thorax

Summary

Summary: The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Pelvis-thorax coordination in the transverse plane during gait
    C J C Lamoth
    Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 7 9 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Gait Posture 16:101-14. 2002
  2. ncbi Four-dimensional (4D) PET/CT imaging of the thorax
    S A Nehmeh
    Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Med Phys 31:3179-86. 2004
  3. ncbi Interstride trunk acceleration variability but not step width variability can differentiate between fit and frail older adults
    Rolf Moe-Nilssen
    The Balance and Gait Unit, Section of Physiotherapy Science, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Ulriksdal 8c Bergen, N 5009 Norway
    Gait Posture 21:164-70. 2005
  4. ncbi Postural adaptation to walking on inclined surfaces: I. Normal strategies
    Alain Leroux
    Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke West, Que, H4B 1R6, Montreal, Canada
    Gait Posture 15:64-74. 2002
  5. ncbi Deep-inspiration breath-hold PET/CT of the thorax
    Sadek A Nehmeh
    Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
    J Nucl Med 48:22-6. 2007
  6. ncbi Respiratory gating for 3-dimensional PET of the thorax: feasibility and initial results
    Luc Boucher
    Metabolic and Functional Imaging Center, Clinical Research Center, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke Hôpital Fleurimont, 3001 12th Avenue North, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada J1H 5N4
    J Nucl Med 45:214-9. 2004
  7. ncbi Coordination of leg swing, thorax rotations, and pelvis rotations during gait: the organisation of total body angular momentum
    Sjoerd M Bruijn
    Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Gait Posture 27:455-62. 2008
  8. pmc Two-photon imaging within the murine thorax without respiratory and cardiac motion artifact
    Robert G Presson
    Center for Immunobiology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    Am J Pathol 179:75-82. 2011
  9. ncbi Thorax and pelvis kinematics during the downswing of male and female skilled golfers
    Sean A Horan
    School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Qld 4222, Australia
    J Biomech 43:1456-62. 2010
  10. ncbi The coordination of rotations of the eyes, head and trunk in saccadic turns produced in natural situations
    Michael F Land
    Sussex Centre for Neuroscience, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, BN1 9QG, Brighton, UK
    Exp Brain Res 159:151-60. 2004

Detail Information

Publications298 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Pelvis-thorax coordination in the transverse plane during gait
    C J C Lamoth
    Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 7 9 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Gait Posture 16:101-14. 2002
    ..Using methods of circular statistics this study shows that these conditions were not met in pelvis-thorax coordination...
  2. ncbi Four-dimensional (4D) PET/CT imaging of the thorax
    S A Nehmeh
    Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Med Phys 31:3179-86. 2004
    ..and feasibility of 4D-PET (Gated PET) acquisition, to reduce respiratory motion artifact in PET imaging of the thorax. In this study, we expand our investigation to address the problem of respiration motion in PET/CT imaging...
  3. ncbi Interstride trunk acceleration variability but not step width variability can differentiate between fit and frail older adults
    Rolf Moe-Nilssen
    The Balance and Gait Unit, Section of Physiotherapy Science, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Ulriksdal 8c Bergen, N 5009 Norway
    Gait Posture 21:164-70. 2005
    ..75, specificity=0.85). The findings are compatible with a notion that mediolateral interstride trunk variability represents a different aspect of motor control than variability in the direction of propulsion...
  4. ncbi Postural adaptation to walking on inclined surfaces: I. Normal strategies
    Alain Leroux
    Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke West, Que, H4B 1R6, Montreal, Canada
    Gait Posture 15:64-74. 2002
    ..These results showed that postural adaptations are task-specific and the control requirements are different between standing and walking on an inclined surface...
  5. ncbi Deep-inspiration breath-hold PET/CT of the thorax
    Sadek A Nehmeh
    Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
    J Nucl Med 48:22-6. 2007
    ..study was to describe our initial experience with the deep-inspiration breath-hold (DIBH) technique in combined PET/CT of the thorax. This article presents particular emphasis on the technical aspects required for clinical implementation.
  6. ncbi Respiratory gating for 3-dimensional PET of the thorax: feasibility and initial results
    Luc Boucher
    Metabolic and Functional Imaging Center, Clinical Research Center, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke Hôpital Fleurimont, 3001 12th Avenue North, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada J1H 5N4
    J Nucl Med 45:214-9. 2004
    ..This study was undertaken to assess the feasibility of respiratory gating for PET of the chest and the impact of respiratory motion on quantitative analysis...
  7. ncbi Coordination of leg swing, thorax rotations, and pelvis rotations during gait: the organisation of total body angular momentum
    Sjoerd M Bruijn
    Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Gait Posture 27:455-62. 2008
    ..It is often assumed that the thorax then starts to counter rotate to limit total body angular momentum around the vertical...
  8. pmc Two-photon imaging within the murine thorax without respiratory and cardiac motion artifact
    Robert G Presson
    Center for Immunobiology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    Am J Pathol 179:75-82. 2011
    ....
  9. ncbi Thorax and pelvis kinematics during the downswing of male and female skilled golfers
    Sean A Horan
    School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Qld 4222, Australia
    J Biomech 43:1456-62. 2010
    b>Thorax and pelvis motion during the golf swing have most frequently been described for male golfers at discrete points during the swing, such as top of backswing (TBS) and ball contact (BC)...
  10. ncbi The coordination of rotations of the eyes, head and trunk in saccadic turns produced in natural situations
    Michael F Land
    Sussex Centre for Neuroscience, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, BN1 9QG, Brighton, UK
    Exp Brain Res 159:151-60. 2004
    ..This mechanism, which is essentially the same as the vestibulo-collic reflex, nulls out disturbances to the head-in-space trajectory, whether these are caused by active or passive trunk rotation...
  11. ncbi Rotational and translational movement features of the pelvis and thorax during adult human locomotion
    V P Stokes
    Karolinska Institue, Department of Physiology III, Sweden
    J Biomech 22:43-50. 1989
    The kinematics of the pelvis and thorax are important in gait studies since their movement patterns are closely related to gait efficiency and 'smoothness' of locomotion...
  12. ncbi Dendritic cells transport conidia and hyphae of Aspergillus fumigatus from the airways to the draining lymph nodes and initiate disparate Th responses to the fungus
    Silvia Bozza
    Microbiology and Anatomy Sections, Department of Experimental Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, University of Perugia, Via del Giochetto, 06122 Perugia, Italy
    J Immunol 168:1362-71. 2002
    ....
  13. pmc Genes controlling segmental specification in the Drosophila thorax
    G Struhl
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 79:7380-4. 1982
    The roles of three homeotic genes, Ubx+, Scr+, and Antp+, in the Drosophila thorax have been studied by determining the cellular phenotypes of mutations resulting in loss of gene function...
  14. ncbi Meta-analysis to estimate the correlation coefficients between birthweight and other anthropometric measurements at birth
    Eita Goto
    Department of Medicine and Public Health, Mizawa Hospital, 3 3 1, Sato Naka ku, Hamamatsu, 430 0807, Japan
    Indian J Pediatr 78:311-8. 2011
    ..To pool the correlation coefficients between birthweight (BW) and other newborn anthropometric measurements at birth...
  15. ncbi Kebara 2: new insights regarding the most complete Neandertal thorax
    Asier Gómez-Olivencia
    Laboratorio de Evolución Humana, Dpto de Ciencias Históricas y Geografía, Universidad de Burgos, Edificio I D i, Plaza Misael de Bañuelos s n, Burgos, Spain
    J Hum Evol 57:75-90. 2009
    ..Moreover, Kebara 2's thorax is large, but it is not an isometrically scaled version of a modern human thorax...
  16. pmc Redundant mechanisms mediate bristle patterning on the Drosophila thorax
    Kazuya Usui
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:20112-7. 2008
    ..The redundant mechanisms might contribute to the robustness of the pattern. We discuss the possibility that patterning in trans by antagonism is ancestral and that the positional cis-regulatory sequences might be of recent origin...
  17. ncbi Dose recalculation in megavoltage cone-beam CT for treatment evaluation: removal of cupping and truncation artefacts in scans of the thorax and abdomen
    Steven F Petit
    Department of Radiation Oncology Maastro Clinic, Maastricht University Medical Center MUMC, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Radiother Oncol 94:359-66. 2010
    To correct megavoltage cone-beam CT (MVCBCT) images of the thorax and abdomen for cupping and truncation artefacts to reconstruct the 3D-delivered dose distribution for treatment evaluation.
  18. ncbi Expression of transforming growth factor beta(1), beta(3), and basic fibroblast growth factor in full-thickness skin wounds of equine limbs and thorax
    C L Theoret
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
    Vet Surg 30:269-77. 2001
    ..To determine whether their expression differs between limbs and thorax, to understand the pathogenesis of exuberant granulation tissue...
  19. ncbi Generalized multi-dimensional adaptive filtering for conventional and spiral single-slice, multi-slice, and cone-beam CT
    M Kachelriess
    Institute of Medical Physics, University of Erlangen Nurnberg, Germany
    Med Phys 28:475-90. 2001
    ..The loss in image resolution remains below 5% for all cases. In addition, the new method has a great potential to reduce metal artifacts, e.g., in the hip region...
  20. ncbi scute expression in Calliphora vicina reveals an ancestral pattern of longitudinal stripes on the thorax of higher Diptera
    Daniela Pistillo
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Development 129:563-72. 2002
    ..The implications for the evolution of the cis-regulatory elements responsible for sc expression in the proneural clusters of Drosophila, and function of Pnr are discussed...
  21. pmc A new calibration methodology for thorax and upper limbs motion capture in children using magneto and inertial sensors
    Luca Ricci
    Laboratory of Biomedical Robotics and Biomicrosystems, Universit a Campus Bio Medico di Roma, Via A lvaro del Portillo 21, Rome 00128, Italy
    Sensors (Basel) 14:1057-72. 2014
    ..addresses this specific issue, presenting a calibration protocol to capture the kinematics of the upper limbs and thorax in typically developing (TD) children...
  22. pmc Quantitative trait loci affecting phenotypic plasticity and the allometric relationship of ovariole number and thorax length in Drosophila melanogaster
    Alan O Bergland
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    Genetics 180:567-82. 2008
    ..In Drosophila melanogaster, ovary size, measured as ovariole number, and body size, measured as thorax length, are developmentally plastic traits with respect to larval nutrition...
  23. ncbi Morphological growth and thorax dimensions among Tibetan compared to Han children, adolescents and young adults born and raised at high altitude
    C A Weitz
    Department of Anthropology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Ann Hum Biol 31:292-310. 2004
    ..born and raised at high altitude in the Andes have provided evidence for genetically-determined differences in thorax growth, as well as for population differences in height, weight and other measures of overall size...
  24. pmc Relationship between the surrogate anthropometric measures, foot length and chest circumference and birth weight among newborns of Sarlahi, Nepal
    L C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:40-6. 2007
    ..Classification of infants into low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) or very low birth weight (VLBW, <2000 g) categories is a crucial step in targeting interventions to high-risk infants...
  25. ncbi Two methods of calculating thorax kinematics in children with myelomeningocele
    Tam C Nguyen
    Hugh Williamson Gait Laboratory, Royal Children s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 19:1060-5. 2004
    The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of model and cardan angle sequence for calculating thorax kinematics.
  26. ncbi Thoracic excursion measurement in children with cystic fibrosis
    J W H Custers
    Department of Paediatric Physiotherapy and Paediatric Exercise Physiology, University Medical Centre Wilhelmina Children s Hospital Utrecht, Room KB 02 056 0, P O Box 85090, 3508 AB Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Cyst Fibros 4:129-33. 2005
    ..Measurement of thoracic excursion (TEM) during maximal ventilation is part of the physiotherapy assessment in children with cystic fibrosis (CF)...
  27. ncbi Radiographic anatomy of the thorax and abdomen of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)
    Wencke M Wagner
    Diagnostic Imaging Section, Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort, 0110, Republic of South Africa
    Vet Radiol Ultrasound 46:217-24. 2005
    A standard radiographic procedure was developed for the thorax and abdomen in the common marmoset. A description and reference values for the corresponding radiographic anatomy are given...
  28. ncbi Quantitative analysis of motion artifacts in high-pitch dual-source computed tomography of the thorax
    Boris Schulz
    Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Clinic of the Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany
    J Thorac Imaging 27:382-6. 2012
    ....
  29. ncbi Dual-phase 99mTc sestamibi scintigraphy with neck and thorax SPECT/CT in primary hyperparathyroidism: a single-institution experience
    Renaud Ciappuccini
    Department of Nuclear Medicine and Thyroid Unit, Centre Francois Baclesse, Caen, France
    Clin Nucl Med 37:223-8. 2012
    To assess the diagnostic value of dual-phase (99m)Tc sestamibi scintigraphy with neck and thorax single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, and to analyze the ..
  30. ncbi Regulation of the spalt/spalt-related gene complex and its function during sensory organ development in the Drosophila thorax
    J F de Celis
    Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EH, UK
    Development 126:2653-62. 1999
    ..In the thorax, spalt and spalt-related are expressed in a restricted domain that includes most proneural clusters of the ..
  31. pmc A genetic analysis of pannier, a gene necessary for viability of dorsal tissues and bristle positioning in Drosophila
    P Heitzler
    Institut de Genetique et de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Illkirch, France
    Genetics 143:1271-86. 1996
    ..A large number of alleles have been studied and reveal that pannier may have opposing effects on the expression of achaete and scute leading to a loss or a gain of bristles...
  32. ncbi Kinematic redundancy and variance of eye, head and trunk displacements during large horizontal gaze reorientations in standing humans
    Sokratis Sklavos
    Department of Physiology and Clinical Neurophysiology, School of Nursing, University of Athens, Tetrapoleos 8, 11527, Athens, Greece
    Exp Brain Res 202:879-90. 2010
    ..We conclude that progression of the line of sight is initially stereotypic and fulfills criteria defining a motor synergy...
  33. ncbi Effects of gender and posture on thoraco-abdominal kinematics during quiet breathing in healthy adults
    M Romei
    IRCCS E Medea, Bosisio Parini LC, Italy
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 172:184-91. 2010
    ..The presence of a back support in seated position determined differences in breathing pattern. In conclusion, posture and gender have a strong influence on breathing and on chest wall kinematics...
  34. ncbi Mosaic morphology in the thorax of Australopithecus sediba
    Peter Schmid
    Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 340:1234598. 2013
    The shape of the thorax of early hominins has been a point of contention for more than 30 years...
  35. pmc Dosimetric accuracy of tomotherapy dose calculation in thorax lesions
    Veronica Ardu
    Medical Physics Department, IRCCS San Raffaele, Milano, Italy
    Radiat Oncol 6:14. 2011
    To analyse limits and capabilities in dose calculation of collapsed-cone-convolution (CCC) algorithm implemented in helical tomotherapy (HT) treatment planning system for thorax lesions.
  36. ncbi The Swiss IMRT dosimetry intercomparison using a thorax phantom
    H Schiefer
    Klinik für Radio Onkologie, Kantonsspital St Gallen, Switzerland
    Med Phys 37:4424-31. 2010
    ..It was the aim to check the treatment chain focused on the planning, dose calculation, and irradiation process...
  37. ncbi Combination of finite element modeling and optimization for the study of lumbar spine biomechanics considering the 3D thorax-pelvis orientation
    Francisco Ezquerro
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaga, Pza El Ejido sn, Málaga 29013, Spain
    Med Eng Phys 26:11-22. 2004
    ..prescribing the relative L1-sacrum rotation is imposed onto the FEM to account for three-dimensional physiological thorax-pelvis orientation. The prescribed rotation is achieved through the application of moments on L1...
  38. ncbi pannier encodes two structurally related isoforms that are differentially expressed during Drosophila development and display distinct functions during thorax patterning
    Catherine Fromental-Ramain
    Institut de Genetique et de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS INSERM ULP, Ilkirch Cedex, France
    Mech Dev 125:43-57. 2008
    ..Our study provides novel insights into pnr function during Drosophila development and extends our knowledge of the roles of prepattern factors during thorax patterning.
  39. ncbi Evaluation of setup accuracy for NSCLC patients; studying the impact of different types of cone-beam CT matches based on whole thorax, columna vertebralis, and GTV
    Wiviann Ottosson
    Department of Oncology, Division of Radiophysics, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Herlev, Denmark
    Acta Oncol 49:1184-91. 2010
    ..The purpose is also to calculate and compare CTV to PTV margins based on the various CBCT matches, setups using 2D kV planar imaging or setups using skin markers only (non-IGRT)...
  40. ncbi Preliminary static EIT images of the thorax in health and disease
    V Cherepenin
    Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
    Physiol Meas 23:33-41. 2002
    ..The evaluated system distinguishably visualizes various states of lungs and thorax including lung cancer...
  41. ncbi Time-resolved MR angiography of the thorax
    Derek G Lohan
    Department of Radiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, 10945 Le Conte Avenue, Suite 3371, Peter V Ueberroth Building, Los Angeles, CA 90095 7206, USA
    Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am 16:235-48, viii. 2008
    ..This article considers the current role of TR-MRA in thoracic imaging, illustrating many of its clinical applications, and potential future of this recent approach to noninvasive dynamic vascular evaluation...
  42. ncbi Compartmental analysis of breathing in the supine and prone positions by optoelectronic plethysmography
    A Aliverti
    Dipartimento di Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
    Ann Biomed Eng 29:60-70. 2001
    ..In the prone position we found a different chest wall volume distribution between pulmonary and abdominal rib cage (22.1% +/- 8.6% and 24.4% +/- 6.8%, respectively) compared with the supine position (23.3% +/- 9.3% and 13.6% +/- 13.0%)...
  43. ncbi The thorax of Zorotypus (Hexapoda, Zoraptera) and a new nomenclature for the musculature of Neoptera
    Frank Friedrich
    Entomology Group, Institut für Spezielle Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie mit Phyletischem Museum, Friedrich Schiller Universitat Jena, Erbertstrasse 1, 07743 Jena, Germany
    Arthropod Struct Dev 37:29-54. 2008
    External and internal features of the thorax of alate and wingless morphs of Zorotypus hubbardi and Z. weidneri were examined and described in detail...
  44. ncbi Time-resolved contrast-enhanced MR angiography of the thorax in adults with congenital heart disease
    Oliver K Mohrs
    Darmstadt Radiology, Department of Cardiovascular Imaging at Alice Hospital, Dieburger Strasse 29 13, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 187:1107-14. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of time-resolved contrast-enhanced MR angiography in adults with congenital heart disease...
  45. ncbi Realistic 2D human thorax modelling for EIT
    A Borsic
    School of Engineering, Oxford Brookes University, UK
    Physiol Meas 22:77-83. 2001
    ..By comparing the different discretizations it is possible to choose an appropriate mesh density for the 2D EIT problem...
  46. ncbi Fungus-infected fluid collections in thorax or abdomen: effectiveness of percutaneous catheter drainage
    Jose C Varghese
    Department of Radiology and Infectious Diseases Division, Infection Control Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit St, White 270 E, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Radiology 236:730-8. 2005
    To retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous catheter drainage in the treatment of fungus-infected fluid collections in the thorax or abdomen and to identify any factor that may be predictive of a poor clinical outcome.
  47. pmc Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors mitigate collagen synthesis induced by a single dose of radiation to the whole thorax
    Lakhan Kma
    Department of Radiation Oncology, MFRC 4072 76, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA
    J Radiat Res 53:10-7. 2012
    ..Rats (WAG/RijCmcr) were given a single dose of 13 Gy (dose rate of 1.43 Gy/min) of X-irradiation to the thorax. Three structurally-different ACE inhibitors, captopril, enalapril and fosinopril were provided in drinking water ..
  48. ncbi NANETS consensus guideline for the diagnosis and management of neuroendocrine tumors: well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors of the thorax (includes lung and thymus)
    Alexandria T Phan
    Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA
    Pancreas 39:784-98. 2010
    Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the thorax, including bronchial and thymic neuroendocrine NETs, are often referred to as NETs of the foregut...
  49. ncbi Muscular patterns and activation levels of auxiliary breathing muscles and thorax movement in classical singing
    Viggo Pettersen
    Department of Music and Dance, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
    Folia Phoniatr Logop 57:255-77. 2005
    ..In addition, the relationship of these muscles to thorax (TX) movement was investigated...
  50. ncbi Evaluation of an EIT reconstruction algorithm using finite difference human thorax models as phantoms
    Robert P Patterson
    Biomedical Engineering Institute, and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Physiol Meas 24:467-75. 2003
    A finite difference model of the human thorax with 113,400 control volumes (nodes) based on ECG gated MRI images was used to evaluate the Sheffield DAS-01P EIT system...
  51. ncbi The association between upper trapezius activity and thorax movement in classical singing
    V Pettersen
    School of Art Education, Stavanger University College, Stavanger, Norway
    J Voice 18:500-12. 2004
    ..study aimed to examine in classical singing the phasing of the activity in upper trapezius (TR) to upper and lower thorax movement and to the phasing of activity in the intercostals (INT) and in the lateral abdominal (OBL) muscles...
  52. ncbi Multiple myeloma presenting initially with pleural effusion and a unique paraspinal tumor in the thorax
    Toshinobu Yokoyama
    Department of Medicine, Division of Respirology, Neurology and Rheumatology, Kurume University School of Medicine
    Intern Med 47:1917-20. 2008
    ....
  53. ncbi Tracking variations in airway caliber by using total respiratory vs. airway resistance in healthy and asthmatic subjects
    L D Black
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, 44 Cummington St, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Appl Physiol 95:511-8. 2003
    ..We conclude that the volume dependence of Rcw can bias the presumed net change in airway caliber during tidal breathing and a DI but would not distort assessment of maximum airway dilation...
  54. ncbi Sensitivity of bedside ultrasound and supine anteroposterior chest radiographs for the identification of pneumothorax after blunt trauma
    R Gentry Wilkerson
    Department of Emergency Medicine, SUNY Downstate Kings County Hospital Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 17:11-7. 2010
    ..The authors conducted an evidence-based review of the medical literature to compare sensitivity of bedside US and AP chest radiographs in identifying pneumothorax after blunt trauma...
  55. pmc Specific age-related signatures in Drosophila body parts transcriptome
    Fabrice Girardot
    Biologie du Développement, UMR7009 CNRS UPMC, Observatoire Oceanologique, Quai de la Darse, 06234 Villefranche sur MerCedex, France
    BMC Genomics 7:69. 2006
    ..But most of the genomic studies of invertebrate models have been performed so far on whole animals, while several recent studies in mammals have shown that the effects of aging are tissue specific...
  56. ncbi Genetic organization of Drosophila bithorax complex
    E Sánchez-Herrero
    Nature 313:108-13. 1985
    ..Each of these genes plays its principal part in a particular anatomical domain of the body, where it is specifically required to determine the correct segmental pattern...
  57. ncbi Modulation of the Rho/ROCK pathway in heart and lung after thorax irradiation reveals targets to improve normal tissue toxicity
    Virginie Monceau
    UPRES EA 27 10 Radiosensibilité des tumeurs et tissus sains, Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France
    Curr Drug Targets 11:1395-404. 2010
    ....
  58. ncbi Regulation of the genes of the bithorax complex in Drosophila
    E B Lewis
    Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol 50:155-64. 1985
    ..A model is proposed that attempts to account for these rules by invoking a special cis-regulatory entity (E) that diffuses more efficiently along the chromosome than between chromosomes...
  59. ncbi The stars and stripes of animal bodies: evolution of regulatory elements mediating pigment and bristle patterns in Drosophila
    Pat Simpson
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Trends Genet 23:350-8. 2007
    ..They show that ancestral regulatory modules have evolved to mediate different transcriptional outputs and suggest that evolution of cis-regulatory sequences might reflect a general mechanism driving evolutionary change...
  60. ncbi The physiological effects of thoracic epidural anesthesia and analgesia on the cardiovascular, respiratory and gastrointestinal systems
    A Clemente
    Department of Anesthesia, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Minerva Anestesiol 74:549-63. 2008
    ..It is therefore necessary to address its use in the context of multimodal intervention...
  61. ncbi Displacement of hemodialysis catheter in persistent left superior caval vein
    Milan Radovic
    Ren Fail 24:383-5. 2002
  62. ncbi Accuracy of two heterogeneity dose calculation algorithms for IMRT in treatment plans designed using an anthropomorphic thorax phantom
    Scott E Davidson
    Department of Radiation Physics, The University of Texas M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Med Phys 34:1850-7. 2007
    ..Treatment plans were generated by each system using an anthropomorphic thorax phantom, routine clinical lung tumor constraints, and a common prescribed dose...
  63. ncbi Trunk anthropometry of Hong Kong Chinese infants
    T F Fok
    Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong
    Early Hum Dev 81:781-90. 2005
    ..Disturbed growth of the trunk may result in abnormal sternocostal relationship and a variety of pectus deformities...
  64. ncbi The Pax-homeobox gene eyegone is involved in the subdivision of the thorax of Drosophila
    Silvia Aldaz
    Centro de Biologia Molecular, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
    Development 130:4473-82. 2003
    ..The activity of eyg gives rise to a new notum subdivision that acts upon the pre-extant one generated by the Iro genes and pnr. As a result the notum becomes subdivided into four distinct genetic domains...
  65. ncbi The posterior skeletal thorax: rib-vertebral angle and axial vertebral rotation asymmetries in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
    R G Burwell
    Centre for Spinal Studies and Surgery, Nottingham University Hospitals Trust, Queen s Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham, UK
    Stud Health Technol Inform 140:263-8. 2008
    ....
  66. ncbi Muscular anatomy of the millipede Phyllogonostreptus nigrolabiatus (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida) and its bearing on the millipede "thorax"
    Heather M Wilson
    Department of Entomology, 4112 Plant Sciences Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Morphol 251:256-75. 2002
    ..The musculature of the first three postcollum pleurotergites, the "thorax," and their associated appendages was found to be more complex than that of the postthoracic rings...
  67. ncbi Impaired postural compensation for respiration in people with recurrent low back pain
    Sarah K Grimstone
    Department of Physiotherapy, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    Exp Brain Res 151:218-24. 2003
    ..The present data suggest that the postural compensation to respiration counteracts at least part of the disturbance to posture caused by respiration and that this compensation may be less effective in people with LBP...
  68. pmc A second new species of ice crawlers from China (Insecta: Grylloblattodea), with thorax evolution and the prediction of potential distribution
    Ming Bai
    Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 5:e12850. 2010
    Modern grylloblattids are one of the least diverse of the modern insect orders. The thorax changes in morphology might be associated with the changes of the function of the forelegs, wing loss, changes in behavior and adaptation to ..
  69. ncbi Compression force-depth relationship during out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    A E Tomlinson
    Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Ulleval University Hospital, N 0407 Oslo, Norway
    Resuscitation 72:364-70. 2007
    ....
  70. ncbi [Cine MRI of the thorax in patients with pectus excavatum]
    K A Herrmann
    Institut fur Klinische Radiologie, Klinikum Grosshadern der Ludwig Maximilians Universität, Marchioninistr 15, 81377, Munchen
    Radiologe 46:309-16. 2006
    ..Morphologic and dynamic assessment of respiratory chest kinetics was performed in patients with pectus excavatum deformity (PE) using dynamic MRI: cine MRI...
  71. ncbi Where's the tube? Evaluation of hand-held ultrasound in confirming endotracheal tube placement
    Rosaleen Chun
    Department of Anesthesia, Foothills Medical Centre, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Prehosp Disaster Med 19:366-9. 2004
    ..Thoracic sonography, previously utilized to detect pneumothoraces, has not been tested to assess ETT placement...
  72. ncbi Patterning function of homothorax/extradenticle in the thorax of Drosophila
    Silvia Aldaz
    Centro de Biologia Molecular, CSIC UAM, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, 28049, Spain
    Development 132:439-46. 2005
    ..We also present evidence for a molecular interaction between the Hth and the Eyg proteins that may be important for the patterning of the alpha subdomain...
  73. ncbi MRI of the thorax during whole-body MRI: evaluation of different MR sequences and comparison to thoracic multidetector computed tomography (MDCT)
    Bernd B Frericks
    Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    J Magn Reson Imaging 27:538-45. 2008
    ..To evaluate the accuracy of four MR sequences used as part of a whole-body MRI protocol to detect pulmonary lesions in cancer patients...
  74. ncbi Changes in three dimensional lumbo-pelvic kinematics and trunk muscle activity with speed and mode of locomotion
    Steven W Saunders
    Division of Physiotherapy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 20:784-93. 2005
    ..Control of the trunk is critical for locomotor efficiency. However, investigations of trunk muscle activity and three-dimensional lumbo-pelvic kinematics during walking and running remain scarce...
  75. ncbi Manikins with human-like chest properties--a new tool for chest compression research
    Jon B Nysaether
    Laerdal Medical, 4002 Stavanger, Norway
    IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 55:2643-50. 2008
    ..The average damping was also found to closely match the specified value...
  76. ncbi Optimization of attenuation correction for positron emission tomography studies of thorax and pelvis using count-based transmission scans
    R Boellaard
    Clinical PET Center, VU University Medical Centre, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Phys Med Biol 49:N31-8. 2004
    The quality of thorax and pelvis transmission scans and therefore of attenuation correction in PET depends on patient thickness and transmission rod source strength...
  77. ncbi Monte carlo dose calculations in conventional thorax fields for 60Co photons
    Asghar Mesbahi
    Medical Physics Department, Medical Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
    Radiat Med 23:341-50. 2005
    Our purpose was to apply the MCNP4C Monte Carlo (MC) code for dose calculations in the thorax region and compare the results with those of measurements and a conventional treatment planning system (TPS).
  78. ncbi Trunk muscle activation and associated lumbar spine joint shear forces under different levels of external forward force applied to the trunk
    Idsart Kingma
    Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 9, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 17:14-24. 2007
    ..4N) at 50Nm moment loading. It is concluded that the response of the neuromuscular system to shear force challenges tends to increase rather than reduce the shear loading at the lumbar joint that is subjected to the highest shear forces...
  79. ncbi [Selective dorsal T1-T6 fusion of the thoracic spine and effects on thorax growth: experimental study in prepuberal New Zealand White rabbits]
    F Canavese
    Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique Pédiatrique, Hopital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, France
    Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot 94:490-7. 2008
    ....
  80. ncbi Homeotic regulation of segment-specific differences in neuroblast numbers and proliferation in the Drosophila central nervous system
    A Prokop
    Institut für Genetik Zellbiologie, Becherweg 32, D 55128 Mainz, Germany
    Mech Dev 74:99-110. 1998
    ....
  81. ncbi Different contributions of pannier and wingless to the patterning of the dorsal mesothorax of Drosophila
    M J García-García
    Centro de Biologia Molecular Severo Ochoa, CSIC and UAM, Cantoblanco, Spain
    Development 126:3523-32. 1999
    ..Thus, Wingless has only a permissive role on dorsocentral achaete-scute expression. We also provide evidence indicating that Pannier and U-shaped are main effectors of the regulation of wingless expression in the presumptive notum...
  82. ncbi Incidence and risk factors of delayed pneumothorax after transthoracic needle biopsy of the lung
    Chang Min Choi
    Department of Internal Medicine and Respiratory Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300 Gumi dong, Bundang gu, Seongnam si, Gyeonggi Do, 463 707, Korea
    Chest 126:1516-21. 2004
    ..To evaluate the incidence and clinical significance of delayed pneumothorax, and to analyze the influence of multiple variables on the rate of delayed pneumothorax associated with transthoracic needle biopsy (TTNB) of the lung...
  83. ncbi Time-resolved MR angiography of the central veins of the chest
    Charles Y Kim
    Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3808, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 191:1581-8. 2008
    ..The purpose of our study was to show the usefulness and limitations of contrast-enhanced time-resolved MR angiography (MRA) for imaging the central veins of the chest...
  84. ncbi Thorax perfusion CT in non-small cell lung cancer
    Gulgun Yilmaz Ovali
    Radiology Department, Celal Bayar University, Turkey
    Comput Med Imaging Graph 31:686-91. 2007
    We aimed to determine the perfusion differences according to the histological type, stage, volume and prognoses in the non-small cell carcinoma by thorax perfusion CT.
  85. ncbi Thorax: low-dose contrast-enhanced three-dimensional MR angiography with subsecond temporal resolution--initial results
    J Paul Finn
    Department of Radiology, Northwestern University Medical School, 448 E Ontario St, Suite 700, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Radiology 224:896-904. 2002
    ..With small contrast material doses and subsecond frame rates, it is also possible to measure pulmonary arteriovenous circulation times with this 3D MR angiographic technique...
  86. pmc A misexpression study examining dorsal thorax formation in Drosophila melanogaster
    María Teresa Peña-Rangel
    Department of Developmental Neurobiology and Neurophysiology, Instituto de Neurobiologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Queretaro, 76230, Mexico
    Genetics 160:1035-50. 2002
    We studied thorax formation in Drosophila melanogaster using a misexpression screen with EP lines and thoracic Gal4 drivers that provide a genetically sensitized background...
  87. ncbi Regional distribution of blood volume within the preterm infant thorax during synchronised mechanical ventilation
    Hazel R Carlisle
    Neonatal Research, Royal Women s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Intensive Care Med 36:2101-8. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the regional distribution of blood volume within the thorax in preterm infants receiving synchronised volume-targeted mechanical ventilation (SIPPV + TTV) and to compare this ..
  88. ncbi How do persons with chronic low back pain speed up and slow down? Trunk-pelvis coordination and lumbar erector spinae activity during gait
    Claudine J C Lamoth
    Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, Van der Boechorststraat 9, Vrije Universiteit, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Gait Posture 23:230-9. 2006
    ..The assessment of gait patterns in terms of coordination may help clinicians to quantify movement impairments and may suggest interventions aimed at facilitating the emergence of desired coordination patterns...
  89. ncbi Thoracic venous anatomy multidetector row CT evaluation
    Leo P Lawler
    The Russell H Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 601 North Caroline Street, Room 3254, Baltimore, MD 21287 0801, USA
    Radiol Clin North Am 41:545-60. 2003
    ..Although this may not radically alter sensitivity for detection of systemic or pulmonary venous pathology it does provide a more comprehensive and sophisticated evaluation through volume acquisition and interpretation...
  90. ncbi Broad-complex transcription factors regulate thoracic muscle attachment in Drosophila
    D J Sandstrom
    ARL Division of Neurobiology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721 0077, USA
    Dev Biol 181:168-85. 1997
    ..We conclude that 20-hydroxyecdysone acts through the Broad-Complex to control the development of thoracic myotendinous junctions...
  91. ncbi Coexistence of stability and mobility in postural control: evidence from postural compensation for respiration
    P W Hodges
    Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute and University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Exp Brain Res 144:293-302. 2002
    ..lower limbs and pelvis may compensate for the disturbance to posture that results from respiratory movement of the thorax and abdomen...
  92. pmc Redirection of cutaneous sensation from the hand to the chest skin of human amputees with targeted reinnervation
    Todd A Kuiken
    Neural Engineering Center for Artificial Limbs, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University, 345 East Superior Street, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20061-6. 2007
    ....
  93. ncbi Trunk muscle coactivation in preparation for sudden load
    K P Granata
    Motion Analysis and Motor Performance Laboratory, Kluge Children s Rehabilitation Center, University of Virginia, 2270 Ivy Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 11:247-54. 2001
    ..This indicates the neuromuscular system relies greatly on response characteristics for the maintenance of stability in dynamic loading conditions...
  94. ncbi Pelvis-thorax coordination in the transverse plane during walking in persons with nonspecific low back pain
    Claudine J C Lamoth
    Institute de Réadaptation de Montréal, Universite de Montreal, Canada
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:E92-9. 2002
    Transverse pelvis and thorax rotations were studied during walking in 39 patients with nonspecific low back pain and 19 healthy participants.
  95. pmc JNK and decapentaplegic signaling control adhesiveness and cytoskeleton dynamics during thorax closure in Drosophila
    E Martin-Blanco
    Centro de Biologia Molecular Severo Ochoa, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Madrid 28049, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:7888-93. 2000
    ..Interestingly, these effects are very similar to those observed after interfering with JNK and dpp signaling during embryonic dorsal closure...
  96. ncbi Honeybee nestmate recognition: the thermal behaviour of guards and their examinees
    Anton Stabentheiner
    Institut fur Zoologie, Universitat Graz, Universitatsplatz 2, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    J Exp Biol 205:2637-42. 2002
    ..The thorax surface temperature was on average higher and more variable in the examinees (36.1 degrees C, S.D.=4...
  97. ncbi Patterns of arginine and nitric oxide in patients with sickle cell disease with vaso-occlusive crisis and acute chest syndrome
    C R Morris
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Children s Hospital Oakland, California 94609, USA
    J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 22:515-20. 2000
    ..Because alterations in nitric oxide production may have an important role in the pathophysiology of SCD, our second aim was to determine if a relationship exists between these levels and vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC)...
  98. ncbi Metabolic rate and thermal stability during honeybee foraging at different reward rates
    L Moffatt
    Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón II Ciudad Universitaria 1428, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Exp Biol 204:759-66. 2001
    ..36+/-1.13 mW for a doubling in flow rate. These changes in metabolic power output might be used to achieve thermal stability during foraging. It is suggested that the foraging bee might increase its Tth in accordance with the reward rate...
  99. ncbi Ultrasound-guided transthoracic biopsy of the chest
    P C Yang
    Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Republic of China
    Radiol Clin North Am 38:323-43. 2000
    ..US examination and US-guided needle aspiration biopsy have now become indispensable diagnostic tools for various chest diseases...
  100. ncbi Optoelectronic plethysmography in intensive care patients
    A Aliverti
    Dipartimento di Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 161:1546-52. 2000
    ..Accuracy of the compartmentalization procedure (upper thorax, lower thorax, and abdomen) was assessed by calculating compartmental volume changes during isovolume maneuvers...
  101. ncbi The Trunk Impairment Scale: a new tool to measure motor impairment of the trunk after stroke
    G Verheyden
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
    Clin Rehabil 18:326-34. 2004
    ..The TIS scores, on a range from 0 to 23, static and dynamic sitting balance as well as trunk co-ordination. It also aims to score the quality of trunk movement and to be a guide for treatment...

Research Grants63

  1. Intrathoracic Pressure Regulator for Resuscitation
    Keith G Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The decrease in intrathoracic pressure, typically to -7 to -9 mmHg, creates a vacuum within the thorax relative to the rest of the body thereby a) significantly enhancing blood return to the heart and consequently ..
  2. Novel non-invasive device for treatment of elevated intracranial pressures
    Keith G Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The decrease in intrathoracic pressure, typically to -7 to -9 mmHg, creates a vacuum within the thorax relative to the rest of the body thereby a) enhancing blood return to the heart and consequently increasing ..
  3. Novel bundled mechanical and pharmacological CPR platform
    Anja Metzger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..negative intrathoracic pressure between positive pressure ventilations which creates a vacuum within the thorax relative to the rest of the body that enhances venous blood return to the heart, increases cardiac output and ..
  4. Using Vessel Caliber to Assess Cardiac Impairment in COPD
    Carolyn E Come; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..utilize computed tomographic vascular measurements to non-invasively estimate the distribution of blood within the thorax and assess how that distribution varies with changes in lung volumes and further, relates to cardiac chamber size ..
  5. Manipulating Macrophage Phenotype in Laryngeal Nerve Repair
    Jonathan Cheetham; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..paralysis occurs when the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is injured, most commonly during surgery of the neck or thorax. Immobility of one vocal fold produces a hoarse voice, reduced airflow and aspiration of fluids with swallowing ..
  6. Recurrent laryngeal nerve connective tissues as a factor in vocal fold paralysis
    Julie M Barkmeier-Kraemer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..RLN connective tissues between its location within the neck bilaterally and the portion of the left RLN within the thorax, including the aortic arch region...
  7. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and neuroblastoma
    Rae Nishi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..autonomic neuron progenitor cells that occurs in the adrenal medulla or as paraspinal tumors in the abdomen or thorax of infants and young children...
  8. New Intramuscular Electrodes for Respiratory Pacing in SCI
    James S Walter; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..There is a need, however, to improve diaphragm stimulation and to add abdominal and upper thorax intercostal muscle stimulation for improved respiration and cough...
  9. Innovative Biomarkers to Predict Radiation Lung Injury
    MEETHA M MEDHORA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have identified doses of total body and whole thorax irradiation that induce lethal pneumonitis in a reproducible manner from 0-100 percent of rats...
  10. 4E-BP Dependent Secreted Proteins from Human and Fly Skeletal Muscle
    MATTHEW JAMES LAYE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..proteins will be compared with existing data on the 4E-BP dependent differences in translated mRNAs from fly thorax muscle...
  11. Multiscale Model of Neural Control of Breathing
    Ilya A Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..rhythmic patterns of motor activity that produce coordinated movements of the respiratory pump (diaphragm, thorax, and abdomen), controlling lung inflation and deflation, and upper airway muscles, controlling airflow...
  12. High-Resolution MicroCT Scanner for Cardiopulmonary Imaging Applications
    Rahim R Rizi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..respiratory and cardiac imaging with extremely high precision with reduced motion artifacts in the heart and thorax. It is possible to obtain a physical image resolution of 80mm (FWHM) with derived limiting resolution of 14 lp/mm @..
  13. Intrathoracic Pressure Regulation for the Treatment of Septic Shock
    Keith Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The decrease in intrathoracic pressure creates a negative pressure gradient between the thorax relative to the rest of the body thereby a) enhancing venous blood return to the heart b) increasing cardiac ..
  14. Mapping and rescuing EMS-induced lethal mutations on the Drosophila X Chromosome
    Hugo J Bellen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We screened for mutations that affect numerous biological processes, including eye, head, wing, thorax and bristle development, photoreceptor growth cone guidance, synapse formation, synaptic transmission, and ..
  15. Improved scintillators for time-of-flight positron emission tomography
    STEPHEN E DERENZO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will significantly improve the detection of disease, especially in obese patients and for gated imaging of the thorax, and will increase the ability to use repeat imaging to study the effects of therapy on the disease...
  16. Development of Experimental and Computational Models for Traumatic Aortic Rupture
    Kurosh Darvish; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This model will consist of a porcine aorta-heart specimen installed in a model of thorax made from clear silicone and urethane with similar compression characteristics as a human thorax...
  17. GENETIC REGULATION OF MUSCLE FIBER DIVERSITY
    RICHARD MATTHEW CRIPPS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in defining mechanisms of muscle specification and muscle differentiation, and in addition the Drosophila adult thorax contains skeletal muscle fibers of two distinct types...
  18. Mechanisms Of Compensatory Lung Growth
    Connie C W Hsia; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Terminally pressure- volume relationship of the lung and thorax will be measured...
  19. Mechanisms of Traumatic Rupture in Arteries
    KUROSH K DARVISH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..1 an animal model of TAR will be developed which consists of porcine aorta positioned in a physical model of human thorax made of clear synthetic materials...
  20. Positron Emission Tomography for Radiation Therapy
    Daniel A Low; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PET images take many minutes to acquire and for tumors in the thorax and upper abdomen breathing motion causes three effects that are significant with respect to using PET images for ..
  21. Thorax Autosegmentation for Radiotherapy of Lung Cancer
    Richard L Holloway; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): SBIR Phase 1 Application entitled Thorax Auto segmentation for Radiotherapy of Lung Cancer As attested by the attached letters from Morphormics partners manufacturing radiotherapy equipment, there is ..
  22. OPTO-ELECTRIC MAPPING OF ACTION POTENTIALS
    Igor R Efimov; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to map epicardial electrograms noninvasively starting from the body surface electrogram mapping and whole thorax imaging using CT or MRI. However, this method provides only electrograms and not the action potentials...
  23. Evaluation of tumor motion management strategies in radiotherapy using 4D-MRI
    Junghoon Lee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..patient motion is a major obstacle for achieving high-precision radiation therapy of cancers especially in the thorax and upper abdomen...
  24. Advanced PET System Dedicated to Breast Cancer Imaging
    Craig S Levin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PET breast imaging poses particular challenges due to background activity in the thorax producing high random and Compton scatter coincident photon rates that result in lower lesion to background ..
  25. Novel device for improving standard CPR outcomes
    Keith Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This hand-held lightweight device, termed the ErgoPad, helps to transform the thorax into a bellows during CPR, thereby enabling the rescuer to manually perform active compression decompression (ACD) ..
  26. Accurate, High Resolution 3D Dosimetry
    Mark Oldham; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of the accuracy of IMRT deliveries in cohorts of patients in key clinical sites (pelvic, head-and-neck, and thorax)...
  27. Risk and Injury Severity of Obese Child Passengers in Motor Vehicle Crashes
    Jong Eun Kim; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The expected outcomes are quantitative risk assessments of regional body injuries including head, neck, and thorax. The results from obese child dummies will be compared to those from the standard dummies to examine the effects ..
  28. IDENTIFICATION OF IMPRINTED GENES ON CHROMOSOME 14
    Lisa Shaffer; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..with includes mental retardation, skeletal abnormalities that result in a short- limb dwarfism with narrow thorax, decreased survival due to respiratory difficulties, dysmorphic facies, scoliosis, and short status...
  29. INTRACELLULAR MELANIZATION OF FILARIIDS IN MOSQUITOES
    J Nayar; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  30. ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION OF SURGICAL SPINAL FUSION
    Ian Stokes; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..or instability secondary to degenerative changes will provide measurements of the 3-D shape of the spine and thorax pre- and post-surgery. Bending films will provide measurements of the spinal range of motion...
  31. RESPIRATORY PUMP FAILURE--APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
    Rolf Hubmayr; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..and while thoracoabdominal shape is being systematically altered by a pneumatic device which displaces the thorax and abdomen along an isovolume line...
  32. HISTOINCOMPATIBLE MYOBLAST INJECTION AGAINST DYSTROPHY
    Peter Law; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..mice will be injected into various muscle groups in the right hind limb and the intercostal muscles in the right thorax of 20-day-old normal or dystrophic C57BL/6J mice. Host mice receives subcutaneous injections of CsA daily...
  33. SEARCH FOR ULTRA FAST, HEAVY ATOM SCINTILLATORS
    STEPHEN DERENZO; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..would increase the effective sensitivity by a factor of six for images of the human brain and even more for the thorax. The elimination of inter-plane septa will increase the solid angle efficiency by an additional factor of two or ..
  34. Clinical Phenotype of Imprinted Genes of Chromosome 14
    Vernon Sutton; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..and other dysmorphic facial features, mental retardation/developmental delay, laryngomalacia, small thorax, joint contractures, short long bones, congenital heart disease and prenatal growth delay...
  35. VENTING FOR REDUCTION OF HYPERINFLATION IN EMPHYSEMA
    Joel Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The concomitant enlargement of the thorax, and flattening of the diaphragm, render the inspiratory muscles inefficient, increase the work of breathing, and ..
  36. 3-D Imaging Technique for Applications in Anthropome
    PEISEN HUANG; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..none of them is fast enough to measure 3-D shpes of living objects, such as beating heart and breathing thorax, with high accuracy...
  37. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF AIRWAY EFFECTS TO COLD EXPOSURE
    EDWARD MCFADDEN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..we will have participants inhale frigid air at resting ventilations in association with cooling of the skin of the thorax and the head while we monitor upper and lower airway caliber...
  38. Physiological Basis of Vascular Contractility
    David Zawieja; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..utilize adjacent arterioles, venules and lymphatics isolated from 4 different regional environments (leg, neck, thorax, abdomen) of the rat in which the vascular transmural pressure gradients vary...
  39. LUNG GROWTH AT HIGH ALTITUDE AND MAXIMAL O2 TRANSPORT
    Robert Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..persistent vascular and airway abnormalities offset benefits derived from enhanced alveolar growth. 5) Growth of thorax is impaired in an altitude-dependent way; at extreme altitude, the restricted thoracic size sets an upper limit to ..
  40. PHYLOGENY AND ONTOGENY OF AN AUDITORY SYSTEM
    DAVID YAGER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Immunostaining will be used to map chordotonal organ distribution in the abdomen and thorax of a number of tympanate insects to determine exactly which chordotonal organs have become tympanal organs-the ..
  41. MEDIASTINAL EFFECTS ON PULMONARY FUNCTION
    LYNNE OLSON; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Changes in lung shape and density within the thorax will be quantified by CT scanning...
  42. MEDIASTINAL EFFECTS ON PULMONARY FUNCTION
    LYNNE OLSON; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Changes in lung shape and density within the thorax will be quantified by CT scanning...
  43. Innovative Cardiac Imaging Phantom Approach for Tc-99
    SHELBY CULLOM; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..1. The development and validation of an accurate 4D (space + time) digital phantom (NCAT) model of the heart and thorax that accurately depicts the uptake and washout kinetics of Tc-99m-Teboroxime for normal and ischemic myocardium ..
  44. Biological roles of Insulin Degrading Enzyme
    Joogyung Hyun; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Preliminary studies suggest that IDE is involved in adult thorax development, which may not involve insulin signaling...
  45. ELECTROACTIVE POLYMERS FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATION
    Alan Snyder; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..2) advanced instrumentation for minimally invasive surgery, particularly for use in confined spaces such as the thorax. These disparate applications share the need for very compact, efficient and uncomplicated means of actuation...
  46. ELECTROACTIVE POLYMERS FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATION
    Alan Snyder; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..2) advanced instrumentation for minimally invasive surgery, particularly for use in confined spaces such as the thorax. These disparate applications share the need for very compact, efficient and uncomplicated means of actuation...
  47. Novel non-invasive device for treatment of elevated intracranial pressures
    Keith Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The decrease in intrathoracic pressure creates a vacuum within the thorax relative to the rest of the body, thereby enhancing blood return to the heart while simultaneously decreasing ..
  48. PLEURAL EFFUSION AND PULMONARY EDEMA FORMATION
    Steven Allen; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Additionally, the protein concentration of lymph flowing through nodes in the thorax will be compared to the protein concentration of pleural fluid...
  49. OLFACTORY CONTROL OF A SIMPLE MOTOR SYSTEM
    JOHN HILDEBRAND; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..and structure of nerve cells in the pathway from olfactory centers in the brain to the flight-motor outputs in the thorax. The proposed studies will focus on: (1) the control of flight motor activity by odors (particularly sex ..
  50. RADIATION INDUCED HEPATIC INJURY
    Joseph Geraci; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..undergoing treatment of metastatic and primary liver cancers and other neoplasms in the upper abdomen of lower thorax, or after total body or abdominal irradiation prior to bone marrow transplantation...
  51. Novel device for improving standard CPR outcomes
    Keith Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..act to decrease the intrathoracic pressure during the decompression phase of CPR, creating a vacuum within the thorax relative to the rest of the body, thereby a) enhancing blood return to the heart, b) enhancing blood return to the ..
  52. A conductance telemetry system for implant blood pumps
    Craig Sherman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..result of minute electrical currents generated by the heart flowing through the resistances of the tissues in the thorax. In similar fashion, the Conductance Telemetry System (CTS) transmitter admits minute high frequency currents into ..
  53. REGULATION OF ENDOCRINE CELL RESPONSE--INSECT MODEL
    Wendy Smith; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Ecdysone is produced by the prothoracic glands, paired organs located in the thorax. For reasons of tissue homogeneity, manipulability, and large cell size, the prothoracic glands provide a unique ..
  54. Gas Exchange Array for Implantable Artificial Lung
    NICHOLAS VITALE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It fits into the body with the top of the array near the top of the hemi-thorax, the bottom near the diaphragm, the concave medial side facing the heart, the convex lateral side facing the ribs, ..
  55. Dynamic Multi-Modality Imaging for Radiotherapy
    Janelle Molloy; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..system will be clinically tested on patients receiving radiation therapy for cancers in the pelvis, abdomen, and thorax. This imaging tool will enable radiation oncology physicians to precisely localize tumor and critical structure ..
  56. COMPUTER AIDED DIAGNOSIS IN CT OF THE THORAX
    Samuel Armato; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the detection and quantitative assessment of pulmonary nodules in helical computed tomography (CT) images of the thorax. This system will potentially improve the prognosis of patients with lung cancer by contributing to earlier ..
  57. RADIATION THERAPY WITH ACTIVE BREATHING CONTROL
    John Wong; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The applicants hypothesize that treatment of tumors in the thorax and abdomen is much more effective when breathing motion is minimized...
  58. BODY SURFACE LOCALIZATION OF QRS LATE POTENTIALS
    Roger Freedman; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..infarction from this laboratory have suggested that late potentials are localized to a contiguous area on the thorax. The primary hypothesis that this application proposes to study is that the location of late potentials indicates ..
  59. SEARCH FOR ULTRA FAST, HEAVY ATOM SCINTILLATORS
    STEPHEN DERENZO; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of +100 ps would increase the effective sensitivity by a factor of six for images of the human brain and thorax, and allow event-by-event slice determination in 3D tomography...
  60. NURSING MANAGEMENT OF OPTIMAL ENDOTRACHEAL ASPIRATION
    MARA BAUN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..oxygen tension difference, shunt fraction; physiologic dead space; carbon dioxide production, lung-thorax compliance, right and left atrial pressures, pulmonary arterial pressure, aortic pressure; and electrocardiogram...
  61. IMPROVED ALGORITHMS AND PRIORS FOR ECT RECONSTRUCTION
    Gene Gindi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..underlying activity (ii) anatomical side information provided by co- registered MR scans (iii) for imaging in the thorax, spatial and tissue-related properties of the attenuation coefficient...
  62. IN VIVO RADIONUCLIDE QUANTITATION USING EMISSION CT
    RONALD JASZCZAK; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..account for the effects of non-uniform attenuation, scatter and system geometric response for all regions of the thorax, and that have clinically acceptable reconstruction times...
  63. RESPIRATORY NEUROCHEMICAL CONTROL
    NEIL CHERNIACK; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Previous studies in man and animals indicate that altered gas exchange and changes in mechanical properties of the thorax bring into operation chemical and neural control systems which help compensate for injury...