pregnant women

Summary

Summary: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Loss to follow-up and mortality among pregnant women referred to a community clinic for antiretroviral treatment
    Richard Kaplan
    The Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute for Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS 22:1679-81. 2008
  2. pmc A systematic review of African studies on intimate partner violence against pregnant women: prevalence and risk factors
    Simukai Shamu
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 6:e17591. 2011
  3. pmc Urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations among pregnant women in Northern Puerto Rico: distribution, temporal variability, and predictors
    David E Cantonwine
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, United States Electronic address
    Environ Int 62:1-11. 2014
  4. doi Diagnostic role of microRNA expression profile in the serum of pregnant women with fetuses with neural tube defects
    Hui Gu
    Key Laboratory of Health Ministry for Congenital Malformation, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, China
    J Neurochem 122:641-9. 2012
  5. pmc Intimate partner violence among pregnant women in Rwanda
    Joseph Ntaganira
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, National University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
    BMC Womens Health 8:17. 2008
  6. pmc Clinical malaria in African pregnant women
    Azucena Bardaji
    Barcelona Centre for International Health Research, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomedicas August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Malar J 7:27. 2008
  7. pmc Give It Up For Baby: outcomes and factors influencing uptake of a pilot smoking cessation incentive scheme for pregnant women
    Andrew Radley
    Public Health Department, NHS Tayside, Kings Cross Hospital, Clepington Road, Dundee, UK
    BMC Public Health 13:343. 2013
  8. pmc High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women: a national cross-sectional survey
    Stefanie Vandevijvere
    Department of Public Health and Surveillance, Scientific Institute of Public Health, Brussels, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 7:e43868. 2012
  9. doi Midwives' awareness and experiences regarding domestic violence among pregnant women in southern Sweden
    Hafrún Finnbogadóttir
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health and Society, Malmo University, Malmo, Sweden
    Midwifery 28:181-9. 2012
  10. pmc Determinants of pregnant women's compliance with alcohol guidelines: a prospective cohort study
    Amy E Anderson
    Priority Research Centre for Gender, Health and Ageing, University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia
    BMC Public Health 12:777. 2012

Detail Information

Publications341 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Loss to follow-up and mortality among pregnant women referred to a community clinic for antiretroviral treatment
    Richard Kaplan
    The Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute for Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS 22:1679-81. 2008
    ..Although there was no significant difference in adjusted mortality rates between the two groups, the pregnant women had a substantially higher risk of loss to follow-up both pretreatment and on-treatment...
  2. pmc A systematic review of African studies on intimate partner violence against pregnant women: prevalence and risk factors
    Simukai Shamu
    School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 6:e17591. 2011
    ..However, information obtained from the increasing number of African studies on IPV among pregnant women has not been scientifically analyzed...
  3. pmc Urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations among pregnant women in Northern Puerto Rico: distribution, temporal variability, and predictors
    David E Cantonwine
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, United States Electronic address
    Environ Int 62:1-11. 2014
    ..action for elimination of exposure sources may be warranted, especially for sensitive populations such as pregnant women. However, information on exposure to phthalates from a variety of sources in Puerto Rico is lacking...
  4. doi Diagnostic role of microRNA expression profile in the serum of pregnant women with fetuses with neural tube defects
    Hui Gu
    Key Laboratory of Health Ministry for Congenital Malformation, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, China
    J Neurochem 122:641-9. 2012
    ..However, the expression of miRNAs in the serum of pregnant women with fetuses with neural tube defects (NTDs) has not been characterized...
  5. pmc Intimate partner violence among pregnant women in Rwanda
    Joseph Ntaganira
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, National University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
    BMC Womens Health 8:17. 2008
    ..The prevalence and determinants of intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant women has not been described in Rwanda...
  6. pmc Clinical malaria in African pregnant women
    Azucena Bardaji
    Barcelona Centre for International Health Research, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacions Biomedicas August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Malar J 7:27. 2008
    There is a widespread notion, based on limited information, that in areas of stable malaria transmission most pregnant women with Plasmodium falciparum infection are asymptomatic...
  7. pmc Give It Up For Baby: outcomes and factors influencing uptake of a pilot smoking cessation incentive scheme for pregnant women
    Andrew Radley
    Public Health Department, NHS Tayside, Kings Cross Hospital, Clepington Road, Dundee, UK
    BMC Public Health 13:343. 2013
    ..This study evaluated the smoking cessation outcomes and factors associated with success for pregnant smokers who registered with a pilot incentivised smoking cessation scheme in a Scottish health board area (NHS Tayside)...
  8. pmc High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women: a national cross-sectional survey
    Stefanie Vandevijvere
    Department of Public Health and Surveillance, Scientific Institute of Public Health, Brussels, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 7:e43868. 2012
    ..There are no representative country data available on vitamin D status of pregnant women in Europe...
  9. doi Midwives' awareness and experiences regarding domestic violence among pregnant women in southern Sweden
    Hafrún Finnbogadóttir
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health and Society, Malmo University, Malmo, Sweden
    Midwifery 28:181-9. 2012
    to explore midwives' awareness of and clinical experience regarding domestic violence among pregnant women in southern Sweden.
  10. pmc Determinants of pregnant women's compliance with alcohol guidelines: a prospective cohort study
    Amy E Anderson
    Priority Research Centre for Gender, Health and Ageing, University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia
    BMC Public Health 12:777. 2012
    ..of pregnant Australian women drank during pregnancy; however, there has been limited investigation of whether pregnant women comply with 2009 alcohol guidelines...
  11. doi Cost-effectiveness of universal and risk-based screening for autoimmune thyroid disease in pregnant women
    Chrysoula Dosiou
    Division of Endocrinology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, S025, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97:1536-46. 2012
    ..Hypothyroidism in pregnancy can lead to adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Although screening of high-risk women is advocated, universal screening remains controversial...
  12. ncbi Uptake of influenza vaccine by pregnant women: a cross-sectional survey
    Kerrie E Wiley
    National Centre for Immunization Research and Surveillance, The Children s Hospital, Sydney, Australia
    Med J Aust 198:373-5. 2013
    To determine influenza vaccination coverage among pregnant women in New South Wales, and factors associated with vaccine uptake during pregnancy.
  13. pmc Anti-Toxoplasma antibody prevalence, primary infection rate, and risk factors in a study of toxoplasmosis in 4,466 pregnant women in Japan
    Makiko Sakikawa
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mitsui Memorial Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 19:365-7. 2012
    ..It is usually asymptomatic, but infection in pregnant women can pose serious health problems for the fetus...
  14. pmc "What my doctor didn't tell me": examining health care provider advice to overweight and obese pregnant women on gestational weight gain and physical activity
    Michael R Stengel
    Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA
    Womens Health Issues 22:e535-40. 2012
    ..How health care providers counsel overweight and obese pregnant women on appropriate GWG and physical activity remains largely unexplored.
  15. pmc Interest of pregnant women in the use of SMS (short message service) text messages for the improvement of perinatal and postnatal care
    Gabriela Cormick
    Department of Mother and Child Health Research, Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy, Dr Emilio Ravignani 2024, Buenos Aires, C1414CPV, Argentina
    Reprod Health 9:9. 2012
    ..The objective of this study is to 1) understand pregnant women's access and usage of cell phones and 2) survey the health information needs and interests in a population ..
  16. doi Prevalence and correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior among US pregnant women
    Kelly R Evenson
    Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Prev Med 53:39-43. 2011
    Physical activity is recommended for pregnant women without medical or obstetric complications...
  17. ncbi Factors associated with declining HIV testing and failure to return for results among pregnant women in Vietnam
    Thu Ha Dinh
    School of Public Health, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    AIDS 19:1234-6. 2005
    ..Factors associated with declining included opinions about providing testing or that only high-risk pregnant women need testing, intention to decline testing, being a housewife, perception of poor healthcare support, and ..
  18. pmc Birth preparedness and complication readiness among pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia
    Mesay Hailu
    Sidam Zone Health Office, Hwassa, Ethiopia
    PLoS ONE 6:e21432. 2011
    ....
  19. pmc Socio-demographic factors associated with smoking and smoking cessation among 426,344 pregnant women in New South Wales, Australia
    Mohammed Mohsin
    Centre for Research, Evidence Management and Surveillance, Division of Population Health, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Liverpool BC, NSW 1871, Australia
    BMC Public Health 5:138. 2005
    This study explores the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant women who continue to smoke during the pregnancy, and identifies the characteristics of the smokers who were likely to quit smoking during the pregnancy period.
  20. ncbi Intimate partner violence and the childbearing year: maternal and infant health consequences
    Phyllis W Sharps
    Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, USA
    Trauma Violence Abuse 8:105-16. 2007
    ..b>Pregnant women are not immune to IPV, and as many as 4% to 8% of all pregnant women are victims of partner violence...
  21. pmc Survey of HBsAg-positive pregnant women and their infants regarding measures to prevent maternal-infantile transmission
    Yan Guo
    The Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430030, China
    BMC Infect Dis 10:26. 2010
    ..This is a retrospective study of 158 HBsAg-positive pregnant women who delivered children from Jan 1st, 2004 to Dec.31th, 2006 in Wuhan City, China...
  22. pmc Demographic and psychosocial profile of smoking among pregnant women in Lebanon: public health implications
    Monique Chaaya
    Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
    Matern Child Health J 7:179-86. 2003
    ..To assess the prevalence and determinants of smoking prior to and during pregnancy in Lebanon...
  23. ncbi Prevalence of smoking and associated factors among pregnant women in Japan
    Yoshitaka Kaneita
    Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Nihon University, 30 1, Ohyaguchikami machi, Itabashi ku, Tokyo 173 8610, Japan
    Prev Med 45:15-20. 2007
    This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of smoking among pregnant women living in Japan and to analyze the factors associated with their smoking behavior.
  24. doi Prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence against HIV-seropositive pregnant women in a Nigerian population
    Michael C Ezeanochie
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 90:535-9. 2011
    ..To evaluate the prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence among HIV-positive pregnant Nigerian women...
  25. doi Childbirth fear, anxiety, fatigue, and sleep deprivation in pregnant women
    Wendy A Hall
    University of British Columbia School of Nursing, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 38:567-76. 2009
    ..To explore women's levels of childbirth fear, sleep deprivation, anxiety, and fatigue and their relationships during the third trimester of pregnancy...
  26. pmc "Telling my husband I have HIV is too heavy to come out of my mouth": pregnant women's disclosure experiences and support needs following antenatal HIV testing in eastern Uganda
    Joseph Rujumba
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, P O Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    J Int AIDS Soc 15:17429. 2012
    ..We explored pregnant HIV-positive and HIV-negative women's partner disclosure experiences and support needs in eastern Uganda...
  27. doi A qualitative investigation of alcohol use advice during pregnancy: experiences of Dutch midwives, pregnant women and their partners
    Nickie Y van der Wulp
    Dutch Institute for Alcohol Policy STAP, P O Box 9769, 3506 GT Utrecht, The Netherlands Maastricht University CAPHRI Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht, The Netherlands Electronic address
    Midwifery 29:e89-98. 2013
    two studies aimed to explore the advice Dutch midwives give and the information Dutch pregnant women and partners of pregnant women receive about alcohol consumption in pregnancy.
  28. pmc Comparison of point-of-care versus laboratory-based CD4 cell enumeration in HIV-positive pregnant women
    Landon Myer
    School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Int AIDS Soc 16:18649. 2013
    Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in eligible pregnant women is a key intervention for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV...
  29. ncbi The effects of smoking cessation counseling by midwives on Dutch pregnant women and their partners
    Hein de Vries
    Department of Health Education, University of Maastricht, P O Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Patient Educ Couns 63:177-87. 2006
    ..Smoking during pregnancy is an important problem in the Netherlands. We tested the effectiveness of a health counseling method by midwives using a RCT...
  30. doi Pregnant and recently pregnant women's perceptions about influenza a pandemic (H1N1) 2009: implications for public health and provider communication
    Molly M Lynch
    RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Post Office Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
    Matern Child Health J 16:1657-64. 2012
    The objective of this study was to explore pregnant and recently pregnant women's perceptions of influenza vaccine and antivirals during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic...
  31. pmc A treatment for substance abusing pregnant women
    Kimberly Ann Yonkers
    Perinatal Research Program, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, 142 Temple Street, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
    Arch Womens Ment Health 12:221-7. 2009
    We describe the adaptation of a manualized behavioral treatment for substance using pregnant women that includes components of motivational interviewing and cognitive therapy...
  32. doi Interventions for preventing or reducing domestic violence against pregnant women
    Shayesteh Jahanfar
    Department of PublicHealth, School of Population and PublicHealth, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2013
    ..It is, however, not clear which interventions best serve mothers during pregnancy and postpartum to ensure their safety...
  33. ncbi Physical abuse around the time of pregnancy: an examination of prevalence and risk factors in 16 states
    Linda E Saltzman
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Violence Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    Matern Child Health J 7:31-43. 2003
    ....
  34. pmc Preliminary evaluation of the safety and efficacy of standard intravenous immunoglobulins in pregnant women with primary cytomegalovirus infection
    Ennio Polilli
    Microbiology and Virology Unit, General Hospital of Pescara, Pescara, Italy
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 19:1991-3. 2012
    ..of standard human intravenous immunoglobulin significantly increase CMV IgG titers and avidity indexes in pregnant women, paving the way to their use for passive transfer of maternal CMV humoral immunity to fetuses...
  35. ncbi Violence against pregnant women: prevalence and associated factors
    Celene Aparecida Ferrari Audi
    Departamento de Medicina Preventiva e Social, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 42:877-85. 2008
    To identify the factors associated with domestic violence against pregnant women.
  36. doi Recruitment of healthy first-trimester pregnant women: lessons from the Chemicals, Health & Pregnancy study (CHirP)
    Glenys M Webster
    School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Matern Child Health J 16:430-8. 2012
    To describe and evaluate recruitment techniques used to enroll 152 healthy pregnant women fewer than 15 weeks gestation into a prospective study of environmental chemical exposure during pregnancy...
  37. pmc Pregnant women's experiences of routine counselling and testing for HIV in Eastern Uganda: a qualitative study
    Joseph Rujumba
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, PO Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Health Serv Res 13:189. 2013
    ..counselling and testing as part of antenatal care has been institutionalized in Uganda as an entry point for pregnant women into the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programme...
  38. ncbi Prevalence of rubella and cytomegalovirus antibodies among pregnant women in northern Turkey
    Yavuz Uyar
    Microbiology Laboratory, Samsun Maternity and Women s Disease and Pediatrics Hospital, Samsun, Turkey
    New Microbiol 31:451-5. 2008
    ..Rubella and CMV screening of pregnant women is not routinely carried out in Turkey...
  39. ncbi Health-service utilization by pregnant women in the greater Mafikeng-Mmabatho district
    C F Pretorius
    Curationis 27:72-81. 2004
    ..These services are however inaccessible to many pregnant women in the rural areas, leading to sub-optimal antenatal health service utilization...
  40. doi Midwives and pregnant women talk about alcohol: what advice do we give and what do they receive?
    Sandra C Jones
    Centre for Health Initiatives, University of Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
    Midwifery 27:489-96. 2011
    ....
  41. doi Why do some pregnant women prefer cesarean? The influence of parity, delivery experiences, and fear
    Dorthe Fuglenes
    Department of Health Management and Health Economics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 205:45.e1-9. 2011
    We sought to identify predictors of preferences for cesarean among pregnant women, and estimate how different predictors influence preferences.
  42. doi Promoting positive motherhood among nulliparous pregnant women with an intense fear of childbirth: RCT intervention
    Katariina Salmela-Aro
    University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Health Psychol 17:520-34. 2012
    This RCT intervention among nulliparous pregnant women with an intense fear of childbirth sought to promote preparedness for childbirth and to enhance positive parenting...
  43. pmc Allostatic load may not be associated with chronic stress in pregnant women, NHANES 1999-2006
    Stephanie Morrison
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 23:294-7. 2013
    b>Pregnant women are generally excluded from studies that measure allostatic load (AL) because there is concern that the changing levels of AL-related biomarkers during pregnancy do not reflect a woman's true AL...
  44. ncbi Knowledge, attitude, perception of malaria and evaluation of malaria parasitaemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinic in metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria
    N C Iriemenam
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
    J Vector Borne Dis 48:12-7. 2011
    Little information exists on the compliance of pregnant women to malaria management in malaria endemic countries...
  45. pmc Coverage of intermittent prevention treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine among pregnant women and congenital malaria in Côte d'Ivoire
    Henriette A Vanga-Bosson
    Programme PAC CI, Abidjan, Cote d Ivoire
    Malar J 10:105. 2011
    ..Data on IPT-SP coverage and factors associated with placental malaria parasitaemia and low birth weight (LBW) are scarce in Côte d'Ivoire...
  46. pmc Feasibility and efficacy of a physical activity intervention among pregnant women: the behaviors affecting baby and you (B.A.B.Y.) study
    Lisa Chasan-Taber
    Dept of Public Health, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
    J Phys Act Health 8:S228-38. 2011
    ..However, the majority of pregnant women are inactive and interventions designed to increase exercise during pregnancy are sparse...
  47. pmc Antibodies to pneumococcal proteins PhtD, CbpA, and LytC in Filipino pregnant women and their infants in relation to pneumococcal carriage
    Emma Holmlund
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Vaccination and Immune Protection, PL 30, 00271 Helsinki, Finland
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 16:916-23. 2009
    ..C-terminal fragment (PhtD C), CbpA, and LytC were measured by enzyme immunoassay in 52 serum samples from pregnant women, 39 cord blood samples, and consecutive serum samples (n = 263) from 52 newborns between 6 weeks and 10 months ..
  48. doi Non-adjuvanted 2009 influenza A (H1N1)v vaccine in pregnant women: the results of a French prospective descriptive study
    E Omon
    Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Medicale et Clinique, Faculte de Medecine, INSERM U1027, Universite de Toulouse, 37 Allees Jules Guesde, 31 000 Toulouse, France
    Vaccine 29:9649-54. 2011
    ..during the influenza A (H1N1)v pandemic, the French Health authorities recommended influenza immunisation for pregnant women because of the higher risk of serious influenza outcomes in that population...
  49. pmc MOSAIC (MOthers' Advocates In the Community): protocol and sample description of a cluster randomised trial of mentor mother support to reduce intimate partner violence among pregnant or recent mothers
    Angela J Taft
    Mother and Child Health Research, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    BMC Public Health 9:159. 2009
    ..This paper describes the development, design and implementation of a trial of mentor mother support set in primary care, including baseline characteristics of participating women...
  50. pmc A pilot intervention for pregnant women in Sichuan, China on passive smoking
    Anita H Lee
    Center for International Tobacco Control, Public Health Institute, 2140 Shattuck Avenue, Suite 506, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 71:396-401. 2008
    ..By exploring the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of pregnant women with regard to secondhand smoke in the home environment, a model for intervention during the pregnancy was ..
  51. doi Urinary concentrations of phthalates and phenols in a population of Spanish pregnant women and children
    Lidia Casas
    Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
    Environ Int 37:858-66. 2011
    Phthalate and phenol exposure is prevalent among the general population and of potential concern for pregnant women and children because of their suspected susceptibility to endocrine effects.
  52. doi Factors associated with perceived stress and stressful life events in pregnant women: findings from the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey
    Dawn Kingston
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Helen Glass Centre for Nursing, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada
    Matern Child Health J 16:158-68. 2012
    ..Different factors contributed to perceived stress and life event stress, suggesting that these concepts measure different aspects of stress. These findings can inform routine psychosocial risk assessment in pregnancy...
  53. doi Accumulation of CVIET Pfcrt allele of Plasmodium falciparum in placenta of pregnant women living in an urban area of Dakar, Senegal
    Makhtar Niang
    Unite d immunologie, Institut Pasteur de Dakar, Senegal
    J Antimicrob Chemother 62:921-8. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to analyse the selection of drug-resistant parasites in the placenta in an area where chloroquine was still recommended as prophylaxis...
  54. pmc Morbidity and mortality among a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected and uninfected pregnant women and their infants from Malawi, Zambia, and Tanzania
    David Chilongozi
    University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:808-14. 2008
    Morbidity and mortality patterns among pregnant women and their infants (before antiretroviral therapy was widely available) determines HIV-1 diagnostic, monitoring, and care interventions.
  55. pmc Gene expression analysis in pregnant women and their infants identifies unique fetal biomarkers that circulate in maternal blood
    Jill L Maron
    Department of Pediatrics, Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Clin Invest 117:3007-19. 2007
    ..potential fetal biomarkers, we studied whole blood and plasma gene transcripts that were common to 9 term pregnant women and their newborns but absent or reduced in the mothers postpartum...
  56. doi Initiation of antiretroviral therapy among pregnant women in resource-limited countries: CD4+ cell count response and program retention
    Patricia L Toro
    International Center for AIDS Care and Treatment Programs, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    AIDS 24:515-24. 2010
    ..Few data are available from resource-limited countries on long-term outcomes of HIV-infected women who initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy...
  57. doi Uptake of influenza vaccine in pregnant women during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic
    Ilona Goldfarb
    Massachusetts General Hospital Vincent Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 204:S112-5. 2011
    ..Education for providers and patients emphasizing the benefits of early treatment of pregnant women with flu-like symptoms should be a priority.
  58. ncbi Factors associated with intimate partner violence among pregnant rural women in Rwanda
    Joseph Ntaganira
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, National University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
    Rural Remote Health 9:1153. 2009
    ..The Rwandan 2005 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) reported a national prevalence of IPV among pregnant women of 10.2% but there were limited data available on the factors involved...
  59. pmc Pregnant women's attitudes towards alcohol consumption
    Neil Raymond
    Division of Psychiatry, School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    BMC Public Health 9:175. 2009
    There is uncertainty as to whether there is a safe threshold for drinking alcohol during pregnancy. We explored pregnant women's attitudes towards drinking alcohol in pregnancy and their attitudes towards sources of information about ..
  60. doi Novel pandemic A (H1N1) influenza vaccination among pregnant women: motivators and barriers
    Gillian K Steelfisher
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 204:S116-23. 2011
    We sought to examine motivators and barriers related to monovalent 2009 influenza A (H1N1) vaccination among pregnant women. We conducted a national poll of pregnant women using a random online sample (237) and opt-in supplement (277)...
  61. doi Comparative evaluation of Strepto B ID chromogenic medium and Granada media for the detection of Group B streptococcus from vaginal samples of pregnant women
    Asmaa Tazi
    Service de Bacteriologie, Groupe Hospitalier Cochin Saint Vincent De Paul, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Centre National de Référence des Streptocoques, Paris, France
    J Microbiol Methods 73:263-5. 2008
    ..tested and compared to blood agar plates (BAP) for screening of Group B streptococcus vaginal colonization in pregnant women. All tested media were comparable in terms of sensitivity however, their use in routine laboratories may ..
  62. pmc Assessment of utilization of provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling as an intervention for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV and associated factors among pregnant women in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia
    Marelign Tilahun Malaju
    Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, PO Box 21, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 12:226. 2012
    ..However, little is known about its acceptance and associated factors among pregnant women in the country and particularly in the present study area.
  63. doi Effects of integrated yoga on quality of life and interpersonal relationship of pregnant women
    Abbas Rakhshani
    SVYASA University, Bangalore, India
    Qual Life Res 19:1447-55. 2010
    The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of integrated yoga on the quality of life and interpersonal relationships in normal pregnant women.
  64. ncbi Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection amongst pregnant women in Assam, India
    B J Borkakoty
    Indian J Med Microbiol 25:431-2. 2007
  65. ncbi [Maternal and fetal morbidity in obese pregnant women]
    Gustavo Romero Gutierrez
    División de Investigacíon en Salud, Unidad Medica de Alta Especialidad, Hospital de Ginecopediatría numero 48, Leon, Guanajuato, Mexico
    Ginecol Obstet Mex 74:483-7. 2006
    To determine the maternal and fetal morbidity in obese pregnant women compared with non-obese pregnant women.
  66. ncbi [Prevalence and severity of domestic violence among pregnant women, Mexico]
    Roberto Castro
    Centro Regional de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Cuernavaca, Mor, Mexico
    Rev Saude Publica 38:62-70. 2004
    ..To determine whether pregnancy is a risk factor for domestic violence and to compare prevalence and severity of violence reported by women before and during pregnancy...
  67. ncbi Factors associated with smoking cessation among U.S. pregnant women
    Stella M Yu
    Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Rockville, Maryland 20857, USA
    Matern Child Health J 6:89-97. 2002
    This study examines smoking and smoking cessation behaviors among U.S. pregnant women and seeks to identify the sociodemographic correlates of smoking cessation in pregnancy.
  68. pmc Facilitating HIV status disclosure for pregnant women and partners in rural Kenya: a qualitative study
    Melonie M Walcott
    Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, RPHB 330, 1530 3rd Ave S, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    BMC Public Health 13:1115. 2013
    ..To lay the groundwork for developing an intervention, we conducted formative qualitative research to elicit feedback on three approaches for safe HIV disclosure for pregnant women and male partners in rural Kenya.
  69. doi Pregnant women's intention to take up a post-partum pertussis vaccine, and their willingness to take up the vaccine while pregnant: a cross sectional survey
    K E Wiley
    The National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance NCIRS, The Children s Hospital at Westmead, Cnr Hawkesbury Rd and Hainsworth St, Westmead 2145, Australia
    Vaccine 31:3972-8. 2013
    ..Internationally, vaccination recommendations now include pregnant women in some countries...
  70. pmc Evaluation of Trans-Vag broth, colistin-nalidixic agar, and CHROMagar StrepB for detection of group B Streptococcus in vaginal and rectal swabs from pregnant women in South Africa
    Gaurav Kwatra
    Department of Science and Technology National Research Foundation Vaccine Preventable Diseases, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    J Clin Microbiol 51:2515-9. 2013
    ..and Trans-Vag selective broth enrichment for the isolation of GBS from 130 vaginal and 130 rectal swabs from pregnant women. The swabs were randomized for plating first on either CA or CNA, and they then were inoculated in Trans-Vag ..
  71. ncbi Contributions of immigration to depressive symptoms among pregnant women in Canada
    Malgorzata Miszkurka
    Departement de Medecine sociale et preventive, I Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC
    Can J Public Health 101:358-64. 2010
    ..We compared mental health of immigrant and Canadian native-born women during pregnancy according to length of stay and region of origin, and we assessed the role of economics and social support in antenatal depressive symptomatology...
  72. doi Information-seeking and its predictors in low-income pregnant women
    Carol Shieh
    Indiana University School of Nursing, Department of Environments for Health, 1111 Middle Dr, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 54:364-72. 2009
    This study examined information-seeking and its predictors (information needs and barriers) in low-income pregnant women. Eighty-four pregnant women from a prenatal clinic were interviewed using three scales that measured the frequency of ..
  73. ncbi Best practice in smoking cessation services for pregnant women: results of a survey of three services reporting the highest national returns, and three beacon services
    Michelle Lee
    Tobacco Dependence Research and Treatment Centre, Barts and The London, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, Turner Street, London E1 2AD
    J R Soc Promot Health 126:233-8. 2006
    ..An early survey revealed some uncertainty as to how the new services should work and monitor their outcome. The current survey focused on identifying examples of good practice in this difficult new field...
  74. doi Utilization of folic acid and iron supplementation services by pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic at a regional referral hospital in Kenya
    L Maina-Gathigi
    Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program FELTP, Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    Matern Child Health J 17:1236-42. 2013
    To determine utilization of iron and folic acid supplementation services among pregnant women in Kenya. A cross sectional study was conducted at Nyeri Hospital, a regional referral hospital in central Kenya...
  75. doi A two-way text-messaging system answering health questions for low-income pregnant women
    Hayeon Song
    Department of Communication, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee 53201, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 92:182-7. 2013
    ..The purpose of the study was to gauge the effectiveness of a low-cost, automated, two-way text-messaging system to distribute pregnancy and health-related information to low-income expectant women...
  76. doi Nutrition-related information-seeking behaviours of women trying to conceive and pregnant women: evidence for the life course perspective
    Ellen M Szwajcer
    Telematica Instituut, Interacting People, 7523 XC Enschede, The Netherlands
    Fam Pract 25:i99-104. 2008
    ....
  77. pmc Dietary patterns in pregnant women: a comparison of food-frequency questionnaires and 4 d prospective diaries
    Sarah R Crozier
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Br J Nutr 99:869-75. 2008
    ..The first two dietary patterns identified in this cohort of pregnant women appear to be defined similarly by both FFQ and diary data, suggesting that FFQ data provide useful information ..
  78. pmc Hurricane Katrina experience and the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression among pregnant women
    Xu Xiong
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Am J Disaster Med 5:181-7. 2010
    ..is known about the effects of disaster exposure and intensity on the development of mental disorders among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of exposure to Hurricane Katrina on mental health in pregnant ..
  79. ncbi Health seeking behavior among pregnant women in rural Haiti
    Kari White
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Health Care Women Int 27:822-38. 2006
    The purpose of this study was to further knowledge of health care seeking behavior among pregnant women in rural Haiti...
  80. pmc Routine antenatal HIV testing: the responses and perceptions of pregnant women and the viability of informed consent. A qualitative study
    Paquita de Zulueta
    Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College, London W11 2NS, UK
    J Med Ethics 33:329-36. 2007
    ..cross-sectional survey, undertaken in the antenatal booking clinics of a hospital in central London, explores pregnant women's responses to routine HIV testing, examines their reasons for declining or accepting the test, and assesses ..
  81. ncbi Promoting alcohol abstinence among pregnant women: potential social change strategies
    Sameer Deshpande
    Faculty of Management, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, Canada
    Health Mark Q 23:45-67. 2005
    ..Generally, it appears that pregnant women differ by their alcohol consumption habits and their reasons to drink...
  82. pmc A reexamination of smoking before, during, and after pregnancy
    Robert S Kahn
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1801-8. 2002
    ..This study examined the patterns and correlates of maternal smoking before, during, and after pregnancy...
  83. doi Macrophage migration-inhibitory factor is elevated in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus
    Ozgur Yilmaz
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Akhisar State Hospital, Akhisar, Manisa, Turkey
    Gynecol Endocrinol 28:76-9. 2012
    ..However, serum MIF levels in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have not yet been investigated. To address this question, we performed a prospective study between a group of pregnant women with GDM and healthy pregnant controls.
  84. pmc Elevated risk of adverse obstetric outcomes in pregnant women with depression
    Deborah R Kim
    Department of Psychiatry and Penn Center for Women s Behavioral Wellness, Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA
    Arch Womens Ment Health 16:475-82. 2013
    ..Given the retrospective study design and small sample size, these findings should be confirmed in a prospective cohort study. ..
  85. doi Studying the infant feeding intentions of pregnant women experiencing material deprivation: methodology of the Looking at Infant Feeding Today (LIFT) study
    Brian McMillan
    University of York, Heslington, York, UK
    Soc Sci Med 68:845-9. 2009
    ..This short report describes the novel methodology used to obtain data from a sample of pregnant women who are traditionally 'hard-to-reach' in deprived areas...
  86. doi Anti-D in pregnant women with the RHD(IVS3+1G>A)-associated DEL phenotype
    Glenn J Gardener
    Centre for Maternal Fetal Medicine, Mater Mothers Hospital, Mater Health Services, South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Transfusion 52:2016-9. 2012
    b>Pregnant women with the DEL phenotype appear to be D- by routine serology. Women with DEL phenotypes that show a partial D-like epitope loss may develop anti-D...
  87. pmc Minor ailments in pregnancy are not a minor concern for pregnant women: a morbidity assessment survey in rural Sri Lanka
    Suneth Buddhika Agampodi
    Maternal and Child Health Research Unit, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Allied Sciences, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Saliya pura, Sri Lanka
    PLoS ONE 8:e64214. 2013
    ..Although maternal mortality has become a major focus on global public health agenda, maternal morbidity is a neglected area of research. The purpose of this paper is to present the burden of acute maternal illness during pregnancy...
  88. doi Violence against pregnant women can increase the risk of child abuse: a longitudinal study
    Ko Ling Chan
    Department of Social Work and Social Administration, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Child Abuse Negl 36:275-84. 2012
    To assess the impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant women on subsequent perpetration of child abuse and neglect (CAN) by parents; and to test the mediation effect of recent IPV on the link between IPV during pregnancy ..
  89. ncbi Vaccination patterns in pregnant women during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic: a population-based study in Ontario, Canada
    Ning Liu
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 103:e353-8. 2012
    Influenza vaccination rate among pregnant women has typically been low, and there is little population-based information on predictors of vaccination uptake within this group...
  90. doi The impact of the catastrophic earthquake in China's Sichuan province on the mental health of pregnant women
    Zhiyong Qu
    School of Social Development and Public Policy, China Institute of Health, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
    J Affect Disord 136:117-23. 2012
    ..among the survivors, but little is known about the impact of the Sichuan earthquake on the mental health of pregnant women in the area...
  91. pmc Carrier screening for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in 107,611 pregnant women during the period 2005-2009: a prospective population-based cohort study
    Yi Ning Su
    Graduate Institute of Clinical Genomics, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan
    PLoS ONE 6:e17067. 2011
    ..Large studies are needed to determine the feasibility, benefits, and costs of such a program...
  92. pmc Prevalence and genetic diversity of hepatitis B and delta viruses in pregnant women in Gabon: molecular evidence that hepatitis delta virus clade 8 originates from and is endemic in central Africa
    Maria Makuwa
    Laboratoire de Virologie, Centre International de Recherches Medicales, BP 769, Franceville, Gabon
    J Clin Microbiol 46:754-6. 2008
    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) was found in 9.2% of 1,186 pregnant women from Gabon, of whom 10.1% had the HBe antigen and 89.9% had anti-HBe antibodies. Antibodies to the hepatitis delta virus (HDV) were found in 15...
  93. doi The normalisation of disrupted attentional processing of infant distress in depressed pregnant women following Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
    Rebecca M Pearson
    Academic Unit of Psychiatry, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK
    J Affect Disord 145:208-13. 2013
    ..This may explain why depression disrupts maternal behaviour and ultimately child outcomes. Understanding and improving such processing, in depressed mothers as early as possible is thus important...
  94. doi Paying women to quit smoking during pregnancy? Acceptability among pregnant women
    Marita Lynagh
    School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, David Maddison Building, Cnr King and Watt Streets, Newcastle, NSW 2300, Australia
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:1029-36. 2011
    ..This paper reports on the acceptability of incentives for reducing smoking in pregnant women and the perceived size of incentive that would encourage smoking cessation during pregnancy.
  95. pmc Association of COMT Val(108/158)Met genotype and cigarette smoking in pregnant women
    Marcus R Munafo
    School of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, 12a Priory Road, Bristol BS8 1TU, UK
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:55-63. 2011
    ..While the COMT gene is therefore one of the more promising candidate genes for smoking behavior, some inconsistencies have begun to emerge...
  96. pmc Evaluation of StrepB carrot broth versus Lim broth for detection of group B Streptococcus colonization status of near-term pregnant women
    D L Church
    Division of Microbiology, Calgary Laboratory Services, Calgary Health Region and the University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta T2L 2K8, Canada
    J Clin Microbiol 46:2780-2. 2008
    ..versus group B Lim broth (LIM) for detection of group B streptococcus (GBS) colonization status in near-term pregnant women (35 to 37 weeks of gestation) was evaluated...
  97. doi Testing the fathers: carrying out HIV and STI tests on partners of pregnant women
    R Dhairyawan
    Department of Sexual Health, Homerton Hospital, Homerton Row, London E9 6SR, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 88:184-6. 2012
    ..The authors report on a pilot initiative for sexual health and HIV screening for male partners of women attending antenatal ultrasound examination at Homerton Hospital, London...
  98. pmc The relationship between antidepressant use and smoking cessation in pregnant women in treatment for substance abuse
    Margaret S Chisolm
    The Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 36:46-51. 2010
    Bupropion's efficacy for smoking cessation in pregnant women is unknown.
  99. doi Everyday life memory deficits in pregnant women
    Carrie Cuttler
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Can J Exp Psychol 65:27-37. 2011
    Converging evidence indicates that pregnant women report experiencing problems with memory, but the results of studies using objective measures are ambiguous...
  100. doi A study of the teratogenic and fetotoxic effects of large doses of amobarbital used for a suicide attempt by 14 pregnant women
    D Petik
    Foundation for the Community Control of Hereditary Diseases, Budapest, Hungary
    Toxicol Ind Health 24:79-85. 2008
    ..Self-poisoned pregnant women were identified from patients of the Department of Toxicology Internal Medicine, Korányi Hospital, Budapest, ..
  101. ncbi [Pregnant women's perceptions of the Family Health Program concerning barriers to dental care in Pernambuco, Brazil]
    Olga Maria Ramalho de Albuquerque
    Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 20:789-96. 2004
    This study focused on barriers to dental care for pregnant women registered with the Health Family Program in Cabo de Santo Agostinho, Pernambuco, Brazil. A qualitative approach using three focal groups was adopted...

Research Grants86

  1. Intimate Partner Violence Among Low-Income Pregnant Women: Multilevel Analysis
    Qing Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Studies on pregnant women mainly focused on individual victim risk factors...
  2. Vaccine Development for Falciparum Malaria in Pregnant Women and Their Offspring
    Ian C Michelow; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Candidate vaccine proteins will be screened, confirmed and selected for clinical trials using pioneering molecular tools and blood samples from pregnant African women and their infants. ..
  3. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and birth outcomes in Mexico City
    MARIE SYLVIA O'NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This proposed work presents a unique opportunity to study those mechanisms in a new cohort of 800 pregnant women residing in diverse regions of Mexico City, a mega-city with high air pollution levels...
  4. Chronic nicotine and synaptic transmission in brainstem respiratory neurons
    RALPH FRANK FREGOSI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): At least 20% of pregnant women smoke, and their offspring have a higher than normal incidence of impaired cardiac function, autonomic nervous system disorders, sleep disorders, delayed speech and ..
  5. A Soft Topical Antiandrogenic Drug
    Wei Chu Xu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..type 2 inhibitors (finasteride) are serious drawbacks to their repeated use, and some are contraindicated in pregnant women. While acne vulgaris is the most prevalent skin disorder in humans, the other diseases are also relatively ..
  6. VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-CCC-Lead
    CYNTHIA T MCEVOY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Smoking during pregnancy remains a major public health problem as at least 12% of pregnant women cannot quit smoking during pregnancy...
  7. Community Participation Research of Breastfeeding Disparities in African American
    Tamar Ringel Kulka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in Durham County as well as primary data collected via focus groups with and surveys of African American pregnant women, African American women of reproductive age, partners of African American females of reproductive age, ..
  8. Role of the Mammalian Siderophore in Cellular Iron Metabolism and Erythropoiesis
    Laxminarayana R Devireddy; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..RELEVANCE: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common form of anemia affects about one in five women, half of pregnant women, 3 percent of men in the United States...
  9. Molecular Mechanisms of Parvovirus Gene Expression and Replication
    Jianming Qiu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection causes hydrops fetalis in pregnant women during the second- trimester...
  10. VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-DCC
    Cynthia D Morris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Smoking during pregnancy remains a major public health problem as at least 12% of pregnant women cannot quit smoking during pregnancy...
  11. Severe H1N1 Influenza Infection During Pregnancy: Pathophysiologic Mechanisms
    Mark Phillippe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a pregnant woman;an event consistent with the clinically recognized increase in morbidity and mortality for pregnant women who become infected with influenza...
  12. Mechanisms of ethanol-induced neurodevelopmental effects
    Marina Guizzetti; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..a regular component of the diet, our studies could potentially lead to the revision of dietary guidelines for pregnant women at risk...
  13. The Impact of Sleep-Disordered Breathing on Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes
    LOUISE M O apos BRIEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..snoring is associated with objective measures of respiratory events from polysomnography in a sample of pregnant women. Aim 1 will compare the cross-sectional frequencies of snoring and other SDB symptoms among 1400 third-..
  14. Human developmental toxicity of metal mixture exposure from e-waste recycling
    Aimin Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The application will address this global health problem by recruiting 600 pregnant women (300 from an e-waste recycling site and 300 from a control site in China) and following up to 9 months ..
  15. Flame Retardant and Adverse Perinatal Outcome (FRAPO)
    Morgan R Peltier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PBDEs are present in the plasma of almost all pregnant women. They have also been isolated from the placenta, umbilical chord, amniotic fluid and fetal membranes but their ..
  16. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - CACHE COUNTY STUDY CENTER
    Edward Clark; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the focus of the study includes assessment of the impact of exposures that occur early in pregnancy, both pregnant women and their partners, and women of childbearing age, comprise the initial target population for enrollment...
  17. Maternal Obesity affects AMP-Kinase in Muscle Cell Differentiation
    Min Du; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and its close association with obesity and T2D, such intervention will help the increasing number of obese pregnant women in this country to deliver healthy children...
  18. Climate Change and Adverse Birth Outcomes: Assessing the Vulnerability of Pregnan
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moreover, the study will assess whether pregnant women with certain chronic diseases, those taking heat-sensitizing medications, those of low socioeconomic status, ..
  19. Graves'Disease Therapy Risks to Mother and Fetus
    Scott A Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and the absence of such reports related to PTU use, PTU has been recommended as the drug-of-choice for pregnant women with GD...
  20. Role of Physico-chemical Properties in the Reprotoxicity of Inhaled Cd NP.
    JUDITH TERRY ZELIKOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..f., Preliminary studies);large numbers of pregnant women will potentially be exposed to Cd-associated nanomaterials;bulk Cd, a potent estrogen mimic, concentrates in ..
  21. DHA, Inflammation, and Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Pregnant Women
    Debra Krummel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The aim of our study is to supplement the diet of obese pregnant women with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a safe, low cost, readily available dietary component that we have shown is ..
  22. NEWBORN IRON DEFICIENCY
    Michael K Georgieff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is one of the most common nutrient deficiencies worldwide, affecting two billion people and up to 30% of all pregnant women and their offspring. It affects at least 3 major aspects of early brain development in the offspring...
  23. Iodine Nutrition and Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Lactation
    ANGELA MEI TIN LEUNG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..results of this research will have important public health implications for thyroid function screening among pregnant women and adequate maternal iodine nutrition during pregnancy and lactation...
  24. Human Decidual Leukocytes and Their Placental Ligands
    JACK STROMINGER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and that express an unusual Class I MHC protein of unknown function, the HLA-G dimer, that is found only in pregnant women and apes...
  25. Air Pollution, Inflammation and Preterm Birth: A Mechanistic Study in Mexico City
    MARIE SYLVIA O'NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This proposed work presents a unique opportunity to study those mechanisms in a new cohort of 800 pregnant women residing in diverse regions of Mexico City, a mega-city with high air pollution levels...
  26. Reducing Preterm Births in Underserved Pregnant Women
    JAMES G CHRISTIAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..If the proposed system proves to be effective in reducing preterm births it can improve maternal and child quality of life as well as reduce the economic burden of preterm births in the U.S. ..
  27. Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome: Expression of RHD in the Fetus?
    Pirooz Eghtesady; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To extend these studies, we will compare groups of pregnant women referred for fetal echocardiography (echo) and found to have a pregnancy affected by (1) HLHS;(2) congenital ..
  28. Nikkomycin Z treatment of early coccidioidal pneumonia: Phase II clinical trial
    DAVID LARWOOD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..at particular risk are immunosuppressed patients such as those with AIDS or recipients of organ transplants, pregnant women, the elderly and military personnel who train in the endemic desert regions...
  29. Development of a Univalent Vaccine Against Group B Streptococci Infection
    Stephen K Hunter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Recent studies demonstrate that up to 24% of pregnant women receive antibiotics prophylactically for GBS...
  30. Development of a mouse model of obesity in pregnancy
    Thomas Jansson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..content prior to mating and throughout pregnancy will result in a metabolic profile similar to that of obese pregnant women, up-regulation of placental nutrient transport and fetal overgrowth...
  31. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Pregnant Women with Depressive Disorder
    Deborah Kim; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of research focusing on the treatment and predictors of treatment response for major psychiatric disorders in pregnant women;2) To develop the translational aspects of her clinical research program by fully incorporating a ..
  32. Functional significance of Siglec-6, a novel leptin receptor, in human placental
    Virginia Winn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is a disorder that affects four to eight percent of pregnancies and is a leading cause of death among pregnant women worldwide...
  33. Weight management for improved pregnancy outcomes
    Victor J Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Whereas morbid obesity was once rare among pregnant women, a rapidly increasing proportion of obstetrics patients now have levels of obesity which dramatically increase ..
  34. Antiviral prophylaxis to prevent perinatal transmission of HBV in Thailand
    GONZAGUE JOSEPH JOURDAIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of each of two drugs, tenofovir and lamivudine, versus placebo, given to hepatitis B (HB) chronically infected pregnant women with a positive HBeAg test and normal liver function tests, from 28 weeks'gestation until two months ..
  35. Transforming Women's Health: Discovery, Development, and Delivery
    Ellen M Daley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Specifically in Florida, women's oral-health disparities are evident: pregnant women have higher adverse rates in health outcomes (i.e...
  36. Genetic Manipulation of Unreaplasma spp. Infecting Humans using Synthetic Genomic
    JOHN IRVIN GLASS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and the best drugs for ureaplasma treatment, fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines, are not recommended for pregnant women or children...
  37. Angiogenic factors, abnormal placentation and adverse pregnancy outcomes
    Sarosh Rana; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Preeclampsia (PE) is the most common medical complication of pregnancy and affects 5-10% of pregnant women. It is the leading cause of maternal death in developing countries and premature delivery in developed nations...
  38. GWA Mapping: Maternal Metabolism-Birth Weight Interactions
    WILLIAM LOWE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..quality phenotypic data related to fetal growth and maternal glucose metabolism has been collected from 25,000 pregnant women of varied racial and sociodemographic backgrounds using standardized protocols that were uniform across ..
  39. Effects of Maternal Influenza Immunization: A Field Trial in Guatemala'
    Saad B Omer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Infections during pregnancy can cause serious illness in pregnant women and their infants and can have an adverse impact on fetal growth and development...
  40. A Rapid Point-of-care Diagnostic for C. trachomatis STDs
    Richard F Selden; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Dean, and the molecular biological and microfluidic expertise of Dr. Selden, the application provides a unique collaborative opportunity to finally obtain a rapid nucleic-acid based POC diagnostic for C. trachomatis. ..
  41. Anti-Phospholipid Multiplex For Pathologic Epitopes
    Paul O Neilsen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..D. Ware Branch, M.D. (University of Utah) is a world-renowned clinical researcher specializing in treating pregnant women who suffer from APS and recurrent pregnancy loss. With the addition of Dr. Matthew Rondina, M.D...
  42. NICHD INTERNATIONAL & DOMESTIC PEDIATRIC &MATERNAL HIV STUDIES COORDINATING CTR
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..preventing and treating HIV infection and its complications in newborns, infants, children, adolescents, and pregnant women. Since 1987, has funded the NICHD Network, currently composed of 25 domestic sites in 13 states and ..
  43. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the focus of the study includes assessment of the impact of exposures that occur early in pregnancy, both pregnant women and their partners, and women of childbearing age, comprise the initial target population for enrollment...
  44. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY -CLINICAL BIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
    VELAZQUEZ FRANCISCO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..the focus of the study includes assessment of the impact of exposures that occur early in pregnancy, both pregnant women and their partners, and women of childbearing age, comprise the initial target population for enrollment...
  45. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..the focus of the study includes assessment of the impact of exposures that occur early in pregnancy, both pregnant women and their partners, and women of childbearing age, comprise the initial target population for enrollment...
  46. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the focus of the study includes assessment of the impact of exposures that occur early in pregnancy, both pregnant women and their partners, and women of childbearing age, comprise the initial target population for enrollment...
  47. Pregnancy and EARly Lifestyle improvement Study (PEARLS)
    Kaumudi J Joshipura; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S.. The intervention will be conducted in pregnant women and their infants, focusing on improving: (1) physical activity levels, (2) diet quality and calori intake, (3)..
  48. Predictors of Prenatal Care Providers Counseling Women on Tobacco Use/Exposure
    BETH LEONG PINELES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Approximately 40% of pregnant women are exposed to tobacco smoke during pregnancy through either active or passive smoking...
  49. Identifying Biomarkers for Post-Partum Depression in African-American Women
    Patrick F Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Practically, pregnant women are straight-forward to identify, as they have frequent contact with the healthcare system and are willing to ..
  50. Development of an Inhibitor of Toxoplasma gondii
    Richard D Wood; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..gondii, as treatments for toxoplasmosis which affects HIV/AIDS patients. ..
  51. Regulation of Maternal Fuel Supply and Neonatal Adiposity
    LINDA ANNE BARBOUR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..further investigate FFA availability as a key fetal fuel in understanding neonatal adiposity in lean and obese pregnant women with and without GDM, both early and late in gestation...
  52. Role of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and social stress on perinatal outcomes
    Ami R Zota; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..disruption and consequent perinatal outcomes among a population of socioeconomically and racially diverse pregnant women. This work is particularly innovative as both PBDEs and psychosocial stress can impact the thyroid system, ..
  53. Randomized Trial of Antenatal Late Preterm Steroids (ALPS) - Clinical Coordinatin
    Ronald Wapner; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The recommendation of the 1994 NIH Consensus Conference was that all pregnant women between 24 and 33 completed weeks of gestation who are at risk of preterm delivery within 7 days should be ..
  54. Comparative safety &effectiveness of antihypertensive medications in pregnancy
    BRIAN THOMAS BATEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Approximately 3-4% of all pregnant women will be exposed to antihypertensive medications during pregnancy...
  55. Developmental neurotoxicity of sarin and soman in guinea pigs
    Edson X Albuquerque; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and the safety of antidotes such as atropine and pralidoxime, commonly used against acute OP toxicity, in pregnant women and the developing fetuses are hitherto unknown...
  56. Phthalate Exposure and Pregnancy Outcome
    T Peter Stein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The subject population is a cohort of 1500 low income, minority pregnant women from Camden, New Jersey...
  57. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY COORDINATING CENTER
    Elaine D Eaker; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the focus of the study includes assessment of the impact of exposures that occur early in pregnancy, both pregnant women and their partners, and women of childbearing age, comprise the initial target population for enrollment...
  58. Human Decidual Leukocytes and Their Placental Ligands
    Jack L Strominger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..EVT express an unusual Class I MHC protein of unknown function, the HLA-G dimer that is found only in pregnant women and apes...
  59. Maternal genitourinary infections and adverse perinatal outcomes
    Abdullah Hel Baqui; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Community health workers (CHWs) (n=32), one for approximately 120 pregnant women/year, will be randomized either to provide the intervention or standard antenatal and postnatal care...
  60. Novel histone biotinylation sites and relationships to other epigenetic marks
    JANOS contact ZEMPLENI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..deficiency is prevalent among Americans, and moderate biotin deficiency has been observed in up to 50% of pregnant women. Previous studies suggest that biotinylation of histones plays a critical role in the repression of ..
  61. Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant Women
    Eileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..More effective targeted strategies initiated within this narrow window of time may reduce the number of low birth weight infants and improve obstetrical outcomes. ..
  62. Malaria treatment outcomes and pharmacokinetics in HIV-infected pregnant women
    MYAING MYAING NYUNT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, despite increasing use of the drug in pregnant women in many endemic countries following the WHO recommendation, knowledge on the pharmacokinetics, safety and ..
  63. Azithromycin Combination Therapy in Resistant Malaria
    Charles Knirsch; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Artesunate, also usually given for 3 days, is again not curative. Pregnant women and young children bear the brunt of this disease, and constitute a particularly difficult treatment problem ..
  64. CD07-005, Translating Research into the Jade Ribbon Campaign
    Samuel So; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..guidelines, and to translate the ACIP recommendations into concrete implementation of prevention services for pregnant women infected with HBV, their newborn infants, and other household and sexual contacts...
  65. Towards Understanding the Morbidity of HEV Infection
    Mohamed Tarek Shata; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..hepatitis (AVH) in many lesser developed countries (LDC), with frequent reports of fulminant hepatitis in pregnant women. Although HEV- caused AVH is not endemic in the US, the prevalence of antibodies to HEV (anti-HEV) is as high ..
  66. Comparative effectiveness of diabetes prevention strategies in women with GDM
    Assiamira Ferrara; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KP) will participate and data will be collected for more than 2,400 pregnant women with GDM (36% Asian, 31% Hispanic, 25% white, 4% African American and 5% other ethnic groups)...
  67. Preventing Pregnancy Malaria: Maternal-Infant Outcomes
    Michal Fried; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..grant application have been conducting longitudinal studies and interventional trials of antimalarial drugs in pregnant women and young children in Tanzania...
  68. Assessment of Nicotine Metabolism Among Underserved Pregnant Women from NE SCRIPT
    Donna Parker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Assessment of Nicotine Metabolism Among Underserved Pregnant Women from NE SCRIPT Principal Investigator: Parker, Donna R...
  69. Oral Health Promotion During Prenancy in a Group Prenatal Care Model
    SALLY HENDERSON ADAMS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..concerns, yet dental care utilization rates, especially among underserved women;indicate that most low-income pregnant women do not receive dental care...
  70. US STUDY OF SEMEN QUALITY IN PARTNERS OF PREGNANT WOMEN
    Shanna Swan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..to conduct a multi-center study of semen and serum biomarkers of male reproductive function in partners of pregnant women, recruited from four urban U.S. centers. This proposed study would constitute the U.S...
  71. HBAA--A MARKER OF FETAL ALCOHOL EXPOSURE
    Lewis Holmes; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..pilot study would be the first evaluation of HbAA as a potential marker of previous alcohol consumption in pregnant women. Growth retardation and microcephaly are the most common effects of prenatal exposure to an excessive amount ..
  72. EXTENDED CASE MANAGEMENT OF COCAINE ADDICTED PREGNANCY
    Farrokh Alemi; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..to examine if extended case management can correct deficiencies in existing clinical programs for drug abusing pregnant women. We propose to provide and link a broad array of services including medical care, mental health treatment, ..
  73. Does EPA or DHA prevent depressive symptoms in pregnancy and postpartum?
    Ellen Mozurkewich; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..treatment or prevention strategy for MDD in non-pregnant individuals, and may have beneficial effects in pregnant women. Although published observational studies in the psychiatric literature suggest that maternal DHA deficiency ..
  74. Fighting Malaria with Microfinance: Evidence from India
    Alessandro Tarozzi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..bednets (ITNs) are one of the most effective means of malaria prevention, particularly among pregnant women and young children...
  75. HIV and Perinatal Depression in Brazil
    JUDITH KAREN BASS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..for conducting prospective, focused, straight-forward studies of this complex global problem: >98% of pregnant women receive free effective HIV-treatment;mother-to-child HIV transmission rates are <1%;integration of our ..
  76. A Model Statewide Trial to Detect and Treat Maternal Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy
    James Haddow; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Program goals are to: provide TSH testing to at least 70% of pregnant women in Greater Providence provide TSH testing to at least 50% of pregnant women elsewhere in RI test 70% of ..
  77. The Iowa Flood Study: Perinatal Effects of a Natural Disaster
    MICHAEL WILLIAM O apos HARA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To date, however, there have been no prospective studies of pregnant women exposed to a sudden-onset natural disaster that have been able to elucidate the biopsychosocial mechanisms ..
  78. Regulation of genes involved in hepatic drug elimination by female hormones
    Hyunyoung Jeong; Fiscal Year: 2009
    During pregnancy, it is ideal for pregnant women to avoid use of medications to protect the developing fetus from any potential adverse effects...
  79. RECEPTIVITY TO SICKLE/THAL SCREENING DURING PREGNANCY
    Peter Rowley; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The purpose of this continuing project is to ascertain the receptivity of pregnant women to unsolicited identification as hemoglobinopathy carriers...
  80. Mechanisms By Which Maternal And Fetal Drug Exposure Is*
    Jashvant Unadkat; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Pregnant women and their fetuses are therapeutic "orphans." As recently stated by Dr...
  81. FAILURE TO MODULATE T & NK CELL ZETA EXPRESSION IN RSA
    Douglas Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Impairment to complete failure to induce NK and T cell dysfunction in some pregnant women could be for poor pregnancy outcomes from pre-term labor to fetal death...
  82. Methadone Maintenance Therapy: a Breastfeeding Intervention for Pregnant Women
    Debra Bogen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Future Direction: These data will support a multi-site R01 grant where sites that serve pregnant women on MMT can be randomly assigned to receive (or not receive) the breastfeeding intervention...