition, we analysed the relationship of extracellular volume values by m-BIA to echocardiographic parameters in order to define its usefulness as a measure of FO...
  83. ncbi Equivalence of information from single frequency v. bioimpedance spectroscopy in bodybuilders
    Antonio Piccoli
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Padova, Italy
    Br J Nutr 97:182-92. 2007
    ..94 to 1.00. The correlation between total body water estimated with BIS or with R at 50 kHz was 0.98...
  84. ncbi Body water homeostasis: clinical disorders of urinary dilution and concentration
    Robert W Schrier
    Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 17:1820-32. 2006
  85. ncbi Body fat measurement in adolescent athletes: multicompartment molecular model comparison
    A M Silva
    Exercise and Health Laboratory, Faculty of Human Movement, Technical University of Lisbon, Estrada da Costa, Cruz Quebrada, Portugal
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:955-64. 2006
    ..To assess the accuracy of air displacement plethysmography (ADP) and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) per cent body fat (%BF) estimations in comparison with a reference five-compartment (5C) model used as the reference method...
  86. doi Three-point Dixon method enables whole-body water and fat imaging of obese subjects
    Johan Berglund
    Department of Radiology, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
    Magn Reson Med 63:1659-68. 2010
    ..The computation time for a whole-body dataset was 1 min 51.5 sec +/- 3.0 sec. It was concluded that whole-body water and fat imaging is feasible even for obese subjects, using the proposed method.
  87. ncbi Urea space and total body water measurements by stable isotopes in patients with acute renal failure
    T Alp Ikizler
    Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Division of Nephrology, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 2372, USA
    Kidney Int 65:725-32. 2004
    ..shown that in ARF patients, Vurea estimation by urea kinetic modeling is significantly higher than total body water (TBW) by anthropometric estimation...
  88. ncbi Measurement of pulmonary surfactant disaturated-phosphatidylcholine synthesis in human infants using deuterium incorporation from body water
    Paola E Cogo
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
    J Mass Spectrom 40:876-81. 2005
    ..DSPC-PA) synthesis in vivo in humans by the incorporation of deuterium from total body water into DSPC-PA under steady state condition. We studied three newborns and one infant (body weight (BW) 4.6 +/- 2...
  89. doi Changes in total body water content during running races of 21.1 km and 56 km in athletes drinking ad libitum
    Nicholas Tam
    UCT MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
    Clin J Sport Med 21:218-25. 2011
    To measure changes in body mass (BM), total body water (TBW), fluid intake, and blood biochemistry in athletes during 21.1-km and 56-km foot races.
  90. ncbi Body cell mass: model development and validation at the cellular level of body composition
    ZiMian Wang
    Weight Control Unit, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 286:E123-8. 2004
    ..TBK/BCM ratio, to develop a new TBK/BCM model on the basis of physiological associations between TBK and total body water (TBW) at the cellular level of body composition, and to fit this new model with available reference data...
  91. ncbi A longitudinal comparison of body composition by total body water and bioelectrical impedance in adolescent girls
    Sarah M Phillips
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA
    J Nutr 133:1419-25. 2003
    ..937 + (0.389 x height(2)/resistance) + (0.285 x weight) + (0.124 x height) + (0.543 x black race) + (0.393 x other race). Overall, we found that BIA provided accurate estimates of the change in both FFM and %BF over time...
  92. ncbi Estimate of body water compartments and of body composition in maintenance hemodialysis patients: comparison of single and multifrequency bioimpedance analysis
    Carlo Donadio
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
    J Ren Nutr 15:332-44. 2005
    The goal of this study was to compare the adequacy of single and multifrequency bioimpedance analysis (BIA) to evaluate body water compartments, body composition, and nutritional status in maintenance hemodialysis patients.
  93. ncbi Comparative water metabolism of Barrow Island macropodid marsupials: hormonal versus behavioural-dependent mechanisms of body water conservation
    J M King
    School of Animal Biology M092 and Centre for Native Animal Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009, Australia
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 155:378-85. 2008
    ..correlated with plasma osmolality in both euros and hare wallabies, and negatively correlated with total body water content in euros, supporting its rôle as an antidiuretic hormone in these two species...
  94. ncbi Disorders of body water homeostasis
    Joseph G Verbalis
    Department of Medicine and Physiology, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Georgetown University School of Medicine, 232 Building D, 4000 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 17:471-503. 2003
    ..Because body water is the primary determinant of the osmolality of the extracellular fluid, disorders of body water homeostasis can ..
  95. doi Bioimpedance for severe obesity: comparing research methods for total body water and resting energy expenditure
    Gladys W Strain
    Department of Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1953-6. 2008
    ..for weight loss in morbid obesity is increasing, clinically useful baseline and follow-up measures of total body water (TBW) and resting energy expenditure (REE) are important...
  96. ncbi Inter-dialytic variations in blood volume and total body water in uraemic patients treated by dialysis
    Ezio Movilli
    Division of Nephrology, School of Medicine, Spedali Civili and University of Brescia, Piazzale Ospedale Civile 1, 25123 Brescia, Italy
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 19:185-9. 2004
    ..However, while inter-dialytic variations in blood volume (BV) have been well described, very little is known about the dynamics of fluid accumulation and distribution in body compartments during the inter-dialysis period...
  97. ncbi Daily energy expenditure of the grey mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus): a small primate that uses torpor
    J Schmid
    Verhaltensökologie, Tubingen, Germany
    J Comp Physiol B 170:633-41. 2000
    ..Thus, this first study on the energy budget of free-ranging M. murinus demonstrates that torpor may not only reflect its impact on the daily energy demands, but involve wider adaptive implications such as water requirements...
  98. doi Sources of variation in estimates of lean body mass by creatinine kinetics and by methods based on body water or body mass index in patients on continuous peritoneal dialysis
    Antonios H Tzamaloukas
    Nephrology Section, Raymond G Murphy Veterans Administration Medical Center and University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, USA
    J Ren Nutr 20:91-100. 2010
    We identified factors that account for differences between lean body mass computed from creatinine kinetics (LBM(cr)) and from either body water (LBM(V)) or body mass index (LBM(BMI)) in patients on continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD).
  99. ncbi Anthropometric prediction of total body water in children who are on pediatric peritoneal dialysis
    Bruce Z Morgenstern
    Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Phoenix Children s Hospital, 1919 East Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85016, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 17:285-93. 2006
    Accurate estimation of total body water (TBW) is a critical component of dialysis prescription in peritoneal dialysis (PD)...
  100. ncbi The oral contraceptive containing 30 microg of ethinylestradiol plus 3 mg of drospirenone is able to antagonize the increase of extracellular water occurring in healthy young women during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle: an observational study
    Franca Fruzzetti
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pisa, 56100 Pisa, Italy
    Contraception 75:199-203. 2007
    ..This nonrandomized study aimed to evaluate body weight and composition during the menstrual cycle and during oral contraception with 30 microg of ethinylestradiol plus 3 mg of drospirenone (EE+DRSP)...
  101. ncbi Effects of two different oral contraceptives on total body water: a randomized study
    Rogério Bonassi Machado
    Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine of Jundiaí, Jundiai, São Paulo 13201 789, Brazil
    Contraception 73:344-7. 2006
    ..This open-label, randomized study evaluated the effect of two different oral contraceptives on body weight and composition during one cycle of treatment...

Research Grants68

  1. Aquaporin-2 (AQP2) Regulation by AMP-activated kinase(AMPK) in the Kidney Collec
    Mohammad Al-Bataineh; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our research will likely contribute to a better understanding of how body water homeostasis may be coupled to metabolism and pathology of vital organs such as heart and kidney...
  2. Molecular and Cellular Regulation of Mammalian Renal Medulla Development
    Jing Yu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and cellular regulation of mammalian renal edulla development The renal medulla plays critical roles in body water and salt homeostasis and the regulation of systemic blood pressure...
  3. Polymorphism affecting water balance
    David M Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Regulation of body water balance is a complex process coordinated by the hypothalamus and executed by the kidney collecting duct;however, ..
  4. Mitochondrial Proteome Dynamics in Heart Failure Assessed with Heavy Water
    Takhar Kasumov; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of "heavy water" (2H2O;a safe, non-radioactive compound) results in rapid steady state labeling of body water and transfer of 2H from 2H2O to 2H-labeled amino acids, which is followed by slow incorporation into proteins ..
  5. Body Composition &REE Responses to Bariatric Surgeries
    Dympna Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..ancillary study from Weill Cornell and the University of Pittsburgh will undergo the following measures: total body water by deuterium dilution (fat and FFM), extracellular water by sodium bromide tracer, body density by the BodPod, ..
  6. Portable device for monitoring water balance in elderly
    Armen Sarvazyan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Hydration Monitor (HM) which is being developed under this grant can objectively quantify changes in the body water content and hydration status...
  7. Portable device for monitoring water balance in elderly
    Armen Sarvazyan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We propose to develop the Hydration Monitor (HM) that can objectively quantify changes in the body water content and hydration status...
  8. Thirst Deficits in Rat Model of Aging
    Robert L Thunhorst; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The losses of body water and sodium that cause dehydration evoke reflexive and behavioral responses that slow the rate of depletion of ..
  9. PHARMACOKINETICS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AFTER BARIATRIC SURGERY
    Marta Yanina Pepino; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..8 or 1.4 g/l of total body water) or non-alcoholic placebo control are consumed...
  10. PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF VERTEBRATE FREEZE TOLERANCE
    RICHARD LEE JR; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Rana sylvatica) and box turtles (Terrapene carolina) routinely survive the freezing of up to 65% of their total body water. Freezing is accompanied by the accumulation of large amounts of ice within the abdominal cavity and beneath the ..
  11. HYPOTHALAMIC NEURONAL SENSITIVITY IN PREGNANT RATS
    DORANNA CHRISTENSON; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..identified the preoptic area and anterior hypothalamus, PO/AH, as important in the regulation of blood pressure, body water, and temperature. This area contains neurons sensitive to osmotic pressure, A-II, and temperature...
  12. MEGESTROL ACETATE FOR TREATMENT OF CANCER CACHEXIA
    David Heber; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Lean body mass will be measured by total body (40)K counting and body water will be measured using doubly labelled water under metabolic ward conditions during the first,fourth and eighth ..
  13. CLINICAL TRIAL OF HEMATOCRIT STRATEGY IN HEART SURGERY
    Jane Newburger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..3) the PaO2/FiO2 ratio; 4) levels of circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines; and 5) the percent change in total body water, estimated by bioelectrical impedance...
  14. FAT AND FAT FREE BODY COMPOSITION IN OLDER MEN AND WOMEN
    Scott Going; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The limited available evidence suggests body water also declines with age...
  15. GASTROINTESTINAL & CARDIAC RESPONSE TO SEMI-STARVATION
    Eleanor Young; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..be utilized to serially measure body composition of experimental animals, including % fat, lean body mass, total body water. Following terminal bioelectrical impedance, direct analysis of carcasses will be performed allowing a ..
  16. Modeling Solute Transport and Urine Concentrating Mechanism in the Rat Kidney
    ANITA TAM LAYTON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the kidney's urine concentrating capability are known to cause, contribute to, be a consequence of, or occur along with, a number of important disorders and diseases, including abnormal body water and salt retention or loss.
  17. EXERCISE--EFFECTS ON ETOH IMPAIRMENT OF BEHAVIOR IN MICE
    SANDRA MOLLENAUER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..on mechanisms of these effects will be obtained by assessing effects of prior exercise on 1) body composition (body water determined by desiccation), 2) blood EtOH concentration (BEC) at regaining of the righting response (RORR), and ..
  18. FAT AND FAT-FREE BODY COMPOSITION DEVELOPMENT IN AGING
    Richard Boileau; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..developed methodological approach will be utilized involving measures of density (hydrostatic weighing), total body water (deuterium oxide dilution, bone mineral content (photon absorptiometry), and body potassium (40K count)...
  19. BODY COMPOSITION AND NUTRITION IN SPINAL CORD INJURY
    PAUL SCHLOERB; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..We plan to measure lean body mass (LBM) and total body fat as functions of total body water (TBW) and total body potassium (TBK), under controlled dietary conditions...
  20. ENERGY EXPENDITURE IN BURNED PATIENTS
    Robert Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Since deuterium is distributed only in body water, whereas oxygen-18 is distributed in water and carbon dioxide, the turnover rates of the two isotopes differ by ..
  21. RAPID ETHANOL LOWERING: A BIOENGINEERING APPROACH
    David Whitmire; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..system instilled into the gastrointestinal tract of dogs is capable of converting ethanol from the total body water to acetate, thereby lowering the blood ethanol concentration...
  22. Supplemental Fluid & Collagen Deposition
    Nancy Stotts; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..daily for 5 days to persons with Stage II to IV pressure ulcers enhances collagen deposition, increases total body water, augments subcutaneous tissue oxygen, increases pressure ulcer oxygenation, and is safe...
  23. ICU ARF DIALYSIS DOSE QUANTIFICATION AND PATIENT OUTCOME
    Emil Paganini; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Gurea will be measured using normalized protein catabolic rates, while total body water (Vurea) will be measured using normalized protein catabolic rates, while total body water (Vurea) will be both ..
  24. TRANSCRIPTIONAL CONTROL IN NEUROHYPOPHYSIAL NEURONS
    JOSEPH MCCABE; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Using the laboratory rat, investigations show that changes in body water balance, by maintenance on drinking solutions of salt water or injection of hypertonic saline, causes NHS ..
  25. FOREBRAIN AND HINDBRAIN MECHANISMS OF SALT APPETITE
    ROBERT THUNHORST; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..volume requires that the central nervous system receives and processes information about the status of body water and sodium...
  26. HUMAN CHOLESTEROL METABOLISM--NEW METHODS ACUTE STUDIES
    Dale Schoeller; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..a very sensitive method to measure cholesterol synthesis in vivo based on the incorporation of deuterium from body water. This method can be used to measure cholesterol synthesis over periods of hours or a day...
  27. DELIRIUM AMONG THE ELDERLY IN RURAL LTC FACILITIES
    Kennith Culp; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Total body water (TBW) will be estimated at the bedside with a multi-frequency Bioelectric Impedance Analysis (BIA) device...
  28. ETHNICITY AND OBESITY--NEW BODY COMPOSITION MODELS
    Steven Heymsfield; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..There are 3 benchmark methods used in subdividing weight into these 2 compartments; hydrodensitometry, total body water (TBW), and total body potassium (TBK)...
  29. GENDER COMPARISONS OF ALCOHOL EXPOSURE ON DRINKING DAYS
    JAMES YORK; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..approach to alcohol exposure, established gender differences in the volume of distribution for ethanol (total body water) and its effect upon the blood alcohol levels (BAC) achieved during drinking also need to be recognized and ..
  30. FICSIT COLLABORATIVE ANALYSES
    MARIA FIATARONE; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..is closely related to strength, body composition will be measured by anthropometry, whole body potassium, total body water, bioelectric impedance, and CT scan...
  31. FRUCTOSE IN DENOVO LIPOGENESIS IN HUMANS
    CATHERINE LEITCH; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Subjects will drink 0.7 g D2O/kg total body water. Over the next 36 hours, blood samples will be drawn every 6 hours prior to a meal...
  32. Neurobehavioral Control of Body Fluid Balance in Mouse
    Alan Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..volume requires that the central nervous system (CNS) receives and processes information about the status of body water and sodium...
  33. Fetal Swallowing: Central Dipsogenic Mechanisms
    Michael Ross; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Thirst and renal antidiuresis represent the fundamental systems for body water homeostasis...
  34. MECHANISM OF MUSCLE PROTEIN LOSS IN MENOPAUSE
    Dwight Matthews; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..They will measure FFM and skeletal mass by DEXA, total body water and urinary creatinine excretion...
  35. PARABRACHIAL NUCLEUS AND AMYGDALA AND SALT INTAKE
    Alan Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..maintenance of extracellular volume requires that the CNS receives and processes information about the status of body water and sodium...
  36. Improving Drug Development for the Critically Ill Child
    Athena Zuppa; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This is most notable for critically ill children, in who changes in organ function, total body water, tissue and plasma proteins, can all affect the disposition and action of therapeutic drugs...
  37. MULTIFREQUENCY IMPEDANCE AND BODY COMPOSITION
    William Chumlea; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..and validate innovative analytical uses of multifrequency bioelectrical impedance to quantify total body fat, body water, and to describe levels of regional body fatness in Black and White adults...
  38. Role of Parabrachial 5-HT in Thirst and Salt Appetite
    Alan Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..of extra-cellular volume requires that the CNS receives and processes information about the status of body water and sodium...
  39. TRAFFICKING OF ADH WATER CHANNELS IN TIGHT EPITHELIA
    H Harris; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of renal ion and water excretion by antidiuretic hormone of ADH is a fundamental mechanism regulating total body water content...
  40. ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF YOUNG WOMENS DRINKING
    ALISON SNOW JONES; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Women drink less but are more susceptible to negative biologic sequelae of alcohol consumption, perhaps due to body water differences, in gastric alcohol dehydrogenase activity and first place metabolism...
  41. ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF YOUNG WOMENS DRINKING
    ALISON SNOW JONES; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Women drink less but are more susceptible to negative biologic sequelae of alcohol consumption, perhaps due to body water differences, in gastric alcohol dehydrogenase activity and first place metabolism...
  42. SKIN TEMPERATURE AND HUMAN RESPONSES TO HEAT
    LEO SENAY; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..As in the original proposal, this work will consist of total body water and blood volume determinations at 0, 3, and 6 weeks of training (inactivity for controls), weekly VO2 max, and ..
  43. Exploring Growth Energy Expenditure in Normal-Weight and Overweight Children
    ZiMian Wang; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Updating Skeletal Maturity Methods for US Children
    Dana L Duren; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. children. This need can be achieved by updating the FELS skeletal age method using recent available data from non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic and Asian American children. ..
  45. Estrogen & Progesterone Effects on Orthostatic Tolerance
    NINA STACHENFELD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We also expect that the data in these studies will provide a basis to study the impact of sex hormones on diseases related to compromised peripheral circulation, such as hypertension, Raynaud's phenomenon and diabetes ..
  46. SEX HORMONES AND BODY FLUID REGULATION
    NINA STACHENFELD; Fiscal Year: 2003
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from the Investigator's Abstract) Estrogen and progesterone modulate body water and sodium at rest, and during perturbations of normal body fluid homeostasis, such as dehydration, hyponatremia and sodium loading...
  47. BRAIN OXYTOCIN AND ETHANOL EFFECT ON INGESTIVE BEHAVIOR
    Joseph Verbalis; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  48. PHYSIOLOGICAL ADAPTATION TO SUSTAINED HYPO-OSMOLALITY
    Joseph Verbalis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies should lead to an elucidation of the cellular mechanisms underlying one of the most basic and intriguing unanswered question about clinically hyponatremic disorders. ..
  49. GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY-MEDSTAR CENTER FOR CLINICAL AND TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE
    Joseph Verbalis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The planning process will be led by a committee of faculty members who are leaders in translational research and clinical research training at the member institutions. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. HYPONATREMIA-INDUCED OSTEOPOROSIS
    Joseph G Verbalis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  51. ISOTOPE RATIO MASS SPECTROMETER
    Dale Schoeller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, this new instrument will provide new capacity in the form of the solids combustion inlet. This expands our potential users group in the area of development of dietary biomarkers. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. DIETARY OBESITY
    George Bray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We now propose these well founded, important and exciting studies which will provide critical new insights into anatomical, physiological and molecular mechanisms by which high levels of dietary fat induce obesity. ..
  53. NONINVASIVE MEASUREMENT OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE IN HUMANS
    Dale Schoeller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will provide important guidelines for the prescription of exercise for the prevention and treatment of obesity. ..
  54. Ninth International Conference on Endothelin (ET-9)
    Donald Kohan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Analytical Reconstruction of Feedback Signaling in Aging Men
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The present proposal develops a general biomathematical framework for dissecting otherwise observed pathways that control hormone output in aging, stress and disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. ENSEMBLE MODEL OF STRESS ACTH-ADRENAL AXIS
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  57. The 8th International Symposium on In-Vivo Body Composition Studies
    Dympna Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Ensemble Disruption of the GnRH-LH-Testosterone Axis
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Expected corollary outcomes are enhanced diagnosis, assessment and management of more subtle pathophysiology of the male gonadal axis in puberty and adulthood. ..
  59. SOLUTE AND FLUID TRANSPORT ACROSS THE CONJUNCTIVA
    OSCAR CANDIA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Based on this model, he will devise protocols to modify and possibly reverse the secretory/absorptive properties of the tissue. ..
  60. EFFECT OF SHIGATOXIN-1 ON BRAIN ENDOTHELIAL CELLS
    Donald Kohan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  61. Fluid Movement across Conjunctiva: Stimulation and Regulation
    OSCAR CANDIA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies may provide the groundwork for the design of future treatment modalities for dry-eye syndromes. ..
  62. ACTIONS OF ESTROGEN IN MATURING GRAAFIAN FOLLICLES
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Understanding such fundamental interactions is important to the rational design of alternative strategies to interrupt normal and rescue impaired steroidogenesis in the maturing Graafian follicle and corpus luteum. ..
  63. Measurement of Fluid Flow Across the Ocular Ciliary Body
    OSCAR CANDIA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Genetics of Angiotensinogen-Mediated Hypertension: Stage, Background & Gender
    Donald E Kohan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our goal is to advance the specificity of clinical management and treatment of EH. ..
  65. Mechanistic bases for age-related androgen deficiency
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Knowing why testosterone falls should help foster new and safer ways to prevent the problem. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  66. Effects of Alcohol on Urinary Estrogen and Androgen Levels in Women
    Somdat Mahabir; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  67. Novel Active Repressor Model of Human LDL-Receptor Regulation
    Johannes Veldhuis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This would represent a new treatment approach for patients with atherosclerotic disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..