forearm

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and risk of cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease
    T Heitzer
    Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf, Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin, Abteilung Kardiologie, Hamburg, Germany
    Circulation 104:2673-8. 2001
  2. pmc Acute effect of a single high-fat meal on forearm blood flow, blood pressure and heart rate in healthy male Asians and Caucasians: a pilot study
    Chumjit Bui
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 41:490-500. 2010
  3. ncbi Postconditioning protects against endothelial ischemia-reperfusion injury in the human forearm
    Stavros P Loukogeorgakis
    Vascular Physiology Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, WC1N 3JE, United Kingdom
    Circulation 113:1015-9. 2006
  4. ncbi Reconstruction with radial forearm flaps after ablative surgery for hypopharyngeal cancer
    Joseph Scharpf
    Department of Otolaryngology and Communicative Disorders, A71, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    Head Neck 25:261-6. 2003
  5. ncbi Performance of near-infrared spectroscopy in measuring local O(2) consumption and blood flow in skeletal muscle
    M C van Beekvelt
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 90:511-9. 2001
  6. ncbi Tubular versus conventional repair of median and ulnar nerves in the human forearm: early results from a prospective, randomized, clinical study
    G Lundborg
    Department of Hand Surgery, University of Lund, University Hospital, , Sweden
    J Hand Surg Am 22:99-106. 1997
  7. ncbi Ischemic preconditioning prevents endothelial injury and systemic neutrophil activation during ischemia-reperfusion in humans in vivo
    R K Kharbanda
    Centre for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University College London, London, UK
    Circulation 103:1624-30. 2001
  8. ncbi Event-related beta EEG changes during wrist movements induced by functional electrical stimulation of forearm muscles in man
    G R Müller
    Department of Medical Informatics, Institute of Electrical and Biomedical Engineering, University of Technology Graz, Inffeldgasse 16a, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Neurosci Lett 340:143-7. 2003
  9. ncbi Association between clinical depression and endothelial function measured by forearm hyperemic reactivity
    Kim L Lavoie
    Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Psychosom Med 72:20-6. 2010
  10. ncbi Vascular effects of apelin in vivo in man
    Alan G Japp
    Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Chancellor s Building, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    J Am Coll Cardiol 52:908-13. 2008

Detail Information

Publications302 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and risk of cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease
    T Heitzer
    Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf, Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin, Abteilung Kardiologie, Hamburg, Germany
    Circulation 104:2673-8. 2001
    ..This study was designed to determine whether endothelial dysfunction and vascular oxidative stress have prognostic impact on cardiovascular event rates in patients with coronary artery disease...
  2. pmc Acute effect of a single high-fat meal on forearm blood flow, blood pressure and heart rate in healthy male Asians and Caucasians: a pilot study
    Chumjit Bui
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 41:490-500. 2010
    ..However, the forearm BF response to occlusion in Caucasian and Asian populations after a single HF meal has not been compared...
  3. ncbi Postconditioning protects against endothelial ischemia-reperfusion injury in the human forearm
    Stavros P Loukogeorgakis
    Vascular Physiology Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, WC1N 3JE, United Kingdom
    Circulation 113:1015-9. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether postconditioning protects against endothelial IR injury in humans, in vivo...
  4. ncbi Reconstruction with radial forearm flaps after ablative surgery for hypopharyngeal cancer
    Joseph Scharpf
    Department of Otolaryngology and Communicative Disorders, A71, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
    Head Neck 25:261-6. 2003
    ..After extensive ablative surgery, it is imperative to use a reliable, low morbidity reconstructive strategy that will allow for an expedient reconstitution of speech and swallowing...
  5. ncbi Performance of near-infrared spectroscopy in measuring local O(2) consumption and blood flow in skeletal muscle
    M C van Beekvelt
    Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 90:511-9. 2001
    The aim of this study was to investigate local muscle O(2) consumption (muscV(O(2))) and forearm blood flow (FBF) in resting and exercising muscle by use of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and to compare the results with the global ..
  6. ncbi Tubular versus conventional repair of median and ulnar nerves in the human forearm: early results from a prospective, randomized, clinical study
    G Lundborg
    Department of Hand Surgery, University of Lund, University Hospital, , Sweden
    J Hand Surg Am 22:99-106. 1997
    ..This concept was adopted for repair of transected human median and ulnar nerves in the forearm. As an alternative to conventional microsurgical repair of the nerve trunk, silicone tubes of appropriate size ..
  7. ncbi Ischemic preconditioning prevents endothelial injury and systemic neutrophil activation during ischemia-reperfusion in humans in vivo
    R K Kharbanda
    Centre for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University College London, London, UK
    Circulation 103:1624-30. 2001
    ..We studied the effects of experimental IR on endothelial and neutrophil function in the human forearm in vivo and examined the protection afforded by IPC.
  8. ncbi Event-related beta EEG changes during wrist movements induced by functional electrical stimulation of forearm muscles in man
    G R Müller
    Department of Medical Informatics, Institute of Electrical and Biomedical Engineering, University of Technology Graz, Inffeldgasse 16a, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Neurosci Lett 340:143-7. 2003
    ..changes were studied during wrist movements induced by functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the appropriate forearm muscles in healthy volunteers. Active and passive hand movements were investigated as control conditions...
  9. ncbi Association between clinical depression and endothelial function measured by forearm hyperemic reactivity
    Kim L Lavoie
    Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Psychosom Med 72:20-6. 2010
    ..major depressive disorder [MDD] and minor depressive disorder [MiDD]) and endothelial function (EF), via forearm hyperemic reactivity (FHR), in patients referred for myocardial perfusion imaging...
  10. ncbi Vascular effects of apelin in vivo in man
    Alan G Japp
    Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Chancellor s Building, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    J Am Coll Cardiol 52:908-13. 2008
    ..This study was designed to establish the direct vascular effects of apelin in vivo in man...
  11. ncbi Endothelial dysfunction, impaired endogenous fibrinolysis, and cigarette smoking: a mechanism for arterial thrombosis and myocardial infarction
    D E Newby
    Clinical Pharmacology Unit and Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, Scotland
    Circulation 99:1411-5. 1999
    ..Smoking is a known risk factor for arterial thrombosis and myocardial infarction, and it causes endothelial dysfunction. We therefore examined the effects of cigarette smoking on substance P-induced tPA release in vivo in humans...
  12. ncbi Radial forearm free flap pharyngoesophageal reconstruction
    B Azizzadeh
    University of California Los Angeles School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095
    Laryngoscope 111:807-10. 2001
    OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the outcome of pharyngoesophageal reconstruction using radial forearm free flaps with regard to primary wound healing, speech, and swallowing in patients requiring laryngopharyngectomy...
  13. ncbi Corticomotor representation to a human forearm muscle changes following cervical spinal cord injury
    Patrick Freund
    Department of Brain Repair and Rehabilitation, UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK
    Eur J Neurosci 34:1839-46. 2011
    ..imaging studies, using blood oxygen level-dependent signals, have demonstrated cortical reorganization of forearm muscle maps towards the denervated leg area following spinal cord injury (SCI)...
  14. ncbi Transient limb ischemia induces remote preconditioning and remote postconditioning in humans by a K(ATP)-channel dependent mechanism
    Stavros P Loukogeorgakis
    Vascular Physiology Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, 34 Great Ormond St, London, WC1N 3JE, UK
    Circulation 116:1386-95. 2007
    ..Using an in vivo model of endothelial IR injury, we sought to determine whether RPostC occurred in humans and whether it shared mechanistic similarities with RIPC...
  15. ncbi Aging and forearm postjunctional alpha-adrenergic vasoconstriction in healthy men
    Frank A Dinenno
    Department of Anesthesiology and General Clinical Research Center, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA
    Circulation 106:1349-54. 2002
    ..vasoconstrictor nerve activity increases with age in healthy humans but does not result in an augmented forearm vasoconstrictor tone...
  16. ncbi Utility of ultrasonographic venous assessment prior to forearm arteriovenous fistula creation
    K S Brimble
    Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Clin Nephrol 58:122-7. 2002
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of Doppler ultrasound (US) prior to native forearm arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation.
  17. pmc Role of mechanical and psychosocial factors in the onset of forearm pain: prospective population based study
    G J Macfarlane
    Unit of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    BMJ 321:676-9. 2000
    To determine the aetiology of forearm pain...
  18. ncbi Raised corticomotor excitability of M1 forearm area following anodal tDCS is sustained during robotic wrist therapy in chronic stroke
    D J Edwards
    Burke Institute of Medical Research, 785 Mamaroneck Av, White Plains New York, 10605, USA
    Restor Neurol Neurosci 27:199-207. 2009
    ....
  19. pmc Excitability changes in human forearm corticospinal projections and spinal reflex pathways during rhythmic voluntary movement of the opposite limb
    R G Carson
    Perception and Motor Systems Laboratory, Connell Building 26, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
    J Physiol 560:929-40. 2004
    ..Our findings indicate that the patterned modulation of excitability in motor pathways that occurs during rhythmic movements of the opposite limb is mediated primarily by interhemispheric interactions between cortical motor areas...
  20. ncbi Gender differences in the innate immune response and vascular reactivity following the administration of endotoxin to human volunteers
    Lucas T van Eijk
    Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Crit Care Med 35:1464-9. 2007
    ..To determine gender differences in the innate immune response and vascular reactivity during human endotoxemia...
  21. ncbi Real-time classification of forearm electromyographic signals corresponding to user-selected intentional movements for multifunction prosthesis control
    Kaveh Momen
    Toronto Rehabilitation Institution, Toronto, ON, Canada
    IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 15:535-42. 2007
    ..EMG signals were recorded from the forearm extensor and flexor muscles of seven able-bodied participants and one congenital amputee...
  22. ncbi Motor cortex excitability in Alzheimer's disease: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study
    Florinda Ferreri
    Department of Neurology, University Campus Biomedico, Isola Tiberina, Rome, Italy
    Ann Neurol 53:102-8. 2003
    ..Cortical motor output to upper limbs was tested via motor-evoked potentials from forearm and hand muscles elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation of motor cortex in 16 patients with mild Alzheimer'..
  23. ncbi Anatomy and biomechanics of the interosseous membrane: its importance in the longitudinal stability of the forearm
    L A Poitevin
    Department of Orthopaedics, and Medical School, and Buenos Aires University Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Hand Clin 17:97-110, vii. 2001
    ..It checks dissociating forces, transmits forces from one forearm bone to the other, and coordinates loading forces...
  24. ncbi Reconstruction of essex-lopresti injury of the forearm: technical note
    George D Chloros
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 33:124-30. 2008
    Longitudinal instability of the forearm resulting from an Essex-Lopresti injury is a surgical challenge, and no technique has yet met universal success...
  25. ncbi Bipaddled radial forearm flap for the reconstruction of bilateral buccal defects in oral submucous fibrosis
    J T Lee
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 36:615-9. 2007
    ..fibrotic tissue, (2) masticatory muscle myotomy and coronoidotomy, and (3) reconstruction with a bipaddled radial forearm flap. Preoperative mouth opening was 0-5mm (mean 2.3mm)...
  26. ncbi Verification of the median-to-ulnar and ulnar-to-median nerve motor fiber anastomosis in the forearm: an electrophysiological study
    Georgios Amoiridis
    Department of Neurology, School of Health Sciences, University of Crete, P O Box 1393, 71110, Heraklion, Greece
    Clin Neurophysiol 114:94-8. 2003
    To estimate the real occurrence of the motor median-to-ulnar nerve anastomosis in the proximal forearm (Martin-Gruber anastomosis, MGA), as its frequency varies between 6 and 44% in the literature and to investigate the incidence of the ..
  27. ncbi Wrist stabilisation and forearm muscle coactivation during freestyle swimming
    V Caty
    Laboratoire de Modelisation des Activites Sportives, Universite de Savoie, France
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 17:285-91. 2007
    ..Factors affecting coactivations in elementary movements, e.g. intensity and instability of the load, accuracy and economy of the movement were confirmed in complex aquatic movement...
  28. ncbi The ultrasonographic wrist-to-forearm median nerve area ratio in carpal tunnel syndrome
    Lisa D Hobson-Webb
    Department of Medicine Division of Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, P O Box 3403, Clinic IL, Duke South Trent Drive, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Clin Neurophysiol 119:1353-7. 2008
    ..Our objective is to collect data on the wrist-to-forearm ratio (WFR) of median nerve area in patients with CTS and healthy controls.
  29. ncbi Correlates of forearm bone mineral density in young Norwegian women: the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study
    Gillian A Hawker
    Division of Rheumatology, Women s College Ambulatory Care Centre, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Epidemiol 156:418-27. 2002
    ..The main objective of this study was to identify correlates of forearm BMD in young adult women...
  30. ncbi Tetrahydrobiopterin enhances forearm vascular response to acetylcholine in both normotensive and hypertensive individuals
    Yukihito Higashi
    First Department of Internal Medicine, Hiroshima University, Faculty of Medicine, Japan
    Am J Hypertens 15:326-32. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether BH4 restores endothelium-dependent vasodilation in patients with essential hypertension...
  31. ncbi Enhanced sensory relearning after nerve repair by using repeated forearm anaesthesia: aspects on time dynamics of treatment
    G Lundborg
    Department of Clinical Sciences Hand Surgery, Malmo University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Acta Neurochir Suppl 100:121-6. 2007
    ..In healthy individuals selective anaesthesia of the forearm results in improved hand sensation...
  32. ncbi Different patterns of excitation and inhibition of the small hand and forearm muscles from magnetic brain stimulation in humans
    Lin Wu
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3 1 1 Maidashi, Higashi ku, Fukuoka, Japan
    Clin Neurophysiol 113:1286-94. 2002
    ..of voluntary muscle contraction of the small hand (abductor pollicis brevis, first dorsal interosseus (FDI)) and forearm muscles (extensor carpi radialis (ECR), extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU), flexor carpi radialis (FCR) and flexor ..
  33. ncbi Impaired endothelial function of forearm resistance arteries in CADASIL patients
    Anna Stenborg
    Department of Medical Sciences, University and University Hospital of Uppsala, Sweden
    Stroke 38:2692-7. 2007
    ..Mice expressing the mutated protein display early dysfunction in vasoreactivity in resistance arteries, but studies of patients have been inconclusive so far...
  34. ncbi External compression increases forearm perfusion
    Rolf P Bochmann
    Institute of Physiology, Tehcnical University of Dresden, Germany
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 99:2337-44. 2005
    ..Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that a positive external pressure increases forearm perfusion...
  35. pmc Plasma ATP concentration and venous oxygen content in the forearm during dynamic handgrip exercise
    Rachel E Wood
    Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation and School of Human Movement Studies, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia
    BMC Physiol 9:24. 2009
    ..To determine whether ATP may contribute to the vasodilatory response to exercise in the forearm, we measured arterialised and venous plasma ATP concentration and venous oxygen content in 10 healthy young males ..
  36. ncbi Peripherally placed totally implantable venous-access port systems of the forearm: clinical experience in 763 consecutive patients
    Jan P Goltz
    Institute of Radiology, University of Wuerzburg, Oberduerrbacher Str 6, 97080 Wuerzburg, Germany
    Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 33:1159-67. 2010
    ..the effectiveness and safety of percutaneously placed totally implantable venous-access ports (TIVAPs) of the forearm. Between January 2006 and October 2008, peripheral TIVAPs were implanted in 763 consecutive patients by ..
  37. ncbi Molecular analysis of the prevalent microbiota of human male and female forehead skin compared to forearm skin and the influence of make-up
    T Staudinger
    Division of Molecular Biology, Biocenter, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Appl Microbiol 110:1381-9. 2011
    To compare the bacterial diversity of two different ecological regions including human forehead, human forearm and to estimate the influence of make-up.
  38. ncbi KATP channel activation induces ischemic preconditioning of the endothelium in humans in vivo
    M W Broadhead
    Centre for Clinical Pharmacology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Circulation 110:2077-82. 2004
    ..IPC may involve activation of ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP)). We determined whether modulation of K(ATP) channels occurs in endothelial IPC in humans...
  39. ncbi Reconstruction of the interosseous ligament of the forearm reduces load on the radial head in cadavers
    Matthew M Tomaino
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Musculoskeletal Research Center, University of Pittsburgh Health System, USA
    J Hand Surg Br 28:267-70. 2003
    ..head after fracture may be complicated by longitudinal radio-ulnar instability (Essex-Lopresti lesion) if the forearm interosseous ligament has also been torn...
  40. ncbi Effects of cadmium on forearm bone density after reduction of exposure for 10 years in a Chinese population
    Xiao Chen
    Institute of Radiation Medicine, Fudan University, 200032, Shanghai, China
    Environ Int 35:1164-8. 2009
    The main focus of this study was to evaluate long term effects of cadmium on forearm bone mineral density after stopping ingestion of cadmium-polluted rice for 10 years in a Chinese population...
  41. ncbi Flow-mediated dilation in human brachial artery after different circulatory occlusion conditions
    Andrew C Betik
    Cardiorespiratory and Vascular Dynamics Laboratory, Univ of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 286:H442-8. 2004
    ..Reactive hyperemia was graded by 5-min occlusion distal to the measurement site at the wrist and the forearm and proximal to the site in the upper arm...
  42. ncbi Free radial forearm flap lip reconstruction: a clinical series and case reports of technical refinements
    Mahendra Daya
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    Ann Plast Surg 62:361-7. 2009
    ..The age ranged from 15 to 67 years. Four patients underwent reconstruction by composite radial forearm flaps including both the cutaneous nerve of the forearm and the palmaris longus tendon...
  43. ncbi Vitamin C improves attenuated angiotensin II-induced endothelium-dependent vasodilation in human forearm vessels
    Yoshitaka Hirooka
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka, Japan
    Hypertens Res 26:953-9. 2003
    ..II attenuates endothelium-dependent vasodilation via an increase in superoxide anion production in human forearm vessels in vivo. Forearm blood flow was measured in 23 healthy young men...
  44. ncbi One-stage reconstruction of a defect of the oral commissure and of the cheek with a radial forearm free flap
    Valentino Valentini
    From the Maxillofacial Surgery Department, University of Rome, La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    J Craniofac Surg 19:1508-11. 2008
    ....
  45. ncbi Rhythmic movements are larger and faster but with the same frequency on removal of visual feedback
    S Levy-Tzedek
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba, Israel
    J Neurophysiol 106:2120-6. 2011
    ..We tested 39 young adults who performed flexion/extension movements of the forearm. We provided them with explicit knowledge of the amplitude and the speed of their movements, whereas frequency ..
  46. ncbi Effects of black race on forearm resistance vessel function
    David F Kahn
    Evans Department of Medicine and Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass, USA
    Hypertension 40:195-201. 2002
    ..We examined forearm microvascular function in age-matched black (n=56) and white subjects (n=62) using intra-arterial agonist ..
  47. ncbi Myoelectric forearm prostheses: state of the art from a user-centered perspective
    Bart Peerdeman
    Control Engineering, University of Twente, The Netherlands
    J Rehabil Res Dev 48:719-37. 2011
    User acceptance of myoelectric forearm prostheses is currently low. Awkward control, lack of feedback, and difficult training are cited as primary reasons...
  48. ncbi Reconstruction of the interosseous membrane of the forearm with a graft substitute: a cadaveric study
    Samir G Tejwani
    Biomechanics Research Section, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 30:326-34. 2005
    ..occurs when traumatic axial loading through the wrist disrupts the interosseous membrane (IOM) of the forearm and fractures the radial head (Essex-Lopresti injury)...
  49. ncbi Blockade of nucleoside transport is required for delivery of intraarterial adenosine into the interstitium: relevance to therapeutic preconditioning in humans
    Alfredo Gamboa
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn 37212, USA
    Circulation 108:2631-5. 2003
    ....
  50. ncbi Endothelial function in patients with migraine during the interictal period
    Federico A Silva
    Instituto de Investigaciones, Grupo de Ciencias Neurovasculares, Grupo de Investigación en Sistema Nervioso Autónomo, Fundacion Cardiovascular de Colombia, Floridablanca, Colombia
    Headache 47:45-51. 2007
    ..The aim of this study is to evaluate endothelial function in migraineurs subjects during the asymptomatic period...
  51. ncbi Comparison of two plethysmography systems in assessment of forearm blood flow
    Stephen J Leslie
    Clinical Pharmacology Unit and Research Centre, The University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK EH4 2XU
    J Appl Physiol 96:1794-9. 2004
    Venous occlusion plethysmography is widely used to assess forearm blood flow (FBF). We compared the established Hokanson system (HEC4) with a newly developed Filtrass 2001 system (F2001)...
  52. ncbi Influence of body composition, muscle strength, diet and physical activity on total body and forearm bone mass in Chinese adolescent girls
    Leng Huat Foo
    Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Br J Nutr 98:1281-7. 2007
    ..Total body and forearm bone, lean body mass (LBM) and fat body mass (FBM) were determined by dual X-ray absorptiometry...
  53. ncbi The effect of six keyboard designs on wrist and forearm postures
    David Rempel
    Ergonomics Program, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94804, USA
    Appl Ergon 38:293-8. 2007
    ..In this laboratory study, the wrist and forearm postures of 100 subjects were measured with a motion analysis system while they typed on 6 different keyboard ..
  54. ncbi Magnesium infusion improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the human forearm
    Arvo Haenni
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences Geriatrics, Uppsala University, Sweden
    Am J Hypertens 15:10-5. 2002
    The effect of intra-arterial magnesium infusion on endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV) in the forearm was studied in nine young healthy students (four men and five women)...
  55. pmc Impaired modulation of sympathetic alpha-adrenergic vasoconstriction in contracting forearm muscle of ageing men
    Frank A Dinenno
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, Colorado State University, 220 Moby B Complex, Fort Collins, CO 80523 1582, USA
    J Physiol 567:311-21. 2005
    ..We measured forearm blood flow (FBF; Doppler ultrasound) and calculated the forearm vascular conductance (FVC) responses to alpha-..
  56. ncbi Rho-kinase inhibitor improves increased vascular resistance and impaired vasodilation of the forearm in patients with heart failure
    Takuya Kishi
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 3 1 1 Maidashi, Fukuoka 812 8582, Japan
    Circulation 111:2741-7. 2005
    ..The aim of the present study was to examine whether Rho-kinase is involved in the peripheral circulation abnormalities of HF in humans with the Rho-kinase inhibitor fasudil...
  57. ncbi Primary closure versus radial forearm flap reconstruction after hemiglossectomy: functional assessment of swallowing and speech
    Hung Tao Hsiao
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Mackay Memorial Hospital, 92 Chung San North Road, Section 2, Taipei, Taiwan
    Ann Plast Surg 49:612-6. 2002
    The authors compared the postoperative speech and swallowing function of six patients who underwent free radial forearm flap reconstruction after hemiglossectomy with that of six control patients who underwent primary closure of the ..
  58. ncbi Maintenance of above-branch balance during primate arboreal quadrupedalism: coordinated use of forearm rotators and tail motion
    Susan G Larson
    Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University School of Medicine, New York 11794 8081, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 129:71-81. 2006
    ..Electromyographic (EMG) recordings of the forearm rotators pronator quadratus and supinator during over-ground and above-branch quadrupedal locomotion in five ..
  59. pmc Simultaneous multi-depth assessment of tissue oxygen saturation in thenar and forearm using near-infrared spectroscopy during a simple cardiovascular challenge
    Rick Bezemer
    Department of Translational Physiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Crit Care 13:S5. 2009
    ....
  60. ncbi Comparison of three computer office workstations offering forearm support: impact on upper limb posture and muscle activation
    Alain Delisle
    Robert Sauvé Occupational Health and Safety Research Institute IRSST Canada, Montreal, Quebec H3A 3C2, Canada
    Ergonomics 49:139-60. 2006
    ..The new exposure variation analysis summary parameters used were sensitive to small workstation changes, thus supporting their use in future studies...
  61. ncbi The effect of a new topical local anaesthetic delivery system on forearm skin blood flow reactivity
    M D Wiles
    University Department of Anaesthesia, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Anaesthesia 65:178-83. 2010
    ..Blood flow and vascular reactivity in the forearm skin were assessed by laser Doppler flowmetry and the transient hyperaemic response ratio respectively, before ..
  62. ncbi Nerve transfers in the forearm and hand
    Justin M Brown
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8057, St Louis, MO 63110 1093, USA
    Hand Clin 24:319-40, v. 2008
    In the forearm, vital and expendable functions have been identified, and tendon transfers use these conventions to maximize function and minimize disability...
  63. ncbi Effects of forearm rotation on the clinical evaluation of ulnar variance
    G L Yeh
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 26:1042-6. 2001
    ..of the wrist are recommended to standardize the measurement of ulnar variance because it is known that changes in forearm rotation result in changes of this measurement...
  64. pmc Assessment of forearm vasodilator responses to acetylcholine and albuterol by strain gauge plethysmography: reproducibility and influence of strain gauge placement
    H A Walker
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Centre for Cardiovascular Biology and Medicine, King's College, London
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 51:225-9. 2001
    AIMS: To determine the within-subject reproducibility of the forearm blood flow response to acetylcholine and the beta2-adrenoceptor agonist albuterol as measured by strain gauge plethysmography...
  65. ncbi Giant-cell tumor of the distal forearm
    Neil G Harness
    Orthopaedic Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 29:188-93. 2004
    Many authorities express concern that giant-cell tumors of the distal forearm are more frequently recurrent and difficult to treat chiefly because of the proximity to the carpus and the resultant diminished range of motion in the hand ..
  66. ncbi Vitamin D status affects serum parathyroid hormone concentrations during winter in female adolescents: associations with forearm bone mineral density
    T A Outila
    Calcium Research Unit, the Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 74:206-10. 2001
    ..b>Forearm BMD at radial and ulnar sites was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
  67. ncbi Females have lower skin surface pH than men. A study on the surface of gender, forearm site variation, right/left difference and time of the day on the skin surface pH
    C Ehlers
    University of Copenhagen, School of Medicine, Denmark
    Skin Res Technol 7:90-4. 2001
    ..Skin surface pH is considered a critical parameter of skin wellbeing and is typically studied on the forearm skin. Despite many previous investigations, this is an extensive field that still needs a great deal of research...
  68. ncbi Reconstruction of the interosseous membrane of the forearm in cadavers
    J R Skahen
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, State University of New York Health Science Center, Syracuse 13210, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 22:986-94. 1997
    The biomechanical function of the interosseous membrane of the forearm was examined in 12 fresh cadaver forearms...
  69. ncbi Endothelial dysfunction in young patients with long-term rheumatoid arthritis and low disease activity
    Sven Hänsel
    Medizinische Klinik III Rheumatology, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus der technischen Universität Dresden, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany
    Atherosclerosis 170:177-80. 2003
    ..Furthermore, we tested whether etanercept (ENC), a TNF-alpha receptor blocker, resulted in improved endothelial function compared to MTX in the same patients...
  70. ncbi Longitudinal changes in forearm bone mineral density in women and men aged 25-44 years: the Tromsø study: a population-based study
    N Emaus
    Institute of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
    Am J Epidemiol 162:633-43. 2005
    ..BMD was measured twice at distal and ultradistal forearm sites by single x-ray absorptiometry in 258 women and 147 men (mean follow-up time, 6.4 (standard deviation, 0...
  71. ncbi Marked impairment of protease-activated receptor type 1-mediated vasodilation and fibrinolysis in cigarette smokers: smoking, thrombin, and vascular responses in vivo
    Ninian N Lang
    Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    J Am Coll Cardiol 52:33-9. 2008
    ..We sought to test the hypothesis that cigarette smoking adversely alters protease-activated receptor type 1 (PAR-1)-mediated vascular effects in vivo in humans...
  72. ncbi Forearm cephalic vein cross-sectional area changes at incremental congestion pressures: towards a standardized and reproducible vein mapping protocol
    R Nils Planken
    Department of Vascular Surgery, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Vasc Surg 44:353-8. 2006
    Duplex ultrasonography assessment of superficial forearm veins is frequently used before a hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is created. There is, however, no standardized preoperative duplex ultrasonography protocol...
  73. pmc Effects of atorvastatin and vitamin C on forearm hyperaemic blood flow, asymmentrical dimethylarginine levels and the inflammatory process in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Dimitris Tousoulis
    Heart 93:244-6. 2007
  74. ncbi The vascular effects of rotigaptide in vivo in man
    Ninian N Lang
    Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Biochem Pharmacol 76:1194-200. 2008
    ..Using venous occlusion plethysmography, forearm blood flow was measured in 27 healthy volunteers during intra-brachial infusions of rotigaptide (0...
  75. pmc Aging is associated with reduced prostacyclin-mediated dilation in the human forearm
    Wayne T Nicholson
    Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Hypertension 53:973-8. 2009
    ..Using plethysmography to determine forearm blood flow, we studied the effect of PGI(2) in 10 older (61 to 73 years) and 10 younger (19 to 45 years) subjects ..
  76. ncbi Diesel exhaust inhalation causes vascular dysfunction and impaired endogenous fibrinolysis
    Nicholas L Mills
    Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, Scotland
    Circulation 112:3930-6. 2005
    ..The study aim was to investigate the effects of diesel exhaust inhalation on vascular and endothelial function in humans...
  77. ncbi Composite anterolateral thigh-fascia lata flap: a good alternative to radial forearm-palmaris longus flap for total lower lip reconstruction
    Serkan Yildirim
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kartal Dr Lütfü Kirdar Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:2033-41. 2006
    ..The authors describe reconstruction of total lower lip and larger full-thickness defects including the cheek and commissure by means of a composite anterolateral thigh-fascia lata free flap...
  78. ncbi Prognostic significance of endothelial dysfunction in hypertensive patients
    F Perticone
    Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Diseases Unit, Department of Medicina Sperimentale e Clinica G Salvatore, University of Catanzaro Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, Italy
    Circulation 104:191-6. 2001
    b>Forearm endothelial dysfunction, characterized by an impaired vasodilating response to acetylcholine (ACh), may be associated with several cardiovascular risk factors, including essential hypertension...
  79. ncbi Oral therapy with dipyridamole limits ischemia-reperfusion injury in humans
    Niels P Riksen
    Department of Pharmacology Toxicology, Radbound University Nijmegen Medical Center, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 78:52-9. 2005
    ..We hypothesize that treatment with the nucleoside uptake inhibitor dipyridamole increases endogenous adenosine and limits ischemia-reperfusion injury in humans...
  80. ncbi Analysis of the functional muscle-bone unit of the forearm in pediatric renal transplant recipients
    Eva Maria Rüth
    Division of Pediatric Nephrology, and Department of Pediatric Radiology, University Children s Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
    Kidney Int 66:1694-706. 2004
    ..In addition, we investigated the muscle-bone relationship in these patients because under physiologic conditions bone strength continually adapts to increasing mechanical loads, that is, muscle force...
  81. ncbi Differential distribution of coherence between beta-band subthalamic oscillations and forearm muscles in Parkinson's disease during isometric contraction
    Christiane Reck
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Clin Neurophysiol 120:1601-9. 2009
    ..However, the beta-band coupling between STN and muscle activity, its distribution and relation to motor symptoms remains unclear...
  82. ncbi Basal production of nitric oxide (NO) and non-NO vasodilators in the forearm microcirculation in Type 2 diabetes: associations with blood pressure and HDL cholesterol
    Richard J Woodman
    School of Public Health, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 71:59-67. 2006
    We examined basal forearm microcirculatory blood flow (FBF) using venous occlusive strain-gauge plethysmography in 47 middle-aged men and women [55+/-1 years] with Type 2 diabetes and 15 age-matched healthy individuals [52+/-3 years], ..
  83. ncbi The effect of dorsally angulated distal radius fractures on distal radioulnar joint congruency and forearm rotation
    H Kihara
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, State University of New York Health Science Center, Syracuse 13210, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 21:40-7. 1996
    ..These results reveal the importance of anatomic reduction of the distal radius fracture and evaluation of damaged soft tissue structures...
  84. ncbi Preliminary soft tissue distraction in congenital forearm deficiency
    A A Smith
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 20:420-4. 1995
    ..The patient's ages ranged from 6 months to 14 years. Forearm deficiencies treated included partial absence of the radius (one patient), radial aplasia (two patients, three ..
  85. ncbi Use of homologous bone graft in the treatment of aseptic forearm nonunion
    C Faldini
    Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, University of Bologna, Via G C Pupilli 1, 40136 Bologna, Italy
    Musculoskelet Surg 95:31-5. 2011
    The dyaphyseal nonunion of forearm bones is a complication that changes the normal interaction between radius and ulna, which may lead to forearm malfunction...
  86. ncbi Steroid- and ATG-resistant rejection after double forearm transplantation responds to Campath-1H
    Stefan Schneeberger
    Department of General and Transplant Surgery, Innsbruck Univerity Hospital, Austria
    Am J Transplant 4:1372-4. 2004
    We herein report on immunological and histological observations in the first bilateral forearm transplant recipient...
  87. ncbi Effects of intradermal foot and forearm capsaicin injections in normal and vulvodynia-afflicted women
    David C Foster
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Department of Anaesthesia, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA
    Pain 117:128-36. 2005
    ..This study compared the response to intradermal capsaicin in the forearm and foot of vulvar vestibulitis (vestibulodynia)-afflicted cases and controls...
  88. ncbi Effects of aging, menopause, and hormone replacement therapy on forearm skin elasticity in women
    Hiroyuki Sumino
    Second Department of Internal Medicine, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan
    J Am Geriatr Soc 52:945-9. 2004
    ..To investigate the decline per year in skin elasticity in postmenopausal women and how much hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increased elasticity over 12 months...
  89. ncbi Electrophysiological study of forearm sensory fiber crossover in Martin-Gruber anastomosis
    S Simonetti
    Division of Neurology, E O Ospedali Galliera, Mura delle Cappuccine 14, 16128 Genoa, Italy
    Muscle Nerve 24:380-6. 2001
    Although anatomical studies have shown that a crossover of sensory fibers is not rare in forearm Martin-Gruber median-ulnar anastomosis (MGA), it has been electrophysiologically described only in rare subjects...
  90. ncbi First forearm transplantation: outcome at 3 years
    S Schneeberger
    Department of General and Transplant Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria
    Am J Transplant 7:1753-62. 2007
    ..on the surgical procedure, postoperative course and functional results at 3 years following the first bilateral forearm transplantation. A 41-year-old male underwent bilateral forearm transplantation on February 17, 2003...
  91. ncbi Single-injection brachial plexus anesthesia for arteriovenous fistula surgery of the forearm: a comparison of infraclavicular coracoid and axillary approach
    Tomi T Niemi
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Reg Anesth Pain Med 32:55-9. 2007
    The surgical site for the creation of an arteriovenous fistula at the lateral aspect of the distal forearm may be faster and more effectively blocked with the infraclavicular coracoid approach than with the axillary approach for brachial ..
  92. pmc Excitability changes in human corticospinal projections to forearm muscles during voluntary movement of ipsilateral foot
    Fausto Baldissera
    Istituto di Fisiologia Umana II, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Mangiagalli 32, I 20133 Milan, Italy
    J Physiol 539:903-11. 2002
    ..suggest that the reflex modulation may depend on activity fluctuations in the cortical motor area innervating the forearm motoneurones...
  93. ncbi Native forearm fistulas utilizing the basilic vein: an underused type of vascular access
    Wacław Weyde
    Department of Nephrology and Transplantation Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
    J Nephrol 21:363-7. 2008
    Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the solution of choice among diverse types of vascular access. The forearm basilic vein is rarely used for creating autogenous vascular access...
  94. ncbi Accessory extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle, a pseudomass of the distal forearm: ultrasound and MR appearances -case report and literature review
    S Vessal
    Department of Clinical Radiology, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire, UK
    Clin Radiol 61:442-5. 2006
  95. ncbi Extra- and intramuscular nerve distribution patterns of the muscles of the ventral compartment of the forearm
    Sung Yoon Won
    Department of Oral Biology, Oral Science Research Center, Yonsei University College of Dentistry School of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea
    Am J Phys Med Rehabil 89:644-52. 2010
    This study describes the extra- and intramuscular nerve branching of muscles of the ventral compartment of forearm, thereby providing critical information on determining the points for botulinum toxin injections that would be effective ..
  96. ncbi Primary arteriovenous fistulas in the forearm for hemodialysis: effect of miscellaneous factors in fistula patency
    Bilgehan Erkut
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Atattürk University Medical Faculty, Erzurum, Turkey
    Ren Fail 28:275-81. 2006
    ..We examined the effects of various factors on fistulas in 412 chronic renal insufficiency patients...
  97. ncbi Precision of measurements of physical workload during standardised manual handling. Part I: surface electromyography of m. trapezius, m. infraspinatus and the forearm extensors
    C Nordander
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, SE 221 85 Lund, Sweden
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol 14:443-54. 2004
    ..EMG was recorded from m. trapezius, m. infraspinatus and the forearm extensors. Normalisation was made to a maximal (MVE), and a submaximal (RVE), reference contraction...
  98. ncbi Modern imaging of the hand, wrist, and forearm
    Steen Lindequist
    Capio Diagnostics Europe, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Hand Ther 20:119-30, quiz 131. 2007
    ..state of the relevant diagnostic imaging technologies and methods and their clinical application in imaging common conditions of the hand, wrist, and forearm is presented. Evolving and future imaging technologies are also considered.
  99. ncbi Plasma nitrite reserve and endothelial function in the human forearm circulation
    Tienush Rassaf
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University Hospital Aachen, 52074 Aachen, Germany
    Free Radic Biol Med 41:295-301. 2006
    ..We hypothesized that local plasma nitrite concentration increases during reactive hyperemia of the forearm, reflecting endothelial function...
  100. ncbi Tubular repair of the median or ulnar nerve in the human forearm: a 5-year follow-up
    G Lundborg
    Department of Hand Surgery, University Hospital MAS, Malmo, Sweden, and the Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Lund University, Sweden
    J Hand Surg Br 29:100-7. 2004
    ..a clinical randomized prospective study, comprising 30 patients with median or ulnar nerve injuries in the distal forearm. Postoperatively, the patients underwent neurophysiological and clinical assessments of sensory and motor ..
  101. ncbi Height loss, forearm bone density and bone loss in menopausal women: a 15-year prospective study. The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study, Norway
    S Forsmo
    Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Osteoporos Int 18:1261-9. 2007
    ..5 years, 71% of the women had lost height. Height loss was associated with low forearm bone density and increased bone loss, but high body weight and oestrogen therapy were protective factors...

Research Grants63

  1. Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury of Human Endothelium: Role of Glucose and Statins
    THOMAS JAY EBERT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A standard model to evaluate forearm endothelial function will be used...
  2. Controlled delivery of polypeptide hormone calcitonin
    Jagdish Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The combined lifetime risk for hip, forearm, and vertebral fractures coming to clinical attention is ~40%, which is equal to the risk for cardiovascular ..
  3. VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL: Effects on Bone Structure and Architecture
    MERYL SUSAN LEBOFF; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..at baseline and year 2: Aim 1: High-dose vitamin D3 will (a) produce small increases in aBMD at the spine, hip, forearm and total body, as assessed by DXA and (b) improve balance of bone remodeling through decreases in bone turnover;..
  4. The Role of Vascular Innervation on Tissue-type Plasminogen Activator Release
    JAMES ANTHONY SHEERIN MULDOWNEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We intend measure bradykinin mediated t-PA release in the human forearm before and after blockade of systemic sympathetic outflow with the short acting central alpha-2 adrenergic ..
  5. Vascular effects of dietary salt in humans with salt-resistant BP
    William B Farquhar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in response to local heating using laser Doppler flowmetry and intradermal microdialysis will be assessed in the forearm to evaluate the microvasculature...
  6. Cardiovascular Effects of Ultrafine Particles in Genetically Susceptible Subjects
    Mark W Frampton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Systemic vascular function will be assessed using blood pressure and heart rate, forearm plethysmography and reactive hyperemia, platelet activation, and circulating microparticles...
  7. Vascular Structure and Function in Arteriovenous Fistula Maturation
    Jonathan Himmelfarb; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..measurement of pulse amplitude, c) arterial pulse wave velocity as a measure of arterial stiffness, and d) forearm venous distensibility by strain-gauge plethysmography;2...
  8. Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction in Older Adults: Dietary Sodium Restriction
    Kristen Jablonski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The influence of DSR on EDD will be evaluated using brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and the forearm blood flow (FBF) response to an intrabrachial infusion of acetylcholine (ACh)...
  9. Intra vs. extracortical command signals to restore six dimensional hand movements
    DAWN MARIE TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..e. where to place the hand in space, how much to open/close the hand, pronation/supination angle of the forearm, and wrist flexion/extension angle)...
  10. Vascular Function, Cognition, and Brain MRI in Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease
    David J Moser; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our research team is using an innovative physiological measure (forearm vascular function - the degree to which forearm vessels dilate in response to vasoactive agents) as an indicator ..
  11. Genetics of Bone Structure and Metabolism
    Michael C Mahaney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..ultrasound attenuation of the calcaneous, bone mineral densities in 3 regions (proximal femur, lumbar spine, and forearm) assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and 12 biomarkers related to bone formation, turn-over, and ..
  12. GENES AND FIBRINOLYTIC CAPACITY OF HUMAN ENDOTHELIUM
    Mias Pretorius; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..that, in addition to stimulating t-PA release, bradykinin induces oxidative stress and inflammation in the human forearm vasculature and contributes to the fibrinolytic and inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass, a procedure ..
  13. Endothelial Function Predictors in Adolescent Diabetes
    ROBERT PAUL HOFFMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Endothelial function will be measured in resistance vessels as the increase in forearm blood following upper arm vascular occlusion...
  14. Sex Differences in Vascular Markers of Stroke Risk
    Cheryl D Bushnell; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of ongoing inflammation, thrombin generation, endothelial dysfunction, quantified by functional responses to forearm ischemia and measures of arterial stiffness, low sex hormone binding globulin, or a combination of the above ..
  15. Glucose monitoring using polarized light
    Gerard L Cote; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..daily monitoring which is currently performed primarily by using a commercially available invasive (finger or forearm stick method) blood glucose reading device...
  16. Vascular Endothelial Activation in Sleep Apnea
    Sanja Jelic; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have developed a minimally invasive technique of endothelial harvesting from a superficial forearm vein that allows safe collection and direct examination of endothelial cells without the artifact of culture ..
  17. Mechanisms of Neuropeptides Action in Diabetes
    JANICE ZABOLOTNY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to study the relationship between the severity of neuropathy and neuropeptides expression to PTP1B forefoot and forearm skin expression/activity and mast cell number and activation...
  18. HIV-1, Exercise and Endothelial Function
    Christopher A Desouza; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..functional characteristic will be determined before and after the 24-week intervention period using an isolated forearm model...
  19. Predictors of Speech Quality after Tongue Cancer Surgery
    Maureen Stone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will study partial- to hemiglossectomy with primary closure, secondary healing and radial forearm free flap...
  20. Arm Motor Rehabilitation, Entertainment and Cognition System for the Elderly
    Grigore C Burdea; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..1) Construct the BrightArm Duo system by designing and building a new tracking work surface and computerized forearm supports;2) Develop custom rehabilitation games that incorporate uni- and bimanual motor and cognitive training ..
  21. Exercise and Vascular Function in Chronic Kidney Disease
    David G Edwards; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in response to local heating using laser Doppler flowmetry and intradermal microdialysis will be assessed in the forearm to evaluate the microvasculature...
  22. Vascular toxicities of environmental tobacco particulates in children
    Judith A Groner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Children with normal BMI (<85% per age) and elevated BMI (>95% per age) will be studied in parallel. Forearm blood flow (FBF) will be determined by plethysmography as an assessment of endothelial performance in vivo...
  23. Translational Model Development: Rapamycin, Aging, and Endothelial Dysfunction
    Dean L Kellogg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aims will be addressed in healthy human subjects. RAPA ointment will be used to treat skin of one forearm and ointment vehicle will be used to treat the contralateral forearm;thus each subject will be his/her own ..
  24. Real Time Nitric Oxide Measurements as a Determinant of AV Fistula Maturation
    Prabir Roy-Chaudhury; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..patient, purify it and then return it to the patient), is a connection between the artery and vein in the forearm called an arteriovenous fistula (AVF). Unfortunately over 50% of these AVFs will not work due to vessel narrowing...
  25. Neurovascular Control and Blood Pressure Regulation in Humans
    Michael J Joyner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tools developed and mastered in our laboratory to explore the following specific aims: Aim 1 will test whether forearm vasodilation to isoproterenol is blunted in postmenopausal women compared to young women, and whether this ..
  26. FSH as a biomarker of bone strength in younger postmenopausal women
    Margaret L Gourlay; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..we will also test for correlations between FSH-related variables and pQCT measures of bone quality in the distal forearm, accounting for hormonal influences on bone...
  27. Niacin therapy to improve endothelial function in Sickle Cell Disease
    NAOMI L LUBAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..in patients with sickle cell disease, a dysfunction characterized by decreased ACh dependent vasorelaxation in forearm blood flow studies, and that is distinct from the nitric oxide resistance mechanism mentioned above...
  28. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF AGE-RELATED BONE LOSS AND FRACTURES
    Sundeep Khosla; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..at key stages of life: (1) To characterize optimal skeletal development by determining the basis for adolescent forearm fractures in a population-based case- control study by using high resolution peripheral QCT (HRpQCT) ("non-..
  29. Wrist/Grasp Muscle Activity Patterns for EMG-neural Interface Prosthesis Control
    LAUREN HART SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..prosthesis control uses intramuscular EMG (imEMG) amplitude estimates from multiple agonist/ antagonist forearm muscle pairs to control physiologically appropriate degrees of freedom DOFs (e.g...
  30. Self-Cleaning Sensor Membranes to Improve Glucose Monitoring In Vivo
    MELISSA GRUNLAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This monitoring is currently non-continuous and performed primarily by using a commercially available finger or forearm stick method blood glucose reading device...
  31. Central Control of Movement
    Peter L Strick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, we will record the activity of 10-12 chronically implanted muscles in the forearm. We will use spike-triggered averaging of the muscle activity to identify CM cells...
  32. Cardiac Remote Ischemic Preconditioning Prior to Elective Major Vascular Surgery
    Santiago Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..RIPC is usually applied by inflating a blood pressure cuff above the systolic blood pressure to induce transient forearm ischemia...
  33. Sympathetic Nervous System and Nitric Oxide in Obesity Associated Hypertension
    Alfredo Gamboa; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..other have previously shown that obese individuals have an impaired response to NO-mediated dilation using the forearm circulation as a model...
  34. Brain Vasodilator Responses in Healthy and Cognitively Impaired Humans
    JILL NICOLE BARNES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..are blunted in MCI patients by comparing CO2-mediated vasodilation in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and the forearm blood flow response to reactive hyperemia in 3 groups: 1) young healthy adults;2) cognitively intact older adults;..
  35. A NEW SYSTEM FOR ULTRASONIC ASSESSMENT OF THE CALCANEUS
    Jonathan Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The system will assess the heel bone (calcaneus) distal forearm employ a novel positioning device that is foot-size based...
  36. SPINAL NEURON EXCITABILITY DURING VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT
    Steve I Perlmutter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..proposed study advances these goals by elucidating the functional organization of spinal interneurons controlling forearm movements in the normal, behaving monkey...
  37. A Longitudinal Study of Endothelial Function and Erectile Dysfunction
    Varant Kupelian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Endothelial function will be measured in 400 men using forearm brachial artery flow mediated dilation (FMD), a measure commonly used to assess endothelial dysfunction...
  38. Sustained Skeletal Benefits of Adolescent Exercise
    Tamara A Scerpella; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Annual dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scans of the forearm, proximal femur, lumbar spine, and total body, with concurrent peripheral quantitative computed tomography scans ..
  39. Learning to use a brain-controlled Functional Electrical Stimulation system
    Emily R Oby; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..1 is to characterize M1 neurons based on how their tuning curves change in response to a postural rotation of the forearm that changes the relationship between the muscle activity and the direction of torque...
  40. Fish oil and neurovascular control in humans
    Jason Carter; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..3. To determine the effect of fish oil on forearm and calf vascular responses to mental stress...
  41. SCI SHOULDER FUNCTION IN ASSISTIVE DEVICE GAIT
    Jacquelin Perry; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Specifically, the aims are to define the demands of the shoulder joint by ambulation with forearm crutches and wheeled walkers in persons with incomplete SCI...
  42. Mechanisms Linking Depression to Cardiovascular Risk
    Viola Vaccarino; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..coronary flow reserve, measured by means of Positron Emission Tomography, carotid intima-media thickness, and forearm flow-mediated vasodilation, both measured with ultrasound;2) to investigate biological mechanisms underlying the ..
  43. Phase 2 Study of Montelukast for the Treatment of Sickle Cell Anemia
    JOSHUA JEFFREY FIELD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..adolescents and adults with SCD];(Subaim 2B) [To determine if montelukast versus placebo added to HU will improve forearm microvascular blood flow in adolescents and adults with SCD], respectively...
  44. Prosthesis Control by Forward Dynamic Simulation of the Intact Biomedical system
    Wendy M Murray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..an intact hand given the electromyographic (EMG) signals measured from the residual muscles of an amputee's forearm. The objectives for this proposal are to first characterize the function of the hand muscles in creating complex ..
  45. Development of an Osseo-Magnetic Link for Control of Prosthetic Limb Rotation
    JULIO JOSE SANTOS MUNNE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By sensing the change in magnetic field distribution as the subject rotates their residual forearm bones, the angle of rotation can be calculated and applied to the prosthetic wrist rotator...
  46. A prospective study of human bone adaptation using a novel in-vivo loading model
    Karen L Troy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The proposed project examines the relationship between mechanical signals applied to the forearm of women, and the resulting improvements to forearm bone strength and structure...
  47. SKELETAL MUSCLE BEHAVIOR IN HEART FAILURE
    John Wilson; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..arteriolar behavior during exercise will be compared in patients with heart failure and normal subjects during forearm exercise and maximal bicycle exercise. Plethysmography will be used to measure forearm flow...
  48. Effect of tool design on hand pain in dental practiioners
    David M Rempel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that modifying the diameter and weight of the dental tool can have a significant impact on the pinch force and forearm muscle load during a simulated scaling task...
  49. Development of Networked Implantable Neuroprostheses
    PAUL HUNTER PECKHAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..NNP System will electrically stimulate paralyzed muscles in a coordinated fashion to provide grasp and release, forearm pronation, elbow extension, and shoulder/trunk stabilization...
  50. Primate Model of Stroke and Recovery in Aging
    Tara Moore; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..be used with monkeys that have small, focal unilateral lesions in the area of the motor cortex that controls the forearm, wrist and digits...
  51. Implantable Myoelectric Recording Array for Control of Prostheses
    Daniel McDonnall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..implantable system for recording myoelectric signals from residual and reinnervated muscles of individuals with forearm and other amputations. The signals will be wirelessly coupled to an external receiver for controlling prostheses...
  52. RADIO-ULNAR LOAD SHARING IN THE CADAVER FOREARM
    Keith Markolf; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Carefully controlled studies of load transmission through the forearm, and form a biomechanical basis for surgical decisions related to the relief of wrist pain...
  53. NO AND EXERCISE VASODILATION IN HUMAN HYPERLIPIDEMIA
    Michael Joyner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..1) We will determine if the blunted forearm dilator responses to endothelial agonists (i.e...
  54. ANABOLIC ACTIONS OF INSULIN IN NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASE
    RICHARD MOXLEY; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The patients have marked resistance to insulin stimulation of glucose uptake by forearm muscles...
  55. STABILITY ANALYSIS OF THE DISTAL RADIO ULNAR JOINT
    Richard Berger; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..ligament stabilizes the DRUJ against volar displacement of the radius relative to the ulna in all positions of forearm rotation; 1b) the dorsal radio-ulnar ligament stabilizes the DRUJ against lateral displacement of the radius ..
  56. Adenosine and Nitric Oxide Deficiency
    Italo Biaggioni; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will use the forearm vasculature to test the hypothesis that adenosine plays a compensatory role when NO mechanisms are impaired...
  57. PAIN AND BETA-ENDORPHIN RESPONSES IN MEN AND WOMEN
    David Sheps; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In Study 1, 200 subjects will undergo cold pressor, forearm ischemia, and thermal pain tests in randomized order...
  58. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF FRACTURES IN PERSONS OF AGE 45 AND OLDER
    Stephen Sidney; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The proposal describes a case-control study of fractures of the distal forearm, foot, proximal humerus, pelvis and shaft of the tibia and fibula among females and males of age 45 years and ..
  59. Biomechanical Effects of Industrial Eccentric Exertions
    Robert Radwin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..e. stiffness, viscous damping and inertial mass). Subjects will repetitively resist forearm supination against a motor for simulating eccentric exertion levels representative of pistol grip power hand tool ..
  60. FUEL METABOLISM DURING AND AFTER EXERCISE IN DIABETES
    John Devlin; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Regional fluxes of substrates (lactate, pyruvate, glucose and amino acids) across non-exercised (forearm) and exercised (leg) limbs will be measured using an "arterialized" hand vein and deep forearm and femoral vein ..
  61. ELDER PAIN--ASSESSMENT OF INTENSITY
    Keela Herr; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..in which 6 intensities of contact heat varying from 43 degrees C to 51 degrees C will be applied to the ventral forearm by an electronically- controlled contact thermode...
  62. CHOLINERGIC MECHANISMS IN AGING AND AD
    LINCOLN POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Then rats +/- hemi-PD will be studied for altered spontaneous forearm use...
  63. INTERACTION OF CARDIOVASCULAR REFLEXES IN EXERCISE
    Gary Mack; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..We propose to examine the role of cardiopulmonary (CP) and arterial baroreceptors in the reflex control of forearm blood flow (and thus SKBF) during exercise by emphasizing in our studies how these reflexes interact with each ..