- Rating systems for evaluation of the elbow
Umile Giuseppe Longo
Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Campus Biomedico University, Via Alvaro del Portillo, 200, 00128 Trigoria Rome, Italy
Br Med Bull 87:131-61. 2008
Many scoring systems have been used for elbow disorders. However, only few of these have been validated, and many assess only few aspects of elbow function.
- Comparison of neural responses in primary motor cortex to transient and continuous loads during posture
Troy M Herter
Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Canadian Institute for Health Research Group in Sensory Motor Systems, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Queen s University, Botterell Hall, Room 219, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 3N6
J Neurophysiol 101:150-63. 2009
..perturbations were examined by transiently applying (300 ms) flexor and extensor torques to the shoulder and/or elbow during postural maintenance...
- Elbow nerves: MR findings in 60 asymptomatic subjects--normal anatomy, variants, and pitfalls
Daniela B Husarik
Department of Radiology, University Hospital Balgrist, Zurich, Switzerland
Radiology 252:148-56. 2009
To prospectively evaluate the signal intensity (SI), course, and diameter of elbow nerves and to identify anatomic variants that are potentially associated with nerve compression syndromes on magnetic resonance (MR) images of ..
- Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow: MR neurography--nerve T2 signal increase and caliber
Department of Neuroradiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Radiology 260:199-206. 2011
To assess nerve T2 signal and caliber as diagnostic signs at magnetic resonance (MR) neurography in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE).
- Differences in size, strength, and power of upper and lower body muscle groups in young and older men
Darren G Candow
87 Campus Drive, College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5B2
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 60:148-56. 2005
..05 rad/s and 3.14 rad/s in flexor and extensor muscles of the elbow and knee, and in ankle plantar flexors in young (n=22, 18-31 years) and older (n=28, 59-76 years) men...
- Changes in hardness of the human elbow flexor muscles after eccentric exercise
Institute of Physical Education, Keio University, Yokohama, Japan
Eur J Appl Physiol 82:361-7. 2000
The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in muscle hardness after eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors muscles that produce muscle shortening and swelling...
- Cutaneous receptors contribute to kinesthesia at the index finger, elbow, and knee
D F Collins
Human Neurophysiology Laboratory, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, Centre for Neuroscience, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
J Neurophysiol 94:1699-706. 2005
..Illusory movements were evoked at the interphalangeal (IP) joints of the index finger, the elbow, and the knee by stimulation of populations of cutaneous and muscle spindle receptors, both separately and ..
- Effect of eccentric contraction velocity on muscle damage in repeated bouts of elbow flexor exercise
School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35:534-40. 2010
..s(-1)) group. The exercise consisted of 30 maximal eccentric contractions of the elbow flexors at each velocity, in which the elbow joint was forcibly extended from 60 degrees to 180 degrees (full ..
- Altered responses of human elbow flexors to peripheral-nerve and cortical stimulation during a sustained maximal voluntary contraction
J L Taylor
Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, Randwick, NSW, Australia
Exp Brain Res 127:108-15. 1999
..Subjects (n=8) performed sustained maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs) of the right elbow flexors for 2 min...
- Origins of abnormal excitability in biceps brachii motoneurons of spastic-paretic stroke survivors
Carol J Mottram
Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA
J Neurophysiol 102:2026-38. 2009
..distinction was made by recording firing rate profiles of pairs of motor units during isometric contractions of elbow flexor muscles...
- Ultrasound evaluation of ulnar neuropathy at the elbow: correlation with electrophysiological studies
Department of Internal Medicine, Sacro Cuore Hospital, Verona, Italy
Rheumatology (Oxford) 48:1098-101. 2009
To evaluate, in patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE), if ultrasonographic differences in ulnar nerve size correlate with severity score determined by electrodiagnostic studies.
- Reproducible measurement of voluntary activation of human elbow flexors with motor cortical stimulation
Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute, University of Wales, New South Wales 2031, Australia
J Appl Physiol 97:236-42. 2004
..Furthermore, its reliability and variability were similar to the resting twitch estimated from 30 contractions and to that evoked by conventional motor nerve stimulation...
- Apparent conduction block in patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow and proximal Martin-Gruber anastomosis
Charles H Whitaker
Department of Neurology, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, Connecticut 06030, USA
Muscle Nerve 30:808-11. 2004
..report described a proximal MGA resembling partial conduction block in a patient with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). As a result, we screened patients with similar findings...
- Diagnosing ulnar neuropathy at the elbow using magnetic resonance neurography
Nayela N Keen
Dept of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Suite M392, Box 0628, San Francisco, CA 94143 0628, USA
Skeletal Radiol 41:401-7. 2012
Early diagnosis of ulnar neuropathy at the elbow is important. Magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) images peripheral nerves. We evaluated the usefulness of elbow MRN in diagnosing ulnar neuropathy at the elbow.
- Motor unit synchronization is increased in biceps brachii after exercise-induced damage to elbow flexor muscles
Tamara J Dartnall
Discipline of Physiology and Research Centre for Human Movement Control, School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
J Neurophysiol 99:1008-19. 2008
..Eight subjects (age, 25 +/- 7 yr) performed three tasks involving isometric contraction of elbow flexors while EMG (surface and intramuscular) records were obtained from biceps brachii...
- Responses of old men to repeated bouts of eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors in comparison with young men
A P Lavender
Exercise and Sports Science, Graduate School of Integrated Science, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan
Eur J Appl Physiol 97:619-26. 2006
..5 +/- 4.1 years) and ten young men (20.4 +/- 2.0 years) performed two bouts of eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors (six sets of five eccentric actions) separated by 4 weeks...
- Soft tissue coverage of the elbow: a reconstructive algorithm
Department of General Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Orthop Clin North Am 39:251-64, vii. 2008
..the multitude of options for coverage, the authors have found four flaps to provide reliable coverage for most elbow deficits within their practice; these flaps are the latissimus dorsi flap, the radial forearm flap, the anconeus ..
- Short-term high- vs. low-velocity isokinetic lengthening training results in greater hypertrophy of the elbow flexors in young men
Tim N Shepstone
Exercise of Metabolism Research Group, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, 1280 Main St W, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4K1
J Appl Physiol 98:1768-76. 2005
..high-resistance muscle lengthening contractions on muscle fiber and whole muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) of the elbow flexors was investigated in young men. Twelve subjects (23.8 +/- 2...
- Variation of muscle coactivation patterns in chronic stroke during robot-assisted elbow training
Department of Health Technology and Informatics, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 88:1022-9. 2007
To investigate the variation of muscle coactivation patterns during the course of robot-assisted rehabilitation on elbow flexion and extension for chronic stroke.
- Ultrasonographic swelling ratio in the diagnosis of ulnar neuropathy at the elbow
Joon Shik Yoon
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
Muscle Nerve 38:1231-5. 2008
..site of maximal enlargement and at an unaffected site may improve diagnostic accuracy in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE), when compared to a single measurement at the site of maximal enlargement...
- Gross ultrastructural changes and necrotic fiber segments in elbow flexor muscles after maximal voluntary eccentric action in humans
Department of Anatomy and Centre for Molecular Biology and Neuroscience, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
J Appl Physiol (1985) 107:1923-34. 2009
..A group of untrained subjects performed 70 voluntary maximal eccentric muscle actions using the elbow flexors...
- Elevations in ostensibly anabolic hormones with resistance exercise enhance neither training-induced muscle hypertrophy nor strength of the elbow flexors
Daniel W D West
Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Dept of Kinesiology, McMaster Univ, Hamilton, ON L8S4K1 Canada
J Appl Physiol (1985) 108:60-7. 2010
..Twelve healthy young men (21.8 +/- 1.2 yr, body mass index = 23.1 +/- 0.6 kg/m(2)) trained their elbow flexors independently for 15 wk on separate days and under different hormonal milieu...
- Coupling of eye, finger, elbow, and shoulder movements during manual aiming
W F Helsen
Department of Kenesiology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
J Mot Behav 32:241-8. 2000
Temporal and spatial coupling of point of gaze (PG) and movements of the finger, elbow, and shoulder during a speeded aiming task were examined...
- Compliant walking in primates: elbow and knee yield in primates compared to other mammals
Interdepartmental Doctoral Program in Anthropological Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 4364, USA
Am J Phys Anthropol 125:42-50. 2004
..In order to explore the generality of this claim, elbow and knee angles during walking were documented at touchdown, midstance, and liftoff in a sample of primates, ..
- Vertical infraclavicular brachial plexus block: needle redirection after elicitation of elbow flexion
Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
Reg Anesth Pain Med 34:236-41. 2009
..Initially, elbow flexion (lateral cord) is generally observed...
- Electromechanical delay in isometric actions initiated from nonresting levels
P F Vint
Research Integrations, Inc, 9280 S Kyrene Rd, Suite 101, Tempe, AZ 85284, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:978-83. 2001
..The purpose of this study was to determine whether electromechanical delay (EMD) was associated exclusively with the onset of tension from a resting state and whether EMD remained constant across different rates of force development...
- Increased bradykinesia in Parkinson's disease with increased movement complexity: elbow flexion-extension movements
Biomedical Signals and Systems, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Twente, P O Box 217, 7500 AE, Enschede, The Netherlands
J Comput Neurosci 25:501-19. 2008
..In order to compare model simulations with performed movements, flexion and extension at the elbow joint is taken as a test case...
- Hypertrichosis cubiti (hairy elbow syndrome): a clue to a malformation syndrome
Department of Paediatrics, University of Catania, National Research Council, Catania, Italy
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 18:1019-25. 2005
Hypertrichosis cubiti (HC) or hairy elbow syndrome (OMIM # 139600) consists of a localised form of long vellus hair on the extensor surfaces of the distal third of the upper arm and the proximal third of the forearm bilaterally, or ..
- Position sense at the human forearm in the horizontal plane during loading and vibration of elbow muscles
G E Ansems
Department of Physiology, PO Box 13F, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
J Physiol 576:445-55. 2006
..Before each match the reference arm was conditioned by contracting elbow muscles while the arm was held flexed or extended...
- Changes in isokinetic torque and muscular activity of elbow flexors muscles with age
Groupe Analyse du Mouvement, UFR STAPS, BP 27877, Universite de Bourgogne, 21078 Dijon Cedex, France
Exp Gerontol 36:1687-98. 2001
This study examined the influence of aging on torque-angular velocity relationships for elbow flexion and the corresponding muscular activity levels in order to target the mechanisms involved in the eccentric muscle action in older ..
- Mapping from motor cortex to biceps and triceps altered by elbow angle
Michael S A Graziano
Department of Psychology, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544, USA
J Neurophysiol 92:395-407. 2004
..The mapping appeared to change depending on the angle at which the elbow was fixed...
- Musculocutaneous neurotization to restore elbow flexion in brachial plexus paralysis
Marios D Vekris
Department of Orthopedics, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
Microsurgery 26:325-9. 2006
..The upper roots are often traumatized, and therefore elbow flexion is usually lost...
- Lower excitability of the corticospinal tract to transcranial magnetic stimulation during lengthening contractions in human elbow flexors
Motor Dysfunction Division, Research Institute, National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled, 4 1, Namiki, Tokorozawa 359 8555, Japan
Neurosci Lett 312:83-6. 2001
..magnetic stimulation and the size of motor evoked potentials was investigated in six healthy subjects during elbow flexion and extension...
- [Significance of electroneurographic parameters in the diagnosis of chronic neuropathy of the ulnar nerve at the elbow]
H B Kitzinger
Abteilung für Wiederherstellende und Plastische Chirurgie, Universitatsklinik fur Chirurgie, Allgemeines Krankenhaus, Medizinische Universität Wien
Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 37:276-81. 2005
Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) is the second most common compressive neuropathy of the upper limb. Besides clinical evaluation, electrodiagnostic studies are usually applied to confirm the diagnosis...
- Short- and long-latency reflex responses during different motor tasks in elbow flexor muscles
Motor Dysfunction Division, Research Institute, National Rehabilitation Center for the Disabled, Namiki, Tokorozawa, Japan
Exp Brain Res 116:20-8. 1997
Stretch reflex responses in three elbow flexor muscles - the brachioradialis and the short and long heads of the biceps brachii - were studied during different motor tasks...
- Vena cubiti media for creation of a loop-shaped arteriovenous fistula at the elbow region
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Meram Medical School of Selcuk University, Meram, Konya, Turkey
Ann Vasc Surg 18:589-92. 2004
..These results suggest that an end-to-side anastomosis between the brachial artery and, vena cubiti media can be used as a second choice for hemodialysis access in patients with end-stage renal disease...
- Evaluation of the numeric rating scale for perception of effort during isometric elbow flexion exercise
Physiotherapy Department, Technological Educational Institute of Patras at Aigio, Patra 25100, Greece
Eur J Appl Physiol 112:1167-75. 2012
..reliability and validity of the numerical rating scale (0-10 NRS) for rating perception of effort during isometric elbow flexion in healthy people. 33 individuals (32 ± 8 years) participated in the study...
- Percutaneous phenol block of the musculocutaneous nerve to control elbow flexor spasticity
M A Keenan
Adult Brain Injury Service, Rancho Los Amigos Medical Center, Downey, CA 90242
J Hand Surg Am 15:340-6. 1990
..The mean resting position decreased from 120 degrees of flexion to 69 degrees. Elbow range of motion increased an average of 53 degrees. There were no complications...
- Isokinetic elbow flexion and coactivation following eccentric training
Groupe Analyse du Mouvement, Universite de Bourgogne, Dijon, France
J Electromyogr Kinesiol 9:13-20. 1999
..training on torque/angular velocity relationships and coactivation level during maximal voluntary isokinetic elbow flexion was examined...
- Tuberculosis of the elbow in children
Stewart I Dix-Peek
Department of Orthopaedics, Maitland Cottage Hospital, University of Cape Town, South Africa
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 12:282-6. 2003
Ten children with tuberculosis of the elbow treated over a 21-year period from 1979 to 1999 were reviewed retrospectively...
- Osteochondral autograft transplantation for osteochondritis dissecans of the elbow in juvenile baseball players: minimum 2-year follow-up
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, 5 Zaifu cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036 8562, Japan
Am J Sports Med 34:714-20. 2006
..Osteochondral autografts have recently become popular to treat articular cartilage defects, and they are used for unstable osteochondritis dissecans lesions as a means of biological fixation...
- Elbow flexion and extension strength relative to body or muscle size in children
Louise E Wood
Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK
Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1977-84. 2004
The purpose of this study was to examine gender- and age-related differences in elbow flexion and extension strength in children, when linear size measurements and actual measurements of muscle size were used as explanatory variables in ..
- Ulnar nerve and cubital tunnel ultrasound in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow
Joon Shik Yoon
Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:887-9. 2008
To determine the accuracy of the ultrasonographic measurement of ulnar nerve to cubital tunnel area for diagnosis of ulnar neuropathy at the elbow.
- Maximal force during eccentric and isometric actions at different elbow angles
Neuromuscular Research Center, Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyvaskyla, P O Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland
Eur J Appl Physiol 96:672-8. 2006
..Maximal voluntary force (MVC) of elbow flexion of ten healthy male volunteers was measured during isometric and isokinetic eccentric action starting from ..
- Avoiding false-negative nerve conduction study in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow
Sun Jae Won
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Korea University College of Medicine, Guro Dong, Seoul, South Korea
Muscle Nerve 44:583-6. 2011
Ulnar nerve displacement at the elbow causes overestimation of nerve conduction velocity...
- 'Lateral elbow tendinopathy' is the most appropriate diagnostic term for the condition commonly referred-to as lateral epicondylitis
School of Health and Human Sciences, Faculty of Health, Leeds Metropolitan University, Calverly Street, Leeds LS1 3HE, UK
Med Hypotheses 67:1400-2. 2006
A plethora of terms that have been used to describe lateral epicondylitis including tennis elbow (TE), epicondylalgia, tendonitis, tendinosis and tendinopathy. These terms usually have the prefix extensor or lateral elbow...
- Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow: follow-up and prognostic factors determining outcome
Department of Neurology, Atrium Medical Center, PO Box 4446, 6401 CX Heerlen, The Netherlands
Neurology 63:1675-80. 2004
To determine the outcome in patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) treated surgically or conservatively, and the prognostic value of clinical, sonographic, and electrophysiologic features.
- A review of epidemiology of paediatric elbow injuries in sports
Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Keele University School of Medicine, Stoke on Trent, England
Sports Med 37:717-35. 2007
The elbow is a common site of orthopaedic injury in the paediatric population. The number of these injuries continues to rise following increased levels of participation in paediatric recreational and competitive sport...
- Differences in the force/endurance relationship between young and older men
Department of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, Istituto Universitario di Scienze Motorie, 00194 Rome, Italy
Eur J Appl Physiol 93:390-7. 2005
..in six older (70-72 years) healthy men matched for comparable absolute and specific maximal force of the dominant elbow flexors, differences in isometric endurance, myoelectrical fatigability, and shortening velocity are still ..
- Functional magnetic resonance imaging reveals age-related alterations to motor networks in weighted elbow flexion-extension movement
Joo Hyun Kim
Department of Medical and Biological Engineering, Kyungpook National University College of Medicine, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Korea
Neurol Res 32:995-1001. 2010
we investigated whether motor system activity in normal aging shows age-related alteration during a non-isomeric elbow flexion-extension movement task using weights.
- Eccentric exercise increases EMG amplitude and force fluctuations during submaximal contractions of elbow flexor muscles
John G Semmler
School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, Univ of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia
J Appl Physiol (1985) 103:979-89. 2007
..the effect of eccentric exercise on the ability to exert steady submaximal forces with muscles that cross the elbow joint...
- Patient outcome following a thoracodorsal to musculocutaneous nerve transfer for reconstruction of elbow flexion
C B Novak
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Br J Plast Surg 55:416-9. 2002
..patients who had undergone transfer of the thoracodorsal nerve to the musculocutaneous nerve for reconstruction of elbow flexion. The mean age was 47 years (standard deviation: 24 years; range: 17-72 years)...
- Systemic inflammatory responses to maximal versus submaximal lengthening contractions of the elbow flexors
Jonathan M Peake
Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Japan
Exerc Immunol Rev 12:72-85. 2006
..of muscle damage and systemic inflammation after submaximal and maximal lengthening muscle contractions of the elbow flexors...
- Use and functioning of the affected limb in children with unilateral congenital below-elbow deficiency during infancy and preschool age: a longitudinal observational multiple case study
Dept of Paediatrics Developmental Neurology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Early Hum Dev 89:49-54. 2013
Children with unilateral congenital below elbow deficiency (UCBED) lack a part of an arm, thereby lacking a part of the typical hand function...
- Optimal screening distance for ulnar neuropathy at the elbow
Mark E Landau
Department of Neurology, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 6900 Georgia Avenue, Washington, DC 20307, USA
Muscle Nerve 27:570-4. 2003
..Our objective was therefore to determine the optimal screening distance for ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) incorporating previously derived experimental errors for calculating nerve conduction velocity (NCV)...
- Effects of velocity on maximal torque production in poststroke hemiparesis
Peter S Lum
Rehabilitation Research and Development Center, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, 3801 Miranda Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94304 1200, USA
Muscle Nerve 30:732-42. 2004
..of movement velocity on maximal torque production during isokinetic, concentric flexion and extension of the elbow in poststroke subjects. Three speeds were tested (30, 75, 120 deg/s) over a 100-deg range of motion...
- Muscle damage and soreness after endurance exercise of the elbow flexors
Exercise and Sports Science, Graduate School of Integrated Science, Yokohama City University, Japan
Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:920-7. 2002
This study investigated changes in indirect markers of muscle damage after endurance exercise of the elbow flexors and compared the changes with those after maximal eccentric actions (Max-ECC) of the elbow flexors.
- Changes in cerebral blood flow induced by passive and active elbow and hand movements
J Neurol 248:104-8. 2001
..velocity was performed during the following experimental conditions: 1-min of active and passive flexion-extension elbow movement and 1-min of active and passive dorsal extension hand movement...
- Activity and participation of children and adolescents with unilateral congenital below elbow deficiency: an online focus group study
Ingrid G M de Jong
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, 9713 GZ Groningen, The Netherlands
J Rehabil Med 44:885-92. 2012
To assess whether children/adolescents with unilateral congenital below elbow deficiency experience activity or participation limitations and how they deal with those limitations.
- The use of a portable muscle tone measurement device to measure the effects of botulinum toxin type a on elbow flexor spasticity
Jia Jin Jason Chen
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, ROC
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 86:1655-60. 2005
..To use a portable muscle tone assessment device to measure spasticity after a botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injection...
- Testicular fusocellular rhabdomyosarcoma as a metastasis of elbow sclerosing rhabdomyosarcoma: A clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical and molecular study of one case
Department of Pathology, Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, University of Valencia, Spain
Diagn Pathol 5:52. 2010
..We report the case of a 37 year-old male with a 9 x 6 cm SRMS on the right elbow. Histologically, the tumor showed an abundant extracellular hyaline matrix with extratumoral vascular emboli and ..
- Functional restoration of elbow extension after spinal-cord injury using a neural network-based synergistic FES controller
Joseph P Giuffrida
Department of Rehabilitation Engineering, Cleveland Medical Devices Inc, Cleveland, OH 44103, USA
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 13:147-52. 2005
Individuals with a C5/C6 spinal-cord injury (SCI) have paralyzed elbow extensors, yet retain weak to strong voluntary control of elbow flexion and some shoulder movements...
- Ultrasound-guided steroid injection to treat mild ulnar neuropathy at the elbow
Anneke J J Rampen
Department of Neurology, HagaZiekenhuis, Leyweg 275, 2545 CH Den Haag, The Netherlands
Muscle Nerve 44:128-30. 2011
There exists no "gold standard" in the treatment of ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). We treated 7 patients with mild UNE using a local steroid injection with ultrasonographic monitoring...
- Shoulder range of motion measures as risk factors for shoulder and elbow injuries in high school softball and baseball players
Proaxis Therapy, Orthopedic Research Foundation of the Carolinas, Greenville, South Carolina, USA
Am J Sports Med 39:1997-2006. 2011
..Range of motion deficits in shoulder external rotation (ER), internal rotation (IR), total rotation range of motion (ER + IR), and horizontal adduction (HA) have been retrospectively associated with overhand athletes' arm injuries...
- First hominoid from the Miocene of Ethiopia and the evolution of the catarrhine elbow
B G Richmond
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560, USA
Am J Phys Anthropol 105:257-77. 1998
..Later Miocene apes, such as Oreopithecus and Dryopithecus share additional morphological features with hominoids, indicating considerable suspensory and climbing capabilities...
- Sonography of benign palpable masses of the elbow
Jee Young Lee
Department of Radiology, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, Korea
J Ultrasound Med 30:1113-9. 2011
The purpose of this pictorial essay is to show the sonographic appearances of benign masses found in and around the elbow, including fat-containing tumors, fibrous tumors, vascular lesions, selected skin lesions, and other miscellaneous ..
- Eccentric muscle damage has variable effects on motor unit recruitment thresholds and discharge patterns in elbow flexor muscles
Tamara J Dartnall
Discipline of Physiology and Research Centre for Human Movement Control, School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia
J Neurophysiol 102:413-23. 2009
..Ten subjects performed four tasks involving isometric contraction of elbow flexors while electromyographic (EMG) data were recorded from human biceps brachii and brachialis muscles...
- EEG-based classification for elbow versus shoulder torque intentions involving stroke subjects
Department of Computer Science, Northern Illinois University, USA
Comput Biol Med 39:443-52. 2009
The ultimate aim for classifying elbow versus shoulder torque intentions is to develop robust brain-computer interface (BCI) devices for patients who suffer from movement disorders following brain injury such as stroke...
- Pronation-supination torque and associated electromyographic activity varies during a sustained elbow flexor contraction but does not influence the time to task failure
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 0354, USA
Muscle Nerve 40:231-9. 2009
In this study we measured the pronation-supination torque, flexion force, and electromyographic activity in elbow flexor muscles during an isometric contraction in which a submaximal elbow flexion force was kept constant for as long as ..
- Posteromedial elbow impingement: magnetic resonance imaging findings in overhead throwing athletes and results of arthroscopic treatment
Steven B Cohen
Rothman Institute Orthopaedics, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
Arthroscopy 27:1364-70. 2011
The purpose of this study was to define the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pattern and assess the results of arthroscopic treatment of posteromedial elbow impingement in overhead throwers.
- Tennis elbow: treatment of resistant cases by denervation
Klinikum Aschaffenburg, Teaching Hospital, , Germany
J Hand Surg Br 21:523-33. 1996
..have developed a surgical procedure for complete denervation which is indicated only in resistant cases of tennis elbow. Only one nerve pathway calls for careful exposure, otherwise denervation is accomplished blindly by disinsertion ..
- Quantitative analysis of the velocity related pathophysiology of spasticity and rigidity in the elbow flexors
H M Lee
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 72:621-9. 2002
..To quantify velocity dependent and position related properties of increased muscle tone measured during a constant velocity stretch...
- Low-frequency fatigue and neuromuscular performance after exercise-induced damage to elbow flexor muscles
James M Dundon
School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia
J Appl Physiol (1985) 105:1146-55. 2008
..between low-frequency fatigue (LFF) and the increase in EMG and force fluctuations after eccentric exercise of elbow flexor muscles...
- Ultrasonography in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow: relationships to clinical and electrophysiological findings
EMG Service, Public Health Unit 7, Via Pian d Ovile 9, 53100 Siena, Italy
Neurophysiol Clin 38:217-26. 2008
..of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), there are only few studies on the utility of US in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE)...
- The impact of extended electrodiagnostic studies in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow
Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, St Olav s University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway
BMC Neurol 9:52. 2009
..to explore the value of extended motor nerve conduction studies in patients with ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow (UNE) in order to find the most sensitive and least time-consuming method...
- The functional outcome with metallic radial head implants in the treatment of unstable elbow fractures: a long-term review
I J Harrington
Toronto East General and Orthopaedic Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M3C IJ4 Canada
J Trauma 50:46-52. 2001
..prosthetic radial head replacement in patients with radial head fractures associated with gross instability of the elbow has been performed...
- Elbow arthroscopy in the pediatric and adolescent population
L J Micheli
Division of Sports Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, U S A
Arthroscopy 17:694-9. 2001
The purpose of this study was to show the diagnostic and therapeutic benefits of elbow arthroscopy in athletically active pediatric patients. We describe our techniques for elbow arthroscopy in young patients.
- Reliability of elbow stretch reflex assessment in chronic post-stroke hemiparesis
Elizabeth G Condliffe
Neural Control of Movement Laboratory, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
Clin Neurophysiol 116:1870-8. 2005
To establish reliability of quantitative measures of elbow joint spastic hypertonia in post-stroke hemiparesis.
- Failed surgery for ulnar nerve compression at the elbow
David E Ruchelsman
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, New York University Hospital for Joint Diseases, 301 East 17th Street, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10003, USA
Hand Clin 23:359-71, vi-vii. 2007
Surgical procedures for the treatment of ulnar nerve compression at the elbow are well described. Studies have reported clinical outcomes after decompression of the nerve without transposition and decompression with transposition...
- Elbow impedance during goal-directed movements
Laboratorio di Tecnologia Medica, Istituti Ortopedici Rizzoli, Via Di Barbiano 1 10, 40136 Bologna, Italy
Exp Brain Res 152:17-28. 2003
The mechanical properties and reflex actions of muscles crossing the elbow joint were examined during a 60-deg voluntary elbow extension movement...
- Annular ligament of the elbow: MR arthrography appearance with anatomic and histologic correlation
Hatice Tuba Sanal
Department of Radiology, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA
AJR Am J Roentgenol 193:W122-6. 2009
As part of the lateral ligament complex of the elbow, the annular ligament has an adjunctive role in stabilizing the proximal radioulnar joint...
- Elbow joint stability in relation to forced external rotation: An experimental study of the osseous constraint
Søren R Deutch
Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 12:287-92. 2003
..to evaluate the osseous constraint related to forced forearm external rotation as the initial stage in a posterior elbow dislocation...
- Changes of elbow kinematics and kinetics during 1 year after stroke
Mehdi M Mirbagheri
Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, 345 East Superior Street, Suite 1408, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Muscle Nerve 37:387-95. 2008
..To characterize the time course of this change in motor impairment, we examined voluntary elbow movements in hemiparetic stroke survivors over a period of 1 year after stroke...
- Arthroscopic restoration of terminal elbow extension in high-level athletes
Mayo Clinic, Sports Medicine Center, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Am J Sports Med 38:2509-15. 2010
Although most people can lead near-normal lives with a limited but functional arc of elbow motion, athletes may find loss of terminal extension severely impairing.
- The isometric functional capacity of muscles that cross the elbow
W M Murray
Biomedical Engineering Department, Case Western Reserve University and VA FES Center, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44109 1998, USA
J Biomech 33:943-52. 2000
We hypothesized that muscles crossing the elbow have fundamental differences in their capacity for excursion, force generation, and moment generation due to differences in their architecture, moment arm, and the combination of their ..
- Resection of elbow ossification and continuous passive motion in postcomatose patients
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy
J Hand Surg Am 24:546-53. 1999
..postoperative loss of motion and recurrence of ossification, continuous passive motion was applied to the affected elbow for 6 weeks before starting a fully active rehabilitation program...
- Outcome study of ulnar nerve compression at the elbow treated with simple decompression and an early programme of physical therapy
P A Nathan
Portland Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation Center, Oregon, USA
J Hand Surg Br 20:628-37. 1995
..Active participation in this predicted a rapid return to work or activities of daily living. The average time to return to work with simple decompression was 20 workdays...
- Abnormal cognitive planning and movement smoothness control for a complex shoulder/elbow motor task in stroke survivors
Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
J Neurol Sci 256:21-9. 2007
..1) characterize cognitive planning time and cognitive effort level for a circle-drawing motor task in stroke survivors using shoulder/elbow muscles and 2) identify the relationship between cognitive effort level and movement smoothness.
- Ultrasound controlled nerve stimulation in the elbow region: high currents and short distances needed to obtain motor responses
A R Sauter
Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty Division Rikshospitalet, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 51:942-8. 2007
..Electrical nerve stimulation is commonly used to perform peripheral nerve blocks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between stimulating currents and the distance between the needle-tip and stimulated nerves...
- Median and radial nerve compression about the elbow
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Instr Course Lect 57:177-85. 2008
..to understand motor palsy or pain syndromes caused by compression of the median and radial nerves about the elbow and forearm...
- Coactivation of the elbow antagonist muscles is not affected by the speed of movement in isokinetic exercise
Department of Human Movement and Sport Sciences, Istituto Universitario di Scienze Motorie, Piazza Lauro de Bosis 6, Rome, Italy
Muscle Nerve 33:191-9. 2006
..of studies have examined coactivation of muscles surrounding the knee joint whereas there are few reports on the elbow joint...
- Are psychosocial factors, risk factors for symptoms and signs of the shoulder, elbow, or hand/wrist?: A review of the epidemiological literature
Paulien M Bongers
TNO Work and Employment, AS Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
Am J Ind Med 41:315-42. 2002
..Since then, additional reviews on this topic have been published; however, none of these focussed on upper limb problems...
- Comparative responsiveness and minimal change for the Oxford Elbow Score following surgery
Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK
Qual Life Res 17:1257-67. 2008
To assess the responsiveness and minimal change for the Oxford Elbow Score (OES) using anchor- and distribution-based approaches.
- Posterior surgical approaches to the elbow: a comparative anatomic study
J M Wilkinson
Department of Orthopaedics, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, United Kingdom
J Shoulder Elbow Surg 10:380-2. 2001
..triceps reflecting, and olecranon osteotomy are the most common posterior surgical approaches to the adult elbow, but no comparative data exist as to the exposure provided by each approach...
- Spinal accessory neurotization for restoration of elbow flexion in avulsion injuries of the brachial plexus
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
J Hand Surg Am 21:387-90. 1996
..plexus injuries in 216 patients were treated with spinal accessory-musculocutaneous neurotization to restore elbow flexion. The average postoperative follow-up period was 6 years, with a minimum of 2 years for all patients...
- Simple decompression or anterior subcutaneous transposition for ulnar neuropathy at the elbow: a cost-minimization analysis--Part 2
Ronald H M A Bartels
Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Center St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Neurosurgery 56:531-6; discussion 531-6. 2005
..simple decompression and anterior subcutaneous transposition were compared for treatment of ulnaropathy at the elbow. Clinically, both surgical options seem to be equally effective...
- Elbow and wrist/hand symptoms among 6,943 computer operators: a 1-year follow-up study (the NUDATA study)
Christina Funch Lassen
Department of Occupational Medicine, The Copenhagen County Hospital in Glostrup, 2600 Glostrup, Denmark
Am J Ind Med 46:521-33. 2004
The aim of this study was to examine relations between computer work aspects and elbow and wrist/hand pain conditions and disorders.
- Satisfactory elbow flexion in complete (preganglionic) brachial plexus injuries: produced by suture of third and fourth intercostal nerves to musculocutaneous nerve
Hokkaido Orthopedic Memorial Hospital, Sapporo, Japan
J Hand Surg Am 12:1114-8. 1987
The third and fourth intercostal nerves were sutured to the musculocutaneous nerve to restore flexion of the elbow joint in complete (preganglionic) brachial plexus injuries...
- Neuronal activity in the primate substantia nigra pars reticulata during the performance of simple and memory-guided elbow movements
Department of Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
J Neurophysiol 91:815-27. 2004
..of SNr neurons was studied in two awake Rhesus monkeys while the animals were examined and while they performed elbow movements in two different motor tasks (n = 261 cells). Responses to examination were uncommon and subtle...
- Functional restoration of elbow flexion in brachial plexus injuries: results in 167 patients (excluding obstetric brachial plexus injury)
D C Chuang
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung Medical College, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
J Hand Surg Am 18:285-91. 1993
From 1985 to 1990, 167 patients were treated for impaired elbow flexion caused by brachial plexus injury...
- Kinematics of human arm reconstructed from spatial tracking system recordings
E V Biryukova
Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
J Biomech 33:985-95. 2000
..bodies (the upper arm, the forearm and the hand) with seven degrees of freedom (three in the shoulder, two in the elbow and two in the wrist)...