abdomen

Summary

Summary: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Results from the International Conference of Experts on Intra-abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. I. Definitions
    Manu L N G Malbrain
    Department of Intensive Care, Ziekenhuis Netwerk Antwerpen, Campus Stuivenberg, Lange Beeldekensstraat 267, 2060, Antwerpen 6, Belgium
    Intensive Care Med 32:1722-32. 2006
  2. ncbi Prevalence of intra-abdominal hypertension in critically ill patients: a multicentre epidemiological study
    Manu L N G Malbrain
    Medical Intensive Care Unit, ACZA Campus Stuivenberg, Lange Beeldekensstraat 267, 2060 Antwerp, Belgium manu malbrain skynet be
    Intensive Care Med 30:822-9. 2004
  3. ncbi Different techniques to measure intra-abdominal pressure (IAP): time for a critical re-appraisal
    Manu L N G Malbrain
    Medical Intensive Care Unit, ACZA Campus Stuivenberg, Lange Beeldekensstraat 267, B 2060 Antwerp, Belgium
    Intensive Care Med 30:357-71. 2004
  4. ncbi What is normal intra-abdominal pressure and how is it affected by positioning, body mass and positive end-expiratory pressure?
    B L De Keulenaer
    Intensive Care Unit, Fremantle Hospital, Alma Street, Fremantle, WA 6160, Australia
    Intensive Care Med 35:969-76. 2009
  5. ncbi Temporary abdominal closure techniques: a prospective randomized trial comparing polyglactin 910 mesh and vacuum-assisted closure
    Tiffany K Bee
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 65:337-42; discussion 342-4. 2008
  6. ncbi Peritoneal adhesions: etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical significance. Recent advances in prevention and management
    T Liakakos
    3rd Academic Department of Surgery, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece
    Dig Surg 18:260-73. 2001
  7. ncbi A new model of visceral pain and referred hyperalgesia in the mouse
    J M Laird
    Department of Physiology, University of Alcala, Alcala de Henares, E 28871, Madrid, Spain
    Pain 92:335-42. 2001
  8. pmc Decompressive laparotomy for abdominal compartment syndrome--a critical analysis
    Jan J De Waele
    Intensive Care Unit, Ghent University Hospital, Gent, Belgium
    Crit Care 10:R51. 2006
  9. pmc Temporary closure of the open abdomen: a systematic review on delayed primary fascial closure in patients with an open abdomen
    Pieter Boele van Hensbroek
    Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, P O Box 22660, Room G4 150, 1100 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    World J Surg 33:199-207. 2009
  10. ncbi Multicentre prospective study of fascial closure rate after open abdomen with vacuum and mesh-mediated fascial traction
    S Acosta
    Vascular Centre, Skane University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Br J Surg 98:735-43. 2011

Detail Information

Publications291 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Results from the International Conference of Experts on Intra-abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. I. Definitions
    Manu L N G Malbrain
    Department of Intensive Care, Ziekenhuis Netwerk Antwerpen, Campus Stuivenberg, Lange Beeldekensstraat 267, 2060, Antwerpen 6, Belgium
    Intensive Care Med 32:1722-32. 2006
    ..The variety of definitions proposed has led to confusion and difficulty in comparing one study to another...
  2. ncbi Prevalence of intra-abdominal hypertension in critically ill patients: a multicentre epidemiological study
    Manu L N G Malbrain
    Medical Intensive Care Unit, ACZA Campus Stuivenberg, Lange Beeldekensstraat 267, 2060 Antwerp, Belgium manu malbrain skynet be
    Intensive Care Med 30:822-9. 2004
    ..This study assessed the prevalence of IAH and its risk factors in a mixed population of intensive care patients...
  3. ncbi Different techniques to measure intra-abdominal pressure (IAP): time for a critical re-appraisal
    Manu L N G Malbrain
    Medical Intensive Care Unit, ACZA Campus Stuivenberg, Lange Beeldekensstraat 267, B 2060 Antwerp, Belgium
    Intensive Care Med 30:357-71. 2004
    ..have shown that a clinical estimation of IAP by abdominal girth or by examiner's feel of the tenseness of the abdomen is far from accurate, with a sensitivity of around 40%...
  4. ncbi What is normal intra-abdominal pressure and how is it affected by positioning, body mass and positive end-expiratory pressure?
    B L De Keulenaer
    Intensive Care Unit, Fremantle Hospital, Alma Street, Fremantle, WA 6160, Australia
    Intensive Care Med 35:969-76. 2009
    ..To describe what is defined as normal intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and how body positioning, body mass index (BMI) and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) affect IAP monitoring...
  5. ncbi Temporary abdominal closure techniques: a prospective randomized trial comparing polyglactin 910 mesh and vacuum-assisted closure
    Tiffany K Bee
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 65:337-42; discussion 342-4. 2008
    ..Some advocate polyglactin mesh (MESH), while others favor vacuum-assisted closure (VAC). We performed a single institution prospective randomized trial comparing morbidity and mortality differences between MESH and VAC...
  6. ncbi Peritoneal adhesions: etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical significance. Recent advances in prevention and management
    T Liakakos
    3rd Academic Department of Surgery, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece
    Dig Surg 18:260-73. 2001
    ....
  7. ncbi A new model of visceral pain and referred hyperalgesia in the mouse
    J M Laird
    Department of Physiology, University of Alcala, Alcala de Henares, E 28871, Madrid, Spain
    Pain 92:335-42. 2001
    ..Visceral pain-related behaviours (licking abdomen, stretching, contractions of abdomen etc) were counted for 20 min...
  8. pmc Decompressive laparotomy for abdominal compartment syndrome--a critical analysis
    Jan J De Waele
    Intensive Care Unit, Ghent University Hospital, Gent, Belgium
    Crit Care 10:R51. 2006
    ..Surgical decompression through a midline laparotomy or decompressive laparotomy remains the sole definite therapy for ACS, but the effect of decompressive laparotomy has not been studied in large patient series...
  9. pmc Temporary closure of the open abdomen: a systematic review on delayed primary fascial closure in patients with an open abdomen
    Pieter Boele van Hensbroek
    Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, P O Box 22660, Room G4 150, 1100 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    World J Surg 33:199-207. 2009
    ..In some cases of abdominal trauma or infection, edema or packing precludes fascial closure after laparotomy. This "open abdomen" must then be temporarily closed. However, the FC rate varies between techniques.
  10. ncbi Multicentre prospective study of fascial closure rate after open abdomen with vacuum and mesh-mediated fascial traction
    S Acosta
    Vascular Centre, Skane University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Br J Surg 98:735-43. 2011
    Damage control surgery and temporary open abdomen (OA) have been adopted widely, in both trauma and non-trauma situations. Several techniques for temporary abdominal closure have been developed...
  11. pmc Contraction of the ventral abdomen potentiates extracardiac retrograde hemolymph propulsion in the mosquito hemocoel
    Jonathan W Andereck
    Department of Biological Sciences and Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e12943. 2010
    ..During our analyses of hemolymph propulsion in Anopheles gambiae, we observed periodic ventral abdominal contractions and hypothesized that they promote extracardiac hemolymph circulation in the abdominal hemocoel...
  12. ncbi In situ dissection of the Fab-7 region of the bithorax complex into a chromatin domain boundary and a Polycomb-response element
    J Mihaly
    Department of Zoology and Animal Biology, University of Geneva, Switzerland
    Development 124:1809-20. 1997
    ....
  13. ncbi Abdominal radical trachelectomy in fertility-sparing treatment of early-stage cervical cancer
    David Cibula
    Oncogynecological Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Teaching Hospital, First Medical School, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
    Int J Gynecol Cancer 19:1407-11. 2009
    ..Abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART) is one of the fertility-sparing procedures in women with early-stage cervical cancer. In comparison with vaginal radical trachelectomy, the published results of ART are so far limited...
  14. ncbi Abdomen: diffusion-weighted MR imaging with pulse-triggered single-shot sequences
    Petra Mürtz
    Department of Radiology, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Strasse 25, D 53105 Bonn, Germany
    Radiology 224:258-64. 2002
    Magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion measurements of the abdomen were performed in 12 healthy volunteers by using a diffusion-weighted single-shot sequence both without and with pulse triggering for different trigger delays...
  15. pmc Cell rearrangements, cell divisions and cell death in a migrating epithelial sheet in the abdomen of Drosophila
    Marcus Bischoff
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Development 136:2403-11. 2009
    ..After mitosis, the sisters become preferentially aligned with the direction of movement. Thus, in the abdomen, it is the extensive cell migrations that appear to contribute most to morphogenesis...
  16. ncbi Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) technique in ultrasound with Virtual Touch tissue quantification of the upper abdomen
    A Gallotti
    Istituto di Radiologia, Policlinico GB Rossi, Universita di Verona, Piazzale LA Scuro 10, 37134 Verona, Italy
    Radiol Med 115:889-97. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to define the normal values of shear-wave speed for the healthy liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen and kidneys...
  17. ncbi A prospective study using color flow duplex ultrasonography for abdominal perforator mapping in microvascular breast reconstruction
    Katrin Seidenstucker
    SANA Hospital Düsseldorf, Department of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, Interdisciplinary Breast Center of Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Med Sci Monit 16:MT65-70. 2010
    ..We hypothesize that color flow duplex ultrasonography is a reliable method for mapping the abdominal perforator anatomy and avoids the complications associated with other methods...
  18. ncbi Postoperative adhesions: ten-year follow-up of 12,584 patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery
    M C Parker
    Department of Surgery, Darent Valley Hospital, Dartford, United Kingdom
    Dis Colon Rectum 44:822-29; discussion 829-30. 2001
    ..The study provides sound justification for improved adhesion prevention strategies...
  19. ncbi Is the evolving management of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome improving survival?
    Michael L Cheatham
    Surgical Trauma Intensive Care Unit, Orlando Regional Medical Center, Orlando, FL, USA
    Crit Care Med 38:402-7. 2010
    ....
  20. pmc Vitellogenin, juvenile hormone, insulin signaling, and queen honey bee longevity
    Miguel Corona
    Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:7128-33. 2007
    ..These results suggest that conserved and species-specific mechanisms interact to regulate queen bee longevity without sacrificing fecundity...
  21. ncbi The bric à brac locus consists of two paralogous genes encoding BTB/POZ domain proteins and acts as a homeotic and morphogenetic regulator of imaginal development in Drosophila
    Jean Louis Couderc
    INSERM UMR 384, Laboratoire de Biochimie, 28 Place Henri Dunant, 63001 Clermont Ferrand, Cedex, France
    Development 129:2419-33. 2002
    ..brac (bab) locus acts as a homeotic and morphogenetic regulator in the development of ovaries, appendages and the abdomen. It consists of two structurally and functionally related genes, bab1 and bab2, each of which encodes a single ..
  22. ncbi Interrupted or continuous slowly absorbable sutures for closure of primary elective midline abdominal incisions: a multicenter randomized trial (INSECT: ISRCTN24023541)
    Christoph M Seiler
    Study Center of the German Surgical Society, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Ann Surg 249:576-82. 2009
    ..The aim of this study is to compare: (1) interrupted technique with rapidly absorbable sutures and (2) continuous techniques with different slowly absorbable sutures, focusing on the incidence of incisional hernias within 1 year...
  23. ncbi Survey of intensive care physicians on the recognition and management of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome
    Edward J Kimball
    University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, 84132, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:2340-8. 2006
    ..To assess current understanding and clinical management of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome among critical care physicians...
  24. ncbi Laparoscopic-assisted versus open abdominoperineal resection for low rectal cancer: a prospective randomized trial
    Simon S M Ng
    Department of Surgery, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong
    Ann Surg Oncol 15:2418-25. 2008
    ..Recurrence and survival data were also recorded and compared between the two groups...
  25. ncbi Abdominal adhesion prevention: still a sticky subject?
    Chris I W Lauder
    University of Adelaide Discipline of Surgery, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woodville, SA, Australia
    Dig Surg 27:347-58. 2010
    ..There is an ongoing need to evaluate current understanding of adhesion formation and products aimed at prevention. Failure to keep up to date with adhesion treatment may subject clinicians to a greater medico-legal risk...
  26. pmc The molecular genetics of the bithorax complex of Drosophila: cis-regulation in the Abdominal-B domain
    S E Celniker
    Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena 91125
    EMBO J 9:4277-86. 1990
    ..Such sharing is proposed as a factor that tends to keep gene complexes intact during evolution...
  27. ncbi Functional conservation of the fruitless male sex-determination gene across 250 Myr of insect evolution
    Donald A Gailey
    Department of Biological Sciences, California State University East Bay, Hayward, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 23:633-43. 2006
    ..Given these conserved features within the context of 250 Myr of evolutionary divergence between Drosophila and Anopheles, we hypothesize that fru is the prototypic gene of male sexual behavior among dipteran insects...
  28. ncbi Secondary abdominal compartment syndrome after severe extremity injury: are early, aggressive fluid resuscitation strategies to blame?
    Michael C Madigan
    Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    J Trauma 64:280-5. 2008
    ..We hypothesized that poor resuscitation techniques, including early and excessive crystalloid administration, places patients with extremity injuries at risk for developing secondary ACS...
  29. ncbi Clinical relevance of intra-abdominal hypertension in patients with severe acute pancreatitis
    Ahmed Z Al-Bahrani
    Department of Surgery, Hemel Hempstead Hospital, Hemel Hempstead, UK
    Pancreas 36:39-43. 2008
    ..This study aims to investigate the clinical significance of IAH in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP)...
  30. ncbi The effects of different ventilatory settings on pulmonary and systemic inflammatory responses during major surgery
    Hermann Wrigge
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
    Anesth Analg 98:775-81, table of contents. 2004
    ..Our data suggest that the ventilatory settings we studied do not affect inflammatory reactions during major surgery within 3 h...
  31. ncbi Radical vaginal versus abdominal trachelectomy for stage IB1 cervical cancer: a comparison of surgical and pathologic outcomes
    Margaret H Einstein
    Department of Surgery, Gynecology Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Gynecol Oncol 112:73-7. 2009
    ..To compare the surgical and pathologic outcomes utilizing two surgical approaches for fertility-sparing radical trachelectomy in patients with stage IB1 cervical cancer...
  32. ncbi Intra- and interobserver variability during in vitro validation of two novel methods for intra-abdominal pressure monitoring
    Tom J R De Potter
    Intensive Care Unit, Campus Stuivenberg, Ziekenhuisnetwerk Antwerpen, Lange Beeldekensstraat 267, 2060 Antwerpen 6, Belgium
    Intensive Care Med 31:747-51. 2005
    ..Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) measurement techniques vary in automaticity and reproducibility. This study evaluated the intra- and interobserver variability of two new IAP measurement techniques...
  33. ncbi Intra-abdominal hypertension and the abdominal compartment syndrome
    J D Hunter
    Department of Anaesthetics and Intensive Care, Macclesfield District General Hospital, Macclesfield, UK
    Anaesthesia 59:899-907. 2004
    ..Prevention of abdominal compartment syndrome after laparotomy by adoption of an open abdomen approach may be preferable in the patient at significant risk of developing intra-abdominal hypertension, but ..
  34. ncbi Early versus late drain removal after standard pancreatic resections: results of a prospective randomized trial
    Claudio Bassi
    Department of Surgery, G B Rossi Hospital, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    Ann Surg 252:207-14. 2010
    ..The role of surgically placed intra-abdominal drainages after pancreatic resections has not been clearly established. In particular, their effect on morbidity rates and the optimal timing for their removal remains controversial...
  35. ncbi Abdominal cerebrospinal fluid pseudocyst: a complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunts in adults
    F Aparici-Robles
    Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico de Adultos, Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, Spain
    J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 52:40-3. 2008
    ..Visualization of the distal tip of the VPS within a homogeneous intraperitoneal collection is the principal diagnostic sign of an abdominal cerebrospinal fluid pseudocyst at ultrasound and CT...
  36. ncbi CD4 count is predictive of outcome in HIV-positive patients undergoing abdominal operations
    JEREMIAH L DENEVE
    Department of Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Grady Memorial Hospital, Jesse Hill Jr Dr SE, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Am J Surg 200:694-9; discussion 699-700. 2010
    ..The impact of immune status and surgical outcome in patients with HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remains unknown...
  37. ncbi Acoustic radiation force impulse imaging of the abdomen: demonstration of feasibility and utility
    Brian J Fahey
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Ultrasound Med Biol 31:1185-98. 2005
    ..Finite element method models and in vitro measurements confirmed the thermal safety of ARFI imaging at depth. ARFI imaging is inexpensive, safe and convenient and is a promising modality for use in abdominal imaging...
  38. pmc Defensive abdominal rotation patterns of tenebrionid beetle, Zophobas atratus, pupae
    Toshio Ichikawa
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
    J Insect Sci 12:133. 2012
    ..Pattern generation mechanisms for the abdominal rotation were discussed...
  39. ncbi Fenofibrate lowers abdominal and skeletal adiposity and improves insulin sensitivity in OLETF rats
    H J Lee
    Department of Pharmacology, Dong A University College of Medicine, Busan, Republic of Korea
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 296:293-9. 2002
    ..It might result in reduction of adiposity of truncal adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. We suggest that reduction of adiposity in trunk and skeletal muscle might improve insulin sensitivity...
  40. ncbi Elevated cytokine levels in peritoneal fluid from burned patients with intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome
    Areta Kowal-Vern
    Department of Trauma, Summer L Koch Burn Center, John H Stroger Jr Hospital of Cook County, 1901 W Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Burns 32:563-9. 2006
    ..This study compared antithrombin (AT) and cytokine levels in burn patient plasma and peritoneal fluid (PF)...
  41. ncbi Cellular mechanisms of dendrite pruning in Drosophila: insights from in vivo time-lapse of remodeling dendritic arborizing sensory neurons
    Darren W Williams
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Development 132:3631-42. 2005
    ..Finally, we find that phagocytic blood cells not only engulf neuronal debris but also attack and sever intact branches that show signs of destabilization...
  42. ncbi Abdominal compartment syndrome
    Georgi Petrov Deenichin
    Department of Surgery III, Medical University Faculty of Medicine, Pestersko Shose Street 66, Plovdiv 4001, Bulgaria
    Surg Today 38:5-19. 2008
    ..In the human body, areas denoted as compartments include the orbital globe, the sub and epidural space, the abdomen, pleura, pericardium, and others. Compartment syndrome was described initially in limbs...
  43. ncbi Formation and prevention of postoperative abdominal adhesions
    Genevieve M Boland
    Department of Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Surg Res 132:3-12. 2006
  44. pmc Laparoscopic treatment of abdominal complications following ventriculoperitoneal shunt
    Florian Popa
    St Pantelimon Clinical Emergency Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Bucharest, Romania
    J Med Life 2:426-36. 2009
    ..The aim of this study is the evaluation of laparoscopic treatment in abdominal complications following ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt...
  45. ncbi Non-traumatic causes and the management of the open abdomen
    P Mentula
    Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
    Minerva Chir 66:153-63. 2011
    The open abdomen is increasingly used for the treatment and prevention of abdominal compartment syndrome...
  46. pmc Phase II study evaluating consolidation whole abdominal intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with advanced ovarian cancer stage FIGO III--the OVAR-IMRT-02 Study
    Nathalie Rochet
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    BMC Cancer 11:41. 2011
    ..The current phase-II study succeeds to the phase-I study to further evaluate the toxicity of this new treatment...
  47. ncbi The abdominal compartment syndrome is a morbid complication of postinjury damage control surgery
    C D Raeburn
    Department of Surgery, Denver Health Medical Center and University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 777 Bannock, Unit 1, Denver, CO 80204, USA
    Am J Surg 182:542-6. 2001
    ..With the exception of early elevation in peak airway pressure, we could not identify patients at higher risk for ACS; moreover, preemptive abdominal bag closure during initial DCS did not prevent this highly morbid complication...
  48. ncbi Diffusion-weighted imaging of the abdomen at 3.0 Tesla: image quality and apparent diffusion coefficient reproducibility compared with 1.5 Tesla
    Andrew B Rosenkrantz
    NYU Langone Medical Center, Department of Radiology, New York, NY, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 33:128-35. 2011
    ..5 Tesla (T) and 3.0T in healthy volunteers in terms of image quality, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values, and ADC reproducibility...
  49. ncbi Closing the open abdomen: improved success with Wittmann Patch staged abdominal closure
    Jordan A Weinberg
    Section of Trauma, Burns, and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0007, USA
    J Trauma 65:345-8. 2008
    Although the "open abdomen" has likely contributed to improved outcomes in trauma patients, the challenge of subsequent fascial closure has emerged...
  50. ncbi Hemodynamic relationships among upper-abdominal aorta and femoral arteries: basis for measurement of arterial blood flow to abdominal-pelvic organs
    Takuya Osada
    Department of Sports Medicine for Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
    Med Sci Monit 15:CR332-40. 2009
    ..The aim was to examine 1) basal hemodynamic parameters such as vessel diameter (VD), blood velocity (BV), and BF and their relationship to Ao and FAs and 2) how both BFAo and BFFAs influence the magnitude of BFAP...
  51. ncbi Hox-mediated regulation of doublesex sculpts sex-specific abdomen morphology in Drosophila
    Wei Wang
    Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487, USA
    Dev Dyn 241:1076-90. 2012
    ..Together these transcription factors regulate numerous sex-specific characters, including pigmentation, cuticle morphology, and abdominal segment number...
  52. ncbi Dynamic retention suture closure: modified Bogotá bag approach
    Fernando Joglar
    University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, Department of Surgery, Puerto Rico Trauma Center, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    J Surg Res 162:274-8. 2010
    ..Management of patients with abdominal compartment syndrome requires abdominal decompression and the use of the open abdomen technique...
  53. ncbi Prevention of abdominal adhesions--present state and what's beyond the horizon?
    B Tingstedt
    Department of Surgery, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Eur Surg Res 39:259-68. 2007
    ..This review discusses possible ways to prevent abdominal adhesions and provides an update as comes to where we stand today in research regarding experimental and clinical use of various antiadhesive agents...
  54. ncbi MREIT conductivity imaging of the postmortem canine abdomen using CoReHA
    Kiwan Jeon
    Department of Mathematical Sciences, KAIST, Daejeon, Korea
    Physiol Meas 30:957-66. 2009
    ..Performing imaging experiments of the postmortem canine abdomen, we demonstrate how CoReHA can be utilized in MREIT...
  55. ncbi The open abdomen and temporary abdominal closure systems--historical evolution and systematic review
    A J Quyn
    Department of General Surgery, Victoria Hospital, Fife NHS Trust, Kirkcaldy, UK
    Colorectal Dis 14:e429-38. 2012
    ..Several techniques for temporary abdominal closure have been developed. We systematically review the literature on temporary abdominal closure to ascertain whether the method can be tailored to the indication...
  56. ncbi The relevance of image quality indices for dose optimization in abdominal multi-detector row CT in children: experimental assessment with pediatric phantoms
    H J Brisse
    Imaging Department, Institut Curie, 26 rue d Ulm 75005 Paris, France
    Phys Med Biol 54:1871-92. 2009
    ..g., to get a constant 7 mm rLCD(1%) for abdominal diameters of 10, 13, 16, 20 and 25 cm, tube current-time product should be adjusted in order to obtain CTDIvol(16) values of 6.2, 7.2, 8.8, 11.6 and 17.7 mGy, respectively)...
  57. ncbi The open abdomen: aetiology, classification and current management strategies
    M C Swan
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK
    J Wound Care 14:7-11. 2005
    ..A new classification system has been devised for open abdominal wounds. This will help identify an appropriate management strategy, and indicate the associated morbidity and outcome. In all cases, early intervention is vital...
  58. ncbi Helminthic diseases in the abdomen: an epidemiologic and radiologic overview
    Cinthia D Ortega
    Departamento de Radiologia da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Av Dr Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar 255, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Radiographics 30:253-67. 2010
    ..Awareness of the clinical, epidemiologic, and pathogenic characteristics of these diseases also may be helpful for narrowing the diagnosis when imaging features are nonspecific...
  59. ncbi Safe and rapid laparoscopic access--a new approach
    Jared L Antevil
    Department of General Surgery, Naval Medical Center San Diego, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, San Diego, California 92134, USA
    World J Surg 29:800-3. 2005
    ..While previous reports describe techniques for laparoscopic access entry based on similar anatomic and surgical principles, we describe an alternative method not yet discussed in the surgical literature...
  60. ncbi Validity and reliability of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for the assessment of abdominal adiposity
    Scott G Glickman
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Michigan, USA
    J Appl Physiol 97:509-14. 2004
    ..94, 0.97, and 0.89, respectively). In conclusion, the DXA L1-L4 region of interest compared with CT proved to be both reliable and accurate method to determine abdominal obesity...
  61. ncbi C-reactive protein is independently associated with total body fat, central fat, and insulin resistance in adult women
    N Pannacciulli
    Department of Emergency and Transplant, Section of Internal Medicine, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1416-20. 2001
    ....
  62. ncbi Field strength and diffusion encoding technique affect the apparent diffusion coefficient measurements in diffusion-weighted imaging of the abdomen
    Brian M Dale
    Siemens Healthcare, Cary, NC and daggerDepartment of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Invest Radiol 45:104-8. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study is to determine what effects a variety of diffusion encoding techniques at 1.5 T and 3 T have on measured abdominal apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values obtained in a healthy population...
  63. ncbi Antibacterial [corrected] coating of abdominal closure sutures and wound infection
    Christoph Justinger
    Department of General, Visceral, Vascular, and Pediatric Surgery, University of Saarland, Homburg Saar, Germany
    Surgery 145:330-4. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to ascertain if the use of Vicryl plus reduced the number of wound infections after midline laparotomy comparing to polydioxanon suture (PDS II)...
  64. ncbi Ultrasonographic diagnosis and medical treatment of human cystic echinococcosis in asymptomatic school age carriers: 5 years of follow-up
    Edmundo Larrieu
    Dirección de Salud Ambiental, Secretaria de Estado de Salud, Provincia de Río Negro, Viedma Rio Negro 8500, Argentina
    Acta Trop 91:5-13. 2004
    ..In this study, conventional surgery, was applied to 10% of detected cases. The combination of ultrasonographic screening and albendazol treatment showed promising results...
  65. ncbi CT fluoroscopy-guided biopsy of the lung or upper abdomen with a breath-hold monitoring and feedback system: a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial
    Stephanie K Carlson
    Department of Radiology, Section of Safety, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Radiology 237:701-8. 2005
    ..To prospectively determine the clinical effectiveness of a breath-hold monitoring and feedback system in computed tomographic (CT) fluoroscopy-guided biopsies in which respiratory motion is a problem...
  66. pmc Lower-body adiposity and metabolic protection in postmenopausal women
    R E Van Pelt
    Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Colorado at Denver Health Sciences Center, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Campus Box B 179, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:4573-8. 2005
    ..It has been suggested that the propensity to store fat in the gluteal-femoral region may be cardioprotective...
  67. ncbi Systematic review: incidence of abdominal/pelvic surgery amongst patients using tegaserod in randomized controlled trials
    P Schoenfeld
    Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan School of Medicine and Veterans Affairs Center for Excellence in Health Services Research, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA
    Aliment Pharmacol Ther 19:263-9. 2004
    ....
  68. ncbi Helical tomotherapy as a new treatment technique for whole abdominal irradiation
    Nathalie Rochet
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Strahlenther Onkol 184:145-9. 2008
    ..To describe a new intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) technique using helical tomotherapy for whole abdominal irradiation (WAI) in patients with advanced ovarian cancer...
  69. ncbi The hedgehog morphogen and gradients of cell affinity in the abdomen of Drosophila
    P A Lawrence
    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, UK
    Development 126:2441-9. 1999
    The adult abdomen of Drosophila is a chain of anterior (A) and posterior (P) compartments. The engrailed gene is active in all P compartments and selects the P state...
  70. ncbi Waist circumference and abdominal adipose tissue distribution: influence of age and sex
    Jennifer L Kuk
    School of Physical and Health Education and the Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Queen s University, Kingston, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:1330-4. 2005
    ..The influence of age and sex on the distribution of abdominal adipose tissue for a given waist circumference (WC) is unclear...
  71. pmc The secondary abdominal compartment syndrome: not just another post-traumatic complication
    Chad G Ball
    Department of Trauma, Surgery and Critical Care, Grady Memorial Hospital, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Can J Surg 51:399-405. 2008
    ..When overt ACS is confirmed, immediate surgical decompression of the patient's abdomen via a standard laparotomy is usually required...
  72. ncbi The effect of neuromuscular blockers in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension
    Inneke De Laet
    Intensive Care Unit 1K12 C, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Gent, Belgium
    Intensive Care Med 33:1811-4. 2007
    ..The objective was to prospectively study the effect of neuromuscular blockers on intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and a number of physiological variables in patients with increased IAP...
  73. ncbi Prospective evaluation of vacuum-assisted closure in abdominal compartment syndrome and severe abdominal sepsis
    Daniel Perez
    Department of Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Am Coll Surg 205:586-92. 2007
    Open abdomen treatment because of severe abdominal sepsis and abdominal compartment syndrome remains a difficult task. Different surgical techniques are available and are often used according to the surgeon's personal experience...
  74. ncbi A comparative study of postoperative adhesion formation after laparoscopic vs open cholecystectomy
    G Polymeneas
    Fifth Surgical Department, University of Athens, Evgenidion Hospital, Greece
    Surg Endosc 15:41-3. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: This comparative clinical study suggests that LC results in less adhesion formation, either on the operative or at the trocar entry sites, than open cholecystectomy...
  75. ncbi Modern surgical antibiotic prophylaxis and therapy--less is more
    P S Barie
    Division of Critical Care and Trauma, Department of Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 1:23-9. 2000
    ..Failure to stratify for risk may prolong treatment unnecessarily, confound the interpretation of future studies, and increase the prevalence of bacterial resistance...
  76. ncbi The morphogenetic and regulatory functions of the Drosophila Abdominal-B gene are encoded in overlapping RNAs transcribed from separate promoters
    M Zavortink
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Human Genetics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City 84132
    Genes Dev 3:1969-81. 1989
    ..4-kb RNA encodes a 30-kD protein (the r protein). The m and r proteins share a carboxy-terminal sequence that includes the homeo domain, but the r protein lacks a glutamine-rich amino-terminal domain found in the m protein...
  77. ncbi Comparison of two different temperature maintenance strategies during open abdominal surgery: upper body forced-air warming versus whole body water garment
    P K Janicki
    Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 4125, USA
    Anesthesiology 95:868-74. 2001
    ..One strategy used a new water garment warming system that permitted active warming of both the upper and lower extremities and the back. The other strategy used a single (upper body) forced-air warming system...
  78. ncbi Intra-abdominal fat is a major determinant of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria for the metabolic syndrome
    Darcy B Carr
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 6460, USA
    Diabetes 53:2087-94. 2004
    ..Of the NCEP criteria, waist circumference and triglycerides may best identify insulin resistance and visceral adiposity in individuals with a fasting plasma glucose <6.4 mmol/l...
  79. ncbi Enoxaparin-associated severe retroperitoneal bleeding and abdominal compartment syndrome: a report of two cases
    A Dabney
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 3635 Vista Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Intensive Care Med 27:1954-7. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: High-risk patients receiving low-molecular-weight heparin should be identified and closely monitored to prevent serious bleeding complications...
  80. ncbi A pilot study comparing percutaneous decompression with decompressive laparotomy for acute abdominal compartment syndrome in thermal injury
    Barbara A Latenser
    Department of Trauma, Cook County Hospital Burn Center, 700 S Wood Street, Chicago, IL, USA
    J Burn Care Rehabil 23:190-5. 2002
    ..Percutaneous decompression is a safe and effective method of decreasing IAH and preventing ACS in patients with less than 80% TBSA thermal injury...
  81. pmc Transvection in the iab-5,6,7 region of the bithorax complex of Drosophila: homology independent interactions in trans
    R Hopmann
    Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Genetics 139:815-33. 1995
    ..Transvection may, therefore, be of more general significance than previously suspected...
  82. pmc Obesity decreases perioperative tissue oxygenation
    Barbara Kabon
    Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Anesthesiology 100:274-80. 2004
    ..Furthermore, they compared the effect of supplemental oxygen administration on tissue oxygenation in obese and nonobese patients...
  83. ncbi Gossypiboma in abdomen and pelvis: MRI findings in four patients
    Chan Kyo Kim
    Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Ilwon Dong, Kangnam Gu, Seoul, Korea 135 710
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 189:814-7. 2007
    ..The purpose of our study was to describe the MRI features of gossypiboma and correlate the MRI findings with the pathologic findings in four patients...
  84. pmc Adhesive small bowel obstruction: epidemiology, biology and prevention
    Jo Anne P Attard
    Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta, Canada
    Can J Surg 50:291-300. 2007
    ..This article summarizes much of our current understanding of adhesion formation and strategies that have been employed to prevent them...
  85. ncbi Influence of systolic-pressure-variation-guided intraoperative fluid management on organ function and oxygen transport
    M Buettner
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Hospital Worms, Germany
    Br J Anaesth 101:194-9. 2008
    ..We analysed the effects of SPV-guided intraoperative fluid management on organ function and perfusion when compared with routine care...
  86. ncbi Intravascular volume depletion in a 24-hour porcine model of intra-abdominal hypertension
    Alexander Schachtrupp
    Department of Surgery, Rhenish Westphalian Technical University of Aachen, Aachen, Germany
    J Trauma 55:734-40. 2003
    ..The purpose of the study was to examine hemodynamic parameters and intravascular volume in a porcine model in the presence of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) lasting for 24 hours...
  87. ncbi Imaging of retained surgical sponges in the abdomen and pelvis
    Angus R O'Connor
    Department of Radiology, Nottingham City Hospital, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, United Kingdom
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 180:481-9. 2003
  88. ncbi An increase of abdominal pressure increases pulmonary edema in oleic acid-induced lung injury
    Michael Quintel
    Institut fur Anasthesiologie und Operative Intensivmedizin, Universitatsklinikum, Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 169:534-41. 2004
    ..We conclude that in OA-injured lung, the increase of IAP increases the amount of edema...
  89. ncbi Long-term follow-up and cost analysis following surgery for small bowel obstruction caused by intra-abdominal adhesions
    B Tingstedt
    Department of Surgery, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
    Br J Surg 94:743-8. 2007
    ..This study examined the natural course of patients following surgery for small bowel obstruction (SBO) caused by abdominal adhesions. In addition, a cost analysis was performed...
  90. pmc Modified Opsite sandwich for temporary abdominal closure: a non-traumatic experience
    J M Wilde
    Department of Colorectal Surgery, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, UK
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 89:57-61. 2007
    ..Numerous methods of temporary abdominal closure (TAC) are described in the literature with most reports focusing on trauma. We describe a modified technique for TAC and report its use in a series of critically ill non-trauma patients...
  91. ncbi Pericardial fat, visceral abdominal fat, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and vascular calcification in a community-based sample: the Framingham Heart Study
    Guido A Rosito
    Cardiac MR CT PET Program, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
    Circulation 117:605-13. 2008
    ..Correlations with cardiovascular disease risk factors and vascular calcification in a community-based sample are lacking. We sought to examine associations between pericardial fat, metabolic risk factors, and vascular calcification...
  92. ncbi Intra-abdominal hypertension and the abdominal compartment syndrome
    A F K Moore
    Department of Surgery, Nevill Hall Hospital, Brecon Road, Abergavenny NP7 7EG, UK
    Br J Surg 91:1102-10. 2004
    ..Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) occurs when intra-abdominal pressure is abnormally high in association with organ dysfunction. It tends to have a poor outcome, even when treated promptly by abdominal decompression...
  93. ncbi Topographical anatomy of Spiegel's lobe and its adjacent organs in mid-term fetuses: Its implication on the development of the lesser sac and adult morphology of the upper abdomen
    Si Eun Hwang
    Department of Surgery, Medical School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea
    Clin Anat 23:712-9. 2010
    ....
  94. ncbi Usefulness of anthropometry and DXA in predicting intra-abdominal fat in obese men and women
    E G Kamel
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Obes Res 8:36-42. 2000
    ..To investigate the usefulness of anthropometry and DXA in predicting intra-abdominal fat (IAF) in obese men and women...
  95. ncbi One-stage posttraumatic bladder reconstruction and soft-tissue coverage of the lower abdomen or perineum
    Chih Wei Wu
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University and Medical College, Taoyuan, Taiwan
    Ann Plast Surg 64:65-8. 2010
    ..flap is an ideal option for posttraumatic bladder reconstruction and soft-tissue coverage of the lower abdomen or perineum; whereas the undersurface of the muscle serves as a substitute for the missing bladder wall, the ..
  96. ncbi Magnetic resonance measurement of diffusion in the abdomen
    William H Perman
    Department of Radiology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Top Magn Reson Imaging 20:99-104. 2009
    ..DW) magnetic resonance imaging is an emerging noninvasive technique increasing its spectrum of use in the abdomen. Diffusion-weighted imaging has been used as add-on to routine abdominal protocol because it may potentially ..
  97. ncbi Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors of the abdomen as mimickers of malignancy: imaging features in nine children
    Su Jin Kim
    Department of Radiology and Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Jongno gu, Seoul 110 744, Korea
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 193:1419-24. 2009
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the CT and sonographic features in nine children with pathologically proven inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors of the abdomen.
  98. pmc Multidendritic sensory neurons in the adult Drosophila abdomen: origins, dendritic morphology, and segment- and age-dependent programmed cell death
    Kohei Shimono
    Laboratory of Cell Recognition and Pattern Formation, Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto, Japan
    Neural Dev 4:37. 2009
    ..Our knowledge regarding the anatomy and developmental basis of adult da neurons is still fragmentary...
  99. pmc Quality of life after abdominal wall reconstruction following open abdomen
    Ben L Zarzaur
    Department of Surgery and School of Nursing, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma 70:285-91. 2011
    Management of intra-abdominal hypertension with an open abdomen and planned ventral hernia results in decreased mortality. But, delayed abdominal wall reconstruction (DAWR) is necessary...
  100. ncbi Methods of estimation of visceral fat: advantages of ultrasonography
    Fernando F Ribeiro-Filho
    Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrinology Division, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Obes Res 11:1488-94. 2003
    ..To compare methods for the assessment of visceral fat with computed tomography (CT) and establish cutoffs to define visceral obesity based on such alternative methods...
  101. ncbi Single breath-hold diffusion-weighted imaging of the abdomen
    Lawrence C Chow
    Department of Radiology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    J Magn Reson Imaging 18:377-82. 2003
    To generate high quality diffusion-weighted images (DWI) and corresponding isotropic ADC maps of the abdomen with full organ (kidneys) coverage in a single breath-hold.

Research Grants76

  1. Plant-Derived Estrogens and Cell Proliferation
    Emma Shtivelman; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..by applicant): Menopause is associated with about a 10-15 pound weight gain and a redistribution of fat to the abdomen. The increase in abdominal fat, also known as visceral fat is known to produce cytokines that cause inflammation ..
  2. Developing Physics-Based Virtual Simulation Technology for Natural Orifice Transl
    DANIEL BOUGERE JONES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..discovering optimal techniques for accessing the intra-abdominal organs;(2) ensuring that the pressure inside the abdomen does not rise to dangerous levels or there is no leakage into the GI tract when gas (air or CO2) is pumped into ..
  3. Role of Heme Oxygenase-1 in Sepsis
    Mark A Perrella; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Infections of the abdomen, chest, genitourinary tract, and primary bloodstream account for more than 80% of sepsis cases, and the incidence ..
  4. A Prospective Study of Adiposity and Subclinical Coronary Artery Disease
    CHRISTINA LYNN WASSEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to evaluate the tissue composition of the abdomen, liver, and pericardium in 798 men and women who are being studied in the Rancho Bernardo Study (RBS)...
  5. Iyengar yoga for adolescents and young adults with irritable bowel syndrome
    Subhadra Evans; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Research: IBS affects as many as 14% of high school-aged students. Symptoms include discomfort in the abdomen, along with diarrhea and/or constipation and other gastroenterological symptoms, which can significantly impact ..
  6. 3D Single Fiber Endoscope for Minimally Invasive Surgeries
    Jason Geng; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..knee, shoulder, small joint and hips;and laparoscopic procedures to examine, diagnose and treat problems of the abdomen. However, traditional endoscopes have many shortcomings in performing MIS: 7 Large Diameter of conventional ..
  7. Molecular mechanism of antiangiogenic properties of gold nanoparticle
    Priyabrata Mukherjee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The combined methods, which deliver anti-cancer drugs into a vein and directly into the abdomen, extend overall survival for women with advanced ovarian cancer by about a year...
  8. FOUR-DIMENSIONAL MRI FOR IMAGE-GUIDED RADIATION THERAPY FOR PANCREATIC CANCER
    Yanle Hu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has excellent soft tissue contrast and is ideal for imaging tissues within the abdomen. However, without a practical and robust triggering system, its potential in 4D imaging has been tremendously ..
  9. Pre-Clinical Development of a Fetal Micropacemaker
    Ramen Chmait; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of advances in fetal intervention that allow percutaneous placement of the pacing system through the maternal abdomen and fetal chest wall under ultrasound and fetoscopic guidance...
  10. Subclinical Renal Artery Atherosclerosis, Kidney Function and Hypertension
    Matthew A Allison; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will explore these aims by interrogating images from computed tomography (CT) scans of the abdomen. The abdominal CT images will be scored for RAC, kidney volume and kidney density at the MESA CT reading center ..
  11. NEURAL CONTROL OF GASTROINTESTINAL ACTIVITY
    Michael D Gershon; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Unlike the CNS, however, the ENS is relatively exposed in the abdomen to injury...
  12. REGIONAL FATTY ACID METABOLISM IN HUMANS
    Michael D Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: People who gain fat mostly in their abdomen are more likely to develop diabetes and other health problems...
  13. CVD in American Indians Study and Data Management Center and OK Field Center
    ELISA TAN LEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Novel phenotypes defined by MRI of the abdomen (for fat deposition in liver and adipose depots) will elucidate the etiology of preclinical disease in younger ..
  14. CVD in American Indians: Imaging and Cardiovascular Center
    Richard B Devereux; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Novel phenotypes defined by MRI of the abdomen (for fat deposition in liver and adipose depots) will elucidate the etiology of preclinical disease in younger ..
  15. Poor nutrition and fetal development: preadipocyte adaptation in a primate model
    YOURKA DIMOVA TCHOUKALOVA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..fat cell precursors in different sites differently and leads to a tendency to store fat preferentially inside the abdomen increasing risk for adult chronic diseases...
  16. Drug-Eluting Bioresorbable Polymer Scaffolding for Treatment of Aortic Aneurysms
    JACK CABELL GRIFFIS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a condition in which the aorta, the main blood vessel in the abdomen, expands like a balloon. The aneurysm weakens the wall of the aorta and can result in rupture...
  17. Automatic Segmentation of Organs in Computed Tomography for Radiation Therapy Pla
    MARK MCKENZIE RODEN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..IMRT Treatment Planning software requires accurate segmentations of the organs in the abdomen and pelvis...
  18. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and neuroblastoma
    Rae Nishi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..arising from autonomic neuron progenitor cells that occurs in the adrenal medulla or as paraspinal tumors in the abdomen or thorax of infants and young children...
  19. Intracavitary Hemostatic Agent for Non-compressible Hemorrhage
    Martin Bluth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In an age of speed, civil violence and armed conflicts, the incidence of penetrating and blunt injuries to the abdomen has been on the increase. On average, nationwide 41...
  20. Effect of Aging on Preadipocyte Differentiation
    James L Kirkland; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..After middle age, fat is redistributed from regions under the skin to metabolically deleterious depots in the abdomen. Fat accumulates outside of fat tissue in muscle, marrow, the liver, and other sites...
  21. Genetic Determinants of Visceral Adiposity
    Yongmei Liu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The amount of fat in the abdomen is associated with diabetes, abnormal cholesterol, and heart disease...
  22. TAS::75 0849::TAS
    Wenlin Deng; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..of DFMO on cancer radiosensitivity Methods: (1) For efficacy studies under Aim #1, we will use a mouse model of abdomen-pelvis irradiation. Morphological evaluations include crypt survival and crypt-villus recovery...
  23. 124I-cG250 ImmunoPET Imaging of Sunitinib Treatment Response in Renal Cell Cancer
    STEVEN MARK LARSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..for its ability to predict response i comparison to bone scan, high resolution body CT scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis, RECIST version 1.1, time to progression and survival...
  24. Prevention of Menopause-Related Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
    Elizabeth R Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..are diagnosed when the cancer has spread outside the ovary, having disseminated to the peritoneal lining of the abdomen, and most (about 85%) are diagnosed in women post-menopause...
  25. Peptide therapeutics for inhibiting abdominal adhesions
    CYNTHIA ELLEN LANDER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..development activities in preparation to begin clinical trials, a therapeutic that can be sprayed or otherwise directly applied into the abdomen during invasive or minimally invasive surgery will be on the path to becoming a reality.
  26. Functions and Interactions dFOXO in Drosopila Aging
    Marc Tatar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..endogenous functions of dFOXO in the head fat body and describe how this tissue differs from the fat body of the abdomen, (2) characterize how longevity induced by dFOXO-expression is influenced by diet restriction and by reproduction,..
  27. Vaccine Strategies for Candidal Infections
    John P Hennessey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..treated in an intensive care unit, having a plastic catheter in a large vein, undergoing surgery to the chest or abdomen, being the victim of trauma injuries (both domestic, such as motor vehicle accidents, and military), having ..
  28. Wireless Cardiorespiratory Monitor for Neonates
    MICHAEL JOHN SCIARRA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Investigators have developed a method for acquiring an infant's heart rate at the abdomen and back without the use of electrodes...
  29. Multiscale Model of Neural Control of Breathing
    Ilya A Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..patterns of motor activity that produce coordinated movements of the respiratory pump (diaphragm, thorax, and abdomen), controlling lung inflation and deflation, and upper airway muscles, controlling airflow...
  30. Identifying Unnecessary Irradiation of Patients with Suspected Renal Colic
    Christopher L Moore; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Long term, the radiation received from a single CT scan of the abdomen/ pelvis has been estimated to cause approximately 12 deaths for every 10,000 scans performed...
  31. Photonic Magnetometer-based Biomagnetic Imaging System
    John Matthews; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The ISA consists of an array of hundreds of PMs, embedded in a vest that wraps around the patient's abdomen, enabling imaging of the back and side of the chest, as well as the front, which can significantly improve the ..
  32. Emergence of E. coli sequence type ST131
    James R Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Veterans commonly suffer from UTI and diverse other E. coli infections (e.g. of lung, abdomen, and wounds) [16]. Emerging antimicrobial resistance in E...
  33. MRI Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT) system with low cost, highly stable mag
    MICHAEL J TOMSIC; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This pioneering technology is aimed at treating cancerous tumors in the abdomen where bodily functions cause significant organ displacements making precise dose delivery difficult or impossible...
  34. Free-Breathing Perfusion MRI of the Abdomen with Predictive Motion Correction
    H Michael Gach; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Respiratory motion compensation is a major challenge in MRI of the abdomen. Functional procedures like perfusion MRI require accurate motion compensation since alternatives like ..
  35. Quantitative Analysis of Relationships Among Hemodynamics, Thrombus, and Abdomina
    Seungik Baek; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is the focal enlargement of the aorta in the abdomen and its rupture is the 3rd leading cause of sudden death in men older than 65 years in the US...
  36. Epigenetic Regulation of Mitochondiral Complex II
    Gerald S Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PGL is characterized by the development of vascularized tumors, in the head and neck and abdomen, and derive from oxygen sensing cells...
  37. Multimodality Microendoscope for Metastatic Ovarian Cancer Detection & Treatment
    CONOR LEE EVANS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..especially dangerous due to its propensity to rapidly metastasize, as the disease invades tissues throughout the abdomen by exfoliating from the original tumor...
  38. Vevo 2100 Ultrasound System
    Lisa Marie Coussens; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The increased depth of focus will enable visualization of organs throughout the abdomen, needed for detecting and monitoring pancreatic tumors and mesothelioma...
  39. A new non-invasive technology to diagnose preterm labor
    Curtis L Lowery; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..SARA was designed to cover the entire maternal abdomen with 151 individual sensors...
  40. MMP14-Dependent Regulation of Visceral Adiposity and Inflammation
    Tae Hwa Chun; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Visceral fat pads accumulated inside the abdomen are known to behave differently from subcutaneous fat pads...
  41. Continuous Real Time CSF Shunt Flow Monitor ShuntCheck
    Marek Swoboda; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..which CSF accumulates in the brain ventricles, is corrected by placing a VP shunt that drains excess CSF to the abdomen. Shunts frequently malfunction, usually by obstruction, but the symptoms of shunt failure are unspecific - ..
  42. Imaging beta cell function in vivo with a Zinc responsive MRI contrast agent
    DEAN SHERRY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..collected over a prolonged period of high-fat (60%) feeding show dramatic contrast enhancement throughout the abdomen, consistent with expansion of pancreatic -cell mass during progression of type II diabetes...
  43. Bioadhesive Membrane Construct for Hernia Repair
    NEIL WINTERBOTTOM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..occurs when part of an internal organ bulges through a weak area of fascia, with most hernias occurring in the abdomen. Surgical hernia repair is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the US...
  44. Specification of anterioposterior polarity in the mosquito, Chironomus
    URS C SCHMIDT-OTT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..specification in other insects for their ability to prevent or induce mirror image duplications of the head or abdomen, and (2) to determine how these genes regulate each other...
  45. EGFR-Targeted Nanoemulsions for Imaging and Therapy of Ovarian Cancer
    TIMOTHY PATRICK COLEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..ovarian cancer is the most lethal of gynecologic cancers, due to its propensity to spread into the upper abdomen and beyond...
  46. Urinary Diversion Among Bladder Cancer Survivors: Cost, Complications, and QOL
    CARMIT KURN MCMULLEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that allows urine to flow through the urethra, or by creating an ileal conduit leading to an opening in the abdomen (urostomy)...
  47. An Enabling Technology for Improving Engraftment of Implanted Materials and Cells
    Michael J Yost; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..approaches in enabling regenerative repair of muscle by the device in the mechanically active muscles of the abdomen. It is our objective to characterize and establish the usefulness of targeting Cx43 function as a strategy for ..
  48. Adiposity, Disease Risk Factors, and Lifetime Health
    Stefan A Czerwinski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..associations and potential mechanistic pathways among different adipose tissue depots including the liver, abdomen (visceral, superficial and deep subcutaneous) and total body;3) Elucidate relationships among different adipose ..
  49. Feasibility of Multipinhole SPECT for Prostate Imaging
    HOWARD CARL GIFFORD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..monoclonal antibody for detecting soft-tissue PCa metastases in the lymph nodes of the pelvis and abdomen. ProstaScint has FDA approval for the evaluation of newly diagnosed cases as well as treated patients who are at ..
  50. Gut Microbiota and Atherosclerosis in ESRD
    DOMINIC S RAJ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..technique;(b) Alterations in muscle mass and visceral fat mass will be examined by MR imaging of thigh and abdomen;and (c) Changes in presence and severity of protein-energy wasting will be determined according to the ..
  51. Drug-Eluting Bioresorbable Polymer Scaffolding for Treatment of Aortic Aneurysms
    Jack Griffis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a condition in which the aorta, the main blood vessel in the abdomen, expands like a balloon. The aneurysm weakens the wall of the aorta and can result in rupture...
  52. Long Field Of View MRA Using Continuous Table Motion
    Stephen J Riederer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This will allow diagnostic quality imaging of the vasculature from the abdomen and pelvis to the feet to allow diagnosis and characterization of peripheral vascular disease...
  53. Long Term Implantable ICP Monitor for Hydrocephalus Patients
    Marek Swoboda; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..which CSF accumulates in the brain ventricles, is corrected by placing a VP shunt that drains excess CSF to the abdomen, maintaining ICP within normal levels...
  54. Continuous Real Time CSF Shunt Flow Monitor ShuntCheck
    Marek Swoboda; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..which CSF accumulates in the brain ventricles, is corrected by placing a VP shunt that drains excess CSF to the abdomen. Shunts frequently malfunction, usually by obstruction, but the symptoms of shunt failure are unspecific - ..
  55. Mechanisms for Fibrocyte Mediated Enhancement of Survival in Sepsis
    Jean A Nemzek; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..incites a Th1 cytokine response from na[unreadable]ve T cells and that fibrocytes derived from the septic abdomen increase the proliferation of CD4+ T cells...
  56. Central Obesity and Health Risk: Optimal MRI Measurement & Location in Children
    Wei Shen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the L4-L5 level in children, although deposits may be found at anatomical levels higher than L4-L5, in the upper abdomen. Our recent studies in a large sample of adults showed that an image slice at 5 to 10 cm above the L4-L5 level ..
  57. A Novel Adipocyte Population Arises From Bone Marrow Progenitor Cells
    Dwight J Klemm; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Excess body fat, particularly in the abdomen, has been linked to cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, certain forms of cancer and other medical conditions...
  58. Conformal, Portable External Fetal Heart Monitor
    Martin Culjat; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..External FHMs are rigid, require straps to maintain their position on the abdomen, and are typically tethered to a large fetal monitoring system...
  59. Enabling Ultra Low Dose PET/CT Imaging
    Paul E Kinahan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PET/CT imaging of the lung and abdomen, however, is generally affected by patient respiratory motion, which can lead to underestimation of tracer ..
  60. Molecular Etiology of Familial Mediterranean Fever
    Deborah Gumucio; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..attacks of fever associated with severe pain; the pain is localized most commonly in joints (arthritis), abdomen (peritonitis) or chest (pleuritis)...
  61. Effects of Acupuncture on Gastric Motility in Rats
    Toku Takahashi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our recent studies have shown that acupuncture to the abdomen caused a transient relaxation of the stomach, while the acupuncture to the hind limb caused a transient ..
  62. High Performance Single Crystal Ultrasound Device for Medical Imaging
    Jian Tian; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Low frequency (<20 MHz) ultrasonic transducers have been widely used in areas including cardiac, pediatrics, abdomen, vascular and urology...
  63. TESTING A DECISION AID FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF INJURIES
    John Clarke; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..management of patients, currently confined to those with stab wounds and gunshot wounds of the chest and abdomen. The specific aims of this pilot study are to show that the program makes recommendations comparable to actual ..
  64. HYPERTHERMIA AND PERFUSION EFFECTS IN CANCER THERAPY
    Mark Dewhirst; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Project 1 will develop MR-based non-invasive thermometry in tumors of extremities, breast and pelvis/abdomen using fully integrated MR compatible RF heating devices...
  65. Advanced Source Reconstruction Techniques for Fetal Magnetocardiography
    Mihai Popescu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..system, which may introduce confounding effects on the morphology of the signals recorded over the maternal abdomen. The paucity of data on detailed fMCG signal morphology is a direct consequence of these confounds, since it is ..
  66. THORACOABDOMINAL ASYNCHRONY IN INFANT AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION
    Julian Allen; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..This can alter the rib cage and abdomen's normally synchronous motion, in which both compartments move in and out nearly simultaneously during breathing, ..
  67. Adipose Tissue-specific Angiogenesis and Insulin Sensitivity
    Silvia Corvera; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Diabetes and heart disease than people who gain weight in their legs or parts of their bodies that are not the abdomen. We don't know why people have a different fat distribution...
  68. VASODILATOR-ASSISTED HYPERTHERMIA OF DEEP SEATED TUMORS
    GILBERT NUSSBAUM; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..temperature distributions produced in applications of hyperthermia to deep-seated tumors in the pelvis and abdomen. The assumed mechanism through which such improvement would be obtained is vasodilator-induced reduction of the ..
  69. UNRAVELING THE GI TRACT BY SPIRAL CT
    Ge Wang; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The entire abdomen may now be continuously scanned within a single breath-hold with spiral CT, which allows retrospective ..
  70. Physiological Basis of Vascular Contractility
    David Zawieja; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..adjacent arterioles, venules and lymphatics isolated from 4 different regional environments (leg, neck, thorax, abdomen) of the rat in which the vascular transmural pressure gradients vary...
  71. IMPROVING VIRTUAL COLONOSCOPY WITH COMPUTER DETECTION
    Peter Santago; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The procedure consists of cleansing a patient's colon, inflating the colon with air, scanning the abdomen with helical computed tomography (CT), and generating a rapid sequence of three-dimensional (3D) images of the ..
  72. Registered Ultrasound-Endoscope
    Sharif Razzaque; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..During a standard laparoscopic procedure, the surgeon operates through small incisions in the abdomen while viewing the internal anatomy on a remote video monitor;this creates a significant spatial coordination ..
  73. Mechanisms Defending Fat Mass in Human after Lipectomy
    Robert Eckel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Lipectomized sites will include the abdomen for men and the hips and thighs for women...