- Functional magnetic resonance imaging reveals the neural substrates of arm transport and grip formation in reach-to-grasp actions in humans
Department of Psychology, Durham University, Durham DH13LE, United Kingdom
J Neurosci 30:10306-23. 2010
Picking up a cup requires transporting the arm to the cup (transport component) and preshaping the hand appropriately to grasp the handle (grip component)...
- Reach and grasp by people with tetraplegia using a neurally controlled robotic arm
Leigh R Hochberg
Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs, Providence, Rhode Island 02908, USA
Nature 485:372-5. 2012
..Able-bodied monkeys have used a neural interface system to control a robotic arm, but it is unknown whether people with profound upper extremity paralysis or limb loss could use cortical neuronal ..
- Control of fast-reaching movements by muscle synergy combinations
Department of Neuromotor Physiology, Santa Lucia Foundation, 00179 Rome, Italy
J Neurosci 26:7791-810. 2006
..We recorded electromyographic activity from up to 19 shoulder and arm muscles during point-to-point movements between a central location and 8 peripheral targets in each of 2 vertical ..
- Supplementary motor area exerts proactive and reactive control of arm movements
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
J Neurosci 30:14657-75. 2010
..The LFP power in high- (60-150 Hz) and low- (25-40 Hz) frequency bands was significantly correlated with arm movement reaction time, starting before target onset...
- Effects of robot-assisted therapy on upper limb recovery after stroke: a systematic review
Department Rehabilitation Medicine and Research Institute MOVE, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 22:111-21. 2008
..The aim of the study was to present a systematic review of studies that investigate the effects of robot-assisted therapy on motor and functional recovery in patients with stroke...
- Prediction of arm movement trajectories from ECoG-recordings in humans
Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Albert Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany
J Neurosci Methods 167:105-14. 2008
Electrocorticographic (ECoG) signals have been shown to contain reliable information about the direction of arm movements and can be used for on-line cursor control...
- Ambulatory measurement of arm orientation
H J Luinge
Xsens Technologies b v, Enschede, The Netherlands
J Biomech 40:78-85. 2007
..In order to evaluate the impact of neuromuscular disorders affecting the upper extremities, the functional use of the arm need to be evaluated during daily activities...
- Learning to control a brain-machine interface for reaching and grasping by primates
Jose M Carmena
Department of Neurobiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
PLoS Biol 1:E42. 2003
..Here we demonstrate that primates can learn to reach and grasp virtual objects by controlling a robot arm through a closed-loop brain-machine interface (BMIc) that uses multiple mathematical models to extract several ..
- Deep brain stimulation of subthalamic nuclei affects arm response inhibition in Parkinson's patients
Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Neuromed, 86077 Pozzilli IS, Italy
Cereb Cortex 22:1124-32. 2012
..does not cause a general improvement in task-related motor function as it does not affect the length of the reaction times of arm movements, that is, in our experimental context, STN seems to play a selective role in response inhibition.
- Decoding complete reach and grasp actions from local primary motor cortex populations
Carlos E Vargas-Irwin
Department of Neuroscience, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
J Neurosci 30:9659-69. 2010
How the activity of populations of cortical neurons generates coordinated multijoint actions of the arm, wrist, and hand is poorly understood...
- Persisting consequences of stroke measured by the Stroke Impact Scale
Sue Min Lai
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160 7313, USA
Stroke 33:1840-4. 2002
- Differential representation of arm movement direction in relation to cortical anatomy and function
Epilepsy Center, University Clinic, Albert Ludwigs University, 79095 Freiburg, Germany
J Neural Eng 6:016006. 2009
Information about arm movement direction in neuronal activity of the cerebral cortex can be used for movement control mediated by a brain-machine interface (BMI)...
- Single-unit activity related to bimanual arm movements in the primary and supplementary motor cortices
Department of Physiology and the Center for Neural Computation, The Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
J Neurophysiol 88:3498-517. 2002
..were recorded from the primary motor (MI) and supplementary motor (SMA) areas of Rhesus monkeys performing one-arm (unimanual) and two-arm (bimanual) proximal reaching tasks...
- Quantifying generalization from trial-by-trial behavior of adaptive systems that learn with basis functions: theory and experiments in human motor control
Laboratory for Computational Motor Control, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2195, USA
J Neurosci 23:9032-45. 2003
- Ankle-arm index as a predictor of cardiovascular disease and mortality in the Cardiovascular Health Study. The Cardiovascular Health Study Group
A B Newman
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 19:538-45. 1999
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the legs, measured noninvasively by the ankle-arm index (AAI) is associated with clinically manifest cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors...
- The Motor Activity Log-28: assessing daily use of the hemiparetic arm after stroke
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
Neurology 67:1189-94. 2006
..Before the Motor Activity Log (MAL) was developed, no instruments assessed spontaneous use of a hemiparetic arm outside the treatment setting.
- A randomized controlled trial of gravity-supported, computer-enhanced arm exercise for individuals with severe hemiparesis
Sarah J Housman
Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60660, USA
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 23:505-14. 2009
The authors previously developed a passive instrumented arm orthosis (Therapy Wilmington Robotic Exoskeleton [T-WREX]) that enables individuals with hemiparesis to exercise the arm by playing computer games in a gravity-supported ..
- A standardized approach to performing the action research arm test
Departments of Neurology and Anatomy, University of California, Irvine Medical Center, Orange, CA 92868 4280, USA
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 22:78-90. 2008
The study of stroke and its treatment in human subjects requires accurate measurement of behavioral status. Arm motor deficits are among the most common sequelae after stroke...
- Persistence of motor adaptation during constrained, multi-joint, arm movements
R A Scheidt
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60622, USA
J Neurophysiol 84:853-62. 2000
..associated with adaptation to a novel dynamic environment during goal-directed movements of the dominant arm. Eleven normal, human subjects made targeted reaching movements in the horizontal plane while holding the handle of ..
- Evidence for a dynamic-dominance hypothesis of handedness
Robert L Sainburg
Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, 266 Recreation Bldg, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Exp Brain Res 142:241-58. 2002
..A recent study examining interlimb differences in coordination of reaching demonstrated dominant arm advantages in controlling limb segment inertial dynamics (Sainburg and Kalakanis 2000)...
- Multisensory integration during motor planning
Samuel J Sober
Department of Physiology, W M Keck Foundation Center for Integrative Neuroscience, and Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0444, USA
J Neurosci 23:6982-92. 2003
When planning goal-directed reaches, subjects must estimate the position of the arm by integrating visual and proprioceptive signals from the sensory periphery...
- Robot-assisted movement training compared with conventional therapy techniques for the rehabilitation of upper-limb motor function after stroke
Peter S Lum
Rehabilitation Research and Development Center, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83:952-9. 2002
..To compare the effects of robot-assisted movement training with conventional techniques for the rehabilitation of upper-limb motor function after stroke...
- Assessing Wolf motor function test as outcome measure for research in patients after stroke
S L Wolf
Division of Physical Therapy, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Stroke 32:1635-9. 2001
..This study addresses selected psychometric attributes of the WMFT applied to a chronic stroke population...
- Arm motor recovery using a virtual reality intervention in chronic stroke: randomized control trial
Sandeep K Subramanian
McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 27:13-23. 2013
Despite interest in virtual environments (VEs) for poststroke arm motor rehabilitation, advantages over physical environment (PE) training have not been established.
- The effects of arm swing on human gait stability
Sjoerd M Bruijn
Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University Van der Boechorststraat 9, NL 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Exp Biol 213:3945-52. 2010
b>Arm swing during human gait has been shown to reduce both angular momentum about the vertical and energy expenditure, and has been hypothesized to enhance gait stability...
- Sensor-based arm skill training in chronic stroke patients: results on treatment outcome, patient motivation, and system usability
Annick A A Timmermans
Department of Biomedical Technology, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5612 AZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 18:284-92. 2010
..was to evaluate patient motivation for and the feasibility and effects of a new technology-supported task-oriented arm training regime (T-TOAT)...
- Nature, timing, frequency and type of augmented feedback; does it influence motor relearning of the hemiparetic arm after stroke? A systematic review
Birgit I Molier
Roessingh Research and Development, 7500 AH Enschede, the Netherlands b molier rrd nl
Disabil Rehabil 32:1799-809. 2010
To investigate the effect of different aspects and types of augmented feedback on motor functions and motor activities of the hemiparetic arm after stroke.
- Psychosocial factors predicted nonrecovery in both specific and nonspecific diagnoses at arm, neck, and shoulder
Department of General Practice, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Clin Epidemiol 63:1370-9. 2010
To evaluate the differences in predictors of nonrecovery between patients with a specific diagnosis at arm, neck, and/or shoulder, vs. patients with a nonspecific diagnosis in general practice at 6 months after the first consultation.
- Software-recorded and self-reported duration of computer use in relation to the onset of severe arm-wrist-hand pain and neck-shoulder pain
Research Centre on Physical Activity, Work and Health, TNO VU VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Occup Environ Med 68:502-9. 2011
..The objective of this study was to examine the association between duration of computer use at work, measured with software and self-reports, and the onset of severe arm-wrist-hand and neck-shoulder symptoms.
- Mid-arm muscle circumference and quality of life and survival in maintenance hemodialysis patients
Harold Simmons Center for Chronic Disease Research and Epidemiology, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA 90502, USA
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 5:2258-68. 2010
..We hypothesized that mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), a conveniently measured surrogate of lean body mass (LBM), has stronger association ..
- Hip velocity and arm coordination in front crawl swimming
Faculty of Sport Science from Rouen, Laboratory CETAPS UPRES EA 3832, University of Rouen, Faculty of Sports Sciences France, Mont Saint Aignan, France
Int J Sports Med 31:875-81. 2010
..velocity variability and its stability over a range of swimming paces, which result from optimized inter-arm coordination, are characteristic of skilled performance...
- What's new in new technologies for upper extremity rehabilitation?
CHU Brest, Service de Medecine Physique et de Readaptation, Brest, France
Curr Opin Neurol 23:683-7. 2010
..The review presents new trends and studies of effectiveness from recent literature regarding robots, virtual reality and telerehabilitation for neurorehabilitation of the upper limb...
- Cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation of the primary motor cortex improves selective muscle activation in the ipsilateral arm
Alana B McCambridge
Movement Neuroscience Laboratory, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
J Neurophysiol 105:2937-42. 2011
..These findings may have relevance for the use of tDCS in rehabilitation after stroke...
- Technology-assisted training of arm-hand skills in stroke: concepts on reacquisition of motor control and therapist guidelines for rehabilitation technology design
Annick A A Timmermans
Faculty of Biomedical Technology, Technical University Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
J Neuroeng Rehabil 6:1. 2009
It is the purpose of this article to identify and review criteria that rehabilitation technology should meet in order to offer arm-hand training to stroke patients, based on recent principles of motor learning.
- Interstitial muscle lactate, pyruvate and potassium dynamics in the trapezius muscle during repetitive low-force arm movements, measured with microdialysis
National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen, Denmark
Acta Physiol Scand 182:379-88. 2004
..Local muscle metabolic responses to repetitive low-force contractions and to intense static contractions were studied by microdialysis in humans...
- Endpoint stiffness of the arm is directionally tuned to instability in the environment
David W Franklin
National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Keihanna Science City, Kyoto 619 0288, Japan
J Neurosci 27:7705-16. 2007
..Furthermore, it supports the idea that the CNS incorporates an impedance controller that acts to ensure stability, reduce movement variability, and reduce metabolic cost...
- Movement-related potentials associated with self-paced, cued and imagined arm movements
S K Jankelowitz
Institute of Neurological Sciences and UNSW Clinical School, The Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, Sydney 2031, NSW, Australia
Exp Brain Res 147:98-107. 2002
..In addition, in view of the greater SMA activation in association with proximal arm movements, we studied movements at multiple joints in the right arm. All the potentials were largest at Cz...
- Computerized arm training improves the motor control of the severely affected arm after stroke: a single-blinded randomized trial in two centers
Klinik Berlin, Neurological Rehabilitation, Charite, Berlin, Germany
Stroke 36:1960-6. 2005
To compare a computerized arm trainer (AT), allowing repetitive practice of passive and active bilateral forearm and wrist movement cycle, and electromyography-initiated electrical stimulation (ES) of the paretic wrist extensor in ..
- Cortical control of a prosthetic arm for self-feeding
Department of Neurobiology, School of Medicine, E1440 BST, Lothrop Street, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
Nature 453:1098-101. 2008
b>Arm movement is well represented in populations of neurons recorded from the motor cortex...
- Voluntary modification of automatic arm movements evoked by motion of a visual target
B L Day
MRC Human Movement and Balance Unit, Institute of Neurology, London, UK
Exp Brain Res 130:159-68. 2000
..to a reach are: (1) modifiable by the subject's intention, and (2) available to initiate movement of a stationary arm. Unpredictable movement of a target (80 m/s through 10 cm, left or right in a third of trials) either evoked a mid-..
- Cortical representation of ipsilateral arm movements in monkey and man
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
J Neurosci 29:12948-56. 2009
..neurons in primary motor cortex (M1) may represent, on average, the direction of movements of the ipsilateral arm. Given the increasing body of evidence demonstrating that neural ensembles can reliably represent information with ..
- Neck Disability Index, short form-36 physical component summary, and pain scales for neck and arm pain: the minimum clinically important difference and substantial clinical benefit after cervical spine fusion
Leah Y Carreon
Norton Leatherman Spine Center, 210 East Gray St, Suite 900, Louisville, KY 40202, USA
Spine J 10:469-74. 2010
The Neck Disability Index (NDI), the short form-36 (SF-36) physical component summary (PCS), and pain scales for arm and neck pain are increasingly used to evaluate treatment effectiveness after cervical spine surgery...
- Web-based telerehabilitation for the upper extremity after stroke
David J Reinkensmeyer
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Center for Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine 92697 3975, USA
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 10:102-8. 2002
..This paper provides a detailed design description of a telerehabilitation system for arm and hand therapy following stroke...
- Virtual reality in the rehabilitation of the arm after hemiplegic stroke: a randomized controlled pilot study
J H Crosbie
Neurological Physiotherapist, Belfast, UK
Clin Rehabil 26:798-806. 2012
..the effectiveness of virtual reality-mediated therapy compared to conventional physiotherapy in the motor rehabilitation of the arm following stroke, and to provide data for a power analysis to determine numbers for a future main trial.
- Robot-aided neurorehabilitation of the upper extremities
Rehabilitation Engineering Group, Automatic Control Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
Med Biol Eng Comput 43:2-10. 2005
..The devices are critically compared with respect to technical function, clinical applicability, and, if they exist, clinical outcomes...
- Robotically facilitated virtual rehabilitation of arm transport integrated with finger movement in persons with hemiparesis
Alma S Merians
Department of Rehabilitation and Movement Sciences, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA
J Neuroeng Rehabil 8:27. 2011
Recovery of upper extremity function is particularly recalcitrant to successful rehabilitation. Robotic-assisted arm training devices integrated with virtual targets or complex virtual reality gaming simulations are being developed to ..
- MIME robotic device for upper-limb neurorehabilitation in subacute stroke subjects: A follow-up study
Peter S Lum
Hunter Holmes McGuire Department of Veterans Affairs VA Medical Center, Richmond, VA, USA
J Rehabil Res Dev 43:631-42. 2006
..Robot-assisted treatment gains exceeded those expected from spontaneous recovery. These results are discussed in light of the need for further device development and continued clinical trials...
- Waist circumference and mid-upper arm circumference in evaluation of obesity in children aged between 6 and 17 years
M Mumtaz Mazicioglu
Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 2:144-50. 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the cut-off values for waist circumference (WC) and mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and to assess their use in screening for obesity in children.
- Spontaneous synchronization of arm motion between Japanese macaques
Laboratory for Adaptive Intelligence, Brain Science Institute, RIKEN, 2 1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
Sci Rep 3:1151. 2013
..This study establishes advanced tasks for testing social coordination in monkeys, and illustrates ways in which monkeys coordinate their actions to establish synchronization...
- Cerebellar complex spikes encode both destinations and errors in arm movements
Information Science Division, Electrotechnical Laboratory, Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Tsukuba
Nature 392:494-7. 1998
..complex spikes, named after the complexity of their waveforms, with a frequency of approximately 1 Hz during arm movements...
- The central nervous system stabilizes unstable dynamics by learning optimal impedance
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 119260, Singapore
Nature 414:446-9. 2001
..Stability may be dependent on the control of mechanical impedance in the human arm because mechanical impedance can generate forces which resist destabilizing motion...
- Effect of arm position on the prediction of kinematics from EMG in amputees
Department of Neurorehabilitation Engineering, Bernstein Focus Neurotechnology Göttingen, Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, University Medical Center Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
Med Biol Eng Comput 51:143-51. 2013
..One of these factors is the change in arm posture during the daily use of prostheses...
- Three-dimensional, task-specific robot therapy of the arm after stroke: a multicentre, parallel-group randomised trial
Sensory Motor Systems Lab, Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Spinal Cord Injury Center, University Hospital Balgrist, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Electronic address
Lancet Neurol 13:159-66. 2014
b>Arm hemiparesis secondary to stroke is common and disabling...
- Intensity of leg and arm training after primary middle-cerebral-artery stroke: a randomised trial
Department of Physical Therapy and Research Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, University Hospital Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Lancet 354:191-6. 1999
We investigated the effects of different intensities of arm and leg rehabilitation training on the functional recovery of activities of daily living (ADL), walking ability, and dexterity of the paretic arm, in a single-blind randomised ..
- Real-time control of a robot arm using simultaneously recorded neurons in the motor cortex
J K Chapin
Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, MCP Hahnemann School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19129, USA
Nat Neurosci 2:664-70. 1999
..recorded motor cortex neurons can be used for real-time device control, rats were trained to position a robot arm to obtain water by pressing a lever...
- The development toward stereotypic arm kinematics during reaching in the first 3 years of life
Department of Neurology, University of Tubingen, Germany
Exp Brain Res 117:346-54. 1997
..Here we analyze hand and proximal joint trajectories and examine the emerging temporal coordination between arm segments...
- Role of cocontraction in arm movement accuracy
Paul L Gribble
Department of Psychology, Graduate Program in Neuroscience, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada
J Neurophysiol 89:2396-405. 2003
..energetically expensive, cocontraction may be a strategy used by the motor system to facilitate multi-joint arm movement accuracy...
- Prediction of arm trajectory from a small number of neuron activities in the primary motor cortex
Core Research for Evolution Science and Technology CREST, Japan Science an Technology Agency, Kawaguchi 332 0012, Japan
Neurosci Res 55:146-53. 2006
Monkey arm movement was reconstructed from neuron activities recorded in the primary motor cortex (Ml). We recorded single neuron activities from a monkey's Ml, while the animal performed an arm reaching task...
- Effects of altering initial position on movement direction and extent
Robert L Sainburg
Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
J Neurophysiol 89:401-15. 2003
..Subjects performed a horizontal-plane reaching task with the dominant arm supported above a table top by a frictionless air-jet system...
- Repetitive bilateral arm training with rhythmic auditory cueing improves motor function in chronic hemiparetic stroke
Departments of Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, University of Maryland at Baltimore, USA
Stroke 31:2390-5. 2000
..We investigated the hypothesis that bilateral arm training with rhythmic auditory cueing (BATRAC) will improve motor function in the hemiparetic arm of stroke ..
- Impact of botulinum toxin type A on disability and carer burden due to arm spasticity after stroke: a randomised double blind placebo controlled trial
B B Bhakta
Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Research Unit, University of Leeds, 36 Clarendon Road, Leeds LS2 9NZ, UK
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 69:217-21. 2000
After stroke, abnormal arm posture due to spasticity in a functionally useless arm may interfere with self care tasks. In these patients botulinum toxin treatment presents an opportunity to reduce disability...
- Concurrent adaptations of left and right arms to opposite visual distortions
Institute of Physiology and Anatomy, German Sport University, 50927 Koln, Germany
Exp Brain Res 162:513-9. 2005
Previous research has shown that subjects can adapt with either arm to an opposite visual distortion, and the two adaptive states can then be used in sequence to control the respective arm...
- Training-induced changes in the pattern of triceps to biceps activation during reaching tasks after chronic and severe stroke
Ruth Nancy Barker
Discipline of Physiotherapy, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
Exp Brain Res 196:483-96. 2009
..who completed the study, 10 received training of reaching using a non-robotic upper limb training device, the SMART Arm, with EMG triggered functional electrical stimulation (EMG-stim), 13 received training of reaching using the SMART ..
- Effects of arm exercise on serum glucose response in type 2 DM patients
School of Nursing, Taipei Medical University
J Nurs Res 10:187-94. 2002
..Thirty-three type 2 DM patients who met the selection criteria were selected. An arm cycle ergometer exercise test was conducted, and then 12 arm exercise sessions were arranged based on different ..
- The ABILHAND questionnaire as a measure of manual ability in chronic stroke patients: Rasch-based validation and relationship to upper limb impairment
Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine Unit, , Brussels, Belgium
Stroke 32:1627-34. 2001
..patients often retain the ability to manage activities requiring both hands, either through the use of the affected arm or compensation with the unaffected limb...
- Langerhans cell sarcoma emanating from the upper arm skin: successful treatment by MAID regimen
Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation Medicine, Fukui University Faculty of Medical Sciences, Matsuoka, Fukui, Japan
J Orthop Sci 13:89-93. 2008
- The influence of predicted arm biomechanics on decision making
Departement de Physiologie, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
J Neurophysiol 105:3022-33. 2011
..in our task, subjects preferred movements whose final trajectory was better aligned with the major axis of the arm's mobility ellipse, even when the launching properties were very similar...
- Reverse correlation between ankle-brachial index and left ventricular hypertrophy in patients on maintenance haemodialysis
Department of Nephrology, Center of Kidney Disease, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China
Nephrology (Carlton) 11:9-14. 2006
..Ankle-brachial index (ABI) has been recently demonstrated to be a predictor for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in MHD Patients. The main objective of the present study is to see whether ABI is correlated with LVH in MHD patients...
- The incidence of arm edema in women with breast cancer randomized on the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project study B-04 to radical mastectomy versus total mastectomy and radiotherapy versus total mastectomy alone
National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project NSABP Operations and Biostatistical Centers, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Department of Radiation Oncology, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 70:1020-4. 2008
To determine the incidence and factors associated with the development of arm edema in women who participated in the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) study B-04.
- Assessment of upper-limb sensorimotor function of subacute stroke patients using visually guided reaching
Angela M Coderre
Queen s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 24:528-41. 2010
..Using robotic technology, we examined the ability of a visually guided reaching task to assess the sensorimotor function of patients with stroke...
- Mentally represented motor actions in normal aging: III. Electromyographic features of imagined arm movements
Universite de Bourgogne, UFR STAPS, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale INSERM, Unité 887, Motricité et Plasticité, BP 27877, F 21078 Dijon, France
Behav Brain Res 206:184-91. 2010
..Here, we investigated the temporal and electromyographic (EMG) features of imagined arm movements in healthy elderly adults. Twelve young (mean age: 24.0+/-1.3 years) and 12 elderly (mean age: 67.0+/-4...
- Continuous neuronal ensemble control of simulated arm reaching by a human with tetraplegia
E K Chadwick
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
J Neural Eng 8:034003. 2011
..electrical stimulation (FES), the coordinated electrical activation of multiple muscles, has been used to restore arm and hand function in people with paralysis...
- Cerebellar inputs to intraparietal cortex areas LIP and MIP: functional frameworks for adaptive control of eye movements, reaching, and arm/eye/head movement coordination
Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Cellulaire et Moleculaire, UPR9040 CNRS, 1 Av de la Terrasse, Gif sur Yvette, France
Cereb Cortex 20:214-28. 2010
..Area MIP is the target of projections from the ventral D (mainly middle third), and gaze- and arm-related domains of IP involved in reaching and arm/eye/head coordination...
- The relation between arm/shoulder problems and quality of life in breast cancer survivors: a cross-sectional and longitudinal study
Inger Lise Nesvold
National Resource Center for Late Effects, Department of Oncology, Oslo University Hospital and University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
J Cancer Surviv 5:62-72. 2011
This cross-sectional and longitudinal study of breast cancer survivors (BCSs) examines the associations between arm/shoulder problems (ASPs), which consist of pain, restricted mobility and lymphedema, and different aspects of quality of ..
- Visuomotor learning generalizes between bilateral and unilateral conditions despite varying degrees of bilateral interference
Department of Human Movement Sciences, 491 Enderis Hall, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA
J Neurophysiol 104:2913-21. 2010
Bilateral interference, referring to the tendency of movements of one arm to disrupt the intended movements made simultaneously with the other arm, is often observed in a task that involves differential planning of each arm movement ..
- Bilateral and unilateral arm training improve motor function through differing neuroplastic mechanisms: a single-blinded randomized controlled trial
Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 25:118-29. 2011
This randomized controlled trial tests the efficacy of bilateral arm training with rhythmic auditory cueing (BATRAC) versus dose-matched therapeutic exercises (DMTEs) on upper-extremity (UE) function in stroke survivors and uses ..
- Blue dye injection in the arm in order to conserve the lymphatic drainage of the arm in breast cancer patients requiring an axillary dissection
Department of Gynecologic and Oncologic Surgery, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Ann Surg Oncol 14:2490-6. 2007
..many patients with invasive breast cancer still undergo an axillary lymph node dissection and are at risk of arm lymphedema...
- The illusion of owning a third arm
Brain, Body and Self Laboratory, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
PLoS ONE 6:e17208. 2011
..that, in the not-so-distant future, we will be able to reshape the human body so as to have extra limbs? A third arm helping us out with the weekly shopping in the local grocery store, or an extra artificial limb assisting a ..
- Population-based cohort study of incident and persistent arm pain: role of mental health, self-rated health and health beliefs
K T Palmer
MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, Community Clinical Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, England SO16 6YD, UK
Pain 136:30-7. 2008
To investigate whether somatising tendency, low mood and poor self-rated health (SRH) predict incident arm pain, and whether these factors and beliefs about causation and prognosis predict symptom persistence, we conducted an 18-month ..
- Evidence for composite cost functions in arm movement planning: an inverse optimal control approach
Italian Institute of Technology, Department of Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Genoa, Italy
PLoS Comput Biol 7:e1002183. 2011
..In order to better clarify this last point, we consider an innovative experimental paradigm characterized by arm reaching with target redundancy...
- Influence of obesity on accurate and rapid arm movement performed from a standing posture
Groupe de Recherche en Analyse du Mouvement et Ergonomie GRAME, Quebec, Canada
Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1750-7. 2006
..This study sought to examine if obesity imposes an additional balance control constraint limiting the speed and accuracy with which an upper limb goal-directed movement performed from an upright standing position can be executed...
- The influence of target sensory modality on motor planning may reflect errors in sensori-motor transformations
F R Sarlegna
Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA
Neuroscience 164:597-610. 2009
..Here we investigated the effect of visuo-proprioceptive integration on the control of multi-joint arm movements by manipulating target modality...
- Bilateral actions of the reticulospinal tract on arm and shoulder muscles in the monkey: stimulus triggered averaging
Adam G Davidson
Neuroscience Graduate Studies Program, The Ohio State University, 1583 Perry Street, Rm 516G, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Exp Brain Res 173:25-39. 2006
..muscles of both upper limbs while two awake monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) performed a reaching task using either arm. Extensor and flexor muscles were studied at the wrist, elbow, and shoulder; muscles acting on the scapula were ..
- Cerebellum predicts the future motor state
Timothy J Ebner
Department of Neuroscience, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Cerebellum 7:583-8. 2008
..However, Purkinje cell firing has several of the characteristics of a forward internal model of the arm. A synthesis of the evidence suggests that the cerebellum is involved in integrating the current state of the motor ..
- Strategies for stroke rehabilitation
Bruce H Dobkin
Neurologic Rehabilitation and Research Program, Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, USA
Lancet Neurol 3:528-36. 2004
..Biological strategies for neural repair may augment rehabilitation in the next decade...
- Comparison of two techniques of robot-aided upper limb exercise training after stroke
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
Am J Phys Med Rehabil 83:720-8. 2004
..This study examined whether incorporating progressive resistive training into robot-aided exercise training provides incremental benefits over active-assisted robot-aided exercise for the upper limb after stroke...
- Impact of time on improvement of outcome after stroke
Department of Rehabilitation, VU University Medical Centre and Rehabilitation Centre De Hoogstraat, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, UMC Utrecht, The Netherlands
Stroke 37:2348-53. 2006
..The aim of the present study was to study the effects of progress of time on observed improvements in motor strength, synergisms, and activities during the first 16 weeks poststroke...
- Cortical control of arm movements: a dynamical systems perspective
Krishna V Shenoy
Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford Institute for Neuro Innovation and TranslationalNeuroscience, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Annu Rev Neurosci 36:337-59. 2013
..Investigating the neural control of movement in general, and the cortical control of volitional arm movements in particular, has been a major research focus in recent decades...
- Impedance control and internal model use during the initial stage of adaptation to novel dynamics in humans
Theodore E Milner
ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Keihanna Science City, Kyoto, Japan
J Physiol 567:651-64. 2005
..Feedforward cocontraction of all muscles was used to increase the viscoelastic impedance of the arm. While stiffening the arm, subjects also exerted a lateral force to counteract the perturbing effect of the force ..
- Muscle interstitial potassium kinetics during intense exhaustive exercise: effect of previous arm exercise
The August Krogh Institute, IFI, Universitetsparken 13, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 285:R143-8. 2003
..human skeletal muscle by microdialysis during exhaustive leg exercise, with (AL) and without (L) previous intense arm exercise. In addition, the reproducibility of the [K+]i determinations was examined...
- Effects of robotic therapy on motor impairment and recovery in chronic stroke
Susan E Fasoli
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 84:477-82. 2003
To examine whether robotic therapy can reduce motor impairment and enhance recovery of the hemiparetic arm in persons with chronic stroke.
- Assessing mechanisms of recovery during robot-aided neurorehabilitation of the upper limb
Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS, Service of Bioengineering Veruno NO, Italy
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 22:50-63. 2008
..The present study aimed to qualify and quantify the different components of motor recovery in a group of stroke patients treated by robot-aided techniques. In addition, the learning model of each motor recovery component was analyzed...
- Influence of task-oriented training content on skilled arm-hand performance in stroke: a systematic review
Annick A A Timmermans
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Neurorehabil Neural Repair 24:858-70. 2010
This review evaluates the underlying training components currently used in task-oriented training and assesses the effects of these components on skilled arm-hand performance in patients after a stroke.
- Robot-based hand motor therapy after stroke
Craig D Takahashi
Department of Neurology, University of California, Irvine Medical Center, 101 The City Drive South, Building 53 Room 203, Orange, CA 92868 4280, USA
Brain 131:425-37. 2008
..Subjects with chronic stroke producing moderate right arm/hand weakness received 3 weeks therapy that emphasized intense active movement repetition as well as attention, ..
- The dominant and nondominant arms are specialized for stabilizing different features of task performance
Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Exp Brain Res 178:565-70. 2007
..During aimed movements, the dominant arm shows advantages for coordinating intersegmental dynamics as required for specifying trajectory speed and direction,..
- Role of limb and target vision in the online control of memory-guided reaches
Dept of Kinesiology and Program in Neural Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
Motor Control 9:281-311. 2005
..It is therefore proposed that a reasonably accurate and temporally stable stored target representation can be combined with vision of the moving limb for the online control of memory-guided reaches...
- Somatosensory plasticity and motor learning
David J Ostry
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
J Neurosci 30:5384-93. 2010
..The findings indicate that motor learning affects not only motor areas of the brain but changes sensory function as well...
- Randomized multicenter trial of sentinel node biopsy versus standard axillary treatment in operable breast cancer: the ALMANAC Trial
Robert E Mansel
Department of Surgery, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK
J Natl Cancer Inst 98:599-609. 2006
- Risk factors for arm lymphedema following breast cancer diagnosis in Black women and White women
Kathleen A Meeske
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Breast Cancer Res Treat 113:383-91. 2009
Purpose Lymphedema of the arm is a potential complication of breast cancer therapy...
- Concurrent adaptation of force and impedance in the redundant muscle system
Keng Peng Tee
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
Biol Cybern 102:31-44. 2010
..Simulations of multijoint arm movements with a neuromuscular plant that incorporates neural delays, reflexes, and signal-dependent noise, ..
- Reaching activity in parietal area V6A of macaque: eye influence on arm activity or retinocentric coding of reaching movements?
Dipartimento di Fisiologia Umana e Generale, Universita di Bologna, I 40126 Bologna, Italy
Eur J Neurosci 27:775-89. 2008
..area V6A contains neurons modulated by the direction of gaze as well as neurons able to code the direction of arm movement...