Genomes and Genes
Summary: The fourth planet in order from the sun. Its two natural satellites are Deimos and Phobos. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the solar system.
Publications280 found, 100 shown here
- Space radiation cancer risks and uncertainties for Mars missionsF A Cucinotta
NASA Johnson Space Center, Radiation Health Office, Mail Code SA2, Houston, TX 77058, USA
Radiat Res 156:682-8. 2001..Calculations are performed using the space radiation environment and transport codes for several Mars mission scenarios...
- Measurements of energetic particle radiation in transit to Mars on the Mars Science LaboratoryC Zeitlin
Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, CO, USA
Science 340:1080-4. 2013The Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft, containing the Curiosity rover, was launched to Mars on 26 November 2011, and for most of the 253-day, 560-million-kilometer cruise to Mars, the Radiation Assessment Detector made detailed ..
- Microbial characterization of the Mars Odyssey spacecraft and its encapsulation facilityMyron T La Duc
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Environ Microbiol 5:977-85. 2003Microbial characterization of the Mars Odyssey spacecraft and the Kennedy Space Center Spacecraft Assembly and Encapsulation Facility II (SAEF-II) was carried out by both culture-based and molecular methods...
- Survival potential and photosynthetic activity of lichens under Mars-like conditions: a laboratory studyJean Pierre de Vera
DLR Institute of Planetary Research, Rutherfordstrasse 2, Berlin, Germany
Astrobiology 10:215-27. 2010Lichens were repetitively exposed over 22 days to thermophysical Mars-like conditions at low-and mid-latitudes. The simulated parameters and the experimental setup are described...
- Subsurface water and clay mineral formation during the early history of MarsBethany L Ehlmann
Institut d Astrophysique Spatiale, Universite de Paris Sud XI, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
Nature 479:53-60. 2011Clay minerals, recently discovered to be widespread in Mars's Noachian terrains, indicate long-duration interaction between water and rock over 3.7 billion years ago...
- Getting ready for the manned mission to Mars: the astronauts' risk from space radiationChristine E Hellweg
DLR, Institut für Luft und Raumfahrtmedizin, Strahlenbiologie, 51147, Cologne, Germany
Naturwissenschaften 94:517-26. 2007..are shifting towards planetary exploration and, in particular, towards missions by human beings to the Moon and to Mars. Radiation is considered to be one of the major hazards for personnel in space and has emerged as the most critical ..
- Mars 520-d mission simulation reveals protracted crew hypokinesis and alterations of sleep duration and timingMathias Basner
Division of Sleep and Chronobiology, Unit for Experimental Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:2635-40. 2013..To address the effects of the latter, we used a high-fidelity ground simulation of a Mars mission to objectively track sleep-wake dynamics in a multinational crew of six during 520 d of confined isolation...
- The influence of exercise on prefrontal cortex activity and cognitive performance during a simulated space flight to Mars (MARS500)Stefan Schneider
Institute of Movement and Neurosciences, German Sport University Cologne, Koln, Germany
Behav Brain Res 236:1-7. 2013With respect to the plans of national and internationals space agencies to send people to Mars or Moon, long-term isolation studies are performed to learn about the psycho-physiological and psycho-social limitations of such missions...
- How safe is safe enough? Radiation risk for a human mission to MarsFrancis A Cucinotta
NASA, Lyndon B Johnson Space Center, Space Radiation Program, Houston, Texas, United States of America University of Nevada Las Vegas, Department of Health Physics and Diagnostic Sciences, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States of America
PLoS ONE 8:e74988. 2013Astronauts on a mission to Mars would be exposed for up to 3 years to galactic cosmic rays (GCR)--made up of high-energy protons and high charge (Z) and energy (E) (HZE) nuclei...
- Protective role of spore structural components in determining Bacillus subtilis spore resistance to simulated mars surface conditionsRalf Moeller
German Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Biology Department, Cologne, Germany
Appl Environ Microbiol 78:8849-53. 2012..Spore survival and mutagenesis were strongly dependent on the functionality of all of the structural components, with small acid-soluble spore proteins, coat layers, and dipicolinic acid as key protectants...
- The Icebreaker Life Mission to Mars: a search for biomolecular evidence for lifeChristopher P McKay
NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA
Astrobiology 13:334-53. 2013The search for evidence of life on Mars is the primary motivation for the exploration of that planet...
- Microbial rock inhabitants survive hypervelocity impacts on Mars-like host planets: first phase of lithopanspermia experimentally testedGerda Horneck
German Aerospace Center DLR, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Koln, Germany
Astrobiology 8:17-44. 2008..A vital launch window for the transport of rock-colonizing microorganisms from a Mars-like planet was inferred, which encompasses shock pressures in the range of 5 to about 40 GPa for the bacterial ..
- Mars-like soils in the Atacama Desert, Chile, and the dry limit of microbial lifeRafael Navarro-González
Laboratorio de Quimica de Plasmas y Estudios Planetarios, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, Apartado Postal 70 543, Mexico City, 04510, Mexico
Science 302:1018-21. 2003..Here we report the presence of Mars-like soils in the extreme arid region of the Atacama Desert...
- Underground habitats in the Río Tinto basin: a model for subsurface life habitats on MarsDavid C Fernández-Remolar
Centro de Astrobiología INTA CSIC, Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
Astrobiology 8:1023-47. 2008..deposit near the source waters of the Río Tinto River (Iberian pyrite belt, southwest Spain) was carried out by Mars Astrobiology Research and Technology Experiment (MARTE) project investigators in 2003 and 2004...
- Estimation and assessment of Mars contaminationA Debus
Centre National d Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, France
Adv Space Res 35:1648-53. 2005Since the beginning of the exploration of Mars, more than fourty years ago, thirty-six missions have been launched, including fifty-nine different space systems such as fly-by spacecraft, orbiters, cruise modules, landing or penetrating ..
- Life in extreme environments: how will humans perform on Mars?D J Newman
Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA
Gravit Space Biol Bull 13:35-47. 2000....
- Natural transfer of viable microbes in spaceC Mileikowsky
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Icarus 145:391-427. 2000The possibility and probability of natural transfer of viable microbes from Mars to Earth and Earth to Mars traveling in meteoroids during the first 0...
- Effects of simulated Mars conditions on the survival and growth of Escherichia coli and Serratia liquefaciensBonnie J Berry
Department of Biology, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Blvd, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 76:2377-86. 2010..5 kPa, were tested for growth and survival under simulated Mars conditions...
- Sensorimotor investigations for the Mars Gravity Biosatellite: a rotating spacecraft for partial gravity researchErika B Wagner
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Brain Res 1091:75-8. 2006The Mars Gravity Biosatellite will offer investigators a unique environment for sensorimotor research. Fifteen mice will fly for 5 weeks in low Earth orbit before being returned safely to the ground...
- The limitations on organic detection in Mars-like soils by thermal volatilization-gas chromatography-MS and their implications for the Viking resultsRafael Navarro-González
Laboratorio de Quimica de Plasmas y Estudios Planetarios, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, P O Box 70 543, 04510 Mexico D F, Mexico
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:16089-94. 2006..Here, we report that TV-GC-MS may be blind to low levels of organics on Mars. A comparison between TV-GC-MS and total organics has been conducted for a variety of Mars analog soils...
- Mineralogical biosignatures and the search for life on MarsJ F Banfield
Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
Astrobiology 1:447-65. 2001If life ever existed, or still exists, on Mars, its record is likely to be found in minerals formed by, or in association with, microorganisms...
- Description of light ion production cross sections and fluxes on the Mars surface using the QMSFRG modelFrancis A Cucinotta
NASA, Lyndon B Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, USA
Radiat Environ Biophys 46:101-6. 2007The atmosphere of Mars significantly attenuates the heavy ion component of the primary galactic cosmic rays (GCR), however, increases the fluence of secondary light ions (neutrons, and hydrogen and helium isotopes) because of particle ..
- Global distribution of neutrons from Mars: results from Mars odysseyW C Feldman
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
Science 297:75-8. 2002..thermal, epithermal, and fast neutron fluxes have been mapped during late southern summer/northern winter using the Mars Odyssey Neutron Spectrometer...
- Exploration of Victoria crater by the Mars rover OpportunityS W Squyres
Department of Astronomy, Space Sciences Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Science 324:1058-61. 2009The Mars rover Opportunity has explored Victoria crater, an approximately 750-meter eroded impact crater formed in sulfate-rich sedimentary rocks...
- Analogue prototypes for Lunar and Mars explorationJack Stuster
Anacapa Sciences, Inc, Santa Barbara, CA 93103, USA
Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B78-83. 2005..This paper describes research conducted to extrapolate design and procedural guidelines for lunar and planetary expeditions from a review of information concerning previous expeditions and voyages of discovery...
- Preservation of martian organic and environmental records: final report of the Mars biosignature working groupRoger E Summons
Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
Astrobiology 11:157-81. 2011The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) has an instrument package capable of making measurements of past and present environmental conditions. The data generated may tell us if Mars is, or ever was, able to support life...
- Bacterial communities and the nitrogen cycle in the gypsum soils of Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, coahuila: a Mars analogueNguyen E López-Lozano
Departamento de Ecologia Evolutiva, Instituto de Ecologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Coyoacan, Mexico D F, Mexico
Astrobiology 12:699-709. 2012The OMEGA/Mars Express hyperspectral imager identified gypsum at several sites on Mars in 2005. These minerals constitute a direct record of past aqueous activity and are important with regard to the search of extraterrestrial life...
- A low temperature transfer of ALH84001 from Mars to EarthB P Weiss
Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, 170 25, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Science 290:791-5. 2000The ejection of material from Mars is thought to be caused by large impacts that would heat much of the ejecta to high temperatures...
- Perchlorate radiolysis on Mars and the origin of martian soil reactivityRichard C Quinn
Carl Sagan Center, SETI Institute, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
Astrobiology 13:515-20. 2013..Instruments on the Mars Phoenix Lander and the Mars Science Laboratory detected perchlorate in martian soil, which is nonreactive under the ..
- Morphological biosignatures and the search for life on MarsSherry L Cady
Department of Geology, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon 97201, USA
Astrobiology 3:351-68. 2003....
- Inhibition of carbonate synthesis in acidic oceans on early MarsAlberto G Fairén
Centro de Biologia Molecular, CSIC Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049 Cantoblanco, Madrid, Spain
Nature 431:423-6. 2004Several lines of evidence have recently reinforced the hypothesis that an ocean existed on early Mars. Carbonates are accordingly expected to have formed from oceanic sedimentation of carbon dioxide from the ancient martian atmosphere...
- Growth of methanogens on a Mars soil simulantTimothy A Kral
Arkansas Oklahoma Center for Space and Planetary Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 72701, USA
Orig Life Evol Biosph 34:615-26. 2004Currently, the surface of Mars is probably too cold, too dry, and too oxidizing for life, as we know it, to exist. But the subsurface is another matter...
- Fluid core size of Mars from detection of the solar tideC F Yoder
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Science 300:299-303. 2003The solar tidal deformation of Mars, measured by its k2 potential Love number, has been obtained from an analysis of Mars Global Surveyor radio tracking. The observed k2 of 0.153 +/- 0...
- Sensitive life detection strategies for low-biomass environments: optimizing extraction of nucleic acids adsorbing to terrestrial and Mars analogue mineralsSusana O L Direito
Molecular Cell Physiology, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 81:111-23. 2012..negatively influences molecular microbial ecology studies, in particular for low-biomass environments on Earth and Mars. We determined the recovery of nucleic acids from a range of minerals relevant to Earth and Mars...
- The solar UV environment and bacterial spore UV resistance: considerations for Earth-to-Mars transport by natural processes and human spaceflightWayne L Nicholson
Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, University of Florida, Mail Code UF 1, Building M6 1025 SLSL, Kennedy Space Center, FL 32899, USA
Mutat Res 571:249-64. 2005The environment in space and on planets such as Mars can be lethal to microorganisms because of the high vacuum and high solar radiation flux, in particular UV radiation, in such environments...
- Sleep-wake differences in heart rate variability during a 105-day simulated mission to MarsDaniel E Vigo
Departamento de Docencia e Investigación, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Catolica Argentina, Buenos Aires
Aviat Space Environ Med 83:125-30. 2012..Our objective was to investigate whether the sleep-wake variations in the autonomic control of the heart are specifically altered by long-term confinement during the 105-d pilot study of the Earth-based Mars500 project...
- A bacterial enrichment study and overview of the extractable lipids from paleosols in the Dry Valleys, Antarctica: implications for future Mars reconnaissanceKris M Hart
School of Chemical Sciences, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland
Astrobiology 11:303-21. 2011..These results underscore the need not only to further investigate Dry Valley cryosols but also to develop reconnaissance strategies to determine whether such likely Earth-like environments on the Red Planet also contain life...
- Internal structure and early thermal evolution of Mars from Mars Global Surveyor topography and gravityM T Zuber
Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Science 287:1788-93. 2000Topography and gravity measured by the Mars Global Surveyor have enabled determination of the global crust and upper mantle structure of Mars...
- Chloride-bearing materials in the southern highlands of MarsM M Osterloo
Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawaii, 1680 East West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
Science 319:1651-4. 2008..deposits consistent with chloride-bearing materials have been identified and mapped using data from the 2001 Mars Odyssey Thermal Emission Imaging System...
- Survival of endospores of Bacillus subtilis on spacecraft surfaces under simulated martian environments: implications for the forward contamination of MarsAndrew C Schuerger
Dynamac Corporation, Kennedy Space Center, FL 32899, USA
Icarus 165:253-76. 2003Experiments were conducted in a Mars simulation chamber (MSC) to characterize the survival of endospores of Bacillus subtilis under high UV irradiation and simulated martian conditions...
- Bacillus odysseyi sp. nov., a round-spore-forming bacillus isolated from the Mars Odyssey spacecraftMyron T La Duc
Biotechnology and Planetary Protection Group, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 54:195-201. 2004A round-spore-forming Bacillus species that produces an exosporium was isolated from the surface of the Mars Odyssey spacecraft...
- Effects of HZE particle on the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system in a future Mars missionYu Koike
Space Medicine Group, Human Space Technology and Astronaut Department, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
Acta Astronaut 56:367-78. 2005..Should these particles have biochemical effects, possible options for countermeasures are: (1) nutritional prevention, (2) medication, and (3) surgical placement of a stimulator electrode at a specific anatomic site in the basal ganglia...
- Space exploration, Mars, and the nervous systemRobert Kalb
Joseph Stokes Jr Research Institute, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Arch Neurol 64:485-90. 2007When human beings venture back to the moon and then on to Mars in the coming decade or so, we will be riding on the accumulated data and experience from approximately 50 years of manned space exploration...
- Evidence of water vapor in excess of saturation in the atmosphere of MarsL Maltagliati
Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales LATMOS, 78280 Guyancourt, France
Science 333:1868-71. 2011The vertical distribution of water vapor is key to the study of Mars' hydrological cycle. To date, it has been explored mainly through global climate models because of a lack of direct measurements...
- Stereo-specific glucose consumption may be used to distinguish between chemical and biological reactivity on Mars: a preliminary test on EarthHenry J Sun
Division of Earth and Ecosystem Sciences, Desert Research Institute, Las Vegas, Nevada 89119, USA
Astrobiology 9:443-6. 2009Two alternative hypotheses explain the degradation of organics in the Viking Labeled Release experiment on Mars. Either martian soil contains live indigenous microorganisms or it is sterile but chemically reactive...
- Evidence for calcium carbonate at the Mars Phoenix landing siteW V Boynton
Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Science 325:61-4. 2009..products of aqueous processes and may hold important clues about the history of liquid water on the surface of Mars. Calcium carbonate (approximately 3 to 5 weight percent) has been identified in the soils around the Phoenix ..
- LIFE experiment: isolation of cryptoendolithic organisms from Antarctic colonized sandstone exposed to space and simulated Mars conditions on the international space stationGiuliano Scalzi
Department of Ecological and Biological Sciences, University of Tuscia, Largo dell Università snc, 01100, Viterbo, Italy
Orig Life Evol Biosph 42:253-62. 2012..by cryptoendolithic communities were exposed on the International Space Station (ISS) to space and simulated Mars conditions (LiFE-Lichens and Fungi Experiment). After 1...
- Preparing for Mars: the physiologic and medical challengesJ C Buckey
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA
Eur J Med Res 4:353-6. 1999..A trip to Mars, however, would be even more challenging and significant...
- Life support approaches for Mars missionsA E Drysdale
The Boeing Company, KSC, FL 32815 0233, USA
Adv Space Res 31:51-61. 2003Life support approaches for Mars missions are evaluated using an equivalent system mass (ESM) approach, in which all significant costs are converted into mass units...
- Pyrosequencing-derived bacterial, archaeal, and fungal diversity of spacecraft hardware destined for MarsMyron T La Duc
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 78:5912-22. 2012....
- Dislodgement and removal of dust-particles from a surface by a technique combining acoustic standing wave and airflowDi Chen
Department of Physics and Materials Science Program, The University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 127:45-50. 2010It is known that there are many fine particles on the moon and Mars. Their existence may cause risk for the success of a long-term project for NASA, i.e., exploration and habitation of the moon and Mars...
- Distribution of hydrogen in the near surface of Mars: evidence for subsurface ice depositsW V Boynton
Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Science 297:81-5. 2002Using the Gamma-Ray Spectrometer on the Mars Odyssey, we have identified two regions near the poles that are enriched in hydrogen. The data indicate the presence of a subsurface layer enriched in hydrogen overlain by a hydrogen-poor layer...
- Ancient impact and aqueous processes at Endeavour Crater, MarsS W Squyres
Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Science 336:570-6. 2012The rover Opportunity has investigated the rim of Endeavour Crater, a large ancient impact crater on Mars. Basaltic breccias produced by the impact form the rim deposits, with stratigraphy similar to that observed at similar-sized craters ..
- Salivary amylase and stress during stressful environment: three Mars analog mission crews studyBalwant Rai
Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and ILEWG, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Neurosci Lett 518:23-6. 2012..Not study was conducted on effect of simulated Mars analog environment on stress and salivary amylase...
- Working hours, sleep, salivary cortisol, fatigue and neuro-behavior during Mars analog mission: five crews studyBalwant Rai
Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and ILEWG, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Neurosci Lett 516:177-81. 2012..Long duration missions like mission to Mars however, requires humans to adapt to systemic and complex environments beyond the human body's capacity...
- Water activity and the challenge for life on early MarsNicholas J Tosca
Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Science 320:1204-7. 2008..of the martian surface has shown that acidic, saline liquid water was intermittently available on ancient Mars. The habitability of these waters depends critically on water activity (aH2O), a thermodynamic measure of salinity, ..
- First Atmospheric Science Results from the Mars Exploration Rovers Mini-TESMichael D Smith
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
Science 306:1750-3. 2004..Upward-looking Mini-TES observations show warm and cool parcels of air moving through the Mini-TES field of view on a time scale of 30 seconds. The retrieved dust optical depth shows a downward trend at both sites...
- Results from the Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission SpectrometerP R Christensen
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
Science 279:1692-8. 1998..At an aerocentric longitude of 224 degrees a major dust storm developed in the Noachis Terra region. The south polar cap retreat was similar to that observed by Viking...
- Analysis of water ice and water ice/soil mixtures using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: application to Mars polar explorationZane A Arp
Group NMT 15, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA
Appl Spectrosc 58:897-909. 2004..There is also interest in using the technique for the analysis of water ice and ice/dust mixtures located at the Mars polar regions...
- Amino acid racemization on Mars: implications for the preservation of biomolecules from an extinct martian biotaJ L Bada
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0212, USA
Icarus 114:139-43. 1995..racemization half-lives and times for total racemization of amino acids under conditions relevant to the surface of Mars. Amino acids from an extinct martian biota maintained in a dry, cold (<250 K) environment would not have ..
- Organics on Mars?Inge L ten Kate
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, USA
Astrobiology 10:589-603. 2010Organics are expected to exist on Mars based on meteorite infall, in situ production, and any possible biological sources...
- Fossilized microorganisms from the Emperor Seamounts: implications for the search for a subsurface fossil record on Earth and MarsM Ivarsson
Department of Geology and Geochemistry, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
Astrobiology 8:1139-57. 2008..Our findings suggest new niches for life in subseafloor environments and have implications for further exploration of the subseafloor biosphere on Earth and beyond...
- FTIR reflectance of selected minerals and their mixtures: implications for ground temperature-sensor monitoring on Mars surface environment (NASA/MSL-Rover Environmental Monitoring Station)M Paz Martín-Redondo
Centro de Astrobiologia, CSIC INTA, Associated to the NASA Astrobiology Institute, Ctra de Ajalvir, Km 4, 28850, Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
J Environ Monit 11:1428-32. 2009..considering the chemical-mineralogical assemblages (and their textures) for any investigation and interpretation of Mars surface environment...
- Survival strategies for microorganisms in hypersaline environments and their relevance to life on early MarsC D Litchfield
Department of Biology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA
Meteorit Planet Sci 33:813-9. 1998..Along with this review is a brief description of how these adaptations could be important in the detection of life on early Mars assuming similar types of salts and a carbon-based life.
- Serpentinization and its implications for life on the early Earth and MarsMitch Schulte
Exobiology Branch, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, USA
Astrobiology 6:364-76. 2006..These systems are viewed as important analogs for potential early ecosystems on both Earth and Mars, where highly reducing mineralogy was likely widespread in an undifferentiated crust...
- Hydrogeologic controls on episodic H2 release from precambrian fractured rocks--energy for deep subsurface life on earth and marsB Sherwood Lollar
Department of Geology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Astrobiology 7:971-86. 2007..A conceptual model is presented that demonstrates how periodic opening of fractures and resultant mixing control the distribution and supply of H(2) and support a microbial community of H(2)-utilizing sulfate reducers and methanogens...
- Mars analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (MALIS): influence of mars atmosphere on plasma emission and study of factors influencing plasma emission with the use of doehlert designsR Brennetot
CEA Saclay, Nuclear Energy Division, DPC SCPA LALES Bâtiment 391, 91191 Gif sur Yvette France
Appl Spectrosc 57:744-52. 2003A project called MALIS (Mars Analysis by Laser-Induced breakdown Spectroscopy) is under progress to perform in situ analysis of Mars soils and rocks. This paper reports on the behavior of plasma in Martian conditions, i.e...
- Magnesium sulphate salts and the history of water on MarsDavid T Vaniman
Los Alamos National Laboratory LANL, MS D462, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA
Nature 431:663-5. 2004Recent reports of approximately 30 wt% of sulphate within saline sediments on Mars--probably occurring in hydrated form--suggest a role for sulphates in accounting for equatorial H2O observed in a global survey by the Odyssey spacecraft...
- Can identification of a fourth domain of life be made from sequence data alone, and could it be done on Mars?Anthony M Poole
Department of Molecular Biology and Functional Genomics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
Astrobiology 7:801-14. 2007..Overall, our conclusions do not bode well for planned PCR-based surveys for life on Mars, and we argue that other independent biosignatures will be essential in corroborating any claims for the presence ..
- Identification of carbonate-rich outcrops on Mars by the Spirit roverRichard V Morris
NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA
Science 329:421-4. 2010Decades of speculation about a warmer, wetter Mars climate in the planet's first billion years postulate a denser CO2-rich atmosphere than at present...
- Strong release of methane on Mars in northern summer 2003Michael J Mumma
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Mailstop 690 3, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
Science 323:1041-5. 2009Living systems produce more than 90% of Earth's atmospheric methane; the balance is of geochemical origin. On Mars, methane could be a signature of either origin...
- Subfreezing activity of microorganisms and the potential habitability of Mars' polar regionsBruce M Jakosky
Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80303, USA
Astrobiology 3:343-50. 2003The availability of water-ice at the surface in the Mars polar cap and within the top meter of the high-latitude regolith raises the question of whether liquid water can exist there under some circumstances and possibly support the ..
- A case for ancient springs in Arabia Terra, MarsCarlton C Allen
Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science Directorate, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, U S A
Astrobiology 8:1093-1112. 2008Based on new image data from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), a case can be made that several structures in Vernal Crater, Arabia Terra are ancient springs...
- The Urey instrument: an advanced in situ organic and oxidant detector for Mars explorationAndrew D Aubrey
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109, USA
Astrobiology 8:583-95. 2008..a large portion of the mission's primary scientific objective: "to search for signs of past and present life on Mars." This instrument is named in honor of Harold Urey for his seminal contributions to the fields of cosmochemistry ..
- Using the science fiction film invaders from Mars in a child psychiatry seminarStephen A Zerby
Department of Psychiatry, Cambridge Hospital, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Acad Psychiatry 29:316-21. 2005The science fiction film Invaders From Mars is used to teach principles of child development; clinical features of separation anxiety and nightmares; and clinical interventions, including child psychotherapy, child protective issues, and ..
- Water alteration of rocks and soils on Mars at the Spirit rover site in Gusev craterLarry A Haskin
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
Nature 436:66-9. 2005....
- Physiological and biomechanical considerations for a human Mars missionAdam Hawkey
BUPA, BUPA House, London, UK
J Br Interplanet Soc 58:117-30. 2005..If these figures are simply extrapolated, a future human mission to Mars will be seriously jeopardised and crews may find they cross the threshold of bone and muscle loss and aerobic ..
- Sulfates in Martian layered terrains: the OMEGA/Mars Express viewAline Gendrin
Institut d Astrophysique Spatiale IAS, Batiment 121, 91405 Orsay Campus, France
Science 307:1587-91. 2005The OMEGA/Mars Express hyperspectral imager identified hydrated sulfates on light-toned layered terrains on Mars...
- Sulfates in the north polar region of Mars detected by OMEGA/Mars ExpressYves Langevin
Institut d Astrophysique Spatiale IAS, Batiment 121, 91405 Orsay Campus, France
Science 307:1584-6. 2005..l'Eau, les Glaces, et l'Activité (OMEGA) imaging spectrometer observed the northern circumpolar regions of Mars at a resolution of a few kilometers...
- Spectral reflectance and morphologic correlations in eastern Terra Meridiani, MarsR E Arvidson
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Science 307:1591-4. 2005The Mars Express Observatoire pour la Minéralogie, l'Eau, les Glaces, et l'Activité (OMEGA) hyperspectral image data covering eastern Terra Meridiani indicate the ubiquitous presence of molecular water in etched terrain materials that ..
- Global mineralogical and aqueous mars history derived from OMEGA/Mars Express dataJean Pierre Bibring
Institut d Astrophysique Spatiale IAS, Batiment 121, 91405 Orsay Campus, France
Science 312:400-4. 2006Global mineralogical mapping of Mars by the Observatoire pour la Mineralogie, l'Eau, les Glaces et l'Activité (OMEGA) instrument on the European Space Agency's Mars Express spacecraft provides new information on Mars' geological and ..
- Mineralogy at Meridiani Planum from the Mini-TES Experiment on the Opportunity RoverP R Christensen
Department of Geological Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
Science 306:1733-9. 2004..Bright wind streak material matches global dust. Waterlain rocks covered by unaltered basaltic sands suggest a change from an aqueous environment to one dominated by physical weathering...
- Detection of methane in the atmosphere of MarsVittorio Formisano
Istituto di Fisica dello Spazio Interplanetario INAF IFSI, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Rome, Italy
Science 306:1758-61. 2004We report a detection of methane in the martian atmosphere by the Planetary Fourier Spectrometer onboard the Mars Express spacecraft. The global average methane mixing ratio is found to be 10 +/- 5 parts per billion by volume (ppbv)...
- Evidence that the reactivity of the martian soil is due to superoxide ionsA S Yen
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Science 289:1909-12. 2000The Viking Landers were unable to detect evidence of life on Mars but, instead, found a chemically reactive soil capable of decomposing organic molecules...
- Near-term lander experiments for growing plants on Mars: requirements for information on chemical and physical properties of Mars regolithAndrew C Schuerger
Dynamac Corporation, Kennedy Space Center, FL 32899, USA
Life Support Biosph Sci 8:137-47. 2002In order to support humans for long-duration missions to Mars, bioregenerative Advanced Life Support (ALS) systems have been proposed that would use higher plants as the primary candidates for photosynthesis...
- The missing organic molecules on MarsS A Benner
Departments of Chemistry, Anatomy, and Cell Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:2425-30. 2000GC-MS on the Viking 1976 Mars missions did not detect organic molecules on the Martian surface, even those expected from meteorite bombardment...
- Iron-magnesium silicate bioweathering on Earth (and Mars?)M R Fisk
College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
Astrobiology 6:48-68. 2006..distribution of olivine and pyroxene on Earth and in the Solar System make bioweathering features in these minerals potentially important new biosignatures that may play a significant role in evaluating whether life ever existed on Mars.
- The ultraviolet environment of Mars: biological implications past, present, and futureC S Cockell
NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035 1000, USA
Icarus 146:343-59. 2000..Over time Mars has probably experienced an increasingly inhospitable photobiological environment, with present instantaneous DNA ..
- Raman spectroscopic analysis of cyanobacterial gypsum halotrophs and relevance for sulfate deposits on MarsHowell G M Edwards
Chemical and Forensic Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Bradford, Bradford BD7 1DP, UK
Analyst 130:917-23. 2005..spectroscopic techniques for incorporation as part of the instrumentation suite of a robotic lander for planetary surface exploration for the detection of organisms inside sulfate crystals from previous hydrothermal activity on Mars.
- Mars Surveyor Program '01 Mars Environmental Compatibility Assessment wet chemistry lab: a sensor array for chemical analysis of the Martian soilSamuel P Kounaves
Department of Chemistry, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, USA
J Geophys Res 108:13-1 - 13-12. 2003The Mars Environmental Compatibility Assessment (MECA) instrument was designed, built, and flight qualified for the now canceled MSP (Mars Surveyor Program) '01 Lander...
- Why Raman spectroscopy on Mars?--a case of the right tool for the right jobAlex Ellery
School of Engineering, Kingston University, London, United Kingdom
Astrobiology 3:565-79. 2003We provide a scientific rationale for the astrobiological investigation of Mars. We suggest that, given practical constraints, the most promising locations for the search for former life on Mars are palaeolake craters and the evaporite ..
- Vanguard--a European robotic astrobiology-focussed Mars sub-surface mission proposalAlex Ellery
Astronautics and Space Systems Group, School of Engineering, Kingston University, Friars Avenue, Roehampton Vale, London, UK
Acta Astronaut 56:397-407. 2005We present a new European Mars mission proposal to build on the UK-led Beagle2 Mars mission and continue its astrobiology-focussed investigation of Mars...
- Mars exploration: going undergroundTony Reichhardt
Nature 435:266-7. 2005
- Space science. Europe trumpets successes on Mars and TitanGovert Schilling
Science 310:1598. 2005
- Phyllosilicates on Mars and implications for early martian climateF Poulet
Institut d Astrophysique Spatiale, Université Paris Sud and CNRS UMR 8617 F 91405 Orsay, France
Nature 438:623-7. 2005..by remote sensing and in situ observations has been considered evidence of the past presence of liquid water on Mars. Here we report the unambiguous detection of diverse phyllosilicates, a family of aqueous alteration products, on ..
- Planetary science: clays in the history of MarsHorton Newsom
Nature 438:570-1. 2005
- Critical issues in connection with human missions to Mars: protection of and from the Martian environmentG Horneck
German Aerospace Center DLR, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, Germany
Adv Space Res 31:87-95. 2003Human missions to Mars are planned to happen within this century...
- Applied superconductivity and superfluidity for the exploration of the Moon and MarsTalso C P Chui
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Low Temperature Science and Quantum Sensors Group, Pasadena, CA 91109 8099, USA
Adv Space Res 36:99-106. 2005..how superconductivity and superfluidity can be applied to solve the challenges in the exploration of the Moon and Mars. High sensitivity instruments using phenomena of superconductivity and superfluidity can potentially make ..
- [Engineering issues of microbial ecology in space agriculture]Masamichi Yamashita
Biol Sci Space 19:25-36. 2005Closure of the materials recycle loop for water-foods-oxygen is the primary purpose of space agriculture on Mars and Moon...
- Mars orbiter ready to scout for future landing sites as NASA looks aheadTony Reichhardt
Nature 436:613. 2005
- Ancient Mars: wet in many placesDavid A Paige
University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Science 307:1575-6. 2005New results from the Mars Express Orbiter mission reveal multiple deposits of minerals formed in the presence of liquid water...
- Genome-Wide Association Study of Cognitive Decline Among Older African AmericansJill R Murrell; Fiscal Year: 2010..CHAP), the Indianapolis-Ibadan Project, the Memory and Aging Project (MAP) and the Minority Aging Research Study (MARS)...
- Ultrahigh Resolution Optical BarcodeROBERT C HAUSHALTER; Fiscal Year: 2011..also developed a completely portable, battery-powered prototype bead reader (Multiplexed Assay Reader System, or "MARS") with on superbright LEDs with an imaging system based on a very inexpensive commercial DSLR camera...
- Mechanisms of Psychostimulant AbuseCLAYTON THOMAS BAUER; Fiscal Year: 2013..provided by applicant): Amphetamine is a prototype drug for a class of compounds known as monoamine releasers (MARs)...
- Risk Factors for Cognitive Decline in African-AmericansLisa L Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2013..The Minority Aging Research Study (MARS) is a longitudinal cohort study of more than 350 older African Americans without dementia who agreed to annual ..
- Novel Models to Predict Energy Expenditure and Physical Activity in PreschoolersNancy F Butte; Fiscal Year: 2013..Cross-sectional time series (CSTS) and multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS) models will be developed in 88 preschool-aged children using 12-h room respiration calorimetry as the criterion ..
- Revision ACL Reconstructions: A Comparative Effectiveness Treatment StudyRick W Wright; Fiscal Year: 2012..With this in mind, the Multi-center ACL Revision Study (MARS) group was established as an 87 surgeon multi-center group to perform a prospective longitudinal cohort analysis of ..
- A RuleFit Product for Classification and RegressionDAN STEINBERG; Fiscal Year: 2007..These include CART, MARS, MART and PRIM...
- VITAMIN E ATHEROSCLEROSIS PREVENTION STUDYHOWARD HODIS; Fiscal Year: 1999..from the Cholesterol Lowering Atherosclerosis Study (CLAS) and the Monitored Atherosclerosis Regression Study (MARS) demonstrate that supplementary vitamin E intake reduces progression of atherosclerosis by 50% to 80% over a 2 year ..
- Continuous Monitoring of Advanced Reading Skills (CMARS)WILLIAM A FAHLE; Fiscal Year: 2013..We will call this assessment Continuous Monitoring of Advanced Reading Skills (CMARS, pronounced SEE-mars)...
- DBillScan: A Camera Phone Based Currency Reader for the Visually ImpairedHuiping Li; Fiscal Year: 2011..In many countries the currency is printed on different sizes of paper or with different tactile mars for people with visual disabilities to touch and recognize. However, these features are not provided in U.S...
- Interactive Search and Review of Clinical Records with Multi-layered Semantic AnnJANYCE M WIEBE; Fiscal Year: 2013..Data repositories, such as the Medical Archival Retrieval System (MARS) at the University of Pittsburgh, are useful for identifying supersets of patients for clinical research studies ..
- MATRIX ATTACHMENT REGIONS IN AN IMPRINTED DOMAINJohn Greally; Fiscal Year: 2001..The research component of this proposal is a test of the hypothesis that matrix-attachment regions (MARs) are involved in genomic imprinting. MARs are DNA sequences which anchor chromatin to a fixed nuclear matrix...
- Circadian adaptation to non-24-hour sleep-wake schedulesCHARLES CZEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2004..5-h. NASA's planned exploration class mission to Mars, currently scheduled for 2018, will require crew members to adapt to the 24...
- FUNCTION OF MATRIX ATTACHMENT REGIONS IN THE IG LOCIANN FEENEY; Fiscal Year: 2000..b>MARs have been studied in a few model loci, two of which are the IgH and Ig- kappa loci...
- UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH IAIMS PHASE IIJEFFREY ROMOFF; Fiscal Year: 1992..The University Medical Center has implemented an on-line patient record system, the Medical ARchival System (MARS)...
- INFERRING CHROMOSOME ARCHITECTURE FROM GENOMIC SEQUENCECraig Benham; Fiscal Year: 2002..The sites on the DNA where attachment occurs, called scaffold (or matrix) attachment regions (S/MARs), strongly influence many regulatory events including transcriptional augmentation and enhancement, initiation of ..
- Base unpairing regions and chromatin foldingTerumi Kohwi Shigematsu; Fiscal Year: 2004..framework of nuclei, called the nuclear matrix, at specialized DNA sequences called matrix attachment regions, or MARs. Such higher order chromatin structure might have both structural and functional significance in gene regulation...
- INTERACTION OF CIS-ACTING ELEMENTS IN CD8 REGULATIONPhilip Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2005..These studies will contribute to our knowledge of CD8 gene regulation during T-cell differentiation, and to the roles played by MARs and their cognate binding proteins in modulating the activities of cis-acting sequences in vivo.
- Persistent Organochlorines and Testicular Cancer RiskStephen Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2004..To address these aims, we will conduct an ancillary investigation to the Male Androgen Research Study (MARS), a recently-initiated, NCI-funded, population-based case-control study of molecular genetic risk factors for TGCC...
- Logistic joinpoint regression model in cohort studiesGrzegorz Rempala; Fiscal Year: 2006..regression model versus that of penalized splines (P-splines) and multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS) models...
- EARLY S PHASE REPLICATION SITES AS ENVIRONMENTAL TARGETSDavid Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2002..intriguingly, a region shows homologies to autonomously replicating sequences (ARSs), matrix attachment regions (MARS), a topo II binding site and pyrimidine runs (thought to be primase binding sites) (5) The principal investigator ..
- AUTOMATING THE DOLLOFF MEDICAL LIBRARY CATALOGMARJORIE WESTERFIELD; Fiscal Year: 2001..Many of the libraries within the regional system are already online with C/W MARS (Central/Western Massachusetts Automated Resource Sharing)...
- NON B DNA STRUCTURE WITH CHEMICAL CARCINOGENSTerumi Kohwi Shigematsu; Fiscal Year: 2001..that chromatin loops are anchored to the nuclear matrix at specific DNA regions (Matrix attachment regions, or MARs) that exhibit high affinity to the nuclear matrix...
- Evaluate the effects of Massachusetts Reporting SystemNancy Ridley; Fiscal Year: 2003..contained within the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH) mandatory hospital reporting system (MARS) to ensure that it can be used to improve patient safety...
- FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE IG LOCUS CONTROL REGIONWILLIAM FORRESTER; Fiscal Year: 2002..structures, which can be propagated to more distal regions in the presence of nuclear matrix attachment regions (MARs)...
- Optical Encoding Technology for Viral Screening PanelsROBERT HAUSHALTER; Fiscal Year: 2009..samples will be characterized using Parallume beads and Parallel's robust Multiplex Assay Reader System (MARS), which has replaced the fragile flow cytometer and lasers with micromachined silicon bead localization slides and ..
- MARS: AUTOMATED LOGISTIC REGRESSION FOR CANCER RESEARCHPHILLIP COLLA; Fiscal Year: 2000..The basis for these tools is the recent advancement, Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS). Our package will apply MARS to cross-section regression...
- Control of Human Papillomavirus-16 TranscriptionHans Ulrich Bernard; Fiscal Year: 2006..We have detected two nuclear matrix attachment regions (MARs), which are super-regulators of transcription, namely silencers in transiently transfected cells, but enhancers ..
- Targeted gene deletion of eARID proteinsLaura Allred; Fiscal Year: 2005..to upregulate immunoglobulin heavy chain transcription by binding ATC motifs within matrix association regions (MARs). Bright has also been shown to play a role in cell cycle regulation...
- MARS SPECIFIC TO HUMAN MYOD PROTEINCHUNMING HUANG; Fiscal Year: 1993....
- REGULATION OF CD4 GENE EXPRESSIONSTEPHEN HEDRICK; Fiscal Year: 1993..at locating more distant cis-acting regions that serve as enhancers and nuclear matrix association regions (MARS)...
- MAINTENANCE AND REGULATION OF GLOBIN GENE EXPRESSIONMark Groudine; Fiscal Year: 1999..of promoter elements to the initiator determines their ability to regulate transcription rate; and if insulators, MARs, and enhancers can alter position effects on expression level...
- PATIENT CARE PROVIDER ORDER ENTRY WITH TACTICAL SUPPORTRANDOLPH MILLER; Fiscal Year: 1999..The function will review laboratory and other data available in the MARS system to answer the question, "What happened to the patient during the last 12-72 hours?", (I) formative ..
- B-SPLINE STATISTICAL TECHNOLOGIES AND HAZARD REGRESSIONDOUGLAS CLARKSON; Fiscal Year: 1999..b>MARS-like methods are used to adaptively select the spline basis functions...
- Control Of Tcr Data And Tcr Alpha RearrangementMICHAEL KRANGEL; Fiscal Year: 2005..The function of enhancer-associated nuclear matrix attachment regions (MARs) is unclear...
- Role of Vestibular System in Exploration of SpaceFRANKLIN BLACK; Fiscal Year: 2002..Manned expeditions to Mars and beyond cannot be accomplished safely until the vestibular physiology of microgravity has been fully defined and ..
- Magnetic Levitation of OsteoblastsBRUCE HAMMER; Fiscal Year: 2006..38 g and 0.167 g, thus providing ground-based simulations of the gravitational forces experienced on the surface of mars and the moon, respectively. [unreadable] [unreadable]
- Software for Fitting Non-Gaussian Random Effects ModelsChris Fraley; Fiscal Year: 2006..We propose to allow other densities, including user specified densities, in the random effects model. We also propose to develop software with adaptive MARS like model fitting capabilities. [unreadable] [unreadable]
- PHARMACOLOGIC REHABILITATION OF ATTENTION DEFICITSJohn Whyte; Fiscal Year: 2003..The factor structure will also be compared to that obtained from a control sample. ..
- GENETICS OF CHILDHOOD OBESITYNancy Butte; Fiscal Year: 2004..This QTL method will be implemented in the program package SOLAR using estimation procedures from FISHER. Lastly, we will test for pleiotropic effects of obesity-related QTLs across phenotypes. ..
- Bound Solute DialysisJohn Patzer; Fiscal Year: 2006..Bound solute dialysis (BSD), practiced heuristically by the MARS and Biologic-DT approaches, offers the potential of a new standard of care treatment modality...
- STAGE SPECIFIC EXPRESSION OF CD34 IN EARLY HEMATOPOIESISDiane Krause; Fiscal Year: 2001..Also, a better understanding of the molecular control for early hematopoiesis will improve our ability to combat selective cytopenias and aplastic anemia. ..
- Gene Expession in Conditioned Taste AversionLouis Irwin; Fiscal Year: 2002..As such, it represents a more realistic view of the way in which a system as complex as the brain likely processes and encodes experiential information. ..
- BEHAVIORAL CONTRUCTS AND CULTURE IN CANCER SCREENINGRena Pasick; Fiscal Year: 2005..Items will be further refined and tested in a survey with the remaining 750 women six months later, yielding culturally appropriate measures that better predict breast cancer screening among Filipinas and Latinas. ..
- Increasing Treatment Adherence in Co-Occurring DisordersMichael Pantalon; Fiscal Year: 2006..Secondary outcomes include reductions in depressive symptomatology and rates of re-hospitalization. ..
- MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERSGregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Mechanisms of Disease in the Newborn Human InfantF Cole; Fiscal Year: 2006..As such, this program should provide for new pediatric scholars to lead the way for future advances in this important area of child health. ..
- Hip Joint Resurfacing with Functional Human CartilageLisa Freed; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Prognosis and Effectiveness of Advanced Lung Cancer Treatment in the ElderlyJuan P Wisnivesky; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study will provide information regarding the efficacy of several therapies and may help resolve several controversies regarding the staging and treatment of elderly patients with advanced stage lung cancer. ..
- Causal Models for CVD Use by Aspirin and Vitamin E in the Women's Health StudyNancy Cook; Fiscal Year: 2008..The findings of reduced risk of CVD mortality, however, as well as effects by age, should be explored further to clarify the public health message. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Epithelial engraftment of bone marrow derived stem cellsDiane Krause; Fiscal Year: 2008..The data obtained will lead us to design novel therapeutic strategies tissue injury and disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Development of An Eating Laboratory for Overweight AdolescentsB Walsh; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Evaluating the Effectiveness of Lung Cancer Treatment in the ElderlyJuan Wisnivesky; Fiscal Year: 2009..The findings from this project will provide information that can directly impact the care of elderly patients with NSCLC and inform the design of future trials of lung cancer treatment strategies. ..
- The Role of the Mre11 Complex in Heat-radiosensitizationJOSEPH DYNLACHT; Fiscal Year: 2007..We will also determine the role of HR in heat-radiosensitization using silencing RNA (siRNA) targeting technology or conditional mutants deficient in specific NHEJ or HR proteins. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Interactive Outreach: CIS-Link to the UnderservedRena Pasick; Fiscal Year: 2007..The conceptual framework is drawn from Subjective Culture, Anxiety/Uncertainty Management, and Social Learning theories. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Phthalate Exposure and Pregnancy OutcomeT Peter Stein; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings will have ramifications for public health, for the packaging trade and for the chemical industry. ..
- OBSERVATIONAL COHORT STUDY OF SODIUM, WEIGHT AND CVDNancy Cook; Fiscal Year: 2003..This cohort provides a unique resource to address the impact in a normotensive population of salt restriction and weight change on subsequent cardiovascular events. ..
- Translational Research on Eating DisordersB Walsh; Fiscal Year: 2006....