sexual partners

Summary

Summary: Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual act: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
    Marie Claude Boily
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:118-29. 2009
  2. ncbi Intimate partner violence and women's physical and mental health in the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence: an observational study
    Mary Ellsberg
    PATH, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 371:1165-72. 2008
  3. pmc Heterosexual HIV-1 transmission after initiation of antiretroviral therapy: a prospective cohort analysis
    Deborah Donnell
    Statistical Center for HIV AIDS Research and Prevention and the Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Lancet 375:2092-8. 2010
  4. pmc Rates, barriers and outcomes of HIV serostatus disclosure among women in developing countries: implications for prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes
    Amy Medley
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, E5033, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 82:299-307. 2004
  5. ncbi Changes in sexual behavior and risk of HIV transmission after antiretroviral therapy and prevention interventions in rural Uganda
    Rebecca Bunnell
    CDC Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS 20:85-92. 2006
  6. ncbi Low male partner participation in antenatal HIV counselling and testing in northern Tanzania: implications for preventive programs
    S E Msuya
    Department of International Health, University of Oslo, Norway
    AIDS Care 20:700-9. 2008
  7. pmc Increased risk of HIV-1 transmission in pregnancy: a prospective study among African HIV-1-serodiscordant couples
    Nelly R Mugo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya
    AIDS 25:1887-95. 2011
  8. pmc Effect of concurrent sexual partnerships on rate of new HIV infections in a high-prevalence, rural South African population: a cohort study
    Frank Tanser
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Lancet 378:247-55. 2011
  9. ncbi Female sex workers and unsafe sex in urban and rural Nyanza, Kenya: regular partners may contribute more to HIV transmission than clients
    H A C M Voeten
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Trop Med Int Health 12:174-82. 2007
  10. pmc A dose-response relationship between exposure to a large-scale HIV preventive intervention and consistent condom use with different sexual partners of female sex workers in southern India
    Kathleen N Deering
    Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 11:S8. 2011

Detail Information

Publications366 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual act: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
    Marie Claude Boily
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 9:118-29. 2009
    ..Efforts are needed to better understand these differences and to quantify infectivity in low-income countries...
  2. ncbi Intimate partner violence and women's physical and mental health in the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence: an observational study
    Mary Ellsberg
    PATH, Washington, DC, USA
    Lancet 371:1165-72. 2008
    ..This article summarises findings from ten countries from the WHO multi-country study on women's health and domestic violence against women...
  3. pmc Heterosexual HIV-1 transmission after initiation of antiretroviral therapy: a prospective cohort analysis
    Deborah Donnell
    Statistical Center for HIV AIDS Research and Prevention and the Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Lancet 375:2092-8. 2010
    ..Initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces plasma HIV-1 concentrations. We aimed to assess the effect of ART use by patients infected with HIV-1 on risk of transmission to their uninfected partners...
  4. pmc Rates, barriers and outcomes of HIV serostatus disclosure among women in developing countries: implications for prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes
    Amy Medley
    Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, E5033, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 82:299-307. 2004
    ..free-standing voluntary HIV testing and counselling clinics more likely to disclose their HIV status to their sexual partners than women who were tested in the context of their antenatal care...
  5. ncbi Changes in sexual behavior and risk of HIV transmission after antiretroviral therapy and prevention interventions in rural Uganda
    Rebecca Bunnell
    CDC Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    AIDS 20:85-92. 2006
    ..The impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on sexual risk behavior and HIV transmission among HIV-infected persons in Africa is unknown...
  6. ncbi Low male partner participation in antenatal HIV counselling and testing in northern Tanzania: implications for preventive programs
    S E Msuya
    Department of International Health, University of Oslo, Norway
    AIDS Care 20:700-9. 2008
    ..Also, promotion of couple VCT outside antenatal settings in male friendly and accessible settings should be given priority...
  7. pmc Increased risk of HIV-1 transmission in pregnancy: a prospective study among African HIV-1-serodiscordant couples
    Nelly R Mugo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya
    AIDS 25:1887-95. 2011
    ..Prospective studies exploring pregnancy and HIV-1 acquisition risk in women have found inconsistent results. No study has explored the effect of pregnancy on HIV-1 transmission risk from HIV-1-infected women to male partners...
  8. pmc Effect of concurrent sexual partnerships on rate of new HIV infections in a high-prevalence, rural South African population: a cohort study
    Frank Tanser
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Lancet 378:247-55. 2011
    ..However, the effect of concurrent partnerships on HIV incidence has not been appropriately tested in a sub-Saharan African setting...
  9. ncbi Female sex workers and unsafe sex in urban and rural Nyanza, Kenya: regular partners may contribute more to HIV transmission than clients
    H A C M Voeten
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Trop Med Int Health 12:174-82. 2007
    ..To compare the sexual behaviour of female sex workers in urban and rural areas in Nyanza province in Kenya, and to compare their unsafe sex with clients and with regular partners...
  10. pmc A dose-response relationship between exposure to a large-scale HIV preventive intervention and consistent condom use with different sexual partners of female sex workers in southern India
    Kathleen N Deering
    Division of AIDS, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 11:S8. 2011
    ..This study assessed if intervention exposure was associated with condom use with FSWs' sexual partners, including a dose-response relationship.
  11. ncbi Risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men
    Beryl A Koblin
    Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention, The New York Blood Center, New York, New York 10021, USA
    AIDS 20:731-9. 2006
    ..Risk factors for HIV acquisition were examined in a recent cohort of men who have sex with men (MSM)...
  12. ncbi Concurrent sexual partnerships and the HIV epidemics in Africa: evidence to move forward
    Timothy L Mah
    AIDS Prevention Research Project, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:11-6; dicussion 34-7. 2010
    ....
  13. ncbi Trends in prevalence of HIV, syphilis, hepatitis C, hepatitis B, and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men. Results of 3 consecutive respondent-driven sampling surveys in Beijing, 2004 through 2006
    Xiaoyan Ma
    Beijing Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 45:581-7. 2007
    ..We report on 3 consecutive cross-sectional surveys measuring the prevalence of HIV, other infectious diseases, and related risk behavior among MSM in Beijing in 2004, 2005, and 2006...
  14. ncbi Sexual behavior of HIV discordant couples after HIV counseling and testing
    Susan Allen
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama in Birmingham, 35294, USA
    AIDS 17:733-40. 2003
    ..Biological markers were used to assess the validity of self-report...
  15. pmc Number of casual male sexual partners and associated factors among men who have sex with men: results from the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system
    Eli S Rosenberg
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:189. 2011
    ..In 2006, the majority of new HIV infections were in MSM. We sought to describe numbers of casual sex partners among US MSM...
  16. pmc Male migration and risky sexual behavior in rural India: is the place of origin critical for HIV prevention programs?
    Niranjan Saggurti
    HIV and AIDS Program, Population Council, New Delhi 110003, India
    BMC Public Health 11:S6. 2011
    ..The paucity of information on men's risky sexual behaviors in places of origin limits the decision to initiate HIV prevention interventions among populations in high out-migration areas in India...
  17. ncbi The impact of migration on HIV-1 transmission in South Africa: a study of migrant and nonmigrant men and their partners
    Mark N Lurie
    South African Medical Research Council, HIV Prevention and Vaccine Research Unit, Durban, South Africa
    Sex Transm Dis 30:149-56. 2003
    ..To investigate the association between migration and HIV infection among migrant and nonmigrant men and their rural partners...
  18. ncbi Opt-out HIV testing during antenatal care: experiences of pregnant women in rural Uganda
    Elin C Larsson
    Division of Global Health IHCAR, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Nobelsv 9, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden
    Health Policy Plan 27:69-75. 2012
    ..Moreover, to achieve the desired outcomes of the PMTCT programme, monitoring and evaluation should be built into the programme...
  19. ncbi Transactional sex among women in Soweto, South Africa: prevalence, risk factors and association with HIV infection
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 611 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 3028, USA
    Soc Sci Med 59:1581-92. 2004
    ..Research, policy and programmatic initiatives should consider the role of transactional sex in women's HIV risk, with attention to the intersecting roles of violence, poverty, and substance use in shaping women's sexual behaviour...
  20. ncbi Non-disclosure of a pregnant woman's HIV status to her partner is associated with non-optimal prevention of mother-to-child transmission
    C Jasseron
    INSERM, UMRS, CESP HIV IST Epidemiology, Le Kremlin Bicetre, France
    AIDS Behav 17:488-97. 2013
    ..Factors associated with non-disclosure reflect vulnerability and its association with non optimal PMTCT is a cause for concern although the impact on transmission was limited in this context of universal free access to care...
  21. pmc Sexual risk factors for HIV infection in early and advanced HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa: systematic overview of 68 epidemiological studies
    Li Chen
    Centre for Global Health Research, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 2:e1001. 2007
    ..It is commonly assumed that sexual risk factors for heterosexual HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa, such as multi-partner sex, paid sex and co-infections, become less important as HIV epidemics mature and prevalence increases...
  22. pmc High prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections among male sex workers in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire: need for services tailored to their needs
    Bea Vuylsteke
    Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    Sex Transm Infect 88:288-93. 2012
    ..To assess condom use and prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) and HIV among male sex workers (MSW) in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire...
  23. pmc Male partner antenatal attendance and HIV testing in eastern Uganda: a randomized facility-based intervention trial
    Robert Byamugisha
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mbale Regional Referral Hospital, Mbale, Uganda
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:43. 2011
    ....
  24. pmc HIV-1 transmission among HIV-1 discordant couples before and after the introduction of antiretroviral therapy
    Steven J Reynolds
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, USA
    AIDS 25:473-7. 2011
    ..To evaluate the impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on HIV-1 transmission rates among HIV-1 discordant couples in Rakai, Uganda...
  25. ncbi Processes and outcomes of HIV serostatus disclosure to sexual partners among people living with HIV in Uganda
    Rachel King
    Global AIDS Program, CDC Uganda, Kampala, Uganda
    AIDS Behav 12:232-43. 2008
    Disclosure of HIV serostatus to sexual partners supports risk reduction and facilitates access to prevention and care services for people living with HIV/AIDS...
  26. ncbi Pregnancy and HIV transmission among HIV-discordant couples in a clinical trial in Kisumu, Kenya
    S G Brubaker
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    HIV Med 12:316-21. 2011
    ..Our objective was to compare HIV transmission between discordant couples who did and did not conceive during participation in a clinical trial...
  27. ncbi Who infects whom? HIV-1 concordance and discordance among migrant and non-migrant couples in South Africa
    Mark N Lurie
    South African Medical Research Council, HIV Prevention and Vaccine Research Unit, Durban, South Africa
    AIDS 17:2245-52. 2003
    ..To measure HIV-1 discordance among migrant and non-migrant men and their rural partners, and to estimate the relative risk of infection from inside versus outside primary relationships...
  28. ncbi Women's barriers to HIV-1 testing and disclosure: challenges for HIV-1 voluntary counselling and testing
    S Maman
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Care 13:595-603. 2001
    ..of HIV-1 VCT grows two limitations need to be addressed, namely: low rates of HIV-1 serostatus disclosure to sexual partners and negative outcomes of serostatus disclosure...
  29. pmc The relationship between intimate partner violence, rape and HIV amongst South African men: a cross-sectional study
    Rachel Jewkes
    School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 6:e24256. 2011
    ..To investigate the associations between intimate partner violence, rape and HIV among South African men...
  30. pmc The forgotten half of the equation: randomized controlled trial of a male invitation to attend couple voluntary counselling and testing
    Boshishi K F Mohlala
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, UK
    AIDS 25:1535-41. 2011
    ..Increased male participation in antenatal care and uptake of couple voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV could reduce horizontal and vertical HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa...
  31. ncbi Secretive females or swaggering males? An assessment of the quality of sexual partnership reporting in rural Tanzania
    Soori Nnko
    National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza, Tanzania
    Soc Sci Med 59:299-310. 2004
    In population-based surveys on sexual behaviour, men consistently report higher numbers of sexual partners than women, which may be associated with male exaggeration or female under-reporting or with issues related to sampling, such as ..
  32. pmc Per-contact probability of HIV transmission in homosexual men in Sydney in the era of HAART
    Fengyi Jin
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Darlinghurst, Australia
    AIDS 24:907-13. 2010
    ..The objective of this study is to estimate per-contact probability of HIV transmission in homosexual men due to unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in the era of HAART...
  33. ncbi A resurgent HIV-1 epidemic among men who have sex with men in the era of potent antiretroviral therapy
    Daniela Bezemer
    HIV Monitoring Foundation, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS 22:1071-7. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to quantify the impact that highly active antiretroviral therapy had on the epidemic...
  34. ncbi Safer sexual behaviors after 12 months of antiretroviral treatment in Mombasa, Kenya: a prospective cohort
    Stanley Luchters
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Mombasa, Kenya, International Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 22:587-94. 2008
    ..Positive prevention interventions for those receiving ART must reinforce safer sex practices and partner disclosure...
  35. pmc Combined antiretroviral treatment and heterosexual transmission of HIV-1: cross sectional and prospective cohort study
    Jorge del Romero
    Centro Sanitario Sandoval, Comunidad de Madrid, Spain
    BMJ 340:c2205. 2010
    ..To estimate the risk and probability of heterosexual transmission of HIV-1 from infected people taking combined antiretroviral treatment...
  36. ncbi Importance of promoting HIV testing for preventing secondary transmissions: modelling the Australian HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men
    David P Wilson
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia
    Sex Health 6:19-33. 2009
    ..HIV infection (PHI), (c) on antiretroviral therapy?; and (ii) what is the expected epidemiological impact of (a) increasing the proportion of newly acquired HIV infections receiving early treatment, and (b) increasing HIV testing rates?..
  37. ncbi Does the frequency of HIV and STI testing among men who have sex with men in primary care adhere with Australian guidelines?
    R Guy
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Sex Transm Infect 86:371-6. 2010
    ..We assessed HIV/STI re-testing rates among MSM attending primary care clinics...
  38. ncbi How effective is community mobilisation in HIV prevention among highly diverse sex workers in urban settings? The Aastha intervention experience in Mumbai and Thane districts, India
    Sanjeev Singh Gaikwad
    FHI 360 Maharashtra, 501 505 Balarama Building, Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra East, Mumbai 400 051, India
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:ii69-77. 2012
    ....
  39. ncbi Sensation seeking moderates the effects of alcohol and drug use prior to sex on sexual risk in young men who have sex with men
    Michael E Newcomb
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:565-75. 2011
    ..partners across three waves of data collection spanning a reporting window of 18 months, for a total of 406 sexual partners. Sensation seeking was evaluated as a moderator of the effects of both alcohol and drug use prior to sex on ..
  40. pmc Disclosure of HIV status to sex partners and sexual risk behaviours among HIV-positive men and women, Cape Town, South Africa
    L C Simbayi
    Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Sex Transm Infect 83:29-34. 2007
    ..The HIV epidemic continues to amplify in southern Africa and there is a growing need for HIV prevention interventions among people who have tested HIV positive...
  41. ncbi Sexual behavior and HIV transmission risk of Ugandan adults taking antiretroviral therapy: 3 year follow-up
    Rose Apondi
    CDC Uganda, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda
    AIDS 25:1317-27. 2011
    ..Long-term impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on sexual HIV-transmission risk in Africa is unknown. We assessed sexual behavior changes and estimated HIV transmission from HIV-infected adults on ART in Uganda...
  42. ncbi Gay men's current practice of HIV seroconcordant unprotected anal intercourse: serosorting or seroguessing?
    Iryna B Zablotska
    National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    AIDS Care 21:501-10. 2009
    ..HIV prevention should take into account these contemporary changes in behaviors, especially among HIV-negative gay men...
  43. pmc HIV-positive women report more lifetime partner violence: findings from a voluntary counseling and testing clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Suzanne Maman
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1331-7. 2002
    ..Experiences of partner violence were compared between HIV-positive and HIV-negative women...
  44. pmc Timing is everything: international variations in historical sexual partnership concurrency and HIV prevalence
    Martina Morris
    Departments of Statistics and Sociology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e14092. 2010
    ..But measures of the prevalence of concurrency alone do not adequately capture the impact concurrency will have on transmission dynamics. The importance of overlap duration and coital exposure are examined here...
  45. ncbi Patterns of condom use among men who have sex with men in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Eric P F Chow
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The University of New South Wales, CFI Building, Corner of West and Boundary Streets, Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia
    AIDS Behav 16:653-63. 2012
    ..7-38.9%) in 2006-2008. Condom use was greatest and increasing among commercial sex partners, from 49.8 to 75.2% at last anal sex. Further condom promotion is still required to reduce the incidence of HIV infection among MSM in China...
  46. pmc Circumcision in HIV-infected men and its effect on HIV transmission to female partners in Rakai, Uganda: a randomised controlled trial
    Maria J Wawer
    Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 374:229-37. 2009
    ..We assessed whether circumcision in HIV-infected men would reduce transmission of the virus to female sexual partners.
  47. ncbi HIV-1-discordant couples in sub-Saharan Africa: explanations and implications for high rates of discordancy
    Brandon L Guthrie
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Curr HIV Res 5:416-29. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi Sex behaviour of men who have sex with men and risk of HIV in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Lalit Dandona
    Centre for Public Health Research, Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India
    AIDS 19:611-9. 2005
    ..To obtain information on sex behaviour of a large sample of men who have sex with men (MSM) in India that would assist in planning HIV prevention...
  49. pmc A systematic review of published evidence on intervention impact on condom use in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia
    A M Foss
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 83:510-6. 2007
    ..This review aims to quantify intervention impact on condom use in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, in different types of partnership...
  50. ncbi Assessing male spousal engagement with prevention of mother-to-child transmission (pMTCT) programs in western Kenya
    Michael Reece
    Center for Sexual Health Promotion, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
    AIDS Care 22:743-50. 2010
    ..These findings provide a starting point for the development of interventions to increase men's involvement in pMTCT programs...
  51. ncbi High prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases among men who have sex with men in Jiangsu Province, China
    Juan Jiang
    Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China
    Sex Transm Dis 33:118-23. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV infection, and sexual risk behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jiangsu Province, China...
  52. ncbi Skinning the goat and pulling the load: transactional sex among youth in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    R K Maganja
    Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    AIDS Care 19:974-81. 2007
    ..Youth described a deep mistrust of the motivations and commitment of their sexual partners. Furthermore, young women's financial dependence on men impacted their ability to negotiate safe sexual ..
  53. pmc Information dynamics shape the sexual networks of Internet-mediated prostitution
    Luis E C Rocha
    Department of Physics, Umea University, 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5706-11. 2010
    ..We also found that the number of sellers scales sublinearly with city size, so this type of prostitution does not, comparatively speaking, benefit much from an increasing concentration of people...
  54. ncbi Factors associated with HIV sero-status in young rural South African women: connections between intimate partner violence and HIV
    R Jewkes
    Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Private Bag X385, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1461-8. 2006
    ..This paper aims to describe factors associated with HIV sero-status in young, rural South African women and the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV...
  55. pmc Concurrent sexual partnerships do not explain the HIV epidemics in Africa: a systematic review of the evidence
    Larry Sawers
    Department of Economics, American University, Washington, DC, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 13:34. 2010
    ..Policy makers should turn attention to drivers of African HIV epidemics that are policy sensitive and for which there is substantial epidemiological evidence...
  56. ncbi The effect of power in sexual relationships on sexual and reproductive health: an examination of the evidence
    A K Blanc
    Blancroft Research International, 11718 Lightfall Court, Columbia, MD 21044, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 32:189-213. 2001
    ..Although many challenges remain, results to date suggest that when the role of gender-based power is made an integral feature of sexual and reproductive health programs, there is a considerable payoff for both women and men...
  57. ncbi Management of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV prevention in men at high risk: targeting clients and non-paying sexual partners of female sex workers in Benin
    C M Lowndes
    Groupe de recherche en épidémiologie de l Université Laval, Hôpital du Saint Sacrement du CHA, Quebec, Canada
    AIDS 14:2523-34. 2000
    ..We assessed the effectiveness of outreach methodology for contacting sexual partners of female sex workers for purposes of HIV/STD prevention in Cotonou, Benin.
  58. pmc Transactional sex with casual and main partners among young South African men in the rural Eastern Cape: prevalence, predictors, and associations with gender-based violence
    Kristin L Dunkle
    Emory University Atlanta, GA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:1235-48. 2007
    ..exchange were associated with higher socio-economic status, more adverse childhood experiences, more lifetime sexual partners, and alcohol use...
  59. pmc Intimate partner violence functions as both a risk marker and risk factor for women's HIV infection: findings from Indian husband-wife dyads
    Michele R Decker
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard Injury Control Research Center, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 51:593-600. 2009
    ....
  60. pmc Incidence and clearance of genital human papillomavirus infection in men (HIM): a cohort study
    Anna R Giuliano
    H Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA tt org
    Lancet 377:932-40. 2011
    ..The goal in this study was to estimate incidence and clearance of type-specific genital HPV infection in men, and to assess the associated factors...
  61. pmc Decline in HIV infectivity following the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy
    Travis C Porco
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, Community Health and Epidemiology Section, San Francisco, CA, USA
    AIDS 18:81-8. 2004
    ..We estimated the degree to which the probability of HIV infection from an infected partner (the infectivity) declined following the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in San Francisco...
  62. pmc Domestic violence in rural Uganda: evidence from a community-based study
    Michael A Koenig
    Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 81:53-60. 2003
    ..Most respondents--70% of men and 90% of women--viewed beating of the wife or female partner as justifiable in some circumstances, posing a central challenge to preventing violence in such settings...
  63. ncbi Estimating the proportion of HIV transmissions from main sex partners among men who have sex with men in five US cities
    Patrick S Sullivan
    Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    AIDS 23:1153-62. 2009
    ..HIV incidence in the United States among men who have sex with men (MSM) has been increasing since 2000, and MSM remain the most heavily impacted risk group in the US HIV epidemic...
  64. ncbi Concurrent sexual partnerships help to explain Africa's high HIV prevalence: implications for prevention
    Daniel T Halperin
    Office of HIV AIDS, US Agency for International Development, Washington, DC 20523, USA
    Lancet 364:4-6. 2004
  65. ncbi Prevalence of bisexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China and associations between condom use in MSM and heterosexual behaviors
    Joseph T F Lau
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
    Sex Transm Dis 35:406-13. 2008
    ..This study investigated the prevalence of bisexual behaviors and marital status among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM) and the associations between MSM's condom use and their heterosexual behaviors...
  66. ncbi Methods to reduce social desirability bias in sex surveys in low-development settings: experience in Zimbabwe
    Simon Gregson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Norfolk Place, London, United Kingdom
    Sex Transm Dis 29:568-75. 2002
    ..GOAL The goal of this report was to describe and evaluate an informal, confidential, low-technology method-Informal Confidential Voting Interviews (ICVIs)-for collecting sexual behavior data in less developed settings...
  67. ncbi Age-disparate and intergenerational sex in southern Africa: the dynamics of hypervulnerability
    Suzanne Leclerc-Madlala
    Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa, Private Bag, Pretoria, South Africa
    AIDS 22:S17-25. 2008
    ....
  68. pmc Behavior, intention or chance? A longitudinal study of HIV seroadaptive behaviors, abstinence and condom use
    Willi McFarland
    HIV Epidemiology Section, San Francisco Department of Public Health, CA 94102 6033, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:121-31. 2012
    ..The effectiveness of seroadaptive strategies should be improved and used as efficacy endpoints in trials of behavioral prevention interventions...
  69. ncbi Serostatus disclosure, sexual communication and safer sex in HIV-positive men
    N Crepaz
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    AIDS Care 15:379-87. 2003
    ....
  70. ncbi Preexposure prophylaxis and timed intercourse for HIV-discordant couples willing to conceive a child
    Pietro L Vernazza
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Kantonsspital St Gallen, Switzerland
    AIDS 25:2005-8. 2011
    ..In 53 cases, natural conception was attempted using the proposed method. Pregnancy rates were high and reached a plateau of 75% after six cycles. Advanced age in the female partner was a predictor for infertility in these couples...
  71. pmc Forced sexual initiation, sexual intimate partner violence and HIV risk in women: a global review of the literature
    Jamila K Stockman
    Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0849, La Jolla, CA, 92093 0849, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:832-47. 2013
    ....
  72. pmc Concurrent sexual partnerships and primary HIV infection: a critical interaction
    Jeffrey W Eaton
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London, W2 1PG, UK
    AIDS Behav 15:687-92. 2011
    ..The sensitivity of epidemic spread to the amount of concurrency is greater than predicted by models that do not include primary HIV infection...
  73. pmc Online social networking technologies, HIV knowledge, and sexual risk and testing behaviors among homeless youth
    Sean D Young
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:253-60. 2011
    ..Developing sexual health services and interventions on online social networks could reduce sexual risk behaviors...
  74. ncbi Vulnerability of women in an African setting: lessons for mother-to-child HIV transmission prevention programmes
    Philippe Gaillard
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium
    AIDS 16:937-9. 2002
    ..To increase the uptake of interventions to reduce perinatal HIV transmission safely, we recommend the involvement of partners in HIV testing. In addition, the counselling of women has to address methods and skills to deal with violence...
  75. ncbi Associations between recent gender-based violence and pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, condom use practices, and negotiation of sexual practices among HIV-positive women
    Delia L Lang
    Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:216-21. 2007
    ....
  76. ncbi Changing patterns of sexual risk behavior among London gay men: 1998-2008
    Sam Lattimore
    Health Protection Agency, Centre for Infections, London, United Kingdom
    Sex Transm Dis 38:221-9. 2011
    ..To examine changes in the sexual behavior of London gay men between 1998 and 2008...
  77. ncbi Alcohol use, intimate partner violence, sexual coercion and HIV among women aged 15-24 in Rakai, Uganda
    Iryna B Zablotska
    National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    AIDS Behav 13:225-33. 2009
    ..79, 95% CI: 1.25-2.56). Alcohol use before sex was associated with physical violence and sexual coercion, and both are jointly associated with HIV infection risk in young women...
  78. pmc Risk factors for domestic physical violence: national cross-sectional household surveys in eight southern African countries
    Neil Andersson
    Centro de Investigación de Enfermedades Tropicales CIET, Universidad Autonoma de Guerrero, Acapulco, Mexico
    BMC Womens Health 7:11. 2007
    ..The baseline to assess impact of a mass education-entertainment programme offered an opportunity to identify risk factors for domestic physical violence...
  79. ncbi The Internet as a newly emerging risk environment for sexually transmitted diseases
    M McFarlane
    Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 284:443-6. 2000
    ..Transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with unprotected sex among multiple anonymous sex partners. The role of the Internet in risk of STDs is not known...
  80. ncbi Sexual relations and childbearing decisions of HIV-discordant couples: an exploratory study in South Africa and Tanzania
    Laetitia C Rispel
    Centre for Health Policy, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Reprod Health Matters 19:184-93. 2011
    ..The study points to the need for targeted information for HIV discordant couples, as well as couple counselling and support services...
  81. ncbi No HIV stage is dominant in driving the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa
    Laith J Abu-Raddad
    Statistical Center for HIV AIDS Research and Prevention SCHARP, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue N, LE 400, P O Box 19024, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    AIDS 22:1055-61. 2008
    ..To estimate the role of each of the HIV progression stages in fueling HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa by using the recent measurements of HIV transmission probability per coital per HIV stage in the Rakai study...
  82. ncbi Male partner voluntary counselling and testing associated with the antenatal services in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: a randomized controlled trial
    J Ditekemena
    Kinshasa School of Public Health, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
    Int J STD AIDS 22:165-70. 2011
    ..A combination of different strategies rather than single targeted interventions will be needed to increase VCT uptake in male partners of women seeking VCT at ANCs...
  83. pmc Alcohol use, partner type, and risky sexual behavior among college students: Findings from an event-level study
    Jennifer L Brown
    Center for Health and Behavior, Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, 430 Huntington Hall, Syracuse, New York 13244, USA jlbrow03syr edu
    Addict Behav 32:2940-52. 2007
    ..These effects remained in analyses that controlled for sex-related alcohol expectancies, sensation seeking, and typical alcohol use. Findings confirm that the effects of alcohol vary according to the context in which it is used...
  84. pmc Concurrent partnerships, acute infection and HIV epidemic dynamics among young adults in Zimbabwe
    Steven M Goodreau
    Department of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    AIDS Behav 16:312-22. 2012
    ..The impact of acute infection is strongly moderated by concurrency. Reducing this impact by reducing concurrency could potentially end the current HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe...
  85. pmc Will gay and bisexually active men at high risk of infection use over-the-counter rapid HIV tests to screen sexual partners?
    Alex Carballo-Dieguez
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Sex Res 49:379-87. 2012
    ..Over 80% of the men said they would use the kit to test sexual partners or themselves if it became available OTC...
  86. ncbi HIV incidence and associated factors in a cohort of men who have sex with men in Nanjing, China
    HaiTao Yang
    Jiangsu Provincial Central for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
    Sex Transm Dis 37:208-13. 2010
    ..Many surveys conducted in recent years reported the increasing trend of HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM), but limited data exists on HIV incidence by cohort study in China...
  87. ncbi Undiagnosed HIV infection and couple HIV discordance among household members of HIV-infected people receiving antiretroviral therapy in Uganda
    Willy A Were
    CDC Uganda, Global AIDS Program, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Entebbe, Uganda
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:91-5. 2006
    ..Systematic efforts to identify HIV-infected members and HIV-discordant couples in households of individuals taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) could theoretically reduce HIV transmission and improve ART adherence...
  88. ncbi Homosexual men change to risky sex when perceiving less threat of HIV/AIDS since availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy: a longitudinal study
    Ineke G Stolte
    Cluster of Infectious Diseases, HIV and STI Research, Municipal Health Service, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS 18:303-9. 2004
    ..To investigate longitudinally the association between highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-related beliefs and the change from protected to unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners on an individual level...
  89. ncbi HIV infection and sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men in Senegal
    Abdoulaye Sidibe Wade
    Programme National de Lutte contre le SIDA, Dakar, Senegal
    AIDS 19:2133-40. 2005
    ..No epidemiological study has been conducted on HIV and vulnerability to sexually transmitted diseases (STI) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in sub-Saharan Africa...
  90. pmc Outcomes of a randomized community-level HIV prevention intervention for women living in 18 low-income housing developments
    K J Sikkema
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:57-63. 2000
    ..Women in impoverished inner-city neighborhoods are at high risk for contracting HIV. A randomized, multisite community-level HIV prevention trial was undertaken with women living in 18 low-income housing developments in 5 US cities...
  91. pmc Regional differences in prevalence of HIV-1 discordance in Africa and enrollment of HIV-1 discordant couples into an HIV-1 prevention trial
    Jairam R Lingappa
    University of Washington, Department of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1411. 2008
    ..Substantial regional differences exist in HIV-1 prevalence in Africa, but regional differences in HIV-1 discordance among African couples, has not previously been reported...
  92. ncbi Alcohol and transactional sex: how risky is the mix?
    Alison H Norris
    Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:1167-76. 2009
    ..money, food, gifts, alcohol or work for sex-was not stigmatized, but people believed that seeking sexual partners for money (or providing money to sexual partners) led to riskier sexual relationships...
  93. pmc High-risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in 6 US cities: baseline data from the EXPLORE Study
    Beryl A Koblin
    New York Blood Center, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:926-32. 2003
    ..We describe the prevalence of risk behaviors at baseline among men who have sex with men (MSM) who were enrolled in a randomized behavioral intervention trial conducted in 6 US cities...
  94. pmc Concurrent partnerships and HIV prevalence disparities by race: linking science and public health practice
    Martina Morris
    Departments of Sociology and Statistics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1023-31. 2009
    ..Using a data-driven network simulation model, we found that the levels of concurrency and assortative mixing observed produced a 2.6-fold racial disparity in the epidemic potential among young African American adults...
  95. pmc Uganda's HIV prevention success: the role of sexual behavior change and the national response
    Edward C Green
    Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    AIDS Behav 10:335-46; discussion 347-50. 2006
    ..Yet the debate over "what happened in Uganda" continues, often involving divisive abstinence-versus-condoms rhetoric, which appears more related to the culture wars in the USA than to African social reality...
  96. ncbi Increased risk of HIV in women experiencing physical partner violence in Nairobi, Kenya
    Karoline Fonck
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185 P3, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    AIDS Behav 9:335-9. 2005
    ..Multi-sector approaches are needed to change prevailing attitudes towards violence against women...
  97. pmc Polygyny and the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a case of benign concurrency
    Georges Reniers
    Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
    AIDS 24:299-307. 2010
    ..In this contribution, we focus on polygyny, a common and institutionalized form of concurrency for which data are available, and study its relationship with HIV prevalence at the ecological level...
  98. ncbi Coerced first intercourse and reproductive health among adolescent women in Rakai, Uganda
    Michael A Koenig
    Department of Population and Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 30:156-63. 2004
    ..Although there is increasing recognition of the scope and significance of sexual coercion experienced by adolescent women in developing countries, evidence on its consequences for reproductive health remains limited...
  99. ncbi Male sexuality in Vietnam: the case of male-to-male sex
    Bao Ngoc Vu
    Family Health International, Vietnam Office, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Sex Health 5:83-8. 2008
    ..To implement effective behaviour change interventions for men who have sex with men, qualitative information was collected about the contexts and meanings of sex and relationships between men in Ho Chi Minh City...
  100. ncbi The role of high-risk HPV-DNA testing in the male sexual partners of women with HPV-induced lesions
    Paulo C Giraldo
    Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, State University of Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 137:88-91. 2008
    The objectives were to assess the prevalence of high-risk HPV in the male sexual partners of women with HPV-induced lesions, and correlate it with biopsies guided by peniscopy.
  101. ncbi Alcohol use and high-risk sexual behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa: a narrative review
    Sarah E Woolf-King
    Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, NY 13244, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 40:17-42. 2011
    ..Based on this discussion, a model of alcohol and high-risk sexual behavior in an African context is proposed in order to integrate the existing literature and highlight areas in need of continued research...

Research Grants76

  1. PS11-003 Minority AIDS Research Initiative
    BRIDGETTE MERCEDEZ BRAWNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Secondary outcomes include sexual activity, the number of concurrent and sequential sexual partners, the theoretical mediators of intervention effects (adolescents'attitudes, beliefs, intentions and self-..
  2. Violence Exposure, Immune Function &HIV/AIDS Risks in African American Young Ad
    FROUGH SAADATMAND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..clinical depression), ATOD use (alcohol, tobacco and other drug), HIV risk behaviors (condom use, number of sexual partners), and immune system function (antibodies to EBV, CRP levels) in African American young adults aged 18-25 (n = ..
  3. HIV Prevention Intervention for Young Transgender Women
    MATTHEW JAMES MIMIAGA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..attitudes, norms, and intentions for safer sex), and behavioral skills (discussing sex and condom use with sexual partners, acquiring and using condoms);and to explore whether reductions in sexual risk are associated with ..
  4. Computerized Counseling to Promote Positive Prevention and HIV Health in Kenya
    Ann Elizabeth Kurth; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..provided by applicant): Helping people living with HIV to remain healthy and reduce transmission to sexual partners ('positive prevention') can be accomplished by behavioral counseling and supporting adherence to ..
  5. Acceptability and feasbility of the HPV vaccine schedule in female sex workers
    BRANDON JOHN BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Correlation of HPV infection with history of sexual partners will be examined. Women with abnormal cytology will be referred to an Obstetrics and Gynecology specialist...
  6. Self-Regulation &Attentional Mechanisms of Sexual Risk Taking in Young Drinkers
    KATHRYN ROSE MACAPAGAL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., frequency of past condom use, # of previous sexual partners) of high and low risk hypothetical sexual partners depicted on a computerized sexual decision making task...
  7. Genetic basis of sperm competition in Peromyscus
    Heidi S Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The identification of such genes may provide important insights into male infertility, a problem encountered by over 10% of couples. ..
  8. Digital Star: HIV Prevention for Youth in Mental Health Treatment
    Josh S Spitalnick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..risk for HIV and other STIs than their peers due to an earlier age of onset of sex, less protected sex, more sexual partners, and more frequent substance use...
  9. Family and Health Consequences of Imbalanced Sex Ratios in India
    Scott J South; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., age at first sex, engagement in premarital and extramarital sex, number of sexual partners, commercial sex, forced sex, and contraction of sexually-transmitted disease, including HIV/AIDS);on gendered ..
  10. HITCH: A Study of HPV Transmission in Young Couples
    Eduardo L Franco; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is the first large-scale study of HPV acquisition that involves sexual partners. Worldwide, HITCH is presently the largest cohort study of couples...
  11. Pathways to Recovery: Older Substance Users
    Christy K Scott; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a recent longitudinal study (Scott &Dennis 2009) indicated that among 348 adults who reported multiple sexual partners, 299 (86%) stopped engaging with multiple partners during one or more quarters (over 21 months), but 297 (85%)..
  12. PS07-003, Minority HIV/AIDS Research Initiative (MARI)
    Emma J Brown; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..objective is to develop an intervention to promote HIV testing and disclosure of HIV positive status to sexual partners that is cultural, gender, and region specific for rural/small city African American males who self-identify ..
  13. A Molecular-Social Network Investigation of HIV-HCV Co-infection in Chinese MSM
    Frank Y Wong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..receptive anal intercourse) and IDU to HCV transmission among HIV-infected Chinese MSM and their IDU and sexual partners;(2) establish the molecular epidemiology of HCV and HIV (via genotyping and phylogenetic analysis);describe ..
  14. Genetic/Epigenetic Markers, Social Contexts, Lifecourse and Risky Health Behavior
    Guang Guo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of nine most common risky health behaviors (marijuana use, cocaine use, other illegal drug use, number of sexual partners, binge drinking, drinking quantity, smoking quantity, smoking frequency, and seatbelt non-wearing), drawing ..
  15. Barbershop-Based HIV/STD Risk Reduction for African American Young Men
    Loretta Sweet Jemmott; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The primary outcomes are self-reported condom use, multiple sexual partners, unprotected sexual intercourse, and sexual intercourse assessed at baseline and 6- and 12-month follow-up ..
  16. HIV/AIDS Prevention with African American heterosexual men attending college: A
    Robert E Aronson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b) greater self-reported use of condoms during sexual intercourse;(c) fewer self-reports of multiple sexual partners;(d) greater self-reported utilization of HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) counseling, testing, and ..
  17. Rapid HIV Testing and Counseling in High Risk Women in Shelters
    Caron Zlotnick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our primary hypotheses are that RESPECT-IPV will be associated with reduced unprotected vaginal or anal sex occasions at 1-week and 3-months post-shelter and fewer cases of vaginal trichomoniasis 3-months after leaving shelter. ..
  18. Genetic Epidemiology of HPV Infection Outcome in Men
    Sadeep Shrestha; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pre-cancerous and cancer lesions in both men and women and also likely influences HPV transmission within sexual partners and thus is an important "intermediate phenotype...
  19. Reducing Sexual Risk Behaviors among Rural African-American Cocaine Users
    Katharine E Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  20. Enhancement of Sexual Motivation
    Chana K Akins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The current application is a preclinical model used to investigate how drugs of abuse alter sexual motivation. ..
  21. Incidence of HIV among Indian men who have sex with men
    Joel Michael Palefsky; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our results will be important for both men and women in India, since many Indian MSM have female sexual partners, and may serve as a bridge population to women...
  22. Couples-Based HIV/STI Prevention for Injecting Drug Users in Kazakhstan
    Nabila El-Bassel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..public health threat of HIV, HCV and other STIs among a very high risk population of active IDUs and their sexual partners in Kazakhstan - a region that is experiencing one of the fastest rising HIV epidemics in the world...
  23. LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF SUBSTANCE USE, INCARCERATION, AND STI IN THE US
    MARIA RABIA KHAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Prisoners'spouses, sexual partners, and other members of their sexual networks also experience high risk of infection...
  24. Structural basis for functional modulation of CBP/p300 by the HPV oncoprotein E7
    ARIANE LESLIE JANSMA; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Understanding this mechanism has the potential to lead to treatments for viral-induced cancer. ..
  25. Biomolecular Interaction Networks: Function and Disease
    Andrew D Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The topics discussed at the meeting will seed new approaches in gene and protein functional annotation, gene regulation and anti-cancer diagnostics and therapeutics. ..
  26. Developing an HIV/STI intervention for Foster Youth Using Attachment Theory
    Kym R Ahrens; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..attachments with early caregivers, which can greatly impact how they relate to others later in life including sexual partners, health care providers, and important adult mentors...
  27. Reducing HIV Disparities: Sexual Concurrency Communication for HIV Prevention amo
    Michele Peake Andrasik; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..rates, African- Americans are more likely to be in sexual networks where people have more concurrent sexual partners. Mathematical models show that achieving very small reductions in levels of sexual concurrency can have a ..
  28. Advancing HIV Research in Pregnancy;ethics and engagement
    Anne Drapkin Lyerly; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for pregnancy;adjudication of risks and benefits among different but related parties (woman, fetus, baby, sexual partners);and, concepts of risk and harm in pregnancy that incorporate discrete medical and extra- medical risk;and 3) ..
  29. HPV-related neoplasia among HIV-seropositive Indian men who have sex with men
    Joel Michael Palefsky; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..will be important for the care of both men and women in India overall, since many Indian MSM have female sexual partners, and HIV-seropositive men may serve as a bridge population to women...
  30. Retrocyclins: Circular Defensins Active Against HIV-1
    Alexander M Cole; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Availability of such agents, in the form of a cream or gel, would empower vulnerable sexual partners by providing them with an invisible, effective means of protection.
  31. Trajectories and Consequences of Nonmarital Fathering
    MARCIA JEANNE CARLSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. Interpersonal and intrapersonal conflict and their association with substance use
    H Jonathon Rendina; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..During sexual encounters with non-main (i.e. new or casual) sexual partners, cognitive conflicts that result from fear of interpersonal rejection and intrapersonal shame are likely to ..
  33. Do brain differences influence HIV risk behavior? A study of young urban women
    Anne M Teitelman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in a cluster of risk behaviors - including early age of 1st sex, frequent unprotected sex, multiple sexual partners, multiple STIs) putting a subgroup of young women, at high sexual risk (HSR) for HIV...
  34. HIV Transmission Cluster Analysis to Inform Prevention
    Hong Ha M Truong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of potential drivers of the HIV epidemic, including substance use, undiagnosed infections and high number of sexual partners. However, these broad categories need refinement in order to identify transmission patterns, as it remains ..
  35. Serosorting Intervention for HIV Negative MSM
    Lisa A Eaton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Serosorting - limiting unprotected sexual partners to those of the same HIV status- has emerged as a risk reduction strategy with little input from public ..
  36. Sexual Behavior Trajectories from Adolescence to Adulthood
    Carolyn T Halpern; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Sexual transition occurs earlier and outside of marriage, lifetime numbers of sexual partners have increased, and entry into marriage occurs later or not all...
  37. Cervical, Anal &Oral HPV Persistence/Adolescent Girls
    NICOLAS SCHLECHT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HPV vaccine clinical trials focused exclusively on low-risk women with limited numbers of sexual partners who were highly compliant with the vaccine schedule;these females were not representative of those most at ..
  38. Computer-based HIV Prevention for Seropositive Men
    Douglas W Billings; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., discrimination, socioeconomic issues), and the intersection of these factors with the gender of sexual partners (e.g., managing power inequalities in heterosexual relationships v. facing homophobia and cultural issues)...
  39. Cervical, Anal &Oral HPV Persistence/Adolescent Girls
    NICOLAS SCHLECHT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..However, HPV vaccine clinical trials focused exclusively on low-risk women with limited numbers of sexual partners, who were highly compliant with the vaccine schedule;these females were not representative of those most at ..
  40. Drug-resistance testing in Kenya to improve ART suppression of HIV replication
    Lisa M Frenkel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is critical to (1) improving the health of infected individuals, (2) to reducing HIV transmission to sexual partners and from mothers to their infants, and (3) to maintaining the effectiveness of the current 1st-line non-..
  41. PS07-003, Minority HIV/AIDS Research Initiative
    JOSE EDUARDO NANIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..about HIV prevention and HIV testing between Black men who have sex with men and their friends, peers and sexual partners. Findings will also provide information on how this type of interpersonal communication may relate to ..
  42. Neurobehavioral Determinants of Adolescent Substance Use and HIV/STD Behaviors
    Brooks King-Casas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., multiple sexual partners and unprotected sex) throughout middle adolescence (13-17 years)...
  43. Trauma, Microfinance and HIV Risk Behaviors in DRCongo
    ERICA LOUISE KOEGLER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Risk behaviors such as multiple sexual partners and condom usage will be measured at baseline, and 3, 6, 12, and 18 months post-baseline...
  44. Internet-Based STI/HIV Prevention for HIV+ Internet Users
    Dean G Cruess; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..online STI/HIV risk reduction intervention with a sample of HIV-positive MSM who use the Internet to meet sexual partners. Stage 2 will also involve programming an audio-computer assisted interview for data collection;and (3) ..
  45. INITIATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF CONCURRENT PARTNERSHIPS: A LONGITUDINAL STUDY
    Diana Maria Sanchez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will analyze data from a racially and ethnically diverse sample of young adults aged 18-30 and their sexual partners studied in the Project on Partner Dynamics (POPD) to examine to what extent: 1) a participant's belief ..
  46. Migrancy, Masculinity, and Preventing HIV in Tajik Male Migrant Workers
    STEVAN MERRILL WEINE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..HIV through having sex with female sex workers and then transmitting the infection to their wives or female sexual partners. This five-year quantitative and qualitative study gathers data from migrants in Moscow, sending families in ..
  47. Boys Transitions Through Puberty
    Marni Sommer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..shift those norms contributing to risky behavior, is critical for protecting both young men and their future sexual partners from acquiring HIV...
  48. Innate Resistance to Mucosal HSV Infection in Humans
    Christine M Posavad; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..viral transmission occurs in the genital tract typically during asymptomatic HSV shedding from infected sexual partners. In order to gain insight into the correlates of HSV-2 protection at the genital mucosa, we propose to ..
  49. Online Partnering of Heterosexuals and HIV Risk
    Karolynn Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The limited data suggest that many heterosexuals use the Internet to meet prospective sexual partners and eventually meet in-person and have sex...
  50. Social Network Intervention to Engage Out-of-Care PLH Into Treatment
    Jeffrey A Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..viral load, reducing the likelihood that persons living with HIV (PLH) will transmit their infection to sexual partners. Initiation of HAART is both treatment and also a strategy to reduce future HIV incidence...
  51. Social-Structural Stressors, Resilience and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Black Men
    INGRID ALISA BOWLEG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that it will guide the development of structural interventions to reduce HIV incidence in Black men and their sexual partners regardless of the partners'gender...
  52. Prison Interventions and HIV Prevention Collaboration
    FREDERICK LEWIS ALTICE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The CJS is therefore a sentinel place not only to detect and treat HIV among drug users and their sexual partners, but to adapt and implement evidence-based interventions that are effective in decreasing HIV-related ..
  53. Host Factors Influencing HIV Viral Load and Infectivity in Semen
    Christopher D Pilcher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specifically we will compare semen amyloid levels between men who have transmitted HIV to their sexual partners (transmitters) with those from other men who also had partners exposed to their semen, but whose partners ..
  54. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Anal Human Papillomavirus in Heterosexual Men: Th
    Alan Nyitray; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..significant univariate associations between anal HPV and decreased age, increased lifetime number of female sexual partners, and frequency of sexual intercourse in the previous month...
  55. A Spanish-Language Intervention to Enhance Routine HIV Patient Care Delivery [CAR
    Ann E Kurth; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..interventions (randomized trials that significantly reduced viral load and HIV transmission risk to sexual partners - 'positive prevention') delivered in Spanish in routine clinical practice...
  56. Impact of AIDS Disclosure on Rural African American Men.
    SUSAN WICKHAM GASKINS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the following research questions: 1) How do HIV+ AA men describe their disclosure experiences to their sexual partners and family members? 2) What factors facilitate or inhibit disclosure to others? 3) What consequences of ..
  57. Repeated Bacterial STIS Among Heterosexual Men
    Patricia J Kissinger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..heterosexual men with Chlamydia Trachomatis with the ultimate goal of reducing transmission to female sexual partners in three aims: Aim 1: To determine the incidence and likely source of repeat infections of Chlamydia ..
  58. Identify types of networks HIV interventions should target to promote disclosure
    Alexis Huynh; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..provided by applicant): Historically, network-based interventions that aim to combat HIV/AIDS have targeted sexual partners and focused on risk reduction strategies...
  59. SHEROES: Cuturally relevant sexual risk reduction among high-risk women
    JEANNE M SEVELIUS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..exposure relative to control group, Sheroes participants will report a lower mean number of unprotected sexual partners. Moreover, we will test the secondary/exploratory hypotheses that Sheroes participants will report a) higher ..
  60. Drug Use and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Emerging Adults in the ER
    ERIN ELIZABETH BONAR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..I will accomplish these research and training goals through close mentorship from a team with expertise in these content areas, didactic coursework, and directed readings. ..
  61. T Cell Immunity to HSV-2 in Immune Seronegative Subjects
    Christine M Posavad; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2 groups of subjects who appear to resist infection in the face of frequent HSV-2 exposure from infected sexual partners. The first group of HSVneg subjects we have identified, denoted Exposed Seronegative (ES), include HSV-1 and -..
  62. A Multi-State Analysis of the Impact of HIV Exposure Laws
    Carol L Galletly; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Although the presumptive purpose of the laws is to increase serostatus disclosure to sexual partners (with the assumption that informed partners will abstain or practice safer sex), little is known about their ..
  63. STRATEGIES TO REDUCE HIV SEXUAL RISK PRACTICES
    Robert Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..out-of-treatment crack cocaine smokers and their sexual partners in Washington, D.C. The study has two related purposes, First...
  64. NONINVASIVE DETECTION OF ANTIBODIES AGAINST HPV
    Michael Hagensee; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These techniques have noted an association of the detection of HPV DNA with the increased numbers of sexual partners. However, these techniques require an extensive physical examination, i.e...
  65. Effect of Male Circumcision on Penile HPV Infection
    JENNIFER SUSAN SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Given that men are important in transmitting HPV to their female sexual partners, interventions that reduce HPV acquisition and persistence in men could be an important HPV prevention ..
  66. GENITAL ULCERATION AS A RISK FACTOR FOR HIV INFECTION
    Edward Hook; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..We propose to prospectively study the transmission and acquisition of HIV among patients and their sexual partners attending an inner-city STD clinic with a relatively high (>5%) prcvalencc of HIV infection to address the ..
  67. DRUG USE AND HIV RISK AMONG YOUTH
    Samuel Friedman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These findings can help target interventions where they are most needed and develop strategies to prevent high-risk drug use, high-risk sex, and infection with HIV. ..
  68. UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION TO USE CONDOMS--SUPPLEMENT
    Diane Morrison; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..emerging high-risk groups for STDs and AIDS: adolescents, prostitutes, and heterosexual adults with multiple sexual partners. Subjects will be clients of the King County Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic and Jail Health Services...
  69. COMPARISON OF THREE LEVELS OF METHADONE INTERVENTION
    Donald Calsyn; Fiscal Year: 1993
    Intravenous drug users and their sexual partners are a population at major risk for HIV/AIDS because they often share unclean needles and engage in unprotected sex...
  70. MUCOSAL IMMUNITY OF THE GENITAL TRACT
    Peggy Crowley Nowick; Fiscal Year: 1999
    Genital tract infections threaten the health of young women, their sexual partners and their infants causing a host of diseases and costing billions of U.S. health care dollars...
  71. USING SOCIAL NETWORKS TO REDUCE RISKY SEX IN HIV+ WOMEN
    Ralph DiClemente; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..condom use among women living with HIV is evident in the reduced risk of HIV infection among seronegative sexual partners, the reduced risk of HIV reinfection among seropositive sexual partners and the reduced risk of perinatal ..
  72. JHU-MCAIDS HPTN TRIAL SITE-CHINA
    JAY JACKSON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..in Xinjiang and Guangxi autonomous regions to conduct HPTN trials among intravenous drug users (IDU), their sexual partners, and HIV-infected pregnant women. The People's Republic of China (PRC) with over 1...
  73. BETA-DEFENSINS IN THE FEMALE GENITAL TRACT AND KIDNEYS
    Tomas Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2000
    DESCRIPTION infections in women are major causes of illness that also impacts on their newborn children and sexual partners. The mechanisms that protect the female urogenital mucosa from colonization and invasion by pathogens are not ..
  74. Dyadic Ecological Analysis of Adolescent HIV Risk
    M Hutchinson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Study findings will contribute to our understanding of HIV-related sexual risk among adolescents, and further the development of HIV prevention programs that address the dyad context in which sexual risk occurs. ..
  75. COUNSELING/HIV TESTING FOR AT RISK MINORITY WOMEN
    Adeline Nyamathi; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..This population comprises particularly women of color who are intravenous (IV) drug users, sexual partners of IV drug users, prostitutes, women diagnosed with sexually transmitted diseases and the inner city Black ..
  76. ALCOHOL USE AND HIV RISK AMONG ADOLESCENTS ON PROBATION
    Angela Bryan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These findings will inform the development and implementation in the future of a theory-driven, empirically targeted HIV prevention intervention for adolescents with high rates of alcohol abuse and problems. ..